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  • 151.
    Färdig, Robin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Den dubbelriktade relationen: Chefers uppfattning om medarbetares betydelse för det egna ledarskapet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien undersöker hur ledare ser på sitt eget ledarskap i relation till medarbetarna; det vill säga vilken roll ledarna uppfattar att medarbetarna spelar för det egna ledarskapet. Slutsatsen är att ledare huvudsakligen beskriver sitt ledarskap utifrån hur de ser på sin identitet, men inte beskriver sitt ledarskap utifrån interaktion och roller. Det egna ledarskapet beskrivs som stabilt, och medarbetarna beskrivs inte som påverkansfaktorer på det egna ledarskapet. Samtidigt ger ledare uttryck för att de önskar mer återkoppling från medarbetarna, och ledarna uppvisar ett behov av medarbetarna för att arbetet skall bli optimalt. Det finns således en motsägelse i hur ledarna talar om sitt ledarskap i relation till medarbetarna.

  • 152.
    Garcia, Danilo
    et al.
    Blekinge Centre of Competence;Blekinge County Council;University of Gothenburg;Lund University.
    Schütz, Erica
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    MacDonald, Shane
    Network for Empowerment and Well-Being, Sweden.
    Archer, Trevor
    University of Gothenburg.
    Differences in Happiness- Increasing Strategies Between and Within Affective Profiles2016In: Clincal Experimental Psychology, ISSN 2471-2701, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 1-7, article id 139Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In a recent study, Schütz and colleagues [1] used the affective profile model (i.e., the combination of peoples’ experience of high/low positive/negative affect) to investigate individual differences in intentional happiness-increasing strategies. Here we used a merged larger sample, a person-centered method to create the profiles, and a recent factor validated happiness-increasing strategies scale, to replicate the original findings. Method: The participants were 1,000 (404 males, 596 females) individuals recruited through Amazon’s Mechanical Turk (MTurk) who answered to the Positive Affect Negative Affect Schedule and the Happiness-Increasing Strategies Scales. Participants were clustered in the four affective profiles using the software RopStat (http://www. ropstat.com). Analyses of variance were conducted to discern differences in how frequently the strategies were used among people with different profiles. Results: Individuals with profiles at the extremes of the model (e.g., self-fulfilling vs. self-destructive) differed the most in their use of strategies. The differences within individuals with profiles that diverge in one affectivity dimension while being similar in the other suggested that, for example, decreases in negative affect while positive affect is low (self-destructive vs. low affective) will lead or might be a function of a decrease in usage of both the mental control and the passive leisure strategies. Conclusion: The self-fulfilling experience, depicted as high positive affect and low negative affect, is a combination of agentic (instrumental goal pursuit, active leisure, direct attempts), communal (social affiliation), and spiritual (religion) strategies. Nevertheless, the affective system showed the characteristics of a complex dynamic adaptive system: the same strategies might lead to different profiles (multi-finality) and different strategies might lead to the same profile (equifinality).

  • 153. Gauffin, Karl
    et al.
    Vinnerljung, Bo
    Fridell, Mats
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Hesse, Morten
    Hjern, Anders
    Childhood socio-economic status, school failure and drug abuse: a Swedish national cohort study2013In: Addiction, ISSN 0965-2140, E-ISSN 1360-0443, Vol. 108, no 8, p. 1441-1449Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim To investigate whether socio-economic status (SES) in childhood and school failure at 15 years of age predict illicit drug abuse in youth and young adulthood. Design setting and participantsRegister study in a Swedish national cohort born 1973-88 (n=1405763), followed from age 16 to 20-35 years. Cox regression analyses were used to calculate hazard ratios (HR) for any indication of drug abuse. Measurements Our outcomes were hospital admissions, death and criminality associated with illicit drug abuse. Data on socio-demographics, school grades and parental psychosocial problems were collected from censuses (1985 and 1990) and national registers. School failure was defined as having mean school grades from the final year in primary school lower than -1standard deviation and/or no grades in core subjects. Findings School failure was a strong predictor of illicit drug abuse with an HR of 5.87 (95% CI: 5.76-5.99) after adjustment for age and sex. Childhood SES was associated with illicit drug abuse later in life in a stepwise manner. The lowest stratum had a HR of 2.28 (95% CI: 2.20-2.37) compared with the highest stratum as the reference, when adjusted for other socio-demographic variables. In the fully adjusted model, the effect of SES was greatly attenuated to an HR of 1.23 (95% CI: 1.19-1.28) in the lowest SES category, while the effect of school failure remained high with an HR of 4.22 (95% CI: 4.13-4.31). Conclusions School failure and childhood socio-economic status predict illicit drug abuse independently in youth and young adults in Sweden.

  • 154.
    Gerleman, Malin
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Grahn, Melinda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Kan abstrakt tänkande öka gymnasieelevers kreativitet?2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 155.
    Gottfridsson, Katarina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Fredriksson, Nadja
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Hästunderstödd terapis betydelse för mentaliseringsförmåga och psykologisk flexibilitet: Ridterapeuters upplevelser2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Equine Assisted Therapy (EAT) is, from a psychological perspective, a relatively unexplored form of therapy where a horse is part of a treatment team. This study aimed to examine how the equine therapists experiences the meaning of EAT for the patient’s mentalization and psychological flexibility. The research questions were: What are the experiences of the equine therapists of the meaning of EAT for the patient’s mentalization? What are the experiences of the equine therapists of the meaning of EAT for the patient’s psychological flexibility? Using a qualitative semi-structured interview, the experiences of eleven practicing equine therapists were analysed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. The results showed that EAT had importance on a patient’s mentalization, specifically through attachment, emotional understanding, communication and comprehensibility. The results also showed that EAT could contribute to a patient’s psychological flexibility. Openness improved through the horse’s acceptance and non-judging attitude, the therapists’ use of metaphors and practice in reduced avoidance behavior. Centering improved through practice in mindfulness, body scan and self-as-context. The patient engaged with one’s values and committed action, which showed behavior change. The mentalization based model as well as the psychological flexibility model can play an important role in future research in and development of EAT guidelines.

  • 156.
    Granholm, Cecilia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Fjällström, Ann-Charlotte
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Upplevelsen av socialt stöd hos ensamstående föräldrar: En kvalitativ studie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats var att försöka förstå och beskriva hur socialt stöd upplevs av ensamstående, vilka relationer och nätverk som finns runt dem och vilka som saknas, hur de åtta informanter som deltog i studien definierade detta och hur deras egna subjektiva upplevelser av stöd var. Fem områden framkom; Föräldern och den före detta partnern, grannar, vänner och familj som stöd, myndigheternas stöd, psykisk hälsa och ohälsa och stöd och support online. Studien är baserad på kvalitativ metod och åtta semistrukturerade intervjuer har genomförts och analyserats med hjälp av tematisk innehållsanalys. Resultatet som framkom tyder på att det sociala stödet ofta är mycket viktigt och är till hjälp för flera av informanterna men att det också kan upplevas besvärligt och problematiskt i vissa fall. Stödet var väldigt olika för de åtta informanterna. I slutet av studien diskuteras resultaten med stöd av artiklar och det resultat som framkommit, samt metoden.

  • 157.
    Grundén, Ellinor
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Findahl, Rebecca
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Psykosocial arbetsmiljö hos högstadielärare: En kvantitativ studie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The teachers in Sweden experience a great pressure from different directions and previous studies has shown that social and organizational factors in their work are a major cause of mental illness. The experience of the psychosocial work depends on what level the individual experience psychological demands, control and social support. The purpose of this study was to see how secondary school teachers experience the psychosocial work environment in their workplace and if there is any difference depending on if they work in a bigger or smaller school. This study was conducted among secondary school teachers from six schools in southern Sweden where 69 teachers participated, 27 from bigger schools and 42 from smaller schools. To measure this QPS-Nordic34+ was used and also background questions and three added questions which concerned the desired social support. The psychosocial work environment among the participants looked good in general. The result did not show any statistically significant difference between the smaller and bigger schools concerning the experience of the psychosocial work environment or desired social support. But there were significant correlations between age, number of years as a teacher, number of years at current workplace and the experience of the psychosocial work environment.

  • 158.
    Gullbing, Lydia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Wickström, Vendela
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Effekten av assisterande teknik på aspekter av läsning hos gymnasieelever med dyslexi och grava läs- och skrivsvårigheter: En interventionsstudie2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 159.
    Gunnarsson, Helena E. M.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    The influence of different pain states on pain perception and cognitive functions2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The general aim of this thesis was to investigate the effect of different pain stateson pain perception and cognition.In the first study, the effect of different pain qualities (duration, persistence, andintensity) on deep pressure pain thresholds in a pain-free body part among patientswith acute pain, long-lasting regularly recurrent pain, and long-lasting persistentpain, and pain-free controls was investigated. Such general deep pressure painthresholds were only significantly lower in the group with long-lasting persistentpain when compared to the healthy controls, suggesting that deep tissuehypersensitivity primarily occurs in patients with long-lasting, persistent pain.In the second study, the relationship between the same pain qualities and cognitiveperformance in the form of sustained attention, cognitive control, and psychomotorability was investigated. Overall, patients with long-lasting, persistent pain showedcognitive impairment on a wider range of cognitive tasks compared to patients withacute or long-lasting, regularly recurrent pain, using pain free controls asbenchmark. The results further suggest that persistence and duration, rather thanpain intensity, contribute to impaired cognitive function in clinical musculoskeletalpain states.In the third study, the effect of acute, experimental pain on abstraction wasexamined in a laboratory experiment where pain was induced with a cold pressorapparatus. The results were consistent with the null hypothesis, suggesting thatabstraction is immune to acute, experimental pain.In the fourth study, the correlation between clinical pain, abstraction and selfcontrolwas examined in patients suffering from musculoskeletal pain of differentduration, persistence and intensity. The results suggest that abstract thinking isreduced with increasing pain intensity and pain persistence. This was also the casefor self-control, although depression seems to mediate this relationship.In conclusion, compared to other pain states, patients who experience long-term,persistent pain, seem to suffer from a broader range of impaired cognitive abilities.Further, deep tissue hypersensitivity seems to develop in patients with long-termpersistent pain, but not in other pain states, which may contribute to the impairedcognitive performance observed in this patient group. The results have importantpractical implications for patients in the clinic and their everyday lives.

  • 160.
    Gunnarsson, Helena E. M.
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology. Helsa Vårdcent, Osby.
    Agerström, Jens
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Clinical pain, abstraction, and self-control: being in pain makes it harder to see the forest for the trees and is associated with lower self-control2018In: Journal of Pain Research, ISSN 1178-7090, E-ISSN 1178-7090, Vol. 11, p. 1105-1114Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: Although abstract thinking is a fundamental dimension of human cognition, it has received scant attention in research on pain and cognition. We hypothesized that physical pain impairs abstraction, because when people experience pain at high intensity levels, attention becomes concretely focused on the self in the here and now, where little else matters than finding relief for the pain they are currently experiencing. We also examined the relationship between pain and self-control, predicting that pain would debilitate self-control. Patients and methods: Abstraction and self-reported self-control were assessed in 109 patients with musculoskeletal pain. The influence of specific pain qualities, such as pain intensity, pain interference with daily activities, pain duration, and pain persistence, was examined. Furthermore, we assessed other factors (e.g., anxiety, depression, and fatigue) that could be assumed to play a role in the pain experience and in cognitive performance. Results: Higher pain intensity and persistence were associated with less abstract thinking. Furthermore, self-control decreased with greater pain intensity, persistence, and self-reported pain interference with daily activities. Self-reported depressive symptoms mediated the overall relationship between pain and self-control. Conclusion: Abstraction is compromised in patients reporting higher pain intensity and persistence. Different dimensions of pain also predict lower self-control although depression seems to account for the relationship between overall pain and self-control. The current study is the first to report an association between clinical musculoskeletal pain and abstraction. The results suggest that pain patients may suffer from a broader range of cognitive disadvantages than previously believed.

  • 161.
    Gunnarsson, Helena E. M.
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology. Neron HSU AB, Osby.
    Grahn, Birgitta
    Lund University ; Reg Skåne ; Reg Kronoberg.
    Agerström, Jens
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Impaired psychomotor ability and attention in patients with persistent pain: a cross-sectional comparative study2016In: Journal of Pain Research, ISSN 1178-7090, E-ISSN 1178-7090, Vol. 9, p. 825-835Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and aims: Patients with pain have shown cognitive impairment across various domains. Although the pain qualities vary among patients, research has overlooked how cognitive performance is affected by the duration and persistence of pain. The current study sought to fill this gap by examining how qualitatively different pain states relate to the following cognitive functions: sustained attention, cognitive control, and psychomotor ability. Patients and methods: Patients with musculoskeletal pain in primary care were divided into three pain groups: acute pain (duration <3 months), regularly recurrent pain (duration >3 months), and persistent pain (duration >3 months). These groups were then compared with healthy controls. The MapCog Spectra Test, the Color Word Test, and the Grooved Pegboard Test were used to measure sustained attention, cognitive control, and psychomotor ability, respectively. Results: Patients with persistent pain showed significantly worse sustained attention and psychomotor ability compared with healthy controls. The acute pain group showed a significant decrease in psychomotor ability, and the regularly recurrent pain group showed a significant decrease in sustained attention. These results remained unchanged when age, education, and medication were taken into account. Conclusion: Persistent musculoskeletal pain seems to impair performance on a wider range of cognitive tasks than acute or regularly recurrent pain, using pain-free individuals as a benchmark. However, there is some evidence of impairment in psychomotor ability among patients with acute pain and some impairment in sustained attention among patients with regularly recurrent pain.

  • 162.
    Gunnarsson, Helena E. M.
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology. Hälsoringen, Neron HSU AB, Osby.
    Grahn, Birgitta
    Lund University ; Region Skåne ; Region Kronoberg.
    Agerström, Jens
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology. jens.agerstrom@lnu.se.
    Increased deep pain sensitivity in persistent musculoskeletal pain but not in other musculoskeletal pain states2016In: Scandinavian Journal of Pain, ISSN 1877-8860, E-ISSN 1877-8879, Vol. 13, p. 1-5Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BackgroundPressure pain thresholds (PPTs) in a non-painful body area are known to be affected in some chronic pain states. The aim of this study is to investigate PPTs in a pain-free body part in relation to pain persistence and intensity in patients with musculoskeletal pain. MethodsPatients with musculoskeletal pain were divided into three different pain groups: acute pain (pain duration < 3 months, n = 38), regularly recurrent pain (regularly recurrent pain duration > 3 months, n = 56), persistent pain (persistent pain duration > 3 months, n = 52) and a healthy control group (n = 51). PPT measures were conducted over the tibialis anterior muscle on the right leg in all groups. ResultsThe persistent pain group showed significantly lower PPTs over the tibialis anterior muscle compared to controls. No significant differences were found between the acute and regularly recurrent pain groups compared to healthy controls. Significant correlations, albeit small, were found between pain intensity and PPTs. ConclusionsIncreased deep pain sensitivity was found in patients with persistent musculoskeletal pain, but not in regularly recurrent pain or in acute pain. Yet, a limitation of the study is that it did not have sufficient power to detect small levels of increased deep pain sensitivity among the latter groups when compared to healthy controls. Implications: Knowledge about increased general hypersensitivity in persistent musculoskeletal pain could be important in clinical treatment.

  • 163.
    Gustafson, Stefan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Nordström, Thomas
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Andersson, Ulrika B.
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Fälth, Linda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Ingvar, Martin
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Effects of a formative assessment system on early reading development2019In: Education, ISSN 0013-1172, Vol. 140, no 1, p. 17-27Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present quantitative results from the pilot-year of a large scale Swedish educational project in reading development called LegiLexi, inspired by research within the Response to intervention and Formative assessment traditions. The vision of the project is that every pupil should reach adequate reading skills at the end of grade 3 in primary school. LegiLexi contains a formative assessment tool and a teacher course, which are linked together. We describe LegiLexi and analyze quantitative effects of the pilot year regarding reading development for pupils in grade 1. The design included three conditions; full access to LegiLexi, access only to the formative assessment tool, and control. Results showed that the group with full access to LegiLexi improved their word decoding and reading comprehension the most. For language comprehension, the Formative assessment only group showed the highest improvements. Thus, the features of LegiLexi seem to help enhance critical reading skills. Some changes will be made in the project to strengthen methodological aspects and further facilitate pupils’ reading development.

  • 164.
    Gustafson, Stefan
    et al.
    Linköping University.
    Svensson, Idor
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Fälth, Linda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Response to Intervention and Dynamic Assessment: Implementing Systematic, Dynamic and Individualised Interventions in Primary School2014In: International journal of disability, development and education, ISSN 1034-912X, E-ISSN 1465-346X, Vol. 61, no 1, p. 27-43Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, response to intervention (RTI) has been the focus of research, debate and educational implementations, especially regarding early reading instruction. RTI provides an educational framework characterised by different tiers or layers of instruction, providing increasingly more intense and individualised interventions for children in primary school. The purpose is to provide high-quality instruction to meet the needs of all learners by means of a systematic and dynamic approach. RTI can also serve as a source of information for disability determination. Dynamic assessment (DA) is a concept closely related to RTI, although DA focuses on individual learners regardless of the educational system and has a much shorter time frame than RTI. The present article provides a description and comparison of RTI and DA and an analysis of the merits and limitations of these concepts, based on the debates between researchers. It also discusses how DA could be used within a broader RTI system. Finally, we discuss the roles of cognitive or neuropsychological assessments in relation to RTI.

  • 165.
    Haddad, Bobby
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Ångman, Mia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Dark Triad, Sociosexuell orientering och Religiositet. – En sambands- och moderationsstudie.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between the Dark Triad (the

    dark personality traits Machiavellianism, narcissism and psychopathy), Sociosexual

    orientation (behavior, attitude and desire to participate in uncommited sex) and Religiosity.

    A correlation analysis was used to investigate the association between variables and a

    moderating multiple regressionanalysis (MMR) was used to investigate if Religiosity

    moderated the effect of the Dark Triad on Sociosexual orientation. The participants

    consisted of US-residents (N = 309) who responded to an online survey through Amazon

    Mechanical Turk (MTurk) comprising The Dark Triad Dirty Dozen (DTDD) and the

    Revised Sociosexual Orientation Inventory (SOI-R). In addition participants also stated

    religious affiliation / no religious affiliation. Dark Triad had a positive relationship with

    sociosexual orientation, but no relationship with religiosity. Sociosexual orientation had a

    negative relationship with religiosity. Religiosity did not moderate the effect of Dark Triad

    on sociosexual orientation. The results partially confirm previous research. Although

    religiosity failed to moderate the effect of Dark Triad on sociosexual orientation, this

    relation should be investigated further since no previous research has been done in this field

    of research.

  • 166.
    Hallberg, Jonas
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden;Karolinska University Hospital, Sweden.
    Kaldo, Viktor
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden;Stockholm County Council, Sweden.
    Arver, Stefan
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden;Karolinska University Hospital, Sweden.
    Dhejne, Cecilia
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden;Stockholm County Council, Sweden.
    Jokinen, Jussi
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden;Stockholm County Council, Sweden;Umeå University, Sweden.
    Oberg, Katarina Gorts
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden;Karolinska University Hospital, Sweden.
    A Randomized Controlled Study of Group-Administered Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Hypersexual Disorder in Men2019In: Journal of Sexual Medicine, ISSN 1743-6095, E-ISSN 1743-6109, Vol. 16, no 5, p. 733-745Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Hypersexual disorder (HD) is defined as a condition in which the individual loses control over engagement in sexual behaviors, leading to distress and negative effects on key life areas. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has been proven to reduce symptoms of hypersexual behavior; however, no randomized controlled study of CBT interventions for HD has been reported previously. Aim: To investigate the efficacy of group-administered CBT for HD. Methods: Male participants (n = 137) diagnosed with HD, were randomized between 7 weeks of group-administered CBT (n = 70) and a waitlist control receiving the intervention after 8 weeks (n = 67). Measurements were administered at pre-, mid-, and posttreatment, with follow-up after 3 and 6 months. Outcomes: The primary outcome was the Hypersexual Disorder: Current Assessment Scale (HD: CAS), and secondary outcomes were the Sexual Compulsivity Scale (SCS) and measures of depression (Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS-S), psychological distress (Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation Outcome Measure (CORE-OM), and treatment satisfaction (CSQ-8). Results: A significantly greater decrease in HD symptoms and sexual compulsivity, as well as significantly greater improvements in psychiatric well-being, were found for the treatment condition compared with the waitlist. These effects remained stable at 3 and 6 months after treatment. Clinical Implications: CBT can ameliorate HD symptoms and psychiatric distress, suggesting that the CBT program may serve as a first-line treatment in clinical settings. Strengths & Limitations: This is the first randomized controlled study evaluating the efficacy of a CBT programin a rather large sample of HD-specific diagnosed men. The long-termtreatment effects are vague due to the low response rate on follow-up measurements, and the efficacy of this program for hypersexual women remains unknown. Conclusion: This study supports the efficacy of a group-administered CBT program as a treatment option for HD; however, future studies should include women, comprise dismantling analysis of the constituting interventions, and evaluate other treatment formats, for example, administration via the Internet. Copyright (C) 2019, International Society for Sexual Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  • 167.
    Halm, Pauline
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Möhring, Julia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    The Dark Triad and Moral Decision-Making at the Workplace2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 168.
    Hamlett, Eric D.
    et al.
    Medical University of Southern Carolina, USA ; University of Denver, USA.
    Goetzl, Edward J.
    Jewish Home of San Francisco, USA ; University of California, USA.
    Ledreux, Aurélie
    Medical University of Southern Carolina, USA ; University of Denver, USA.
    Vasilevko, Vitaly
    University of California, USA.
    Boger, Heather A.
    Medical University of Southern Carolina, USA.
    LaRosa, Angela
    Medical University of Southern Carolina, USA.
    Clark, David
    Medical University of Southern Carolina, USA.
    Carroll, Steven L.
    Medical University of Southern Carolina, USA.
    Carmona-Iragui, María
    Biomedical Research Institute Sant Pau, Spain ; Down Medical Centre, Spain.
    Fortea, Juan
    Biomedical Research Institute Sant Pau, Spain ; Down Medical Centre, Spain.
    Mufson, Elliott J.
    Barrow Neurological Institute, USA.
    Sabbagh, Marwan
    Barrow Neurological Institute, USA.
    Mohammed, Abdul K. H.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology. Karolinska Institutet.
    Hartley, Dean
    Alzheimer's Association, USA.
    Doran, Eric
    University of California, USA.
    Lott, Ira T.
    University of California, USA.
    Granholm, Ann-Charlotte
    Medical University of Southern Carolina, USA.
    Neuronal exosomes reveal Alzheimer's disease biomarkers in Down syndrome2017In: Alzheimer's & Dementia, ISSN 1552-5260, E-ISSN 1552-5279, Vol. 13, no 5, p. 541-549Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    INTRODUCTION: Individuals with Down syndrome (DS) exhibit Alzheimer's disease (AD) neuropathology and dementia early in life. Blood biomarkers of AD neuropathology would be valuable, as non-AD intellectual disabilities of DS and AD dementia overlap clinically. We hypothesized that elevations of amyloid-β (Aβ) peptides and phosphorylated-tau in neuronal exosomes may document preclinical AD.

    METHODS: AD neuropathogenic proteins Aβ1-42, P-T181-tau, and P-S396-tau were quantified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays in extracts of neuronal exosomes purified from blood of individuals with DS and age-matched controls.

    RESULTS: Neuronal exosome levels of Aβ1-42, P-T181-tau, and P-S396-tau were significantly elevated in individuals with DS compared with age-matched controls at all ages beginning in childhood. No significant gender differences were observed.

    DISCUSSION: These early increases in Aβ1-42, P-T181-tau, and P-S396-tau in individuals with DS may provide a basis for early intervention as targeted treatments become available.

  • 169.
    Hamnert, Frida
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Waern, Magdalena
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Vad predicerar vilja till vidare studier?: Akademisk motivation, locus of control, kön, mammas utbildningsnivå och pappas utbildningsnivå.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explore willingness to engage in higher education by calculating the chosen predictors’ explanatory variance. A questionnaire based survey was conducted on 144 senior high school students, to see whether their academic motivation type, locus of control, parental education level and sex could predict their willingness to engage in higher education. The dependent variable was constructed for the purpose of the study and was tested in a pilot study, and produced a Cronbach’s alpha of .93. The instrument measured the students willingness to higher education based on desire, attitude and behaviour. The result showed an explained variance of 59,9 % for all predictors, where external academic motivation was the strongest predictor for willingness to engage in higher education. The mother’s, but not the father’s, education level contributed significantly to the variance, as did academic amotivation and locus of control. The result can increase the status of external motivation as a tool in education, but also gives rise to further questions, for example regarding parents influence on students’ willingness to engage in higher education. There are limits in the way the result can be interpreted and generalized, due to the sampling process.

  • 170.
    Hannani, Malin
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Kadic, Arnela
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Alltid tillgänglig: En kvalitativ studie om upplevd stress bland egenföretagare och deras gränslösa arbetsliv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte har varit att undersöka hur egenföretagare upplever stress i förhållande till tillgänglighet, flexibilitet och gränslöst arbete. Utifrån en kvalitativ forskningsdesign i form av intervjuer med åtta egenföretagare samt innehållsanalys som analysmetod lades grunden för uppsatsens resultatdel. Tidigare studiers rön förstärktes i denna undersökning; kontroll i arbetet upplevdes bidra till minskad stressupplevelse, medan de negativa stress-upplevelserna upplevdes förstärkas av ökade krav på tillgänglighet och flexibilitet, den ekonomiska faktorn, brist på återhämtning samt hög arbetsbelastning. Dock fanns tendenser som tyder på att upplevelsen av stress beror på hur många år informanten drivit sitt företag – de som drivit sitt företag i fler än fem år rapporterade mindre stress än de informanter som drivit sitt företag i färre än fem år. Avslutningsvis tyder det mesta på att ökade krav på tillgänglighet i arbetslivet, brist på återhämtning samt det gränslösa arbetet i allra högsta grad påverkar upplevelsen av stress negativt.

  • 171.
    Hansson, Boel
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Gelineo, Jennie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    ”Här blir man bemött som den person man är”: Daglig verksamhet ur ett deltagarperspektiv med fokus på KASAM och motivation2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna kvalitativa studie var att skildra daglig verksamhet enligt LSS ur ett deltagarperspektiv. Data insamlades genom semistrukturerade intervjuer med nio deltagare i daglig verksamhet. Materialet analyserades utifrån två olika fokus, det ena med utgångspunkt i Antonovskys teori om Känsla av sammanhang, KASAM, där det undersökts huruvida sysselsättningen ger möjlighet till meningsfullhet, begriplighet och hanterbarhet. Studien visade att daglig verksamhet kan ha en hälsofrämjande inverkan på deltagarna genom att stärka deras individuella Känsla av sammanhang. Ett andra fokus var motivation utifrån Herzbergs tvåfaktorteori, för att undersöka vad som motiverar till deltagande i en sysselsättning utan ekonomiska incitament. Resultaten indikerade att daglig verksamhet domineras av hygienfaktorer, men att deltagarna har många incitament till daglig verksamhet vilka inte är kopplade till ekonomisk ersättning.

  • 172.
    Hasanov, Deniz
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Lodén, Anton
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Uppfattningar av mening i vår samtid: En hermeneutisk studie och tematisk analys av människors nutida uppfattningar om mening2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is a research on how people describe meaning from themselves in relation to our time. For this purpose, psychological areas such as existential, positive and religious psychology as well as parts of religion and existential philosophy has been utilized. The study’s empirical data has been gathered from interviews with four informants who have been recruited through a convenience sample at a university in southern Sweden. The material has subsequently been interpreted and analyzed based on hermeneutic methodology and thematic analysis. What emerged from the study as important for the perception of meaning was freedom and the informants' intention to have a future family, on the other hand, meaning was not considered a final destination or a goal, but it was described as a changing process in which several factors play a role.

  • 173.
    Hasic, Jasmina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Syliane, Duval
    Vad driver oss till att vilja vara fysiskt aktiva?: En kvantitativ studie om inre motivation, self-efficacy och fysisk aktivitet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 174.
    Hatic, Amer
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Popovici Valenzuela, Mikaela
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Läser jag bättre eller minns jag bra?: Grundskoleelevers förmåga till ordavkodning vid upprepad mätning och förekomst av igenkänningseffekt i LäSt2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Approximately 20% of the population suffer from a reading- or writing disability. In order to aid students with such disabilities reliable and valid reading tests are warranted. LäSt is a Swedish standardised reading test currently well-used nationally to measure children’s ability to decode words. Decoding encompasses the making of connections between single letters and words and their correct sounds, and therefore constitutes a central technical aspect of reading. There is evidence to show that some common psychological tests, including reading tests, display a retest-effect, whereby individual’s results increase over time as a result of repeated test administration. The aim of the current study is to investigate whether such a retest-effect is pronounced when LäSt is repeatedly administered to a sample of students in year 4 and 6. 

    In sum, 92 students from 4 different schools in Sweden took part in the study. They completed LäSt at three separate times during a time interval of 8 weeks. Testing 1 was completed in the first week, testing 2 was completed in the second week, and testing 3 was completed in the eight week. 

    A significant retest-effect was found indicating that students’ results on LäSt increased with each administration. There was no difference in retest-effect between boys and girls, students in year 4 and year 6, or monolingual and multilingual students. A significant difference emerged between students who had a very low word decoding ability (poor decoders) and those who had a very high word decoding ability (good decoders). Poor decoders showcased a stronger retest-effect on the sub-test Words than good decoders. No such effect was found for the sub-test Non-words. 

    The current results indicate that repeated testing with LäSt yields improved results over time due to familiarity. These findings have implications for how one should interpret students’ test scores over time, as well as how often LäSt should be administered. The findings and their implications are further discussed in relation to previous research. 

  • 175.
    Hatic, Anel
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sturesson, Peter
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sambandet mellan universitetsstudenters skärmtid, sömn och upplevd stress: En korrelationsstudie2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between stress, sleep and screen time on smartphones. The sample consisted of a total of 81 people at a university in southern Sweden. Two hypotheses were tested. 1: High degree of actual screen time is related to a high subjective stress experience and high degree of sleep disturbance. 2: Low levels of stress are associated with low levels of sleep disturbance. In the data collection, Perceived stress scale 10 (PSS-10) and Karolinska sleep questionnaire (KSQ) were used. To measure screen time, two questions were designed, one aimed at measuring individual's subjective experience of the amount of screen time and one to measure the actual amount that can be read through a function on an individual's smartphone. The result for Hypothesis 1 showed that actual screen time did not co-vary with stress or sleep disturbance. Furthermore, the group, high actual screen time exceeding 29 h / week was also compared with the variables stress and sleep disturbance. The result indicated that a high actual screen time and stress did not correlate, and high actual screen time and sleep disturbances did not correlate either. The result for Hypothesis 2 showed a negatively significant correlation between the variables stress and sleep disorders. This meant that high values of total KSQ, less sleep disturbances, correlated with low values of PSS-10, low levels of stress. In summary, the study's results showed that actual screen time did not correlate with neither stress nor sleep disturbance. However, a correlation was found between the variables stress and sleep disturbance.

  • 176.
    Heath, Amanda J.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Emotional working memory training, work demands, stress and anxiety in cognitive performance and decision-making under uncertainty2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study seeks to bring together literature on decision-making, the effects of work-related demands and stress, and individual differences in trait anxiety on near and far transfer effects of emotional working memory training (eWM). A sample of 31 students and working participants underwent emotional working memory training through an adaptive dual n-back method or a placebo face match training task for 14 days. Pre- and post-training measures were taken of a near transfer task, digit span, medium transfer measure of executive control, emotional Stroop, and a far transfer task of decision-making under uncertainty, the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT). In line with previous studies, eWM was expected to show gains in transfer task performance between pre- and post-training, and, especially for those scoring high on trait anxiety and workplace measures of stress demands (taken from COPSOQ), for whom there is more scope for improvement in emotional regulation. Gains in emotional Stroop specifically were further expected to show support for the effects of eWM training on emotional well-being in addition to decision-making. Results fell short of replicating previous work on transfer gains, though interference effects in Stroop did lessen in the eWM training group. Relationships between work demands, anxiety, stress and performance in the training itself, reinforce previous research showing that work stress and anxiety lead to cognitive failures, highlighting the importance of intervention studies in the organizational field, but they were not linked to benefits of the training. Resource and methodological limitations of the current study are considered, especially those involved in conducting pre-post designs and cognitive testing online.

  • 177.
    Hedlin, Maria
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Johansson, Caroline
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Men who are preschool teachers handling distrust2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 178.
    Hedlin, Maria
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Johansson, Caroline
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Preschool-teacher and man: Handling gender-specific expectations.2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 179.
    Hedlin, Maria
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education and Teacher's Practice.
    Johansson, Caroline
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Touch in preschool - care or risk?: Paperpresentation.2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 180.
    Hedlin, Maria
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education and Teacher's Practice.
    Åberg, Magnus
    Karlstads universitet, Sweden.
    Johansson, Caroline
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Fun guy and possible perpetrator: an interview study of how men are positioned within early childhood education and care2019In: Education Inquiry, ISSN 2000-4508, E-ISSN 2000-4508, Vol. 10, no 2, p. 95-115Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many countries call for more men to be teachers in early childhood education and care (ECEC). In Sweden, the issue has been discussed since the early 1970s, but despite these discussions there is little Swedish research that examines the notions and expectations associated with male teachers. International research has found that perceptions of men in ECEC can be very ambivalent and that physical contact between the male educator and children is a sensitive issue. By focusing on the interaction between educators and children, the purpose of this study is to investigate gender-specific beliefs about male preschool teachers. The empirical material consists of interviews with 50 informants. Of these, 17 are men and 33 are women. The results show that “the fun guy” and “the possible perpetrator” are two gender-specific positions that male informants are subjected to. The article discusses how men take up and resist the two positions, and argues for the need to further challenge gendered stereotypes in preschools.

  • 181.
    Hedlin, Maria
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education and Teacher's Practice.
    Åberg, Magnus
    Karlstad university, Sweden.
    Johansson, Caroline
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Too much, too little: Preschool teachers’ perceptions of the boundaries of adequate touching2019In: Pedagogy, Culture & Society, ISSN 1468-1366, E-ISSN 1747-5104, Vol. 27, no 3, p. 485-502Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the present study we focus on physical touch that is judged to be just outside what is considered to be 'normal'. We explore how preschool teachers describe and explain situations where educators give children too much or too little touching. Semi-structured interviews have been conducted with 30 qualified preschool teachers working in Swedish preschools. When the informants talk about situations where educators give children too much touching, the descriptions involve a behaviour that does not lie within the preschool mission, teachers who do not set boundaries, and actions that have disadvantages for the children. On the other hand, situations where educators give children too little touching are described solely with reference to the teacher and that person's fear or cold personality. The results have been interpreted in relation to the discourse of preschool professionalisation and Hochschild's theory of emotional labour.

  • 182.
    Heinonen, Essi
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet;Karolinska University Hospital.
    Szymanska-von Schultz, Barbara
    Karolinska Institutet;Karolinska University Hospital.
    Kaldo, Viktor
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology. Karolinska Institutet;Stockholm Hlth Care Reg.
    Nasiell, Josefine
    Karolinska Institutet;Karolinska University Hospital.
    Andersson, Ewa
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Bergmark, Mikaela
    Stockholm Hlth Care Reg.
    Blomdahl-Wetterholm, Margareta
    Stockholm Hlth Care Reg.
    Forsberg, Lisa
    Forsell, Erik
    Karolinska Institutet;Stockholm Hlth Care Reg.
    Forsgren, Anna
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Froojd, Sandra
    Stockholm Hlth Care Reg.
    Goldman, Amy
    Stockholm Hlth Care Reg.
    Nordenadler, Eva-Mari
    Stockholm Hlth Care Reg.
    Sklivanioti, Myrto
    Stockholm Hlth Care Reg.
    Blennow, Mats
    Karolinska Institutet;Karolinska University Hospital.
    Wide, Katarina
    Karolinska Institutet;Karolinska University Hospital.
    Gustafsson, Lars L.
    Karolinska Institutet;Karolinska University Hospital.
    MAGDALENA: study protocol of a randomised, placebo-controlled trial on cognitive development at 2 years of age in children exposed to SSRI in utero2018In: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 8, no 8, article id e023281Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction Ten per cent of all pregnant women are depressed. Standard therapy of pregnant women with moderate depression is selective serotonin reuptakeinhibitors (SSRI). Observational studies on neurodevelopment after fetal SSRI exposure show conflicting results. Our primary objective is to compare the cognitive development in children exposed to sertraline and maternal depression with those exposed to maternal depression and placebo in utero. We hypothesise that there is a significant neurodevelopmental difference between the groups. As a secondary objective, we study the add-on effect of sertraline to internet-based cognitive behavioural therapy (ICBT) to treat moderate depression during pregnancy. Methods and analysis MAGDALENA is a randomised, placebo-controlled, double-blinded trial in Stockholm Healthcare Region with 2.3 million inhabitants. The women are recruited in weeks 9-21 of pregnancy either through Antenatal Health Clinics or through social media. They are to be diagnosed with moderate depression without ongoing antidepressive therapy or any serious comorbidity. The women in the intervention arm receive sertraline combined with a 12-week period of ICBT; the control arm is treated with placebo and ICBT. We assess the cognitive development in the offspring at the age of 2 years using Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, third edition (BSID-III). We aim at recruiting 200 women, 100 women in each treatment arm, to ensure statistical power to detect a clinically relevant difference between the groups. Ethics and dissemination This randomised trial will provide long-sought evidence about the effects of SSRI and maternal depression during pregnancy on the neurodevelopment in the offspring. The study is approved by the Regional Ethical Review Board at Karolinska Institutet in Stockholm and the Swedish Medical Products Agency. It is registered with the European Clinical Trials Database (EudraCT), Number: 2013-004444-31. Results will be disseminated at scientific conferences, published in peer-reviewed journals and made available to the public.

  • 183.
    Henningsson, Marianne
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Blicharska, Malgorzata
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Antonson, Hans
    VTI Swedish National Road and Transport Institute, Linköping.
    Mikusinski, Grzegorz
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Göransson, Görgen
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science.
    Angelstam, Per
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Folkeson, Lennart
    VTI Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Linköping.
    Jönsson-Ekström, Sofia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Perceived landscape values and public participation in a road-planning process - a case study in Sweden2015In: Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, ISSN 0964-0568, E-ISSN 1360-0559, Vol. 58, no 4, p. 631-653Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The European Landscape Convention indicates that assessment of different dimensions that exist in landscapes should be taken into account in planning. In this study, we first investigated ecological, cultural and social values as perceived by the local people in a highway-planning process in Sweden. Next, we explored which factors influenced the local people's participation in the road-planning process. We used questionnaires, planning documents and the Theory of Planned Behavior to investigate the relations between different factors and local people's participation in the planning process. The results showed that people presumed the ecological values in the landscape to be adversely affected by the new road, while the social values would remain the same. Landowners had heard of the participatory-process, but few participated. Those who lived within 300m of the road were more active in the planning process than people living further away. The findings suggest that people living within a few hundred metres of the road should be treated as key stakeholders in the planning process. The involvement of other stakeholders, and when in the public participation process stakeholders should be involved, is also discussed.

  • 184.
    Henningsson, Marianne
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Jönsson-Ekström, Sofia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Borgö, Monika
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Landscape Values and participation in four Baltic Sea countries2013Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 185.
    Henriksson, Linn
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Svensson, Linnea
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Lärare och föräldrar: En intervjustudie om relationen mellan lärare och föräldrar2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The school is in constant development. Parents are increasingly engaged in their childrens'  school performance. New demands emerge on the relationship between teachers and parents. And this also affects the teachers' mental work environment. This study therefore aims to examine teachers' perception of their relationship with the parents. Partly how they perceive the relationship and partly how the teachers perceive that their mental work environment is affected by this relationship. Seven active teachers have been interviewed, four who work in the upper secondary school and three who work in high school. The interviews were semi-structured and the material was compiled through a content analysis. The study showed, among other things, that the teachers' perception of the meeting with parents was mostly positive and unproblematic. The study also discuss situations when this was not the case. There was a certain difference between high school and upper secondary school teachers. The high school teachers in the study both have and feel that they have more demands on parenting. What was important for good mental work environment were good parent relationships and support from colleagues at work. Common to many of the informants was that there was a desire for even more contact with parents', in order to favor the child's schooling and performance.

     

    Keywords: teachers, parents, school, mental work environment

  • 186.
    Henriksson, Pernilla
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Är du nyfiken på eller rädd för hypnos?: En kvantitativ undersökning om attityder till hypnos och variabler som kan ha betydelse för attityden2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats och enkätundersökning var att undersöka vilka attityder som råder till hypnos bland ett brett urval av människor. De variabler som förväntades kunna predicera attityden var: egen erfarenhet av hypnos, motivation att göra en förändring, kännedom om alternativa behandlingsmetoder, personlighetsdimensionen Openness, andlighet/transcendens, och där kön togs med som kontrollvariabel. Regressionsanalysen visade på en signifikant modell som förklarade variansen med ca 30%. Två variabler var signifikanta: egen erfarenhet av hypnos och kännedom om alternativa metoder. Motivation visade på en trend till signifikans. Trots att endast ca 13% hade egen erfarenhet av hypnos var denna variabel drivande i modellen. Resultatet visade sammanfattningsvis på en generellt mer positiv attityd till och intresse för hypnos, än en negativ attityd och rädsla. Urvalet bestod av en övervägande andel kvinnor vilket påverkar resultatets generaliserbarhet. En fråga för framtida forskning är vilka variabler som bidrar till att man inledningsvis använder sig av hypnos.

  • 187.
    Herbert, Anna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Didactics, learning and leadership in higher education: Understanding Strategy development2018In: NERA 2018 - 46th CONGRESS. Educational Research: Boundaries, Breaches and Bridges: Abstracts, 2018, p. 502-502Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 188.
    Herbert, Anna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Didactics, Learning and Leadership in Higher Education: Understanding Strategy Development2018 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Didactics, Learning and Leadership in Higher Education presents a new model for understanding development strategies for learning and leadership. It describes a shift in perspectives on teaching practices and develops concepts which facilitate a new discourse, placing learning and teaching strategies on the agenda and ensuring the development of good leadership practices inherent to teaching.

    By applying Lacanian discourses to Klafki’s triangle in relation to learning strategies, this innovative new text aids discussion of the diff erences between terms such as ‘performance’ and ‘performativity’, ‘acting’ and ‘actorship’ to enable teaching staff to utilise practical applications and teach most eff ectively. It examines key points such as the likely outcomes of specifi c leadership strategies and how they can be adapted, thus creating an essential dialogue between students and teachers.

    Combining research in the fi elds of philosophy, psychology, economics, geography and sociology describing a change in relation to use of time, space and management of matter, Didactics, Learning and Leadership in Higher Education is a key text for all those involved in teaching within higher education.

  • 189.
    Herbert, Anna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Esthetics and Tacit Dimensions of Pedagogy2013In: ECER 2013, Creativity and Innovation in Educational Research: Network:29. Research on Arts Education, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 190.
    Herbert, Anna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Learning Strategies: New Routes for Students to Master University2014In: Performativity, Materiality and Time: Tacit Dimensions of Pedagogy / [ed] Anja Kraus, Mie Buhl, Gerd-Bodo von Carlsburg, Munster/ New York,: Waxmann Verlag, 2014, 1, p. 135-148Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 191.
    Herbert, Anna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Media, Simulacra and the Gaze in Pedagogy2013In: ECER 2013, Creativity and Innovation in Educational Research: Network:06. Open Learning: Media, Environments and Cultures, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The accumulation of knowledge is seen to facilitate personal development. Masschelein & Koller (2003) argue that production of knowledge is a kind of ‘hard currency’. Through ranking and self-ranking a student becomes the object of his/her own judgement. At first the parents help the child to rank behaviors, then school is more or less working as Foucault’s panopticon, producing a desirable self-regulation. The gaze is central to this mastery (Lacan 2007). In the process of ranking a certain kind of ethics emerge as doing-well may become confused with the being-good and visa versa. Mastery means savior-faire, a knowledge which belongs to the body (Lacan1969-1970). If ‘what is produced’ (knowledge) is not considered to be ‘good enough’, one may attempt to look like fulfilling the expectations as if one has the knowledge. Being ‘seen’ is important here, specially being seen to be successful. Baudrillard (1994) points to the importance of building image in postmodern society: Making oneself seen is to put oneself into the circuit of desire - initiated by the gaze of the Other. New technologies such as camerasetc. promote the "gaze" enabling students to ‘see’ and to be seen, marketing their own product ‘self’ as excellent.

  • 192.
    Herbert, Anna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    The Emergence of the Subject: Learning from the Other Maieutics and Cultural change2013In: Praxeology as a Challenge: Modelling the Tacit Dimensions of Pedagogy / [ed] Anna Herbert, Anja Kraus, Münster, New York, Munich, Berlin: Waxmann Verlag, 2013, p. 31-48Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 193.
    Herbert, Anna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Kraus, AnjaLinnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education. HU Berlin.
    Praxeology as a Challenge: Modelling the Tacit Dimensions of Pedagogy2013Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The question, "how to do things with words?" (John L. Austin) could characterize the field of pedagogy in general, if not also practices, structural and material aspects had to be taken into account. The empirical question how social practices constitute a (binding) reality comes close to the praxeological perspective. On one side, "praxeology" is a specific methodological approach to explore practices empirically. On the other side, it covers philosophical or sociological theories of action regarding sociality as generated by social practices and contextual structures. Practices are supposed to transmit, constitute and create establish e.g. social orders. The focus lies on corporal, performative and emergent aspects of the practices. All the mainly empirical studies in this volume deal with the praxeological question how sociality is generated in dynamic and relational actions in a pedagogical frame.  

  • 194.
    Hermansson, Erik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Motiverad – en fråga om ledarskap?: En intervjustudie kring motivation hos bankanställda2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte var att utifrån kvalitativ metod undersöka vilka faktorer som påverkade motivationen hos bankanställda inom två enheter av retailverksamheten hos en svensk bank och vilka typer av motivation som utifrån informanternas narrativ driver de bankanställda i arbetet.

     

    Resultatet utgjordes av sju teman: Det mänskliga mötet, Mål och mening, Gruppen och jag, Trygghet och förändring, Intresset för uppgiften, Värdeord som kulturbärare och Ledarens betydelse.

     

    Resultatet visade att det sociala utbytet av kundmötet och den bekräftelse som kommer av att ha hjälpt en kund eller att bli sedd av chefen utgjorde den kraftigaste motiverande faktorn hos informanterna. Vidare visade studien att upplevt ledarskap och mål – både i termer av försäljningsmål, strategier och autonomi var motiverande i olika omfattning vilket kommit att påverka de båda enheternas aktivitetsnivå utifrån antal kundmöten. Företagets värderingar och Wanted Position utgjorde samlande faktorer vars innebörd i flera fall internerats av informanterna och skapade mening.  

  • 195.
    Hermansson, Jim
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Wertwein Samuelsson, Sally
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Har lärare en viss personlighet?: En kvantitativ studie2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The current study investigates if teachers show a consistent trend of personality traits within The Big Five personality model and if there is any significant difference between gender and personality among teachers. This study is relevant due to the overall lack of consistent workforce within the profession and struggles to try to improve its status throughout Sweden. Part of the discussions to find solutions is to find out who becomes a teacher, why they remain within the profession and what these people have in common, personality being a topic of interest. The Big Five personality model is one of the more commonly used instruments to distinguish personality through the use of five main traits and values that individuals score within them. The study was conducted through the use of a self-report survey e-mailed to a number of schools; universities and secondary schools, in southern Sweden. Analysis of the results showed that there was a  personality trend among teachers and no significant difference between the genders but due to the study’s size it is unclear how universal these results are.

  • 196.
    Hernandez, Alice
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Lundgren, Fanny
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Uppfattning om våldsamma spel och könsskillnad i relation till aggression2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 197.
    Herrmann, Annika
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Petermann, Meike
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    The Influence of Gender Stereotype Consistent and Inconsistent Attributes of Job Applicants on Recruiters’ Memory2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    According to a growing body of research, gender stereotypes can have a profound effect on hiring decisions. However, it is unclear whether information confirming or contradicting gender stereotypes can bias recruiters’ memory and ultimately affect hiring decisions. This study examined whether gender stereotypes about job applicants can affect memory of recruiters to remember stereotype consistent information, specifically when hiring for a predominantly male gender-typed job position as Financial Advisor. In a true experiment, 158 participants screened CVs of fictitious applicants, containing either gender stereotype consistent or inconsistent information in an online hiring scenario conducted mainly through a professional social network site. Recognition of consistent and inconsistent information was measured, as well as the intent to hire and to invite the applicant for a job interview. The results revealed that stereotype consistent information on the CV was not remembered more than stereotype inconsistent information. Additionally, male applicants were not preferred over female applicants in regard to the intent to hire. Female applicants were more likely to be invited for an interview than male applicants, as opposed to our hypothesized presumption. Professional experience in personnel selection did not affect the results. Practical implications are discussed.

  • 198.
    Hietala, Johanna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Karlsson, Tina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Universitetsstudenters bedömningar av sexuella trakasserier: En experimentell enkätstudie om könsskillnader i bedömningar av sexuella trakasserier.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Under hösten 2017 synliggjordes mäns sexuella trakasserier mot kvinnor i kampanjen #MeToo där kvinnor berättade om sina erfarenheter av att ha utsatts. Forskning inom ämnet har visat att det finns könsskillnader i attityder mot och tolerans för sexuella trakasserier (McCabe & Hardman, 2005). I denna studie undersöktes könsskillnader i bedömningen av allvarlighetsgrad av beteenden som kunde uppfattas som sexuella trakasserier i en scenariobaserad enkätstudie, samt hur allvarsgraden skiljde sig mellan så kallade traditionella och icke-traditionella sexuella trakasserier. Studiens hypoteser formulerades utifrån tidigare forskning om att människor generellt ansett situationer vara mer allvarliga där kön på utövare och offer stämde överens med den traditionella synen på sexuella trakasserier, att en man utsatte en kvinna, att både män och kvinnor ansett dessa situationer mer allvarliga samt att kvinnor bedömer fler incidenter som sexuella trakasserier än män (Diehl, Glaser & Bohner, 2014). 160 studenter, 80 kvinnor och 80 män, från Linnéuniversitetet deltog i studien. Resultatet visade att både män och kvinnor ansåg att scenarier där en kvinna var det så kallade offret i situationen och en man var förövaren, var allvarligare än när en man utsattes för samma beteende av en kvinna. När en man var offret rankade männen i studien detta som avsevärt mindre allvarligt än när det var en kvinna som utsattes. Kvinnor bedömde generellt situationerna som mer allvarliga oavsett offrets kön, men största skillnaden utgjordes av kvinnors och mäns bedömningar i situationerna där en man utsattes av en kvinna. Studiens resultat visade alltså att det fanns skillnader mellan hur män och kvinnor såg på sexuella trakasserier men också att offrets kön spelade roll i hur allvarliga beteenden, vilka kunde bedömas som sexuella trakasserier, ansågs vara.

  • 199.
    Hildeblom, Claudia Maria
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Nyblivna mödrars psykologiska mående efter förlossningen: En kvalitativ studie om nyblivna mödrar på östra Island2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka det psykologiska måendet efter förlossningen hos

    kvinnor boende på östra Island och vad som påverkar deras mående.

    Detta gjordes genom semistrukturerade intervjuer med tio kvinnor i åldrarna 22 – 39 år.

    Datan analyserades genom tematisk analys som gav ett resultat med 6 kategorier, Det

    som var bra, Familjens påverkan, Avsaknaden av aktiviteter, Avsaknaden av

    förebyggande åtgärder, Det lilla samhället och Förstagångsföräldrar jämfört med

    flerbarnsföräldrar och 21 underkategorier. Resultatet pekar på att majoriteten av de

    nyblivna mödrarna på östra Island mår bra men att det finns en mängd olika orsaker

    som påverkar både välmåendet och det psykologiska dåliga måendet. Det som påverkar

    främst om modern är förstagångsförälder eller har flera barn och stödet hon har från

    familj. Likaså påverkar avsaknaden av aktiviteter och förebyggande åtgärder mödrarnas

    mående. Det psykologiska måendet är även till viss del årstidsbundet på grund av hur

    inlåsta mödrarna känner sig med anledning av de ofta kalla och stormiga vintrarna på

    Island.

  • 200.
    Hildebrandt, Lina Maria
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    The relationship between scheduling type and conflict level in caregiving organization teams2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today flexibility is an important part of organizational work. This study investigated the relationship between level of flexibility in scheduling and conflict level in caregiving teams, while controlling for team cohesion, team trust, age, team size and how long they have been in the team. The study was conducted in two small towns in the southeast of Sweden in elderly care and handicap care organizations. The ages of participants varied from 16 to 65 years. Out of 109 participants who filled out questionnaires 61 worked with an adapted (flexible) schedule and 48 with the ordinary schedule. Results showed no significant difference between the scheduling types and the conflict level, even after controlling for the named variables. Overall, it was found that team trust and team cohesion were more important for conflict level than scheduling type.    

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