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  • 1301.
    Werner, Ann
    Linköping University.
    Girls consuming music at home: Gender and the exchange of music through new media2009In: European Journal of Cultural Studies, ISSN 1367-5494, E-ISSN 1460-3551, Vol. 12, no 3, p. 269-284Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the past decades media technologies for producing and consuming popular music have gone through major changes. The digitalization of older media and so-called new media has transformed the landscape for music use. Technological developments in radio, television, the internet, computers, mobile phones and mp3 players shape the ways in which popular music is consumed today. This article examines two intersecting aspects of how todays media landscapes are interwoven into and shape teenage girls uses of popular music. First, it argues that media technologies shape the girls uses of music in the context of their everyday lives and the spaces they inhabit. Second, media technologies take part in the girls practices of gender. For example, through their relations with their brothers and new media technology in the home, the girls are negotiating how to be girls, daughters and sisters.

  • 1302.
    Werner, Ann
    Södertörn University.
    Introduction: Studying Junctures of Motion and Emotion2015In: Culture Unbound. Journal of Current Cultural Research, ISSN 2000-1525, E-ISSN 2000-1525, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 169-173Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1303.
    Werner, Ann
    Södertörn University.
    Moving Forward: A Feminist Analysis of Mobile Music Streaming2015In: Culture Unbound. Journal of Current Cultural Research, ISSN 2000-1525, E-ISSN 2000-1525, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 197-213Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The importance of understanding gender, space and mobility as co-constructed in public space has been emphasized by feminist researchers (Massey 2005; Hanson 2010). And within feminist theory materiality, affect and emotions have been de-scribed as central for experienced subjectivity (Ahmed 2012). Music listening while moving through public space has previously been studied as a way of creat-ing a private auditory bubble for the individual (Bull 2000; Cahir & Werner 2013) and in this article feminist theory on emotion (Ahmed 2010) and space (Massey 2005) is employed in order to understand mobile music streaming. More specifi-cally it discusses what can happen when mobile media technology is used to listen to music in public space and it investigates the interconnectedness of bodies, mu-sic, technology and space. The article is based on autoethnographic material of mobile music streaming in public and concludes that a forward movement shaped by happiness is one desired result of mobile music streaming. The positive value of ‘forward’ is critically examined with feminist theory and the failed music lis-tening moments are discussed in terms of emotion and space.

  • 1304.
    Werner, Ann
    Södertörns högskola.
    Sexy Shapes: Girls negotiating gender through popular music2013In: Girlhood Studies, ISSN 1938-8209, E-ISSN 1938-8322, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 30-46Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is based on ethnographic fieldwork done with a group of 14 to 16 year-old girls in a medium sized Swedish town. The study aimed to investigate the relationship between everyday music use and gender, ethnicity and sexuality. The question posed here is: "What negotiations take place when the girls discuss their favorite music and artists?" Research in response to this question shows that the identity work of negotiating how to be a teenage girl often relates to popular culture. The sample focuses on girls from Swedish, Bosnian, Turkish and Syrian backgrounds. In this article I report on the local ideas about gender and ethnicity claimed by the girls to influence their discussion of music, dress and behavior, as well as the desires that I argue structure such discussion. This research supports contemporary findings that mainstream popular music has cultural and social significance in young girls' lives.

  • 1305.
    Werner, Ann
    Södertörns högskola.
    Smal och snygg: unga diskuterar utseende2010In: Smal: snygghet, makt, ansvar och lidande : rapport från ett utställningsprojekt : metod, teori, praktik / [ed] Johanna Övling, Norrköping: Arbetets museum , 2010, p. 24-34Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 1306.
    Werner, Ann
    Linköping University.
    Smittsamt: en kulturstudie av musikbruk bland tonårstjejer2009Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Avhandlingen behandlar tjejers musikbruk samt hur detta formar genusidentitet. Den bygger på ett medieetnografiskt fältarbete om musikkonsumtion och musikproduktion bland tjugotre tjejer mellan fjorton och sexton år i en mellanstor svensk stad. Med teoretiska utgångspunkter i feministiska kulturstudier undersöks både talet om musik och materiella praktiker som fildelning. Analysen är uppdelad i tre teman: i det första temat studeras betydelsen av nya medier och digitalisering för tjejernas musikbruk samt hur maktrelationer av genus, ålder och klass påverkar användandet av medier i hemmet. I avhandlingens andra tema studeras istället vilken roll känslor spelar i musikbruket och hur det känslosamma lyssnandet artikulerar genusnormer och heterosexualitet. I det tredje temat undersöks hur musiksmaken formas i de kompisnätverk tjejerna ingår i samt hur de normer kring smak som skapas speglar samhälleliga diskurser om mångfald och jämställdhet samtidigt som de skapar hierarkier bland tjejerna. Avslutningsvis knyts temana ihop i ett resonemang om hur ”smittande” överföring genom musikrelaterad medietekniker, känslor och smaker begränsas av olika barriärer som återskapar maktrelationer knutna till genus, ålder, klass, etnicitet och sexualitet.

  • 1307.
    Werner, Ann
    Södertörn University.
    Titiyo: Race, gender and genre in Swedish popular music2017In: Made in Sweden: studies in popular music / [ed] Alf Björnberg & Thomas Bossius, New York: Routledge, 2017, p. 189-198Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1308.
    Werner, Ann
    Södertörns högskola.
    Traditionella kvinnor: Naturen och den samiska populärmusiken2012In: Senmoderna reflexioner: Festskrift till Johan Fornäs / [ed] Erling Bjurström, Martin Fredriksson, Ulf Olsson och Ann Werner, Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2012, p. 193-201Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1309.
    Werner, Ann
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Hoffart, Amund Rake
    Örebro University.
    Lundberg, Anna
    Linköping University.
    Økland, Jorunn
    Norwegian Institute at Athens, Greece .
    Constructing Terminology and Defining Concepts for Gender Studies in Norway and Sweden2018In: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, ISSN 0803-8740, E-ISSN 1502-394X, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 142-153Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This position paper is written by four key researchers from two projects (one in Norway and one in Sweden) aiming to define and discuss terms and concepts in Gender Studies. It is inspired by the concept of dialogue as a method of academic writing and discusses the methods, results, challenges, and choices made in the two projects. While they both aimed to create and discuss a vocabulary for Gender Studies and gender research, the projects took shape from different approaches, and produced different results. In this position paper, we want to discuss the meaning of doing conceptual work and deciding on definitions of terms. Our aim is not to determine which approach is “better”, but rather to understand how the field of Gender Studies and gender research is being built.

  • 1310.
    Werner, Ann
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola.
    Johansson, Sofia
    Södertörns högskola.
    Experts, dads and technology: Gendered talk about online music2016In: International journal of cultural studies, ISSN 1367-8779, E-ISSN 1460-356X, Vol. 19, no 2, p. 177-192Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With the internet and digital media technology increasingly central to practices around music, this shift is often seen as contributing to a networked music use characterized by individualism. Drawing on a focus group study with young adults in Stockholm and Moscow, this article argues, however, that digital music use today is shaped by discourses of difference, with gender a significant factor both in constructions of the ideal music and technology user, and in terms of musical influence and guidance. Taking into account contemporary research on new media technology, as well as feminist studies of technology and music, the article questions ideas of a neutral user of new music technologies, showing how the gendering of music and media technology can be seen as simultaneously context-bound and cutting across geographies.

  • 1311.
    Werner, Ann
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola.
    Johansson, Sofia
    Södertörns högskola.
    Genusskapande i digitalt musikbruk2015In: Mediers känsla för kön: feministisk medieforskning / [ed] Anja Hirdman; Madeleine Kleberg, Göteborg: Nordicom, 2015, p. 155-170Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 1312.
    Werner, Ann
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola.
    Lundberg, Anna
    Linköpings universitet.
    Gender jobs: Dilemmas of Gender Studies education and employability in Sweden2018In: The European Journal of Women's Studies, ISSN 1350-5068, E-ISSN 1461-7420, Vol. 25, no 1, p. 71-85Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the past decades a large number of students have taken courses and degrees in Gender Studies around Europe and proceeded to find employment. This article is based on a quantitative and qualitative study carried out in 2012 of Gender Studies students in Sweden, their education and employment. The design of the study was inspired by a large European research project investigating Women’s Studies in Europe and concerned with the motives for doing Gender Studies among Swedish students, as well as who the students were, how they evaluated their Gender Studies education and what work they proceeded to after they left the university. In this article the results are discussed in terms of dilemmas: between Gender Studies’ critique of neoliberalism,employability and the former students’ wishes to be employed, and their evaluation of their studies and employment. The Swedish study is also compared with previous research in order to understand general and particular traits in Swedish Gender Studies education and employment. Analysis points to interesting contradictions within Gender Studies in relation to the labor market, student groups and employability.

  • 1313.
    Werner, Ann
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola.
    Lundberg, Anna
    Linköpings universitet.
    Genusvetenskaplig didaktik och högskolepedagogik2016In: Pedagogik för högskolelärare / [ed] Thomas Hansson, Mörklinta: Gidlunds förlag, 2016, p. 241-261Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 1314.
    Werner, Ann
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola.
    Nordström, Marika
    Umeå universitet .
    Starka kvinnor?: Förebilder och tjejer i musikproduktion och musikkonsumtion2013In: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, no 2-3, p. 112-129Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article focuses on the concept of ”strong women” in popular music and interrogates the idea of role models. Ideas of ”strong women” are analysed in the context of a contemporary Western society characterised by neo-liberalism and post-feminism. Advocacy of role models is regarded as an example of a political strategy that places the responsibility for social change on the individual. This is done from a feminist cultural theoretical perspective where discourse is seen as having an impact on material subject positions and where post-feminist culture is seen as part of contemporary discourse about Western women. The issue is discussed through the analysis of two empirical materials consisting of interviews; one about teenage girls’ music use and gender in everyday life and the other about female rockmusicians, mainly in their early twenties, participating in feminist music associations. In both studies the participants testify to a positive influence from female singers and musicians as role models, where these artists and musicians in different ways provide strength to the individual girl/woman. The authors regard this mediatised discourse as problematic but it is juxtaposed against the individual narratives where role models are regarded as very important. Questions concerning authenticity, politics and identification are vital themes in our analysis of these narratives. Popular music is, in some respects, described as an arena dominated by white men. Furthermore the research and public discussion about “strong women” and role models take part in reproducing the hierarchies of popular music genres. These hierarchies are understood by the authors as representing asymmetrical power relations of gender, ethnicity/race and class.

  • 1315.
    Westraeus, Patrik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Good Governance Institutions and Economic Growth: Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa 2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Development paradigms changes over time. The latest buzzword ‘good governance’ has endured for more than a decade. Contemporary literature maintains the need for institutions such as good governance as a means of achieving economic growth. However, despite a prolonged emphasis on good governance institutions by development actors including the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund, poverty remains prevalent in the world. Through an unorthodox method balancing between qualitative and quantitative, this study deductively makes an effort to test the recent literature within new institutional economics, with the aim to investigate whether normative institutions such as good governance are causing economic growth. By assessing and correlating gross domestic product per capita growth and governance levels in the cases of Botswana, Namibia and South Africa the analysis methodologically seeks after congruence in the empirical evidence with institutional theory. Numeric data derived from The World Bank are used as dataset. The findings indicate, despite a coincidental occurrence of high institutional quality and economic performance in the three cases, that good governance lacks causality on economic growth. Also, problems of using and measuring statistical data on governance and economic growth are discussed. This study concludes that albeit the normative good governance institutions lack causality there might be other institutional arrangements that are a prerequisite for growth.

  • 1316.
    Widerberg Serak, Micha
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Putting capital punishment to rest: A qualitative study of capital punishment and human rights in China and the Philippines2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The situation of the influence of human rights issues related to capital punishment has for long been a matter of debate, especially regarding the retention and abolition of the death penalty. Various countries have, during the 20th century, changed their laws and approach on capital punishment with the implementation and adoption of human rights conventions. Opinions and actions taken from international actors like the United Nations and Amnesty International will be analyzed in this thesis as these could contribute in the understanding of the human rights movement which, during the last century, has changed many countries strict retentionist approach on capital punishment to an abolitionist view.

     

    The People’s Republic of China and the Philippines will be implemented as case studies in this thesis which aims to investigate if and how human rights issues are influencing capital punishment in these two countries. The concept of legitimacy will be used as theoretical framework in order to identify changes within three sub-concepts of legitimacy namely morality, legality, and constitutionality. These concepts will, with the help of legitimacy, offer an explanation of how the case studies have handled human rights issues in relation to the death penalty. The arguments behind the decision making of laws, regulations and policies in China and the Philippines will also be of interest in the answering of the research question as these arguments could act as changes within legality and constitutionality. Regarding the moral stand behind the practice of capital punishment, the concept of morality will assist this thesis in the explaining and understanding of the ethics behind the choice of the death penalty.

     

    The findings of this thesis demonstrate that social structures such as history, culture, politics, and norms are important aspects in the decision- and law making of capital punishment in China and the Philippines. Obstacles identified are linked to the approach on the death penalty from the governments which, in both case studies, have a history of neglecting human rights issues. However, as China has started to reconsider their stand on capital punishment, the Philippine regime has implemented an even stricter approach on the death penalty which demonstrates that the matter of human rights issues regarding capital punishment, in the two case studies, is a complicated battle between retention and abolition and the contest of legitimacy.

  • 1317.
    Widlund, Benjamin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Trigger warnings: likabehandling eller ett hot mot utbildningsväsendet?: en argumentationsanalys av den svenska offentliga debatten2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Trigger warnings as a concept is mainly a tool to make students aware of potentially triggering content in literature and has its origin in internet adaptions of psychological theories of posttraumatic stress disorder. The aim of this essay was to describe and analyse the argumentation in the public debate over trigger warnings in Sweden and to illustrate the fundamental questions relating to education that is highlighted by it. This was done through argumentation analysis and with theories of liberalism and identity politics as poles of a dimension of justice, illustrated by two different perspectives on disability pedagogy. The material chosen consisted of nine articles, radio programs and televised debates.

    The results show a clear tendency for advocates of trigger warnings to lean towards identity politics and a critical perspective on disability pedagogy in their argumentation, while the critics firmly represented a liberal, universalist perspective along with a compensatory perspective on disability pedagogy in theirs. Three fundamental questions arose in the debate: first, safety in the realm of education, meant as void of feelings of being offended, was viewed as essential by the authors who were pro trigger warnings and as a threat to the sole purpose of education by those who were against it. Second, the importance of a diagnosis for disability pedagogy, where those against stressed the importance of a diagnosis, the lack of which in combination with a request for a trigger warning was viewed as being easily offended. Advocates on the other hand were uninterested in diagnoses. Finally, the relation between free speech and democratic values in the educational system and in the society as a whole, where those authors favouring trigger warnings tended to view free speech as less fundamental than those opposed, who instead saw trigger warnings as a threat. 

  • 1318.
    Wildschut, Marja
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Improve attitudes through indirect intergroup contact?: A study of secondary school students' attitudes towards asylum-seekers2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the increasing numbers of refugees and asylum seekers seeking safety in Europe, integration is of utmost importance to handle this situation effectively. When looking at integration in the Netherlands as the process of decreasing the difference in opportunities, concerning for example, income, education and social security, between people with a Dutch and a migration background, it can be observed that integration is not successful. One attempt to improve integration is by improving intergroup contact, as this reduces prejudice and threat and will enhance more positive attitudes towards the outgroup. Following from the intergroup contact theory, there are several approaches that can improve this attitude, one of these being the indirect intergroup contact theory. This theory has been at stake in this research and it has been studied whether Digital Storytelling videos can be regarded as a form of indirect intergroup contact. 

    To achieve this objective, the impact of these two videos on secondary school students’ attitudes towards asylum seekers was studied by conducting a random controlled trial. The students (N = 165) were divided into three groups; one control group, one group that watched a video from an asylum seeker (outgroup video) and one group that watched a video from an ingroup member who has engaged in intergroup contact (ingroup video). The effects have been studied with respect to the general attitude, the willingness to engage in contact, equality, extended contact, threat, realistic threat and intergroup anxiety. The effect of previous contact has also been considered in this research.

    This research has concluded that the outgroup video has the strongest influence, both on people that have and have not engaged in intergroup contact. Nevertheless, when comparing to the control group, the impact on the people that have not engaged in previous intergroup contact is relatively stronger. This outcome is that same for the ingroup video; the effect is the strongest for the people that have not been in contact, which is what the indirect contact theory is based upon.

    To use the findings of this research in real-life setting, the optimal result is believed to be achieved when an ingroup video will be showed before direct contact takes place and an outgroup video after direct contact has taken place.

  • 1319.
    Williamsson, Sofia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Beijbom, Tora
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Fysisk aktivitet, motorik och lärande- några förskollärares erfarenheter och förhållningssätt2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med vår studie var att ge ett kunskapsbidrag till problemområdet motorik, utveckling och lärande med utgångspunkt från några pedagogers arbete med och förhållningssätt till fysiska aktiviteter och lärande i förskolan. Vi valde att genomföra en kvalitativ studie, där vi intervjuade sex verksamma förskollärare. Tidigare forskning har delade meningar om fysisk aktivitet och dess betydelse för barns lärande. Flera forskare konstaterar dock att det finns ett samband mellan motorik och lärande. Resultatet av studien visade att också verksamma pedagoger ser ett samband mellan motorik och lärande. Samtidigt visade studien andra faktorer som påverkar barns fysiska aktivitet och lärande, exempelvis miljön och sinnesorganen. Många av pedagogerna framhäver utomhusmiljön som en tillgång i arbetet med fysiska aktiviteter. Vid tillfällen som dessa, menar pedagogerna, tränas och stimuleras barns motoriska utveckling på ett naturligt sätt. Sammanfattningsvis upplever pedagogerna att motorik påverkar barn positivt; barnen blir rörligare, friskare och gladare.  

     

  • 1320.
    Wimby Schmidt, Johanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Blueberries of Wrath: An examination of the complexity in the Swedish berry industry2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the early 21st Century Sweden’s daily press was full of articles of Asian migrant workers that was picking berries in the north of the country. It was reported that the pickers was exploited by the industry and that it was complete chaos in the berry forests and that no one wanted to take responsible for the situation. As one measurement the Swedish Board of Migration adopted guidelines of how to import work force. The guidelines had a positive effect. The guidelines, however, also created a new problem a now shifted focus to another group of pickers: migrant workers from poor member-states of the European Union. This research partly aims to find out who is the responsible for the situation and who can do something that can improve the situation. Further, the research aim to find out why so many Easter European chose Sweden as country to work in, and then if the Swedish Board of Migrations guidelines actual effect of the migration flow. As a part of a solution for the berry pickers a few organization stands out, namely the ones that a company can use to clean their name with if they connect themselves to. This research then also aim to understand to find out if those organizations can make a positive impact of the situation. Mainly daily press has been used as the main source to create a framework over the situation. The analysis is made from the statements found in the large share of different sources available, but also through Swedish rules, politicians and the workers and theories of migration. In order to put the situation in Sweden in a larger context, a comparison with Austria is made.

    The final conclusion of the research is somehow devastating. There is still a hassle to understand who can be put in charge of the wheel, but the aftermath is that in the end the actor with most power in the industry might be the consumer of the berries. 

  • 1321.
    Wångdahl, Max
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Östling, Martin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Det här är Mixed Martial Arts!: En kvantitativ innehållsanalys om hur svensk dagspress framställer MMA2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose/aim: This study was performed in order to describe how Mixed Martial Arts (MMA) is reported in Swedish daily newspapers during a five-year period. MMA is a relative new sport in Sweden and it is important that the description by the Swedish daily newspapers is accurate and balanced. Then this sport will have the same opportunities to grow as already well-established sports in Sweden. 

    Material/Method: The material consists of 159 articles from six different daily newspapers gathered from 2006-12-07 to 2011-12-07. Quantitative content analysis is used to investigate how the newspapers describe MMA. The result from this quantitative analysis are then compiled, analysed and discussed by applying theories of agenda setting, framing and moral panic. 

    Main results: The result shows that the Swedish daily newspapers give a relative neutral and balanced picture in their coverage of MMA but they are affected to a certain degree of moral panic. A neutral framing of MMA was common in the majority of the newspapers. Swedish newspapers have fulfilled the requirements that you should have on balanced journalism. A majority of the articles described MMA with more or less deviancy and therefore made MMA “Folk Devils”. Further there was a consensus among politicians and other right-thinking people that MMA is a threat to and is dangerous to society. The negative reporting of MMA in the daily newspapers is volatile with one-year cycles with start in late 2009. With one quarter of the articles describing MMA as a problem, there is preconception that MMA is likely to have a negative impact on society. There is a disproportion in the reporting of MMA as a threat as “Swedish Sports” have approved MMA as a sport, but still report it as a problem. Therefore there is some kind of moral panic about MMA in Swedish daily newspaper. 

  • 1322.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Statligt eller kommunalt polisväsende i Sverige: argument förr och nu2018In: Kriminologi och poliskunskap: mötet mellan forskning och praktik / [ed] Peter Lindström & Ulf Sempert, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, p. 197-231Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1323.
    Yang, Yingxue
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Media Freedom in China: State, Society and Culture: A Comparative case study of Press Freedom between China and Taiwan2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 60 credits / 90 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Freedom of speech is a fundamental human rights. In Article 19 of United Nations  Declaration of Human Rights declared “Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.”

     

    China claims that the citizens of People’s Republic of China have the right of freedom of speech in Chinese current Constitution. However, Chinese journalists are barely able to express news freely, and the media freedom has become to a serious problem in modern China. On the other hand, Taiwan’s media freedom is considered to be the best in Asia according to Freedom House.

     

    In this thesis, the author will research media freedom in China through a comparative case study, where the differences between Chinese and Taiwanese media will be explored. The thesis looks at how Chinese and Taiwanese media practice media freedom and how the Chinese media is constrained.  

     

    As a comparative case study, Chinese and Taiwanese media reports on the Mong Kok civil unrest in 2016 is used since the events in Hong Kong are of interest to both sets of media. Both quantitative and qualitative research method was used to do the data collection, and in analysis of the cases, critical discourse analysis is applied along with Trilling’s three models.

     

    The research shows that the Chinese and Taiwanese media displayed obvious differences in their reporting of the Mong Kok civil unrest, they have different news quantities, article size, photo usage, news angle, key messages and thematic structure, as well as the means of expression. According to the analysis of these differences, the Chinese media freedom was limited to a great extent. In addition, the Chinese media was socially constrained by the deep-rooted sense of Democratic Centralism and Confucian value both in national leaders and citizens. 

  • 1324.
    Zetterlund, Angela
    Högskolan i Borås.
    Att utvärdera i praktiken: en retrospektiv fallstudie av tre program för lokal folkbiblioteksutveckling2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 1325.
    Zetterlund, Angela
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Cultural Sciences.
    Futurum.kom - utvärderingen: Delrapport 12011Report (Other academic)
  • 1326.
    Zetterlund, Angela
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Cultural Sciences.
    Futurum.Kom - Utvärderingen: Delrapport 22011Report (Other academic)
  • 1327.
    Zetterlund, Angela
    Högskolan i Borås.
    Förändring och utvärdering: En studie av hur lokala aktörer i kommunla folkbibliotek ser på utvärdering i samband med det egna förändringsarbetet1997In: Svensk Biblioteksforskning, ISSN 0284-4354, no 1/2, p. 87-105Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 1328.
    Zetterlund, Angela
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Cultural Sciences.
    Om folkbildningens roll i biblioteksvärlden idag1997In: På spaning efter spår av folkbildning och livslångt lärande i biblioteksvärlden / [ed] Maj Klasson, professor, Boråd: Valfrid , 1997, p. 22-Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1329.
    Zetterlund, Angela
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Om hur frivilliga initiativ arbetar för en ökad digital delaktighet: en rapport av fil. dr. Angela Zetterlund, Linnéuniversitetet, N2013/249/ITP2013Report (Other academic)
  • 1330.
    Zetterlund, Angela
    Högskolan i Borås.
    Utvärdering och folkbibliotek: En studie av utvärderingens teori och praktik med exempel från folkbibliotekens förändrings- och utvecklingsprojekt1997Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 1331.
    Zetterlund, Angela
    Högskolan i Borås.
    Utvärderingsfrågor inom folkbiblioteksfältet1995In: Kulturpolitisk tidskrift, ISSN 1104-540XArticle in journal (Other academic)
  • 1332.
    Zetterlund, Angela
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Cultural Sciences.
    Gärdén, Cecilia
    Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Why public libraries have problems sharing a vision of joint use libraries: experiences from a program concerning adult learners2007In: Why public libraries have problems sharing a vision of joint use libraries: experiences from a program concerning adult learners / [ed] Ed Alan Bundy, 2007, p. 9-Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1333. Zetterlund, Angela
    et al.
    Hansson, Joacim
    Folkbibliotekens förändring: tidigare forskning om folkbiblioteken och teorier om förändringens natur1997In: Svensk biblioteksforskning, ISSN 0284-4354, E-ISSN 1653-5235, no 1-2, p. 27-68Article, review/survey (Refereed)
  • 1334.
    Zetterlund, Angela
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Cultural Sciences.
    Lundqvist, Maria
    Just yet another try or is it possible to make some real change?: An evaluation study of a local development project in South East Swedish public libraries2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 1335.
    Zetterlund, Angela
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Cultural Sciences.
    Persson, Christina
    Bibliotekshögskolan.
    How to design a course in project management in LIS1999In: How to design a course in project management in LIS / [ed] Ed maj Klasson, Brendan Loughridge, Staffan Lööf, 1999Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 1336.
    Zetterqvist, Maria
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    The Demand for Sexual Services: and its Effects on the Prevalence of Human Trafficking in Sweden2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Human trafficking is a global problem that has an effect on international, national and local contexts. Every year, hundreds if women are being transported to Sweden for the purpose of sexual exploitation. The international document by the UN, the Palermo Protocol, establishes a distinct concept of human trafficking and calls on all member states to contribute with an effective counteraction to the problem. However, the demand for prostitution as a cause of the prevalence of human trafficking or how the counteraction is supposed to be conducted is not mentioned in the protocol. 

     

    The purpose of this thesis is to investigate and explain the connection between prostitution and human trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation in Sweden with a focus on the demand, investigate who stands behind the demand and reasons for the purchases of sexual services along with distinguishing what measures are advocated for to decrease the demand for prostitution in the country. The thesis is conducted through collected material from various relevant governmental organisations concerned with the issue, while the analytical framework is built upon approaches of abolitionism and regulation. 

     

    The demand is considered to be the very cornerstone to the prevalence of prostitution which in itself is claimed to be, if not caused by human trafficking, the very expression of violence and inequality. Many sex purchasers distinguish prostitution from human trafficking, expressing their certainty of being able to identify when they meet someone who is subjected to trafficking – in reality it was found that they are not aware of the indicators of trafficking which is close to invisible. Resources needs to be targeted towards the concerned authorities and the education and awareness needs to be enhance both within authorities but also in the general public. 

  • 1337.
    Zhao, Jichen
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    The Effects of the Internet Firewall on the Development of Chinese Democracy2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As a special censorship system, China’s Internet firewall plays an important role in Chinese society.The Internet firewall is a controversial social action in China’s democratic development.The Internet firewall efficiently protects China’s economic environment. Similarly,Because of its rigorous censorship and guidance of information, it makes controversy about its role in the development of democracy in China. The Internet firewalls in China largely limit Chinese media freedom, information freedom and public opinion freedom, that through a regulatory and directional approach. At the same time, with the continuous emergence of new media, to some extent, new media also impacts the review of Internet firewalls.This study has studied the function of Internet firewalls that through the analysis of literatures, and hopes to draw the conclusion that the effects of the Internet firewall on the development of Chinese democracy. This study first analyzes the literature through discourse analysis and structured focused comparison analysis, and then analyzes the function of Internet firewall through function analysis theory. The results show that China's Internet firewall is closely related to China's special political and economic structure.It may lead China to a deliberative democracy, but under a special political and economic structure, it is accompanied by great uncertainty.According to this study, a means of deliberative democracy is being established by the Internet firewall, but because of its continued existence, the special political environment in China may persist for a long period.

  • 1338.
    Zielinski, Josefin
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Health Sciences and Social Work.
    Larsson, Mikael
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Health Sciences and Social Work.
    Vi månar om barnen: en studie om barnperspektivet i handläggningen av ekonomiskt bistånd2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to study and analyze in order to increase understanding of how social-secretaries choices and assessments described in the hypothetical situations that relate to families receiving social assistance welfare. The main issues we searched answer to each Mainly, we sought to answer the following questions: What considerations are made regarding the child's best interests in the handling process relating to social assistance and in what way is a childperspective taken into account in decision justification. Problem formulation can be summarized in the variety of decision making on welfare and vulnerability of poor children. In our approach to collecting empiri we used out of vignette-studies and interviews. We interviewed seven social secretaries from a social welfare unit. For our help in the analysis of the collected material, we have made use of Michael Lipskys streetlevel bureaucracy. The conclusion we came to was that the social secretaries agreed that there is disagreement how a child perspective is taken into account but all agree that the child's perspective must be addressed in some form in the management of social welfare.

  • 1339.
    Zineldin, Mosad
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    CHANGE!: The Inter and Intra Dilemma of Arab/Islamic - West Relation : A Political and Socio-economic Integration Perspective2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study is to present a brief background about the Arab/Muslim – West conflicts and outline the strategy needed to achieve the Arab shared objective of cooperation and peaceful coexistence. It presents a theoretical, conceptual and empirical discourse based on recent developments in political and socio-economic spheres and relationship management theories.

    The root cause of the remarkable Arab/Muslim countries’ dilemma can be traced back to two main dimensions: a regional dimension which is related to the inter-conflicts within the Arab/Muslim regions and an international dimension which is related to the endemic intra-Arab/Muslim – West conflicts. The overall cost of these conflicts is very high, since they cause political, social and economic instability, hinder the development, low foreign investment and slower rates of growth. The impact of the brutal inter and intra conflicts in the region is felt not only in terms of stunted economic growth, but also has broader social, economic and political ramifications across the Arab/Muslim countries and beyond. The current regional instability makes traditional models of and mechanisms of integration and development difficult but not impossible to pursue.

    However, globalization of Western countries can cause more problem and crisis for the developing countries, if these countries are not able to compete or cooperate with developed countries. The existing economic blocs in Europe, USA, Asia, etc. create more unbalanced economic situation, which may increase the tension between the south and the north. These blocs would have an extremely prominent and powerful position as a guides and advisers in Arab countries, taking in the consideration the specific regional conditions such as culture, religion and social factors.

     

  • 1340.
    Zineldin, Mosad
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Amsteus, Martin
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Negativity hurts your style?: A study of leaders' negative emotions and their leadership style2014In: International Journal of Work Organisation and Emotion, ISSN 1740-8938, E-ISSN 1740-8946, Vol. 6, no 4, p. 327-337Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between leaders' negative emotions and leadership styles. Faculty members at a Swedish university between 1995 and 2007 were surveyed. Members who had worked at the same institution the entire period provided a total of 48 assessments regarding the styles and emotions of their leaders (deans). The results show that some negative emotions and leadership styles are related. For an organisation to perform well (e.g., in terms of work environment), leaders should consider managing their emotions.

  • 1341.
    Zineldin, Mosad
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Medicine and Optometry.
    Singh, Sanjay Kumar
    Abu Dhabi University, United Arab Emirates.
    Editorial2016In: International Journal of Work Organisation and Emotion, ISSN 1740-8938, E-ISSN 1740-8946, Vol. 7, no 3, p. 165-167Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 1342.
    Zuko, Irfan
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Zetterbjörk, Martin
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Integration genom Idrott och hälsa: En kvalitativ intervjustudie av hur elever med utomeuropeisk etnicitet upplever ämnet Idrott och hälsa som en integrationsarena2009Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Idrottsämnet som en möjlig väg till integration har under de senaste tre decennierna fått allt mer uppmärksamhet i forskarvärlden. Forskare har hävdat att integrering, både in i skolans och samhällets struktur, har stora möjligheter att ske genom användandet av idrott som ett internationellt och kulturöverskridande språk. Emellertid har dessa slutsatser till stor del dragits utan att fråga skolelever med en utomeuropeisk etnicitet om vad deras upplevelser kring skolidrotten som en integrationsarena är. Syftet med vår undersökning är att undersöka vilka upplevelser elever med utomeuropeisk etnicitet har av idrottsämnet som integrationsarena. Genom att ta reda på deras åsikter och upplevelser hoppas vi kunna få en bättre uppfattning om idrottsämnet har eller inte har en integrerande roll och i så fall på vilket sätt. Vi har gjort en kvalitativ undersökning med öppna riktade intervjuer. Respondenterna utgörs av sex elever med utomeuropeisk etnicitet, som alla går i gymnasieskolan. Samtliga elever har vistats i Sverige i högst sju år vilket gör att de kan antas genomgå en integrationsprocess. Undersökningen visar att elever upplever idrottsämnet som en möjlig integrationsarena, dock skiljer sig deras åsikter åt i många avseenden. De upplever i olika grad idrottsämnet som en plats där de kommer i kontakt med den svenska kulturen, där de får en större förståelse för olika platser i samhället samt där de har en möjlighet att skapa vänner som de umgås med i skolan och på fritiden. Undersökningen visar också att möjligheterna till integration påverkar elevernas förutsättningar för innanförskap. Bland annat dessa aspekter gör att idrottsämnet kan ses som en arena som skapar förutsättningar för integration in i den svenska skolan men även in i det svenska samhället.

  • 1343.
    Zäther, Hanna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Stålnacke, Emilia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Ayahuascans helande kraft: En kvalitativ studie av utövares upplevelser av arbetet med ayahuasca2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att utforska fenomenet ayahuasca retreats och utövarnas upplevelser av detta. Vi vill undersöka vad den generella motivationen bakom sökandet efter ayahuasca är samt på vilket sätt arbetet med ayahuasca retreats skulle kunna tillämpas som en alternativ behandlingsmetod. Den metodologiska utgångspunkten är en hermeneutisk kvalitativ forskningsansats, där datainsamlingen har gjorts genom semistrukturerade intervjuer. Resultatet har tolkats med hjälp av KASAM vilket är arbetets teoretiska utgångspunkt. Urvalet innefattar fyra utövare, vilka har intervjuats genom videochatt eftersom det geografiska avståndet gjorde det omöjligt att besöka verksamheterna under arbetets tidsram. Resultatet visar att utövarna anser att ayahuasca har terapeutiska egenskaper i form av att hjälpa personer som anses lida av ohälsa och obalans, genom vägledning och stöd i ett förändringsarbete. Betydelsen av ayahuasca retreats grundar sig i utövarnas egna upplevelser av att detta har givit dem meningsfullhet i livet, i form av egen vägledning och helande men även genom att hjälpa andra som söker sig till ritualen. Slutsatsen är att vår roll som socialpedagoger kan använda sin kunskap inom detta forskningsområde då arbetet med ayahuasca innefattar flera pedagogiska moment genom hela ritualens process.

  • 1344.
    Åberg, Magnus
    et al.
    Karlstad University.
    Hedlin, Maria
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Happy objects – happy men?: Affect and materiality in vocational training2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 1345.
    Åberg, Magnus
    et al.
    Centrum för Genusforskning, Karlstads universitet.
    Hedlin, Maria
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Ner i glassvackan – en konsekvens av att återkommande vara den som inte lyfts fram2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 1346. Åkesson, Gunilla
    et al.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    National Governance and Local Chieftancy: A Multi-level Power Assessment of Mozambique from Niassa's perspective2008Report (Other academic)
  • 1347.
    Åkesson, Johannes
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Markus, Blåder
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Arbetsledarens kommunikativa förmågor2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte var att få en ökad förståelse av vilka kommunikativa förmågor som är viktigast för att kunna påverka medarbetares kompetensutveckling på arbetsplatsen. Genom intervjuer med arbetsledare har undersökningen sökt svar på frågan; Vilka kommunikativa förmågor är enligt arbetsledare viktigast för att kunna påverka medarbetares kompetensutveckling på arbetsplatsen?

    Undersökningen är genomförd utifrån en kvalitativ narrativ metod beskriven av Bryman (2008). Med utgångspunkt från Matthew & Sutton (2017) beskrivning av narrativa genomgångar, jämförs och kontrasteras empirin med tidigare forskning och ämnets teoretiska ramverk löpande i analysen.

    Resultatet visar att viktigaste kommunikativa förmågor är; inkänna, föra dialog, situationsanpassa, vara närvarande, samt förklara och motivera. Vidare identifierade även strategier och aktiviteter; stötta och pusha, glädje att dela med sig, uppvisa tillgänglighet och planering inför kommunikation med medarbetare. Genom att använda kommunikativa förmågor, strategier och aktiviteter kan önskvärda mål hos arbetsledarna anses vara; skapa tillit, bidra till motivation och förebygga motstånd hos medarbetarna.

  • 1348.
    Åsbring, Pia
    et al.
    Institutionen för Folkhälsovetenskap KI.
    Närvänen, Anna-Liisa
    Linköpings universitet.
    Ideal versus reality: Physicians perspectives on patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and fibromyalgia2003In: Social Science and Medicine, ISSN 0277-9536, E-ISSN 1873-5347, Vol. 57, no 4, p. 711-720Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Encountering patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) or fibromyalgia can cause dilemmas for physicians due to the uncertainty inherent in these illnesses. The aim of this study was to investigate: (1) How physicians in a Swedish sample describe and categorise patients with CFS and fibromyalgia, (2) What the character of CFS and fibromyalgia, with regard to diagnosing, treatment and medical knowledge/aetiology, mean to the physicians in encounters with patients, and (3) Which strategies physicians describe that they use in the encounter with these patients. Semi-structured interviews were carried out with 26 physicians, specialists in various fields who all had some experience of either CFS or fibromyalgia. The results suggest that there is a discrepancy between the ideal role of the physician and reality in the everyday work in interaction with these patients. This may lead to the professional role being questioned. Different strategies are developed to handle the encounters with these patients. The results also illuminate the physician's interpretations of patients in moralising terms. Conditions given the status of illness were regarded, for example, as less serious by the physicians than those with disease status. Scepticism was expressed regarding especially CFS, but also fibromyalgia. Moreover, it is shown how the patients are characterised by the physicians as ambitious, active, illness focused, demanding and medicalising. The patient groups in question do not always gain full access to the sick-role, in part as a consequence of the conditions not being defined as diseases. ⌐ 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 1349.
    Åsenholm, Andreas
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Hult, Carl
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Insamling och hantering av data om sjömäns förhållande till arbete och yrke2012In: Sjömän och sjömansyrke 2010: en studie i attityder till arbete och yrke under olika skeden i sjömanslivet / [ed] Hult, Carl, Sjöfartshögskolan, Linnéuniversitetet , 2012, 1, p. 51-72Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1350.
    Åslin, Amanda
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Svensson, Matilda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Kompetensbaserad rekrytering: En empirisk undersökning om hur Landstinget Kronoberg hanterar rekryteringen i förhållande till rekryteringsbehov och krav på mångfald och kompetens i arbetslivet2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En kvalitativ fallstudie har genomförts med syfte att förstå hur Landstinget Kronoberg hanterar rekryteringen i förhållande till det stora rekryteringsbehovet och kraven på mångfald i arbetslivet. För att söka svar på uppsatsens tre frågeställningar har relevanta teorier granskats och legat till grund för bakgrund och teorikapitel. Tre semistrukturerade intervjuer har genomförts med personer som är väl insatta i och har kunskap om Landsting Kronobergs rekryteringsprocess och strategi för att tillgodose behovet av personal. Även en innehållsanalys av deras styrdokument har genomförts. Slutsatserna av studien är att Landsting Kronoberg är väl medveten om det ökande behovet av arbetskraft och arbetar strategiskt med detta. Ett sätt är att arbeta för att bli en attraktiv arbetsgivare och de har därför olika tillvägagångssätt för att uppnå detta. Bland annat satsar de på att skapa ett större intresse hos ungdomar till att arbeta inom vården. I samband med alla rekryteringar strävar Landstinget Kronoberg efter att genomföra alla delar i rekryteringsprocessen, för att säkerställa en anställning med kvalitet. Landsting Kronoberg arbetar efter en kompetensbaserad rekryteringsmodell, där fokus ligger på att finna och anställa den kandidat med bäst kompetens för den aktuella tjänsten. Informanterna menar att genom att endast fokusera på kompetens vid rekryteringen, leder det indirekt till mångfald i organisationen. Mångfaldsarbete är inget de verkar för i nuläget, dock föreslås det i uppsatsens diskussionskapitel att de bör ha ett uttalat mångfaldsarbete som ett sätt att möta det kommande behovet av arbetskraft.

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