lnu.sePublikasjoner
Endre søk
Begrens søket
1 - 23 of 23
RefereraExporteraLink til resultatlisten
Permanent link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Treff pr side
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sortering
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Forfatter A-Ø
  • Forfatter Ø-A
  • Tittel A-Ø
  • Tittel Ø-A
  • Type publikasjon A-Ø
  • Type publikasjon Ø-A
  • Eldste først
  • Nyeste først
  • Skapad (Eldste først)
  • Skapad (Nyeste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Eldste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyeste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidligste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (siste først)
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Forfatter A-Ø
  • Forfatter Ø-A
  • Tittel A-Ø
  • Tittel Ø-A
  • Type publikasjon A-Ø
  • Type publikasjon Ø-A
  • Eldste først
  • Nyeste først
  • Skapad (Eldste først)
  • Skapad (Nyeste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Eldste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyeste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidligste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (siste først)
Merk
Maxantalet träffar du kan exportera från sökgränssnittet är 250. Vid större uttag använd dig av utsökningar.
  • 1.
    Bravo, Giangiacomo
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Pardalis, Georgios
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för byggd miljö och energiteknik (BET).
    Mahapatra, Krushna
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för byggd miljö och energiteknik (BET).
    Mainali, Brijesh
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för byggd miljö och energiteknik (BET).
    Physical vs. Aesthetic Renovations: Learning from Swedish House Owners2019Inngår i: Buildings, ISSN 2075-5309, E-ISSN 2075-5309, Vol. 9, nr 1, artikkel-id 12Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we identify the socio-economic attributes and attitudes that have influencedhouse owners in renovating their homes in the past. Our study is based on responses to an onlinequestionnaire survey of 971 house owners living in Kronoberg County in Sweden. Results showedthat the interest and willingness of the house owners to perform a renovation varied dependingon their demographic background and the age of the house. The latter positively affected pastrenovations, only when combined with the residence time. Furthermore, the age of house ownersstrongly and positively affected the probability of performing aesthetic type of renovations, becauseof a long time of residence in the house. Younger, town living, and highly educated house ownersseem to be more concerned regarding saving energy, which motivated them to perform physicalrenovations on their house. Our results also suggest that income, level of education, and place ofresidence have an effect on renovation decisions only through their effect on the energy concern ofhouse owners, and a varied effect on renovation decisions, when combined with the time of residencein the house.

  • 2.
    Dhakal, Shobhakar
    et al.
    Asian Institute of Technology, Thailand.
    Srivastava, Leena
    TERI School of Advanced Studies, India.
    Sharma, Bikash
    ICIMOD, Nepal.
    Palit, Debajit
    TERI, India.
    Mainali, Brijesh
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för byggd miljö och energiteknik (BET).
    Nepal, Rabindra
    Massey University, New Zealand.
    Purohit, Pallav
    nternational Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Austria.
    Goswami, Anandajit
    TERI School of Advanced Studies, India.
    Malikyar, Ghulam Mohd
    National Environmental Protection Agency, Afghanistan.
    Wakhley, Kul Bahadur
    Royal Government of Bhutan, Bhutan.
    Meeting Future Energy Needs in the Hindu Kush Himalaya2019Inngår i: The Hindu Kush Himalaya Assessment: Mountains, Climate Change, Sustainability and People / [ed] Philippus Wester, Arabinda Mishra, Aditi Mukherji, Arun Bhakta Shrestha, Springer, 2019, s. 167-207Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    As mentioned in earlier chapters, the HKH regions form the entirety of some countries, a major part of other countries, and a small percentage of yet others. Because of this, when we speak about meeting the energy needs of the HKH region we need to be clear that we are not necessarily talking about the countries that host the HKH, but the clearly delineated mountainous regions that form the HKH within these countries. It then immediately becomes clear that energy provisioning has to be done in a mountain context characterized by low densities of population, low incomes, dispersed populations, grossly underdeveloped markets, low capabilities, and poor economies of scale. In other words, the energy policies and strategies for the HKH region have to be specific to these mountain contexts.

  • 3.
    Khan, Ershad Ullah
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Mainali, Brijesh
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Martin, Andrew
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Silveira, Semida
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Techno-economic analysis of small scale biogas based polygeneration systems: Bangladesh case study2014Inngår i: Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, ISSN 2213-1388, E-ISSN 2213-1396, Vol. 7, s. 68-78Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Access to electricity, clean energy, and safe drinking water services are genuine needs of the rural poor for their welfare. These needs can be addressed either individually or in an integrated approach. Biogas digesters are promising in the rural setting and integration of biogas production with power generation and water purification is an innovative concept that could be applied in remote areas of Bangladesh. This paper presents a new concept for integrated biogas based polygeneration and analyzes the techno-economic performance of the scheme for meeting the demand of electricity, cooking energy and safe drinking water of 30 households in a rural village of Bangladesh. The specific technologies chosen for the key energy conversion steps are as follows: plug-flow digester; internal combustion engine; and air-gap membrane distillation. Mass flows and energy balance, levelized cost of producing electricity, cooking gas and safe drinking water as well as the payback period of such a polygeneration system were analyzed. The results indicate that this polygeneration system is much more competitive and promising (in terms of levelized cost) than other available technologies when attempting to solve the energy and arsenic-related problems in Bangladesh. The payback period of such system is between 2.6 and 4 years.

  • 4.
    Mahapatra, Krushna
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för byggd miljö och energiteknik (BET).
    Mainali, Brijesh
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för byggd miljö och energiteknik (BET).
    Pardalis, Georgios
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för byggd miljö och energiteknik (BET).
    Homeowners’ attitude towards one-stop-shop business concept for energy renovation of detached houses in Kronoberg, Sweden2018Inngår i: Innovative Solutions for Energy Transitions: 10th International Conference on Applied Energy (ICAE2018), 22-25 August 2018, Hong Kong, China / [ed] Yan, J; Yang, HX; Li, H; Chen, X, Elsevier, 2018, Vol. 158, s. 3702-3708Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on an online questionnaire survey, this paper analyses the attitude of homeowners in Kronoberg, Sweden towards energy renovation and one-stop shop (OSS) services for the deep renovation of detached houses. Personal and contextual variables have been analysed to know who have renovation plan, what motivates them to renovate and if there is an interest in OSS concept. Results have shown that at present a very small section of the homeowners' have deep renovation plan. The priority is rather on aesthetic renovation than energy renovation. Younger homeowners below 36 years could be the first potential customer segment for deep renovation. The attitude towards OSS business concept of one entrepreneur-offering package solutions currently is not so encouraging. There is a need to demonstrate a cost-efficient OSS business concept for deep renovation ensuring the quality of the work to accelerate the deep renovation under such a business concept.

  • 5.
    Mainali, Brijesh
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för byggd miljö och energiteknik (BET). KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Ahmed, Hassan
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Silveira, Semida
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Integrated approach for provision of clean energy and water in rural Bangladesh2018Inngår i: Ground Water for Sustainable Development, ISSN 2352-801X, Vol. 7, s. 239-249Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The ultimate goal of this paper is to explore ways to upgrade energy and water services in rural areas of Bangladesh while improving resource recovery. The study analyzes the potential of a poly-generation system using locally available biomass resources (cow dung and agriculture residue) for providing cooking energy, electricity, and drinking water to a rural community. A questionnaire survey was conducted in Pani Para village with 52 households to investigate demand patterns and estimate the resource potential and amount of biogasneeded in the poly-generation system. A poly-generation system with 150 m3biogas digester and a 10 kWe generator is required to meet cooking energy, electricity and water demand in the village. Co-digestion of available resources including cow dung and agriculture residues can provide 48,250 m3 biogas/year, which is sufficient to supply electricity and clean drinking water to all households in the village. In addition, around two thirds of the households can use biogas for cooking. The sensitivity analysis shows that if the amount of agriculture residues is increased by 15%, also cooking gas can be provided to all households. The results indicate that such integrated solutions are worth further exploration.

  • 6.
    Mainali, Brijesh
    et al.
    KTH Royal Instute of Technology.
    Dhital, Ram Prasad
    Alternative Energy Promotion Center, Nepal.
    Isolated and Mini-Grid Solar PV Systems: An Alternative Solution for Providing Electricity Access in Remote Areas (Case Study from Nepal).2015Inngår i: Solar Energy Storage / [ed] Bernt Sørensen, United Kingdom: Academic Press, 2015, s. 359-374Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Nepal is a landlocked country with difficult geographical terrain and without fossil reserves. However, the country has been blessed with abundant renewable resources. All these facts have contributed to the advantages of renewable-energy-based decentralized rural electrification in Nepal. When making technological choices, the cost-effectiveness of the technologies must be considered. This study presents solar photovoltaic (PV) alternatives for rural electrification, considering off-grid solar PV for individual households and solar mini-grids for electrifying rural communities, and comparing them with the supply option with grid extension and electricity from a diesel generator for the case of Kyangshing village in Sindhupalchowk, Nepal. The levelized cost of electricity (LCOE) production with these various alternatives is compared, along with the sensitivity analysis for some of the crucial input assumptions. Analysis has shown that a solar PV-based mini-grid system is the most cost-effective option for electrification in the village. The business model and operational and management model for such a solar PV-based mini-grid system have also been proposed for guaranteeing the sustainability of the system.

  • 7.
    Mainali, Brijesh
    et al.
    Royal Institute of Technology.
    Emran, Saad Been
    Royal Institute of Technology.
    Silveira, Semida
    Royal Institute of Technology.
    Greenhouse gas mitigation using poultry litter management techniques in Bangladesh2017Inngår i: Energy Journal, ISSN 0195-6574, E-ISSN 1944-9089, Vol. 127, s. 155-166Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Poultry activities have expanded significantly in Bangladesh in recent years. The litter generated from rural poultry farms is often dumped in low ground neighboring areas resulting in greenhouse gas emissions, as well as water and air pollution. This study estimates the GHG emissions of a typical rural layer poultry farm in Bangladesh, and identifies the GHG emissions reduction potential when poultry litter management techniques are used to produce biogas, generating electricity and bio-fertilizer. Life-cycle assessment (LCA) has been used for a systematic evaluation of GHG-emissions considering the local supply chain in a typical rural layer poultry farm. The analysis shows that the GHG-emissions at the poultry farm amount to 1735 KgCO2eq/10000 eggs produced if the litter is untreated. With the installation of an anaerobic digester, the emission intensity could be reduced by 65% if the gas is used to replace LPG for cooking purposes. If 100% digested slurry is utilized as bio-fertilizer, the emissions intensity could be further reduced by 17 times compared to the case without slurry utilization. These results justify the consideration of national programs to improve conditions in poultry farms in Bangladesh. 

  • 8.
    Mainali, Brijesh
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för byggd miljö och energiteknik (BET). KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Luukkanen, Jyrki
    University of Turku, Finland.
    Silveira, Semida
    KTH-Royal Institute of Technology.
    Kaivo-oja, Jari
    University of Turku, Finland.
    Evaluating Synergies and Trade-Offs among Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): Explorative Analyses of Development Paths in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa2018Inngår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, nr 3, artikkel-id 815Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Understanding the linkages between multiple targets of Sustainable Development Goals(SDGs) may help to integrate different sectoral programmes and develop coherent cross-sectoralpolicy to explore synergies. Synergy is interaction among two or more actions, which will lead toan impact greater or less than the sum of individual effects. Therefore, synergy can be positive ornegative (trade-off). This paper aims at developing an analytical framework to evaluate sectorallinkages and examine potential synergies and trade-offs among various SDGs’ goals and targets.Synergies and trade-offs related to energy access (SDG7), clean water and sanitation access (SDG6),food security and sustainable agriculture (SDG2) and poverty alleviation (SDG1) have been evaluatedfrom the perspective of developing countries using examples from South Asia (Bangladesh, Nepal,and Sri Lanka) and Sub-Saharan Africa (Ghana, Ethiopia and Rwanda), and historical data for theperiod between 1990 and 2012. The analytical framework includes both qualitative and quantitativemethods. Network analysis technique has been used for exploring the conceptual linkage amongdifferent indicators, and capturing the targets associated with SDGs. Advanced SustainabilityAnalysis (ASA) developed under the European framework programme has been used for quantifyingthe synergies and trade-offs among sustainability indicators. The analysis showed strong synergyamong various SDG targets. Interestingly, the potential synergy differs from country to countryand over time. Ghana and Sri Lanka had relatively higher potential synergy, whereas Rwanda andNepal had relatively lower potential synergy among the various targets. Higher synergy valueswere evidenced in those cases where the policy have recognized and emphasized on linkages amongcross-sectoral targets.

  • 9.
    Mainali, Brijesh
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för byggd miljö och energiteknik (BET).
    Mahapatra, Krushna
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för byggd miljö och energiteknik (BET).
    Pardalis, Georgios
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för byggd miljö och energiteknik (BET).
    Evaluating market models for deep-energy renovation using SWOT and PEST Analysis2018Inngår i: 14th Conference on Advanced Building Skins, 28-29 October, 2018, Bern, Switzerland, 2018Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Buildings are responsible for 40% of energy consumption and 36% of CO2 emissions in the EU. Sweden and Denmark are cold climatic countries with strong demand for space heating and hot water in the residential sector. Large section of the detached houses in these countries are built more than 30 years ago and need refurbishment. Despite of huge energy saving potentials with deep renovation of these houses, there exists several challenges in realizing those saving potential. This paper evaluates the market for deep renovation of single-family houses in these two Nordic countries using PEST and SWOT analysis. Comparative analysis between two countries will help to understand the common and country specific drivers and barriers and to develop strategic recommendation in accordance.

  • 10.
    Mainali, Brijesh
    et al.
    Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden:International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Austria.
    Pachauri, Shonali
    International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Austria.
    Nagai, Yu
    International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Austria:Technische Universität Wien, Austria.
    Analyzing cooking fuel and stove choices in China till 20302012Inngår i: Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, ISSN 1941-7012, E-ISSN 1941-7012, Vol. 4, nr 3, artikkel-id 031805Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Many people in China still burn low grade solid fuels in traditional stoves to meet their cooking and heating energy demands. This results in significant pollution, affecting the health of especially women and children who are exposed most. The mode of energy consumption and types of stoves in use may change with increasing prosperity. Product specific and socio-economic parameters also influence these choices. We analyze cooking fuel and stove choices in China. Choices are modeled to depend on standard economic variables such as income, technology costs, and fuel prices, along with some variables unique to the developing country setting such as inconvenience costs. Our analysis shows that 24% of the rural and 17% of the urban population will still depend on solid fuels in 2030 under a business as usual scenario. Various policy scenarios that can accelerate transition to modern fuels by 2030 are also analyzed in this paper and their costs, energy, emissions and health impacts assessed.

  • 11.
    Mainali, Brijesh
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Pachauri, Shonali
    International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Austria.
    Rao, Narasimha D.
    International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Austria.
    Silveira, Semida
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Assessing rural energy sustainability in developing countries2014Inngår i: Energy for Sustainable Development, ISSN 0973-0826, Vol. 19, s. 15-28Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Providing sustainable energy access is one of the most critical global challenges. This paper introduces a method for evaluating the status and progress of rural household energy sustainability in developing countries using a new composite indicator, the energy sustainability index (ESI). The ESI combines 13 techno-economic, environmental and social indicators of sustainability using principal component analysis (PCA). We apply the ES! to China, India, South Africa, Sri-Lanka, Bangladesh and Ghana between 1990 and 2010. The analysis suggests that South Africa's rural energy sustainability index is highest followed by China, Sri Lanka, India, Bangladesh and Ghana respectively. All the countries' rural energy sustainability has improved relatively over time except Ghana's. Improvements result mainly from increasing rural electricity use and increasing access to clean and efficient cooking fuels.

  • 12.
    Mainali, Brijesh
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för byggd miljö och energiteknik (BET).
    Pardalis, Georgios
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för byggd miljö och energiteknik (BET).
    Mahapatra, Krushna
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för byggd miljö och energiteknik (BET).
    Criteria based approach for assessment of policy instruments for deep renovation of residential building in the Netherlands2019Inngår i: ECEEE Summer Study proceedings: eceee 2019 Summer Study on energy efficiency: Is efficient sufficient?, European Council for an Energy Efficient Economy (ECEEE), 2019, s. 599-606, artikkel-id 3-352-19Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The building sector is responsible for more than 40 % of the energy use and 32 % of carbon dioxide emissions in the European Union (EU). Previous research has shown that the present rate of energy retrofit and refurbishment in Europe is far below (<50 %) than that is required to meet the EU's building related energy efficiency goals for 2020. Appropriate policy interventions for deep renovation is perceived as a catalytic agent in promoting energy efficiency and leveraging more investments in the building sector. EU directives regarding Energy Efficiency reflects in various member states' national targets and policy measures to improve the energy performance of the existing building stocks. Economic policy instruments seem to be influential in steering the deep renovation market, but this alone may not be sufficient for the sustainable growth of the market. There is a need for market-based approach to enhance the private sector involvement, both in terms of technical and financial capabilities. This paper evaluates the policy instrument used for promoting deep renovation of residential buildings in the Netherlands. A "Theory-based evaluation" technique has been used in analyzing the content of the policy instrument, and the underlying theories and policies, at output and impact level. A set of the evaluation criteria have been applied for assessing such policy instruments in leveraging energy efficiency investments and their effectiveness in terms of energy savings. The assessments are done based on the meta-analysis of relevant literature and data sources, and finalized in consultation with the Dutch partners from INNOVATE (Integrated solutions for ambitious energy refurbishment of private housing) project under Horizon 2020. Further, the challenges for scaling up such existing effort for the sustainable growth of the deep renovation market has been explored.

  • 13.
    Mainali, Brijesh
    et al.
    KTH Royal Instute of Technology.
    Silveira, Semida
    KTH Royal Instute of Technology.
    Alternative pathways for providing access to electricity in developing countries2013Inngår i: Renewable energy, ISSN 0960-1481, E-ISSN 1879-0682, Vol. 57, s. 299-310Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The discussion on electrification pathways tends to dangle between the merits of centralized on-grid versus decentralized off-grid electrification, and most of the time, both routes are promoted in parallel. However, the basis for choosing pathways has neither been very clear nor rational. This study compares three pathways for rural electrification considering (i) off-grid renewable energy (RE) technologies for individual households (ii) mini grids (with micro hydro and diesel generators) and (iii) grid extension. Different technological pathways are analyzed considering various technical and socio-economic parameters in two country cases: Nepal and Afghanistan. Levelized cost of electricity (LCOE) is taken as the main basis for comparison of the various options, in which both environmental externalities and life cycle costs are considered. The analysis shows that the micro hydro based mini grid technology is the most competitive alternative for electrifying isolated and remote rural areas in both countries. Individual household technology should be promoted only in places with scattered households where there is no possibility of mini grid solution. The choice of technology and the pathway adopted in Nepal seems functional, though some flaws within the pathways need to be addressed. In Afghanistan, the technological pathways for rural electrification are not well-defined and the country lacks a clear cut national policy framework for rural electrification. Here, micro hydro based mini grid would be a more sustainable proposition rather than diesel generators as promoted in the transitional phase. Afghanistan can benefit from lessons learnt in Nepal not least in the formation of markets for renewable technologies.

  • 14.
    Mainali, Brijesh
    et al.
    Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Silveira, Semida
    Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Financing off-grid rural electrification: Country case Nepal2011Inngår i: Energy, ISSN 0360-5442, E-ISSN 1873-6785, Vol. 36, nr 4, s. 2194-2201Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    More than 61% of the total population of Nepal has no access to electricity. The majority is poor and live in rural areas. In recent years, rural electrification has had high priority in government policies, and micro hydro and solar PV have been the most commonly adopted off-grid technologies. The financial mix in the off-grid rural electrification is generally characterized by subsidy, equity and credit. In this paper, we analyze how rural electrification has been funded and the impact of subsidy policies on the renewable energy market, focusing on the projects implemented under the ‘subsidy policy 2000’. Our study is based on official data obtained from authorities in Nepal and a survey carried out among private supply and installation companies, NGOs and financial institutions. The study shows that awareness levels in adopting RE-technologies and willingness of people to access and pay for electricity have increased significantly. However, there is a huge financial gap between the cost of electrification and the affordability. Bridging this gap is a crucial issue that needs to be addressed for the smooth expansion of rural electrification in the country.

  • 15.
    Mainali, Brijesh
    et al.
    Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Silveira, Semida
    Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Renewable Energy Market in Rural Electrification: Country Case Nepal2012Inngår i: Energy for Sustainable Development, ISSN 0973-0826, Vol. 16, nr 2, s. 168-178Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Markets for Renewable Energy (RE) technologies are emerging in Nepal in connection with rural electrification in the country. Two promising technologies are in evidence – solar home system (SHS) and micro-hydro. The availability of abundant renewable resources, lack of fossil fuels and difficult geographical terrain for grid line extensions contribute to the advantages of RE based decentralized rural electrification in Nepal. The distributional analysis shows increase in extensive growth and decrease in the intensive growth rate of rural electrification thus indicating market expansion with uneven penetration among the rural people. Solar PV technology is still not in the reach of the economic poor. This paper discusses and analyzes RE based rural electrification supply models, economics behind rural electrification, market drivers and market distribution in the rural areas of Nepal. Access to credit and cumbersome subsidy delivery mechanism have been perceived as the major factors affecting the expansion of rural electrification by the stakeholders, requiring innovations in credit and subsidy delivery system so that a larger rural population can have access to electrification.

  • 16.
    Mainali, Brijesh
    et al.
    KTH Royal Instute of Technology.
    Silveira, Semida
    KTH Royal Instute of Technology.
    Using a sustainability index to assess energy technologies for rural electrification2015Inngår i: Renewable & sustainable energy reviews, ISSN 1364-0321, E-ISSN 1879-0690, Vol. 41, s. 1351-1365Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper introduces a method for evaluating the sustainability performance of energy technologies applied in rural electrification, using the multivariate technique called Principal component analysis (PCA).The sustainability is assessed in terms of energy technology sustainability index (ETSI). The ETSI has been used for assessing the sustainability performance of ten different energy systems in the case of India. Since this method is static in nature, the sustainability performance analysis is made for three different years (2005, 2010 and 2015) to capture technological advancements and changes in market conditions for the various technologies over time. The result shows that mature technologies such as biomass gasifiers, biogas and microhydro technologies have relatively better sustainability performance among the options analyzed. There is slight increment in their sustainability performance in the ten year period considered. Emerging technologies such as solar and wind have fairly good improvement in the sustainability performance over the studied time but still have difficulties competing with the mature technologies and conventional technologies without policy support. Analysis has been made with probable, minimum and maximum capital costs, operational and fuel costs to capture uncertainty among the input assumptions, and sensitivity has been reflected in the analysis of energy technology sustainability index (ETSI). This ETSI could help improve energy technology assessments, particularly when it comes to the feasibility of available alternatives.

  • 17.
    Pardalis, Georgios
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för byggd miljö och energiteknik (BET).
    Mahapatra, Krushna
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för byggd miljö och energiteknik (BET).
    Bravo, Giangiacomo
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Mainali, Brijesh
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för byggd miljö och energiteknik (BET).
    Swedish House Owners’ Intentions Towards Renovations: Is there a Market for One-Stop-Shop?2019Inngår i: Buildings, ISSN 2075-5309, E-ISSN 2075-5309, Vol. 9, nr 7, s. 1-16, artikkel-id 164Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we examine factors aecting owners’ intention for renovation of their detached houses. Furthermore, we analyze their interest in choosing a one-stop-shop (OSS) service for the renovation, even though such a concept is not yet established in Sweden, but emerging in other parts of Europe. Our study is based on responses to an online questionnaire survey of 971 house owners residing in Kronoberg Region in Sweden. About 76% of the respondents intend to renovate in the near future, with approximately 71% of them preferring to renovate individual components of their dwelling and 5% to renovate their whole house in steps. House owners of younger age, higher income, higher education, and those with an interest for environmental issues, were the ones most interested in physical renovations, which improves energy efficiency of the building. For those house owners, one-stop-shop can facilitate the decision-making process, and help them to choose those measures that will improve their quality of life. Approximately 20% of the respondents had a positive view towards an one-stop-shop, which is an indicator that market for such a service exists. Parameters such as quality of work, cost and energy savings and specification of measures to be adopted are the key for the promotion of one-stop-shop. Additionally, house owners want to have a certain level of involvement in the selection of actors performing the renovation. Moreover, financial incentives, e.g., loans, do not play a significant role for the selection of one-stop-shop, but act as complementary motive for house owners.

  • 18.
    Pardalis, Georgios
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för byggd miljö och energiteknik (BET).
    Mahapatra, Krushna
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för byggd miljö och energiteknik (BET).
    Mainali, Brijesh
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för byggd miljö och energiteknik (BET).
    Swedish construction MSEs: simply renovators or renovation service innovators?2019Inngår i: Building Research & Information, ISSN 0961-3218, E-ISSN 1466-4321, Vol. 48, nr 1, s. 67-83Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    To address the renovation needs of detached house stock in Sweden, micro and small-sized enterprises (MSEs), a subgroup of small and medium-sized enterprises, are expected to introduce more comprehensive house renovation solutions. One-stop-shop (OSS) is an innovative Product-Service System model that can enable MSEs to offer comprehensive renovation packages instead of existing fragmented solutions. We have applied a conceptual framework for innovation adoption in organizations and conducted an interview of 21 construction MSEs in three different geographical areas in Sweden to examine their perceptions and preparedness to adopt the OSS business concept. Findings showed that the examined MSEs are positive towards OSS as it could address the needs for the comprehensive renovation of detached houses. However, presently, are not prepared to take the coordinator’s role in such a concept mainly due to the perceived business risks, the lack of flexibility to organizational restructuring, and lack of resources and management competency to coordinate multiple tasks and actors. Those organizations lacked awareness of existing policy support and access to funding mechanisms to try new business models. As a solution, they proposed an external coordinator to be the provider of OSS, on the trial phase, whose role and characteristics need to be further examined.

  • 19.
    Pardalis, Georgios
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för byggd miljö och energiteknik (BET).
    Mahapatra, Krushna
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för byggd miljö och energiteknik (BET).
    Mainali, Brijesh
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för byggd miljö och energiteknik (BET).
    Jalilzadehazhari, Elaheh
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för skog och träteknik (SOT).
    Renovation of detached houses in Sweden: Can one-stop-shop provide a solution?2019Inngår i: Presented at: International Conference on Sustainability in Energy and Buildings SEB-19, 2019, artikkel-id seb19s-006Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on an online survey, this paper analyzes the attitude of house owners in Sweden towards future renovations and one-stop-shop (OSS) services for deep renovation of detached houses. With the aid of a house owners’ decision-making journey for renovation, personal and contextual variables have been analyzed to identify those house owners having renovation plans in the near future, what they are going to renovate, and which needs led them to that decision. Furthermore, we examine if there is an interest in OSS concept. Results suggest that deep renovation is not yet prioritized. The priority for house owners is to change specific components of their dwelling and follow a step-wise approach. Aesthetic renovations are high on the agenda, with some structural and energy-related renovations following them. House owners between 29- 49 years of age could be the customer segment to target for deep renovations. The OSS concept seems interesting to a number of house owners, who can form an early adopters segment that could develop the market. There is a need for a cost-efficient OSS concept for deep renovations, ensuring the quality of work, and the optimization of financial products and tax incentives to accelerate the deep renovation market.

  • 20.
    Pardalis, Georgios
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för byggd miljö och energiteknik (BET).
    Mainali, Brijesh
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för byggd miljö och energiteknik (BET).
    Mahapatra, Krushna
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för byggd miljö och energiteknik (BET).
    One-stop-shop as an innovation, and construction SMEs: a Swedish perspective2019Inngår i: Innovative Solutions for Energy Transitions: Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Applied Energy (ICAE2018) / [ed] Prof. J.Yanab, Prof. H.Yangc, Dr. H.Lid, Dr. X.Chene, Elsevier, 2019, Vol. 158, s. 2737-2743Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the views of construction SMEs in Sweden regarding innovations, in particular the one-stop-shop business concept,and its adoption for renovation of detached house. The investigation is based on interviews with 10 construction SMEs and by applying aconceptual framework for organizational innovation adoption. The results suggest that, even though the one-stop-shop businessconcept is perceived as a means for growth, at present, construction SMEs in Sweden are unlikely to adopt it at present. This lackof interest is mostly related to the perceived complexity of this model and the underlying risks and uncertainties. That complexity isseen as a preventing factor as it puts at stake their current business. The interviewees proposed that there should be an entrepreneur to coordinate the actors involved in the renovation process, whose role can be further studied.

  • 21.
    Pardalis, Georgios
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för byggd miljö och energiteknik (BET).
    Mainali, Brijesh
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för byggd miljö och energiteknik (BET).
    Mahapatra, Krushna
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för byggd miljö och energiteknik (BET).
    One-stop-shop as an innovation, and preparedness to adopt it: A study on house renovation stakeholders in Sweden2018Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the views of stakeholders involved in house renovations regarding the one-stop-shopbusiness concept innovation, and assesses their level of preparedness to adopt such a concept in order toenter the promising market of detached house renovations. The investigation is based on 25 interviews withconstruction SMEs owners, real estate agents and loan consultants, and on a conceptual framework fororganizational innovation adoption. The results suggest that for the nonce, none of the examined stakeholdersis likely to adopt a one-stop-shop business model to enter the market of detached house renovations, eventhough this concept is seen as one with great potential. This mostly happens due to their individualcharacteristics, the complexity of one-stop-shop model related to their way of doing business and theuncertainties deriving from the adoption of such a model. Furthermore, the participation of an entrepreneur isproposed, who would coordinate all the different actors involved in the renovation process, and whose rolecan be further examined.

  • 22.
    Silveira, Semida
    et al.
    Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Sweden.
    Mainali, Brijesh
    Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Sweden.
    Khatiwada, Dilip
    Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Sweden.
    Green energy for development in Nepal2011Inngår i: The Road to Rio +20: For a development-led green economy, New York and Geneva: United Nations, UNCTAD , 2011, 2, s. 79-83Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In their outline of ongoing rural electrification in Nepal, the three authors note that the country is endowed with large amounts of renewable energy resources but still trapped in imports of fossil fuels, a major drain on the national economy. They argue that the ongoing process of rural electrification is progressing well but unevenly and that challenges lie ahead for reaching the poorest communities. The authors call on government agencies and donors to consider strengthening credit opportunities for renewable energy at the local level. They say that market-based rural electrification mechanisms can function well in least developed countries, subject to understanding the peculiarities of the local demand, anchoring efforts on locally available human and natural resources and creating mechanisms of support to improve affordability.

  • 23.
    Tessema, Zereay
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Mainali, Brijesh
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Silveira, Semida
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Mainstreaming and sector-wide approaches to sustainable energy access in Ethiopia2014Inngår i: Energy Strategy Reviews, ISSN 2211-467X, E-ISSN 2211-4688, Vol. 2, nr 3-4, s. 313-322Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Access to modern and sustainable energy services is a real challenge for countries where the majority of rural population is living in austere poverty. The importance of sustainable energy access is recognized in many developing countries, and there is growing international development assistance in the sector. However the achievements are still meager particularly in Sub Saharan African countries. Most countries often fail to prioritize sustainable energy services at the local level as a means to achieve economic growth at the national level as well as the Millennium Development Goals. This study is focused on Ethiopia and investigates the existing challenges and future prospects of mainstreaming sustainable energy access into the development planning process of the country, and the implications this may have for international donor agencies, national policy makers, private actors and local energy planners. The paper analyzes the institutional framework, sector policy and financial mechanisms in the country. It also discusses operational modalities of state and non-state actors in the process, and extracts policy recommendations.

1 - 23 of 23
RefereraExporteraLink til resultatlisten
Permanent link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf