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  • 1.
    Ahmed, Ali
    et al.
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Ekonomihögskolan, EHV.
    Salas, Osvaldo
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Ekonomihögskolan, EHV.
    Is the hand of God involved in human cooperation?2009Inngår i: International Journal of Social Economics, ISSN 0306-8293, E-ISSN 1758-6712, Vol. 36, nr 1/2, s. 70-80Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the supernatural punishment theory. The theory postulates that religion increases cooperation because religious people fear the retributions that may follow if they do not follow the rules and norms provided by the religion. Design/methodology/approach – The paper reports results for a public goods experiment conducted in India, Mexico, and Sweden. By asking participants whether they are religious or not, one can study whether religiosity has an effect on voluntary cooperation in the public goods game. Findings – No significant behavioral differences were found between religious and nonreligious participants in the experiment. Originality/value – This paper differs from the previous limited experimental literature, studying religiosity and cooperation, in the sense that it uses a public goods game rather than a prisoner's dilemma game. The public goods game is more interesting since many real life problems are multilateral rather than bilateral. Further, the study was conducted in three different countries: India, Mexico, and Sweden; with three different types of potentialy religious people: Hindus, Catholics, and Protestants.

  • 2.
    Ahmed, Ali
    et al.
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Ekonomihögskolan, EHV.
    Salas, Osvaldo
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Ekonomihögskolan, EHV.
    The relationship between behavioral and attitudinal trust: A cross-cultural study2009Inngår i: Review of social economy, ISSN 0034-6764, E-ISSN 1470-1162, Vol. 67, nr 4, s. 457-482Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We study the relationship between trust in an experiment and trust measured by means of popular survey items in different countries. Students from Chile, Colombia, India, Mexico and Sweden participate in a public goods game experiment and answer a set of standard attitudinal survey questions about trust. We find that behavioral trust and attitudinal trust significantly differ among countries. Behavioral trust is highest in Sweden, followed by Latin America, and lowest in India. Attitudinal trust is highest in Chile and Sweden, followed by India and Mexico, and lowest in Colombia. Further, the predictive power of survey items also differs among countries. Trust measured by survey items is significantly related to behavioral trust in some but not in all societies. No single survey item predicts actual trust across all countries. Plausible explanations of the inconsistent relationship between behavioral and attitudinal trust across countries are discussed.

  • 3.
    Ahmed, Ali
    et al.
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Ekonomihögskolan, EHV. Nationalekonomi och statistik.
    Salas, Osvaldo
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Ekonomihögskolan, EHV. Nationalekonomi och statistik.
    Trust in India and Sweden: An experimental examination of the Fukuyama conjecture2008Inngår i: Cross-cultural research, ISSN 1069-3971, E-ISSN 1552-3578, Cross-Cultural Research, Vol. 42, nr 4, s. 420-429Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The authors test the proposition, put forward by Francis Fukuyama, that the higher the level of trust in a country the less corrupt, the more developed, and wealthier its economy will be. They study trust and voluntary cooperation using a one-shot and three-person public goods game experiment in India and Sweden. The results, in line with the proposition, show that the average contribution is significantly larger in Sweden, implying a higher level of trust and cooperation in Sweden than in India. This article provides further evidence on the relationship between trust and economic development. This study differs from previous ones in that it uses a multilateral game experiment to study trust and cooperation rather than a bilateral game experiment. Furthermore, it provides evidence from two countries not studied before in this context.

  • 4.
    Salas, Osvaldo
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Ekonomihögskolan, EHV.
    Miljöhänsyn lönar sig.: Samhällsekonomiska följder av fluftföroreningsminskningen i två peruanska städer: En cost-benefit-analys2007Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 5.
    Salas, Osvaldo
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Ekonomihögskolan, EHV. Nationalekonomi.
    Rörligheten på arbetsmarknaden bland invandrare.: En litteraturöversikt2007Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 6. Salas, Osvaldo
    Välfärdsstaten och det nya scenariet2007Inngår i: Demokratisk och effektiv styrning: En antologi om forskning i offentlig förvaltning, Studentlitteratur , 2007, s. 25-Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 7.
    Salas, Osvaldo
    et al.
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Ekonomihögskolan, EHV. Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Ekonomihögskolan, EHV. Nationalekonomi/statistik.
    Månsson, Jonas
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Ekonomihögskolan, EHV. Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Ekonomihögskolan, EHV. Nationalekonomi/statistik.
    Productivity development and privatisation of the potable water and sewage sector in Chile2006Inngår i: Revista CIFE, ISSN 0124-3551, Vol. 9, nr 11, s. 12-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of privatisation on productivity development in the Chilean potable water and sewage sector. We have access to high quality level data making possible to study the effects on a firm level. Productivity development is studied by means of the Malquist productivity index. Total productivity is divided into efficiency change and technical change. These three components are the analysed against privatisation with the use of a non-parametric Mann-Whitney test. The main result is that we do not find significant effects of privatisation on productivity development.

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