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  • 1.
    Alricsson, Marie
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Dans ger bättre resultat i skidspåren?1999Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2.
    Alricsson, Marie
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Dans ger friskare ryggar hos längdåkare2004In: Glid, ISSN 1652-2737, no 4Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 3.
    Alricsson, Marie
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Physical Activity Why and How?2013In: Journal of Biosafety & Health Education, ISSN 2332-0893, Vol. 1, e111- p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Alricsson, Marie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science. Mid Sweden University.
    Björklund, G.
    Swedish Sports Confederat, Stockholm ; Mid Sweden University.
    Ekström, A.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Hafsteinsson Östenberg, Anna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Introducing Tabata intervals and stability exercises in school children by a school-based study2016In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 26, 417-417 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Alricsson, Marie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science. Mid Sweden University.
    Björklund, Glenn
    Mid Sweden University.
    Cronholm, Martin
    Scandinavian College of Naprapathic Manual Medicine.
    Olsson, Oscar
    Scandinavian College of Naprapathic Manual Medicine.
    Viklund, Peter
    Scandinavian College of Naprapathic Manual Medicine.
    Svantesson, Ulla
    Mid Sweden University ; University of Gothenburg.
    Spinal alignment, mobility of the hip and thoracic spine and prevalence of low back pain in young elite cross-country skiers.2016In: Journal of exercise rehabilitation, ISSN 2288-176X, Vol. 12, no 1, 21-28 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigated the association between spinal alignment, mobility of the hips and the thoracic spine and low back pain in adolescent cross-country skiers. Cohort of 51 elite cross-country skiers from a cross-country skiing high school in Sweden participated in the study. Sagittal spinal alignment, active range of motion in flexion, extension and rotation of the thoracic spine as well as passive and active extension of the hips were measured. The participants also completed a questionnaire regarding training, competition, skiing technique and occurrence of low back pain. A simple linear regression was calculated to predict pain score based on thoraco-lumbar relation, with a significant (P<0.05) regression equation of y=-0.069x+2.280 (standard error of estimate, 0.034). Participants with greater lordosis than kyphosis were more likely to suffer from low back pain than subjects without this offset. Thoracic mobility and passive or active hip extension showed no correlation with low back pain. Sagittal spinal alignment seems to be related with low back pain among young elite cross-country skiers. This study shows that range of motion of the thoracic spine and hips do not have an effect on the prevalence of low back pain in this population.

  • 6.
    Alricsson, Marie
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University.
    Domalewski, Debra
    Griffith University, Australia.
    Physical activity, health and prevalence of overweight and musculoskeletal complaints in young women2008In: Exercise and Women's Health Research / [ed] Laura A. Charlington, New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2008, 143-155 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Alricsson, Marie
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University ; Griffith University, Australia.
    Domalewski, Debra
    Griffith University, Australia.
    Romild, Ulla
    Mid Sweden University.
    Asplund, Ragnar
    Karolinska Institutet ; Jämtland County Council.
    Health, sleeping Habits and Physical activity2009In: Obesity and Adolescence: A Public Health Concern / [ed] Hatim A. Omar, Donald E. Greydanus, Dilip R. Patel, Joav Merrick, New york: Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2009, 95-105 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Adolescents are becoming less physically active and are increasingly adopting a sedentary life-style in front of computers and television screens. In this chapter we look at self-related health, physical activity, sleeping habits, the prevalence of overweight and body complaints in two senior high schools with questions about weight and height, health, physical activity, type of physical activity/sport, intensity, sleeping habits and possible injuries or complaints during the last three months. Seventy seven percent % of the high school students participated in sports on a regular basis. In academic programs compared to vocational programs, more males and females in academic programs participated in sports (71% and 80% respectively). Males reported significantly better health than females, but 65% reported body complaints during the last three months. A higher number of females than males reported back and hip complaints. Good sleep was reported in 82.1% of the males (76.6% of the females). In males 44.3% were often sleepy in the daytime (females 56.6%). Underweight, physical activity and good sleep were found to be factors with significant positive effect on good health, whereas overweight was a negative factor. Proper sleep habits and higher physical activity levels should be promoted among high school students and TV viewing time and video game use restricted. Additionally, schools should provide opportunities for young people to participate in a wider range of physical activities that address their individual needs, while promoting the health benefits of engaging in regular exercise.

  • 8.
    Alricsson, Marie
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet ; Griffith University Logan Campus, Australia.
    Domalewski, Debra
    Romild, Ulla
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Asplund, Ragnar
    Physical activity, health, body mass index, sleeping habits and bodycomplaints in Australian senior high school students2008In: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, ISSN 0334-0139, E-ISSN 2191-0278, Vol. 20, no 4, 501-512 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Adolescents in the industrial world are becoming less physically active and are increasingly adopting a sedentary life-style in front of computers and television screens. OBJECTIVE: to determine self-related health, physical activity, sleeping habits, prevalence of overweight, and body complaints in Australian senior high school students. METHODS: Participants were 466 high school students aged 15-17 years enrolled in academic and vocational programs. A questionnaire was completed at two senior high schools with questions about weight and height, health, physical activity, type of physical activity/sport, intensity, sleeping habits, and possible injuries or complaints during the last three months. RESULTS: Seventy seven percent of the high school students participated in sports on a regular basis. Compared with vocational programs, more males and females in academic programs participated in sports (71% and 80% respectively) (p = .036). Males reported significantly better health than females (p < .0001). 65% of the study group reported body complaints during the last 3 months. A higher number of females than males reported complaints about the back (p = .007) and the hip (p = .05). Good sleep was reported in 82.1% of males and in 76.6% of females. In males, 44.3% were often sleepy in the daytime (females 56.6%, p < .01). CONCLUSIONS: Underweight, physical activity and good sleep are factors with significant positive effect on good health, whereas overweight is a negative factor. Proper sleep habits and higher physical activity levels should be promoted among high school students, and TV viewing time and video game use restricted. Additionally, schools should provide opportunities for young people to participate in a wider range of physical activities that address their individual needs while promoting the health benefits of engaging in regular exercise.

  • 9.
    Alricsson, Marie
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Harms-Ringdahl, Karin
    Eriksson, K
    Werner, Suzanne
    The effect of dance training on joint mobility, muscle flexibility, speed and agility in young cross-country skiers,: a prospective controlled intervention study.2003In: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, ISSN 0905-7188, E-ISSN 1600-0838, Vol. 13, no 4, 237-243 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Alricsson, Marie
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Harms-Ringdahl, Karin
    Larsson, Börje
    Linder, Jan
    Werner, Suzanne
    Neck muscle strength and endurance in fighter pilots: effects of a supervised training program2004In: Aviation, Space and Environmental Medicine, ISSN 0095-6562, E-ISSN 1943-4448, Vol. 75, no 1, 23-28 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Alricsson, Marie
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Harms-Ringdahl, Karin
    Schüldt, Kristina
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Ekholm, Jan
    linder, Jürgen
    Mobility, muscular strength and endurance in the cervical spine in Swedish air force pilots2001In: Aviation, Space and Environmental Medicine, ISSN 0095-6562, E-ISSN 1943-4448, Vol. 72, no 4, 336-342 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: Muscle strength, endurance and range of movement of the cervical spine in a group of Swedish Air Force jet pilots (AF) and in a reference group of conscripts doing their military service (RG) were compared. METHODS: We tested 30 (AF) 24-42 yr and 33 (RG) 19-22 yr. A questionnaire was used to document complaints. Maximum voluntary isometric muscle strength of the flexor and extensor muscles of the cervical spine and sub-maximum isometric endurance in the flexor and extensor muscles were measured. RESULTS: Eleven AF (37%) and four RG (12%) had experienced discomfort in the neck within the previous year. The pilots' flexor and extensor muscle strength (47 Nm and 65 Nm) was superior to that of the conscripts (36 Nm and 59 Nm) (p = 0.0001, p = < 0.05, respectively). However, the RG group had greater isometric endurance in the flexor muscles than AF (p = < 0.05) and greater neck rotation (p = <0.005). There was no difference between the two groups in the other variables. CONCLUSION: Differences between the groups with regard to muscle strength and endurance might depend on variations in work-related physical muscle strain, and/or differences in fiber composition in the muscles, which might be reflected by pilot selection procedures.

  • 12.
    Alricsson, Marie
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Harms-Ringdahl, Karin
    Werner, Suzanne
    Reliability of sports related functional tests with emphasis on speed and agility in young athletes.2001In: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, ISSN 0905-7188, E-ISSN 1600-0838, Vol. 11, no 4, 229-232 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present investigation was to test the reliability of two sports related functional tests, a speed test (slalom-test) and an agility test (hurdle-test). Eleven athletes aged 11 years (8 boys, 3 girls) participated voluntarily in the study. All subjects completed four different test sessions for both the slalom-test and the hurdle-test using six standard track hurdles placed at 2-m intervals along a 12-m length of track. There were no significant differences between testing sessions for either the slalom-test (P=0.99) or the hurdle-test (P=0.96), showing no systematic variation between test times. The intraclass correlation coefficients were 0.96 and 0.90 respectively, indicating a good reliability. We conclude that the slalom-test and the hurdle-test are reliable sports related functional tests for measuring speed and agility in groups of young athletic individuals.

  • 13.
    Alricsson, Marie
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University.
    Kahlin, Yvonne
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Physical activity and Health in Adolescents2016In: Sedentary Lifestyle: Predictive Factors, Health Risks and Physiological Implications / [ed] Ahmad Alkhatib, New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2016, 115-130 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Alricsson, Marie
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University.
    Landstad, Bodil
    Mid Sweden University ; Griffith University, Australia ; Nord-Trøndelag University College, Norway.
    Physical activity, self-related health and complaints in adolescents2007In: Adolescent behaviour research: International perspectives / [ed] Joav Merrick, Hatim A. Omar, New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2007, 119-128 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Alricsson, Marie
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet ; Griffith University Logan Campus, Australia.
    Landstad, Bodil
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Romild, Ulla
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Gundersen, KT
    University College Levanger, Norway.
    Physical activity, health, BMI and body complaints in high school students2008In: Minerva Pediatrica, ISSN 0026-4946, E-ISSN 1827-1715, Vol. 60, no 1, 19-25 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: Children and adolescents in the industrial world are becoming less

    physically active and are adopting a sedentary lifestyle in front of computers

    and TV. The aim of the present investigation was to determine self-related

    health, physical activity, prevalence of overweight and body complaints in

    high school students in Norway, and to compare students in academic

    programs with those in vocational programs. METHODS: Seven hundred and

    two high school students aged 16-19 years were included in the study. A

    questionnaire was completed in three high schools and included questions

    about weight and height, health, physical activity, type of physical

    activity/sport, intensity, possible injuries or complaints during the last three

    months. RESULTS: Twenty three percent of the students suffers from

    overweight/obesity are at risk of being overweight. Males reported better

    health than females (P<0.02). Sixty-six percent of the study group reported

    body complaints during the last three months, a higher number of females

    than males (P=0.001). Students in vocational programs reported poorer selfrelated

    health than those in academic programs and the males reported

    better self-related health generally than females. Furthermore, there were a

    higher level of prevalence of overweight students in vocational programs

    than academic programs (P=0.039). CONCLUSION: It is important to make it

    easy for school children and adolescents to do physical activity at school and

    during leisure time in order to prevent overweight and obesity as well as

    chronic diseases later in life.

  • 16.
    Alricsson, Marie
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Landstad, Bodil
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Romild, Ulla
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Werner, Suzanne
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Self-related health, physical activity and complaints in Swedish high school students2006In: Scientific World Journal, ISSN 1537-744X, E-ISSN 1537-744X, Vol. 6, 816-826 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this investigation was to study self-related health, physical activity and level of exertion, as well as body complaints in Swedish high school students. A total of 993 high school students aged 16–19 years participated in the study. A questionnaire was completed at school and included questions about self-related health, physical activity behavior, type of physical activity/sport, intensity, duration, possible injuries or complaints, and absence from physical training at school, during the last 3 months. The results showed that 26% of the high school students participated in sports on a regular basis. Males reported significantly better health than females (p < 0.0005). A significantly higher number of females participated in physical activities at a lower level of effort (p < 0.0005) and a higher number of males trained at a higher level of effort (p < 0.005). Sixty-one percent reported body pain during the last 3 months, representing a higher number of females than males (p = 0.03). A higher number of females than males reported complaints from the back (p = 0.002), the knees (p = 0.015), the neck (p = 0.001), and the hip (p = 0.015). Females with body complaints reported poorer health than those without complaints. There was a correlation between poor self-related health and a lower level of physical effort (0.219; p < 0.001). The results showed that the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms was high in this population and demonstrated a certain association with self-related health. Therefore, it is important to make it easy for adolescents to perform physical activity at school and during their leisure time in order to prevent chronic diseases.

  • 17.
    Alricsson, Marie
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Werner, Suzanne
    Dansträning för längdskidåkare: får jag lov, Per Elofsson?2002In: Svensk Idrottsforskning: Organ för Centrum för Idrottsforskning, ISSN 1103-4629, Vol. 11, no 4, 77-79 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Alricsson, Marie
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Werner, Suzanne
    Dansträning ger längdskidåkare mindre ryggbesvär.2004In: Svensk Idrottsmedicin, ISSN 1103-7652, Vol. 23, no 2, 23-26 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Alricsson, Marie
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Werner, Suzanne
    Hälsa, aktivitetsgrad och besvärsfrekvens bland längdskidåkare vid Sveriges riksskidgymnasier.2004In: Svensk Idrottsforskning: Organ för Centrum för Idrottsforskning, ISSN 1103-4629, Vol. 13, no 1, 22-24 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Alricsson, Marie
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences. Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Werner, Suzanne
    Reliability tests of joint motion and muscle flexibility of the hip.2002In: Nordisk fysioterapi, ISSN 1402-3024, Vol. 6, no 3, 119-124 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 21.
    Alricsson, Marie
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet ; Karolinska Institute.
    Werner, Suzanne
    Karolinska Institute.
    Self-reported health, physical activity and prevalence of complaints in elite cross-country skiers and matched controls2005In: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, ISSN 0022-4707, E-ISSN 1827-1928, Vol. 45, no 4, 547-552 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim. The purpose of this study was to compare physical health, physical activity and location for possible symptoms in high school students with cross-country skiers of the same age from ski high schools. Another aim was to study back pain with regards to influence on skiing.Methods. The subjects studied were: 92% (n=120) of all Swedish cross-country skiers at ski high schools and 68% (n=993) of regular high school students from the North part of Sweden answered a reliable questionnaire (r=1) with regards to health, physical activity and location of possible symptoms/injuries during the last 3 months. Furthermore, the skiers answered questions on possible ski related back pain.Results. All skiers were active also in other sports compared with 26% of the controls and at considerably higher levels of physical effort than the controls; 92% of the skiers and 76% of the controls described themselves as healthy, meaning "very good" or "good" (P=0.0001); 55% of the skiers and 64% of the controls reported recent symptoms (P=0.06); 47% of the skiers reported previous or present complaints of back pain, mainly low back pain, which could be relieved by changing body position from a flexed to a more extended one while skiing, and 77% reported their back pain to disappear during rest.Conclusion. These results show the need for encouraging regular high school students to participate in sport. It also shows the importance of introducing preventative strategies regarding back pain to long-distance cross-country skiers, who are exposed to a prolonged flexed position of their back.

  • 22.
    Alricsson, Marie
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Werner, Suzanne
    The effect of pre-season dance training on physical indices and back pain in elite cross-country skiers: a prospective controlled intervention study2004In: British Journal of Sports Medicine, ISSN 0306-3674, E-ISSN 1473-0480, Vol. 38, no 2, 148-153 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Alricsson, Marie
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Werner, Suzanne
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Young elite cross-country skiers and low back pain: A 5-year study2006In: Physical Therapy in Sport, ISSN 1466-853X, E-ISSN 1873-1600, Vol. 7, no 4, 181-184 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives To evaluate possible changes in spinal curvature over a period of 5 years of an elite cross-country skiing squad, and to study whether there are any differences in this respect between individuals who report low back pain and those how do not. Participants Fifteen young cross-country skiers (M age=13.6±0.9) participated voluntarily throughout the entire study period. Main outcome measures Debrunner's kyphometer was used for measuring the difference between thoracic kyphosis and lumbar lordosis of the spine. All subjects also answered a questionnaire including questions about ski-related low back pain, the amount of ski training, and participation in other sports. Results The results at the end of the 5-year period comprise data from 15 skiers (M age=18.5±0.9 years). The relationship between thoracic kyphosis and lumbar lordosis increased from 3.5° to 13.1°, respectively (p=0.0001). Of the 15 elite cross-country skiers, seven reported low back pain at the 5-year examination. At the 5-year follow-up, skiers with low back pain showed significantly higher relationship between thoracic kyphosis and lumbar lordosis than did those skiers without low back pain, 18.2° and 10.5°, respectively (p=0.035). Of the eight elite cross-country skiers without low back pain, seven were also involved in other sports (p=0.005). Conclusions Based on these findings, our advice is that adolescent cross-country skiers also should participate in other physical activities besides cross-country skiing.

  • 24.
    Archer, Trevor
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science. University of Gothenburg.
    Svensson, Kjell
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Alricsson, Marie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science. Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Physical exercise ameliorates deficits induced by traumatic brain injury2012In: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6314, E-ISSN 1600-0404, Vol. 125, no 5, 293-302 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The extent and depth of traumatic brain injury (TBI) remains a major determining factor together with the type of structural insult and its location, whether mild, moderate or severe, as well as the distribution and magnitude of inflammation and loss of cerebrovascular integrity, and the eventual efficacy of intervention. The influence of exercise intervention in TBI is multiple, ranging from anti-apoptotic effects to the augmentation of neuroplasticity. Physical exercise diminishes cerebral inflammation by elevating factors and agents involved in immunomodulatory function, and buttresses glial cell, cerebrovascular, and blood-brain barrier intactness. It provides unique non-pharmacologic intervention that incorporate different physical activity regimes, whether dynamic or static, endurance or resistance. Physical training regimes ought necessarily to be adapted to the specific demands of diagnosis, type and degree of injury and prognosis for individuals who have suffered TBI. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S.

  • 25.
    Bele, Sofie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Hafsteinsson Östenberg, Anna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Sjöström, Rita
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Alricsson, Marie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science. Mittuniversitetet.
    Experiences of returning to elite beach volleyball after shoulder injury2015In: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation, ISSN 2288-176X, Vol. 11, no 4, 204-210 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine beach volleyball players' experience regarding shoulder injury and how it affects their return to play. To achieve the research aims a qualitative design with semi-structured interviews had been conducted, five elite beach volleyball players, four men and one woman aged 27-42 participated in the study. All participants had suffered a severe shoulder injury, with absence from training and competing for at least 28 days. The findings of this study indicate that it is the individual's inner motivation, together with a clear goal and support from the community, family, teammate and coach that are the most important factors when going through rehabilitation and getting back to playing beach volleyball after a shoulder injury. All participants had been affected by their injury in some way; some of the participants had been affected in a positive way since they had become mentally stronger and had developed better volleyball technique after rehabilitation. The conclusions of this study indicate that there are three distinct factors that increase the chances of getting back to playing beach volleyball after shoulder injury; it is the players' self motivation, together with a clear goal and support from the community.

  • 26.
    Fröberg, Andreas
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Ahnesjö, Jonas
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Alricsson, Marie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science. Mittuniversitetet.
    Ledare tveksamma tillstyrketräningsråd för barn2011In: Svensk Idrottsforskning: Organ för Centrum för Idrottsforskning, ISSN 1103-4629, no 4, 47-50 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I Sverige har vi haft en försiktig hållning till styrketräning för barn.År 2009 kom Riksidrottsförbundet med rekommendationer som imotsats till tidigare tydligt förespråkar styrketräning. I en pilotstudievisar vi bland annat att fotbollsledare från olika divisioner trots detär oeniga om vad som egentligen är det rätta.

  • 27.
    Fröberg, Andreas
    et al.
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    Alricsson, Marie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science. Mittuniversitetet.
    Ahnesjö, Jonas
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Awareness of current recommendations and guidlines regarding strength training for youth2014In: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, ISSN 0334-0139, E-ISSN 2191-0278, Vol. 26, no 4, 517-523 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: Physical conditioning of youth has always been a controversial topic as it raises ethical, physiological, and medical issues. Current recommendations and guidelines suggest that strength training is a relatively safe and worthwhile method in conditioning youth. This, however, requires well-informed coaches who follow age-appropriate strength training recommendations and guidelines, compiles well-designed strength training programs, and provides qualified supervision and instructions. The purpose of this study was to investigate coaches’ awareness of current recommendations and guidelines regarding strength training for youth.

    Method: A total of 39 football (US: soccer) coaches (34 males and 5 females) training boys in age groups 8–12 years were included in this study. Data were collected using an attitude statement questionnaire, and the assertions were based upon current recommendations and guidelines.

    Results: The results revealed significant differences among coaches in terms of knowledge of important aspects of strength training for youth.

    Conclusions: The results suggested that coaches in the present study were not aware of the latest recommendations and guidelines regarding strength training for youth.

  • 28.
    Hafsteinsson Östenberg, Anna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Frisk Bengtsson, Tina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Weslien, Elis
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Alricsson, Marie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science. Mid Sweden University.
    Oklart om bäst i test ger mest2011In: Svensk Idrottsforskning: Organ för Centrum för Idrottsforskning, ISSN 1103-4629, Vol. 20, no 3, 59-62 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I antagningen till ett riksidrottsgymnasium ingår fysiska tester. Vår analys av tester från gymnasiet i Växjö visar att de möjligen kan förutsäga idrottslig framgång som senior, men sambanden är så svaga att de inte bör vara helt avgörande vid antagningen.

  • 29.
    Hallquist, Charlotte
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Fitzgerald, Ulrika Tranaeus
    Karolinska Institutet ; The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Alricsson, Marie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science. Mid Sweden University.
    Responsibility for child and adolescent's psychosocial support associated with severe sports injuries.2016In: Journal of exercise rehabilitation, ISSN 2288-176X, Vol. 12, no 6, 589-597 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The manner in which health professionals and coaches act and decide on treatment and prognosis can influence athletes in a way that not only strengthens them, but it can also reduce their confidence in their own ability. The purpose was to determine who has the responsibility for child and adolescent psychosocial support needed in connection with a severe sports injury as well as investigate whether coaches, physiotherapists and parents are aware of the support that is needed. Qualitative interviews with coaches, parents and physiotherapists with experience of serious sports injuries in young people aged 12 to 16 years old from different sports were analysed using content analysis. The study showed that all actors independently imparted communication as being the major problem and indicated that the role of a coordinator was missing. They imparted cognitive, emotional and behavioural reactions in children, which were considered to be more common in younger children as indicated in previous studies. Coaches felt they had lack of education and time; parents described their disappointment in caregivers and personality changes in their children in connection with the injury. Physiotherapists felt that rehabilitation was often served as a substitute for the sport and that they therefore had greater responsibility for the child than they had been educated for. Results should be communicated to participants who are involved in children's and adolescent's sports to increase their knowledge and thus allow them to be able to give our children the best possibility, regardless of whether they return to the sport or not.

  • 30.
    Hébert-Losier, K.
    et al.
    The University of Waikato, New Zeeland.
    Wessman, C.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Alricsson, Marie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science. Mid Sweden University.
    Svantesson, U.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Updated reliability and normative values for the standing heel-rise test in healthy adults2017In: Physiotherapy, ISSN 0031-9406, E-ISSN 1873-1465Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives

    The heel-rise test is used to assess the strength and endurance of the plantar flexors in everyday clinical practice. However, several factors may affect outcomes, including sex, age, body mass index and activity level. The aims of this study were to revisit the reliability and normative values of this test, and establish normative equations accounting for several factors.

    Design

    Cross-sectional observational study with test–retest.

    Setting

    Community.

    Participants

    Volunteers (n = 566, age 20 to 81 years).

    Interventions

    Subjects performed single-legged heel rises to fatigue, standing on a 10° incline. A subset of subjects (n = 32) repeated the test 1 week later. Reliability was quantified using intraclass (ICC) correlation coefficients and Bland-Altman plots {mean difference [95% confidence interval (CI)]}, whereas the impact of sex, age, body mass index and activity level on the number of heel rises was determined using non-parametric regression models.

    Results

    The test showed excellent reliability (ICC = 0.96), with mean between-day differences in the total number of heel-rise repetitions of 0.2 (95% CI −6.2 to 6.5) and 0.1 (95% CI −6.1 to 6.2) for right and left legs, respectively. Overall, males completed more repetitions than females (median 24 vs 21). However, older females (age >60 years) outperformed older males. According to the model, younger males with higher activity levels can complete the most heel rises.

    Conclusions

    The heel-rise test is highly reliable. The regression models herein can be employed by clinicians to evaluate the outcomes of heel-rise tests of individuals against a comparable normative population.

  • 31.
    Johansson, Anette
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Svantesson, Ulla
    Sahlgrenska Academy ; Mid Sweden University.
    Tannerstedt, Jörgen
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Alricsson, Marie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science. Mid Sweden University.
    Prevalence of shoulder pain in Swedish flatwater kayakers and its relation to range of motion and scapula stability of the shoulder joint2016In: Journal of Sports Sciences, ISSN 0264-0414, E-ISSN 1466-447X, Vol. 34, no 10, 951-958 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Few studies have investigated the incidence of injuries in kayakers. The aim was to study the prevalence of shoulder pain in competitive flatwater kayakers and to evaluate any differences in range of motion or scapula stability of the shoulder joint among kayakers with or without the history of shoulder pain. Thirty-one kayakers were participated in the study, and a questionnaire including background data was used. Shoulder range of motion was measured with a goniometer, and the participants were observed for scapula dyskinesis in flexion and abduction. Of the participating kayakers, 54.8% (n = 17) had experienced shoulder pain. Kayakers who had experienced shoulder pain showed a significantly lower degree of internal rotational range of motion versus kayakers with no reported shoulder pain, with a mean degree of internal rotation in the right shoulder 49.3 vs 60.0 (P = 0.017) and the left shoulder 51.9 vs 66.0 (P = 0.000). Kayakers who had experienced shoulder pain were also observed with a scapular dyskinesis (n = 15 of 17 kayakers) to a significantly higher degree (P = 0.001) than kayakers with no reported shoulder pain. Findings suggest that screening for scapular dyskinesis and testing for rotational range of motion in the shoulder joint is essential in order to treat and maybe prevent shoulder pain in kayakers.

  • 32.
    Kahlin, Yvonne
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Alricsson, Marie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science. Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Mittuniversitetet, Östersund.
    Inaktiva flickor aktiveras2011In: Svensk Idrottsforskning: Organ för Centrum för Idrottsforskning, ISSN 1103-4629, Vol. 20, no 3, 70-71 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I en pågående studie har en grupp inaktiva gymnasieflickor tränatindividuell styrketräning eller gruppträning med instruktör i sex månader.Syftet är att se om fysisk aktivitet kan öka inaktiva flickors fysiskasjälvkänsla och aktivitetsnivå.

  • 33.
    Kahlin, Yvonne
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst.
    Werner, Suzanne
    Karolinska Inst.
    Alricsson, Marie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    A Physical Activity Program for Swedish Physically Inactive Female High School Students: A Controlled Intervention Study2014In: Journal of Physical Activity and Health, ISSN 1543-3080, E-ISSN 1543-5474, Vol. 11, no 6, 1162-1169 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Physical activity and sport participation often decline during adolescence. Aim: To investigate if physical exercise during 6 months could lead to a positive behavior of physical activity, improve physical fitness and self-related health in physically inactive female high school students. Methods: A prospective cluster-randomized controlled intervention study included 104 physically inactive female high school students, 60 in an intervention group and 44 controls. At baseline there were no group differences regarding self-related health. The intervention group exercised at least once per week. A questionnaire and physical fitness tests were used for evaluation, at baseline and 6 months later. Results: The intervention group improved their self-related health compared with the controls (P = .012). When divided into a regular (n = 27) and an irregular training group (n = 33) the regular training group improved their self-related health compared with the controls, while the irregular training group did not differ from the other groups. Maximal oxygen consumption was improved in the intervention group compared with the controls (P < .001). No group differences were found in muscle strength and endurance. Conclusion: Physical exercise at least once per week during 6 months improved physical fitness (maximal oxygen consumption) and self-related health in physically inactive female high school students. Keywords: adolescent,

  • 34.
    Kahlin, Yvonne
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Werner, Suzanne
    Karolinska Institutet ; Sophiahemmet.
    Edman, Gunnar
    Tiohundra AB.
    Raustorp, Anders
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science. University of Gothenburg.
    Alricsson, Marie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science. Mid Sweden University.
    Physical self-esteem and personality traits in Swedish physically inactive female high school students: an intervention study2016In: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, ISSN 0334-0139, E-ISSN 2191-0278, Vol. 28, no 4, 363-372 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Physical activity provides fundamental health benefits and plays a positive role in physical well-being. The aim of this present study was to investigate whether a 6-month physical activity program could influence physical self-esteem and frequency of physical activity in physically inactive female high school students in short- and long-term periods and whether personality traits were related to physical activity behaviour and compliance with the program. METHODS: The study was a cluster-randomised controlled intervention study including 104 physically inactive female high school students aged 16-19 years, 60 females in an intervention group and 44 females in a control group. The intervention group exercised at sport centres at least once per week during a 6-month period. Questionnaires were used for evaluation. RESULTS: At a 6-month follow up, the intervention group improved physical self-perception in all subdomains and significantly improved physical condition, physical self-worth and self-related health compared to the control group. At 1-year follow up, 25 females out of 53 females were still physically active, and all ratings remained almost the same as at the 6-month follow up. There were no particular personality traits that were dominant in the groups. CONCLUSION: A 6-month physical activity program can positively influence physical self-esteem and the frequency of physical activity, both from a short- and long-term perspective.

  • 35.
    Kahlin, Yvonne
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Werner, Suzanne
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Romild, Ulla
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Alricsson, Marie
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Self-related health, physical activity, BMI and musculoskeletal complaints - a comparison between foreign and Swedish high school students2009In: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, ISSN 0334-0139, E-ISSN 2191-0278, Vol. 21, no 3, 327-341 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Physical activities during leisure time and school hours as well as nutritional habits have changed over the past years by adolescents being less physically active and adopting a sedentary life-style. The aim of the present study was to investigate possible differences between foreign and Swedish high school students in terms of self-related health, physical activity, overweight, and possible complaints from the musculoskeletal system. METHODS: 1,090 high school students, 450 with foreign background and 640 with Swedish background, aged 16-26 years answered a questionnaire. RESULTS: A higher percentage of students with foreign background reported poor self-related health compared with students with Swedish background (p = .038). Students with a foreign background were to a greater extent less physically active than students of Swedish background (p = .003). No differences were found between the groups regarding musculoskeletal complaints. Students with foreign background were more often overweight than students with Swedish background and overweight was more frequent among males than females. Physical activity (moderate and high level) was concluded to be a factor with significant positive effect on self-related general health (moderate level p = .042, high level (p < .001), and musculoskeletal complaints were negative factors on self-related general health (p < .001). CONCLUSION: The results suggest that adolescents with foreign background should participate in physical activity to prevent overweight and thereby improve physical health.

     

     

  • 36. Molin, Ibe
    et al.
    Alricsson, Marie
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences. Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Physical activity and health among adolescents with cerebral palsy in Sweden2009In: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, ISSN 0334-0139, E-ISSN 2191-0278, Vol. 21, no 4, 623-633 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common disorder of movement and posture in children. The disorder results from a non-progressive brain lesion occurring in the fetal or infant brain. Children with CP have challenges with movement, posture, and mobility that last a life time. Few studies describe physical activity and health among adolescents with CP. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe self-related health, physical activity, and body complaints among adolescents with CP in Sweden. Methods: A questionnaire was answered by 64 adolescents with CP, with 143 adolescents without disabilities serving as controls. Results: Adolescents with CP reported their general health to be better than adolescents without disabilities (p = .001). Adolescents with CP participated less than adolescents without disabilities in sport during recreation time (p = .009). About 19% of adolescents with CP were never or seldom physically active, compared with 8% in the control group (p = .025). A total of 50% of adolescents with CP reported musculoskeletal complaints during the last three months, compared with 69.5% in the control group. There was a correlation between musculoskeletal complaints and self-related health in adolescents with CP (p = .015) but not in the controls. Conclusion: Adolescents with CP reported their general health to be good. Adolescents with CP were less physically active than adolescents without disabilities. There was a correlation between musculoskeletal complaints and self-related health among adolescents with CP. Further research is needed to determine the cause of the low physical activity among adolescents with CP and also to determine the relationship between musculoskeletal complaints and physical activity.

  • 37.
    Nilsson, Tania
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Hafsteinsson Östenberg, Anna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Alricsson, Marie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science. Mid Sweden University.
    Injury profile among elite male youth soccer players in a Swedish first league2016In: Journal of exercise rehabilitation, ISSN 2288-176X, Vol. 12, no 2, 83-89 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigated the injury profile among elite male youth soccer players in a Swedish first league during two seasons. The present cohort study is based on data collected during the 2013-2014 seasons. In total, 43 young elite male soccer players, aged 15 to 19 yr, were prospectively followed regarding injuries, time of exposure, injury location, type of injury, and injury severity. The overall incidence of injury in the present study was estimated to 6.8 injuries per 1,000 exposure hours and 15.5 and 5.6 injuries per 1,000 hr for matches and training, respectively. The single most common injury subtype was muscle strain (53%). The hip and groin were the most common locations for injuries. Thirty-one percent of the injuries were classified as severe injury and caused >28 days absence from training and match play. Both the injury incidence and the number of serious injury seems to be relatively high in youth elite players according to this study. Although the injury incidence seems to be slightly lower than in adult elite players the injuries seem to be more traumatic in youth elite players.

  • 38.
    Nordahl, Birgitta
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Sjöström, Rita
    Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Westin, Maria
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Werne, Suzanne
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Alricsson, Marie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science. Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Experiences of returning to elite alpine skiing after ACL injury and ACL reconstruction2014In: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, ISSN 0334-0139, E-ISSN 2191-0278, Vol. 26, no 1, 69-77 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To explore the experiences of alpine skiing at the elite level after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and reconstruction.

    Design: A qualitative approach where semi-structured interviews were conducted, and an analysis of the manifest content was performed.

    Participants: Five ski high school students, two male and three female skiers, who had suffered ACL injuries and undergone ACL reconstructions.

    Results: Seven categories were identified. The participants described their perceived opportunities with regard to returning to alpine skiing after ACL injury and reconstruction as something positive to do with self-belief, being mentally and physically prepared, regaining confidence in their own ability, being given time and using active strategies. In contrast, perceived barriers to a return to elite alpine skiing gave rise to negative feelings, for example, fear, disheartenment, a total lack of or ambivalent confidence in their own ability and the use of passive strategies.

    Conclusion: The two male skiers returned to alpine skiing. They reported confidence in their own ability, active strategies and support on all levels, as well as enhanced physical ability. The female skiers did not return to their pre-injury level of competitive alpine skiing. They stated a lack of support on all levels, deterioration in their physical ability and two out of three reported passive strategies and no or ambivalent confidence in their own ability. The most important factors were family support, support on all levels, access to a physiotherapist and time given.

  • 39.
    Norlin, Therese
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Traneus Fitzgerald, Ulrika
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Alricsson, Marie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Barriers to and possibilities of returning to play after a severe soccer injury: A qualitative study2016In: European Journal of Physiotherapy, ISSN 2167-9169, E-ISSN 2167-9177, Vol. 18, no 3, 179-184 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Soccer is the biggest sport in the world, resulting in a large number of injuries occurring in this game. Many soccer players today are ready physically, but not mentally, to return to play. The aim of this study was to investigate injured players’ perception of their time after a sports injury has occurred. The study was conducted using a qualitative approach. Eight soccer players, four male and four female, aged 14–25 years, were interviewed individually. The material was analysed using manifest content analysis. The participants reported on various psychological aspects that affected them both positively and negatively during the rehabilitation period. Individual factors included the injured players’ reaction, motivation and fear. Situational factors, such as their coach, the team, their family and the physiotherapist, also influenced the participants. In conclusion, several psychological factors affect young soccer players’ perception of rehabilitation after a severe injury. This study found that support from the team and the coach is often lacking in a soccer player’s rehabilitation. © 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

  • 40.
    Pagels, Peter
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Raustorp, Anders
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Archer, Trevor
    Inst för Psykologi, Göteborgs Universitet.
    Lidman, Ulf
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Natural Sciences.
    Alricsson, Marie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Influence of moderate, daily,physical activity upon body composition and blood lipid profile in swedish adults2012In: Journal of Physical Activity and Health, ISSN 1543-3080, E-ISSN 1543-5474, Vol. 9, 867-874 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Health organizations suggest that adults ought to engage in at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity daily physical activity. This study investigated the effects of a 30-minute single daily bout of brisk walking upon risk factors for CHD with blood lipid profile in particular. Methods: Thirty-three (25-45 y) adults, were randomly assigned into an exercise group (EG) (n=16, (9w) and a control group (CG) (n=17 (6w). The EG walked briskly 30 minutes daily during the 3 weeks test period. Compliance/adherence was maximal throughout the 3-week intervention due to stringent daily monitoring. Results: The EG showed a significant decrease in concentrations of low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and total cholesterol (TC) during the intervention period. A significant inverse correlation between Δ energy expenditure/day and Δ LDL-C (r = -0.39, P<0.05) and an improvement in weight and BMI in the EG was found. Average steps during 30 minutes brisk walking bout was 3669 steps/bout generating a mean energy expenditure of 191 kcal/bout. Conclusions: The most unique findings were that daily single bouts of moderate-intensity physical activity for 30 minutes, during 3 weeks, induced favourable effects upon body weight, BMI and blood concentration of LDL-C and TC in healthy adults.

  • 41.
    Podlog, Leslie
    et al.
    University of Utah, USA.
    Gustafsson, Henrik
    Karlstads university.
    Skoog, Thérese
    Örebro university.
    Gao, Zan
    University of Minnesota, USA.
    Maria, Westin
    Karolinska Institutet ; Sofiahemmet Stockholm.
    Werner, Suzanne
    Karolinska Institutet ; Sofiahemmet Stockholm.
    Alricsson, Marie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science. Mid Sweden University.
    Need satisfaction, motivation, and engagement among high-performance youth athletes: A multiple mediation analysis2015In: International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, ISSN 1612-197X, E-ISSN 1557-251X, Vol. 13, no 4, 415-433 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this investigation was to examine whether the various types of motivation articulated in self-determination theory (SDT) mediated the relationship between basic need satisfaction (i.e. competence, autonomy, and relatedness) and athlete engagement. Four types of motivation as assessed by the Situational Motivation Scale including intrinsic motivation, identified regulation, external regulation, and amotivation were examined as mediators of the need satisfaction–engagement relationship. Swedish downhill skiers (N = 192; n = 95 males, n  = 97 females) aged 15–20 years completed questionnaires assessing the study variables of interest. Mediation analyses revealed that all four motivational regulations were significant partial mediators of the relationship between autonomy support and engagement. Moreover, except for external regulation, all three motivational regulations fully mediated the association between relatedness and engagement. Finally, intrinsic motivation and identified regulation partially mediated the relationship between competence and engagement. Findings support SDT contentions highlighting the importance of self-determined forms of motivation in mediating need satisfaction and engagement. The mediation patterns and directions for future research are discussed.

  • 42.
    Raustorp, Anders
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Archer, Trevor
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Svensson, Kjell
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Perlinger, Thommy
    University of Kalmar, Baltic Business School.
    Alricsson, Marie
    Physical self esteem- A five year follow up study on Swedish adolescents.2009In: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, ISSN 0334-0139, E-ISSN 2191-0278, Vol. 21, no 4, 497-508 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study describes the levels and inter-correlations of physical self-esteem, physical activity, body mass index (BMI), and body fat and, in addition, distinctive of individuals with high vs. low physical self-worth in a longitudinal design during adolescence.

    METHODS:

    At mean ages 12.7, 15.7, and 17.7 years, physical activity (steps/day) was measured for four consecutive schooldays of 77 (41 girls) Swedish adolescents. Perceived physical self-esteem, height, weight, and at ages 15.7 and 17.7 years, body fat percent was also measured.

    RESULTS:

    Boys' physical self-perception scores were higher than girls' and an overall stability during adolescents was seen. High and low physical self-worth had a significant impact regarding BMI at ages 12.7 and 17.7 years and regarding body fat at age 17.7 years in both boys and girls.

    CONCLUSIONS:

    Regression analysis indicated that BMI and body fat counter-predicted self-worth in girls age-dependently. Efforts to build adapted physical activity programs for overweight and obese are emphasized.

     

  • 43.
    Reichard, Y K
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Alricsson, Marie
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Werner, Suzanne
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Self-related health, physical activity and musculoskeletal complaints in Swedish high school students2008In: Minerva Pediatrica, ISSN 0026-4946, E-ISSN 1827-1715, Vol. 60, no 3, 263-271 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: There is a positive correlation between physical activity and health. The aim of this study was to describe self-related health, sports, level of physical activity and possible musculoskeletal complaints among Swedish high school students and to analyze whether there were any differences in these aspects between gender and students from different high school programs. METHODS: A questionnaire was distributed and a total of 1,090 high school students answered it (468 males, 622 females), aged 16-26 years. RESULTS: Students from theoretical programs reported better self-related health than students from practical programs. Females from practical programs reported poorer self-related health than other students. Physically active students reported better self-related health than less physically active students. Fifty-seven percent reported to be physically active in sport. Students from practical programs were less physically active than those from theoretical programs. Females from the practical programs were the least active ones. Fifty percent of the students reported complaints; the percentage was higher among females. There was no difference between students from theoretical and practical programs in terms of reporting complaints. Back and knee complaints were the most common ones. CONCLUSION: According to these results it would be advisable for adolescents to be stimulated to participate in physical activity in order to increase the possibility of a healthy life.

  • 44.
    Sjöström, Rita
    et al.
    Strömsund Health Centre, Jämtland County Council.
    Alricsson, Marie
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Asplund, Ragnar
    Karolinska Institute.
    Back to work - evaluation of multidisciplinary rehabilitation programme with emphasis on musculoskeletal disorders. A two year follow-up2008In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 30, no 9, 649-655 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose. The aim of this study was to evaluate the 2-year outcome of a multidisciplinary rehabilitation programme for working-age people, regarding sick leave and mental health. Method. The test persons consisted of 40 women and 20 men (mean age 46.8 +/- SD 7.9) with musculoskeletal disorders, mainly neck and back pain. The rehabilitation programme was individually adapted and consisted of physical activity in several forms, relaxation, theoretical and practical education and individual guidance. Before, during and after the programme all participants were evaluated with the Global Self-Efficacy Index, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and stress test. Results. At the 2-year follow-up full-time sick leave had decreased by 37% (p < 0.0001) in the women, and by 25% (p < 0.05) in the men. Both women and men showed an increased quality of life (QoL) and decreased anxiety, depression and self-experienced stress at the 2-year follow-up compared with the start of the rehabilitation programme. Conclusions. The most important conclusion was that the effects of the rehabilitation programme persisted for up to 2 years. At 2 years the majority of the participants were still physically active, their QoL was increased, and most participants had returned to work.

  • 45.
    Sjöström, Rita
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University.
    Asplund, Ragnar
    Jämtland County Council.
    Alricsson, Marie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science. Mid Sweden University.
    Back to work: evaluation of a multidisciplinary rehabilitation program with emphasis on mental symptoms; A two-year follow up2012In: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare, ISSN 1178-2390, E-ISSN 1178-2390, Vol. 5, 145-151 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The aim of this investigation was to analyze temporal changes in anxiety, depression, and stress in patients with musculoskeletal pain for a period of up to 2 years after a multidisciplinary rehabilitation program, in relation to sick-listing (registered with The Swedish Social Insurance Agency [Forsakringskassan] for sickness benefit).

    Methods: Ten persons with full-time sick leave (absence from work for medical reasons) (group 1) and 49 with part-time or no sick leave (group 2) at the end of the 2-year study period participated. It was shown in a previous study that group 1 had higher pain rating and higher subjective physical disability than group 2, with little or no improvement during and after rehabilitation. In the present study, all participants were evaluated with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale and a self-rated stress test.

    Results: Participants with full-time sick leave during the study period (group 1) showed improved stress levels but no change in anxiety and depression levels. Anxiety, depression, and stress changed more favorably in participants with part-time or no sick leave than in those with full-time sick leave.

    Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that investigation and appropriate treatment of psychological symptoms, including anxiety and depression, are important in multidisciplinary rehabilitation of patients with musculoskeletal disorders

  • 46. Sjöström, Rita
    et al.
    Asplund, Ragnar
    Alricsson, Marie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science. Mid Sweden Univ, Dept Hlth Sci, Ostersund.
    Evaluation of a multidisciplinary rehabilitation program with emphasis on musculoskeletal disorders: A 5-year follow-up2013In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 45, no 2, 175-182 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to perform a 5-year follow-up of a 7-week multidisciplinary rehabilitation program focusing on pain, physical disability, anxiety and depression as well as stress and sick leave and to compare the results from the baseline, a 2-year follow-up and this 5-year follow-up. PARTICIPANTS: Out of 60 participants of the original rehabilitation program 54 were followed-up after 5 years. METHODS: The rehabilitation program was individually adapted and consisted of physical activity in several forms as well as theoretical and practical education. At baseline (start of study) and 2 and 5 years after completion of the rehabilitation program all participants were evaluated in terms of sick leave, pain rating (Visual Analogue Scale), the Disability Rating Index, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and Stress Test. RESULTS: Between the start of the program and the 5-year follow-up pain rating (P < 0.017) and the rate of full-time sick leave (P < 0.0005) decreased. Physical disability, anxiety, depression and stress were maintained from the 2-year follow-up until the 5-year follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: The rehabilitation program seemed to have had an effect on the participant's ability to manage with symptoms long after the end of the rehabilitation program. Most participants had returned to work, and reported less pain. The improvements made in physical disability and mental health prior to the 2-year follow-up were maintained at the 5-year follow-up occasion.

  • 47.
    Sjöström, Rita
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Sweden.
    Asplund, Ragnar
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Alricsson, Marie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science. Mid Sweden University, Sweden.
    Two year outcome of a multidisciplinary rehabilitation programme focused on range of motion of the neck and back2010In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 37, no 4, 341-348 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: To investigate whether improvement of range of motion (ROM) in persons with musculoskeletal disorders, mainly neck and back pain, was associated with a favourable development regarding physical disability, pain, and health-related quality of life (QoL), and whether such development differed between sick-listed and non-sick-listed persons during and up to 2 years after a multidisciplinary rehabilitation programme.

    METHODS: Ten persons with full-time sick leave (Group I) and 49 with part-time or no sick leave (Group II) at the end of a previous study participated. It was shown in that study that Group I had higher pain rating and higher subjective physical disability than Group II, with little or no improvement during and after rehabilitation. In the present study, all participants were evaluated with neck and back mobility tests: Disability Rating Index (DRI); Pain Intensity Rating on a visual analogue scale (VAS); and Global Self-Efficacy Index (GSI).

    RESULTS: Cervical and thoracolumbar spine ROM were lower in Group I than in Group II from the start of rehabilitation to a 2-year follow-up. Only Group II showed a temporal improvement in ROM. No changes in DRI, VAS or GSI were found in parallel with corresponding temporal changes in any of the ROM.

    CONCLUSION: Group II but not Group I improved in active ROM during rehabilitation; further, in Group I active ROM in the cervical and thoracolumbar spine did not improve during the 2-year follow-up. Improvement of ROM showed no correlation with physical disability, pain or QoL.

  • 48.
    Sjöström, Rita
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University.
    Melin-Johansson, Christina
    Mid Sweden University.
    Asplund, Ragnar
    Jämtland County Council.
    Alricsson, Marie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science. Mid Sweden University.
    Barriers to and possibilities of returning to work after a multidisciplinary rehabilitation programme: A qualitative interview study2011In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 39, no 3, 243-250 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The aim of this qualitative study was to explore experiences of sick-listed persons of not returning to work during a six-year period after participation in an extensive multidisciplinary rehabilitation programme. Participants: The study comprised ten participants with musculoskeletal disorders, mainly neck and back pain. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted and analysed by manifest content analysis. Results: This led to identification of three primary categories and six sub-categories, which described the participants' experiences of barriers to and possibilities of returning to work, and indicated what strategies they used to cope with everyday life. The participants described that the main barriers to returning to work were pain and somatic symptoms, fatigue, and not fulfilling the work requirements. Participants considered physical activity a key factor in coping with pain. Most participants thought that they had residual work ability, and could utilise this if they could get a modified job adapted to their own capacity. Conclusions: Our study highlights the importance of utilising residual working ability at workplaces. Finding flexible work possibilities requires an understanding and supportive attitude on the part of both the employer and the social insurance office.

  • 49.
    Svantesson, Ulla
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg ; Mid Sweden University.
    Jones, Janelle
    Johns Hopkins University, USA.
    Wolbert, Kristin
    North Carolina Agricultural & Technical State University, USA.
    Alricsson, Marie
    Mid Sweden University.
    Impact of Physical Activity on the Self-Perceived Quality of Life in Non-Frail Older Adults2015In: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research, ISSN 1918-3003, E-ISSN 1918-3011, Vol. 7, no 8, 585-593 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As the population of older adults increases, healthy aging has become a global public health issue. Physical activity can help older adults reclaim or maintain a healthy aging process. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the relationship between physical activity, physical performance, quality of life and cognition in non-frail adults aged 65 and older. English articles in peer-reviewed journals about healthy, non-frail adults aged 65 and older were included in the present review. Additionally, articles were obtained from reviewing the reference lists of the aforementioned articles. Research proves an overwhelmingly positive correlation between physical activity and the reduction of preventable chronic illnesses, lower healthcare costs, improved cognition, improved muscle function, decreased fear of falling, and thereby, inevitably, an increased self-perceived quality of life. There is research evidence on healthy aging and the effect of physical activity, which could be of importance in a public health perspective.

  • 50.
    Svensson, Kjell
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Alricsson, Marie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Rehabiliteringstiden på väg att fastställa2011In: Svensk Idrottsforskning: Organ för Centrum för Idrottsforskning, ISSN 1103-4629, Vol. 20, no 3, 63-65 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Muskelskador är vanliga i fotboll. Samtidigt är det kliniskt svårt attavgöra hur allvarliga de är och vilken tid som behövs för rehabilitering.Vi hoppas att vår pågående studie kan fastställa hur lång tid spelarnabehöver innan återgång till träning och match.

12 1 - 50 of 54
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