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  • 151.
    Ali, Sharafat
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Built Environment and Energy Technology.
    High temeperature synthesis of nitrogen rich glasses in alkaline-earth silicon oxynitride systems2018In: Presented at XVI International IUPAC Conference on High Temperature Materials Chemistry, Ekaterinaburg, Russia, 2018, p. 24-Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 152.
    Ali, Sharafat
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Built Environment and Energy Technology.
    New Oxynitride Glasses and Thin Films2017In: 15th International Symposium on Advanced Materials (ISAM), Islamabad, Pakistan, 16-20 Oct 2017, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 153.
    Ali, Sharafat
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Engineering.
    Nitrogen in Materials2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 154.
    Ali, Sharafat
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Built Environment and Energy Technology.
    Nitrogen rich Glasses and Glass Surfaces for High-tech and Specialty Applications2017Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this project is to produce more chemical and mechanically durable glasses and glass surfaces having high thermal, mechanical and optical properties. The development of new materials is fundamental for the technological progress; their preparation and characterization lead to breakthrough applications as well as progress in our understanding of basic solid state materials properties. Glasses play an important role in our society and are expected to do so even more in the future. In the current proposed project we would like to extend the M-Si-O-N  ( M= Ca and Sr) system to T-Si-O-N (T= Transition metals e.g. Ti, Zr, Y, Mn etc) and Ln-Si-O-N ( Ln = Lanthanoids e.g. La, Ce, Pr, Eu, Gd, etc) systems. Applications of these nitrogen rich glasses include, as potential materials for use in more light-weight applications in modern communications equipment, in biomedical devices and where reductions in energy usage are critical. Furthermore, these glass materials can be used as a passive coatings on electronic substrates using their higher dielectric constants and elastic moduli to best advantage; special windows where their higher elastic moduli would allow them to remain stiff in thinner sections, thus allowing weight and energy savings; hard disk drives, again making use of higher modulus and lower densities to achieve higher rotation speeds; new bioactive oxynitride glasses and glass-ceramics with better load-bearing properties.

  • 155.
    Ali, Sharafat
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Built Environment and Energy Technology.
    Novel thin films in the M-Si-O-N systems2019In: Presented at the Fourth International Conference on Nanomaterials: Synthesis, Characterization and Applications (ICN 2019). 12-14 April 2019, Kerala, India, 2019, p. 7-7Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 156.
    Ali, Sharafat
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Built Environment and Energy Technology.
    Primary Challenges in the Development of Nitrogen Rich Oxynitride Glasses2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 157.
    Ali, Sharafat
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Engineering.
    Berastegui, Pedro
    Stockholm University.
    Esmaeilzadeh, Saeid
    Stockholm University.
    Eriksson, Lars
    Stockholm University.
    Jekabs, Grins
    Stockholm University.
    A cubic calcium oxynitrido-silicate, Ca2.89Si2N1.76O4.242011In: Acta Crystallographica Section E: Structure Reports Online, ISSN 1600-5368, E-ISSN 1600-5368, Vol. 67, article id i66Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The title compound, tricalcium oxynitride silicate, withcomposition Ca3-xSi2N2-2xO4+2x (x ’ 0.12), is a perovskiterelatedcalcium oxynitrido silicate containing isolated oxynitridosilicate 12-rings. The N atoms are statistically disorderedwith O atoms (occupancy ratio N:O = 0.88:0.12) and occupythe bridging positions in the 12 ring oxynitrido silicate anion,while the remaining O atoms are located at the terminalpositions of the Si(O,N)4 tetrahedra. The majority of the Ca2+cations fill the channels along [100] in the packing of the 12-ring anions. The rest of these cations are located at severalpositions, with partial occupancy, in channels along the bodydiagonals.

  • 158.
    Ali, Sharafat
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Built Environment and Energy Technology.
    Bogdonoff, Toni
    Jönköping University.
    Seifeddine, Salem
    Jönköping University.
    Jonson, Bo
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Built Environment and Energy Technology.
    Hardness, elastic modulus and refractive index of oxynitride glasses prepared from woody biofuel ashes2017In: Physics and Chemistry of Glasses - European Journal of Glass Science and Technology Part B, ISSN 1753-3562, Vol. 58, no 6, p. 231-236Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports the hardness, elastic modulus and refractive index values of the oxynitride glasses prepared from woody biofuel ashes. The glasses were prepared in nitrogen atmosphere at 1350–1500°C with addition of Ca metal as a precursor to the extra addition of this modifier. The glasses were homogenous, but appeared translucent grey to black. They contained up to 23 eq% of Ca and 5 eq% of N. The glass densities vary slightly between 2.76 to 2.92 g/cm3. The molar volume and compactness values vary between 8.01 cm3/mol to 8.31 cm3/mol and 0.446 to 0.462 respectively. Mechanical properties like hardness and reduced elastic modulus show values, up to 10 and 105 GPa, respectively. These properties are strongly correlated with the amount of N in the glass. The refractive index (1.54–1.75) increases with increasing N and Ca contents.

  • 159.
    Ali, Sharafat
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Engineering.
    Grins, J.
    Stockholm University.
    Jonson, Bo
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Engineering.
    Raman spectra of Ca-Si-O-N glasses2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 160.
    Ali, Sharafat
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Engineering.
    Jonson, Bo
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Engineering.
    Compositional effects on the properties of high nitrogen content alkaline-earth silicon oxynitride glasses, AE = Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba2011In: Journal of the European Ceramic Society, ISSN 0955-2219, E-ISSN 1873-619X, Vol. 31, no 4, p. 611-618Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A series of alkaline-earth element containing high nitrogen content oxynitride glasses (AESiON), with AE = Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba, were prepared in order to investigate the compositional effects on the physical properties of the alkaline-earth element. The physical properties were found to change linearly with the concentration of AE elements. The density of the glasses increases substantially with an increase in the AE atomic mass and slightly with an increase in nitrogen ratio. Ba containing glasses shows the value of density 4.16 g/cm3. Glass transition temperatures are found to be higher for Mg glasses, ca. 1020 °C, in comparison with Ba glasses, ca. 895 °C. The hardness of Mg containing glasses shows high values, up to 12.2 GPa and decreases for Ca, Sr and Ba containing glasses. Ba, containing glasses shows high values of refractive index in comparison with the Sr, Ca and Mg containing glasses.

  • 161.
    Ali, Sharafat
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building and Energy Technology.
    Jonson, Bo
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building and Energy Technology.
    Effect of compactness on oxynitride glasses properties2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 162.
    Ali, Sharafat
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Engineering.
    Jonson, Bo
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Engineering.
    Formation of oxynitride glasses from fly ashes2010In: Abstracts - 10th ESG conference together with 84th annual meeting of the DGG : Glass Trend Seminar "Glass Furnaces and Refractory Materials": Plansee Session "Refractory Methals for the Glass Industry ; Magdeburg, Germany, 30 May - 2 June 2010, 2010, p. 89-Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 163.
    Ali, Sharafat
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Engineering.
    Jonson, Bo
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Engineering.
    Glasses in the Ba–Si–O–N System2011In: Journal of The American Ceramic Society, ISSN 0002-7820, E-ISSN 1551-2916, Vol. 94, no 9, p. 2912-2917Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The preparation and properties of Ba–Si–O–N glasses arereported. These oxynitride glasses were prepared by meltingmixtures of BaH2, SiO2, and Si3N4 powders in a nitrogenatmosphere at 1550°–1700°C. The glasses were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction, differential thermal analysis, and scanning electron microscopy. Final glass compositions were calculated from analyses obtained by energy dispersive X-ray(EDX) spectroscopy and combustion analysis, for cation and anion compositions, respectively. The glasses were found to behomogenous, translucent gray to opaque black, and consists of N contents of up to 42 equiv% and Ba contents of up to 36 equiv%. Determined glass densities varied between 3.27 and 4.18 g/cm3, and calculated molar volumes varied between1 0.28 and 11.11 cm3/mol. Both density and molar volume increase with Ba content. Glass compactness (0.45–0.49), glasstransition temperature (786°–905°C), and microhardness (7.93–9.56 GPa) were found to increase linearly with N content. There fractive index increased from 1.66 to 1.91 and was found tobe strongly correlated with the amounts of Ba and N.

  • 164.
    Ali, Sharafat
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Technology and Design.
    Jonson, Bo
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Technology and Design.
    Nitrogen rich Ca/Sr-Si-O-N glasses crystallization2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 165.
    Ali, Sharafat
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Engineering.
    Jonson, Bo
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Engineering.
    Oxidation behavior of nitrogen rich AE-Si-O-N glasses (AE = Ca, Sr, Ba)2011In: Journal of the Australian Ceramic Society, ISSN 0004-881X, Vol. 47, no 2, p. 8-12Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AE-based silicon oxynitride glasses (AE = Ca, Sr, Ba) with high nitrogen content have been synthesized using AE hydrides as primary precursors. The oxidation behavior of AE-Si-O-N glasses in ordinary atmosphere at different temperature has been investigated. These glasses react with air oxygen when heated just above the glass transition temperatures. The oxidation starts with bubble formation on the surface and continued oxidation leads to formation of a white layer on the surface. The oxidation of AE-Si-O-N glasses involves concurrently ongoing inward diffusion of oxygen and outward diffusion of AE elements and nitrogen, resulting in compositional gradient. EDX analysis showed substantial enrichment in AE content at the surfaces of the oxidized layer.

  • 166.
    Ali, Sharafat
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Engineering.
    Jonson, Bo
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Engineering.
    Oxynitride glasses2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 167.
    Ali, Sharafat
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Engineering.
    Jonson, Bo
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Engineering.
    Preparation and properties of high nitrogen content mixed alkaline-earth oxynitride glasses2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 168.
    Ali, Sharafat
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Engineering.
    Jonson, Bo
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Engineering.
    Preparation of oxynitride glasses from woody biofuel ashes.2010In: Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, ISSN 0022-3093, E-ISSN 1873-4812, Vol. 356, no 50-51, p. 2774-2777Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Oxynitride glasses have been prepared by melting woody biofuel ash from a power plant in south Sweden with addition of calcium metal as an extra modifier in a nitrogen atmosphere at 1350–1500 °C. The glasses were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction, differential thermal analysis and scanning electron microscopy. Cation and anion glass compositions were determined by energy dispersive X-ray analysis and combustion analysis, respectively. The glasses were found to be homogenous, translucent gray to black, and to contain up to 23 e/o of calcium and 5 e/o of nitrogen. The glass formation depends on the ratio of calcium metal introduction to the ash precursors. A strong exothermic reaction was observed at 650–850 °C, leading to the formation of amorphous and crystalline oxynitride phases that melt at high temperatures upon further heating. The glass densities vary between 2.76 g/cm3 and 2.92 g/cm3. The glass transition temperature was found to vary from 670 °C to 749 °C and increase linearly with the nitrogen content.

  • 169.
    Ali, Sharafat
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Built Environment and Energy Technology.
    Jonson, Bo
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Built Environment and Energy Technology.
    Thermal properties of calcium silicon oxynitride glasses2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Oxynitride glasses are a branch of high performance glasses, obtained by incorporation of nitrogen atoms into oxide glass network. [1-3]Oxynitride glasses have superior mechanical, rheological and optical properties as compared to their oxide glass counter partner [2-5]. Properties of these glasses can be tailored by changes in nitrogen content and additions of various alkaline-earth and or rare-earth elements. Ca- Si-O-N glasses containing high amount of nitrogen and modifiers have been prepared by melting the mixture of CaH2, SiO2 and Si3N4 powder in nitrogen atmosphere. The glasses were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction, differential thermal analysis and scanning electron microscopy. The obtained glasses were found to be homogenous, and having colour opaque black[3]. These glasses show high values of glass transition temperature (1050°C), and crystallization temperatures (1150°C) measured by differential thermal analysis.  Generally the Ca-Si-O-N glasses thermal properties evolve approximately linearly with the nitrogen content. The viscosity increases significantly with the nitrogen content and reaches viscosity values close to reported values for rare-earth silica oxynitride glasses. The apparent viscosity activation energies are very high, ranging from 855 to 2170 kJ/mole. These nitrogen rich glasses can accordingly be classified as being both very refractory and very fragile.

     

  • 170.
    Ali, Sharafat
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Built Environment and Energy Technology.
    Jonson, Bo
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Built Environment and Energy Technology.
    Mauro, Jan
    Penn State University, USA.
    Properties of nitrogen rich Mg-Ca-Si-O-N glasses2017In: 12th  Pacific Rim Conference on Cermics and Glass Technology including Glass & Optical Materials Meeting, Hawii, USA 21-27 May 2017, 2017, p. 180-180, article id GOMD-S1-061-2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Mg-Ca-Si-O-N glasses containing high amount of nitrogen have been prepared by melting the mixture of Mg metal, Ca metal, SiO2 and Si3N4 powders in nitrogen atmosphere using a radio frequency furnace. Chemical composition, surface morphology, glass transition temperature, hardness, reduced elastic modulus and refractive index of the glasses were investigated using X-ray (EDX) point analysis, scanning electron microscopy, differential thermal analysis, nanoindentation, and spectroscopic ellipsometry. Mg was substituted for Ca in these glasses. The obtained glasses were found to be homogenous, and most of them were not transparent in the visible region. These glasses show high values of glass transition temperature (1020°C), and crystallization temperatures (1150°C). The hardness and reduced elastic modulus increases upon substitution by Mg, up to 13 GPa and 150 GPa respectively. The refractive index of the glasses was found to decrease upon increasing substitution by Mg.

  • 171.
    Ali, Sharafat
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Built Environment and Energy Technology.
    Jonsson, Bo
    Eklund, Per
    Birch, Jens
    Modification of float glass surfaces by novel oxy-nitride thin films2015Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Glass is indispensable and innovative material that has plenty of applications. It is an essential component of numerous products that we use every day, most often without noticing it. Glass is widely used in a variety of applications e.g. housing and buildings, automotive and transport, containers, drinking vessels, displays, insulation and optical fibers due to its universal forming ability, transparency, chemical durability, form stability, hardness relatively low price and possibility of recycling. Flat glass is a wide market of the glass industry and generally ninety percent of all flat glass produced worldwide is manufactured using the float forming process. There is a large market strive for thinner and stronger glass in order to reduce costs, save energy, and to find new applications.

    This study comprises the modification of flat/float glass surface by novel oxynitride thin films in the Mg-Si-O-N and Ca-Si-O-N systems prepared by RF magnetron sputtering technique. The aim of this work is to develop a novel process in order to improve the mechanical and optical properties of flat/float glass by deposition of external materials e.g. alkaline earth metals and nitrogen to the surface in a process with the obvious potential to be automatic in industrial processes. Both mechanical and optical properties of the glass surface have been improved by the deposition of thin films. The float glass surface modified with Mg-Si-O-N have high value of hardness of 20 GPa, elastic modulus of 175 GPa and refractive index value of 1.96 compare to the float glass having hardness of 7 GPa, elastic modulus of 72 GPa and refractive index of 1.50.  The method presented here is anticipated to be used in production in the future and would make it possible to produce larger quantities of strong flat glass for smartphone, tablet covers and display technology to a considerably lower cost.

  • 172.
    Ali, Sharafat
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Built Environment and Energy Technology. Corning Inc, USA.
    Paul, Biplab
    Linköping University.
    Magnusson, Roger
    Linköping University.
    Broitman, Esteban
    Linköping University.
    Jonson, Bo
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Built Environment and Energy Technology.
    Eklund, Per
    Linköping University.
    Birch, Jens
    Linköping University.
    Synthesis and characterization of the mechanical and optical properties of Ca-Si-O-N thin films deposited by RF magnetron sputtering2017In: Surface & Coatings Technology, ISSN 0257-8972, E-ISSN 1879-3347, Vol. 315, p. 88-94Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ca-Si-O-N thin films were deposited on commercial soda-lime silicate float glass, silica wafers and sapphire substrates by RF magnetron co-sputtering from Ca and Si targets in an Ar/N-2/O-2 gas mixture. Chemical composition, surface morphology, hardness, reduced elastic modulus and optical properties of the films were investigated using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, nanoindentation, and spectroscopic ellipsometry. It was found that the composition of the films can be controlled by the Ca target power, predominantly, and by the reactive gas flow. Thin films in the Ca-Si-O-N system are composed of N and Ca contents up to 31 eq. % and 60 eq. %, respectively. The films thickness ranges from 600 to 3000 nm and increases with increasing Ca target power. The films surface roughness varied between 2 and 12 nm, and approximately decreases with increasing power of Ca target. The hardness (4-12 GPa) and reduced elastic modulus (65-145 GPa) of the films increase and decrease with the N and Ca contents respectively. The refractive index (1.56-1.82) is primarily dictated by the N content. The properties are compared with findings for bulk glasses in the Ca-Si-(Al)-O-N systems, and it is concluded that Ca-Si-O-N thin films have higher values of hardness, elastic modulus and refractive index than bulk glasses of similar composition. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 173.
    Ali, Sharafat
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Built Environment and Energy Technology.
    Paul, Biplab
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Magnusson, Roger
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Erik, Ekström
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Pallier, Camille
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Jonson, Bo
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Built Environment and Energy Technology.
    Eklund, Per
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Birch, Jens
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Optical and mechanical properties of amorphous Mg-Si-O-N thin films deposited by reactive magnetron sputtering2019In: Surface & Coatings Technology, ISSN 0257-8972, E-ISSN 1879-3347, Vol. 372, no 25, p. 9-15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this work, amorphous thin films in Mg-Si-O-N system typically containing >15 at.% Mg and 35 at.% N were prepared in order to investigate especially the dependence of optical and mechanical properties on Mg composition. Reactive RF magnetron co-sputtering from magnesium and silicon targets were used for the deposition of Mg-Si-O-N thin films. Films were deposited on float glass, silica wafers and sapphire substrates in an Ar, N2 and O2 gas mixture. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, spectroscopic ellipsometry, and nanoindentation were employed to characterize the composition, surface morphology, and properties of the films. The films consist of N and Mg contents up to 40 at.% and 28 at.%, respectively and have good adhesion to substrates and are chemically inert. The thickness and roughness of the films increased with increasing content of Mg. Both hardness (16–21 GPa) and reduced elastic modulus (120–176 GPa) are strongly correlated with the amount of Mg content. The refractive index up to 2.01 and extinction coefficient up to 0.18 were found to increase with Mg content. The optical band gap (3.1–4.3) decreases with increasing the Mg content. Thin film deposited at substrate temperature of 100 °C shows a lower value of hardness (10 GPa), refractive index (1.75), and higher values of reduced elastic modulus (124 GPa) as compared to the thin film deposited at 310 °C and 510 °C respectively, under identical synthesis parameters.

  • 174.
    Ali, Sharafat
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Built Environment and Energy Technology.
    Paul, Biplab
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Magnusson, Roger
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Greczynski, Grzegorz
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Broitman, Esteban
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Jonson, Bo
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Built Environment and Energy Technology.
    Eklund, Per
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Birch, Jens
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Thin films in M-Si-O-N thin systems2017In: 44th International Conference on Metallurgical Coating and Thin Films (ICMCTF), San Diego, CA, USA, 24-28 Apr 2017, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 175.
    Ali, Sharafat
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Built Environment and Energy Technology.
    Paul, Biplab
    Magnusson, Roger
    Jonson, Bo
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Built Environment and Energy Technology.
    Eklund, Per
    Birch, Jens
    Study of SiN, SiON and Mg-Si-O-N thin films by spec-troscopic elipsometry2016In: Optics and photonics conference, 2-3 November, 2016, Linköping, Sweden, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 176.
    Ali, Sharafat
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building and Energy Technology.
    Strand, Michael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building and Energy Technology.
    Melting Characteristics and Morphology of Bottom Ash and Filter Ash of the Circulating Fluidized Bed Boiler2013In: 21st European Biomass Conference and Exhibition, Copenhagen, Danmark, 3rd-7th June, 2013, ETA-Florence Renewable Energies , 2013, p. 1189-1191Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this work was to investigate the melting characteristics and morphology of filter ash and bottom ash with and without 7% of peat addition to the fuel of the circulating fluidized bed boiler. The samples were characterized by simultaneous thermal analysis (STA) and scanning electron microscope (SEM). The STA results indicate that the filter ash melts at 1140oC with 10 wt% of the mass loss and Bottom ash partially melts at 1170oC with below 2 wt% of the mass loss. The low melting point of the filter ash is due to the high concentration of the alkali metals in the filter ash. Similar trends were observed in the case of fly ash and bottom ash with peat admixture to the fuel. Furthermore the elementary analysis via scanning electron microscopy, coupled with energy-dispersive X-ray analysis showed that 7% of peat addition to the fuel does not significantly effect on the ash composition.

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    Ash
  • 177.
    Ali, Sharafat
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Built Environment and Energy Technology.
    Wójcik, Natalia A.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Built Environment and Energy Technology. Gdańsk University of Technology, Poland.
    Jonson, Bo
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Built Environment and Energy Technology.
    Kamitsos, Efstratios
    Theoretical and Physical Chemistry Institute, Greece.
    Li, Xinghua
    Corning Incorporated, USA.
    Luo, Jian
    Corning Incorporated, USA.
    Möncke, Doris
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Built Environment and Energy Technology. Alfred University, USA;.
    Synthesis, structural characterization, and thermal properties of Ca- and La-doped soda-lime glasses by laser melting2020In: International Journal of Applied Glass Science, p. 1-8Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Laser melting techniques have been used in the preparation of unconventional glasscompositions with high melting temperatures. Thus, we wanted to test the feasibilityof using a CO2 laser in the preparation of nitrogen-rich oxynitride glasses and nitridesilicate glasses. Melting from oxides and metallic raw materials, we wanted to studyfirst glass formation and possible evaporation losses of the glass components. Twoglass series were prepared and studied for their structure and thermal properties, onewith Ca2+- and a higher melting La3+-doped soda-lime-silicate (SLS) series. In lessthan 3 minutes of laser melting, spheres of up to 6 mm diameter were successfullyfabricated. The obtained glass samples were homogeneous and transparent in thevisible region. X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopic analysis confirmed theamorphous nature of the synthesized samples. Sodium losses increase as calcium isadded to the soda-lime-silicate glass. As expected, increasing Ca2+ or La3+ additionlead to increased depolymerization of the silicate network. Moreover, the increasesin Tg with the addition of Ca2+ or La3+ ions indicating strengthening of the sodalime-silicate glass by increasing strength of the M-O bonds of divalent and trivalentions over monovalent sodium ions, weak Na-O bonds also resulting in significantevaporation loss during the short laser melting times. The thermal stability decreasesupon addition of Ca2+ or La3+ ions to the soda-lime-silicate glasses.

  • 178.
    Alijagic, Denis
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Att uppnå god energiprestanda: En jämförelse av teoretiska energiberäkningar och verklig energianvänding i småhus2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En studie som utfördes på uppdrag av Norrköpings kommun med syfte att undersöka varför energideklarationer visar en annan specifik energianvändning gentemot energiberäkningar. Ett stickprov togs där tio småhus energiberäkningar och energideklarationer analyserades. Dessutom genomfördes intervjuer med tre medelstora kommuner (Norrköpings-, Linköpings- och Jönköpings kommun) samt Boverket för att lokalisera möjliga fel och förbättringar gällande Boverkets Bygg Regler, BBR. Boverkets föreskrifter och allmänna råd om fastställande av byggnadens energianvändning vid normalt brukande och ett normalår, BEN, togs även i beaktande att lokalisera felkällor i upprättade energiberäkningar för hus 1-10.

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    bilaga
  • 179.
    Alinder, Gertrud
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Installation av VDR på Calmare Nyckel2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Through this exam work, a Voyage Data Recorder was installed on the Kalmar Maritime Academy’s school ship Calmare Nyckel. The purpose of the installation was to create a tool for the teachers when they are giving feedback on the students’ manoeuvring exercises with the school ship. This work was made in project form during the last year of the marine engineer programme and partly during the following three years. The result was an installation that records the information from the bridge equipment that was judged to be central to be able to correctly mirror the manoeuvring of the ship, and the possibility to replay this information.

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    Installation av VDR på Calmare Nyckel
  • 180.
    Alissandrakis, Aris
    et al.
    Dept. of Comput. Intell. & Syst. Sci., Tokyo Inst. of Technol., Tokyo, Japan.
    Otero, Nuno
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Computer Science, Physics and Mathematics.
    Saunders, Joe
    Adaptive Systems Research Group, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, UK.
    Dautenhahn, Kerstin
    Adaptive Systems Research Group, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, UK.
    Nehaniv, Chrystopher
    Adaptive Systems Research Group, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, UK.
    Helping Robots Imitate: Metrics And Computational Solutions Inspired By Human-Robot Interaction Studies2010In: Advances in Cognitive Systems / [ed] Samia Nefti-Meziani and John Gray, Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2010, p. 127-167Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter we describe three lines of research related to the issue of helping robots imitate people. These studies are based on observed human be- haviour, technical metrics and implemented technical solutions. The three lines of research are: (a) a number of user studies that show how humans naturally tend to demonstrate a task for a robot to learn, (b) a formal approach to tackle the problem of what a robot should imitate, and (c) a technology-driven conceptual framework and technique, inspired by social learning theories, that addresses how a robot can be taught. In this merging exercise we will try to propose a way through this prob- lem space, towards the design of a Human-Robot Interaction (HRI) system able to be taught by humans via demonstration.

  • 181.
    Aljija, Elnes
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Engineering.
    Jämförelse Mellan Lätt och Tung Stomme på ett Kontorshus2012Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    At the beginning of each new project comes across on the different options of frame and floor construction available to choose from, and the question is often which option that is optimal for the current project. The optimal solution for each project does not exist, because of the different factors and conditions that govern the project, such as: economy, building type, terrain type, etc.

    The issue addressed in this report is on glue-laminated wood or concrete is the most ideal alternative to framing materials in the current project.

    Comparative work on the basis of preconditions has been made by dimensioning the parts of a project with both materials. The focus was on differences in building height, wind stability and the foundation.

    The results indicate if you're going to build an office building or apartment building,concrete is more appropriate alternative compared to the glue-laminated wood.

    The difference in building height is surprisingly not so great between the two different frames. However, the difference varies considerably in terms of floor height between glue-laminated wood and concrete. This is due to requirements for deflection and springines imposed on wood.

    Both frames can handle wind stability without plinths, which is quite interesting especially in view of the wood's light weight.

    Regarding the foundation, the difference was significantly greater between glue-laminated wood and concrete.

    The design according to Eurocodes has been made by hand calculations and also the use of the software Strusofts.

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  • 182.
    Alkaptan, Saman
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Tillgänglighet på supportsidor: En fallstudie kring vad som påverkar upplevd tillgänglighet och användarvänlighet på en supportsida2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the web is that it should be accessible to everybody, however, there are people with some type of disabilities that makes them unable to access or use certain websites because of the lack of accessibility that is implemented in them. This means that these websites are not user-friendly for users with disabilities. In order to highlight the problem, areas such as user-experience, usefulness, accessibility and WCAG 2.0 were explored in order to gain a better understanding of these areas and get a better picture of the important factors in them. Based on the theories, the study showed that these previously mentioned areas are part of  each other and that accessibility is good for both users with and without disabilities.

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    Tillgänglighet på supportsidor
  • 183.
    Allhorn, Simon
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Svensson, Victor
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Kapacitetsökning på ett producerande företag: Fallstudie på Villa VIDA AB2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    För att få en djupare förståelse för hur yta kan frigöras och användas har en studie genomförts på Villa VIDA som idag inte har tillräckligt med fri yta för kapacitetsökning. När nuläget analyserades kunde det konstateras att lagerbildningar på produktionsyta och ett måleri var det som hindrade företaget från att expandera. Baserat på det nuvarande läget genererades två alternativa layouter. I det ena förslaget valdes outsourcing av måleriet för att frigöra ännu mer yta och få plats med en kapacitetsökning på 50 % istället för 25 % som hade blivit resultatet om måleriet bevarats. Åtgärder som frigjorde yta innebar reducering av antal lagringspunkter och minskade orderkvantiteter. Vid utvärdering blev resultatet att företaget bör satsa på förslaget där måleriet är outsourcat då detta bidrar med ekonomiska så väl som flödesrelaterade fördelar samtidigt som ytan används på ett effektivare sätt.

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    Kapacitetsökning på ett producerande företag
  • 184.
    Alm, Alexander
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Kolkraft med CSS2012Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    ABSTRAKT

    Detta arbete om kolkraft med CCS syftar till att ge läsaren en lite djupare bild av hur avskiljning, transportering och lagring kan fungera vid ett koleldat kraftverk utrustat med koldioxidavskiljning.

    Vilka olika tekniska metoder som finns eller är under utveckling för de olika stegen i processen och hur dessa fungerar.

    Arbetet tar även upp historien bakom kolet som bränsle och hur utvecklingen av olika reningstekniker tog fart.

    Generella fördelar och nackdelar med CCS bollas fram o tillbaka miljömässiga aspekter med tekniken samt den ekonomiska lönsamheten undersöks.

    Arbetet avslutas med en överblick över en verklig pilotanläggning i Schwarzepumpe i Tyskland.

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    sammanfattning
  • 185.
    Alm, Anton
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Computer Science.
    Björling, Joakim
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Computer Science.
    Prestandautvärdering av firmwares baserade på öppen källkod för routrar/brandväggar på MIPS-arkitektur: Jämförelse mellan Open-WRT, DD-WRT och Tomato firmware2014Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This investigation compares the performance of three different open-source firmwares. DD-WRT, Open-WRT and Tomato Firmware with MIPS architecture. The test follows two RFC that describes the process of how to perform a performance analysis of network interconnected devices.

    The summarized results show a winner which has generally performed better throughout all the tests and this was Tomato firmware. These results are gathered from three different tests, which is throughput, latency and concurrent sessions test.

    The survey also shows that the performance in general is very equal across all firmwares in the various tests. An important aspect is that there are no outstanding winner, which depends on for example how consistent the results have been. This also concerns a possible conclusion where the firmwares perform various well depending on the type of task involved.

    As further work on this investigation we recommend a performance and function analysis of the tools that the firmware contains. Although a survey of the interface for each firmware would be interesting.

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    fulltext
  • 186.
    Alm, Christoffer
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Engineering.
    Mehari, Amanuel
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Engineering.
    Utveckling av hanteringsmaskin för IKEA-påsar2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här examensarbete handlar om att ta fram en ny maskin, en hanteringsmaskin, till TEXO Application i Älmhult. Syftet med maskinen är att den ska vika IKEAs kundpåsar, hanteringsmaskinen ska användas på samtliga IKEA varuhus världen över. Utvecklingen av hanteringsmaskinen går från enkla skisser av flera koncept till val av koncept och utveckling en denna till en fullständig ritning som det sedan byggs en prototyp utfrån. Effektiviseringen bland samtliga varuhus beräknas att öka då denna lösning ger de anställda mer tid till annat arbete.

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    Utveckling av hanteringsmaskin för IKEA-påsar
  • 187.
    Alm Grundström, Henrik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Litteraturstudie, modellering och simulering av kugginteraktioner i planetväxlar2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta arbete sammanfattar en del av den forskning som gjorts på kugghjul och planetväxlar med avseende på egenskaper som lastfördelning, verkningsgrad och ingreppsstyvheter. En jämförelse görs mellan olika metoder för beräkning av ingreppsstyvheter vilken visar på stora skillnader. En planetväxel av typ D simuleras i flerkroppsdynamikprogramvaran MSC ADAMS där egenskaper som lastfördelning, vridstyvhet och utväxling undersöks.

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  • 188.
    Almaari, Firas
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Aljbban, Essam
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Strain Rate Effect on Fracture Mechanical Properties of Ferritic-Pearlitic Ductile Iron.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the effect of strain rate on fracture properties of Ferritic-Pearlitic Ductile Iron.

    A series of dynamic three point bending tests, with various load application rates, are conducted on Charpy V-notch specimens, in room temperature and approximately -18 °C.

    The tests are performed in a custom-made fixture and during the tests, force and displacement data are recorded. A XFEM (Extended Finite Element Method) model of the test setup has been established and material data from the tests are used as input to the model.

    The test results show a strong dependency of the strain rate regarding the force needed for crack initiation. Moreover, it can be concluded that low temperature makes the material very brittle, even at low load application rates.

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  • 189.
    Al-Masaraa, Zakaria
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering.
    Rahimi, Majid
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering.
    Energikartläggning hos Holtab AB2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En energikartläggning är en granskning av företagets energianvändning i förhållande till företagets behov. Syftet med energikartläggningen är att visa hur elenergin används.

    Syftet med detta examensarbete är att kartlägga och genomföra energimätningar på anläggningarna som finns på Holtab AB.

    I detta examensarbete genomförs en inledande kartläggning som skall fånga åtminstone fyra största enhetsprocesserna per byggnad samt mäta dessa med hjälp av två amperemätare med logger, Fluke 345 och två kanals Chauvin Arnoux ML912.

    De största enhetsprocesserna som kunde fångas var ventilation, tryckluft, elvärme och belysning.

    I slutet av kartläggningen och mätningarna som genomfördes hos företaget blev den totala energianvändningen på ca 820 MWh per år för de största enhetsprocesserna vilket är över 85 % av den totala förväntade elenergianvändningen.

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    fulltext
  • 190.
    Almert, Josef
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Ljung, David
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Frekvensomriktardrift av sjökylvattenpumpar: Ett underlag för konvertering från strypreglering2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This project has been conducted in cooperation with the engine crew onboard theSwedish Maritime Administration's icebreakers. The purpose of this work is to highlightthe benefits of conversion from throttling control to frequency control, of the sea waterpumps on their icebreakers. This by means of a frequency converter.Energy efficiency is something that is prioritized on modern ships, where everything isbuilt and optimized to be as cost-effective as possible. Old ships do often have oldersystems that are inefficient from an energy point of view, as the technology at the timeof construction was limited. Today's technology is getting cheaper and cheaper, whichmakes more people willing to phase out the old inefficient systems with throttleregulation, against new frequency-controlled systems.The result was that after three to four years, it would be worth installing a drive. Thefuel costs for running two cooling water pumps with a 60% load drive will generate asaving of 16961 SEK in fuel consumption. Running the sea water pumps withfrequency drives will help reduce wear and tear on pump and pipe systems, it will alsogenerate a reduced CO2 emission, which is beneficial from an environmental point ofview.The conclusion was that it was profitable to install frequency converters, both from anenvironmental and cost point of view.

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    fulltext
  • 191.
    Almström, Magdalena
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Svanberg, Henrik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Sjörättsmål: En jämförelse mellan målen i Sveriges sjörättsdomstolar2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden seven courts has been appointed to specialize in admiralty law cases. These cases are either civil or criminal cases with connection to shipping on Swedish territory.

    The objective was to examine and describe the admiralty law verdicts over time with focus on what types of cases, differences between courts and variation over time. The study focused on merchant shipping.

    Study of literature was chosen as method and with follow-up questions interviews were made with agencies and experts. The literature in this study was the 153 verdicts that were announced between 2009 and 2013.

    Of all verdicts collected were five civil cases and 148 criminal cases with 13 classifications. The largest difference between the courts was the sum of verdicts. A change over time could not be observed.

    Other conclusions that were made were that ships’ masters, that have the utmost responsibility, avoided prosecution when they were not present for the event of the prosecution. 

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    Fulltext
  • 192.
    Al-Najjar, Basim
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Technology and Design.
    A computerized model for assessing the return on investment in maintenance: following up maintenance contribution in company profit2009In: Engineering asset lifecycle management: Proceedings of the World congress on engineering asset management (WCEM 2009), 28-30 september 2009 / [ed] Dimitris Kiritsis, Christos Emmanouilidis, Andy Koronios, and Joseph Mathew, Springer, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to reduce as much as possible the economic losses that are generated due to lack or inefficient maintenance, it is necessary to map, analyse and judge maintenance performance and act on deviations before it is too late. It is always necessary for a company to act for increasing profit and consequently enhance its competitiveness. In this paper, a software model (MainSave) has been developed for mapping, monitoring, analysis, following up and assessing the cost-effectiveness of maintenance (and maintenance investments). MainSave can be used for assessing savings and profit/losses due to maintenance performance, identify problem areas and primarily plan for new beneficial investments in maintenance. The module has been tested at Fiat/CRF in Italy. The major conclusion is; applying MainSave it would be possible to identify, assess and follow up maintenance contribution in company business.

  • 193.
    Al-Najjar, Basim
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Technology and Design.
    A Concept for Detecting Quality Deviation Earlier than when using Traditional Diagram in Automotive: A Case study2001In: International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, ISSN 0265-671X, E-ISSN 1758-6682, Vol. 18, no 9, p. 917-940Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The problem addressed in this paper is how to utilise the concept of total quality maintenance (TQMain) to develop an integrated VBM (vibration-based maintenance) for detecting deviations in the machine condition and product quality (technical specifications), before the machine starts manufacturing defective items. Concepts of TQMain and integrated VBM are discussed. A technical analysis is conducted to identify quality problem cause roots when manufacturing crankshafts in Volvo, Motor, Skövde, Sweden. A factorial experiment is conducted to assess the effect and significance of the suspected causes. Vibration measurements from 7 points are collected. 

    The major conclusion of this study is; when using an effective, e.g. on the basis of TQMain concept, integrated VBM, deviations in product quality can be detected at an earlier stage than that when using usual quality control diagrams. Manufacturing defective items can be reduced dramatically (or prevented) which will eliminate bad quality- related losses.

  • 194.
    Al-Najjar, Basim
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Engineering.
    A graphical method to assess the probability of failure of a rolling element bearing and its residual life in paper mills when using a vibration monitoring system2000Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 195.
    Al-Najjar, Basim
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Technology and Design.
    A Maintenance Model for Identification, Quantification and Elimination of Losses in Companies Profitability: Application Examples2009In: Proceedings of the 22nd international congress on condition monitoring and diagnostic engineering management / [ed] Aitor. Arnaiz; Ana. Aranzabe; B. K. N. Rao, Eibar: Fundación Tekniker , 2009, , p. 35Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A production process includes several sub-processes, which may also be called working areas or disciplines that are responsible for performing the different tasks required to accomplish the mission of the process. It is crucial that the tasks performed in these sub-processes are synchronised with each other without unnecessary and uncontrollable gaps and overlapping, which in turn may lead to losses in production time and manpower. It is important to avoid a shortage of resources, unplanned stoppages and idle times that may arise due to the gaps. In this paper gaps are generated due to missing the tasks or inputs that are required because of deficiencies in planning, the lack of responsibilities or of knowledge and experience concerning these inputs. On the other hand, effective synchronising of production-different disciplines will enhance production process effectiveness as well as company profitability and competitiveness.

    The problem addressed in this paper is: How should maintenance be considered in conjunction with plant activities, such as production, quality and personnel competence, in order to easily and effectively identify and quantify company losses in profitability and competitiveness and consequently to eliminate underlying causes? In this paper the gaps and overlapping between maintenance, production, competence and quality are defined, identified and described through a technical analysis of the production sub-processes and their respective sub-organisations. The major result achieved in this study is the development of a new model (Maintenance Function Deployment (MFD)), for an easy and effective identification and quantification of company losses in profitability and competitiveness for cost-effective elimination of the root-causes. MFD can be applied through identifying:

    1. the requirements that are necessary to achieve and maintain company strategic goals,

    2. tools to maintain the condition of these requirements,

    3. activities for the effective utilisation of the tools above, and

    4. the factors required to support the integration of maintenance with plant business for enhancing production process effectiveness as well as company profitability and competitiveness.

    The structure of the quality house has been used as a platform for developing MFD model for effectively integrating maintenance with production, competence and quality. Two examples are conducted to demonstrate the possibility of applying the model and its potential for enhancing production processes profitably. The main conclusion is: applying MFD gives an enormous opportunity to continuously maintain the quality of the working areas under consideration, which makes MFD one of the company’s objective-driven tools for enhancing its profitability and competitiveness. Also, it implies the application of the PDCA cycle, which in turn improves the integration of relevant working areas cost-effectively and continuously.

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  • 196.
    Al-Najjar, Basim
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Technology and Design.
    A Maintenance Model for Indentification, Quantification and Elimination of Losses in Companies Profitability: An Application Example2009In: COMADEM 2009: June 9-11 2009, San Sebastian, Spain, Miramar Palace / [ed] Aitor Arnaiz, Ana Aranzabe, and Raj BKN Rao, Eibar, Spain: Fundaci n Tekniker , 2009, p. 45-53Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A production process includes several sub-processes (working areas) that are responsible for performing the different tasks required to accomplish the mission of the process. Thus, it is important to avoid a shortage of resources, unplanned stoppages and idle times that may arise. The problem addressed in this paper is: How should maintenance be considered in conjunction with plant activities, such as production, quality and personnel competence for easily and effectively identifying and quantifying company losses in profitability and eliminating underlying causes? In this paper, the interactions between major working areas have been introduced and discussed. The major result achieved in this study is the development of a new model (Maintenance Function Deployment (MFD)), for an easy and effective identification and quantification of company losses in profitability. Four matrixes have been used for developing MFD model for effectively integrating maintenance with production, competence and quality. An application example is conducted to demonstrate the possibility of applying the model and its potential for enhancing production processes profitably. The main conclusion is: applying MFD gives an enormous opportunity to continuously maintain the quality of the working areas under consideration, which makes MFD one of the company’s objective-driven tools for enhancing its profitability and competitiveness.

  • 197.
    Al-Najjar, Basim
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    A method and an apparatus for predicting the condition of amachine or a component of the machine2016Patent (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The present invention relates to a methodand an apparatus for predicting the condition of a machine or a component of the machine based on measurements of a condition monitoring parameter. The apparatus comprising a data storage for storing a moving window including measurement values of the condition monitoring parameter, a monitoring module configured to determine whena measurement value exceeds a potential failure level at which damage of the machine or component is considered initiated, and to determine the point in time (tP) when the monitoring parameter exceeded the potential failure level, a data cleaning module configured to discarda new measurement value if it is smaller than the latest stored measurement value inthe moving window, to determine an expected value for the measurement based on a defined pattern for the condition monitoring parameter, which pattern reflects an expected behavior of the monitoring parameter after damage has been initiated, and the time elapsed since the point in time the monitoring parameter exceeded the potential failure level, and to discard the new measurement value if it deviates too much from the expected value, and to store not discarded measurement values in the moving window, and a prediction module configured to predict the level of the condition monitoring parameter at a future point in time based on the measurement

  • 198.
    Al-Najjar, Basim
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Technology and Design.
    A model for the creation of industial competitiveness: the role of companies' internal effectiveness in the creation and improvment of their competitiveness: a model for integrating technology and finance2005In: Creation of Industrial Competitiveness: CIC 2001-2004 / [ed] Basim Al-Najjar ; Anders Pehrsson, Växjö: Växjö University Press , 2005, p. 29-38Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 199.
    Al-Najjar, Basim
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Technology and Design.
    A model that describes the impact of integrated vibration-based maintenance on company´s business2002Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 200.
    Al-Najjar, Basim
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Technology and Design.
    A model to diagnose the deviation in the maintenance performance measures2006In: Engineering Asset Management, 2006, p. 87-93Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to achieve the strategic goals, the company should utilise an efficient data gathering and analysis system for mapping the technical and economic situation, following up the development and detecting technical and economic deviations at an early stage to plan and perform necessary maintenance actions on time. In many cases, measuring and following up the development of relevant and well selected technical and economic performance measures can be more applicable for mapping the situation and making cost-effective decisions compared with monitoring big mount of data. But, in many cases it demands a reliable technique for interpretation of the behaviour of these performance measures especially if they are not linearly interrelated and if some of them reflect a combination of technical and financial impact. The problem addressed in this paper is; how is it possible to enhance the ability of detecting significant deviations in the maintenance performance measures at an early stage and tracing their root causes by using data- and knowledge base and inference engine? The major result achieved in this paper is a model developed for interpreting the changes in the maintenance performance measures and tracing their basic causes, which is verified in an example with typical data. The model consists of five modules; what performance measures to chose, how and why an eventual deviation on the performance measures occur, what to do to eliminate and prevent their reoccurrence and mapping of the current situation technically and financially. The main conclusion is that applying the model would enhance the ability of detecting changes in the maintenance performance through identifying the causes for elimination. In Al-Najjar et al (2004), a model for how to identify the measurable variables, which are needed to develop measures for monitoring maintenance performance behaviour systematically, is introduced and discussed. Also, five maintenance performance measures are propos

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