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  • 101.
    Thor Tureby, Malin
    et al.
    Linköping university.
    Johansson, Jesper
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Oral history as digital heritage in the age of migration2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 102.
    Torpsten, Ann-Christin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    People in motion, a historical perspective: A narrative about leaving and change2015In: Participation, Integration, and Recognition: Changing Pathways to immigrant Incorporation / [ed] Elli Heikkilä, Auvo Kostiainen, Johanna Leinonen, Ismo Söderling, Turku: Institute of Migration , 2015, p. 126-138Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to shed light on one immigrant’s experience of leaving and changes, of being forced to abandon the family home. Though decision to return and eventually did so, the informant later chose to leave again, reorienting towards new possibilities elsewhere. The informant related, in an oral interview, memories of the 1930s and 1940s; telling this story nearly seventy years after. Taking a life-story approach, I analyze this narrative of leaving and change, building on the idea that individually narrated memories can contribute knowledge and understanding to the field of immigrant studies. Experiences of insecurity and the search for a place where one feels safe and comfortable result from being forced to leave one’s home, all that is familiar, and from starting over. In this context, while the informant’s initial exodus was beyond control, later move to start over in a new country appears to reflect one’s own choice.

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  • 103.
    Voyer, Andrea
    Pace University.
    Strangers and Neighbors: Multiculturalism, Conflict and Community in America2013Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    The city of Lewiston, Maine, has struggled since its mills began closing in the 1950s. Historically recognized for its large French-speaking population descended from the Canadians who staffed the city's mills, in the new millennium Lewiston acquired a new identity as "Maine's Mogadishu." Beginning in 2001, substantial Somali immigrant settlement gave Lewiston the largest per capita Somali population in the United States and sparked controversies and collaborations that redefined the city. In Strangers and Neighbors, Andrea M. Voyer shares five years of observations in the city of Lewiston. She shows how long-time city residents and immigrant newcomers worked to develop an understanding of the inclusive and caring community in which they could all take part. Yet the sense of community developed in Lewiston was built on the appreciation of diversity in the abstract rather than by fostering close and caring relationships across the boundaries of class, race, culture, and religion. Through her sensitive depictions of the experiences of Somalis, Lewiston city leadership, anti-racism activists, and even racists, Voyer reveals both the promise of and the obstacles to achieving community in the face of diversity.

  • 104.
    Wallin, Pontus
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Vart bör Kiribati, Tuvalu och Marshallöarnas befolkningar ta vägen?: En normativ analys inom ämnet för klimatförändringarnas utmaningar2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The effects of anthropogenic climate change are becoming more and more visible as being highlighted by scientists, politicians and media. The causes of droughts, floods, melting ice caps and rising sea levels can all partially be traced back to human activities. In this study, I examine where the future climate refugees of Kiribati, Tuvalu and the Marshall Islands should go when inhabitants of these low lying island nations are forced to leave their disappearing territories due to sea level rise. By using a normative method of analysis i egentlig mening, arguments deriving from certain values will be presented to confront the problem. These values originate from Edward A. Page’s theories concerning justice in sharing the burdens of climate change. Combined with a complementary utilitaristic value, the conclusion is that Australia is most suitable to host future climate refugees of these particular island nations, while the justice based values alone concludes the US as its preferred choice. In parallel, normative political theory will be evaluated regarding its functionality in the subject of global climate questions. Hence this study contains two purposes; to argue where the islanders should go, and whether a normative methodology is suitable when solving such a problem.

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  • 105. Warren, Anne Reath
    et al.
    Sheikhi, Karin
    Lindén, Sofia
    Avery, Helen
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.
    Hedman, Christina
    Identitets- och kunskapsutveckling i studiehandledning på modersmål: perspektiv från forskning och utbildning2018In: Modersmål, minoritet och mångfald - Flerspråkiga identiteter i en nordisk utbildningskontext: Abstracthäfte, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2018, p. 41-42Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    I den svenska grund- och gymnasieskolan kan elever få stöd i olika skolämnen genom att bearbeta ämnesstoff på andra språk än svenska i så kallad. studiehandledning på modersmålet (SHMM). Detta är en lagstadgad rättighet för alla elever som behöver det. SHMM har funnits sedan 1960-talet, men det är bara under de senaste två åren som forskningen om studiehandledning har tagit fart. Forskningen visar hur SHMM kan stötta elevernas språk- och kunskapsutveckling samt bidra till ett stärkande av deras identitetsutveckling, men att organiseringen av SHMM ofta är ogenomtänkt och resurserna otillräckliga (Avery, 2017; Reath Warren, 2016; Wedin & Wessman, 2017). Inga särskilda kvalifikationer krävs dessutom av studiehandledare, verksamheten är tidsbegränsad och SHMM betraktas inte som undervisning, vilket har bidragit till verksamhetens marginalisering. Dessa villkor avspeglar en generell tendens att nedprioritera minoritetsspråk (Lainio, 2013). I kollokviet lyfter vi resultat från ny forskning som visar hur SHMM, när den är väl genomförd och organiserad, bidrar till språk- och kunskapsutveckling, Vidare diskuteras de möjligheter som studiehandledning erbjuder avseende elevers möjligheter att utveckla en flerspråkig identitet samt vilka attityder till flerspråkighet som förekommer bland studiehandledare, lärare och familjer.  Anne Reath Warren ger en introduktion till SHMM och presenterar studien ”Studiehandledning på modersmål – ett tillfälligt utrymme för transspråkande”. En analys av flerspråkiga praktiker under 13 lektioner visar hur transspråkande under studiehandledning uppfyller fem funktioner som bidrar till språk- och kunskapsutveckling och utmanar monoglossiska språkideologiska perspektiv i den aktuella undervisningskontexten (Reath Warren, 2016). Karin Sheikhi bidrar med en presentation om “Utbildning för studiehandledare på modersmål”. Studiehandledare är ett yrke som inte är reglerat och verksamma studiehandledare idag är en mycket heterogen grupp. Att utforma en utbildning som är lämplig och anpassad för yrkesrollen är därmed en utmaning. Presentationen bygger på en studie av utformning, genomförande och utvärdering av utbildningar för studiehandledare. Sofia Lindéns presentation bygger på material från hennes pågående avhandlingsprojekt om pedagogisk stöttning i undervisningskontexter med SHMM och nyanlända elever. Begreppet stöttning är centralt i presentationen och diskuteras med utgångspunkt i fältanteckningar av undervisningsobservationer under SHMM samt utifrån intervjuer med studiehandledare, nyanlända elever och klass/ämneslärare. Helen Avery diskuterar utifrån analyser av videomaterial, observationer och intervjuer studiehandledning i matematik och dess specifika villkor. Tre aspekter berörs: lärares föreställningar om väsentliga färdigheter och progression, klasslärares förmåga att stödja elever och förklara problem samt vilken betydelse föreställningar om språk har för hur studiehandledning ges i matematik.

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  • 106.
    Wildschut, Marja
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Improve attitudes through indirect intergroup contact?: A study of secondary school students' attitudes towards asylum-seekers2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the increasing numbers of refugees and asylum seekers seeking safety in Europe, integration is of utmost importance to handle this situation effectively. When looking at integration in the Netherlands as the process of decreasing the difference in opportunities, concerning for example, income, education and social security, between people with a Dutch and a migration background, it can be observed that integration is not successful. One attempt to improve integration is by improving intergroup contact, as this reduces prejudice and threat and will enhance more positive attitudes towards the outgroup. Following from the intergroup contact theory, there are several approaches that can improve this attitude, one of these being the indirect intergroup contact theory. This theory has been at stake in this research and it has been studied whether Digital Storytelling videos can be regarded as a form of indirect intergroup contact. 

    To achieve this objective, the impact of these two videos on secondary school students’ attitudes towards asylum seekers was studied by conducting a random controlled trial. The students (N = 165) were divided into three groups; one control group, one group that watched a video from an asylum seeker (outgroup video) and one group that watched a video from an ingroup member who has engaged in intergroup contact (ingroup video). The effects have been studied with respect to the general attitude, the willingness to engage in contact, equality, extended contact, threat, realistic threat and intergroup anxiety. The effect of previous contact has also been considered in this research.

    This research has concluded that the outgroup video has the strongest influence, both on people that have and have not engaged in intergroup contact. Nevertheless, when comparing to the control group, the impact on the people that have not engaged in previous intergroup contact is relatively stronger. This outcome is that same for the ingroup video; the effect is the strongest for the people that have not been in contact, which is what the indirect contact theory is based upon.

    To use the findings of this research in real-life setting, the optimal result is believed to be achieved when an ingroup video will be showed before direct contact takes place and an outgroup video after direct contact has taken place.

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