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  • 101.
    High, Christopher
    et al.
    Open University, UK.
    Singh, Namita
    Open University, UK.
    Petheram, Lisa
    Charles Darwin University, Australia.
    Nemes, Gusztav
    Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Hungary.
    Defining participatory video from practice2012Ingår i: Handbook of Participatory Video / [ed] Elisabeth-Jane Milne, Claudia Mitchell & Naydene de Lange, Lanham, Maryland: AltaMira Press, 2012, s. 35-48Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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  • 102.
    Holm, Rikke Heimdal
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Is an Authors Arguments on Reconciliation affected by his background?: Abductive Study on Patterns in Reconciliation Literatur2016Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The field of reconciliation literature has grown substantially since the 1990s, and the concept of reconciliation is now associated with many different definitions and actions in the peace building process. In the diverse field of literature on reconciliation authors highlight different aspects as most important which complicates the knowledge of what a successful reconciliation process really is. To have a better understanding of the field of reconciliation and what affects an author, to argue for their specific theory this study will, through the approach of abductive reasoning, research whether the background of an author affects what they research. To represent the field of reconciliation literature an expert sampling of five authors who are all highly referenced and influence the field will be used. To answer the research objective an analytical frame work together with a hermeneutic text analysis will be applied to each authors text to highlight their arguments. Finally the authors arguments and background will be analyzed to find patterns in the texts which could be compared with possible connections or patterns in the authors background. Based on this study the result shows that authors with a background, which is not only academic might have another approach to understanding the reconciliation process but their arguments show no clear patterns which can be connected to the authors background, however understanding why an author argues is important to understand what kind of people are affecting the actions of reconciliation. This study looked at five authors who all represent a very similar background and arguments which can show a tendency in reconciliation literature that the most distinguished authors all share the same background and therefore might not provide any new insight to the field.

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  • 103.
    Holtorf, Cornelius
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper (KV).
    Towards Nuclear Cultural Studies2016Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The exhibition Perpetual Uncertainty / Contemporary Art in the Nuclear Anthropocene at Bildmuseet in Umeå, Sweden (2 October 2016 – 16 April 2017), brings together artists from Europe, Japan, the USA and Australia to investigate experiences of nuclear technology, radiation and the complex relationship between knowledge and deep time.

  • 104.
    Hommerberg, Charlotte
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för språk (SPR).
    Lindgren, Maria
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för svenska språket (SV).
    The construction of knowledge, values and identities in present-day consumerism discourses: the case of perfume reviews2014Ingår i: CADAAD5: Abstract Book / [ed] Alexandra Fodor, Tamás Eitler, Judit Pethő-Szirmai, Kata Vadai, Beatrix Molnár, Budapest: Eötvös Loránd University , 2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents ongoing critical research staged against the backdrop of global consumerism, which is of continuously escalating importance, both for humanity at large and more concretely in the daily lives of individuals, where consumption choices are increasingly associated with lifestyle and identity. In order to develop an adequate model for our investigation, we focus on a limited and strategically selected material, perfume reviews, which are analysed by means of a combination of argumentation analysis and Appraisal analysis. Consumer reviews in different domains of luxury consumption are of particular interest since they concretize the ambiguity of the concept of consumerism: From the addresser perspective, consumption reviews explicitly function to protect consumers’ rights by providing advice concerning the appropriateness of consumption choices, while also, at least in the range of domains that are not immediately related to the basic necessities of life, implicitly encouraging ever-growing consumption of such excessive products. Consumption reviews also construct ambivalent recipient identities: On the one hand, seeking consumption advice construes a critical persona that is rightly sceptical of the value of products and information from producers. On the other hand, the very existence of consumer reviews in the luxury domain simultaneously invokes an uncertain consumer persona, reluctant to rely on personal taste and therefore in need of guidance. Importantly, these ambivalent identities operate in an environment where what is seen as the basic necessities of life is an ever-changing construction, constantly renegotiated in accordance with both explicit and implicit socio-cultural norms and expectations. The analytical model developed for the current project is subsequently intended to be applicable to a larger corpus of consumer reviews from different domains with the ultimate goal of being able to generalize across present-day consumerism discourses and thus contribute to exploring what we see as a human identity crisis of the 21st century that leads to increasing commodification of our identities. 

  • 105.
    Hylmö, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholm university.
    Tornhill, Sofie
    Stockholm university.
    Intersubjektivitet, erkännande och rationalitetens gränser: 2013Ingår i: Fronesis, ISSN 1404-2614, nr 44-45, s. 122-128Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Introduktion till tidskriftsnumrets texter av Jessica Benjamin och Axel Honneth.

  • 106.
    Hägerdal, Hans
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för humaniora.
    [review of:] B. Ljunggren, Kina. Vår tids drama.2008Ingår i: Kina-Rapport, nr 2, s. 51-52Artikel, recension (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 107.
    Höckert, Emily
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE). Linnaeus University.
    Conference review: ‘Greetings from Palma’, 7th Critical Tourism Studies Conference, Palma de Mallorca, Spain, 25–29 June 20172018Ingår i: Hospitality & Society, ISSN 2042-7913, E-ISSN 2042-7921, Vol. 8, nr 2, s. 179-187, artikel-id 10.1386/hosp.8.2.179_7Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    There I was sitting on my Airport-hotel-room’s balcony, gathering sunbeams and breathing warm Mallorca air. I had the world’s biggest smile on my face: it felt almost surreal to be on this island for a tourism conference. I had lived here eleven years ago when I studied tourism at The University of the Balearic Islands and worked at a hotel by the Palmanova beach. Well, it merits mention that during that time I did not only fall in love with Palma and the entire island, but also with a fellow exchange-student from Sweden. What else could I have done but smile; I was back in amazing Mallorca, reading the 7th Critical Tourism Studies’ (CTS) conference programme and getting more and more excited about the forthcoming four days of conferencing.

  • 108.
    Högberg, Anders
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper (KV).
    Hur kunskapen om livets ursprung har utvecklats: Ulf Ellervik : Ursprung : Berättelser om livets början, och dess framtid, Fri tanke, 216 s., ISBN 97891879355342016Ingår i: Respons : recensionstidskrift för humaniora & samhällsvetenskap, ISSN 2001-2292, nr 5, s. 40-41Artikel, recension (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 109. Hübner, Anna
    et al.
    Gössling, Stefan
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för ekonomi och design, Ekonomihögskolan, ELNU.
    Tourist perceptions of extreme weather events in Martinique2012Ingår i: Journal of Destination Marketing and Management, ISSN 2212-571X, Vol. 1, nr 1-2, s. 47-55Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Climate change is expected to lead to an increase in extreme weather situations, such as storms, heat waves or intense and prolonged rainfall. This paper explores in situ tourist perceptions of an extreme weather situation in the Caribbean island of Martinique. In a situation of prolonged, heavy rains in what is usually the dry season in April/May, a study was conducted including 240 questionnaires and 28 semi-structured interviews. Results indicate that tourists have a predetermined understanding of local climate conditions, which in the case of repeat visitors is also based on previous in-situ experiences. Frequent and intense rains as experienced by the tourists during the survey period are largely in conflict with weather expectations, but (largely negative) perceptions are negotiated in relation to a range of aspects, such as travel motives, explanatory information about the events, and climate change. Findings are discussed with regard to their implications for demand responses and travel behavior.

  • 110.
    Jahre, Marianne
    et al.
    BI Norwegian Business School, Norway.
    Kembro, Joakim
    Lund University.
    Rezvanian, Tina
    Northeastern University, USA.
    Ergun, Ozlem
    Northeastern University, USA.
    Håpnes, Svein J.
    UNHCR, Hungary.
    Berling, Peter
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO). Lund University.
    Integrating supply chains for emergencies and ongoing operations in UNHCR2016Ingår i: Journal of Operations Management, ISSN 0272-6963, E-ISSN 1873-1317, Vol. 45, nr Special Issue, s. 57-72Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Humanitarian organizations (HOs) often base their warehouse locations on individuals' experience and knowledge rather than on decision-support tools. Many HOs run separate supply chains for emergency response and ongoing operations. Based on reviews of humanitarian network design literature combined with an in-depth case study of United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), this paper presents a warehouse location model for joint prepositioning that incorporates political and security situation factors. Although accessibility, co-location, security, and human resources are crucial to the practice of humanitarian operations management, such contextual factors have not been included in existing network optimization models before. We found that when quantified, and modeled, such factors are important determinants of network configuration. In addition, our results suggest that joint prepositioning for emergency response and ongoing operations allows for expansion of the global warehouse network, and reducing cost and response time.

  • 111.
    Johannisson, Bengt
    et al.
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Ekonomihögskolan, EHV.
    Gunnarsson, EwaLuleå University of Technology.Stjernberg, TorbjornUniversity of Gothenburg.
    Gemensamt kunskapande: den interaktiva forskningens praktik2008Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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  • 112.
    Johansson, Sandra
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    The informal sector and the potential role of microfinance institutions in Ethiopia2010Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 15 poäng / 22,5 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    In Ethiopia, the economic dilemmas facing the country have had various effects on the society at large. Given this situation, the high rates of urbanization and uneployment has resulted in that more and more people end up in small-scale activities within the informal economy. Although the informal sector has become increasingly noticeable in Addis Ababa, it is commonly neglected and separated from the formal economy. In light of the contemporary Ethiopian society, this study has nonetheless argued that the wide range of economic activities found within the informal sector is indispensable and should be integrated with the formal economy. Instead of perceiving the informal economy as an economic malfunction, this study has aimed to explore its future potential through the help of microfinance institutions. It has also looked into how the informal sector can be defined and its main characteristics. To gain an increased understanding of how informal workers perceive their own life situation, semi-structured interviews have been carried out with informal workers from the Meklit Microfinance Institution. The theoretical framework of Friedmann's 'Whole Economy Model' and 'Disempowerment Model' was moreover applied in recognizing the role of the household as well as to which extent MFIs could be said to have increased the social power of the informal sector.             The main conclusions of this essay are that there are highly diverse features of informal workers and their businesses, which accordingly implies that MFIs need to reflect this diversity in their general operations. Although MFIs were recognized as carrying a strong potential for the development of informal activities, there were some identified obstacles in for example their organizational structure which consequently affected the profitability of their clients' businesses. The role of Community-Based Organizations (CBOs) was also recognized as having the possibility to develop into a new type of labout union as to empower the informal sector and gradually lead to a natural continuation of the formal economy.

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  • 113.
    Juhlin Lagrelius, Hannes
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Following Best Practices in Microfinance: The case of Disabled People’s Organisations in Nepal2016Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Microfinance has generally been acclaimed as one way to reduce poverty through the provision of financial services targeting the previously “unbankable” poor. Persons with Disabilities (PWDs) are amongst society’s most excluded groups financially and the absence of PWDs within mainstream Microfinance urges Disabled People’s Organisations (DPOs) to directly engage in Microfinance. The practices by such alternative actors are suggested to be generally rejected because they risk being inefficient and failing.

    The objective of this study is to analyse examples of how DPOs in Nepal practice Microfinance and whether they generally follow recommended best practices. The correlation with what is perceived as best practices provide evidence to suggest whether the DPOs’ practices should be generally rejected or motivated as plausible and justified accordingly. To accomplish this, a well-justified analytical framework of recommended best practices for DPOs engaged in Microfinance is created, and field research is undertaken in Nepal, April-May 2014.

    It can be concluded that recommended best practices are followed at a general level; however, the extent varies within and between the analysed practices. The results provide sufficient evidence to suggest that the practices are plausible and justified accordingly, and should not be generally rejected. 

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    DPO-Microfinance-Nepal-Hannes-Juhlin-Lagrelius
  • 114.
    Kajtazi, Miranda
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Cavusoglu, Hasan
    University of British Colombia, Canada.
    Benbasat, Izak
    University of British Colombia, Canada.
    Haftor, Darek
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Assessing Self-Justification as an Antecedent of Noncompliance with Information Security Policies2013Ingår i: ACIS 2013: Information systems: Transforming the Future: Proceedings of the 24th Australasian Conference on Information Systems, RMIT University , 2013, s. 1-12Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to extend our knowledge about employees’ noncompliance with Information Security Policies (ISPs), focusing on employees’ self-justification as a result of escalation of commitment that may trigger noncompliance behaviour. Escalation presents a situation when employees must decide whether to persist or withdraw from nonperforming tasks at work. Drawing on self-justification theory and prospect theory, our model presents two escalation factors in explaining employee’s willingness to engage in noncompliance behaviour with ISPs: self-justification and risk perceptions. We also propose that perceived benefits of noncompliance and perceived costs of compliance, at the intersection of cognitive and emotional driven acts influence self-justification. The model is tested based on 376 respondents from banking industry. The results show that while self-justification has a significant impact on willingness, risk perceptions do not moderate their relation. We suggest that future research should explore the roles of self-justification in noncompliance to a greater extent.

  • 115.
    Kalmelid, Nesim
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Sexual Harassment in School: Descriptions, Explanations and Solutions among Participants2013Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Sexual harassments in schools have been identified as one of the factors preventing girls from attending education. Moreover, both female and male students who attend education and witness male teachers harassing female students may perpetuate this behaviour. In Mozambique, research addressing sexual abuse and harassments in school focus on the fact that decrees and policies on zero-tolerance against sexual abuse are not followed up properly. There is little research addressing how students perceive the issue, and even less on male students’ understanding of the phenomenon in relations to female students’ understanding.

    This study took place at two schools in Maputo, Mozambique, and examines what approach students in secondary school and university, as well as adults working around these students have upon sexual harassments and abuse in school. Furthermore, officials and informants at NGOs addressing gender issues and sexual harassments in schools were interviewed. The purpose was to find out how the informants described the phenomenon, what they believed were the reasons behind it and how they thought it could be prevented.

    The result has been analysed through a gender and power analysis. The study uses the social constructionist theory of gender, recognising that gender is constructed through interaction and expectations of people (Francis & Skelton 2005:28), and Collen’s (1996) theory of hegemonic masculinity, which explains how the patriarchy is legitimised. Further, in order to analyse the result, Allen’s (1998) theories of power-over, power-to and power-with as well as Lukes’ (2005) theories of different dimensions of power have been used.

    The informants described sexual harassments as occurring between male teachers and female students at the schools. However, there was a discrepancy between the male and the female students’ perception of whether it is the male teacher or the female student who is the harasser. Despite this, the informants agreed on sexual harassments occurring between female teachers and male students being rare.

    The explanations to why it occurs range from the patriarchal structures, myths claiming that an older man is given good luck if having sex with a virgin, the female students’ fear of failing in school if not saying yes to the teacher, her interest in getting material benefits and her lack of interest in studying, to the male teacher’s lack of ability to control himself sexually. The different explanations were given depending on how the informant described the phenomenon. This also led to different conclusions to what should be done to come to an end to sexual harassments. An issue brought up was the difficulties to report harassments and the lack of punishment towards the teachers. Further, some believed that the female students should be subjected to awareness raising in order to dress properly and focus on the studies.

    While the risk of the male students perpetuating the behaviour of male teachers harassing female students is prevalent, the female students interviewed have the power to say no to the teachers, but not the power-to report. There are a number of organisations addressing the issue in different ways and there are regulations on how to report. However, in order to work holistically with the issue, the male students have to be included in the work and the organisations have to co-ordinate their measures in order to find a solution to the problem. 

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  • 116.
    Karlsson, Eric
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Kolmården - an emerging development actor?: A qualitative case study of employees perspectives about Kolmården as a potential development actor2020Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Society is facing major challenges with an ongoing mass extinction of more than one million species worldwide caused by the destruction of ecological systems, deforestation, habitat loss, the increase of invasive species, climate change, illegal wildlife tracking, poaching and poverty. Challenges in which zoos worldwide contribute with important educational programs, innovative research and conservation strategies to ease the negative impact on local communities within developing countries. This essay considers that zoos through policies of in-situ conservation do play an important role within the wider context of development aid and sustainable development. However, Kolmården does not seem to understand that their policies have a significant impact on local communities within developing countries, especially since Kolmården execute scarce controls of aid management. Research has been conducted through semi-structured interviews at Kolmården, interviewees consist of zoo pedagogies and animal caretakers. This research displays the importance of zoos and its strategies, it also tries to explain the problem Kolmården stands for by lacking an overall organization that supports zoos within the political sphere. The lack of political support, ignorance, and misconceptions harms Kolmården and the zoo community. As a result, one may argue, that Kolmården among other zoos to be stuck within the dilemma “tragedy of the commons” presented by the ecologist Garrett Hardin in (1968). However, zoos are grossly underutilized institutions with great potential to conduct global sustainable development and safeguard wildlife from becoming extinct through development aid and in-situ conservation, which is supported by Kolmården Foundation through financial donations, innovative research, educati

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  • 117.
    Kasoma, Chileshe
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Educational services for children with special educational needs in Zambia: a human development and capability approach2014Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Children with special educational needs (CSEN) are exceptional learners. They are not handicapped, but merely living with a disability of one kind or the other. Handicaps are the disadvantages faced when society does not enable them to fulfil their lives. Idioms such as children are the future generation or the leaders of tomorrow are common and overly used today, hence the need for greater and more nuanced effort in preparing them for future responsibilities.

    Implementing education services for children with special education needs in Zambia comes with challenges. The predicament of diversity among various learners in Zambia is evident as the results of this study illustrate. The lack of a child database, nature of disability and distance from school, apt learning materials and choice of school placement are some of the issues educationalists and parents have to deal with in making education participation possible for exceptional learners.

    Informed by the transformative philosophy and the theory of Social Inclusion, this qualitative desk study has been carried out purposefully to examine the factors hindering the implementation of services for CSEN at all levels of their education and / but more specifically, beyond their primary schooling. In the paper, the use of content and thematic analysis has enabled the author to understand the identified views emerging from the study which have then been classified and arranged according to themes. The themes, based on the findings are further analysed through the lens of Amartya Sen’s Human Development and Capability Approach.

    The findings of the study indicate that education implementation dilemmas in Zambia are multi-dimensional. Hence, the argument presented here is that building the capacities of children by providing arange of educational opportunities and choices opens doors to many other necessaries of life such as employment. Using the Human Development and Capability Approach as a tool for analysis, the paper evaluates  the functioning of the education system, the well-being of children and how they fit into the social arrangements of society. Put simply, the process of social inclusion is introduced and highlighted as a significant process in the overall development of CSEN.

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  • 118.
    Khrennikov, Andrei
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för matematik/naturvetenskap/teknik, Matematiska och systemtekniska institutionen. Matematik.
    Toward Theory of P-adic Valued Probabilities2008Ingår i: Philosophicaql Logic, University of Bialymstoku Publisher , 2008, s. 137-154Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    P-adic Valued Probabilities is reviewd

  • 119.
    Kindström, Sebastian
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Ulvenmark Sixtensson, Niklas
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Stämning - Gemenskap - Image: Vad motiverar en fotbollssupporters resande?2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen behandlar supportrars motivationsfaktorer när de väljer att resa till ett fotbollsmästerskap såsom fotbolls-VM och fotbolls-EM. Supportrar har i alla tider besökt sportevenemang för att uppleva och ta del av evenemanget på plats. Frågan är vad som motiverar supportrar att resa många timmar och spendera pengar för att uppleva mästerskapen på en destination istället för att sitta bekvämt hemma och följa matcherna på tv. Efter en prövning av fyra möjliga motivationsfaktorer till supportrars resande har ytterligare faktorer identifierats. Med hjälp av analyser av svaren har sedan slutsatser dragits att supportrar har olika motivationer vilka lockar dem, det är därefter möjligt att sortera in motivationerna i tydliga primära och sekundära faktorer. Sverige, stämning, vänner och avstånd är några av faktorerna som motiverar respondenterna i denna uppsats.

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  • 120.
    Krekula, Clary
    et al.
    Sociologiska institutionen Uppsala universitet.
    Närvänen, Anna-Liisa
    Linköpings universitet.
    Näsman, Elisabet
    Sociologiska institutionen Uppsala universitet.
    Ålder i intersektionell analys2005Ingår i: Kvinnovetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 0348-8365, nr 2-3, s. 81-94Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 121.
    Krekula, Clary
    et al.
    Sociologiska institutionen Uppsala universitet.
    Närvänen, Anna-Liisa
    Linköpings universitet.
    Näsman, Elisabet
    Sociologiska institutionen Uppsala universitet.
    Åldersfrågan i diskussionen om intersektionalitet2005Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 122.
    Ku, Yongli
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Chinese Investments and Conflict Resolution—A Case Study of Tasang (Mong Ton/Mai Dong) Dam, Myanmar2016Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this research is to bridge the correlation of peace and foreign investments through the lens of North et al.’s (2013) Limited Access Orders (LAOs). The research seeks to engage in the discussion of LAOs by providing a perspective from analyzing Chinese investments under the context of New Silk Road policy with the case of Tasang Dam. Current discussion of LAOs does not involve how foreign investments affect institutional transition in LAOs. Therefore this research is a humble attempt to engage in the existing literature from a different perspective.

            Tasang Dam is designed to be built in southern Shan State, Myanmar, an area that has encountered continuous armed conflicts. The conflicts between the local armed group SSA-S/RCSS and the Tatmadaw continue even after a ceasefire agreement was signed in 2011. Chinese investors acting under the context of New Silk Road project have tried to involve in creating stability in the area to reduce costs.

            According to the LAOs logic, if the access to rents is open to armed organizations, there will be motivations for rival parties to avoid violence. In order to redistribute the resources, there should be an institutional transition. In Tasang Dam’s case, the rents created by Chinese investments are not available to SSA-S/RCSS, but with the Chinese investments as the democratization of Myanmar goes on, there are opportunities to alter the story of repeated violence.

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  • 123.
    Larsson, André
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Development cooperation: – a case study on the effects on community committees’ role and legitimacy in Kayin State, Myanmar2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    A common discussion within the international development cooperation discourse is that of ownership and dependency. A discussion which has become of great significance within the context of Myanmar as more and more international and foreign development agencies and organizations have been aloud into the country during the major structural reform process Myanmar is currently undergoing. When the state, as a public service provider, is not able to supply what is needed within the villages around Myanmar these international and foreign organizations and agencies become of great importance as they have access to the necessary funds to provide these services. The support to the villages is often distributed through the most deeply rooted and inclusive forum there are within these villages, namely community committees.

    This study investigates how the vertical relationship between the INGOs, their local partner NGOs and the community committees affect the role and possibly the legitimacy of the community committees.

    This is done through a case study of a village that is currently provided support through its two community committees by two INGOs and their local partner NGO. To understand the role and legitimacy interviews have been conducted with the legitimizing environment of the community committees as well as with the community committees and the local NGO themselves to try to identify the affects of the aid on the perceived role and legitimacy of the community committees.

    The study found that the relationship does have a significant affect on the role and legitimacy of the community committees. It seems that the relationship does, through a top-down approach, influence the community committees to monopolize the definition of development within their village. Due to this the community they are based within also considers the community committees legitimate. 

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    Appendix
  • 124.
    Larsson, Mariah
    Malmö University.
    Svarta affärer som blev vita?: Om sexbutiker som sexuella rum då och nu2012Ingår i: Sexualitetsstudier / [ed] Lars Plantin, Sven-Axel Månsson, Stockholm: Liber, 2012, 1, s. 125-139Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 125.
    Larsson, Mariah
    et al.
    Stockholm university.
    Johnsdotter, Sara
    Lund university.
    Introduction: At the Convergence of the Cultural and the Individual2015Ingår i: Sexual Fantasies: At the Convergence of the Cultural and the Individual / [ed] Mariah Larsson & Sara Johnsdotter, Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2015, s. 9-19Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 126.
    Larsson, Mariah
    et al.
    Stockholm university.
    Johnsdotter, SaraUppsala university.
    Sexual Fantasies: At the Convergence of the Cultural and the Individual2015Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 127.
    Lilja, Karin
    et al.
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Kronqvist, Sanna
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Building a Rainbow nation: A field study of the integration process at the North-West University in South Africa2008Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [en]

    North West University is a creation of one of many mergers between previous universities in South Africa. The process is partly thought to integrate previous advantaged and disadvantaged universities, often also previous white or black dominated universities.

    Even though the merger of NWU has been perceived as successful by many, there are still problems and tensions between the campuses. This report will describe the integration process at NWU as well as handle people’s perceptions towards it and towards the changes brought by the merger. The study has been done through thematic open interviews by staff, management and students at two of the three campuses in the merger of NWU, Mafikeng and Potchefstroom. In our report we have found six clusters which we examine; responses to the merger, within and outside group, differences, history, social status, and within and outside process.

    All through the report the traces from history and Apartheid are still visible in people’s minds and in the clashes between the groups. History also affects the social status of the groups, affects that today create problems for integration.

    The merger was opposed by both parts, however inevitable. People from Mafikeng were found more critical to the merger, highlighting the different power relations between the campuses and fear of being swallowed by Potchefstroom. Potchefstroom in general did not see many changes and white people seem to be more worried about their individual future.

    Once united as one university there is still a low grade of integration or interaction between the campuses and between the groups within them. There have been initiatives to enhance integration at an organizational level, this has though not affected the social level in a significant way. One reason to the lack of integration might be the domination of one culture group at each campus, at Potchefstroom Afrikaans, and at Mafikeng SeTswana. This domination has shown to hinder integration since minority groups either feel left out or have to assimilate to fit in. Differences between the groups also create misunderstandings and clashes in the integration process. However we have seen that the persons within the merger process tend to be more positive than the people outside of it. This might be due to increased interaction, better information and a possibility to affect the outcome that makes the people involved more positive then the ones not involved.

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  • 128.
    Liljekrantz, Jhimmy
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Planting The Tree Upside Down?: Perspectives on Actors' Influence on the Development of Democracy in Kosovo2007Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores different actors’ perceptions on how the democratization process is being influenced in Kosovo. It is based upon empirical facts gathered during a field study in Kosovo. The material was mainly gathered through interviews with different representatives from international organizations present in Kosovo and with members of the Kosovar political elite.

    The theoretical standpoint in the study draws on the theory of polyarchy for defining the concept of democracy, and the two-level game. The interaction between domestic and international actors within the democratization process is highlighted.

    The conclusions are that different actors are influencing the ongoing democratization process in Kosovo, mainly international external ones acting in several ways and on different levels. This influence is considered by the international community and the domestic political elite to be necessary both for the continued development of democracy and for the preservation of stability. However as the influence has more or less become institutionalized, problems occur when responsibility is handed over to domestic authorities without accountability being made clear.

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  • 129.
    Lind, Johan
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för statsvetenskap (ST).
    Bortom en ridå av fördomar: Elevers erfarenheter av att bära slöja i svensk skola och deras tankar kring feminism2018Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (yrkesexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines what experiences female, Muslim pupils have of wearing veil in the Swedish school and their thoughts about the veil and feminism. The method used is a qualitative semi structured interview study based on six pupils at an upper secondary school in south Sweden. The theoretical framework in the essay is based on multicultural education and postcolonial feminism.

    The results of this study reveal that the respondents have both positive and negative experiences of wearing the veil in school. On the one hand we find that none of the respondents share any story of being seriously discriminated or offended on the grounds of wearing a veil. On the other hand, are the pupils, either in specific situations or in general, feeling alienated through subtle gestures, looks and whispers in school. Regarding the respondent’s thoughts about feminism, the study concludes that all the respondents accept the fundamental values of feminism, that women should have the same rights and opportunities as men. Simultaneously they feel skeptical about the term ‘feminist’ and that feminism entails a certain way of life where the veil doesn’t belong.

    One important remark on the outcome of the study is that it would be desirable to incorporate discussions about other cultural phenomena in education, as the veil for example, which would not only make the education more pertinent to more pupils but also educate the pupils in intercultural sensibility. Secondly, a more nuanced education about the diversity within feminism could have the potential of including pupils who, for different reasons, are feeling a resistance against feminism.

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    Lind - Bortom en ridå av fördomar
  • 130.
    Lindh, Thomas
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för ekonomi och design, Ekonomihögskolan, ELNU. Inst Futures Studies, Stockholm.
    Social Investment in the Ageing Populations of Europe.2011Ingår i: Towards a social investment welfare state? : Ideas, Policies and Challenges / [ed] Nathalie Morel, Bruno Palier, Joakim Palme, Policy Press, 2011, s. 261-284Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 131.
    Lindh, Thomas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Kalmar, Handelshögskolan BBS.
    Baroni, Elisa
    Hallberg, Daniel
    Eklöf, Matias
    Zamac, Jovan
    Fertility decisions – simulation in an agent-based model (IFSIM)2009Ingår i: New frontiers in Microsimulation Modelling: Part III / [ed] A Zaidi, A Harding, P Williamson, Ashgate, 2009Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 132.
    Lindh, Thomas
    et al.
    Institute for Futures Studies, Box 591, SE-101 31 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Lundberg, Urban
    Institute for Futures Studies, Box 591, SE-101 31 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Predicaments in the futures of aging democracies2008Ingår i: Futures: The journal of policy, planning and futures studies, ISSN 0016-3287, E-ISSN 1873-6378, Vol. 40, nr 3, s. 203-217Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Ageing societies need to supply support to an ever growing segment of elderly dependent population without compromising the future sustainability for the currently young or unborn population. Current tendencies to focus on policy solutions like automatic stabilisers and norm-based pre-commitment strategies with decisions delegated to experts carry a high risk of political breakdown when the future population re-evaluates this with new information. Using the Swedish pension reform as a concrete example we show how the futurity problem associated with the current non-existence of the future population makes the political process prone to avoid bringing issues with very long horizons into the public debate. Alternative demographic scenarios for Sweden are used to illustrate how even very small variations in the assumptions of demographic projections lead to radically different future population structures. Hence, the majority preferences in a distant future cannot be foreseen. Adding to this, the complex interactions with a changing environment of technology and nature time-consistent decision making at the far future horizon must be virtually impossible. Thus, the sustainability of long-term social security systems requires constitutional balances that provide for orderly and continual adaptation rather than once-for-all fixes that are likely to be rejected by future electorates.

  • 133.
    Lindh, Thomas
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för ekonomi och design, Ekonomihögskolan, ELNU.
    Malmberg, Bo
    Demographic perspectives in housing.2012Ingår i: The International Encyclopedia of Housing and Home / [ed] Susan J. Smith, Elsevier, 2012Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 134.
    Lundberg, Linda
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för pedagogik och lärande (PEL).
    Gustafsson, Malin
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för pedagogik och lärande (PEL).
    Från förskola till förskoleklass: Pedagogers uppfattning om behovet av information vid övergången2018Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (yrkesexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka pedagogernas uppfattning av vad viktig information ska innehålla. Vad anser pedagogerna i förskolan är det centrala i informationen som de lämnar och vilka förväntningar har pedagogerna i förskoleklassen kring informationen som de ska få vid övergången. På vilket sätt används informationen om barnets förmågor i en kommande pedagogisk verksamhet? Vi har genomfört en kvalitativ forskningsstudie där vi har intervjuat nio pedagoger som är yrkesverksamma i förskola och förskoleklass. I analysen har vi lutat oss mot en fenomenografisk metod vilket innebär att kartlägga och hitta skillnader och likheter i det som framkommit av intervjuerna och därmed få en djupare förståelse för informationens betydelse i övergången. Resultatet har speglats genom ett sociokulturellt perspektiv och Nilholms (2011) olika perspektiv kopplat till specialpedagogik: kompensatoriska perspektivet, kritiska perspektivet och dilemmaperspektivet. En viktig grundsten  i analysen och bearbetningen av materialet är det relationella och kategoriska perspektivet, samt betydelsen av en relationell pedagogik i mötet med olika barn. Det  handlar också om hur olika förväntningar i en övergång kan påverka barnet (Persson, 2011).

    Studien visar att det finns behov av att förskolan ger mer specifik och tydlig information till förskoleklassen kring hur barnet varit en del av verksamheten. Förskolans pedagoger fokuserar på hur barnet lärt sig och vad som fångar intresset. Förskoleklasspedagogerna riktar in sig på att informationen som lämnas bör innehålla barnets sociala förmåga, hur samspelet fungerat med kompisar och pedagoger i miljön som erbjudits. En viktig mening som blivit framträdande är att det borde framgå tydligare i informationen hur barnet upplevt tidigare förändringar. Hur ser barnets erfarenheter ut när det handlar om olika förändringar eller då barnet lämnat en trygg och invand miljö och blir en del av det nya? Relationens betydelse är en avgörande faktor för hur övergången och starten ska upplevas. Barnet möter en ny verksamhet med nya krav, pedagoger och kompisar. Samverkan på olika plan mellan förskolorna, förskoleklass och vårdnadshavare kan skapa en delaktighet och förståelse som kan ge en positiv upplevelse av övergången.

     

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  • 135.
    Lundell, Andreas
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Voices of Sri Lanka's Youth: Aspirations and Perceptions of Freedom and Possibilities2008Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [en]

    During November and December 2007 a Minor Field Study was conducted in the southwest

    of Sri Lanka with the aim of exploring the aspirations and perceptions of freedom and

    possibilities among a sample of Sri Lankan youth and also how their situation is viewed upon

    by people in their close surroundings. The aim was also try to discern the main concerns and

    indicators of unfreedom that in the eye of the informants are viewed as obstacles to

    development, to personal human development as well as to the development of Sri Lanka as a

    nation. The theoretical framework that was used as inspirational ground and basis for the

    formulation of the project, was Amartya Sen’s concept of “development as freedom” and his

    “capability approach” which focuses on the human potential and what freedom an individual

    enjoys to convert capabilities into desired functionings or the realization of aspirations. This

    modern economic theory was tested in this context to find out if it is applicable and relevant

    in ethnographic development studies. Despite its lack of numerical metrics, the “capability

    approach” seems very relevant to describe the reality of at least the Lankese youth in this

    study. As methodology for the qualitative field work, Hadley Cantril’s “aspiration-model”

    and his “self-anchoring striving scale” was used which provides a simple, easily applicable

    interview technique for exploring the unique reality of an individual and what it shares or

    don’t shares with that of others. The results show that there are many strong aspirations

    among the Sri Lankan youth; aspirations of being a good person that achieve something in

    life, aspirations of being able to take the best care of the family, to go through a qualitative

    education and to get a good job with a good salary. Many youth want to go abroad. Of course

    there are aspirations of peace in the war-torn country. There are concerns and feelings of

    unfreedom that relate to the unemployment situation, a very difficult economic situation in the

    country, underdevelopment and inadequate facilities, the ongoing war, and political

    unfreedom.

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  • 136.
    Lundgren, Jennie
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för naturvetenskap och teknik, Institutionen för datavetenskap, fysik och matematik, DFM.
    Implementering av IT-system: En fallstudie om införandet av ett nytt IT-system inom Ljungby kommun 2012Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Införande av nya IT-system inom organisationer bidrar till att stora ändringar sker i de anställdas arbetssätt och kan därmed leda till att motstånd till det nya sättet att arbeta på uppstår.

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur implementeringen av ett nytt IT-system mottagits av sektionscheferna inom Ljungby kommun.

    Studien hade en öppen ansats med syfte att få fram ny information från intervjupersonerna men i vissa fall användes också ledande frågor. Tillförlitligheten i studien uppstod i form av att fem intervjuer genomfördes och informationen som framkom var till stor del likadan. Validiteten uppstod då ett flertal sektioner deltog i undersökningen vilket gjorde att resultatet kunde appliceras på sektionerna inom Ljungby Kommun och därmed ses som giltigt. Generalisering av resultatet kunde göras på de olika sektionerna inom Ljungby Kommun.

    Studien genomfördes genom att fem slumpmässigt utvalda personer inom olika sektioner inom Ljungby Kommun intervjuades. Resultatet av intervjuerna analyserades sedan mot olika teorier till exempel förändringar, kommunikation, kulturer i organisationer, kravinsamling och användbarhet av system. Där framkom det att det fanns ett motstånd till systemet som grundade sig i bristande kommunikation och utbildning men också på dålig integration mellan de olika systemen som personalen arbetar i.

    I diskussionen framkom det att Ljungby Kommun borde involvera de berörda mer vid införande av nya system samt använda någon form av modell eller metod för att projektet ska fortlöpa på bästa sätt.

    I slutsatsen kunde svar ges på alla de fyra frågeställningarna och därmed har syftet med studien uppfyllts. Det finns ett motstånd till systemet och det beror bland annat på dålig integration mellan de olika systemen som används. Det fanns ingen form av användarmedverkan, utbildning eller kommunikationen vid införandet av det nya system och ingen av intervjupersonerna har informerats om de vinster och fördelar som systemet skulle ge.

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  • 137.
    Lundmark, Therése
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Political Violence in Media: A case study of the media framing of the Kurdish female fighters in Northern Iraq and Syria2016Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim and purpose of this study is to explore how the Western media, more precisely six British newspapers, portrays the Kurdish female fighters of the Women’s Protection Units and the Peshmerga, who today are fighting against Deash in Northern Iraq and Syria. There have been a growing media interest in the Kurdish female fighters since the rise of Daesh, and they were an often recurring subject in newspapers and other media platforms during 2014 and 2015. I have collected 32 articles from six different newspapers, and applied a framework consisting of six different frames developed by Brigitte L. Nacos together with theories of media framing and social constructivism. The methodology is conducted as a critical discourse analysis, inspired by Norman Fairclough’s three-dimensional model.    

    In the articles, the Kurdish female fighters are portrayed as a different phenomenon, however, the articles still describes them as brave and dignified fighters who are rational in their understanding of what they are fighting for and what they are sacrificing. They are portrayed as being motivated by issues such as equality and female liberation in contrast to Deash anti-female values. The previous research conducted by feminist scholars often focuses on that the media portray women, who conduct acts of political violence, in a negative ways, such as deviants who are lacking traditionally stereotypical feminine characteristics or that their looks are in focus instead of their motivations. However, I have drawn the conclusion that there is more to how the Kurdish female fighters are portrayed then what one would think.

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    Political Violence in Media
  • 138.
    Löwing, Gustav
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för naturvetenskap och teknik, Sjöfartshögskolan, SJÖ.
    Herslow, Gustav
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för naturvetenskap och teknik, Sjöfartshögskolan, SJÖ.
    Davik, Christoffer
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för naturvetenskap och teknik, Sjöfartshögskolan, SJÖ.
    Målsättande Ledarskap till Sjöss: Nu och framöver2012Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (yrkesexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie diskuterar de ledarskapsstilar som används ombord på handelsfartyg. Den syftar till att avgöra huruvida en specifik mål-baserad ledarstil kan anpassas till att användas på ett modernt handelsfartyg. Den teori som används i studien bygger på Edwin A. Locke & Gary P. Lathams arbete inom målsättand psykologi och ledarskap. Den huvudsakliga artikeln vi har använt är “Building a Practically Useful Theory of Goal Setting and Task Motivation, A 35-Year Odyssey (2002)”.

     

    Vi har genomfört en kvalitativ intervjuundersökning. De huvudsakliga variablerna vi undersökte, var de intervjuade sjöbefälsstudenternas inställning till att arbeta med specifikt målsättande ledarskap samt möjligheten att applicera det som ledarskapsmetod ombord på handelsfartyg.

     

    Studenterna fick berätta om sina erfarenheter av ledarskapet ombord på de olika fartyg där de gjort sin praktik under utbildningen till sjöbefäl. Studenterna fick även svara på om ett mål-baserat ledarskap använts ombord.

     

    Resultaten av studien visade att studenterna i allmänhet ställde sig positiva till att pröva de specifika mål-baserade ledarskapsmetoder, som presenterades under intervjuerna. Studien tyder på att en auktoritär ledarstil oftast användes ombord de olika fartygen. Vissa fartyg hade prövat olika varianter av mål-baserat ledarskap, även om ingen använt sig av ledarskap med specifika mål som denna studie syftar till.

     

    Sammanfattningsvis tyder intervjustudien på en god inställning till utveckling i ledarskap ombord på handelsfartyg. Huruvida de specifika målteorier som används inom sjukvården, sport och industrin (Locke & Latham 2002) är den mest effektiva vägen att gå, kanske en framtida experimentell studie kan att visa.

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    Ledarskap till Sjöss, Nu och framöver
  • 139.
    Magnusson, Sophia
    et al.
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Luvö, Anna-Karin
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Chasing Markets: A Study of the Mozambican Cashew Industry2009Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    In the spring of 2009 we spent five weeks in Mozambique performing a field study. Four of the weeks were spent in Nampula province in the northern part of the country, where most of the Mozambican cashew is produced. In the 1970s Mozambique was world leading in cashew kernel export, however, today the industry is a shadow of its former self. Since the end of the 1990s, the government along with other stakeholders, are trying to recuperate the industry. There are a great deal of obstacles to overcome to be able to compete with other large exporting countries such as India, Vietnam and Brazil. The main issue is the conditions of the trees; the majority of the trees are over forty years old and therefore have a low cashew yield. In addition, poor maintenance of the trees further decreases the production. Other problems are the infrastructure, in particular roads in poor condition, difficulties in locating markets and the income gap between the producer and end retailer.

    During our research we have thought of a few recommendations which we feel would be worth looking into. We feel cheaper seedling should be available for the producers and nurseries should be put more locally for easier access. We also recommend spraying of the trees to be done more frequently. Furthermore a prerequisite for an expansion of the cashew industry is an investment in the infrastructure, to be able to transport the cashew from producer to processor and exporter. This would also improve life quality of the people in general. In addition, an investment in the poorest is necessary for the development of the country, a tool for achieving this could be better access to micro credits and village banks. To increase the income generated from Mozambican cashew kernels we recommend focusing the export on Fair Trade and possibly the organic market since they provide higher prices. A possibility to locating new markets would be an office, possibly in Europe, in order to be closer to the costumers. Another income generating market could be the market for by-products such as Cashew Nut Shell Liquid, cashew oil and juice and jam from the fruit.

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  • 140.
    Mahapatra, Krushna
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för byggd miljö och energiteknik (BET).
    Mainali, Brijesh
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för byggd miljö och energiteknik (BET).
    Pardalis, Georgios
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för byggd miljö och energiteknik (BET).
    Homeowners’ attitude towards one-stop-shop business concept for energy renovation of detached houses in Kronoberg, Sweden2018Ingår i: Innovative Solutions for Energy Transitions: 10th International Conference on Applied Energy (ICAE2018), 22-25 August 2018, Hong Kong, China / [ed] Yan, J; Yang, HX; Li, H; Chen, X, Elsevier, 2018, Vol. 158, s. 3702-3708Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on an online questionnaire survey, this paper analyses the attitude of homeowners in Kronoberg, Sweden towards energy renovation and one-stop shop (OSS) services for the deep renovation of detached houses. Personal and contextual variables have been analysed to know who have renovation plan, what motivates them to renovate and if there is an interest in OSS concept. Results have shown that at present a very small section of the homeowners' have deep renovation plan. The priority is rather on aesthetic renovation than energy renovation. Younger homeowners below 36 years could be the first potential customer segment for deep renovation. The attitude towards OSS business concept of one entrepreneur-offering package solutions currently is not so encouraging. There is a need to demonstrate a cost-efficient OSS business concept for deep renovation ensuring the quality of the work to accelerate the deep renovation under such a business concept.

  • 141.
    Mainali, Brijesh
    et al.
    Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Silveira, Semida
    Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Renewable Energy Market in Rural Electrification: Country Case Nepal2012Ingår i: Energy for Sustainable Development, ISSN 0973-0826, Vol. 16, nr 2, s. 168-178Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Markets for Renewable Energy (RE) technologies are emerging in Nepal in connection with rural electrification in the country. Two promising technologies are in evidence – solar home system (SHS) and micro-hydro. The availability of abundant renewable resources, lack of fossil fuels and difficult geographical terrain for grid line extensions contribute to the advantages of RE based decentralized rural electrification in Nepal. The distributional analysis shows increase in extensive growth and decrease in the intensive growth rate of rural electrification thus indicating market expansion with uneven penetration among the rural people. Solar PV technology is still not in the reach of the economic poor. This paper discusses and analyzes RE based rural electrification supply models, economics behind rural electrification, market drivers and market distribution in the rural areas of Nepal. Access to credit and cumbersome subsidy delivery mechanism have been perceived as the major factors affecting the expansion of rural electrification by the stakeholders, requiring innovations in credit and subsidy delivery system so that a larger rural population can have access to electrification.

  • 142.
    Mauda, Aluwani
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Is Implementation still the missing link? Understanding public policy processes: Education Reform in Post-Apartheid South Africa.2016Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Implementation research in the 1970s claimed that implementation was the missing link between policy intent and policy outcomes. This led to the politics-administration dichotomy, which says that there is a boundary between those who make public policy and those who implement it. Although there have been efforts to show that this boundary does not exist, implementation research is considered to have hit a dead end. The ‘missing link’ discourse is still being used and referred to, both in research and in practice. Public policy literature lacks policy analysis frameworks that study policy processes holistically. Using a theory of change approach, this research study proposes a dynamic policy analysis framework that looks at policy context, social networks between policy actors, actors’ beliefs, influences, and their interactions with institutions; in  an effort to understand how public policy processes, affect implementation, and consequently policy outcomes. As a case study this research looks at post-apartheid education policy change in South Africa, which was based on Outcomes Based Education (OBE), and judged to have failed at implementation. The research finds that implementation is affected by policy interpretation and that in the South African case; the new curriculum (Curriculum 2005) was interpreted differently by different actors, leading to a divergence of outcomes from policy objectives. This was mainly a result of poor information flow between policy actors, which in turn was facilitated by social forces underlying policy processes. The research also finds that context is important; Curriculum 2005 was designed and implemented without a proper understanding of what teachers and learners needed at the classroom level. 

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    Aluwani Mauda Implementation the missing link?
  • 143.
    Melnyk, Alona
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Information Practices of the Refugees and Communication Strategies in the Integration System: The Case of Afghans in Kronoberg County, Sweden2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    After Sweden, among other European countries, received a record number of asylum seekers in 2015 and 2016, the public discussion on integration of newcomers to the Swedish society intensified. One of the important means of such integration, as well as one of the fundamental human rights, is access to relevant information – knowledge refugees need to settle at a new place. This study looks into the information practices of one of the largest group of newcomers to Europe – the Afghans – based on the case of Kronoberg County in the Southern Sweden.

     

    Grounded on Reijo Savolainen’s (2008) theory of everyday information practices, this study applies the combination of McKenzie’s (2003), Mwarigha’s (2002), and Berlo’s (1960) analytical models to explore the informational behavior of asylum seekers and check if it is accommodated in the communication strategies of different agencies involved in the integration process. To reach these objectives, a set of interviews was conducted with both Afghan newcomers and representatives of different governmental and non-governmental organizations.

     

    The results of the conducted research and analysis may be summed up to one major topic. While Swedish reception and integration system is effective in reaching out to the newcomers and providing them with task-related information, the structure of the system impedes the provision of general orienting information and guidance, which is in great demand among the asylum seekers. Therefore, development of a parallel system of information can be noticed, with personal relations and authority of the local opinion leaders in the core of it. It is concluded that such division should not be seen as a threat to the integration of newcomers, rather as a supportive mechanism on its intermediate stage. Still, it is important to promote policies that foster active personal contacts between Swedes and newcomers – for example, mentorship programmes. 

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    fulltext
  • 144.
    Mindus, Amanda
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Views on violence in the Tibetan diaspora: On the homeland conflict and the Buddhism-violence nexus2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The academic interest in diasporas has mushroomed in recent decades. More specifically, a debate about the role of diasporas in violence/peace and whether these groups should be seen as spurring violence from afar or acting as agents of peace. This thesis contributes to this debate by investigating the Tibetan diaspora in Sweden. The Tibetan diaspora has not yet to featured in this debate, and their role has in general been undertheorized. As this diaspora is traditionally considered a Buddhist diaspora, the work also relates to and draws on a second academic debate, ie. the Buddhism-violence nexus.

    The research questions addressed were:  (1) In what way has the conflict in Tibet had an impact of the lives of the members of the Tibetan diaspora in Sweden, and how, if at all, do they respond to it? and (2) Do members of the Tibetan diaspora in Sweden believe that there is room within Tibetan Buddhism to legitimize violence, and if yes; how and under what circumstances? These questions were answered through semi-structured interviews with fourteen adult members of the Tibetan diaspora in Sweden. Two analytical frames were adopted, one being the Triadic Relationship of diasporas and the second Igor Kopytoff’s Frontier Model. The findings suggest that the conflict in Tibet has influenced the interviewees both practically and emotionally. The interviewees shared a view of Buddhism as utterly non-violent but saw Buddhists as human beings, and as such; capable of violence. Buddhism is perceived as something distant and as posing ideals that cannot be achieved. Besides what the Frontier Model suggests two other potential explanatory models presented themselves. Firstly, that the answers were influenced by the particular-ness of the diaspora setting as detached from the homeland conflict, hence enabling diaspora members to keep an idealized stance. Secondly, that Tibetan Buddhism is a particularly peaceful branch of Buddhism and that a more nuanced understanding of the religion is needed when discussing the Buddhism-violence nexus.

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    fulltext
  • 145.
    Mourad, Khaldoon A.
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Avery, Helen
    Lund University, Sweden.
    The Sustainability of Post-Conflict Development: The Case of Algeria2019Ingår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, nr 11, s. 1-18, artikel-id 3036Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The Algerian civil war, 1992–2002, affected all aspects of life in the country. Major development efforts were therefore initiated in the post-conflict era. Almost 20 years later, the economy remains fragile, and the country’s large hydrocarbon revenues have not been used to develop the infrastructure for sustainability, support energy transition or reduce structural vulnerabilities. This paper provides an overview of Algerian development strategies before and after the conflict, examining in particular the orientation of major development projects involving foreign financing. Two rural development programmes are described to illustrate the outcomes of such projects. The results show that the conflict stopped or hindered many ongoing and planned development projects in the country, especially in the agriculture sector, while new investments in industry started after the conflict. The review of individual development projects further revealed that many projects between 1980–2017 had doubtful benefits with respect to long-term development goals. Initiatives tended to be discontinued once the funding period closed, and the involvement of the private sector was low. It is therefore concluded that additional attention needs to be devoted to long-term and structural impacts of development projects, including considerations regarding sustainability, demographics, and climate-related future changes.

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    fulltext
  • 146.
    Mukhtar-Landgren, Dalia
    et al.
    Lund university.
    Tornhill, Sofie
    Stockholm university.
    Anving, Terese
    Lund university.
    Att sörja för de sina: Familjens reglering och skörhet2015Ingår i: Fronesis, ISSN 1404-2614, nr 50-51, s. 8-14Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 147.
    Myck, Michał
    et al.
    Centre for Economic Analysis – CenEA, Poland.
    Ogg, Jim
    Ageing Research Unit, France.
    Aigner-Walder, Birgit
    Carinthia University of Applied Sciences, Austria.
    Kåreholt, Ingemar
    Jönköping University.
    Kostakis, Ioannis
    Harokopio University, Greece.
    Motel-Klingebiel, Andreas
    Linköping University.
    Marbán-Flores, Raquel
    Universidad Complutense de Madrid; Spain.
    Murdock, Elke
    University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg.
    Perek-Białas, Jolanta
    Jagiellonian University, Poland;Warsaw School of Economics, Poland.
    Thelin, Angelika
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Economic Aspects of Old Age Exclusion: A Scoping Review2017Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 148.
    Månsson, Peter
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för matematik/naturvetenskap/teknik, Institutionen för teknik och design.
    Leverantörssamverkan2008Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna undersökning syftar till att undersöka vad leverantörerna anser om sina kunder. Förhållandena mellan företag och leverantör utvecklas konstant. Det är lämpligt att företagen strävar efter att minska antalet leverantörer samtidigt som de ökar samarbetet med dem som är kvar. För att undersöka vad leverantörerna har för åsikter om sina kunder genomfördes en ostrukturerad intervju med leverantörerna där de fick berätta vad de tyckte var de viktigaste egenskaperna hos en kund. Utifrån dessa egenskaper, teoretiska aspekter och fallföretagets kärnvärden konstruerades det en enkät.

    Innan utskicket visade det sig att det fanns en undertäckning på ett antal företag till följd av att fallföretaget inte hade möjlighet att få fram kontaktpersoner till alla leverantörer. Av de leverantörer som valde att svar på enkäten visade det sig att majoriteten av respondenterna svarade Varken instämmer eller tar avstånd, instämmer delvis eller instämmer helt för samtliga fyra företagen och alla frågorna/påståendena på den femgradiga Likert-skalan.

    Efter att jämfört fallföretagets arbetssätt med sina leverantörer med den presenterade teorin för hur ett företag bör arbeta för att uppnå hög kvalitet, lägre kostnader m.m. visade det sig att fallföretaget hade en hel del arbete framför sig. Fallföretaget har insett vikten av att samarbeta med sina leverantörer men de är i dagsläget bara i början av sitt arbete.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 149.
    Nawaz, Zahid
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för naturvetenskap och teknik, Institutionen för datavetenskap, fysik och matematik, DFM.
    Ahmed, Aftab
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för naturvetenskap och teknik, Institutionen för datavetenskap, fysik och matematik, DFM.
    Knowledge Sharing Between NADRA and Its International Clients2010Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 15 poäng / 22,5 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Ladda ner (pdf)
    ATTACHMENT01
  • 150.
    Nemes, Gusztav
    et al.
    Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
    High, Christopher
    The Open University, UK.
    Old institutions, new challenges: the agricultural knowledge system in Hungary2013Ingår i: Studies in Agricultural Economics, ISSN 1418-2106, E-ISSN 2063-0476, Vol. 115, nr 2, s. 76-84Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores and analyses the Hungarian institutional system for the creation and the transfer of knowledge in the field of agriculture and rural development. We consider the constitution and operation of the Agricultural Knowledge System (AKS)in Hungary, focussing on the formally organised aspects, and suggest that both the structure and content of the knowledge needed in the sector have significantly changed during the past decades. These changes, especially in relation to the sustainabilityof agriculture, pose significant challenges to traditional AKS institutions, which often have failed to change in line with the new requirements. Based on a literature review, interviews and a national stakeholder workshop, we offer an analysis of Hungarian AKS institutions, their co-ordination, co-operation and communication with each other and with Hungarian rurality,and of the arising issues and problems concerning the creation and the flow of knowledge needed for sustainable agriculture.We also briefly explore characteristics of emerging bottom-up structures, called LINSAS (learning and innovation networks for sustainable agriculture), and explore the significance of the findings in this article for the study of AKS in Europe. This article is based on preliminary results of the SOLINSA research project, supported by the European Union’s Seventh FrameworkProgramme.

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    fulltext
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