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  • 101.
    Danielsson, Karin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Empatiskt bemötande i arbetslivet: En intervjustudie om upplevelsen av empatiskt bemötande bland vårdpersonal2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att bredda förståelsen för empatiskt bemötande på jobbet. Frågeställningarna handlade om vad det var som gjorde att människor kände sig empatiskt bemötta, samt vad de upplevde att utfallet av bemötandet blev. Målgruppen var vårdpersonal, och data samlades in med hjälp av nio semi-strukturerade intervjuer. Burnards stegvisa analysmodell användes för att generera en trädstruktur med sjutton underkategorier som grupperades i sex kategorier, vilka slutligen delades in under två teman som motsvarade frågeställningarna.

    Resultatet visade att empati kunde uttryckas genom att empatisören bland annat lyssnade, tog ögonkontakt och ställde frågor. Förståelse och respekt var viktiga förhållningssätt, och ett öppet och lugnt beteende bidrog också till att skapa en empatisk atmosfär. Speglingar och bekräftanden kunde tillsammans med stöd och hjälp ytterligare befästa empatin. Ett empatiskt bemötande hade också potential att förbättra mottagarens sinnestillstånd, samt skapa kraft och en förtroendefull relation.

    Slutsatsen var att denna studie bekräftade tidigare forskning om signaler för empatiskt bemötande. Vidare forskning föreslogs för att ytterligare undersöka de signaler som framkommit i denna studie, samt även undersöka samma frågeställningar i andra kontexter.

  • 102.
    Dannberg, Anders
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Nostalgia as a buffer against anxiety2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A high level in some constructs and personality traits such as meaning of life, self-esteem and nostalgia has in previous research been proposed to function as psychological buffer against anxiety and existential threat. The aim of this study was to experimentally test if nostalgia may also function as a psychological buffer against state anxiety by randomly inducing either a mortality salience (MS) manipulation, or a control manipulation for general elicitation of unpleasant but non-death related thoughts, based on the Terror Management Theory (TMT) framework. 60 participants were recruited using a mix of convenience and chain-referral sampling, data collected digitally using a developed internet based web study portal. Initially nostalgia proneness was measured using the Southhampton Nostalgia Scale (SNS), followed by experimental manipulation and a distraction task. State anxiety was then measured using the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Adults™ (STAI) to determine if high-nostalgia individuals (+1 SD) would exhibit lower state anxiety than low-nostalgia individuals (-1 SD), compared to control condition.

  • 103.
    Davidsson, Frida
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Mobbning i skolan: En kvantitativ studie om elevers förståelse av mobbning och åtgärder för att förhindra uppkomsten2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Alla har vi någon gång känt oss kränkta men många individer blir kränkta upprepade gånger vilket då anses som mobbning. Mobbning är vanligt förekommande i skolmiljöer där olika individer tvingas att samspela. Att inte stoppa mobbningen i tid innebär problem för den utsatta individen men också för samhället i stort i form av psykisk ohälsa. Mobbning kan ses på olika sätt utifrån olika individer vilket denna studie syftar till. Studien är av kvantitativ karaktär och använder sig av enkäter för att försöka förstå hur eleverna i årskurs fyra, fem, sex och lärare ser på mobbing samt vad dem anser är mobbning för att på så sätt kunna finna metoder för att stoppa mobbningen. Resultatet gav samband mellan att mobba och bli mobbad samt skillnader mellan eleverna och lärarna med förslag på åtgärder för att stoppa mobbning. 

  • 104.
    Demberg, Fredrika
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Gustafsson, Sandra
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Anknytningsstil: En undersökning om arbetstillfredsställelse och anknytningsstil hos anställda i vårdsektorn2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine Attachment Theory in relation to working life. Attachment Theory deals with the interaction between nursing and attachment. The theory includes different attachment styles: secure, avoidant and anxious that people acquire depending on how they are treated by their primary caregiver while growing up. The main purpose was to investigate whether a secure attachment style generates high job satisfaction. The study was based on Self Determination Theory which states that the needs for autonomy, competence and relatedness should be met to create motivation and achieve higher satisfaction. The theory also contains two different forms of motivation: autonomous and controlled, which in the present study were investigated in relation to the attachment styles. The population was health care workers (n = 88) in a municipality in southern Sweden. Descriptive data showed that health care workers have a predominantly secure attachment style. The results of this study showed that there was a significant correlation between high job satisfaction and high level of secure attachment style (p = .006). The results showed no significant differences in motivation between the various attachment styles. The main conclusion in this study was that secure attachment style can predict high job satisfaction (p = .007).

  • 105.
    Drake af Hagelsrum, Johanna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Krantz, Per
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Självmedkänsla och stress: En kvantitativ enkätstudie om ungdomar2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The current study aimed at exploring the correlation between self-compassion andgeneral, perceived stress among Swedish adolescents, age 15-19 years. Furthermore, theextent to which self-compassion predicted general perceived stress, when controlling forthe effect of age and gender, was explored. The participants of the study consisted of226 adolescents attending the Swedish equivalent to high-school (year 9-12) in southernSweden, and data was collected with Self-Compassion Scale Short Form (SCS-SF) andPerceived Stress Scale (PSS-14) in classroom settings. Results showed a significant,negative correlation between self-compassion and general, perceived stress. Selfcompassionremained a significant predictor for stress, after controlling for the effect ofage and gender, and uniquely explained 29,3 % of the variance in stress. This resultindicates that self-compassion may be useful in the future development of preventionand stress-reducing treatments.

  • 106.
    Durante, Federica
    et al.
    University of Milano-Bicocca, Italy.
    Fiske, Susan T.
    Princeton University, USA.
    Gelfand, Michele
    University of Maryland, USA.
    Crippa, Franca
    University of Milano-Bicocca, Italy.
    Suttora, Chiara
    University of Milano-Bicocca, Italy.
    Stillwell, Amelia
    Stanford University, USA.
    Asbrock, Frank
    Chemnitz University of Technology, Germany.
    Aycan, Zeynep
    Koc University, Turkey.
    Bye, Hege
    University of Bergen, Norway.
    Carlsson, Rickard
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Björklund, Fredrik
    Lund University.
    Dagher, Munqith
    Independent Institute for Administration and Civil Society Studies, Jordan.
    Geller, Armando
    Scensei, Switzerland.
    Larsen, Christian Albrekt
    Aalborg University, Denmark.
    Latif, Abdel-Hamid Abdel
    The Egyptian Research and Training Center, Egypt.
    Mähönen, Tuuli Anna
    University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Jasinskaja-Lahti, Inga
    University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Teymoori, Ali
    University of Bordeaux, France.
    Ambivalent stereotypes link to peace, conflict, and inequality across 38 nations2017In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, ISSN 0027-8424, E-ISSN 1091-6490, Vol. 114, no 4, p. 669-674Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A cross-national study, 49 samples in 38 nations (n = 4,344), inves- tigates whether national peace and conflict reflect ambivalent warmth and competence stereotypes: High-conflict societies (Pakistan) may need clearcut, unambivalent group images distinguishing friends from foes. Highly peaceful countries (Denmark) also may need less ambivalence because most groups occupy the shared national identity, with only a few outcasts. Finally, nations with interme- diate conflict (United States) may need ambivalence to justify more complex intergroup-system stability. Using the Global Peace Index to measure conflict, a curvilinear (quadratic) relationship be- tween ambivalence and conflict highlights how both extremely peaceful and extremely conflictual countries display lower stereo- type ambivalence, whereas countries intermediate on peace-conflict present higher ambivalence. These data also replicated a linear inequality–ambivalence relationship. 

  • 107.
    Egeland, Jens
    et al.
    Vestfold Hosp Trust, Norway ; Univ Oslo, Norway.
    Lovstad, Marianne
    Univ Oslo, Norway ;Sunnaas Rehabil Hosp, Norway.
    Norup, Anne
    Copenhagen Univ Hosp, Denmark.
    Nybo, Taina
    Univ Helsinki, Finland ; Helsinki Univ Hosp, Finland.
    Persson, Bengt A.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Rivera, Diego Fernando
    Surcolombiana Univ, Colombia.
    Schanke, Anne-Kristine
    Univ Oslo, Norway ; Sunnaas Rehabil Hosp, Norway.
    Sigurdardottir, Solrun
    Sunnaas Rehabil Hosp, Norway ; Univ Oslo, Norway.
    Arango-Lasprilla, Juan Carlos
    Cruces Univ Hosp, Spain ; Univ Deusto, Spain.
    Following international trends while subject to past traditions: neuropsychological test use in the Nordic countries2016In: Clinical Neuropsychologist (Neuropsychology, Development and Cognition: Section D), ISSN 1385-4046, E-ISSN 1744-4144, Vol. 30, p. 1479-1500Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: Historically, the neuropsychological test traditions of the four Nordic countries have spanned from the flexible and qualitative tradition of Luria-Christensen to the quantitative large battery approach of Halstead and Klove-Matthews. This study reports current test use and discusses whether these traditions still influence attitudes toward test use and choice of tests. Method: The study is based on survey data from 702 Nordic neuropsychologists. Results: The average participant used 9 tests in a standard assessment, and 25 tests overall in their practice. Test use was moderated by nationality, competence level, practice profile, and by attitude toward test selection. Participants who chose their tests flexibly used fewer tests than those adhering to the flexible battery approach, but had fewer tests from which to choose. Testing patients with psychiatric disorders was associated with using more tests. IQ, memory, attention, and executive function were the domains with the largest utilization rate, while tests of motor, visual/spatial, and language were used by few. There is a lack of academic achievement tests. Screening tests played a minor role in specialized assessments, and symptom validity tests were seldom applied on a standard basis. Most tests were of Anglo-American origin. Conclusions: New test methods are implemented rapidly in the Nordic countries, but test selection is also characterized by the dominating position of established and much researched tests. The Halstead-Reitan and Luria traditions are currently weak, but national differences in size of test batteries seem to be influenced by these longstanding traditions.

  • 108.
    Egeland, Jens
    et al.
    Vestfold Hosp Trust, Norway ; Univ Oslo, Norway.
    Lovstad, Marianne
    Univ Oslo, Norway ; Sunnaas Rehabil Hosp, Norway.
    Norup, Anne
    Copenhagen Univ Hosp, Denmark.
    Nybo, Taina
    Univ Helsinki, Finland ; Helsinki Univ Hosp, Finland.
    Persson, Bengt A.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Rivera, Diego
    Cruces Univ Hosp, Spain.
    Schanke, Anne-Kristine
    Univ Oslo, Norway ; Sunnaas Rehabil Hosp, Norway.
    Sigurdardottir, Solrun
    Univ Oslo, Norway ; Sunnaas Rehabil Hosp, Norway.
    Carlos Arango-Lasprilla, Juan
    Cruces Univ Hosp, Spain ; Basque Fdn Sci, Spain.
    Questionnaire Use Among Nordic Neuropsychologists: Shift From Assessing Personality to Checking Ecological Validity of Neuropsychological Assessments?2017In: Professional psychology, research and practice, ISSN 0735-7028, E-ISSN 1939-1323, Vol. 48, no 4, p. 227-235Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The core method of neuropsychologists has been to collect structured samples of behavior through standardized tests. Information that cannot be elicited through tests may be gathered by questionnaires asking questions about behavior. Tests may deconstruct cognitive function precisely, but lack the ecological validity of questionnaires. Thus, many neuropsychologists have advocated more use of questionnaires, but it is not known whether professional practice has changed. Until recently, personality instruments were the only widespread questionnaires in frequent use among neuropsychologists. We studied the inventory use of 702 Nordic neuropsychologists. The most used questionnaires are listed, and differences between countries are analyzed. In addition, the questionnaires are grouped with regard to whether they map cognition, behavior not observable during consultations, emotional symptoms, personality, or are diagnostic tools. The study showed an average use of 8.4 questionnaires (SD 6.4), with a range from 4.5 in Finland to 11 in Norway. Emotional symptoms were most frequently assessed, closely followed by questionnaires of cognition. There was a very low usage rate of personality measures, even though the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI-2; Hathaway & McKinley, 1951) and other measures have been available in the Nordic countries for years. Questionnaire use correlated highly with test use. Frequency of assessment of neuropsychiatric disorders mediated high questionnaire use, whereas assessing patients with neurological conditions predicted below average use of questionnaires. The study indicates a shift from assessing personality to using questionnaires to check the validity of test results. The shift is probably mediated by the expansion of clinical neuropsychology into the field of psychiatry.

  • 109.
    Einarsdottir, Elisabet
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst.
    Svensson, Idor
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Darki, Fahimeh
    Karolinska Inst.
    Peyrard-Janvid, Myriam
    Karolinska Inst.
    Lindvall, Jessica M.
    Karolinska Inst ; Stockholm Univ.
    Ameur, Adam
    Uppsala Univ.
    Jacobson, Christer
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Klingberg, Torkel
    Karolinska Inst.
    Kere, Juha
    Karolinska Inst ; Stockholm Univ ; Univ Helsinki, Finland ; Folkhälsan Inst Genet, Finland.
    Matsson, Hans
    Karolinska Inst.
    Mutation in CEP63 co-segregating with developmental dyslexia in a Swedish family2015In: Human Genetics, ISSN 0340-6717, E-ISSN 1432-1203, Vol. 134, no 11-12, p. 1239-1248Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Developmental dyslexia is the most common learning disorder in children. Problems in reading and writing are likely due to a complex interaction of genetic and environmental factors, resulting in reduced power of studies of the genetic factors underlying developmental dyslexia. Our approach in the current study was to perform exome sequencing of affected and unaffected individuals within an extended pedigree with a familial form of developmental dyslexia. We identified a two-base mutation, causing a p.R229L amino acid substitution in the centrosomal protein 63 kDa (CEP63), co-segregating with developmental dyslexia in this pedigree. This mutation is novel, and predicted to be highly damaging for the function of the protein. 3D modelling suggested a distinct conformational change caused by the mutation. CEP63 is localised to the centrosome in eukaryotic cells and is required for maintaining normal centriole duplication and control of cell cycle progression. We found that a common polymorphism in the CEP63 gene had a significant association with brain white matter volume. The brain regions were partly overlapping with the previously reported region influenced by polymorphisms in the dyslexia susceptibility genes DYX1C1 and KIAA0319. We hypothesise that CEP63 is particularly important for brain development and might control the proliferation and migration of cells when those two events need to be highly coordinated.

  • 110.
    Einarsson, Malin
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Nilsson, Sara
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Utvärdering av patienters nöjdhet med Integrerad beteendehälsa inom primärvården- med eller utan tillägg av vägledd självhjälp: En enkelblind randomiserad klinisk prövning och förberedelse av multicenterstudie2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the present study was to examine different ways of organizing primary care for patients with general mental disorders, and how the treatment affects the patient’s satisfaction with the care. The study aimed to examine 1) if there is a difference in patient satisfaction between patients offered brief interventions within the primary care behavior health model, and patients offered an extended assessment with guided self help 2) if the patients everyday function improves and correlates with their experience of satisfaction 3) how common adverse events are within the two treatment methods. Out of 41randomized primary care patients, 30 could be analyzed based on their perceived satisfaction in health care. The result showed that both treatment groups were overall satisfied with the care and estimated the care visits as helpful. Patients who received guided self-help estimated a higher degree of satisfaction earlier in the treatment, and the level of satisfaction remained high throughout the treatment. Regarding the patient group as a whole, there was a significant change in everyday function; the patients improved their everyday function although it did not correlate with satisfaction. There was a significant difference in the number of adverse events between the two treatment groups. 14 adverse events were reported from patients who received Brief Interventions and 1 adverse event was reported from a patient who received guided self-help. Conclusions from the present study confirm findings from previous research that it is possible to achieve patient satisfaction with brief treatment interventions and structured treatment plans.

  • 111.
    Ekberg, Josefine
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Skagersten, Lisa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Psykologstudenters Upplevelser av Utbildningsterapi: En kvalitativ intervjustudie2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine psychology students´ experience of personal therapy. Because personal therapy, which is a mandatory feature at many psychologist programmes in Sweden, is currently debated, it was of interest to examine how it is experienced by students. Data was collected through semi-structured interviews with psychology students at Linneaus University in Växjö and analyzed with inductive thematic analysis. The results were summarised in three main themes: Administrative aspects of the course, Therapy process and Profit of personal therapy. The conclusion is that the personal therapy is perceived as an educative and important experience, but that some aspects are paradoxical.

  • 112.
    Eldh, Ann-Sofie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Johnsson, Denise
    Det aktivitetsbaserade arbetssättet -en kvantitativ studie av en förändringsprocess kopplat till arbetstillfredsställelse.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 113.
    El-Ghariri, Rim
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology. Linnéuniversitetet.
    Serray, Soma
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology. Linnéuniversitetet.
    Född i Sverige med invandrarföräldrar - Vem är jag?: En kvalitativ studie av unga svenskfödda män med Mellanösternbakgrund och deras uppfattning av identitet samt upplevelse av etnisk stereotypisering.2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Research has shown that second generation immigrants can experience identity-confusion as a result of an unclear ethnic identity. The purpose of the following study was to explore how adult males with Middle Eastern backgrounds perceive their own identity as a result of being part of two cultures and if these males experience any kind of prejudice due to their ethnic appearance in Sweden. Eight semi-structured interviews were conducted and then analyzed using thematic analysis. The interviews resulted in four themes: split identity, cultural clashes, being enriched with two cultures and the impact of appearance. The result of the study shows that second generation immigrants in Sweden experience feeling excluded from both cultures which affects their sense of identity. Having an ethnic appearance was an essential factor for how second generation immigrants experience being viewed differently in Sweden and thus affects their feelings of not being fully Swedish. Differences in mentality with ethnic Swedes (and with the parent’s culture) was a further reason to feel a sense of not belonging. However, being a part of two cultures was also described as an access to better understanding different cultures and expanded worldviews and perspectives. This study highlights the need for further research within the subject of second generation immigrants and factors that influences identity creation. 

  • 114.
    Elm, Anna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Härwell, Mai
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Olofsson, Sofia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Arbetstillfredsställelse: En kvantitativ studie om arbetstillfredsställelse, stress och extraversion bland lagerarbetare2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Work satisfaction is a complex construct (Smith et al., 2010) which can be described as a variable of attitude on how the individual experiences the workplace (Spector, 1996). Previous studies have showed that social factors, the personality trait extraversion, and stress, influence the level of work satisfaction. A report from the Swedish Work Environment Authority from 2001 indicates that store workers is one of the ten most stressful occupations among men. Research regarding work satisfaction which concerned this group is very narrow. The purpose of the study was to highlight this occupation, and examine if psychological and social factors (work requirement, role expectations, control at work, social interaction, leadership, group work, organizational culture and climate, predictability and skillfulness at work) can predict work satisfaction. Furthermore, the purpose of the study was to investigate how the level of stress and extraversion can have an impact on work satisfaction. This study was implemented with a sample of 84 employees from two companies. The instruments used were the QPSNordic 34+ (Questionnaire with psychological and social factors and stress) and the Eysenck’s personality test EPQ-R (Eysenck personality questionnaire-revised). The result of the MRA showed that the psychological and social factors explained 13,3 % of the work satisfaction. Furthermore, the ANOVA showed that low stress level results in high work satisfaction. The study showed no differences between levels of extraversion and work satisfaction among store workers.

  • 115.
    Elmqvist, Carina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Rask, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Berglund, Henrik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Bratt, Anna S.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Stöd under och efter akut omhändertagande2019In: Akut omhändertagande av trauma: på skadeplats och akutmottagning / [ed] Carina Elmqvist & Sofia Almerud Österberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019, 2, p. 181-201Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 116.
    Emaasit, Daniel
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    WORK STRESS AND WELL-BEING: ACADEMIC WORK STRESS AND ITS RELATION TO THE PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL-BEING AND SOCIAL LIFE OF UNIVERSITY MASTER STUDENTS2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this research study was to explore the relationship between academic work stress, psychological well-being and social life of university master students. It was also examined whether the presence of control variables i.e. gender and living status had an influence on the relationship between the variables mentioned above. A total of 100 participants both male (N=56) and female (N=44) were conveniently drawn from master students pursuing different master programmes in the university and the spearman’s correlation results of how academic work stress is related to psychological well-being showed a significant strong negative correlation between the variables (rs=-.448, p < .001) which suggests that students who experienced a high level academic work stress, experienced a lower level of psychological well-being. In addition, the results on the relationship between academic work stress and social life showed a significant negative correlation between variables (rs=-.293, p < .001) meaning that a high level of academic work stress is negatively correlated with a lower level of social life among students. Also, the inclusion of living status as a control variable did not have an influence on the above relationship but including gender had a positive significant impact. Lastly, theoretical implications of the study as well as the conclusion were presented.

  • 117.
    Enerdal, Annelie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Börjesson, Andrea
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Kvinnliga polisstudenters erfarenheter och upplevelser.: En kvalitativ studie med fokus på genus, kön och yrkesroll.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att utforska vilka erfarenheter och upplevelser kvinnliga polisstudenter hade av kön och genus under polisutbildningen. Data samlades in genom intervjuer med fyra kvinnliga polisstudenter. Materialet analyserades därefter utifrån den kvalitativa analysmetoden tematisk analys. Ur den tematiska analysen konstruerades fyra huvudteman: Bilden av en polis, Den kvinnliga polisen, Uppfattningar om jämlikhet samt Genusfrågornas plats på polisutbildningen. Studiens deltagare målade upp en komplex bild kring hur de upplevde att en kvinnlig polisstudent “skall vara”. Vissa slutsatser som denna studie drar faller i linje med tidigare forskning inom området. Detta då det föreföll som att föreställningar och normer för hur en polis “skall vara” fortsätter att påverka de kvinnliga studenterna på polisutbildningen. Vidare resultat från denna studie visar på att kvinnliga polisstudenter upplevde att den pågående rörelsen inom polisutbildningen mot ett mjukare förhållningssätt med högre värdering av traditionellt mer feminina egenskaper var positivt märkbar.

  • 118.
    Engström, Caroline
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Simonsson, Victoria
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Gaming och stereotyper: En korrelationsstudie om gameridentifikation och upplevelsen av könsstereotyper i videospel2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today, gaming is an industry which has a turnover of several billion SEK. Research has shown that people who play videogames, so called gamers, see the characters as being less stereotypical than people who do not game (Gillentine 2007). The aim of the paper was therefore to see whether gamers truly did consider stereotypical characters as less stereotypical than non-gamers did. Five gender stereotypical characters were chosen as examples by conducting a pilot study. Using a survey, 134 participants graded the characters as more or less stereotypical. Besides answering the questions taken from Videogame Experience Survey (Terlecki & Newcombe, 2005), the participants were further asked to grade their own attitudes towards negative research done on gaming. The results showed that there was a significant correlation between identifying oneself as a gamer and a lower grading of gender stereotypicality of the stereotypical characters. However, gender turned out to be an equal indicator, as women in a larger extent than men graded the characters as more stereotypical. From the point of view of Social Identity Theory and Banduras Social Learning Theory it is possible to view the difference between gamers and non-gamers is based on a combination of two things; the gamers identity formation and the need to defend it, and the games normalisation of gender stereotypes. In light of this study, it would be interesting to further look at the effects gaming has on female gamers and whether they truly do become more accepting towards gender stereotypes in video games.

  • 119.
    Engström, Jimmy
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Viljan till förändring : Har beroendebehandlare i Sverige ett medvetet sätt att framkalla och underhålla motivationen hos klienterna? Utifrån ett SDT-perspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Arbetet handlar om motivation inom beroendevården i Sverige. Beroende av alkohol och andra droger har arbetats med i flera tusen år på olika sätt och med olika framgång. Allt ifrån inlåsningar på psykiatriska institutioner till elchocker. Syftet med denna studie var att se om behandlare i Sverige har speciella medvetna strategier i sättet de jobbar på för att väcka motivation hos klienterna till fortsatt behandling.

       En större del av de tillfrågade (87 %) uppgav att de använder en speciell metod eller har en speciell tanke innan ett första möte. Flertalet av dessa använder sig av motiverande samtal eller lågaffektivt bemötande.    Flera av de tillfrågade ansåg att vara lyhörd och förmedla tillit var de viktigaste sakerna i ett första bemötande med en ny klient.

       Det finns stöd för att behandlare inom beroendevården i Sverige använder sig av specifika metoder i ett möte med klienten. Flera av dessa metoder finner stöd i tidigare forskning och litteratur i att vara främjande för att skapa känslor av autonomitet, samband/släktskap och kompetens. Enligt Self-Determination theory (jfr. Deci & Ryan, 2008) kan detta ses som något som något som är nödvändigt för att kunna bygga en stark inre motivation. Studier visar att en stark inre motivation är positivt för att kunna tillgodogöra sig behandlingen.

  • 120.
    Erenger, Lisa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Fördomar om chefskap ur ett genusperspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna kandidatuppsats inom psykologi är en kvalitativ studie som inriktar sig på̊ ämnena

    fördomar, chefskap och genus. Chefer fyller en viktig funktion på arbetsplatser genom att

    bistå med sin kunskap, sitt engagemang och sin ledarskapsförmåga. Vad chefen har som

    personliga egenskaper samt vilken kompetens chefen besitter har betydelse för hur väl

    chefen passar i sin roll och hur chefen tas emot av personalgruppen. Studiens syfte var att

    undersöka om det finns upplevda fördomar om chefskap ur ett genusperspektiv, och skapa

    en förståelse för vad dessa fördomar i så fall består av. Samt att undersöka hur upplevelsen

    kring en ”bra chef” är med fokus på egenskaper, beteende och genus.

    Studien utfördes genom att utföra semistrukturerade intervjuer med åtta deltagare.

    Studiens resultat visar att det förekommer fördomar mot chefer utifrån deras genus och

    att dessa huvudsakligen består av förväntningar på personliga egenskaper hos chefen, och

    inte särskilt mycket på kompetens eller kunskap.

  • 121.
    Erikson, Mathias
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Granbom Haraldsson, Ebba-Lotta
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Time, Abstraction and Morality: A quantitative study investigating the interactive effect of time perspective and abstraction on moral concern2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Based on Construal Level Theory (Trope & Liberman, 2010), the present study examines the impact of temporal distance on moral concern. A manipulation on individuals’ mind-set has been made in to abstract (High level) versus concrete (Low level) mentality to inspect the ability to effect peoples’ moral concern. Our first hypothesis is that future-oriented people should show more moral concern than present-oriented individuals. Present-oriented people should, however, after an abstract manipulation show a higher moral concern, correspondent with future-oriented individual’s moral concern. 176 undergraduates from a Swedish university participated in the study. The respondents were asked to answer a questionnaire, and a scale was used to measure the individual temporal perspective (Consideration of Future Consequences scale, CFC) and then a manipulation was made. Half of the participants were allotted an abstract (high level) manipulation, and the other half were given a concrete (low level) manipulation. The manipulation was followed by a questionnaire that measured the moral concern, in the form of blame, attributed to morally questionable actions. We found a positive correlation between temporal focus and moral concern. The manipulation however showed no effect of abstraction on peoples’ moral concern. Nor did a two-way between subjects ANOVA show a significant interaction between temporal perspective and abstraction, providing no support for our second and third hypotheses. An environmental impact on the respondents is discussed as a possible reason for the results not being fully consistent with previous studies. For future research we suggest similar longitudinal studies, which would supply researchers with the opportunity to study the long-term effect on different types of moral.

  • 122.
    Eriksson, André
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Eidstam, Max
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Skillnaden mellan erfarna och oerfarna lärares självupplevda stress och coping utifrån arbetslivserfarenhet: En kvantitativ studie 2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Arbetssituationen för dagens lärare är högt belastad och enligt skolverket (2016) rapport attityder till skolan 2015 ökar detta årligen. Flertalet studier visar också att yrkesverksamma lärare med låg grad av yrkeslivserfarenhet tenderar att uppleva sin arbetssituation som övermäktig. Föreliggande studie ämnade genom en kvantitativ ansats studera om yrkesverksamma lärare med låg grad av erfarenhet har en högre självupplevd stress än lärare med högre grad av erfarenhet och om val av copingstrategier skiljer sig utifrån arbetslivserfarenhet. Studien vill därav bekräfta tidigare studier och öka kunskapen för hur yrkesverksamma lärares självupplevda stress och copingstrategier påverkas av deras yrkeserfarenhet. Studiens resultat baseras på data från 102 yrkesverksamma lärare från grund- och gymnasieskolor i Sverige. Statistisk analys med -t -test (multidimensional) indikerade att det inte var några signifikanta skillnader mellan undervisande lärare på olika nivåer och grad av erfarenhet utifrån stress eller copingstategier. Ett T-test för oberoende grupper med konfidensintervall på 95% visade inte på några signifikanta skillnader mellan grupperna oerfarna lärare och mer erfarna yrkesverksamma lärare. Deltagarna i studien påvisade en genomsnittlig grad av självupplevd stress vilket medför att aktuell studie inte kan bekräfta tidigare studiers resultat om att lärare tillhör en stressad yrkesgrupp. 

  • 123.
    Eriksson, Sofia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    The psychology of mediation: A qualitative study on mediation in Ethiopia2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this bachelor thesis was to examine and analyse the psychological factors that were important in mediation processes on local, regional, national and international levels in Ethiopia. The research questions were what these psychological factors were and how they affected the mediation process. A qualitative, semi-structured method was used and six informants with experience as mediators have been interviewed in Ethiopia. The psychological factors identified were self-esteem, losing face, ability of letting go, and mirroring. The conclusion was that this research confirmed the findings of much of the previous research, in regards to the psychological factors active in the process. The research also revealed that the psychological factors needed to be considered in the light of the Ethiopian culture and it´s collective nature. 

  • 124.
    Evelina, Bergvall
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Anette, Hagner
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Livstillfredsställelse hos Äldre som Upplever Uppmärksamhetssvårigheter2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Attention deficiencies, issues with working memory and, reading disabilities have been shown to be associated with life satisfaction. Research on older adults with attention deficiencies is limited. Specifically, research on how the perceived life satisfaction of older adults correlates with their attention, working memory and reading abilities, is sparse. The attention ability, working memory, reading ability and life satisfaction of 34 older adults (M = 71,5 years old) from the Kronoberg Region was measured. This data was analyzed via correlation and multiple regression analysis. Lower reading performance predicted more cases of self reported, low life satisfaction. Whilst low attention and working memory performance predicted higher, self reported, life satisfaction. There is a possibility that attention and working memory deficiencies, in older adults, can provide certain salutogenic benefits. Strong reading abilities seem to be associated with high levels of life satisfaction in older adults.

  • 125.
    Fallenius, Per
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Vendel, Samuel
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Relationen mellan upplevd stress, arbetskrav, work-family conflict och kliniskt ledarskap: En kvantitativ studie på sjuksköterskor i offentlig vård2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, nurses experience high levels of troubles related to the psychosocial work environment. Clinical leadership is a new concept, which aims to identify leadership behaviors for nurses. However, there is a lack of studies about its possible relationship with psychosocial work environmental factors. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate how perceived stress, work demands and work-family conflict predict clinical leadership in nurses in public sector health care. In this study, 239 nurses participated in a web-based questionnaire, where they rated perceived stress, work demands, work-family conflict and clinical leadership. The work environment variables were used as predictors in a standard MRA with clinical leadership as the dependent variable. Results showed that the model explained 9,5 % of clinical leadership, with perceived stress and emotional demands as significant predictors. Findings are discussed based on previous research on stress, self-leadership and clinical leadership, and job demands based on the Demand-Control model.

  • 126.
    Fatima, Iman
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Prototype Generalization and its effect on Decision-making Process2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 127.
    Ferner, Johanna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sacic, Benjamin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Lärares motivation till yrket2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 128.
    Fogelmark, Rasmus
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Tidman, Tomas
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Kan man vara nöjd med sin prokrastinering?: En studie av aktiva prokrastinerares tillfredsställelse med sin studieprocess2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examined active procrastination in relation to satisfaction with the studying process. Procrastination can be defined as a delay of tasks that lead to negative consequences for the individual. In contrast to traditional procrastination, active procrastination is adaptive in nature and associated with positive characteristics and consequences, which has spawned criticism that active procrastination cannot properly be defined as procrastination. The purpose of this study was to examine active procrastinator’s satisfaction with their studying process in order to nuance the view of active procrastination as well as determining whether active procrastination can be defined as a form of procrastination. Data was collected through self-report questionnaires distributed to students at Linnaeus University. The groups active, passive and non-procrastinators were compared on the variable satisfaction with the studying process, and correlations were made. All groups were statistically different, with non-procrastinators being the most satisfied and passive procrastinators the least satisfied. The results indicate that active procrastinators experience negative aspects of their behaviour, despite its adaptive nature. The measure of active procrastination is evaluated and implications of the present study are discussed.

  • 129.
    Forsell, Erik
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden;Huddinge Hospital, Sweden.
    Jernelov, Susanna
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden;Huddinge Hospital, Sweden.;Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Neurosci, Div Psychol, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Blom, Kerstin
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden;Huddinge Hospital, Sweden.
    Kraepelien, Martin
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden;Huddinge Hospital, Sweden.
    Svanborg, Cecilia
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden;Huddinge Hospital, Sweden.
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden;Huddinge Hospital, Sweden;Linköping University, Sweden.
    Lindefors, Nils
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden;Huddinge Hospital, Sweden.
    Kaldo, Viktor
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden;Huddinge Hospital, Sweden.
    Proof of Concept for an Adaptive Treatment Strategy to Prevent Failures in Internet-Delivered CBT: A Single-Blind Randomized Clinical Trial With Insomnia Patients2019In: American Journal of Psychiatry, ISSN 0002-953X, E-ISSN 1535-7228, Vol. 176, no 4, p. 315-323Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: This study aimed to demonstrate proof of concept for an adaptive treatment strategy in Internet-delivered cognitive-behavioral therapy (ICBT), where risk of treatment failure is assessed early in treatment and treatment for at-risk patients is adapted to prevent treatment failure. Methods: A semiautomated algorithm assessed risk of treatment failure early in treatment in 251 patients undergoing ICBT for insomnia with therapist guidance. At-risk patients were randomly assigned to continue standard ICBT or to receive adapted ICBT. The primary outcome was self-rated insomnia symptoms using the Insomnia Severity Index in a linear mixed-effects model. The main secondary outcome was treatment failure (having neither responded nor remitted at the posttreatment assessment). Results: A total of 102 patients were classified as at risk and randomly assigned to receive adapted ICBT (N=51) or standard ICBT (N=51); 149 patients were classified as not at risk. Patients not at risk had significantly greater score reductions on the Insomnia Severity Index than at-risk patients given standard ICBT. Adapted ICBT for at-risk patients was significantly more successful in reducing symptoms compared with standard ICBT, and it decreased the risk of failing treatment (odds ratio= 0.33). At-risk patients receiving adapted ICBT were not more likely to experience treatment failure than those not at risk (odds ratio= 0.51), though they were less likely to experience remission. Adapted treatment required, on average, 14 more minutes of therapist-patient time per remaining week. Conclusions: An adaptive treatment strategy can increase treatment effects for at-risk patients and reduce the number of failed treatments. Future studies should improve accuracy in classification algorithms and identify key factors that boost the effect of adapted treatments.

  • 130.
    Forsell, Erik
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden;Stockholm County Council, Sweden.
    Kraepelien, Martin
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden;Stockholm County Council, Sweden.
    Blom, Kerstin
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden;Stockholm County Council, Sweden.
    Isacsson, Nils
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden;Stockholm County Council, Sweden.
    Jernelov, Susanna
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden;Stockholm County Council, Sweden.
    Svanborg, Cecilia
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden;Stockholm County Council, Sweden.
    Rosen, Ann
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden;Stockholm County Council, Sweden.
    Kaldo, Viktor
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden;Stockholm County Council, Sweden.
    Development of a very brief scale for detecting and measuring panic disorder using two items from the Panic Disorder Severity Scale-Self Report2019In: Journal of Affective Disorders, ISSN 0165-0327, E-ISSN 1573-2517, Vol. 257, p. 615-622Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To minimize the burden in detecting and monitoring Panic Disorder and Agoraphobia by developing a very brief scale with selected items from the Panic Disorder Severity Scale-Self Report (PDSS-SR), and to investigate the proposed scale's psychometric properties in a comorbid sample. Methods: A sample of 5103 patients from the Internet Psychiatry Clinic in Sweden, diagnosed and treated with Internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy for panic disorder (n = 1390), social anxiety disorder (n = 1313) or depression (n = 2400), responded to the PDSS-SR. Six criteria related to factor structure, sensitivity to change and clinical representativeness were used to select items. Psychometric analyses for the selected very brief scale were performed. Results: Items 2 (distress during panic attacks) and 4 (agoraphobic avoidance), were selected to create the very brief PDSS-SR version. Correlations with the full scale were high at screening, pre and post, and for change (0.87-0.93). Categorical Omega was omega(c) = 0.74. With a cut-off of 3 points, the scale could detect panic disorder in a psychiatric sample with a sensitivity of 85% and a specificity of 66%. Limitations: Limitations include lack of healthy controls and lack of blinding on secondary outcome measures. Conclusion: The proposed 2-item PDSS-SR version is a good candidate for a very brief panic disorder questionnaire, both for detecting cases and for measuring change. This is especially useful in clinical settings when measuring more than one condition at a time.

  • 131.
    Forslund, Caroline
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Ivarsson, Johanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Gymnasieungdomars självkänsla och fysiska självbild på Facebook: En kvantitativ studie sett ur ett könsperspektiv2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 132.
    Francisca, Nichole
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Seinsche, Katharina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    The Myth of Separate Worlds: A Quantitative Examination of the Relationship Between Organizational Attachment and Work-Nonwork Interaction2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The increasing importance of employee retention and talent acquisition have necessitated the need for a deeper understanding of employee psychology influencing these factors. As such, the current study examines the relationship between individual organizational attachment and work-nonwork conflict and work-nonwork enrichment.  Further interest was paid to possible moderating influences of work centrality, gender, number of dependents and number of contract hours.

    Design: Data was collected through online surveys. Participants were contacted through internet portals and selected business contacts at private companies. The study followed a cross-sectional design. The contributing sample consisted of 94 participants.

    Results: Organizational attachment styles contribute to differences in experienced work-nonwork conflict and work-nonwork enrichment. Anxious and avoidant organizational attachment exhibit a positive relationship with work-nonwork conflict and a negative relationship with work-nonwork enrichment. The relationship between organizational attachment anxiety and work-nonwork conflict is partially moderated by gender. No empirical support was found for the moderating influences of work centrality, number of dependents and number of contract hours.

    Implications: The results indicate that patterns of organizational attachment shape adult lives inside and outside of the workplace. Knowledge of how individuals experience work and nonwork depending on their organizational attachment allows for a sensitization towards individuality in the workplace. Catering to employees’ attachment needs could feasibly contribute to organizational viability and success.

    Novelty: Previous research has mostly examined attachment at work in terms of interpersonal attachment, while disregarding the role the organization can play as an attachment figure. While existing studies have examined the connection between (romantic) attachment and work-family or work-life conflict and enrichment, this study offers insights into how employees’ attachment relationships to the organization connects to the experience of work-nonwork conflict and enrichment.  

  • 133.
    Franck, Alina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    The junior-to-senior transition in Swedish athletes: A longitudinal study2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation project was an exploration of junior-to-senior transition (JST) processes in Swedish sport club athletes based on holistic, developmental, and ecological perspectives. It consists of two multi-level studies covered by four separate articles. The first study is a quantitative longitudinal investigation of athletes’ transitional and personal variables during a two-and-a-half-year period including five measurements times (N = 101). The second study is a qualitative exploration of the JST pathways of four athletes who were also participants of the first study; the athletes’ transition narratives could be related to the previously discovered dynamics of their JSTs.

         The first article (1a), presenting study 1, is focused on identifying profiles of athletes in the JST based on some of their personal characteristics (athletic identity, self-esteem, and goal orientation) followed by a description of the JST pathways relevant to their profiles. The latent profile analysis resulted in three athlete profiles. Athletic identity appeared to be a key personal characteristic that influenced the dynamics of the JST adjustment. Different styles of coping strategies were also associated with different JST pathways.

         The second article (1b), presenting study 1, is aimed at identifying adjustment patterns in the JST based on athletes’ dynamics of adjustment during a two-and-a-half-year period, and describes the athletes’ demographics, personal and transitional characteristics at the beginning of the JSTs that were related to the different adjustment patterns. The latent profile analysis on athletes’ perceived degree of adjustment provided three profiles with different adjustment patterns (i.e., progressive, regressive, sustainable). Further analyses (descriptive statistics and Cohen’s d) showed that keeping a primary focus on sport (without ignoring other spheres of life), having a strong athletic identity, and a high motivation to reach the senior level were (to different degrees) relevant for both progressive and sustainable adjustment patterns.

         The first article (2a), presenting study 2, qualitatively explores two individual sport athletes’ (a male swimmer and a female tennis player) JST transition pathways, emphasising psychosocial factors that were perceived as facilitating and debilitating for the transition process. Narrative type interviews were used, and the holistic-form structural analysis provided a central storyline – a performance narrative – that was common for both athletes and two individual side storylines that were the swimmer’s effort and relationship narrative and the tennis player’s injury and reorientation narrative. Both athletes experienced various crossroads and shared perceptions of the factors facilitating coping (e.g., family, some coaches, elite sport club environment), but their reflections on the debilitating psychosocial factors of their JSTs were more individualistic than their views on the facilitating factors..

         The second article (2b), presenting study 2, has the same objectives and the same methodology as article 2a, but focuses on two team sport athletes’ (a male football player and a female basketball player) JST pathways. The football player’s JST path developed into a performance and family narrative, and the basketball player’s reflections on the transition process formed an enjoyment and relationship narrative. The players’ JST paths were lined with different crossroads, and throughout the transitions they perceived the key facilitating persons to be their families (e.g., parents, grandparents, siblings) and teammates, but some of the coaches’ behaviors were perceived as debilitating factors.

    Major contributions to knowledge in this dissertation project include: (a) considering the JST (longitudinally) as a process involving dynamics and interactions of the transition demands, coping strategies, personal and environmental resources, and barriers influencing the JST outcome; (b) supporting the athletic career transition model in combination with the holistic, developmental, and ecological perspectives as adequate frameworks to study the JST; (c) suggesting that the integrated JST framework supported by the empirical findings can be used in the future research; (d) demonstrating significant variations in the JST pathways and adjustment patterns on the sub-group level (study 1) and also on the individual level (study 2); and (e) providing context-specific recommendations for different levels of the Swedish sport system for optimizing Swedish sport club athletes’ JSTs and supporting their continued sport participation on either the senior elite or the recreational level.

  • 134.
    Franck, Alina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology. Halmstad University, Sweden.
    Stambulova, Natalia B.
    Halmstad University, Sweden.
    The junior to senior transition: a narrative analysis of the pathways of two Swedish athletes2019In: Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health, ISSN 2159-676X, E-ISSN 2159-6778, Vol. 11, no 3, p. 284-298Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There are as many careers with various pathways as there are athletes, and the interest in the junior-to-senior transition (JST) stems from its particular importance for athletes’ lives when aiming for the senior elite levels of their sports. This study is a follow-up of the quantitative longitudinal study that investigated the JST process in Swedish sport club athletes. The aim of this study was to explore two athletes’ (pseudonyms Erik, the swimmer, and Jessika, the tennis player) JST transition pathways, emphasising psychosocial factors that were perceived as facilitating and debilitating the transition process. Narrative-type interviews were conducted, and the stories were analysed using the holistic-form structural analysis. The analysis provided a central storyline (performance narrative) that is similar for both athletes, and two side storylines: Erik’s effort and relationship narrative and Jessika’s injury and reorientation narrative. They shared psychosocial factors that were perceived as facilitating the transition process, including family, coaches and sport club environment. For Erik, the debilitating factors were the negative changes in the group and a poor relationship with the new coach. The debilitating factors that influenced Jessika’s JST were the decrease/loss of financial support and the challenge of facing younger opponents against whom she felt she shouldn’t lose when making a comeback after an injury. After the JST, both Erik and Jessika changed their tracks in life, terminated their athletic careers and focused on pursuing higher education qualifications. © 2018, © 2018 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

  • 135.
    Fransson, Linda
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Gholmi, Sara
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Om gymnasielärares arbetsmotivation, arbetstillfredsställelse och generellt socialt stöd2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to find out how secondary teachers work motivation correlated with work satisfaction and general social support. The theoretical background was self determination theory. The results of the study was that high work satisfaction correlate with intrinsic motivation and that the lower work satisfaction you have the more amotivated are you. Further emerged that the experience of general social support did not correlate with the experience of work motivation. The used method was an electronic survey that was sent to eleven principles at nine secondary schools where the principles later sent the survey to their teachers. It was a drop-out of participants which means that the results should be interprated with caution. Pearson's correlation and multiple regression analysis was used where they showed that the participants had an intrinsic motivation with an average or low work satisfaction, the social support correlated with intrinsic motivation. The conculsion was that the best predictor for work satisfaction was intrinsic motivation.

  • 136.
    Fredhage, Nina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Perspektiv Vuxna barn med psykisk sjukdom: En kvalitativ intervjustudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Mental illness amongst young adults is increasing and the need for care interventions becomes greater. Relatives are now seen as a resource in these care interventions. In spite of this, previous research shows that society's efforts to promote contacts with relatives are partly substandard. Communication and cooperation between relatives and healthcare professionals is an area highlighted as one of the problem areas. The purpose of this study was to investigate and create a deeper understanding about parenting to children with long-term mental illness. This is by describing how health professionals experience the meeting with parents of children with mental illness.  

            The study was conducted with interviews of four people working in different health care institutions that met parents of adult children with mental illness and were analyzed through qualitative content analysis. The results were reported with three themes: Healthcare professionals ' perspective, Parent's perspective and future. The result showed the problem of parental distrust in care, but was in relation to previous research relatively positive, that all four respondents experienced mostly good meetings with these parents. Recurring factors that could improve potential problems arise where time, information and knowledge are important components. The results also showed the importance of a good working environment and the importance of a professional manager.

  • 137.
    Fredriksson, Kim
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Petersson, Julia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Lärares ledarskapsstilar: En kvantitativ studie om elevers attityd till lärares ledarskapsstilar i relation till elevers och lärares kön2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ledarskapsstilar och dess relation till kön har varit ett forskningsfält i många decennier. Oftast har det ansetts att män intar en auktoritär ledarroll medan kvinnor intar en demokratisk. På senare tid har dock följaren blivit mer uppmärksammad och i föreliggande studie kommer följarens relation till ledarroller och kön studeras. Framförallt är detta intressant i skolans värld, där läraren innehar en maktposition som ledare i klassrummet. Syftet är således att studera elevers attityd till lärare i relation till läraren och elevens kön.

    Genom ett skattningsformulär har 82 elever bedömt fiktiva scenarier för att bedöma vad de ansåg om lärarens ledarskapsstil. Resultatet visade på att elever generellt sett skattade demokratiskt ledarskap högre än auktoritärt. Dock visade resultatet inte på någon signifikant skillnad om läraren var en man eller kvinna. Likaså visade resultatet inte på någon signifikant skillnad om eleven var en man eller kvinna. Detta resultat ligger i linje med tidigare forskning, både inom Sverige och i övriga världen.

  • 138.
    Fridell, Mats
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Holmberg, Robert
    Lund University.
    Benderix, Ylva
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    När utredning skapar möjligheter: Överlämning av psykologutredningar till socialsekreterare, klienter och personal vid två LVM-institutioner. Forskningsrapport2015Report (Other academic)
  • 139.
    Fridell, Mats
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Holmberg, Robert
    Lund University.
    Billsten, Johan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology. Lund University.
    Benderix, Ylva
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Implementering av Socialstyrelsens riktlinjer för missbruks- och beroendevården: Utvärdering av det nationella utvecklingsarbetet Kunskap till Praktik2015Report (Other academic)
  • 140.
    Frifelt Lundqvist, Tim
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Resman, Jonathan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Effekter av internetlevererad KBT-behandling mot komorbid insomni och depression och sambandet med de kognitiva processerna oro och ruminering2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Insomnia and depression are two psychiatric conditions with high prevalence in the general population. Insomnia occurs among around 11% of the Swedish population and the equivalence for depression is around 5-8%. These conditions frequently appear comorbidly. There has found to be a theoretical link between these two conditions and the cognitive processes labeled anxious worry and rumination. One treatment method which has shown itself to be effective in treating these respective conditions is cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). In the present study, internet-delivered CBT aiming to treat both conditions simultaneously have been studied with the purpose of evaluating two different methods and the long term effects of these methods. A total of 124 participants were included and randomized to either a combined treatment for insomnia or depression (n=63) or a control treatment consisting of treatment for depression and desensibilisation as placebo for insomnia (n=61). The results of the present study indicates a statistically significant effect on symptoms of insomnia between pre- and post measurements depending on treatment group. There was a statistically significant correlation between change in all the four domains, depression, insomnia, rumination and anxious worry between two separate measurements. A change in anxious worry between pre and post measurements was also found to predict the level of change in insomnia symptoms between pre and 36 month follow-up measurements. Change in anxious worry between pre and post measurements could also predict the level of depression observed at the measurement at the 36 month follow-up. The findings in this study corroborates the hypotheses that insomnia is a condition which require a specific treatment and that there is a relation between insomnia and depression and the cognitive processes anxious worry and rumination but that this relation needs to be further examined.

  • 141.
    Fälth, Linda
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Gustafson, S.
    Linköping University.
    Svensson, Idor
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Phonological awareness training with articulation promotes early reading development2017In: Education, ISSN 0013-1172, Vol. 137, no 3, p. 261-276Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In a longitudinal intervention study, the effects of phonological trainingwith articulation for children in a preschool class were analyzed.In total, 69 students participated, divided into an experimental groupof 39 and a comparison group of 30 students.The intervention consisted of phonological training with articulationand lasted throughout the preschool class year; in total, 2700 minuteswere spent on this training for the experimental group. All participantswere tested individually on pre-reading skills on four test occasions:before the intervention started, mid-term, immediately after the end ofthe intervention and, finally, a follow-up 6 months after the interventionwas completed.Based on their pre-reading skills, the participants were divided intotwo different subgroups, those at risk of developing reading difficultiesand those not at risk. The results showed greater progress at the follow-up test of both the at-risk and not-at-risk subgroups of the experimentgroup in word decoding and phonological ability than the comparisongroup. The positive results applied both to speech-sounds andwords included in the training program as well as new speech soundsand words not included in the program, thus providing evidence fortransfer effects.

  • 142.
    Fälth, Linda
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Gustafson, Stefan
    Linköping University.
    Kugelberg, Ellen
    LegiLexi.
    Nordström, Thomas
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    LegiLexis formativa bedömningsverktyg - Testmanual2017Other (Other academic)
  • 143.
    Fälth, Linda
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Gustafson, Stefan
    Linköpings universitet.
    Svensson, Idor
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology. Linnéuniversitetet.
    Tjus, Tomas
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Lärares erfarenheter av deltagande i en datorbaserad interventionsstudie som syftar till att öka elevernas läsförmåga.2014In: Acta Didactica Norge - tidsskrift for fagdidaktisk forsknings- og utviklingsarbeid i Norge, ISSN 1504-9922, E-ISSN 1504-9922, Vol. 8, no 1, p. Article ID: 8-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Flertalet studier har utforskat olika metoder med avsikt att utveckla skriftspråklig förmåga hos elever med läs- och skrivsvårigheter. Trots det är det få, om ens några, studier som har undersökt hur medverkande lärare upplevt sitt deltagande och vilka erfarenheter de gjort av att vara med i dessa studier. I en tidigare studie (Fälth, Gustafson, Tjus, Heimann, & Svensson, 2013; Gustafson, Fälth, Svensson, Tjus & Heimann, 2011) visade resultaten att de elever som under en interventionsperiod fick en kombination av datorbaserad fonologisk respektive ortografisk träning gjorde större framsteg på tester som mäter ordavkodning, fonologisk förmåga och läsförståelse än jämförelsegrupperna. Syftet med föreliggande studie är att utifrån ett lärarperspektiv utforska upplevelser och erfarenheter av att delta i ovan nämnda interventionsstudie och att belysa de kvantitativa resultat som finns rapporterade från studien. Arton lärare har intervjuats i denna studie. Resultaten visar att den fasta yttre struktur som interventionen erbjöd samt den flexibilitet som fanns inom respektive intervention upplevdes som positivt och som en bidragande faktor för de här elevernas läsframgångar. Resultaten visade också att kombinationsträningen gynnade både elevernas och lärarnas motivation till interventionen. Slutsatsen är att en datorbaserad lästräningsintervention med fasta ramar men med visst individanpassat innehåll kan vara såväl effektiv som motiverande och positivt påverka interventionerna.

  • 144.
    Fälth, Linda
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Gustafson, Stefan
    Linköping University.
    Tjus, Tomas
    University of Gothenburg.
    Heimann, Mikael
    Linköping University.
    Svensson, Idor
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Computer-assisted Interventions Targeting Reading Skills of Children with Reading Disabilities - A Longitudinal Study2013In: Dyslexia, ISSN 1076-9242, E-ISSN 1099-0909, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 37-53Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of three computerized interventions on the reading skills of children with reading disabilities in Grade 2. This longitudinal intervention study included five test sessions over 1?year. Two test points occur before the intervention, and three afterwards. The last follow-up was conducted 1?year after the first measurement. One hundred thirty children in Grade 2 participated in the study. Three groups of children with reading difficulties received computerized training programmes: one aimed at improving word decoding skills and phonological abilities, the second focused on word and sentence levels and the third was a combination of these two training programmes. A fourth group received ordinary special instruction. In addition, there was one comparison group with age-matched typical readers. All groups improved their reading skills. The group that received combined training showed greater improvement than the one with ordinary special instruction and the group of typical readers at two follow-ups. The longitudinal results indicate additional positive results for the group that received the combined training, the majority of students from that group being no longer judged to be needing special education 1?year after the intervention. Copyright (c) 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • 145.
    Fälth, Linda
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Nordström, Thomas
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Andersson, Ulrika
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Gustafson, Stefan
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Assessment Support as Part of Teacher Duties in the Subject of Swedish at the Elementary Level2019In: International Journal of Learning, Teaching and Educational Research, ISSN 1694-2493, E-ISSN 1694-2116, Vol. 18, no 4, p. 85-109Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine and describe the use of a formative assessment support regarding reading instruction in grades 1-3, viewed from a teacher perspective. Sixty-five teachers from all parts of Sweden responded to a questionnaire, who had used the support for at least one year. Of the participant teachers, nine were interviewed for the purpose of performing an in-depth analysis of the questions. The teachers stated that the primary use of the assessment results was to identify students in need of extra support, as a basis for performance appraisals, as well as for further lesson planning. Formative assessment was, on the one hand, described as a concrete practical method and, on the other hand, as an attitude. The results also indicate a feeling of frustration that, notwithstanding the current deeper insight into what every student needs, the teaching still proceeds on some middle-ground path or level.

  • 146.
    Fälth, Linda
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Svensson, Idor
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    An app as ‘reading glasses’ – a study of the interaction between individual and assistive technology for students with a dyslexicprofile2015In: International Journal of Teachnig and Education, ISSN 2336-2022, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 1-12Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For a couple of years a great many programs for tablets and smartphones have been available forassisting students with difficulties in reading and writing. The aim of this study was to investigatewhether a multifunction application (Prizmo) for iPhone/iPad had the potential to provide assistancefor students with a dyslexic profile.Twelve students and their teachers participated in this intervention study, 7 students from primaryschool grade 5 and 5 students from the first grade of secondary school. All participants used thePrizmo application during the regular school day for 4-6 weeks. The pupils were measured bydecoding tests before and after the interventions. The results show that the word decoding abilityincreased for several of the students and also that they found the app useful even after the end ofthe study. The teachers who carried out the interventions involving the app emphasize its ease ofaccess and the positive effects for the students. Multifunctional programs like Prizmo, textscanning and a text-to-speech synthesizer may enhance students’ reading ability and motivationfor future studies.

  • 147.
    Fälth, Linda
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Svensson, Idor
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Erfarenheter av skolmisslyckande – forskningsresultat från en psykiatrisk klinik och LVM-hem.2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 148.
    Fälth, Linda
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Svensson, Idor
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Carlsson, Sara
    Linköping municipality.
    Gustafson, Stefan
    Linköping University.
    Self-image and Reading Development - the Effect of Self-Image on Reading Development among Pupils in Grade 22014In: Online Journal of Counselling and Education, ISSN 2146-8192, Vol. 3, no 4, p. 17-34Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship between self-image and different reading abilities among pupils with reading difficulties in grade 2. The purpose was also to examine whether there were any differences between typical readers and pupils with reading difficulties with regard to self-image. The empirical material consists of 130 pupils who were tested at five different test sessions with different reading-related tests. Their self-image was tested twice at an interval of nearly a school yearThe results showed that there were differences between pupils with reading difficulties and typical readers with regard to the self-image level, where pupils with reading disabilities had a significantly lower self-image than typical readers. Among pupils with reading disabilities those with a low self-image showed significantly less improvement in word decoding and reading comprehension than students with a typical self-image.

  • 149.
    Fältström, Leonard
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Glimmefors, Donny
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Prediktion av behandlingsutfall 3 år efter avslutad internetbehandling mot insomni2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Internet-based CBT is a treatment-form that has proved to be effective against insomnia.

    Treatment of patients with insomnia could benefit from more knowledge about factors that affect long-term outcomes. The present study had an explorative design and the aim was to identify factors that could predict treatment outcomes at 36-month-follow-up (FU36). The study also made a comparison of predictive power regarding treatment outcomes between data gathered before treatment and data gathered both before and after treatment. Treatment outcomes were defined as change in insomnia symtoms and degree of insomnia symtoms at FU36. In total 203 participants were included from two different treatment studies, whom had received 9-12 weeks of insomnia treatment with or without combined treatment for depression. Initial correlations explored relationships between predictors and outcome measures, thereafter multiple regression analyses were done with the predictors that showed significant relationships. The results showed that it was possible to predict change and degree of insomnia symtoms at FU36. Predictors taken from data gathered before and after treatment had the most predictive power and explained 33% of the total variance of the change of insomnia symtoms at FU36. More insomnia symtoms at the beginning of treatment, change of insomnia symtoms during treatment, high age and a dissatisfaction of treatment were factors that were able to predict insomnia symtoms at FU36.

  • 150.
    Färdig, Robin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Den dubbelriktade relationen: Chefers uppfattning om medarbetares betydelse för det egna ledarskapet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien undersöker hur ledare ser på sitt eget ledarskap i relation till medarbetarna; det vill säga vilken roll ledarna uppfattar att medarbetarna spelar för det egna ledarskapet. Slutsatsen är att ledare huvudsakligen beskriver sitt ledarskap utifrån hur de ser på sin identitet, men inte beskriver sitt ledarskap utifrån interaktion och roller. Det egna ledarskapet beskrivs som stabilt, och medarbetarna beskrivs inte som påverkansfaktorer på det egna ledarskapet. Samtidigt ger ledare uttryck för att de önskar mer återkoppling från medarbetarna, och ledarna uppvisar ett behov av medarbetarna för att arbetet skall bli optimalt. Det finns således en motsägelse i hur ledarna talar om sitt ledarskap i relation till medarbetarna.

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