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  • 1.
    Mainali, Brijesh
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Pachauri, Shonali
    International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Austria.
    Rao, Narasimha D.
    International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Austria.
    Silveira, Semida
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Assessing rural energy sustainability in developing countries2014Ingår i: Energy for Sustainable Development, ISSN 0973-0826, Vol. 19, s. 15-28Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Providing sustainable energy access is one of the most critical global challenges. This paper introduces a method for evaluating the status and progress of rural household energy sustainability in developing countries using a new composite indicator, the energy sustainability index (ESI). The ESI combines 13 techno-economic, environmental and social indicators of sustainability using principal component analysis (PCA). We apply the ES! to China, India, South Africa, Sri-Lanka, Bangladesh and Ghana between 1990 and 2010. The analysis suggests that South Africa's rural energy sustainability index is highest followed by China, Sri Lanka, India, Bangladesh and Ghana respectively. All the countries' rural energy sustainability has improved relatively over time except Ghana's. Improvements result mainly from increasing rural electricity use and increasing access to clean and efficient cooking fuels.

  • 2.
    Mainali, Brijesh
    et al.
    Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Silveira, Semida
    Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Renewable Energy Market in Rural Electrification: Country Case Nepal2012Ingår i: Energy for Sustainable Development, ISSN 0973-0826, Vol. 16, nr 2, s. 168-178Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Markets for Renewable Energy (RE) technologies are emerging in Nepal in connection with rural electrification in the country. Two promising technologies are in evidence – solar home system (SHS) and micro-hydro. The availability of abundant renewable resources, lack of fossil fuels and difficult geographical terrain for grid line extensions contribute to the advantages of RE based decentralized rural electrification in Nepal. The distributional analysis shows increase in extensive growth and decrease in the intensive growth rate of rural electrification thus indicating market expansion with uneven penetration among the rural people. Solar PV technology is still not in the reach of the economic poor. This paper discusses and analyzes RE based rural electrification supply models, economics behind rural electrification, market drivers and market distribution in the rural areas of Nepal. Access to credit and cumbersome subsidy delivery mechanism have been perceived as the major factors affecting the expansion of rural electrification by the stakeholders, requiring innovations in credit and subsidy delivery system so that a larger rural population can have access to electrification.

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