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  • 101.
    de la Brosse, Renaud
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    « Les minorités culturelles et leurs médias en Finlande »2013In: L'expression de la diversité culturelle. Un enjeu mondial / [ed] Michel Mathien, Jean-Claude Mignon, Brussels: Bruylant, 2013, 1, p. 115-126Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [fr]

    Dans un contexte de mondialisation de l'information et de la communication, cet article explore la façon dont les minorités culturelles étrangères vivant en Finlande s'expriment à travers les médias auxquels ils ont accès ou qu'ils créent eux-mêmes à des fins de défense, de valorisation et de promotion de leurs langues et de leurs cultures respectives.

  • 102.
    de la Brosse, Renaud
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Media and Information Literacy as A Tool to Prevent Hate Propaganda Transmitted through Traditional and Social Media: Lessons From the Arab World2017In: Multidisciplinary Approaches to Media Literacy : Research and Practices: 媒介素养的跨学科研究与实践 / [ed] Alice Y. L. Lee, Zhang Kai, Kara Chan, Communication University of China Press , 2017, p. 74-88Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article argues that media and information education should be viewed more broadly than in the one school setting. While in some countries experiencing a chaotic political transition, users of social networks make increasingly their voice heard on current events, there is no media and information literacy to frame this new phenomenon of virtual floor jack. In these conditions, it is not uncommon that they peddle hatred and disinformation messages, making them a threat to peace and security. The case of countries concerned by the "Arab Spring" perfectly illustrates this trend, even if, as in Tunisia, for example, alternatives are gradually set up outside the education system to promote the missing professionalism, responsibility and basic ethical principles.

  • 103.
    de la Brosse, Renaud
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Milošević’s Propaganda during the Attacks on Dubrovnik and Croatia2017In: Reporting the Attacks on Dubrovnik in 1991, and the Recognition of Croatia / [ed] de la Brosse, Renaud & Brautovic, Mato, Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2017, , p. 210p. 104-130Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 104.
    de la Brosse, Renaud
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Médias et démocratie en Afrique: l'enjeu de la régulation2013 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [fr]

    Quel que soit le pays ou le continent considéré, une interdépendance étroite existe aujourd'hui entre démocratie, liberté des médias et régulation de la communication. Une place cruciale revient en Afrique aux organes de régulation dans la procédure d'allocation de fréquences d'émissions, dans la promotion de la diversité culturelle des contenus médiatiques, dans l'équitable accès aux ondes des courants politiques et de pensée, ou encore dans l'émergence de véritables médias de service public. Les organes de régulation des médias se sont partout ou presque sur ce continent imposés comme partie intégrante de l'appareillage institutionnel démocratique

  • 105.
    de la Brosse, Renaud
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    The First World War and its Consequences on the European Colonial Territories of Africa: Between Permanences and Ruptures2018In: Europe a Century after the End of the First World War (1918-2018) / [ed] Horga Ioan & Stoica Alina, Bucarest: Editura Academiei Române (Romanian Academy Publishing) , 2018, p. 75-87Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The colonial territories of European powers on the African continent were forced to participate in the war effort between 1914 and 1918. A large number of men were thus sent to Europe to fight alongside European soldiers, or then to serve as workers to replace the Frenchmen or the Englishmen sent to fight their common ennemy... The mobilization and participation in the fighting of the non-European populations did not only have the effect of reinforcing the military power of the colonial powers. More insidiously, they were an opportunity for combatants to become aware of their singularity as non-citizens mobilized in defense of a cause that was not theirs. Slowly but surely a feeling of unease has developed because of the existing gap between the war effort demanded of the colonized and the little gratitude expressed in return by the European colonial empires. In the inter-war period, this will, on the first hand, feed the ideas of emancipation and, on the second hand, of independence... To account for this slow but inescapable erosion of European domination in the colonial territories, this article proposes to see to what extent the rise of the written press, in the hands of Africans, can usefully illustrate both the emancipation of the natives and the rise of political demands, that will eventually spell the end of any European claim to continue to rule the world.

  • 106.
    de la Brosse, Renaud
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Brautovic, Mato
    University of Dubrovnik, Kroatia.
    Introduction2017In: Reporting the Attacks on Dubrovnik in 1991, and the Recognition of Croatia / [ed] de la Brosse, Renaud & Brautovic, Mato, Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2017, , p. 210p. 1-9Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 107.
    de la Brosse, Renaud
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Brautovic, MatoUniversity of Dubrovnik, Kroatia.
    Reporting the Attacks on Dubrovnik in 1991, and the Recognition of Croatia2017Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This collection brings together 13 papers by 16 authors presented at the international conference “Reporting on attacks on Dubrovnik and recognition of Croatia”, held in Dubrovnik, Croatia, in October 2011. It provides a combined scientific and practical overview of the role of the media and journalists during the attack on Dubrovnik in autumn 1991 by the federal army (JNA) and Montenegrin reservists. This book represents a primary source of information about the propaganda war waged during the conflict between Croatia and Serbia in 1991, because some of the contributors were practical journalists and ministers during the events of that year. The book is structured in three parts: global media, international relations, and strategic communication during wartime; the example of Dubrovnik, and the practices of wartime reporting from the Dubrovnik area; and media analysis on the subject of war in Dubrovnik and Croatia.

  • 108.
    de la Brosse, Renaud
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Ekelin, Annelie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Twitter - révolution ou altération du discours politique? Regards croisés sur les pratiques des responsables politiques en Suède et en France: Twitter - revolution or alteration of political discourse? Perspectives on politicians practices in Sweden and France2014In: La Communication Politique dans le Monde Arabe et en Afrique: Approches et Mécanismes de Mise en œuvre / [ed] Moez Ben Messaoud, Tunis: Konrad Adenauer Stiftung , 2014, p. 57-67Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 109.
    de la Brosse, Renaud
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Ericsson, Elin
    Représentativité des genres et journalisme en Suède: entre parité et féminisation2017In: Revue Africaine de Communication, ISSN 0850-895X, no 3, p. 45-54Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this contribution is to analyze the place of women in the Swedish news media. Sweden is a model on the international scene because it was among the first countries to achieve effective parity  between men and women working as journalists in print and audiovisual business, public or private. As a result of a particular historical process, achieved parity does not mean equality. While there is a national consensus on the importance of gender equality in this area as in others, the fact of the matter remains that progress over the past 15 years has only begun, without changing the content of the information. Still very widely marked by the seal of masculinity, this often seems to ignore the representation of women and other issues related to gender equality. This contribution aims to examine how this parity is organized in a daily regional newspaper of general information, Barometern (literally meaning, The Investigator). This newspaper, owned by a large press group in the South East of the country, with a total of seven regional dailies, is representative of widely shared liberal and Christian values. We will identify the main obstacles that these may have to face in their daily work and analyze the possible obstacles remaining against a greater feminization of the contents that are delivered to a reader audience

  • 110.
    de la Brosse, Renaud
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Holt, KristofferGulf University of Science and Technology, Kuwait.
    Media and Journalism in an Age of Terrorism2019Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book is not a litany of the many terrorist attacks that have occurred over the last five years, nor is it a value judgement on how the media have reported on these events. Its ambition is to question the issues at stake in emerging journalistic practices and to raise a number of subsequent ethical questions. In 2017 Linnaeus University took the initiative to organize an international conference focusing on journalism in a world of terrorism – terrorism in the world of journalism. Our aim was to understand what it means in 2018 to report on terrorism in different national contexts. The conference (held 9-10 May, Kalmar) offered a unique opportunity for academics and journalists to come together in order to share experiences, discuss and reflect on the numerous dilemmas journalism in the world of terrorism has to cope with. Accordingly, this book depicts the wide diversity of approaches as well as reports the richness of the dialogue between practitioners and researchers – which constitutes the overall originality of this joint venture project between the Department of Media and Journalism and the Media Institute Fojo. Indeed, conflicts and terrorism nowadays constitute a field of study particularly conducive to assessing the role of media in contemporary democratic societies. The same also applies for societies engaged in transition and democratic consolidation processes, which are simultaneously facing the threat of terrorism (as is, for example, the case of Tunisia, Niger, Algeria and Morocco – countries from which some of the participants came). Some key issues were particularly under scrutiny: How does terrorism affect the media and their coverage of these events? Are the media an integral part of the strategy of terror deployed by the main actors (lately almost exclusively from Islamist extremist groups)? To answer these crucial questions, academics and professionals certainly had to examine all facets of the existing links and interrelations between the terrorist phenomenon and the media. A common experience articulated by researchers and journalists alike is that conflicting crises, as well as terrorist attacks, will necessarily affect reporting because of their sensational manifestations – it is impossible to not tell the story even if it might add to the pain of victim countries.

  • 111.
    de la Brosse, Renaud
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Lajmi, Nouri
    Institut de Presse et des sciences de l'information, Tunisia.
    Tunisie: repenser le modèle des médias de service public2018In: Les médias en Afrique depuis les Indépendances: bilan, enjeux et perspectives / [ed] Ndiaga Loum & Ibrahima Sarr, Paris: L'Harmattan, 2018, p. 161-171Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the aftermath of independence, the political elite in Tunisia has had a particular interest in broadcasting. Public radio and televsion are then seen as a powerful means to communicate, educate, entertain and control society as a whole. With the advent of the Revolution of January 14, 2011 things started to change. This article draws the necessary lessons from the past and present experience of public radio and television in Tunisia, questions the measures to be deployed for a true culture of public service and citizenship in Tunisia and with what means.

  • 112.
    de la Brosse, Renaud
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Lajmi, Nouri
    IPSI La Manouba University, Tunisia.
    Ekelin, Annelie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Media propaganda and human rights issues: What can be learnt from  the former Yugoslavia's experience  in relation to the current developments in the Arab Spring countries?2015In: Journal of Arab & Muslim Media Research, ISSN 1751-9411, E-ISSN 1751-942X, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 21-36, article id 19741Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent history has proven that media propaganda can impact severely on human rights issues. This article aims at exploring what can be learnt from previous lessons in order to avoid the same mistakes happening again and/or to fight them more ­efficiently. It questions the experience of the former Yugoslavia in relation to the current developments in the Arab Spring countries. The propaganda theory is applied for an analysis of how the media were instrumentalized for political and nationalist goals under Milosevic’s regime. Through content discourse analysis, the techniques of media propaganda are described and analysed, and consequences are drawn. Although the situation varies from one case to another, widespread hate propaganda speeches in some Arab countries is a challenge to a successful political transition. This has been the case in Tunisia after the 2011 Revolution, where hatred messages have been widely spread by broadcast media and social networks. Propaganda theory has thus been applied to the specific case of broadcast television. The study shows that, contrary to some other countries, Tunisian society has its own peculiarities, and that it has succeeded in developing brakes that have reduced the scope and impact of propaganda messages of some extremist media. In view of past experiences, such as the former Yugoslavia or Rwanda, and in this context, this article also aims to demonstrate the full importance of the existence of quality public service media in the Tunisian case, and of an independent regulation of both traditional and social media. In its conclusion, this article also raises the question of social media regulation, which is all the more acute given that Tunisia is immersed in an environment where more and more hate content and stigmatization messages are developing.

  • 113.
    de la Brosse, Renaud
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Thinsz, Gabriella
    UR, Sweden.
    Media coverage of the migratory crisis in Sweden: a revealing of the growing polarization between traditional media and antisystem media?2019In: Ameaças ao Ciberjornalismo: Atas do VI Congresso Internacional de Ciberjornalismo / [ed] Ana Isabel, Reis Pedro, Jerónimo Fernando & Zamith Helder Bastos, Portugal: Universidade do Porto - Faculdade de Letras , 2019, p. 168-180Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     2015 became a dramatic year for both Europe and Sweden. The war that staggered in Syria and the in the Middle East caused people to flee in unimaginable amounts. For Sweden, which traditionally has a generous asylum policy, and in front of the refugee stream, was ready to increase its refugee quota, this year would change both the political climate and the media landscape. In a short period of time, opinion swung from an extreme to another, and the political rhetoric changed. In this presentation, on the one hand, we want to describe what actually happened; who were the players in the media arena, what actual events led Sweden to go from a relatively strong consensus on an open reception of refugees to closed borders? We also want to explore the role of alternative media (anti-system media) in this spell and how traditional media where obliged to relate to the proactivity and the impact of alternative media.

  • 114.
    Degaardt, Eric
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Demirtok, Dennis
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Hos  rörmokaren finns de sämsta rören: En kvalitativ fallstudie om sociala mediers betydelse för reklam- och kommunikationsbyråer vid kriskommunikation2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Problem: Companies are becoming more active in social media. They usechannels such as Facebook, to communicate and interact with theirenvironment. In connection with this, companies must also be prepared todeal with crises in social media. Previous research shows no clear guidelineson how companies can work in social media to prevent crises.

    Purpose: The purpose of this qualitative study is to examine how companiesin the communications industry can work with Facebook to prevent crises.We hope that our study can provide new perspectives and guidance on howcompanies can work with emergency communication for prevention.

    Methodology: We used a qualitative research to arrive at our results. Thismeant we got an insight into the complex world that companies are workingin. We interviewed six companies working in the communications industry.The material has been analyzed and reviewed in accordance with acceptedpractices.

    Conclusions: By analyzing the empirical material, we found out manyinteresting results. The results show that the companies we investigated arenot working to prevent crises in social media to any great extent. They ratheruses social media for marketing and commercial purposes. Companies needto develop strategies that can prevent crises from occurring

  • 115.
    Dejert, Alex
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Valdmaa, Christopher
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Kan jag betala med min kompis?: En kvalitativ studie kring hur konsumtionsattityder skapas på Instagram2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this bachelor thesis is to study the perceptions, attitudes and opinions that are created by active users on Instagram when commercial messages are incorporated into the social platform. Furthermore, an understanding is sought of how social capital can be seen as a new form of capitalism.Qualitative focus group interviews was used as the method for examining the participants views on the topic. The accumulated data was collected during six sexxions with three different focus groups, where all participants were between the ages of 21-25 and located in Kalmar Län, Sweden.The results of this study show that the perceptions of what is seen as consumption and commercial messages on Instagram differs substantially. We found that positive consumer attitudes are created when users are inspired and can identify themselves with the content. Negative attitudes are created when advertising messages are to obvious and enters in indiscreet ways.

  • 116.
    Derblom Jobe, Michelle
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Alisehovic, Dzenet
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Offer för lagens skott: En kvalitativ studie om journalistikens gestaltning av polisens dödsskjutning i Bagarmossen2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine the media coverage of a police shooting in Bagarmossen, Stockholm. According to the news the police claimed it was an act of self-defense as a man fired a gun at them which is why the man was shot to death, but a month later stated that the man had not even been armed. The following study seeks to analyze the differences and similarities between articles published before and after the modified information. It also examines social actors present and how the media portrays them. We applied discourse analysis on sixteen news articles to answer our research questions. The prominent differences we found were in the portrayals of the incident and the most protrusive social actors in­volved. Before the police changed their state­ment, the man shot dead was portrayed as a criminal with deviant behavior. After the changed statement, the media portrayed him as a family man with strong ties to his hometown. The police were another social actor in our study, portrayed before the changed statements as efficient with a strong work ethic. After, the police were por­trayed as dishonest and lacking severely in their communica­tion as a legitimate authori­ty. One of the similarities found before and after the changed statement was the pres­ence of the local community as a social actor and its significance for the news media's portrayal of the incident.  

  • 117.
    Desirée, Widell
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Louise, Wolke
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    A watchdog on the loose: A qualitative study of the journalistic profession in the UK after the phone hacking scandal2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 118.
    Diehl, Lisa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Implications of Converging Media and Government: A qualitative study of the relationship between traditional news media and government in Mexico, as perceived by a group of Mexican students2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate a group of Mexican university students’ perception of

    the country’s traditional news media and their relationship to the Mexican government with the objective of elaborating on and discussing how the respondents’ perception can be understood in terms of individual and social implications. The research is based on eight empirical interviews with Mexican university students enrolled at private and public universities in Mexico City at the time of the data collection taking place in late spring of 2015. Bourdieu’s notion of habitus and cultural capital, the attitude concept as recognized within the field of social psychology, the digital divide, normative theory and political- economic theory together form the key concepts and theoretical framework on which this study is based. This study shows that the respondents’ perception of the relationship between traditional news media and government in Mexico is characterized by distrust in both institutions’ legitimacy due to rightful allegations of collusion. Traditional news media are disregarded among the respondents who prefer alternative, online news sources, a news behavior arguably facilitated by the skills provided for by cultural capital and new media access granted to the respondents. The Mexican media and government convergence ultimately has far-reaching democratic implications as normative expectations on media to serve the wider public interest and check on power are largely discarded in favor of pursuing economic interests. Compromised journalism most affect those with limited access to alternatives, aggravating inequalities. The respondents’ negative perception of the traditional news media and government relationship has, however, also positive implications as the respondents’ awareness in combination with the democratic incentives offered by new media make the them possible agents for change. 

  • 119.
    Dietrichson, Susanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Den frånvarande dialogen: En innehållsanalys av fem kommuners samhällskommunikation på Facebook2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    ABSTRACT:

    Titel:

    Den frånvarande dialogen – En innehållsanalys av fem kommuners samhällskommunikation på Facebook.    

    Problemfråga:

    Vad utmärker kommunikationen mellan kommunerna och dess invånare på det sociala mediet Facebook i 187 analyserade Facebookinlägg skrivna av kommunerna?    

             -  I vilken utsträckning har de utvalda städerna utnyttjat Facebook för att bedriva medborgarkommunikation?

             -  Hur arbetar kommunerna för att främja invånarnas deltagande i de sociala medierna?

             -  Hur integreras de sociala medierna i det övergripande kommunikationsarbetet?

             -  Vilka ämnen ligger uppe för diskussion på respektive kommuns Facebook sida och vilken karaktär har samtalen? 

    Inledning: 

    I vårt allt mer förändrade medielandskap så har de sociala medierna kommit att spela en större roll för både organisationer och företag. Många har valt att ta till sig den nya tekniken för att tillgodogöra sina intressenters informationsbehov. I den här studien har jag valt att rikta in mig på att undersöka hur kommuner arbetar aktivt med sina sociala medier och jag har gjort en avgränsning där det valda sociala mediet som ligger till grund för min analys är Facebook. Att jag valde just Facebook beror på att det är ett av de äldsta sociala medierna vi har och att de flesta är bekanta med detta, såväl invånare som medarbetare på de olika kommunerna.

    Syfte:

    Det övergripande syftet i undersökningen är att lämna ett bidrag till forskningen inom samhällskommunikation och sociala medier samt att förstå vilken betydelse sociala medier får i kommunernas strategiska kommunikationsarbete.

    Metod:

    I studien används en kvantitativ innehållsanalys. Empirin utgörs av analysmaterial från fem      utvalda kommuners Facebooksidor där 187 inlägg har legat till grund för min analys, förutom detta har intervjusvaren från expertintervjuerna fungerat som kompletterande empiri.

    Slutsats:

    Kommunikationen på kommunernas Facebook har varit svag, tunn och ibland obefintlig. Kommunens förhoppningar om att sociala medier ska fungera som en demokratisk kommunikationskanal speglar därmed inte verkligheten. Det går att se att diskussionen uteblir och förhoppningarna på IT och vad nya medier ska lösa dessvärre inte verkar fungera fullt ut. 

    




    




  • 120.
    Dietrichson, Susanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Den frånvarande dialogen: En innehållsanalys av fem kommuners samhällskommunikation på Facebook2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]
    1. I vårt allt mer förändrade medielandskap så har de sociala medierna kommit att spela en större roll för både organisationer och företag. Många har valt att ta till sig den nya tekniken för att tillgodogöra sina intressenters informationsbehov. I den här studien har jag valt att rikta in mig på att undersöka hur kommuner arbetar aktivt med sina sociala medier och jag har gjort en avgränsning där det valda sociala mediet som ligger till grund för min analys är Facebook. Att jag valde just Facebook beror på att det är ett av de äldsta sociala medierna vi har och att de flesta är bekanta med detta, såväl invånare som medarbetare på de olika kommunerna.

      Det övergripande syftet i undersökningen är att lämna ett bidrag till forskningen inom samhällskommunikation och sociala medier samt att förstå vilken betydelse sociala medier får i kommunernas strategiska kommunikationsarbete.

      I studien används en kvantitativ innehållsanalys. Empirin utgörs av analysmaterial från fem utvalda kommuners Facebooksidor där 187 inlägg har legat till grund för min analys, förutom detta har intervjusvaren från expertintervjuerna fungerat som kompletterande empiri.

      Uppsatsens slutsats visar på att kommunikationen på kommunernas Facebook har varit svag, tunn och ibland obefintlig. Kommunens förhoppningar om att sociala medier ska fungera som en demokratisk kommunikationskanal speglar därmed inte verkligheten. Det går att se att diskussionen uteblir och förhoppningarna på IT och vad nya medier ska lösa dessvärre inte verkar fungera fullt ut. 

  • 121.
    Durefelt, Filip
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Skarhall, Tobias
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Journalistik i ett nytt medium: En studie av hur journaliststudenter på två universitet i Sverige använder Twitter2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to find out how journalism students at two universities in Sweden, Gothenburg University and Linnaeus University in Kalmar, use the social networking service Twitter. We were primarily interested in whether the students are using Twitter as a journalistic tool, which includes gathering, production and distribution of material. The study focused on journalism students because they soon will enter the working life and therefore can provide an indication of whether Twitter is a part of the future of journalism. We have used theories of mass communication to describe the development in the area and explore how journalism has adapted to this change. The study was conducted in the form of a survey in which the students answered questions about how they use Twitter and what they think about the social networking service. The results show that a large percentage of the journalism students use Twitter as a journalistic tool, but not in a particularly high degree. We noticed, however, that their usage differ from their thoughts and that many see Twitter as a useful tool in journalism.

  • 122.
    Edberg, Clara
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Sandorf, Elin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    “If you don’t exist in media, you don’t exist politically”.: En kvalitativ studie om svenska ungdomsförbunds kommunikationsstrategier inför valåret 20182018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has been done in the field of Political Communication, aimed to show a deeper understanding of how social media affects the public opinion. Less studies have been made aimed to understand how youth federation communicates with potential voters. We are therefore interested in gaining a deeper understanding of what three Swedish youth federations publish on their Instagram accounts to attract potential voters during the early stages of the election year 2018. The aim of this report is to examine and analyze how three of the biggest youth federations in Sweden communicates with potential voters though the social media platform Instagram during the first three months of 2018. Through a qualitative image analysis supplemented by informant interviews, we have been able to study which communication strategies the youth federations used when they published pictures on Instagram during the limited period of January 1 until March 3, 2018. Our findings suggest that the variation of the published material depends on what political marketing orientation the federation belongs to. We hope that our study can contribute with useful understandings into further research.

  • 123.
    Edgren, Karl
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    O'Rourke Drevfjäll, Noah
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Är tanken halvfull eller halvtom?: En kvalitativ studie kring hur dagstidningarnas ledarskribenter framställer Bensinupproret 2.0. 2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this bachelor thesis was to examine how Swedish opinion journalists chose to portray The Gasoline Uprising 2.0, from both a framing perspective and a perspective of modes of persuasion. The research questions examined were: How does opinion journalists at Swedish daily newspapers frame The Gasoline Uprising 2.0? How does opinion journalists at Swedish daily newspapers use modes of persuasion in opinion pieces about The Gasoline Uprising 2.0? 

    The methods used in this bachelor thesis were a self made method that we based on Robert M. Entmans existing theory regarding framing. We also used a theory based on Karlberg and Mrals rhetoric method of analysis concerning the perspective modes of persuasions. A mix of these methods were used to examine how Swedish opinion journalists chose to frame The Gasoline Uprising 2.0.

    By examining the opinion pieces we found a variety of patterns. One of the main frame patterns pointed towards the writers feelings regarding compassion and understanding towards people that live in the countryside. Primarily the writers chose to frame The Gasoline Uprising 2.0 as an issue regarding the increasing polarization between the countryside and the city. The findings concerning the use of modes of persuasion showed that the writers primarily used compassion to increase their credibility during the use of ethos in the opinion pieces. Regarding logos we found that several writers used underlaying causes and compared the Swedish environmental politics to other countries in order to get people behind their thesis. From a pathos perspective, we found that the writers wanted to awaken feelings of empathy and anger within the reader. 

  • 124.
    Ehlin, Rebecka
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Vilka nyheter och källor prioriterar lokalpressen?: En studie av den lokala nyhetsjournalistikens förändring2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här studien är att undersöka om lokaljournalistiken har förändrats över tid och vilka källor lokalpressen väljer att använda sig av. Studien görs med hjälp av en kvantitativ undersökning i två lokala morgontidningar. En mindre tidning, Värnamo Nyheter och en större tidning, Helsingborgs Dagblad. Studien visar inga tydliga likheter mellan dessa två tidningar men studien bekräftar mycket som liknande forskning påvisat tidigare. Studien omfattar fyra olika decennier med fokus på en vecka varje decennium.

     

    Studien visar att de nyheter som dominerar under samtliga år är nyheter om brott, vilket betyder att morgontidningsjournalistik och kvällstidningsjournalistik liknar varandra. Materialet består nästan uteslutande av notiser vilka är enkelt för journalisterna att producera, i vissa fall dominerar de mindre artiklarna. Vad som blir nyheter styrs helt och hållet av vad som det talas om i samhället på lokal nivå. Det är därför svårt att se några tydliga likheter mellan de två olika tidningarna då de inte har samma geografiska läge.

     

    Två tredjedelar av alla som uttalar sig är män, vilket bekräftar tidigare forskning. Det är även så att det är män med makt som i tidningarna får uttala sig i större utsträckning än kvinnor med makt. Kvinnorna får uttala sig mer genomsnittligen än tidigare år men det får även männen så det är inte så att kvinnor får mer utrymme överlag. Det är inte kvinnor med makt som får uttala sig mer, utan mestadels kvinnor som inte besitter någon form av formell makt.

     

    Studien visar att bilder används blir mer och mer i förhållandet till hur mycket artiklar som produceras. Det som vi tydligast kan se är att under de senare åren är det mycket fler bilder i samband med artikeln. Artiklarna kan innehålla fler än två bilder, så kallade fotoreportage.

     

    Artiklarna ökar men det är samma innehåll och samma personer som får uttala sig. Den stora förändringen är att det blir fler artiklar och det blir fler bilder. Journalister blir alltså mer och mer multi-verksamma. 

  • 125.
    Ekdahl, Jonna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Mosbakk Martinsson, Cajsa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Not applauding the gay topic: Mexican Telenovela, communicating social learning?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social learning is a key element in the methodology used in the Mexican telenovela Ultimo año, and suggest that people can adopt behaviour from watching television. An important aspect of social learning are role models to identify with and/or learn their behaviour, hopefully changing their behaviour. Entertainment Education is a tool to educate through entertainment like TV shows, and are often used to teach about health issues. Mexico legalized same sex marriages in the first state only five years ago. The culture is characterized by the “macho” machisimo culture. Therefore the study aims to treat homosexual youth in Mexico. The study investigates the Mexican gay’s youth reception on the show “Ultimo año”. This show aims to reach behaviour changes concerning issues such as reproductive health, gender based violence, violence and other health related issues.

    The study finds that the respondents are unable to identify with the characters and events to a large extent in Ultimo año. However, they can recognize some events in the show, as well as some characteristics that are portrayed. Our study shows that homosexuality is poorly represented in the show and the characters are too wealthy to appeal to our respondents. According to our respondents the show does not reflect Mexican youth in the correct way. Respondents thought that homosexuality was portrayed in a negative way, which did not support being gay or “coming out”. The lack of identifying negative feelings of the heteronormative narrative, along with the representation of homosexuality, therefore affecting the respondents in a way the effect would be no participation in social learning. Therefor unable to achieve the behaviour change that the show is aiming towards. The study is based on one focus group and three personal interviews. The theoretical background for this study contains Stuart Halls encoding/decoding model, Albert Banduras theory about social learning, Miguel Sabido´s Methodology and previous research on reception studies by Martina Ladenorf, Thomas Tufte and Sonia Livingstone. 

  • 126.
    Ekelin, Annelie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Co-production and multimodal transmediation of innovation stories in social media: Reflections on asymmetric communication2015In: Dilemmas for Human  Services 2015 : “Organizing, Designing and  Managing”, 2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 127.
    Ekelin, Annelie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    How and When Action Becomes Legitimised – On Reliability and Validity in Interactive, Collaborative Research: Panel session:  Action research as method development in media and journalism studies2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a range of fundamental question which has to be clarified when starting up an action research project. Such as:

    • How to establish validity and reliability of action research, i.e. distinguish between incremental and/or bolt-on change?
    • If the starting point is collaboration, who is then responsible for the intervention and does it have to be mutually beneficiary? Does action processes change both practices and research? 
    • Who has the final mandate to confirm the actual outcome, the researchers or the representatives for practices? 
    • How to make the action process mutually agreed, established and legitimized as both research and change of practices in collaborative interactive projects?

    The starting point for this contribution is to discuss the distinction between a pragmatic and a critical orientation within Action Research ( AR), which has been highlighted and problematized by in an article by Johansson & Lindhult (2008). Coupling this approach with Lucy Suchman’s (2000) early writings on discourses of innovation, makes it fruitful to focus upon how ethical and methodological issues of action quickly becomes synonymous with innovation in action-oriented project design. This will be discussed in relation to various action-oriented projects addressing local journalism innovation as well as projects within public sector.

    Regional press has a role in the functioning of democracy as well as being a core part of community life.  However, there are challenges in delivering that with limited resources. The Regpress Project 2 was aiming at gaining a deeper understanding of how local press must work to become more innovative while facing current challenges such as increased efficiency while at the same time satisfy traditional values such as trustworthiness. The AR-project combined action-oriented research including design workshops with the public in order to shed light on the overarching question;  How does the local papers handle the process of becoming leaner and more competitive whilst striving to maintaining its ‘trust anchor’ role in times when change becomes more or less mandatory?

  • 128.
    Ekelin, Annelie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Eriksén, Sara
    Blekinge institute of technology.
    Citizen-Driven Design: Leveraging Participatory Design of E-Government 2.0 Through Local and Global Collaborations2015In: Case Studies in e-Government 2.0: Changing Citizen Relationships / [ed] Boughzala, Imed; Janssen, Marijn; Assar, Said, Switzerland: Springer, 2015, 1, p. 67-85Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The goal of this chapter is to present how citizen-driven design of e-government can be promoted through trans-local cooperation. Our case study consists of the Augment project, which focuses on the design of a mobile service for co-creation of local accessibility. Our approach is action research based in the Scandinavian tradition of Participatory design. Experiences from this project highlight issues concerning how to reconfigure the basis for design of public services. In order to cultivate spaces for citizen-driven design and local innovation, we made iterative use of global collaborations. In the initial phase, influences from R&D cooperation with India provided new spaces for participatory design practices. In the next phase, a proof-of-concept process allowed for broader local stake-holder involvement. In the third phase, the service concept was shared and expanded with partner regions in Europe through exchange of Best Practices. Currently, we are moving towards phase four, the commercialization process. Beyond the iterative design of the mobile service itself, and what trans-local collaboration contributed in this context, we also discuss reconceptualization of innovation as incremental change. We argue that transnational collaboration can be deliberately made use of for leveraging incremental change on a local level and strengthening regional innovation systems and practices.

  • 129.
    Ekelin, Annelie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Ringfjord, Britt-Marie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Transmedia storytelling in strategic disability communication: practices and audiences2016In: Transmediations! Communication across Media Borders, Abstracts, Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden, October 13-15, 2016, 2016, p. 57-58Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Several (in parallel or subsequent) mediations of an ideological message of equal opportunities for people with disabilities can be presented in various forms with the aim of reaching a broad audience. Different media types are utilized in order to reach a global audience. A basic ideological message could be shared through transmedia storytelling over multiple technical platforms. Disability policies are thus represented in media in many different ways; in the form of accessibility models, a UN declaration on equal rights, policy documents, an instruction movie, an interest groups postings in Facebook, a standardization formula; or spread over web based platforms exposing videos, photographs and non- professional stories produced by ordinary people, describing how it is to live with different forms of disability. Transmedia storytelling has become a natural part of policy implementation and legitimization of policies, thus also transgressing the traditional borders of official strategical communication. Questions of interest to discuss concerning embodiment of strategical transmedia storytelling in communication on disability, could draw on Eders (2014) typology; choice, reception and appropriation. How is an ideological text or source message, intended for public communication, adapted when transformed into marketing campaigns (choice), entertainment, edutainment or art (reception), or expressed as fan culture, criticism and parodies (appropriation)? The suggested presentation is empirically grounded and draws upon empirical material gathered in focus groups interviews and through content analysis of different sources. The analysis uses content analysis and media elicitation with selected groups, discussing three perspectives; 1) how the practice of embodiment of stories in different transmedia forms are received by the audience; 2) what role interaction plays in transmediation and 3)what changes/ reinforcement of the original message is discernable in the different adaptations. However, the overall aim of the study is to open up a discussion on what role transmedia storytelling plays/could play in public strategical communication.

  • 130.
    Ekelund, Julia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Social media – a journalistic tool for democratization in Kenya?: A survey and qualitative interviews with Kenyan journalism students, using an ethnographic approach.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim with this study was to investigate Kenyan journalism students’ relation to social media. The main research questions was how they use social media as a journalistic work tool today and what possibilities they consider social media have for the future of journalism in Kenya. I used an ethnographic approach in my study, which was conducted at United States International University in Nairobi. Impressions from my ethnographic approach helped me to create a survey in order to get background information about the students. Later on I also made qualitative interviews with a few students.

    I used new media theory and globalization theory combined with some key concepts as guidelines.

    The results show that the use of social media is wide spread among the students that have been the focus of my research. They use it both as news consumers and as news producers. The students think that social media already is important in Kenyan journalism and that the importance is likely to increase. They think social media has a potential to become a tool for a more democratic Kenya and a more democratic media landscape. 

  • 131.
    Ekman, Albin
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Norlin, Simon
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    "So aggressive!": En semiotisk analys av stereotyper i reklamfilmer under Super Bowl 20162016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 132.
    Ekstam, Marie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Karlsson, Charlotta
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    En bild säger mer än tusen ord: En kvalitativ framinganalys av svensk kontra turkisk press gestaltning av omständigheterna kring terrordådet mot Charlie Hebdo2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    January 7, 2015, the satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo, which among other things has published satirical images of the Prophet Muhammad, became a victim of a terror attack where 12 people lost their lives. This horrible act was performed to avenge Islam and the Prophet Muhammad, something that aroused reactions all over the world. In the media a debate began whether to re-publish the drawings that might have caused the attack or not. Despite the fact that freedom of expression has an important role in the society there were different opinions on the matter.

     

    The aim of this study is to identify how the swedish newspapers Svenska Dagbladet and Dagens Nyheter and the turkish newspapers Today’s Zaman and Hürryiet Daily News framed the circumstances around the terror attack against Charlie Hebdo. By applying a framing analysis on 40 columns with various authors, 20 from each country, we could discern five dominant frames within the texts: Je suis Charlie, why publish/not publish caricatures, motives behind the attack, impacts of the attack and solutions. Our theoretical basis of the study include the concepts of freedom of expression, cultural differences and framing. The results showed similarities as well as differences between the turkish and the swedish journalists ways of framing the circumstances around the attack. In each frame we have identified what the authors consider to be the main issue, the underlying cause and suggestions on how to solve the problem. Here we saw patterns between the different frames, where many of the subjects were demonstrated in several frames. 

  • 133.
    Ekström, Kristina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Kommunikation från organisation till målgrupp: En undersökning om en NGOs kommunikationsarbete i Tanzania2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 134.
    Ekström, Kristina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies. Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science. Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Kommunikation från organisation till målgrupp: En undersökning om en NGOs kommunikationsarbete i Tanzania2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 135.
    Ekström, Ronja
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Sjöberg, Louise
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    "It is a miracle behind my success in my life": A Study about the Role of Radio in Agricultural Development in Ethiopia2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 136.
    Ekström, Sandra
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Bengtsson, Jens
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Feminin, maskulin eller mittemellan?: En analys av porträtteringen av kvinnor och män i dagens reklam i livsstilsmagasinen Café och ELLE2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    What do advertisements tell us is typically feminine or masculine? And do they ever tell us that it doesn’t matter what sex we are? The purpose of this study was to identify the ways men and women are portrayed in advertising today when displayed together. We believe that advertising has an effect on how we believe women and men should act towards each other in real life and that equality in advertising could contribute to a more equal society. For our study we used a combination of methods, combining a quantitative content analysis and a qualitative image analysis. We chose the theory of social constructivism and the thoughts of Vivien Burr as our theoretical framework. We also primarily used the work of Erving Goffman and Yvonne Hirdman in gender research. For the quantitative part of the study we analyzed 74 advertisements from Café and ELLE – the two largest Swedish magazines in the categories Lifestyle-Woman and Lifestyle-Man. The ads where divided into three different categories depending on what stereotypical signs, or lack thereof, we could find. The categories where named traditional ads, reversed ads and equality ads. For the qualitative part of the study we used a semiotic method and analyzed six of the 74 ads with a semiotic method using denotation and connotation in order to find the deeper meaning of the signs we could see. Two advertisements from each category were selected, aiming to represent the differences of the categories in a visible way. We expected to see a majority of stereotypical ads and that these were found more often in magazines for men than those for women. Results showed that although the majority of the analyzed ads are traditional, we also found many which are equal. This indicates that we have come a long way but also that there is still more that can be done in the process of becoming a completely equal society.

  • 137.
    Eliasson, Emmy
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    När ryktet avgör: En kvalitativ fallstudie om online reputation management i svenska destinationsbolag2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines corporate reputation and reputation management online, where destinations were selected as an example of a reputation-dependent industry with special terms. The aim of this study is to examine how Swedish destinations strategically manage their reputation online. Furthermore, the thesis sees into six destinations in Sweden using a theoretical approach on how companies work with their reputation to prevent and nurture their reputation online from a public relations perspective.

    The result showed that the destinations work actively online to maintain their reputation. Their primary critical stakeholders are politicians and their visit nutrition, their secondary stakeholders are in the long term their own residents. The result also showed that the digitalization has led to both challenges and opportunities. There is thus, an internal challenge in finding resources and an external challenge to compete globally. The destinations determinedly work to measure and monitor their reputation online, but see management as complex today.

    This study concludes that some areas of online reputation management are found to be applicable for companies in general, but mainly Swedish destinations. In conclusion the study presents a model on how companies proactively can manage their reputation from a public relations point of view.

  • 138.
    Elliot, Maria
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Consumption Strategies in the Young News Audience2017In: AMIRetreat2017: "Journalism, Society and Politics in the Digital Media Era", Limassol, Cypern, 1-3 Sept. 2017, 2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 139.
    Elliot, Maria
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    "Händer det något stort får man veta det på Facebook": Betydelsen av sociala medier för omvärldskunskapen2019In: Medierna och det offentliga samtalet / [ed] Maria Elliot, Kalmar: Centrum för demokrati, journalistik och medier , 2019, p. 30-36Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 140.
    Elliot, Maria
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Medierna och det offentliga samtalet2019Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 141.
    Elliot, Maria
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Nyhetsvanor i en digital medievärld: en studie av nyhetsrutinerna hos tio unga medieanvändare2018Report (Other academic)
  • 142.
    Elmberg, Emma
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Nordahl, Mathilda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    ”Världen förlorar kampen mot ebola”: En kvantitativ innehållsanalys om hur ebola gestaltades i svensk storstadspress hösten 20142015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 143.
    Elmi, Elika
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Erlandson, Rebecka
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Nyheter på sociala medier: Twitters påverkan på användarnas nyhetskonsumtion2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Our digital society encompasses nowadays different channels, which includes social media where many users consider it as a platform where they can fetch news or exchange news and information. This leads to a large spread of news exchange in a very fast speed, which involves the global users within social media to be a part of this social interaction. This study is focused on how Twitter affects the usage of the user’s news consumption. By reaching out to our specific target audience, which includes Twitter users in Sweden, we made a web based survey with a content of relevant questions. The study has been conducted through a quantitative survey with qualitative elements. We have used theories of mass communication and Uses and Gratifications to describe the development in the area of Twitter usage and their news consumption. The results show that the users’ news consumption has increased since their registration on Twitter and that their total daily news input comes of a large part from this platform.

  • 144.
    Elsrud, Torun
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Constructing Otherness in Swedish District Courts: Concurrent Distance-Making Performances During Courtroom Interaction2017In: Concurrent Imaginaries, Postcolonial Worlds: Toward Revisited Histories / [ed] Diana Brydon, Peter Forsgren, Gunlög Fur, Leiden/Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, 2017, p. 187-207Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 145.
    Elsrud, Torun
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Listening and learning: Intersectional challenges during courtroom observations2016In: At the Delta : Belonging, Place and Visions of Law and Social Change: Law and Society Association (LSA), New Orleans, US, 2-5 June, 2016, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 146.
    Elsrud, Torun
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism. Malmö University.
    Making allies or others?: Intersectional challenges during courtroom observations2015In: Concurrences in Postcolonial Research : Perspectives, Methodologies, Engagements: Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden, August 20-23, 2015, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper deals with methodological challenges presented while carrying out observations during an ethnographically inspired research project into notions and ideas about culture, ethnicity, gender and age within a Swedish courtroom context. Approximately 20 court cases on “street related crime” and “domestic violence” have been studied by means of observations in court, interviews with defendants and readings of court documents. Two analytical courses of action have emerged while applying postcolonial perspectives on preliminary findings; one being to address the court as an arena for multiple, concurring and conflicting voices and the other as a discursive arena for epistemological colonialism, or as contemporary, inherited expression of a Nordic (discursive) colonialism.  

    However, the intersectional approach of trying to account for several concurrent voices proposes some interesting methodological challenges, which is the focus of this paper. One such challenge is related to scope and range of social categories present in the court context, placing great demands on the researcher’s ability to “keep track” of multiple perspectives/voices simultaneously. The paper will address this issue by exploring questions concerned with the amount of time and material needed to reach empirical saturation, as well as potential methods facilitating the acknowledgement and observation of a multi-perspective presence. Another challenge when doing research in a setting characterized by diversity related to the (un)awareness of the researcher’s situated knowledge and position(s) within specific discursive homes. The paper will discuss methodological possibilities as well as difficulties when it comes to accounting for the agency of people found to be othered in courtroom discourse and interaction. The importance of interviews to verify or contest researcher findings will be addressed, in addition to the importance of empathy and dangers of “othering” when approaching a diverse setting.

  • 147.
    Elsrud, Torun
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Othering the “other” in court: Threats to self-presentation during interpreter assisted hearings2014In: International Journal of Law, Language & Discourse, ISSN 1839-8308, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 27-68Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is based on an ethnographic research project studying interaction processes and rituals; the interplay between speech and social interaction during interpreted hearings in Swedish District Court cases on domestic violence, where opponents have Middle Eastern, Muslim backgrounds. It is argued that a combination of linguistic changes performed by an interpreter – subtractions, additions and content alterations – during interpreted hearings can cause situations of emotional drainage and contagion, leading to further ”othering” of parties that already are culturally and linguistically ”othered”, both inside and outside the courtroom context. Ultimately, their loss of control over self-presentation is a matter of unequal power distribution and a potential threat to the principle of legal security. Thus, the view of the interpreter as merely a context-bound supportive drummer at the back of the orchestra is challenged and related to social order and stratification processes on an abstract societal level.

  • 148.
    Elsrud, Torun
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Lalander, Philip
    Malmö University.
    Staaf, Annika
    Malmö University.
    Internet racism, journalism and the principle of public access: Ethical challenges for qualitative research into ‘media attractive’ court cases2016In: Ethnic and Racial Studies, ISSN 0141-9870, E-ISSN 1466-4356, Vol. 39, no 11, p. 1943-1961Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses the risk of research exposing people with an immigrant background in criminal court cases to Internet-based racist persecution, due to mismanagement of general ethical guidelines. The principle of informed consent, ideally serving to protect people under study from harm may, in fact, cause them more harm due to the interest among certain Internet-based networks of spreading identifiable, degrading information. Arguments are based on ethically challenging experiences from two ethnographic research projects carried out in Swedish district court environments, focused on immigrant court cases. Ethical advice provided by ethical review boards and established research guidelines, were based on an unawareness of the potentially destructive rendezvous in media attractive immigrant court cases between ‘ethically informed’ research, crime journalism, freedom of information legislation and ‘Internet vigilantes’ on a quest to persecute court participants and their families in the global digital arena.

  • 149.
    Elsrud, Torun
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism. Malmö University.
    Lalander, Philip
    Malmö University, Sweden.
    Staaf, Annika
    Malmö University, Sweden.
    Noise, voice and silencing during immigrant court-case performances in Swedish district courts2017In: Ethnicities, ISSN 1468-7968, E-ISSN 1741-2706, Vol. 17, no 5, p. 667-687Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article argues that court-ritual unawareness, linguistic shortcomings andstereotypical images about non-Swedish otherness impair the position and actingspace for immigrants in a Swedish district court context. Drawing on two ethnographicallyinformed research projects focused on courtroom interaction during morethan 20 trials dealing with ‘domestic violence’ and ‘street-related crime’, we claimthat immigrant voices are often silenced due to taken-for-granted practices in court.Through analyses of interviews, performances, interpreted hearings and references toa desirable Swedishness, it is argued that situations are created where immigrantparticipants may experience their possibility of being understood as limited and theirvoices as being unheard. Such conditions are emotionally draining and may result inparticipants choosing silence over stating their case. This is a problem, not only withinthe individual court case, but also for the overall legitimacy of the court system and forissues of institutional trust among citizens.

  • 150.
    Eneman, Stina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Sociala medier och en kommun: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om hur Mönsterås kommun kommunicerar ut till ungdomar i kommunen.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines Mönsterås municipality as a rural society where the importans in communication and relationship-building is crutual. The study focuses on and how the municipality can reach out through social media to the young residents in the municipality. This essay creates an understanding of how young people see the municipality’s communication and also young residents attitudes of how they think the communication and relationship is between the municipality and them. This study creates a relationship-building understanding that will be useful for the municipality. By examining theories along with semi-structed interviews with six teenagers and semi- structed interviews with two of the municipality’s workers it resulted in a successful study where there could be a comparison between them to get a better understanding of where the communication is standing and how it can be improved. The results showed that the municipality needs to work on their intern communication as well as the extern communication. Furthermore the results shows that the municipality needs a strategy in their communication in order to successfully communicate in a good way that will reach out to the young residents. Since social media is one of the most popular communication tools being used today the results show that their need to be a better understanding in the municipality of the impact that social media has on the communication of an organization. 

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