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  • 151.
    Björlinger, Katja
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Johansson, Sanna
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Equestrian Tourism in Trinidad: Every horse has something to teach, every human something to learn2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This Minor Field Study, sponsored by SIDA, undertaken as a Bachelor´s Thesis investigates equestrian tourism in Trinidad, Cuba. Tourism has become a vital tool for development of the destination. Since the legalization of equestrian excursion, horses have become a link between less developed areas and the profit from tourism. The income from equestrian excursions is vital for people's livelihood. A rapid increase of excursions due to low entry barriers have led to varying quality. Equestrian excursions in Trinidad face challenges concerning horses’ welfare and safety. When the equestrian tourism is growing, it is crucial that the development is sustainable to ensure this vital income in the future. A number of critical factors were identified and solutions presented involve planning for carrying capacity, industry coordination, raising producer awareness and integrating animal welfare in the community. 

  • 152.
    Blom, Martin
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Lundgren, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Företaget och dess roll(er) i samhället - fallet Findus2016In: Organisation & Samhälle, ISSN 2001-9114, E-ISSN 2002-0287, no 2, p. 4-9Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Man kan se nedläggningen av Findus i Bjuv på många olika sätt och ur flera olika perspektiv.

  • 153.
    Blom, Martin
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Lundgren, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Företagets roller i samhället2016 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Varför finns egentligen företag? Vilka roller spelar de i samhället?Vårt svar är att företag samtidigt spelar flera olika roller och i boken presenteras och diskuteras några av dessa.Utgångspunkten är de många offentliga sammanhang där företag och företagande diskuteras och där olika, ibland sinsemellan motstridiga, roller bildar utgångspunkten. Dessa roller har alla sitt stöd i vetenskaplig teori liksom i olika ideologier, något som också tas upp i boken. Splittringen i synen på företag som fenomen och vilka roller de spelar i samhället får också konsekvenser i förhållande till dagsaktuell politisk debatt.

    Boken riktar sig främst till studenter på universitet och högskola som precis påbörjat sina akademiska studier i företagsekonomi,men också till mer erfarna studenter som börjat reflektera över fenomenet företag. Nyfikna personer inom näringsliv och politik bör också finna boken stimulerande och intressant.

    Syftet med boken är att ge en tankeväckande introduktion till några av de perspektiv som finns på företag och den mångfald av teorier som betonar och stödjer dessa olika perspektiv.Ambitionen är också att bidra till en mer nyanserad syn på fenomenet företag och vilka roller de spelar och därmed bidra till en mer konstruktiv debatt i de sammanhang där företag och företagande åberopas.

  • 154.
    Blom, Martin
    et al.
    Lunds Universitet.
    Lundgren, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Strategy consultants doing strategy: How status and visibility affect strategizing2013In: African Journal of Business Management, ISSN 1993-8233, E-ISSN 1993-8233, Vol. 7, no 14, p. 1144-1160Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Strategy consultants form a highly influential group of strategy practitioners, yet surprisingly neglected within strategy studies. Therefore, we aim to contribute our own understanding to the term, strategy consultants and discuss the characteristics of strategy work. We do this from the perspective of strategy-as-practice and direct our attention to the praxis and practices of strategy consultants. Our study builds upon extensive empirical material, including first hand observations of strategy consulting work being performed. Based upon results from a grounded theory analysis (early- and intermediate stages), we claim that strategy consulting work differs substantially depending on the roles that are constituted by the interaction and relation with the client. We suggest four metaphors to categorize these roles and discuss their characteristics and implications for strategizing activities.

  • 155.
    Blom, Martin
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Lundgren, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    The (In)voluntary follower2019In: Leadership, ISSN 1742-7150, E-ISSN 1742-7169, p. 1-17, article id 1742715019888078Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An important assumption when it comes to leader-follower relationships is that compliance and subordination are basically voluntary. In this article, we problematize and develop this assumption and discuss different circumstances in which voluntariness in terms of followership may be compromised. Based on this discussion, we also suggest a tentative model of follower voluntariness, indicating dimensions in which voluntariness can be infringed upon and followership corroded and when it might be more productive to depict an asymmetrical relationship as something else than followership.

  • 156.
    Blomberg, Amanda
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Johnsson, Anna
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Konsten att leda sig själv: En kvalitativ fallstudie om hur självledarskap kommer till uttryck i och genom kulturen på Desenio2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Self-leadership is a concept within leadership research that emerged in the mid-1980s. However, there are only a few studies about self-leadership within a specific organization. Our aim was therefore to develop a greater understanding of how self-leadership is expressed within the e-commerce organization Desenio. We explored how the organizational culture has shaped self-leadership within the organization. We used three cognitive and behavioral self-leadership strategies to develop a greater understanding of how self-leadership is expressed in the organization. We have made a qualitative case study that includes ten interviews with employees and the CEO of the organization, where the individuals expressed their experiences and thoughts about self-leadership. We completed the empirical study with observations of the working environment to get a better understanding of the culture. The implications of the study are that the three self- leadership strategies could be identified in the employees. However, none of the strategies could be identified to a full extent. We also concluded that the organizational culture has shaped self-leadership since the work behavior of the employees could be related to the culture and the values at Desenio.

  • 157.
    Blomgren, Elin
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Ljungström, Sofie
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Youth Tourism: – Impacts on places from a consumer perspective2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Although youth tourism is an increasingly relevant subject little research have been done regarding the segment’s own perception of their impacts. A consumer perspective was assumed to examine in what ways youth tourism impact places. This study adopts a deductive approach reviewing existing literature regarding youth tourism, impact and place. A case study concerning how youth travellers perceive and evaluate their own impacts was conducted using mixed-methods. Data sources include a survey and in-depth interviews concerning sociocultural, economic, and environmental items. The study concludes that what impacts youth tourism has on places are subject to the place’s current state and ability to host youth travellers. The number of youth travellers and their behaviour determines the local and global sociocultural, economic and environmental impacts that youth tourism has on places. This paper is considered a pre-study that contributes to the development of theory regarding youth tourism. 

  • 158.
    Blomqvist, Lars
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Johansson, Jimmy
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Forestry and Wood Technology.
    Landscheidt, Steffen
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Forestry and Wood Technology.
    Nilson, Henrietta
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Resource utilization in a production cell for laminated veneer products2017In: Pro Ligno, ISSN 1841-4737, E-ISSN 2069-7430, Vol. 13, no 4, p. 142-147Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of productivity is often used to determine how well resources are used in an operation, and it is usually determined as the ratio of what is consumed in the production. Laminated veneer products are considered complicated products often taking complex shapes, using a raw material with high variation, and requiring machining processes that create scrap material that needs to be handled. Therefore, maintaining high productivity in industries producing such products may become challenging. This study reports on productivity measurements in a production cell consisting of an adhesive, pressing and a processing station. The study seeks to increase the understanding of production-related problems in this industry. This research has been based on productivity measurement as well as on interactive discussions between researchers and workers. Measurement of cycle times indicated bottlenecks in the processing cell. The discussion led via cycle times, processing residues and chatter marks to an examination of the foundation and rigidity of the CNC-machine in the processing cell. The study indicated that the performance of the CNC machine did not correspond to expectations. The machine was too weak to handle the required output in an efficient manner. Thus, there is a need to determine the performance expected before a machine or machine group is purchased. An update of the existing purchasing literature and its dissemination will support the crystallization of the purchasing process as a way forward to support the industry.

  • 159.
    Blomqvist, Lars
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Nilson, Henrietta
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Johansson, Jimmy
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Forestry and Wood Technology.
    Landscheidt, Steffen
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Forestry and Wood Technology.
    Downtime causes in a production cell for laminated veneer products2017In: 23rd International Wood Machining Seminar Proceedings / [ed] Marcin Zbiec and Kazimierz Orlowski, Warsaw, Poland: The Polish Chamber of Commerce of Furniture Manufacturers , 2017, p. 28-35Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Productivity is often used to determine how well resources are used for an operation. Most often, the ratio of what is produced to what is required to produce it determines productivity. Laminated veneer products are considered complicated products often with complex shapes, a raw material with high variation, and machining processes that create scrap materials that need to be handled. Therefore, keeping a high productivity in the industries producing such products may become challenging. This study reports productivity measurements in a production cell consisting of an adhesive, pressing and processing station. The study seeks to increase understanding of production-related problems in this industry. The research has been using productivity measurement as well as interactive discussions between researchers and workers.

    Measurement of downtime causes were made for 20 days, for a total of approximately 300 hours. The production cell had 1,299 minutes of stops. Of those, 450 minutes were one-time events. The rest were intermittent disturbances. Many of them could be explained by the dust-laden air and processing residues but were also related to veneer and adhesive. There is a need for determining material and processing parameters; however, the first priority is cleaning the factory.

    From a social perspective, some other issues must be added to the discussion of this paper. First and foremost, the business has gone through a transformation from a family business to a privately held firm. From the non-family employee’s view, this is a huge change. This has resulted in unclear roles and responsibilities within the company, which has also affected the productivity of the company.

  • 160.
    Bloom, Oskar
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Filipsson, Emma
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Ahlmén, Joakim
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    If the company is good, people need to know it: En studie om marknadskommunikationens påverkan på arbetsgivarvarumärket2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: If the company is good, people need to know it

     

    Authors: Emma Filipsson, Joakim Ahlmén & Oskar Bloom

     

    Tutor: Dan Halvarsson

     

    Keywords: Employer brand, market communication, associations, attractiveness, potential employees.  

     

    Background: The image of an employer brand gives a result of what attractiveness the employer has. Depending of how the associations are too an employer will shape the image and the market communication could be used as a tool to affect the potential employees perception of an employer brand.

     

    Purpose: The purpose of the study is create understanding about how the market communication affects the attractiveness of an employer.

     

    Method: The study is qualitative with a constructionist position and a hermeneutic view. 13 semi-structured interview were made and a company was used as an example to enable a concrete relationship between the employer brand and the market communication. The sample was last year university students that later became potential employees.  

     

    Empirical data: The empirical data is a summary of the 13 interviews that were conducted               and where different aspects are presented.

     

    Conclusion: When the internal and external market communication within a company do not conform a gap is created. The larger the gap is the less attractive potential workers perceive an employer. The internal market communication is most reliable and to create positive associations companies have to work with the internal communication and let the external market communication confirm what the internal communicates. 

  • 161.
    Blücher, Anna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Billson, Johan
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Rösta på mig: En observation av politiska verbala uttalanden2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 162.
    Bobet, Julien
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Kulik, Alisa
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    LEADERSHIP REVISITED: THE IMPRINT OF DISENCHANTMENT: “Hands up! The party is over!” - Disenchantment2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Human beings are such complex creatures who deserve to be sociologically and philosophically studied more deeply in order to understand relationships that are emerging from relations and are shaping the world and its institutions. Viewing leadership as a social construct, we want to focus on society in order to understand the way leadership is impacted. Thus, we drive our research through a general state of mind called disenchantment spreading in the postmodern times.

    This thesis is looking into the imprint of disenchantment on leadership through its various attributes. With a philosophical approach, we attempt to provide a good understanding of key concepts affecting the minds of the society, extending them further to the sphere of leadership. Our research takes shape of the desk study grounded in the secondary data to which we apply actors methodological approach due to the value of interpretation in the topic in question.

    Starting off with an outline of disenchantment manifestations and roots, we look at the context of postmodernity in more detail, finalizing by revisiting leadership through the prism of researched concepts. This thesis intends to inspire people to change by enlarging their knowledge about the current state of disenchanted postmodernity. 

  • 163.
    Boittin, Kévin
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Theys, Sandra
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Managing Diversity of Age in an Age of Diversity: A contextual study of intergenerational relationships and their implications on knowledge management in today's organizations.2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    “People resemble their times more than they resemble their parents.” How true is this arab proverb! Behind this proverb is hidden a universal concept: the concept of generation. This concept based on age implies some characteristics specific to each group.Those characteristics have long been subject to studies aiming at providing a better understanding of the intergenerational relations. Yet, few studies focus on the perceptions of the generations as a relational factor. In this thesis research, we want to focus on those perceptions and misperceptions that one generation can have of the others. Are there many differences between generations? Do they perceive the others the way they are? We will attempt to answer to those questions. We also want to give in this research an overview of the stakes represented by the combination between intergenerational relationships and the knowledge transfer in organizations. Indeed, we realize that within a decade, the mass departure of Baby boomers from the workplace will have significant consequences on the knowledge management field. Yet, what we see today is that only few companies worry about this huge human capital loss. It is time for leaders to react now if they do not want to lose their competitive advantage: knowledge transfer is a continuous process. And we hope that this work will provide some insights on the questions of intergenerational knowledge transfer to our readers.

  • 164.
    Bol, Vincent
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Peter, Isabelle
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Expatriates in Leadership Positions in Sweden2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Even though studies of expatriates from Nordic countries have been conducted, qualitative data on expatriates in Sweden has barely been generated. This research is the first explorative study within this context. The authors have chosen a qualitative approach, interviewing both assigned and self-initiated expatriate leaders currently working in Sweden. The data is presented in the form of five case studies including three European and two non-European citizens. The cross-case analysis confirms the GLOBE study’s main finding that leadership effectiveness is contextual. It has become clear that expatriate leaders face several challenges in the Swedish business culture. These are mainly related to the speed of working, the need for consensus in the decision-making process, and the conflict avoiding tendency. These drivers demonstrate that there are certain cultural aspects unique to Sweden. Expatriate leaders need to be flexible in adapting their leadership style and be engaging with their followers in order to work successfully in Sweden.

  • 165.
    Boley, B. Bynum
    et al.
    University of Georgia, USA.
    Strzelecka, Marianna
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Towards a universal measure of "Support for Tourism"2016In: Annals of Tourism Research, ISSN 0160-7383, E-ISSN 1873-7722, Vol. 61, p. 238-241Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 166.
    Boley, B. Bynum
    et al.
    University of Georgia, USA.
    Strzelecka, Marianna
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Watson, Avery
    University of Georgia, USA.
    Place distinctiveness, psychological empowerment, and support for tourism2018In: Annals of Tourism Research, ISSN 0160-7383, E-ISSN 1873-7722, Vol. 70, p. 137-139Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    • Residents must first find community distinct in order to be psychologically empowered.

    • Psychological empowerment mediates relationship between place distinctiveness and support for tourism.

    • Destination managers should consider raising resident awareness of community uniqueness to boost support for tourism.

  • 167.
    Boley, B. Bynum
    et al.
    Univ Georgia, USA.
    Strzelecka, Marianna
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Woosnam, Kyle M.
    Univ Georgia, USA.
    Resident perceptions of the economic benefits of tourism: Toward a common measure2018In: Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Research, ISSN 1096-3480, E-ISSN 1557-7554, Vol. 42, no 8, p. 1295-1314Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    At the core of the resident attitude literature is the general understanding that the more residents economically benefit from tourism, the more they support tourism. While a central tenet, previous research has measured resident perceptions of economically benefiting from tourism somewhat haphazardly, using four disparate directions without a common cross-culturally reliable and valid scale. To bring clarity to the literature, this study develops and presents the Economic Benefit from Tourism Scale as a reliable and valid measure for the resident attitude literature to embrace. The scale's development follows Churchill's recommendations and uses three separate data collections across the United States of America and Poland to purify the scale and demonstrate its validity within an international context. Both samples prove the scale to be construct valid with maximum weight alphas in the .85 to .90 range, standard factor loadings all above 0.60, and average variance extracted estimates between 57% and 69%.

  • 168.
    Borg, Kristiina
    et al.
    University of Turku, Finland.
    Kallio, Tomi J.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. University of Turku, Finland.
    Good Bye line organization: we take a step towards an activity based future2017In: Paper presented at Hallinnon ja kuntatutkimuksen tiedepäivät 2017, Tampere, Finland, November 16-17, 2017, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    People have expectations for knowledge-intensive organizations and physical spaces. Institutionalized assumptions like expectations, reputation, images and other visual features produce image of the products of knowledge-intensive organizations and the organization´s level of expertise. (Alvesson 2001, p.870).  In this study, the case organization is a Finnish public-sector pension organization. Organization is in cultural change, because its´ position as pension monopoly is opening. Currently, the Head quarter – the physical building and the office space – indicates hierarchy and experience. Everything (physical elements and artifacts of people´s behavior) expresses hierarchy and power. Basically, the size of the rooms and the floor number tells how important employers´ job title is in the organization hierarchy.

    This research is based visual methods. Empirical data is based author´s reflection as a project manager, interviews of management, pictures, photos, observations, workshop materials and corporate documents. Analysis of visuals can provide a new way of looking working life and organizational hierarchy. According to Eriksson and Kovalainen (2014, 343) equally interesting new field of business research is the analysis of spaces and places which embody cultural and shared values and assumptions and industrial tacit knowledge. (Eriksson & Kovalainen 2014, 343). The concept of activity based office is different from a conventional open space office layout because it offers a high diversity of workplaces depending on the activity. The multi-space work concept can easily be adapted with low-cost to changing requirements. (Boutellier, Ullman, Schreiber, Naef 2008, 378).

    The data analysis is still on going and the results are tentative, but nevertheless, the analysis indicates that process of cultural change takes long period and it can be hard for employees. After a year observation, the hierarchy levels are opening and people´s way of working is coming more digital. Empirical data shows activity based office reinforcing group performance and having positive impact in group processes.

  • 169.
    Borg, Malin
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Hattenhauer, Emma
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Is doing good ever good enough?: A study of Swedish consumers’ perception and attitude towards companies using green marketing2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract 

    Bachelor´s thesis, Enterprising and Business Development, Linnaeus University School of Business and Economics, 2EB01E, VT 2017 

    Authors: Malin Borg and Emma Hattenhauer

    Tutor: Dan Halvarsson 

    Title: ”Is doing good ever good enough?” - a study of Swedish consumers’ perception and attitude towards companies using green marketing.

    Background: More now than ever are people interested in how they themselves affect the environment and how the companies work green. By implementing a “green marketing” strategy, companies use their environmental work as a marketing tool with different agendas. Some authors claim that this strategy is used in order to find new markets and new consumers while some say that it is a way for companies to encourage further green work to their market shares. Not all green work is however shown to the public, in some cases it is done in the dark in order to lower the external pressure of possible scrutiny, a strategy also called lean or muted greening. Theory explains that in contrast to this muted strategy consumers perceive transparency within a company and its green work highly important, as well as how a green marketing campaign is presented with words and terminology. It is of great important to consider what the consumers demand from a company in order for them to fully succeed with their green marketing campaign and build trust between the company and the consumer. 

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to create understanding of Swedish consumers’ perception and attitude towards companies that are using a green marketing strategy.

    Method: This study uses a deductive approach with a qualitative nature, where words and explanations are of interest and is carried out through eight individual semi-structured interviews with respondents all living in Sweden found through a convenience sampling method. With a used hermeneutic approach the respondents subjective opinions has lead the research in the direction it has taken and further pre-understandings has been created.

    Conclusion: Through this study it has been found that the main-key to a successful green marketing campaign among Swedish consumers is trust. Without trust towards a company Swedish consumers explain themselves as not believing in green marketing done by a company. Social media is a communication channel that, among Swedish consumers is not perceived credible and should therefore not be used when doing a green marketing campaign. The concept of lean or muted greening is something that 6/8 respondents considered positive while 2/8 felt the opposite, however all considered transparency as a highly important factor in order to not miss trust a company and believing that, if something is hard to find maybe it is not done as presented. Language and terminology are two closely related and much important aspects that need to be clear and easily understood, however not excluding important aspects but rather give further explanations about concepts that might be considered complicated. 

  • 170.
    Borgqvist, Jens
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Axelsson, Ida
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Arbetsmotivation: - en studie om vad akademiker samt icke akademiker motiveras av i sitt arbete2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Gaining profit is what most companies try to achieve. A factor proven to affect

    profit is the employees’ work motivation. From our experience, motivators offered by companies are often predetermined which hinder them from considering what motivates the individual employee. If there are differences in what motivates individuals in their work, research concerning this is crucial. Since previous research regarding what motivates individuals dependent upon demographic aspects are next to absent our research is needed. We considered two demographic aspects – age and educational level – in our research.

  • 171.
    Borgqvist, Jens
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Axelsson, Ida
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Employer Branding: ett modernt begrepp i offentlig verksamhet2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction

    Since post war era there has been an increase of modern organisational

    ideas. One of them is employer branding which is the characteristics of

    the company as an employer which purpose is to attract and retain the

    right employees. The public sector has now embarked the concept as a

    consequence of the new public management era. Field studies in this

    are absent.

    Purpose

    The purpose of this thesis is to increase the understanding about the

    difficulties of design an employer brand in the public sector which is

    characterized by new public management. The aim is to give a

    contribution to the discussion of employer branding, in the field of

    business administration, with a critical perspective towards the concept

    in the public sector.

    Method

    The study is hermeneutic with an abductive approach. We used a case

    study to collect the empirical material. 18 semi-structured interviews

    have been conducted within the municipality of Växjö. One

    observation did also take place.

    Conclusion

    In our study, we found, three parts in the public sector that makes it

    complicated to formulate an employer brand. They are: the large

    organisation with many different professions, the decentralization and

    the lack of knowledge about employer branding in the public sector.

  • 172.
    Borgvall, Inga
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Bengtsson, Sanna
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Money vs. Happiness: En fallstudie om CSR på företaget Fair Travel Tanzania2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is about facing responsibilities towards a company’s employees, customers, stakeholders, suppliers and the environment. As customers and consumers came to seek companies that were dealing with CSR a rapid wave of ”forced” implementations of social responsibility began. Fair Travel Tanzania, which has CSR as the foundation of the company, says that they are transparent about what they do and how they give back to the locals, could it be a problem with this? And how do they actually give back to the locals? Is it possible to measure the impact of CSR activities within the company? And if so, how?

  • 173.
    Boström, Evelina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Sandström, Anna
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    "Mer chef än ledare skulle jag säga": En studie om ledarskap och motivation som är präglat av en trepartsrelation.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to create an understanding of how the temporary employee manager is characterized by the triangular relationship that occurs when there are two parties responsible for an employee. We also wanted to create a picture of how temporary employee manager manage to lead their temporary employees and how they work to motivate them. Further, we wanted to get an idea of how the temporary employees experience the situation.

    Methodology: The study was conducted in the form of a case study on two staffing companies on the basis of an inductive research approach. Data were collected through a qualitative method where seven semi-structured interviews with individuals on the companies that we studied.

    Conclusion and final discussion: The study has revealed that triangular relationship is a complex phenomenon in where the leader is seen more as an administrator more than a traditional manager. Through the study we have concluded that the triangular relationship have made that managers are seen as a mediator, this is something that temporary employees did not reflect over. But in other hand they have problem to know which company they belong to. The study has proved that the managers and employees have different ways to look at motivation. We can see that they have different approaches to the phenomenon. The study has also shown that motivation to work is not something that a temporary employee manager put any greater emphasis on. The temporary employees describe that they are looking for a full time job, and that they don’t necessary want to be a consultant. The managers see that an employee that quit is something good for the company, because it leads to a good reputation.

  • 174.
    Boulanger, Charlotte
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Pazzaglia, Laura
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Leading Cultural Diversity: Strategies & Skills2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today’s business world is facing a continual increase of globalization that opened the borders of nations. Organizations see in multicultural teams and cultural diversity a way to respond to this phenomenon. Cultural diversity in multicultural teams is a new challenge for leaders. Indeed, they need to develop new strategies and skills to include individuals coming from different cultures in order to ensure the proper functioning of the team and achieve effectiveness. The purpose of our thesis – labeled “Leading Cultural Diversity: Strategies and Skills” – is to find out, through interviews and conversations with actual leaders, which strategies and skills are necessary in global organizations. The findings might be applied in other fields where cultural diversity plays an important role.

  • 175.
    Bourdoux, Doriane
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Delabelle, Manon
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Toxic Leadership: An understanding on how a business environment is ‘contaminated’ by leaders 2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Who has never heard anything about leadership? This concept appears almost everywhere: in the classroom, on TV program, in reviews, in books, etc. However, who really knows about the real nature of leadership? Most of you might have a good image of it in mind. However, the reality is far different.

    How many of you have ever listened to stories whereby people were stressed or were depressive due to their job? In this thesis, we will expose how the business environment is "contaminated" by leaders presenting toxic behaviours. Once toxic behaviours occur in the company, the entire system becomes "alienated", its welfare is undermined. Leaders, in our view, act like snakes which, with its venom contaminate, step by step, their environment.

    The best way to erase toxins, in such surrounding is to be first aware of its root. For knowing this issue, please, attach your belt, the travel will start …

  • 176.
    Bout, Jérôme
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Mortier, Edouard
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Artistic Interventions: Arts, Leadership and Self-development in Organisations2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Our society is changing, becoming a postmodern world with more attention paid to the emotional part of human beings. Organisations must develop new skills to enhance their members’ creativity and provide innovation in order to tackle new challenges. The transformation of our society provides also space for new thinking and new solutions; there is a need to be more open-minded. Organisational managers hence look into new directions to answer issues – one of them is the arts. One of arts’ manifestations in organisations is artistic interventions. Our study provides a presentation of this process, our understanding and reflection about this field and why we think it is relevant for the postmodern society in which we live. In this thesis we present our vision and theory of how a manager transforms themself into a leader through an artistic intervention and the impact on the organisational culture that the latter produces. We highlight the importance of the intervention’s follow-up and the way in which managers/leaders can lead this process to success. Our research is based on the existing literature in different fields that we have found relevant and that has enabled us to develop our own theory on the topic, with hope that it will interest other researchers to go further. In that sense, we give directions and reflections for future research.

  • 177.
    Bredberg, Mimmi
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Malmström, Micaela
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Jonsson, Elin
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Kvinnor och ledarskap i förändring: “In the future, there will be no female leaders. There will just be leaders.”2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This Bachelor Thesis in Business Administration is a qualitative study focusing on the subject of women and leadership. The study highlights and problematizes the importance of stereotypical perceptions among leadership. Several researchers have described that the norms that characterize leadership contains a masculine undertone. Therefore it has become more natural for men to possess the attributes associated with a leader. Although leadership is usually described in a gender-neutral perspective, researchers point out that there are perceived differences in how men and women exercise their leadership. The majority of the research in leadership from a norm-critical point of view shows that society is changing and so are the view of leadership. However there is a lack of knowledge about how career-related barriers and career-related opportunities are perceived by females who are in leading positions in the corporate world today. We have been using qualitative research methods and the data was collected by interviewing five women in leadership positions in gender equal companies. The study shows that female leaders in the present experience several of the barriers and opportunities that previous research has shown. On the other hand, our study also highlights the changes that takes place in the society and influences the view of leadership in present tense.

  • 178.
    Bredhammar, Andreas
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Helander, Stefan
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Svensson, Moa
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Sex timmars arbetsdag, varför inte?: En studie om förkortad arbetstid2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Research question: What problems limit the possibility to implement shorter working weeks?

    Purpose: The purpose with the study is to identify problems that the head of the department presume limit the possibility to implement a shorter working week.

    Method: The study is conducted on the basis of a qualitative research method with an inductive approach. The empirical content consisted of seven different interviews with the head of the department of their organization.

    Conclusions: Problems have been found to occur within the different categories community and belonging, standards, legitimacy, management, productivity and technology, costs and health aspects. We have found out that all of these affect each other and create problems when it comes to implementation of shorter working weeks. The head of department have shown to be a complex role to handle and has also been perceived as a contributing factor to why an implementation of shorter working weeks is so problematic.

  • 179.
    Bredhammar, Michelle
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Färm, Amanda
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Man vs. Robot: En studie om hur organisationer hanterar anställdas kompetens i allt mer automatiserade verksamheter.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose and research questions

    The purpose of the study is to identify how organizations handle their employee’s skills in increasingly automated activities. With this essay, we aim to create an understanding of the challenges facing people in leading positions with regards to managing skills in implementing automation. Based on this objective, a research question was created:

    • How do organizations manage employees' competence in increasingly automated activities?

    Method

    The study is conducted on the basis of a qualitative research method with a deductive approach. The empirical data collection has taken the form of eight semi-structured interviews, one of which took place in the form of a telephone interview.

    Conclusions

    We have been able to identify several different approaches and even challenges that people in leading positions will get acquainted with when new technology is implemented. These approaches and challenges are crucial for how organizations will handle employee skills in increasingly automated businesses. Furthermore, we have been able to read that much of the automation we have examined in this study has been promising to make the manufacturing process fully automated. However, we cannot fully use automation because the human factor is still lacking in today's technology. For example, automation cannot currently perform quality controls and such on products, it requires human creativity and flexibility. Therefore, we currently do not see a close future demonstrating that employees will be replaced by machines or robots.

    Keywords

    Automation, Competence, Competition Strategies 

  • 180.
    Bredhammar, Michelle
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Slesinski, Pia
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Saving the world cannot be a one-man show: Combining CSR research and social entrepreneurship theory for a better future2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Organizations operate in a dynamic environment in which they are faced with an ongoing dilemma of maximizing profit and meeting the demand from society to take social responsibility. Corporate social responsibility (CSR) has gained an increase in interest with its intended aim of corporations taking responsibility for how the business affects the society within an economic, environmental and social perspective. However, its intended aim is being hindered by the idea of a trade-off between profit and social responsibility in CSR theory and practice. We suggest that social entrepreneurship can have an impact on CSR in moving beyond these trade-offs and can furthermore bridge the gap between business’ and society’s demands. Thereby, our thesis has the aim to investigate how CSR research can move beyond the presumed trade-offs through the impact of social entrepreneurship theory. For this purpose, we have chosen a conceptual research approach in order to build a conceptual model that can serve as a theoretical contribution and an inspiration for further practical use. The model suggests that components of social entrepreneurship can be linked to strategic CSR dimensions and, therefore, impact the outcome by creating both economic and social value.

  • 181.
    Bredmar, Krister
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Change management2018In: The Routledge companion to accounting information systems / [ed] Martin Quinn & Erik Strauss, Oxon: Routledge, 2018, 1, p. 55-66Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 182.
    Bredmar, Krister
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Digitalisation of enterprises brings new opportunities to traditional management control2017In: Business Systems Research Journal, ISSN 1847-8344, E-ISSN 1847-9375, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 115-125Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Advanced information systems have changed the way managers work with planning and performance measurement. Traditional management control concepts such as efficiency have changed in meaning due to these information systems.

    Objectives: The main purpose behind this paper is to try to understand how a new managerial context is shaped and re-shaped by new information systems that constitute a digital enterprise.

    Methods/Approach: Three different cases are presented and analysed.

    Results: The new managerial function of advanced information systems is presented through the three cases.

    Conclusions: The digitalisation debate and agenda need to develop an even deeper understanding of how digital initiatives affect organisations. This is possible by dealing with concepts such as the digital enterprise, which integrates digital technical solutions with organisational challenges and management control intent.

  • 183.
    Bredmar, Krister
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Ekonomistyrning från grunden2018 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Boken bygger upp förståelsen för det sammanhang som den ekonomiska styrningen sker i, så att förutsättningar skapas för att arbeta med att räkna på ekonomiska sammanhang och konsekvenser på ett bättre sätt.

    Efter det inledande kapitlet om företag som fenomen, följer en bred genomgång med kapitel som behandlar ekonomistyrningens sju färdigheter, med övningsuppgifter i form av räkneövningar och instuderings- och diskussionsfrågor. I det avslutande kapitlet knyts förståelsen för den ekonomiska styrningen ihop, och beskriver hur företagsledaren måste arbeta med den övergripande helhetsbilden. Varje kapitel introducerar begrepp som är centrala för ekonomistyrning. Dessa är där presenterade i ett sammanhang.

    De 65 begreppen är även samlade i ordlistor. Lösningsförslag till de många övningsuppgifterna finns samlade i slutet av boken.

  • 184.
    Bredmar, Krister
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Strategisk ekonomistyrning: att leda för långsiktig tillväxt2015Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 185.
    Bredmar, Krister
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Understanding management control and organisational sense-making2016 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This book centres around three different areas; management control, organisations and information systems - in order to understand what is actually going on and to make sense of management control questions. Management control techniques used today could in many cases be traced back to industrialisation. With the help of computeraised information systems, the speed and detail with which a manager could get a hold of important information has increased. Today, it has become even more important to be able to choose what information to work with and that the context in which it should be used is understood. Organisational sense-making is in many ways an interesting and important path to take in order to do this. When working with the management control function, it is important to understand the organisation where the work is undertaken. One important part of the function is planning and another is control. Both are needed in order for the management control function to work. Performance is often a key ingredient when trying to find out what is working in a plan and what is not and here the understanding for information becomes necessary. Since the work is done within an organsation, both by managers and employees, it is also crucial to find ways to work with not only models, methods and techniques but also people and social dimensions. Key Features Managers and employees want to act in a meaningful way in general. The way planning and control is undertaken in an organization is to a large extent dependent on the way a manager interprets information about the organisation. Decisions and actions can be traced to the interpretation of a situation in the past and present. Since organisations are built on people, it is important to try to understand why they act in a certain way and how their understanding of the organsiation is evolving. Management control has in many ways been described as a function that is dependent on different techniques and methods; however, it can also be described as a social process, focusing on decisions and actions. Informations systems have come to play a crucial role in managing an organisation, especially when it comes to tracing performance. The demand for responsible and accountable management has led to an increased emphasis on meaningful decisions and actions.

  • 186.
    Bredmar, Krister
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    What about municipal strategic management and performance measurement2015In: Journal of Public Administration, Finance and Law, ISSN 2285-2204, Vol. Special Issue, no 2, p. 7-20Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose with this paper is to study how environmental uncertainty affects strategic priorities and to what extent the strategic priorities could be monitored through performance measures, within a Swedish municipal context. The findings show that in some areas, such as a budget in balance and cost control, there are traditional priorities and performance measures, whereas in other areas such as monitoring day-to-day improvements and growth and expansion, there is less support from performance measurement systems.

  • 187.
    Brockmann, Valerie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Pfleger, Andreas
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    “Great Men” versus the “Female Leadership Advantage”: An analysis of gender-related perceptions of and attitudes towards selected leadership attributes2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The topic of leadership has been present in the academic world for about 100 years. In science, this is considered a rather short period of time, during which the discipline has developed enormously. Initially formulated theories and approaches have now been revised for the most part or even in their entirety. Yet, of special interest for the purpose of this research is the extremely slow development of females in this context and the lack of attention that is given to gender biased perceptions.

    This academic paper reviews the earliest beginnings of the subject and, as the title suggests, covers not only the history of the subject, but also the latest trends and developments in the area of leadership and gender. As it’s been said by the townsman (c.f. Anecdote), the perceptions people have of their surroundings are as diverse as the people themselves. They depend upon an infinite amount of personal experiences, shaping each and every person’s character the way they are. Therefore, during the course of this thesis, special attention is given to the role of females and especially the cognitions towards female leaders in order to address the issue of potential gender biased perceptions.

    By means of an online survey - which was not directed towards the general public, but rather towards persons dedicated to the field of gender and leadership - numerical and qualitative data on questions about gender-specific perceptions of leadership was collected.

    In summary, it can be deduced from these results, that there is a difference in the perception of leadership qualities with respect to gender. However, it should be noted that the gender biases work in two ways: The perceived differences are dependent on both, the gender of the person who answered the questions, as well as the gender of the person in the leadership position. In our opinion as researcher, the findings reveal that there are, indeed, deeply anchored, probably subconscious perceptions that seem to be associated with the topic of gender and leadership. However, all in all it can be said that the commonly assumed stereotypes of clearly male and female leader attributes do not consistently exist anymore. According to the findings of our research, the awareness of females associated with hitherto mostly male perceived leader attributes is present and will probably further consolidate in the years to come.

    Hence, the findings of this thesis reinforce the general positive evolution of females in leader positions. Additionally, they nurture and further strengthen growing idea of females as being naturally perceived as leaders in order to ensure fair and equitable systems for women and men in leadership.

  • 188.
    Brolin, Madeleine
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Permerud, Sandra
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Vall, Mattias
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    ”Det är bara narcissister och diktatorer som inte gillar platta organisationer”: En fallstudie om arbetsmiljö i en medarbetarstyrd organisation2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Title: “Only narcissists and dictators dislike decentralized organizations”- A case study

    of working environment in an employee controlled organization

    Authors: Madeleine Brolin, Mattias Vall and Sandra Permerud

    Institution: School of Business and Economics at Linnaeus University

    Course: Business Administration III - Organization, bachelor thesis, 15 credit

    Supervisor: Hans Wessblad

    Examiner: Mikael Lundgren

    Purpose: The purpose of our candidate essay is to investigate in what ways working

    environment is affected by employee controlled organisations.

    Method: This is a case study of an employee controlled organization. The study has a

    deductive approach and has assumed a qualitative research strategy with the purpose of

    achieving a deeper understanding of how respondents perceive their working

    environment. The primary data has been collected through ten semi structured

    interviews. The theoretical framework derives from the job demand-control-support

    model.

    Conclusion: An employee controlled organization amount to high demands of

    participation, commitment and decision making. Our study has shown that high levels

    of control that prevails in an employee controlled organisation can be perceived as

    demands. An employee controlled organization also postulates that individuals is

    available to and support colleagues, it is also expected of individuals to ask for help

    when needed. Accordingly we find that the social support is crucial to be able to handle

    the high demands and high control of an employee controlled organization.

    Keywords: Self-managed work teams, Work environment, Demand-Control-Social

    support model

  • 189.
    Broman, Linnea
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Månsson, Frida
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Storleken har betydelse: Om kontrollspann och ledarskapsroller2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vi vill med följande studie skapa en större förståelse för kopplingen mellan breda kontrollspann och ledares prestationer och roller, vilket i förlängningen kommer att ha långtgående och långsiktiga konsekvenser för organisationers prestationer och effektivitet.

  • 190.
    Brorsson, Alexander
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Henriksson, Victor
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Den förlorade dialogen.: Smartphone under arbetstid.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to create a better understanding for how executing private matters during work hours affect the individual worker. In todays world the access to social medias, the Internet and all your friends is easy to access due to smartphones and computers. Prior research as described this both as a threat against the productivity of the worker and the moral of the workplace. While others mean that it is a source of recovery and something positive.

    This thesis uses a qualitative method and fifteen interviews where conducted with people between 20-30 years, who where working and living in Sweden. The theory of this paper is built on following areas: Time, the line between work and private, together alone, the brain and the affect it has on the dialogue between colleagues. This paper confirms a lot of the theory previous conducted, that it can affect the productivity but that it is also a form of recovery. Also the moral dilemma that concurs when the respondents don’t approve surfing on the web or using the smartphone but still everybody does it.

    The main contribute of this paper is the affect on the dialogue at the workplace. The usage of smartphones in particular makes for fewer conversations between co- workers since a lot of people are using it during breaks and lunches. In the interviews it also came up that every respondent finds people looking at their phone during conversation as irritating and disrespectful, but still most commit to doing it themselves.

    We can see today that people let their smartphones come between their dialogues and making people less outgoing. In the traditional meeting places like the break room, the co-workers have stopped being social and instead sitting with a smartphone in front of them. The affects of this change are the lost opportunity to learn and come up with new innovating ideas for the company as well as the individual development. 

  • 191.
    Brorsson, Viktor
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Utmaningar för entreprenörer: En förberedelse för blivande entreprenörer2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 192.
    Brorsson, Viktor
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Utmaningar för entreprenörer: En förberedelse för blivande entreprenörer2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskningsfråga:

    • Vilka utmaningar uppstår under tillväxten?

    o Går det att påvisa en interaktion mellan entreprenörers utmaningar under tillväxtperioden?

    Syfte: Syftet med denna studie är att studera samspelet mellan entreprenörers utmaningar vid tillväxten. Genom att identifiera entreprenörernas utmaningar under tillväxten önskar forskaren att kunna skapa en ökad medvetenhet hos blivande entreprenörer.

    Metod: Kvalitativ metod samt semistrukturerade intervjuer med entreprenörer.

    Sammanfattning: Entreprenören hjälper ekonomin i samhället genom att skapa nya arbeten samt utveckling av nya produkter och tjänster (Landström, 2005). Entreprenören är en av de betydelsefulla resurserna att studera inom de företag som har lyckats att växa. Vilket gör att utmaningarna för entreprenörerna sätts i fokus. Forskare har länge försökt förstå fenomenet entreprenörskap och tillväxt genom att studera framgångsrika entreprenörer. Denna studie kommer att undersöka samspelet mellan entreprenörers utmaningar under tillväxten, dvs. ett försök att bidra till en mer tydlighet kring att förespå utmaningar för nya entreprenörer.

  • 193.
    Broström, Sanna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Säll, Annie
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Organisationers talangjakt: En kartläggning av organisatoriska strategier för att attrahera, utveckla och behålla talangfulla medarbetare 2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Forskningsproblemet har sin bakgrund i globaliseringen och dess påverkan på världsekonomin. Sverige har hög tillväxt men samtidigt upplever många organisat- ioner brist på kompetens.

    Syfte: Studiens syfte har varit att studera organisationers strategier för att hantera kom- petensbrist. Kartläggningen har fokuserat på att visa hur organisationerna arbetar för att attrahera, utveckla och behålla medarbetare. Studiens empiriska grund är en geografiskt avgränsad plats, därför har vi sökt svar på om den geografiska aspekten har någon bety- delse för organisationernas strategier att överkomma kompetensbristens hinder.

    Metod: Studien har en deduktiv ansats och har med bakgrund av forskningsproblemet karaktär genomförts med ett kvalitativt synsätt. Data är insamlad med hjälp intervjuer som bidragit till en bred bild av fenomenet som undersöks.

    Slutsats: Organisationer har liknande strategier för att attrahera, utveckla och behålla talangfulla medarbetare, skillnaden är hur välutvecklade strategierna är. Organisationer- na med en välförankrad övergripande strategi bestående av alla delar teorin har upp- märksammar har visat sig ha stora framgångar i att tillgodose sitt kompetensbehov. I de organisationer vi funnit brister i det strategiska arbetet, saknas också framgången. 

  • 194.
    Bruhn, Magdalena
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Persson, Jessica
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Regioner, framtidens arbetsgivare?: Hur studenter uppfattar framtida karriärer inom regional verksamhet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to identify students perceptions and values in their selection of future employers, to create better conditions for attracting students as an employer.

    A quantitative study with deductive approach. For the collection of empirical data, a survey was conducted on students in specific fields. The study shows that students have different opinions about Region Kalmar County as an employer, depending on their field of study. The students who have more contact with employers in the form of internships, show a greater tendency to apply to them after the study period. Therefore, frequent contact with students can contribute to a more obvious alternative in the labor market.

    The study also shows that values can differ between different fields of study, but mainly it depends on age and where you are in life. Younger employees have high ambitions but realistic expectations at the beginning of their careers. This creates more opportunities and leads to employers having their expectations exceed, thus is perceived attractive.

  • 195.
    Brundtke, Jasmin
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Going international - firm internationalization support and the relevance of business networks: A comparison between Germany and Sweden2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Globalization is well known in the business world and more and more firms, especially larger ones, are expanding into other countries. Though SMEs represent the largest share with about 99% of firms contributing to the wealth of import or export reliant countries, the majority is not taking the chance to grow by going international. It seems that the internationalization barriers play a crucial role in hindering this process wherefore this thesis aims at collecting possible support providers and activities which are aiding SMEs to overcome these barriers. More specifically is this thesis mainly offering an in-depth summary on major support organizations, firms and networks in Germany and Sweden including their specific activities of assistance.

    Purpose: The purpose of this master thesis is to describe and compare the internationalization support providers in Germany and Sweden including their respective offered activities.

    Method: A qualitative and inductive research approach was used in this study, following a practice-oriented, descriptive case study. Data was collected through secondary data collection and the analysis was based on content analysis including coding.

    Results: In Germany the main services offered are networking, market research and financing assistance, while mobility aid and training is rather rare. In Sweden in comparison training is highly provided as well as market research and networking assistance, whereas marketing and strategy enhancement plus mobility and implementation assistance are uncommon.

    Conclusion: Since each firm has individual needs, it was refrained from a standardized valuation. Therefore, each firm is advised to use the information provided in the appendices to quickly find service providers suitable to their requirements.

  • 196.
    Bryngemark, Adam
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Baard, Sebastian
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    ”En vecka fick jag fler ölleveranser än virkesleveranser.”: Hur B2B-kunder hanterar och navigerar i B2B-relationer.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Vikten av mer bundna business-to-business-relationer från leverantörsidan är vida erkänd. Det är dock inte självklart att kunden i en B2B-relation strävar efter samma mål som leverantören i detta anseende. Kunden påverkas av faktorer i mer bundna och mer obundna relationer och måste förhålla sig till dessa samtidigt som de navigerar i sina leverantörsrelationer för att försöka åtnjuta fördelarna med både lång- och kortsiktighet.

    Syfte: Att förstå hur B2B-kunder hanterar och navigerar i B2B-relationer för att åtnjuta fördelar med både mer bundna och mer obundna B2B-relationer.

    Metod: Studien har använt en kvalitativ ansats och en deduktiv metod där en teoribas lagts fram. Sedan har tre ostrukturerade intervjuer genomförts med personer som på företag ansvarar för, hanterar eller beslutar om företagets leverantörsrelationer.

    Slutsats: Studien visar bland annat att: (1) Kunder kan erhålla mer frihet genom att vara mer bundna med sina leverantörer. (2) Kunder har flera relationer med samma leverantör där det inte är möjligt att uppnå bundna och obundna fördelar med enbart en relation till leverantören. (3) Kunder inte eftersträvar fullständig organisatorisk bundenhet eller obundenhet utan att istället åtnjuta fördelarna med att positionera sig däremellan. Kunder önskar ramarna av en mer bunden relation och samtidigt vara i stånd att inom dessa ramar röra sig mer fritt, likt en mer obunden relation; en slags gyllene medelväg.

  • 197.
    Brännman, Jennie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Nordlund, Stina
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Teknikens gråhåriga marknad - vi är här för att stanna: Vad påverkar äldres köpbeslut av ny teknologi?2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to describe how enterprises can approach and reach older citizens in

    order to sell new technology products. For that they need information about aspects

    affecting elderlies purchase decisions regarding these kind of products. The study is

    based on 13 qualitative interviews where we have applied semi structured interviews and

    observations of the elderlies behaviour towards an Ipad which we used as a study object

    during the interviews.

    The results of this study shows several aspects which affect the elderlies purchase

    decision regarding new technology but it all comes down to one matter, lack of

    knowledge. In order to overcome that obstacle, enterprises need to modify their

    communication strategy. They will be needing information about elderlies preferences

    and their self-image, meaning how they perceive themselves which is connected to how

    receptive they are towards new technology. They will also need to communicate

    information about the products area of use, the quality of the product, that the product is

    user-friendly and that there is impeccable support and education available. All these

    aspects have shown to have huge impact on the purchase decision. Enterprises need to

    assure the elderly segment that they will be able to use these products without

    complications. Since the social environment, especially the younger segment has shown

    to have an impact on the elderlies purchase decisions, enterprises must also turn the

    attention and start communicating this information towards them also.

  • 198.
    Brüggemann, Christiane
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Santos, Flávia
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    When Stress at Work Becomes a Problem: Coping Approaches Told by Middle Managers2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Stress at work can arise in a every occupation, particularly among middle managers who struggle to retrieve a work-life balance. In this Master’s Thesis we asked how middle managers experience and cope with stressful situations at work. We gathered the empirical material through conversations and elicited texts with seven middle managers in different business industries. By applying the Grounded Theory as our qualitative research method, we tried to avoid bringing up cheap solutions of how middle managers deal with occupational stress - because the scenario can suggest a wide set of possibilities - and instead developed a model that attempts to explain their coping approaches. Against prevalent studies, we revealed that being a middle manager does not always imply being stressed and that, further, middle managers’ work-related stressors rarely appear clearly characterized in literature. Our final result was five middle managers’ portraits that correspond to their different ways of coping with stress at work: Controlling, Listing & Planning, Mindful Thinking, Delegation & Seeking Support, and Flight.

  • 199.
    Bui, Henrik
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Jansson, Niklas
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Kanstedt, Anton
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Samspelet mellan familjeföretag och kluster: En studie av Lammhult- och Gnosjöklustret.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Clusters is a phenomenon when considering regional and corporate development. Family-owned businesses seems to play a particular role in clusters and therefore the interplay between clusters and family-owned businesses will be examined.

     

    Purpose: To create an understanding for the interplay between family-owned businesses and clusters.

     

    Methodology: To answer the purpose this study was based on unstructured interviews as well as a modified version of an inductive approach. The interviews were completed with four family-owned businesses in the region Lammhult and Gnosjö, as well as with the CEO of Värnamo Näringsliv.

     

    Conclusion: The interplay between family-owned business and cluster does exist. For some businesses, the interplay is stronger than with other. A lot of the interplay depends on if the industry of the family-owned businesses is reflecting the industry of the cluster. Furthermore, the private relations and the local anchoring that the family-owned businesses have in a cluster does contribute to the clusters prosperity and the interplay for all family-owned businesses in the cluster.

  • 200.
    Buisman, Sacha
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Ten days of Taglit: How emotions work on a Birthright trip in Israel2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Taglit Birthright is an organization that provides free ten-day diaspora-heritage trips to Israel for young Jewish adults between 18 and 26 years old. Taglit is Hebrew for discovery and this is the ambition of the organization: providing young Jewish people with an opportunity to discover their socio-cultural Jewish heritage. Taglit Birthright aims at ensuring the future of the Jewish people by strengthening the Jewish identity via an educational trip and pursues to foster the understanding and identification of the participants with Israel, its people and the culture. Since its foundation in 1999, over 500.000 young people have partaken in a Birthright trip.                                                    

    This case-study presents empirical data from one particular Taglit Birthright trip to Israel. The objective of this study is to provide insights in how emotions shaped a Taglit group and which emotions are constructed during a ten-day Taglit trip. Theoretically, this study is informed by the work of the post-colonial and feminist scholar Ahmed (2004 and 2013). Emotions are considered as ‘doing things’: collectives, such as a Taglit Birthright group, are constructed through shared emotions. Methodologically, emotional reflexivity will be applied in this research. Related to this positioning, hermeneutic circle informs this research in order to emphasize how temporal distance results in ‘understanding in multiple ways’. Besides, hermeneutic circle embraces reflexivity as it stresses the importance of self-understanding and pre-understanding as informing our understanding.

    The presented findings are based on participant observation during a Taglit Birthright trip in the summer of 2016. The empirical data consists of audio recordings of group activities, recorded personal reflections and diary entries. Based on this data, the following conclusions are drawn: strong feelings of connectiveness to and with the group derive from an intense ten-day trip in which embodied experiences, embedded in emotions, are shared. Sharing activities, such as circulizing (forming a circle with a large group of people), are tools which provoke strong feelings of ‘being part of something’. On a personal level, it can be argued that expressed emotions, which create feelings of connectiveness within a group, do not necessarily need to be personally felt simultaneously. When personal feelings do not align with the collectively expressed emotions, feelings of ‘not fitting in’ might arise. This study wishes to contribute to the ‘emotionalization of tourism’, which aims at foregrounding the role of emotions in tourism encounters and social relations. 

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