lnu.sePublications
Change search
Refine search result
1234567 151 - 200 of 1003
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 151.
    Danielsson, Lina
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Jakobson, Hanna
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    [GADering WID Boserup]: Three perspectives on women and the gender impasse in the Mozambican district of Nacala Porto.2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to understand the situation concerning women and gender in relation to development, in the Mozambican district of Nacala Porto. The ambition is to identify present theoretical feminist perspectives in terms of perceived problems for women, their ability to solve them, focus areas for improvement and strategies for reaching development aims.

    To enable an understanding of the situation concerning women and gender in relation to development, we have conducted an analytical framework consisting of three main theoretical feminist perspectives in international development policies. These were applied as analytical tools, which consisted of Ester Boserups perspective of Women’s role in economic development, Women In Development (WID) and Gender And Development (GAD).

    The study displayed a discrepancy between the powerful women in the Mozambican parliament and the lack of social power described by the women in Nacala Porto. At the district level the results showed a dominating modernistic paradigm, similar to the situation identified by Boserup, who emphasised that the economical development did not benefit women equally. The subordination of women has been apparent in the district. The long-term strategy of transforming the gender structure has been met with support as well as resistance. The GAD-aim of mainstreaming gender showed a gap between international policy and practise in the district. The interventions that were WID-oriented have on the other hand shown progress regarding female representation, non-discriminatory legislation and increase of girls starting primary school. However, the WID-progress is limited without a gender perspective.

    Three main areas were continuously discussed as means having to change, to potentially alleviate poverty and include women in the development process. These areas were the access to employment, sustainable education and functioning family relations. The interdependence of these areas also seemed to require an integration of the three theoretical feminist perspectives of Boserup, WID and GAD.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 152.
    Danielsson, Martin
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences. Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Axelsson, Lennart
    Ungdomars användning av nya medier: En forskningsöversikt2007In: Lärarutbildningsnämndens rapportserie, no 2Article, review/survey (Other academic)
  • 153.
    Dannefjord, Per
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Betingelserna för förolämpningar2007In: Social interaktion: förutsättningar och former, Liber, Malmö , 2007, p. 296-Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 154.
    Dannefjord, Per
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Metod och Problem: en inledning till sociologisk analys1999Report (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 155.
    Dannefjord, Per
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Organisationspraktiker och målförändring: Exemplet svensk socialdemokrati2009Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis emanates from a comparison between three points of time in the history of the Swedish social democratic party (SAP); 1889, 1905 and 1933. The comparison is partly about the political and organizational situation of the party, and partly about the goals the party expressed. The problem that I study, based on this comparison, is the identified changes of the party’s hierarchy of goals.

    I argue that goal change should be viewed as a process, not as a decision. There is no simple rationality in goal formulations or in the relation between goals and practices where the practices are shaped by the goals.

    My case shows the importance of the opposite causal direction where the practices reshape the goals. The organization formulates goals and intermediate goals. These are connected to practices directed towards the intermediate goals. The more resources the organization attach to these practices, the more difficult it is to change them and the higher status in the organizational activity they will get. The primary goals can still be important as justification, but their role will be reduced to a ritual rhetoric without practical significance. They will have to be reinterpreted and reformulated in correspondence to the practices in order to regain a practical significance in the activity of the organization. Thereby we have a practical goal change, which shouldn’t be confused with at rhetoric goal change. The rhetoric of the organization can remain unchanged even though no practices are directed towards the rhetorically important goals.

    One implication of this is that goals cannot be understood by their formulations only. The importance and meaning of the formulations will change over time and should therefore be related to the context and the organization’s position in the organizational field. When we study an organization over time it will be hard to understand it adequately if we don’t relate the organizational changes to the context.

  • 156. Darmopil, Sanja
    et al.
    Petanjek, Zdravko
    Mohammed, Abdul K. H.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Bogdanovic, Nenad
    Environmental enrichment alters dentate granule cell morphology in oldest-old rat2009In: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine (Print), ISSN 1582-1838, E-ISSN 1582-4934, Vol. 13, no 8b, p. 1845-1856Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The hippocampus of aged rats shows marked age-related morphological changes that could cause memory deficits. Experimental evidence has established that environmental enrichment attenuates memory deficits in aged rats. We therefore studied whether environmental enrichment produces morphological changes on the dentate granule cells of aged rats. Fifteen male Sprague-Dawley rats, 24 months of age, were randomly distributed in two groups that were housed under standard (n= 7) or enriched (n= 8) environmental conditions for 26 days. Quantitative data of dendritic morphology from dentate gyrus granule cells were obtained on Golgi–Cox stained sections. Environmental enrichment significantly increased the complexity and size of dendritic tree (total number of segments increased by 61% and length by 116%), and spine density (88% increase). There were large interindividual differences within the enriched group, indicating differential individual responses to environmental stimulation. Previous studies in young animals have shown changes produced by environmental enrichment in the morphology of dentate gyrus granule cells. The results of the present study show that environmental enrichment can also produce changes in dentate granule cell morphology in the senescent brain. In conclusion, the hippocampus retains its neuroplastic capacity during aging, and enriched environmental housing conditions can attenuate age-related dendritic regression and synaptic loss, thus preserving memory functions.

  • 157.
    Denk, Thomas
    et al.
    Åbo Akademi Finland.
    Silander, Daniel
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Demokratins utmaningar: en analys av 60 delvis fria länder2009In: Politiikka, ISSN 0032-3365, Vol. 51, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 158.
    Dervoz, Lejla
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Falegård, Lisett
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Bara de kommer tillbaka....: - En studie om hur personalen inom missbrukarvården upplever sitt arbete2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of present study is to evaluate the work of the employees within the Addict Care field, how they experience their struggle as well as the significance of the interaction between the client and the employees. It takes a great deal of effort when facing individuals with alcohol –and drug related problems. The focus should be on the occupational and individual qualifications, while there is legislation, regulations and ethical guidelines to be followed. Intending to comprehend these issues better several interviews were made with six employees within The Administration for the Social Services and The Addict Unit in Växjö area. The purpose was to, from their point of view, find out about the experiences and opinions in general when working with these matters. The Addict Care field must be characterized by commitment and involvement from the staff. The best results are accomplished when there is mutual trust and honesty between both parties.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 159.
    Domínguez R., Edmé
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Women Organizing against Free Trade in Latin America2008In: Mujeres en el Mundo: Migracion, género, trabajo, historia, arte y política / [ed] Yamile Delagado de Smith and Maria Cristina Gonzàlez, Carabobo, Venezuela: Universidad de Carabobo , 2008, p. 229-244Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The point of departure of this essay is that  global restructuring, free trade and integration processes have not been sufficiently linked to women and feminist struggles and yet women are a very important part of the mass mobilizations that civil society has organized to protest big capital globalization from Seattle to Cancún. Moreover those studies that have focused on social organizing around free trade issues lack the different women actors perspective that can only be obtained through field work. This paper’s aim is to try to contribute to start filling  this gap. Accordingly, the goal is to analyze  how a gender perspective is being built/integrated into the anti-free trade discourses and movements  and if this perspective is  capable of mobilizing and impacting at three levels: the grassroots of the mobilization opposing free trade, the women’s movement in Latin America and finally the targeted  international/national structures.

    In particular, the following questions are addressed: which are the conditions that activate  feminist groups’ resistance to global restructuring and free trade?, how is a gender perspective being integrated in free trade discussions and in relation to other  more ‘traditional’ themes among women and feminist coalitions in Latin America and what kind of strategies and coordination efforts  are these groups developing? This is part of a major project dealing with women as transnational actors in the case of NAFTA

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 160.
    Domínguez R., Edmé
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Stenman, Åsa
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    Latin America and the Regional Powers - a synthesis study2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this report is to, based on the earlier identified trends presented in the studies written in 2008, 2007 and 2006, describe and discuss possible future consequences in terms of security policy, for great powers such as the United States, Russia, China, the European Union and in its extension, Sweden. The study pays special attention to important conclusions with possible security (policy) implications based on the earlier published reports as well as discussions of possible and plausible changes in the region that could have security (policy) consequences.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT02
  • 161.
    Dovborn, Cecilia
    et al.
    Malmö högskola.
    Trondman, Mats
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Bollhegemoni och genusregim: En etnografisk fallstudie om spontanidrott i skolan2007In: Idrottsforum.org, ISSN 1652–7224, p. 12-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 162.
    Edgecombe, Samuel
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences. Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Education.
    Dressed for School Success: A study into School Uniform and Dress Codes in Sweden and the United Kingdom2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study highlights a number of different aspects regarding uniforms and dress codes in the United Kingdom (UK) and Sweden. The study comprises three parts: a quantitative comparison of GCSE pass rates for schools in the UK that do and do not have school uniforms, a qualitative survey study of Scottish High School pupils' perceptions about their uniform and a qualitative interview study of Swedish teachers, administrators and pupils about their school dress, rules regarding school dress and school uniforms.

    Regarding whether uniforms improved academic results by comparing GCSE pass rates in the UK we were unable to find conclusive evidence to suggest that schools which had uniform policies performed significantly better than other schools.

    Regarding Scottish pupils’ perceptions of their uniforms, pupils from lower-educated backgrounds were more likely to perceive that they were told off by teachers about not wearing the correct dress. When asked whether pupils felt more equal compared to their peers, those from lower-educated background were more likely to think that uniforms do not help to level out class difference compared to pupils from better educated backgrounds. Regarding bullying, even though uniforms existed at the school studied bullying due to what pupils wore to school still existed and pupils perceived that bullying due to other factors such as physical appearance also occurred.

    Regarding the results from interviews with teachers and administrators in the Swedish town studied, most teachers took a fairly relaxed attitude towards pupils’ dress although the dress code of not wearing outdoor clothes in High Schools was policed quite strongly. Teachers saw the issue of female pupils dressing overtly sexually as the biggest problem and this was dealt with on an individual level rather than a class level.

    High school pupils’ opinions of their dress code varied. Some hated the school rule that they were not allowed to wear outdoor clothes, whereas for others it was not seen as a big deal. A number of pupils thought that what you wore in class does not affect their learning outcomes. Very few pupils thought that introducing a uniform would be a good idea. Pupils at Sixth Form College had a more mature attitude towards their dress and were able to reflect back on their experiences from High School. They did not think that the issue of dress was a major issue in Sixth Form College however this did vary slightly between the three schools studied. Pupils at two of the schools perceived the dress code of the third school as being more formal, but this was due mainly to prejudice according to a number of pupils. The large majority of Sixth Form College students thought that introducing school uniform would be a bad idea and that bullying would not be eradicated because pupils can always pick on other attributes, not just clothing. However there were a couple of Sixth Form College that thought that introducing it would be a good way to reduce peer-pressure to buy the right clothes in High School.

     

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 163.
    Edström, Anna
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Uvelius, Karin
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This Minor Field Study examines whether or not Batswana female master students at the University of Botswana, due to their university education, have become more politically aware and critical towards their national political system. Botswana has been chosen as a critical case on the basis of the country’s long lasting democracy and the Botswana’s positive attitude towards their government.

    The research takes off in theories such as democratic and critical citizen’s theory and feminism. Based on these theories, an analytical framework with the core assumption that female university education creates politically critical women, has been developed. The study is based on ten qualitative interviews with female master students. The interview questions concern the respondent’s political awareness, participation and their perceptions of political institutions, regime principles and governmental performance.

    The findings of the study are that university education makes women more politically aware, empowered and active, although we have found no significant correlation between university education and a rise in criticism among the interviewed women. However a majority of the respondents that actually have been affected by their education declare that they have become more politically critical.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 164.
    Edvinsson, Berit
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Nationell datajournal: - Strategier inom IT-politik2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the society of information that we live in the knowledge of computers and computer system will have a greater influence than we may think. Discrimination is no longer exclusively a term that indicates lesser understanding of different cultures, the discrimina-tion that is at hand will be between “the have and the have-nots”.

    This study is about the strategic methods and considerations that is of importance for planning, organizing and finally implement the work with national computer based patient documentation. The strategic planning has been done over a period of time where different actors all had their share of influence. The cost seems to be endless since it has increased after the actual program, in this case, Cosmic from Cambio Healthcare, entered the scene of healthcare. Politicians wanted to cut the cost and increase security for patients but the scene was somewhat different from the planning. When 33 people lost their job in Uppsala and the program needed to be profiled by the users to fit each section – the protest came in a never ending flood.

    The company that launched Cosmic has contract with seven districts and increasing – already looking for the European market. Politicians plan for a society with greater computer knowledge amongst the people and hope that lesser people can do the same work as today, or even more. Somehow forgetting that not everyone is used to computers, not everyone will have the chance to learn all the details in this new tool and therefore loosing the benefits from it and will be “the have-nots”. The other half of society that welcome a computerized life with high speed access to information at all time will enjoy a more controlled life, since every step of the way is watched. But at the same time they will get all the information that they want – and even more, they will explore the world if not in real – from the computer screen. They will participate in network that will help in educa-tion, knowledge, work offerings and so on. They will be “the have”.

    This is a new paradigm we fly into with a strong need for new discrimination laws, the knowledge discrimination, the social discrimination and the elite way of separating worlds. It may come as a reaction to this that a concentrated centre for discrimination in Sweden are being planned for – not separate as it used to be. Since no matter what we want – the differences between knowing and not knowing will draw a new type of border between people, a border that goes straight through the united Europe, dividing people in a very unethical way – "the have" and "the have-nots".

    Berit Edvinsson, Stockholm, 11th of June, 2006

    kincaid@hotmail.com

    Key words: strategic-organisation-implements-medical report- paradigm-discrimination

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 165.
    Edvinsson, Berit
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning Arbetsrätt – fusion av två universitetssjukhus

    Då jag tidigare arbetade vid Karolinska sjukhuset föll det sig naturligt att studera organisationsförändring eftersom sjukhuset fusionerade med Huddinge universitetssjukhus 2004. Det nya sjukhuset Karolinska universitetssjukhuset fick stora besparingsuppdrag av landstinget i samband med fusionen.

    Istället för att avskeda den övertaliga personalen så gjorde man omfattande omstruktureringar för alla chefstjänster, vilket innebar att alla chefer fick söka sin egen tjänst i konkurrens med andra. Under 2004 tillsattes 590 chefstjänster. Från 2003 fram till våren 2005 har sjukhuset minskat sin personal med 700 personer. Under 2005 ligger ett besparingsuppdrag på ytterligare 401 miljoner och bland annat den administrativa personalen skall minskas med ytterligare 20 %.

    Jag frågade mig, hur går detta till? Hur fast är en tills vidare tjänst egentligen? I min upp-sats tittade jag på Karolinskas praktiska tolkning av arbetsrätten och jag ser en arbetsrätt i förändring.

    När chefen ställs inför faktum att tjänsten ser helt annorlunda ut, geografiskt finns vid två skilda platser (Huddinge och Solna, flygvägen cirka 3 mil) och den grupp chefen har under sig är större än tidigare och chefen omgående kan bli uppsagd om han inte har en acceptabel ledarstil alternativt om chefen inte faller verksamhetschefen i smaken, och därtill få sin lön förändrad och den första uppgiften blir att utarbeta en bemanningsprofil över personalen för att ytterligare uppnå en ekonomi i balans - vilka metoder använder sig chefen då av för att minska övertalig personal?

    Sjukhuset har uppnått sitt besparingskrav för 2004, men det skall märkas att omställnings-kostnaderna bärs av landstinget och inte sjukhuset. Då hade resultatet blivit ett annat.

    Inom arbetsrätten i övrigt ställs krav ifrån arbetsgivarhåll att inte tillåta stridsåtgärder på arbetsplatser med personal som ej tillhör den fackliga organisationen. Måhända är det ett led i arbetskraftens frihet att arbeta i andra länder. Blockaden i Vaxholm mot ett byggföretag som hade utländsk arbetskraft hade till exempel omfattats av detta. De svenska fackförbundet ställde krav på svenskt kollektivavtal, vilket företaget inte hade, men väl egna avtal. I detta fall överstiger kostnaden för advokaterna lönekostnaden för arbetarnas löner ifall de fått vad som motsvaras i svensk lön. Principen ses dock som viktig då både företag och arbetskraft rör sig alltmer gränslöst inom Europeiska unionen. Inte bara ifrån arbetsgivarhåll utan även ifrån advokater ställs krav på en förändrad arbetsrätt – innan vi blir tvungna att ändra.

    Jag har intervjuat sjukhusdirektören och en divisionschef. En politiker har gjort sin röst hörd men en tidigare projektledare har avböjt och istället hänvisat till Karolinska. De fackli-ga organisationerna Sktf och Ledarna, kanske mest förvånande, har lyst med sin frånvaro på information gällande konsekvenser av fusionen för den fackliga verksamheten.

    Denna uppsats gör inte anspråk på hela sanningen, då en arbetsrätt i förändring är kom-plex och mångbottnad, men väl en del av den.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 166.
    Ehn, Katarina
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Våldsutsatta kvinnor - när samhället tar sitt ansvar: En kvalitativ fallstudie av det kommunövergripande kvinnofridsarbetet i Malmö2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACT

    University: Växjö University, School of social science, Department of political science

    Level: Minor thesis

    Title: Abuse of women – when society takes its responsibility

    Author: Katarina Ehn

    Tutor: Lena Agevall

    The aim of this study is, through a qualitative case study, to identify important factors for the initiation and development of the comprehensive programme to combat the problem of domestic abuse of women in Malmö.

    To achieve the aims of this study, three questions were asked: Where does the recognition and acknowledgement of domestic violence occur as a societal responsibility? How is work with abused women influenced by the cooperation between the actors involved? What is the ideological basis for the work with abused women?

    The method used was to interview six people from various departments in the organisation. Official documents relating to the subject were also studied.

    The following conclusions were drawn: The recognition of abuse of women is a complex process which takes place both vertically and horizontally within the organisation. These parallel processes are both important and serve different purposes.

    Vertical recognition is at a political level and leads to acknowledgement followed by re-allocation of financial means. Horizontal recognition is at an official level where it is firmly established in the everyday work.

    Co-operation between the parties involved leads to a broader understanding of the problem. Thus, profound knowledge of the issue is achieved; security of legal rights is strengthened and suitable strategies developed to resolve the problems.

    Work with abused women is based on the principle of gender equality and human rights.

  • 167.
    Eichhorn, Madelene
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Opposition Party and Women’s Political Participation in Northern Sudan: A Case Study of the Umma Party2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is a qualitative study based on interviews conducted in early 2007 and aims at getting an understanding of the political environment from an opposition party’s point of view in Northern Sudan.

    The study is also trying to illustrate how good governance and democracy are building on each other and that good governance is a pre-requisite for democracy. In this perspective

    Sudan has a long way to go. The main assumption is that women are key to good governance and internal democracy and a democratic society. If the party excludes women, it can not be representative, participatory or equitable and inclusive.

    The thesis is therefore looking at the structures of one opposition party, the Umma Party, and women’s political participation in the party. This description is then analysed in light of Good Governance’s characteristics of participation, representativeness, equity and inclusiveness in the political society arena. The following questions were asked and answered:

    • What are the basic features of the political environment within which Sudanese opposition parties operate?

    • What are the leadership structures and decision making processes of the Umma Party in North Sudan?

    • How do women access these structures and processes?

    The main finding is that the Umma Party and Sudan do not fulfill the characteristics or the indicators to claim good governance or democracy – not within the party and not within the country.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 168.
    Ek, Maria
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Bilden av EU: En studie av EU som opinionsbildare i Tyskland och Österrike2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The opinions about the European Union vary considerably between the member states. There are likely several reasons of this, the following study examines one that ought to play a major role. This study examines the idea that media affects the public opinion. According to the theory of Framing media can not only tell us what to think about, media also has the power to influence how we think about the matter. “Framing: Toward Clarification of a fractured paradigm” by Robert M. Entman works as a main influence of this study. Entman suggests that frames promote a particular problem definition, causal interpretation, moral evaluation, and/or treatment recommendation for the item described.

    The aim of the study is to analyse how the European Union is depicted in German and Austrian newspapers. To find underlying frames in the chosen 114 articles, a comparative qualitative textanalysis has been used. The four, by Entman suggested, items that compose frames were searched, analysed and compared. The result concludes that different frames occur in German and Austrian newspapers. The various EU-opinions in the two countries could with other words partly be due to different kinds of media reports.

    Nyckelord: Framing, EU, media, allmänna opinionen, medias effekt

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 169.
    Ekberg, Anders
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Det glokala kompetenslandskapet: Den regionala kunskapsuppbyggnaden vid Växjö universitet samt dess val av hemregion.2000Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract and summary

    The glocal province of competence.

    The regional building up of knowledge at Växjö University and its choice of home region.

    The aim of the study is to give views on knowledge and to describe and discuss which home region Växjö University has chosen as its context. Taking my point of departure in the literature and in examples, I illustrate, discuss and examine how three different disciplines at the university have chosen their home regions. The disciplines are history, economics and biology. The study covers the last 33 years.

    The empirical study, with its focus only on regional matters, is based on four sources. 1. Research and researchers 2. Education and the impact it has as shown by the papers written by students at bachelor and master levels. In all 459 papers have been classified 3. Interviews with the professors 4. The University’s annual report given by the board of directors.

    The study centres on the diverse and complex characteristics of regions which leads to a variation of regions used by different actors at the university. One aspect is the consideration of the relationship between formal and everyday knowledge.

    The three disciplines have different attitudes towards home region and towards how it is constituted. Generally speaking, historians see the home region more as territory with the emphasis on the southern part of the province of Småland. The economists concentrate on home region as a functional arena, even though examples and studies sometimes are found in Småland. The biologists, who are in a new discipline at the university, sometimes study the southern part of Sweden, but focus on general aspects. All three of them are interested in interdisciplinary methods and studies in order to build up knowledge connected to the home region. The board of directors has not chosen one specific region and varies its attitudes over the years.

    The interviews gave a broad perspective on knowledge and regions and with views on a local and global world. A glocal region.

    Keywords; home region, regional development, knowledge, higher education, university.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 170.
    Ekbom, Daniel
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Tsunamin - Krishanteringens beslutsprocesser2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When the Tsunami occurred on Boxing Day 2004 it caused a major stress upon the governmental agencies in not only the affected areas but also in states that had a large number of citizens in the affected area. The governmental agencies were not prepared for the demands from the citizenry in these countries to deal with rescue and crisis management in areas situated halfway around the globe. This thesis main purpose is to research what the causal mechanisms of Sweden’s and Finland’s crisis management were through the method of process tracing. Taking its theoretical stance in Allison’s & Zelikow’s three models of decision making, the thesis compares the course of events of the first two critical days in Sweden and Finland to establish what mistakes were made during this critical period. The main findings of the essay show that none of the theories is on its own capable of explaining the chain of events, but a combination of the organisational model and the governmental politics model do prove the necessity of trained crisis personnel as decision-makers early on in crisis management as well as the need for an organisational structure with a linear and clear chain of command.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 171.
    Ekelund, Simon
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Förändrad syn på svensk militär alliansfrihet?: En studie om svensk neutralitetspolitik mellan 1990-20082009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: The purpose of this study is to examine how the Swedish policy of neutrality has changed between the years 1990-2008. The research method used for this essay has been comparative case study, which strives to answer four research questions. Two of these questions are: Which specific occurrences have been fundamental in changing the Swedish policy of neutrality? How have the Swedish policy of neutrality and the policy of non-alignment changed between the years 1990-2008? The theoretical frame work of this study consists of Europeanization as a comprehensive theoretical perspective. In order to explain the Swedish act regarding the policy of neutrality, Logic of Consequences and Logic of appropriateness are used. The conclusion of the study points out that Sweden has become much more flexible in terms of policy of neutrality and policy of security. The years between 1990-2008 are distinguished due to the fact that the international cooperation has become much more important in the Swedish act of security. Sweden still has the policy of non-alignment, but cooperation between the states is more and more prioritized to secure peace around the world.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 172.
    Ekholm, Erika
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    (O)motiverad Invandrarpolitik: en studie om motiven att frångå invandrarpolitik och införa integrationspolitik2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    An effective Integration policy is important in Sweden while our government has decided and committed to be a country where everybody will be given the same opportunities. There is a greater awareness in today’s society of integration policy goals such as equal rights, responsibilities and opportunities for all. In a number of areas, however, the disparities between immigrants and Swedish-born citizens are still too large.

    The Swedish Riksdag decided on integration policy in 1997. The main task for this thesis will be to examine the motive behind the Government's decision to revoke immigrations policy and introduce integration policy. This task will be completed with two questions at issue;

    • Which were the obvious pronounced and underlying, extern- and intern sectorial motives and which immigrant policies could be identified during the three periods; 1, 2 and 3?

    • In what way have the extern- and intern sectorial motives, that where expressed in 1997, affected the douting in 2006 years integrationspolicy?

    The questions will be examined by using Lindbloms muddling through theory and Dahlströms “eigth faces of immigration politics” and for identifying motives a model inspired by Hadenius will be used.

    The empirical material has brought forward that the decision to introduce integrationpolicy was based on the central motive that earlier immigration policy produced assimilationpolitics. Which futher on caused the “perverse effect” – segregationpolitics.

    The adjustments have been clarifying of words sooner than improvement of concrete measures. The Swedish government has applied seven different immigrationpolitics during the periods 1, 2 and 3. Becides Dahlströms “eight faces of immigration politics” two more have been identified; “demanding politics and condition politics”. Seven of the ten different types have been noticed; assimilation-, segregation-, diversity-, demanding, condition-, residual-, universial politics.

    The motives that where observed during period 2 didn´t improve the conditions for the immigrant which were discriminated in society especially on the labourmarket. The motives from period 2 have therefore affected the motives for period 3. The recently appointed government will during it´s runningperiod try to leave the muddling through theory by the motives in creating conditions for a “self earned living” and participation. By doing this the esscense of diversity and integration policy will hopefully be reached.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 173.
    Elheim, Fanny
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Fransson, Angelica
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Svartsjuka och Emotionell intelligens: En korrelationsstudie mellan svartsjuka och emotionell intelligens beroende på relationsstatus, kön och ålder2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    SAMMANFATTNING

    Syftet med denna studie var att med hjälp av frågeformulär mäta studenters (n=138), vid Växjö universitet, upplevelse av svartsjuka och emotionell intelligens beroende på relationsstatus, ålder och kön. Demirtaz och Dönmez (2006) studie visar att graden svartsjuka mellan olika relationsstatus är signifikant och en studie av Derksen, Kramer och Katzko (2002) har visat att emotionell intelligens ökar med åldern. Vi formade fyra hypoteser, huvudhypotesen i denna studie var ”personer med låg grad av emotionell intelligens upplever högre grad av svartsjuka”. De statistiska test visade att hypotesen var signifikant bland yngre personer. Vi fann inte någon skillnad mellan relationsstatus, kvinnor och svartsjuka, ålder och emotionell intelligens eller skillnad mellan kön och emotionell intelligens. Dock fann vi att kvinnor var signifikant mer svartsjuka än män.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 174.
    Eliasson, Christina
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Rysslands påverkan på den vitryska demokratiseringsprocessen2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis sets out to investigate three questions, first, how the Belarusian democratization process has progressed since the country’s independence in 1991 to the year of 2006. Second, how the relationship between Russia and Belarus has progressed during this time and third, if and how Russia has affected the democratization process. The study has been conducted through qualitative method, mainly using books and articles as sources of information. It has been found that the democratization process in Belarus has evolved in a negative direction ever since the presidential election of 1994. During the selected time-period, the Russian-Belarus relationship has come to include more and more areas of co-operation and a deeper integration within these areas. Russia has by its support of and to the Belarusian regime, through subsidised energy and economic investments, made it possible for the regime to continue with anti-democratic policies. Consequently Russia has indirectly affected the democratization process in a negative way.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 175.
    Elsrud, Torun
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences. Socialpsykologi.
    Lalander, Philip
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Projekt Norrliden.: Om småstadspressens etnifiering och genderisering av en förort2007In: Sociologisk forskning, no 2, p. 6-25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Media often contribute to segregation by constructing low status residential areas as “different” from what is “normal” and “Swedish”. Research into media representations of these residential areas often focuses big city contexts. Furthermore, research tends to be preoccupied with the construction of ethnic differences, paying little attention to the relationship between construction processes of gender and ethnicity. This article is a critical analysis of how the local daily newspapers in a medium sized town, Kalmar, construct stereotypes of immigrants and gendered identities in the low status residential area Norrliden. Two newspapers were investigated in search for articles related to the area, published during the year 2005. Despite the newspapers’ claim that they want to contribute to a more nuanced and less stereotyped image of the residential area the consequences of their work seem to be the opposite. The representations of the area are coded with stereotypes suggesting that the area is unsafe and dangerous and that the people who live there are motivated by affect and emotions rather than by successful socialisation. These representations are also characterised by notions of ethnicity and gender, as well as class. Norrliden is described as an area in need of change and improvement, as an unfinished project dependent upon aid from the outside. A reading of the 2005 media representations of Norrliden exposes an example of “symbolic violence” in that texts and photographs repeatedly degrade the area and its inhabitants.

  • 176.
    Elvingsson, Christina
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Takman, Jenny
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Ångest och introversion som prediktorer för gymnasieelevers skolfrånvaro2009Student paper otherStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här studien var att undersöka om faktorerna ångest som state, ångest som trait samt introversion kunde predicera skolfrånvaro under en kortare samt längre tid hos 156 gymnasieungdomar i årskurs två och tre. Enligt tidigare forskning har man kunnat se att dessa faktorer kan leda till skolfrånvaro, men då i första hand hos yngre individer. Studien genomfördes med en enkät som var baserad på Eysencks EPQ-R (Eysencks Personality Questionnaire) samt STAI (State-Traite Anxiety Inventory) (Form Y). I enkäten fanns också en demografisk del samt en egenkonstruerad del för att mäta frånvaro. Resultaten visade att ångest som state, ångest som trait samt introversion tillsammans kunde predicera frånvaro med 50.7% för en kortare period samt med 55.2% för en längre period. Enskilt predicerade ångest som state 38.2%, ångest som trait 34.9% och introversion 2% av frånvaron förhöstterminen.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 177.
    Emilsson, Kajsa
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Implementering av centralt fattade beslut i ett regionalt samverkanskomplex: en studie om implementeringen av de sociala hållbarhetsaspekterna i Kronobergs regionala tillväxtprogram2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The aim of this study is to investigate the implementation process and the implementation steering of the social development aspects, gender equality and integration, in the program for regional development of the region Kronoberg in the period of 2004-2007.

    The study asks three questions: 1) How have the social development aspects, gender equality and integration, been implemented in the program for regional development of the region Kronoberg? 2) What has facilitated or hindered the implementation of the two social development aspects? 3) What possibilities to steer the implementation process of the two social development aspects exist at the governmental and at the regional level?

    In order to answer these questions a qualitative method has been used. To be able to analyse the empirical material, which consists of documents and interviews, the theoretical framework comprehends the policy process and implementation steering. The conclusion is that the incorporation of the social development aspects in the regional development program does not fully correspond with the central intentions, and that is due to circumstances at the regional level.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 178.
    Emilsson, Olof
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Teaching a Child to Walk: perspectives on the contemporary situation in Kosovo2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to achieve a greater understanding of the contemporary situation in Kosovo. This understanding is to be made concrete by viewing the international community’s and the domestic actor’s view of the root causes to the contemporary situation. First, the historical background and the contemporary political-, economical- and societal situation of the province are presented. Secondly follows the International Community’s- and the domestic actors stated view that is analyzed using the theories of Political Culture, Relative Deprivation and Human Needs.

    The method that I have chosen is the qualitative together with Semi Structured Interviews that took place in Kosovo during spring 2007.

    I find in my analysis that the view of the International Community and the domestic actors differ. The international community judge the root causes to be foremost the economy, historical legacy and unresolved status and that these have an Interest need based feature. The Kosovo Albanian elite deems that the economy, dual administration, living in a post-communist society and the unresolved status are the most important root causes. The Kosovo Serbs judge them to be lack of political stability and security, and the unresolved status. These needs are Value- and Human Need based to a greater extent than the International Community’s stated ones.

    Keywords: Kosovo, International and Domestic Perspective, Relative Deprivation, Human Needs

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 179.
    Engblom, Gustav
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    De nya riksdagspartierna och den politiska dagordningen2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Engblom, Gustav (2009) De nya riksdagspartierna och den politiska dagordningen “The new parilament parties and the political agenda.”

    1988 and 1991 the swedish parties Miljöpartiet, Ny demokrati and Kristdemokratiska samlingspartiet made it over the 4 percent threshold and successfully entered the Swedish parliament. Sweden was once described as one of the most stable political systems in the world, but the parliament elections of 1988 and 1991 showed that Sweden was no exception from the growing instability in west democratic political systems.

    The stability and instability that followed in the west democratic political systems is believed to be explained by the political parties’ efforts to adjust to changes in their political environment. This has lead them to cartelize and the cartel party is believed to prefer stability over triumph for various reasons.

    The established political parties are believed to be able to manipulate the political agenda in such a way that political topics that would have caused great turbulence in the political system, if debated, are kept away from the political agenda. This the cartel members do to reduce competition among each another. But these political topics can still cause turbulence in the political system if such an issue is actualized by a new party.

    This essay describes how established party’s propaganda correlates with media’s coverage of the same political issues and how this influence voter preferences. The essay also describes how established parliament parties deals with new parties that aspire to win seats in the Swedish parliament.

    The main conclusion is that media’s coverage has a huge impact on which questions are perceived to be important to the voters and that established parties do not gain from confronting new parties such as Sverigedemokraterna, if their goal is to keep Sverigedemokraterna from getting seats in the Swedish Parliament. It is instead better to “silence them to death.” However if a new party is ignored by the established parties, but manages to convince the public that a crisis will occur if nothing is done to improve current conditions, this strategy backfires, as it did in 1988 when Miljöpartiet became a parliament party.

     

     

     

    Keywords: political agenda; new parties; political instability; media; Sverigedemokraterna

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 180.
    Ericsson, Elin
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Duvinger, Emma
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Det organisatoriska mötet: en studie om myndighetssamverkan kring våld och övergrepp mot barn2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today, it is prescribed by law that authorities should cooperate, especially around vulnerable children. There is a need in Sweden of research about cooperation and the problems that can occur. Hence, this study seeks to examine which structural organizational conditions that affect cooperation in a few consultation groups around violence and sexual abuse against children in Kronobergs län. Another aim is to see which meaning these conditions have for a functioning cooperation. Eight interviews have been done to investigate how different actors felt about cooperation, in the consultation groups. We have also studied the directives for these groups in order to get a deeper understanding how the consultation groups work. Our main results are that there are some central conditions which influence on how the cooperation in the consultation groups works, for example different regulations, distinct working areas and obvious goals for the groups. We found, beyond these conditions, that the target group also effects in our case. Our conclusion is that the cooperation in the consultation groups works fairly well but there are still some problems left to overcome.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 181.
    Eriksson, Jennie
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Europeiska Unionen- en demokrati?: En studie om demokratins utbredning och utveckling inom EU:s institutioner.2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to study the level of democracy within the European Union (EU). To do so the following issues were examined: How the EU works and the efforts it has made to improve levels of democracy; and the degree to which the EU fulfils the criteria set by Robert Dahl in his theory of polyarchy.

    The study is based on a qualitative text analysis. The focus of the analysis is documents released by the EU that can be connected to democracy, and human and fundamental rights. The theory of polyarchy proposed by Robert Dahl and Joseph Schumpeter’s theory of democracy are the principal theories applied. The thesis also includes theories about democracy within the EU prior to this study.

    The result and conclusion after studying the documents in the light of the theories of Dahl and Schumpeter suggest that the EU could be more democratic than it is at present. The movement towards becoming more democratic is in progress but needs more time. The fundamental criterion, i.e. that citizens should to be able to choose the holders of a particular position, is weak in the EU because there are only general elections to the European Parliament, which is just one of the three main institutions.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 182.
    Eriksson, Magnus
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Mellan bakgrund och framtidsdröm: Växjöstudenternas utbildningsval, studieorienteringar och värderingar2004Report (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 183.
    Eriksson, Magnus
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Studentbarometern2000Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    En generell bild av växjöstudenten är att denne är mellan 20- och 24 år, ofta är en kvinna och kommer från en ort inte alltför långt från Växjö. En majoritet av studenterna är även ensamstående och har inga barn. Det är naturligtvis en förenklad bild men säger kanske en del om vem som är student på högre nivå på Växjö Universitet. Jag kan inte uttala mig om vilken effekt universitetsstatusen har fått på rekryteringen av studenter, eftersom en majoritet av respondenterna började studera på Växjö Högskola hösten 1998. Det är möjligt att Växjö Universitet appellerar till människor som inte bor i Växjös närområde i högre grad än Växjö Högskola, men det kan jag inte uttala mig om i denna studie.

    En majoritet av respondenterna har svarat att de faktiskt sökte till Växjö Universitet/Högskola som första alternativ, men det är viktigt att framhålla att detta ofta verkar bero mer på praktiska orsaker än något annat. Närheten till Växjö har varit viktig, men även band till familj, flick- eller pojkvän har varit viktiga motiv till studier i Växjö. Det ska dock framhållas att universitetets/ högskolans goda rykte till viss del ha varit viktigt för 1/5 av respondenterna. Det är viktigt att påpeka att detta goda rykte inte verkar ha något att göra med Universitetets internationella profil att göra. Att det främst är i den äldsta gruppen studenter som i högst utsträckning valt Växjö på grund av dess närhet är kanske inte så konstigt med tanke på att mobiliteten då ofta tenderar att minska på grund av familjebildning, sociala band till den ort där man lever etc. Det verkar även vara främst praktiska skäl som gjort att de studenter som inte valde Växjö Universitet/Högskola som första alternativ. Det verkar således som en majoritet av studenterna som medverkat i denna studie främst tänkt i praktiska banor och i mindre utsträckning givit uttryck för statusmässiga skäl.

    Vad gäller finansiering av studier så visar denna undersökning att en mycket stor del av studenterna uppbär studiemedel, men det är inte det enda sättet att finansiera sina studier. Bland kvinnorna så är förvärvsarbete det sätt, efter studiemedel, som i denna grupp används för finansiera studierna. Bland de manliga studenterna är det bidrag från föräldrar/ make/ maka/ sambo etc som efter studiemedel är det sätt varpå de flesta finansierar studierna. Det är intressant i sig att så många studenter, från olika grupper finansierar sina studier från andra källor än studiemedlet. En förklaring kan vara att studiemedlet inte anses räcka till.

    Att besöka restaurang/ pub/bar och att besöka café är populärt bland studenterna. Det kan betyda att studenterna faktiskt besöker Växjö centrum oftare än vad många hävdar. Men det behöver dock inte betyda att studenterna lämnar själva campusområdet. Det finns flera caféer, restauranger, pubar och barer på universitetsområdet, vilket innebär att dessa aktiviteter inte nödvändigtvis behöver innebära att studenterna tar sig in till centrala Växjö. Aktiviteter som i

    störst utsträckning finns att tillgå i centrala Växjö, som konsert, teater, bio, museum, etc är de aktiviteter som är minst populära.

    Det är viktigt att framhålla att studenter långt ifrån är en homogen grupp, vilket fritidsfrågorna (se tabell 8, sid 11) visar. Det finns stora skillnader mellan kvinnor och män, exempelvis vad gäller besök på restaurang/bar/pub. Det finns även stora skillnader mellan de olika åldersgrupperna vad gäller de flesta fritidsaktiviteterna. De äldre studenterna går mindre på restaurang/pub/bar och tar i större utsträckning del av olika organiserade kulturuttryck. Utifrån detta kan man dra slutsatsen att studenterna har olika behov, det är en heterogen grupp.

    Tillgången till dator-, internet- och e-postadresser är stor eller mycket stor bland studenterna på Växjö Universitet. Det finns dock skillnader i främst användandet av datorer. Även om de flesta svarat att de har tillgång till dator, så visar empirin att unga studenter och män är de mer aktiva datoranvändarna, och att främst kvinnliga studenter men även den äldsta gruppen studenter är de mindre aktiva datoranvändarna. Även om kvinnor i nästan lika hög utsträckning har tillgång till dator som männen har så har de inte tillgång till internet, e-postadress i samma utsträckning som männen. Kvinnor surfar, chattar och använder inte e-post i samma utsträckning som de manliga studenterna. Studenter i den yngsta studentgruppen har i minst utsträckning tillgång till dator och internet men är trots det mer aktiva datoranvändare än den äldsta studentgruppen, där 25 procent uppgivit att de mycket sällan eller aldrig surfar på internet. Även i detta fall ser vi att studenterna inte är en homogen grupp. Studenterna har olika förutsättningar och olika kunskaper, vad gäller datorer, vilket kanske borde uppmärksammas mer.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 184.
    Eriksson, Magnus
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Studenter och utbildningar vid ett nytt universitet: Växjöstudenternas bakgrund, utbildningsval och arbetsmarknad2009Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsens syfte är att utifrån olika ansatser ge en bred bild av ett relativt nyetablerat universitet. Genom att fokusera på studenters utbildningsval och motiv utifrån deras bakgrunder och erfarenheter i relation till Växjö universitets olika typer av utbildningar, vill jag studera förutsättningar för formningen av lärosätets utbildningsmiljö samt konsekvenser för studenternas vidare öden. Växjö universitets studenter och utbildningar studeras i relation till andra lärosätens studenter och utbildningar i ett historiskt och nutida perspektiv. De Växjöstudenter som jag koncentrerar mig på är den stora grupp högskolenybörjare som studerar på helfart som finns vid universitetet. Dessutom beskrivs och analyseras olika utbildningsprograms studenter och deras utbildningsmotiv i den lokala utbildningsmiljön.  Ett antal övergripande frågeställningar vägleder arbetet:

     

    • Vilka är Växjö universitets utbildningar och dess studenter jämfört med andra lärosäten?
    • Vilka studenter rekryterar universitetets olika utbildningar?
    • Vilka är studenternas motiv till valet av utbildningar?
    • Hur ser relationen ut mellan bakgrund, motiv och utbildning?

     

    [1] För mer ingående diskussion om studentgruppen, se kapitel 2, och appendix, kapitel 2.

  • 185.
    Eriksson, Magnus
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Växjöstudenternas bakgrund och boende: projekt Student 20012001Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta är en redovisning av en del av ett mera omfattande projekt, Student 2001. Detta Projekt syftar till ge en bred bild av den brokiga grupp människor som växjöstudenter utgör. Bakgrunden till projektet var att det fanns en begränsad kunskap om Växjö universitets studenter. Vi behövde veta mer om de behov och krav som studenterna, den personal som arbetar på universitetet och andra intressenter har och ställer på Växjö universitet och Växjö kommun. Under läsåret 2000-2001 har därför en omfattande och systematisk studie av 1500 studenters bakgrund, studievanor, fritidsvanor etc genomförts. Denna rapports huvudsakliga syfte är att redovisa studenters boende. I rapporten ges också kortare beskrivningar av studenters bakgrund, attityder till Växjö och flytta-eller-stanna-problematiken.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 186.
    Eriksson, Magnus
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Lundberg, Eva
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Olofsson, Gunnar
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Växjöstudenterna och deras universitet: en studie av studenternas bakgrund, förhållningssätt och studievanor (projekt Student 2001)2002Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Undersökningen “Student 2001” gav upphov till ett mycket rikt och omfattande material. Med detta material kan vi beskriva, belysa och förstå en mängd aspekter av växjöstudenternas väg till och genom universitetet.

    Redan från början hade vi idén om ett brett projekt som berörde, drog in och intresserade så många som möjligt som har med Växjös studenter att göra. Sålunda genomfördes projektet i nära samarbete med Växjö kommun och Studentkåren, vilket bl a innebar att dessa båda kom att få egna frågemoduler inom projektets ram.Även inom universitet kändes det angeläget att försöka göra Student 2001 till ett slags ”allemansegendom”. Här involverades aktivt personer och grupper, som kunde föra fram de intressen som institutioner och olika studentnära avdelningar inom universitetet kunde tänkas ha.

    Samarbetet resulterade i att ett mycket omfattande frågeformulär skickades ut till en stor grupp växjöstudenter. Formuläret besvarades trots detta förvånansvärt väl och vi fick in ett fantastiskt datamaterial!

    Redovisningen av projektet genomförs, enligt idén om största möjliga involvering - i flera steg: Steg ett innebar en skriftlig rapport till Växjö kommun: Eriksson, M, Lundberg, E, Olofsson, G (2002): Växjöstudenterna – bakgrund och boende.

    Därefter inledde vi en serie specialskräddade muntliga presentationer för projektets olika intressenter, vilket innebär att fokus läggs på sådant som den aktuella gruppen är särskilt betjänt av att få del av. Till varje sådan presentation har vi därför tagit fram ett antal specifika tabeller och diagram, som lämnats för vidare diskussion och analys av intressenterna själva. Vid dagens datum har vi genomfört ett femtontal sådana specialpresentationer och räknar med ytterligare ett antal under hösten.

    Den här rapporten, Växjöstudenterna och deras universitet- en studie av bakgrund, förhållningssätt och studievanor utgör steg tre och ska sammanfatta och ge överblick över projektet. Här riktar vi oss till den allmänt intresserade och till den som vill öka sin kunskap om dagens studenter vid ett av de tre nya svenska universiteten.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 187.
    Eriksson, Marie
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Humanities. Historia.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences. Statsvetenskap.
    Vägen till kvinnlig tronföljd 1952-19802005In: Scandia: Tidskrift för historisk forskning, ISSN 0036-5483, no 2, p. 23-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    During the 28 years from the first motion in the

    Riksdag right up to 1980, when the fully cognatic

    right of inheritance came into force, the question

    of female succession to the throne principally dealt

    with the monarchy as an institution. A critical -

    and benevolent - interpretation on the introduction

    of female succession is that it became easier to

    accept at a time when the political role of the

    monarchy had practically come to an end.

    For the non-socialist parties the claim on female

    succession was a way of retaining and consolidating

    the monarchy, but this was done with overtones of

    equality between women and men. For the Social

    democrats and the Communists the resistance to

    the introduction of female succession was a way

    of avoiding a reinforcement of the monarchy which

    in turn might be an obstacle to the future change-

    over to republic. It should be pointed out that

    succession to the throne was a relatively distinct

    right – left question in the politics. The true picture

    of the non – Socialist actions can be seen as an

    interplay of normative and institutional starting-

    points. In terms of purpose and means it was a

    combination of those. The actions of the Social

    democrats was characterized by pragmatism.

    That the party did not carry the matter of republic

    might above all be motivated by the fact that the

    party assumed that the national support of the

    monarchy was strong.

    We want to emphasize that it was mostly male

    politicians with the non - Socialist parties who

    pursued the policy of introducing female

    succession to the throne. An exception to this

    was the participation of Ingrid Gärde - Widemar

    in first motion in the Riksdag in 1952. This could

    indicate that this was not a question of equality

    between women and men, which aimed at

    influencing the normative level, but was to a

    greater extent a question of the institutional

    level. Another explanation might have been that

    the question of female succession to the throne

    was a constitutional question and for that reason

    of greater political importance.

    It should be emphasized that the non – Socialist

    politicians derived inspiration from the monarchies

    in Europe which had female succession. They often

    referred to Denmark, where cognatic succession

    had been introduced in 1953. Hence it had been

    conceivable that the Social democrats in Sweden

    had referred to Norway as an example of a monarchy

    which at that time had no female succession and

    yet there had been Social democratic governments

    for a long time. They did not however do so. None

    of monarchies in Europe had fully cognatic succession.

    In this manner Sweden was unique Europe at this time.

  • 188.
    Eriksson, Roger
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    EU:s grannskapspolitik i Medelhavsregionen: En säkerhetspolitisk analys av Medelhavssamarbetet2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The thesis investigates how the European Union promotes stability and security in the Mediterranean region. The aim is to analyse the European Union’s security ambitions with Euro-Mediterranean Partnership, the Barcelona Process. An analytical framework with five sectors (military, political, economic, environmental and societal), based on the Copenhagen School’s theories about security sectors and securitization, is used for the analysis. Within the framework threats, objectives and methods are categorized into each security sector. Then it is possible to distinguish if any sector is more prioritised by the EU. Qualitative text analysis is used to examine relevant EU-documents. The result of the analysis shows that the European Union prioritizes the economical and societal sector in promoting peace and security within the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership. Through economical integration and cultural dialogue, the EU tries to enhance security and stability. The EU emphasises the importance of global governance and international law for a stable peace. The study concludes that the widened concept of security, within the Copenhagen School, can help to explain the European Union’s work inside the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 189.
    Erlandsson, Arvid
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    The differences in Frequent and Intense Affect Balance when measuring Subjective Well-being and Personality: A study among young adults2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study 170 Swedish University students participated and evaluated themselves on Subjective well-being with affect balance measured both in frequency and in intensity, and on the five-factor personality factors. The results clearly indicate that intense positive emotions and intense negative emotions correlate positively, and that women experience emotions more intensely than men. Further, measuring affect balance in frequency leads to gender differences in happiness while intensity affect balance does not. Neuroticism (inverted) and extraversion are both strong predictors of happiness, but when using frequent affect-balance, neuroticism evidently stands out as the better of the two. Extraversion and to some extent neuroticism are intensifying people’s emotions. The findings suggest future research to distinguish between intense and frequent affects when calculating Subjective well-being.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 190.
    Erlandsson, Jenni
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Den ljusnande framtid är vår2005Report (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 191.
    Erlandsson, Jenni
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Holmberg, Christin
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Tidsanvändningsstudien: En studie av arbetsmiljön vid Växjö universitet2004Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I slutet av 2003 påbörjades undersökningen Tidsanvändningsstudien, vilken ingår som en del i det pågående arbetsmiljöarbetet vid Växjö universitet. Undersökningen syftar till att få mer kunskap om hur arbetsförhållandena vid universitetet ser ut och ska i sin tur på lång sikt förbättra arbetsvillkoren för de anställda. I första hand är projektet inriktat mot arbetsvillkor kopplade till arbetstid, arbetsuppgifter och arbetssituation där anställdas åsikter och synpunkter ska komma fram.

    Ett stort antal arbetsplatser genomgår idag förändringar och det finns betydande risker för negativ stress och ohälsa i samband med dessa omställningar. Universitet har under de senaste tio åren blivit en alltmer betydelsefull del av samhället och samtidigt ett föremål för ett större politiskt intresse och inflytande, vilket har fått som följd att de idag också är utsatta för dessa samhälleliga krav på förändring. Universiteten som arbetsplats består, enligt tidigare undersökningar, av personal som ofta är mycket nöjda med sina arbetstider, arbetsuppgifter och sin arbetssituation, trots detta har många anställda arbetsrelaterade besvär och antalet sjukskrivningar är höga. Vår uppgift var att studera arbetsmiljön vid Växjö universitet.

    Undersökningen riktar sig till samtliga anställda vid Växjö universitet och för att kunna ta del av allas uppfattningar av arbetsmiljön valdes enkätundersökning som insamlingsmetod. I rapporten redovisas oftast vad samtliga anställda anser om arbetsmiljön, men eftersom universitetet är en stor arbetsplats förekommer det variationer beroende på kön, yrkestillhörighet och vilken institution/sektion/enhet personen tillhör.

    I rapporten har personalens åsikter och uppfattningar om Växjö universitet som arbetsplats sammanställts och därefter analyserats utifrån faktorer som påverkar deras arbetsmiljö. Det som framkommit är att en stor del av personalen är nöjda med arbetstiden, arbetsuppgifterna och arbetssituationen. De flesta känner att de har frihet att själva planera i stor utsträckning vilka tider de ska arbeta. De har en variation i arbetsuppgifterna som medför att arbetet känns omväxlande och arbetsmiljön beskrivs som stimulerande och god. Samtidigt beskriver anställda en arbetsmiljö som bland annat består av; stor och ojämn arbetsbörda, tidsbrist, dåligt samvete och arbetet upplevs som splittrat och stressigt.

    Utifrån personalens uppfattningar om arbetstid, arbetsuppgifter och arbetssituation hittade vi gemensamma drag som kan sammanfatta arbetsmiljön vid Växjö universitet. Arbetsmiljön kännetecknas av frihet och flexibilitet, hög arbetsbelastning och hög lojalitet. Slutsatsen är att hög lojalitet och fria och flexibla arbetsvillkor gällande arbetstiden och arbetsuppgifter i kombination med hög arbetsbelastning gör att individen upplever:

    - oro att inte hinna med alla arbetsuppgifter på ordinarie arbetstid

    - oro att inte leva upp till ställda arbetskrav

    - att arbetet ger dåligt samvete eftersom det alltid finns arbetsuppgifter att utföra

    - att det inte finns någon ersättare vid sjukdom

    - negativ stress och ohälsa

    För anställda resulterar detta ofta i långa arbetsveckor med övertid och hem- och helgarbete för att hinna utföra arbetsuppgifterna samt hög sjuknärvaro på arbetsplatsen

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 192.
    Erlingsson, Gissur
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences. Statsvetenskap.
    Explaining Party Formation in Swedish Local Politics2007Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Since political parties are providers of collective goods, groups demanding the formation of new parties face a collective action problem. Hence, I set out to answer (1) why people form new parties in the first place, and (2) why party formation became an increasingly popular political strategy between 1973 and 2002 in Swedish municipalities. I begin this venture by reviewing popular approaches in the field, and argue that they are inappropriate as points of departure for the tasks at hand. Instead an ‘analytical narrative’ is constructed to move closer in on individual party entrepreneurs in order to identify the mechanisms that trigger the decision to form a new party. Case-studies indicate that ‘strong emotions’ – for example anger and indignation – mobilize actors to overcome costs and to engage in high cost political activities. However, ‘strong emotions’ can only explain why individuals form parties in the first place, but gives no clue as to why party formation became an increasingly popular strategy 1973–2002. Therefore, I pick up a theme implicated in the case-studies – entrepreneurs may be inspired by party formations at earlier points in time. A hypothesis is constructed that maintains that entrepreneurs who create a party at t – 1 inspire potential entrepreneurs in neighbouring municipalities at later points in time. This finds some support. Since previous attempts to explain the increasing number of new parties in local councils have been unsuccessful, I maintain that the support that the ‘rational imitation’ hypothesis after all gains, adds important knowledge to this field.

  • 193.
    Erlingsson, Gissur
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Partier i kommunpolitiken: En kunskapsöversikt om partier, makt och legitimitet2008Report (Other academic)
  • 194.
    Erlingsson, Gissur
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences. Statsvetenskap.
    Sjölin, Mats
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences. Statsvetenskap.
    Andersson, Staffan
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences. Statsvetenskap.
    Bergh, Andreas
    Hur korrupt är en icke-korrupt stat? Teoretiska förväntningar och lokala eliters subjektiva bedömningar.2008In: Uppsats presenterad vid NOPSA i Tromsö, 6-9 augusti 2008, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sweden has traditionally been regarded as a country free from corruption. But since the 1990s several corruption scandals and critique of weak institutional control mechanisms have somewhat challenged this picture. The purpose of the paper is to: i) build a theoretical ground for the argument that corruption has increased in Swedish municipalities, and ii) explore if corruption is regarded as a substantial problem by senior members and officers in Swedish municipalities and if there is reason to believe that corruption has increased over time. The paper establishes that changes in the public sector, among else New Public Management reforms, have contributed to altered incentives for corruption, and indeed increased possibilities, for members and officers in municipalities. Empirical results from our survey of senior officers and members in all Swedish municipalities carried out in 2008 show that respondents do not consider corruption as widespread, which is true no matter whether respondents are asked about the situation in Swedish municipalities in general, activities and operations in the own municipality or own experiences of bribe attempts. But despite this respondents do perceive corruption as a substantial problem and judged from respondents’ own experiences one in 20 did experience corrupt offers. Finally, although it is not possible to establish conclusively, the paper discusses based on empirical findings whether corruption really is a widespread phenomenon and has increased over time.

  • 195.
    Erlingsson, Gissur Ó
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Organisationsförändringar och ökad kommunal korruption: Existerar ett samband?2006In: Kommunal Ekonomi och Politik, no 3, p. 7-40Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 196.
    Erlingsson, Gissur Ó
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences. Statsvetenskap.
    Varför bildas nya partier?: Vrede och revanschlust som beslutsmobiliserande faktorer2006In: Sociologisk forskning, no 3, p. 43-74Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 197.
    Erlingsson, Gissur Ó
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    Kommunstruktur, självstyrelse och rätten till självbestämmande2006In: Federalism på svenska, Ratio, Stockholm , 2006Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 198.
    Erlingsson, Gissur Ólafur
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences. statsvetenskap.
    Bergh, Andreas
    Sjölin, Mats
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Public Corruption in Swedish Municipalities: Trouble Looming on the Horizon2008In: Local Government Studies, ISSN 1743-9388, Vol. 34, no 5, p. 595-608Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the 1990s, several public corruption scandals were uncovered in Sweden. This article focuses specifically on local corruption, and our purpose is to examine whether a case can be made that problems of public corruption in Swedish municipalities have increased. By applying instruments from the institutional rational choice framework, we reach the conclusion that there are indeed reasons to suspect that retrenchment initiatives and organisational reforms over the last two decades, often labelled 'new public management', have increased the risk of corruption. Although hard empirical data do not yet exist, the suspicion that public corruption in Swedish municipalities may have become an increasing problem cannot be disregarded. Hence, we conclude by calling for further empirical research in this field.

  • 199.
    Ewald, Jonas
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Närman, Anders
    Handelshögskolan Göteborg.
    Stålgren, Patrik
    Institutionen för statsvetenskap, Göteborg.
    A Strategic Conflict Analysis for the Great Lakes Region2004Report (Other academic)
  • 200.
    Ewald, Jonas
    et al.
    Centre for Africa Studies, School of Global Studies, Göteborg University.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Närman, Anders
    Kulturgeografiska institutionen, Göteborgs Universitet.
    Stålgren, Patrik
    Statsvetenskapliga institutionen, Göteborgs Universitet.
    Lake Victoria Region - a strategic conflict analysis2004Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Different types of actual and potential conflicts around Lake Victoria and East Africa are analysed. Policy recommendation for potential interventions.

1234567 151 - 200 of 1003
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf