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  • 151. Hanell, Fredrik
    A situated view on Information Literacy: epistemological issues and practical solutions through analysis of participatory media in learning environments2011In: The 3rd i3 Conference (Information: Interactions and Impact): June 20-23 2011, Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 152.
    Hanell, Fredrik
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Appropriating Facebook: Enacting Information Literacies2014In: Human IT, ISSN 1402-1501, E-ISSN 1402-151X, Vol. 12, no 3, p. 5-35Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to describe and analyse the repurposing of Facebook into a tool for learning in teacher training, and how information literacies are enacted in the process. The study is informed by a socio-cultural view on information literacy which implies that learning and literacies are situated, tool-based practices. An ethnographic study of a Facebook Group with two hundred Swedish teacher trainees and two educators is conducted. Five semi-structured interviews contextualize and validate the online material. 201 conversations from the Group during April and May 2012 are analysed using the theoretical concept appropriation and the empirical lens of information literacy. The Facebook Group can be appropriated as a problem-solving tool and a relation-building tool. Depending on the mode of appropriation, different information literacies including different conceptions of credibility are enacted in the Facebook Group.

  • 153. Hanell, Fredrik
    From an Architecture of Participation to a Structure for Nurturing Relationships: Swedish Teacher Trainees’ Informal Learning on Facebook2012In: Internet Research 13: Technologies (Salford) 2012, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 154.
    Hanell, Fredrik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    In med MIK-begreppet i styrdokumenten2019In: MIK och bibliotek: en lägesrapport / [ed] Ingela Hofsten, Svensk biblioteksförening , 2019, p. 17-20Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 155.
    Hanell, Fredrik
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Information activities and appropriation in teacher trainees’ digital, group-based learning2016In: Information research, ISSN 1368-1613, E-ISSN 1368-1613, Vol. 21, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: This paper reports results from an ethnographic study of teacher trainees’ information activities in digital, group-based learning and their relation to the interplay between use and appropriation of digital tools and the learning environment.

    Method. The participants in the present study are 249 pre-school teacher trainees in Sweden. Three key informants and their teams were followed during a course module using online and offline participant observation. The produced material includes transcribed interviews with nine students, recorded digital interactions from Facebook, Google Drive and Prezi, field notes and a field diary.

    Analysis: The material was read repeatedly, coded and comparatively analysed using the lens of information literacy and the concept appropriation. The analysis generated recurring themes. These themes emerged as phases of the group-based learning process.

    Results. The results illustrate how information activities during teacher trainees’ digital, group-based learning are performed during four phases: setting the scene, negotiating the topic, gathering material and presenting the assignment.

    Conclusions: Crucial aspects of an information literacy of digital, group-based learning in teacher training are identified. The learning environment of teacher training constrains and enables use and appropriation of digital tools in terms of flexibility, lack of participation and transparency.

  • 156.
    Hanell, Fredrik
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Lärarstudenters digitala studievardag: Informationslitteracitet vid en förskollärarutbildning2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation reports on an investigation into how digital tools are used, negotiated and given meaning in Swedish pre-school teacher education. The overall aim has been to create a deeper understanding of how students’ information literacies are enacted when digital tools are used and appropriated in the daily life at a pre-school teacher education, in relation to conceptions of the digitalisation of teacher education in national policy. A netnographical study at a pre-school teacher education was conducted between 2012 and 2015. The study generated online material, mainly from a Facebook Group used by students and teacher, and field notes from participant observations, transcribed interviews and a field diary. Through application of a socio-cultural perspective on information literacy, the netnographical material was analysed using the concepts appropriation and identity. To analyse the discursive level, four national policy documents with demands for increased digital competence in teacher education were analysed using Carol Bacchi’s ‘what’s the problem represented to be?’ approach.

    The findings show how views on learning and identity interact with the materiality of the digital tools and the enabling and constraining properties of the local learning environment when information literacies are enacted. The identity position discussion-oriented student is connected to how the Facebook Group is appropriated as a relation-building tool and a relational information literacy. This type of information literacy entails a view on learning as co-learning, rooted in the historical development of pre-school teacher education, and a non-hierarchical understanding of teacher and student roles. The identity positions goal-oriented student and customer-oriented student are connected to how the Facebook Group is appropriated as a collaborative problem-solving tool and a pragmatic information literacy. This form of information literacy reflects instrumental and neoliberal views on learning, and a traditional understanding of teacher and student roles. The policy analysis shows how an economic and competitive perspective underpins demands for increased digital competence in teacher education, and how the value of digital tools for learning and teaching is taken for granted. The idea of co-learning, that is found to be influential but not fully accepted at the pre-school teacher education, is difficult to combine with an economic perspective emphasising measurability and quantification. The economic perspective is partly compatible with a pragmatic information literacy. The findings of the dissertation shed light on the gap between what is described as important in policy documents and what teacher students and teachers describe as important when digital tools are used in teacher education.

  • 157.
    Hanell, Fredrik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Lärarstudenters digitala studievardag: informationslitteracitet vid en förskollärarutbildning2019Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 158.
    Hanell, Fredrik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Teacher Students’ Digital Daily Lives: Information Literacy at a Pre-school Teacher Education – A Summary2019In: Tidskrift för ABM, ISSN 2002-4614, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 4-8Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is a summary of the doctoral thesis “Lärarstudenters digitala studievardag: informationslitteracitet vid en förskollärarutbildning”, defended and published at Lund University in February 2019. The thesis is published as part of the series Lund Studies in Arts and Cultural Sciences and is available through open access.

  • 159.
    Hanell, Fredrik
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Teacher trainees’ information sharing activities and identity positioning on Facebook2017In: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379, Vol. 73, no 2, p. 244-262Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of this paper is to extend the knowledge of how identity is connected to information sharing activities in social media during pre-school teacher training.

    Design/methodology/approach

    An ethnographic study is performed where 249 students at a Swedish pre-school teacher-training programme are followed through participant observations from November 2013 to January 2014, and from September 2014 to January 2015. The material produced includes 230 conversations from a Facebook Group used by 210 students and several teachers, field notes and transcribed interviews with nine students. Comparative analysis is used to analyse the Facebook conversations to identify ways of positioning identity and engaging in information sharing activities. Interviews with students are analysed to contextualise and validate the findings from the online interactions.

    Findings

    Three identity positions are identified: discussion-oriented learner, goal-oriented learner and customer-oriented learner. The way a student commits to others, to ideas and to a career choice affects their identity positions and information sharing activities. Results suggest that information sharing with social media should be understood as a powerful device for identity development in pre-school teacher training.

    Research limitations/implications

    This study is designed to provide detailed accounts with high validity on the expense of a high degree of representativeness.

    Originality/value

    No previous library and information science-studies have been presented that explore the relationship between the identity of learners and the information sharing activities in which they engage, in the context of social media or in relation to teacher training.

  • 160.
    Hanell, Fredrik
    Lund University, Sweden.
    What is the ‘problem’ that digital competence in Swedish teacher education is meant to solve?2018In: Nordic Journal of Digital Literacy, ISSN 1891-943X, E-ISSN 1891-943X, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 137-151Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores how policy makers argue for the importance of digital competence in Swedish teacher education. A policy analysis of key policy documents from the government and from government-affiliated organisations from the time period 2011–2016 is conducted using Carol Bacchi’s ‘what’s the problem represented to be?’ approach. The paper critically examines underlying assumptions and particular viewpoints that underpin how the concept digital competence is formulated in key policy texts.

    Digital competence is found to be a part of a globalised policy discourse that conceptualises education as a necessity for a competitive work force. Policy makers describe Swedish schools as unsuccessful in providing pupils with adequate digital competence and how this may cause Sweden to fall behind in global competition. Shortcomings in schools are considered to be caused by low digital competence being developed as part of teacher education. In the studied policy documents, the ‘problem’ that digital competence in teacher education is meant to solve is consequently an issue of economic growth and global competition. The strong emphasis on economic benefits and an instrumental perspective on technology expressed in the global policy discourse on digital competence leads to the need for a renewed focus on Bildung and civic competences.

  • 161.
    Hanell, Fredrik
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Where identity meets information: teacher trainees' performance of identity positions and information activities2016In: 9th International Conference in the Conceptions of Library and Information Science (CoLIS), 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction. This paper reports findings from an on-going analysis of how pre-school teacher trainees position their identities, as learners and future pre-school teachers, as information activities are performed in a Facebook Group and on a blog.

    Method. The analysis is based on results from an ethnographic study at a pre-school teacher-training programme at a Swedish university. Participant observations and interviews were conducted from November 2013 to January 2014, among a class of 249 students who started the programme in 2011.

    Analysis. Three types of identity positions are identified through comparative and thematic analysis of 147 Facebook conversations. Interviews with students and teachers are analysed to contextualize and validate the findings from the online interactions.

    Results. Three identity positions are identified: discussion-oriented learner, goal-oriented learner and customer-oriented learner. The way a student commits to others, to ideas and to a career choice affects the performance of identity positions and information activities.

    Conclusion. The findings presented in this paper begin to chart how the performance of identity positions is connected to the performance of information activities in teacher training. Results suggest that a socio-cultural understanding of identity positioning is valuable for understanding how information activities are performed.

  • 162.
    Hanell, Fredrik
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Why Teachers Like Facebook or Two Teacher Educators, One Facebook Group and 200 Teacher Trainees2012In: The 3rd U21 Digital Humanities Workshop at Lund University: Lund, Sweden, September 19 - 21, 2012, Lund: Lund University , 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 163.
    Hanell, Fredrik
    et al.
    Kävlinge Municipality, Sweden.
    Kronfält, Eva
    University of California Berkeley, USA.
    Sundin, Olof
    Lund University, Sweden;University of Borås, Sweden.
    Referencesamtalens diskurser2006In: Bibliotekarerne: En profession i et felt af viden, kommunikation og teknologi / [ed] Trine Schreiber, Hans Elbeshausen, Frederiksberg: Samfundslitteratur, 2006, p. 119-139Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 164.
    Hannervik, Andreas
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Det är användarna det handlar om, inte böckerna: En studie om hur nya bibliotekarier ser på sitt yrke2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study has been to find out how newly employed librarians experience the library profession in relation to the head of department's view. The questions my study is based on are as follows: What is newly employed librarians view of their occupational role, professional identity and library studies? Which librarian identity is most prominent among my informants? How do the informants feel that the job prospects look like? The method for the study has been semi-structured interviews with five public librarians and two library department heads. The result has shown a relatively homogeneous group when it comes to values and perception of both education and professional roles. Based on the Danish researcher Anders Ørom's theories about the various librarian identities, I have analyzed the answers of my informants. The results showed that the informants could distinguish several of the identities. All informants agreed that social skills are essential and central to the professional role, but the heads of departments testify to the difficulty of finding librarians that are enthusiastic and with the social skills that public libraries today need in the intermediary work with users.

  • 165.
    Hansson, Joacim
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Att bilda en bibliotekarie: essäer2014 (ed. 1)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur bildas en bibliotekarie? Vad är poängen med att studera dokument i ett informationssamhälle? Är det självklart att vi ska digitalisera kulturarvet? Hur påverkar bibliometrin universiteten och forskningsbiblioteken? Vad skulle hända om någon faktiskt blev informationskompetent? Besökte Tutankhamon någonsin Malmö? Frågor som dessa söker sina svar i de sex fristående essäer som finns samlade i den här boken. Personligt, roande och oroande skriver Joacim Hansson om bibliotekarieutbildningens historia, biblioteks- och informationsvetenskapens teoriutveckling, kulturarvsdigitalisering, bibliometri och informationskompetens - allt mot en fond av vår egen samtids politiska och informationsteknologiska utveckling. Joacim Hansson är professor i biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap vid Linnéuniversitetet i Växjö.

  • 166.
    Hansson, Joacim
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Att göra rätt och vilja väl: om lagstadgade värdegrunder och bibliotekariers professionsetik2018In: Bibliotekarier i teori och praktik: utbildningsperspektiv på en unik profession / [ed] Joacim Hansson, Per Wisselgren, Lund: BTJ Förlag , 2018, p. 291-309Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 167.
    Hansson, Joacim
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Cultural Sciences.
    Biblioteken och de nationella minoriteterna.2011Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 168.
    Hansson, Joacim
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Catching the Ch'i: Tai Chi Chuan as embodied documentation2017In: Annual Meeting of the Document Academy (DOCAM): 29-30 september 2017, Indiana University, Bloomington, IA, USA, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Tai Chi is a form of moving deep meditation practice of Chinese origin. Rooted in Daoism, its earliest history is obscure, with evidence suggesting that it has been practiced in a growing variety of forms since at least the 13th century CE. Today, Tai Chi is gaining popularity all over the world as a form of relaxation practice. When presented popularily it is often attached to, on the one hand, a romanticized eastern discourse on bodily energy flows to be released for increased happiness, and on the other hand, more clinically oriented medical claims that it may cure everything from ordinary backpains to Parkinson’s disease. Tai Chi is, however, also subjected to a more narrow and original discourse, namely that of not only ”releasing” inner energies, but more specifically representing a special kind of energy, the Ch’i. Elusive as it is, Ch’i is the basic energetic principle that lies behind the construct of Yin and Yang, the creative/receiving principles of all life defined in the I Ching. This representational feature which sets Tai Chi (which translates as the ”supreme ultimate”) apart from all other Chinese medical practice begs the question of whether it is possible to study the Tai Chi form as a document in itself, not only representing, but also presenting the basic principles of life.

    This presentation addresses Tai Chi practice as performative documentation and the purpose is to try it against some of the basic concepts which have emerged in document studies and information studies over the last couple of decades. The aim is to see how far the concept of a document can be stretched when there is an absence of materiality, both in that what is being represented by the document and in the document itself.

    The presentation defines an ”initial document” (the Tai Chi form itself), supplemented by ”derived documentation” as defined by documentation pioneer Suzanne Briet. Derived documentation in Tai Chi is shown as an overview of rhetorical constructs focusing philosophical, medical, pedagogical and martial arts related content. Three basic categories of functionality are identified in the derived documentation; ontological, performative, and legitimizing.

    The Tai Chi form as initial document, with support of derived documentation and its functional categories, is treated as a complex of documentation, addressed in relation to current discussions in document studies concerning (1) document representativity as originally laid out by Suzanne Briet in her 1951 treatise ”What is Documentation?”, and (2) complementarity as introduced in document studies by Niels W. Lund in 2004. Conclusions suggests that chosen conceptual constructs may be used in addressing and defining documentary properties and processes beyond our traditional understanding of documents and documentation processes, and that in such a development, Tai Chi may be formulated as a kind of embodied documentation.

  • 169.
    Hansson, Joacim
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Documentality and legitimacy in future libraries: an analytical framework for initiated speculation2015In: New Library World, ISSN 0307-4803, E-ISSN 1758-6909, Vol. 116, no 1/2, p. 4-14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this article is to contribute to a discussion about the future of librarianship.

    Design/methodology/approach – An analytical framework is used to discuss the future of libraries. The framework is based on current trends in contemporary librarianship and is used as a way of structuring predictions about the future of librarianship. Special attention is given to public libraries and academic libraries.

    Findings – Libraries are seen moving from a traditional situation with a high degree of constitutive documentality and internal legitimacy with collections in focus to one with a high degree of performative documentality and external legitimacy, with adjustment to user needs as the prime goal. This development is related to the emergence of New Public Management and can be seen both in public and academic libraries. It is expected to continue for the foreseeable future.

    Originality/value – The analytical framework and concepts used are originally developed for this text and prove to be valuable tools in fulfilling the purpose of the article. It represents a new and original way of discussing the future of libraries.

  • 170.
    Hansson, Joacim
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Documentality as inscribed acts: ontology, technology and practice of professional codes of ethics in librarianship2013In: Presented at the 10th Annual meeting of the Document Academy, Tromsø, Norway, June 19th-22nd, 2013: DOCAM'13, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 171.
    Hansson, Joacim
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Educating librarians in the contemporary university: an essay on iSchools and emancipatory resilience in library and information science2019Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Library education is changing. At a time when librarianship is increasingly seen as part of the information industry, Library and Information Science is also searching for its place in a new and rapidly developing university landscape.

    This book analyzes the development of the contemporary university in light of present critical social theory, focusing on such aspects as academic acceleration, organizational accretion and the rise of an ”entrepreneurial spirit,” all of which have both epistemological and organizational consequences. Library and Information Science has proven well-suited to meet this development. One way has been through the rapid international growth of the iSchool movement, now counting close to a hundred member schools all across the world. iSchools not only meet the requirements of contemporary university development, but also contribute to a recontextualization of librarianship and library education. As the iSchool movement relates to a view of information as a commodity and the ”iField” to increased economic growth, it recontextualizes the library sector, traditionally connected to democratic development based on the ideas of the Enlightenment.

    Educating librarians in the Contemporary University is written from a European perspective, and examples such as the EU research platform, Horizon 2020, Government Research Proposals, and policy documents from European iSchools are used in an attempt to understand the current development in Library and Information Science and its relevance for librarianship. As the European Research and Development Sector increasingly connects universities to the solution of various ”social challenges” with emphasis on commercial collaborations, the view on knowledge and use of university resources are affected in a way which seemingly make critical analyses difficult.

    Questions are asked about the relation between iSchools, late capitalism and the development of Critical Librarianship. Is there a way of fulfilling the ambitions of the critical theory classics and achieve research and an education environment which encourage emancipatory goals within the iSchool movement?

  • 172.
    Hansson, Joacim
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Etiska koders betydelse för bibliotekariers professionella identitet ur ett dokumentteoretiskt perspektiv2016In: Mötesplats Profession - Forskning, Borås, 27-28 oktober 2016, 2016, p. 1-19Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 173.
    Hansson, Joacim
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Folkbibliotek i glesbygd: kunskapsläge och erfarenheter2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här kartläggningen undersöker verksamheten i folkbibliotek i glesbygdsmiljöer i förhållande till utpekade verksamhetsområden och målgrupper i bibliotekslagen. Syftet är att se om det finns några områden i bibliotekslagen som är svåra att leva upp till och i så fall varför. Undersökningen genomförs med fokus på de prioritetsområden i bibliotekslagen som tydligast relaterar till folkbibliotekens verksamhet; läsfrämjande, tillgänglighet, prioriterade grupper, kvalitet och allsidighet i mediebeståndet, digital delaktighet samt samverkan mellan olika delar av bibliotekssektorn.

    Kartläggningen består av två delar:

    1. En kunskapsöversikt, där svensk och internationell biblioteks-och informationsvetenskaplig forskning med fokus på glesbygdsrelevanta biblioteksfrågor diskuteras. Avsnittet rymmer också kommentarer till ett antal nyligen genomförda svenska utredningar ur ett glesbygdsperspektiv.
    2. En empirisk studie, där bibliotekarier och biblioteksassistenter deltagit i intervjuer och gruppdiskussioner om bibliotekslagens prioritetsområden i workshopform. Sammanlagt har 47 bibliotekarier och biblioteksassistenter från 34 kommuner i fyra regioner deltagit. Detta har kompletterats med 10 intervjuer med representanter för ytterligare kommunbibliotek, de samiska biblioteken och fyra regionbibliotek.

    Resultatet visar att förutsättningarna för folkbiblioteken i glesbygdskommuner varierar. Påtagligt är att laguppfyllelse sker trots ofta mycket små och ansträngda resurser. Detta påverkar möjligheten att bygga verksamheter utöver det som krävs för att enbart hålla biblioteken öppna. Särskilt hårt drabbat är läsfrämjandearbetet, arbetet med de nationella minoriteterna och urfolket samer samt frågor som rör digital delaktighet och digitalisering. Glesbygdsbibliotekens arbete beskrivs regelmässigt i undersökningen som utpräglat socialt, både i meningen att till exempel läsfrämjandearbetet i hög grad bygger på en upparbetad närhet mellan bibliotekarier och användare och att glesbygdens folkbibliotekarier idag får ta en mängd arbetsuppgifter som kommer sig av att det offentliga samhället på många platser dragit sig tillbaka helt. Detta påverkar både bibliotekens identitet och legitimitet.

    Kartläggningen pekar på ett brett behov av långsiktiga statliga stimulansmedel i linje med Stärkta bibliotek, ett behov av en tydligare, mer transparent, nationell samordning av digitala medieresurser samt ökade initiativ för att tillgodose de kompetensbehov som finns och som i glesbygdsbiblioteken är mycket svåra att tillgodose.

  • 174.
    Hansson, Joacim
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Cultural Sciences.
    Folkets bibliotek?: texter i urval 1994-2012.2012Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 175.
    Hansson, Joacim
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Cultural Sciences.
    Library and Information Science -  tradition and modernity: a critical reflection2011In: Proceedings from Communication and Information Sciences in Network Society, Vilnius, Lithuania,  16-17 june 2011, Vilnius: Faculty of communication, Vilnius University , 2011, p. 9-Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 176.
    Hansson, Joacim
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    On the pre-history of library ethics: documents and legitimacy2016In: Information cultures in the digital age: a Festschrift in honour of Raphael Capurro / [ed] Matthew Kelly, Jared Bielby, Wiesbaden: Springer, 2016, 1, p. 307-319Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter pursues an argument that librarianship has a long tradition of consistent ethical statements regarding the profession that, in more or less formal ways, have been prescriptive in character. The main focus is the relation between these statements and the kinds of documents in which they are formulated. It is argued that at various times in the history of librarianship certain types of documents have rendered ethical aspects of the library profession legitimacy and thus have taken on a prescriptive role. Empirically, three such documents are analysed; an ethical code from the early 20th century, a 17th century handbook in librarianship and a Papal Bulla from the late 15th century. As the main focus of the article lies on the long period before the emergence of formal ethical codes, emphasis lies on the two latter documents. Alhough different in character and scope these documents construct a continuous ethical foundation for librarianship in at least three aspects: (1) definitions of professional identity, (2) statements of core values, and (3) reiterations of multiple obligations. Seen in relation to historical periods and types of libraries—Bibliotheca Apostolica in Rome, a baroque library in Paris, and American public libraries—these documents create legitimacy for the profession through their respective contemporary relevance. This, in turn, raises the question of which kinds of documents are to formulate legitimate ethical guidlines for librarianship in a future where relative authority and legitimacy of different types of documents are becoming increasingly dificult to discern.

  • 177.
    Hansson, Joacim
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Professional value and ethical self-regulation in the development of modern librarianship: The documentality of library ethics2017In: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379, Vol. 73, no 6, p. 1261-1280Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of this paper is twofold: first, to make a contribution to the theoretical understanding of documents and documentary agency in society through examples from a defined institutional and professional setting; and second, to create an understanding for the role of ethical codes in the process of defining and developing modern librarianship.

    Design/methodology/approach

    This study analyses the role of documentation carrying content of professional ethics in the formulation of modern librarianship. This is done through a series of example documents of various kinds, such as founding charters, peer handbooks and ethical codes systematically analysed through the use of document theory and theory on institutional change.

    Findings

    The findings of this study suggest that documents pronouncing ethical self-regulation within librarianship play a primarily legitimising role in situations where new types of libraries emerge or when libraries adapt to social change. The study proposes legitimacy as a key aspect of documentality, thus supplementing the established understanding of the concept.

    Originality/value

    This study is the first to analyse the role of ethical codes in libraries using document theory. It brings new knowledge to the role of ethical self-regulation in librarianship over time and in different institutional contexts. In suggesting a developed definition of documentality, it contributes to the theoretical understanding of the role of documents and documentation in institutions and in society at large.

  • 178.
    Hansson, Joacim
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Recognising the other through promotion of reading, collection development and communal collaboration: rural public libraries in the far-north of Sweden and their relation to the indigenous Sámi population2019In: CoLIS 10, Conceptions of Library and Information Science, 10th international conference: Book of Abstracts / [ed] Tanja Merčun, Polona Vilar, Ljubljana: Ljubljana University Press, Faculty of Arts , 2019, p. 69-69Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction. This study reports findings from a study on the relation between rural public libraries and the Sámi population in northern Sweden, placed in the context of minority priorities given required by the Swedish Library Act.

    Method. Full day worshop focus-group interviews were made with public librarians from 34 rural counties in Northern Sweden, and follow-up interviews were conducted with representatives of the Sámi library sector.

    Analysis. Qualitative analysis was carried out inspired by the concept of institutional ethnography. Capturing the relation between individual experiences and institutional structures, results were related to the concept of recognition as a moral basis for legitimate indigenous struggle.

    Results. Results indicate that rural public libraries have difficulties meeting the requirements of the Library Act. Reasons are lack of general resources, lack of knowledge in indigenous librarianship and limited production of literature in the Sámi language varieties spoken in Sweden.   

    Conclusion. Further development of Sámi designated administrative areas and increased production of literature in Sámi language varieties stand out as the two most important factors in making daily work in  public libraries able to reach the requirements of the Library Act in terms of recognition of the informational and cultural needs of the Sámi people.

  • 179.
    Hansson, Joacim
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Recognising the other through promotion of reading, collection development and communal collaboration: rural public libraries in the far-north of Sweden and their relation to the indigenous Sámi population2019In: Information research, ISSN 1368-1613, E-ISSN 1368-1613, Vol. 24, no 4, article id colis1936Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction. This study reports findings from a study on the relation between rural public libraries and the Sámi population in northern Sweden, placed in the context of minority priorities required by the Swedish Library Act.

    Method. Four full day workshop focus-group interviews were made with public librarians from 33 rural municipalities in northern Sweden, and follow-up interviews were conducted with representatives of the Sámi library sector.

    Analysis. Qualitative analysis was carried out inspired by the concept of institutional ethnography. Capturing the relation between individual experiences and institutional structures, results are related to the concept of recognition as a moral basis for legitimate indigenous struggle.

    Results. Results indicate that rural public libraries have difficulties meeting the requirements of the Library Act. Reasons are lack of general resources, lack of knowledge in indigenous librarianship and limited production of literature in the Sámi language varieties spoken in Sweden.

    Conclusions. Further development of Sámi designated administrative areas and increased production of literature in Sámi language varieties stand out as the two most important factors in making daily work in public libraries able to reach the requirements of the Library Act in terms of recognition of the informational and cultural needs of the Sámi people.

  • 180.
    Hansson, Joacim
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Representativity and Complementarity in Tai Chi as Embodied Documentation2017In: Proceedings from the Document Academy, ISSN 2473-215X, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 1-24, article id 11Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to investigate what happens if we leave the criteria of materiality and permanence behind in the study of documents. How far can we stretch the definition of a document or define a documentation process in a situation where neither the originary fact, or object, nor that by which this is represented is material or permanent? Empirically, the paper is constructed as a case study of the traditional Chinese practice of Tai Chi and presents a formulation of the Tai Chi form as an immaterial document and Tai Chi pratice as a doumentation process. The article is structured as follows: (1) Tai Chi is characterised as both philosophy and practice and, (2) Tai Chi is discussed in relation to three conceptual ideas in Document Studies and Library and Information Science; (a) document representativity, (b) complementarity and (c) embodied information practice. Conclusions from the chosen perspectives suggest ”embodied documentation” as a conceptual tool with which to understand immaterial documents, something which may lead to a widened general understanding of documents and documentation processes.

  • 181.
    Hansson, Joacim
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    The documentality of ethical self-regulation in the formation of modern librarianship2016In: Presented at DOCAM16 : Annual Meeting of the Document Academy, University of North Texas, Denton TX, USA, 30 september - 1 october 2016, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 182.
    Hansson, Joacim
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    The documentality of ethics: Codes of library ethics as support of professional practice2016In: Proceedings from the Document Academy, ISSN 2473-215X, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 1-14, article id 8Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyzes codes of ethics, seen as documents, and their role in supporting the professional practice of librarianship. Theoretically it is placed within the scholarly discussion on the role and function of documents in various practices. Specific interest is directed towards the concept of ”performative documentality”. Empirically, the analysis is concentrated on one example, the Code of Ethics of the American Library Association (ALA). Both the immediate pre-history of this code, and its subsequent editions are described and analyzed in relation to the given theoretical position. Results show that the development ALA code of ethics corresponds to the ideas of professional practice in librarianship over time, from a clearly prescriptive function to a more open, legitimizing role. In theoretical terms ethical codes of librarianship can be said to illustrate the concept of performative doscumentality not only in relation to practices of librarianship, but also to libraries as such, seen as social institutions developing in correspondence to changes in social structures and attitudes, as well as organizational forms and technology.

  • 183.
    Hansson, Joacim
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    The materiality of knowledge organization: epistemology, metaphors and society2013In: Knowledge organization, ISSN 0943-7444, Vol. 40, no 6, p. 384-391Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses the relation between epistemology, social organization and knowledge organization. Three examples are used to show how this relation has proven to be historically stable: 1) the organization of knowledge in 18th century encyclopedias; 2) the problem of bias in the international introduction of DDC in early 20th century libraries in Scandinavia; and 3) the practice of social tagging and folksonomies in contemporary late capitalist society. By using the concept of 'materiality' and the theoretical contribution on the documentality of social objects by Maurizio Ferraris, an understanding of the character of the connection between epistemology and social order in knowledge organization systems is achieved.

  • 184.
    Hansson, Joacim
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Una mirada nórdica sobre el rol de la biblioteca pública2013Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 185.
    Hansson, Joacim
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Cultural Sciences.
    Ahlryd, Sara
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Cultural Sciences.
    Vigur, Lotta
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Cultural Sciences.
    Biblioteken och de nationella minoriteterna.: Hur svenska folkbibliotek arbetar för romer, judar, tornedalingar, samer och sverigefinnar.2010Report (Other academic)
  • 186.
    Hansson, Joacim
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Hedemark, Åse
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Kjellman, Ulrika
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Lindberg, Jenny
    University of Borås, Sweden.
    Nolin, Jan
    University of Borås, Sweden.
    Sundin, Olof
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Wisselgren, Per
    Umeå University, Sweden.
    Profession, utbildning, forskning: biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap för en stärkt bibliotekarieprofession2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sekretariatet för nationell biblioteksstrategi vid Kungliga Biblioteket har givit de fem biblioteks- och informationsvetenskapliga utbildningarna vid Högskolan i Borås, Linnéuniversitetet, Lunds univeritet, Umeå universitet och Uppsala universitet uppdraget att utreda och formulera förslag kring utbildning och forskning för en stärkt bibliotekarieprofession. Syftet med föreliggande rapport är, att visa situationen för svensk biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap, tydliggöra relationen till bibliotekarieprofessionen och lämna strategiska förslag på hur ämnet kan förstärkas till förmån för en stärkt professionsutvecklig. En omvärldsanalys med riktning mot bibliotekssektorn görs samt en beskrivning av nuläget för biblioteks- och informationsvetenskaplig utbildning och forskning. 

    Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskapens centrala betydelse för bibliotekarieprofessionen lyfts fram. Utbildingsprogrammen i ämnet attraherar gott om studenter och som svar på bibliotekens konstaterade behov av biblioteks- och informationsvetenskapligt utbildad personal argumenterar rapportförfattarna för möjligheten att expandera utbildningarna på kandidat- och masternivå vid samtliga fem lärosäten. Inom forskningen konstateras, att trots att ämnet idag i grunden fungerar väl finns ännu svårigheter att erhålla finansiering för professionsinriktad biblioteksforskning. Omvärldsanalysen visar upp ett behov av en tydligare struktur för kontinuerlig kompetensutveckling inom bibliotekarieprofessionen. Rapporten mynnar ut i fem strategiska förslag rörande grundutbildning, forskning och kontinuerlig kompetensutveckling:

    -       En ökning av antalet studieplatser på program på kandidat- och masternivå i biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap.

    -       Nationell forskarskola för biblioteksforskning.

    -       Inrättande av en externfinansierad professur med inriktning mot biblioteksforskning.

    -       Stärkt finansieringsstruktur för biblioteksforskning.

    -       Etablerande av en samlad nationell struktur för kontinuerlig kompetensutveckling.

     

  • 187.
    Hansson, Joacim
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Johannesson, Krister
    Högskolan i Skövde.
    Librarians’ views of academic library support for scholarly publishing: an every-day perspective2013In: The journal of academic librarianship, ISSN 0099-1333, E-ISSN 1879-1999, Vol. 39, no 3, p. 232-240Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article reports on a study of academic librarians' views of their work and possibilities regarding support for researchers' publishing. Institutional repositories and Open Access are areas being dealt with in particular. Methods used are highly qualitative; data was gathered at two Swedish university libraries over a six month period through focus group interview sessions and personal logs by informants. Findings indicate that attitudes are often in collision with practicalities in the daily work in libraries. Even though they have a high degree of knowledge and awareness of scholarly publication patterns, librarians often feel insecure in the approach of researchers. There is a felt redirection in the focus of academic librarianship, from pedagogical information seeking tasks towards a more active publication support, a change which also includes a regained prominence for new forms of bibliographical work. Although there are some challenges, proactive attitudes among librarians are felt as being important in developing further support for researchers' publishing.

  • 188.
    Hansson, Joacim
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Wisselgren, Per
    Umeå University.
    Bibliotekarier i teori och praktik: utbildningsperspektiv på en unik profession2018Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    I den ständigt närvarande diskussionen om bibliotekarieprofessionens innehåll och utveckling finns återkommande frågan om utbildningens roll. I takt med att samhället blir alltmer komplext söker också biblioteken en breddad bas av kompetenser för sin verksamhet, något som gör att bibliotekariens grundkompetens ibland ter sig otydlig. Ofta talas det om ett ”glapp” mellan det utbildningsbehov som finns i bibliotekens praktiska vardag och det innehåll som bjuds inom de biblioteks- och informationsvetenskapliga utbildningarna.

    I den här antologin samlas ett tjugotal bibloteks- och informationsvetenskapliga forskare och diskuterar sina specialområdens relevans för bibliotekariernas praktiska arbete. Grundfrågan är enkel: på vilket sätt bidrar en biblioteks- och informationsvetenskaplig utbildning och forskning till en stärkt bibliotekarieprofession? Svaret ges genom betraktelser av bibliotekariens professionsutövning  utifrån ett renodlat utbildningsperspektiv. Bilden som framträder är bred och mångfacetterad. Ämnesområden som medie- och informationskunskap, bibliometri, professionellt språkbruk, praktikens betydelse i utbildningen, professionsetik, den historiska utvecklingen av bibliotekarieutbildningen i Sverige samt arbete med aktuella samhällsutmaningar är bara några av de teman som tas upp.

    Frågor som rör relationen mellan forskning, utbildning och praktik i dagens biblioteksvärld diskuteras genom exempel och en unik bild av bibliotekarienas professionella identitet träder fram. Bokens texter ställer också den egna verksamheten, bibliotekarieutbildningen, i ett kritiskt ljus och diskuterar hur en utveckling kan ske inom de ramar som styr utbildningens och forskningens möjligheter.

  • 189.
    Hansson, Joacim
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Wisselgren, Per
    Umeå University.
    Inledning2018In: Bibliotekarier i teori och praktik: utbildningsperspektiv på en unik profession / [ed] Joacim Hansson, Per Wisselgren, Lund: BTJ Förlag , 2018, p. 9-14Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 190.
    Hebo, Madeleine
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Dewey Decimal Classification i en globaliserad tidsålder – på väg mot pluralistiska klassifikationer?: En studie av klass 200 med utgångspunkt i kvantitativ innehållsanalys och diskursteori2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Classification systems constitute important tools within the field of knowledge organisation. The following bachelor thesis addresses Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC) and discusses the potential of bias in the religion class.

    Prior to this essay, DDC has been criticised for its biased representations, and for conveying an ethnocentric conception of the world. In this era of globalization, there is a want of classification systems that reflect multicultural societies – in other words, classification systems that consist of pluralistic (world)views. This thesis focuses on the 200’s of DDC, with the purpose of illuminating the degree of religious pluralism therein; more specifically, the thesis answers the following questions: 1) what discourse(s) dominates the religion section of DDC 23?, and 2) which groups and perspectives are being marginalized as a consequence of the dominating discourse(s) within the religion section of DDC 23?

    In order to answer the questions stated above, the analysis is carried out by means of the theoretical framework by Ernesto Laclau and Chantal Mouffe regarding discourses. In addition to the discourse analysis, a quantitative content analysis is also performed. This mixed methods approach outlines the frequencies and discursive formations of terms occurring in the 200’s, and accordingly generates the following implications: 1) the religion section of DDC 23 is dominated by a Christian discourse, and 2) the groups and perspectives that are being marginalized consists of all religions other than Christianity. Hence, the degree of pluralism within the religion section of DDC 23 is considered to be low.

  • 191.
    Hellgren, Sanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Bibliotekarien och boktipset: En normkritisk studie av bibliotekariers upplevelser av mötet med barn i biblioteksrummet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine how norms about gender are constructed in the meeting with the library user as experienced by the librarian, with a focus on recommendation of books as a social practice. Questions that the study asks are if the librarians experience that norm critical notions are expressed in the meeting with the user, if the book recommendation as a social practice can strengthen and/or challenge norms and if the library as a room, what it contains and how it is structured, can affect the book recommendation as a social practice where norms are constructed or questioned. The study conducts interviews with six librarians who work with children’s literature, and parts of the interviews were done while walking through the children’s section at the participants libraries to respond to the question about how the room affects the book recommendation as a social practice. The theoretical framework that has been used consists of Connell’s theory about masculinity and Hirdman’s theory about the gender system and its gender contract. The results of the study shows that norms about gender are constructed in the book recommendation meeting with the library user, as experienced by the librarian, and it exists a gender contract at the library that contributes to reproduce a distinction between boys and girls. In the analysis a masculine reading hierarchy-model with three stages are presented, to understand how masculinity norms and the gender system affect boys reading habits, but also how the library room can affect it.

  • 192.
    Hellström, Leila
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Folkbiblioteket och nyanlända: En kvalitativ undersökning hur bibliotekspersonal arbetar och uppfattar sin funktion i integrationsprocessen2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis is a study of how librarians from five public libraries are working and perceive their role in the integration process. The purpose is to gain a deeper understanding of how librarians discusses about working with refugees. Qualitative interviews are used as a method to answer my questions and the theoretical framework was based on Jochumsen, Hvenegaard & Skot-Hansen´s "The four space" model, which sees the library as a meeting space, inspiration space, learning space and performative space.

    Five categories emerged from the empirical data about the librarians view of the library as a meeting place, the librarians supporting role in the integration process, the interaction between internal and external actors, media supplies and integrative activities. The analysis showed that especially three of the four categories based on The four spaces model were prominent; library as an inspiration space, learning space and meeting space. These three were discussed on the basis of an overall concept of the library as a living room. The least prominent category was library as a performative space. Respondents see their role in the integration process as a part of a democratic society, which means that the library is an open, public meeting place where people have access to information, learning and culture. Librarians highlighted three obstacles in their efforts in the integration process, which was about the lack of time, lack of resources and language skills.

  • 193.
    Helm Hannervik, Anna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Lindahl, Tina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Att utpeka för att inkludera: En intervjustudie om folkbibliotekens regnbågshyllor2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Some Swedish public libraries choose to have their LGBTQ-litterature on a certain shelf. Using qualitative interviews we sought to understand what six patrons with a personal investment in LGBTQ matters expect from the collection. We aim to examine what thoughts, feelings and perceptions they have concerning the LGBTQ-shelf (regnbågshylla). Does the shelf contribute to a more normcritical approach, or does it compromise LGBTQ-patrons right to privacy?

    The results show an ambivalence: a majority of the informants did not want the shelf, stating it to be too much of a statement using it. Although the shelf in itself was criticized the informants saw it as an appreciated initiative from the library. Using queer theory as a theoretical framework we learned about how our informants reasoned about the LGBTQ-shelf. We have come to the conclusion that the patrons would prefer that the LGBTQ- themed literature was a part of the regular collection. However all the informants praised the idea of a digital LGBTQ-shelf as an alternative to the physical shelf.

  • 194.
    Hjelm, Sofia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Amri Holmqvist, Viveka
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Kulturarvsdigitalisering: Skiljer sig praktiken från teorin?2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this bachelor thesis is to examine the similarities and differences between best practice literature regarding digitization and an existing cultural heritage digitization project. It also aims to determine whether this literature is of any help during an actual project of digitization. These results were achieved by examining literature regarding best practices in digitization and analyzing how well an actual project correlates to this advice. The information about the Digidaily project was obtained through two qualitative interviews as well as the project blog. The outcome of our research showed that although there are a great many similarities between theory and practice, the project in question was not helped by literature. However the outcome suggests that it might be of great help to smaller, less experienced institutions.

  • 195.
    Holmström, Emelie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Jidne Strandell, Tuva
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Föreställningar om integration: En granskning av sexton svenska biblioteksplaner2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the ways in which Swedish library policies embed the requirements regarding people with a mother tongue other than Swedish and the Swedish minority languages, specified in the Swedish library law. The research questions were: What services do public libraries offer people with a mother tongue other than Swedish? What conceptions of the library’s possibilities to work with integration do the library policies mediate? Are there any differences regarding how integration is worked with in municipalities that are high in numbers of foreign born inhabitants, compared to those municipalities that are low in numbers of foreign born inhabitants? In order to answer these queries a sample of library policies from 16 municipalities were chosen by amount of foreign born inhabitants. Eight were chosen with high numbers, and eight with low numbers. These policies were analysed using discourse analysis and two theories: Ragnar Audunson’s theory regarding high- and lowintensive meetingplaces, and Robert D. Putnam’s theory regarding bonding and bridging as two ways to build social capital. The study showed that the services offered to people with a mother tongue other than Swedish and the Swedish minority languages, were mainly centered around an expanded collection of media in foreign languages, language cafés, library viewings, and providing an open meeting place. The most common conceptions of the library’s role in integration were the conception of the library as a meeting place, and the conception of increasing multi language in the collection and in the cooperation with other actors and organisations. The differences found between municipalities with a high number of foreign born inhabitants, in comparison to those with low numbers, were marginal, and possibly caused by other factors than those mentioned above. It was clear that next to all library policies expressed a view of the library as a lowintensive meeting place in accordance with Audunson’s theory. It was also found that both concepts of Putnams’ bonding and bridging, were applicable to the activities that suppousedly are to take place in these libraries. Hence, the library ought to be an excellent place for people to build social capital.

  • 196.
    Hughes, Hilary
    et al.
    Queensland University of Technology, Australia.
    Cooper, Liz
    University of New Mexico, USA.
    Flierl, Michael
    Purdue University, USA.
    Somerville, Mary
    University of Colorado Denver, USA.
    Chaudhary, Niraj
    University of Colorado Denver, USA.
    The role of the university library in supporting international student transition: Insights from an Australian-American case study2018In: The journal of academic librarianship, ISSN 0099-1333, E-ISSN 1879-1999, Vol. 44, no 5, p. 582-594Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As an outcome of the Libraries and Information for International Students Project (LIISP), this paper presents insights into first year international students’ experiences of using library resources, services and spaces at their host university. It focuses on a collective case study conducted between 2014 and 2016 at one Australian and three North American libraries, with 320 first year international students. The research design was informed by the Project Information Literacy study of US first year domestic students’ library use (Head, 2013). Data were collected via survey and semi-structured interviews, and analyzed thematically. Findings of the four cases were compared with each other, and with the PIL study. Four key insights emerged:  International students are characterised by their diversity and individuality.  First year international students’ library and information use, and associated challenges are generally similar to those of US domestic first year students transitioning from high school to university.  The challenges international students experience generally relate to unfamiliarity of the socio-cultural environment and academic and library practices at their host university, rather than generalised educational deficit.  The library is vital to supporting international students’ transition to life and study at a host university. The findings inform library space design and inclusive transition support that integrates informed learning and transition pedagogy. They are relevant to university administrators, librarians and educators in culturally diverse higher education.

  • 197.
    Johansson, Jesper
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Folkbibliotekariers yrkesidentiteter och självbilder: En studie om uppfattningar och föreställningar om bibliotekarieyrket bland folkbibliotekarier i Kronoberg2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay explores and analyzes how public librarians in Kronoberg, Sweden understands their work and their profession. With these understandings the author wants to approach an empirical description of the professional practices and self-images of public librarians. The method has been based on seven interviews, where the librarians have discussed their professional practice, their knowledge and their education, and reflecting on how they are perceived by a wider public. Empirically, this gives us a self-image of librarians who is perceived to be cultural and intellectual professionals who works with social promotion and stands up for democratic values. Culture-oriented librarians use this self-image as an ideal type in their professional practice and focus on reading and culture intermediation, while information and technology-oriented librarians use this self-image as a prototype, and sees the library profession as a practice that also contains many kinds of social aspects, and here choose to focus on service and information intermediation. To give a theoretical understanding of the empirical material the author has used a theoretical framework based on theories about eight librarian-identities from the scientists Anders Ørom, Trine Schreiber and Olof Sundin. The author has identified four of these identities in the material. Theoretically, this gives us four different kinds of identities: The intermediary of culture, the social worker, the intermediary of information and the information organizer. Together, the four identities represents the multifaceted contents in public librarians professional practices. The occupational content that formed the identities since the beginning of the 1990s has in relation to the study’s empirical findings been modified and made more nuanced by the author. This essay therefore presents four librarian-identities that serves to constitute a conceptual apparatus for public librarians to engage in their identity creation. They can also use them to describe what makes public librarians to what they are.

  • 198.
    Johansson, Robert
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Kan jag spela det?: Intervjuer med bibliotekarier vid folkbibliotek om beståndsutveckling i samband med inköp av våldsamma tv-spel2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this bachelor thesis is to study the collection development of video game collections at the public libraries in Sweden. It also incorporates aspects about how violence in video games effects this process. The material for the study was collected through semistructured interviews with eleven purchasing manager librarians at different public libraries. The librarians identified aspects of the collection development that were considered important, for example subject knowledge. Subject knowledge about video games were considered determinant in the decision making during the purchasing process. Knowledge about video games was important to understand gaming as a whole to be able to make decisions in the selection process. Policies were shown to aid the librarians by providing advice about explicit content. Even though the content influences which games the libraries holds, these along with other identified factors showed that video games is a valuable asset for the libraries.

  • 199.
    Johansson, Sandra
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    LibraryThing for Libraries: Vilken inverkan har urval och mängdbegränsning på taggmolnen?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this bachelor thesis is to study and analyze the impact of LibraryThing's tagmoderation process and tag cloud limits in the library catalog, and assess the differencesbetween tags on their web page and tags in “LibraryThing for Libraries”.Communication with personnel on LibraryThing regarding their moderation processwas established, and the results were then compared with the collected data in thisstudy. Tags from 20 different books, collected from 2 different library catalogs, onewith a tag limit of 15 and one with 25, and from LibraryThing's web page werecollected and analyzed. The theoretical framework of the thesis was based on J. T.Tennis, and the data were organized using a modified version of Golder & Huberman'sseven different functions found in tags (2006).The results show that LibraryThing's claim that they only remove the inherentlypersonal tags are only partially true, since some other kinds of tags have disappeared aswell. In some cases a certain concept has been included in one book and excluded inanother. Tags concerning opinions or attributes of a book, have often been excluded,these could however serve as valuable forms of recommendations to other people,despite their personal context. The comparison between the library tag clouds limited toeither 15 or 25 tags suggested that tag clouds with an increased number of tags gave amore pronounced picture regarding the contents of the book. However, the number ofproblematic tags with synonymous or redundant information also increased when thesize of the library tag cloud grew.

  • 200. Johansson, Sandra
    et al.
    Golub, Koraljka
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    LibraryThing for Libraries: How Tag Moderation and Size Limitations Affect Tag Clouds2019In: Knowledge organization, ISSN 0943-7444, Vol. 46, no 4, p. 245-259Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to analyse differences between tags on LibraryThing’s web page and tag clouds in their “LibraryThing for Libraries” service, and assess if, and how, the LibraryThing tag moderation and limitations to the size of the tag cloud in the library catalogue affect the description of the information resource. An e-mail survey was conducted with personnel at LibraryThing, and the results were compared against tags for twenty different fiction books, collected from two different library catalogues with disparate tag cloud sizes, and LibraryThing’s web page. The data were analysed using a modified version of Golder and Huberman’s tag categories (2006). The results show that while LibraryThing claims to only remove the inherently personal tags, several other types of tags are found to have been discarded as well. Occasionally a certain type of tag is included in one book, and excluded in another. The comparison between the two tag cloud sizes suggests that the larger tag clouds provide a more pronounced picture regarding the contents of the book but at the cost of an increase in the number of tags with synonymous or redundant information.

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