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  • 101.
    Akeab, Imad
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering.
    High frequency scattering and spectral methods2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis consists of five parts. The first part is an introduction with references to some recent work on 2D electromagnetic scattering problems at high frequencies. It also presents the basic integral equation types for impenetrable objects and the standard elements of the method of moments. An overview of frequency modulated radar at low frequencies is followed by summaries of the papers.

    Paper I presents an accurate implementation of the method of moments for a perfectly conducting cylinder. A scaling for the rapid variation of the solution improves accuracy. At high frequencies, the method of moments leads to a large dense system of equations. Sparsity in this system is obtained by the modification of the path in the integral equation. The modified path reduces the accuracy in the deep shadow.

    In paper II, a hybrid method is used to handle the standing waves that are prominent in the shadow for the cylindrical TE case. The shadow region is treated separately, in a hybrid scheme based on a priori knowledge about the solution. An accurate method to combine solutions in this hybrid scheme is presented.

    In paper III, the surface current in the shadow zone of a convex or a concave scatterer is approximated by extracting the dominant waves. An accurate technique based on the symmetric discrete Fourier transform is used to extract the complex wavenumbers and amplitudes for those waves. The dominant waves constitute a concise form of scaling that is used to improve the performance of the method of moments. The effect of surface curvature on the dominant waves has been investigated in this work.

    In paper IV, frequency modulated continuous wave radar (FMCW) at low frequency is studied as a way to locate targets that are normally not detected by conventional radar. Three separate platforms with isotropic antennas are used for this purpose. The trilateration method is a way to locate the targets accurately by means of spectral techniques.

    The problem of ghost targets has been studied for monostatic and multistatic radar. In the case of confluent echoes in the spectra, potentially missing echoes are reinserted in order to locate all targets. The Capon method is used to obtain high resolution spectra and thus reduce the confluence problem. The need for bandwidth is also reduced.

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    Imad Akeab, Doctoral Thesis (Kappa)
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  • 102.
    Akhtar, Asim
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Computer Science, Physics and Mathematics.
    Alahi, Hassan Mateen
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Computer Science, Physics and Mathematics.
    Sehnan, Moeed
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Computer Science, Physics and Mathematics.
    Simulation of Phased Arrays with Rectangular Microstrip Patches on Photonic Crystal Substrates2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis describes the investigation of photonic crystals as a substrate in microstrip phased array antennas. Alumina with a relative dielectric constant of 9.6 is used as substrate to obtain miniaturization of the components in the high-frequency range. The proposed design consists of four rectangular patches in a linear array conguration operating at 12 GHz. The antenna elements are excited by a microstrip feed line using the inset feeding technique for perfect impedance matching. A beam steering of 20o is achieved using a switched line phase shifter. Antenna parameters, including impedance matching, bandwidth, gain, directivity and the S parameters of the proposed array antenna are obtained. The simulation results are obtained with the Advanced Design System (ADS) simulator.

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    Thesis Report
  • 103.
    Akkasli, Cem
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Mathematics and Systems Engineering.
    Methods for Path loss Prediction2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Large scale path loss modeling plays a fundamental role in designing both fixed and mobile radio systems. Predicting the radio coverage area of a system is not done in a standard manner. Wireless systems are expensive systems. Therefore, before setting up a system one has to choose a proper method depending on the channel environment, frequency band and the desired radio coverage range. Path loss prediction plays a crucial role in link budget analysis and in the cell coverage prediction of mobile radio systems. Especially in urban areas, increasing numbers of subscribers brings forth the need for more base stations and channels. To obtain high efficiency from the frequency reuse concept in modern cellular systems one has to eliminate the interference at the cell boundaries. Determining the cell size properly is done by using an accurate path loss prediction method. Starting from the radio propagation phenomena and basic path loss models this thesis aims at describing various accurate path loss prediction methods used both in rural and urban environments. The Walfisch-Bertoni and Hata models, which are both used for UHF propagation in urban areas, were chosen for a detailed comparison. The comparison shows that the Walfisch-Bertoni model, which involves more parameters, agrees with the Hata model for the overall path loss.

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  • 104. Aksimsek, Sinan
    et al.
    Cinar, Gökhan
    Nilsson, Börje
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Computer Science, Physics and Mathematics.
    Nordebo, Sven
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Computer Science, Physics and Mathematics.
    TEM wave propagation in a coaxial cable with a step discontinuity on the outer wall2012Report (Other academic)
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  • 105. Aksimsek, Sinan
    et al.
    Cinar, Gökhan
    Nilsson, Börje
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mathematics.
    Nordebo, Sven
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering.
    TEM wave scattering by a step discontinuity on the outer wall of a coaxial waveguide2013In: IEEE transactions on microwave theory and techniques, ISSN 0018-9480, E-ISSN 1557-9670, Vol. 61, no 8, p. 2783-2791Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, the propagation of TEM waves along a coaxial waveguide with a step discontinuity on its outer wall is investigated rigorously by applying the direct Fourier transform and reducing the problem into the solution of a modified Wiener–Hopf equation. The solution for the field terms are determined in terms of an infinite number of unknown coefficients, which satisfy an infinite set of linear algebraic equations. These equations are solved numerically and the effect of area ratio is presented graphically at the end of the analysis. The same problem is also analyzed by applying the mode-matching technique and the results of the two approaches are compared. It is observed numerically that the Wiener–Hopf technique provides a better convergence than the mode-matching technique.

  • 106.
    Akter, Shaheda T.
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Bader, Thomas K.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Enquist, Bertil
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Failure envelope for interaction of stresses perpendicular to the grain with rolling shear stress in wood2018In: 6th European Conference on Computational Mechanics (ECCM 6), 7th European Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics (ECFD 7), 11 – 15 June 2018, Glasgow, UK, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The orthotropic material property in combination with ductility in compression, brittleness in shear and tension, very low shear modulus in radial-tangential (RT) plane etc. requires anisotropic stress failure criteria, as well as their evolution with increasing strains. Three- dimensional failure criteria have been proposed for this purpose, but their validation in the RT plane with interaction of rolling shear stresses has attracted less attention. Corresponding stress interactions are however important for modelling of engineered wood-based products under compression perpendicular to the grain when taking into account influence of the annual ring structure.

    The work aims at defining failure envelopes for stresses perpendicular to the grain with rolling shear stress interaction based on experimental investigations performed on Norway spruce. The experimental set-up was realized in a biaxial testing frame and consisted of stiff steel plates to transfer load from the testing machine to wood specimen. Mechanical grips prevented rotation and uplifting of the specimen in case of pure shear and tensile loading, respectively. In addition to conventional linear variable differential transformers, a digital image correlation system was used to measure strain fields on the surface of wood specimens and steel plates. Measurements of dog-bone shaped specimens were carried out along different stress interaction paths by displacement controlled loading.

    The experimental dataset was then compared with commonly used phenomenological failure criteria, namely Tsai-Hill, Tsai-Wu [1], Norris [2] and Hoffman, as well as with regression equations from previous works [3].Experiments revealed that the stress-strain relationship under compression, shear, and biaxial loading differs in radial and tangential directions. None of the three-dimensional stress failure criteria provided good prediction of experiments under compression and rolling shear, but experimental data was closer to the regression equation proposed in [3].

  • 107.
    Akter, Shaheda T.
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Bader, Thomas K.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Serrano, Erik
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Modeling of wood under combination of normal stresses with rolling shear stress2019In: Presented at CompWood 2019 - International Conference on Computational Methods in Wood Mechanics - from material properties to Timber Structures, Växjö, Sweden, June 17-19, 2019, Växjö, Sweden, 2019Conference paper (Refereed)
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    Abstract
  • 108.
    Akter, Shaheda T.
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Bader, Thomas K.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Serrano, Erik
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Modelling of wood under compression perpendicular to the grain with rolling shear in cross-laminated timber2019In: Presented at COMPLAS 2019 - XV International Conference on Computational Plasticity: Fundamentals and Applications, Barcelona, Spain, September 3-5, 2019, Barcelona, Spain: European Community on Computional Methods in Applied Sciences (ECCOMAS), 2019Conference paper (Refereed)
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    Abstract
  • 109.
    Akter, Shaheda T.
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building and Energy Technology.
    Khani, Mohammad
    Characterisation of laminated glass for structural applications2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Laminated glass (LG) consists of two or more glass layers bonded by an elasto-polymeric layer, the most commonly used being PVB (Polyvinyl Butyral). LG has improved safety properties compared with single layer glass because the interlayer prevents large sharp pieces from spreading when the glass is broken by impact. Even if one of the layers breaks, the other layer(s) still contribute in carrying the load. Through proper understanding of the interaction between the interlayer and the glass LG could be used in engineering as a load bearing material to a larger extent. This study aims at gaining a deeper knowledge of the behaviour of laminated glass by experimental investigations and by numerical model simulation. To pursue the proposed study, three point bending test with simple support conditions were performed for single layer glass and laminated glass units with three different types of interlayer materials. Corresponding finite element numerical models were created in the software ABAQUS to fit the model with experiment to obtain the bending stiffness and shear stiffness of the interlayer material. The PVB tested showed viscos-elastic material properties, whereas other two interlayer materials, Solutia DG 41 and Sentry Glass, showed linear elastic properties. PVB is the least stiff interlayer material among the three types. Solutia DG 41 and Sentry Glass have similar stiffness, about 13 to 15 times stiffer than the PVB. The behaviour of laminated glass lies in general between the two limits of a layered glass unit with no interaction and a monolithic unit of the same total thickness, depending on the stiffness of the interlayer material. Failure tests of the specimens were also carried out. The obtained strength of glass from four specimens is 80 MPa to 92 MPa with a variation of about 15%. The number of more performed experiments would have better outcome for strength of glass. The bending stiffness of the laminated glass as estimated with the numerical model fitted well with the experimental results with an error of about 2%. Hence the experimentally and numerically obtained results show a good correlation and are thought be possible to use in future larger scale modelling.

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  • 110.
    Al Haddad, Aiham Emil
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Wind-induced Vibration Control of Tall Timber Buildings: Improving the dynamic response of a 22-storey timber building 2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Plans for construction of the tallest residential timber building has driven the Technical Research Institute of Sweden (SP), Linnaeus University, Växjö and more than ten interested companies to determine an appropriate design for the structure. This thesis presents a part of ongoing research regarding wind-induced vibration control to meet serviceability limit state (SLS) requirements. A parametric study was conducted on a 22-storey timber building with a CLT shear wall system utilizing mass, stiffness and damping as the main parameters in the dynamic domain. Results were assessed according to the Swedish Annex EKS 10 and Eurocode against ISO 10137 and ISO 6897 requirements. Increasing mass, stiffness and/or damping has a favorable impact. Combination scenarios present potential solutions for suppressing wind-induced vibrations as a result of higher efficiency in low-increased levels of mass and damping.

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  • 111.
    Al Jaafar, Jaafar
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Technology and Design.
    Projektering av platsbyggd villa2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract (in English)

    "This thesis work is a design project of an on-site construcktions. The issue addressed by the project was how to

    devise and design an detached house

    I have examined which architecture-drawings, construcktion-drawings and static calculations are needed to

    produce an on-site construcktions detached house.

    The result is presented in the finished drawings for the construction documents, which show a one-storey

    detached house with an attractive/accessible construction plan. It uses the combination of a strong style of

    architecture and a clear influence of functional design. This is clarified by the bench ceilings, and the facade,

    which is partly laying panel, partly white trimmed.

    Size: 153 square meters

    Number of rooms: 6, where of 3 are bedrooms."

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  • 112.
    Al Jaafar, Jaafar
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Technology and Design.
    Projektering av platsbyggd villa2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract (in English)

    "This thesis work is a design project of an on-site construcktions. The issue addressed by the project was how to

    devise and design an detached house

    I have examined which architecture-drawings, construcktion-drawings and static calculations are needed to

    produce an on-site construcktions detached house.

    The result is presented in the finished drawings for the construction documents, which show a one-storey

    detached house with an attractive/accessible construction plan. It uses the combination of a strong style of

    architecture and a clear influence of functional design. This is clarified by the bench ceilings, and the facade,

    which is partly laying panel, partly white trimmed.

    Size: 153 square meters

    Number of rooms: 6, where of 3 are bedrooms."

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 113.
    Al Kamsie, Samer
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Klevsäter, Lars-Peter
    Titanic: Ur ett modernt försäkringsperspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Maritime insurance is a collective name for a multiple insurances a shipping company must have in order to conduct maritime operations. The two most common ones that affect the ship itself and its operation are Kasko and P&I. Using the RMS TITANIC case, the study intends to determine whether the policyholder of the vessel is entitled to insurance compensation or not according to modern Swedish maritime insurance. The study looks more closely at how insurance companies apply the terms for identification and what differentiates negligence from gross negligence, in order to determine whether compensation should be paid to the owner of RMS TITANIC. The study uses a qualitative method with semi-structured interviews and literature study. The result shows that Swedish insurance companies apply identification to a small extent, which allows insurance coverage for shipowners not to be affected if a crew acts carelessly on board, but the same does not apply if the act was grossly negligent. This means that the policyholder of RMS TITANIC is entitled to compensation according to modern maritime insurance.

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  • 114.
    Al Kaysee, Ahmed
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Wronski, Marek
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Dynamic Substructuring of an A600 Wind Turbine2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A

    limited and extendable master thesis is representing the first step in the experimental substructuring of an A600 wind turbine. Additional masses have been designed, manufactured and added to the sub components for the laboratory experimental tests. Further preparations for dynamic experimental tests have been described and implemented. Vibrational tests of a modified wind turbine blade have been made using the Leuven Measurements System (LMS) for excitations and data acquisition purposes. The theory of frequency response function based substructuring applied on the wind turbine blade model is demonstrated. The theory and an example of a Matlab coded spring-mass system, an experimental model of a wind turbine blade and FRFs stemming from measurements are reported.

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  • 115.
    Alabbasi, Sateh
    et al.
    Qatar University, Qatar.
    Hussein, Mohammed
    Qatar University, Qatar.
    Abdeljaber, Osama
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Avci, Onur
    University of Leeds, UK.
    A numerical and experimental investigation of a special type of floating-slab tracks2020In: Engineering structures, ISSN 0141-0296, E-ISSN 1873-7323, Vol. 215, article id 110734Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Floating-Slab Tracks (FST) are predominantly used for mitigating railway-induced vibrations where the concrete slab is mounted on soft resilient bearings to provide vibration isolation. This paper presents a research study on the dynamic behavior of a special type of FST used in the recently built subway system in Doha, Qatar. The special FST has a continuous concrete slab with periodic grooves. Therefore, the track can be modeled as a periodic structure with a slab unit having two elements with different cross-sections. Extensive numerical and experimental investigations were conducted on a multi-unit full-scale mockup track representing the special FST. A fast running model based on the Dynamic Stiffness Method was developed and examined, in an initial numerical exercise, against a detailed Finite Element model for a track with a finite length. In the experimental campaign, a test was performed with an impact hammer to identify the actual vibration response of the mockup track. Results from the experimental investigations were then used for model updating of the fast running model. The model updating process was carried out according to an automated hybrid optimization approach that combines genetic algorithms with a local search method. Finally, the updated model was extended to an infinite model to investigate the influence of varying grooves thickness on the dynamic behavior of the special track with infinite length for both bending and torsion scenarios. The investigations suggested that reducing the thickness below 50% of the full thickness of the slab significantly affects the dynamic behavior of the special FST.

  • 116.
    Alagbada, Adefemi Samuel
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Thermo-Mechanical Fatigue Assessment of Marine Boiler: Using linear Finite Element Analyses2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is on fatigue crack growth assessments of a thermomechanical loaded Marine Boiler- Sunrod CPDB12. The installation position of the marine boiler in the ship in relation to its fatigue life under mode 1 loading is investigated. Thermomechanical loading embodies pressures, temperatures, RAO, subjected to the rigid body dynamic of ship in the marine environment.

     

    Linear elastic fracture mechanics (LEFM) method was used is predicting the growth rates of the welding flaws at the joint based on stress range of the Paris law relationship. FEA Numerical simulation delivered better crack growth rate assessments and life predictions of the smallest detectable flaws in the boiler.

     

    The identified smallest detestable flaws at the welding joint diminishing the designed safe life of the boiler significantly.  Also, installation position within the ship do affect the fatigue life of the boiler.

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  • 117.
    Alajbegovic, Faruk
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building and Energy Technology.
    Imsirovic, Alen
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building and Energy Technology.
    Uppföljning av energiprestanda samt boendes upplevelser av Portvakten Söder: Energy Monitoring and residents' perceptions of Portvakten Söder2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Portvakten Söder i Växjö, med sina två huskroppar och 64 lägenheter är de högsta passivhusen i Sverige med en trästomme. En energiuppföljning görs för år 2012. Skillnader kring projekterat och uppmätt värde behandlas och klargörs. Granskning av funktionalitet och värmeåtervinningsmängd av avloppsvärmeväxlaren utreds. Ett frågeformulär har skickats ut och sammanställts, där hyresgästerna delar med sig av sina upplevelser utav Portvakten Söder.

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  • 118. Ala-Juusela, M.
    et al.
    Paiho, S.
    Tommerup, H.
    Svendsen, S.
    Mahapatra, Krushna
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik och hållbar utveckling.
    Gustavsson, Leif
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik och hållbar utveckling.
    Haavik, T.
    Aabrekk, S.
    Successful sustainable renovation business for single-family houses2010In: SB10, Sustainable Community, Espoo, Finland, September 22-24, 2010, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 119.
    Alam, Md. Ariful
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering.
    Mobile Network Planning and KPI Improvement2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this project, coverage planning in GSM networks as well as capacity and frequency planning has been studied. Various signal interruptions and the necessary steps to remove those interruptions in order to maintain signal quality in mobile communication have been studied. Precautions that should be taken for reducing the effects of interruptions have also been discussed. A drive test has been performed as a part of the improvement process. Guidelines for key performance indicators (KPI) pave the way for radio network quality, coverage and the smooth functioning of the GSM system.

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    DFM degree Master Thesis
  • 120.
    Al-anbagi, Ali
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Khalil, Dani
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Utformning avlandningsbanors överbyggnad med hänsyn till slitlagrets bärförmåga2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    n this study, the design of the runway structure of the runways is studied in order tocompare different material compositions in the pavement. This is done with the helpof a survey, the program FAARFIELD and peer reviewed studies. Generally, thereare two different types of road structures in an airfield, rigid and flexible (concreteand asphalt). The result obtained shows the difference between the differentdimensions and the material content of the different types of road structures, whenthey are loaded with either heavy or light aircraft models. These results are based ona design period that has been selected for 20 years. In contrast, the stiffness of theconcrete was much higher than the asphalt stiffness, which means that it is better touse concrete in large commercial airports. According to the CDF diagram (thediagram showing whether the structural design conditions are met), the damagecaused by the aircraft is approximately at the same location on the runway for bothsuperstructures, it also means that flexible superstructure maintenance needs to bedone more often, compared to rigid superstructures. The fact that the asphalt has alower modulus of elasticity than the concrete is also a reason why maintenance forflexible superstructures needs to be done more often. However, when the roadstructures became heavily loaded, the total demanding thickness for the rigid roadstructure is calculated to be 760 mm and for the flexible road structure 710 mm.

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  • 121.
    Al-Ansari, Nabil
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Technology and Design.
    Te Seng, Meng
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Technology and Design.
    Studentbostäder i trä med Prefab-teknik2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Results of this thesis was the creation of two designed house variants with a module to

    all the apartments. In addition till the first module there are three other modules of

    apartments that can be put in the houses if it so needs. The house are volume prefabricated

    and are placed on site in a way that it create an enclosure of the area which faces against the

    nature and car parks also lies hidden behind these houses.

    For the actual structure, a cross beam was created to carry the floor above and it is support

    by all four walls. The structure between the first and the second floor has no "syll" but

    instead there are two differently alternative to linking the floors in order so that it will not

    move. The reason with this solution was that there will not be any subsidence when the

    forces from above are pressed down ward. The forces are instead directly down to the next

    timber frame system. This can happen when the real estate's owner might want to build

    more floors on the house than the present two floors house when there is no land to build

    and spaces are needed in the future.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 122.
    Alazzawi, Muntaha
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Trust in Customer–Supplier relationships2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The competitive market of today is characterized by globalization, because of that organizations increased demands from customers on the services as well as on product. In other word, the customer is focusing on buying the service in same way as they buy products. For that the trust in relationships is considered as an important and effective factor when the business to business partners want to achieve growth profitability, and long term time. In order to reach high trust in relationships between customers and suppliers, ability to measure trust in relationships and to improve it is important. One to know how to be able to follow up the trust in the relationships between customers and suppliers, maintain and develop relationships for as long as possible in order to reach the company's goals. The first step in the project was data collection via an email survey and by direct contact with those companies by phone. Then the data was used to make an analysis by comports the results with pervious theories. The analysis enabled to identify the different types of factors which makes the trust in relationships more strong and stable .In the last chapters results are discussed and it was found that the each company has its own way to follow up the relationships to maintain the trust in relationships for longer  time to a achieve their goals and profit. The conclusions are each company have different way of measuring and regardless of which indicators are used for measuring the trust in relationships between the customer and service supplier, they must be  linked directly to the organization's  goals to maintain and  continuity relationships for as long as possible in order to reach the company's goals. The effective trust is important factor which lead to the partners feeling they belong to each other’s which the relationships between them  take a partner form which lead to long term time and profitable relationships and strong trust in relationships.

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  • 123.
    Albano, Michele
    et al.
    CISTER, ISEP, Polytechnic Institute of Porto, Portugal.
    Sharma, Pankaj
    National University of Singapore, Singapore.
    Campos, Jaime
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Jantunen, Erkki
    VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd, Finland.
    Energy Saving by Blockchaining Maintenance.2018In: Journal of Industrial Engineering and Management Science, ISSN 2446-1822, Vol. 2018, no 1, p. 63-88, article id 4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The development and interest in Industry 4.0 together with rapid development of Cyber Physical Systems has created magnificent opportunities to develop maintenance to a totally new level. The Maintenance 4.0 vision considers massive exploitation of information regarding factories and machines to improve maintenance efficiency and efficacy, for example by facilitating logistics of spare parts, but on the other hand this creates other logistics issues on the data itself, which only exacerbate data management issues that emerge when distributed maintenance platforms scale up. In fact, factories can be delocalized with respect to the data centers, where data has to be transferred to be processed. Moreover, any transaction needs communication, be it related to purchase of spare parts, sales contract, and decisions making in general, and it has to be verified by remote parties. Keeping in mind the current average level of Overall Equipment Efficiency (50%) i.e. there is a hidden factory behind every factory, the potential is huge. It is expected that most of this potential can be realised based on the use of the above named technologies, and relying on a new approach called blockchain technology, the latter aimed at facilitating data and transactions management. Blockchain supports logistics by a distributed ledger to record transactions in a verifiable and permanent way, thus removing the need for multiple remote parties to verify and store every transaction made, in agreement with the first “r” of maintenance (reduce, repair, reuse, recycle). Keeping in mind the total industrial influence on the consumption of natural resources, such as energy, the new technology advancements can allow for dramatic savings, and can deliver important contributions to the green economy that Europe aims for. The paper introduces the novel technologies that can support sustainability of manufacturing and industry at large, and proposes an architecture to bind together said technologies to realise the vision of Maintenance 4.0.

  • 124. Albertazz, S.
    et al.
    Basile, F.
    Brandin, Jan
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Technology and Design.
    Einvall, Jessica
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Technology and Design.
    Fornasar, G.
    Hulteberg, C.
    Sanati, M.
    Trifir, F.
    Vaccari, A.
    Pt/Rh/MgAl(O) Catalyst for the Upgrading of Biomass-Generated synthesis gases.2009In: Energy & Fuels, ISSN 0887-0624, E-ISSN 1520-5029, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 573-579Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 125. Albertazzi, Simone
    et al.
    Basile, Francesco
    Barbera, Davide
    Benito, Patricia
    Brandin, Jan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Engineering.
    Einvall, Jessica
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Engineering.
    Fornasari, Giuseppe
    Trifirò, Ferruccio
    Vaccari, Angelo
    Deactivation of a Ni-Based Reforming Catalyst During the Upgrading of the Producer Gas, from Simulated to Real Conditions2011In: Topics in catalysis, ISSN 1022-5528, E-ISSN 1572-9028, Vol. 54, no 10, p. 746-754Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The deactivation of a nickel reforming catalyst during the upgrading of the producer gas obtained by gasification of lignocellulosic biomass was studied. The research involved several steps: the selective deactivation of the catalyst in a laboratory scale; the streaming of the catalyst with the producer gas of a downdraft and an oxygen/steam circulating fluidized bed (CFB) gasifier; and tests in a reformer placed in a slipstream of the CFB gasifier. The information obtained allowed to elucidate the catalyst deactivation mechanisms taking place during the reforming of the producer gas: physical deactivation by deposition of fine ashes, aerosol particulate or carbon; poisoning by H2S and HCl present in the gas phase and thermal sintering because of the high operation temperatures required to avoid the chemical deactivation. These physical and chemical effects depended on the composition of the biomass fuel.

  • 126.
    Albertsen, Henrik
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Lindberg, Amanda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Lokalt omhändertagande av dagvatten på bostadsfastigheter2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett behov finns av att fördröja dagvatten innan det släpps på det kommunala ledningsnätet för att minska flödestopparna och undvika överbelastning. Studien avser att ta fram en förenklad metod för val och utformning av LOD-metod som är anpassad för privata fastighetsägare.

    Ett flertal LOD-anläggningar samt förutsättningar kring dessa har undersökts. Studien har gett en grundläggande information och en beräkningsgång som har förenklats, är lätt att följa och som kan anpassas efter befintliga förutsättningar och önskemål. 

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  • 127.
    Albertsson, Robin
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Hermansson, Joakim
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    LNG träningsmanual för M/T Bit Viking2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats är gjord på uppdrag av Tarbit Shipping som år 2011 konverterade sin tankbåt M/T Bit Viking från konventionell drift på tjockolja till LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas).Uppdraget som gavs var att upprätta en tränings manual till fartyget då det är ett krav från IMO (International Maritime Organization). Manualen skrevs i 3 st huvuddelar Kategori A, B och C. Kategori A är till för att manskap ombord ska få en kännedom om gasen och säkerhet runt den, Kategori B är skriven till däcksbefäl där det krävs en större kännedom om gasen och Kategori C är till för maskinbefäl. Manualen finns nu ombord på fartyget och på rederi kontoret för utbildning av nypåmönstrad personal och fortlöpande utbildning av ordinarie personal. Manualen är ett resultat på tolkning av IMO´s IGF kod (ANNEX11. RESOLUTION MSC.285(86)) där det står riktlinjer för säkerheten ombord på fartyg med maskiner som drivs på naturgas.

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  • 128.
    Al-Chaderchi, Balsam
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Abuabed, Mohammed
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Kartläggning av vattenskador- inverkan av byggsystem och aktörernas attityd2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study aims to investigate water damage that has become increasingly common in Swedish buildings. Water damage exposes humans to health risks due to a high risk for microbial growth. The purpose of the work is to discuss water damage, where water damage occurs and why, what costs do the insurance companies cover and what costs do the property owners cover. The study also examines how different actors view water damage and risks with different types of frame material. The result of the study is that the insurance companies assess all frame materials equally in terms of compensation for water damage, that is, they treat wood and concrete frames in the same way. However, the age of the building is more decisive as they make age deductions to evaluate the compensation for the respective water damage. Damage should be remedied as soon as possible, the faster the damage is rectified the less water damage spreads. The method used in the work was a qualitative method and the reliability is considered high since the results are consistent with the theoretical starting points.

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  • 129.
    Aldarwash, Mustafa
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Bajqinca, Alban
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Nybyggnation av badrum : Jämförelse mellan prefabricerat och platsbyggt ur ett ekonomiskt perspektiv2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med arbetet är att, genom en ekonomisk undersökning skapa underlag som visar vilket alternativ av produktionsmetoderna prefabricerat eller platsbyggt badrum som är att föredra vid en nybyggnation av vårdhem. 

    Resultatet visar att det platsbyggda badrummet ger en ökad totalt kostnad på 627457 kr vilket motsvarar 11,1 procent dyrare än det prefabricerade badrummet. 

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  • 130.
    Al-Darwash, Mustafa
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Nuss, Emanuel
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Mechanical characterization of DuraPulp by means of micromechanical modelling2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Södra DuraPulp is a relatively new eco-composite, made from natural wood fibers and polylactic acid (PLA), which comes from corn starch. Until now, there are only few applications for DuraPulp, mainly in the area of design. To find new fields of application, more knowledge about its mechanical material properties are of great interest.This study deals with characterizing the mechanical properties of DuraPulp in an analytical way by means of micromechanical modelling and evaluation with help of Matlab. The mechanical properties for PLA were taken from scientific literature. Not all properties of the wood fibers could be found in literature (particularly Poisson’s ratios were unavailable). Therefore, they partly had to be assumed within reasonable boundaries. These assumptions are later validated regarding their influence on the final product.Figures and tables were used to present and compare the in- and out-of-plane E-Moduli, shear moduli and Poisson’s ratios of DuraPulp. The calculated in-plane E-Moduli were then compared to those obtained from an earlier study, where DuraPulp was tested in tension. The results showed that experimental and analytical values are very similar to each other.

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  • 131.
    Aldrin, Martin
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Mathematics and Systems Engineering.
    Implementering av ett inbyggt system för automatisk styrning av en robotbil.2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis describes a project for the bachelor degree in electrical engineering at Växjö University. The purpose with this project is to construct a guidance system for a robot car, a program that prevents the car from colliding with objects when moving without external control. The robot could also be controlled from the computer through a virtual instrument implemented in Labview. The necessary hardware for steering and communicating has been constructed. The software is implemented using three different programming languages, C, Perl and Labview.

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  • 132.
    Aldén, Gustaf
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    A pilot framework for BRM training2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Human error has been a key factor in grounding- and collision incidents in the past and continues to present a challenge to the maritime industry in the present day. The feasibility of a pilot framework for Bridge Resource Management (BRM) training lies at the heart of this study, its objective being to gauge the possibility of the construction of such a model. The result is thought to open up for further research and highlight the most relevant and effective BRM tools that can be used, by the bridge team, to prevent collision and grounding. The study was carried out in two stages. Firstly, four key personnel within the shipping industry were interviewed. These respondents were tasked with prioritising what they regarded as the most effective BRM tools. Secondly, the effectiveness of these tools was tested on marine incident cases. A document analysis was carried out on six collision and grounding cases, as investigated by the Marine Accident Investigation Branch (MAIB). The majority of the respondents were in agreement regarding which three BRM tools they regarded as the most relevant and effective. The result from the interviews was repeated in the result from the document analysis.  The conclusions that were drawn are that: it is possible to construct a pilot framework for BRM training and it is also possible to measure the effectiveness of the BRM tools. Additionally, suggestions for further research that arose from this thesis pertain to the study of the relationship between different BRM tools.

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  • 133.
    Aldén, Jonathan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Pålsson, Kristian
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Robertson, Johan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Krav och kvalitetssäkring av BIM-objekt inom projektering, produktion samt förvaltning2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den ökade användningen av BIM har ändrat villkoren inom byggsektorn. Arbetet syftar till att identifiera och definiera de krav och kvalitetssäkringar av BIM-objekt som finns inom projektering, produktion samt förvaltning. Avsaknad av en gemensam standard försvårar kravställning och kvalitetssäkring av BIM-objekt vilket har lett till vissa komplikationer, främst vid konvertering mellan olika programvaror.

    BIM är med sin potential med största sannolikhet en stor del av byggsektorns framtid. För att kunna ta nästa steg i utvecklingen måste en gemensam standard gällande krav och kvalitetssäkring utarbetas.

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  • 134.
    Alegrim, Georg
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Anaje, Alexander
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Värmeåtervinning av luft i kycklingstallar: Återanvändning av energin i frånluften för luftförvärmning2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The consumption of chicken per inhabitant have increased in Sweden the last couple of years and today 23,2 kg is consumed per inhabitant and year. Because of this rise of Swedish chicken consumption, the awareness of investing in climate-smart alternatives have increased by the companies. The companies are decreasing the energy required during production, which ultimately leads to a reduced heating cost.

    The animal stall is heated by a boiler where water-based heating elements are providing the animal stall with heat along the walls. 

    It has been considered problematic to heat up the animal stall by reintroducing the air from inside the stall due to the fact that this air often is too dusty, which contributes to blockage of filters and ducts. There are a number of different heat exchangers that can handle this kind of dust and particles today. 

    Two different heat exchangers will be compared, a recuperative plate heat exchanger and a regenerative rotary heat exchanger.

    The animal stall must keep a low CO2 value and it is important to keep the chickens bedding dry by a low humidity inside the stall.

    The study shows that the total heat for one breeding round, which today is approximately 48,2MWh, which equals a saving by using an air heat exchanger of 24,8MWh. The result of the comparison of the two heat exchangers has shown that the regenerative (rotary) heat exchanger reintroduces moisture in the stall, which the recuperative (plate heat exchanger) does not. The follow up for this study was 34 days, from the chickens’ birth to the slaughter. During day 28-30 the animal stall becomes self-sufficient considering heat, which means that the heat exchanger could generate the heat required for the facility without the use of the stalls chip boiler.

    The study is implemented with a calculated volume flow due to a short outlet channel on the system, this can lead to a risk of a minor faulty value.

    Regard to the humidity in the stall, it is preferable to use a plate heat exchanger as the rotating heat exchanger precipitates water of 3 grams/kg of dry air.

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  • 135.
    Aleksakhin, Vladyslav
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Computer Science, Physics and Mathematics.
    Visualization of gene ontology and cluster analysis results2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the thesis is to develop a new visualization method for Gene Ontologiesand hierarchical clustering. These are both important tools in biology andmedicine to study high-throughput data such as transcriptomics and metabolomicsdata. Enrichment of ontology terms in the data is used to identify statistically overrepresentedontology terms, that give insight into relevant biological processes orfunctional modules. Hierarchical clustering is a standard method to analyze andvisualize data to nd relatively homogeneous clusters of experimental data points.Both methods support the analysis of the same data set, but are usually consideredindependently. However, often a combined view such as: visualizing a large data setin the context of an ontology under consideration of a clustering of the data.The result of the current work is a user-friendly program that combines twodi erent views for analysing Gene Ontology and Cluster simultaneously. To makeexplorations of such a big data possible we developed new visualization approach.

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  • 136.
    Alfredsen, Gry
    et al.
    Norwegian Forest and Landscape Institute, Norway.
    Bader, Thomas K.
    Vienna University of Technology, Austria.
    Dibdiakova, Janka
    Norwegian Forest and Landscape Institute, Norway.
    Filbakk, Tore
    Norwegian Forest and Landscape Institute, Norway.
    Bollmus, Susanne
    Georg-August-University of Göttingen, Germany.
    Hofstetter, Karin
    Vienna University of Technology, Austria.
    Thermogravimetric analysis for wood decay characterisation2012In: European Journal of Wood and Wood Products, ISSN 0018-3768, E-ISSN 1436-736X, Vol. 70, no 4, p. 527-530Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper focuses on the use of thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) as a fast method for estimating the change of lignocellulosic materials during fungal degradation in laboratory trials. Traditionally, evaluations of durability tests are based on mass loss. However, to gain more knowledge of the reasons for differences in durability and strength between wooden materials, information on the chemical changes is needed. Pinus sylvestris sapwood was incubated with the brown rot fungusGloeophyllum trabeum and the white rot fungus Trametes versicolor. The TGA approach used was found to be reproducible between laboratories. The TGA method did not prove useful for wood deteriorated by white rot, but the TGA showed to be a convenient tool for fast estimation of lignocellulosic components both in sound wood and wood decayed by brown rot.

  • 137.
    Algabroun, Hatem
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Dynamic sampling rate algorithm (DSRA) implemented in self-adaptive software architecture: a way to reduce the energy consumption of wireless sensors through event-based sampling2020In: Microsystem Technologies: Micro- and Nanosystems Information Storage and Processing Systems, ISSN 0946-7076, E-ISSN 1432-1858, Vol. 26, no 4, p. 1067-1074Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With the recent digitalization trends in the industry, wireless sensors are, in particular, gaining a growing interest. This is due to the possibility of being installed in inaccessible locations for wired sensors. Although great success has already been achieved in this area, energy limitation remains a major obstacle for further advances. As such, it is important to optimize the sampling with a sufficient rate to catch important information without excessive energy consumption, and one way to achieve sufficient sampling is using adaptive sampling for sensors. As software plays an important role in the techniques of adaptive sampling, a reference framework for software architecture is important in order to facilitate their design, modeling, and implementation. This study proposes a software architecture, named Rainbow, as the reference architecture, also, it develops an algorithm for adaptive sampling. The algorithm was implemented in the Rainbow architecture and tested using two datasets; the results show the proper operation of the architecture as well as the algorithm. In conclusion, the Rainbow software architecture has the potential to be used as a framework for adaptive sampling algorithms, and the developed algorithm allows adaptive sampling based on the changes in the signal.

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  • 138.
    Algabroun, Hatem
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    On the development of a maintenance approach for factory of the future implementing Industry 4.02017Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this thesis is to develop a maintenance approach that fulfills the requirements of Industry 4.0. It explores the role and importance of maintenance activities in today’s industry. Then, it develops the features and tasks required to be performed by maintenance to fulfill the demands of Industry 4.0. Finally, it develops a reference model to be used in designing maintenance system for Industry 4.0. To perform these studies, real data were collected and applied as well as a typical scenario was implemented.

    The results achieved in the papers of this thesis are 1) a mathematical representation and application of a model that identifies, analyses and prioritizes economic weakness in working areas related to production, 2) a model that analyses, identifies and prioritizes failures that impact the competitive advantages and profitability of companies, 3) characterization of a suitable maintenance technique for Industry 4.0 and 4) a reference model i.e. a framework, that could be utilized to develop a maintenance approach for Industry 4.0.

    The conclusion of this thesis confirms that maintenance has a significant impact on companies’ competitive advantages, other working areas and profitability. To achieve a suitable maintenance technique for Industry 4.0, this technique must be able to monitor, diagnose, prognosis, schedule, assist in execution and present the relevant information. In order to perform these tasks several features must be acquired, the most important features are to be: digitized, automated, intelligent, able to communicate with other systems for data gathering and monitoring, openness, detect deviation in the condition at an early stage, cost- effective, flexible for adding new CM techniques, provide accurate decisions and scalable. The developed framework could be used as a base to design a maintenance system for Industry 4.0. This study contributes to our understanding of the maintenance importance in today’s industry and how to develop a maintenance approach for Industry 4.0.

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  • 139.
    Algabroun, Hatem
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Al-Najjar, Basim
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Ingwald, Anders
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering. Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering.
    Assessment of the impact of maintenance integration within a plant using MFD: A case study2019In: Asset Intelligence through Integration and Interoperability and Contemporary Vibration Engineering Technologies: Proceedings of the 12th World Congress on Engineering Asset Management and the 13th International Conference on Vibration Engineering and Technology of Machinery / [ed] Joseph MathewC.W. LimLin MaDon SandsMichael E. CholettePietro Borghesani, Springer, 2019, p. 61-71Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the recent decades the recognition of maintenance as an effective part of the company competitiveness has grown. In order to enhance maintenance performance and its positive impact, integration with the rest of the plant activities should be planned and performed. In this study, Maintenance Function Deployment model was applied on a real data of a case company. The model was used to analyse the company’s production with respect to the business and economic variables. This was done first through finding loss causes of the strategic goals of the case company, then breaking down these causes and their costs into their root causes. Based on economic estimations, the results show that the major root causes behind losses are insufficient training of personnel and lack of maintenance integration. It is concluded that properly considering the integration of maintenance within the company’s activities, reduces loss and improves the company’s performance. Also, that applying MFD eases the identification of the root-causes behind losses as well as quantifying and prioritizing the economic losses. © Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019.

  • 140.
    Algabroun, Hatem
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Iftikhar, Muhammad Usman
    Al-Najjar, Basim
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Weyns, Danny
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of computer science and media technology (CM).
    Maintenance 4.0 Framework using Self: Adaptive Software Architecture2018In: Journal of Maintenance Engineering, Vol. 2, p. 280-293Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With the recent advances of manufacturing technologies, referred to as Industry 4.0, maintenance approaches have to be developed to fulfill the new de-mands. The technological complexity associated to Industry 4.0 makes designing maintenance solutions particularly challenging. This paper proposes a novel maintenance framework leveraging principles from self-adaptation and software architecture. The framework was tested in an operational scenario where a bearing condition in an electrical motor needs to be managed, the results showed a proper operation. As a conclusion, the proposed framework could be used to develop maintenance systems for Industry 4.0.

  • 141.
    Algabroun, Hatem
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Iftikhar, Muhammad Usman
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of computer science and media technology (CM).
    Al-Najjar, Basim
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Weyns, Danny
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of computer science and media technology (CM). Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium.
    Maintenance 4.0 Framework Using Self-Adaptive Software Architecture2017In: Proceedings of 2nd International Conference on Maintenance Engineering, IncoME-II 2017.The University of Manchester, UK, The University of Manchester, UK , 2017, , p. 299-309Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With the recent advances of manufacturing technologies, referred to as Industry 4.0, maintenance approaches have to be developed to fulfill the new de-mands. The technological complexity associated to Industry 4.0 makes designing maintenance solutions particularly challenging. This paper proposes a novel maintenance framework leveraging principles from self-adaptation and software architecture. The framework was tested in an operational scenario where a bearing condition in an electrical motor needs to be managed, the results showed a proper operation. As a conclusion, the proposed framework could be used to develop maintenance systems for Industry 4.0.

  • 142.
    Algö, Magnus
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Sjöstig, Urban
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    HT-VATTEN: En källa till energibesparing2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 143.
    Al-Hamed, Heba
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Technology and Design.
    Qiu, Xiaojin
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Technology and Design.
    A Model for Assessing Cost Effectiveness of Applying Lean Tools2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to develop a model for assessing cost effectiveness of applying lean tools. The

    model consists of eight phases: it starts by understanding customers' requirements using Voice of Customer

    (VOC) and Quality Function Deployment (QFD) tools. In phase 2, the current state of plant is assessed

    using lean profile charts based on Balanced Scorecard (BSC) measures. In phase 3 and phase 4,

    identification of critical problem(s) and generating of improvement suggestion(s) are performed. Phase 5

    provide evaluation of the cost effectiveness of implementing the suggested lean methods based on life cycle

    cost analysis (LCCA) and phase 6 prefers the right alternative based on multiple criteria decision making

    (MCDM). In phase 7 the selected alternative is supposed to be implemented and finally the user should

    monitor and control the process to make sure that the improvement is going as planned. The model was

    verified successfully using a case study methodology at one Swedish sawmill called Södra Timber in

    Ramkvilla, one part of Södra group. Results obtained from the study showed that the production and human

    resources perspectives are the most critical problem areas that need to be improved. They got the lowest

    scores in the lean profile, 63% and 68%, respectively. Using value stream mapping (VSM) it was found that

    the non value added (NVA) ratios for the core and side products are 87.4% and 90.4%, respectively. Using

    the model, three improvement alternatives were suggested and evaluated using LCCA and MCDM.

    Consequently, implementing 5S got the highest score, second came redesigning the facility layout.

    However, it was estimated that 4.7 % of NVA for the side product would be reduced by redesigning the

    facility layout. The recommendations were suggested for the company to improve their performance. The

    novelty of the thesis is based on the fact that it addresses two main issues related to lean manufacturing:

    firstly, suggesting lean techniques based on assessment of lean profile that is based on BSC and QFD, and

    secondly assessing the cost effectiveness of the suggested lean methods based on LCCA and MCDM. This

    thesis provides a generalized model that enables the decision-maker to know and measure, holistically, the

    company performance with respect to customer requirements. This will enable the company to analyze the

    critical problems, suggest solutions, evaluate them and make a cost effective decision. Thus, the company

    can improve its competitiveness.

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  • 144.
    Alhameedi, Ali
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Hybrid testing procedure development: An experimental study a hybrid simulation of a steel truss element2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Hybrid simulation is a numerical and experimental structural testing technique in which the critical structural members are tested experimentally, while the rest of the structure is modeled numerically. During hybrid testing, the numerical model is updated continuously based on the output of the experimental test. In this study, a quasi-static hybrid simulation was conducted on a steel truss structure. A single truss member was considered as the physical substructure, while the remaining members were modeled using Abaqus finite element software. The communication between the physical and numerical models was established using OpenFresco as a middleware. Using this setup, the structure was loaded until the physical substructure failed due to buckling. Finally, the results of the hybrid simulation were verified numerically and experimentally.

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  • 145.
    Alhasan, Raghda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering.
    Software defined radio2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Software Defined Radio (SDR) technology is used to receive and transmit radio signals. Radio signals can be received using the SDR_sharp software that can be downloaded to a personal computer and combined with the RTL-SDR dongle hardware that is connected to the computer. This report gives a brief explanation of the SDR receiver, the supported software, and some applications that can be implemented with SDR. Moreover, it is shown how to install the SDR_sharp software and the hardware Zadig. After installation, wideband FM (WFM) reception and adjustment of RF gain and frequency error is illustrated. The reception of some national, regional and community/commercial stations that can be received in Växjö Sweden is presented.

    Keyword: Software defined radio, FM radio.

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    Software Defined Radio
  • 146.
    Al-Humadi, Rasha (current name Lisa Edisen)
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Computer Science, Physics and Mathematics.
    3D Virtual Shopping Mall: Towards Transformation of levels from 2D to 3D2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research examines the effects of using 3D virtual shopping malls and shows the user interaction and experience in this type of virtual environments. Technology developments and the use of the Internet made users to expect more services, which help to improve the user's life. Using a 3D virtual environment and adding a shopping idea to it is considered as very interesting, especially if it reflects the real world in a virtual reality that make its users attached to it. Furthermore, the possibility of having an avatar to represent themselves in computer-mediated virtual environment help users to explore the virtual environment. Another advantage is that users have the possibility to invite friends and to navigate inside a 3D Virtual-shopping mall not alone but together, which gives the user the capability to socialise inside the mall. Besides, changing of the customer's profile and chatting with friends is supported, too. Moreover, the transformation process from a two-dimensional environment to a three-dimensional environment is considered to be convenient for both, customers and mall owners.

     

    I have used phenomenology to investigate this new phenomenon. In addition the data was gathered by interviewing several participants from different educational levels as well as business owners of 3D virtual malls. The research will show the potential of using a 3D virtual shopping mall from the user's perspective as well as from the business' owners and having a 3D virtual shopping mall is not only considered entertaining, but also convenient.

     

    As a future work I recommend to interview the merchants in this research to grasp this idea completely.

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    Master thesis Rasha Al-Humadi
  • 147.
    Ali, Ayaz
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of computer science and media technology (CM).
    Analysis of key security and privacy concerns and viable solutions in Cloud computing2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Cloud Security and Privacy is the most concerned area in the development of newly advance technological domains like cloud computing, the cloud of things, the Internet of Things. However, with the growing popularity and diverse nature of these technologies, security and privacy are becoming intricate matters and affect the adoption of cloud computing. Many small and large enterprises are in conflict while migrating towards cloud technology and this is because of no proper cloud adoption policy guideline, generic solutions for system migration issues, systematic models to analyze security and privacy performance provided by different cloud models. Our proposed literature review focuses on the problems and identifies solutions in the category of security and privacy. A comprehensive analysis of various identified techniques published during 2010 – 2018 has been presented. We have reviewed 51 studies including research papers and systematic literature reviews on the factors of security and privacy. After analyzing, the papers have been classified into 5 major categories to get an appropriate solution for our required objectives of this study. This work will facilitate the researchers and as well the companies to select appropriate guideline while adopting cloud services. 

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    fulltext
  • 148.
    Ali Nima, Salwan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Mammo, Adey-Abeba
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Hasnein Tareq, Shahad
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Utveckling och utformning av nya återvinningscentralen i Häringetorp i Växjö kommun2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta examensarbete är utfört för att ge Växjö kommun ett underlag för utformning av en ny ÅVC på Häringetorp. Återvinningscentralen ska vara estetisk tilltalande för att öka trivsel för både brukare och personal. Vid utformning måste hänsyn till trafiksäkerheten tas för att undvika problem. Utformningen påverkar även sorteringskvalitén hos det sorterade avfallet, Resultatet uppnås genom att forska, granska och utreda. Utöver detta ska dessutom utformningen av återvinningscentralen påverka sorteringskvalitén på så vis att det ska vara enkelt konstruerat samt att det ska finnas en välbetänkt yta med utrymme för att sortera avfallet. 

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    fulltext
  • 149.
    Ali Qahtan, Nawar
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Donna, Sojeva
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    En alternativ mötesplats i modern arbetsmiljö2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien behandlar utformning av en tillbyggnad som länkas samman med en befintlig byggnad och en planerad byggnad. Det på uppdrag av Videum AB som planerar att bygga ett nytt kontorshotell på Videum Science Park och vill ha en interstruktur som innehåller restaurang, reception och konferensrum. Denna tillbyggnad ska bli mötesplatsen för Videums personal, hyresgäster och för allmänheten.

    Resultatet visar ritningar, illustrationer och förklaringar över interstrukturen.

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    fulltext
  • 150.
    Ali, Sharafat
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Built Environment and Energy Technology.
    Glass surface modification by aerosol technique2016Other (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Glass has been a key material for many important advnces in cilivilization.  Currently there is much scientific and technological interest to obtained flat/float glass surface that has extremely highly resistant to abrasion, anti-fingerprint, surface contamination and optical dimming. The aim of current project is to develop new routes to modify the glass surface in order to increase functionality and enhance performance in various existing and future areas of application. This will be achieved by modifying the glass surface by incorporating nitrogen to the flat/float glass surface by deposition of thin coatings of AlN, Si3N4 and TiN. This will be achieved by gas to particle conversion by physiochemical routs. Thin films of elemental nitrides have not been reported previously by aerosol technique and we anticipate that these can be used to enhance the mechanical, optical and chemical properties of flat/float glass surface. Techniques used for structural and physical characterization include, SEM, TEM, AFM, Raman, thermal analysis, mechanical and optical measurements. Areas of applications of these modified surfaces include automotive, architectural, laser optics, camera lenses, optical filters and display technologies.

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