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  • 101. Ahrens, J.
    et al.
    Bai, X.
    Barwick, S. W.
    Becka, T.
    Becker, K. -H
    Bernardini, E.
    Bertrand, D.
    Binon, F.
    Biron, A.
    Böser, S.
    Botner, O.
    Bouhali, O.
    Burgess, T.
    Carius, Staffan
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Castermans, T.
    Chirkin, D.
    Conrad, J.
    Cooley, J.
    Cowen, D. F.
    Davour, A.
    de Clercq, C.
    de Young, T.
    Desiati, P.
    Dewulf, J. -P
    Ekström, P.
    Feser, T.
    Gaisser, T. K.
    Ganupati, R.
    Gaug, M.
    Geenen, H.
    Gerhardt, L.
    Goldschmidt, A.
    Hallgren, A.
    Halzen, F.
    Hanson, K.
    Hardtke, R.
    Hauschildt, T.
    Hellwig, M.
    Herquet, P.
    Hill, G. C.
    Hulth, P. O.
    Hultqvist, K.
    Hundertmark, S.
    Jacobsen, J.
    Karle, A.
    Köpke, L.
    Kuehn, K.
    Kowalski, M.
    Lamoureux, J. I.
    Leich, H.
    Leuthold, M.
    Lindahl, P.
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Liubaxsky, I.
    Madsen, J.
    Mandli, K.
    Marciniewski, P.
    Matis, H. S.
    McParland, C. P.
    Messarius, T.
    Minaeva, Y.
    Miočinović, P.
    Morse, R.
    Nahnhauer, R.
    Neunhöffer, T.
    Niessen, P.
    Nygren, D. R.
    Ogelman, H.
    Olbrechts, P.
    Pérez de los Heros, C.
    Pohl, A. C.
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Price, P. B.
    Przybylski, G. T.
    Rawlins, K.
    Resconi, E.
    Rhode, W.
    Ribordy, M.
    Richter, S.
    Rodríguez Martino, J.
    Sander, H. -G
    Schmidt, T.
    Schneider, D.
    Schinarakis, K.
    Schwarz, R.
    Silvestri, A.
    Solarz, M.
    Spiczak, G. M.
    Spiering, C.
    Steele, D.
    Steffen, P.
    Stokstad, R. G.
    Sudoff, P.
    Sulanke, K. -H
    Taboada, I.
    Thollander, L.
    Tilav, S.
    Wagner, W.
    Walck, C.
    Weinheimer, C.
    Wiebusch, C. H.
    Wiedemann, C.
    Wischnewski, R.
    Wissing, H.
    Woschnagg, K.
    Yodh, G.
    Young, S.
    Results from the AMANDA telescope2003In: Nuclear Physics A, ISSN 0375-9474, E-ISSN 1873-1554, Vol. 721, p. C545-C548Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present results from the AMANDA high energy neutrino telescope located at the South Pole. They include measurements of the atmospheric neutrino flux, search for UHE point sources, and diffuse sources producing electromagnetic/hadronic showers at the detector or close to it.

  • 102. Ahrens, J.
    et al.
    Bai, X.
    Barwick, S. W.
    Becka, T.
    Becker, K. -H
    Bertrand, D.
    Binon, F.
    Biron, A.
    Böser, S.
    Botner, O.
    Bouhali, O.
    Burgess, T.
    Carius, Staffan
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Castermans, T.
    Chirkin, D.
    Conrad, J.
    Cooley, J.
    Cowen, D. F.
    Davour, A.
    de Clercq, C.
    DeYoung, T.
    Desiati, P.
    Dewulf, J. -P
    Doksus, P.
    Ekström, P.
    Feser, T.
    Gaisser, T. K.
    Gaug, M.
    Gerhardt, L.
    Goldschmidt, A.
    Hallgren, A.
    Halzen, F.
    Hanson, K.
    Hardtke, R.
    Hauschildt, T.
    Hellwig, M.
    Herquet, P.
    Hill, G. C.
    Hulth, P. O.
    Hultqvist, K.
    Hundertmark, S.
    Jacobsen, J.
    Karle, A.
    Köpke, L.
    Kowalski, M.
    Kuehn, K.
    Lamoureux, J. I.
    Leich, H.
    Leuthold, M.
    Lindahl, P.
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Madsen, J.
    Marciniewski, P.
    Matis, H. S.
    McParland, C. P.
    Minaeva, Y.
    Miočinović, P.
    Morse, R.
    Nahnhauer, R.
    Neunhöffer, T.
    Niessen, P.
    Nygren, D. R.
    Ogelman, H.
    Olbrechts, P.
    Pérez de los Heros, C.
    Pohl, A. C.
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Price, P. B.
    Przybylski, G. T.
    Rawlins, K.
    Resconi, E.
    Rhode, W.
    Ribordy, M.
    Richter, S.
    Rodríguez Martino, J.
    Ross, D.
    Sander, H. -G
    Schmidt, T.
    Schneider, D.
    Schwarz, R.
    Silvestri, A.
    Solarz, M.
    Spiczak, G. M.
    Spiering, C.
    Steele, D.
    Steffen, P.
    Stokstad, R. G.
    Sudhoff, P.
    Sulanke, K. -H
    Taboada, I.
    Thollander, L.
    Tilav, S.
    Walck, C.
    Weinheimer, C.
    Wiebusch, C. H.
    Wiedemann, C.
    Wischnewski, R.
    Wissing, H.
    Woschnagg, K.
    Yodh, G.
    Young, S.
    Physics and operation of the AMANDA-II high energy neutrino telescope2002In: Proceedings of the SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering 2003, Institution of Electrical Engineers (IEE), 2002, p. 79-91Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper briefly describes the principle of operation and science goals of the AMANDA high energy neutrino telescope located at the South Pole, Antarctica. Results from an earlier phase of the telescope, called AMANDA-B10, demonstrate both reliable operation and the broad astrophysical reach of this device, which includes searches for a variety of sources of ultrahigh energy neutrinos: generic point sources, Gamma-Ray Bursts and diffuse sources. The predicted sensitivity and angular resolution of the telescope were confirmed by studies of atmospheric muon and neutrino backgrounds. We also report on the status of the analysis from AMANDA-II, a larger version with far greater capabilities. At this stage of analysis, details of the ice properties and other systematic uncertainties of the AMANDA-II telescope are under study, but we have made progress toward critical science objectives. In particular, we focus on the search for continuous emission from astrophysical point sources and the search for correlated neutrino emission from Gamma Ray Bursts detected by BATSE before decommissioning in May 2000. During the next two years, we expect to exploit the full potential of AMANDA-II with the installation of a new data acquisition system that records full waveforms from the in-ice optical sensors.

  • 103. Ahrens, J.
    et al.
    Bai, X.
    Bay, R.
    Barwick, S. W.
    Becka, T.
    Becker, J. K.
    Becker, K. -H
    Bernardini, E.
    Bertrand, D.
    Biron, A.
    Boersma, D. J.
    Böser, S.
    Botner, O.
    Bouchta, A.
    Bouhali, O.
    Burgess, T.
    Carius, Staffan
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Castermans, T.
    Chirkin, D.
    Collin, B.
    Conrad, J.
    Cooley, J.
    Cowen, D. F.
    Davour, A.
    De Clercq, C.
    DeYoung, T.
    Desiati, P.
    Dewulf, J. -P
    Ekström, P.
    Feser, T.
    Gaug, M.
    Gaisser, T. K.
    Ganugapati, R.
    Geenen, H.
    Gerhardt, L.
    Groß, A.
    Goldschmidt, A.
    Hallgren, A.
    Halzen, F.
    Hanson, K.
    Hardtke, R.
    Harenberg, T.
    Hauschildt, T.
    Helbing, K.
    Hellwig, M.
    Herquet, P.
    Hill, G. C.
    Hubert, D.
    Hughey, B.
    Hulth, P. O.
    Hultqvist, K.
    Hundertmark, S.
    Jacobsen, J.
    Karle, A.
    Kestel, M.
    Köpke, L.
    Kowalski, M.
    Kuehn, K.
    Lamoureux, J. I.
    Leich, H.
    Leuthold, M.
    Lindahl, P.
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Liubarsky, I.
    Madsen, J.
    Marciniewski, P.
    Matis, H. S.
    McParland, C. P.
    Messarius, T.
    Minaeva, Y.
    Miočinović, P.
    Mock, P. C.
    Morse, R.
    Münich, K. S.
    Nam, J.
    Nahnhauer, R.
    Neunhöffer, T.
    Niessen, P.
    Nygren, D. R.
    Ögelman, H.
    Olbrechts, Ph.
    Pérez De Los Heros, C.
    Pohl, A. C.
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Porrata, R.
    Price, P. B.
    Przybylski, G. T.
    Rawlins, K.
    Resconi, E.
    Rhode, W.
    Ribordy, M.
    Richter, S.
    Martino, J. R.
    Ross, D.
    Sander, H. -G
    Schinarakis, K.
    Schlenstedt, S.
    Schmidt, T.
    Schneider, D.
    Wiebusch, C. H.
    Muon track reconstruction and data selection techniques in AMANDA2004In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, ISSN 0168-9002, E-ISSN 1872-9576, Vol. 524, no 1-3, p. 169-194Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Antarctic Muon And Neutrino Detector Array (AMANDA) is a high-energy neutrino telescope operating at the geographic South Pole. It is a lattice of photo-multiplier tubes buried deep in the polar ice between 1500 and 2000 m. The primary goal of this detector is to discover astrophysical sources of high-energy neutrinos. A high-energy muon neutrino coming through the earth from the Northern Hemisphere can be identified by the secondary muon moving upward through the detector. The muon tracks are reconstructed with a maximum likelihood method. It models the arrival times and amplitudes of Cherenkov photons registered by the photo-multipliers. This paper describes the different methods of reconstruction, which have been successfully implemented within AMANDA. Strategies for optimizing the reconstruction performance and rejecting background are presented. For a typical analysis procedure the direction of tracks are reconstructed with about 2° accuracy. © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 104.
    Ahrens, Karolin
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Engman, Sara
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Högskolestudenters psykiska hälsa: Kartläggning av självskadebeteende2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the prevalence and characteristics of deliberate self-harm in a Swedish University population.

    Method: A random sample of first year students at University of Kalmar was invited to participate in an Internet-based survey in the autumn of 2007. A total of 139 (53,1 %) completed the anonymous survey.

    Results: The results showed that 25,2 % (n=35) of the students reported having engaged in some kind of deliberate self-harm at least once, and deliberate self-harm was endorsed by 7,9 % within the past year. The most frequently procedures to self-harm were to tear, carve or pinch self, cutting skin and hitting self on purpose. 37,1 % reported that they had told no one about their self-injurious behaviors and 36,4 % significantly reported that they had no one they trusted and who they could talk to if they were concerned about something. Students with self-injurious behavior were also more likely to report a history of emotional, sexual and/or physical abuse, alcohol and drug use, cut classes and questioning their sexual orientation.

    Conclusions: Findings suggest that self-harm is associated with risk factors and that self-injury is not only associated with adolescence but also with adulthood. It is therefore important to continue studies in both populations.

  • 105.
    Aidemark, Lars-Göran
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    Lindkvist, Lars
    University of Kalmar, Baltic Business School.
    Management accounting in public and private hospitals:: a comparative study2004In: Studies in managerial and financial accounting, ISSN 1479-3512, Vol. 14, no 5, p. 427-445Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates whether hospitals run as limited companies have more cost conscious and organizationally committed clinic superintendents when compared with public hospitals. Also, if the management accounting systems differ in the hospitals studied. Using a questionnaire, two hospital companies are compared with two hospitals controlled by political boards.

    According to the analysis there are no significant differences between clinic superintendents in public hospitals and hospital companies. This is true in terms of organizational commitment and cost consciousness. However, the study indicates that participation in the hospital budget-setting process and satisfaction with financial information both affect the superintendents' cost consciousness.

     

  • 106.
    Airey, John
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Assessing bilingual scientific literacy: A study of students speaking about physics in English and Swedish2009In: Paper presented at the Symposium for English for Specific Purposes University of Gothenburg and Chalmers University of Technology. 12-13 January Gothenburg, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 107.
    Airey, John
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Can you Teach it in English? Aspects of the Language Choice Debate in Swedish Higher Education2004In: Integrating Content and Language: Meeting the Challenge of a Multilingual Higher Education / [ed] Wilkinson, Robert., Maastricht, Netherlands: Maastricht University Press , 2004, p. 97-108Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 108.
    Airey, John
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Content and Language: Bilingual Scientific Literacy in Swedish Universities2008In: Paper presented at CLIL Fusion conference 24-25 October, 2008, Tallinn, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 109.
    Airey, John
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Discourse in the Zone: Experiencing scientific concepts through the practices of science2004In: Final seminar of the course Cultural-Historical Activity Theory 24-25 November, Lund University, 2004Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 110.
    Airey, John
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Estimating undergraduate bilingual scientific literacy in Sweden2009In: International CLIL Research Journal, ISSN 1797-948X, Vol. 1, no 2, p. 26-35Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports ongoing research results from the first Swedish study to be carried out into the relationship between the teaching language and disciplinary learning at university level. The study explores the ability of Swedish science students to spontaneously describe and explain, in both Swedish and English, the concepts they met in their course lectures.

    The work reported here is a first attempt to evaluate a number of techniques that together may be used to estimate spoken bilingual scientific literacy. Transcripts of students using both English and Swedish to describe a science concept are analysed using three categories: fluency, involuntary codeswitching, and disciplinarity. These categories are then cross-referenced with the language in which the disciplinary concept was originally taught (Swedish, English, or both languages).

    The study finds that for some students, spoken scientific literacy in English is indeed a problem. Here, it has been suggested that these problems may be transitory, and more work is needed to ascertain whether this is indeed the case.

  • 111.
    Airey, John
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Language and Engineering: Towards Bilingual Scientific Literacy2008In: Paper presented at Engineering Education Development 2008. Royal Institute of Technology. 26-27 November 2008. Stockholm, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 112.
    Airey, John
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Language Aspects in Physics Education2004In: Invited Speaker. Meeting the Challenges of University Physics Education, Symposium on Physics Education June 3-4 2004, University of Lund, Lund, Sweden, 2004Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 113.
    Airey, John
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Learning and language: Mapping the bilingual scientific literacy of Swedish science students2008In: Paper presented at the conference Cultural and Linguistic Practices in the International University. Roskilde University, 15-17 December, Roskilde, Denmark, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 114.
    Airey, John
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Learning through English: Researching language environments in Scandinavian universities2008In: Symposium organized for the conference Cultural and Linguistic Practices in the International University. Roskilde University 15-17 December Roskilde Denmark, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 115.
    Airey, John
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    När undervisningen kräver att studenterna byter språk2009In: Invited plenary speaker. Högskoleverket Konferens om undervisning på engelska i svensk högre utbildning, 24 november 2009, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 116.
    Airey, John
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    När undervisningsspråket blir engelska2006In: Språkvård, Vol. 4, p. 20-25Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 117.
    Airey, John
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Parallel Language Use2009In: Invited speaker. Paper presented at the symposium: Språkstrategier och parallellspråk vid nordiska universitet. Helsinki 26–27 mars 2009, 2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 118.
    Airey, John
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Research into the relationship between learning and the language of instruction2008Other (Other academic)
  • 119.
    Airey, John
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Supporting Act? The Role of English Language in Swedish University Degree Programmes2003In: Developing Language and Communication in Higher Education: Trends in Teaching and Research. Chalmers Lindholmen University College, Gothenburg, Sweden, 2003Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 120.
    Airey, John
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Teaching in English: The effects of language choice on student learning in Swedish university science.2008In: Paper presented at the international conference on language planning and language policy. 9–10 June Saltjöbaden, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 121.
    Airey, John
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Teaching University Courses through the Medium of English: The current state of the art2003In: Didaktikens mångfald / [ed] Fransson, G., Morberg, Å., Nilsson, R. and Schüllerqvist, B., Gävle, Sweden: Högskolan i Gävle , 2003, p. 11-18Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 122.
    Airey, John
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    The relationship between teaching language and learning in Swedish higher education2009In: Keynote Speaker. CIP SYMPOSIUM 2009 English as the medium of instruction in higher education Attitudes, challenges and quality assurance Friday 13th November 2009. Centre for Internationalisation and Parallel Language Use. Copenhagen University, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 123.
    Airey, John
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Two languages, one purpose: Parallel language use in Swedish University Science2009In: Paper presented at Languages for Specific Purposes LSP 2009 17 - 21 August 2009, Aarhus, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 124.
    Airey, John
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Utbildning på engelska – hur förbereder vi studenterna genom marknadsföring och information?2007In: Paneldebatt 31 Maj 2007 Mittuniversitet. HögskoleinformatörskonferensenArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 125.
    Airey, John
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Vi blir dummare på engelska, but is there anything we can do about it?2007In: Paneldebatt 24 maj 2007 Kulturhuset Stockholm. Anordnad av Stockholms Akademiska Forum, Forskning och Framsteg, British Council och Vetenskap och AllmänhetArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 126.
    Airey, John
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Domert, Daniel
    Linder, Cedric
    Representing disciplinary knowledge? Undergraduate students' experience of the equations in physics lectures2006In: EARLI SIG-2 biennial meeting, 30 August - 1 September 2006. University of Nottingham , Nottingham, UK, 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 127.
    Airey, John
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Kelly, Greg
    Linder, Cedric
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Natural Sciences.
    Martins, Isabel
    Exploring the Landscape of Scientific Literacy: Visions for Research and Practice: Exploring language perspectives2009In: Symposium paper presented at European Science Education Research Association ESERA 2009, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 128.
    Airey, John
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Linder, C
    Language and the experience of learning university physics in Sweden2006In: European journal of physics, Vol. 27, no 3, p. 553-560Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 129.
    Airey, John
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Linder, Cedric
    Uppsala University.
    A Disciplinary Discourse Perspective on University Science Learning: Achieving Fluency in a Critical Constellation of Modes2009In: Journal of Research in Science Teaching, ISSN 0022-4308, E-ISSN 1098-2736, Vol. 46, no 1, p. 27-49Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this theoretical article we use an interpretative study with physics undergraduates to exemplify a proposed characterization of student learning in university science in terms of fluency in disciplinary discourse. Drawing on ideas from a number of different sources in the literature, we characterize what we call “disciplinary discourse” as the complex of representations, tools and activities of a discipline, describing how it can be seen as being made up of various “modes”. For university science, examples of these modes are: spoken and written language, mathematics, gesture, images (including pictures, graphs and diagrams), tools (such as experimental apparatus and measurement equipment), and activities (such as ways of working—both practice and praxis, analytical routines, actions, etc.). Using physics as an illustrative example, we discuss the relationship between the ways of knowing that constitute a discipline and the modes of disciplinary discourse used to represent this knowing. The data comes from stimulated recall interviews where physics undergraduates discuss their learning experiences during lectures. These interviews are used to anecdotally illustrate our proposed characterization of learning and its associated theoretical constructs. Students describe a repetitive practice aspect to their learning, which we suggest is necessary for achieving fluency in the various modes of disciplinary discourse. Here we found instances of discourse imitation, where students are seemingly fluent in one or more modes of disciplinary discourse without having related this to a teacher-intended disciplinary way of knowing. The examples lead to the suggestion that fluency in a critical constellation of modes of disciplinary discourse may be a necessary (though not always sufficient) condition for gaining meaningful holistic access to disciplinary ways of knowing. One implication is that in order to be effective, science teachers need to know which modes are critical for an understanding of the material they wish to teach.

  • 130.
    Airey, John
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Linder, Cedric
    Bilingual Scientific Literacy...2008In: Paper presented at Canadian Society for the Study of Education Conference 31 May-3 June 2008, University of British Columbia, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 131.
    Airey, John
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Linder, Cedric
    Bilingual Scientific Literacy? The Use of English in Swedish University Science Courses2008In: Nordic Journal of English Studies, ISSN 1654-6970, E-ISSN 1654-6970, Vol. 7, no 3, p. 145-161Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 132.
    Airey, John
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Linder, Cedric
    Disciplinary learning in a second language: A case study from university physics2007In: Researching Content and Language Integration in Higher Education / [ed] Wilkinson, R. & Zegers, V., Maastricht:: Maastricht University Language Centre , 2007, p. 161-171Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 133.
    Airey, John
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Linder, Cedric
    Inte en fråga om vilket språk som är bäst …2006In: Debattartikel universitetsläraren 14-2006Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 134.
    Airey, John
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Linder, Cedric
    Language, Bandwidth and the Shared Space of Learning2004In: EARLI SIG 9 Conference: Phenomenography and Variation Theory Go to School. 18-21 August 2004. University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden, 2004Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 135.
    Airey, John
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Linder, Cedric
    Languages, Modality and Disciplinary Knowledge2006In: ICLHE 2006: Integrating Content and Language in Higher Education. 28 June – 1 July 2006. University of Maastricht, Maastricht, Netherlands, 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 136.
    Airey, John
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Linder, Cedric
    Learning from complementary representations: a disciplinary discourse approach2007In: 12th biennial EARLI 2007 conference, 27 August - 1 September 2007. University of Szeged, Budapest, Hungary, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 137.
    Airey, John
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Linder, Cedric
    Learning in a Second Language. Two Case Studies from University Physics2006In: ICLHE 2006: Integrating Content and Language in Higher Education, University of Maastricht, Netherlands, 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 138.
    Airey, John
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Linder, Cedric
    Learning through English: further insights from a case study in Swedish university physics2008In: Paper presented at NU2008, Kalmar, University of Kalmar, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 139.
    Airey, John
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Linder, Cedric
    Looking for Links between Learning and the Discursive Practices of University Science2005In: 11th EARLI biennial conference, University of Cyprus, Nicosia, 2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 140.
    Airey, John
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Linder, Cedric
    Representations, tools and activities: A disciplinary discourse approach to multimodal science learning2006In: EARLI SIG-2 biennial meeting, 30 August - 1 September 2006, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK, 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 141.
    Airey, John
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Linder, Cedric
    The disciplinary discourse of university physics: learning through fluency in a critical constellation of representations2008In: Paper presented at NU2008, Kalmar, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 142.
    Akhtar, Mehreen
    University of Kalmar, Baltic Business School.
    Female and Gender Leadership: Under Representation of Female Leaders2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When we talk about the females employment in different organization, it is till treated in different disciplines. There are some gaps linked to it which still need to be filled in order to give equal opportunities to females as well. Although, from the last few decades it is been said and noticed that the number of females are rising to the top which is a symbol of progressive social change. However, it is also been noticed that there is still gender inequality in top management positions which leads to under presentation of females in top management position.

    The society and the masculine man has developed some theories. Due to which, it is been said that female qualities do not contribute to the required management attributes. For instance, In order to have an executive role, a person must be more aggressive, competitive, more task oriented etc. but females always have the opposite qualities. For instance, interpersonal relations, emotional, collaborative etc.

    This paper is an effort that shows the obstacles that woman faces in order to reach top management positions. Moreover, I also tried to describe that the traditional leadership model is linked to the masculine stereotypes. Henceforth, I tried to explain that the new organizational culture requires also the feminine stereotypes (emotions, interpersonal relations, cooperation etc). So, one could say that the leadership is not just linked to the masculine stereotypes but it also requires more of feminine qualities as well.

    The empirical study involves the semi structured interviews from men and women on management positions and also general discussions with the public. Based on these interviews and discussions I tried to analyze if both male and female follow the gender stereotypes and if they have difference in leadership styles according to gender.

    Hence, companies should have a more diversity in their organization in order to have more flexibility in organizational culture.

  • 143.
    Aktonius, Agnes
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, Baltic Business School.
    Helgesson, Hanna
    University of Kalmar, Baltic Business School.
    Nilsson, Jenny
    University of Kalmar, Baltic Business School.
    Arbetsmotivationens betydelse ur ett mellanchefsperspektiv: En fallstudie på Länsstyrelsen i Kalmar län2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Problem: Teorin beskriver att mellanchefers situation kan vara problematisk i och med att de styrs både upp- och nerifrån vilket kan leda till en viss osäkerhet i deras ledarskap. Då deras roll går ut på att de ska vara lojala mot både ledningen och medarbetarna befinner sig mellancheferna i en klämd position Deras position har förändrats från att tidigare ha besuttit rollen som den högre ledningens andra hand till att idag vara själva kärnan i verksamheten. De anställda ser sin närmaste chef som ett arbetsgivarombud samtidigt som ledningen ser sin underordnade chef som sin närmaste länk till personalen. Mellanchefers position kan uppfattas som utsatt då de ska förmedla ledningens budskap neråt till medarbetarna. Detta kan leda till att det existerar en osäkerhet i och med att det ställs flera krav på mellanchefer. Här kan kommunikationen i hela organisationen bli en betydande faktor för motivationsarbetet.

    Syfte: Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka mellanchefers arbetsmotivation som i dagens organisationer har en utsatt position. Vi har valt att relatera detta till verkligheten och praktiken genom att undersöka funktionschefernas roll på Länsstyrelsen i Kalmar län, ur ett mellanchefsperspektiv.

    Avgränsningar: Vi har valt att, i denna uppsats, avgränsa oss till mellanchefer och dess arbetsmotivation. Denna studie skulle kunna göras på olika typer och storlekar av organisationer och en jämförelse mellan organisationer hade varit intressant, men det täcker sig inte inom ramen av denna uppsats. Det finns även andra aspekter och faktorer som vi har valt att inte undersöka närmare som påverkar vårt problem.

    Metod: Vi har utgått ifrån ett deduktivt arbetssätt i vår uppsats och den bygger på en kvalitativ undersökning. Vi har använt oss av en enkätundersökning på samtliga funktionschefer på Länsstyrelsen i Kalmar län samt tre kvalitativa intervjuer för att få en djupare förståelse av problemet.

    Resultat: Utifrån vår fallstudie har vi fått en inblick i funktionschefernas roll på Länsstyrelsen i Kalmar län och det har visat sig att generellt sett anser de flesta funktionschefer att det finns en problematik kring deras roll och position. Det ställs otydliga krav från ledningen och förväntningar från medarbetarna kan i vissa fall vara svåra att uppfylla. De måste finna en balans mellan detta för att kunna motivera sig själva i sitt arbete och därmed sin omgivning. Genom denna studie har vi även fått en ökad förståelse för vilka motivationsfaktorer som är av störst betydelse i deras arbete. De övergripande faktorerna som bidrar till funktionschefernas arbetsmotivation är att stödja medarbetarna, vara lyhörd, målfokusering, utveckling samt att ge och få feedback. Vidare har vi sett att det finns brister i kommunikationen som är en betydande faktor för ett bra samarbete över alla nivåer i organisationen.

  • 144.
    Alaeddin, Faten
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, Baltic Business School.
    Lindblad, Frida
    University of Kalmar, Baltic Business School.
    Samuelsson, Johanna
    University of Kalmar, Baltic Business School.
    Business Process Outsourcing: Vilka faktorer är avgörande vid ett beslut?2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Outsourcing, förflyttning av funktioner till extern part som tidigare funnits i företaget, är ett fenomen som under de två senaste årtiondena har vuxit starkt i världen. Outsourcing har möjliggjort för företag att fokusera på sin kärnverksamhet och därmed erhålla konkurrensfördelar. Business Process Outsourcing är en kategori inom detta område, som innebär att företaget outsourcar hela eller delar av sin ekonomifunktion. Användandet av Business Process Outsourcing har ökat bland de svenska företagen under de senaste åren. Det finns mångtydiga förklaringar till denna framväxt, där en förklaring är att det är en trend. En annan förklarig är att lågkonjunkturen tvingar företag att hitta nya sätt att kostnadsbespara. Det har dock visats att alla initiativ till outsourcing inte blir lyckade, utan att en del företag upplever att de inte uppnått de förväntade fördelarna med outsourcingen. Vi bedömer att det finns ett behov av att kartlägga de för- och nackdelar som finns med Business Process Outsourcing för att hjälpa företag i deras beslutsprocess vid övervägande om att använda Business Process Outsourcing.

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att ur fyra olika perspektiv; företag som erbjuder Business Process Outsourcing, företag som använder Business Process Outsourcing, företag som beslutat att inte använda Business Process Outsourcing och företag som använder intern outsourcing, studera och analysera de överväganden som är aktuella i samband med Business Process Outsourcing. Syftet är även att ge vägledning och rekommendationer att beakta vid beslut om Business Process Outsourcing samt skapa en bättre förståelse för ämnet.

    Vi har valt att avgränsa vår uppsats till stora svenska företag. Vi har även valt att definiera Business Process Outsourcing som outsourcing av de funktioner som återfinns hos ett företags ekonomiavdelning, som exempelvis lönehantering, fakturering, reskontrabevakning, bokföring men även bokslut, deklaration samt hantering av skatter.

  • 145.
    Albien, Pia
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Vem tar hand om 50-talisterna: Hur 4 personer födda på 1950-talet funderar på framtiden som pensionär2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här undersökningen var att få en inblick i hur fyra personer som är födda på 1950-talet funderar över framtiden som pensionär. Min rubrik ”Vem tar hand om 50-talisten?” är en fundering över hur det kan komma att bli för 50-talisten som pensionär. Det är ett nytt pensionssystem som har trätt i kraft och de flesta som är födda på 1950-talet kommer att få sin pension utifrån det. Samhällsutvecklingen förändras och inom socialförsäkringssystemet görs stora ekonomiska omfördelningar och besparingar. I min undersökning har jag intervjuat fyra personer som är födda på 1950-talet. Jag har också intervjuat barn till dessa personer. 50-talisterna är huvudgruppen, men eftersom min undersökning handlar om generationsboende och omhändertagande så ville jag även ha med några av barnen.

    Undersökningen har väckt en del tankar. Mina respondenter värnar om sin individualitet och de har gjort sina livsstilsval som de har svårt att tänka sig förändra. 50-talisterna är övertygade om att det kommer att bli förändringar när de går i pension, men de verkar inte vilja släppa den livsstil de har valt. Min tolkning av undersökningen är att den yngre generationen har lite lättare att kunna anpassa sig till framtidens pensionsförändringar än vad deras föräldrar har.

  • 146.
    Aldén, Anna
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Ohlson, Sten
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Påhlsson, Peter
    Rydén, I
    HPLC analysis of carbohydrate deficient transferrin isoforms isolated by the Axis-Shield %CDT method2005In: Clinica chimica acta, Vol. 356 (1-2), p. 143-146Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 147. Aldén, Anna
    et al.
    Persson, Anna
    Christensson, Kerstin
    Holmqvist, Olov
    Ohlson, Sten
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Porcine platelet lysate as a supplement for animal cell culture2007In: Cytotechnology (Dordrecht), ISSN 0920-9069, E-ISSN 1573-0778, Vol. 55, p. 3-8Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 148. Alexander, C
    et al.
    Andersson, Håkan S.
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Andersson, L I
    Ansell, R I
    Kirsch, Nicole
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Nicholls, Ian A.
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    O'Mahony, John
    Whitcombe, M J
    Molecular imprinting science and technology: a survey of the literature for the years up to and including 20032006In: Journal of molecular recognition, Vol. 19, no 2, p. 106-180Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 149.
    Alfredsson, Hanna
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences. University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Prey selection of European eel (Anguilla anguilla) larvae in the Sargasso Sea: a molecular approach.2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The European eel (Anguilla anguilla) migrates to the Sargasso Sea to spawn. Even though the biology of A. anguilla leptocephali in the Sargasso Sea has been studied for several decades, information regarding their diet has remained unknown until now. Previous dietary studies concerning other species of leptocephali in the Pacific Ocean have been limited to the recognition of identifiable prey remains amongst gut contents. Hence, in this study a molecular approach relying on the detection of prey DNA amongst gut contents was used to study dietary profiles of A. anguilla leptocephali in the Sargasso Sea.

     

    Leptocephali were collected during the circumglobal Galathea 3 expedition in spring 2007 to the Sargasso Sea. DNA extracted from gut contents were PCR amplified using universal primers targeting the nuclear 18S rRNA gene. In order to separate eel amplicons from prey amplicons, PCR products were analyzed by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE). Furthermore, clone libraries were constructed using universal primers targeting a portion of the 18S rRNA and mitochondrial COI gene, respectively. In total, the gut contents of 78 leptocephali were screened by DGGE.

     

    A diverse array of eukaryotic taxa was identified, hence demonstrating the applicability of a universal PCR- DGGE approach to study gut contents of leptocephali. The results presented here show, for the first time, that young stages of A. anguilla leptocephali feed on a large variety of zooplankton of which many were gelatinous (e.g. Hydrozoa, Thaliacea and Ctenophora). Several of the identified taxa also constitute important parts of the Sargasso Sea zooplankton community and are of size ranges (adult or larval stages) that made them reasonable as leptocephali prey.

  • 150.
    Alfredsson, Malin
    et al.
    University of Kalmar. University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Carlsson, Hanna
    University of Kalmar. University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Föräldrars upplevelser och copingstrategier i samband med att deras barn har drabbats av cancer2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Varje år insjuknar ca 300 barn i cancer och cancern ger upphov till tjugo procent av alla dödsfall bland barn. Orsaken till cancer hos barn och ungdomar är okänd. För föräldrarna blir det ett hot om att mista sitt barn när de blir varse informationen. Föräldrarna upplever en genomgripande förändring i sina liv, med förlust av kontroll och allt blir kaos. Syfte: Att belysa föräldrars upplevelser och copingstrategier i samband med att deras barn har drabbats av cancer. Metod: Systematisk litteraturstudie med elva inkluderade artiklar. Resultat: Resultatet bildade tre teman; känslor, kommunikation och copingstrategier. Föräldrarna beskrev ett flertal olika känslor i samband med barnets sjukdom, såsom oro och skuld. Kommunikation och information från sjukvårdspersonal var av stor betydelse för föräldrarnas välbefinnande. För att hantera situationen använde sig föräldrarna av olika strategier, såsom att söka stöd och att söka existentiellt svar. Slutsats: Det är viktigt för sjukvårdspersonal att ha kunskap om olika reaktionssätt hos föräldrar till barn som har drabbats av cancer. Detta för att lättare kunna behandla föräldrarna med respekt oavsett hur de valt att hantera situationen.

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