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  • 101.
    Ardolic, Mimoza
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences. Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Greater Albania - The Next Crisis in the Balkans?2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Balkans has suffered from quite a few problems as a result of the countless ambitious endeavors for great states of the ethnic groups residing in the Peninsula. The most recent great state idea to have caused troubles in the region is the Serbs’ Great Serbia (i.e. Yugoslvia), which caused a cycle of wars, the latest one being the war in Kosovo in the late 1990s. This thesis attempts to evaluate the rumors of yet another great state in the making – or rather awakening again: the attempt at a Greater Albania, and whether the Albanians in the Balkans are still harboring the idea of any such state. Particular emphasis is placed upon the following questions:

     

    • Where does the idea of a Greater Albania stem from?
    • Is a Greater Albania today still on the Albanians’ agenda as a real political plan?
    • What speaks for and against a Greater Albania? Is the idea even feasible?

     

    The findings indicate that none of the Albanian communities residing in the Balkan region wish for a Greater Albania, nor do their leaders. The Serbs nonetheless maintain that an Albanian threat exists and has done so ever since 1878 when the idea of a Greater Albania first arose. However, according to the results of this study, their claims lack credibility. Everything indicates that today, and with Albania striving for membership in the European Union, the idea of a Greater Albania has been left in the past.

  • 102.
    Arildsson, Emma
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Möller, Sofie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Den ensamma flatan och glitterbögen: En kvalitativ studie av hbtq-personers porträttering i tre olika kvinnomagasin2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this studie centers on how lgbt (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender) are portrayed in women’s magazines. The magazines we have chosen to analyze are FRIDA, VeckoRevyn and amelia, which all three have different target groups. We have, with the assistance of the rhetorical and semiotic analysis methods, assessed 18 articles with their associated photographs. These methods are part of the qualitative analysis model and are used in order to study less empirical data with more depth. With the qualitative analysis we were able to see potential patterns among our empirical data.

    Lgbt is known as a minority group and has often been described in a stereotypical way. We wanted to see if and how the portraying of lgbt has changed within the last 16 years and if the different target groups affect the portrayal.

    Our studie shows that stereotypes, according to the magazines, are still a part of the preconceptions in our society. In the middle of 1990’s the magazines wrote about stereotypes such as the lonely lizzie and the sparkling faggot. Nowadays they focus on what is seen as feminine and/or masculine. Heteronormativity is still the prescribed values of today.

  • 103.
    Arnberg, Klara
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Larsson, Mariah
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    En playboys död: Hugh Hefner i backspegeln2018In: Ord och bild, ISSN 0030-4492, E-ISSN 1402-2508, no 1, p. 31-40Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 104.
    Arosenius, Jessica
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, School of Design.
    Sagosnurran: Ett redskap och en undersökning för att förbättra medicineringen av små barn med astma.2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The project is about creating a better atmosphere surrounding the medication of a child between 0-3 years old.

        The product works like a distraction for the child when the child is given the medicine, it helps the child to focus on something else but the medication. The product also gives the child the opportunity to be more involved and be in charge of the situation to create a pleasant routine together with the parents.

        In my project I have also researched in how to improve the flow of information between the health care and the parents. An effective flow of information is an elementary condition for the medication to be as effective and pleasant as possible. When the parents feel comfortable with the situation the child feels secure.

  • 105.
    Arvidsson, Christina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Empowerment of Women through a Colourful slum-project: A case of the slum-upgrading project in Kampung Tridi of Indonesia2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to evaluate if a slum-upgrading project in 2016 in Malang, Indonesia lead to empowerment of the women living in the neighbourhood. The study uses the concept of Empowerment by Naila Kabeer as a theoretical lens and focuses on women’s resources, agency and achievement after the project was carried out. The study was conducted as a Minor Field Study, which relied mainly on semi-structured interviews, which were complemented with personal observation. The respondents were selected purposively: meaning only those who participated in the painting project. The study findings are limited to the case explored and do not thus aim to a generalization on other projects in Indonesia. Findings are however informative for similar projects in similar contexts.

    The findings indicate that women were initially excluded from official decision-making during the project. In spite of this, however, the project enabled women to be more active in the economy to organize their own meetings and become responsible for the communal cleaning and events in the area. This participation led women to also have more to say in the community and they have been able to increase their savings and set goals for their families and children, which was impossible before the existence of the slum-upgrading in the area.

  • 106.
    Arvidsson, Joel
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Andersson, William
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Sjöräddning av migranter i Medelhavet: En jämförelse mellan teori och verklighet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The stream of refugees across the Mediterranean Sea has in recent years increased

    dramatically. This study has through interviews with Swedish seafarers and through a literature

    study, examined what differences there are between international guidelines and actual efforts

    made in the Mediterranean Sea. The purpose of the study was to enquire if these guidelines

    identified the same problems and risks during a SAR-operation as the people involved in the

    rescue of distressed migrants in the Mediterranean Sea. The interviews revealed that there were

    no major differences between the guidelines and the experience of the people involved. It

    emerged however from the interviews that the large number of people on board constituted a

    security risk. This is something that was not taken into account in the guidelines that were

    examined. The study showed the pressing need to avoid panic in any situation, have clear

    responsibilities and be aware that the care of the distressed migrants is resource-intensive and

    involves a lot of work. The most important recommendation to achieve a successful outcome

    was considered to plan well before a search and rescue effort began.

  • 107.
    Aspers, Patrik
    et al.
    Univ St Gallen, Switzerland.
    Sandberg, Carl
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Sailing together from different shores: labour markets and inequality on board merchant ships2019In: Global Networks, ISSN 1470-2266, E-ISSN 1471-0374Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, we analyse the consequences of the conditions of the labour-market contracts for working on board merchant ships. More specifically, we examine how seafarers hired on different contracts work together. Seafarers' conditions of work differ considerably: some, mainly workers in the West, have permanent contracts with a shipping company, are paid a relatively high monthly wage and can go ashore every second month, whereas others performing the same tasks may have to stay at sea for more than six months at a time, and work for less money on temporary contracts. Drawing on the economic sociology of markets and institutional theory, in this article we present the institutional conditions of globalized labour markets for seafarers and analyse unique data derived from observations and interviews on board merchant ships. We argue that the notion of market is a key explanatory factor for how the work is conducted on board. Theoretically, our elaboration on markets allows us to conceptualize and address global and transnational markets.

  • 108.
    Atterwall, Adrian
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Amanda, Beuthan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Mellanchefers behov av kompetensutveckling: En kvalitativ studie om vilka behov mellanchefer upplever att de behöver kompetensutvecklas inom i offentlig och privat sektor2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Kompetensutveckling har blivit ett viktigt verktyg för dagens organisationer, både för verksamhetens framgång och för medarbetarens prestation. Rollen som mellanchef har fått en större betydelse och har blivit allt mer komplex och central i en organisation. Syftet med studien är att undersöka inom vilka områden mellanchefer uppfattar att de har behov av kompetensutveckling, för att sedan jämföra om det finns olika behov inom offentlig och privat sektor. Det empiriska materialet samlades in via intervjuer med jämn fördelning av respondenter från vardera sektor. En tematisk analysmetod med inspiration från hermeneutiken har använts vid analysering av materialet. Som teoretisk referensram har Jarvis teori om erfarenhetsbaserat lärande använts för att analysera resultatet. Resultatet visade att det fanns ett stort behov för mellanchefer att utvecklas inom ledarskap och att de samtidigt bör utveckla och praktisera det individuella ledarskapet. Det kunde inte påvisas några större skillnader utan desto fler likheter av kompetensutvecklingsbehov mellan offentlig och privat sektor. Studien visar att verksamheter, både inom offentlig och privat sektor, är i behov av ledarskapsutbildningar.

  • 109.
    Avazpour, Kimia Raha
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Euskadi Ta Askatasuna: - Reasons for Existence. A Case Study in the Basque Country2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this case study I explore why the conflict of the Basque country which involves Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA) persists. The purpose is to gain an understanding of the existence of ETA. Working somewhat  as an ethnographer the method has been to observe Basque society and through semi- structured interviews gain an understanding of ETAs existence. As exemplified with the hermeneutic circle, this case study starts out with a preunderstanding of the reasons for the existence of ETA, a preunderstanding which alters many times during my visit to the Basque country.

    Keys to understanding the continued existence of ETA is that historical “injustices” are perceived to still exist in the Basque country. Perceptions which question the legitimacy of the Spanish state in the Basque country. Further the social base of ETA, as exemplified in election support for Herri Batasuna (HB), still remains rather strong despite the party‟s illegalization and finally, the perceived lack of a functioning democracy in Spain and the lack of legitimacy of the Spanish state in the Basque country are among the reasons for the continued existence of ETA.

  • 110.
    Averin, Moa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    ”Duktig tjej” vs. ”dålig tjej”: Tjejer i relation till sex i ungdomslitteratur2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to analyze how sex effects young girls sense of identity as well as to see which norms there is about sex in relation to girls, which power it has over how they are able to act and still be accepted by their peers and the society. The material that was used consisted of four books that are marketed as ”for young adults” and in which sex was a major component of the stories. The method that was used for studying the books was a qualitative text analysis and the theoretic framework consisted of queer theory, with a main focus on the unstability of gender/sex and sexuality, performativity, the heterosexual matrix and heteronormativity.

    The analysis showed that all books compared the girls to traditional norms about how girls are ”supposed” to act. All while they contradict themselves by showing sides of female sexuality which go against the former understanding of girls and girls sexuality. The female sexuality plays a big part in how girls are understood, how their identity is created. At the same time as sex allows them to create their identity it also creates them and controls them. Beacuse as soon as they don’t conform to the norms they are understood as ”odd” and ”wrong”.

  • 111.
    Avery, Helen
    Lund University.
    A Library and School Network in Sweden: Social Literacies and Popular Education2017In: Teacher and Librarian Partnerships in Literacy Education in the 21st Century / [ed] Joron Pihl, Kristin Skinstad van der Kooij, Tone Cecilie Carlsten, Rotterdam: Sense Publishers, 2017, p. 45-62Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The topic of this article is the Commons, an integrated school and public library network in an urban multi-ethnic neighbourhood in southern Sweden. In 2011, the Commons network was awarded a national prize as the best school library in Sweden for its outstanding collaboration with the teachers and its exemplary work in stimulating learning. The study explores ways this library – school partnership contributes to the development of literacy and democratic competencies, allowing children to become active members of their local community.

  • 112.
    Avery, Helen
    Jönköping University.
    At the bridging point: tutoring newly arrived students in Sweden2017In: International Journal of Inclusive Education, ISSN 1360-3116, E-ISSN 1464-5173, Vol. 21, no 4, p. 404-415Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, tutoring in the mother tongue is a special support measure primarily intended for newly arrived students to facilitate their transition into the Swedish school system. Tutoring is premised on the collaboration between the class teacher, responsible for subject-related expertise, and the tutor, who contributes with knowledge of the student’s mother tongue and previous context of studies. In this case study of class teachers’ and mother tongue tutors’ conditions for collaboration at a multi-ethnic primary school, six mother tongue tutors and six class teachers were asked about the purpose of their work, how it was organised, and what could be done to improve working conditions. Interviews with head teachers, and data on work organisation from observations, document study, and participation in meetings for a period of one and a half years supplemented the teacher interviews. The analysis focuses on whether tutors and teachers belong to the same or different Communities of Practice, based on shared concerns and opportunities for collaboration, as well as looking at the relative positioning of languages and teaching roles. Findings suggest that the degree of collaboration between tutors and teachers was not sufficient to allow tutoring to function in the way it is envisaged by national steering documents. Tutoring was instead based on the tutors’ own knowledge of the subjects they taught. Recruitment of suitable tutors was difficult. However, conditions for collaboration and more effective tutoring in the schools could be improved with relatively simple support structures at the level of the municipality.

  • 113.
    Avery, Helen
    Jönköping University ; Lund University.
    Pratiques d’engagements collaboratifs: Le rôle de la bibliothèque dans un quartier urbain multiethnique en Suède2013In: Education & Formation, p. 97-107Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [fr]

    L’article discute des pratiques d’engagement et de développement de littératies menées par un réseau de bibliothèques scolaires et publique intégrées, dans un quartier urbain multiethnique en Suède. La discussion traite en particulier les modalités de collaboration avec l’école, les familles, les associations, les centres de loisirs et autres acteurs du quartier, ainsi que les stratégies mises en place pour prévenir le désengagement scolaire. Le réseau de bibliothèques combine la connexion digitale et la collaboration par communautés de pratique virtuelles, avec un caractère de fort enracinement local, exprimé par son participation dans de nombreuses activités du quartier. La continuité dans les perspectives a permis d’affiner des compétences adaptées au contexte local spécifique et incite à investir dans le long terme, alors que la continuité de personnes a permis d’approfondir les relations collaboratives. La pédagogie inclusive, avec des racines dans l’éducation populaire, focalise la collaboration et l’émancipation, tant individuelle que collective. Plusieurs des activités de la bibliothèque, comme les cercles de lecture, visent l’expression, le travail sur les émotions et la diversité culturelle. Finalement, il ressort que le soutien accordé à toutes les langues du quartier, ainsi que l’utilisation de la multimodalité, favorisent particulièrement l’engagement scolaire des élèves issus de familles migrantes. 

  • 114.
    Avery, Helen
    Lund University.
    Study guidance in mathematics for newcomer pupils in Sweden: policy, language and subject teaching traditions2018In: Evascol - School, migration, itinerancy: complementary perspectives, 5-6 April 2018, Suresnes, France, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The presentation is based on a review of the litterature on newcomer education in Sweden, including a discussion of the most recent policy changes and observations on their effects. Specific impacts of policy concerning study guidance in mathematics are illustrated with examples from classroom observations and teacher interviews.

  • 115.
    Avery, Helen
    Jönköping University.
    Teaching in the 'edgelands' of the school day: The organisation of Mother Tongue Studies in a highly diverse Swedish primary school2015In: Power and Education, ISSN 1757-7438, E-ISSN 1757-7438, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 239-254Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To promote attainment and inclusion, Sweden offers tuition in migrant pupils’ mother tongues as a regular school subject. However, the formulation of learning aims is problematic, and resources allocated to the subject do not correspond to ambitions expressed in steering documents. This case study presents an analysis of the organization of Mother Tongue Studies at a highly diverse urban primary school, based on interviews with teachers and head teachers. The practical organization of Mother Tongue Tuition affects how mother tongue teachers and pupils are perceived, but also potentially provides opportunities for empowerment and educational development. Results indicate that in the investigated case, such opportunities are not exploited, placing mother tongue teachers in a state of continuous structural stress, while limiting the forms their teaching relationships can take. Additionally, scheduling the school subject Mother Tongue Studies at the ‘edgelands' of the school day contributed to further marginalizing languages taught as mother tongue and minimized interaction with class teachers.

  • 116.
    Avery, Helen
    Jönköping University.
    The role of the school library: Reflections from Sweden2014In: Intercultural Education, ISSN 1467-5986, E-ISSN 1469-8439, Vol. 25, no 6, p. 497-507Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Libraries are critical learning spaces and may play a significant role in intercultural education initiatives, particularly in Sweden where the national curriculum ascribes central functions to libraries for learning activities. Unfortunately, the ways in which teachers and librarians may collaborate to leverage mutual resources is not fully understood. This article uses Pirjo Lahdenperä’s model of intercultural education development to consider the case of a small school library in a highly diverse urban neighbourhood. Although public libraries in Scandinavia can support intercultural educational values by addressing individual needs and complementing curriculum-based teaching, the development of new teaching practices requires additional guidance as well as institutional support.

  • 117.
    Avery, Helen
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Barhoum, Rafah
    Lund University.
    Educational leadership in a state of protracted crisis: refugee education in Lebanon2018In: The Primary Colours of Education #3 «School Leadership Matters»: Conference Book : 16th & 17th April 2018 - Baška, Croatia, Zagreb: Network of Education Policy Centers , 2018, p. 20-21Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The presentation is based on a series of interviews with school leaders working with refugee children in Lebanon, both within the Lebanese schools and in various NGOs. Questions focused the social, pedagogical and economic dimensions of their work, as well as their strategies for organising training and functioning structures.

    In Lebanon, there are different groups of refugee and migrant pupils in need of education, at primary and secondary levels. These include Palestinians born in Lebanon, or recently arrived as refugees, Syrian refugees, refugees from other countries, and children of migrant workers. The residence and work status of their parents varies. The Syrian refugees constitute a very large group, but the exact numbers are uncertain.

    The uncertain and precarious situation of the refugees, lack of resources and poor living conditions are major dimensions of the work of school leaders in these contexts, both for those working within the Lebanese schools, and for those who have leadership functions within the NGOs.

  • 118.
    Avery, Helen
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Barhoum, Rafah
    Shalabi, Samir
    Halimeh, Nihal
    Refugee livelihoods in Egypt and Lebanon2018In: World Congress for Middle Eastern Studies 2018 - University of Seville, Seville, Spain July 16-22, 2018, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Beyond conventional relief efforts, gaining a more detailed picture of constraints, resources and risks encountered by refugees as well as of the meaning differing circumstances have for the concerned individuals may serve as a basis for developing more organised and collective responses to ensure social security in conditions of forced displacement and migration.Syrian refugees live very diverse situations, depending on access to social, financial and educational capital, as well as on their religion. Nevertheless, findings suggest that macro-scales policies have driven a large proportion of the interviewed Syrians into informality, and into situations of great personal insecurity. Particularly in Lebanon, policies primarily aim to restrict movement, control the refugees, and avoid permanent settlement by restrictive regulations concerning work. The Syrian community that was studied in Egypt appeared to be in a somewhat better situation. Despite restrictions on movement, lack of services, poor quality of education and poverty, Syrians had started small businesses, and functioned openly as a community. Also here, however, longer term perspectives were lacking.

  • 119.
    Avery, Helen
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Granstedt, Lena
    Umeå University.
    Making space for collaboration at school and preschool: the places mother tongue teachers meet teachers of other subjects2018In: Multilingualism and Education: Interdisciplinary and International Perspectives, 7 May 2018, Oslo, 2018, p. 36-37Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent changes in the Swedish Education Act aim at reducing time spent in reception classes, so that newly arrived pupils (at least partly) enter mainstream classes on arrival. A consequence is that educating newcomers has become the responsibility of all school staff. Expectations on the contribution of mother tongue teachers have increased, as well as presupposing extensive collaboration between bilingual support staff or mother tongue teachers and teachers of other school subjects.

    The presentation focuses on the social practices in schools concerning mother tongue teachers and their potential participation in school development and collaboration with other staff, paying particular attention to the places where meetings occur. Three mother tongue teachers were followed a total of 15 days in a period of six months, to observe the opportunities for collaboration and communication in their working days. Two of these teachers also worked with study guidance.

    Results suggest that among the significant aspects were: the place of interaction, the language, higher status of mother tongue at the school, a positive attitude in teachers involved, and interaction with an entire class and with other staff. Places of meeting were frequently corridors, the staff rooms, or other places that were not normally designated for regular teaching or planning activities. The places of interaction thus tended to underline the marginal position of the mother tongue teachers with respect to participation in school development.

  • 120.
    Avery, Helen
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Halimeh, Nihal
    Lebanese American University, Lebanon.
    Crafting Futures in Lebanese Refugee Camps: The Case of Burj El Barajneh Palestinian Camp2019In: FORMakademisk, ISSN 1890-9515, Vol. 12, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The initiative at the Burj El Barajneh camp is run by a network of local associations, and aims at improving living conditions, services, infrastructure and livelihoods for the inhabitants. Burj el Barajneh has a large number of active associations and many highly educated professionals. However, in this kind of complex hyperdense context any kind of change needs to be carefully considered, there are no simple recipes, and existing professional expertise does not necessarily match the specific conditions of the locality. By working with collective design and collaboration between the camp's inhabitants, it becomes possible to envisage larger coordinated efforts, and to solve issues that remain blocked at an individual level.

  • 121.
    Avery, Helen
    et al.
    Jönköping University ; Lund University.
    Hoxhallari, Itena
    Tirana University, Alania ; Children Are the Future, Albania.
    From policy to practice: Roma education in Albania and Sweden2017In: The Urban review, ISSN 0042-0972, E-ISSN 1573-1960, Vol. 49, no 3, p. 463-477Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to make a contribution to recentering practice- and practitioner-oriented issues in Roma education studies. Gaps can be observed today between conditions of educational work in practice and the ways education is understood in mainstream academic discussions, compounded by the fact that educational workers in the field have limited access to academic environments. Also, as a subject dealing with minorities, education for Roma and Roma communities tends to occupy a marginal position in academic departments of Education. Inversely, in Roma studies, focus often lies on culture or history, and education is mainly considered through the lens of identity. This means that many important experiences in Roma educational work remain silent, and significant aspects of practices are not sufficiently shared across contexts. In this paper, experiences from education projects in Albania and Sweden are presented and considered against the background of Roma education policies in these countries generally. An analysis is made of the ways these projects directly or indirectly connect to local academic structures. Finally, suggestions are made of potential strategies for developing practice- and practitioner-driven research in this area, to make relevant experiences more accessible across linguistic and national borders.

  • 122.
    Avery, Helen
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.
    Said, Salam
    Friedrich Ebert Stiftung, Tunis.
    Higher Education as a Socio-economic Advancement Opportunity for Refugees2017In: 33. Deutscher Orientalistentag "Asia, Africa and Europe" 18 – 22 september 2017, Jena, Tyskland, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This conceptual paper addresses the relationships between higher education policies for refugees and the wider issues of social justice, transition to sustainability, peacebuilding and post-conflict recovery in the Middle East. The paper draws on an overview of current options for refugees to access higher education, as well as research on long term impacts in post conflict contexts. Perspectives adopted in the paper involve theorizing the ways higher education shapes socio-technical systems in the Middle East, and the effects this can have for economic recovery and autonomy. Today, the world is facing the greatest refugee and displacement crisis since the Second World War. The immediate causes of the crisis seem to be armed conflicts and radicalisation of societies. At closer inspection, we can see that this crisis reflects a repeated failure of the international economic and political system in addressing certain major challenges, including social justice and adequate education. While international politics has failed to support stability or prevent political conflicts, growing neoliberalism and ineffective development strategies have instead contributed to social injustice and economic instability at national and international levels. Higher education plays a key role in stabilisation, modernization and de-radicalisation of societies, but has to date only received limited attention in development assistance strategies or in the context of humanitarian aid for refugees. Young refugees and displaced academics are therefore insufficiently equipped to work as catalysts for peacebuilding in their own or host countries. Moreover, they are under severe economic and social pressure to earn money for their family’s survival. Given these circumstances, opening up opportunities for higher education for young refugees (O'Keeffe and Pásztor 2017) not only give them the hope to improve their socioeconomic situation, but will also change their personal status as a “refugee”. Crucially, a well-educated generation is a fundamental condition for successful reconstruction, social recovery and sustainable development in the post conflict future (Emtairah et al. 2016). Attention must be devoted to the form and content of higher education, however, to address challenges, create capacity needed in recovery efforts, and avoid future dependencies (cf. Dryden-Peterson 2016).

  • 123.
    Avery, Helen
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Said, Salam
    Friedrich Ebert Stiftung, Tunis.
    Higher Education for Refugees: The Case of Syria2017In: Policy & Practice: A Development Education Review, ISSN 1748-135X, no 24, p. 104-125Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The refugee crisis is also a crisis in education.  While attention is frequently directed toward primary and secondary school levels, higher education is a strategic issue for refugees, both as individuals and for long term processes of post-conflict recovery and peacebuilding.  Education prospects and content are drivers of onwards migration, but also affect economic structures on return.  Higher education has the potential to support sustainable socio-economic development, but impacts will depend on which strategies are adopted and which types of capacity are prioritised.  The article examines the issue of access to higher education for Syrian refugees, describing the situation in Lebanon in particular.  Foreign interests can fuel sectarianism as well as creating economic structural dependencies.  Both existing and possible future options supported by the international community are considered here, and discussed with respect to how they might affect opportunities for democratic and autonomous societal developments.

  • 124.
    Avery, Helen
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Said, Salam
    Masoud, Zoya
    Futures as seen from the diaspora: the Syria 2040 workshops2018In: Presented at The Refugees, Borders and Membership Conference: Open International Conference, Malmö Unviersity 24-26 October 2018, Malmö: Malmö University , 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Syria 2040 workshops were initiated in 2016 by the International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics and the Centre for Middle Eastern Studies, Lund University, and ran for one and a half years, using scenario methodology. Syrians with diverse backgrounds and political standpoints, living in Sweden and other European countries, collectively reflected on possible scenarios for future developments in Syria. Since the debate in situations of conflict tends to be structured around the immediate conflict (and those who “win” or lose through this), it can be especially constructive to reflect on a longer time perspective. Also, many discussion fora are directed by particular interest groups or are financed by international actors with their own interests in the outcome. The workshops were intended as a space where more open discussions could take place across dividing lines, considering ways forward. This presentation focuses on reflections from one of these workshops, which dealt with possible roles for the Syrian diaspora and civil society. Although various factions and diverging agendas of the diaspora might sustain and aggravate tensions it was concluded that the diaspora can play a constructive role provided that it learns how to play a more active part and find suitable structures.

  • 125.
    Avetisova, Anastasia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    The Ukraine crisis: A geopolitical power struggle between Russia and the US.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to examine Russia’s and the US behaviors and actions in the Ukraine crisis in order to understand why the conflict resulted in a geopolitical power struggle. Since the current debate is filled with biased information and propaganda, this thesis aims to observe the behaviors and actions from both sides objectively to get a comprehensive understanding of their involvement in the crisis. It is a desk-study since the data is gathered from books and articles. It is qualitative due to the fact that it investigates this particular conflict by using several sources to gain an in-depth knowledge of a two-sided perspective. The method text analysis is used on four chosen articles that will be observed in order to find the underlying reasons of Russia’s and the US ongoing involvement in the crisis. It is an abductive reasoning whereas the theory offensive realism is used as the theoretical lens in order to highlight the most essential information of the chosen articles that will be examined. The three categories diplomacy, economy and military have been applied to outline Russia’s and the US underlying reasons of their behaviors and actions in the Ukraine crisis in order to answer the research questions. The result shows from an offensive realism perspective that Russia and the US are involved in the crisis due to their strategic interest to dominate the Black Sea Region for personal gains. It is shown that both states acted upon self-interest to gain more power and to lesser their rival’s power in order to hinder one another to become a territorial hegemon in the Black Sea Region. It is suggested that the outcome of the Ukraine crisis could have been different without their involvement. 

  • 126.
    Awil, Qubane
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies. Awil.
    Decentralization in Response to Drought: A Case Study to Somalia2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Decentralization has been one of the most extensively accepted political strategies since the 1980s, especially when it comes to development administration complemented by the expansion of democratization at lower levels of government. It acts as a bottom-top of authority. A proponent of decentralization argues that decentralization strengthens democracy, good governance and accountability. It is more effective and closer to the people because power is delegated to the local authority. Opponents of decentralization beliefs that is difficult to coordinate many local governments and demanding financial and human capital. This paper lies under that debate and presents how decentralization responds to droughts as a case study to Somalia.  Somalia has been exercising a highly centralized administration for a long time but now changed the structure of the government and built up a federal member states where the administration is widely decentralized. To understand the effectiveness of the system to mitigate and prevent droughts, the study will look at two different scenarios of droughts that hit the country. One was the mid-1970s under highly centralized administration while the other drought hit the country 2011-2012 under the decentralized structure of governance. This comparison aims to see the impact and respond that each system showed. The result will help the country to redesign their future prevention strategy and minimize the vulnerability of the droughts. Because of drought is one of the most destructive environmental phenomena, doing enormous damage to humankind and the livelihoods.

  • 127.
    Ax, Victoria
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Värnholm, Katarina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Om hemlöshet: Socialsekreterare om ett socialt problem i två kommuner2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to illuminate how social workers in social services work with the social phenomenon, homelessness in two municipalities. The study is based on qualitative semi-structured interviews with interviewees from a department of social services. Our theories that we used was resistant inequality, structural discrimination, exclusion, empowerment and representation. After compilation of our empirical our conclusions are that homelessness is a complex phenomenon. Social workers handles homelessness based on client’s needs and the work is individualized. There are no specific plans or guidelines. Homelessness is integrated in the organisation. The responsibility lies mainly on the individual to find housing. One other conclusion is that the landlords and housing are the largest affiliates to the social services regarding homelessness. The social workers work to prevent evictions by grants rent arrears because the housing market is the biggest problem. It’s a growing problem in both municipalities.

     

  • 128.
    Axelson, Sarah
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Borgqvist, Maja
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    "Betyder det att han kastas i ruin eller att han inte kunde köpa hundra villor till?": En receptionsstudie om hur pensionärer uppfattar ekonominyheter2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Our thesis focus on how retirees perceive Tv4s news casts of economy news where we focused on five different aspects: What is the relationship between the news cast and the viewer and how does the viewer express their understanding of the news cast and the way it is constructed? What are the viewers attitude towards the news content and how do they find the news cast useful for them personally?

    We choosed retirees as our target group due to their vulnerable economic position in today’s society and TV as an important medium for them due to the digital divide. The study was performed with twelve qualitative interviews and one group interview where six retirees took part.

    We discovered a big interest for economic news in the target group. The majority had a sympathetic view of the news cast they saw but they also expressed skepticism toward the economy segment and/or news castings. The majority expressed a lack of trust for the journalists and the experts brought in to share observations and make announcements, and the financial business overall. The majority of the interviewees spoke of a hypothetic and/or possible usefulness but no one could express how the news castings affected them personally.

  • 129.
    Bach, carina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies. Kvinna.
    The Construction of Refugees in News Headlines: A Critical Discourse Analysis on Rohingya Refugees in Malaysia and Thailand2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As news coverage regarding refugees have increased in the past decades, the media representation of refugees in the host countries tend to more or less portray them as national security risk. This study questions the differences between the news discourses in main recipient countries and the less recipient countries asking what factors determine the portrayal. This study seeks to fill the already existing field of research on media representation on Rohingya as available research is conducted on main recipient countries, Myanmar and Bangladesh. The countries chosen for this study are Malaysia and Thailand as they are considered third point of exit countries, they are in same region and as each country has same religious belief as either Myanmar or the Rohingya. Thus, the objective of the study is to understand how the news discourse in Malaysia and Thailand present their ideological perspectives on Rohingya in a subtle way to influence the opinion of the general public. Furthermore, it seeks to reveal how language is used in news reports to frame Rohingya and the underlying factors in which determines the approach of their news reporting. To answer the objective, this research analyses in total 40 news headlines by using the method of Critical Discourse Analysis. Moreover, the results indicate that the news discourse in Malaysia predominantly reports on the Rohingya emphatically and portrays them as active actors in the crisis doing anything to survive the Myanmar violence. The situation of Rohingya is also emphasized in the news discourse in Thailand, though not to same extent as in Malaysia. Thailand rather reports on the crisis itself and how the other actors involved urge and criticize one another. Furthermore, this study demonstrates that portrayal of Rohingya differs depending on who they are to the affected country as well as the international political relationship between the countries affected.

  • 130.
    Backman, Stina
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Samuelsson, Elisabeth
    Linköpings universitet.
    Engstrand, Åsa-Karin
    Linköpings universitet.
    Ljungemyr, Kristin
    Linköpings universitet.
    Swahnberg, Katarina
    Linköpings universitet.
    Gender equality, gender mainstreaming and equal opportunities – how to establish a sustainable model?2012In: Book of abstracts of the 7th European Conference on Gender Equality in Higher Education, Universitetet i Bergen, 2012, p. 9-9Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 131.
    Bagheri, Shima
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Mutilations Sexuelles Féminines chez l'ethnie Diolas au Sénégal: -Une étude de terrain sur les raisons d’existence de la pratique et de l’abandon de ce phénomène2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    An estimated 28% of Senegalese women are victims to Female Genital Mutilation (FGM). The Jola tribe in Senegal is one of the ethnics that practice this tradition. In this thesis, I have the intention to interpret and try to understand the reasons the Jolas have to justify this practice. This will be made by an abdication method with the help of the New Institutional Theory. My purpose is furthermore to understand why the practice of FGM has reduced in some Jola-zones. Furthermore, I would like to comprehend the role of the NGO Tostan in the reduction process. To fulfil my intentions, I have made a Minor Field Study of two case studies conducted in two villages in the south of Senegal.

    The result of this thesis is that the Jolas use FGM as the first phase of the women’s initiation cycle. A girl is not allowed to enter the second phase of her initiation cycle, which is an essential step in order to succeed in the Jolas society, if she has not already passed the first phase. I have understood that the main reason to justify the practice is that the Jolas think that FGM is an Islamic decree. This signifies that the practice of FGM has come to the Jolas with the Islamization.

    After conducting ordinary programs of Tostan in the villages, both case villages have made an official declaration against FGM. According to the villagers in the first village, the role of Tostan was to help them be aware and stabilise so that they could implement the declaration. It is important to stress that the process of abandoning the practice had already started before the intervention of Tostan in this village. This study shows that there already existed certain important elements in the village that had facilitated the work of Tostan.

    The second village confirmed the importance of Tostan and affirmed that they would not have abandoned the practice without the intervention of Tostan. On the other hand, I found indications which show that all the habitants of the village have not yet abandoned the practice.

    One unexpected observation that I achieved to track during my fieldwork is that the female norm is under transformation. Today, the non-circumcised women are considered more attractive than circumcised women. Another interesting observation is that the villagers claimed that it is actually more complicated to convince the younger female generations to abandon the practice of FGM, and not the elder females, which basically can be claimed to be the prejudice we carry with us from the North, when talking about different traditions which are difficult to change because of the old generations in a society.

  • 132.
    Bakirci, Ilknur
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Kerekes, Nora
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Tellström, Alicia
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Resa med Facebook2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to describe the motivation and identity creation of tourists in their use of social media. Facebook is the biggest social media network today and young adults are the most common users. We will therefore in this report present a research about their use of Facebook during travel with the help of data collected through personal interviews and litterature. Furthermore our respondents are a sample of young Swedish adults between the ages 18­-25, since this age group are the most frequent Facebook-users. We will primarily focus on the terms assert oneself and affirmation in our discussion because our results indicated that these two motives were the most common ones for using Facebook when sharing travel related posts.

  • 133.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    et al.
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Chiatti, Carlos
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Principi, Andrea
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Lamura, Giovanni
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Volontariato in età matura: opportunità, barriere e best practices per il coinvolgimento degli anziani2011In: Quaderni Europei sul Nuovo Welfare, ISSN 1972-4543, Vol. 16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [it]

    L’articolo propone una rassegna sulle opportunità e i maggiori ostacoli in merito alla partecipazione delle persone anziane alle attività di volontariato. A livello internazionale, il dibattito sul volontariato in età matura si è sviluppato principalmente negli Stati Uniti, mentre l’Europa appare ancora indietro nella ricerca: oltre che auspicare un aumento delle indagini sull’argomento a livello nazionale, sarebbe utile promuovere ricerche comparative e trasversali, presenti ancora in numero esiguo. Tra le evidenze attualmente disponibili, risulta che gli anziani più propensi a svolgere attività di volontariato sono quelli “più giovani”, in buona salute, con un livello di istruzione ed una posizione socio-economica elevati, impegnati principalmente in organizzazioni religiose che operano nel settore dei servizi alla persona. Le principali barriere sono invece rappresentate da pratiche discriminatorie legate all’età. A livello internazionale si rivela controverso il rapporto tra l’impegno degli anziani nel volontariato e in altre importanti attività quali il lavoro e la cura informale. Ad ogni modo, emerge con forza l’esigenza di implementare politiche di reclutamento dei volontari senior, dal momento che le poche esistenti sono spesso poco incisive: in questo senso, un supporto importante può essere fornito dalle esperienze realizzate nel contesto statunitense, le quali hanno prodotto negli ultimi anni delle best practices.

  • 134.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    et al.
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Di Rosa, Mirko
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Chiatti, Carlos
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Melchiorre, Maria Gabriella
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Lamura, Giovanni
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Opportunities and challenges of migrant work in the Italian long-term care system2013In: The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging, ISSN 1279-7707, E-ISSN 1760-4788, Vol. 17, no Supplement, Juny/july, p. S133-S133Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Italy is one of the most aged countries in the world, with a longstanding tradition of family care of the dependent elderly. Inrecent times, however, Italy has been witnessing in-depth social and cultural changes, which have been negatively impacting on informal care provision. In addition, the public long-term care (LTC) system highly relies on cash-for-care schemes for supporting older people, whereas “formal” care services are characterised by weak coverage and intensity. This situation has led to a remarkable increase in theprivate employment of migrant care workers (MCWs), whose number increased by four times in the last two decades.

    Method: An overview of MCWs phenomenon in Italy is provided through the analysis of empirical data retrieved by available official sources at national level, as well as by results from own surveys conducted in recent years on large samples of MCWs.

    Results: The following opportunities and challenges concerning MCWs’ employment in the LTC sector were identified: improve MCW’s capacity to deliver quality care; reduce therisk of elder abuse and neglect and of meeting MCWs’ own care needs; increase their social integration in destination countries and reduce “care drain” in sending countries; and how to improve stakeholders’ involvement for a better exchange of good practices and more effective policy measures.

    Conclusion: In these years, privately employed MCWs have contributed to change the traditional Italian “family care model” into a new “migrant-in-the-family care model”. However, the issue concerning the sustainability of this model within the Italian LTC system in the future is still open.

  • 135.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    et al.
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Di Rosa, Mirko
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Melchiorre, Maria Gabriella
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Lamura, Giovanni
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    The employment of migrant workers in Italy’s elder care: Opportunities and challenges2016In: Ageing in Contexts of Migration / [ed] Ute Karl, Sandra Torres, London: Routledge, 2016, p. 159-171Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 136. Basden, Andrew
    et al.
    Haftor, DarekVäxjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Mathematics and Systems Engineering. informatik.Strijbos, Sytse
    The Problem of System Improvement: Proceedings of the 13th and 14th Annual Working Conference of CPTS2008Conference proceedings (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 137.
    Basic, Goran
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Coherent triads and successful inter-professional collaboration: narratives of professional actors in the Swedish child welfare system2018In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588, p. 1-15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to analyze how and when the professional actors within the Swedish child welfare system portray successful cooperation and determine which discursive patterns are involved in the construction of this phenomenon. The empirical basis for this study is formed by 147 recorded interviews with institution-placed youths, their parents, and different occupational categories within the social services and the Swedish National Board of Institutional Care. Analytical findings with the following themes are presented: (1) coherent vision triad, (2) coherent rhetorically accepted triad, and (3) coherent exclusive triad. The personal interactive aspect of cooperation among professional actors in the care of children is important for successful collaboration. This aspect also appears to be significant for producing and reproducing joint collaboration identities. However, joint collaboration identities and the coherence triad can limit the sphere of cooperation to the entities involved in the care of youths and the juvenile or his/her parents are left out.

  • 138.
    Basic, Goran
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning. Lund University.
    Konstruktion av normupplösning och moralisk panik. Etnografisk analys av underrättelse-, operativt polis- och gränsbevakningsarbete (Construction of norm resolution and moral panics. Ethnographic analysis concerning intelligence and operational police and border guards’ work)2018In: Nordic Journal of Studies in Policing, ISSN 1104-2176, E-ISSN 2242-458X, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 50-69Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study is to analyze how intelligence and operative personnel in the Baltic Sea area describe the category “Russian criminals” and which discursive patterns cooperate with the construction of the category “norm-resolving Russian.” The analytical findings of a study are presented in the following themes: (1) Construction of norm resolution and moral panics: example criminal, (2) Construction of norm resolution and moral panics: example spy and (3) Construction of norm resolution and moral panics: example military invasion. The presentation of intelligence and operational police and border guard work as having varying morals and strengthening the argument for the need to fight against the other (“Russian”) can be interpreted in different ways. One interpretation is that constructed fear for the norm-resolving Russian and reproduced moralic panic is the expression of a social identity, and it is based on a contrast in relation to the “other”. By building up ideas about "enemies", moral panic is created and recreated, as well as the professional police and border guard professional identities. In addition, it shows in the analysis of the study the image of Russians pointed out by police and border guards in the Baltic region.

  • 139.
    Basic, Goran
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning. Lund University.
    Successful Collaboration in Social Care Practice: Beneficial Success Points of Interest for the Young Person in Swedish Juvenile Care2018In: Journal of Comparative Social Work, ISSN 0809-9936, E-ISSN 0809-9936, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 56-77Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this ethnographic study is to analyse themes for ‘the successful collaborations’ that emerge from the study field notes on youth in Swedish juvenile care, and that can be interpreted as beneficial for these youth. These successful collaborations were observed, for instance, at meetings where the young persons were being discussed, and where an observer could distinguish planning for them that was carried out practically. The empirical base for this study is its total of 119 field observations/notes. The examples analysed reference a completed appointment for an eye test, a practical realization of active leisure, homework help and an internship placement that works. The coherence of three actors belonging to three different categories (coherent triads), and success points of interest that benefit the youth in the situation, create the image of a positive development for them. In this way, common identities of interplay that are useful for the young person are created and elucidated. The physical presence of the young person in these situations is an especially important theme for the ‘successful collaboration’. This study shows that trust and motivation are important aspects for a successful collaboration and inclusion of less powerful individuals and groups of individuals within a community. Young people discussed in this study receive confirmation of their identities by participating in the community, with a successful interaction between actors in juvenile care a prerequisite for successful involvement and integration.

  • 140.
    Basic, Goran
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Delić, Zlatan
    University of Tuzla, Bosnia-Herzegovina.
    Post-genocide Society, Criminology, and Pedagogy of Lifelong Learning: An Analysis of the Empirical Example of Bosnia and Herzegovina2019In: 19th Annual Conference of the European Society of Criminology: ConverGENT, Convergent roads, bridges and new pathways in criminology. Book of Abstracts, Ghent: Ghent University , 2019, p. 315-316Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The war in Bosnia and Herzegovina (1992–1995) is the historic background of this paper, as produced inthe reports of the United Nations and documents presented during international and national trialsconcerning war crimes committed during period. A literature review forms the analytical basis andcontains various studies from the domains of war sociology, social epistemology, pedagogy ofemancipation and lifelong learning, and sociology of knowledge. The aim of the paper is to analyse: 1)the negative/dark sides of social capital in the Bosnian–Herzegovinian post-genocide society thatemerged because of decades of symbolic and real war and post-war violence against the people in Bosniaand Herzegovina; and 2) the possibility of social development in the direction of a positive/lighter side ofsocial capital, in the sense of legitimising progressive politics of social development based on thefollowing foundations: a) learning peace, coexistence, and reconciliation; b) acknowledgment thatgenocide was carried out during the war and actively denied after the war; c) condemnation of genocide(both during the war and the post-war period); and d) active work to recognise the status of and obtaincompensation for the victims of the genocide (at the social, organisational/institutional, and individuallevels).

  • 141.
    Basic, Goran
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Delić, Zlatan
    University of Tuzla, Bosnia-Herzegovina.
    Sofradzija, Halima
    University of Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina.
    Ideology of neo-fascism, education, and culture of peace: the empirical case of Bosnia and Herzegovina2019In: Critical Education, ISSN 1920-4175, E-ISSN 1920-4175, Vol. 10, no 6, p. 1-20Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to critically analyse intellectual conditions for education pertaining to the empirical and normative knowledge dimensions that can oppose the ideologies of neo-fascism. The analytical basis is a literature review of various studies from the domains of sociology of knowledge, war sociology, social epistemology, and critical pedagogy. The article explains the social need for better-quality public education pertaining to the meaning of political, media, and religious use and misuse of “identitarian concepts” and “identitarian terminology.” The privileged strategies of the political application of referential systems and mechanisms of ‘differentiating’ serve as the epistemic foundation to teach the concepts, terminology, taxonomies, and classifications used to separate people into “ours” and “theirs.” The genocide of Bosnian Bosniaks in the war against the Bosnian-Herzegovinian multicultural society conveys the need to create peaceful emancipatory identity politics and for a new pedagogy of emancipation of many of the oppressed and disenfranchised who are difficult to explicitly name. Conceptual problems, related to certain obvious paradoxes intrinsic in the politics of the collective representation of citizens after genocide, are linked to these processes.

  • 142.
    Bayen Bessem, Priscilia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    The Effects of Female Genital Mutilation in Cameroon: Case Study: Ejagham Community of Eyumojock sub-division2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACT

    Female genital mutilation and circumcision (FGM/C) is an expression that describes social and traditional actions performed for the removal of the clitoris and inner lips; labia minora as well as part of the outer lips; labia majora. The research has addressed the effects of this action on women in Ejagham community of the Southwest region of Cameroon. The study focuses on effects revealed during the research, including voices of the women who had undergone FGM/C, excisors recount, violence against women physical, psychological, social, and sexual effects.

     In traditional African societies, cultural values should be upheld with dignity to humankind. Our traditional practices too, need to give honour to our bodies. Therefore, opinions from different groups within the Ejagham community are revealed in the discussion. More so, the study also found out that FGM/C was a practice performed on the girls and women on the cultural and traditional beliefs that the process signifies a rite of passage from girl to womanhood.  The process caused pain and violated the right of the young girls. The findings revealed that there are divided opinions on FGM/C within the community. Custodians of the Ejagham tradition that are in favour of the practice are conflicting with those who are against the practice on medical and human right justifications.  These different platforms play a prominent role in the various perceptions held by the people. A significant segment of the Ejagham community, together with some representatives of the international community, NGOs and the government of Cameroon are involved in efforts to bring about change in the community by eliminating the tradition through community-based awareness programs. These programs that are accessible by everybody has empowered people in the community with knowledge on the subject and provided the necessary resources that will help in eliminating the practice. The efforts have initiated a changing climate in the community; however, this does not yet mean that the tradition has been abolished.

    The paper shall also discuss the traditional and cultural reasons for the practice of FGM in Cameroon. The author will state International instruments, Conventions, the National laws, Action plan that is to eliminate or lead to the abandonment of FGM practices in Cameroon.  The paper will conclude with suitable suggestions to eradicate the practice of FGM/C, which is against Human Rights. Keywords: Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting, Human Rights, Ejagham, Community, Cameroon  

  • 143.
    Beijer, Ulla
    et al.
    Karolinska institutet;Forskning och utveckling i Sörmland.
    Vingare, Emme-Li
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Forskning och utveckling i Sörmland.
    Eriksson, Hans G
    Forskning och utveckling i Sörmland.
    Umb Carlsson, Õie
    Forskning och utveckling i Sörmland;Uppsala University.
    Are clear boundaries a prerequisite for well-functioning collaboration in home health care?: A mixed methods study2018In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 32, no 1, p. 128-137Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine whether professional collaboration in home health care is associated with clear boundaries between principals' areas of responsibility and the professions areas of responsibility, respectively. Data were derived from a web-based survey that was carried out in one county in the middle of Sweden during spring 2013. Participants were health professionals and managers from the county council and from all the municipalities in the county. Both structured and open-ended questions were utilised. A total of 421 individuals (90% women) answered the structured questions, and 91 individuals (22% of the 421) answered the open-ended questions. Quantitative data were analysed with descriptive statistics methods, tests of independence and of correlation strength. Qualitative data were analysed with content analysis. The results from the structured questions showed that well-functioning collaboration was associated with clear boundaries between principals in the county overall, and for respondents in two of three parts of the county. Association between clear boundaries between professions and well-functioning collaboration was found in the county overall among the municipality population. However, in one part of the county, we did not find any correlations between well-functioning collaboration and clear boundaries between professions or principals, with the exception of home help services. The analysis of the open questions gave similar results as the quantitative analysis, illustrated within three themes: The significance of concepts, trust and interdependence, and collaboration as a means for well-being. The results indicate that, recently after an organisational change, clear boundaries between the principals' areas of responsibility and professions' area of responsibility respectively are necessary for effective cooperation between professionals. If the organisation and professionals have previous positive experience of colocated activities, clear boundaries do not share the same importance.

  • 144.
    Beijerstam, Emma
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, Baltic Business School.
    Sköldefalk, Frida
    University of Kalmar, Baltic Business School.
    "Från vrak till världsklass": En studie om Vasamuseets marknadsföring2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sverige har ett stort utbud av besöksmål och kan erbjuda människor många och varierande upplevelser. Det medför att en hård konkurrens förekommer på marknaden om att locka besökare. En attraktion måste därför kunna erbjuda något unik som lockar till intresse och skapar en medvetenhet hos den potentiella besökaren. För att få en kund att besöka en specifik attraktion krävs även att kunden får ett värde vid besöket som resulterar i en minnesvärd upplevelse. Marknadsföring är ett viktigt verktyg för att på ett effektivt sätt kunna kommunicera det unika med en attraktion till den tänkta besökaren. Vasamuseet är ett unikt besöksmål som erhåller regalskeppet Vasa som deras primära sevärdhet. Museet har över en miljon besökare varje år och är ett av Sveriges attraktivaste besöksmål.

    Syftet med denna studie är att klargöra och diskutera hur Vasamuseets marknadsföring organiseras med tanke på deras unika attraktion. Uppsatsen riktar sig främst till potentiella besökare men likväl till människor som tidigare besökt Vasamuseet. Detta för att skapa en förståelse och förhoppningsvis ett intresse kring hur museets marknadsföring organiseras för att kunna nå ut till omvärlden som de i högsta grad är en del av. Uppsatsen utgick från en induktiv ansats med kvalitativa djupintervjuer. De respondenter som är förekommande i studien innefattar fem anställda på Vasamuseet som besitter betydande kunskap för vårt forskningsämne.

    Uppsatsens slutsats visar på att personlig försäljning är ett väl användbart marknadsföringsverktyg för Vasamuseet att nå ut till sina besökare. Personlig försäljning lämpar sig bäst då museet främst marknadsför sig genom workshops utomlands i och med att deras primära marknader finns utanför Sveriges gränser.

  • 145.
    Bendroth, Karl
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Swedish Development Assistance Policy 1990- 2012: How has it changed?2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It has gone more than 50 years since Sweden officially started organizing and giving development assistance to needing countries. There have been many different Governments with differences in both ideological background and political aim during that time, not only in Sweden but also internationally. How much has circumstances and the different rule affected the Swedish development assistance policies? To answer that question has been the main aim for this thesis.

    In my study I have focused on the last 22 years, as from 1990 until 2012, and studied one budget proposition for development assistance per Government.  I have also studied some of the most important steering documents, important events and international decisions that have affected the Swedish development policies. Since the budget propositions show the ambitions of the Governments it is also their policies. It is these policies that I will analyze using the two variables: size of the aid, and the goal for the aid. The analysis is has been done using Nikolaos Zahariadis policy theory The Multiple Streams Framework.

    My study shows that the policies that were adopted 50 years ago still have a large, if not settling, impact on today’s policies. The main goal for the development assistance today only differs on a few words from what was written in proposition 1962:100. The economic goal which is one of the most fundamental parts of today’s development assistance, that one percent of Sweden’s GDP should go to international aid, was first decided in 1968.

    Finally, I have concluded that both the way the goal of the development assistance has been formulated and how extensive the frame of funding for development assistance has been, haven’t always percental been followed with how much money that have been spent on the budget point development work.

  • 146.
    Bengtsson, Nicolina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Gop, Lisa
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    "Look, the Eiffel Tower!... but first, let me take a selfie"2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vår uppsats syftar till att skapa en bild av hur sociala medier påverkar en turistupplevelse. Teknologi är idag ett fenomen som har integrerats i det vardagliga livet och har även blivit en del av dagens resande. Sociala medier utgör en stor del av dagens teknologiska användande och används idag frekvent av många människor under en turistupplevelse. Vi anser att sociala mediers alltmer inflytelserika roll i människors resande skapar en möjlighet för oss att studera detta relativt outforskade område. Genom en empirisk utgångspunkt i form av djupgående intervjuer har vi skapat en tydlig uppfattning av hur sociala medier påverkar en turistupplevelse. Vi har genom studien kommit till insikt att en turistupplevelse kan påverkas av sociala medier på olika vis, samt till olika utsträckning. 

  • 147.
    Bengtsson, Pernilla
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Fritz, Kajsa
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Den medicinska turismprodukten på Filippinerna2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Problem: Filippinerna erbjuder idag medicinsk turism till länder runt omkring, men det finns ingen forskning på hur turismprodukten ser ut i kombination med medicinsk turism.

    Syfte: Studien går ut på att beskriva hur turism och medicinska faktorer bildar den filippinska medicinska turismprodukten och hur den sedan framställs.

    Metod: Med en kvalitativ metod genomfördes, med hjälp av innehållsanalyser och en ostrukturerad intervju, analyser av tre olika hemsidor som förmedlar medicinsk turism. Dessa innehållsanalyser tolkades med en hermeneutisk ansats.

    Resultat: Studien kommer fram till att alla delar i modellen, det medicinska turismsystemet är viktiga för att en medicinskturismprodukt ska fungera på Filippinerna. Varje kategori står för sin del av den medicinska turismprodukten och alla bör användas för att skapa en så bra turismprodukt som möjligt.

  • 148.
    Bengtsson Rapp, Elin
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Eriksson, Fanny
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Ut ur hedersförtryck: En studie baserad på sju självbiografier skrivna av kvinnor som levt under hedersförtryck.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to understand which strategies helped women escape honourbased violence, by reading the autobiographies of seven women. Honourbased violence is a relatively new problem in Sweden, but it has existed for a long time. According to FN (2012) 5000 women are murdered every year in the name of honour. Honourbased violence is about maintaining the honour of the family. Womens sexuality is connected to men´s honour, and because of that they are not allowed to express it. They are being under constant control and surveillance by their family, to make sure they don´t violate the line. The father of the family has the right to make all the decisions of the whole family. In some cases, this leads to woman wanting liberation and successfully escape, starting a new life. In this study we wanted to investigate which persons and organizations meant the most to those women, during their journey. The study also investigates which strategies they used to become free. To help us analyze our result we used a theory based on power. We mean that honourbased violence rely on power and it´s structures, to maintain men´s power over women. We used a qualitative method using textual analyses. Results show that both single individuals and also organizations helped them escape. The most important strategies turned out to be hope, acceptance, denial, isolation, escape, resistance and even suicide attempt.

  • 149.
    Bengtsson, Therese
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, Baltic Business School.
    Strid, Tina
    University of Kalmar, Baltic Business School.
    "TUSEN och En natT": När kulturer möts i ett utvecklingsprojekt2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats behandlar synen på kultur inom utvecklingsprojektet tusenet. Tusenet är ett projekt mellan Sverige och Turkiet och en del av Turkietprogrammet, som syftar till att underlätta och främja Turkiets medlemskap i EU samt att fördjupa de svensk-turkiska relationerna. Då denna uppsats bygger på kvalitativa intervjuer vill vi skapa förståelse snarare än att komma fram till några absoluta sanningar. Studien är baserad på sex stycken kvalitativa intervjuer med representanter från de svenska deltagarna i tusenet. Även en mindre omfattande telefonintervju för att utreda projektnamnet har utförts. Syftet med denna uppsats är att studera de medverkande aktörernas uppfattningar angående bilder av Turkiet, andra kulturer och utveckling. Syftet är även att kartlägga de medverkandes inställningar, och försöka utreda om det finns faktiska (eller endast inbillade) skillnader mellan turkar och svenskar.

  • 150.
    Berg, Åsa
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Nurminen, Anne-Maria
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Specialpedagog i förskolan: -förväntningar från förskolans pedagoger2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien undersöker förskolans pedagogers förväntningar på specialpedagogens uppdrag och yrkesroll. Syftet med studien är att undersöka om förväntningarna stämmer med examensordningen för specialpedagoger. Specialpedagogens yrkesroll formas i mötet med verksamheten.  Förhoppningen är att klargöra vilka förväntningar som ställs på specialpedagogen i det kommande uppdraget. För att få svar på vilka förväntningar som råder så har en kvantitativ metod använts i form av enkät. Urvalsgruppen består av verksamma pedagoger i förskolan. Resultatet visar på att det finns höga förväntningar från pedagogerna i förskolan på specialpedagogens yrkesroll. Förväntningarna gäller dock inte hela bredden av specialpedagogens examensordning.   

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