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  • 151.
    Nilsson, Anders
    et al.
    Institutionen för freds- och utvecklingsforskning.
    Abrahamsson, Hans
    Institutionen för freds- och utvecklingsforskning.
    Mocambique em Transicão: Um estudo da história de desenvolvimento durante o período 1974-19921994Book (Other academic)
  • 152.
    Nilsson, Anders
    et al.
    Institutionen för freds- och utvecklingsforskning.
    Abrahamsson, Hans
    Institutionen för freds- och utvecklingsforskning.
    Mozambique: The Troubled Transition: From Socialist Construction to Free Market Capitalism1995Book (Refereed)
  • 153.
    Nilsson, Anders
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Åkesson, Gunilla
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    National Governance and Local Chieftaincy: A Multi-level Power Assessment of Mozambique from Niassa´s Perspective2006Report (Other academic)
  • 154.
    Nilsson, Josefine
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Online to On-Ground Activism: Contemporary Indian feminism and the #MeToo movement from an urban activist perspective2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The #MeToo movement is related to new forms of feminism, taking advantage of the online space for mobilisation. There are currently debates on the effect of feminist universalisation, post-colonial feminism and global movement’s on a local level. This study aims to understand how a globalmovement like the #MeToo integrates into already existing feminist efforts. While using India as a caste study, 10 urban Indian feminists have been interviewed to share their experiences on contemporary feminist mobilisation and the #MeToo movement. The study finds that the #MeToo movement have had an impact on Indian feminism, but at the same time is limited in its reach. Indian feminism is identified as ever diverse, with an increased incentive to learn and exchange experiences over identities to make feminist efforts more inclusive.

  • 155.
    Nilsson, Manuela
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Building Peace Amidst Violence: An Analysis of Colombia's Policies to Address Security and Development Challenges2018In: Iberoamericana - Nordic Journal of Latin American and Carribbean Studies, E-ISSN 2002-4509, Vol. 47, no 1, p. 34-44Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Building peace in societies where levels of violence continue to be high is one of today’s biggest challenges for countries like Colombia that are emerging from decades of protracted social conflict. The article examines how the Colombian state reasons about the challenges of re-establishing security and devel- opment as two core pillars for sustainable peace. It is embedded in the international debates on the security-development nexus within the statebuilding-peacebuilding discourse and based on an in-depth analysis of government policy documents, complemented by field interviews conducted between 2013 and 2017. It evaluates the Colombian government’s perception of the nexus between security and devel- opment as a first step towards understanding how state actor perspectives in post-conflict societies with high levels of violence compare to international peacebuilding perspectives. The findings underline that while Colombia’s national consolidation and reconstruction policies definitely display a belief in the existence of a nexus between security and development, that understanding differs significantly from international peacebuilding perspectives. It places heavy emphasis on a security-first approach that aims at statebuilding and subordinates development concerns to that overall goal, which creates an imbalance that translates as well into actor choices for the peacebuilding policies to be applied locally.

  • 156.
    Nilsson, Manuela
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Friedensverhandlungen [Peace Negotiations]2015In: Wissenschaft und Frieden, ISSN 0947-3971, no 3, p. 6-9Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [de]

    Friedensverhandlungen, also Dialoge zwischen Akteuren als Alternative zur fortgesetzten gewaltsamen Lösung ihrer Probleme miteinander, kommen als Konfliktlösungsmechanismus immer häufiger zum Einsatz. Im 19. und noch bis ins späte 20. Jahrhundert endeten bewaffnete Auseinandersetzungen überwiegend mit dem Sieg einer Seite, nur 15-20% durch Friedensverhandlungen. Seit dem Ende des Kalten Krieges wurden aber schon mehr als 50% aller Bürgerkriege, die häufigste Form gewaltsamer Konflikte, am Verhandlungstisch beendet (Bell 2006), und Zweidrittel dieser Verhandlungen führten auch wirklich zum Frieden (Joshi und Quinn 2015). Die Forschung und vor allem Praxis der Friedensverhandlungen haben aber noch einen langen Weg vor sich, denn bisher bringen Friedensverhandlungen im Vergleich immer noch einen weniger haltbaren Frieden als militärische Siege (DeRouen et al. 2010). Der längerfristige Trend berechtigt aber zur Hoffnung, dass Verhandlungen in Zukunft eine immer größere Rolle spielen werden.

  • 157.
    Nilsson, Manuela
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Grassroots Reconciliation Stories from Post-Conflict Nicaragua2010In: Social Alternatives, ISSN 0155-0306, Vol. 29, no 1, p. 49-54Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How do actors formerly involved in violent conflict reconcile, particularly in the absence of a government-led top down effort? This article analyzing grassroots reconciliation efforts during the fifteen years following the civil war of the 1980s in Nicaragua. As a result of extensive rounds of interviews with actors and opinion leaders from both sides as well as members of the international community in volved in the peace building process, the study concludes that today, after two decades of peace, many Nicaraguans have advanced from negative coexistence to full reconciliation. Faced with the absence of effective ‘trickle down’ policies on the elite level to help this process along, Nicaraguans have found their own ways of reconciliation. Examples for both, the successes as well as the failures to reach reconciliation, are presented.

  • 158.
    Nilsson, Manuela
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    González Marín, Lucía
    Colombian Ocean Commission (CCO), Colombia.
    Searching for sustainable peace in Colombia: Civilian and military perceptions concerning the role of the military in the post-conflict future2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Colombia’s search for peace to end a protracted social conflict that has mired the country in violence for decades reached a climax the fall of 2016 with the signing of a peace agreement between the government and the country’s largest armed opposition group. However, violence levels continue to be high, a fact that directs attention to the future role of one of the main actors in the conflict: the country's military forces. How security issues are addressed from here on will greatly affect Colombia’s future development. This study looks at the military's difficult transformation from a wartime to a peacetime institution, its role in peacebuilding and its relationship to the civilian state actors, its aspirations, strategies and visions for the future as well as its efforts to re-invent its own identity in an environment that is marked by continued violence. It is based on interviews conducted in the country between 2015 and 2018 with members of the Colombian military at both national and regional levels, the police, the Ministry of Defense and members of civil society organizations. The findings underline that the military's vision of its future role poses considerable challenges for the civilian government actors and Colombian civil society.

  • 159.
    Nilsson, Manuela
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    González-Marín, Lucía
    Colombian Ocean Commission (CCO), Colombia.
    Violent Peace: Local Perceptions of Threat and Insecurity in Post-Conflict Colombia2019In: International Peacekeeping, ISSN 1353-3312, E-ISSN 1743-906XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Countries that sign a peace agreement to emerge from protracted violent conflict often begin reconstructing their societies amidst continued high levels of violence. Responding to this situation, national security policies often identify core threats primarily from a state perspective, disregarding local community perceptions of threat and insecurity. This paper is based on interviews conducted in Colombia with members of three rural communities that have undergone and still suffer from different forms of post-accord violence. Differentiating between measurable and lived security threats, it identifies the communities’ perceptions of threats to their current security situation and compares them to those of the state security actors stationed in the communities. Embedded in the call for more pragmatic, bottom-up peacebuilding, we argue that security is context-specific and stress the importance of understanding the diversity of local community perspectives on security for building sustainable peace under conditions of ongoing violence. Final policy recommendations thus underline the need for a more differentiated approach towards improving security levels that meets the specific threat perceptions and security concerns of local communities and improves cooperation between the communities and state security actors to bring sustainable, localized peace to context-specific security environments.

  • 160.
    Nilsson, Manuela
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Africa's Hegemons and UN Security Council Reform2007Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The proposed reform for the amplification of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) has evoked considerable debate in recent years, focussing on the impact that incoming developing countries could have on future power constellations within that international body. This paper contemplates possible changes that could occur with the inclusion of African hegemonic states, particularly the three main pretenders, Egypt, South Africa and Nigeria. It analyzes the three countries power potential and their regional and international objectives as leaders of the developing world as well as their relations to each other. The paper concludes that the inclusion of major African states in the Security Council will shift the balance towards the Global South, resulting not only in changes in the agenda of the Security Council but possibly also in a variety of strategic alliances outlined in the paper, as well as South-South cooperation against the current power constellation within that body. This cooperation and the growing economic power potential behind it – particularly if taking into account energy resources in Africa - makes it increasingly unwise for the veto powers in the UNSC to keep postponing the debated reform – until they have lost their last negotiating power, their economic weight, to the combined force of the newcomers. Thus, the UNSC seat discussions are a reflection of the ongoing change in the power relationships in the international system and merit close observation as well as foreign policy adjustment by all members of the international community.

  • 161.
    Nilsson, Martin
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences. Statsvetenskap.
    International Donor Institutions and Promotion of Democracy, Macro-Economic Policies and Poverty Reduction - a Contradiction?2007In: European Consortium for Political Research, Joint Sessions of Workshops at Helsinki – 7-12 May 2007: Workshop 25: Inequality, Poverty and Democratic Governance in Developing Countries, ECPR , 2007, p. 25-Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 162.
    Nilsson, Martin
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences. Statsvetenskap.
    The Left in Government – Deepening or Constraining Democracy in Latin America?2007In: 2007 Annual Conference of the Swedish Network of Peace, Conflict and Development Research, October 23-24, 2007 Uppsala – Sweden: Theme: The Democratization Project: Challenges and Opportunities, 2007, p. 22-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the late 1990s, after the transition from dictatorship to electoral democracy in Latin America, the left began to win elections, or became the major challenger against right-wing governments—setting off a massive and relatively long-term wave of democratically-elected left leaders. This article, in focusing on the left of this political continuum, aims to explore the nature of democracy in the context of its resur-gence in Latin America, specifically attempting to understand whether and how the new left as a political actor can move beyond an electoral democracy, toward a deepening of democratic institutions. After dis-cussing the societal and political transformations that led to the left’s resurgence in Latin America, the article moves into an elaboration of its conceptualization of the left, addressing both the radical participa-tory and the social democratic left in relation to their fundamental views on democracy and the economy. Subsequently, the article turns toward a historical discussion of past leftist governments—both radical and more social-democratic cases—which in turn points to structural constraints that, at least historically, have hindered the accomplishment of radical participatory democracy in Latin America. The question that this article conclusively attempts to address is what implications this might have for democratic stability, when Latin America is once more facing the reality of democratically-elected, but radical left leaders.

    One conclusion is that the new tendencies of the left in Latin America can be said to have followed two distinct paths in the democratic consolidation era. One is the reformist, social-democratic left, which sup-ports the development of liberal democracy and neoliberal economy therewith complies with the political, social, and economic order of the day. In contrast, the radical left would like to develop a participatory democracy with socio-economic reforms that may potentially challenge societies’ major actors. Like simi-lar cases before them, the development of democracy in today’s Latin America is inevitably influenced by these paths, and is simultaneously constrained and deepened. Another conclusion is that democracy is deepended in both these routes. It is deepened in a liberal democracy, because it means more civil and political right for the people and a more well-functioning democracy, in relation too just free and fair elec-tions as in an elite democratic system, in which the competion to win elections is the main thing. It is deepened in a participatory democracy, because it means more possibility for people to actively participate in political decions-making on a local grassroots-level and on issues related to daily-life socio-economic issues. But it is also constrained because radical left reforms is challenging the elite actors - radical left governments might eventually bring about a downfall of democracy. Furthermore, it is constrained through the reformist, social democratic platform, because social reforms that the people may want are not instilled because they do not comply with the elite’s interests (as in the case of Chile in the 1990s). In this case, it means to maintain elite democracy and neoliberal policies democracy, without challenging the interest of the elite.

    A final conclusion is that changes in democratic models within transitioning countries potentially necessi-tate support from the dominant elite actors. Radical political and economic changes that took place in historical Chile and Guatemala were challenged by the same kind of actors as in today’s Venezuela, Bo-livia, Ecuador and Nicaragua—namely, the economic elite, the military, external (mainly U.S.) forces and the parliamentary right. With the historical record countries such as Chile and Guatemala, the main ques-tion might not be if radical cases such as Venezuela, Bolivia and Ecuador will meet the same destiny; rather it could just to be a matter of time when it will happen in, at least, one of these cases.

  • 163.
    Nordesjö, Kettil
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Social Work.
    Vad gör en lärande utvärderare, och vad utmärker en kompetent lärande utvärderare?: idealtypiska uppfattningar om lärande utvärdering2011In: SVUF - svenska utvärderingsföreningen, Stockholm, Sverige, SVUF , 2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I detta paper undersöks uppfattningar om begreppet lärande utvärdering. Under våren 2011 skickades en enkät ut till de som deltagit i en högskole- eller universitetskurs i lärande utvärdering och följeforskning sedan 2009, med frågor om hur man såg på ansatsen, vad man lade i begreppet och hur man såg på sin egen praktik. Enkäten var ett sätt att få kunskap om vad kursdeltagare fick med sig ut i praktiken och hur de själva hade uppfattat ansatsen, vilket i sin tur kan ses som ett sätt att få kunskap om den översättning av begreppet mellan myndighetsnivå och praktiknivå som skett. Undersökningen är en del i ett avhandlingsarbete där lärande utvärdering som idé studeras i översättningstermer från den formulerande EU-nivån till den praktiserande projektutvärderarnivån i socialt arbete.

    Fortsättningsvis ses lärande utvärdering och följeforskning som synonyma, och främst kommer termen lärande utvärdering att användas.

  • 164.
    Nylund, Jesper
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Civil Society 2.0: Conceptualizing the idea of a 2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to conceptualize the idea of a “digital civil society”. During the latest half-century, technological developments in the areas of information and communication have been increasingly ingrained in everyday-life of many people. Not surprisingly, politics have also been affected by these developments. The concept of a global civil society is getting increasingly fashionable, and it is my belief that this global civil society in many ways is related to the technological developments manifested in the digital revolution. From this point of departure, it is my intent to depict the idea of a digital civil society within a conceptual framework substantiated by a number of cases of collective action where the use of information and communication technologies (ICT) has been instrumental. By doing this, my intention is to see if, and how, the ICT revolution is altering civil society organization, mobilization, advocacy and action.

    The essay has five parts. First, there is a brief introduction of the subject where the main research issues are put forward. The second part describes the methodology and defines the central concepts; global civil society, globalization and the ICT revolution. This framework, elaborated more thoroughly in part three, will serve as both goal and means for the research as it constitutes the research method as well as a potential basis for further research in the area. In part four, a number of cases of civil society collective action are portrayed and analyzed in connection to the conceptual framework. In some of these cases, ICT is used as a way to support and supplement more traditional “offline” collective action whereas in the second part of this chapter, cases of more pure “online action” are described. With the features and characteristics of these case studies in mind, the aim is to identify tendencies supporting the idea of a possibly emerging digital civil society. In the last chapter, there is a discussion concerning the potential characteristics and outcomes of such a digital civil society. I also present a model describing the logic of the conceptual framework and the processes and concepts which are central to this study.

    My conclusions are meant to create an environment conducive to further research on the subjects I have studied. First, it appears as if the logic of “networking” as power structure within civil society is favourable for organization, participation, communication, mobilization and action. As such, the networked, dynamic and horizontal character of the Internet seems to influence the organizational character of many civil society entities. Secondly, the Internet’s ability to allow for many-to-many communication seems to contribute to a broader and more inclusive way to debate issues of all kinds. Thirdly, ICT in some ways appears to “individualize” collective action, a development possibly related to the individual and isolating character of Internet use itself and the relative anonymity which can be enjoyed online. In sum, these findings suggest that the idea of a digital civil society broadens the base of collective action and, to some extent, reduces the costs of participation.

  • 165.
    Närvänen, Anna-Liisa
    Linköpings universitet.
    Goffman´s Dramaturgy - Time, Space and Identities2002Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 166.
    Närvänen, Anna-Liisa
    Linköpings universitet.
    Temporalitet och social ordning1994Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The primary aim of the thesis is to develop a theoretical frame of reference concerning the significance of temporality for social order, how it is created, maintained and how it can be changed in interaction. The theoretical frame of reference is developed gradually and is considered as heuristic. Emphasis is placed on temporal orientation, i.e. the dimension of meaning, while temporal order is analyzed only as aspects of it appear in the interviews, which constitute the empirical basis for the discussion. The interactionist stance in this thesis implies that the emphasis is placed on the subjects interpretation of the temporal aspects.

    The data consists of semistructured interviews with totally 87 employees at two hospital wards in Sweden. The qualitative analyses in the thesis is inspired by 'grounded theory' approach.

    The dissertation consists of three parts. Part I consists of an introduction and a discussion of temporality which is then conceptualized in terms of temporal order and temporal orientation. In part II the emphasis is placed on biographical time. The concepts biographical scheme andcareer, which are related to socialization, are chosen for analytical purposes. In part III the theoretical frame of reference is developed through a discussion of temporal aspects in the definition of situation. The biography, an individuals experiences in past, present and expectations of future, is thus put in relation to reference groups and social worlds, which point out for example the significance of social memory for the definition of reality.

    The results show the significance of temporal orientation and temporal order for individual and group interpretation of the social reality at their place of work. Biographical schemes, careers and social norms connected to them are important elements in the interpretation of the social order and of the possibilities to change it. Different experiences of educational and occupational socialization implied conflicting definitions of occupational roles and core activities within and between the occupational groups, which were important for changes in the social order. Work routines and social status as a senior in an occupational group were important for reproducing the social order.

  • 167.
    Närvänen, Anna-Liisa
    Linköpings universitet.
    Time, Space and Identities - a Dramaturgical Approach2003Report (Other academic)
  • 168.
    Närvänen, Anna-Liisa
    Linköpings universitet.
    Åldrande, livsförlopp, generation2001Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 169.
    Närvänen, Anna-Liisa
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Näsman, Elisabet
    Sociologiska institutionen Uppsala.
    Age and intersectionality - the childhood case2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 170.
    Närvänen, Anna-Liisa
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Näsman, Elisabet
    Sociologiska institutionen Uppsala universitet.
    Doing Age, Doing Childhood - Performing or Contesting the Age Order2005Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 171.
    Närvänen, Anna-Liisa
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Näsman, Elisabeth
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Age - life course - generation2002Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 172.
    Närvänen, Anna-Liisa
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Näsman, Elisabeth
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Age order and children's agency2004Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 173.
    Närvänen, Anna-Liisa
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Näsman, Elisabeth
    Linköpings universitet.
    Challenging postmodern life courses? Reflections on social change, life course institution, age order and agency2004In: Cost A19 meeting, 2004Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 174.
    Närvänen, Anna-Liisa
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Näsman, Elisabeth
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Childhood as generation or life phase?2002Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 175.
    Närvänen, Anna-Liisa
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Näsman, Elisabeth
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Childhood as generation or life phase?2004In: Young : Nordic journal of youth research, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 91-111Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 176.
    Närvänen, Anna-Liisa
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Näsman, Elisabeth
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    New Childhoods - New Modernity?2004Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 177.
    Närvänen, Anna-Liisa
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Näsman, Elisabeth
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Time and Space in Different Life Phases2003Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 178.
    Närvänen, Anna-Liisa
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Åsbring, Pia
    Enheten för psykisk hälsa, Samhällsmedicin SLL.
    Kroniskt trötthetssyndrom, fibromyalgi och risken att bli stigmatiserad2004In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, no 1, p. 39-53Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 179.
    Ohlsson, Claes
    University of Gothenburg.
    Guidebooks, Gadgets and Google Earth: Text perspectives on self-guiding and new technology2009In: Guiding and Guided tours / [ed] Petra Adolfsson, Peter Dobers, Mikael Jonasson, Göteborg: Bokförlaget BAS, 2009, p. 113-130Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 180. Ohlsson, Kjell
    et al.
    von Schéele, Fabian
    Rusets och bakrusets effekter på körprestation. Slutrapport.2011Report (Other academic)
  • 181.
    Olmsäter, Therese
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    VEMS SÄKERHET? VILKA RÄTTIGHETER?: Om diskursförändringen i svensk migrationspolitisk riksdagsdebatt 1975-20022007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Human rights and solidarity, as well as moral and legal responsibilities to protect people in need of refuge, seem to be principles of secondary importance within international migratory policies today. Instead, the predominant view seems to focus more and more on the protection of territorial borders, the welfare state and national identity. This international change in discourse can also be seen in the political trends of individual states. There are reasons to believe that this is a development that is also perceptible in the political rhetoric that is used in parliamentary debates, which constitute the main focus of this thesis. The aim of this study has therefore been to increase the understanding of this change in migratory policies by analyzing Swedish parliamentary debates between 1975 and 2002, using a theoretical framework focused on two different perspectives on security: First, the Copenhagen School and securitization of migration, and second, human security and human rights. The method consists of an interpretative and reflective method, together with a critical discourse analysis approach. The main results of the thesis show a possibility to distinguish four sets of discourses with close ties to the contemporary societal context during this period of almost three decades. However, the main arguments for such a change in discourse are first, that although the migration policies have developed in a more restrictive way since the 1980’s, the arguments and rhetoric in parliamentary debates have not changed much even though the tendencies are harder tones simultaneously with such restrictions. Second, in spite of this similarity, there have been people in parliament who have raised their voices and protested during this period when, in their view, the politics has moved outside of the ordinary framework. Finally, this thesis argues that it is possible to place the two debating sides in what could be named the security/rights- nexus, depending on each side’s point of departure according to the security framework of this thesis.

  • 182.
    Olsson, Åsa
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Grass Root Communication for Social Change: A Case Study of the Communication Work in a Namibian NGO2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACT

    The principal objective of this inductive study is to map the communication methods that are being used in the organization Sister Namibia. I intend to find communication mechanisms that together can constitute a communication framework. The main questions at issue are; How is the organization working from a communication perspective? What methods and channels are central for their external communication work? What messages are they trying to convey to the target group? The questions will generate in analyses and deeper understandings of communication processes in a NGO.

    The conceptual approach for the study is Development Communication, which can be seen as the integration of strategic communication in development projects. Communication for Social Change is an approach of development communication, where focus lays on an elaborated social change agenda rather than the agenda of strategic communication. The study has a qualitative approach and it is built up as an inductive case study with the NGO Sister Namibia in focus.

    Sister Namibia is a non governmental women organization that fights for women’s rights in the Namibian society. I have found several factors in their communication work that together can create a communication framework. Dialogue is vital in their communication work and it can be seen as a prerequisite for social change. Another central aspect of their communication framework is networking. Sister Namibia can be seen as a piece of puzzle in a bigger network that allows the organization to reach a wider audience and it is a strategy for how they can gain power, grow and establish deeper in the society. The diversity among women makes it necessary with a communication framework that provides flexibility, which includes different communication methods and channels depending on the target group. A holistic approach in the communication framework is important; the communication have to be focused on change at individual, societal and governmental levels. Furthermore, I have observed that to be able to understand processes of communication it is vital to look at the whole social context. In this social context knowledge, power, and material & social needs have been found as central aspects. They are needs and factors that are gained and created by individuals and groups in societies, and can be seen as prerequisites for social change to appear. Finally, this study shows the importance of looking at communication not just as a tool for spreading information, but also as the goal of development. Through communication it is possible to create a social environment where private and public dialogue can take place.

    Keywords: Development communication, Communication for Social Change, NGO, Dialogue, Networking, Flexibility, Holistic approach.

  • 183.
    Olsson, Åsa
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Grass Root Communication for Social Change: A Case Study of the Communication Work in a Namibian NGO2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACT

    The principal objective of this inductive study is to map the communication methods that are being used in the organization Sister Namibia. I intend to find communication mechanisms that together can constitute a communication framework. The main questions at issue are; How is the organization working from a communication perspective? What methods and channels are central for their external communication work? What messages are they trying to convey to the target group? The questions will generate in analyses and deeper understandings of communication processes in a NGO.

    The conceptual approach for the study is Development Communication, which can be seen as the integration of strategic communication in development projects. Communication for Social Change is an approach of development communication, where focus lays on an elaborated social change agenda rather than the agenda of strategic communication. The study has a qualitative approach and it is built up as an inductive case study with the NGO Sister Namibia in focus.

    Sister Namibia is a non governmental women organization that fights for women’s rights in the Namibian society. I have found several factors in their communication work that together can create a communication framework. Dialogue is vital in their communication work and it can be seen as a prerequisite for social change. Another central aspect of their communication framework is networking. Sister Namibia can be seen as a piece of puzzle in a bigger network that allows the organization to reach a wider audience and it is a strategy for how they can gain power, grow and establish deeper in the society. The diversity among women makes it necessary with a communication framework that provides flexibility, which includes different communication methods and channels depending on the target group. A holistic approach in the communication framework is important; the communication have to be focused on change at individual, societal and governmental levels. Furthermore, I have observed that to be able to understand processes of communication it is vital to look at the whole social context. In this social context knowledge, power, and material & social needs have been found as central aspects. They are needs and factors that are gained and created by individuals and groups in societies, and can be seen as prerequisites for social change to appear. Finally, this study shows the importance of looking at communication not just as a tool for spreading information, but also as the goal of development. Through communication it is possible to create a social environment where private and public dialogue can take place.

    Keywords: Development communication, Communication for Social Change, NGO, Dialogue, Networking, Flexibility, Holistic approach.

  • 184.
    Palm, Johan
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Technology and Design.
    Kunskapsbildning mellan träindustri och akademi: en studie av dess förutsättningar och möjligheter2007Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Small and medium-sized enterprises badly need new knowledge. Their need is constantly increasing due to the market demand for custom-designed products, which means companies must be more flexible. Wood processing companies are having difficulty establishing contact with academia in order to meet this need.

    In investigating the form and content of research collaboration, nine situations have been studied with the aid of participatory observation to determine what characterises situations where learning occurs. Situations where researchers collaborate with operators and production managers have been selected because of the key role that those in such positions play when research findings are to be applied in the wood & timber industry. Analytical tools of a pedagogic/didactic nature have been used when interpreting the material.

    The results show what is needed if research collaboration is to succeed. Both parties must have room for reflection, and must give due consideration to the basic assumptions and problem areas they have in common. Enterprises must be sophisticated enough to collaborate with academia. In approaching their task, researchers must emphasise dialogue, equal standing and respect, and they must seek to ensure that collaboration proceeds in the right direction. In the case of small and medium-sized enterprises, a link between the researcher and the company is often required.

  • 185.
    Pemunta, Ngambouk Vitalis
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    The 'gendered field' of Kaolinite clay production: performance characteristics among the Balengou2014In: Social Analysis: Journal of Cultural and Social Practice, ISSN 0155-977X, E-ISSN 1558-5727, Vol. 58, no 2, p. 21-41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the 'gendered field' of kaolinite clay production and its integration into the local socio-cultural universe of the Balengou of the Western region of Cameroon. Kaolinite clay is produced and ingested mainly by women, especially during pregnancy so as to ensure that their children are born 'clean'. Used as a herbal additive, the clay is also believed to be imbued with sacred qualities and has a symbolic role in various communal rituals. Although geophagy—the practice of eating earth—is associated with harmful health effects, the various affordances offered by kaolinite clay as a valuable object of material culture constitute a specific entanglement of nature and culture. This study makes a modest contribution to the literature on the 'politics of value' and on the relationality of human/non-human interactions.

  • 186.
    Pemunta, Ngambouk Vitalis
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Rene Nkongho, Eno-Akpa
    Central European University, Budapest, Hungary.
    The Fragility of the Liberal Peace Export to South Sudan: Formal Education Access As the Basis of a Liberal Peace Project: Formal Education Access As the Basis of a Liberal Peace Project2014In: Journal of Human Security, ISSN 1835-3800, E-ISSN 1835-3800, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 59-75Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the disjuncture between the policy transposition of the Liberal Peace Project (LPP) in South Sudan from the country's local context. It underlines how deep rooted historical exclusion from social welfare services reinforces political exclusion and exacerbates poor civic engagement among different ethnicities in the country causing a constant relapse to violence. The study combines a qualitative review of data from Afrobarometer, the National Democratic Institute, international NGOs, and South Sudan's government reports within depth interviews and participants' observation. The research finds that restricted access to formal education alongside the conservative and orthodox approaches to peacebuilding, which broadly focus on centralised urban political institutions and exclude diverse local needs and preferences, limit citizenship participation to elections and preclude an equitable social order in South Sudan, establishing a continuum of fragile authoritarian peace, institutional peace and constitutional peace. In an emancipatory approach, the study proposes a framework that prioritizes an extended access to primary and post-primary vocational education as a more credible establishment for sustainable civil peace in the country. The LPP by the international community needs to be tailored to enhance the political will of the South Sudan government to extend free primary education access, incentivize primary education with school feeding programmes and to invigorate vocational training curricula. These will yield civil peace dividends, which avert South Sudan's structural source of relapse into violence with sustainable disincentives. Apart from women's empowerment through education and in all spheres of life, the government needs to ensure sustainability by guaranteeing a sustainable future for the present and for returning refugees by reducing the effects of climate change so as to cope with the increasing pressure on natural resources.

  • 187.
    Petheram, Lisa
    et al.
    Charles Darwin University, Australia.
    High, Christopher
    The Open University, UK.
    Campbell, Bruce
    CGIAR Challenge Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security, Denmark.
    Stacey, Natasha
    Charles Darwin University, Australia.
    Lenses for learning: visual techniques in natural resource planning2011In: Journal of Environmental Management, ISSN 0301-4797, E-ISSN 1095-8630, Vol. 92, no 10, p. 2734-2745Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, we explored the use of selected visual techniques (e.g. video, photography, diagramming) infacilitating learning among Indigenous communities living in remote protected areas at sites in Vietnam and Australia. The techniques were employed during interviews and workshops aimed at accessing and enhancing local peoples’ perspectives on their landscape and on specific natural resource management issues. The effectiveness of the different techniques for enabling learning varied markedly with the context, highlighting the need for facilitator skill and flexibility in application of techniques. Visual techniques helped to engage participants; encourage unrestrained and lateral thinking; provide opportunities for self-expression and reflection; and to expose participants to perspectives of other community members. Valuable insights emerged on broad aspects of learning and these were incorporatedinto a simple model that highlights three types of conceptualisation found to be important in these processes.

  • 188.
    Petheram, Lisa
    et al.
    Charles Darwin University, Australia.
    Stacey, Natasha
    Charles Darwin University, Australia.
    Campbell, Bruce
    CGIAR Challenge Program on Climate Change, Denmark.
    High, Christopher
    Open University, UK.
    Using visual products derived from community research to inform natural resource management policy2012In: Land use policy, ISSN 0264-8377, E-ISSN 1873-5754, Vol. 29, no 1, p. 1-10Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    People living near remote protected areas seldom have their perspectives considered in decision-makingon conservation and development. A consequent challenge for researchers and practitioners is engagingwith policy-makers about local peoples’ perspectives, in ways that will capture their attention and influencethe decisions they make. Some authors claim that visual products have potential for providing sucha means, i.e. in communicating ‘local’ messages to policy-makers. In this study we used action researchto explore the use of visual products – derived from participatory community research – to communicatelocal perspectives to policy. Hypermedia DVDs, containing videos, photos, diagrams and text, were usedwith policy-stakeholders in interviews and group activities. Most participants reacted positively to theDVDs and indicated that visual products provided credible and valuable insight into findings, groundedin local knowledge. The main strength of the DVDs was to provide engaging messages, in a format thatallowed integration of knowledge co-constructed by local people and researchers. They were found tobe a versatile medium for use with a range of viewers with different needs, as well as a valuable platformto enhance discussion and understanding needed in developing sound policy in natural resourcemanagement. We also found the ‘processes’, used in creating DVDs and presenting them to policy-makersmarkedly influenced the effectiveness of visual products. We suggest that in working with broad and complexareas in NRM, these types of visual products have the best potential in shifting conceptual thinkingand generating ideas and awareness among policy-stakeholders, rather than as a means of recommendingspecific policy.

  • 189.
    Pettersson, Daniel
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Media Technology.
    Kommunikationsforum för egenvård: En undersökning i hur en diabetikers behov av egenvård kan tillgodoses via sociala media2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Diabetes is a chronic disease that is classified as one of today's major diseases. Diabetes means that the blood sugar level is too high as the body’s ability to take care of~sugar is no longer functional. People with diabetes are therefore in need of exerting control over their blood sugar levels through self-care without the influence of health services.

    Social media in fields such as entertainment and education are used on a daily basis, but there is also a need for people to acquire information, support and counseling in health. The aim of this thesis is to explore the possibility of helping people to find communication partners being in similar situations and having the same conditions via health-related social media. Furthermore, the aim is to identify problems that arise when people share their health information on social media and creating an Internet service that proposes a possible solution for these problems. By applying theory of diabetic subjects, communication and social media as well as qualitative interviews and surveys a prototype was created which was then evaluated through user tests by diabetics. The prototype makes it possible to search for users in a similar situation through demographic data and data from diabetic self-care. The results give an insight into alternative ways of designing social media in health for users who share data with each other.

  • 190.
    Peñaloza Lanza, Roberto Andrés
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Alzaté González, Laura Daniela
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Day Zero: the role of social movements inthe face of Cape Town’s water crisis2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 2017 and 2018, the city of Cape Town, in South Africa, suffered one of the most severewater crises ever seen, becoming the first big city to face a realistic scenario of a "DayZero", the day in which the dams reach a water storage level unable to provide waterservices to other than critical services. In the wake of this emergency, severalorganisations and movements started to organise themselves to mitigate the effects ofthe drought and find a solution. The measures undertaken by the local government, whichincluded punitive tariffs for the citizens, caused a big discontent among the population,who protested in the streets to demand a proper solution. Amid the protesters, the socialmovements rose to demand from the authorities democratic and reasonablemanagement of the water in the city, putting pressure by protesting, creating petitions,mobilising people and spreading facts about the crisis and what they believed were thetrue problems behind it.This qualitative research included a field study in the city of Cape Town and usesabductive research for the analysis of data. The study is exploratory, as it intends tounderstand and explore what happened during the crisis and the role of socialmovements to create a narrative. Five interviews were conducted between two differenttarget groups: social movement actors and authorities.This thesis focuses on the role that social movements played and their dynamics in theoutcome of the actions taken by the authorities to address the water crisis in Cape Town.Using social movement theory and alliances theory, this explores what actors wereinvolved, what actions and activities the social movements conducted, and what was theoutcome of the role they played. This is done in order to create a narrative of the factsthat occurred during the crisis until the Day Zero was officially called off by the localauthorities, the moment in which the organisations stopped their engagement due towhether the loss of the momentum, the collapse of the alliances or the accomplishmentof their minimum demands.The study concludes that there were two moments that determined the role of socialmovements during the water crisis: first, with the emergence of the crisis, the movementsgathered and played a communicator role, delivering information and sharing facts;secondly, after the measures taken by the authorities were announced, the movementsplayed an instigator role as an opposition to the local government, putting pressure

    mainly in the streets. We conclude that the outcome delivered by the authorities, the so-called Water Strategy, was an important step but did not respond to the demands of the

    movement sufficiently, as it was not conducted in a participatory way, although itincluded some of the demands of the movement. It is not possible to conclude that therole played by the social movements was key to determine the outcome of the crisis, butthey contributed to put pressure and make visible the demands for a more democraticwater management.

  • 191.
    Praetorius, Gesa
    et al.
    World Maritime University.
    Kataria, Aditi
    World Maritime University.
    Petersen, Erik-Styhr
    World Maritime University ; Lyngsø Marine, Denmark.
    Schröder-Hinrichs, Jens-Uwe
    World Maritime University.
    Baldauf, Michael
    World Maritime University.
    Kähler, Nina
    DNV-GL, Germany.
    Increased Awareness for Maritime Human Factors through e-learning in Crew-centered Design2015In: 6th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics (AHFE 2015) and the Affiliated Conferences, AHFE 2015 / [ed] Ahram, T; Karwowski, W; Schmorrow, D, Elsevier, 2015, Vol. 3, p. 2824-2831Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the past two decades, the need to address human factors in shipping through integration of ergonomics in the design of ships and shipboard equipment has increased significantly as a result of the technological development of modern ships. The International Maritime Organization (IMO), the United Nations’ specialized organizationfor ship safety issues, has adopted a vision to address human factors as a key element for the improvement of maritime safety, and in that context acknowledges the human element as complex and multi-dimensional. IMO’s standards focus on the avoidance of human and organization error. But in spite of this, and despite the availability of qualified guidance on maritime human factors, there is little evidence of what could be seen as a comprehensive regulatory framework for crew-centered design, i.e. a design practice where ships and ships’ equipment is explicitly designed with human operator usability as an integral part of the design process. Recently, a European Commission sponsored project CyClaDes has made an attempt to address this paradox from a number of vantage points: An accident analysis, interviews with mariners (n=23), and short visits on board 5 vessels have been conducted to identify knowledge that provides insights into crew involvement in design, which, in turn, have been used to develop five training packages as one outcome of the project.

  • 192.
    Rausmark, Therese
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Bedömning av måluppfyllelse: En studie av lärares bedömningsarbete av elever i årskurs fem.2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur lärare, i den för studien valda kommunen, går till väga när de gör bedömning av elevers måluppfyllelse i årskurs fem. Samt om detta arbete skil-jer sig beroende på vilket ämne det handlar om.

    Ett ytterligare syfte är att undersöka om det finns någon skillnad i måluppfyllelsen mellan pojkar och flickor.Studien har bedrivits utefter en kvalitativ metod där intervjuer med verksamma lärare använts som empiriskt material för skapa sig en bild av hur det fungerar i verkligheten.

    Tidigare forskning har i resultatet vävts samman med vad den empiriska studien gett och skapar en bild av hur olika det kan se ut inom en kommun.

    Resultatet visar att det råder skillnad i lärares sätt att arbeta med mål och bedömning, det tycks finnas vissa samband med ett gott pedagogiskt ledarskap och tid för diskussion. Vidare uppvisar resultatet att det förekommer viss skillnad i pojkars och flickors måluppfyllelse.

  • 193.
    Roddar, Linnea
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Da luz, Isabella
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    The dimensions of flooding in the Mekong delta: A struggle in a changing climate2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Climate change and a changing flood pattern create urgent issues for low-lying land suchas the Vietnamese Mekong delta. Harmful levels of flooding, drought and extreme weatherconditions are increasingly striking rural communities in the delta. Millions of peopleliving in the area are very poor and the vulnerability is high to a change in the floodingpattern. Political incentives, programs and policies have been introduced in order to adaptto the changes but the complex issues are hard to tackle.This study tries to understand the impact that flooding pattern has in the Mekong delta areaand what the communities do to adopt do their new situation, both on a top downperspective and local coping strategies within the communities. The SRL (SustainableRural Livelihood) approach has been used to analyze the conditions. It gives a holisticperspective on societies and highlights that there are several dimensions to a problem. Anumber of interviews with women and men working on different levels within the field ofclimate adaption, climate change, rural development, environment and migration werecompleted.The findings show that the Vietnamese Government has tried to solve the situation throughlaws and policies but this method has shown not to be enough. The communities haveorganized ways of dealing with their own problems but issues are severe and the regionalco-operations need to be dealt with seriously. When conditions worsen, what is being donetoday is not enough to save The Mekong delta or its people.

  • 194.
    Rodman, Sofia
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Gatu, Karin
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    A Green Revolution in southern Niassa, Mozambique?: A field study from a small farmer perspective about possibilities and obstacles for a Green Revolution.2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this field study was to analyze, by taking into consideration the small farmers' perspective, the possibilities and obstacles for an implementation of a Green Revolution in southern Niassa, Northern Mozambique.

    We also highlighted the following question:

    In what sense are the findings in Asia, presented by Djurfeldt, relevant for the situation in southern Niassa?

    The analytical framework used is based on the scheme developed by Nitsch and Åkesson. This scheme has been used to understand the small farmer's relationship toward the technology linked to the Green Revolution. The Green Revolution is a result of an initiative to resolve the food crisis by increasing crop yields and augmenting aggregate food supplies. By the 1970s it become known as a 'package' consisting of improved seeds, farm technology, better irrigation, and chemical fertilizers.

    We have chosen to use Göran Djurfeldt's, a Swedish professor at the University of Lund, concept of the Green Revolution in Asia. Through his findings, he concludes that the success of the Green Revolution in this area is not only due to the technology but also that the strategy was a state-driven, small-farmer based, and market-mediated which arose due to particular domestic and geopolitical factors.

    By taking this in consideration we conclude that neither the state, market nor the geopolitical context are working in favor of a Green Revolution in Mozambique, however the factors are vital if a Green Revolution will succeed in Niassa. The small farmers have to deal with many obstacles if a Green Revolution will be possible. To summarize the small farmer’s attitude toward the Green Revolution we look at the individual circumstances, the direct surrounding and the society in general. We first concluded that the small farmer does not have much knowledge about the Green Revolution. This makes it hard for her or him to have an opinion neither about it nor about the techniques related to the Green Revolution. Secondly, the small farmer have several reason to why she or he do not want to implement the Green Revolution, due to risk taking, tradition, former bad experiences with new technique etc. Thirdly, there are also numerous obstacles that hinder the small farmer to implement the Green Revolution technology. Those are the small farmer's health and time, the lack of extension workers, the international and the domestic agricultural politics, and the lack of inputs and credits etc.

  • 195.
    Rosell, Erik
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Rosenlund, Joacim
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Partnerships for work place learning in work integrating social enterprizes2018In: PIN-C 2018 Conference Proceedings, Syddansk Universitet, 2018, p. 29-35Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper the case of a multi-sector partnership with the aim of improving work place learning in Work Integration Social Enterprises is presented. Work Place Learning (WPL) is a concept that connects institutions of education with work places in the surrounding society. Typical examples are when students during their formal education do periods of internships or vocational training in an organization of relevance to their future profession, or when teachers perform curricular activities atwork sites in the community. The two examples illustrate that the “learners” in work place learning could be both students in the educational system and employees at the work sites. Typical and common characteristics for different initiatives related to WPL is that; 1) it is built upon an ambition to combine theoretical knowledge with practice, 2) work-places are seen as important arenas for learning and 3) it is performed in partnerships between heterogeneous actors, often representing different sectors in society. This paper specifically focuses upon the partnership dimension of workplace learning.

  • 196.
    Rosenlund, Joacim
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Rosell, Erik
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Down to earth: from environmental abstraction to action using interactive research2018In: PIN-C 2018 Conference Proceedings, Syddansk Universitet, 2018, p. 338-344Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Contemporary knowledge production is characterised by the inclusion of a multitude of participants in the research process. Considering environmental issues this is also necessary to be able to reach solutions to these issues. This paper discusses three cases of cross-sector collaboration where interactive research was used. It was shown that interactive research can facilitate the interaction between the abstract issue in the research system and actual action in the research system. This was mainly done by creating collaborative spaces in the form of dialogue arenas which are discussion forums initiated by the interactive researcher. Here the abstract issue can be discussed on a level of practice which makes it easier to comprehend and paves the road for action among the participants.

  • 197.
    Rousse, Amber
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Causal Inferences as a Driving Force for Development: An investigation into the underlying theoretical frameworks of modernization and post-development theories2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Causal philosophy is very closely linked with development theories. Though there may not be standard agreement on what causes development or non-development, the topic is often discussed at great debate. In this paper I explore the link between these two ideas from a broader perspective. I focus less on the details of researchers before me and try to instead identify the process of how development authors use causal theories in their language by performing a discourse analysis. This study is important because it allows readers to take another view on theories of development—in this case Modernization and Post-Development—by making connections to other theories they may not have otherwise investigated. The research does not intend to establish any concrete conclusions, and in fact does not manage to do so, but does open up some interesting doors on questioning the pre-conceived relationships between (un)conscious thought frameworks and developmental values.

  • 198.
    Saha, Jonas
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Mathematics and Systems Engineering.
    Contextual image browsing in connection with music listening - matching music with specific images2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis discusses the possibility of combining music and images through the use of metadata. Test subjects from different usability tests say they are interested in seeing images of the band or artist they are listening too. Lyrics matching the actual song are also something they would like to see. As a result an application for cellphones is created with Flash Lite which shows that it is possible to listen to music and automatically get images from Flickr and lyrics from Lyrictracker which match the music and show them on a cellphone.

  • 199.
    Samadi Dezfouli, Sahba
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Who is left out?: Hidden Patterns of Birth Under-registration; A Case Study about Iran2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Universal full coverage of birth registration by 2030 is one of the sustainable development targets which itself is of great significance for the accomplishment of many development goals such as poverty eradication, inclusion, as well as improvement of several health factors. Despite the importance of this topic, not much academic attention has been paid to study the problem of birth under-registration from the perspective of development studies.

    This research studies the issue of birth under-registration through a case study of Iran. The four main questions of this research are the quantitative significance of the problem, the main causes of birth under-registration, the most affected social groups, and the main problematic domain of action, in the context of Iran.

    By utilizing an abductive content analysis method, this research aims to understand the problem, rather than proposing policy recommendations. This desk study uses secondary sources and almost all of the sources are of qualitative nature. It is not based on any pre-defined theory and therefore does not aim to generalize nor theorize the findings. It, however, is based on available theories for developing the analytical framework. The adopted analytical framework is Bottleneck analysis which is a method designed by UNICEF specifically for the purpose of birth registration programming and policy evaluation.

    Birth under-registration in Iran - compared to other countries in the region - turned out to be very low. The findings provide information on many good practices regarding birth registration programming and also about several areas in need of improvement in Iran. By applying the analytical framework to the findings, identified disincentives have been categorized in three domains of supply, demand, and enabling environment, and the significance of disincentives in each domain has been assessed.

    Based on the analysis, it can be concluded that almost all of the main causes of birth registration are of legal nature, especially patriarchal nationality laws. Also, it was found that the main risk groups were children of illegal immigrants, non-nationals, and unregistered parents, and the main problematic domain is found to be the domain of supply.

  • 200.
    Sava, Steve
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Solvang, Otto
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Transformativt ledarskap: - mer än summan av sina komponenter?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här kandidatuppsatsen är en kvantitativ studie genomförd i surveyform. Vi har haft ett socialkonstruktionistiskt perspektiv med utgångspunkt i lärteori utvecklad av Illeris och ledarskapsteori utvecklad av Bass. Dataunderlaget är inhämtat via enkäter i fyra populationer. Med utgångspunkt i våra frågeställningar, I vilken utsträckning korrelerar ledarskapskomponenterna i ledarskapet med motivation och hinder för lärande, har studien haft som avsikt att undersöka förhållandet mellan dessa variabler.  Vi fann stöd i resultatet för att de fyra komponenterna i varierande grad korrelerar med både motivation och hinder för lärande. Vi fann även stöd för att de olika komponenterna har en inbördes hierarki, där den personliga omtanken är den komponent som lämnar störst avtryck på våra respondenter. Vi drog också slutsatsen att ledare bör fokusera på att eliminera hinder för lärande. Detta är i mångt och mycket outforskad mark då litteraturen hitintills främst syftat till att ledaren bör alstra motivation bland sina underställda. 

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