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  • 1.
    Bastani, Spencer
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS). CESifo, Germany.
    Giebe, Thomas
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Miao, Chizheng
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Ethnicity and tax filing behavior2020Inngår i: Journal of Urban Economics, ISSN 0094-1190, E-ISSN 1095-9068, Vol. 116, s. 1-16, artikkel-id 103215Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We analyze differences in tax filing between natives and immigrants, focusing on two empirical examples. First, we study deductions for costs associated with traveling between home and work allowed in the Swedish tax code. Using the total population of  commuters within Sweden's largest commuting zone, we find that newly arrived immigrants file substantially less than natives, immigrants with a longer stay behave more like natives, and immigrants with the longest stay file the most, even more than natives. Second, we analyze bunching behavior among the self-employed at a large salient kink point of the Swedish income tax schedule. We find much less bunching among immigrants, even after a long time in the host country, and the largest differences relative to natives in residential areas with a high immigrant concentration. Our findings have implications for the equity and efficiency of the tax system and the spatial patterns of residential and occupational choices for different ethnic groups.

  • 2.
    Carlsson, Magnus
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Uppsala university, Sweden.
    Age Discrimination in Hiring Decisions: Evidence from a Field Experiment in the Labor Market2019Inngår i: Labour Economics, ISSN 0927-5371, E-ISSN 1879-1034, Vol. 59, s. 173-183Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper shows the results of a field experiment in which over 6,000 fictitious resumes with randomly assigned information about age (35-70 years) were sent to Swedish employers with vacancies in low- and medium-skilled occupations. We find that the callback rate begins to fall substantially for workers in their early 40s and becomes very low for workers close to the retirement age. The decline in callback rate by age is steeper for women than for men. Employer stereotypes about the ability to learn new tasks, flexibility, and ambition seem to be an important explanation for age discrimination.

  • 3.
    Ahmed, Ali
    et al.
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS). Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Sweden.
    Are people fuzzy about who they work with?: An experimental test of Becker’s coworker discrimination hypothesis2019Inngår i: The Social science journal (Fort Collins), ISSN 0362-3319, E-ISSN 1873-5355Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We used an experiment to investigate whether people’s decisions over employment opportunities are affected by the ethnicity and sex of their potential future coworkers. University students (N = 1,406) were asked to state the lowest hourly wage rate at which they would be willing to accept a job on a campus food truck, where they would work alongside the food truck owner. The ethnicity and sex of the food truck owners were randomized across participants. Results showed no signs of coworker prejudice in terms of the probability of being interested in the job and reservation wage.

  • 4.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    De små kommunerna är flyktingkrisens förlorare2019Inngår i: Expressen, ISSN 1103-923X, nr 2019-04-28Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Med rådande läge utgör flyktinginvandringen en kostnad för Sveriges kommuner flera år efter att flyktingarna invandrat. Staten bör därför ta ett ökat ansvar för de kostnader den bristande integrationen av flyktingar medför, skriver professor Mats Hammarstedt.

  • 5.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    En replik utan svar för flyktingkrisens förlorare2019Inngår i: Expressen, ISSN 1103-923X, nr 2019-05-14Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Att det finns exempel på mindre kommuner som lyckas bra med integrationen är inget nytt. Detta förtar dock inget av resonemanget i min artikel, skriver Mats Hammarstedt i en replik till Karl Wennberg och Therese Lindström.

  • 6.
    Ahmed, Ali
    et al.
    Linköping University, Sweden;Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Sweden.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS). Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Sweden.
    Ethnic discrimination in contacts with public authorities: a correspondence test among Swedish municipalities2019Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Med ett fältexperiment visar vi att svenska kommuner diskriminerar personer med arabiska namn som ställer frågor om tillvägagångsättet för att ansöka om förskoleplats via email. Diskrimineringen har såväl direkta som mer subtila uttrycksätt och påverkar möjligheterna till integration för utrikes födda och deras barn.

    Flera forskningsstudier har studerat förekomsten av diskriminering av utrikes födda personer i Sverige med hjälp av fältexperiment. Resultaten visar att diskriminering av personer med bakgrund i Mellanöstern förekommer på såväl arbetsmarknaden som bostadsmarknaden. Vad gäller förekomsten av diskriminering vid kontakter med den offentliga sektorn är kunskaperna däremot mer begränsade.

    Ett fältexperiment

    Vi har genomfört ett randomiserat fältexperiment i vilket samtliga 290 svenska kommuner kontaktades av två fiktiva personer, en med ett typiskt manligt svenskt namn och en med ett typiskt manligt arabiskt namn, via email till kommunernas mailadresser. Varje kommun kontaktades av en av de sökande. Via mail som innehöll exakt likadana formuleringar och som var skrivna på korrekt svenska efterfrågade personerna information om tillvägagångssättet för att ansöka om en förskoleplats för sitt barn i kommunen.

    Kommuner diskriminerar personer med arabiska namn

    Det framkom att personen med svenskt namn och personen med arabiskt namn fick olika bemötande från kommunerna. För det första framkom en statistiskt signifikant skillnad i sannolikheten att, inom tio dagar efter att man skickat mail till kommunen, få ett svar som gav en förklaring på frågan om hur man ansöker om förskoleplats. Medan 97 procent av svaren skickade till den svenska personen innehöll en förklaring på den ställda frågan innehöll endast 91 procent av svaren till personen med arabiskt namn en sådan förklaring.

    Vidare framkom skillnader mellan personen med svenskt namn och personen med arabiskt namn även beträffande mängden information man fick i svaret och beträffande huruvida personen som ställde frågan fick en personlig hälsning i svaret eller inte. Medan en person med svenskt namn i genomsnitt fick ett svar som innehöll 59 ord fick personen med arabiskt namn i genomsnitt fick ett svar som innehöll 55 ord. Denna skillnad var inte statistiskt signifikant. Beträffande sannolikheten att få en personlig hälsning i svaret framkom statistiskt signifikanta mellan personerna. Personen med svenskt namn fick en personlig hälsning i 49 procent av fallen medan personen med arabiskt namn fick en personlig hälsning i 24 procent av fallen.

    Resultat av betydelse för möjligheterna till integration

    Resultaten från experimentet ger oss ytterligare information om förekomsten av diskriminering i Sverige. Sämre möjligheter att få förskoleplats till sina barn påverkar föräldrarnas, och inte minst kvinnornas, möjligheter att vara aktiva på arbetsmarknaden. Vidare har forskning visat att barn som genomgår förskolan har högre sannolikhet att utbilda sig vidare senare i livet. Tillgång till förskola har också positiva effekter på barnens hälsa. Att genomgå förskola har även positiva effekter på läs- och skrivkunskaper hos barn med utrikes födda föräldrar. Svårigheter att få förskoleplats till barn från vissa grupper av utrikes födda kan således påverka dessa barns möjligheter, inte minst på arbetsmarknaden, längre fram i livet.Mot bakgrund av resultaten finns det skäl att fördjupa sig ytterligare i huruvida utrikes födda personer diskrimineras vid kontakt med den offentliga sektorn och hur diskrimineringen i så fall yttrar sig vid personliga möten mellan utrikes födda personer och företrädare för olika verksamheter inom den offentliga sektorn.

  • 7.
    Ahmed, Ali
    et al.
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS). Research Institute of Industrial Economics, Sweden.
    Ethnic discrimination in contacts with public authorities: a correspondence test among Swedish municipalities2019Inngår i: Applied Economics Letters, ISSN 1350-4851, E-ISSN 1466-4291Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We present a field experiment conducted in order to explore the existence of ethnic discrimination in contact with public authorities. Two fictitious parents, one with a Swedish-sounding name and one with an Arabic-sounding name, sent email inquiries to all Swedish municipalities asking for information about preschool admission for their children. Results show that the parents were treated differently by the municipalities since the individual with the Swedish-sounding name received significantly more responses that answered the question in the inquiry than the individual with the Arabic-sounding name. Also, the individual with the Swedish-sounding name received more warm answers than the individual with the Arabic-sounding name in the sense that the answer from the municipality started with a personal salutation. We conclude that ethnic discrimination is prevalent in public sector contacts and that this discrimination has implications for the integration of immigrants and their children.

  • 8.
    Bastani, Spencer
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Giebe, Thomas
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Miao, Chizheng
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Ethnicity and Tax Filing Behavior2019Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    We analyze differences in tax filing behavior between natives and immigrants using population-wide Swedish administrative data, focusing on two empirical examples. First, controlling for a rich set of variables, we compare deduction behavior of  immigrants and natives with the same commuting patterns within Sweden's largest commuting zone. We find  that newly arrived immigrants file fewer deductions than natives, that immigrants with a longer duration of stay in the host country behave more like natives, and that immigrants with the longest stay file the most, even more than natives. Second, we analyze bunching behavior among the self-employed at the first central government kink point of the Swedish income tax schedule and find that self-employed immigrants exhibit significantly less bunching behavior than natives, even after a long time in the host country. We highlight residential segregation as a main driver of the observed behavioral differences. 

  • 9.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Flyktinginvandring räddar inte landsbygden2019Inngår i: Dagens Samhälle, ISSN 1652-6511, nr 2019-06-20Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Att nyanlända bosätter sig i kommuner med dåligt arbetsmarknadsläge försvårar deras möjligheter på arbetsmarknaden både på kort och lång sikt. Situationen blir inte bättre av Arbetsförmedlingens nedskärningar, skriver professor Mats Hammarstedt.

  • 10.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Miao, Chizheng
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Företagande bland utrikes födda - ett bidrag till integrationen?2019Inngår i: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 47, nr 1, s. 37-43Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Utrikes födda företagare spelar en viktig roll för integration av andra utrikes födda på arbetsmarknaden. Vi visar att företag som ägs av utrikes födda personer i hög grad anställer andra utrikes födda personer. Framför allt anställer företagare födda i länder utanför Europa i högre grad än andra företagare nyanlända personer från länder utanför Europa. Resultaten innebär inte nödvändigtvis att satsningar på ett ökat företagande bland utrikes födda är effektiva för att öka sysselsättningen. Politiken bör utformas så att villkoren för företagande i allmänhet förbättras. Då förbättras möjligheterna för utrikesfödda företagare som har förutsättningar att driva företag att expandera sina verksamheter.

  • 11.
    Anxo, Dominique
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Ericson, Thomas
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Miao, Chizheng
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Impact of late and prolonged working life on subjective health: the Swedish experience2019Inngår i: European Journal of Health Economics, ISSN 1618-7598, E-ISSN 1618-7601, Vol. 20, nr 3, s. 389-405Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the relationship between the prolongation of working life and subjective health. Drawing on a unique combination of longitudinal data and the results of a postal survey in Sweden, we investigate the health consequences of extending working life beyond the normal retirement age of 65. To do this, we compare the health status of two groups of retired people: one group who left the labour market completely at the age of 65, and a second group who remained in employment after the age of 65. Using a standard linear probability model and controlling for a range of socio-economic variables as well as previous labour market experiences, perceived life expectancy, pre-retirement income and health, our estimations show that those continuing to work after 65 on average display a 6.8% higher probability of reporting better health during retirement than those leaving at the age of 65. However, we find that this positive correlation between the extension of working life and health is only transitory. After 6 years of retirement, the health advantage of working after the normal retirement age disappears. Furthermore, we did not find any evidence that working after the age of 65 is positively correlated with physical fitness, self-reported depressive symptoms or well-being.

  • 12.
    Carlsson, Magnus
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    In-group gender bias in hiring: real-world evidence2019Inngår i: Economics Letters, ISSN 0165-1765, E-ISSN 1873-7374, Vol. 185, artikkel-id 108686Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigate in-group gender bias in real-world hiring decisions by combining administrative data with data from a large-scale field experiment on hiring in which fictitious resumes with randomly assigned information about gender were sent to Swedish employers. Our results suggest that women (female recruiters or firms with a high share of female employees) favor women in the recruitment process. In contrast, we do not find much evidence that men (male recruiters or firms with a high share of male employees) favor men.

  • 13.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Miao, Chizheng
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    ”Kvinnliga invandrar­företagare viktiga för integrationen”2019Inngår i: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, nr 2019-01-04Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Kvinnor med utomeuropeisk bakgrund som har framgång i sitt företagande anställer i hög grad andra kvinnor med utomeuropeisk bakgrund, skriver nationalekonomerna Mats Hammarstedt och Chizheng Miao med anledning av en ny studie.

  • 14.
    Bastani, Spencer
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS). CESifo Munich, Germany.
    Blomquist, Sören
    Uppsala university, Sweden.
    Micheletto, Luca
    CESifo Munich, Germany;University of Milan, Italy;Bocconi University, Italy.
    Nonlinear and piecewise linear income taxation, and the subsidization of work-related goods2019Inngår i: International Tax and Public Finance, ISSN 0927-5940, E-ISSN 1573-6970, Vol. 26, nr 4, s. 806-834Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigate how the social welfare gain of subsidizing work-related goods depends on whether the underlying income tax system is linear, piecewise linear or fully nonlinear, focusing on child care services as a paradigmatic example of goods/services that are complements with labor supply. Our quantitative analysis employs an empirically relevant labor supply model and shows that the welfare gain of an optimally chosen subsidy is negligible when the optimal income tax is restricted to be linear but about the same as under fully nonlinear taxation when the optimal income tax is restricted to be piecewise linear. Our findings enhance the policy relevance of the optimal tax argument in favor of providing subsidies to work-related goods and also shed light on the relative welfare gains of employing piecewise linear rather than fully nonlinear income taxes.

  • 15.
    Neuman, Emma
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Performance and job creation among self-employed immigrants and natives in Sweden2019Inngår i: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, s. 1-23Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper uses individual-level panel data for all self-employed in the retail and service sectors to study how immigrant- and native-owned firms perform and contribute to job creation in Sweden. We use an individual fixed-effects model to explore how self-employment outcomes among immigrants and natives evolve with self-employment experience. The advantage of our approach is that it enables estimations of the returns to self-employment experience while controlling for unobservable time-constant individual factors. The results show that profits increase with self-employment experience and at a faster rate among immigrant men and women than for their native counterparts. Turnover and the likelihood of having employees both increase with experience and in a similar magnitude for immigrants and natives.

  • 16. Ahmed, Ali
    et al.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    "Personer med arabiska namn diskrimineras av kommuner"2019Inngår i: Dagens Nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, nr 2019-03-31Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 17.
    Aldén, Lina
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Refugee immigration and public sector finances: evidence from Sweden2019Inngår i: Finanzarchiv, ISSN 0015-2218, E-ISSN 1614-0974, Vol. 75, nr 3, s. 297-322Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We present an analysis of how refugee immigration affects public-sector finances during the refugees' first years of stay in Sweden. Two different measures are presented. First, public-sector revenues are related to public-sector costs under the assumption that public costs increase in proportion to refugee immigration. Second, public-sector revenues are related to public-sector costs when, in the short run, costs for public administration, infrastructure, and national defense are assumed to be fixed as refugee immigration increases. We find that refugee immigration implies a net cost for public-sector finances for several years and that this cost to a large extent is dependent on the refugees' labor market assimilation.

  • 18.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Miao, Chizheng
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Self-employed immigrants and their employees: evidence from Swedish employer-employee data2019Inngår i: Review of Economics of the Household, ISSN 1569-5239, E-ISSN 1573-7152Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We present a study of the employees of self-employed immigrants with unincorporated firms in Sweden using matched employer-employee data from 2014. Non-European immigrants are more likely than natives to have employees in their firms. Furthermore, immigrants, especially non-European immigrants, are more likely than natives to employ immigrants in their firms, and non-European immigrants are most likely to employ recently arrived non-European immigrants with low education in their firms. Males are more likely than females to have employees in their firms, but self-employed females are more likely than self-employed males to have female employees. This is the case for all immigrant groups as well as for natives. We conclude that self-employed immigrants play a role in the labour market integration process since they create employment opportunities for immigrant groups that have difficulty entering the labour market.

  • 19.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Snart lågkonjunktur, då blir integrationen svårare2019Inngår i: Dagens Samhälle, ISSN 1652-6511, nr 2019-03-11Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Flyktingar som kom under flyktingkrisen 2015 kunde snabbare ta sig in på arbetsmarknaden än föregående års flyktingar. Framgången kan dock inte tillskrivas specifika satsningar, utan beror troligen på konjunkturen, skriver professor Mats Hammarstedt. 

  • 20.
    Reshid, Abdulaziz
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    The Gender Gap in Early Career Wage Growth: The Role of Children, Job Mobility, and Occupational Mobility2019Inngår i: Labour, ISSN 1121-7081, E-ISSN 1467-9914, Vol. 33, nr 3, s. 278-305Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    During the first 10 years in the Swedish labor market, male university graduates experience a faster wage growth than females. We investigate the role job and upward occupational mobility have for the creation of gender difference in early career wage growth; and the role of motherhood as an underlying mechanism. We find that although men and women change jobs and occupations at the same rate, women receive a significantly lower wage returns to mobility than men. We find evidence that women's lower return to occupational mobility is largely explained by motherhood, while the evidence for job mobility is rather weak.

  • 21.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    ”Uppdrag gransknings reportage borde inte förvåna någon”2019Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    ”Att flyktingar bosätter sig på mindre orter med dåliga möjligheter till sysselsättning bör, utifrån vad man vet från tidigare erfarenheter, undvikas. Det har varit känt länge”, skriver Mats Hammarstedt.

  • 22.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Utrikes föddas etablering på arbetsmarknaden - en viktig fråga för välfärdens finansiering2019Inngår i: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 26, nr 3-4, s. 241-256Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 23.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    "Ökad invandring löser knappast problemen"2019Inngår i: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Professor Mats Hammarstedt svarar Arbetsförmedlingen om invandring, demografi och välfärden.

  • 24.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Miao, Chizheng
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Bättre villkor för företagen kan underlätta integration2018Inngår i: Dagens Nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, nr 2018-10-09Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    DN DEBATT 9/10. Framgångsrika företagare födda utomlands spelar en viktig roll i integrationen av utrikes födda på arbetsmarknaden. Vår undersökning visar att företag som drivs av personer födda utanför Europa, och som anställer personal, i väsentligt högre grad anställer nyanlända personer från länder utanför ­Europa, skriver forskarna Mats Hammarstedt och Chizheng Miao.

  • 25.
    Adman, Per
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Strömblad, Per
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för statsvetenskap (ST).
    Can’t, won’t, or no one to ask?: Explaining why more recently arrived immigrants know less about Swedish politics2018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Immigrants in Western countries in general participate less in politics, and show lower levels of political efficacy, than native-born citizens. Research is scarce when it comes to immigrants’ knowledge about politics and public affairs in their new home country, and about what happens with this knowledge over the years. This paper focuses on immigrants in Sweden, a country known for ambitious multicultural policies, but where immigrants also face disadvantages in areas such as labor and housing markets. Utilizing particularly suitable survey data we find that immigrants in general know less about Swedish politics than natives, but also that this difference disappears with time. Exploring the positive influence of length of residence on political knowledge, the paper shows that the positive effect of time in Sweden among immigrants remains after controlling for an extensive set of background factors. Moreover, the paper examines this political learning effect through the lens of an Ability– Motivation–Opportunity (AMO) model. The findings suggest that the development of an actual ability to learn about Swedish politics—via education in Sweden, and by improved Swedish language skills—is an especially important explanation for the increase in political knowledge.

  • 26.
    Ahmed, Ali
    et al.
    Linköping University.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Customer discrimination in the fast food market?: experimental evidence from a Swedish university campus2018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies customer discrimination against fictive male and female food truck owners with Arabic names on a Swedish University campus using a web-based experiment. Students at a Swedish university campus were asked to participate in a market survey and state if they think it is a good idea to have a food truck establishment on the campus. Further, they were also asked about their own beliefs, and their beliefs about others’ willingness to pay for a baguette and a kebab sold by the food truck on the campus. Four names—one male Swede, one female Swede, one male Arab, and one female Arab—were randomly assigned to the food truck. We found no evidence of customer discrimination against food truck owners with Arabic names. In fact, the respondents were slightly more positive to a food truck establishment run by an Arabic male than by a Swedish male. We conclude that our results are representative in an environment with relatively young and highly educated customers and that customer discrimination may vary across different markets. More research in this area is needed.

  • 27.
    Ahmed, Ali
    et al.
    Linköping University.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Diskriminerar kunder utrikes födda företagare? Resultat från ett webb-baserat experiment2018Inngår i: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 46, nr 7, s. 25-32Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vi presenterar resultat från ett experiment utfört på ett universitetscampus.Deltagarna fick se bilder av olika food-trucks och svara på om de tyckte det varen god idé att en food-truck etablerade sig på campusområdet samt ange sinbetalningsvilja för olika varor. Deltagarna i experimentet var mer positivatill en etablering av en food-truck ägd av en man med arabiskt namn än till enetablering av en food-truck ägd av en man med svenskt namn. Resultaten är avintresse för integrationspolitiken, då de visar att egenföretagare med ursprung iMellanöstern inte diskrimineras i en bransch där de ofta är verksamma.

  • 28.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Ahmed, Ali
    Linköping University.
    Diskriminering genomsyrar inte hela samhället2018Inngår i: Dagens Samhälle, ISSN 1652-6511, nr 2018-04-27Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    En debatt som tar sin utgångspunkt i att diskriminering genomsyrar i stort sett varje samhällsområde riskerar snarast att stå i vägen för en konstruktiv diskussion om diskrimineringens orsaker och verkningsfulla metoder att motverka den, skriver två professorer i nationalekonomi. 

  • 29.
    Angelova, Vera
    et al.
    Technische Universität Berlin, Germany.
    Giebe, Thomas
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Ivanova-Stenzel, Radosveta
    Technische Universität Berlin, Germany.
    Does a short-term increase in incentives boost performance?2018Inngår i: Economics Letters, ISSN 0165-1765, E-ISSN 1873-7374, Vol. 166, s. 31-34Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    If agents are exposed to continual competitive pressure, how does a short-term variation of the severity of the competition affect agents’ performance? In a real-effort laboratory experiment, we study a one-time increase in incentives in a sequence of equally incentivized contests. Our results suggest that a short-term increase in incentives induces a behavioral response but does not boost total performance.

  • 30.
    Dahl, Gordon B.
    et al.
    University of California San Diego, USA.
    Kotsadam, Andreas
    University of Oslo, Norway.
    Rooth, Dan-Olof
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Does integration change gender attitudes?: the effect of randomly assigning women to traditionally male teams2018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    We examine whether exposure of men to women in a traditionally male-dominated environment can change attitudes about mixed-gender productivity, gender roles and gender identity. Our context is the military in Norway, where we randomly assigned female recruits to some squads but not others during boot camp. We find that living and working with women for 8 weeks causes men to adopt more egalitarian attitudes. There is a 14 percentage point increase in the fraction of men who think mixed-gender teams perform as well or better than same-gender teams, an 8 percentage point increase in men who think household work should be shared equally and a 14 percentage point increase in men who do not completely disavow feminine traits. Contrary to the predictions of many policymakers, we find no evidence that integrating women into squads hurt male recruits’ satisfaction with boot camp or their plans to continue in the military. These findings provide evidence that even in a highly gender-skewed environment, gender stereotypes are malleable and can be altered by integrating members of the opposite sex.

  • 31.
    Bjuggren, Carl Magnus
    et al.
    Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN).
    Skedinger, Per
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS). Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN).
    Does job security hamper employment prospects?2018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    We use a reform in the Swedish employment protection legislation (EPL) that decreased dismissal costs for small firms only, to investigate the effect of EPL on the propensity to hire workers who were unemployed or in active labor market programs (ALMPs). The results indicate that less stringent EPL increased the share of workers hired from unemployment. In addition, our results suggest that transitions from some ALMPs to employment increased. Taken together, our results suggest that there was less screening of new hires after the reform, and that liberalization of EPL mitigates the stigma associated with unemployment and participation in ALMPs.

  • 32.
    Carlsson, Magnus
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Fumarco, Luca
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Rooth, Dan-Olof
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Ethnic discrimination in hiring, labour market tightness and the business cycle: evidence from field experiments2018Inngår i: Applied Economics, ISSN 0003-6846, E-ISSN 1466-4283, Vol. 50, nr 24, s. 2652-2663Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Several studies using observational data suggest that ethnic discrimination increases in downturns of the economy. We investigate whether ethnic discrimination depends on labour market tightness using data from correspondence studies. We utilize three correspondence studies of the Swedish labour market and two different measures of labour market tightness. These two measures produce qualitatively similar results, and, opposite to the observational studies, suggest that ethnic discrimination in hiring decreases in downturns of the economy.

  • 33.
    Aldén, Lina
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Swahnberg, Hanna
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    (I can’t get no) job satisfaction?: Differences by sexual orientation in Sweden2018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    We present results from a unique nationwide survey conducted in Sweden on sexual orientation and job satisfaction. Our results show that gay men, on average, seem more satisfied with their job than heterosexual men; lesbians appear less satisfied with their job than heterosexual women. However, the issue of sexual orientation and job satisfaction is complex since gay men, despite their high degree of job satisfaction, like lesbians find their job more mentally straining than heterosexuals. We conclude that gay men and lesbians are facing other stressers at work than heterosexuals do. We also conclude that discrimination and prejudice may lead gay men to have low expectations about their job; these low expectations may translate into high job satisfaction. In contrast, prejudice and discrimination may hinder lesbians from realizing their career plans, resulting in low job satisfaction.

  • 34.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Ingen integration utan förbättrat humankapital2018Inngår i: Dagens Industri, ISSN 0346-640X, nr 2018-07-18Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Upptrappade integrationsinsatser och reformer på arbetsmarknaden räcker inte för att nyanlända ska komma in i samhället. Det krävs ett förbättrat humankapital och stora utbildningssatsningar är nödvändiga, skriver nationalekonomen Mats Hammarstedt.

  • 35.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Ingen oenighet om flyktinginvandringens kostnader2018Inngår i: Dagens Samhälle, ISSN 1652-6511, nr 2018-06-06Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Kostnaderna förenade med flyktinginvandringen är ingen het potatis inom vetenskapen, vilket det framstår som i medierna. Tvärtom är det korrekt att påstå att det råder vetenskaplig konsensus om att flyktinginvandringen med rådande sysselsättningsgrad bland flyktingar är en kostnad för de offentliga finanserna, konstaterar Mats Hammarstedt, professor i nationalekonomi.

  • 36.
    Carlsson, Magnus
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Stefan, Eriksson
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Rooth, Dan-Olof
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Job search methods and wages: are natives and immigrants different?2018Inngår i: Manchester School, ISSN 1463-6786, E-ISSN 1467-9957, Vol. 86, nr 2, s. 219-247Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We conduct a survey of newly hired workers in the Swedish labour market to analyse if there are differences between natives and immigrants in the choice of search intensity/methods and in the search method getting the job. We further investigate if the wage and other characteristics of the new job differ depending on the successful search method. We find that immigrants use all search methods more than natives, but they especially rely on informal search. Immigrants are more likely than natives to find a job using informal search through friends and relatives, and these jobs are associated with lower wages.

  • 37.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS). Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Sweden.
    Livskvalitet bland äldre egenföretagare - resultat från en enkätundersökning2018Inngår i: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 46, nr 6, s. 5-13Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln presenterar resultat från en enkätundersökning om äldre egenföretagares upplevda livskvalitet och tillfredställelse med arbetet. Äldre egenföretagare har högre upplevd livskvalitet än löneanställda och de som lämnat arbetsmarknaden. Egenföretagare är mer nöjda med sina jobb än löneanställda. Resultaten förklaras sannolikt till del av selektion. Personer som väljer att vara aktiva på arbetsmarknaden skiljer sig från personer som väljer att inte vara det. Resultaten understryker betydelsen av att individen har möjligheter att påverka förutsättningarna i slutet av arbetslivet. Att stimulera entreprenörskap bland äldre kan vara ett sätt att öka arbetskraftsutbudet och minska påfrestningarna på pensionssystemet och samtidigt höja livskvaliteten hos äldre.

  • 38.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Långvariga ekonomiska effekter av flyktingkrisen2018Inngår i: Dagens Industri, ISSN 0346-640X, nr 2018-01-03Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Den långa tid det tar för framför allt flyktingar från länder utanför Europa att komma in på arbetsmarknaden gör att flyktinginvandring under lång tid påverkar Sveriges offentliga finanser negativt, skriver professorn i nationalekonomi Mats Hammarstedt.

  • 39.
    Carlsson, Magnus
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Reshid, Abdulaziz
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Rooth, Dan-Olof
    Neighborhood signaling effects, commuting time, and employment: evidence from a field experiment2018Inngår i: International journal of manpower, ISSN 0143-7720, E-ISSN 1758-6577, Vol. 39, nr 4, s. 534-549Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    We investigate whether there is unequal treatment in hiring depending on whether a job applicant signals living in a bad (deprived) neighborhood or in a good (affluent) neighborhood.

    Design/methodology/approach

    We conducted a field experiment where fictitious job applications were sent to employers with an advertised vacancy. Each job application was randomly assigned a residential address in either a bad or a good neighborhood. The measured outcome is the fraction of invitations for a job interview (the callback rate).

    Findings

    We find no evidence of general neighborhood signaling effects. However, job applicants with a foreign background have callback rates that are 42 percent lower if they signal living in a bad neighborhood rather than in a good neighborhood. In addition, we find that applicants with commuting times longer than 90 minutes have lower callback rates, and this is unrelated to the neighborhood signaling effect.

    Originality/value

    Empirical evidence of causal neighborhood effects on labor market outcomes is scant, and causal evidence on the mechanisms involved is even more scant. We provide such evidence.

  • 40.
    Skedinger, Per
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS). Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN).
    Non-standard employment in Sweden2018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, as in many other countries, marginal groups tend to be overrepresented in non-standard employment. A decomposition of the employment rate of full-time workers on permanent contracts reveals that non-standard employment contributes to a substantially weaker labour market attachment for females and the foreign born than suggested by conventional employment figures alone. Our econometric analysis shows that the negative wage premia associated with fixed-term employment are considerably smaller in Sweden, both for natives and foreign born, than those that have been found for other countries. This may be due to a highly compressed wage structure and extensive coverage of collective bargaining in Sweden. On the whole, the type of fixed-term contract seems not to matter for the estimated wage premia.

  • 41.
    Skedinger, Per
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS). Res Inst Ind Econ IFN, Stockholm.
    Non-standard Employment in Sweden2018Inngår i: De Economist, ISSN 0013-063X, E-ISSN 1572-9982, Vol. 166, nr 4, s. 433-454Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, as in many other countries, marginal groups tend to be overrepresented in non-standard employment. A decomposition of the employment rate of full-time workers on permanent contracts reveals that non-standard employment contributes to a substantially weaker labour market attachment for females and the foreign born than suggested by conventional employment figures alone. Our econometric analysis shows that the negative wage premia associated with fixed-term employment are considerably smaller in Sweden, both for natives and foreign born, than those that have been found for other countries. This may be due to a highly compressed wage structure and extensive coverage of collective bargaining in Sweden. On the whole, the type of fixed-term contract seems not to matter for the estimated wage premia.

  • 42.
    Aldén, Lina
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Berggren, Niclas
    Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Sweden.
    Nya tankar om stabiliseringspolitiken – årets temanummer2018Inngår i: Ekonomiska samfundets tidskrift, ISSN 0013-3183, E-ISSN 2323-1378, Vol. 45, nr 4, s. 3-5Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 43.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Miao, Chizheng
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Self-employed immigrants and their employees: evidence from Swedish employer-employee data2018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    We present a study of immigrant self-employment in Sweden using the recent matched employer-employee data from 2014. We find large variations in self-employment rates among immigrant groups as well as between immigrants with different points for their time immigration to Sweden. High self-employment rates are found for male immigrants from the Middle East. Immigrants are less likely than natives to have employees in their firms but after controlling for firm characteristics we find that self-employed immigrants are more likely than self-employed natives to have employees. Especially non-European immigrants are more likely than natives to employ other immigrants, and even non-European and recently arrived immigrants, in their firms. Immigrants are more likely than natives to hire their spouses as employees. We conclude that self-employed immigrants play a role in the labour market integration of other immigrants. We also conclude that that the family plays a central role for self-employment activities among immigrants and that more knowledge regarding the explanations behind the results is needed.

  • 44.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS). Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN).
    Miao, Chizheng
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Self-employed immigrants and their employees: evidence from Swedish employer-employee data2018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    We present a study of immigrant self-employment in Sweden using the recent matched employer-employee data from 2014. We find large variations in self-employment rates among immigrant groups as well as between immigrants with different points for their time immigration to Sweden. High self-employment rates are found for male immigrants from the Middle East. Immigrants are less likely than natives to have employees in their firms but after controlling for firm characteristics we find that self-employed immigrants are more likely than self-employed natives to have employees. Especially non-European immigrants are more likely than natives to employ other immigrants, and even non-European and recently arrived immigrants, in their firms. Immigrants are more likely than natives to hire their spouses as employees. We conclude that self-employed immigrants play a role in the labour market integration of other immigrants. We also conclude that that the family plays a central role for self-employment activities among immigrants and that more knowledge regarding the explanations behind the results is needed.

  • 45.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Aldén, Lina
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Self-employment and life satisfaction among the elderly: survey based evidence from Sweden2018Inngår i: Paper presented at the 58th ERSA Congress “Places for People: Innovative, Inclusive and liveable Regions”, Cork, Ireland, August, 28-31, 2018, The European Regional Science Association (ERSA) , 2018Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper compares life satisfaction among the elderly (61 years of age or older) who are self-employed, wage-employed or out of the labour force in Sweden with the help of a unique survey. Sweden is interesting since the share of elderly, just as in other countries, has increased during the last decade. Encouraging the elderly to remain in the labour force is now high on the political agenda. We find that people who are self-employed report higher life satisfaction than people who are wage-employed or out of the labour force. General health is a strong determinant of life satisfaction but the differences among the groups remain when we control for health related variables. Further, the self-employed report higher job satisfaction than the wage-employed, and find their work less mentally stressful. Even though our results are driven by different types of selection, we conclude that they underline the need for a flexible working life. Stimulating self-employment among older people may be an effective way to improve their life satisfaction, to increase Sweden’s labour supply and to keep older people in the labour force.

  • 46.
    Aldén, Lina
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS). Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN).
    Self-employment and life satisfaction among the elderly: survey-based evidence from Sweden2018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper compares life satisfaction among the elderly (61 years of age or older) who are self-employed, wage-employed or out of the labour force in Sweden with the help of a unique survey. Sweden is interesting since the share of elderly, just as in other countries, has increased during the last decade. Encouraging the elderly to remain in the labour force is now high on the political agenda. We find that people who are self-employed report higher life satisfaction than people who are wage-employed or out of the labour force. General health is a strong determinant of life satisfaction but the differences among the groups remain when we control for health related variables. Further, the self-employed report higher job satisfaction than the wage-employed, and find their work less mentally straining or stressful. Even though our results are driven by different types of selection, we conclude that they underline the need for a flexible working life. Stimulating self-employment among older people may be an effective way to improve their life satisfaction, to increase Sweden’s labour supply and to keep older people in the labour force.

  • 47.
    Böckerman, Petri
    et al.
    Turku School of Economics, Finland;Labour Institute for Economic Research, Finland;IZA, Germany.
    Skedinger, Per
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS). Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN).
    Uusitalo, Roope
    Jyväskylä University School of Business and Economics, Finland.
    Seniority rules, worker mobility and wages: evidence from multi-country linked employer-employee data2018Inngår i: Labour Economics, ISSN 0927-5371, E-ISSN 1879-1034, Vol. 51, s. 48-62Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We construct multi-country employer-employee data to examine the consequences of last-in, first-out rules. We identify the effects by comparing worker exit rates between different units of the same firms operating in Sweden and Finland, two countries that have different seniority rules. We observe a relatively lower exit rate for more senior workers in Sweden in the shrinking firms and among the low-wage workers. These empirical patterns are consistent with last-in, first-out rules in Sweden providing protection from dismissals for the more senior workers among the worker groups to whom the rules are most relevant. Similarly, we observe a steeper seniority-wage profile in Sweden, suggesting that last-in, first-out rules may also be beneficial for more senior workers in terms of compensation.

  • 48.
    Neuman, Emma
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Source country culture and labor market assimilation of immigrant women in Sweden: evidence from longitudinal data2018Inngår i: Review of Economics of the Household, ISSN 1569-5239, E-ISSN 1573-7152, Vol. 16, nr 3, s. 585-627Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes the role of source country culture on gender roles for labor market assimilation of immigrant women in Sweden. Sweden ranks as one of the world's most gender-equal countries and at the same time a recipient of many immigrants from countries with more traditional views on gender roles and gender equality. I find that the labor force participation of immigrant women in Sweden is related to their source country culture, in the sense that women from countries where women's labor market participation is low (high) also have low (high) participation in the Swedish labor market. However, all immigrant women assimilate towards, but do not reach parity with, the participation rate of native women, and the difference between women from high- and low-participation countries diminishes with length of residence in Sweden. This indicates that source country culture on gender roles does not have a persistent effect on immigrant women's labor market participation in Sweden. Furthermore, the results highlight the importance of taking into account unobservable time-constant individual and source country factors when estimating the relationship between source country culture and immigrants' labor market outcomes. Neglecting to control for these factors could lead researchers to misrepresent the rate of assimilation and overstate the effect of source country culture.

  • 49.
    Adman, Per
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Strömblad, Per
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för statsvetenskap (ST).
    Abandoning intolerance in a tolerant society: the influence of length of residence on the recognition of political rights among immigrants2017Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents and empirically evaluates the idea that individual level political tolerance is influenced by the overall tolerance in society. Hence, the expectation is that more politically tolerant attitudes would be developed as a consequence of exposure to a social environment in which people in general are more inclined to accept freedom of speech, also when the message (or the messenger as such) challenges one’s own values and beliefs. The theoretical base of the analyses is a learning model, according to which more broad-minded and permissive attitudes, from a democratic point of view, are adopted as a result of (1) an adjustment stimulated by mere observation of an overall high-level of political tolerance in society (‘passive learning’), and (2) an adjustment due to cognition and interaction within important spheres in society (‘active learning’). Using surveydata, we explore empirically how length of residence among immigrants in high-tolerance Sweden are related to attitudinal measures of political tolerance, and to what extent a time-related effect is mediated through participation in ‘learning institutions’ of education, working-life, civil society and political involvement. In concert with expectations, the empirical findings suggest that an observed positive effect of time in Sweden on political tolerance may be explained by a gradual adoption of the principle that political rights should be recognized. Such an adoption, however, seems to require participation in activities of learning institutions, as we find that passive learning alone is not sufficient.

  • 50.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Skedinger, Per
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS). Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN).
    Arbetsmarknadens parter bör experimentera med minimilöner2017Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Aktuell forskning visar små och osäkra effekter av hur sänkta lägstalöner påverkar sysselsättningen. För att öka kunskaperna om minimilönernas effekter borde arbetsmarknadens parter genomföra regelrätta experiment inom det nya etableringsuppdraget, skriver nationalekonomerna Mats Hammarstedt och Per Skedinger.

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