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  • 101.
    Blomgren, Emelie
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Women and Political Participation: A Minor Field Study on Hindrances for Women's Political Participation in Georgia2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines hindrances for women’s representation in Georgian politics at national level. The purpose is to understand what causal mechanisms that impact female representation in the National Parliament of Georgia. More precisely, the main purpose is to examine the hindrances for women to participate in politics in order to facilitate a deeper understanding of the known phenomenon of under-representation of women in politics. The thesis seeks to understand the contemporary situation in Georgia.

    The thesis is carried out with the case-study design and material consists mainly of interviews with female members of Parliament, representatives from political parties, and gender-issue experts from NGOs. The analysis of this thesis is also based on the results of previous research. The questions asked in the study are: What are hindering factors for women’s political participation in contemporary Georgia? and What are women’s organisations’, political parties’ and policy entrepreneurs’ role in increasing women’s political participation in Georgia?

    The overarching theoretical framework used in the thesis consists of structures, institutions and actors as well as feminist theory. The thesis argues that major obstacles for women to participate in politics are public opinion, the electoral system and the nomination process in political parties in Georgia. Further, influential individuals, so called policy entrepreneurs are seen as having an important role for the increase of women’s political participation and gender-equality issues in general. The most likely action to be seen is continued training and education for society as a whole, mainly targeting women. Affirmative actions such as party quotas seem far away.

  • 102.
    Blomgren, Emelie
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Lindkvist, Jessica
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Shallow roots of local development or branching out for new opportunities: - A field study on how local communities in Mozambique may benefit from investments in land and forestry exploitation2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines how local communities may benefit from investments in land as well as forestry exploitation in Mozambique. The topic connects to the posed research problem in which these types of investments could entail both negative and positive implications for local communities and could thus be seen as land grab or development opportunities. The effects of investments on local communities will be investigated through two mechanisms in the Mozambican law with potential to benefit communities; through giving back a part of the fee derived by the government from operators employed in forestry exploitation to local communities as well as the promises made by operators in forestry exploitation and investors in land as a result of community consultations.

    The study is a result of a field study carried out in Mozambique mainly on a local level in the Mecubúri district, using a qualitative approach and material primarily consisting of interviews with governmental representatives, Non-state Organizations (NGOs), local community members affected by investments in land and forestry exploitation to answer the three posed research questions:

     - What are the roles of the public sector, the private sector and the civil society in attempting to ensure that local communities benefit from investments?

    - How can the part of the fee derived from forestry operators and the negotiated agreements on benefits for local communities during community consultations affect local communities and what are the implications of these effects? 

    - What existing structures and capacities in Mecubúri district can assist the local communities to benefit from investments?

    An analytical framework, a modified version of Friedmann’s (dis)empowerment, is used to analyze the material in order to answer the research questions. Also, the structure-actor approach is applied in order to examine the proper conditions for local communities’ benefits. The thesis argues that there are visible benefits for local communities such as the construction of schools, health posts and water wells. Furthermore, different actors are facilitating these benefits while bureaucracy, rules and regulations constitute a disabling environment that could be seen as decreasing investments potential as development opportunities.

     Key words: Mozambique, land investment, forestry exploitation, local communities, “the 20%”, community consultations, the (dis)empowerment model

  • 103.
    Blomstrand, Nicole
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Andersson, Maria
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Kvinnan, kändisen, konfliktkatalysatorn: Bilden av kändisen Anna Anka i svensk nyhetsjournalistik2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis was to examine how newspaper journalism represented the celebrity Anna Anka. Which roles and qualities did the media ascribe Anna Anka and in what way did the media frame her as a woman.

    We examined texts and photographs from two Swedish newspapers, Aftonbladet and Dagens Nyheter, 16 texts were analysed. The method we used were discourse analysis with focus on relations, identities and representation.

    The result showed that Anna Anka was represented in an essentially equal way in both newspapers. The image of Anna Anka seems to be multifaceted. In the texts Anna Anka becomes a symbol for conflicts that emerge in discourses regarding gender, celebrity and Swedish values. As a woman she is both portrayed as controversial and appearance-fixated. As a wife she is traditional, a woman who takes care of house and family and lets her husband be the provider. On the other hand she is described as a woman who does not follow the traditional norm, she is independent and has a possibility to support herself.

    As a celebrity, Anna Anka is framed as fairly new in the public appearance. But in some texts the newspapers define her as a woman who does not deserve to be the celebrity she is. Anna Anka is well aware of how the celebrity culture works, what the media finds interesting. As a Swede Anna Anka is framed as a person who no longer quite belongs in Sweden, and therefore is allowed to criticize Sweden and the Swedish values.

  • 104.
    Bohlers, Malin
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Do We Really Know Why the Poorest Countries are Failing?: A Study of Collier’s The Bottom Billion – Why the Poorest Countries Are Failing and What Can Be Done About it2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In this deductive study, Paul Collier’s claims regarding poverty are tested. Collier claims in The Bottom Billion – Why the Poorest Countries Are Failing and What Can Be Done About it (2008) that the poorest 58 countries today are poor because they are stuck in one or several traps. The traps being: “The Conflict Trap”, “The Natural Resource Trap”, “Landlocked with Bad Neighbors” and “Bad Governance in a Small Country”. In this paper, Collier’s study is being redone. A quantitative approach is used in which statistical data are collected and analyzed. The study indicates that although these four traps are common in poor countries, they are not as common as Collier claims them to be. His claims can hence not be completely confirmed by this study. Caution is therefore necessary if his policy advices are used as inspiration when constructing development policies. Moreover, this study demonstrates the importance of using well-defined proxies and definitions, as well as informing the reader about which definitions that are used in the study.

  • 105.
    Bolander, Malin
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Lundgren, Robert
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Konsten Att Motivera: - En fallstudie av ledarskap i projektorienterade, kreativa företag2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Success in a business is often related to creativity and effective communication. Due to the increasing complexity in products and services in most industries people are being forced to cooperate in order to achieve their goals. We can assume that this is a factor to why so many studies concerning teams have been produced recently. Teams are often spoken of as an excellent form of working in. Although, as a manger, to handle all the different components and to keep the co-workers motivated may occasionally be troublesome. In this study we examine how leaders in project-orientated and creative companies work with communication tools to motivate co-workers. A goal has been to find patterns and gaps in how the companies succeed or fail with this task. A further goal has therefore been to develop the leaders’ insight in how to motivate the teams within the companies we have studied. To accomplish these goals we decided to involve both the leaders and the co-workers perspective on creative motivation. We have chosen a qualitative research method where we have interviewed two persons in each company; one leader and one co-worker. Our analysis is based on the collected data from these interviews – integrated with theory we believe is appropriate. The study has enlightened us with several similarities in how the studied companies handle communication and motivation. These similarities work as a foundation for our conclusions, which could be briefly summoned as; a balance between formal leadership and informal communication is of importance in these kind of businesses, the nonverbal communication has to be confirmed by the verbal, informal communication in combination with frequent meetings with the team gives lasting creativity and lastly that co-workers in the creative sector are in constant need of new stimulating challenges.

     

  • 106.
    Boo, Maria
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Karlsson, Louise
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Luttrup, Julia
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Syns du, finns du?: - En studie över användningen av SEO, PPC och sociala medier som strategiska kommunikationsverktyg i svenska företag 2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The web’s technological development as a communication channel has changed the

    conditions for communication between companies and their publics. Visibility and

    interactivity on the web is becoming increasingly important and revolves around

    appearance on search engines and being available in appropriate environments.

    Communication tools such as search engine optimization, sponsored links and social

    media can be used to achieve this. We conducted this thesis in collaboration with

    Guava Sweden.

     

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of the three communication tools.

    We aim to contribute new knowledge in an area where weaknesses are identified from

    a research perspective as well as from the industry point of view. A final hope is to

    examine the implications of our results, regarding research in strategic

    communications. We chose to refer to the following problem: To what extent is the

    usage of SEO, PPC and Social Media and what distinguishes their use? To achieve our

    purpose, we decided to make a quantitative digital survey and completed the study

    with qualitative elements through interviews.

     

    Our conclusion from this study is that, despite some current problems, the future of

    SEO, PPC and social media looks bright. The more knowledge acquired in these areas

    the more attention can be paid to the benefits of the tools. We believe that a synergy

    effect can be accomplished by integrating SEO, PPC and social media. Being visible is

    not enough; companies need to prove that they exist through interactivity.

  • 107.
    Book, Martin
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Från samförstånd till konfrontation i den svenska utrikespolitiken?: En studie om svensk utrikespolitik mellan åren 1989-20002010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims at investigating the conflict development of Swedish foreign policy debates during 1989-2000. It is rather assumed that the Swedish foreign policy debates have been highly characterized by a large consensus. Despite that, there have been certain occurrences where the political parties have flushed into party struggle and shown disagreements over the party frontiers. This has raised questions about the range of conflict and consensus in such debates where I have studied the political parties' backchats. I have studied situations where the political parties replicate each other in order to investigate the range of consensus and controversy that exists within different foreign policy areas. The purpose has been to determine if Swedish foreign policy has undergone substantial changes during the 1990s and transformed into a more conflict-ridden foreign policy in contrast to earlier post-war era. The empirical analysis reveals that the foreign policy of Sweden has undergone minor changes over time. The period of 1990s consists of a larger amount consensus than conflict and more controversy within internationalistic issues instead of national interests issues during the post-war era. The parties that are most given to politicize within different foreign policy issues are the Social Democrats, the Moderate Party and the Left-wing Party during the 1990s. 

  • 108.
    Borg, Emma
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV. Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för språk och litteratur, SOL.
    Catherine's Double Character: In Wuthering Heights2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 109.
    Borg Wall, Arvid
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Stora stygga vargen?: Om mönster i medias rapportering om varg och svenskars attityd till djuret2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie undersöker hur media, i form av Aftonbladet, Expressen, Dagens Nyheter och Svenska Dagbladet, rapporterat om varg under 2010, 2011 och 2012 för att sedan ställa detta resultat mot nationella attityder till varg. Syftet är att söka svara på om rapporteringen och attityderna följs åt i märkbar riktning för att därav kunna peka på media som opinionsbildare i frågan. Eftersom vargdebatten tenderar att vara synnerligen infekterad trots att djuret är sällsynt är det intressant att undersöka hur media skildrar det nationellt sett och därav också påverkar den majoritet av den nationella opinionen som saknar egna erfarenheter av varg. Detta följs vidare av en diskussion om medierna lyckas presentera en representativ bild av vargen och samtidigt följa pressetiska och demokratiska normer.

    Studiens resultat pekar på en relativt god spridning i hur medierna framställer vargen samt att attityder till varg i relativt hög grad tenderar att följa samma mönster som medierapporteringen.

  • 110.
    Bothén, Samuel
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Föreningsengagemang och politiskt deltagande – en tvetydig historia: En studie av Högsby och Växjö kommunfullmäktige2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The political parties in Sweden are losing members. This is seen as a problem because the political parties are the base and the recruiting ground for members to decision-making bodies. Social movements are seen as a place where people with a modest background could express their opinions and also learn the political process. These movements have also lost members during the last decades and this could seriously affect the representation of lower social groups among the decision-makers. This essay emanates from Robert D. Putnam’s theory of the importance of a strong civil society and social capital for democracy and a fair social representation in governing bodies. The goal with this essay was to examine if people with background in social-movements was over-represented in decision-making bodies and if their experiences from those organization had been important for them in their role in decision-making bodies. The conclusion was that there was no over-representation of people with background in social movements compared to Sweden in general. Experiences from earlier engagement in social movements seem to have been more important for the group with low socioeconomic status but this connection cannot be said to be general.

    Keywords: social capital, civil society, social movements, socioeconomic status

  • 111.
    Bragd, Andreas
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Konstitutionell nationalism i Östeuropa: En idéanalys av postkommunistiska konstitutioner i Östeuropa2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on nationalism in Central and Eastern Europe. Anchored in theories that this region historically has been characterized by a nationalism that is based on the ethnic group rather than on liberal or civic concepts, it is the purpose of this study to explore whether these theories still apply in recent times when the region has been liberalized, for example manifested in the entry to the European Union. The research question has been tested through analysis of the constitutions of a number of Central and Eastern European countries in order to investigate what type of nationalism that the states have codified in their basic political documents. The results show that some of the states give expression to the historical ethnic nationalism in their constitutions, which indicates that the theories still are relevant.

  • 112.
    Bragd, Andreas
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Konstitutionell nationalism i Östeuropa: En idéanalys av postkommunistiska konstitutioner i Östeuropa2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on nationalism in Central and Eastern Europe. Anchored in theories that this region historically has been characterized by a nationalism that is based on the ethnic group rather than on liberal or civic concepts, it is the purpose of this study to explore whether these theories still apply in recent times when the region has been liberalized, for example manifested in the entry to the European Union. The research question has been tested through analysis of the constitutions of a number of Central and Eastern European countries in order to investigate what type of nationalism that the states have codified in their basic political documents. The results show that some of the states give expression to the historical ethnic nationalism in their constitutions, which indicates that the theories still are relevant.

  • 113.
    Brage, Mattias
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    EU, "Unity in diversity" eller en klubb för privilegierade medlemmar?2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 poäng / 22,5 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The primary purpose of this thesis is to investigate the operation of membership criteria, which are applied against countries that wish to join the European Union (EU). More specifically, the importance of some criteria in comparison to others is considered. To answer this proposal, three questions are posed: What are the EU membership criteria? Are some criteria more important than other criteria? Does the EU treat candidate countries differently in applying the membership criteria? Three countries are used in this analysis, each country representing one recent enlargement round: Poland (2004), Romania (2007), and current candidate country Turkey. Both official documents, such as EU treaties, and unofficial documents such as statements from EU leaders are used to analyze the application of membership criteria. The method that is used in this thesis is idea analysis. The EU has both official criteria, which are found in the foundation treaties, and unofficial criteria, which are the public and political opinions among the candidate countries and current EU member states. It is suggested that none of the criteria are more important than others; a candidate country must fulfill virtually all the official and unofficial criteria in order to gain EU membership. Although all criteria must be met, the application of the criteria is uneven between candidate countries. The EU does not treat countries differently when it comes to the official criteria. However, when it comes to the unofficial criteria, Turkey is treated differently from Romania and Poland. There is greater resistance to Turkey’s future membership, making it much more difficult for Turkey to reach the stage of full EU membership.

  • 114.
    Bressler, Sofia
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Hermansson, Maria
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Kärlek som statsangelägenhet: En kvantitativ undersökning av tidningsartiklar publicerade under det kungliga bröllopet 20102010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    2010 was the year of the wedding between Sweden’s crown princess Victoria and Daniel Westling. Although the wedding was partly financed with tax payer’s money, the newspapers did not investigate it further. The main theme of the published articles was lighter and with an entertainment value rather than finding out what the tax money really went. We read two of Sweden’s biggest newspapers, one morning paper (Dagens Nyheter) and one evening paper (Aftonbladet) and counted the articles that contained information about the wedding 1st June – 25th June. 93 percent of the 137 articles in Aftonbladet did not have any critical content at all. Dagens Nyheter published 48 articles during the same period and the percentage of non-critical content was 86 percent. We also divided the articles into different categories for example wedding dress, weather and safety. This to find out what the newspapers choose to write about.

     

  • 115.
    Bromander, Tobias
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Politiska skandaler!: Behandlas kvinnor och män olika i massmedia?2012Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Granskning av makt och makthavare är ett av mediernas viktigaste uppdrag och i en jämställd politisk miljö bör uttalanden och ageranden bedömas utifrån lika villkor. Det för ingenting gott med sig om medierna gör en orättvis skillnad på kvinnor och män i deras rapportering om politiska skandaler. Det finns många påståenden om en genusdimension i mediernas rapportering, men relativt få vetenskapliga belägg för detta. Syftet med avhandlingen är att undersöka i vilken utsträckning det förekommer likheter och skillnader i hur nyhetsmedier rapporterar om kvinnor och män i svenska politiska skandaler samt bidra med en förståelse för förekomsten av dessa eventuella likheter och skillnader.

    I en kvantitativ innehållsanalys analyseras 4345 tidningsartiklar fördelade på 92 svenska skandaler med förtroendevalda politiker på den nationella och den europeiska nivån mellan åren 1997 och 2010. Utifrån teoretiska antaganden om mediernas dagordningsmakt, gestaltningsmakt och medielogik undersöks nyhetsmedierna Aftonbladet, Dagens Nyheter, Expressen och Svenska Dagbladet.

    Studiens resultat visar på flera stora könsskillnader som är till kvinnornas nackdel, men i datamaterialet framträder också många likheter. Som grupp betraktat missgynnas dock kvinnor i flera avseenden gentemot män vilket kan innebära att kvinnor kan få sämre möjligheter till att hantera och överleva politiska skandaler än män. En slutsats är att huvudpersonens kön är en viktig aspekt i strävan efter förståelse för hur politiska skandaler tar sin början, utvecklas och kommer till avslut. 

  • 116.
    Brommesson, Douglas
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Kristna förhållningssätt till Det heliga landet2010Inngår i: Acta Locumtenentiae Sueciae Ordinis Equestris sancte Sepulchri Hierosolymitani, Vol. 2, nr 1, s. 5-12Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 117.
    Brommesson, Douglas
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    New medievalism from anecdote to grounded theory2010Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 118.
    Brommesson, Douglas
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Normative Europeanization: The Case of Swedish Foreign Policy Reorientation2010Inngår i: Cooperation and Conflict, ISSN 0010-8367, E-ISSN 1460-3691, Vol. 45, nr 2, s. 224-244Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 119.
    Brommesson, Douglas
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Svenska kristdemokrater i förändring: Från konfessionellt universella till sekulärt partikulära2010Inngår i: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 112, nr 2, s. 165-176Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, ideological tranformations within the Swedish Christian Democratic party throughout the past years is analysed. This is done in comparison with previous research on the ideological character of the party from the 1960’s to the early 2000’s. The party´s ideology is analysed with a two dimensional model, i.e. universalism – par- ticularism and confessionalism – secularism. These two dimensions are derived from the ideological debate within the Dutch CDA during the 1990’s, a party that has op- erated in a similar context as the Swedish Christian Democrats have. Based on the two dimensions speeches and op-ed articles by the party leadership is analysed. The con- clusion is that the Swedish Christian Democrats has moved from a position of a strong Christian inspiration to a more secular direction, and that the party also has moved from strong universal beliefs to less universal and more particularistic beliefs

  • 120.
    Brommesson, Douglas
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Upprättandet av diplomatiska relationer mellan Sverige och Heliga stolen: Ett flerdimensionellt utrikespolitiskt beslut2011Inngår i: I Europamissionens tjänst: Vänbok till Rutger Lindahl / [ed] Alvstam, Claes G; Jännebring, Birgitta och Naurin, Daniel, Göteborg: Centrum för Europaforskning vid Göteborgs universitet , 2011, 1, s. 229-240Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 121.
    Brommesson, Douglas
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Ekengren, Ann-Marie
    Göteborgs universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Ideology and foreign policy change: A comparison between Sweden and the United Kingdom2010Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 122.
    Brommesson, Douglas
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Erlingsson, Gissur ÒCentrum för kommunstrategiska studier, Linköpings universitet.
    Partier i förändring?2010Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 123.
    Brommesson, Douglas
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Friberg Fernros, Henrik
    Statsvetenskapliga institutionen, Göteborgs universitet.
    Insatsen mot Libyen stärker FN2011Inngår i: Svenska Dagbladet, nr 22 marsArtikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 124.
    Bröndum Lundberg, Fredrik
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Holmström, Gustav
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Skattefrågor, opinionsmätningar och militärskämt: Hur Aftonbladet och Svenska Dagbladet gestaltade den amerikanska valrörelsen 20122013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    During a political election the public’s interest in politics and political journalism increases significantly. During the American presidential election in 2012 a big amount of articles on that topic were published in two of Sweden’s largest newspaper, Svenska Dagbladet and Aftonbladet. Political journalism tends to frame politics as sports, game and scandals rather than focusing on the political issues. This has been researched before but has mainly focused on local elections rather than elections in another country. Even though American politics and political journalism is often seen as a predecessor to Swedish politics and political journalism few studies have been made in this area. The purpose of this study was to find out how the American presidential election in 2012 was framed in Aftonbladet and Svenska Dagbladet. Our objective was to see the extent to which the politics was framed as a political game and as a political issue in the two newspaper of our choice. Furthermore we also wanted to say something about how the newspapers were influenced by the media logic. This study has used a quantitative content and the newspapers included were Svenska Dagbladet and Aftonbladet, the last 33 days before the election. The result showed that the framing of politics as a game or as a scandal was more common in the tabloid Aftonbladet than in the national daily newspaper Svenska Dagbladet. This could indicate that Aftonbladet was more influenced by the media logic than Svenska Dagbladet.

  • 125.
    Buhlin, Sofia
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Aid Nothing More Than a Charity Bone Thrown: Have Past Failures prepared us for Future Success?2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    This article investigates the complex issue of aid, and differs from other attempts at evaluating the outcomes and policies of aid since this evaluation is solely based on the policies of the donor countries. It investigates if, and how well, the world´s two greatest aid donors, The European Developmental Fund (EDF) and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) responds to recent research and the need for change in this policy area in respect to Sub- Saharan African states. 

  • 126.
    Bäcklin, Lotta
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Eklund, Lisa
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Trovärdig krisinformation eller sensationsjournalistik?: Diskursanalys av myndigheternas och mediernas information kring pandemiklassificeringen av den nya influensan den 11 juni 20092010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose with this study is to analyze if the Swedish authorities and media had different ways of discussing the new influenza, in connection with the pandemic classification June 11, 2009. This is the first time an influenza has been classified as a pandemic since the Hongkong-influenza in1968. Methodology: The method used for the study is discourse analysis, aqualitative method that gives the opportunity to study not only what is said, but how things are said. In this thesis, the aim is to study how the image ofthe new influenza is transmitted via the texts. The texts have been analysed based on:- General and underlying themes- Words and concepts used- Persons/sources quoted or referred to- Historical connections/historical backgroundTheoretical perspectives: The study is based on theories about socialconstructionism and discourse analysis. Conclusions: the conclusions drawn from the study show that the media textsare more dramatic and sensational when it comes to describing the newinfluenza. The Swedish authorities have a more fact-based and calming tone towards the public. Within the analyzed material, it is possible to seedifferences between the discourses, also when describing the same themes. Within some themes, resemblances have been identified between the mediadiscourse and the authorithy discourse.

  • 127.
    Börjesson Bäck, AnnCharlotte
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Kvinnor i Rapport: Kvinnorepresentationen i Sveriges mest seddatv-nyhetsprogram2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study is based on the feminist belief in the importance of a reorganization of the existing gender hierarchy, where women have less power than men. Since news media reflect as well as contribute to create the reality we live in has the purpose with this study been to shed some light on how the gender structure is expressed in Sweden’s most popular television news program. I chose to examine one broadcast per day from the Public Service SVT news program Rapport during January 2010 using quantitative content analysis and the result was as follows:

    • 65 % of the news programs was presented by a woman news anchor
    • 36 % of the news reports was carried through by a women journalist
    • 31 % of the interviews contained a female participant
    • The representation of female participants in interviews did not depend onif the journalist was a woman or a man
    • The representation of female participants in interviews did not depend on if the report was from Sweden or abroad
    • Women were more often than men interviewed in the role as nursing staff, development aid worker, teacher or principal, parent of a son, retired and sick or sick leave
    • Only men were interviewed in the role as rescue worker, custom staff, member of the armed forces, house owner and tourist.
  • 128.
    Bаlіċ, Denni
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Lаt: 43° 51 0 N Lоn: 18° 22 60 Е: Еn kоmраrаtіv studіе оm Bоsnіеn осh Hеrсеgоvіnаs kоmmunіkаtіvа рrоfіl осh uррlеvdа іmаgе hоs svеnskа turіstеr2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Mу studу hаs fосusеd оn Bоsnіа аnd Hеrzеgоvіnа’s tоurіsm, іts соmmunісаtіvе рrоfіlе аnd реrсеіvеd іmаgе frоm thе Swеdіsh tоurіsts. Thіs thеsіs ехрlаіns hоw thе Bоsnіаn tоurіst оrgаnіzаtіоn wоrks wіth іts соmmunісаtіvе рrоfіlе аnd hоw thе rесеіvеrs, thе Swеdіsh tоurіsts реrсеіvеs thе іmаgе frоm thе соuntrу’s tоurіsm dеstіnаtіоns. Thrоugh а quаlіtаtіvе іntеrvіеw, еmріrісаl dаtа аnd а quаntіtаtіvе survеу, І mаdе аn аnаlуsіs bаsеd оn thеоrеtісаl frаmеwоrks іn mеdіа аnd соmmunісаtіоn tо studу thе rеlаtіоn bеtwееn thе оrgаnіzаtіоns соmmunісаtіvе рrоfіlе аnd реrсеіvеd іmаgе. Bаsеd оn mу аnаlуsіs, І аlsо dеvеlореd rеlеvаnt rесоmmеndаtіоns оn whаt thе оrgаnіzаtіоn соuld dо tо іmрrоvе thе rеlаtіоnshір аnd thе іntеrасtіоn bеtwееn thе соmmunісаtіvе рrоfіlе аnd thе реrсеіvеd іmаgе.Sоmе оf thе thеоrіеs thаt І hаvе usеd іn thе studу аrе thе сооrіеntаtіоn mоdеl, strаtеgіс рlаnnіng, рrоfіlе аnd іmаgе, еnсоdіng аnd dесоdіng аnd соmmunісаtіоn рlаnnіng.Mу аnаlуsіs shоws thаt thе rеlаtіоn bеtwееn thе рrоfіlе аnd thе реrсеіvеd іs quіtе sаtіsfіеd. Thе аnаlуsіs аlsо shоws thаt mоst оf thе Swеdіsh tоurіsts hаd а bаd іmаgе аbоut Bоsnіа аnd Hеrzеgоvіnа аs а tоurіst dеstіnаtіоn bеfоrе thеіr trір аnd thаt thе іmаgе lаtеr turnеd bеttеr durіng оr аftеr thеіr trір. 

  • 129.
    Carlström, Elsa
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Förnuft och känsla: En studie av kokböckers visuella kommunikation under det tidiga 90-talet och sena 00-talet2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The interest for food and cooking has probably never engaged the people of Sweden as much as it does today. Especially cookbooks are selling better than ever which has been a quite constant trend since the mid 90's. This study explores the connection between visual communication in Swedish cookbooks and the post-modern values which have influenced the market climate and the visual culture. I have used a theoretical framework as reference consisting of theories of semiotics, visual rhetoric, marketing communications and postmodernism. I have been studying six cookbooks, three from the late 00's and three from the early 90's, from the two separate angles of their graphic design and photographic material. The survey has been conducted by using both qualitative and quantitative methods to make it possible to both gather information about the impression of the visual communication as well as statistics of space given to text and images as well as main motives in the photography. In my essay I discuss the meaning of the differences between the cooking books of the separate time periods along with the above mentioned angles with the theoretical framework in mind. I also discuss the question about what in fact makes a cooking book have costumer value. As a conclusion I state that cookbooks by updating their image of what a cookbook is supposed to be, succeeded to reach new markets with post-modern influenced preferences by making cooking part of an experience in the mind of the consumer.

  • 130.
    Carlén, Fredrik
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    "Världens bästa reklamfilm": En studie i hur reklamfilmerna från ICA är konstruerade för att locka kunderna till konsumtion2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This paper sets out to investigate how companies can create advertisement that focus not only on selling but also on entertainment. The research is based on seven TV-commercials produced by the Swedish food chain ICA. The commercials were analyzed according to the methods of discourse analysis, semiotic analysis and rhetorical analysis. Furthermore, the research compares the analysis made with the thoughts and ideas of Tobias Karlsson, Head of marketing and communications development at ICA to find out how the comprehension of the commercials correlate with the original intentions made by the company.

    The study shows that ICA creates a commercial that contains the perfect mix of rhetorical approaches, communication strategies and entertainment mixed with gravity. The study also shows that ICA fails with its primary goal which is to sell selected products; however, by producing the entertaining commercials, they manage to strengthen their brand. This is assumed to lead to increased loyalty and confidence among consumers which makes the consumers visit ICA more often.

  • 131.
    Carlén-Hallström, Linda
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Hansson, Eva
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Det normalt avvikande: Ett mångfaldsperspektiv på medierapporteringenom könsneutrala äktenskap2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine the media coverage of gender-neutral marriage from an intersectional perspective – with particular regard to gender, sexual orientation and religion. By focusing on the spokespeople who appears in the articles we have made an attempt to answer questions regarding who was heard in the debate on gender-neutral marriage and how the homosexual couples are portrayed in relation to the above criteria.

    The collected material consists of 89 articles, published in 2009, in Swedish newspapers which have been analysed by using quantitative content analysis. Ten articles have also been selected for a critical discourse analysis based on Norman Fairclough’s approach. The study is based on a social constructionist perspective and the assumption that language is of crucial importance when it comes to the creation and maintenance of social categorisation. Theories of gender/queer and intersectionality have furthermore been used to enable us to look at the topic from a multidimensional point of view.

    The quantitative analysis of the texts shows a great predominance of male spokespersons. Moreover, it appears that religions other than Christianity are largely underrepresented. The same pattern applies to people with homosexual orientation, whom are rarely heard on the issue of gender-neutral marriage. Furthermore, the results show that bisexuals and trans-gendered are almost completely excluded from the debate.

    The qualitative part of the study points in the same direction. A membership in The Church of Sweden is presented as a natural norm in the case of homosexuality and gender-neutral marriage, and homosexuals with another religion are made invisible or represented as divergent. The texts reveal a tolerance and openness towards homosexuality, but also strong assimilation ideals. The results show that same-sex relationships are portrayed as something the society is expected to accept, but only on condition that they are formed in accordance with the heterosexual norms concerning marriage and relationships, and also follow norms regarding gender and religion.

  • 132.
    Chirwa, Masauso
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Economic Development and Education: A Cross-Country, Time Series Study2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 133.
    Ciganovic, Dragan
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Utbildningsnivåns och demokratins inverkan på ekonomisk tillväxt2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose with this paper is to examine if tertiary education and democracy have an impact on economic growth. In order to decide how democratic the examined countries are the democracy index constructed by The Economist is used. Besides the two central theories the purpose is also to explain why these variables could affect growth and to examine direct and indirect effects. Indirect effects mean that one variable affects another variable which thereafter has an impact on economic growth.

    34 OECD countries are compared in order to investigate whether education and democracy are strongly correlated with BNP per capita. Therefore a statistical design is used as method.

    The empirical results suggest that there is significant correlation between democracy and economic growth. Educational levels seem to have a very small and insignificant effect on economic growth. The empirical results also indicate that the small effect that educational levels have on growth can to a great extent be explained by corruption. This means that countries with higher educational attainment have a tendency to be less corrupt which in turn leads to higher economic growth. The significant and positive correlation between democracy and economic growth can to some extent be explained by the indirect effect which is corruption.

  • 134.
    Claesson, Carl-Johan
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Mediets Brödraskap: Manlig homosocial kultur i Playboy2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Men’s magazines is a form of media that has been present and popular among men for decades and even centuries. In the beginning of 1990 the popularity for men’s magazines boosted as the new ideal man was presented. The new lad represented a new masculinity that was more honest about its ideals and point of views. Media is being consumed in order to find an identity of self and be able to partake in a group culture. The purpose of this study is to analyze the content of men’s magazines and put that in relation to the male consumer’s homosocial quest for male identity and fellowship. The study analyzes American Playboy magazines of three decades being 1990s, 2000 and 2010. The method of the study is discourse theory and semiotic theory. Discourses describe how people discuss and comprehend their surrounding world through cultures within social group formations. The semiotic theory refers to the study of the meaning that is being created by people in different contexts. The theory being used in the analysis of the content in Playboy is the homosocial theory. Homosocial theory is based on the notion that men have a need of identification and to be a part of a group consisting of other men in a joint male culture.

    Through the analysis of the content of Playboy the study has come to the conclusion that there is a common pattern in Playboy that presents a homosocial male culture. By consuming the magazine, the man partakes in the male fantasy world that is presented in Playboy. The study also showa that Playboy preserves an ideal man that is a sophisticated gentleman. This culture has flourished over 60 years and shows no signs of dying off.

  • 135.
    Clara, Carlson
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Emilia, Thor
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Mannen som lekte med elden: En kvalitativ studie om hur genus gestaltas i tidningen Allt om mat2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Authors: Clara Carlson & Emilia Thor

    Title: The man who played with the fire – a study on how gender is framed in the magazine Allt om mat.

    Level: BA Thesis in Journalism

    Location: Linnaeus University

    Language: Swedish

    Number of pages: 43 

    The media constantly sends out messages about how men and women should be and how they are expected to be. This means that women and men are kept apart and the gender-power order, where women are subordinated to men, is reinforced. In recent years we have seen a major trend of food in media. We think it is important to examine cooking journalism from a gender perspective because people are influenced by what they see in the media and we can assume that they form their identity based on what they are exposed to in the media.

    This is a study about how Allt om mat (All about cooking), the largest foodmagazine in Sweden, portrays women and men in their personal portraits. By using theories on gender we investigate what kind of stereotypes media use to portrait women and men. We have used the framing theory, Anthony Giddens theory about gender and identity, Yvonne Hirdmans gender contract and Judith Butlers queer theory.

    Using a combined narrative and a semiotic analysis, we found that traditional gender roles are often reproduced in Allt om mat and women and men are portrayed as opposites. Men should hunt their food and cook it over an open fire. They represents the natural cooking and master the “dangerous nature” while women should take care of the household and cooking in an environment that may not be that dangerous.

    The findings of the study are relevant and significant because it reinforces the image of men subordinate women, which creating injustice in society. Those who do not fit into the heteronormative gender roles will feel different and not as a part of the community.

  • 136.
    Colliander, Josefine
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Varför bry sig?: En studie om kvinnors motiveringar till politiskt deltagande2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to describe the motivations of women to participate in politics and to examine whether women feel that they are held back by something in their political participation.

     

    The questions of this study are:

    • How do women motivate their participation in different fields in politics?
    • Are there any obstacles that are holding women back in their political participation?

     

    Interviews have been used as the method to gather the empirical data. When applying the theoretical framework on the empirical material the main conclusion is that women tend to participate more frequently in political activities that are less time consuming and more sporadic in comparison to more traditional forms of political participation. Women are also more inclined to participate in political activities on a lower level that makes up part of their everyday life, one example of this is women’s increasing participating in political consumerism.

     

    Keywords: Politiskt deltagande, kvinnor, motivation, politik, politisk jämlikhet, politiska sfärer

  • 137.
    Corluka, Vedrana
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Nordgren, Johan
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Kanal 1 i Kanal5?: En kvantitativ studie om studenters attityder gentemot att public service utför marknadskommunikation2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, the digitalization and media convergence has increased, which has made the market for public service- medias more competitive. Perhaps this is why public service has chosen to communicate with recipients outside their own channels.

    The purpose of this quantitative study is to find out how students attitudes looks towards the fact that public service are performing marketing communication. To find out, we conducted a survey, as 256 students of Linnaeus University in Kalmar answered. Together with the study we have used different theoretical references in order to analyse the responses from the survey, and obtain our conclusions.

    By analysing the empirical material we came to the conclusion that the majority are in favour of public service performing communication outside its own channels. But we also noticed that the communication needs to be in a certain way for the students to be positive. It needs to be informative and ideally distributed through the Internet.

  • 138.
    Cronholm, Sanna
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Everskog Lund, Sanna
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Våga surfa längre än vad radiovågorna tar er: En undersökning om P4 Kalmars Facebook-sida och dess medlemmar2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The rise of social media has created an endless source of possibilities for companies to interact and connect with their target audiences. As it is a new channel, companies may experience uncertainty on how to use it to its fullest potential.

    The purpose of this study is to describe how the Public Service radio channel, P4 Kalmar, use its Facebook page and how its members perceive the communication on this platform. We have also presented recommendations on how P4 Kalmar can improve the relationship with its members. To reach our conclusions we have combined theoretical references with a quantitative content analyze, a survey and qualitative depth interviews.

    By analyzing our findings we came to the conclusion that P4 Kalmar have to develop a strategy for communicating on social media. But since no general communication strategy for the organization exists they have to develop one before developing one for social media. P4 Kalmar should also niche themselves into becoming the main source for local news on Facebook. Finally they have to focus on the fact that social media is relationship based and that this is the primary reason for their existence on Facebook.

  • 139.
    Dahlberg, Åsa
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Ahlin, Sofie
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Migration, remittances and the women left behind: A study on how women in Mali are affected by migration and remittances from their migrated husbands2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to find out in which way international migration and remittances influence the role and lives of women in Mali. We look more specifically on whether migration and remittances change existing gender roles and empower women. Our research questions focus on changes in women's decision-making power in the households as well as on their activity outside the households. To understand the importance of remittances, we compare two regions with heavy migration - the one receiving most remittances and one of the regions receiving least. The method used is semi-structured interviews with women in the two regions, both migrant‟s wives and women having their husband at home. The study is also based on interviews with several organizations in Mali.

    Our results show that remittances and migration have little impact on women's empowerment and ability to make choices. However remittances can influence their material well being and lessen their work burden, which can serve as a prerequisite for empowerment, but only if it is combined with other variables such as changes in traditional gender values.

  • 140.
    Dahlgren, Peter
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Kampen om definitionerna: Politikers retoriska självförsvar under mediedrev2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion: Under 2011 till året därpå var två politiker, Carl Bildt (moderat utrikesminister) och Håkan Juholt (Socialdemokraternas partiledare), utsatta för mediedrev: Etiopiensvenskar-na och bostadsaffären. Juholt var som en svamp som sög upp all kritik medan Bildt framstod som teflon i jämförelse. Hur kommer det sig att Bildt klarade sig och fick sitta kvar som mi-nister, medan Juholt avgick?

    Problem: Vad är det som skiljer Bildt från Juholts retorik under mediedreven 2011 enligt sta-tusläran? Hur ramar journalisterna in debatten för Bildt respektive Juholt?

    Teori: Med statusläran (stasis theory) kan en sakfråga analyseras retoriskt genom ett av fyra status (”ställning”): fakta, definition, kvalitet eller procedur. Exempelvis, ett dödande kan handla om huruvida det ägt rum (fakta), om det var mord eller självförsvar (definition), om det var rätt (kvalitet) samt om frågan ska avgöras i annat forum (procedur). Fakta och proce-dur är starkast försvar, definition och kvalitet svagast.

    Metod: Kvalitativ retorisk analys av Bildt och Juholts medieframträdanden i tv och radio, där medierna anklagar och aktörerna försvarar sig i en dialogsituation.

    Resultat: Bildt använder mer eller mindre uteslutande ett bevisande (fakta) och överförande status (procedur). När ny information är motstridig, hävdar han att den ska beskrivas an-norlunda (definition). Juholt använder huvudsakligen ett kvalitativt status, ofta för att bedyra sin goda karaktär, även när han kunde valt ett mer lämpligt status. Flera fall har också upp-täckts där journalisterna ställt frågor som varit inramade (presupponerad) på ett tveksamt sätt, ofta på ett kvalitativt status.

    Diskussion: Bildt använder starkare status vilket får till följd att skandalen inte tenderar att utvecklas i lika hög utsträckning då frågor om moral och värderingar utesluts. Juholt har valt det svagaste statuset. Slutsatsen är att man inte ska välja en försvarsstrategi och hålla fast vid den, utan anpassa försvaret varefter som ny information blir tillgänglig och anklagelsernas karaktär förändras. Slutsatsen gäller reaktiv kriskommunikation, inte nödvändigtvis proaktiv. Dessutom föreslås tre nya analyskriterier till statusläran. Studien begränsas huvudsakligen av medievalet (radio och tv) eftersom bara en del av den medierade politiken fångas, liksom ty-pen av kris (etiska normbrott).

  • 141.
    D'Arro`, Evelina
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Korruption & korruptionsförebyggande åtgärder på kommunal nivå: -En studie över förtroendevaldas åsikter2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to map the opinions and attitudes of lokal elected officials regarding corruption and corruption preventing measures. The study also attempt to determine weather opinions differ based on the interviewed party political affiliations. The study material of the thesis is therefore largely based on interviews with elected representatives from the municipalities; Älmhult, Lessebo and Tingsryd.  

  • 142.
    D'Arro`, Evelina
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Where's the sense in staying neutral?: - Exploring the possibility of Neutral Humanitarianism in the 21st century.2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The Red Cross, Red Crescent and Red Crystal Movement is the largest humanitarian movement in the world with 97 million volunteer workers around the globe. The organisation relies on seven fundamental principles, the Neutrality Principle being one of them. The questions of this essay are:

    *Is it yet possible to provide neutral humanitarian aid in the 21st century?

    *Have the humanitarian crisis’s changed between the 20th century and the 21st century?

  • 143.
    Davidsson, Frida
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Funk, Niklas
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Värdegrunden - kunskap eller beteende?: en studie om varför två rektorer tolkar ett värdegrundsmål olika2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med vår studie är att undersöka hur rektorer tolkar ett valt värdegrundsmål och varför detolkar det olika. Det mål vår studie utgår ifrån är, ”alla som arbetar i skolan skall visa respektför den enskilda individen och i det vardagliga arbetet utgå från ett demokratisktförhållningssätt”. Vi väljer att fokusera på organisationsstrukturen och sociala faktorer då vitror att dessa faktorer kan förklara skillnaden på varför målet tolkas olika. Studien är enkvalitativ undersökning där vi intervjuar två olika rektorer och ber dem tolka målet. Den enaskolan är en kommunal skola i Sverige och den andra en friskola som ligger i Spanien. Vårtresultat visar att tolkningarna är helt olika. Den ena rektorn ser målet som ett beteende och denandra ser det som en kunskap. Det beror bland annat på byråkratins grad, skolans resurser ocheleverna.

  • 144.
    de la Brosse, Renaud
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Frere, Marie-Soleil
    Media regulation in sub-Saharan Africa: Trends and stakes in French-speaking countries2012Inngår i: Ecquid Novi: African Journalism Studies, ISSN 0256-0054, E-ISSN 1942-0773, Vol. 33, nr 3, s. 74-92Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    After independence since the 1960s, the legacies and traditions in the field of media policy led African countries from the three distinct European linguistic spheres ( French, English and Portuguese) to draw on the institutional models in use by the former colonial powers. Media policy is a fundamental issue for democratic consolidation, and one that has received different responses in the French- and English-speaking African public spheres. This article examines the current situation of media regulation authorities in French- speaking sub-Saharan Africa. It outlines the mission of these institutions and identifies the problems they face as they concretise the dialectic between freedom and public control in the media landscape.

  • 145.
    Dekavalla, Georgia
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Sabzian, Sara Melina
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Welcome to madness: The role of Greece as the gatekeeper of Fortress Europe2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to explore the different aspects of the phenomenon of migration in Greece, as a case study. The choice of country is motivated by its geographical position at Europe’s external borders. In order to gain an insight into the reality that migrants are faced with when searching for a better life in Europe, a field study was conducted in Athens, Greece during a period of six weeks in the spring of 2010. The field work included interviews with various actors and individuals that are directly involved in migration issues, informal discussions with migrants and personal observations. Additionally, secondary sources such as previous studies were used. The framework used to approach the material included elements from neo-institutionalism, hermeneutics as well as critical theory.

    The most important conclusions reached incorporate that the rights of migrants are not respected in any aspect of the societal sphere, or in other words the three institutional pillars, the regulative, normative and cultural-cognitive. As a result, there are double standards applied to Europeans respective migrants. As a possible cause of the problematic situation described, underlying perceptions of national identity versus "otherness" are identified. These perceptions derive from a deeply rooted acceptance of social constructions such as national borders, as undisputable facts.

  • 146.
    Delfin, Carl
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV. Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    A Critique on the Use of Statistical Inference in Criminological Research2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The comprehensive over-representation of quantitative methods in criminological research is discussed in relation to the frequent misinterpretations of statistical results and methods. The study leads off with an introduction to essential probability theory together with a historical review of the rise of probability theory and statistics. A number of criminological articles are then examined with respect to their application and interpretation of statistical method and results. A concluding section summarizes the results and offers suggestions for solutions. Metaphysical considerations are discussed cursively throughout the text. 

  • 147. Denk, Thomas
    et al.
    Silander, Daniel
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Problems in Paradise?: Challenges to Future democratization in Democratic States2012Inngår i: International Political Science Review, ISSN 0192-5121, E-ISSN 1460-373X, Vol. 33, nr 1, s. 25-40Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 148. Denk, Thomas
    et al.
    Silander, Daniel
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Regime Heterogeneity: A Comparative Study on Institutional Variation in Political Regimes2011Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 149.
    Dewrang, Nicklas
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Sjöström, Axel
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Mellan Bröst och Rumpor: En Kvalitativ Studie av The Playboy Interview2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Playboy is a magazine that, for more than a half century, has been mostly known to the wider audience for its stylized pictures of naked women. What a lot of people do not know is that the magazine, with its editor in chief Hugh Hefner in the lead, has been frontrunners in human rights. Playboy has been fighting protecting the right of freedom of speech, fighting for equal rights for all people during the civil rights movement and supported the feminist movement by funding precedent cases on abortion rights.

     

    According to a series of text analyses by Beggan & Allison (2000, 2002b) Playboy’s editorial direction contradicted conventional definitions of masculinity. Also, the magazine portrayed its Playmates with complex identities that, in many cases, contained a number of traditionally masculine abilities.

    In this thesis we have done a critical discourse analysis of the Playboy interview and how the gender of its subject is portrayed by the magazine. Also, we have studied how seriously Playboy takes the journalistic mission in educating its audience, criticizing the power, and let a diversity of opinions be heard in the interview.

     

    We found that, even though it’s easy to repudiate Playboy as a magazine for unsophisticated men that prefer objectified naked women, the Playboy interview presented a number of different people in different ages and of different gender that in many ways contradicted the traditional ways you tend to see the gender portrayed in interviews. The female subjects tends to be portrayed in ways that you normally se male subjects are portrayed, and the male ones tended to be given a complex identity that included both traditionally male and female abilities. We also found that Playboy takes the journalistic mission seriously, letting a diversity of opinions be heard even though they contradict what the magazine stands for.

  • 150.
    Dobricic, Kristina
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Empowerment and Sustainable Agriculture in Loma Linda, Guatemala: A qualitative study on contributions for empowerment by the local association in Loma Linda2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study is focused in a Guatemalan small village, Loma Linda, and on the local association ASODILL that is working for sustainable agriculture and alternative employment possibilities.

     

    Many rural areas throughout the world, including Guatemala, have been exposed to neglect by the government, political exclusion, and socioeconomic inequalities. The civil war that roared in Guatemala from 1960 to 1996 left behind psychological suffering, mistrust for the government, socioeconomic weakening and infrastructural destruction. Currently Guatemala suffers from rural poverty, environmental destruction and from an unaccountable state prioritizing economic before an environmentally sound alternative development. Presently, pesticides are encouraged by the Guatemalan government and sold below the market price.  The pesticides are, however, destroying the soil and decreasing soil fertility to the point that it turns unusable for agriculture. There have been records of farmers protesting demanding change: requiring the government to halt environmental damaging actions and financial assistance for sustainable agriculture.

    I am examining if the local association, ASODILL, has contributed to a social, political and economic empowerment through their main objectives of sustainable agriculture and increasing employment alternatives Loma Linda. John Friedmanns Empowerment theory is the main helping device for understanding the empowerment effects of ASODILL in the village better. Ethnography as interpersonal method enabled me to construct a view on how the village has generally changed through the association, by participatory observation and interviews. The conclusion suggests that the association, through its work for sustainable development, has contributed to a social empowerment. This is mainly because Loma Linda already has the necessary prerequisites. With a stable social infrastructure ASODILLs external networking and expansion made the association grow which included them in a wider political community that aims for similar objective and thereby are politically empowered. The association has not yet achieved any economic empowerment.  If a long-term empowerment is to be achieved the Guatemalan government must start to take the farmers political demand seriously or there is a risk that the local prosperity will not be long lasted.

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