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  • 1.
    Blomkvist, Alva
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Gendering Ethnicity: Colonialism and Structural Violence in the Swedish 1928 Reindeer Grazing Act2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines how the gendering of ethnicity in the Swedish Reindeer Grazing Act of 1928 (RBL 1928) was part of a colonial structure of violence. The research context in which this thesis places itself is in the intersection of previous scholarship on the colonial interest in controlling Indigenous marriage, and scholarship on Swedish colonial history in Sápmi. The theoretical framework for the thesis is made up by an understanding of violence, settler colonial extinction in fact, intersectionality, and control over women’s reproduction as intertwined phenomenon. 

    The study consists of an analysis of the law in question using a feminist policy analysis and the method ‘What’s the problem represented to be’; as well as a source critical reading of archival materials such as magazine clippings, protocols, legal decisions, letters, questionnaires, and transcribed interviews with Sámi interviewees. 

    RLB 1928 gendered ethnicity so that Sámi women who married non-Sámi men lost their reindeer herding rights, and with that their Sáminess. This is a form of epistemic violence, changing the way Sámi women can relate to their Sáminess. The effects the provision in RBL 1928 controlling marriage had on Sámi women were both economic and social. The economic violence that Sámi women were exposed to consisted of access to land as well as material property being taken from them. When women lost their juridical Sáminess, they risked being isolated from their communities and culture, making out a form of violence here framed as violence of exclusion. The gendering of ethnicity also affected the Sámi society as a whole, as it posed a threat of extinction in fact of the Sámi population.

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  • 2.
    Fahr, Maria
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    On one’s own: A postcolonial view on the socio-economic situationof non-European university students in Sweden2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study contributes to postcolonial research perspectives that see international student migration as expressions of neocolonial power dynamics. It was initiated soon after the Swedish Migration Agency had published a report that accused non-European university students of “abusing” their study permit to work. The debate has continued in Swedish media and uni-versities but lacks the perspectives of the students themselves.This research focuses on students’ perspectives conducting a qualitative interview study with 11 non-European university students in Sweden. It aims to analyze the impact of the legal status on the socio-economic situation of non-European students from postcolonial and critical social work perspectives. Moreover, the study has sought to start a process of needs definition, investigating in which ways the needs of non-European students are met by existing support systems.Most of the participants experienced their socio-economic situation while studying in Sweden as “hard”. Their legal status, the tuition fees, and racism led to frequent experiences of “being stopped”. The social suffering that many participants experienced due to the high financial and mental pressure was identified as legal violence, i.e., violence that is produced and normalized by law. Meanwhile, the internalization of neoliberal ideology undermined student solidarity. Lastly, concrete needs and possibilities for change were identified.

  • 3.
    Katarzyna, Kiryluk
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Foreign language teaching in the twenty-first century: the application of intercultural education, information and communications technology, the new media, and world history2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Changes that education has been experiencing lately due to various factors forced it to reshape its objectives. These changes have brought many interesting aspects but using them in the actual teaching process requires further work. Even though each school subject experiences this revolution in its own individual way there are areas which share simultaneous values andcould support one another in meeting the educational needs of the twenty-first century. Among these areas are IE, ICT, the new media and teaching world history which are independent academic fields, but in the case of contemporary education should not be seen separately. Apart from the mutual objectives for preparing students for life, these areas share another important aspect in that they have the potential to influence society so that social relations could be improved. The literature review in a form of narrative analysis of the available sources connected with these fields shows exactly the mentioned values. Apart from that, the discussion for being more comprehensive is placed in the context of teaching a foreign language in Poland on which the analysis is based. Another reason for referring to the specific context is that apart from presenting the value of combining IE, ICT, the new media, teaching world history on the example of FLT, the thesis aims to be a guide for teachers that can help them in combining these areas by easing fears about their complexity so that teachers would feel encouraged to use these areas in the lesson which could lead to improving the level of teaching in general. 

  • 4.
    Papadopoulou Skarp, Frantzeska
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Patent law trajectories in blue ink.: The role of the British raj patent regime in the indigo saga2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The evolution of the patent legislation in the turbulent political and economic times of the British Raj presents several interesting aspects. On the one hand a close connection to the metropole and the evolution of patent legislation in India, while on the other the particularities of the Indian administration, the legislative processes that are not always so straightforward and the market conditions under which the exclusive rights granted are to be enforced. The indigo patents paradigm provides an illustration of  the myths about patenting activities and technology transfer in India, that this thesis has debunked. While the patent system in India was primarily used by Britons and other Europeans, the inventions that were patented, were not mere “technology transfers”, they were in fact technological solutions to problems that concerned India, and they very often built upon Indian traditional knowledge. In the case of indigo, as this thesis shows, the use of the patent system presented further characteristics of interest, namely the fact that patents are applied for in India while the technological war takes place in Germany and in the UK. The thesis analyzes this patent narrative having as a methodological framework Chakrabarty’s Provincializing Europe

  • 5.
    Pedersen Trenter, Ejner
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Myth and Othering in EU Enlargement Discourse: The Case of Kosovo’s European Integration2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper argues that the EU’s enlargement discourse can be understood as a form of political myth wherein a subject must align itself with an fantasmatic ideal type ofEuropean state. It works through positing a past from which the subject must advance, and a mythical horizon towards which the subject strives. The stage in between these temporal phases is understood as liminality, an ontological limbo of sorts. To illustrate how the political myth works, a discourse analysis is conducted by investigating reports by the UN and EU on the status of Kosovo’s alignment with ‘European standards’ and evaluations of the political situation. By applying the political discourse theory of Laclau and Mouffe, it was found that the image of the past in Kosovo was filled with symbols of ethnic conflict, clan affiliation andlingering communism, while the mythical horizon of European integration promised a utopian idea of multi-ethnicity, rule of law and freedom of movement. Kosovo in the process of integration is then stuck in a liminal phase between these temporal points, while the EU through a set of categorical measurements constructs not only Kosovo’s identity but also the ideal image of a European state and how to become one.

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