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  • 101.
    Bergman, Ann-Sofie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sandvall, Lisbeth
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Pedagogiska och praktiska reflektioner kringutvecklandet av kursutbudet inom socionomprogrammet – två exempel2013In: Universitetspedagogik i praktiken: Sexton lärartexter om pedagogisk utveckling / [ed] Henrik Hegender & Martin Stigmar, Växjö: Linnéuniversitetet , 2013, p. 78-92Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 102.
    Bergman, Daniel
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Magan Abdi, Abdihakim
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Samverkan mot mobbning: En kvalitativ studie om skolkuratorer och andra professioner som arbetar mot mobbning i skolan2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine, in the work against bullying how collaboration between the school counselor and other professions is described by the different professions within the student health team as well as how they describe that the different competencies involved in such teams shapes problem definitions and solutions. The student health (swedish- elevhälsoteamet) team of which the study is based on consists of different professions such as school counselors, school nurses, special education teachers, school psychologists and school principles. We have interviewed representatives of all the above mentioned professions with the exception of school psychologists using a qualitative research design. In this study we have chosen to focus on two student health teams from two different primary schools located in a middle-sized municipality in southern Sweden. We have analysed the results using new institutional theory and the terms domain and power.

     

    The main conclusion of the study is that school counselors themselves feel they have a specific knowledge regarding bullying but have difficulties in capitalizing on it while collaborating with the other professions in the student health team. In line with early research the school counselors also feel marginalised by the fact that they are the only professional social workers in a work place mainly dominated by educationalists. Other problems facing school counselors and similarly affecting the collaboration with other professions within the school and particularly in the student health team are indistinct roles, less contact with students and restriction due to confidentiality.

  • 103.
    Bergman, Malin
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Fogby, Malin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    När arbetet inte blir mer än good enough: En kvalitativ studie om socialsekreterares arbetssituation inom området ensamkommande barn.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this study is to examine how social workers in the field of unaccompanied children experience how their new work situation affects their daily work in relation to quality safety, and how social workers deal with their current work situation. The study is qualitative in nature and eight social workers have been interviewed. The aim was to examine their different reasoning of how the new work situation has affected their work methods and how they handle the new demands that the workload requires of them. Through the result we found that social workers today have received a greater individual responsibility for the organization, which is too heavy for them to bear. The conditions of the organization is inadequate resulting that social workers in the field of unaccompanied children today are responsible to solve the structural problems through individual coping strategies. The work situation that these social workers have prevail conditions for client relationships, quality security, rule of law and good working environment. Important areas all of which made subject to the social services today have shortcomings in its structure. 

  • 104.
    Bergstrand, Johan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Den väpnade revolutionens socialpsykologi2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Min uppsats är deskriptiv och inriktar sig på frågan om hur vetenskaplig socialpsykologisk kunskap används för att bekämpa motståndsgrupper i främmande land. Denna kunskap finns dokumenterad i Joint Publication 3-24 Counterinsurgency Operations 05 October 2009, sammanfattad av Joint Chiefs of Staff (den amerikanska militärledningen).

    Jag har gjort en analys av detta dokument i form av dokumentanalys med inspiration av diskursanalys, och jag låtit mig inspireras av Foucault och Fairclough. Dokumentet innehåller mycket intressant, läsvärt och tankeväckande socialpsykologiskt resonemang, som nu mera anses vara en viktig del av den amerikanska militärstrategin i lågintensiva krig mot motståndsgrupper i så kallade främmande länder. Dokumentet har till stora delar analyserats utifrån så kallade noder eller huvudbegrepp som används i diskursanalys, som exempelvis ledare, motståndsgrupp, subgrupp, emotion, kognition och kommunikation, men som också har använts för att binda samman mitt teoriunderlag eller perspektiv.

    I sammanfattande form vill jag hävda att jag har kommit fram till följande slutsatser; En slutsats är att militären visar hur viktigt de anser att kognition och emotion är, och hur intimt det hänger samman och är avgörande för att besegra en motståndsgrupp. En annan slutsats är hur kommunikationen påverkar ledaren och motståndsgruppens förmåga att få fram sitt budskap och få folkets stöd. Om ledaren och motståndsgruppen blir isolerade kommer de inte att vara ett lika stort problem som det är med folkets stöd. Följaktligen kan det vara viktigare att isolera ledaren och motståndsgruppen än att döda. En tredje slutsats är att kollektiva identiteter i främmande land, som exempelvis religiösa eller samhälleliga (community), är för militären synnerligen svåra att handskas med.

  • 105.
    Bergström, Emma
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Eskilsson, Lindman, Victoria
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Finns det utrymme för barns delaktighet?: En kvantitativ vinjettstudie om barns delaktighet i utredningsärenden.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate how organizational and child-related factors, as well as the general approach, affect the child's participation and the extent to which children are involved in the child protection agency child care investigations. Based on the following questions, the study investigated to which extent, and in which way, children are involved in investigations:

    1. To what extent and in what way are children involved in the Swedish child protection agency?

    2. How are children's involvement affected of child-related factors?

    3. How are children's involvement affected of organizational factors?

    The result has been analyzed based on Michael Lipsky's Street-level-bureaucracy (2010), in addition, Harry Shier`s (2001) participation ladder has also been used. The result showed that most of social workers considered that the factors of time, workload, competence development and staff density affects children's participation. Drawing on the answers from the study, we conclude that there is generally a high level of participation within the Swedish child protection agency. Children hold a significant place in social welfare investigation cases, although social workers could involve them to a greater extent in the decision making process.

  • 106.
    Berisha, Granit
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Olsson, Robert
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    ”En del av jobbet”: En kvalitativ studie om hur socialsekreterare inom arbetsgruppen konstruerar hot och våld som riktas mot dem ifrån klienter.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to understand how social workers who works in social services in Sweden talk about and construct threats and violence from clients as a problem within their workgroup. The data in this study was collected through two focus group discussions with eleven social workers divided in two different work groups. The discussions were thereafter analyzed through a perspective analysis. The findings in this study shows that the social workers that participated had difficulties in defining threats and violence from clients because it was considered to be individual for every social worker. Furthermore, the study also shows that the social workers felt that threats and violence from clients came with the job and therefore had to accept it. Another finding the study showed is that the social workers tend to take responsibility for the threats and violence they were exposed from clients.

  • 107.
    Berisha, Gresa
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Höög, Johanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    "Att påverkas behöver inte betyda något negativt - Tvärtom, man får tänka till ": En studie om hur socialsekreterare påverkas av klienters negativa uppfattningar om socialtjänsten i sitt professionella arbete och privatliv2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to understand what perceptions the social workers in the social services perceives the clients have about the social services and how this can affect the social workers in their work and private life. The data in this study was collected through a survey, conducted by social workers in six different municipalities. The study has been carried out through a mixed method research. The data was thereafter analyzed through a univariate analysis and a content analysis. The findings in this study shows that a majority of the social workers feel that the clients have bad perceptions about the social services. These are based on several factors, such as own experiences and feelings of shame. Media and rumors also play a significant role. Furthermore, the study also shows that the social workers are most affected in their work than in their private life. Another finding the study showed is that support from the director and the colleagues is a way for social workers to manage the clients' perceptions about them. Explaining and clarifying to the client and the public what the social service means, is an another way of managing it. 

  • 108.
    Berndtsson, Erica
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Zackrisson, Emma
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    LVU med ett klassperspektiv: En kritisk diskursanalys av förvaltningsrättens domar2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, we have examined whether an eventual class discourse can affect the decision to put children in mandatory care. With the help of Faircloughs critical discourse analysis, both as our method and our theoretical framework, we have read and analysed thirty judicial decisions to put children in mandatory care. The thirty judicial decision concern LVU 2 § and are randomly chosen, with the only condition that they are recent. To identify and discuss class in these decisions, we have used Bourdieus theory about capital. Our main result show that you can identify an underlying class discourse in the judicial decisions, particularly around the expectation that parents should be active in their parenthood to be seen as good enough parents. Our result also shows that the parents ability is tightly connected to their circumstances. The underlying class discourse favours middle class families over working class families.

  • 109.
    Bernhager, Sandra
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Shalaby, Sandra
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Heder, handlingsplaner och handlingsutrymme: En studie av socialsekreterares arbete med hedersrelaterad problematik2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study aims to describe and analyse the relationship between norm and practice regarding social services casework on honour-related problems. The relationship between norm and practice involves the difference between the way it is intended that social workers shall operate in these cases and how they perceive that this works in practice. We interviewed two focus groups of eight Swedish social workers, four in each group. We also held an individual interview with a social services business developer. Focus group interviews were based on two vignettes; one depicting an honour-related case and the second an "ordinary" case. The purpose of the vignettes was to investigate whether there is a difference in the assessment and handling of ordinary versus honour-related cases. The results of the interviews were analysed using Hasenfeld's theory on Human service organizations. We also used Lipsky's theory on street-level bureaucracy. We displayed similarities to previous research showing that social workers are unsure of how to assess and act on honour-related cases. It was evident that the social workers we interviewed were confident working "ordinary" cases involving child abuse, but felt uncertain dealing with honour-related cases. Because they are less frequent they have developed neither routines nor guidelines for them. The study showed that social workers’ lack of knowledge of honour-related problems and differences in culture limits their effectiveness in these cases. The results suggest that the social workers we interviewed rely on outside expertise when they are insecure, and consequently feel that they have no need for action plans or guidelines in honour-related cases. Lack of guidance and inadequate knowledge presents difficulties for social workers to meet the girls’ needs for help and support.

  • 110.
    Bjelkne, Ida
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Johansson, Felicia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Ekonomiskt bistånd - ett genusperspektiv på handläggarnas förhållningssätt till heterosexuella par2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Income support is granted to those who are not by themselves or in any other way able toachieve a decent standard of living. Assessment of entitlement to income support is based onan individual evaluation and equal treatment (Kjellbom, 2009). Administrators of economicaid should therefore not judge clients differently depending on, for example, gender. The aimof this study was to commence from a gender perspective in understanding howadministrators of economic aid think of equality and inequality between the sexes whenheterosexual couples apply for income support. Based on this objective we arrived at twomain formulations of questions; how administrators of economic aid deliberate aroundequality and inequality between sexes in connection to applications for financial support, aswell as which variables in organisations sustain or discourage inequalities between genders inaid management. Previous research demonstrates that gender inequalities have been sustainedwithin organisations and that has been the basis for our study. The method used is qualitativeinterviews. The study's result is based on eight interviews with administrators at centres foreconomic aid at two medium-sized municipalities in Sweden. Our theoretical starting positionhas been power relations and gender perspective. Our result demonstrates that theadministrators’ perception of a lack of guidelines regarding the pay-out of income supportcontributes to retaining power relations between genders when heterosexual couples apply forincome support.

  • 111.
    Bjursell, Anna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Blixte, Caroline
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Att göra en livsstilsförändring: Från kriminell till icke kriminell2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate factors that ex-criminals believe have been of importance to them when they decided to leave a lifestyle of criminality behind. The study was based on eight semi-structured interviews with informants who had committed various forms of crime. Common to all informants is that they are now members in the Swedish association KRIS (In English: CRIS, Criminals Return Into Society), living a life without crime. The stories of the informants have been analyzed on the theoretical basis of social ties, the exit process, role loss, motivation and the life course perspective. Our study showed that the informants have been affected and motivated by various life events that could be identified and pin-pointed during the interviews. Specifically, it could be events directly related to their destructive lifestyle, such as serious threats, violence or the risk of getting kicked out from home and repelled from family. Furthermore, it could also be the opposite, such as a positive event in having a baby and becoming a parent. When analyzing the collected material, the road from being criminal to non-criminal showed to be long and difficult. The old lifestyle is often strongly entrenched in the mind and it takes a lot of effort (i.e motivation), both in leaving the old habits but also in finding a new way of living. Previous research suggests that people making a lifestyle change, of any kind, generally go through similar patterns. This is supported by our study, through the interviews we saw that informants followed a common pattern in how the lifestyle change progressed, regardless of their history and reasons of making a change towards a better life.

  • 112.
    Björk, Caisa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    "Barn uppfattar på ett sätt, fast det kan vara på ett annat": En kvalitativ studie om socialtjänstens uppfattningar och arbete med fysiskt misshandlade barn2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to examine what workers in social services considers physical child abuse and in which way social services work with children who have been exposed to physical child abuse. The study also examines which interventions are available and how physically abused children assimilate these. I've interviewed four child-welfare officers and for those interviews I've used the qualitative semi-structured method. The results shows that all my respondents have different views on on the definition of physical child abuse. The result also shows that the municipality which the children belongs to plays a major role in which children can get help with their problems. Noticeably, it is also a fact that the children have a big responsibility to express in which way they have been beaten and by. The result shows that the children’s expressions can either help or disfavor them in how they will receive assistance from social services. An issue among the socialworkers who participated in his study seems to be the discrepancy between practice and theory. My study shows that different views of on the same problems can create uncertainties regarding the means of helping children in Sweden.

  • 113.
    Björk, Emil
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Haraldsson, Emilia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Korten på bordet: en socialvetenskaplig studie om brädspel2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to see how board games and board game clubs can be part of the creation of social meaning for a younger generation, and how board games can be a part of social work. The study is based on interviews with 3 representatives from Sverok, which is the Swedish gaming federation; Gothcon, Sweden's oldest board game convention, and Calmare Spelsällskap (CSS); a board game club in the small town of Kalmar, Sweden. Interviews have also been conducted with four active youths in CSS. These seven interviews are analyzed with theories about Belonging, Social psychology and Civil society

     

    This study shows that board games have a positive effect as a tool to gather people with similar interests. When these people gather in board game clubs they form a kind of belonging that can help with certain issues, such as social problems. The reason why board game clubs are special is because the activity they are a part of is open to everyone, and all kinds of people are welcome and not only the ones who are good at board games. We also reached the conclusion that board games can be a part of social work, both professionally and non-professionally. This is because board games and their clubs is a part of civil society, which is a complement to social work

  • 114.
    Björk, Erland
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Brlajolli, Fiola
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Brukaren i centrum.: En studie i brukardelaktighet för kognitivt nedsatta människor.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to understand how the staff is working with users with cognitive impairments and how they see at the participation of its users. This can be broken down into two parts, how to reflect on the problem and also how to work actively with it. The reflective part is the opportunities and difficulties the staff will tend to see with participation. The active part is how they are working to develop ways to increase the participation of users with cognitive impairments. Our study is based on qualitative interviews with seven respondents. The theoretical framework we have used for our study is duty ethics and utilitarian ethics. The result indicates that a measure of non-participation is accepted within supportive activities for people with cognitive impairments based on their level of function. We conclude that professionals working with cognitively impaired users make a decision to limit unhealthy and destructive behaviors with the reason that it is for the best long term effect for the user’s quality of life.

  • 115.
    Björkman, Karl Oskar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Patienten och ronden.: Socialpsykologisk analys av ronden.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Ronden är en rutin som utförs på samtliga sjukus runt om i världen. Trotsdetta har den inte blivit studerad väl och nämns oftast inte i läroböcker. Vanligtvis gårronden till så att den ansvariga läkaren tillsammans med övrig personal först träffas ochgår igenom patientens hälsosituation för att sedan uppsöka patienten på dess rum. Underronden uppdaterar personalen status, diagnos, behandling och prognos för patienten. Idess nuvarande form har ronden fått mycket kritik. Bland annat för bristande integritetoch för bristande kommunikation mellan läkare och patient samt mellan andrayrkesgrupper. Flera försök har gjorts att förbättra ronden, där höglandssjukhuset i Eksjöär det kanske mest kända exemplet. Den här studiens mål är att utifrån ensocialpsykologisk förståelse utforska patienters upplevelse av fenomenet ronden.

    Metod: En gruppintervju och två individuella intervjuer på totalt sex personer i åldrarnamellan 52 och 91 utfördes. Alla informanterna hade varit med om en traditionell rondvid höglandssjukhuset i Eksjö under januari 2014. Intervjuerna analyserades kvalitativtmed en socialpsykologisk ansats.

    Resultat: En väl fungerande rond består i en god kommunikation mellan läkare ochpatient. Patienterna beskrev öppna och ärliga frågor under ronden som en måttstock påom kommunikationen fungerade väl. Fyra faktorer identifierades som källor till en välfungerande kommunikation: jämlikhet mellan patient och läkare, förståelse för rondensrutiner, tillräckligt med tid samt bevarad intergritet.

    Diskussion och slutsats: Fenomenet ronden är komplext och den här studien är på intetsätt heltäckande för dess bredd. Genom att förstå hur socialpsykologiska mekanismerpåverkar kommunikationen kan man förbättra patientens upplevelse av ronden.

  • 116.
    Björn Muse, Aliki
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Xhemaili, Teuta
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    "Jag tror faktiskt att du fantiserar": - en kvalitativ studie om vuxnas berättelser om de sexuella övergrepp de blivit utsatta för under sin barndom2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative study highlights the fact that sexual abuse is considered a social problem. However, few are disclosing their experiences of sexual abuse during childhood, and although children tell, it is difficult to regard them as credible victims. Our aim with this study is to gain an understanding through adults stories about the sexual abuse they were exposed to during their childhood. In order to achieve this purpose, we have analyzed autobiographies written by adults, who during their childhood have become sexually exposed. The study resulted in the problem of considering children as victims, before the abuse's disclosure but also after. The children were seen, in the cases studied, not as credible due to the perpetrator's identity. This study also found that the children did not report their experiences of sexual abuse due to factors such as shame and normalization. The study thus found that sexual abuse against children is complex and so is the view of the children as victims and their silence.

  • 117.
    Björnlund, Kristina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sahlberg, Britt
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Frihet under ansvar: En kvalitativ studie om hur enhetschefer inom kommunal hemtjänst omsätter politiska mål och riktlinjer till praktisk omsorg2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to understand how unit managers within communal home care service for older people, convert political policy and guidelines into practical care, and how they within this process govern their personnel. The study was based on a qualitative method with a hermeneutic approach. Former research disclose that the process of converting political policy and guidelines and how unit managers govern personnel are somewhat tenuous. Previous research show structural shifts and reorganisations within public service consequently shaping todays structure of organizations and management. The study draws on eight interviews with unit managers within two municipalities in Sweden. To carry out our interviews we used a semi-structured interview guide followed with an analysis of our main results using Lipskys concept of discretion and Foucaults theory of governmentality. The results indicate that unit managers’ work, converting political policy and guidelines into practical care, are complex. The study shows that unit managers experience difficulties and differ in their ways in the process of adapting political policy and guidelines into practical care. Unit managers therefor find some of the guidelines more difficult to integrate than others. We find it important in this study to highlight the different ways unit managers work in the process of converting political policy and guidelines, and how they in the process govern their personnel.   

  • 118.
    Blad, Anna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Pernilla, Karlsson Palmgren
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Det sitter i väggarna: Vad styr vid rekrytering av ställföreträdare på överförmyndarverksamheter?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate how social workers on a Chief Guardian unit work from their conditions when recruiting guardians. More specifically, we wanted to see how the law, the practise and the professionals’ tacit knowledge affect their judgement of guardians and how the organisation and the government of the Chief Guardian unit affect their work. The Chief Guardian unit is a municipal supervisor that control and supervise the work of the guardian. Media has criticized the Chief Guardian unit, by highlighting examples of unfit guardians. The Swedish National Audit Office (Riksrevisionen) has expressed a number of shortcomings of the supervision by the County administrative boards of Sweden (Länsstyrelsen). Because the Chief Guardian units lack a common governmental monitoring, internal solutions are created by every individual unit. In this qualitative study we have tried to understand how the social workers practise their profession. Through semi-structured interviews with eight social workers in three different Chief Guardian units, we have interpreted the views of their work. The theoretical framework was primarily founded on Polanyi´s theory of tacit knowledge and the ideas of occupational and organizational professionalism. The results of our study showed that the reality for the social workers is a mix of occupational and organizational professionalism. All the informants describe their work as heavily controlled by laws and regulations, but with a certain freedom of how to conduct their work. They find the tacit knowledge and the collegial support very important when it comes to assessing guardians. All the informants state that an organizational change is crucial to guarantee the legal security of guardians and caretakers. 

  • 119.
    Blomberg, Barbro
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Social Work.
    Järkestig Berggren, Ulrika
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Social Work.
    Bergbäck, Ewa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Organisering av pedagogiskt stöd i högre utbildning: En studie om studenter med funktionsnedsättningar och deras erfarenheter av högre utbildning i Sverige, Tjeckien och USA2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Access to higher education is an issue of human rights, since higher education often is a pre-requisite for obtaining paid work for persons with disabilities. This study examines higher education and accommodations aimed at promoting an accessible education from the view of students with disabilities, arising out of a comparative analysis of interviews with students in Sweden, The Czech Republic and the US. The aim of the study was to explore students´ perspectives on their participation in higher education, the supporting system and the meaning of the concept of an accessible education. The study was conducted at two universities in Sweden and the CzechRepublic and one university in the USA. Overall 48 students were interviewed about their experiences. Interviews were also conducted with six coordinators at the five universities. Major differences appeared in the organization of and eligibility for support in the different countries. One example is to what extent support relies on individualized accommodations or on general accessibility.  Although differences are obvious in policy as well as practice, the findings also show that students share some experiences of being in higher education. A shared experience among student is the decisive relationship with the teacher. Teachers are viewed as the core of the academic education which can either take a supportive and facilitating role or preclude all possibilities of an education. Furthermore, the findings indicate a gap between policy and practice that opens for a discussion on the meaning of accessibility in higher education.

  • 120.
    Blomberg, Staffan
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Petersson, Jan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Nyinstitutionell teoribildning och dynamisk analys: användbarhet, kritik och alternativ2013In: Förändringens entreprenörer och tröghetens agenter: Människobehandlande organisationer ur ett nyinstitutionellt perspektiv / [ed] Stig Linde, Kerstin Svensson, Malmö: Liber, 2013, 1:1, p. 145-158Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 121.
    Blomstrand, Carolina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Larsson, Andreas
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    ”Ungefär som man har det hemma ska man ha det på jobbet.”: Kontaktmannaskap på HVB för barn och unga ur ett nyinstitutionellt perspektiv2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to analyze how the key staff concept is used in residential care for children and young people and which role the key staff concept plays in the organization.

    The study was based on semi-structured qualitative interviews with six key staff and two managers from two different residential care facilities for children and young people. The theoretical perspective used was the neo-institutional theory and Hasenfeld´s term Human service organizations.

    One of the conclusions of the study was that the key staff describe that they have a central role when it comes to the treatment of the children. Another conclusion showed the variety of tasks that the key staff have, like the administrative work that they do. They also have an educational role, similar to the one that parents normally have which means that they are responsible of parenting the children. They also described themselves as a link between the children and their social network. The people interviewed justified the use of the key staff concept as it gives structure for the work, security to the children and serves as a guide on how to create and maintain relationships. The institutional processes shown in the key staff concept are: the coercive, which can be seen by the obligation to follow the treatment plans. The mimetic, since it exists only a few ways to organize the work and the normative which shows that their education and/or the level of education can affect the approach that they have towards the children.

  • 122.
    Bodin, Berit
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Röed, Katarina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Att konstruera en lag: en diskursanalys av förarbeten till sexköpslagen2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to identify and analyze the dominating discourse in the preliminary work of the Sex Purchase Act. In order to achieve the aim of this study we selected preliminary work of the Sex Purchase Act that was produced between 1977 and 1999. The selection is based on the fact that prostitution began to be recognized as a social problem and a gender equality issue between men and women in society. The ongoing debate during the chosen years resulted in the Sex Purchase Act, which was passed in 1999. By using discourse analysis as a methodological and theoretical approach, we have empirically studied and theoretically analyzed the dominating discourse in the preliminary work of the Sex Purchase Act. This study shows that the dominating discourse in the preliminary work is based on a perception that prostitution reflects violence against women, which prevents women and men from becoming equal in society. The dominating discourse in the preliminary work is characterized by a heteronormative standard and has influences that can be recognized as feminist ideology. The content in the dominating discourse is produced by people with high social status, which gives sex buyers and sex workers limited influence on how their categories are presented in the preliminary work.

  • 123.
    Bogren, Therese
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Karlsson, Angelica
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Från behov till bistånd: Föreställningen om kön och dess betydelse vid biståndsbedömning enligt LSS2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to research whether or not gender has an impact on assessments regarding the support for persons with special nedds (LSS personkrets 3). Administrators working in disability care are to make decisions on the basis of the individual's needs when assessing the need for aid and support. This study is based on qualitative interviews, with six administrators, and one head of operations. The empirical data collected has been thoroughly analysed from a gender perspective, rooted in Butler's theory regarding performativity and subversive actions, as well as Connell's gender regime, and Hirdman's gender contracts. Results show that administrators have ackknowledged and noticed differences in how male and female users express their needs, where the difference lies in the communication; females seem more reserved and shy, whereas males seem more outward and extroverted. The interviews indicate that administrators from chosen municipalities have a poor gender awareness, and seem not to apply gender perspectives in their work.

  • 124.
    Bohlin, Hanna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Ponce, Angie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    "Att tolka kan vara lite missvisande ord, för de behöver inte tolka någonting": En kvalitativ studie om socialsekreterares upplevelser av tolkade möten2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate how the presence of the interpreter as a third person affects the meeting between social secretary and client. The study has been conducted through semi-structured interviews based on social secretary's experiences of interpreted meetings and experiences of power. The respondents are multilingual and have experience of participating in interpreted meetings where they themselves have been able to interpret the language. We have analyzed our empirical data based on Foucault's theory of pastoral power. In our empirical data, we found that it tends to be more difficult for social secretaries in interpreted meetings to create relationships and guide their clients, and thus the pastoral power loses its most fundamental principle. The triangular power theory that arises in interpreted meetings makes the relationship creation more difficult as the interpreter could have the opportunity to prevent or distort the information that is conveyed between the social secretary and the client. We have also found that all three parties in the conversation carry various factors into the meeting that can affect the situation in different directions, examples of factors can be age, gender and ethnicity. The social secretaries are aware of the influencing factors that can occur in interpreted meetings and have developed various tools and strategies to be able to respond to this. However, the social secretaries believe that it is difficult to pay attention to clear deficiencies in interpreted meetings when one cannot speak the language.

  • 125.
    Bolinder, Frida
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Hjelm, Sofie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    "Det blir vad man själv gör det till": -En kvalitativ studie om ensamhet och livskvalitet bland äldre.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

     

    This is a qualitative study of elderly people's experiences of loneliness and quality of life. Also the relationship between loneliness and quality of life are examined. Previous research has shown that social loneliness is about when the social context are lost while emotional loneliness can occur with the loss of close relationships. Quality of life is about a sense of connection but also the quality of life arises in the difference between the expectation of what one is and what one wishes to have. This study has shown that the interviewees preferences, activities, social networks and low expectations on their life situation makes interviewees perceive themselves to be less lonely and have a good quality of life. This is consistent with previous research as Antonovsky's (1987/2005) sense of coherence, Hagberg's (2002) commitment and Nordenfelt´s (1991) discrepancy in what you have and what you wish to have. The interviewees in this study seems to have found a balance in what the aforementioned scientists believe must be to achieve a sense of quality of life. The respondents also said that they do not feel alone over short periods, suggesting that respondents found strategies that counteract loneliness. Loneliness and quality of life was found to be related to each other, the interviewees felt that loneliness was worthwhile and gave quality of life. Loneliness was also something that could affect the quality of life.

  • 126.
    Bondesson, Tove
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sir, Caroline
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Ett "gott föräldraskap": En kvalitativ studie om socialsekreterares syn på föräldraskap och hur de hanterar sitt handlingsutrymme i barnavårdsutredningar2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to get a greater comprehension of social welfare secretaries’ notion of "good parenting" and furthermore how this is expressed in evaluations of investigations regarding care of children. The empirics in this qualitative study were collected with the help of a vignette containing relevant questions. Moreover interview questions were answered at seven occasions. The interviewees were social welfare secretaries that worked with evaluations of care of children. The theoretical approach in the study was Yeheskel Hasenfelds theory on human service organizations along with grassroots bureaucracy that Roine Johansson’s translated and interpreted based on Michael Lipsky’s theory on street-level- bureaucracy. The result showed that good parenting according to social welfare secretaries is based on moral values that are reflected in society. In regards to how social welfare secretaries manage their room for action it is done differently in the context of freedom and limitations of the work involved.

  • 127.
    Borowicz, Veronica
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Rydh, Amanda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    När är det dags att anmäla?: En studie om hur förskolepersonalen resonerar och agerar i förhållande till anmälningsplikten när de misstänker att ett barn far illa.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim with our study has been to examine how preschool-staffs resonate about the notification requirements according to Chapter 14, section 1, The Social Services Act, when a child fare badly or is suspected to fare badly: first, in relation to the municipality´s policies, but also in relation to the preschool staff´s actions in individual cases. Our study was conducted by qualitative research with semi-structured interviews. Total has two child´s nurses and six preschool-teachers, active within Växjö´s municipality, been interviewed. The result showed that the municipality´s guidelines on the one hand, underpinned by giving a prescribed pattern of behavior for preschool staff on how to act if the suspected that a child to fare badly. On the other hand preschool staff also experienced the guidelines diffuse as there were nothing described of the transition of how much they should document and observe before a notification could be initiated to the headmaster. Noteworthy was that the munici-pality´s guidelines in this case was inconsistent with the provision in Chapter 14, section 1, The Social Service act. A report should be made immediately. In addition, the preschool-staff could not establish a notification, just initiate it to the headmaster, which is also contrary to the statutory provisions. Furthermore the result showed that the preschool-staff experienced more disadvantages than advantages with the duty to report. The results also showed that the preschool staff´s actions were influenced off various circumstances. The behavior before initiating a notification to the headmaster showed to differ in individual cases. This confirms the preschool-staffs personal discretion even though the duty to report prevails.

  • 128.
    Bosman, Annemieke
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Familjehemsplacerade barns skolgång: En kvalitativ studie2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to get a greater understanding for how the people surrounding children in foster care support these foster children in their education. In order to learn more about that, I had to understand these individuals own opinion on education for foster-children. Do the people that stand close to a child in foster care think that foster children have the same abilities to learn in school as other children? And is it fair to require the same investment as we ask from other children? And how does the way professionals and foster parents inform each other and work togeter influence this process? The study was conducted through six semi-structured interviews. The perspective of four different foster parents, a teacher and a social worker were examined in this qualitative study. To help understand why some people have better chances in life than others and how a foster family can make a difference in that for a child, I have used Pierre Bourdieu's Cultural Theory. The theory helps understand that a foster child is in a very low social position in society, especially at the beginning of the placement, and has to work itself up to get acces to more symbolical resources.

    The results of the study show that support from people around the foster child is a very important factor for a child to succeed in school. Every one of the individuals I have interviewed was aware of that fact. The main obstacle people experience is that information about the child is not always shared and they do not alwas know how other organizations function. The factor that is most favorable is a positive work relation between the professionals, foster parents and the child.

  • 129.
    Braaf, David
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Larsson, Katarina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Att klä av sig makten?: En kvalitativ undersökning om kläders betydelse för socialarbetare2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study examines how two groups of social workers at two workplaces reflect to their own clothes in various work situations. We want to gain an understanding of the variables that affects social workers choice of clothes at work. In a qualitative approach the study is based on two focus group-interviews and four semi structured interviews. Empirically analyzes relate to Pierre Bourdieu’s "la distinction, Ervin Goffman’s "frontstage-backstage", and of Michele Foucault’s power concepts. The result indicates that the participants had similar views concerning the meaning and impact of clothes in work contexts, especially when consulting clients. Their clothes seem to emphasis their power positions related to the client, but the clothing might also contribute to losses of credibility’s in the profession. To avoid the interference of their clothing in meetings with clients, the participant’s dresses in clothes that avoid power symbols or lack but emphasize professionalism. The participants try to choose their clothes with regards to a client perspective, and are striving to meet clients with respect and professionalism.

  • 130.
    Brauer, Hedvig
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Aronsson, Martina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Känsla av sammanhang?: En studie om bemötande av ensamkommande ungdomar2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a qualitative study on how unaccompanied youth are described by support persons, about how the asylum context are affecting the youth. The purpose of this study is to increase the understanding of how these support persons can see how the asylum context affects and experienced for young people, who have been forced to leave their family and home in the wish of a better future in a foreign country.

    The study investigates if and how legal guardians, contact persons at homes for Care and Housing and social workers, are working to strengthen and support the youth to cope with the reception system in a new country. The study uses semi-structured interviews with participants about their experience and understanding of the ways there youths are treated, by the government and society. The focus of the study is to identify how the support person knowledge about the situation for youth and how it can be understood from a SOC, Sense of Coherence perspective, how he or she is emphasizing the feelings of comprehensibility, manageability and meaningfulness. The result shows that the youth needs backing and support to manage there situation in a new context. The youth needs people that are willing to speak for their rights and are not afraid to do so.

  • 131.
    Brito, Idalina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Dreierström, Olivia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Får jag ställa en korkad fråga - äldre immigrant, vad betyder det?: En kvalitativ studie om hemtjänstpersonals konstruktion av äldre immigranter2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to understand how home care professionals construct older immigrants. The study was conducted by a social constructional perspective. The study consists of focus group interviews with three different home care groups. The data was analysed by using the theoretical concepts Categorizing and Making of the Others. The results of this study shows that the home care professionals are categorizing older immigrants as different from older Swedes, and therefore making older immigrants as the others. Besides mentioned social construction of older immigrants, we found that there were contradictions when the home care professionals made a reasoning that did not make older immigrants as the others. In this case they did not find the category older immigrants meaningful and useful, because they expressed that their needs were no different from elderly people in general. 

  • 132.
    Broberg, Matilda
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Bergsten, Malin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    "Annat socialt nedbrytande beteende": -Socialsekreterares föreställningar och uppfattningar om ett rekvisit i LVU utifrån ett genusperspektiv2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to examine how social workers, in the Swedish social services, perceive and interpret LVU § 3 from a gender perspective. In total eight social workers participated in the study, attending interviews based on a vignette. From a gender perspective we wanted to found out how the social workers define "other socially destructive behaviour" and understand their thoughts about this subject. Moreover, we aimed to see if social workers perceive any differences between boys and girls behaviour. Based on several theories, two gender theories and concepts we have analysed our result from the interviews. The study has shown that the social workers seems to find "other socially destructive behaviour" in the LVU § 3 difficult to use. Through the result from the vignette, it has also shown that the social workers seemed to perceive more risks for girls to be sexually abused than boys in the same situation. The fear they see with boys in the same situation is that they will start using drugs.

  • 133.
    Brodin, Annika
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Henriksson, Sofia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    They just want all Palestine and they don't want us: En fallstudie från ett palestinskt flyktingläger på ockuperat område om ungdomars villkor i skapandet av ett socialt medborgarskap2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this case study was to examine consequences of a limited social citizenship among young adults in the refugee camp of DeHeishe in Palestine. In order to receive a profounder understanding of conditions and structures that affects young adult’s experiences of social citizenship, status in the community and practices a case study was carried out during April 2013.

    The data has been collected by triangulation, conducted through nine interviews, 52 survey forms and several observations in DeHeishe camp. The data was analyzed through the theoretical approach of social citizenship, intersectionality and the concept of “empower-ment”. The study shows that young adults have a fragmented view of the concept of social citizenship and differences were seen between women and men. According to status and practice in relation to social citizenship women and men’s attitude was various and limiting structures might be the cause of it. According to the young adults the Israeli occupation is the most limiting structure along with their specific living conditions. The traditions also were seen as a limiting, but at the same time could be enabling. For this reason, the consequences were that the young adults took matters into their own hands by empowerment through NGOs and create an alternative form of social citizenship. It is through knowledge and participation they experience they can change their situation.

  • 134.
    Brolin, Evelina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Parde Peterson, Malin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Kommunikation online: En fallstudie av Korrespondensgymnasiets elevkurativa arbete2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this study was to examine how social work can be performed online, by a case study of Korrespondensgymnasiet that pursues distance education. The intention was to determine the possibilities and limits with the online communication between the school counsellor and the pupils. The study was based on qualitative semi-structured interviews with one school counsellor and five pupils and document analysis of three descriptions of the school counsellor’s profession. The theory that has been used in this study is the communication theory: Shannon and Weaver’s Model of Communication and non-verbal communication. An essential discovery is that alternative ways to communicate can maintain an option to traditional communication face to face. This is mainly because the pupils find it more important to have the possibility to make contact with the school counsellor, rather than how the communication is being performed. We also discovered that the descriptions of the school counsellor’s profession doesn’t stand in the way of having online communication with the pupils. 

  • 135.
    Brundin, Sarah
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Axelsson, Emma
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    När det inte längre brister i omsorgen: En diskursstudie gällande tillräcklig föräldraförmåga vid bedömning om LVU-vårdens upphörande2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish authorities have the responsibility to protect children from bad caring. In the Swedish welfare system it is possible to take a child out of its original home when there is a suspicion about a child being maltreated. The Swedish law regarding The Compulsory Care of Young Persons Act, LVU, legalize this intervention. When using this intervention, the parents of the child are not seen as giving the child a ”good enough” care. The expression ”good enough”, or ”tillräcklig föräldraförmåga” is well known and used throughout the social care system, even though there is no actual definition of what ”good enough”-parenting entails. Instead it is up to the social worker who is in charge of the investigation of a child’s wellbeing to make the decision if the”good enough”-parenting exist in every individually case. In this study ten court orders have been viewed with the purpose of finding, and examine, a discourse of ”good enough”-parenting. In these specific court cases the parents have requested to be reunited with their children who have previously been removed from their home under the law). In search of this discourse, we found that the complexity of finding a definition of what is seen as ”good enough”, are harder than we expected. Even though the authorities in Sweden have the same law to build upon, the result of the ten court orders shows that the investigators have a big capacity to self-interpret what is ”good enough”. The outcome of the investigations that eventually end up in court have all distinguished a different definition of what is ”good enough”. This results in different kinds of determinations for something that is supposed to be interpreted in a similar way to preserve the rule of law.

    Keywords

    ”Good enough”-parenting, ”good enough”,  The Compulsory Care of Young Persons Act (LVU), decision making process, interpretative prerogative.

     

    Nyckelord

    Tillräcklig föräldraförmåga, tillräcklig, lagen med särskilda bestämmelser om vård av unga, LVU, beslutsprocess, tolkningsföreträde.

  • 136.
    Budimir, Mirela
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Holmberg, Maria
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    "Det är säkert mycket mer än vad man ser": -En studie om hemtjänstpersonals erfarenheter av att hantera våld mot äldre i nära relationer i sitt arbete2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to illustrate how home care staff in Sweden experience the work with violence against elderly people in close relationships. In our earlier research, we can see that violence against elderly people in close relationships may be a public health problem as a result of the aging population. Research shows that there is an ignorance of violence against older people in close relationships and that this can be based on an ageism. Studies show that home care staff are an important factor in identifying domestic violence. Home care staff are in the elderly’s private home and may therefore discover the living conditions of the individual. The study is focusing on home care staff’s experience of addressing elderly victims of violence and experience of support from the organization. Through a qualitative method, we interviewed seven home care staff. The interviews were transcribed and coded for our results. The study has taken its theoretical point of departure in professional ethics as well as the home care staff’s discretion and ageism as a concept. Our study shows that it is important to have a common definition of violence for home care staff in order to address the problem and find appropriate action strategies. The result shows that violence has different meanings for our interviewees, which may affect the staff’s actions. It may therefore affect the support and efforts for the victims of violence. It is a sensitive problem for the staff to approach. Ethical dilemmas may also occur in relation to legislation. It appears that it is also important to have clear guidelines and knowledge for the staff to approach the issue.

  • 137.
    Bulandr, Karl-Henrik
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Ludvigsson, Kim
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Trygghet och samverkan i en av Sveriges mest trygga städer: En kvalitativ fallstudie om staden där nästan alla känner sig trygga.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    We have in this field study been researching how social comfort is affected by the work of social services and their collaboration with police, schools and health care within a small village located countryside in the northern part of Sweden. The attribute which sets this village a part from most other small countryside villages is the fact that the crime rate is amongst the lowest in Sweden as well as the social security feeling within the inhabitants are amongst the highest. We traveled 2298 kilometers back and forth to be able to interview professionals and gather empiric material for this study. The method we have used for data collection has been in the form of semi structured interviews. We have used previous research concerning collaboration, social comfort, social discomfort and fear of crime as our aid to analyze our findings with the help of theories regarding different types of communites (gemeinschaft and gesellschaft) invented by Ferdinand Tönnies (2001) and Human Service Organisation by Hasenfeld (1983). We have analyzed our findings with the help of a qualitative content analysis. The result showed that the collaboration between the different authorities was a key point in preserving the social comfort feeling within the community and the idea of gemeinschaft also affects the outcome in various ways. The study will provide insight in understanding how collaboration can be represented in multi professional practices in the work for social comfort for the inhabitants as well as spreading knowledge regarding positive and negative effects concerning multi professional collaboration. Nyckelord / Key words: Samverkan, samarbete, trygghet, brott, brottslighet, crime, criminality and collaboration

  • 138.
    Buquku, Nina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Bacaj, Rina
    Is the grass greener on the other side of the world?: En studie om hur företrädare för socialt arbete i Colorado ser på legaliseringen av marijuana.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Title: Is the grass greener on the other side of the world?

    Accommodation – A study about how representatives of social work in Colorado view the legalization of marijuana.

    Authors: Rina Bacaj & Nina Buquku

    Supervisor: Peter Hultgren

    Assessor: Anette Lundin

     

    The purpose of the study was to investigate how representatives of social work in Colorado, based on their professional roles, view the recreational use of marijuana after the legalization took place in the state.

     

    The questions in focus were:

    What opinions and views are expressed by representatives of social work in Colorado, about the legalization from a professional perspective?

    What do social workers base their arguments on, regarding the legalization?

     

    This thesis is based on structured email interviews, with eight representatives of social work in Colorado. We have analyzed the results by using Brante’s and Svensson’s theoretical concepts about profession and legitimacy. These theoretical concepts have been used to analyze and find out what the representatives base their arguments on. The results and analysis indicate that representatives of social work have a positive attitude towards the legalization of recreational marijuana. One of the disadvantages that is highlighted is the consumption of marijuana among children and adolescents. While one of the benefits with marijuana is the tax revenues contributed by marijuana retail stores in Colorado. The representatives base their opinions and arguments on education, experiences and research. What is evident, however, is that their professions are dependent and influenced by norms which ultimately are also decisive for what becomes acceptable in a society.

  • 139.
    Byrman, Gunilla
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Drugge, Ulf
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Male offenders disclaiming accountability: A gender perspective on texts about domestic violence from two centuries2017In: HumaNetten, E-ISSN 1403-2279, no 38Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim is to study how the words and the actions of the parties are presented in written reports and how we understand the cases and the violence, and what the cases convey about the society in which the texts were produced, i.e. what roles do the texts play in the legal process of the nineteenth century and in the twenty-first viewed in a comparative, gender perspective. We will address the following research questions: What are the structure and themes in the texts, and how do they influence the comprehension of what has happened in the cases? How does the suspect speak about the crime he is suspected of?

    The structure, language and content are examined in written records of suspects’ verbal defences of their criminal offences against women with whom they have a close relationship, but also the themes the texts contain and how the texts are structured on a macro level, as a transparent macro structure can make a text easier to read and understand.

    The results in this study indicate a relativisation of the hierarchy between women and men in the older texts, since the man is weakened by ending up on trial. Although women and men are more equal than 150 years ago, the dichotomy and the hierarchy in contemporary texts still prevail and there is not yet full equality, although the gender contract has been renegotiated in different ways over the years due to changes in law and society. However we can also interpret the results from this study in the light of Mattsson’s and Hydén’s framework on domestic violence, which highlights how the tension of violence, power and gender is making it difficult to make visible violence and women’s vulnerability. Where the violence is based on different perspectives and are divided on the issue of how violence is understood. The line between perspectives that are based on a structural and relational understanding of the violence. The structural feminist perspective gives prominence to the gender dimension of violence as a structural expression of male superiority and female subordination. The relational understanding places less emphasis on power relations and more on violence as the result of conflict between the two parties, and Hydén takes a stand in a feminist perspective which she combines with a social psychological understanding, which emphasizes the root of evil violence – the quarrel. The woman in the relationship has the opportunity of assuming a position of power, because she has reasons to leave the relationship. We can conclude that there is a tendency to similar explanations for the generated violence in the studied cases, both the old and modern. Today most cases of domestic violence are dropped and never get to trial in Sweden, which is a problem for the legal security of the citizens and for communities in general governed by law. The tendency that a majority of cases of domestic violence are dismissed is an embarrassing fact, since Sweden has a reputation for being a society with equal opportunities. The low rate of prosecution makes it a gender issue that should be addressed. How the gender relations in this discourse will be negotiated in the future, and how the Swedish legal system will deal with cases of domestic violence, remains open.

  • 140.
    Böckman, Hanna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Ling, Cecilia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    En ny yrkesroll i skolan: Betydelsen av mentorers närvaro för det psykosociala arbetet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to deepen the knowledge of the significance of mentors presence for the psychosocial work in the school. The study is qualitative and was done with seven semi structured interviews. We interviewed six mentors and one school counselor all from the same school. The mentors have worked for almost one year and is a new profession in the school that has taken over the teacher's assignment as a mentor. The mentors main task is to be the students’ primary contact between the students and the school. The results we found shows that the mentors have contributed with more psychosocial knowledge which has enabled the school to reach more students and to meet more of the students’ needs. The results shows that the school counselor didn’t have as much time before with the preventative work in the school, but with the mentors’ help the preventive work in the school has increased. The results also shows that it’s many times a fine line between the mentors and the school counselor in the way they work. For example several of the mentors provide the students with counseling, like the school counselor do. The line shifts though, depending on the education and experience of the mentor. Finally, the results show that the mentors’ presence has a significant role on the psychosocial work in the school, because both mentors and the school counselor are all working together for the students wellbeing.

  • 141.
    Carlberg, Lena
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Nilsson, Madeleine
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Hjälpande hand eller styrd byråkrat?: En studie om hur arbetsförmedlare upplever arbetet med ungdomar som saknar slutbetyg från gymnasiet.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study has been to explore how employment agencies perceive their role and their work with the target group of young people between the age 18 to 25, who lack complete final grades from high school. The study answers four questions:

    • How does employment agencies experience that existing interventions for this targetgroup work?
    • How does employment agencies experience the work with matching the target group to the jobs?
    • How does employment agencies perceive and relate in relation to the management of rules?
    • Does the employment agencies experience space to work individually based?

    The method used to gather empirical data for this study has been qualitative interviews.

    To analyse the empirical data the street-level bureaucracy theory has been implemented. The result of this study indicates that the role of employment agencies is not entirely simple, due to the dual role they have to relate to. They must act as ruling bureaucrats and simultaneously show compassion and flexibility in the work with their clients. This makes the already challenging work of getting adolescents, without a final grades from high school, to work, even more complex.

  • 142.
    Carlsson, Catharina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    A Narrative Review of Qualitative and Quantitative Research in Equine-assisted Social Work or Therapy – Addressing Gaps and Contradictory Results2016In: Animalia An Anthrozoology Journal, no February 14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article reviews the published literature narrative about equine-assisted or equine-facilitated social work or therapy, a growing area of interventions. The purpose is to shed light on gaps and contradictory results in previous studies between 2000-2014. The goal is to assist practitioners and researchers, identifying and providing perspectives on complicated issues when results of interventions are pointing in different directions. In total, 55 published articles and 15 dissertations were analyzed thematically. Excluded are studies focused on therapeutic riding for the physically disabled or hippotherapy benefiting from equine movement, as well as studies focused on individuals’ riding goals or horsemanship skills. The implications for further research address gaps in the literature on the process in equine assisted or facilitated work. The process need to be described from professional affiliation, the purpose of the intervention, theoretical perspective, the intended role of the horse, ethical approach both concerning the client and the horse, plan to prevent risks as well as describe risks in relation to possible outcomes both for the client and the horse and finally a description about how the intervention are evaluated. Standardization of terminology and language used to communicate interventions, methods, and theories is recommended. The analysis suggests a need to use a variety of research methods in interdisciplinary research groups. This allows different paradigms of participatory, as well as constructivism or post-positivism, to capture the complexity of social work or therapy facilitated or assisted by horses. This article does not critically review each specific investigation, but focuses on how the process has been presented in previous research.

  • 143.
    Carlsson, Catharina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Equine-assisted Social Work Counteracts Self- stigmatisation in Self-harming Adolescents and Facilitates a Moment of Silence2018In: Journal of Social Work Practice, ISSN 0265-0533, E-ISSN 1465-3885, Vol. 32, no 1, p. 17-30Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to determine whether equine-assisted social work (EASW) could affect self-stigmatisation and thereby counteract false identities in self-harming adolescents. Data were collected via interviews with nine female self-harming clients aged 15–21 years and eight staff members. Interviews and video-recorded human–horse interactions with three staff members and four clients were analysed. The interviews were followed by further dialogue with participants while they viewed videos of their own EASW sessions. The analysis indicated that the horse had a calming effect on the clients; enabled them to free themselves of their preoccupations; provided real-time, non-verbal and non-judgmental feedback on their emotions; and increased feelings of trust, patience and empathy. The presence of a horse provided a ‘moment of silence’ for the clients, silencing their inner critic, and made them feel more authentic and better able to regulate their emotions. However, staff could counteract this ‘safe’ healing by being too focused on goals, making interpretations and lecturing and encouraging clients, thus making clients feel judged anyhow. EASW seemed to give clients the opportunity to break free from self-stigmatisation, which seemed to lower the barrier to change.

  • 144.
    Carlsson, Catharina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Equine-assisted Social Work or Therapy – Addressing Gaps and Contradictory Results2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In reviewing published literature to shed lights on gaps and contradictory results in previous studies between 2000-2014 the goal was to assist practitioners and researches identifying and providing perspectives on complicated issues when results of interventions are pointing in different directions. In total, 55 published articles and 15 dissertations were analyzed thematically. Excluded are studies focused on therapeutic riding for the physically disabled or hippo-therapy benefiting from equine movement, as well as studies focused on individual´s riding goals or horsemanship skills. Empirical research show that adding a horse could qualitatively change the therapeutic relationship providing a moment of silence, meaning silencing the client´s inner critic making them more authentic and able to regulate their emotions. The staff on the other hand could counteract this “safe” healing by being focused on goals, making interpretations and reprimand or encouraging the clients making clients feel judged anyhow. There is a need for the process to be described regarding the professionals affiliation and approach, the theoretical perspective, the purpose of the intervention, the intended role of the horse, ethical approach both concerning the client and the horse, plan to prevent risks as well as describe risk in relation to possible outcomes for the client and the horse. There is a need for understanding horses as sentient beings with needs of their own, not just tools for humans to use. Just giving access to a horse to solve a client´s problem is not a solution. Considerations to differences between individual horses as well as individual staff need to be attended. There is a need for critical reflection about researchers and practitioner´s biases that can make them driven by their own relationship with horses. As an example anthropomorphism has provided the opportunity to use animals as alternative sources of social support and the means to benefit emotionally and physically from this. The effects of anthropomorphism seem to be good for the human but less benign for the horses. Here ethical limits need to be discussed far more than in earlier research when it also could be an aspect of contradictory results. There seem to be a need for using a variety of research methods to capture the complexity. Interdisciplinary research groups could be an answer were measures of heart rates, cortisol levels and brain activity is also included. The analysis suggest allowing different paradigms of participatory as well as constructivism or post-positivism to capture the complexity and the contradictory results of social work or therapy assisted by horses. Collaborative project with practitioners and clients to reach the tacit knowledge using reflection as a tool as well as questioning if this should be regarded as a method of its own or a complement to other methods. 

  • 145.
    Carlsson, Catharina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Hästunderstött socialt arbete - ett samtalsrum med potentiella möjligheter för ungdomar med självskadebeteenden och deras personal2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis examines, through qualitative methods, the role of the horse in equine-assisted social work (EASW) as well as what facilitates or constrains the role of the horse. Specifically, should interaction be understood in the same manner regardless of which individuals that participate? The thesis is based on empirical data collected throughinterviews with eight staff members and nine female self-harming clients, aged 15–21 years, in a residential treatment facility. In addition, video recordings of the human-horse interaction of three staff members and four clients were analyzed, resulting in the additional issues addressed in a second interview. Critical dialogues between patterns and fragmentations in the narratives and video-recordings, as well as a dialogue with participants, while they were viewing videos of their own EASW sessions, led to the conclusion that adding a horse could qualitatively change therapeutic relationships. 

    The results are presented in four articles that provide an image of the complexity of EASW. The summary chapters focus on a synthesized analysis, based on Goffman’sdramaturgical perspective and Hochschild’s emotional rules in which the concepts were applied: backstage, frontstage, impression management, stigma, emotional management, deep acting and surface acting. The analysis demonstrated that defense mechanisms are reduced when the horse is perceived as non-judgmental and therefore less intimidating. Furthermore, the analysis suggests that it is crucial that the horse is regarded as a subject, a transitional object, which can silence the inner critic and create a ‘moment of silence’ that contradicts stigmas and enablesadolescents to regulate their emotions. This leads to possibilities to be more authentic and the relationship between staff and adolescents to be perceived as more authentic. 

    In summary, the work presented in this thesis contributes to increased knowledge about the role of the horse in opposing impression management and surface acting, depending on the high demands on staff to reach outcomes regarding communication, self-confidence, self-esteem, and self-image. The different triads consist of different liaisons, giving rise to unique combinations and the potential to avoid emotional dissonance. The quality of the relationships seems to depend on staff and clients’ attachment orientations. 

    Keywords: Authentic, Emotional work, Equine-assisted social work, Impression management, Moment of silence, Self-harming adolescents, Stigmatization

     

     

  • 146.
    Carlsson, Catharina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    If Equine Assisted Social Work is the Answer, what is the question?2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of this study was by means of qualitative methods to explore the meaning of EASW for young women with self-harm problems in residential treat- ment. Seen from the eyes of the clients and the staff members, what role and meaning is devoted to the hor- se as used in EASW? How does the interaction with the horse contribute to the clients and staff ́s perception of autenticity and the possibilities to be in an authentic relation? 

    Definition

    EASW represents an alternative or a supplement to conventional treatment and social work, and involves a triangular relationship between staff, client and the horse. The activities in EASW can involve care of the horse, training with the horse, riding, carriage driving and vaulting (gymnastics on horseback). The program will always depend on the staff ’s skills and educational background, the horse ́s abilities as well as the client ́s skills and wishes. 

    Method

    Data were initially collected by in-depht interviews with 8 staff members and 9 clients. In-depth interviews that lasted between 40- 60 minutes based on 6 - 7 themes were conducted separatly with the clients and the staff mem- bers Observations of the human-horse interaction were videotaped and conducted three times with each pair of staff and client that worked together in EASW. After the observations indepht interviews were conducted with clients and staffmembers in direct conjunction with one of the observations. 

    Results

    Based on the narratives of the staff members and the clients; it seemed that the horse’s ability to read human emotions made the staff and clients aware of their emotions. In order not to alienate the horse or make the situation dangerous, the clients and staff said that they had to regulate their emotions, which intensified their sense of being in the moment. The participants felt the horse read their intentions, and gave them a direct feedback on their ex- pressed emotions. Furthermore, this feedback was given to them in a way

    that did not raise their defence mechanisms. The horse seemed to function as an emotional mirror for the participants. They detected and recognized their own emotions, and subsequently had to regulate them in order to interact with the horse and others in a positive way. Finally the horse seemed to set the framework for the interaction between the staff-members and the young women, which became more informal and dynamic. Stable-based relations- hips experienced as based on trust, respect and negotiation can accordingly be interpreted as being representing as more authentic relationships compared to relationships outside of the stable. 

    Implications for clinical work

    The clients found it easier to bond with the horse because it was not ha- ving expectations of the clients. The staff members, however, could be expe- rienced as if they had expectations of clients. The client perceives the horse as nojudgemental, honest, reliable, have no prejudices, offer physical contact

    and give direct feedback. The stable provided other opportunities for interac- tion than the therapy room, as other rules apply and staff and clients became more equal and perceived their relations as more ”authentic”. The horse was a door opener for the clients to get rid of anxiety and agression resulting in calmness and relaxation. This open up for communication between staff and client, which in turn could increase new insights. 

  • 147.
    Carlsson, Catharina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    The essence of Equine-assisted Social Work (EASW)2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The presentation aims to reveal the essence of Equine Assisted Social Work EASW. Based on the narratives of the staff members and the female-self-harming clients aged 15-21 years in a residential treatment, who agreed and video recordings of the human-horse interactions, the horse ability to read human emotions made the staff and clients aware of their sense of being in the present, both the clients and staff had to regulate their emotions and change behavior rather than avoid the situation or the information. The horse seemed to set the framework for the interaction between the staff and young women. The fact that even the staff could fail in the interaction with the horse , affected the interaction between staff and clients making it more informal and dynamic. A relationship based on empathy, trust, respect and negotiation, where clients shared private matters, resultet in the perception of a more authentic relationship. the essence of EASW were percieved as eased by staff members when they focus on the client´s emotions and help the client understand that the horse is acting in response to the client´s and the staff´s behavior through mentalizing and enacting emotional labor in regarding the horse as a subject. 

  • 148.
    Carlsson, Catharina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Triads in Equine-Assisted Social Work Enhance Therapeutic Relationships with Self-Harming Adolescents2017In: Clinical social work journal, ISSN 0091-1674, E-ISSN 1573-3343, Vol. 45, no 4, p. 320-331Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite an increasing number of studies, thereis still a lack of knowledge about the unique featuresthat underlie the process in equine assisted social work(EASW). This study aimed to reveal, through qualitativemethods, the dyads within the triad that become strongerduring the process of EASW, as well as the effect of theparticipation of the horse on the relationship betweenthe counselor and client. Data were collected through indepthinterviews with nine female self-harming clientsaged 15–21 years and eight staff members. The interviews,together with video-recorded human–horse interactionswith three staff members and four clients were analyzed,resulting in additional issues answered by these three staffmembers and four clients in a second interview. Criticaldialogues between patterns and fragmentations in the narrativesand video-recordings, as well as a dialogue with theparticipants while they were viewing videos of their ownEASW sessions, led to the conclusion that adding a horsequalitatively changes therapeutic relationships in EASW.The different triads consist of different liaisons betweenactors in the triad, giving rise to unique combinations. Thequality of the relationships depends on both the staff andthe clients’ attachment orientations. Further research isneeded to investigate how the degree of emotional connectionto the horse affects the impact that horses have on triadsin EASW.

  • 149.
    Carlsson, Catharina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Nilsson Ranta, Daniel
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Traeen, Bente
    University of Oslo, Norway.
    Mentalizing and Emotional Labor Facilitate Equine-Assisted Social Work with Self-harming Adolescents2015In: Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, ISSN 0738-0151, E-ISSN 1573-2797, Vol. 32, no 4, p. 329-339Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores equine-assisted social work (EASW). Horses’ capacities to mirror human emotions create possibilities for authentic relationships between clients and staff. This study examines what eases or counteracts the horse’s capacity to facilitate relationships perceived by humans to be authentic. Video recordings of the human-horse interactions of three staff members and four female self-harming clients aged 15–21 years in a residential treatment facility were analyzed. The findings show that if the staff gave instructions and advice similar to traditional equestrian sports in combination with viewing the horse as an object, EASW is not facilitated. EASW seems to be facilitated when the horse is perceived as a subject by both staff and clients, provided that the staff gave meaning to the horse’s behavior. The staff needed to highlight empathy for the horse when the horse is not able to fulfill its task without adding depth to the client’s performance, to avoid raising defense mechanisms. The essence of EASW were perceived as eased by staff members when they focus on the client’s emotions and help the client understand that the horse is acting in response to the client’s and the staff’s behavior through mentalizing and enacting emotional labor in regarding the horse as a subject. The results indicate the need for higher demands on staff members in order to facilitate EASW. Depending on whether the staff and the clients focus on performance or on emotions, different positive or negative outcomes on communication, self-confidence, self-esteem, and self-image will be likely to emerge.

  • 150.
    Carlsson, Catharina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Ranta Nilsson, Daniel
    Mid Sweden University.
    Traeen, Bente
    University of Oslo.
    Equine Assisted Social Work as a mean for authentic relations between clients and staff2014In: Human-Animal Interaction Bulletin, ISSN 2333-522X, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 19-38Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to explore, by qualitative methods, the meaning of equine-assisted social work (EASW) both to young women with self-harm problems and their staff in residential treatment. Data were collected by in-depth interviews with eight staff members and nine clients. Human-horse interaction was observed subsequently in three of the staff and four of the clients. Based on the narratives of the staff members and the clients, who agreed, the horse’s ability to read human emotions made the staff and clients aware of their own emotions. In order not to alienate the horse or make the situation dangerous, which intensified their sense of being in the present, both the clients and staff had to regulate their emotions. As a result the resistance for change decreased, made the participants more likely to regulate their emotions and change behavior rather than avoid the situation or the information. The horse seemed to set the framework for the interaction between the staff and young women. The fact that even the staff could fail in the interaction with the horse, affected the interaction between staff and clients making it more informal and dynamic. A relationship based on empathy, trust, respect and negotiation, where clients shared private matters, resulted in the perception of a more authentic relationship. Further research is needed to see which conditions are favourable for achieving an authentic relationship and which conditions possibly fail. 

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