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  • 1301.
    Vandekerckhove, Theo
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Giovagnoli, Jérémy
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Distributed Leadership: Potential & Implementation through self-managed teams2015Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 15 poäng / 22,5 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    In days of growing competitiveness, notions of efficiency, productivity and innovation are central inquiries of organizations. In order to meet those challenges, a special attention has to be made to the way the organization is leading its workforce. Leadership is the key component holding together organizations and connecting it to its goal. However, this Leadership should take into account all the internal and external demands of the organizations in order to adapt to it. By looking into a way to match Leadership to its demands, we have developed our model of Distributed Leadership. Detaching the lead from a singular individual and empowering people are solving the main issues that organizations are facing these days. Moreover, it is a unique way of valuing the workforce and capturing its potential. Distributed leadership can be seen as a probable trend in the next decade, because it has already proven its benefits in many organizations.

    In this thesis, we develop our own model of Distributed Leadership that emerged from our research. We collected secondary data through an extended literature review, and we combined it with empirical data collected through case studies realized by the mean of interviews. We focused on illustrating the potential of Distributed Leadership and developing its process of implementation in order for organizations to meet its benefits. 

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  • 1302. Veijola, Soile
    et al.
    Höckert, Emily
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Hygge2018Ingår i: Matkasanakirja hiljaisuuteen: [ A Travel dictionary to Silence ] / [ed] Soile Veijola, Janne Säynäjäkangas, Helsinki: ntamo , 2018, s. 45-45Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 1303.
    Veijola, Soile
    et al.
    University of Lapland, Finland.
    Höckert, Emily
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Carlin, David
    RMIT University, Australia.
    Light, Ann
    University of Sussex, UK.
    Säynäjäkangas, Janne
    University of Jyväskylä, Finland.
    Silenr conferences: radical slowness in methodologies, experiences and letters from undressed places2017Ingår i: 26th Nordic Symposium of Tourism and Hospitality Research, Falun, Sweden, October 4-6, 2017: book of abstracts, 2017, s. 51-52Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    For us the year passed has been one of conferring around the notions of slowness and silence. It has meant committing ourselves to radical slowness in thinking, living and writing together. We have walked through three seasons of thinking-well, living-well and writing-well together. Embracing the potentialities of not knowing, our aim has been to enjoy one season at a time – in present tense.

    The year began with an invitation that sparked collective, speculative imagination of being-well in silence. We entered the season of thinking-well-together, by exchanging short “postcards” of possible social experiments we would like to conduct with each other. The essence of this season was to tune us into artistic methods of dwelling in place, welcoming and being unprepared.

    The following season brought us to living-well-together in real life by way of camping together. By camping we refer to an inclusive and mobile social concept without pre-defined goals and divisions into hosts and guests, performances and audiences, workshops and leisure. The event was rooted in place in multiple ways, bringing together researchers, artists, locals and entrepreneurs to dwell-alongside local forms of life and matter.

    We are currently in a season of writing-well-together. The writings follow e.g. methodologies of Companion Letters (e.g. Carlin, Light & Veijola 2014) and offer unobtrusive guiding to silence, slowness, hospitality and living-well-together.

    Our presentation will set up a small camp around these ideas, their outcomes and new openings. 

  • 1304.
    Veljanovski, Ana
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Basha, Arilda
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Kuznetcova, Polina
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Entrepreneurial Ecosystems’ Impact on Immigrant Entrepreneurship: In Context of Kronoberg Region 2018Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The literature argues that the immigrants act in segregated communities and they, in most of the cases, establish low-risk and low return businesses within their ethnic communities. The importance of connecting immigrant entrepreneurs and the entrepreneurial ecosystems is a challenge to be overcome taking into consideration that the immigrants usually are not involved in it as a consequence of a lack of information about how it can facilitate immigrant entrepreneurship.

    The aim of this research is to explore how the entrepreneurial ecosystem can facilitate the immigrant entrepreneurship by confronting the stories of the entrepreneurial ecosystem to the stories of the immigrant entrepreneurs in Sweden, in context of Kronoberg region. Qualitative analysis approach is applied and in-depth interviews are performed on seven organizations that are part of the entrepreneurial ecosystem and four immigrant entrepreneurs. Collected empirical data is then transformed into narratives for each interviewed person. The analysis and the answer to the question are done based on the structure of Isenberg’s Domains of the Entrepreneurship Ecosystem.

    The research showed that the entrepreneurial ecosystem can facilitate the immigrant entrepreneurship by providing micro-loans, alternative ways of financing, equal access to opportunities, embracing the experimentation and drive, consultancy in different areas as legal regulation, accounting and business plan preparation, free of charge working space, seminars and workshops, help with understanding and translation of the language, contacts with early customers and business partners and by providing access to new markets.

    However, empirical data showed that even though these resources exist, there is a missing link between the available resources and immigrant entrepreneurs. What is more, improvement is needed with regards to the challenge of the language barrier and trust issues.

    Finally, the results of this thesis contribute in raising the awareness for the need of a more strategic approach to immigrant entrepreneurs as a vulnerable sub-group in the society and the entrepreneurial ecosystem. What is more, the immigrant entrepreneurs can use it as a valuable source of information for the different benefits are provided by the entrepreneurial ecosystem.  

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  • 1305.
    Verde, Ida
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Migranters syn på massturism: En fallstudie av Barcelonas stadskärna2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskningsfrågor: Hur upplever migranter massturismen i Barcelonas stadskärna och vilken plats i samhället anser sig migranterna ha?Syfte: Att undersöka migranters förhållningssätt till massturism i Barcelonas stadskärna.Metod: En hermeneuetisk ansats har legat som grund till studien. Insamlingen av empiriskt material har gjorts via 15 webb-baserade intervjuer med personer med icke-spansk nationalitet. Samtliga var boende eller före detta boende i den centrala stadsdelenCiutat Vella.Slutsats: Turismutvecklingen i Barcelona har direkt påverkan på migranternas vanor och rutiner. Intervjupersonerna i denna undersökning kämpar för att finna sin plats i staden, men ser sig själva som Barcelonabor snarare än lokalbor. Deras grad av irritation och/eller acceptans gentemot turismen har direkt koppling till bostadens distans till centrum samt till huruvida respondenterna har/hade ett jobb inom turismsektorn eller ej. Turismen i sig upplevs dock inte som negativ; endast effekterna av den.

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    Migranters syn på massturism: En fallstudie av Barcelonas stadskärna
  • 1306.
    Vibeke, Caroline
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Vibeke, Johanne
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Uncorking Wine Tourism: Prospects of regional tourism sustainability in Spain2020Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Wine tourism is a growing phenomenon that allows winemakers to create another product beyond their main one, that of wine. By creating an attraction, vineyards are opening another market for themselves that in many cases can create a bigger awareness for their wine. The focus of this study is to research the phenomenon that is called wine tourism and how it correlates with local businesses. This study looks at how various wine regions in Spain work in regards to attracting and maintaining customers to their businesses. Which vineyards gained on co-operation between various producers to generate a greater tourism attraction and which had no significant effect on the destination at all. This study presents motivations for choosing a specific wine region and how information was distributed. By looking at statistics from each region and comparing those to the success of the wine tourism business, an understanding of effects on the regional sustainability is presented. With this, the potential for regional sustainability through wine tourism can be made. However, further study needs to be conducted on a more centralized level within each region to determine which factors that are contributing to this.

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  • 1307.
    Victor, Johansson
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Somehagen, Jesper
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Shared Leadership and its Future Potential: - Why do, How to and then What?2015Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 15 poäng / 22,5 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Leaders are often called upon to make sense out of complicated situations and give direction to others, and the situations have increased in both number and complexity. A solution to this problem has been identified in sharing leadership and engaging the potential of entire organizations. Therefore the purpose of this literature review is to map and identify interesting areas about shared leadership. Investigating if shared leadership can help organisations become more efficient in a world of growing complexity. Focusing on why organisational actors should consider a shared leadership approach. Critically examine the potential outcome from shared leadership and how an organisation could move towards adopting a shared leadership approach, including steps, conditions and actions that would be required.

    Literature about shared leadership and similar concepts has increased extensively, causing dissension in the area. Aiming to explore, understand and express what the literature says about shared leadership we adopted the systems view with an inductive and qualitative approach. Realising that shared leadership most commonly is practiced and studied in teams we adopted this scope and went deeper into the social process and conditions for creating shared leadership in teams.

    Shared leadership was found to solve demands for increased knowledge, skill and ability among modern leaders. Preferably implemented successively by vertical leaders into cross-functional teams conducting knowledge work. Tasks to simple or time to urgent however makes shared leadership ineffective, while misaligned perceptions and purposes between team members might diminish trust and neglect shared leadership. This review then makes valuable implications for future research, suggesting deepened empirical research in the implication of shared leadership.     

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    Shared Leadership and its Future Potential: - Why do, How to and then What?
  • 1308.
    Vollberg, Alicia
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Herhold, Antonia
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Löneförändring: hjälpande eller stjälpande?: En kvalitativ studie av Distriktsveterinärernas nya löneavtal2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    För att dagens organisationer ska kunna överleva på den snabbt föränderliga marknaden ställs allt större krav på flexibilitet och anpassningsbarhet. Faktum är dock att 70% av alla organisationsförändringar som genomförs misslyckas och en anledning bakom detta är att ledningen inte tar hänsyn till hur de anställda blir påverkade av förändringen. Vi ämnar därför i denna studie att studera medarbetares upplevelser av en organisationsförändring. En form av organisationsförändring är att genomföra ett nytt löneavtal. Tidigare studier som avhandlar medarbetares upplevelser av en löneavtals-förändring visar dock på skilda resultat utan några djupare förklaringar. Vi ämnar därför i denna studie att skapa en djupare förståelse för anställdas upplevelser av ett nytt löneavtal. För att besvara syftet med studien valde vi att göra en kvalitativ studie av Distriktsveterinärernas nya löneavtal som trädde i kraft den 1:e december 2018. Det nya löneavtalet innebar en övergång från en kollektiv lönesättning till en individuell lönesättning. Vi valde att genomföra elva stycken semi-strukturerade intervjuer med anställda veterinärer i hela Sverige. Vi genomförde även två stycken deltagande observationer på Distriktsveterinärernas klinik i Växjö. Genom vårt empiriska material skapade vi oss en förståelse för att veterinärerna upplever det nya löneavtalet olika. Det nya löneavtalet har skapat ambivalenta känslor och känslorna är beroende av många aspekter. De veterinärer som är missnöjda med det nya löneavtalet upplever en orättvisa som resulterar i en förminskad motivation. Missnöjet skapar också på dessa kliniker en försämrad arbetsgrupp då de upplever att antal konflikter ökat. De veterinärer som upplever positiva känslor anknutna till det nya löneavtalet beskriver en förbättrad upplevelse av arbetsmiljön då stressen minskat. De förklarar också att de upplever en förhöjd lustkänsla anknutet till sitt arbete eftersom att de nu kan fokusera på sina intresseområden.

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  • 1309.
    von Dahn, Hannes
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Colleagues or competitors?: A cross-cultural study about the effects of commission based salaries in Sweden vs. the U.S.2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    An important issue that managers are facing in today’s intensive business environment is how to compensate their employees to keep them motivated. The trend is to be rewarded for the individual performances, which has increased the usage of commission based salary systems. Previous research suggests that commission salary provokes internal competition, while it damages cooperation. However, the main issue in feminine and masculine societies is what motivates people, which indicates that the effects of commission based salary systems needed to be examined from a cultural perspective. Therefore, with the main aim was to enhance the understanding of this, the problem was addressed by the overreaching research question: How do commission based salary systems affect cooperation and internal competition in masculine and in feminine societies? To answer this, empirical data was acquired from Sweden and the United States. Sweden is recognized as the most feminine society, where social motives are dominating. The United States on the other hand, is recognized as a masculine society that encourages competition and where money is the main motivator. The empirical data derived from personal interviews with real estate agents that work with commission salary. Three case companies within each country were included in the study and three interviewees within each company participated. The findings showed that commission salary tends to increase the work effort, limit the cooperation, while it increases the internal competition. Nevertheless, the effects it has distinctively differs between the societies. In Sweden, the importance of group cohesion and interpersonal relationship results in a higher level of cooperation than in the United States. Despite that commission salary evokes internal competition, colleagues are colleagues above all in Sweden. In the United States however, cooperation mainly occurs when it serves the individual performances. Here, money and the own success are what matter the most and due to the competitive mindset, internal competition becomes significantly more intensive in the United States than in Sweden. In contrary to Sweden, commission salary can turn colleagues into competitors, for better or for worse.  

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  • 1310.
    Vähätalo, Mervi
    et al.
    University of Turku, Finland.
    Kallio, Tomi J.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Laiho, Maarit
    University of Turku, Finland.
    Suomi, Kati
    University of Turku, Finland.
    Tevameri, Terhi
    University of Turku, Finland.
    Institutional logics and efficiency pressures in public organizations: what about the healthcare sector?2018Ingår i: Paper presented at the 25th Annual EurOMA Conference, Budapest, Hungary, June 24-26, 2018, 2018, s. 1-8Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study describes the current state of public sector logic from the perspective of healthcare professionals. More than 1500 healthcare professionals answered the survey concerning the way in which values, decision making and aims appear in the public sector. Healthcare professionals felt that the essential value in the public sector is still the respect for human life. However, they also argued that good care has become subordinate to financial values. In the current age of austerity, improving efficiency in the public sector is inevitable. However, it shouldn’t be done by jeopardizing professionals’ ability to work according to their professional logic.

  • 1311.
    Västerlund, Sebastian
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Samuelsson, Mikael
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Döende vacker stad: Det komplexa arbetet med att göra en oattraktiv plats attraktiv2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Det existerar idag en allt ökande konkurrens mellan platser för att attrahera människor. I samband med att det blivit lättare att förflytta sig mellan platser, har landsbygdshandeln fått det svårare att konkurrera mot större handelsplatser. Outshoppingen har i mindre städer blivit mer påtaglig, något som inte bara lett till att butiker fått lägga ner utan likväl har arbetstillfällen försvunnit precis som att större investeringar uteblivit. Tingsryd är inget undantag utan de har drabbats hårt av de allt mer satsande platserna i sin närhet. Utvecklingen avtar och platsen blir mindre attraktiv för människor att besöka som bor utanför staden. Det är inte lätt att skapa en attraktiv plats utan det kräver noggrant, strategiskt och långsiktigt arbete. Det är av betydelse att kunna urskilja sig från andra platser och påvisa varför den specifika platsen är bättre och mer attraktiv.

    Problemformulering: Hur kan Tingsryds centrumhandel göras attraktiv för människor som inte bor i staden?

    Syfte: Syftet är att utveckla förslag hur Tingsryds centrumhandel kan bli attraktiva.

    Metod: I denna studie genomförs en fallstudie av Tingsryds centrumhandel. Studien har ett epistemologiskt förhållningssätt med hermeneutisk inriktning. Ansatsen som använts är kvalitativ och dessutom har en deduktiv ansats använts. Främst har primärdata använts som sedan kompletterats med sekundärdata. Det empiriska materialet har samlats in genom semistrukturerade intervjuer.

    Slutsatser: Studiens slutsatser är, för att kunna göra en plats attraktiv, att platsen bör identifiera sitt nuläge och situation, sedan skapa en bild av platsen och vad den ska utsända för budskap och till sist handlar det om att visa upp och marknadsföra den bild som skapats av platsen.

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  • 1312.
    Vétillart, Guillaume
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Creativity & Leadership: The introduction of creative internal communication practices in organizations 2014Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 15 poäng / 22,5 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates the impacts of introducing creative experiences in a rigid organization. Based on the methodology suggested by Strauss and Corbin (1998) I have conducted a qualitative study through 8 semi-structured interviews of heterogeneous profiles in an organization where I worked for two years as an apprentice. Specific creative experiences were introduced in order to improve the internal communication, facilitate an organizational change transition and sustain a better social climate. I aimed at understanding the impacts resulting from experiencing such activities both at an individual and organizational level. My findings reveal three positive categories (well-being, corporate affiliation and organizational change facilitation) and three negative categories (individual irritations and a lack of coherence with the corporate identity). I conclude my work with the possible reasons justifying unexpected negative results, stating that trustworthy leadership and the corporate culture are essential when introducing such collaborative activities. My thesis might contribute to the discussions of creative problem solving for the sake of communication and values-added resulting from creative interventions in organizations.

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    Thesis Creativity & Leadership
  • 1313.
    Wadhwani, R. Daniel
    et al.
    University of Southern California, USA;Copenhagen Business School, Denmark.
    Kirsch, David
    University of Maryland, USA.
    Welter, Friederike
    University of Siegen, Germany;Institut für Mittelstandsforschung Bonn, Germany.
    Gartner, William B.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE). Babson College, USA.
    Jones, Geoffrey G.
    Harvard Business School, USA.
    Context, time, and change: Historical approaches to entrepreneurship research2020Ingår i: Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, ISSN 1932-4391, E-ISSN 1932-443X, Vol. 14, nr 1, s. 3-19Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Research Summary We articulate the value of historical methods and reasoning in strategic entrepreneurship research and theory. We begin by introducing the papers in the special issue, contextualizing each within one of five broader methodological approaches, and elaborating on the applicability of each to other topics in entrepreneurship research. Next, we use the papers to induce a framework for integrating history into entrepreneurship theory. The framework demonstrates how historical assumptions play a formative role in operationalizing time and context in entrepreneurship research. We then show how variations in these treatments of time and context shape theoretical claims about entrepreneurial opportunities, actions, and processes of change. We conclude by discussing why this may be a particularly opportune time for strategic entrepreneurship research to develop a deeper historical sensibility. Managerial Summary History can serve as an especially important guide to understanding entrepreneurship during moments of change. We draw on articles from the special issue on "Historical Approaches to Entrepreneurship Research" to illustrate different forms of historical reasoning and research about entrepreneurship. Moreover, we use the articles to develop a framework for understanding how historical context and time shape entrepreneurial opportunities, actions, and processes of change. We emphasize, in particular, the value of history in understanding variations in entrepreneurial practices.

  • 1314.
    Wadström, Anna
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Lidman, Anna
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Leidek, Kajsa
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Game on: Att spela sig till nya höjder av motivation2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    “Motivation is the desire within a person causing that person to act” (Mathis &

    Jackson, 2009, s. 24). Motivation är det som får människan att prestera och utföra en

    uppgift. Ett motivationsverktyg som under de senaste åren har kommit att bli allt mer

    populärt är gamification. Denna studie kretsar kring ämnet motivation och hur

    gamification kan användas som verktyg för detta. Studien följer fem teoriområden;

    human resource, motivation, belöning, gamification och speldesign. Områdena har

    mycket gemensamt, men den mest centrala delen är motivation som är återkommande

    i samtliga delar. Syftet med denna studie är att påvisa motivationens påverkan på

    människor samt finna hur spelmekanik kan öka motivationen ytterligare.

    Tillvägagångssätten har varit att göra en fallstudie på företaget Prové i form av

    semistrukturerade intervjuer samt datainsamling från hemsidor och bloggar.

    Intervjuerna genomfördes för att få en djupare insyn i hur människor motiveras i sin

    arbetsmiljö. Det data som samlades in från hemsidor och bloggar visade hur

    gamification används i olika situationer i praktiken.

    Resultatet av undersökningen visar att motivation har en stor roll i såväl verksamheter

    som hos den enskilda människan, i synnerhet den inre motivationen. Om gamification

    ska användas som ett verktyg för att öka motivationen är det väsentligt att följande

    has i åtanke; det ska vara kopplat till personliga mål, det ska vara grundat och alla ska

    delta efter samma regler.

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  • 1315.
    Wagenknecht, Ronja
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Seeing Beyond Words: Animals teach us about our natural ability to lead2018Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Nonverbal communication in leadership is a phenomenon which is interesting to get a greater understanding of. Animals only communicate nonverbally and have strong leadership behaviours. Therefore, this study aim is to find out in what way nonverbal communication in leaders is still connected to animal roots and what the implications for modern life are. This study tries to give an overview of the phenomenon with a theoretical approach. Different point of views of nonverbal communication and animal behaviour in leaders have been discussed. A theoretical approach was suitable because of the abundance of literature in the main fields of focus. Connecting the different studies with each other gave valuable insights into the phenomenon. Power, status, submission, territory, space, and mating behaviours are the most used categories associated with leadership behaviours in animal species. Human leadership behaviour consists of the same categories but furthermore, emotional intelligence is an integral part as well. Different postures, gestures, facial expressions as well as distances to each other gave a comprehensive overview of how leaders are naturally behaving. Deciphering the complex nonverbal communication and looking at them with aspects of communication in animals helped with showing the roots and the natural ability to lead. Further research, however, should be conducted to see how nonverbal communication influences complex group dynamics and the effect thereof. Implications for the natural instincts to lead are helpful with how leaders can further their communication skills and become more conscious of their nonverbal communication.

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    Seeing Beyond Words
  • 1316.
    Wahnström, Kristin
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    In the aftermath of Rana Plaza: Challenges for safety within the garment industry of Bangladesh2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Syftet med kandidatuppsatsen var att undersöka säkerhetskulturen bland anställda inom textilindustrin i Bangladesh. Detta görs för att öka förståelsen om behovet av förbättringar och hur dessa kan göras.

    Metod: Denna kvalitativa uppsats har en abduktiv ansats. De empiriska fynden baseras på semistrukturerade intervjuer med 26 textilarbetare.

    Teoretiskt ramverk: Uppsatsen behandlar två teoretiska områden. Dels behandlar den begreppen säkerhetskultur och säkerhetsklimat samt deras relation till organisationskultur. Dels behandlar den teorier om metodimplementering och förändringar inom organisationskultur.

    Resultat: Fem återkommande teman återfanns ide semistrukturerade intervjuerna medtextilarbetare: ett nytt fokus hos ledningen, utbildning, risker och faror i arbetet, att tala om säkerhet på arbetsplatsen samt önskemål om förändringar på arbetet, Förhoppningen är att de återkommande temana speglar tydliga mönster i organisations- och säkerhetskulturen bland textilarbetare i Bangladesh.

    Slutsatser: I efterdyningarna av Rana Plaza har säkerhetskulturen inom textilindustrin sett stora förbättringar. Säkerhetskulturen lider dockfortfarande av flera brister. För att internationella initiativ ska lyckas nå sin lyckas skapa en säkrare och mer hälsosam textilindustri i Bangladesh måste dessa brister erkännas. Därtill krävs ett bottom-up perspektiv kompletterar ett top-down perspektiv i den pågående implementeringen av en organisationskultur som syftar till att skapa empowerment hos textilarbetare och att stötta fabriksägare till att ta ansvar för en säker och hälsosam arbetsmiljö.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 1317.
    Waleghwa, Beatrice
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    The Nexus of Infrastructural Development and Conservation; An Actor-Network Theory Perspective: Insights from Nairobi National Park2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Protected areas have a myriad of functions. As such they are prone areas for conflicts given the different interests of the involved parties.  Conflicts are complex entities that ought to be analyzed using multiple approaches. Guided by the social constructivist research paradigm, a qualitative approach is employed in this thesis to explore the relational dynamics of conflicts in Protected areas. This thesis presents the perspectives of various actors from a conflict in Nairobi National park. The conflict emerged with the construction of a tarmac road in the park. Findings indicate various meanings of the road for different actors. Ranging from a “conservation threat” to a “boost and threat to wildlife tourism”. The various perspectives in this study inform the proposed a conceptual framework for exploring the conflict in Nairobi National Park.

  • 1318.
    Wallenberg, Johanna
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Westerberg, Elin
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Meningen med aktiekapitalet: – Är aktiekapitalet en gammal förlegad tradition som har bevarats?2013Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Inledning: I Sverige skedde en aktiekapitalssänkning 2010, där aktiekapitalet sänktes från

    100 000 SEK till 50 000 SEK. Anledningen bakom sänkningen av aktiekapitalet var att möjliggöra att fler kunde starta aktiebolag i Sverige. Samtidigt i Europa ifrågasätts funktionen av aktiekapitalet och till följd av denna diskussion har ett flertal europeiska länder avskaffat aktiekapitalskravet.

    Problemformulering: Vad har aktiekapitalet för betydelse för dagens småföretagare och dess borgenärer?

    Syfte: Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka vilken mening aktiekapitalet har för småföretagarna utifrån sina egna verksamheter, och vilken mening aktiekapitalet har för borgenärerna.

    Metod: Studien utgår ifrån en kvalitativ undersökningsmetod där det gjorts en tvärsnittsstudie med fyra mindre aktiebolag och fyra borgenärer.

    Resultat/Slutsatser: Aktiekapitalets funktion och mening har förlorat sin ursprungliga betydelse som borgenärsskydd och funktion som stöd för kapitalanskaffning. Aktiekapitalets mening har därför till viss del urholkats. Respondenterna i tvärsnittsstudien anser inte att aktiekapitalet fyller någon funktion som ett borgenärsskydd eftersom deras borgenärer kräver säkerheter i form av pantsättning och personliga borgensåtagande. Aktiekapitalet ger således inte den legitimitet som ursprungligen var syftet på marknaden, utan idag är det aktiebolagsformen som tillför legitimitet.

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    Meningen med aktiekapitalet
  • 1319.
    Werr, Andreas
    et al.
    Stockholm School of Economics.
    Schilling, Annika
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Career factory and expert house: two development environments for experts2016Ingår i: The organization of the expert society / [ed] Staffan Furusten & Andreas Werr, New York: Routledge, 2016, 1, s. 171-184Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 1320.
    Wessblad, Hans
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    The future is green: a case study of Malmoe, Sweden2014Ingår i: The future of events and festivals / [ed] Ian Yeoman, Martin Robertson, Una McMahon-Beattie, Elisa Backer, Karen A. Smith, Routledge, 2014, 1, s. 128-139Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 1321.
    Wettermark, Anna
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Kårfors, André
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Lif, Oskar
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Wickström, Alice
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Wiessner, Sofie
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Berglund, Karin
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE). Stockholm University, Sweden.
    On vulnerability and possibility in critical entrepreneurship education: mutual learning between students and teachers2018Ingår i: Revitalizing entrepreneurship education: adopting a critical approach in the classroom / [ed] Karin Berglund & Karen Verduyn, Routledge, 2018, s. 211-227Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Every time we go in to teach we take a deep breath before entering the classroom and remind ourselves that one or two students in there are likely to know more about the subject than we do. This could be because of their previous experiences and knowledge, or because their gaze from the outside is sharper than ours. At times this exposure of our vulnerability is intimidating for us - we want to be “good”, knowledgeable teachers who make a real contribution. At other times we see outstanding students as a resource and a source of inspiration. Which interpretation comes more naturally depends, we think, on how secure we feel on the topic, but also on how the students function as a group - whether they are defensive and competitive, or curious and willing to share their learnings. In this chapter we will report on a course in which the latter state emerged, and we will suggest that it is precisely because of the presence of those outstanding students that we, as teachers, have the opportunity to learn and develop our courses. We will also suggest that a similar logic of seeing the encounter with others as an opportunity for development can, and should, be incorporated into the teaching of entrepreneurship - not least because entrepreneurship is often circumscribed as creative, curious and open-minded, as an activity to explore new paths or disclose “new worlds” (Spinosa et al., 1999).

  • 1322.
    Wettermark, Anna
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Lif, Oskar
    Stockholm University.
    Wickström, Alice
    Stockholm University.
    Wiessner, Sofie
    Stockholm University.
    Berglund, Karin
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE). Stockholm University.
    On vulnerability in critical entrepreneurship education: mutual learning between students and teachers2018Ingår i: Revitalizing entrepreneurship education: adopting a critical approach in the classroom / [ed] Karin Berglund & Karen Verduijn, Routledge, 2018, 1, s. 211-227Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 1323.
    Wieczorek, Katarina
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Wigg, Ellen
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Is Curry something for sweeds?: A study about firms from emerging markets operating in advanced countries and the challenges they experience2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to explore how emerging market firms enter more advanced markets. The aim is to identify the main challenges that the firms experience and discover how the companies operate to manage these challenges. In order to reach our purpose the thesis has implied a qualitative method as well as a multiple-case study and the empirical data of the thesis have conducted semi- structured interviews.

     

    The literature review is divided into two main parts, whereas the first part is Entry modes which include the following theories: Choice of Entry mode, Barriers to internationalization, the Uppsala Internationalization Model and the Network Model. The second part is cultural differences and consists of the following theories: Levels of culture, Hofstede’s cultural dimensions and Trompenaars cross cultural studies.

     

    In the analysis we have connected our empirical findings with the theories mentioned above. The analysis consists of a discussion between the literature review and the empirical data in order to research their consistent and to find a common pattern.

    The conclusion reveals that emerging market firms enter more advanced market differently depending on factors such as the purpose with the entry and previous contacts in the advanced market. The main challenges are connected to the cultural aspects, which are managed differently by the companies.  

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    Is Curry something for sweeds?
  • 1324.
    Wikström, Ida
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Wilthorn, Cia
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Virtual Leadership in Brazil - Virtual Intelligence in Multinational Companies: A Field Study on Leadership in a Virtual Context with Focus on its Effect on Teamwork in Cultrurally Diverse Teams.2014Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    As the technology develops, the communication infrastructure continues to innovate and increase competitiveness. For companies in a country such as Brazil, communicating virtually may be very beneficial in order to become more efficient, as well as more global.

    Due to today’s technological development and globalization, virtual teamwork has increased. For virtual teamwork to be successful, the importance of virtual leadership needs to be addressed by the organizations. Thus, the purpose of this study is to investigate leadership in a virtual context with focus on its effect on teamwork in culturally diverse teams. Furthermore, due to its emerging market and economic relevance, this study will examine virtual leaders of multinational companies in Brazil.

    From our dialogues we found that there is a lack of technological infrastructure, education, and positive attitude for virtual communication and virtual leadership within multinational companies in Brazil. Brazil as a country, as well as companies in Brazil, needs to provide opportunities and possibilities for excellent virtual communication and leadership. For instance, facetual communication and attication are important concepts on the way for companies of becoming virtualized.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 1325.
    Wincent, Maja
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Alla kan bidra med någonting: Effektivt ledarskap ur ett mångfaldsperspektiv2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka vilka ledarstilar och ledarskapsbeteenden som är viktiga för att chefer ska kunna leda anställda med psykiska funktionsnedsättningar på ett effektivt sätt. Anställda med psykiska funktionsnedsättningar kan ha olika hinder att överkomma på en arbetsplats, men chefernas bemötande är en viktig del för att de ska kunna lyckas med sitt arbete. 

    Ämnet har studerats i en kvalitativ studie där fyra chefer som har anställda med psykiska funktionsnedsättningar har intervjuats om ledarskap, värderingar, engagemang och bemyndigande. Alla chefer pratar om att värderingar är en viktig del i att kunna leda dessa anställda effektivt, men fördelarna med bemyndigande är oklara eftersom vissa anställda behöver mer styrning för att kunna klara av sitt arbete. Cheferna behöver ha fokus på människorna i första hand, men behöver ha fokus på resultatet också. Med andra ord så behöver cheferna fokusera på vad de anställda har för förmågor.

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    Alla kan bidra med någonting
  • 1326.
    Woosnam, Kyle M.
    et al.
    University of Georgia, USA.
    Aleshinloye, Kayode D.
    Texas A&M University, USA.
    Strzelecka, Marianna
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Erul, Emrullah
    Texas A&M University, USA.
    The Role of Place Attachment in Developing Emotional Solidarity With Residents2018Ingår i: Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Research, ISSN 1096-3480, E-ISSN 1557-7554, Vol. 42, nr 7, s. 1058-1066Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    As the body of work concerning emotional solidarity between residents and tourists continues to grow within the tourism literature, little focus has been placed on how the setting factors into such relationships. Using the Osun Osogbo Sacred Grove (a UNESCO World Heritage Site in southwestern Nigeria) as a study site, this research examines the role visitors’ attachment to the place plays in explaining their perceived solidarity with area residents. From confirmatory factor analysis, a measurement model was established, which revealed strong psychometric properties for the two place attachment factors (i.e., place identity and place dependence) and the three emotional solidarity factors (i.e., feeling welcomed, emotional closeness, and sympathetic understanding). Structural equation modeling demonstrated that each of the place attachment factors explained a high degree of variance (e.g., R2 ranging between 45% and 54%) in visitors’ emotional solidarity with residents. Implications and future research opportunities are offered within the close of the article.

  • 1327.
    Woosnam, Kyle M.
    et al.
    Univ Georgia, USA.
    Strzelecka, Marianna
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE). Jagiellonian Univ, Poland.
    Nisbett, Gwendelyn S.
    Univ North Texas, USA.
    Keith, Samuel J.
    Univ Georgia, USA.
    Examining Millennials' Global Citizenship Attitudes and Behavioral Intentions to Engage in Environmental Volunteering2019Ingår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, nr 8, artikel-id 2324Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Volunteering for nature conservation has become an important resource in solving local environmental problems of global importance. The study at hand assessed how well millennials' global citizenship attitudes explain their behavioral intentions to engage in volunteer projects, as well as how prior experience of volunteering in environmental projects affects millennials' global citizenship attitudes. Those who reported past participation in this type of volunteer experience were generally more inclined to partake in future environmental volunteering than those without prior experience. Likewise, for those with prior experience, global citizen factors played a greater role in intentions to experience environmental volunteering. This study makes valuable contributions to the literature surrounding nature conservation, as it illustrates that millennials' global citizenship attitudes predict participation in environmental volunteering. This work concludes with insights concerning what programs (that provide millennials with opportunities to fulfill environmental duties associated with their global environmental citizenship) can do to provide a more valuable experience for young volunteers.

  • 1328.
    Wu, Yuan-Qi
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Expatriatehantering i Sverige: En kvantitativ studie om hur man kan minska expatriate-failures i landet som korats som ”årets förlorare”2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Trenden visar på att expatriates världen över fortsätter att ökas och värderas mer. Ett allmänt problem i hanteringen av expatriates är att de slutar i förtid och att de kan känna sig hindrade av att prestera till sina fulla kapaciteter. Årets resultat i en omfattande undersökning av expatriates världen över, där man mäter hur lyckliga de är, visade på att Sverige är årets förlorare. Syftet med den här studien är att ta reda på vilka sätt det finns för HR-ansvariga att använda, för att sänka risken för expatriate-failures i Sverige. Utifrån syftet formulerades två frågeställningar som undersökningen baserades på, på vilka sätt kan man minska risken för att expatriate-failures ska ske i Sverige och är de etablerade tillvägagångssätten giltiga i Sverige. Metoden bestod av en enkätundersökning som undersökte vad anledningarna för övervägan att sluta i förtid var för expatsen i Sverige samt hur deras besittning av vissa attribut korrelerade till att ha en risk för expatriate-failure. Undersökningen visade på att kulturshockar var huvudanledningen för att expatriate-failures sker i Sverige och att besittning av eftertraktade attribut skulle minska risken för expatriate-failures. Resultatet visade då på att de etablerade tillvägagångssätten är giltiga i Sverige för att minska risken för expatriate-failure. Andra effektiva tillvägagångssätt gavs också som förslag för att motverka frekventa anledningarna som emprin visade på.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 1329.
    Wuertele, Ramona
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    THE INFLUENCE OF THE QUEEN BEE SYNDROME ON THE ATTITUDES, BEHAVIORS, AND EMERGING LEADERSHIP STYLES OF THE MILLENNIALS 2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 15 poäng / 22,5 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the past couple of decades, women have conquered most obstacles in their effort to scale the mountains of leadership and management, seemingly only to fall at the last hurdle by purposefully derailing and mistreating each other.

    As a large percentage of the workforce in the Western hemisphere is composed of women, the likelihood of experiencing a female superior throughout their career is very high for both men and women, giving rise to the threat of dealing with the Queen Bee Syndrome.

    The antecedent aim of this master thesis paper is to explore the reasons that give rise to and legitimize the so-called Queen Bee phenomenon, which describes a usually senior female holding a higher leadership-position, who actively opposes the rise of other females in male-dominated organizations, in connection to the Millennial Generation.

    For this purpose, the methodology approach of Grounded Theory was chosen, first and foremost establishing a theoretical framework comprising literature gathered from academic journals, professional and specific print and sources, as well as relevant writings from contemporary and topical media channels, such as the New York Times newspaper, or the Harvard Business Review.

    Second, a qualitative empirical study was conducted, for which several women from both the Millennial and its predecessor generation were interviewed, in order to explore opinions on perceived biases against female leaders and managers which, among other things may lead to typical Queen Bee behavior, its provenances, and their implications for business women and organizations. The gained insights are culminating in the emergence of a new theory, according to which female Millennials’ inherent narcissistic tendencies may not hinder them to pursue much-needed mentoring relationships with other females and even suggest the possibility of a diminishment of the dreaded female bully-boss paradigm.

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    fulltext
  • 1330.
    Yan, Lina
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Musika, Carol
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    The Social Media and SMEs Business Growth: How can SMEs Incorporate Social Media2018Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The dramatic increase of the popularity of social media has affected in a large extent how SMEs reach and engage with their target customers to promote their products or services and to brand their firms. How SMEs incorporate social media for better business growth has gained huge attention from both academic and industrial sectors.

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify and evaluate the aspects that are incorporated by SMEs when implementing social media in order to gain knowledge how SMEs could incorporate those factors when implementing social media.

    Research questions: What are those aspects that SMEs are incorporating to implement social media?

    Methodology: This study adopts six semi-structured interviews with six case organizations to identify and evaluate the aspects that are incorporated by SMEs to implement social media in the context of Sweden. Three small size and three medium-size firms in Växjö, Sweden who use social media for business purposes have been selected.

    Conclusion: The findings of this research identified and evaluated several aspects that are incorporated by all SMEs to implement social media in the context of Sweden: decision making about platform(s) and their deploying; governance responsibility; value metrics; accessibility; risk management; online community followers growing; content creation and updating; incentive strategy; monitoring social media sites; comments utilizing for future development; message processing rules; customer feedback timelines and report creating and sharing. The result shows the new approach of social media implementation which brought by Culnan, McHugh, and Zubillaga (2010) can help the researchers to identify and evaluate the aspects that SMEs are incorporating to implement social media, and chose to acquire knowledge that they can take advantage of from those aspects to incorporate and reinforce their social media implementation. Equally by putting into practice these aspects SMEs foster their growth in a number of ways such as customer relations, external and internal communication and several other ways.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 1331.
    Yang, Lei
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    How to make guests behave more environmentally friendly in hotel rooms?: The exploration of motivation factors from guests' perspective 2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Hotel industry, as the largest sub-sector of tourism often generates huge negative environmental impacts, including waste of freshwater, consumption of energy and carbon dioxide emissions. It is clear that the guests’ choices and actions in hotel rooms shape the environmental sustainability of the hotel industry. Previous studies offer concrete theoretical foundations for promoting hotel guests’ environmental behavior, either by specifying environmental performances or examining various factors that influence guests’ environmental behaviors. However, the research results have somewhat overlooked the disconnection between guests’ attitudes and behaviors.

    Based on this, this study focuses on exploring guests’ opinions about how different factors can motivate them to behave environmentally friendly in hotel rooms. Aligning with ongoing discussion within Tourism Research and the so called Environmental Responsible Behavior model (ERB) within Environmental Education, the main factors are categorized as internal and external factors. While internal factors include environmental knowledge, environmental attitudes, individual responsibility, external factors consist of governmental regulation, marketing strategies and social norms. Empirical material of the study was collected through ten qualitative structured interviews among hotel guests.

    The analysis of this study show how majority of the interviewees emphasized the importance of internal factors in their own environmentally friendly behaviors in hotel rooms. This indicated that participants considered that their consciousness played a direct and effective role in their environmental behaviors. At the same time, the thesis suggests that different elements act different roles for how factors can effectively motivate guests’ environmental behaviors in hotel rooms, the elements are benchmark (environmental knowledge), psychological distance (environmental attitudes), personal good feeling and moral obligation (individual responsibility), indirect influences and mandatory regulation (governmental regulation), personal interests (marketing strategies), instructional function (social norms).

    The study suggests that the knowledge about guests’ opinions can be further used, for instance, by authorities and the supply side of hotels. Then, refining motivational strategies can contribute to environmental sustainability in hotel rooms. 

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Master thesis, Lei Yang
  • 1332.
    Yarashuk, Elvira
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Health promotion at the workplace: Promoting health by embracing the concept of corporate social responsibility2013Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 15 poäng / 22,5 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The main issues, which arise in that research project, are connected with

    health dimensions.

    There are emphasised points, which contribute to the employees’ health and

    well-being, solutions, which organisations implement to prevent workers

    from diseases and illnesses, to track their current condition of body and

    mind and generally to improve their overall health situation.

    From the very beginning the main stress was supposed to lie on physical

    activity promotion being an integral part of health promotion at the

    workplace but the obtained information from the conducted interviews

    verified that idea. The research also touches other variables contributing to

    the employees’ health and cons

    tituting the idea of health promotion at the

    workplace, namely health profiles and Corporate Social Responsibility.

    It is argued who may benefit from workplace physical activities and to which

    extent such programs may succeed. Interviews showed double points of

    views according to the necessity to encourage employees to train within the

    organization.

    Basis for the discussion of the topic were interviews gained from the

    interaction with the staff of the organization Xylem located in Sweden in

    Emmaboda, a world leader in water solutions. The chosen methodology

    based on the case study appeared to be the most relevant to explore health

    issues thanks to the clear empirical example. The company was

    distinguished because of the sport and rehabilitation centre, which it had in

    its possession and which seemed to make Xylem be different from the

    competitors and gave advantages for the employees in the form of additional

    benefits causing going in for sport at the company’s expense.

    The results of the research indicate that health promotion at the workplace

    may be viewed as a part of Corporate Social Responsibility. The evidences for

    IV

    that perspective are presented with a proper motivation mostly in the

    conclusion part.

    The research intended to show to the readers to what extent health

    promotion at the workplace incorporating physical activities, health profiles

    and CSR is important, how it is regarded and how much attention, time and

    efforts is and should be devoted to deal with that dimension in a proper way.

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  • 1333.
    Yelijiang, Arefujiang
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Judging A Photograph: Analyzing destination choice based on user-generated content on social media2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis, authors’ main goal is to test two hypotheses to compare if the tourists are more likely to make their destination choice based on user generated photographs on social media, as well as, tourists’ sustainable destination choice based on photographs with sustainable green content. The quantitative research method was used to conduct the survey with experimental design. It was aimed to compare the tourist’ trust in different photo types, the consumers’ trust was expected to be measured by three dimensions: first impression, intention, and persuasiveness, recommended by previous studies. However, the findings revealed that the tourists are not more likely to trust user generated content on social media to make their destination choice.  

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  • 1334.
    Zambrell, Katarina
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Arts in business: a management venture for organizational development and identity work2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Arts in business, as it is expressed in this paper, is a manifestation of a management approach to leadership. It is interpreted as an activity that influences the participants’ approach to work, to job assignments, to the organization and accordingly also to the identity work. The main interest here is, as a way to better understand arts in business, to emphasize managers practicing a leadership which, as a result of the meaning making processes in work, may empower the construction of both social and personal identity. Based on interviews with more than thirty Swedish managers with experiences from AIRIS (an artistic intervention project) findings show that most of them are very focused on the human aspects in work. They care for working conditions and inspiring tasks, they love to see their employees grow as persons, they create a sense of “us” and they initiate activities consciously, like artistic interventions, to “trigger” the development of humans and organization. This way of leading is what I would like to denominate a”culturalistic” leadership. Activities in work, like artistic interventions, accordingly impinge both the social identity and the construction of personal identity. These aspects of arts based initiatives in business are an unexplored dimension, to be developed in research about artistic approaches.

  • 1335.
    Zambrell, Katarina
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Leadership and artistic interventions: manager characteristics and leadership expressions2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses the manager perspectives in artistic interventions trying to understand what kinds of manager that hire an artist (!) for a year. The Swedish managers, who are the empirical ground in the current study, express different experiences from their artistic intervention, showing several expressions for doing “leadership” (compared to doing “management”). They: create company culture; stimulate different activities; trigger creativity; concern for relations and express liking. This symbolic management is interpreted as expressions that strengthen the managers’ identities as leaders, parallel with holding their managers’ positions. However the decision-making, the planning and implementing of the artistic intervention are connected to doing “management”, so leadership and management are really intermingled by these managers. Another striking characteristic is that these managers are well established with almost 20 years in a management position in average.

  • 1336.
    Zambrell, Katarina
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE). Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för marknadsföring (MF).
    Managers' identity construction at work: artistic interventions as triggers for identity work2016Ingår i: Organizational Aesthetics, E-ISSN 2168-8575, Vol. 5, nr 2, s. 34-67Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Many scholars discuss how experiences from work are an important source for the construction of the personal identity. In this paper the various contextual dimensions at work that influence identity construction, are discussed. The empirical data consists of interviews with 33 Swedish managers with experiences in bringing arts into business. These, so called artistic interventions, are a growing phenomenon mainly initiated by managers. The findings are twofold: First to identify and describe a typology of five identity-related dimensions in the work context (built on Zambrell, 2004), dimensions that emerge in managers’ expressed experiences, both from work in general and from the artistic intervention. In particular, among these managers a touching dimension emerges, i.e. experiencing honest appreciation and trust at work, which touches the inner self. Second, to discuss artistic interventions as triggers for identity work. Since interventions with arts are non-traditional projects, they challenge the participants’ identity construction, especially the identities of the managers that introduce such different activities. The awareness of identity-related dimensions is important for understanding work experiences and its influence on identity. It is especially important for managers, who may influence the identity-related dimensions through organizing work and shaping its conditions.

  • 1337.
    Zambrell, Katarina
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE). University of Gothenburg.
    Managers in artistic interventions and their leadership approach2015Ingår i: Artistic Interventions in Organizations: Research, Theory and Practice / [ed] Ulla Johansson Sköldberg, Jill Woodilla, Ariane Berthoin Antal, Routledge, 2015, 1, s. 185-203Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 1338.
    Zambrell, Katarina
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Resurser och examination: Utbildningsanslagens fördelning inom Linnéuniversitetet samt möjliga examinationsformer för resurssvaga ämnen.2013Ingår i: Universitetspedagogik i praktiken: Sexton lärartexter om pedagogisk utveckling / [ed] Henrik Hegander & Martin Stigmar, Kalmar/Växjö: Linnéuniversitetet , 2013, 1, s. 139-160Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Resurstillgången är en central förutsättning för verksamheten inom högskolan. Resurser för utbildning tilldelas från staten utefter vilket ämnesområde en kurs tillhör (enligt gamla och enligt mitt tycke obsoleta principer om ämnesinnehåll och torra och våta ämnen). Även om varje enskilt lärosäte har full frihet att omfördela resurserna efter andra kriterier, förekommer det sällan. Lägst tilldelning för en helårsstudent som klarar samtliga 60 hp ges humaniora/samhällsvetenskap och teologi (ca 42 500 kr år 2012). Högst ersättning ges för Mediaklassad undervisning (ca 518 700). Enligt uppgifter från årsredovisningen 2010 kan institutionernas genomsnittliga anslag per hst beräknas. I den jämförelsen ligger Design i topp med ca 160 000 kr/hst och Ekonomihögskolan i botten med ca 46 000 kr/hst. Att ämnena har radikalt olika förutsättningar är ingen överdrift. Givetvis har t.ex. media och designutbildningarna helt andra kostnader för lokaler, utrusning, administrativt stöd etc., än vad t.ex. utbildning i företagsekonomi, historia eller juridik har. Dock visar exemplet i tabell 2 ovan att även om hänsyn tas till omkostnaderna finns det fortfarande stora skillnader i hur mycket pengar som institutionerna får kvar till utbildning/undervisning. Exempelvis en lärare med lön 35 000kr (+ lkp) kostar 365 kr/timme. Efter de påslag som de olika institutionerna tillämpar för oh och lokaler blir den lägsta timkostnaden ca 840 kr/timme (avser PPI) och den högsta 1270 kr (NV). Skillnader i konteringsprinciper kan förklara en viss olikhet men långt ifrån all. Mitt förslag är att utreda om en omfördelning inom Lnu vore möjlig i syfte att mera rättvist fördela lärarresurserna mellan ämnena.

     

    En annan frågeställning handlar om hur tilldelningen av timmar (kursbudget) går till i praktiken. Efter samtal med representanter för olika institutioner framkommer att vissa använder schablonmodeller, ofta utformade enligt praxis. Grunden är studentantal och kursens längd. En alternativ variant är att kursens upplägg är grund för tilldelningen. Att beräkna timtilldelning på basis av faktorer för olika undervisningsformer förekommer också.

     

    Grunden för timschablonen kan dels baseras på hur stora intäkter/anslag som den enskilda kursen genererar och att timmar fördelas på basis av det. En annan variant är att bestämma en miniminivå t.ex. att en student på en kurs om 7,5hp ska ha 30 lärarledda timmar.

    Oavsett grunderna för beräkning är det många tjänsteplanerare som efterfrågar ett mer lätthanterligt system för tilldelning av timmar per kurs och lärare.

     

    När det gäller frågan kring hur stor del av resurserna som går till examination visar exemplet från Ekonomihögskolan att andelen ökar ganska kraftigt i relation till kursbudgeten totalt. Vid stora studentgrupper (drygt 100) åtgår hälften av kursbudgeten till examination enligt den schabloniserade beräkningsmodell som tillämpas. Många synpunkter från lärare indikerar att det i verkligheten t.o.m. tar ännu mera tid. Det talar för att det är angeläget att diskutera hur resurserna ska räcka till mer varierad examination.

     

    Hur ska då dessa resurser för examination kunna utnyttjas på ett varierat och för lärandet positivt sätt? Utifrån litteraturen presenteras ovan fjorton examinationsformer som antingen visar på alternativ till salsskrivningar (som är den mest förekommande examinationsformen idag) eller där själva bedömningen kan underlättas på olika sätt. Några av de mer intressanta bygger på studenters egen medverkan t.ex. som kamratbedömare eller självvärderare.

     

    Huvudsyftet med denna rapport är att diskutera examination inom ämnet företagsekonomi och en mängd alternativ presenteras ovan. Aspekter och idéer som jag särskilt vill lyfta fram är:

     

    1. Begär/utveckla administrativt stöd eller administrativa system som avlastar lärarens kursadministration. Välutvecklade lärplattformar kan vara en möjlig lösning. En annan är att arvodera äldre studenter t.ex. magisterstudenter som administrativa medhjälpare.

     

    1. Diskutera pedagogisk utveckling, didaktik och metodik på institutionen i högre omfattning än vad som sker idag. Det bör vara möjligt att ge enskilda kurser mer resurser för ambitiösa upplägg.

     

    1. Utveckla digitala lösningar t.ex. självrättande multiple choice-test som komplement till andra prov eller portfolio-reflektioner via kursportal eller facebook. Regelbundna, självrättande quiz och andra former av löpande examination stimulerar lärandet.

     

    1. Använd studenter, i stor sett den enda outnyttjade resurs vi förfogar över. Studenter kan tidigt i utbildningen medvetet involveras i examination på olika sätt. Självskattning, även gruppvis, medverkan som rättare av quiz, opponentskap, självbedömning och kamratvärdering är exempel på möjliga former.

     

    1. Se över examinationens omfång och variation: Individuella tentor med få frågor som testar och stimulerar förståelse vilka med fördel kan kombineras med andra examinationsformer (t.ex. faktakunskapstest med självrättning eller ett antal miniquiz).

     

    1. Arbeta för en intern omfördelning inom Linnéuniversitetet som medger en mer rättvis fördelning av undervisningsresurserna mellan olika ämnesområden (jfr Högskolan i Kristianstad)

     

    Avslutningsvis kan jag konstatera att det är lätt att förlamas av känslan av att anslagen/resurserna inte räcker för att variera undervisning och examination i syfte att stimulera lärandet. Jag vill dock påstå att det finns alternativ om man som lärare bestämmer sig för att pröva lite nya former. Poängen är inte bara att försöka förbättra studenternas lärande och/eller att spara timmar. Alternativa former och variation kan dessutom vara stimulerande och motiverande både för läraren själv och fram för allt för studenterna.

  • 1339.
    Zapata Campos, María José
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Hall, C. Michael
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE). University of Canterbury, New Zealand ; University of Oulu, Finland ; University of Eastern Finland, Savolinna, Finland ; Freiburg Institute of Advanced Studies, Germany.
    Introduction: Narratives of organising waste in the city2013Ingår i: Organising Waste in the City: International Perspectives on Narratives and Practices / [ed] María José Zapata Campos, C. Michael Hall, Policy Press, 2013, s. 1-18Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 1340.
    Zapata Campos, María José
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Hall, C. MichaelLinnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE). University of Canterbury, New Zealand ; University of Oulu, Finland ; University of Eastern Finland, Finland ;Freiburg Institute of Advanced Studies, Germany.
    Organising waste in the city: International perspectives on narratives and practices2013Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This book offers a critical perspective on the issue of organising waste in cities, which has often been positioned in terms of relatively narrow engineering, economic and physical science approaches. It emphasises the ways in which the notion of waste, and the narratives and discourses associated with it, have been socially constructed with corresponding implications for waste governance and local waste handling practices. Organising waste in the city takes a broad and international approach to the ways in which the issue of waste is framed, and brings together narratives from cities as diverse as Amsterdam, Bristol, Cairo, Gothenburg, Helsingborg and Managua. Organised into four main sections and with an integrative introduction and conclusion, the book not only provides new insights into the hidden stories of urban and municipal household solid waste and waste landscapes, but also connects concerns regarding urban waste to such issues as globalisation, governance, urban ecology, and social, economic and environmental justice.

  • 1341.
    Zhang, Jin-He
    et al.
    Nanjing Univ, Peoples Republic of China.
    Zhang, Yu
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE). Nanjing Univ, Peoples Republic of China.
    Zhou, Jing
    China Construct Engn Design Grp Corp Ltd, Peoples Republic of China.
    Liu, Ze-Hua
    Nanjing Univ, Peoples Republic of China.
    Zhang, Hong-Lei
    Nanjing Univ, Peoples Republic of China.
    Tian, Qing
    Tongren Polytech Coll, Peoples Republic of China.
    Tourism water footprint: an empirical analysis of Mount Huangshan2017Ingår i: Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research, ISSN 1094-1665, E-ISSN 1741-6507, Vol. 22, nr 10, s. 1083-1098Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Water is an important factor for the sustainable development of tourism. We constructed a comprehensive model of the tourism water footprint (TWF), including tourism sewage and water for management, and used the world heritage Mount Huangshan as an example. The results showed that the total TWF, which included green, blue and grey water of Mount Huangshan in 2012, was about 10.19 million m(3)/year, approximately per tourist 3.39m(3)/day or 3387L/day. Tourism sewage and food were the main factors of water consumption. The spatial transfer of TWF led the spillover of tourism environmental impact, not only affecting Mount Huangshan but the Huangshan City and even nationwide. Tourist flow and temperature had a highly significant positive correlation with the TWF. Quantifying the TWF can reflect the pressure of tourists on water resources, and provide an effective decision-making basis for rational use of water resources.

  • 1342.
    Zhang, Yu
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE). Nanjing Univ, Peoples Republi of China.
    Zhang, Jin-He
    Nanjing Univ, Peoples Republi of China.
    Tian, Qing
    Tongren Polytech Coll, Peoples Republi of China.
    Liu, Ze-Hua
    Nanjing Univ, Peoples Republi of China.
    Zhang, Hong-Lei
    Nanjing Univ, Peoples Republi of China.
    Virtual water trade of agricultural products: A new perspective to explore the Belt and Road2018Ingår i: Science of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, E-ISSN 1879-1026, Vol. 622, s. 988-996Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The Belt and Road is an initiative of cooperation and development that was proposed by China. Moreover, most of the spanning countries faced water shortages and agriculture consumed a lot of water. Virtual water links water, food and trade and is an effective tool to ease water shortages. Therefore, this paper aims to understand the Belt and Road from the new perspective of virtual water trade of agricultural products. We considered agricultural products trade from 2001 to 2015. On the whole, the results indicated that China was in virtual water trade surplus with the countries along the Belt and Road. However, in terms of each country, >40 spanning countries were in virtual water trade surplus with China and eased water shortages. Russia had the largest net imported virtual water from China. Furthermore, the proportion of the grey water footprint that China exported to the spanning countries was much higher than that imported, no matter from the whole or different geographical regions. Moreover, more than half of the countries' virtual water trade with China conformed to the virtual water strategy, which helped to ease water crises. Furthermore, the products that they exported to China were mainly advantageous products that each spanning countries have. Virtual water trade is a new perspective to explore the Belt and Road. Agricultural products trade with China definitely benefits both the countries along the Belt and Road and China from the perspective of virtual water. The findings are beneficial for the water management of the countries along the Belt and Road and China, alleviating water shortages, encouraging the rational allocation of water resources in the various departments. They can provide references for optimizing trade structures as well. (c) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 1343.
    Zhou, Chuanhui
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Yu, Anqi
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    The World Heritage on Öland: An investigation into the Motivations of Chinese Travelers toTravel abroad2016Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this research is to explore how Öland could attract Chinese tourists to sustain its development. This study is conducted on the basis of group interviews among 20 respondents selected from Chinese tourists. This research reveals that learning and experiencing, building a social relationship and enjoying natural landscape are the major reason for Chinese tourists traveling abroad, among which, the main motivations for Chinese tourists visiting Öland is the attractive spot. The research finds that not many Chinese tourists have been to Öland before. However, among those who have been, they said that Borgholm Castle was the most attractive tourist spot. The major approaches for Chinese tourists accessing information of Öland are travel agencies, travel apps, TV shows, movies and the internet , whereas little marketing strategies such as advertising (in Chinese) and cooperating with local travel agencies has been utilized by the government. An analysis of the key motivations of Chinese tourist reveals one challenge in attracting Chinese tourists facing the government: Öland is not well recognized as a World Heritage among Chinese tourists compared to other popular travel destinations. The strength and weakness of Öland tourism indicates that Öland need to take more active marketing strategies to brand their tourism targeting Chinese tourists.

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    The World Heritage on Öland
  • 1344.
    Åhlander, Julia
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Bylander, Isabelle
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Johansson, Filip
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    E-handel av livsmedel i utveckling: En studie om främjande aspekter samt barriärer som påverkar konsumenten i köpbeslutsprocessen2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte och problemformulering: Syftet med studien är att identifiera de främjande aspekter samt barriärer som har en påverkan på konsumentens köpbeslut vid e-handel.

    • Hur ser den digitala köpbeslutsprocessen ut och var i processen uppstår barriärerna?

    Teori: Studiens teoretiska referensram omfattar en presentation av de aspekter som har en påverkan på konsumentens köpbeslut vid e-handel, vilka är produktkvalitet, varumärkesförtroende, pris, upplevelse, demografiska aspekter, tid och bekvämlighet samt utformning av hemsida. Vidare redogörs det för köpbeslutsprocessen som konsumenten går igenom då ett köpbeslut ska tas, vilket innefattar följande steg; identifiering av behov, informationssökning, bedömning av alternativ, genomförande av köp samt utvärdering av köp.

    Metod: Studien bygger på en kvalitativ ansats med ett deduktivt tillvägagångssätt. Den empiriska datainsamlingen utgörs från fyra fokusgrupper.

    Slutsats: Studien har resulterat i en utformning av en digital köpbeslutsprocess som även belyser var i processen konsumentens uppfattade barriärer uppstår. Den digitala köpbeslutsprocessen består av följande steg; identifiering av behov, värdering, beslutsfattning, betalning och leverans samt utvärdering av köp.

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  • 1345.
    Åhsberg, Johanna
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Ecotourism in a developing island destination: -A field study of Bali2020Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate how ecotourism impact on Balinese traditional lifestyle through economic, sociocultural and environmental structures. A field study was conducted in the island of Bali, Indonesia where the researcher investigated the situation of traditional living and how it is perceived by local people and eco-friendly businesses. The research method used was a deductive and qualitative research as this method seemed to be most suitable for this research. The result shows that ecotourism makes impact on traditional lifestyle. Whether it is for the better or worse are difficult to say as people have different opinions on what is important. While some impacts show positive results such as employment, infrastructure, encourage of traditional practices, there are also negative impacts such as cultural adulteration and staged traditional practices. Before, traditional living in Bali were self-sufficient in agriculture and to provide food for its inhabitants. Now they are becoming more vulnerable due to ecotourism and they are dependent on others for food. On the other hand, ecotourism has contributed to modern conveniences and better infrastructure which improves the living conditions for local people in rural areas. Balinese traditional lifestyle cannot be completely excluded from ecotourism development, as tourism is a major catalyst of change. However, the traditional lifestyle could be used as a foundation for future Balinese structure when keeping the balance between pleasing ecotourists while at the same time conserving for traditional living.

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  • 1346.
    Åkerblom, Ellen
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Gustafsson, My
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Lind, Matilda
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    What's in it for me?: En tolkande studie om det upplevda värdet av formella nätverk2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of formal networks is widely spread and appreciated as a way of building long-term relationships and creating value for the company. Value contains a number of different meanings and can therefore be valued differently by different people and businesses. This thesis focus on micro companies and how they create value through formal business networks. The thesis is all through divided into four different themes; networking, intentions, values and problems with formal networks. The themes are focusing on both aspects from theory and our seven respondents. The data collected through theories as well as interviews with members and former members has given a conclusion of what is most important while being in a formal network. The respondents had different views on what exactly they wanted to get out of being active in business networks. Overall we got a clear picture of the importance of goals, dedication, curiosity, loyalty, trust and preparation while attending a formal network.

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  • 1347.
    Åkerlund, Jennie
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    Truong, Linda
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Förväntningsgapets dynamik2013Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Titel: Förväntningsgapets dynamik

    Inledning: Förväntningsgapet är skillnaden som finns mellan vad revisorer och användare av redovisningsinformation förväntar sig att en oberoende revisor ska göra. Sedan definitionen uppkom år 1974 har mycket forskning gjorts om förväntningsgap. Vad som är tämligen outforskat är hur gapet förändras över tid i ett land, och hur det påverkas av händelser i omvärlden. Denna kunskapslucka har motiverat denna studie.

    Problemformulering: Hur har förväntningsgapet förändrats i Sverige, från definitionens uppkomst fram till idag? På vilket sätt kan företagsskandaler och lagförändringar ha påverkat gapet?

    Syfte: Syftet är att identifiera och skapa förståelse för hur förväntningsgapet har förändrats i Sverige. Dessutom vill vi tydliggöra hur finanskriser, företagsskandaler och lagförändringar har påverkat gapet, samt om det finns något samband mellan dessa tre faktorer. Avsikten med uppsatsen är att bidra till förväntningsgapslitteraturen och att ge insikt i hur svenska normer utvecklas.

    Metod: Abduktion är den metod som använts i studien. Den teoretiska referensramen består av tidigare forskning och teori kring förväntningsgapet och rättssociologi. I den empiriska analysen användes en kvalitativ metod där material i form av sekundärdata samlats in. Utgångspunkten var FARs branschorganisations tidning, Balans. Denna källa har kompletterats med bland annat lagarbeten, böcker och hemsidor, vilket har legat till grund för analys och slutsats.   

    Slutsats: Vårt resultat anger att förväntningsgapet är ett dynamiskt begrepp inom områdena: definition, beståndsdelar, förekomst, bidragande orsaker och minskningsåtgärder. Dessutom har dynamik påvisats i relation till rättssociologin och flera viktiga samband har tydliggjorts.

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    Förväntningsgapets dynamik
  • 1348.
    Åkerman, Niklas
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    An international learning typology: strategies and outcomes for internationalizing firms2014Ingår i: Baltic Journal of Management, ISSN 1746-5265, E-ISSN 1746-5273, Vol. 9, nr 4, s. 382-402Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to understand the role of heterogeneous strategies for new knowledge development in the internationalization processes of firms. Design/methodology/approach - A typology of international learning strategies is developed. The typology is supported by a case study of seven Swedish international firms that show heterogeneous strategies. The case study suggests links between learning strategies and international growth. Findings - The results suggest an international learning-strategy typology derived from extant theory on knowledge acquisition in internationalization, constituted by four types: Passive Learners, Endogenous Learners, Exogenous Learners, and Diversified Learners. The results further suggest that the typology is empirically relevant and, moreover, suggest a potential heterogeneity in outcomes for these strategies. The study suggests that there is a link between learning strategy and outcomes in terms of growth and international sales distribution. Research limitations/implications - The strategy for how firms learn when internationalizing has implications for the firm's international growth. The case-study design has limitations for generalizability and future quantitative validation is called for. Practical implications - Managers need to be aware of the consequences of their learning strategy for the internationalization performance. This study informs strategic decision making for how to learn from international markets. Originality/value - The results suggest a typology based on heterogeneity of international learning strategies and their consequences for internationalization.

  • 1349.
    Åkerman, Niklas
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    International opportunity realization in firm internationalization: non-linear effects of market-specific knowledge and internationalization knowledge2015Ingår i: Journal of International Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1570-7385, E-ISSN 1573-7349, Vol. 13, nr 3, s. 242-259Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on determinants of the realization of international opportunities. Market knowledge and internationalization knowledge are applied in order to understand how opportunities are realized in internationalization, and these relations are tested for linearity. The study relies on data collected from 144 Swedish firms that export to the Baltic States, Poland, Russia, and China. The results of the study give a theoretical contribution concerning growth behavior beyond early internationalization by integrating learning dimensions from internationalization theory and international opportunities from international entrepreneurship. The results suggest that knowledge about the local business network is significantly associated with international opportunity realization, with an increasing marginal effect. The non-linearity gives an accelerated effect of further learning about the local business network. The results also suggest that multiple national contexts are beneficial to a certain point, after which the marginal effect is negative, thus exhibiting an inverted U-shape. This advocates that a firm’s capability to realize opportunities in international markets is developed positively from the initial internationalization but only to a certain point. Consequently, there is a threshold for when the marginal effect of further internationalization becomes negative for international opportunity realization. Non-significant results for knowledge about the institutional context suggest a downplayed role of the institutional context in favor to the business network. Furthermore, non-significant results for international depth show that time in international markets may be less important than diversity in international contexts.

  • 1350.
    Åkerman, Niklas
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Knowledge-acquisition strategies and the effects on market knowledge – profiling the internationalizing firm2015Ingår i: European Management Journal, ISSN 0263-2373, E-ISSN 1873-5681, Vol. 33, nr 2, s. 79-88Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Knowledge management and experiential knowledge in particular has for long been at the core of theory on the behavior of internationalizing firms. However, the strong emphasis on direct experience in extant literature has been challenged. This study addresses the influence of various knowledge-acquisition strategies on market knowledge. Empirical studies on this topic are largely missing. The empirical base for this study is 144 internationalizing Swedish firms operating in the Baltic States, Poland, Russia, or China. Four knowledge acquisition strategies are identified based on the utilization of knowledge sources. The strategies are profiled through a cluster analysis, which is validated using a regression analysis to show the effects of strategy on market knowledge. The results show that firms with a passive strategy have less market knowledge. Firms that are focusing primarily on internal or external sources hold equal levels of knowledge about the market. Firms actively utilizing all available sources have the highest levels of market knowledge. This calls for a reevaluation of the relative importance of direct experiential knowledge in internationalization processes and supports the notion that more sources of knowledge than direct experience need to be taken into account in order to understand internationalization behavior.

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