lnu.sePublications
Change search
Refine search result
1234567 151 - 200 of 462
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 151.
    Carlsson, Magnus
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Reshid, Abdulaziz
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Rooth, Dan-Olof
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics. Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Neighborhood signaling effects, commuting time, and employment: evidence from a field experiment2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The question of whether and how living in a deprived neighborhood affects the labormarket outcomes of its residents has been a subject of great interest for both policy makers andresearchers. Despite this interest, empirical evidence of causal neighborhood effects on labormarket outcomes is scant, and causal evidence on the mechanisms involved is even more scant.The mechanism that this study investigates is neighborhood signaling effects. Specifically, weask whether there is unequal treatment in hiring depending on whether a job applicant signalsliving in a bad (deprived) neighborhood or in a good (affluent) neighborhood. To this end, weconducted a field experiment where fictitious job applications were sent to employers with anadvertised vacancy. Each job application was randomly assigned a residential address in either abad or a good neighborhood. The measured outcome is the fraction of invitations for a jobinterview (the callback rate). We find no evidence of general neighborhood signaling effects.However, job applicants with a foreign background have callback rates that are 42 percent lowerif they signal living in a bad neighborhood rather than in a good neighborhood. In addition, wefind that applicants with commuting times longer than 90 minutes have lower callback rates, andthis is unrelated to the neighborhood signaling effect. Apparently, employers view informationabout residential addresses as important for employment decisions.

  • 152.
    Carlsson, Magnus
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Reshid, Abdulaziz
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Rooth, Dan-Olof
    Neighborhood signaling effects, commuting time, and employment: evidence from a field experiment2018In: International journal of manpower, ISSN 0143-7720, E-ISSN 1758-6577, Vol. 39, no 4, p. 534-549Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    We investigate whether there is unequal treatment in hiring depending on whether a job applicant signals living in a bad (deprived) neighborhood or in a good (affluent) neighborhood.

    Design/methodology/approach

    We conducted a field experiment where fictitious job applications were sent to employers with an advertised vacancy. Each job application was randomly assigned a residential address in either a bad or a good neighborhood. The measured outcome is the fraction of invitations for a job interview (the callback rate).

    Findings

    We find no evidence of general neighborhood signaling effects. However, job applicants with a foreign background have callback rates that are 42 percent lower if they signal living in a bad neighborhood rather than in a good neighborhood. In addition, we find that applicants with commuting times longer than 90 minutes have lower callback rates, and this is unrelated to the neighborhood signaling effect.

    Originality/value

    Empirical evidence of causal neighborhood effects on labor market outcomes is scant, and causal evidence on the mechanisms involved is even more scant. We provide such evidence.

  • 153.
    Carlsson, Magnus
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Rooth, Dan-Olof
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Employer Attitudes, the Marginal Employer, and the Ethnic Wage Gap2016In: Industrial & labor relations review, ISSN 0019-7939, E-ISSN 2162-271X, Vol. 69, no 1, p. 227-252Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In most EU countries, ethnic minorities have lower wages than does the ethnic majority. To what extent these wage gaps are the result of prejudice toward ethnic minority workers is virtually unknown. The authors examine the role that prejudice plays in the creation of the ethnic wage gap in one of Europe’s most egalitarian countries, Sweden. The analysis takes into account the important distinction between average employer attitudes and the attitude of the marginal employer (the attitude of the most prejudiced employer hiring the ethnic minority). Results confirm that the attitudes of the marginal employer—but not those of the average employer—are important for explaining the ethnic wage gap.

  • 154.
    Carlsson, Magnus
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Rooth, Dan-Olof
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics. IZA;CReAM.
    What can we learn from correspondence testing studies?2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Antidiscrimination policies play an important role in public discussions. However, identifying discriminatory practices in the labor market is not an easy task. Correspondence testing provides a credible way to reveal discrimination in hiring and provide hard facts for policies. What is this instrument? What does it show and how reliable is it? Should it be widely used for policymaking? Answers to these questions are provided

  • 155.
    Carlsson, Magnus
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Stefan, Eriksson
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Rooth, Dan-Olof
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Job search methods and wages: are natives and immigrants different?2018In: Manchester School, ISSN 1463-6786, E-ISSN 1467-9957, Vol. 86, no 2, p. 219-247Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We conduct a survey of newly hired workers in the Swedish labour market to analyse if there are differences between natives and immigrants in the choice of search intensity/methods and in the search method getting the job. We further investigate if the wage and other characteristics of the new job differ depending on the successful search method. We find that immigrants use all search methods more than natives, but they especially rely on informal search. Immigrants are more likely than natives to find a job using informal search through friends and relatives, and these jobs are associated with lower wages.

  • 156.
    Carlsson, Rickard
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Agerström, Jens
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Björklund, Fredrik
    Lund University.
    Carlsson, Magnus
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Rooth, Dan-Olof
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Backlash and hiring: A field experiment on agency, communion, and gender2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Gender stereotypes describe women as communal and men asagentic. Laboratory based research (Rudman & Glick 1999; 2001)suggests that trying to disconfirm such descriptive genderstereotypes (e.g., women self-promoting their agency), entails therisk of hiring discrimination due to violation of prescriptive genderstereotypes: a backlash. To examine whether backlash occurs whenapplying for real jobs, we conducted a field experiment. Gender,agency and communion were manipulated in the personal profile of5,562 applications sent to 3,342 job openings on the Swedish labormarket. The dependent variable was whether the applicationresulted in an invitation to a job interview or not. The results do notoffer any support for the backlash hypothesis at this stage in therecruitment process.

  • 157.
    Carlsson, Rickard
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Agerström, Jens
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Björklund, Fredrik
    Lund University.
    Carlsson, Magnus
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Rooth, Dan-Olof
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Testing for Backlash in Hiring: A Field Experiment on Agency, Communion, and Gender2014In: Journal of Personnel Psychology, ISSN 1866-5888, E-ISSN 2190-5150, Vol. 13, no 4, p. 204-214Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Gender stereotypes describe women as communal and men as agentic. Laboratory based research (Rudman & Glick 1999; 2001) suggests that trying to disconfirm such descriptive gender stereotypes (e.g., women self-promoting their agency), entails the risk of hiring discrimination due to violation of prescriptive gender stereotypes: a backlash. To examine whether backlash occurs when applying for real jobs, we conducted a field experiment. Gender, agency and communion were manipulated in the personal profile of 5,562 applications sent to 3,342 job openings on the Swedish labor market. The dependent variable was whether the application resulted in an invitation to a job interview or not. The results do not offer any support for the backlash hypothesis at this stage in the recruitment process.

  • 158.
    Carlsson, Rickard
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Agerström, Jens
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Björklund, Fredrik
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Carlsson, Magnus
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Rooth, Dan-Olof
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Testing for backlash in hiring: A field experiment on agency, communion,and gender2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    It has been suggested that women (men) who appear agentic (communal) when applying for jobs suffer a backlash in the form of reduced chances of being hired. However, the evidence of backlash is mainly restricted to simulated hiring decisions with undergraduates as participants. To examine whether backlash occurs when men and women apply for real jobs in the labor market, we conducted a field experiment. Gender, agentic and communal traits were manipulated in the applications. Whether or not the applications resulted in a job interview invitation constituted the dependent variable. We find no evidence of backlash, suggesting that women are not punished for presenting themselves as agentic in their job applications, nor are men punished for appearing communal.

  • 159.
    Chantrel, Pauline
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Fourcade, Agathe
    Is there a difference between the Olympic Games and the Paralympic Games in their impact on inbound tourism?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies the difference in number of tourist arrivals between the Olympic games and the Paralympic games in the hosting countries. Using the difference-in-differences method, results show that there is a difference in the number of tourist arrivals between the summer games and winter games, and that hosting the games have a bigger impact on smaller city than on bigger one. They also show that since Vancouver 2010 the Olympic games always attracted more tourists than the Paralympic games. The main conclusion of this paper is that there is definitely a difference in the tourist inflow between the Olympic games and Paralympic games and that the Olympic games attract more tourists than the Paralympic games.

  • 160.
    collet, CLAIRE
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Duquennoy, Kimberlay
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Did the pattern of poverty in West Germany change because of the reunification?: A cross-sectional study of poverty in West Germany2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The reunification of West Germany and East Germany occurred in 1990 and had a great impact on the country. This essay investigates the impact that reunification had on the poverty structure of West Germany on the long-run. The results indicate that reunification had a negative impact on poverty since it increased the poverty rate by 4.88 percentage point in 2000 and by 6.16 percentage point in 2005. The structure of the poor population slightly changed the year following the reunification. Five years later, the structure of the poor population was similar to what it was before the reunification. However, during this period, the income transfer became more efficient since it decreased poverty by 6 percentage point to 16 percentage point more after reunification than it used to do before.

  • 161.
    Dahl, Gordon B.
    et al.
    University of California San Diego, USA.
    Kotsadam, Andreas
    University of Oslo, Norway.
    Rooth, Dan-Olof
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Does integration change gender attitudes?: the effect of randomly assigning women to traditionally male teams2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We examine whether exposure of men to women in a traditionally male-dominated environment can change attitudes about mixed-gender productivity, gender roles and gender identity. Our context is the military in Norway, where we randomly assigned female recruits to some squads but not others during boot camp. We find that living and working with women for 8 weeks causes men to adopt more egalitarian attitudes. There is a 14 percentage point increase in the fraction of men who think mixed-gender teams perform as well or better than same-gender teams, an 8 percentage point increase in men who think household work should be shared equally and a 14 percentage point increase in men who do not completely disavow feminine traits. Contrary to the predictions of many policymakers, we find no evidence that integrating women into squads hurt male recruits’ satisfaction with boot camp or their plans to continue in the military. These findings provide evidence that even in a highly gender-skewed environment, gender stereotypes are malleable and can be altered by integrating members of the opposite sex.

  • 162.
    Dai, Deliang
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Estimating the Mahalanobis distance in high-dimensional data2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Mahalanobis distance is a fundamental statistic in many fields such as Outlier detection, Normality testing and Cluster analysis. However, the standard estimator developed by Mahalanobis (1936) and Wilks (1963) is not well behaved in cases when the dimension (p) of the parent variable increases proportional to the sample size (n). This case is frequently referred to as Increasing Dimension Asymptotics (IDA). Specifically, the sample covariance matrix on which the Mahalanobis distance depends becomes degenerate under IDA settings, which in turn produce stochastically unstable Mahalanobis distances. This research project consists of several parts. It (a) shows that a previously suggested family of “improved” shrinkage estimators of the covariance matrix produce inoperable Mahalanobis distances, both under classical and increasing dimension asymptotics. It (b) develops a risk function specifically designed to assess the Mahalanobis distance and identifies good estimators thereof and (c) develops a family of resolvent-type estimators of the Mahalanobis distance. This family of estimators is shown to remain well behaved even under IDA settings. Suicient conditions for the proposed estimator to outperform the traditional estimator are also supplied. The proposed estimator is argued to be a useful tool for descriptive statistics, such as Assessment of influential values or Cluster analysis, in cases when the dimension of data is proportional to the sample size.

  • 163.
    Dai, Deliang
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Mahalanobis distances of factor structured data2015In: Festschrift in honor of Professor Ghazi Shukur on the occasion of his 60th birthday / [ed] Thomas Holgersson, Linnaeus University Press, 2015, 1, p. 126-142Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we implement the factor model for deriving the covariance matrix that is used for a Mahalanobis distance. The distributional properties of the new Mahalanobis distances are derived. A general case on contamination effects ofoutliers on Mahalanobis distances from separate parts of the factor model are also investigated. An empirical example indicates the difference between the new proposed separated Mahalanobis distances and the original Mahalanobis distance.

  • 164.
    Dai, Deliang
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Moments, factor scores and limiting distributions of individual Mahalanobis distances2014Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 165.
    Dai, Deliang
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Holgersson, Thomas
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Karlsson, Peter S.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Expected and unexpected values of Individual Mahalanobis Distances2017In: Communications in Statistics - Theory and Methods, ISSN 0361-0926, E-ISSN 1532-415X, Vol. 46, no 18, p. 8999-9006Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper derives first-order sampling moments of individual Mahalanobis distances (MD) in cases when the dimension p of the variable is proportional to the sample size n. Asymptotic expected values when n, p → ∞ are derived under the assumption p/n → c, 0 ⩽ c < 1. It is shown that some types of standard estimators remain unbiased in this case, while others are asymptotically biased, a property that appears to be unnoticed in the literature. Second order moments are also supplied to give some additional insight to the matter.

  • 166.
    Damian, Grimshaw
    et al.
    University of Manchester, UK.
    Marino, Stefania
    University of Manchester, UK.
    Anxo, Dominique
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Gautié, Jérôme
    University Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, France.
    Neumann, Lázló
    Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Hungary.
    Weinkopf, Caudia
    University of Duisburg-Essen, Germany.
    Negotiating better conditions for workers during austerity in Europe: unions' local strategies towards low pay and outsourcing in local government2018In: Reconstructing solidarity: labour unions, precarious work, and the politics of institutional change in Europe / [ed] Virginia Doellgast, Nathan Lillie & Valeria Pulignano, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018, 1, p. 42-66Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 167.
    Daniel, Waldenström
    et al.
    Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN) ; Paris School of Economics, France.
    Bastani, Spencer
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Hansson, Åsa
    Lund University ; Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN).
    Kapitalbeskattningens förutsättningar i Sverige2018In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 46, no 2, p. 6-15Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Årets SNS Konjunkturrådsrapport diskuterar och analyserar förutsättningarna för kapitalbeskattning i Sverige. Mycket har hänt sedan århundradets skattereform. Det gäller hur kapital beskattas, storleken och fördelningen av kapital och inte minst kunskapen om hur kapitalskatter bör utformas. Utifrån detta, och de brister vi finner i dagens kapitalbeskattning, diskuterar vi hur kapitalbeskattningen kan förbättras utifrån både ett effektivitets- och fördelningsperspektiv. Vi förespråkar bl a en mer likformig kapitalbeskattning och en skatteväxling från arbetsinkomstbeskattning till kapitalinkomstbeskattning.

  • 168.
    Delaunay, Romane
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Long, Alida
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    The Determinants of Outmigration: The Swedish Case2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyses the composition of outmigration flows regarding migrants’ characteristics such as family situation, educational attainment and labour market situation. To expand our research, out-migrants are separated into return and onward migrants. Results indicate that the labour market situation of immigrants (unemployment and uptake of social benefits) in the destination country is an important determinant in the decision to out-migrate. However, the effect varies among countries due to the political situation in the source country, the migration costs and the extensive welfare benefits in Sweden. Labour immigrants are more likely to return to their country of origin whereas refugee immigrants are more likely to move to another country. Other findings demonstrate that emigrants are negatively selected regarding educational attainment. High-educated individuals have a higher probability of returning home than moving to a third country. The likelihood of emigration also depends on other characteristics such as the family situation of immigrants and the duration of residence in the destination country. All in all, labour market outcomes are the most important factors in the decision of out-migration.

  • 169.
    Deliang, Dai
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    On high-dimensional Mahalanobis distance2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis consists of three empirical essays on the topics of self-employment, happiness and international trade.

    Essay 1 studies how immigrant self-employment entry is affected by the local business cycle in Sweden. Using the unemployment rate at the local labour market level as a proxy for the local business cycle, our study shows that the self-employment entry behaviour for native men and immigrant men is negatively affected by the unemployment rate, except for immigrants from Middle East. However, such a negative effect is quantitatively weaker among the non-European immigrants. Further, the result shows that immigrants from the Middle East are positively affected by the unemployment rate, meaning they are more likely to be pushed into self-employment in recessions. For women, we also find the unemployment rate has a negative impact on the self-employment decision of native women and immigrant women, except for the Middle East group. However, compared with men, the quantitative size of the unemployment rate effect on self-employment is smaller among women, implying the less important role of business cycle in determining females’ entry into self-employment.

    Essay 2 investigates the non-pecuniary return of self-employment in China. The results show that the life satisfaction of self-employed men is significantly higher than that of wage-employed men; the life satisfaction of self-employed women is not statistically significant different from that of wage-employed women. Moreover, we show that the life satisfaction of self-employed men in the informal sector is significantly higher than that of wage-employed men in the formal sector. The life satisfaction of wage-employed men in the informal sector is not significantly different from that of wage-employed men in the formal sector. For women, we find that there is no significant life satisfaction disparity between workers in the formal and informal sector. Finally, our job satisfaction data also concludes that self-employment in China is not inferior to wage employment.

    Essay 3 evaluates how Swedish manufacturing employment is affected by the increasing import competition from China. The results show that the growth of manufacturing employment is not statistically significant affected by the increasing import competition from China. Moreover, in general, the increasing import exposure from China does not significantly affect the employment growth of non-manufacturing sector either. Regarding the earnings, the analysis shows that the low wage earners in the manufacturing sector is not significantly affected by the increasing import penetration from China while median and high wage earners are positively affected.

  • 170.
    Dolk, Ted
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Fundamentals of property pricing: The macroeconomic relationship with the Swedish housing market2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay studies the relationship between macroeconomic fundamentals and the price level within the Swedish housing market. Previous empirical research has heavily debated whether there is a long run or short run relationship. The aim of this essay was therefore to analyse the nature of the relationship following the post-crisis period of the 1990’s. This was done in order to determine whether the price level reverts to a long run equilibrium with economic fundamentals or if the market inflates once again following imbalances between supply and demand alongside decreased risk aversion from the credit institutes. The results showed that there were no cointegrative relationship in the longer run. Furthermore, to show that there is not a complete seperative relationship between fundamental factors and the housing market, a short run model was established. The short run model showed significant results for user cost determinants. Concluding from this essay is that supply restrictive factors, such as the unavailability of land, have caused the supply to not match the appropriate rate of growth with demand. Alongside the growth of disposable income, generous tax deductions on interest payments and the decreased risk aversion this has led to the exorbitant price increase during the past two decades.

  • 171.
    Eefting, Sander
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    The relationship of earning differences and attitudes towards ethnic minority groups in Sweden: a study describing the effect of negative attitudes towards ethnic minority groups on the earning differences in Sweden2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the potential effects of negative attitudes towards minority groups on the earnings gap between natives and ethnic minorities on the Swedish labour market. Previous studies have shown signs of earning differences between the two groups on the Swedish labour market and authors use several arguments to explain this. Some authors state that firms use statistical discrimination and taste discrimination to set wages and thus affecting the difference in earnings for natives and immigrants. Other authors use lack of social networks or human capital as explanations for the existing wage gap.

    The results of this study show that there are indeed earning differences between between natives and immigrants and that discrimination is possibly an explanation factor. This study also shows that there is a higher negative attitude towards minorities than there is for positive attitudes. We find however no direct connection between the earning gap and negative attitudes since the variable is insignificant. The reason for this is most lkely due to the earning gap being a very broad concept and thus affected by many different factors. This suggestion follows the outcome of previously written studies.

  • 172.
    Eefting, Sander
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    To Work or not to Work: An empirical study that focuses on the effects of the largest employment programme of local unemployed workers in Växjö, Sweden.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Employment programmes, or on-the-job training programmes, are designed to increase the likelihood of unemployed workers receiving work opportunities by providing actual work experience. Whether the unemployed workers lack human resources, obtained a degree in a foreign country or simply need a boost towards obtaining a new job, these programmes give workers the opportunity to execute tasks at organised firms and therefore strengthen their connection to the labour market.  The focus of this paper is towards a unique programme, called Arbetspraktik. This specific programme is designed with the intention to increase the labour market outcomes of unemployed workers. Geographically, Växjö has been selected as the main priority. The local focus is due to two reasons; firstly, the internship at the Swedish Employment Service in Växjö provided local support, insight and experience and therefore estimating local effects matched the purpose of the internship. The result of this thesis may also be used as informative research for the Swedish Employment Service where I performed my internship. Secondly, according to previous work, specific regions within a country are not looked at on a high frequency in Sweden and therefore focusing on regional effects could be beneficial to already existing studies. Previous research shows that the evaluation of these programmes has been done in many countries. Data for this study is obtained through the Swedish Employment Service. With the use of Matching and Propensity Scores, the findings claim that participants in Arbetspraktik have a 28.3% higher probability of receiving better outcomes than the controlled counterpart in Växjö. The interviews, despite having low observations, indicate that positive outcomes for trainees are a possibility and may be connected to the outcomes of the model. For example, trainees are shown to become more independent and productivity across trainees increases over time. Lastly, the interviews claim that trainees perform the same tasks as full-time workers, which is discussed to be a positive thing. Self-critique and tips for future research are presented at the end.

  • 173.
    Ekberg, Jan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Lindh, Thomas
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Immigrants in the Old-Age Pension System: The Case of Sweden2016In: International migration (Geneva. Print), ISSN 0020-7985, E-ISSN 1468-2435, Vol. 54, no 5, p. 5-14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article investigates incomes and especially state pensions 2008 among elderly immigrants who arrived in Sweden before 1970. At age 70 and above, the level of state old-age pension for immigrant men was nearly the same and for immigrant women somewhat higher than for natives with similar characteristics. At age 65-66 the state pension was lower for immigrants than for their native counterparts. The differences in pensions for immigrants of different ages are probably due to changed rules in the Swedish state old-age pension system from 2003. The new rules have hit different age groups in different ways. The gaps are partially levelled out when other incomes are included. The extent to which levelling occurs varies greatly between different immigrant groups. For immigrants who have arrived during the last decades, the future state old-age pension outcomes are expected to be worse.

  • 174.
    Elander, Jacob
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Does Boardroom Gender Diversity Affect Firm Financial Performance?: A quantitative study surveying 32 Swedish companies over the years 2011-20142018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The board of directors holds a key position in corporate governance. The board is responsible for the strategy and development of the firm. The gender composition of the board can affect the quality of this operating procedure by changing the dynamic of the group. This paper aims to investigate if there is any relationship between board gender diversity and the firm’s financial performance, as measured by Tobin’s Q. While most of the previous studies in this field has been conducted on US data, this study adds to a growing number of articles outside of the US by using Swedish data. The study uses panel data over the years 2011-2014 and finds no statistically significant link between gender diversity and a firm’s financial performance. This study adds to the minority of articles that argue that gender diversity does not affect performance. Limitations regarding the methodology is presented and strategies for future research is discussed.

  • 175.
    Elliot, Viktor
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindblom, Ted
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Willesson, Magnus
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    The impact of recent regulatory reforms on cross-border banking: a study of the Nordic markets2019In: Frontier topics in banking: investing new trends and recent developments in the financial industry / [ed] Elisabetta Gualandri, Valeria Venturelli & Alex Sclip, Palgrave Macmillan, 2019, p. 293-319Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 176.
    Elliot, Viktor
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Willesson, Magnus
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Does bank regulation spill over to firm financing?: SME financing, bank monitoring, and the efficiency of the bank lending channel2018In: Contemporary issues in banking: regulation, governance and performance / [ed] Myriam García-Olalla & Judith Clifton, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2018, p. 279-302Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter analyses spill over between banks and firms when required bank capital is regulated. We contribute to the existing literature by addressing different regulatory responses with an impact on the supply and demand of bank lending. The chapter contributes to the growing literature addressing the unintended consequences of regulatory policy development. The study empirically compares the regulatory responses of Swedish banks and how these responses affect lending to Swedish SMEs. The theoretical framework and methodology employed in this chapter make it possible to study theories related to bank monitoring, regulatory arbitrage opportunities, and the risk-return trade off. The main results indicate that banks’ regulatory responses are associated with increasing lending margins, either by (1) increasing the margin on the loan portfolios, spilling over the regulatory costs through higher prices, (2) lower acceptance of lower return customers, or (3) regulatory arbitrage through balance sheet adjustments.

  • 177.
    Elmkvist, Magdalena
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Droga do zatrudnienia osób ubiegających się o azyl na przykładzie Regionu Kronoberg w Szwecji: The path to the employment for asylum seekers on the example of Kronoberg County in Sweden2017In: Research papers of Wrocław University of Economics, ISSN 1899-3192, no 489, p. 90-104Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The employment integration of asylum seekers in Swedish society has been faced in the last two decades. The paper is focused on the integration of asylum seekers into the Swedish society and Swedish labor market using data from Kronoberg County, where ratio between foreign born and Swedes has been double within the last fifteen years (from nine per cent to above eighteen per cent). The paper lists the rights of those who come to Sweden as asylum seekers based on Swedish and European Union’s acts, directives and ordinances concerning asylum seekers and new arrivals. In the end there is an attempt to advocate the expense of Swedish asylum policy and the challenges faced by migration policy by the creation of the best possibilities for asylum seekers to become active labor market’s participants.

  • 178.
    Elmkvist, Magdalena
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Historical view of the Swedish international migration policy in the case of refugees2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 179.
    Elmkvist, Magdalena
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Historical View of the Swedish Migration Policy.: The Case of Refugees.2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 180.
    Elmkvist, Magdalena
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Historical View of the Swedish Migrations Policy in the Case of Refugees2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 181.
    Elmkvist, Magdalena
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Integration and labour market access of asylum seekers in Sweden2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 182.
    Elmkvist, Magdalena
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Integration and labour market access of asylum seekers in Sweden2017In: Regionalizacja - polityka - etyka T. 2, Fundacja Promocji Rozwoju Podlasia , 2017, p. 221-235Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 183.
    Elmkvist, Magdalena
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Labour market integration of asylum seekers and refugees in Sweden2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 184.
    Elmkvist, Magdalena
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Social integration and labour market access for asylum seekers in Kronoberg County in Sweden2018In: Folia Pomeranae Universitatis Technologiae Stetinensis Oeconomica, ISSN 2081-0644, Vol. 346(92), no 3, p. 17-30Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper investigates the reception of asylum seekers and their social and labour market’s integration in Kronoberg County. The paper begins with a presentation of Kronoberg County as a part of Sweden, then refer to a short history of immigration to Sweden followed by an overview of the Swedish Migration Agency (Migrationsverket) and the receptions of asylum seekers as well as the access to the labour market. The paper lists the rights of those who come to Sweden as asylum seekers based on Swedish and European Union's acts, directives and regulations concerning asylum seekers and new arrivals. In the end there is an attempt to advocate the expense of asylum policy and its impacts on Swedish economic development.

  • 185.
    Elmkvist, Magdalena
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Ericson, Thomas
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Formy wsparcia zatrudnienia jako determinanta rozwoju regionalnego na przykładzie regionu Kronoberg w Szwecji2016In: Podlasie - wizje przemian i rozwoju / [ed] Andrzej F. Bocian, Dorota Perło & Paweł Piątkowski, Białystok: Fundacja Promocji Rozwoju Podlasia , 2016, p. 262-276Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [pl]

    Celem niniejszego artykułu jest przedstawienie podejścia do problemu bezrobocia i migracji z jakim obecnie boryka się Szwecja oraz próba oceny programów przeciwdziałania bezrobociu powołanych przez szwedzki ALMP. Szwecja jest krajem Unii Europejskiej charakteryzującym się rozbudowanym systemem pomocy społecznej, starzejącym się społeczeństwem oraz otwartą polityką migracyjną. Napływ imigrantów, poza wzrostem liczby ludności w wieku produkcyjnym, to także duże wyzwanie dla rynku pracy, zarówno na poziomie krajowym jak i regionalnym. Problematyka zagadnienia będzie omówiona na przykładzie regionu Kronoberg, który to w ostatnim czasie przyjął największy odsetek imigrantów.

    W niniejszej pracy rozpatrywane będą formy wspracia zatrudnienia finansowane z budżetu państwa bez udziału środków unijnych. Wszelkie subwencje oraz wsparcia finansowe będą analizowane z punktu widzenia pracodawcy. Nazewnictwo programów i form kompensacji pozostaje w języku szwedzkim z racji braku polskich odpowiedników.

  • 186. Enmark, Linnea
    et al.
    Persson, Tova
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    "I heard it through the grapevine": En studie om varför kinesiska studenter väljer att studera på universitetsnivå i Sverige2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose and research question: The aim of the thesis is to examine why Chinese students choose Sweden as a destination for studies abroad.

    With the above stated purpose in mind, the research questions are as follow:

    1. What factors influence Chinese students’ decision- making of studying abroad?
    2. What factors influence Chinese students comparison between different study destinations?
    3. How do these factors affect the decision to study in Sweden?

    Method: The study is based in a qualitative research method. The empirical data is collected through a pilot study with three semi-structured interviews with staff from Linnaeus University and a study with eight semi- structured interviews with Chinese students that currently are studying in Sweden or have studied in Sweden.

    Conclusion: Chinese students are highly affected by recommendations from alumni with experience from studying in Sweden. The result of the study indicate the importance of advice and recommendations from social links with similar experiences in the decision making when buying a high-involvement service in a culuture with a high degree of Hofstedeés cultural dimensions: collectivism and uncertainty avoidance.

  • 187.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Rooth, Dan-Olof
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Do Employers Use Unemployment as a Sorting Criterion When Hiring?: Evidence from a Field Experiment2014In: The American Economic Review, ISSN 0002-8282, E-ISSN 1944-7981, Vol. 104, no 3, p. 1014-1039Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The stigma associated with long-term unemployment spells could create large inefficiencies in labor markets. While the existing literature points toward large stigma effects, it has proven difficult to estimate causal relationships. Using data from a field experiment, we find that long-term unemployment spells in the past do not matter for employers' hiring decisions, suggesting that subsequent work experience eliminates this negative signal. Nor do employers treat contemporary short-term unemployment spells differently, suggesting that they understand that worker/firm matching takes time. However, employers attach a negative value to contemporary unemployment spells lasting at least nine months, providing evidence of stigma effects.

  • 188.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Rooth, Dan-Olof
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Do employers use unemployment as a sorting criterion when hiring?: Evidence from a field experiment2013Report (Other academic)
  • 189.
    Ezzulddin, Omar
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics. 1992.
    Haydari, Farid
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Skillnaden i sannolikhet att vara arbetslös mellan inrikes- och utrikes födda2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing on European Social Survey, the main objective of this essay is to analyse the difference in the probability of being unemployed between natives and foreign born in Sweden. Using traditional statistical methods such as Linear Probability Model (LPM) and Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition and controlling for standard socio-economic variables we found that immigrants born in Europe have 5.3 percentage point higher likelihood of being unemployed compared to their Swedish counterpart. Regarding non-European we found that they have 5.2 percentage points higher probability of being unemployed compared to Swedish counterpart. An extension of BlinderOaxaca decomposition suggests that 4.9 percentage points of this gap is due to differences in endowment characteristics between immigrants born in Europe and Swedish counterpart. The difference in the characteristics between nonEuropean and natives amounts to 5.3 percentage points. On the other hand, approximately 1.5 and 10.3 percentage points of the differences in the unemployment probability between immigrants born in Europe and countries outside Europe and Swedish counterpart can be ascribe to different returns to those observable and/or unobservable characteristics that are not captured in the models.  

  • 190.
    Falkenhall, Björn
    et al.
    Sveriges Apoteksförening, Sweden.
    Månsson, Jonas
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Tano, Sofia
    Tillväxtanalys, Sweden.
    Impact of VAT Reform on Swedish Restaurants: A Synthetic Control Group Approach2019In: Scandinavian Journal of Economics, ISSN 0347-0520, E-ISSN 1467-9442Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we investigate the impact on firms of the value added tax (VAT) reform that took effect in Sweden on 1 January 2012 for restaurant and catering services. Unlike previous research, we use a synthetic control group approach to construct our counterfactual. Our analysis shows that the VAT reduction had a positive effect on turnover, total wages, employment, profit margins, and net entry of firms. The effects of the reform tend to decrease over time. In all, the results point to an overall better performance for the restaurant industry compared with what it would have been in absence of the reform.

  • 191.
    Falkenhall, Björn
    et al.
    Swedish Agency for Growth Policy Analysis.
    Månsson, Jonas
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics. The Swedish National Audit Office.
    Tano, Sofia
    Swedish Agency for Growth Policy Analysis.
    Rätt lagat? Effekter av sänkt moms på restaurang och cateringtjänster i Sverige2016In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 44, no 5, p. 40-50Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vår analys av den sänkta restaurangmomsen visar på relativt kraftiga effekter på de undersökta variablerna omsättning, anställningar, lönesumma, rörelsemarginal och nettotillskott av företag i branschen. Den kortsiktiga effekten på sysselsättningen motsvarar 11 300 heltidstjänster över tre år. Vi bedömer att den sänkta restaurangmomsen även kommer att ha en långsiktigt positiv effekt på den varaktiga sysselsättningen. För analysen har vi vidareutvecklat en metodansats benämnd matchning med syntetiska kontrollgrupper, vilket enligt oss ökar möjligheterna att kunna uppskatta effekter av reformer som påverkar alla företag i en bransch.

  • 192.
    Falkenhall, Björn
    et al.
    Swedish Agency for Growth Policy Analysis, Sweden.
    Tano, Sofia
    Swedish Agency for Growth Policy Analysis, Sweden.
    Månsson, Jonas
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Impact of the VAT reform on Swedish restaurants: a synthetic control group approach2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Our analysis of the reduction in VAT for restaurant and catering services shows positive effects on turnover, employments, total wages, gross profit margins and net entry of firms. It is clear that the firms have used the VAT reduction in more ways than lowering prices.

    In this study we investigate the impact of the VAT reform for restaurant and catering services that took place in Sweden on January 1, 2012. The aim of this reform was to increase long-term employment in Sweden. Growth Analysis was commissioned to evaluate the effects of this reform from the perspective of firms. This PM serves as a foundation for this commission’s final report Reduced VAT on restaurant and catering services – final report.

    Evaluating the effects of a VAT reduction that includes all firms in an industry is a challenge and difficult methodologically due to the lack of a counterfactual outcome. In this study, we constructed our counterfactual using a synthetic control group (SCG) approach, which is a data-driven approach that only relies to a small extent on subjective choices. Unlike previous studies we assume that the VAT reform can affect each part in the profit function and also influence entry and exit in the market. We do the analysis on industry level by aggregating firm level data.

    The VAT reduction had a positive and significant effect on turnover, profit margins and net entry of firms. The average yearly effect is estimated to be 5.6, 1.25 and 1.6 percentage points respectively. These results are significant at the 5 % level. The average yearly effect on total wages and employment lies at 4.9 and 5.0 percentage points respectively and is significant at the 10 % level. The effects tend to decline over time, with exception for net entry of firms.

    Although estimating the exact effects of a reform remains difficult, our results are robust to sensitivity analyses. Overall, our results point to better performance for the restaurant industry compared to what it would have been in the absence of the reform.

  • 193.
    Falkenhall, Björn
    et al.
    Tillväxtanalys.
    Tano, Sofia
    Tillväxtanalys.
    Månsson, Jonas
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Quoreshi, Shahid
    Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Sänkt moms på restaurang- och cateringtjänster: slutrapport2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Our analysis of the effects of the reduction in VAT for restaurants and catering services indicates a positive outcome for employment, total wages and turnover. It is clear that firms have not only used the VAT reduction in order to lower prices since effects on gross profit and the net surplus of new firms can also be seen. Growth Analysis concludes that the lower VAT rate will have a long-term positive effect on employment.

  • 194.
    Faraon, Sadid
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    How has the gender wage gap in Germany developed since the 1990s, and what factors can explain the gap?: A look at gender wage differentials in Germany across time2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Germany has a rich history being a conservative welfare state with a strong male breadwinner model. Yet, numerous changes have been made to its welfare structure since the reunification of both sides in 1990. One would then expect to see wage inequality decrease in the country during this period and in fact, it has. Having used data for the country as a whole during this period, along with two econometric approaches: OLS estimates and Oaxaca decomposition, I have been able to demonstrate that the gender wage gap in Germany has narrowed since the 1990s. Factors such as ‘years of work experience’, ‘weeks worked’ and ‘relation to household head’ are the most influential ones that have affected the gender wage gap from 1990 to 2016. In addition, it has also been observed that women have accrued less human capital compared to men during this period, which could have increased the gender wage gap. Further, discrimination experienced by women as well as other unobservable differences has significantly decreased during this period, which could point to a large decrease in the gender wage gap. With the aid of an interaction term, it has been possible to remove the increasing amount of irrelevant effects that have emerged in both of the aforementioned terms over time, thus providing us with more accurate results.

  • 195.
    Fischer, Doris
    et al.
    University of Würzburg, Germany.
    Fromlet, Hubert
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    China's strive for quality of growth and growth data: challenges for economic analyses and the European/global corporate sector2015In: Paper presented at the 17th Annual Conference on European Integration - Swedish Network for European Studies in Economics and Business (SNEE), Mölle, Sweden, May 19-22, 2015, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Economists – particularly foreign financial analysts, also in Europe – focus mainly on the Purchasing Manager Indices (PMIs) and quarterly GDP changes when analyzing Chinese growth. This is understandable since these data are easily available. More recently these data did not produce an optimistic picture for China’s economy. But does this information really provide reliable information on China’s growth performance and outlook? Does this analytical approach capture the strategy and policy changes announced during the Third Plenum in November 2013?

    Certainly not. Consequently, foreign and even domestic investors run the risk that portfolio and particularly more long-term investments are too heavily based on short-term indicators that do not reflect ongoing structural improvement measures or policy changes.

    The paper will summarize past and current discussion on Chinese GDP data and deal with the alternatives for assessing economic growth and its quality. Merely relying on an improved and widened analysis of Chinese reform policy since November 2013 is difficult and has its limits. But better analysis can be created by economists themselves even under current conditions. Transparency is still by far too poor. Improvements should not be that difficult to achieve all the same. Some ideas are given in this paper – and also hints how and where to find information on structural improvements that have taken place or are planned concretely for the nearer future.

    Better insight into Chinese reform policy and underlying GDP-growth conditions could give a sounder input for decision-making by domestic, European and global investors, Swedish and German companies included. The ambition of the paper is to contribute to a move from too much short-term to more medium- and long-term analysis of China’s development - an approach that should be promising also from a European corporate perspective.

  • 196.
    Fornander, Jenni
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Telkert, Emelie
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Vin i var mans portfölj?: En studie om vinets möjlighet till riskreduktion2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Titel: Vin i var mans portfölj? En studie om vinets möjlighet till riskreduktion

    Bakgrund: En portföljs totala risk kan härledas från både individuella tillgångars ackumulerade standardavvikelser och korrelationerna dem emellan. Genom att inkludera tillgångar med låg eller ingen samvarians kan portföljens risk sänkas utöver vad en diversifiering mellan ett stort antal tillgångar åstadkommer. Det uppstår således ett behov av att diversifiera mellan tillgångar med skiftande respons till marknadshändelser. Dock har olika marknader och tillgångsslag börjat korrelera allt mer vilket resulterat i att fördelarna med diversifiering har minskat. Den ökade samvariansen visar inga tecken på att avta och det föreligger därmed ett intresse i att söka andra marknader. Vin är en relativt ny investeringsmarknad med låga korrelationer till aktie- och obligationsmarknaden vilket gör vin tänkvärt ur ett diversifieringsperspektiv.

    Syfte: Syftet med studien är att undersöka om vin som investering är en bra källa till diversifiering med hänsyn till begränsade korrelationer, och om makroekonomiska faktorer kan förklara vinmarknadens prisrörelser samt dess korrelationsstruktur med andra marknader.

    Metod: Studien tar sin utgångspunkt i modern portföljvalsteori som förespråkar låga eller frånvarande korrelationer som ett medel för diversifiering. Hypoteser skapas utifrån en sammanlänkning mellan teori och uppmärksammat problem. De omfattar korrelation, orsakssamband och påverkan mellan valda variabler och vin och testas empiriskt genom olika statistiska tester. Korrelationerna undersöks genom en korrelationsmatris, både gällande utvecklingen och den övergripande för studerad tidsperiod. Orsakssambandet undersöks genom ett Granger Causality test och påverkan genom modellering av multipla regressioner som korrigeras för ARCH-effekter.

    Resultat: Erhållna resultat visar att vin har en begränsad korrelation med både råvaror och finansiella marknader. Studien finner inte att någon av de finansiella marknaderna eller de makroekonomiska variablerna orsakar förändringar i vinpriset på kort sikt men att ett antal påverkar vinets prisrörelser. Dessa samband kan förklara de korrelationer som föreligger men också avsaknaden av dem som uppkommit ur vinmarknadens brist på nära kopplingar till andra marknader. Inkluderingen av vin i en portfölj blir följaktligen gynnsam eftersom vinet har möjlighet att sänka den totala risken och därmed skifta den effektiva fronten. Vin kan ses som en alternativ investeringstillgång för att erhålla en bättre riskreducering.  

  • 197.
    Fridsén, Ellen
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Sjölander, Victoria
    A comparative study of the glass ceiling effect in Sweden, Great Britain and France: Is there a difference in the glass ceiling effect for women in these three countries and do the level of education and type of workplace matter?2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The inequality of the labour market has long been a discussed and studied topic and today we know that women earn less than their comparable male colleagues. Many studies have been conducted to find out if there is a glass ceiling effect for women in the labour market but most of these have used wages as their outcome variable. We wanted to see if women in the labour market face a glass ceiling when looking at the probability of holding a managerial position. We also wanted to see if there was any difference in the glass ceiling when comparing different countries so we studied the glass ceiling in Sweden, France and Great Britain. In order to study the glass ceiling, we use two separate probit regressions. The variable of interest in the first regression is the gender variable while in the other it is also an interaction term that shows the difference in the gender gaps between the private and public sector. The results show that there seems to be a glass ceiling effect in both France and Great Britain since the gender gap increases further up in the workplace hierarchy while the results for Sweden show that there is a gender gap throughout the workplace hierarchy. We also find that the gaps differ in the public and the private sector indicating that where you work can affect the probability of holding a managerial position.

  • 198.
    Fridsén, Ellen
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Sjölander, Victoria
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    The double disadvantage effect for immigrant women: Is there an earnings differential between native women and immigrant women with similar education and human capital in the Swedish labour market?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The migration has increased substantially during the last years and most countries struggle to integrate immigrants into the labour market. Since we also know from previous research that women are discriminated against due to their gender we want to investigate if immigrant women are facing an additional earnings differential because of their ethnicity. We study women with similar human capital and occupation in order to see if the initial earnings differential can be explained by these variables. Results indicate that there is no earnings differential remaining after controlling for human capital and occupation. However, there are differences in the results from the different fields of education and occupations. In some fields part of the earnings gap remain even after controlling for the explanatory variables.

  • 199.
    Fromlet, Hubert
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Avregleringar på finansmarknaden: kan Kina lära sig något av det svenska exemplet?2014In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 42, no 3, p. 72-82Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Avregleringar på finansmarknaden utgör en väsentlig del av Kinas påbörjade, omfattande reformprogram efter det s k Tredje Plenumet i november 2013. I artikeln undersöks i vad mån Kina kan dra nytta av en del negativa erfarenheter från den svenska finansiella avregleringsprocessen.

  • 200.
    Fromlet, Hubert
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    China's New Economic Policy: Changing Analytical Conditions for Financial Markets and Corporations2017In: Economic and Financial Review, ISSN 1351-3621, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 3-48Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    China is now undergoing changes, often backed up by well-known Western research. The author attempts to find modified or new analytical factors which corporations should focus on.

1234567 151 - 200 of 462
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf