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  • 1351.
    Wennerhov, Hanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Konstruktionen av "ensamkommande barn" i regional media: en diskursanalys av representationer, i ljuset av "flyktingkrisen" 20152017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Author: Hanna Wennerhov

    Title: The construction of “unaccompanied children” in regional media – a discourse analysis of representation, in the light of the “refugee crisis” 2015 [Translated title]

    Supervisor: Barzoo Eliassi

    Assessor: Ulf Drugge

    The purpose of this study was to problematize how unaccompanied children were depicted in news articles in regional media, in the light of the so called “refugee crisis” of 2015. 18 news articles concerning unaccompanied children have been analysed from a social constructive perspective, using discourse theory, the concept of representation and Michel Foucault’s perspective on power. Through this analysis, I have been able to identify two main discourses, where unaccompanied children were represented mostly by individuals in power position. The category was thus represented in two diverse ways, on the one hand as exposed and in need of help and protection, on the other hand as encumbering to the society. They were at the same time depicted as a homogenous group, passive in relation to the surrounding society. I have further been able to illustrate how unaccompanied children were being excluded from the discourses, through their limited participation and opportunity to represent themselves through the articles. When given this opportunity in one of the articles, four young people categorised as “unaccompanied children” represented the category as active, responsible individuals, thus presenting an alternative portrayal of unaccompanied children. With this study, I aimed to gain a deeper understanding of what kind of portrayals of unaccompanied children that may have become a premise from which people think of and treat these young people. I also aimed to raise awareness of how the power of medias portrayal of diverse groups of people can affect the conception of individuals that are categorised into these groups, as well as those individuals’ conception of themselves.

     

    Keywords: Unaccompanied children, construction, representation, media, discourse analysis

    Nyckelord: Ensamkommande barn, konstruktion, representation, media, diskursanalys

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  • 1352.
    Wennerlund, Frida
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Social Work.
    Rapp, Anna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Social Work.
    Långtidsfrisk - ja visst!: En studie av åtta socialarbetares upplevelse av långtidsfriskhet2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det finns personer som går till jobbet varje dag och alltid är vid god hälsa, även när deras arbete är krävande. Detta fenomen kan beskrivas som långtidsfriskhet. Syftet med denna kvalitaitva studie var att undersöka vad socialarbetare upplevde påverkade deras långtidsfriskhet. Vi har gjort intervjuer med åtta socialarbetare angående vilka friskfaktorer som hade störst påverkan på deras hälsa. Det empiriska materialet har sammanställts i tre kategorier, vilka är individen, organisationen och fritiden. Vi har också fört ett resonemang kring sjuknärvarons betydelse för långtidsfriskhet. Materialet har analyserats utifrån förljande teorier: Känsla av sammanhang (KASAM), krav- och kontrollmodellen, organisation och byråkrati, socialt stöd samt coping.

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  • 1353.
    Werther, Linda
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Olofsson Sandin, Felicia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Innan suicid blir den permanenta lösningen på ett tillfälligt problem: – En kvalitativ studie som belyser suicidbedömning vid Barn- och ungdomspsykiatrin2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Utifrån beskrivningar av behandlarens självupplevda erfarenheter i arbetet med suicidriskbedömningar vid Barn- och ungdomspsykiatrin, har tidigare forskning samt teori analyserats för att kunna främja arbetet med suicidala ungdomar. Denna kvalitativa studie baseras på empiriska studier från sjukvårdspersonal inom Barn- och ungdomspsykiatrin. Studien påvisar hur behandlare använder sig av suicidriskbedömning som metod för att förebygga suicidalitet bland ungdomar. Studien belyser även svårigheten med att arbeta med dessa ungdomar samt vilka risk- och skyddsfaktorer som är väsentliga för en ungdom som går i tankar om att vilja ta sitt liv.

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  • 1354.
    Westerholm, Märtha
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Görandets rationaliteter.: En kvalitativ studie i vilka rationaliteter som ligger till grund för det politiska handlandet.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bottom-up study argue that making of social politics occurs in the meeting between the citizen and the representative of state. In order to generate a deeper understanding of the production of politics, the aim of this study was to identify expressed motivators and arguments in relation to a specific policy, which would unveil the underlying rationalities of actions taken by the specific actors. The policy was introduced in the Växjö municipality in June of 2017 and has changed the benefit distributed by the social services for immigrants waiting to start an employment program through an employment bureau into a loan. 

    In-depth interviews study, a total of 9 interviews have been undertaken with; decision-making politicians, public officials working with the policy and service users who have been affected by the policy. The data was processed and analyzed according to themes and to theory on rationality. The results showed that the main rationality forming the actions of politicians and public officials was linked to their ambition of upholding an efficient use of resources for the benefit of municipality economy. The main rationality behind the actions of the service users was to obtain autonomi in their life. An important goal for both parties was that the service users should become self-sustaining. Furthemore, the politicians and public officials clamied the responsibility for goal-fullfilment to realy on the individuals and not on the municipality.

    In addition, the results of this study has revealed that the way that politicians and public officials´ view immigrants, has affected the framing of the policy, deriving from a paternalistic understanding. Service users in the study expressed eagerness and high motivation towards starting employment. However, service users in this study viewed the loan as a hindrance rather than a support towards accomplishing the goal of employment, thus becoming autonomic.

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  • 1355.
    Westerholm, Märtha
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    de Vos, Simon
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Det sympatiska projektet: En kvalitativ studie om hur skillnader kostrueras i mötet mellan socialtjänsten och ensamkommande barn2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine how social workers relate to unaccompanied asylum-seeking children, regarding their cultural background and potential social issues. In order to achieve a more profound and comprehensive view of the social workers views regarding the separated children, we selected to execute semi structured interviews with social workers. These interviews were aimed at those social workers who performed assessments and investigations concerning unaccompanied children. We completed nine interviews which we recorded and transcribed in a strict manor. When we analyzed the empirical material, certain themes where identified as more protuberant and thus we our selection was based on what we regarded as the most relevant topics, in accordance to the aim of the study. Furthermore, our focus was set upon the social workers views regarding cultural differences between unaccompanied asylum-seeking children and Swedish children. We also decided to focus on which views these social workers portrayed, regarding the unaccompanied asylum-seeking child’s cultural background and how social issues could affect the social workers frame, their assets and formulation of their interventions, concerning separated children. We learned during our study that the social workers are enduring a heavy workload, especially since the numbers of arriving separated children are rapidly increasing. Furthermore, the economical recourses, in forms of personnel, are not increasing the same pace. In recent years, societal attitudes have altered and more negative and separative views regarding separated children are apparent. However, the social workers have applied a more universalistic approach towards the children to show the resemblances rather than differences between unaccompanied asylum-seeking children and Swedish children. Our study makes evident, that underneath this universalistic policy, culturalization of the children took form and this development also affected how the interventions were framed. Conclusively, this study displays how culturalization of the interventions affected the care of the children negatively and resulted in a declining standard of care, as well as differentiation of care. 

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    Det sympatiska projektet
  • 1356.
    Westman, Hilda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    I skuggan av våldet: En kvalitativ studie om stödet till barn som bevittnat våld i nära relationer2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine which support the communities in Kalmar have to offer children who have witnessed domestic violence. The study also includes how social services justify this actions based on the childs needs. The study includes six respondents; four socialworkers, one head of unit at “Alternativ till våld” and one manager at “Barnahuset” in Kalmar. 

    The method used in this study is a qualitative research approach with semi-structured interviews.

     

    The study concludes that children who have witnessed domestic violence seldom are known by social services, but when a child is recognized the social service use “Alternativ Till Våld” or a general support. It also reveals that those children often have a lower priority when weighed against children who has been abused.

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    I våldets skugga
  • 1357.
    Westman, Johanna
    Polismyndigheten, Sweden.
    Den uniformerade verklighetens polisblick2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Jag har kritiskt granskat polisernas informella Facebookgrupp UMF Sverige i syfte att studera hur polisen representeras och vilka poliskulturella normer som kan urskiljas i materialet. Den dominerande representationen i det sociala forumet är den uniformerade verklighetens polisblick. Det uniformerade poliskollektivet, som uppfattar verkligheten som en kamp mellan motpoler, ger uttryck för en stark kollegialitet som har maskulina konnotationer. De dominerande poliskulturella normerna, som de avspeglar sig i det sociala forumet, resulterar i en uppfattning om den andranär det handlar om hur polisarbete ska bedrivas och hur poliser ska vara. Dessa normer utmanas av den normkritiska polisblickeni en diskursivt ordnande praktik. Kollegialitetsnormerna kontrollerar dock det diskursiva utrymmet och begränsar kritik som riktas mot poliskollektivet. Kritiken avvisas systematiskt, vilket leder till att kritik och kritisk granskning endast är möjlig under begränsade former. Den uniformerade verklighetens polisblick bygger upp en enad front av polisuniformer; alla är medlemmar i polisfamiljen; ”det finns bara en färg - blå!”. Sprickor i fasaden visar dock att poliser som inte tillhör normen blir osynliggjorda och tvingas anpassa sig för att passa in i den dominerande poliskulturen. Normer om nationalitet, etnicitet, sexuell identitet och/eller genus är inte uttalade i det granskade materialet, vilket resulterar i att dessa normer förblir oemotsagda. Detta är tecken på kulturell dominans, som begränsar de andrasdiskursiva utrymme.

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  • 1358.
    Westphal, Marie
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Health Sciences and Social Work.
    Jarl, Johanna
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Health Sciences and Social Work.
    SAMVERKAN OCH SAMARBETE: Socialtjänsten och Barn- och Ungdomspsykiatrins gemensamma arbete2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Author: Johanna Jarl and Marie Westphal

    Title: Co-operation and Collaboration The Social services and Child- and adolescence psychiatry joined action [Translated title]

    Supervisor: Mikael Sandgren

    Examiner: Torbjörn Hjort

    Children and adolescences that have both psychological and social problems is an increasing number of the society. It used to be a demand that Social workers and personnel at Child and adolescence psychiatry had interdisciplinary collaboration, today it is more then a demand it is a requirement. The aim of this study was to understand how the personnel at the Social services and Child and adolescence psychiatry look at the cooperation between the two organizations in Sweden.

    To be able to accomplish this study we have interviewed four persons employed at the Social services and three persons employed at Child- and adolescencepsychiatry all of them were interviewed individually. To be able to analyze our material from the interviews we have used new institutional organization theory and Goffmans dramaturgic perspective at teams. The interviews showed that there is collaboration between the organizations on all levels, but that the organizations have different priorities. A example of this is that the Social services have an increase in demand of prevention labor which Child- and Adolescence psychiatry will no longer perform due to changes in the organization. We also learned that many factors influence the co-operation and collaboration between the two organizations. The factors we found were belonging to different organizations, professional skills, experience, view, communication, responsibility, rolls and changes in the organization.

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  • 1359.
    Wiegert, Helene
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Andersson, Eva-Lott
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Bemötande av äldre2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 poäng / 22,5 hpStudent thesis
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  • 1360.
    Wihlborg, Maria
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Social Work.
    "Det är det största beviset på kärlek, att lämna bort för att skapa ett bättre liv": En kvalitativ studie om att vara internationellt adopterad2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 1361.
    Wiik, Linn
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Johansson, Elin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Enhetschefer och undersköterskors perspektiv på rapportering enligt lex Sarah inom kommunal äldreomsorg2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine the experience, knowledge and attitude to mandatory reports of mistreatments amongst first line managers and assistance nurses in municipal elderly care. The following questions were at the center of the analysis: how do the different professional groups view having to report their own organization? How can various factors affect the mandatory reporting of mistreatments? What knowledge do the different professional groups have of mistreatments and mandatory reporting? A qualitative research method was used to examine these questions in the form of semi structured interviews and a small document study. The interviews were carried out with assistance nurses and first line manages in elder care, we interviewed four respondents from both professional groups. The interviews were then transcribed and coded with help of a content analysis. We have used Berger and Luckmanns theories about institutionalization when analyzing our results. We have also used Lipskys theory about street-level bureaucracy. The analysis is structured around themes and analyzed based on previous research and the above said theories. Our results show that there is a struggle amongst the both first line managers and assistance nurses to fully comprehend the complexity of mandatory reporting of mistreatments and that it’s often hard to draw the line between mandatory reporting of mistreatments and other less severe reporting’s such as deviation reports. Further, we have concluded that there is a fear amongst assistance nurses of reporting. Primarily because of a belief that reprisals, first and foremost from colleagues, will follow. We have also concluded that the workplace often seems to be characterized by a normative system in which loyalty and silence are common elements which may inhibit reporting.

    Key words: mandatory reporting of mistreatments, knowledge, attitudes, experience, elder care.

    Nyckelord: lex Sarah, kunskap, inställning, erfarenhet, äldreomsorg.

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    Enhetschefer och undersköterskors perspektiv på rapportering enligt lex Sarah inom kommunal äldreomsorg
  • 1362.
    Wijaya Wiking, Nurdiana
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Socialt arbete och diakoni i Svenska kyrkan: En diskursanalys av församlingsinstruktioner2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social work is a wide term but often presented as the form of activities done by public welfare organisations. This study aims to present an analys of social work done by the Church of Sweden congregations. The study uses a discourseanalys perspectiv to study local congregations’ instructional documents that describe their diaconia. The result shows that social work in diaconia is characterized by different hegemonies and conflicts of understanding and practices. The study shows how church of Sweden formulation can be influenced by history and political and ideological issues as well as economical issues for the church. The author means that we need more studies of how social work is understood by other welfare actors in Sweden in order to develop a deeper understanding of social work.

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  • 1363.
    Wikström, Eva
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Melin Emilsson, Ulla
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Autonomy and control in everyday life in care of older people in nursing homes2014In: Journal of Housing for the Elderly, ISSN 0276-3893, E-ISSN 1540-353X, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 41-62Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Self-control and autonomy are not guaranteed when people age and are in need of help from others, especially in institution-based housing. This occurs despite the fact that it is a generally accepted belief that care should be delivered with the greatest possible degree of independence and autonomy. This article discusses older people's experiences with and the opportunities for autonomy in institution-based housing. Through focus group interviews and observations, the daily lives of residents at two nursing homes in Sweden were studied through a comparative approach using the theoretical framework of organizational culture. Three themes emerged showing how autonomy was not a reality for the residents. The first theme revealed an ambivalent mission, indicating ambiguity as to whether the nursing home was a place to live in or a place in which to be cared for. The second theme was symbolic power, which encompassed the staff's power embedded in the organization. The third theme was the ageist approach to care, which was noted in the way staff considered the residents to be old people who were unable and unwilling to strive for autonomy. The three themes were embedded in the organizational culture and were created and recreated in the interaction between residents and staff. A key question for further research is how to change the culture to strengthen the residents’ autonomy.

  • 1364.
    Wittenby, Stephanie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Gunnarsson, Mathilda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Skolans relevans för socialt arbete: En fallstudie om skolkonceptet NPF-säkring2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine the protruding school concept NPF-säkring at the public school Källbrinksskolan in Sweden. Pupils with neuropsychiatric disabilities are particularly at risk to not reach the goals of the education and to have high school absence, which can lead to social exclusion later in life. The school in this study are well-known through Swedish media and claim that they have a solution to the challenges the Swedish school system face today therefore they have formed their concept specifically to the pupils with neuropsychiatric disabilities. The aim of this study was to perform a case-study to examine what the concept implies, it’s main logics and how it affects the institution. Using triangulation while studying various documents connected to the school concept, as well as one observation at the school after school hours, five main logics of the school concept became distinguishable. The analysis were divided into two parts where the first part focus on the main logics of the concept analyzed through Universal design of learning as a theoretical perspective and the second part consists of the theory of the Institutions three pillars to understand the institutional function and its relation to its context of the society. As a conclusion it came apparent that the main logics consists of physical environment, flexible structure, relational approach, encouragement for students' self-determination and overall approach at the school. The institutional function of the concept is distinctly connected to the increased awareness regarding the consequences of neuropsychiatric disabilities throughout society and by developing a new school concept, the institution there-by question the traditional Swedish school-system.

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  • 1365.
    Wolmesjö, Maria
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Health Sciences and Social Work.
    Ledarskapets autonomi - om chefers dilemman och handlingsutrymme2008In: När den professionella autonomin blir ett problem, Växjö: Växjö University Press , 2008, , p. 182Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 1366.
    Wolmesjö, Maria
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Health Sciences and Social Work.
    Ledningsfunktion i omvandling.: Om förändringar av yrkesrollen för första linjens chefer inom den kommunala äldre- och handikappomsorgen2005Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 1367.
    Wombell, Marie
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Health Sciences and Social Work.
    Johansson, Maria
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Health Sciences and Social Work.
    När tillvaron rasar samman!: -En studie om anhöriga till personer som förvärvat hjärnskada2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    For various reasons, some adults are struck by a sudden brain-damage. The purpose of our research was to obtain an understanding about the everyday lives of their spouses. The meaning of this essay was to understand the husband or wives situation when their partner had a brain damage. The essay is based on both a qualitative method which includes ten personal interviews and quantitative method in results and analysis. The result showed that all partners were now employed as “relative – carers”. Financial support from the local council was being given to everyone we met. Thus, the economical situation did not seem to be a big issue. Far worse was the increased workload for the family. Relationships with friends and relatives also took on a large change. Some friends disappeared altogether. People seem to cope in different ways when their situations are changed drastically.

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  • 1368.
    Yusuf, Abdi
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Några behandlares uppfattningar om faktorer sommotverkar negativ ungdomskultur på institutioner för ungdomar med socialaproblem.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att belysa några behandlares uppfattningar om faktorer som motverkar negativ ungdomskultur på institutioner för ungdomar med sociala problem. Studien lyfter fram upplevelser samt erfarenheter därmed användes ett kvalitativt närmandesätt, med hermeneutisk utgångspunkt. Fem semistrukturerade intervjuer tillämpades vid insamlingen av mjukdata. Med hjälp av latent innehållsanalys analyserades materialet för bättre överblick.

    Resultatet belyser faktorer som bidrar till att det blir negativt bland ungdomar på institutioner. Dessa faktorer kan exempelvis vara att ungdomarna inte känner av personalens närvaro, blir sedda samt hörda. Resultatet lyfter även fram att ungdomarna Influeras av varandra och är lojala mot varandra för att ungdomarna upplever att de har samma historik eller gemensamma drag samt att ungdomarna upplever att personal är på institutionen för att enbart tjäna pengar. Omotiverade ungdomar ska inte sättas inom samma grupp för då blir rehabiliteringsarbetet lidande konstateras i resultatet. Respondenterna upplever att oenighet bland personal angående rutiner och regler bidrar till negativ ungdomskultur. Delaktiga ungdomar som får stöd, som motiveras och förstärks av behandlare samt får återanknytning till sociala sammanhang i form av föreningsliv kan bidra till att främja en positiv ungdomskultur.

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  • 1369.
    Zakrisson, Denise
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Skolkuratorn och nätmobbning: – En kvalitativ studie om skolkuratorns upplevelser av gymnasieskolans arbete gällande nätmobbning2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine; how the Swedish high school handles the social phenomena of cyber bullying from the prospective of the high school counselor. By this study, I wanted to gain an understanding of the variables that affects how the Swedish high school chooses to deal with cyber bullying amongst their students. The study is based on a qualitative approach, using eight semi-structured interviews when interviewing the high school counselors. The empirical material from the interviews is analyzed by using the New-Institutional Theory and the concept of knowledge. The results indicates that the counselors finds the phenomena of cyber bullying not to be a new problem and that the lack of knowledge and well functioning methods in the society is affecting how the high school detects, handles and prevents cyber bullying. The result also indicates that it is going to take time for effective methods to be develop based on the complexity of detecting and handling cyber bullying. 

  • 1370.
    Zanteré, Rebecca
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Svensson, Bo
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Omsorgsgivares känsla av sammanhang inom äldreomsorgen i skuggan av New Public Management: En kvantitativ studie i socialt arbete2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is about the upcoming challenge Sweden face with a population that grows older and in need of elderly care. The challenge lies in that municipality, as it is today, won’t have the personnel to care for the elders. The study presents two problematic factors that need change for the municipality to be able to guarantee reasonable living standards according to social laws. The first factor is the decreasing profession attractiveness that makes it hard to employ personnel. The second factor, which the study focuses on, is the fact the caregivers are overrepresented in the social insurance office statistics of personnel on sick leave. We choose to focus on the caregiver’s work environment to get a perspective on the problem. To be more exact the study focuses on finding a covariance between experienced New Public Management and Sense of coherence. Our second focus is to see if there is an underlying relation between the experienced New Public Management reforms and the three parts of Sense of coherence; meaningfulness, comprehensibility and manageability. A third focus is to see if the relationship is influenced by the caregivers’ age and work experience.

    Our main findings are that experienced New Public Management has both positive but mainly negative effect on caregivers’ sense of coherence and therefore on caregiver’s health. Our conclusion is therefore that New Public Management can be seen as a factor for care givers high ratings in the social security offices statistics over sick leave from work.

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  • 1371.
    Zoric, Sara
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Tillgänglighet och otillgänglighet för studenter med funktionsnedsättningar i högre utbildning.: En studie gjord utifrån studenters upplevelser.2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Accessibility is mostly understood and defined by law and practice. The concept therefore needs to be problematized and deepened by those whom it actually concerns; students with disabilities. The aim of this study was to examine how students with disabilities are experiencing accessibility and inaccessibility in higher education in Sweden. More specifically its aim was to get access to students’ narratives about accessibility and inaccessibility as well as what the concepts meant for them. The empirical material was collected by using narrative method and interviews with ten respondents. The main result showed that inaccessibility often leads to exclusion in several ways. Furthermore, the results indicate that exclusion has a big influence on a persons’ identity, both a persons’ chosen identity as well as enforced identities. The study showed that the concept accessibility is mostly associated with the support methods offered in higher education. The analysis was based on two different kinds of analytic methodologies; one including coding and creating adequate themes based on the empirical material and the second was focusing on my part in creating the narratives and the respondents’ identities. The conclusions were that the concept accessibility is more profound than we usually think when we speak about accessibility. It does not only intend physical accessibility such as narrow bathrooms and heavy doors, but also support and accountability from teachers, individual adjustments and more knowledge about how to meet students with disabilities. The conclusions include that methods that aim to promote accessibility such as UDL and SEd can be used more frequently in Swedish universities.

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  • 1372.
    Zoric, Sara
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Olsson, Frida
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Hur hanteras svårhanterliga situationer?: En kvalitativ studie avseende strategier för problemskapande beteende vid autismspektrumtillstånd2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 1373.
    Zymeri, Gjelbrim
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Social Work.
    Kielek, Karolina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Social Work.
    Socialt arbete med ensamkommande flyktingbarn.: En kvalitativ studie om mottagandet av ensamkommande flyktingbarn i Nybro och Växjö.2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Title:

    A qualitative study of unaccompanied refugee children and our experiences of the reception in Nybro and Växjö municipality.

    Authors:

    Gjelbrim Zymeri and Karolina Kielek

    Each year, a large number of unaccompanied young people arrive in Sweden. Immigration Service statistics show that in 2010 the majority of thesewere boys from Afghanistan, Somalia or Iraq. The purpose of this study was to analyze the reception of such young people in two municipalities, Växjö and Nybro, based on the experiences of the personnel involved and of the unaccompanied children themselves and children’s living conditions.

    The method chosen was qualitative interviews, with analysis of results using communication theory and identity theory. We present results that reflect what we considered to be the important themes emerging from our interviews. These themes are:

    the children's background, relationships, children's experiences on the need for support and assistance, health care, children's experiences of living, schooling, the importance of language, cultural distinctions. The result of our study shows that the relationships for unaccompanied children is very important for their future, but cultural clashes makes the relationships difficult. A conclusion is that unaccompanied children are in need of help for some time after they arrived in to the municipality. The results also showes that most young enlisted the help of staff at the homes and that the Swedish language is essential for the unaccompanied children to make them independent. These results are broadly consistent with previous research in this subject

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  • 1374.
    Ämtvall, Therese
    et al.
    University of Kalmar. University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Ingvarsson, Jessica
    University of Kalmar. University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Akuta hjälp- och stödinsatser inom psykiatrin: Vad är det som påverkar psykiatrins selektering och bedömning av de individer som söker akuta hjälp- och stödinsatser?2009Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper the authors are focusing on people that work in psychiatric acute care. How do they identify the individual that is in most need of acute care? How do they judge in this kind of cases?

       The foundation in this study is in the qualitative method. The material to this study has been collected by doing qualitative interviews with six people in different professions and positions in psychiatric acute care.

       The material that we collected from these six qualitative interviews has been analysed with help from Sherif’s and Hovland’s (1961) Social judgement theory. The theory describes people’s judgement based on certain criterions and how it affects them. 

       It has been noticed that the individuals who asses first acute care are usually the ones that has a suicidal behavior. The resources are decreasing while the need for psychiatric acute care is increasing. The personell have to make decisions about which individual that are in most need of acute care. Their judgments are very important for the indiviuals in need of immediate care. This judgement can be depending on which individual who is doing the judgemet. This paper has given us comprehension for the immortance of good individual properties for doing judgements, and that they are made in several positions.

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  • 1375.
    Åberg, Andrea
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Jämställdhet, integration och jämställdhetsintegrering: En diskursanalys av hur kommunala integrationshandläggare arbetar med jämställdhet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate how Swedish social workers’ working with refugees integrates a gender perspective in their daily work. The study was executed through a vignette study among 5 social workers working with reception of refugees in two minor Swedish municipalities. The participating social workers worked with the reception, financial aid, housing for refugees arriving to the municipality after receiving residence permit. The material was analyzed through a discourse analysis. The result showed a lack of knowledge and uncertainty among the social workers about gender equality as a concept and how it should be implemented in their work. The result also showed the complexity of gender equality, integration, and gender mainstreaming and how the issue with gender equality could be placed on different levels; from the individuals own responsibility to change his or hers own life, to laws and policy documents that according to the social workers should be adjusted to easily apply a gender equality perspective to the social work.

  • 1376.
    Åberg, Sarah
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Johansson, Alexander
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Frisk, Lillemor
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    En kvalitativ studie om att upptäcka psykisk ohälsa hos elever på gymnasieskolor.: "Du, håll lite koll på den här eleven"2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att öka kunskapen om hur elevhälsan på gymnasieskolor arbetar med psykisk ohälsa samt att undersöka vilka faktorer som professionella beskriver kan leda till utveckling av psykisk ohälsa bland elever. För att svara på detta används en kvalitativ metod. En kvalitativ ansats har använts eftersom det kunde generera ett resultat av tolkning och djupare förståelse, vilket var det centrala i studien. Empirin är hämtad genom intervjuer som vi har genomfört med elevhälsoteam på olika gymnasium. De teoretiska utgångspunkterna som studien grundar sig i är Bronfenbrenners utvecklingsekologiska modell och socialpedagogik som teori. De viktigaste resultaten som framkommit är hur stress, press och sociala medier är de vanligaste faktorerna till psykisk ohälsa. Dessa identifieras med hjälp av lärare eller hälsoformulär som eleverna fyller i vid terminsstart. I arbetet med psykisk ohälsa utgår elevhälsan från styrdokument från Skollagen. De använder av samtal med eleverna samt samarbetar med andra verksamheter vid behov. Vidare beskriver elevhälsan vissa hinder i sitt arbete såsom, sekretess och resurser. 

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  • 1377.
    Åhman, Rickard
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Mlivic, Ajdin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Allsvenskans kommunikation: Den strategiska kommunikationens utbredning inom svensk elitfotboll2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Målet med studien är tudelat. Å ena sidan är det en granskning av den strategiska kommunikationens utveckling och utbredning inom den svenska elitfotbollen; hur den allsvenska kommunikationen har förändrats de senaste åren med framförallt fokus på medierelationer och kommunikationsplanering. Å andra sidan är det en studie av informatörsprofessionens utbredning, eller den kommunikationsstrategiska utbredningen. Studien har som syftet att bidra till ett outforskat område inom den svenska fotbollsforskningen.

     

    Genomförandet av studien har skett på två olika sätt. För det första har vi granskat relevant forskning om strategisk kommunikation. För det andra har vi utfört expertintervjuer med personer som är insatta i svenska elitklubbar, ansvariga hos sponsorerna till svensk elitfotboll samt med journalister som har kontakt med klubbarna i sitt arbete.

     

    Den teoretiska delen i studien består av ett ställningstagande till vad vi anser vara strategisk kommunikation och varför den är så essentiell att arbeta med, inte minst inom sport. Vi applicerar argument från vetenskapliga artiklar med egna erfarenheter för att kunna styrka varför strategisk kommunikation är viktig inom svensk elitfotboll. Det teoretiska underlaget ger sedan utrymme för en analys av den allsvenska kommunikationen.

     

    Studien visar att de allsvenska elitfotbollsklubbarna, som för ett par år sedan befann sig i vad vi kallar ett nolläge vad gäller kommunikationsstrategiskt arbete, har påbörjat sin kommunikativa utveckling. Klubbarna har gått från ett slutet och otillgängligt förhållningssätt till att bli mer öppna och tillgängliga för sina intressenter. Inte minst på grund av den symbios de lever i: medierna behöver fotbollen och vice versa. Samtidigt har flertalet av de allsvenska klubbarna utvecklat kommunikativa planer, något som är en nödvändighet för att kunna implementera kommunikationen i en organisation. Klubbarna, medierna och allsvenskans sponsorer är samtidigt överens om att kommunikationsarbetet behöver förbättras ytterligare. Bland annat behöver de klubbar som saknar planerad kommunikation prioritera kommunikationsarbetet för att inte förlora i slagkraft gentemot de andra klubbarna. Samtidigt krävs det att informatörerna inom klubbarna får en mer central roll i föreningen. Vidare visar studien att klubbarna är mer förberedda när det gäller att hantera kriser och skandaler. Där har planeringsarbetet prioriterats i en högre utsträckning. Samtliga klubbar har en idé till hur de ska arbeta vid en kris. Däremot saknar några av dem en nedskrivet krisplan, vilket bör upprättas i samtliga föreningar. Slutligen visar studien att informatörsprofessionen breder ut sig på ett nytt område. Informatören har tagit fotbollsdomänen i besittning. Det är en utveckling som kommer att fortsätta då fotbollsklubbarnas intressenter ställer krav på en förbättrad kommunikation. I och med omvärldens krav och klubbarnas beroende av dem kan man inte blunda för att den kommunikativa utvecklingen inom Allsvenskan kommer att fortsätta.

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    Allsvenskans kommunikation
  • 1378.
    Åkerlind, Elin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Social Work.
    ..."en förutsättning för att det ska funka": En kvalitativ studie om samverkan i verksamheter för personer med autism2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 1379.
    Åkesson, Ida
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Health Sciences and Social Work.
    Hallberg, Helen
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Health Sciences and Social Work.
    Den nya arbetstidslagen: En studie om implementeringen inom kommunal äldreomsorg2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vår studie handlar om hur EU:s arbetstidsdirektiv har implementerats inom den svenska äldreomsorgen, sett ur enhetschefens perspektiv. Syftet med studien är att förstå vilken betydelse implementeringen haft och hur enhetschefen hanterat implementeringen i förhållande till information, delaktighet och förändringsvilja. Dessutom vill vi veta om enhetscheferna har uppmärksammat några konsekvenser för personal och omsorgstagare. Vi har valt en kvalitativ intervjumetod och våra informanter är verksamma som enhetschefer inom äldreomsorgen, med inriktning särskilt boende. De resultat vi fått fram har analyserats utifrån modeller som tidigare använts inom implementeringsforskning. Som ytterligare redskap till analysen har vi också tittat på vilka olika sätt som anställda kan hantera organisationsförändringar. Resultat visar på flera motsägelser. Samtidigt som cheferna tycker att allt gått bra medger man att personalens villkor försämrats väsentligt. Direktivet har införts utan något tillskott av resurser vilket innebär sämre arbetstider och mer stress för personalen. Dessutom har personalens möjligheter till flexibilitet försvunnit - man kan inte längre byta turer som tidigare - samtidigt som chefernas yrkesroll alltjämt präglas av frihet och självständighet. En annan konsekvens är att kontinuiteten i bemanningen försämrats vilket torde påverka omsorgstagaren i viss mån. Detta har dock inte kunnat bekräftas. Då studien inte riktar sig mot arbetstagarens upplevelser av direktivet och dess konsekvenser, vill vi lyfta fram behovet av ytterligare forskning ur ett personalperspektiv.

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  • 1380.
    Åsberg, Christina
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Health Sciences and Social Work.
    Brukarnas syn på hemtjänsten: en kvantitativ undersökning i Gnosjö kommun2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1381.
    Örnlind, Henrik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Social Work.
    Om detta är en psykiskt funktionshindrad.: - Diskurs, makt och subjekt i psykiatrireformen 19952012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to investigate the political reformation of the psychiatric care in Sweden, that took place 1995. The main purpose is to illuminate the transformation of subjectivity for mentally ill people after the reform 1995. The group of people which are present in the study are those who former were subjects of care in psychiatric hospitals, but with regarding to the reform have moved out from the institutions and instead become clients for community care. This new group of mentally ill people became, in connection with the reform, subjects for a new concept psykiskt funktionshinder. This new label and concept, that were attached to the present group, is the main concept for the investigation in the present study. The method, that was used in the study, develops a textual based analysis of the official documents, that were produced in connection with the political decision to reform the care of mentally ill people. With a theoretical conceptuality taken from Michel Foucault, with concepts such as discourse, power, and subjectivity, are the documents analysed in order to illuminate how the new subjectivity, under the concept of psykiskt funktionshinder arise. The results shows how concepts as time and space are intertwined with strategies of power, that simultaneously function as conditions of possibility for this new subjectivity to exist. The main conclusion, in the study, is that the concept psykiskt funktionshinder must be understood with regard to an analysis of power relations, and that the power, which are latent in the present discourse, is a decisive condition for both clients and social workers to become subjects.

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    HenrikO
  • 1382.
    Örnlind, Henrik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Social Work and the Right to the City2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 1383.
    Żelechowski, Jan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Turesson, Ludwig
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Förändring under motstånd.: En explorativ studie om socialsekreterares och enhetschefers syn på sin och socialtjänstens roll i arbetet mot radikalisering och våldsbejakande extremism.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine what judicial and profession related obstacles and difficulties that arise due to the role that social services have in preventing radicalization and violent extremism and what views social service workers and managers have regarding their involvement in this work. Specifically, the aim of the paper was to explore the understanding social services professionals have about the phenomenon that is radicalization and violent extremism and how this impacts the service they provide to individuals. Furthermore, the study wanted to investigate what methods and actions are carried out in order to detect and prevent individuals from becoming radicalized. Six separate semi-structured interviews were carried out consisting of four social services workers and two managers. The participants were selected from four different municipalities. After conducting the interviews four main themes regarding radicalization and violent extremism were identified, namely; understanding and reasoning, preventive and active measures, obstacles and difficulties, social services in a changing world. New institutionalism theory was applied to the result in order to improve the understanding of the role social services have regarding this issue. The studies main findings were that social workers and managers view radicalization as a process. This process can be carried out alone or as a member of a group. Radicalized individuals are hard to detect and therefore social services struggle to identify them. Fieldwork officers working together with school personnel have the best chance of detecting radicalization at an early stage. There is no method especially adapted to radicalization and violent extremism being used by the social services. Many participants describe being uncertain as to what their role should be with directives and regulations leaving room for interpretation and misunderstanding.  

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    kandidatJanLudwig
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