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  • 101.
    Bengtson, Tobias
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Lundahl-Benedictsson, Jennifer
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Peter, Sandra
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Traditionella flygbolagens konkurrensstrategier mot lågprisflygbolag2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study is based on explaining and giving a picture of strategies the traditional airlines use to compete with the low cost airlines. Since the deregulation in 1992 many low cost airlines have established themselves on Europe´s airline market and have taken over large parts of the market. Air travelers have become price-conscious and always searching for the cheapest ticket.

    Traditional airlines were outcompeted by low cost companies. In order to claim the market new competition strategies were needed. The purpose of the study is to describe which strategies traditional airlines use especially in terms of service offering to attract customers. Previous research and theories describe competition strategies that focus on service, costs, price, product and Porter´s model.

    In interviews with people who have knowledge about the airline industry because of their work we got answers about how traditional airlines use competitive strategies with the focus on service. We supplemented our study with secondary literature from the webpages of traditional airlines. The results show that the best strategy for traditional airlines is to use a mix of different service strategies to win loyal clients. 

  • 102.
    Bengtsson, Anna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Karlsson, Cornelia
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Det har hänt så otroligt mycket: En kvalitativ studie om hur den tekniska utvecklingen har påverkat indiebolagens arbetsprocess2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Den tekniska utvecklingen har påverkat vårt samhälle på flera olika sätt och inom flera områden. Ett sätt förändringen har påverkat är hur vi har konsumerat musik genom åren. Efter CD-skivans storhetstid började den illegala nedladdningen öka till följd av den tekniska utvecklingen och försatte musikbranschen i kris. Musikbranschen har sedan återhämtat sig med hjälp av digitala tjänster som Spotify och iTunes.

     

    Syfte: Syftet med uppsatsen är att identifiera vilken inverkan den tekniska utvecklingen har haft på indiebolagens arbetsprocess i musikbranschen. Studien riktar sig till aktörer inom musikbranschen.

     

    Metod: Uppsatsen är formad efter den kvalitativa forskningsmetoden och har huvudsakligen bestått av primärdata bestående av samtal med informanter som är aktiva inom musikbranschen. Vidare har vi använd oss av den induktiva forskningsansatsen. 

     

    Slutsatser: Studien har identifierad att indiebolagens arbetsprocess har påverkats av den tekniska utvecklingen. Vi har identifierat fyra teman där förändringen är utmärkande, vilka är marknadsföring, förändrade arbetsområden, ekonomi och nätverk.  

  • 103.
    Bengtsson, Johanna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Gustafsson, Jinya
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Vägen är mödan värd: Den digitala transformationens påverkan på organisationer2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Problemformulering: Hur påverkas organisationer vid digitala transformationer? 

    Syfte: Uppsatsens primära syfte är att redogöra för hur en digital transformation har påverkat organisationers affärsmodeller samt påverkat verksamheters användande av strategier. Vi ämnar även att undersöka varför organisationer genomgick en digital transformation och vad som önskades att uppnås med förändringen. 

    Metod: En kvalitativ datainsamling med en deduktiv ansats. Det empiriska materialet samlades in via strukturerade intervjuer på respondenternas arbetsplatser. 

    Slutsats: Studien påvisar att organisationerna efter en digital transformation har kunnat skapa ett högre värde genom kostnadsminimering och effektivisering genom användning av mindre medel. Studien visar även att organisationsförändringen förändrar en verksamhet från grunden eftersom nya strukturer och system tillämpas samt delvis påverkar affärsmodeller. Det är därför av vikt att ha en digital strategi, en handlingsplan och mål för förändringsprocessen. 

  • 104.
    Bengtsson, Nicolina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Gop, Lisa
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    "Look, the Eiffel Tower!... but first, let me take a selfie"2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vår uppsats syftar till att skapa en bild av hur sociala medier påverkar en turistupplevelse. Teknologi är idag ett fenomen som har integrerats i det vardagliga livet och har även blivit en del av dagens resande. Sociala medier utgör en stor del av dagens teknologiska användande och används idag frekvent av många människor under en turistupplevelse. Vi anser att sociala mediers alltmer inflytelserika roll i människors resande skapar en möjlighet för oss att studera detta relativt outforskade område. Genom en empirisk utgångspunkt i form av djupgående intervjuer har vi skapat en tydlig uppfattning av hur sociala medier påverkar en turistupplevelse. Vi har genom studien kommit till insikt att en turistupplevelse kan påverkas av sociala medier på olika vis, samt till olika utsträckning. 

  • 105.
    Bengtsson, Olivia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Johansson, Emmy
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Konsten att axla ett chefsuppdrag som ung: En studie om unga chefers karriärsutmaningar2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: To undertake a management position as a young person - A study about young managers career challenges Authors: Emmy Johansson and Olivia Bengtsson Institution: Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics Program: Human Resource Management Course: Business Administration III – Organization (Bachelor thesis) Supervisor: Kjell Arvidsson Examiner: Mikael Lundgren Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify the challenges young managers faces in their careers, as well as how young managers could be better prepared for the perceived career challenges. By identifying the challenges of young managers, we wish to create increased awareness among prospective young managers, organizations and leadership programs. Methodology: Through a qualitative research strategy, semi-structured interviews has been conducted using young managers between the ages of 25-35 years. The chosen young managers are active in different industries and in different geographic areas in Sweden. In order to answer the problem formulations, we have assumed an abductive research effort.Conclusion: Young managers experience management as challenging and difficult to manage. One of the challenges is the age difference between the young manager and the older employees. Young managers lack the natural status that comes with age which makes it difficult for them to execute the managership. Young managers experience difficulties in creating confidence in their employees. The reason for the challenge of trust is the fact that they constantly need to prove their competence and suitability for their management position. Young managers feels that the large responsibility is a constant challenge. The responsibility leads to large sacrifices of the personal life and requires both time and energy, which can be perceived as hard to handle. The digitization and the constant availability are a recurring challenge which many young managers find difficult to handle. This challenge has been proved to be both stressful and affecting working life and privacy life. There are also difficulties in delegating and prioritizing tasks. Young managers needs to be better prepared for a manager position by using an internship during their studies and with a better knowledge of what a manager's role involves. Finally it has been proved that young managers previous expectations of the management position can be decisive for how they perceive and manage the career challenges. Keywords: Young managers, career challenges, management, expectations

  • 106.
    Bengtsson, Pernilla
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Fritz, Kajsa
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Den medicinska turismprodukten på Filippinerna2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Problem: Filippinerna erbjuder idag medicinsk turism till länder runt omkring, men det finns ingen forskning på hur turismprodukten ser ut i kombination med medicinsk turism.

    Syfte: Studien går ut på att beskriva hur turism och medicinska faktorer bildar den filippinska medicinska turismprodukten och hur den sedan framställs.

    Metod: Med en kvalitativ metod genomfördes, med hjälp av innehållsanalyser och en ostrukturerad intervju, analyser av tre olika hemsidor som förmedlar medicinsk turism. Dessa innehållsanalyser tolkades med en hermeneutisk ansats.

    Resultat: Studien kommer fram till att alla delar i modellen, det medicinska turismsystemet är viktiga för att en medicinskturismprodukt ska fungera på Filippinerna. Varje kategori står för sin del av den medicinska turismprodukten och alla bör användas för att skapa en så bra turismprodukt som möjligt.

  • 107.
    Bengtsson Wood, Naomi
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Carlsson, Julia
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Sjöström, Emmy
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Varumärket som framgångsfaktor: en fallstudie av musikbolaget RMH2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte

    Syftet med uppsatsen är att analysera företaget RMH:s (Respect My Hustle) varumärke

    och identifiera vilka faktorer relaterade till just varumärket som kan ses som

    framgångsfaktorer för företaget som en representant för mindre bolag inom

    musiksektorn. Syftet definieras ytterligare i två delsyften:

    1. Utreda betydelsen av intern marknadsföring och dess påverkan på utformningen

    av musikbolagets varumärke. Detta i form av identitet, rekrytering, kultur, intern

    marknadsföring.

    2. Utreda betydelsen av marknadskommunikationens och nätverkandets påverkan

    på musikbolagets varumärke.

    Syftet mynnar ut i forskningsfrågan som är följande:

    Vilka framgångsfaktorer kan ur ett varumärkesperspektiv identifieras för

    musikbolaget RMH som en representant för mindre bolag inom musiksektorn?

    Metod

    Uppsatsen är en kvalitativ fallstudie av en abduktiv karaktär. Sju intervjuer har

    genomförts. Sex intervjuer är gjorda med tidigare anställda vid företaget och fem av

    dessa är gjorda personligen, en via telefon. Den sjunde och sista intervjun gjordes med

    en fokusgrupp där fyra konsumenter till företaget medverkade.

    Slutsatser

    I den empiriska analysen och i slutdiskussionen framkommer det att den interna

    kulturen hos företaget var av stor vikt för deras framgångar med varumärket.

    Passionerade, hårt arbetande medarbetare och gemenskapen dem däremellan sken

    igenom utåt till intressenter och gjorde att de ville vara en del av gemenskapen. Även

    RMHs och deras artisters politiska och samhälleliga engagemang var starkt

    sammankopplat med bilden av företagets varumärke och visade sig vara en bidragande

    faktor till dess framgång. Fans, följare och samarbetspartners ville förknippas med

    RMH och deras artister för att bli sedda som medvetna och engagerade för att på så vis

    kunna bidra till positiv påverkan på omvärlden.

  • 108.
    Bennedicks, Linnea
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Jarelius Persson, Niklas
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Stjernström, Johanna
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Hur tar jag mig förbi det här?: En kvalitativ studie om självledarskapets fördelar i artisters karriärer2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The artist profession seems to have undergone a change due to the digitization. Changed conditions seem to have given the artist profession a more entrepreneurial side where the responsibility for their career has increased. The study has a starting point in the phenomenon of self-leadership and what role self-leadership plays for artists, and we answer the question: In which ways can self-leadership be an advantage in an artist’s career? The purpose with this study is therefore to examine what positive contributing roles self-leadership has on artist’s careers. The study has a qualitative deductive approach based on theories of self- leadership and motivation. Data is collected using structured interviews with established artists with questions based on the theories. Through these interviews we found some characteristics among the artists that suggests that some specific kinds of self-leadership are an advantage for an artist’s career. The conclusion in the study lands in a model of what we saw were the most important roles that self-leadership has for artists.

  • 109.
    Berg, Josephine
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Ivarsson, Magnus
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Jonsson, Martina
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Medarbetarsamtal: Vilken funktion fyller de?2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACT

    Bachelor Thesis, Human Resource Management, Linnaeus University, Organization, 2013.

    Title: ”Medarbetarsamtal – vilken funktion fyller de?” Supervisor: Kjell Arvidsson

    Author: Josephine Berg, Magnus Ivarsson och Martina Jonsson Examiner: Mikael Lundgren

     

    Background: That annual performance is held every now and then is quite usual for most companies, both in the private and public sector. But is there any point in having appraisals? We wonder if they are only there to fill a ceremonial purpose, whether it is something that the management decided without explaining why the employees?

     

    Purpose: The aim of our study is to try to find out how managers and employees are experiencing performance reviews to see if these conversations have any point or if they exist without any proper reason.

     

    Method: To answer the study's end, an inductive approach with a qualitative method was selected as the basis for the essay. We interviewed six employees and an equal number of directors.

     

    Results and conclusions: We have in our study found that many companies use appraisals but they do not really know why. It is something they do just to have it done and because others do it. But even though most do not know why they implemented our respondents think that it is good that they are, if nothing else, they get some time alone with the boss, and that may be just as important. We have in our study concluded that there is no clear answer; the appraisals serve different functions in different organizations and for different people.

  • 110.
    Berg, Sara
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Persson, Ulrika
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    En cynisk historia: En studie i hur psykologiska kontrakt påverkar missnöje2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose with this study is to create an understanding in how widespread dissatisfaction is in worklife. By studying the psychological contract we want to understand how dissatisfaction appears when the contract has been broken.

    Methodology: The study has a qualitative and abductive approach. We have collected our empirical data through qualitative interviews and forms.

    Theoretical perspectives: Our theoretical material has been grounded in theories about the psychological contract, organizational cynicism and communication. These three areas have we connected with our empirical data.

    Empirical foundations: We have done three interviews with three people with leading position at different companies to get their view on the matter of dissatisfaction. As a complement to the interviews we have done questionnaire studies to understand the perspective of the employees.

    Conclusion: The result of the study has shown us that dissatisfaction is a widespread problem in the workplaces. We argue that the employer does not give enough attention to this type of matter and that they should. Our results show us that the employee have more expectations, so called psychological contracts, than the employer is aware of. Also we have seen that the employer’s way to act has been a strong contributor to the employee’s dissatisfaction, which therefor needs to be considered. Finally we can establish that the employers should work more active with psychological contract and give more attention to dissatisfaction.

     

    Thank you!  

  • 111.
    Berger, Sara
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Lindholm, Julia
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Meyer, Mattias
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Inkluderad eller exkluderad?: En fallstudie om mångfald i den svenska byggsektorn2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The aim of the thesis was to identify potential measures to increase the included diversity in the Swedish construction industry, as well as shed light on potential future research topics within the area.

    Method: The thesis question was examined with an inductive approach by conducting a qualitative case study on a Swedish construction company. The data used in the study was based on interviews with executives working in the Swedish construction industry.

    Conclusion: The study finds an underlying complexity in implementing included diversity in the Swedish construction industry. However, the general attitude was rather characterized by positive than negative connotations. Furthermore, the organizational culture has an impact on how the conditions for diversity appear. Through this study, we have finally been able to identify three measures that organizations within the Swedish construction industry can apply to improve diversity.

  • 112.
    Berggren, Evelina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Larsson, Sam
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    De dubbla verkligheternas dilemma: En komparativ fallstudie över resultatstyrningens påverkan på lärare och polisers arbetssituation2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    De senaste 20 åren har svensk offentlig verksamhet styrts med resultatstyrning, vilket totalt ändrat statliga organisationers landskap. De som sägs ha påverkats mest av denna förändring är professionsyrken vilka utgör en femtedel av svensk yrkeskår. Denna studie beskriver hur professionella påverkas av resultatstyrning. Med hjälp av kvalitativa intervjuer av respondenter som arbetar inom professionsyrkena lärare och polis har resultat kunnat utrönas ur perspektiv av tre centrala teman: “makt”, “ansvar” och “rationalitet/intellekt”. Resultatet av studien har kunnat utröna tendenser till vissa likheter med tidigare forskning på ämnet resultatstyrning samtidigt som andra delar av dessa studier står motsagda. Till exempel upplevde sig professionella fortsatt ha självständighet i sin yrkesutövning på samma gång som vissa däremot vittnar om minskad tillit och ökad administration.

    Uppsatsen utmynnade i sju mindre sammankopplade slutsatser där det viktigaste, övergripande är att verksamhetsmål och resultat inte anses vara verklighetsförankrade. Detta spås ha bidragit till det förståelseglapp mellan ledning och profession som respondenterna har tyckts berätta om där resultatstyrning bidrar till dubbla verkligheter: en verklighet berättad i form av resultat och en av profession. En annan insikt är däremot att inget allmänt motstånd mot resultatstyrning uttrycktes hos någon av respondenterna.

  • 113.
    Berggren, Marcus
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Melin, Olivia
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Människans bästa vän: Anställdas förhållande till sina mobiltelefoner2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Problemformulering:

    Hur förhåller sig chefer inom banksektorn till mobilanvändande under arbetstid?

     

    Syfte:

    Studiens primära syfte är att undersöka chefers inställning till mobilanvändande under arbetstid. Studien vill även bidra till att medvetandegöra organisationer om anställdas förhållningssätt till privat mobilanvändande under arbetstid.

     

    Metod:

    En kvalitativ datainsamling med induktiv ansats. Det empiriska materialet samlades in via halvstrukturerade intervjuer på informanternas arbetsplatser och via telefon.

     

    Slutsats:

    Studien påvisar chefers förhållningssätt och inställning till mobilanvändande under arbetstid. Studien visar även vilka konsekvenser mobiltelefoner har på organisation och medarbetare.

  • 114.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Stockholm University.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University.
    Pettersson, Katarina
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University.
    Women's entrepreneurship, neoliberalism and economic justice in the postfeminist era: a discourse analysis of policy change in Sweden2018In: Gender, Work and Organization, ISSN 0968-6673, E-ISSN 1468-0432, Vol. 25, no 5, p. 531-556Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the early 1990s, there has been investment in women's entrepreneurship policy (WEP) in Sweden, which continued until 2015. During the same period, Sweden assumed neoliberal policies that profoundly changed the position of women within the world of work and business. The goals for WEP changed as a result, from entrepreneurship as a way to create a more equal society, to the goal of unleashing women's entrepreneurial potential so they can contribute to economic growth. To better understand this shift we approach WEP as a neoliberal governmentality which offers women 'entrepreneurial' or 'postfeminist' subject positions. The analysis is inspired by political theorist Nancy Fraser who theorized the change as the displacement of socioeconomic redistribution in favour of cultural recognition, or identity politics. We use Fraser's concepts in a discourse analysis of Swedish WEP over two decades, identifying two distinct discourses and three discursive displacements. Whilst WEP initially gave precedence to a radical feminist discourse that called for women's collective action, this was replaced by a postfeminist neoliberal discourse that encouraged individual women to assume an entrepreneurial persona, start their own business, compete in the marketplace and contribute to economic growth. The result was the continued subordination of women business owners, but it also obscured or rendered structural problems/solutions, and collective feminist action, irrelevant.

  • 115.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Stockholm University.
    Verduijn, Karen
    VU University Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
    Introduction: challenges for entrepreneurship education2018In: Revitalizing entrepreneurship education: adopting a critical approach in the classroom / [ed] Karin Berglund & Karen Verduijn, Routledge, 2018, 1, p. 3-24Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 116.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Stockholm University.
    Verduijn, KarenVU University Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
    Revitalizing entrepreneurship education: adopting a critical approach in the classroom2018Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Within mainstream scholarship, it's assumed without question that entrepreneurship and entrepreneurship education are desirable and positive economic activities. Drawing on a wide range of theoretical approaches and political-philosophical perspectives, critical entrepreneurship studies has emerged to ask the questions which this assumption obscures. Students of entrepreneurship need to understand why and how entrepreneurship is seen as a moral force which can solve social problems or protect the environment, or even to tackle political problems. It is time to evaluate how such contributions and insights have entered our classrooms. How much - if any - critical discussion and insight enters our classrooms? How do we change when students demand to be taught "how to do it", not to be critical or reflexive?If educators are to bring alternative perspectives into the classroom, it will entail a new way of thinking. There is a need to share ideas and practical approaches, and that is what the contributions to this volume aim to do and to illuminate new ways forward in entrepreneurship education.

  • 117.
    Bergman Johansson, Saga
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Haraldsson, Maja
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Från "mystant" till strategisk partner: En kvalitativ studie om hur en HR-transformation upplevs och påverkar yrkesidentiteten hos medarbetare inom personalyrket.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Before conducting this study, we observed how a lot of Swedish companies replaced Swedish job titles with English titles. As HRM-students, we noticed that a lot of companies in Sweden replaced their old personnel departments with new HR-departments. This became the starting-point of our study. We questioned why this change was happening in society and wanted to further investigate how the change could affect the co-workers within the organisation and their professional identity. The purpose of this study was, by using a qualitative method, to study how an HR-transformation in an organisation may lead to a change in the professional identity for the HR-staff.The qualitative study has been conducted with an abductive approach. We have carried out six interviews with HR-employees in two different organisations.Our conclusions are that an HR-transformation do affect the professional identity through various dimensions of identity in work. We also conclude that the HR-transformation results in a higher prestige for the HR-occupation. Overall, the HR-transformation have been a positive experience for the participants in our study.

  • 118.
    Bergman, Klara
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Karlsson, Lisa
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Karlsson, Rebecca
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    B2B-evenemang som mötesplats: En studie om Turism360 och Ölands besöksnäring2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Destinationsutveckling handlar om att samordna och utveckla en plats eller region för att optimera turismen. Ett business to business evenemang (B2B-evenemang) ger företagare möjlighet att exempelvis byta information, nätverka med kollegor och medarbetare samt följa med i utvecklingen inom branschen. Ett B2B-evenemang kan även användas vid destinationsutveckling. Turism360 arrangerades av Ölands Bank med syftet att samla besöksnäringen på Öland och ge dem möjligheten att nätverka, utbyta idéer samt skapa nya och underhålla befintliga relationer.

    Syfte: Studiens syfte är att beskriva om och i så fall hur ett B2B-evenemang kan bidra till en kollektiv utveckling av Ölands besöksnäring. Syftet är även att beskriva informanternas syn på evenemanget Turism360 och Ölands besöksnäring.

    Frågeställning: Hur kan ett B2B-evenemang bidra till utvecklingen av en besöksnäring?

    Metod: En kvalitativ forskningsmetod har används med insamling av data genom intervjuer och sekundär datainsamling. Studien har utgått från grundad teori, där författarnas egna tolkningar ligger till grund för studiens upplägg.

    Slutsatser: Turism360 kan som B2B-evenemang vara en mötesplats där aktörerna inom Ölands besöksnäring får chansen att träffas och diskutera turismen på ön. Det kan bidra till förbättrade kommunikationsmöjligheter i utvecklingen av Ölands besöksnäring. Ölands Banks syfte med Turism360 var bland annat att samla branschen vilket de till stor del lyckades med. Däremot skapades få nya kontakter under evenemanget vilket också var en del av syftet.

  • 119.
    Bergman, Victoria
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    The effect of tourism when choosing where to study abroad: A study on exchange students’ destination choice2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis has established exchange students as a particular group of tourists and a segment in their own right. The purpose of the study was to find out to what extent a study abroad destination’s role as a tourism destination affects exchange students when they choose where to study abroad. The study was conducted through an online survey answered by exchange students of multiple nationalities and study abroad destinations. The study found that although there were clear individual differences in the degree of motivation, tourism affects the choice of study abroad destination to a great extent and the vast majority of exchange students choose to study in what they view as a tourism destination. 

  • 120.
    Bergquist, Josef
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Welander, Jacob
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Elitistiskt Förhållningssätt: Byggstenar och deras funktioner2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    We have investigated organizations we consider having an elitist approach. Wehave researched how these approaches are manifested, managed, and what pros and cons that the approach can result in. Common consequences of an elitist approach include high perfor-mance and efficiency, but also high levels of stress and anxiety among employees. The organ-izations we chose for the study were a sales company and a consulting firm. The concept of elitist approach is broken down into three elements: achievement, culture and legitimacy. We made our own model of how the three components relate to each other and how so-called chan-nels, give power to the different components. The different channels are ambition, status, hier-archy and competition. During the study we encountered that in order to counteract the negative effects associated with an elitist approach, the organizations was using a compassionate culturewhich was surprising for the author group.

  • 121.
    Bergqvist, Lucas
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Roos, David
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Balansgången mellan professionalism och bärande idé: Hur ideella organisationer kan hantera spänningsfältet mellan bärande idé och professionalism2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna fallstudie har gjorts av Lucas Bergqvist och David Roos inom ramen för magisterprogrammet LedarskapOrganisatoriskt, Kreativt och Entreprenöriellt på Linnéuniversitetet i Kalmar. Studiens syfte är att öka förståelsen för hur en ideell organisation kan balansera sin bärande idé med den professionalism och de strukturer som ofta infinner sig i affärsmässiga organisationer samt identifiera vilka möjligheter och begränsningar detta har för ledarskapet inom organisationen.

     

    Det empiriska underlaget som har möjliggjort studien har inhämtats genom sju semistrukturerade intervjuer enligt kvalitativ forskningsmetod. Respondenterna representerar stiftelsen Human Bridge och deras dotterorganisation, den ideella föreningen Lindra. Samtliga respondenter har någon form av ledarroll i sitt arbete.

     

    Human Bridge är en biståndsorganisation som fokuserar på sjukvårdsmaterial medan Lindra bedriver second hand-verksamhet i ett antal butiker för att finansiera Human Bridge biståndsarbete. Human Bridge verksamhet ses ofta bara som en kostnad, vilket respondenterna ibland anser vara ett problem då de samtidigt vill uppfattas som en effektiv och professionell organisation.

     

    Då Human Bridges och Lindras verksamhet i hög utsträckning innehåller ideellt arbete så undersöker vi hur ledarna inom de båda organisationerna hanterar sitt ledarskap i det spänningsfält som råder mellan att leda en organisation som vilar på en bärande idé men samtidigt vill drivas och betraktas som professionell. De ideella insatser som bidrar till båda organisationerna kommer ofta med vissa förbehåll och krav från de ideellt arbetande, detta är enligt respondenterna ibland fullt berättigat. Studien visar att det dock finns utrymme för förbättringar och förändringar i sättet de arbetar på och hur de bedriver sitt ledarskap. I våra slutsatser presenterar vi de möjligheter och begränsningar som vi har identifierat och som Human Bridge och Lindra bör fortsätta med, alternativt förbättra eller förändra, för att kunna vara en organisation vars verksamhet bygger på en bärande idé men ändå betraktas som professionell.

     

    De möjligheter och begräsningar som efter empirisk insamling och analys har identifierats är följande;

    • Utveckla det transformativa ledarskapet för att tydligare koppla betydelsen av det ideella engagemanget till den bärande idén.
    • Försök mäta biståndet, om än i relativa mått för att kunna följa dess utveckling och legitimera verksamheten.
    • Kommunicera tydligare hur Human Bridge och Lindra ämnar använda sig av praktikanter och lönebidragsanställda.
    • Minska beroendet av ideell arbetskraft inom Lindra.
    • Använda smart makt vid beslutsfattande och kommunikation då denna kan situationsanpassas för att  vara förenlig med både bärande idé och professionalism. 
  • 122.
    Bergström, Hampus
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Engen, Linus
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Forster, Viktor
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Alla vägar leder till motivation?: -En fallstudie om motivation på kunskapsintensiva företag2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Motivation is a subject that is on everyone's lips in today's knowledge-intensive firms. What is motivation and what are we motivated by? We will, through three case studies, be grappling with the notion to clarify how managers and employees' perception of the concept is different, or possibly similar. Furthermore, the thesis examines whether the theory and practice of motivation are consistent with each other.

     

    Purpose: The purpose of our study is to seek understanding of what management within an organization believes are motivating their staff as well as how the staff perceive themselves be motivated by. We ask ourselves if organizations is up to date with the development of what motivates people. To increase understanding of the field of motivation, we want to examine if it exists a gap between management's understanding of what motivates people at work, and what employees themselves in this organization believes are motivating them.

     

    Method: The thesis consists of a case study of three case-companies with knowledge-intensive jobs and officials in the operational core. A qualitative research involving the collection of qualitative data through eight semi-structured interviews have been conducted.

     

    Results & Conclusions: The results of our study showed that the perception of motivation is consistent between managers and employees. What the staff perceives themselves be motivated by, their managers are aware of and are working actively to promote. Although the intrinsic motivators are those that mainly motivates the staff, extrinsic rewards in the form of monetary rewards when goals are achieved are being used. Furthermore, we believe that the theory and practice are in harmony with each other. This because the major traits of the respondents views are in line with what theorists believe warrant. However, we concluded that the actions performed to promote motivation in the workplace covers all the aspects of our theoretical framework of motivational theory and not just what the managers and employees expressed as motivators.

  • 123.
    Bergström, Hanna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Ljungström, Evelina
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    "Jag har tid, jag är nyfiken, det skulle vara kul att vara med (...)": -en kvalitativ studie kring eventvolontärers motivationsfaktorer2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay discusses event volunteers and their motivational factors, and aims to identify the motivations for individuals wanting to spend their free time engaged in this activity. Researchers agree that event volunteers are indispensable for events and therefore important for tourism. Since volunteer work is performed during leisure time, leisure is a prerequisite for this activity. Researchers emphasize that individuals are increasingly searching for active leisure, where volunteer work is included, and effectiveness and experience can be reached. In order to reach a deeper understanding of individuals’ motivations, this subject has been studied from a qualitative interview approach, which was later analysed through existing theories. The empirical data has been categorized by themes that indicate that event volunteers are motivated by several motivations that exist simultaneously, some of which occur in previous studies while others are perceived as new additions. Time, curiosity and pleasure are some of the motivational factors that engage people in participation.

  • 124.
    Beritelli, Pietro
    et al.
    University of St. Gallen, Switzerland.
    Reinhold, Stephan
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. University of St. Gallen, Switzerland.
    Laesser, Christian
    University of St. Gallen, Switzerland.
    Logics behind evading overnight taxes: a configurational analysis2019In: International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, ISSN 0959-6119, E-ISSN 1757-1049Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Overnight taxes are controversial. They affect tourists’ consumption behavior and hotels’ profits. This potentially generates undesirable industry practices such as underreporting overnights in order to evade overnight taxes. Understanding the conditions and outcomes of underreporting is important because underreporting affects destinations’ tax income which in turn may have further effects on tourism or other public services.

    This study uses Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) to identify what specific combinations of conditions motivate managers of hospitality businesses to evade overnight taxes.

    While potential economic gain seems to be the obvious answer, this study finds that different configurations of causal conditions account for non-compliance. Four different configurations combining six conditions explain the logics behind hotel overnight tax evasion behavior. The conditions refer to both utilitarian affordances and the individual tax morale of hospitality managers. Certain utilitarian conditions in combination can overrule moral objections to non-compliance.

    The study provides a nuanced understanding of overnight tax evasion motives and suggests how to connect work on tourism taxes with destination governance issues and Destination Management Organization (DMO) funding.

  • 125.
    Bertasius, Matas
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    De Koff, Tom
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Brans, Kristina
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    The effect of entering the EU on road transport of the member states2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The European Union (EU) is a framework of 28 member states that are working together for safety purposes and economic stability. The EU created a single market to increase trade and to create economic advantages. For this, physical barriers, technical barriers, tax barriers, natural barriers and legislative barriers had to be overcome by creating a common framework. The logistics sector is vital for the EU market and economy, because it is important for the effective and efficient functioning of the internal market. Due to the fact that road transport accounts for 70% of the transported volumes this research focuses on this transport mode.

    The purpose of this research is to see the economic and legal effects on road transport for the member states when entering the EU. Due to doubts about the EU by member states this research focuses on the effect of the EU on road transport of the EU sample. Therefore, an analysis will be done on short-term (4 years) and long-term (12 years) and legal changes influencing the road transport. A deductive approach focused on secondary data is used. Via non-probability sampling, a sample of eight out of 28 member states is used. The data analysed is mostly quantitative data supported by qualitative data focusing on the legislation. To analyse the two variables, GDP per capita and road transport volumes, calculations regarding correlation, decoupling and significance are used to see the link between the variables and to test the reliability.

    The conclusion based on the results of this research show a positive effect of member states after entering the EU. On the short-term and long-term, the GDP per capita and road transport volumes showed positive results and the investments on the short-term also showed a positive outcome. Long-term results showed that the financial crisis had a strong influence during the period 2007-2011 but positive outcomes are still seen.

  • 126.
    Bertoncini, Guia Tina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Schmalz, Maria Teresa
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    What’s on your mind? Understanding the Influence of Social Media on Authentic Leadership Dimensions and Education from the Millennials’ Perspective2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social media has paved a new way for communication and interacting with others. ’What’s on your mind?’, ’How are you feeling today?’, ’Where are you?’, ’Who are you with?’. These allusions lead back to status update questions of the largest social network to date. This thesis seeks to primarily understand, to which extent and if, social media usage influences authentic leadership dimensions and education from the millennials’ perpective. Additionally, it portrays results of an online based questionnaire conducted among students and alumni within the millennial generation.

  • 127.
    Bi, Shen
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Ni, Yingqi
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Transformational Leadership in Chinese Context2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis, we are studying the issue of transformational leadership in Chinese context, which is subjected to social science category. The reason why we concentrate on this research issue is based on the limited available references of Chinese transformational leadership, on our personal interests of transformational leadership and on the rather interesting and mysterious Chinese context covering the influence of globalization, digitalization and so forth. At the same time, we will focus on two major research questions, what leaders and followers’ expectations are during transformation in Chinese companies and what skills and abilities Chinese transformational leaders need in practice.Since we have ascertained the research issue and questions, the methodology of grounded theory and relevant literatures of organizational change, full range of leadership model, followership, and skill approach laid the solid foundation for our further data collection and data analysis. And the way of interviewing and questionnaire as specific methods of data collection played a crucial role in gathering empirical data, which gives contributions to theory development for our research.Through collecting and analyzing data, we constructed our theory of Chinese transformational leadership. For improving transformation performance in Chinese companies, transformational leaders is required to take both leaders and followers’ expectations into consideration and to lead the transformation with effective leadership skills and abilities. In addition, we found that there is a new implication of transformational followership for readers and a comparatively vague concept of trust in transformation process in Chinese companies for further study.

  • 128.
    Bill, Frederic
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Merging research, education and local development: Semi-focused groups for an Engaged Scholarship2014In: Qualitative research in management and organization Conference, April 15 – 17th, 2014, Albuquerque, New Mexico, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 129.
    Bill, Frederic
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Kozminski University, Poland.
    Pivotal paradoxes in regional development: some empirically based propositions from Southern Sweden2015In: Paper presented at the SIBR-Thammasat 2015 Conference on Interdisciplinary Business and Economics Research, Bangkok, Thailand, June 4-6, 2015, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 130.
    Bill, Frederic
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Pivotal Points in Regional mobilization: some empirically based propositions from Southern Sweden2013In: SICSS (International Conference on Social Science) in Shanghai, 11-13 July, 2013, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 131.
    Bill, Frederic
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Bredberg, Clara
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Gaddefors, Johan
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Johansson, Anders W.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Johnsson, Anna
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Karlström, Josephine
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Lewis, Amanda
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Nilsson, Linnea
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Rosell, Erik
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Entreprenöriella landsbygdsenklaver: forskningsrapport om forsknings- och studentprojekt genomförda i Urshults socken under 20132013Report (Other academic)
  • 132.
    Bill, Frederic
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Engström, Sixten
    Gaddefors, Johan
    SLU.
    Johansson, Anders W.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Lundberg, Hans
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Meisner, Hampus
    Persson, Anna
    Rosell, Erik
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Entreprenöriella landsbygdsenklaver: Genomförda studentprojekt i Älmeboda2013Report (Other academic)
  • 133.
    Bill, Frederic
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Kozminski University, Poland.
    Gaddefors, Johan
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Constructing and de-constructing entrepreneurial enclaves: a Deleuzian take on regional mobilization2013In: The 31st SCOS (The Standing Conference on Organizational Symbolism) in Warsaw, 13-16 July, 2013, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction

    This paper is based on ongoing interactive research on entrepreneurial enclaves in southern Sweden aimed at promoting regional development through interaction between local stakeholders, academics and undergraduate students. The enclave concept has been used in previous research, also in entrepreneurship, but then primarily when dealing with networking and self-employment among ethnic minority groups. (Butler & Wilson, 1990; Andersson & Hammarstedt, 2012) Here we draw on the work of Deleuze & Guttari (1980) by asking what the effects of introducing the enclave concept in a regional community are, rather than trying to identify or pinpoint what an entrepreneurial enclave is as such. Thus, the purpose of our paper is to gain increased understanding regarding the productiveness of the enclave concept.

    Research design

    The project began with topics considered important by local stakeholders, as identified during role-play based semi-focused groups (Bill & Olaison, 2009), and then this was translated these into a number of projects which students supervised by academic researchers try to realize together with local stakeholders. Semi-focused groups are a method founded on pragmatism and intended to place the respondents in a fictive but still familiar situation by giving them a task and roles close to their everyday experience. The intention is to gain understanding not only regarding how they would talk about something, but also how they would act in a certain situation. (Putnam, 1995; Bill et al., 2009)

    Preliminary findings

    When dealing with entrepreneurial regions, previous research has generally tried to identify them and then sought to create some sort of template for recreating them elsewhere. However, it would be naïve to believe that this attention will not in itself influence the behavior of the residents in the region. The border between observer and observed therefore starts to dissipate.The basis for our research is that we are initially, simply by declaring them, creating the entrepreneurial enclaves that we subsequently study. Furthermore, simultaneously we are also creating a number of non-entrepreneurial enclaves in the region simply by not pinpointing or highlighting them. In our empirical work consisting of semi-focused groups and continuous interaction with local stakeholders this has become especially visible on a number of occasions. In the paper we present three cases where the existence of our project has influenced the way the local stakeholders consider themselves and their region. These are: I) The medieval church, a battle of belonging. II) Expectations of the Other - or not saying no to developing the Lake of the Fox. III) Voices of the recent, participating to participate.

    Conclusions

    The conclusions from this project are that the acts of creating and identifying entrepreneurial enclaves are overlapping and intertwined, that the entrepreneurial enclave is amorphous in the sense that its spatial/social limitations fluctuates and that the region is often

  • 134.
    Bill, Frederic
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Rosell, Erik
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    The engaged business model for higher education: transforming academia in the 21st century2015In: Advanced business models in international higher education / [ed] Jessica Lichy & Chris Birch, Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2015, 1, p. 93-109Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 135.
    Billing, Martin
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Svensson, Johanna
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Östling, Maja
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    "Vad händer nästa månad då?": En kvalitativ studie om osäkra anställningsförhållanden för examinerade studenter i musikbranschen.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Abstrakt

    Examensarbete, Music and Event Management-programmet, Ekonomihögskolan vid Linnéuniversitetet Författare: Maja Östling, Johanna Svensson och Martin Billing

    Handledare: Mathias Karlsson

    Examinator: Hans Wessblad

     

    Titel: “Vad händer nästa månad då?”

    Bakgrund och Problem: Osäkra anställningar har blivit ett samhällsfenomen i Sverige som helhet. Konsultjobb och gigs har blivit standard och detta påverkar direkt människors liv och upplevelser.

     

    Syfte: Syftet med studien är att belysa hur examinerade studenter upplever osäkra anställningsförhållanden. Detta för att forskningssamhället ska få en djupare förståelse kring fenomenet osäkra anställningar.

    Metod: Studien som genomförts har gjort detta genom en kvalitativ metod där insamlad primärdata har stått i fokus. Samtal med tio respondenter har genomförts där dessa delat med sig av sina erfarenheter av ämnet. Ansatsen har varit induktiv och vi har utgått ifrån insamlad empiri. Teoretiska teman har framgått i den empiriska insamlingen som sedan varit en del av den analys och diskussion som utförts för att visa på hur examinerade studenter upplever osäkra anställningsförhållanden.

    Slutsatser: Utifrån studien kan det konstateras att osäkerhet är något som präglat samtliga respondenter. Musikbranschen är en osäker bransch och dess kultur och uppfostran påverkar individers motivationsfaktorer till att acceptera osäkra anställningar. 

  • 136.
    Bischoff, Lena
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Organizational culture persistence versus change: How organizational culture is interpreted and formulated in the work life of a company with a cultural focus2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:  Organizational culture is one of the most prominent topics in academia and has gained its status due to the transferability from academia into managerial practice. Today, organizational culture has become an institutionalized topic and scholars call for a need to revive the topic (Chatman & O'Reilly, 2016). Inconsistency with organizational culture and organizational vision, external market pressure and a changing composition of the workforce ask to adapt organizational culture to current times.

    Research question: How is culture formulated and the evolution of cultural values interpreted in the work life of a company with a cultural focus?

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to describe how a multinational company with a strong focus on the management of culture and values re-interprets their core cultural values in the face of modernization and internationalization. At the same time, the preservation of the cultural core is investigated by looking at how culture is expressed at the case company.

    Method: The research design of this study is a qualitative case study with the collection of empirical data through interviews, observations, and organizational documents. Abductive reasoning was employed to serve the exploratory layout of the study. A constructivist ontological and interpretivist epistemological position was taken. Quality criteria, relevant for qualitative research studies were considered.

    Conclusion: The findings of my study show that organizational culture change and preservation ask for a differentiated point of view between promoted modification in cultural content such as formalized communication, and the degree of modification in cultural consensus, behavior and intensity of expression.The data shows a dissonance between communicated and exhibited change, where behavior does not meet the stage of textualized modification. The organizational culture at IKEA is characterized by stability and persistence with a notion of ethnocentricity. It is still expressed and experienced in the same way that it has been for many years despite attempts to reinvigorate it.

  • 137.
    Bittencourt, Nayron
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Henriksson, Johan
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Åström, Daniel
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Kan svenska företag lära sig dansa samba?: En studie om svenska företags etablering i Brasilien2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka hur den institutionella kontexten i Brasilien påverkar svenska företag som avser att etablera sig i landet. Utifrån detta kommer vi även belysa hur företagen bör hantera de barriärer som den nämnda kontexten kan utgöra. För detta har vi använt oss av en kvalitativ ansats och fallstudie som forskningsstrategi.

     

    Teorikapitlets kärna utgörs av ett avsnitt om institutioner där en grundläggande modell fungerar som ett verktyg för att studera hur olika institutioner påverkar ett företags engagemang i ett land. Vi har jobbat utifrån vår teoretiska syntesmodell där den externa och interna miljön med hjälp av en brygga av nätverk har hjälpt till med valet av etablering.

     

    I empirin redogörs sedan för den erfarenhet och kunskap våra fallföretag bidragit med gällande den brasilianska marknaden. Analyskapitlet binder därefter samman empiri och teori för att belysa hur företagen påverkats av den institutionella kontexten vid etablering och eventuella barriärer hanteras.

     

    Uppsatsens slutsats påvisar att den institutionella miljö Brasilien utgör är förvånansvärt stabil. Ett flertal institutioner påtvingar en förändring, men det är endast rättssystemet som genom komplexa system utgör en verklig barriär. Det visar sig även att god kännedom om marknaden och ett bra nätverk är hur man lämpligast hanterar detta.

  • 138.
    Bjerhage, Marcus
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Jakobsson, Kim
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Konsten att främja kreativitet: -Om ledarskap för kreativitet på olika hierarkiska nivåer2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Författare: Kim Jakobsson och Marcus Bjerhage          

     

    Handledare: Olle Duhlin             

     

    Examinator: Lars Lindkvist        

     

    Titel: Konsten att främja kreativitet – En studie om ledarskap för kreativitet på olika hierarkiska nivåer

                    

    Bakgrund: Kreativitet har kommit att bli allt viktigare för företag och ledarskapet är ett mycket viktigt verktyg för att främja kreativiteten i organisationer. Det finns ett antal studier som tar upp olika områden inom ledarskap för kreativitet. Det saknas dock teorier som visar hur dessa områden skiljer sig åt beroende på vilken hierarkisk nivå ledarskapet utförs på.                

     

    Syfte: Vår ambition med uppsatsen är att beskriva hur ledarskapet på olika nivåer inom företag påverkar kreativiteten hos de anställda. Detta gör vi för att kunna förstå eventuella skillnader och för att skapa ett sammanhang mellan olika områden inom ledarskap för kreativitet och vilken nivå ledarskapet utförs på.         

     

    Metod: Vi har använt oss av en abduktiv ansats med kvalitativ inriktning. Vi har samlat in vårt empiriska material med hjälp av personliga och semistrukturerade intervjuer med sju olika respondenter på tre olika hierarkiska nivåer. Intervjuerna bygger på sju olika områden inom ledarskap för kreativitet som i sin tur bygger på vår insamlade teori.

     

    Slutsats: Vi har genom vår studie kommit fram till att cheferna arbetar på olika sett med de sju områdena inom ledarskap för kreativitet beroende på hierarkisk nivå. Vi har även hittat kopplingar mellan de olika områdena inom ledarskap för kreativitet. Avslutningsvis så har vi kommit fram till att ledarna på de olika hierarkiska nivåerna tillsammans skapar ett kompletterande ledarskap för kreativitet riktat främst mot arbetarna på de lägre nivåerna i organisationen.

  • 139.
    Bjerke, Björn
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Karlsson, Mathias
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Social entrepreneurship: to act as if and make a difference2013Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This book offers an innovative, theory-driven account of social entrepreneurship that is located in new thinking around the constructs of community and "public" entrepreneurship. Bjerke and Karlsson draw on a wide range of sources to offer useful new insights and analyses of this emerging sector and contribute a variety of useful and challenging new models of the relationship between society, innovation, and politics. All in all, this represents a valuable addition to the growing theoretical literature on social innovation and entrepreneurship.

  • 140.
    Bjerke, Björn
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Karlsson, Mathias
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Why are some people behaving or acting entrepreneurially more than others?: Looking at opportunities as part of entrepreneurial behavior or action in more than one way2013In: Journal of Business and Economics, ISSN 2155-7950, Vol. 4, no 6, p. 465-474Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 141.
    Bjälesjö, Jonas
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Rockcity, Hultsfred/Hultsfredsfestivalen.
    Det går inte att flytta en festival2013Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 142.
    Bjälesjö, Jonas
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    The Swedish music-festival scene2017In: Made in Sweden: Studies in Popular Music / [ed] Alf Björnberg, Thomas Bossius, Routledge, 2017, p. 163-174Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 143.
    Bjälesjö, Jonas
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    The Swedish Music-Festival Scene2018In: M&STE: Elektronisk tidskrift för konferensen Musik & Samhälle, E-ISSN 2002-4622, no 4, p. 5-17Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article swedish music festivals are in focus, and the research field of festival studies.

  • 144.
    Björk, Rickard
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Motivation och ledarskap i banksektorn: En kvalitativ studie om hur chefer kan jobba för att motivera medarbetare i en decentraliserad organisation2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Forskning som gjorts inom banksektorn hävdar att organisationerna som befinnersig i sektorn genomgått omfattande strukturella förändringar. Dessa strukturella förändringarkan bidra till att medarbetarnas arbetssituation och arbetssätt ändras. Detta i sig kan tänkasförändra sättet medarbetarna motiveras på i sitt arbete och vad som motiverar dem. Dåförutsättningar förändrats kring medarbetarnas motivation kan tänkas att även ledarskapetinom banksektorn behöver förändras i syfte att främja medarbetarnas motivation.Problemformulering: Kan någon ledarstil tänkas passande för att motivera medarbetarnautifrån de nya förutsättningarna som uppkommit i banksektorn av de strukturellaförändringarna?Syfte: Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka vilka föreställningar det finns kring motivationhos medarbetare och chefer i banksektorn samt med grund i teorier om ledarstilar resoneraom hur cheferna kan arbeta med att motivera medarbetare utifrån dessa föreställningar.Metod: Studien har använt en kvalitativ forskningsmetod. Genom den valda metoden harsemistrukturerade intervjuer gjorts för att öka förståelsen av chefer och medarbetaresföreställningar om motivation samt hur chefer kan arbeta för att stimulera medarbetarnasmotivation utifrån medarbetarnas upplevelser.Slutsats: Efter att ha gjort åtta intervjuer varav tre med chefer och fem med medarbetaredrogs en slutsats kring ifall någon ledarstil kan tänkas passande för att motivera medarbetare ibanksektorn som befinner sig i en decentraliserad organisationsstruktur.

  • 145.
    Björk, Rickard
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Hansson, Kenny
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Strategi och struktur inom den Svenska Bankbranschen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I dagsläget finns det en hel del forskning kring både strategi och struktur var för sig men inte lika mycket kring hur de båda förhåller sig till varandra och hur de samspelar. Detta skulle vi säga är ett relativt outforskat område. Bankbranschen är en bransch som berör väldigt många människor och en aktör som är en betydande del i samhället. Efter att ha ställt oss frågan kring hur ett företags strategi påverkar dess organisationsstruktur föddes vårt syfte. Syftet med uppsatsen handlar om att ta reda på om och i så fall hur strategi påverkar strukturen inom den svenska bankbranschen. Då denna bransch ständigt påverkas av regler, krav och lagar kommer även det att tas i beaktande. 

    I denna kvalitativa studien har vi använt oss av två delar. Den ena delen är välkända teorier och resonemang kring både strategi och struktur som ledande företagsekonomiska forskare har lyft fram under årens lopp. I den andra delen använder vi oss av kunskapsinhämtning från personer i branschen. Dessa individer har vi valt att intervjua då de finns både på central nivå (där beslut kring struktur och strategi fattas) och på operativ nivå (där man påverkas av dessa beslut). Utifrån forskningens teorier och intervjuerna har vi senare diskuterat och fastställt en slutsats kring strategi och struktur fenomenen. 

  • 146.
    Björklund, Evelina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Hjellström, Frida
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Upplevelseturism: En uppsats om hur upplevelser bidrar till marknadsföring2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Naturturism är en trend som ökar i efterfrågan världen över och det är främst naturupplevelser som eftertraktas. En upplevelse är något som sker under en specifik tid i ett upplevelserum och som är för kunden unik och personlig. Stall Västergården, Hägnens Islandshästar och Glasrikets Älgpark är företag som samtliga är verksamma i upplevelseindustrin. Dem är belägna på landsbygden och marknadsför sig med att erbjuda natur- och djurupplevelser. Att marknadsföra sig på landsbygden är till viss del en utmaning. Word of mouth och platsmarknadsföring är den marknadsföring om är mest effektiv och samtidigt den som är mest nyckfull. Men bra marknadsföring och nöjda kunder skapar ett tillflöde av turister till landsbygden och det gör att landsbygden blir levande och ett starkt platsvarumärke. 

  • 147.
    Björklund, Johanna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Gustafsson, Sarah
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Niklasson, Sofia
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Retention: Varför stanna när möjligheterna är oändliga2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Bachelor thesis, Degree of master in Science and Economics, School of Business and Economics at Linnaeus University, Management, 2FE01E, Spring Semester 2013

    Author: Johanna Björklund, Sarah Gustafsson and Sofia Nicklasson

    Mentor: Anders Hytter

    Title: Retention: Why stay when your options are unlimited? 

    Background: Employee turnover is a problem today, and companies face increasing challenges when it comes to retain employees within the organization, so called employee retention. This is a present concept and theory holds that more organizations realize that they need to put more focus on retention as one of their business goals to remain competitive. It’s important that organizations understand individuals' different needs and the factors that make them satisfied in their professional life. The people who have been in focus during the study were people born in the 80- and 90's, they are called Generation Y.

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to generate a guide that we offered the objects of study at SEB and Swedbank in Växjö, by answering the question: How should managers of human resource, at SEB and Swedbank's local offices in Växjö, act to retain employers within the generation Y?

    Method: This study was made from quality studies through an abductive approach. The aim of our study was to create an understanding of what factors that makes the employees choose to stay within the workplace, and to create an understanding of how the employer acts to retain employees within the workplace. Therefore was it natural to choose a hermeneutic view of what’s classified as acceptable knowledge. Theory has been collected through present, relevant and reliable literature and previous studies. Empirical data gathered during individual semi-structured interviews with managers, employees within Generation Y and Generation Y employees who chose to quit their bank employment.

    Results, Conclusions: During the study, our conclusion was that the benefits, employees within Generation Y, appreciate most is the development potential and variety of tasks. Job satisfaction is an important for the employees and factors such as open dialogue with the manager and the freedom to control over your duties and working hours are also parts that are highly valued by employees of Generation Y.

  • 148.
    Björklund, Johanna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Sarah, Gustafsson
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Lean inom den offentliga sektorn: Tänkbara hinder för ett långsiktigt Lean-arbete2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    One year Master's thesis, Degree of master in Business and Economics, School ofBusiness and Economics at Linnaeus University, Management, 4FE10E SpringSemester 2014.Author: Johanna Björklund and Sarah Gustafsson.Mentor: Magnus Forslund.Title: Lean in the public sector - Potential barriers to a long-term Lean work.Background: Organizational changes are something that is constantly done inorganizations, and in the last decade, there has arisen a plethora of different changemodels. A reorganization that is popular among companies today is Lean. Lean is aconcept that was developed within the Japanese automotive industry, but has evolvedfrom the Japanese shop floor and is now a concept that can be found in, for example,several Swedish municipalities.Purpose: The purpose of this study was to create an understanding of why the conceptLean may have difficulty getting a hold in the in the long term.Methodology: The study was done with a qualitative research approach and through anabductive approach. As we intended to create an understanding, of what potentialbarriers that may affect that a Lean work, in some cases, does not become a long-termcondition, it seemed natural to choose a hermeneutic approach to knowledge. Theempirical data collected via individual unstructured interviews, through a groupinterview, and by non-participant observations. Our collection of theoretical materialconsisted mostly of scientific articles or books written by Academics, because we feltthat the writer that was behind these articles were considered to be reliable. We believethat consultants and other writers stand and fall with Lean's survival and reliabilitytherefore falls.Result, conclusions: That there are some barriers to get Lean-work to become a longtermwork, both we and the theory agree about. The factors we could find at thedepartment Financial assistance and employment was that; there are some resistance to4the concept among the employees, the management has difficulties to "let go ofcontrol", lack of employee management and that there are a saturation of the concept.

  • 149.
    Björlinger, Katja
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Johansson, Sanna
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Equestrian Tourism in Trinidad: Every horse has something to teach, every human something to learn2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This Minor Field Study, sponsored by SIDA, undertaken as a Bachelor´s Thesis investigates equestrian tourism in Trinidad, Cuba. Tourism has become a vital tool for development of the destination. Since the legalization of equestrian excursion, horses have become a link between less developed areas and the profit from tourism. The income from equestrian excursions is vital for people's livelihood. A rapid increase of excursions due to low entry barriers have led to varying quality. Equestrian excursions in Trinidad face challenges concerning horses’ welfare and safety. When the equestrian tourism is growing, it is crucial that the development is sustainable to ensure this vital income in the future. A number of critical factors were identified and solutions presented involve planning for carrying capacity, industry coordination, raising producer awareness and integrating animal welfare in the community. 

  • 150.
    Blom, Martin
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Lundgren, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Företaget och dess roll(er) i samhället - fallet Findus2016In: Organisation & Samhälle, ISSN 2001-9114, E-ISSN 2002-0287, no 2, p. 4-9Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Man kan se nedläggningen av Findus i Bjuv på många olika sätt och ur flera olika perspektiv.

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