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  • 1. Carlé, Birte
    et al.
    Fröjmark, Anders
    Högskolan i Kalmar, Humanvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Danemark - Suède - Finlande1996Inngår i: Hagiographies: histoire internationale de la littérature hagiographique latine et vernaculaire en Occident des origines à 1550. Vol. 2 / [ed] Guy Philippart, Turnhout: Brepols, 1996, s. 501-545Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 2.
    Fröjmark, Anders
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper, KV.
    Ad portum non precogitatum: The Homecoming of the Birgitta Relics to Sweden (1374)2011Inngår i: Analecta Bollandiana, ISSN 0003-2468, Vol. 129, nr 1, s. 81-104Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In spite of her long stay in Italy, Saint Birgitta of Sweden always regarded Sweden as her homeland and wanted to be buried in Vadstena monastery, then under construction. Members of the Bridgettine circle in Rome carried her mortal remains from Italy to Sweden, leaving Rome in December, 1373 and arriving in Vadstena in July, 1374. According to a contemporary miracle tale, as the party crossed the Baltic doubts emerged regarding which port to anchor in as they learned of war raging in Sweden. This article contributes to an ongoing scholarly discussion concerning the possibilities of identifying this port. The final part of the article discusses which saint is meant by “Saint Brita” cited as patron saint of a chapel at Sikavarp port on Öland in a sixteenth-century source.

  • 3.
    Fröjmark, Anders
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper (KV).
    Att leva som man lär2014Inngår i: Universitetsläraren, ISSN 0282-4973, nr 6, s. 40-40Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 4.
    Fröjmark, Anders
    Högskolan i Kalmar.
    Barn och ungdomar i medeltida mirakelberättelser1997Inngår i: Kalmar län: Årsbok för kulturhistoria och hembygdsvård, ISSN 0451-2715, Vol. 81, s. 29-36Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Children and Young People in Medieval Miracle Tales. In Swedish.

    Miracle tales are a rewarding source material for the study of the conditions of children and young people in the Middle Ages. Other sources originate mainly from the elites of medieval society, whose views on child rearing and childhood were rather extreme. Miracle tales on the other hand were told by people from all segments of society and illustrate the life of medieval children in a great variety of situations of leisure and work. However, all miracle tales are not equally well suited for the use of social history. It is especially the miracle collections of the later Middle Ages–to which the Swedish miracle collections belong–that provide such material. Examples are given in the text.

  • 5.
    Fröjmark, Anders
    Högskolan i Kalmar, Humanvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Book review of Christian Krötzl, Pilger, Mirakel und Alltag: Formen des Verhaltens im skandinavischen Mittelalter (12.–15. Jahrhundert), Studia Historica 46, Helsinki: Societas Historica Finlandiae, 1994, ISBN 951-8915-92-X1997Inngår i: Speculum, ISSN 0038-7134, E-ISSN 2040-8072, Vol. 72, nr 2, s. 514-515Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 6.
    Fröjmark, Anders
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper, KV.
    Book review of Cordelia Heß, "Heilige machen im spätmittelalterlichen Ostseeraum: Die Kanonisationsprozesse von Birgitta von Schweden, Nikolaus von Linköping und Dorothea von Montau", Berlin 2008.2011Inngår i: The Journal of Ecclesiastical History, ISSN 0022-0469, E-ISSN 1469-7637, Vol. 62, nr 2, s. 386-387Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 7.
    Fröjmark, Anders
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper, KV.
    Book review of Dominic Alexander, “Saints and Animals in the Middle Ages”, Woodbridge 2008.2010Inngår i: The Sixteenth Century Journal, ISSN 0361-0160, E-ISSN 2326-0726, Vol. 41, nr 1, s. 174-175Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 8.
    Fröjmark, Anders
    Högskolan i Kalmar, Humanvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Book Review of Ecclesia Nidrosiensis 1153-1537:: Søkelys på Nidaroskirkens og Nidarosprovinsens historie[Spotlight on the Nidaros Church and Nidaros Province History], ed. Steinar Imsen, 2003, ISBN 82-519-1873-12005Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716, Vol. 30, nr 2, s. 213-216Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 9.
    Fröjmark, Anders
    Högskolan i Kalmar, Humanvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Catherine de Suède1997Inngår i: Dictionnaire encyclopédique du Moyen Age / [ed] André Vauchez, Paris, Cambridge, and Rome: cerf , 1997, s. 279-280Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 10.
    Fröjmark, Anders
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper, KV.
    Childbirth Miracles in Swedish Medieval Miracle Collections2012Inngår i: Journal of the history of sexuality, ISSN 1043-4070, E-ISSN 1535-3605, Vol. 21, nr 2, s. 297-312Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The chance of dying in pregnancy or childbirth was very real for medieval women, and still is in many Third World countries. In Medieval Catholic Western Europe, including Scandinavia, these risks, and the absence of medically schooled persons who could give efficient help, led many women to turn to the saints for intercession. The evidence produced by miracle accounts that this practice has generated allows us to look into the bedchambers of otherwise unknown medieval women, suffering the pains of extended labor or giving birth to seemingly lifeless children.

    From their stories we may learn much about the situation at childbirth, and not least about the circle of women which normally surrounded the woman giving birth. The stories supplement information that may be gathered from other sources and shed light on questions that have been debated in earlier research, such as the professionalization of midwifery and the presence or non-presence of men and/or unwed women at childbirth. As a whole, miracle tales provide an interesting source material for many aspects of medieval everyday life, not least because it is—compared to other sources—more balanced in terms of gender.

  • 11.
    Fröjmark, Anders
    Högskolan i Kalmar, Humanvetenskapliga institutionen.
    De nordiska helgonkungarna och deras kult intill 12481998Inngår i: Sveriges kyrkohistoria 1: Missionstid och tidig medeltid / [ed] Bertil Nilsson, Stockholm: Verbum Forlag, 1998Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 12.
    Fröjmark, Anders
    Högskolan i Kalmar, Humanvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Demons in the miracula2001Inngår i: Medieval Spirituality in Scandinavia and Europe: A Collection of Essays in Honour of Tore Nyberg / [ed] Lars Bisgaard, Odense: Odense University Press , 2001, s. 275-284Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The mention of devils and demons in Swedish miracle tales of the Late Middle Ages is not unusual, but the frequency varies greatly from collection to collection. The occurrences may be grouped according to the role the devils or the demons play in the tales. One group of accounts uses the devil as an explanation for illness. Another group is similar to the first-mentioned, but is more detailed in its description of the circumstances surrounding the possession. The third group, which is the most interesting category for our purposes, accounts in detail for the devil's behaviour or the visions of the devil the afflicted person had, while the fourth group speaks about the devil as a tempter.

  • 13.
    Fröjmark, Anders
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper (KV).
    Den missförstådda avlaten2015Inngår i: Religionsdidaktiska studier / [ed] Torsten Löfstedt, Växjö: Linnaeus University Press, 2015, s. 75-87Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Indulgence – a frequently misunderstood phenomenon in the medieval Church.

    This paper has a didactic purpose. An often heard misconception concerning the medieval Catholic Church is that forgiving of sins could be bought for money. This opinion is the result of misconceptions of the phenomenon of indulgence. In the paper, indulgence is discussed and explained in the context of the sacrament of Penance. Examples are cited from late medieval Scandinavia. The focus is on practice, while theological and judicial aspects are dealt with cursorily. Martin Luther’s critical discussion of indulgence in his 95 theses from 1517 exemplifies the critique directed towards the late medieval sale of indulgence. Finally, some modern Swedish schoolbooks in Religion and History are examined in order to see if misconceptions of medieval indulgence are still in vigour.

  • 14.
    Fröjmark, Anders
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper (KV).
    Drottning Margareta i Ronneby: rapport från en konferens2014Inngår i: Det våras för medeltiden: vänbok till Thomas Lindkvist / [ed] Audur Magnúsdóttir, Henric Bagerius och Lars Hermansson, Göteborg: Göteborgs universitet, 2014, 1, s. 151-167Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 15.
    Fröjmark, Anders
    Högskolan i Kalmar, Humanvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Från Erik pilgrim till Erik konung: om helgonkulten och Sveriges kristnande1996Inngår i: Kristnandet i Sverige: gamla källor och nya perspektiv / [ed] Bertil Nilsson, Uppsala: Lunne böcker , 1996, 1, s. 387-418Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The cult of saints played a leading role in the process of Christian socialization, which had as its goal making the newly converted Swedes full-fledged members of the universal Church. The saints’ days strongly contributed to the structuring of time in the rhythm of the Christian calendar. Certain saint’s days were free from labour and might even be preceded by a fast. Fairs came to be associated with saints’ days. The Swedish saints, whose cults arose between the introduction of Christianity and the mid-fourteenth century, may be classified into a number of major categories, from which a pattern emerges. The saints who from an international perspective give the pantheon of Swedish saints a special character are not primarily the clerical or monastic saints, but rather holy laymen.

  • 16.
    Fröjmark, Anders
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper, KV.
    För få historiska kvinnoskildringar i läroböcker: [Debattartikel]2010Inngår i: Nerikes Allehanda, Vol. mars, nr 1, s. 22-Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 17.
    Fröjmark, Anders
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper (KV).
    Intryck från Belarus2015Inngår i: HumaNetten, ISSN 1403-2279, nr 35, s. 5-22Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Impressions from Belarus

    From April 12 through 19, 2015, I visited Belarus. My host was Belarusian State University in Minsk, where I had numerous conversations with colleagues and students. The article confers general impressions of the city of Minsk and its architecture, as well as from several museums and the National Library. Cultural influences in prehistoric and historic times are dealt with, and some linguistic observations are made. The concept of the Great Patriotic War is discussed, departing from a visit to the homonymous museum, and conversations with students. The article also confers impressions from a visit to the historic town of Grodno near the borders of Lithuania and Poland, where, among other sites, a visit was paid to the old Bridgettine convent. In the final part of the article, the border separating Belarus from its Schengen neighbours is discussed.

  • 18.
    Fröjmark, Anders
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper, KV.
    La christianisation de la Suède (XIe-XIVe siècles): Aspects méthodologiques de la recherche actuelle1996Inngår i: La christianisation des campagnes: Actes du colloque du C.I.H.E.C. (25-27 août 1994) / [ed] J-P Massaut & M-E Henneau, Bruxelles & Rome: Institut historique belge de Rome , 1996, s. 95-102Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Situated at the margin of Europe, Sweden was not much affected by the great migrations or the Christian missions during the 5th and 8th centuries. Only from the 9th century onwards, a sustained endeavour to include Sweden in Christian Europe is discernible, ending in the creation of the ecclesiastic province of Uppsala in 1164, comprising the Swedish kingdom. The Christianization of Sweden was brought about without exterior military pressure or visible interior unrest. An interdisciplinary research group has been formed to study the Christianization of Sweden, and the paper is largely based on publications of this group. Two fields of discussion, where different approaches meet, have been chosen for the discussion. One is the debate considering the relative importance of phenomena of continuity and rupture respectively in the process of Christianization, e.g. concerning cult places, religious customs and burial. The other is the discussion of how the missions were organized and carried out, e.g. the relative importance of English, German and Roman influence on the establishing of Christian institutions in Sweden.

  • 19.
    Fröjmark, Anders
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper (KV).
    Medeltida mirakelberättelser med Gotlandsanknytning2013Inngår i: Gotländskt arkiv, ISSN 0434-2429, Vol. 85, s. 99-110Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Medieval Miracle Tales Related to GotlandMiracle collections and canonization processes from the Swedish Middle Ages contain some 600 accounts of people having experienced help after imploring the saints for intercession. This number includes miracles related to a miracle-working image of the Descent from the Cross in Stockholm. Only a small number of Swedish miracle tales have some connection with Gotland. This might be explained by the central position of the island in the network of trade and communication routes of the time. Gotlanders had a large choice of shrines around the Baltic Sea rim and on the continent, and there were also pilgrimage sites on Gotland itself.In a world where doctors were few and the results of their treatment dubious, where crossing the Baltic was a risky enterprise, and the legal rights of the individual precarious, the saints offered a sense of security and a belief that help was never far away. The Middle Ages may feel distant, but in the history of mankind, only a brief moment of time separates us from the people who lived in that period.

  • 20.
    Fröjmark, Anders
    Högskolan i Kalmar, Humanvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Medeltida mörker i media?2005Inngår i: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 125, nr 4, s. 713-715Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    In the leading Swedish television news show Rapport on June 6, 2005, Swedish sixteenth century king Gustav I Vasa was referred to as the first king of a unified Swedish kingdom. This statement is astonishing to the historian. It was made in an effort to explain why the day of his election has been made Sweden’s national day. The article gives an account of an exchange of e-mail between the author and the editorial staff of the news show. The author points out that the statement made in the show not only is incorrect, but furthermore has the effect of cutting out several centuries of Swedish history, thus making it less comprehensible. The editors of the news show persist in their opinion that Gustav Vasa was in fact the first king of Sweden, referring to informants at the National Museum of Cultural History (Nordiska museet). The fact that such a point of view can be upheld by a leading Swedish news show does seem to reflect the weakened position of medieval history within the field of historical study in Sweden, which is pointed out by Auður Magnúsdóttir in Historisk tidskrift 2005, no. 2. When academic historians withdraw from the medieval era, regarding it as less relevant for later Swedish history, the space vacated by them is occupied by ignorance and myth. This development is further accentuated by the reduced space for medieval history in the Swedish gymnasieskola (high school).

  • 21.
    Fröjmark, Anders
    Högskolan i Kalmar, Humanvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Medeltidsmänniskan och kyrkan1997Inngår i: Kalmar län 1996-1997: Årsbok för kulturhistoria och hembygsvård / [ed] Larolof Bäck, Ulf Nilsson, Gunnel Forsberg Warringer, Dag Widholm, Kalmar läns hembygdsförbund & Kalmar läns museum , 1997, Vol. 81, nr 1996-1997, s. 19-28Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 22.
    Fröjmark, Anders
    Uppsala University.
    Mirakler och helgonkult: Linköpings biskopdöme under senmedeltid1992Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This work studies the introduction of three new cults of saints in the Linköping Bishopric during the Late Middle Ages. Two of them were based at Vadstena Convent: the Holy Bridgel (Birgitta, d. 1373) cult which had its beginning in 1374 and the cult of Katarina Ulfsdotter (d. 1381), which started during the 1410's. The third, the cult of Bishop Nils Hermansson (d. 1391), which originated at the latest in I40l. was associaled w ith the cathedral in Linköping.

    The introduction of a saint's cult may be relaled to the need of many people in medieval society for healing and protection. The tales about the saint's posthumous miracles played a key role in the introductory phase of the cults. In the dissertation such tales are used as the foundation for the analysis of the varied geographic and social patterns of distnbution of the three cults.

    The cult of the Holy Bridget was as much an intemational as a Swedish cult. The other cults studied were two of manv attempts to ride on the wave created by the successes of the Bridget cult. They may furthermore be regarded a response to various types of crises which the sponsoring institutions experienced.

  • 23.
    Fröjmark, Anders
    Högskolan i Kalmar, Humanvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Per viam asperam et valde longam: Voyages of Pilgrims to Local Shrines in Late Medieval Sweden2006Inngår i: Peregrinations, ISSN 1554-8678, Vol. 2, nr 1, s. 50-58Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 24.
    Fröjmark, Anders
    Högskolan i Kalmar, Humanvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Ragnhild1996Inngår i: Svenskt biografiskt lexikon: Bd 29, Pegelow-Rettig / [ed] Nilzén, G, Almquist, J A, Boethius, B, Hildebrand, B, Stockholm: Riksarkivet, 1996, s. 613-615Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    At the Swedish church of Södertälje south of Stockholm, a cult of a local saint, Queen Ragnhild, presumed founder of the church, is known from 15th C. sources. The information concerning her identity is confused in the sources, but she is thought to have lived at the end of the 11th and/or beginning of the 12th C.

    Apart from having founded Södertälje church, Queen Ragnhild is said to have made a pilgrimage toJerusalem, and 15th C. murals depict her as a pilgrim.

    The publication of Vitis aquilonia by the exiled Catholic Johannes Vastovius in 1623 led to a renewed interest in St. Ragnhild, and Södertälje church is currently referred to as St. Ragnhild's church.

  • 25.
    Fröjmark, Anders
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper (KV).
    Recension av Ann-Mari Borgelin (red.), Hvor Dannebrog faldt ned: Kaptajn Richard Gustav Borgelins erindringer fra Den Estiske Frihedskrig (2012)2015Inngår i: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 135, nr 4, s. 718-720Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Ann-Mari Borgelin has edited the memoirs of her father, who commanded the Danish voluntary corps in the Estonian and Latvian wars of independence 1919. Captain Richard Gustav Borgelin was a talented writer who not only gives precious information on the operations, but who also presents the reader with interiors from homes of peasants and officers, and recounts numerous interesting conversations with people he met during the campaigns. He likewise met some Swedish volunteers to Estonia, most notably Georg Malmberg, who was the commander of an armoured train.

  • 26.
    Fröjmark, Anders
    Högskolan i Kalmar, Humanvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Recension av Corinne Péneau, Le roi élu: Les pouvoirs politiques et leurs réprésentations en Suède du milieu du XIIIe siècle à la fin du XVe siècle, Thèse pour obtenir le  grade de Docteur de l'Université de Paris IV, Stencilerad disputationsupplaga 20022003Inngår i: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 123, nr 2, s. 332-337Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 27.
    Fröjmark, Anders
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper, KV.
    Recension av Hanna Källström, "Domkyrkan som andaktsmiljö under senmedeltiden: Linköping och Lund" 20112013Inngår i: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 133, nr 1, s. 89-91Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 28.
    Fröjmark, Anders
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper (KV).
    Recension av Viktor Aldrin, The Prayer Life of Peasant Communities in Late Medieval Sweden. A Contrast of Ideals and Practices [With a Foreword by Stephan Borgehammar]: Lewiston, N.Y.: The Edwin Mellen Press 2011, 212 sid.2015Inngår i: Kyrkohistorisk årsskrift, ISSN 0085-2619, Vol. 115, s. 255-256Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    By focusing the prayer life of medieval peasant communities, Viktor Aldrin has chosen an original theme for his PhD thesis. Few medieval catechetic handbooks or other religious writs deal explicitly with members of the peasant community. More rewarding are miracle collections of various saints, in which it is not unusual to come across peasant men and women, who pray with their own words, with no clergyman present. Prayers were learnt by imitating other praying people, for example godparents, and by participating in liturgy.

  • 29.
    Fröjmark, Anders
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper, KV.
    Recension av Olle Ferm, Olaus Petri och Heliga Birgitta: : Synpunkter på ett nytt sätt att skriva historia i 1500-talets Sverige, Stockholm 2007.2011Inngår i: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 131, nr 2, s. 391-393Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 30.
    Fröjmark, Anders
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper, KV.
    Religiösa ordnar under medeltiden2019Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 31.
    Fröjmark, Anders
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper, KV.
    Sanctus Nicolaus (Hermanni), episcopus Lincopensis2012Annet (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article, published in a website containing information on literary works written in Latin in the Nordic countries before the Reformation, deals with works produced in view of having Bishop Nicolaus Hermanni (Nils Hermansson) declared a saint of the Catholic Church. Nicolaus Hermanni was Bishop of Linköping Diocese between 1374 and 1391. Works written by Bishop Nicolaus Hermanni during his lifetime are not dealt with in this article.

    The texts discussed in the article are the vita and legenda of Bishop Nicolaus Hermanni, his miracula, his canonization process, and the texts written for his liturgical office (officium).

  • 32.
    Fröjmark, Anders
    Högskolan i Kalmar, Humanvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Sanctus Stephanus episcopus et helsingorum martyr: La construction d'un saint septentrional2009Inngår i: Itinéraires du savoir de l'Italie à la Scandinavie: Études offertes à Élisabeth Mornet / [ed] Corinne Péneau, Paris: Publications de la Sorbonne , 2009, s. 71-84Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    An 11th C. bishop and missionary to northern Sweden—including the territories of the Sami—named Stenphi and renamed Simeon, was reused under a third name, Staffan (Lat.: Stephanus), in a 15th C. chronicle. Here, he was casted as a martyr and a grave was identified. Paradoxically, Simeon's posthumous career as a martyr was given additional strength by the Reformation, when exiled Catholics fought to reclaim the history of Christianity in Sweden. The alleged martyr lived on in literature, tradition and folklore and still does so.

  • 33.
    Fröjmark, Anders
    Högskolan i Kalmar, Humanvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Stenfinn2008Inngår i: Svenskt biografiskt lexikon: 33, Stockholm: Svenskt biografiskt lexikon , 2008, s. 293-295Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 34.
    Fröjmark, Anders
    Högskolan i Kalmar, Humanvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Sverige under Kalmarunionens tid: en politisk-historisk översikt2009Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 35.
    Fröjmark, Anders
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper (KV).
    Telling the Miracle: The Meeting between Pilgrim and Scribe as Reflected in Swedish Miracle Collections2018Inngår i: Miracles in Medieval Canonization Processes: Structures, Functions, and Methodologies / [ed] Christian Krötzl, Sari Katajala-Peltomaa, Turnhout: Brepols, 2018, s. 131-155Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The writing down of a miracle tale was a meeting point between the oral culture of the lay people and the literate, Latin culture of the clergy. The question is to know to what degree the extant manuscripts give a trustworthy documentation of this meeting. Examples from the miracula of four Swedish saints, Eric of Uppsala, Birgitta of Sweden, Bishop Nils Hermansson of Linköping and Katherine of Vadstena, are scrutinized in this paper, in order to come as close as possible to the original storytelling moment.

    Miracle tales are marvellous sources – not only because they deal with miracles. In them, we come closer than in almost any other category of sources to what was medieval daily life. We meet with ordinary people who are otherwise not mentioned in any surviving sources, and share in their worries, their sufferings, their joys, and not least in their faith.

    But how trustworthy are the accounts? May we hear in them the authentic vox populi, the voice of the people? The answer given in this paper is that this is the case, more or less, since the registrars, who were proficiently bilingual, knew that the tales could be subject to renewed inquiries, but that they have filtered the stories to some extent, and especially the wording of the vows and other theologically sensitive issues.

  • 36.
    Fröjmark, Anders
    Högskolan i Kalmar, Humanvetenskapliga institutionen.
    The Canonization Process of Brynolf Algotsson2004Inngår i: Procès de canonisation au Moyen Âge: Aspects juridiques et religieux / [ed] Gábor Klaniczay, Rome: Ecole française de Rome , 2004, s. 87-100Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 37.
    Fröjmark, Anders
    Högskolan i Kalmar, Humanvetenskapliga institutionen.
    The Church at the Local Level 1100-1400 AD: Resmo Church, Öland, May 8, 19981999Inngår i: Europeans or Not? Local Level Strategies on the Baltic Rim 1100-1400 AD:: transactions of the local level-symposium of the Culture Clash or Compromise (CCC) project held in Kalmar May 7-10 1998 / [ed] Nils Blomkvist, Sven Olof Lindquist, Visby and Kalmar: Centre for Baltic Studies, Gotland Univ. College [Centrum för Östersjöstudier, Högsk. på Gotland] , 1999, s. 77-78Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The founding of a parish church is one of the most revolutionary changes in the history of the local community. The church was regarded as a meeting place between God and men. The priest came daily before the face of God as a representative of the local Christian community.

    The relationship between priest and parishioners could be viewed as a contractual one, where the priest, who carried out acts of daily worship, had his living provided for by the parishioners. His duties were regulated in secular as well as in canon law. The Christian calendar set the rhythm of the yearly cycle.

    The article also deals with confession and other aspects of parish life in the Middle Ages.

  • 38.
    Fröjmark, Anders
    Högskolan i Kalmar, Humanvetenskapliga institutionen.
    The Miracles of St. Bridget and Her Daughter St. Katherine1993Inngår i: Studies in St. Birgitta and the Brigittine Order 1 / [ed] James Hogg, Salzburg: Institut fûr Anglistik und Amerikanistik, Universität Salzburg , 1993, s. 65-84Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    When a person with a reputation for holiness died, it was common for people to seek that person's grave to give thanks for, or hoping to benefit from miraculous cures. Especially when the cult was new, pilgrims' tales were taken down in order to promote the cult or substantiate the request for canonization. The miracles of St. Birgitta of Sweden were collected at various stages between 1374 and 1390 and the writing down of the miracles of her daughter St. Katherine of Vadstena begun shortly after 1410, but was for the major part undertaken between 1469 and 1477.

    The pilgrimage was often the result of a conditional vow to the saint, sometimes inspired by other persons' stories about the saint's ability to help. Another way of determining which saint to turn to was the casting of lots. In some cases, the miraculous cure might seen to have been brought about by a sort of cooperation between the saint and the persons present, while in other cases the efficacious help of the saint is contrasted to the inefficiency of human efforts. The miracles sometimes exceed the expectations of those who prayed for it, but in other cases it is clear that the healing is only partial. In the few cases where entirely unsuccessful supplications to a saint are described, their only meaning were to direct the supplicant to another saint—the one whose miracles are chiefly registered in the collection.

    Visions both of the saint and of demons are relatively common in the collections of Birgitta and Katherine. A particularly interesting tale relates the possession of demons experienced by a young woman of Östra Husby in Östergötland, and the efforts made by the clerics of the young monastery in Vadstena to exorcise them. Their success is doubtful. One is rather given the expression that the young woman, Christina, held on to her demons.

  • 39.
    Fröjmark, Anders
    Högskolan i Kalmar, Humanvetenskapliga institutionen.
    The 'Voice of the People' in some Late-Medieval Miracle-Collections1994Inngår i: Saint and Sagas: A Symposium / [ed] Hans Bekker-Nielsen and Birte Carlé, Odense: Odense University Press , 1994, s. 89-108Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In processes of canonization, accounts of miracles experienced by men and women from all strata of society were recorded. Highly educated clerics listened carefully to stories told by ordinary people, on whom no writer would otherwise have cared to waste his ink. As André Vauchez has pointed out, the canonization processes constitute the place of a confrontation between the culture of the dominant strata, to which belonged those who ordained and carried out the investigations, and the culture of the lower classes, among which a good number of witnesses were recruited.In most cases, the records of miracles were brief, but there were pilgrims with talents for storytelling that went beyond the ordinary, who enticed the registrars to exceed the normal formulas. Twenty-nine such stories from the miracles of Birgitta of Sweden, Nils of Linköping and Katherine of Vadstena have been examined for this paper. Behind each of these accounts, there is an original tale that was delivered orally for the registrars, who essentially reproduced it in their texts. Used with methodological caution, this source material presents us with fragments of authentic popular storytelling from the 14th and 15th centuries.

  • 40.
    Fröjmark, Anders
    et al.
    Högskolan i Kalmar, Humanvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Ahola, JoonasHeininen, LassiJankauskas, AlgimantasMartin, JüriScerbinskis, ValtersSõgel, UrmasVares, Peeter
    Baltic Region: Conflicts and Co-operation: Road from the Past to the Future (Swedish version: Östersjöregionen: Konflikter och samhälle: Vägen från det förflutna till framtiden)2004Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 41.
    Fröjmark, Anders
    et al.
    Högskolan i Kalmar, Humanvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Krötzl, Christian
    Den tidiga helgonkulten1997Inngår i: Historiallinen Arkisto 110:3, 1997Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
1 - 41 of 41
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