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  • 151.
    Chiatti, Carlos
    et al.
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Di Rosa, Mirko
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Lamura, Giovanni
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Martin-Matthews, Anne
    University of British Columbia, Canada.
    Papa, Roberta
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Svensson, Torbjörn
    Lund University.
    ISSA 2012: The medium-term impact of the first ISSA in the eyes of its participants2015Inngår i: Irish Ageing Studies Review, ISSN 1649-9972, Vol. 6, nr 1, s. 44-44Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: This contribution aims at illustrating the perspective of students attending the first International Summer School on Ageing (ISSA), highlighting the midterm impact exerted by this initiative on their own educational career.

    Methods: The reported findings are based on a follow-up assessment questionnaire sent out to and filled-in by ISSA participants (n= 20) six months after the Summer School’s conclusion, with the aim of identifying whether participation in the ISSA had brought any advantage to each participant's professional and educational life.

    Results: Among the ISSA-related aspects identified as “important” for their future research activity, the main ones were “interacting with established researchers” (100%) and “being part of a research network” (85%), followed by “use of different approaches” and “training environment”. As for the aspects “influenced” by the ISSA, the “development of a professional network” was the most frequently mentioned (100%), followed by “research training” (84%), “research interest” (79%) and “career” (71%). The majority of participants reported that, since their ISSA attendance, had remained in contact with each other for study-related (65%) or work-related (60%) purposes. This networking activity has led to joint scientific collaborations with both mentors (one joint conference presentation and two peer-review publications) and fellow students (preparation of a project proposal in response toa research call and organisation of a scientific event).

    Conclusions: The reported findings show that the ISSA has been useful in creating a collaborative multidisciplinary network of younger and older researchers on ageing-related issues, which is likely to bear more fruitin the long-term.

  • 152.
    Chiatti, Carlos
    et al.
    Marche Polytechnic University, Italy ; National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    Università degli Studi di Macerata, Italy ; National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Lamura, Giovanni
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy ; European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research, Austria.
    Gori, Cristiano
    Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Italy ; Istituto per la ricerca sociale, Italy ; London School of Economics, UK.
    La "bussola" di NNA: lo stato dell'arte basato sui dati2010Inngår i: L'assistenza agli anziani non autosufficienti in Italia: 2° Rapporto, Rapporto promosso dall’IRCCS-INRCA per il Network nazionale per l’invecchiamento / [ed] N.N.A., Rimini: Maggioli Editore, 2010, s. 13-39Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 153.
    Chiatti, Carlos
    et al.
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy ; University of Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA) ; European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research of Vienna, Austria.
    Lamura, Giovanni
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA) ; European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research of Vienna, Austria.
    Gori, Cristiano
    London School of Economics, UK.
    La "bussola" di N.N.A.: lo stato dell'arte basato sui dati2011Inngår i: L'assistenza agli anziani non autosufficienti in Italia: 3° Rapporto, Il monitoraggio degli interventie il punto sulla residenzialità / [ed] N.N.A., Rimini: Maggioli Editore, 2011, s. 13-34Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 154.
    Chiatti, Carlos
    et al.
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy Marche Polytechnic University, Italy ; Lund University.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Masera, Filippo
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Gli standard ed i requisiti di qualità nei servizi di assistenza residenziale2013Inngår i: L'assistenza agli anziani non autosufficienti in Italia: 4° Rapporto, Tra crisi e ripartenza / [ed] N.N.A., Rimini: Maggioli Editore, 2013, s. 71-91Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 155.
    Chiatti, Carlos
    et al.
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy ; Lund University.
    Di Rosa, Mirko
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Greco, Cosetta
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Melchiorre, Maria Gabriella
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Principi, Andrea
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Santini, Sara
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Lamura, Giovanni
    Migrant care work for elderly households in Italy2013Inngår i: Ageing in the Mediterranean / [ed] Joseph Troisi, Hans-Joachim von Kondratowitz, Bristol: Policy Press, 2013, s. 235-256Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims at pointing out the need for a more equitable, internationally driven approach to solve elder care staff shortages, on the background of the implications deriving from the widespread phenomenon of employing migrant care workers in the Italian elder care sector. The paper describes at first how this form of care provision has become so popular in this country to face the long term care needs characterising its ageing population. Main reasons are identified, on the one hand, in the decreasing availability of informal care, due to the increasing female participation in the labor market, a longer working life and a reduction in the support provided by social networks. On the “formal” side, a major role has been played also by the lack of appropriate long term care services, such as residential and public home care, as well as by a chronic shortage of nursing staff and a shorter length of hospital stays. The traditionally “cash-oriented” profile of the Italian welfare system – more based on cash-for-care measures rather than in-kind services – has ended up with perpetuating familistic tendencies stimulating the employment of foreign migrant care workers, often on a live-in, undeclared basis. The paper’s conclusions focus on the analysis of the main opportunities and challenges raised by this phenomenon, trying to catch all involved parties’ perspectives: the older care recipients’ families; the migrant care workers; the receiving and the sending societies. This approach allows to identify core advantages of this solution in the possibility to increase ageing in place opportunities (thus reducing institutionalisation rates) and to provide a more personalised home care at reasonable costs. On the other hand, drawbacks can occur in terms of low quality of care, risk of widespread undeclared labour conditions, possible exploitation of foreign migrants and abuse of older people, as well as “brain and care drain” effects in sending countries. A more neutral, internationally driven governance is therefore suggested in order to minimize these risks and promote equitable solutions to solve care provision shortages in some countries without “plundering the future” of other nations.

  • 156.
    Di Rosa, Mirko
    et al.
    Marche Polytechnic University, Italy ; National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Poli, Arianna
    Linköping University ; National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Balducci, Francesco
    Marche Polytechnic University, Italy ; National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA).
    L’altra bussola: le strategie di sostegno familiare e privato2015Inngår i: L'assistenza agli anziani non autosufficienti in Italia: 5° Rapporto, Un futuro da ricostruire / [ed] N.N.A., Rimini: Maggioli Editore, 2015, s. 35-54Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 157.
    Dietmann, Daniel
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    McHaiter, Rachida
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Etiskt ledarskap: Sociologisk undersökning av det etiska ledarskapet bland första linjens chefer2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 hpOppgave
  • 158.
    Efthymiou, Areti
    et al.
    Eurocarers, Belgium.
    Poli, Arianna
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Döhner, Hanneli
    Eurocarers, Belgium.
    Hanson, Elizabeth
    Eurocarers, Belgium.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Goodwin, Frank
    Eurocarers, Belgium.
    Lamura, Giovanni
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    The role of Eurocarers in promoting web-based support services for informal carers in Europe2015Inngår i: Irish Ageing Studies Review, ISSN 1649-9972, Vol. 6, nr 1, s. 88-89Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Eurocarers is an European non-profit association representing informal carers. It was officially established in 2006 and includes user organisations, research institutions and individual members addressing and working on the issue of informal care. Eurocarers participates in the work package 3 (WP3) of the INNOVAGE project, aiming to develop and disseminate a multilingual web platform for informal carers in 27 Member States of the European Union (EU).

    Methods: A wide networking activity was carried out in 2013-2014 for identifying and involving at least one user organisation in each country of the EU-27, which could take over responsibility of single national versions of the platform. 29 carers organisations were involved in implementation, as well as in developing country-based contents for the information resources area.

    Results: Information resource area will be implemented in the EU-27 in all official languages and updated progressively by organisations. Each organisation will implement a set of interactive services, depending on country peculiarities and available resources. A further dissemination phase will follow, based on a multilayered approach: one EU event will take place in 2015, followed by national events and other local activities.

    Conclusions: A fundamental role in the development and dissemination of web-based support services for carers is played by the activation of a strong and comprehensive network of organisations. Characteristics of the internet have the potential to strengthen collaboration between stakeholders and converge efforts for improving level of support services in countries with less cultural, social and policy recognition of carers’ role in the society.

  • 159.
    Einarsson, Catrin
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Pettersson, Jenny
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    I riktning mot evidensbaserad praktik?: En kvalitativ studie av Polismyndighetens implementering av evidensbaserad praktik. 2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to illustrate how evidence-based praxis is implemented in the police agencies activities with crime prevention work. We asked two questions: a) What actions does the Swedish Police authority take when implementing evidence-based praxis in its operations? and b) What opportunities contra difficulties do the managers, community police officers and teachers at the police institute see with evidence-based praxis? This was investigated through qualitative interviews in order to capture the participants personal opinions and experiences about the subject. Evidence-based policies are practiced through the crime-prevention work that takes place through local cooperations. The role of community police officers constitutes an important strategic role as being cosmopolitan, which ensures that communication between the police and society works, which in turn forms the basis for the crime-prevention work. The result also shows that the police cannot take care of law enforcement on their own initiative; responsibility also rests on individuals, groups and other organizations. We see patterns of a majorly positive attitude within the police, which contradicts previous research. There are not enough evidence-based methods within all working fields of the police, which has emerged as an important factor in order to implement evidence-based praxis. Whilst the police may be positive towards evidence-based methods, they can not solely rely on them. The resources are too lacking in order for the evidence-based praxis to also permeate the police authority's work. In order for the police authority's work to be carried out by evidence-based methods, community police officers need to have a higher status internally. They also need a mandate in the form of being able to make decisions about operative resources. The main contribution of the study´s is that evidence-based praxis needs to be strategically implemented, and the key people who work primarily with evidence-based praxis needs a higher status within the organization.

  • 160.
    Eliassi, Barzoo
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Diasporic conceptions of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq2018Inngår i: Routledge Handbook on the Kurds / [ed] Michael M. Gunter, New York: Routledge, 2018, s. 425-438Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 161.
    Eliassi, Barzoo
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Homelessness and statelessness: possibilities and perils2019Inngår i: Routledge Handbook of Diaspora Studies / [ed] Robin Cohen, Carolin Fischer, New York: Routledge, 2019, s. 120-128Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 162.
    Eliassi, Barzoo
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA). Oxford University, UK ; Lund University, Sweden ; Linköping University, Sweden.
    Narratives of statelessness and political belonging among Kurdish diasporas in Sweden and the UK2015Rapport (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the phenomenon of statelessness and political belonging in a world of unequal nation-states and citizenship regimes. In so doing it will examine the theoretical construction and conceptions of the stateless in contemporary social and political thought and assess their implications for the conceptions of shared identity and citizenship rights in the legal-political framework of the nation-state and international legal processes and practices. In the academic field statelessness has been largely viewed in relation to the ‘lack’ of citizenship and the acquisition of citizenship has therefore been presented as a solution to statelessness. Although citizenship rights and membership of an internationally recognized state are central to the human rights of political subjects in the contemporary world, the conditions and experiences of statelessness do not fade away through acquisition of formal citizenship as the persistent political, legal and military struggles of the stateless groups around the world show. It is therefore important to investigate how notions of political belonging underpinning political projects and collective action of the stateless peoples are constructed and how they inform and shape the evolution of national consciousness among them. Political belonging creates collective goals to sustain or transform political order. This study combines theoretical investigation of statelessness and citizenship with empirical field research on the subjective experiences of the phenomena among the Kurds. Through deploying a narrative inquiry and in-depth interviews, this project will use the narratives of Kurdish migrants in Sweden and the UK to analyze how national consciousness emerges in the absence of a nation-state but also the role of the nation-state in shaping discourses about statelessness and political belonging outside of the ‘original’ homelands.

  • 163.
    Eliassi, Barzoo
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA). Oxford University, UK.
    Statelessness in a world of nation-states: The cases of Kurdish diasporas in Sweden and the UK2016Inngår i: Journal of ethnic and migration studies, ISSN 1369-183X, E-ISSN 1469-9451, Vol. 42, nr 9, s. 1403-1419Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Mass displacement in the Middle East is a major political challenge for contemporary Middle Eastern and Western states. As a consequence, statelessness has emerged as one of the central political issues in relation to the collapse and weakening of the states in the Middle East. Through deploying a qualitative inquiry and interviews with 50 Kurdish immigrants, this article investigates how members of Kurdish diasporas in Sweden and the UK conceive and experience statelessness in a world of unequal nation-states and hierarchical citizenship. Since diasporas are important non-state actors in nation-building processes, it is important to analyse their diasporic visions and the ways they challenge or reinforce the power of the nation-state in the context of migration. While from a legal or a right-based approach, the solution to statelessness is found in acquisition of a nationality/citizenship, I posit that in a world structured by the political normativity of the nation-state, nations without states will continue to be in search of national self-determination, political autonomy and sovereignty in the international comity of sovereign nations.

  • 164.
    Elsrud, Torun
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ). Malmö University.
    Making allies or others?: Intersectional challenges during courtroom observations2015Inngår i: Concurrences in Postcolonial Research : Perspectives, Methodologies, Engagements: Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden, August 20-23, 2015, 2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper deals with methodological challenges presented while carrying out observations during an ethnographically inspired research project into notions and ideas about culture, ethnicity, gender and age within a Swedish courtroom context. Approximately 20 court cases on “street related crime” and “domestic violence” have been studied by means of observations in court, interviews with defendants and readings of court documents. Two analytical courses of action have emerged while applying postcolonial perspectives on preliminary findings; one being to address the court as an arena for multiple, concurring and conflicting voices and the other as a discursive arena for epistemological colonialism, or as contemporary, inherited expression of a Nordic (discursive) colonialism.  

    However, the intersectional approach of trying to account for several concurrent voices proposes some interesting methodological challenges, which is the focus of this paper. One such challenge is related to scope and range of social categories present in the court context, placing great demands on the researcher’s ability to “keep track” of multiple perspectives/voices simultaneously. The paper will address this issue by exploring questions concerned with the amount of time and material needed to reach empirical saturation, as well as potential methods facilitating the acknowledgement and observation of a multi-perspective presence. Another challenge when doing research in a setting characterized by diversity related to the (un)awareness of the researcher’s situated knowledge and position(s) within specific discursive homes. The paper will discuss methodological possibilities as well as difficulties when it comes to accounting for the agency of people found to be othered in courtroom discourse and interaction. The importance of interviews to verify or contest researcher findings will be addressed, in addition to the importance of empathy and dangers of “othering” when approaching a diverse setting.

  • 165.
    Elsrud, Torun
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Women making herstory. Women making history: 100 år av immigrantkvinnors liv och arbete i Malmö. Malmö Stadsarkivet2017Inngår i: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, Vol. 38, nr 3, s. 115-118Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 166.
    Elsrud, Torun
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Lalander, Philip
    Malmö University, Sweden.
    Immigrant mafia or local lads on the binge?: The construction of (un)trustworthiness in Swedish district courts2017Inngår i: Retfærd. Nordisk Juridisk Tidsskrift, ISSN 0105-1121, Vol. 157, nr 3-4, s. 182-200Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we address the constructionof familiarity and distance in Swedish district courtcases, involving young men with both immigrantand Swedish backgrounds. Through ethnographicobservations of 40 trials related to street crimes, wehave found different qualities of social interaction that distinguish immigrant background and Swed-ish background cases from each other. These distinc-tions, disfavouring young men with immigrant back-ground, are built up through a series of practices and events that follow taken-for-granted behaviourand details in interaction, such as speech, laughter,choice of words to describe the accused and trust inSwedish witnesses. In conclusion, we argue for thenecessity of detailed, close-up studies of courtroom action and interaction to understand statistical find-ings of discrimination and disfavouring of certain groups of immigrants in court and elsewhere in thejudicial process.

  • 167.
    Elsrud, Torun
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ). Malmö University.
    Lalander, Philip
    Malmö University, Sweden.
    Staaf, Annika
    Malmö University, Sweden.
    Noise, voice and silencing during immigrant court-case performances in Swedish district courts2017Inngår i: Ethnicities, ISSN 1468-7968, E-ISSN 1741-2706, Vol. 17, nr 5, s. 667-687Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article argues that court-ritual unawareness, linguistic shortcomings andstereotypical images about non-Swedish otherness impair the position and actingspace for immigrants in a Swedish district court context. Drawing on two ethnographicallyinformed research projects focused on courtroom interaction during morethan 20 trials dealing with ‘domestic violence’ and ‘street-related crime’, we claimthat immigrant voices are often silenced due to taken-for-granted practices in court.Through analyses of interviews, performances, interpreted hearings and references toa desirable Swedishness, it is argued that situations are created where immigrantparticipants may experience their possibility of being understood as limited and theirvoices as being unheard. Such conditions are emotionally draining and may result inparticipants choosing silence over stating their case. This is a problem, not only withinthe individual court case, but also for the overall legitimacy of the court system and forissues of institutional trust among citizens.

  • 168.
    Elvstrand, Helene
    et al.
    Linköping university.
    Närvänen, Anna-Liisa
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Children's Own Perspectives on Participation in Leisure-time Centers in Sweden2016Inngår i: American Journal of Educational Research, ISSN 2327-6150, Vol. 4, nr 6, s. 496-503Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents a study conducted at two different leisure time centers (LTCs) in Sweden. LTC is a voluntary after-school setting that according to the national curriculum should support for example development of values and children’s social skills. The analysis is a part of a larger action research project comprising various research issues relating to LTCs. The present article focuses on the democratic objective of LTCs. The Swedish educational system, of which LTCs form a part, is considered to be rights-based with reference to the United Nations Conventions on the Rights of the Child. The national curriculum stresses citizenship education, and both schools and LTCs are considered venues where children should have the opportunity and ability to practice democracy in their everyday activities. The point of departure in the theoretical framework is children’s participation and agency. This article focuses on data gathered through ‘drawing and talking with children’ that reveals children’s perspectives as to their own participation at LTCs. A total of 19 children participated in the study and were asked to draw a map of their LTC and describe their experiences of participation at the LTC. The results show that children clearly favored activities that, at least to some extent, could be carried out with less adult supervision, such as free, unstructured play. Opportunities to participate were described in terms of formal proceedings such as voting or writing suggestions and depositing them in the suggestion box. The children also described their participation in terms of opportunities to make individual choices in accordance with their preferences. When asked to name obstacles to participation, the children mentioned rules that were decided on by adults, and fixed routines that structured the children’s afternoon hours in terms of both time and space.

  • 169.
    Eriksson, Josefine
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Sociala företag och arbetsintegration: En studie om hur sociala företag kan bidra till att möjliggöra och begränsa arbetsintegration för arbetsmarginaliserade individer2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Social enterprises are in some contexts considered to be a solution of social exclusion. Studies have tried to reach a deeper understanding of the relatively new phenomenon 'work-integrating social enterprises' by asking questions like 'what is a social enterprise?'. The purpose of this research is to create a greater understanding of how social enterprises can enable and/or restrict work-integration. Data is collected through qualitative interviews conducted on six social enterprise managers. The research focuses on how and to what extent organizational structure components (including functions, target group, leadership and control, along with recruitment and specialization) can lead to work-integration. The research shows a discrepancy of what the social enterprises say they are and what they say they do. I find it to be an effect depending on them being similar to other common enterprises. This is evident in their being located on the regular labor market, having the same demands in competitive and effective production.

    This research shows how social enterprises restrict individuals just as a common enterprise. By only recruiting individuals with desired abilities and knowledge, the social enterprises reproduces exclusion of individuals and thereby restrict work-integration for the most marginalized individuals. The research also shows that by actually giving a chance of work-integration to marginalized individuals (even if it is a limited chance), social enterprises are an alternative to common enterprises.

  • 170.
    Farjam, Mike
    et al.
    Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Germany.
    Faillo, Marco
    University of Trento, Italy.
    Sprinkhuizen-Kuyper, Ida
    Radboud University Nijmegen, Netherlands.
    Haselager, Pim
    Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Netherlands.
    Punishment Mechanisms and Their Effect on Cooperation: A Simulation Study2015Inngår i: JASSS: Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, ISSN 1460-7425, E-ISSN 1460-7425, Vol. 18, nr 1, artikkel-id 5Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In social dilemmas punishment costs resources, not just from the one who is punished but often also from the punisher and society. Reciprocity on the other side is known to lead to cooperation without the costs of punishment. The questions at hand are whether punishment brings advantages besides its costs, and how its negative side-effects can be reduced to a minimum in an environment populated by agents adopting a form of reciprocity. Various punishment mechanisms have been studied in the economic literature such as unrestricted punishment, legitimate punishment, cooperative punishment, and the hired gun mechanism. In this study all these mechanisms are implemented in a simulation where agents can share resources and may decide to punish other agents when the other agents do not share. Through evolutionary learning agents adapt their sharing/punishing policy. When the availability of resources was restricted, punishment mechanisms in general performed better than no-punishment, although unrestricted punishment was performing worse. When resource availability was high, performance was better in no-punishment conditions with indirect reciprocity. Unrestricted punishment was always the worst performing mechanism. Summarized, this paper shows that, in certain environments, some punishment mechanisms can improve the efficiency of cooperation even if the cooperating system is already based on indirect reciprocity.

  • 171.
    Farjam, Mike
    et al.
    Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
    Haselager, W.F.G.
    Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
    Sprinkhuizen-Kuyper, I.G.
    Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
    Greed, Envy, Jealousy A Tool for more efficient Resource Management2012Inngår i: Proceedings of BNAIC, the 24th Benelux Conference on Artificial Intelligence / [ed] Uiterwijk, J.W.H.M.; Roos, N.; Winands, M.H.M., 2012, s. 99-107Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Highly social animals like humans developed features such as greed, envy, and jealousy through evolution.Assuming that the concept of envy has already been learned, experiments are performed in an artificiallife environment. They show the benefits of envy for a multiagent system and how principles underlyingenvy can make agents more effective with respect to resource management. Furthermore they show underwhich circumstances (such as the population size or the possibility to punish greed) jealousy turns intoa useful feature in a multiagent system. Concepts like population size or availability of resources aretranslated back into real world phenomena to show possible applications of artificial envy. Simulationsshow that the benefits in resource-management outweigh the costs of having an envy system.

  • 172.
    Fransson, Therése
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Fyra nyanser av brunt: Adopterades erfarenheter av svenskhetens gränser, ras och vithet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study is about the group of transnational adoptees, which means adoptions that includes a transfer of children to families who racially and culturally different from them. The Swedish research regarding to this group of adoptees is relatively limited. Especially in relation to the phenomenon like race, whiteness and racism. There is a need for more knowledge about what it means to be Swedish and non-white, something that the group adoptees has experience of.

                         The purpose of this study is to examine if, and in that case how, it is possible to discern a pattern of Swedishness boundaries using the adoptees experience, and to find out how notions of race interacts with these experiences. The study is based on a qualitative approach and the empirical material consists of interviews with four adoptees. To understand my empirical data I have chosen to work with several different theoretical perspectives to illustrate the phenomenon as can be seen as border guards of Swedishness concerning to the adoptees. These phenomenon’s are: race and whiteness, and racialization and (everyday) racism. I am also inspired by the American research field of critical race and whiteness studies, but from a Swedish context.

                          The results show that the main limit for Swedishness goes at the adoptees non-white bodies. It is also by their non-white bodies as they get their belonging in Sweden questioned and can be considered as almost Swedes. It is also their non-Swedish appearance that allows them to be exposed to racialization and racism in everyday life. Thus, it is possible to argue, on the basis of the adoptees stories, that race as construction exists and that we must speak of it to be able to understand how it, as adopted (Swedish), is to live in a non-white body in Sweden today.

  • 173. Fürnkranz-Prskawetz, Alexia
    et al.
    Lindh, Thomas
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Ekonomihögskolan, EHV. Nationalekonomi och statistik.
    The impact of ageing on innovation and productivity growth in Europe2006Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 174. Fürnkranz-Prskawetz, Alexia
    et al.
    Lindh, Thomas
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Ekonomihögskolan, EHV. Nationalekonomi och statistik.
    The Relationship Between Demographic Change and Economic Growth in the EU2007Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 175.
    Gellert, Maria
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    En annorlunda svensk kvinna: En kvalitativ studie om sverigefinska 1970-talskvinnors socialisation och sociala identitet i det svenska samhället.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study has been to investigate how female Swedish Finns reflect upon their socialization and their social identity in the Swedish society. The main theoretical framework for this study originates from sociologists such as Goffman and Tajfel. Goffman describes social interaction in terms of theatrical performance and deviant role with the concept of stigma. Tajfel explains how social identity can be understood as the part of the individual's self-concept, which derives from their knowledge and pride of their membership of a social group. A web survey (n=78) and semi-structured interviews (n=7) were conducted with female Swedish Finns, who were born in the 1970’s. They were asked to reflect upon their socialization in the Swedish society, the term Swedish Finns and their current social identity. I found out that the women of this study felt their social identity as being mostly Finns. They showed pride of their origin and of being bilingual. The Finnish language keeps them tied to Finnish traditions, family and friends, which inhibits the socialization to the Swedish society. As time goes by these women gradually move away from other Finns to socializing more with the Swedes. The stories of the seven Swedish Finns implicate that normification takes place and the stigmatized Finn strives to appear as an ordinary Swede in social situations. However, these women recognize themselves mostly as Finns at heart, but also as Swedes depending on the social context. They can best be described as different kind of Swedish women.

  • 176.
    Ghazanfari, Omid
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Utomeuropeiska muslimska kvinnor som företagare: En kvalitativ studie av utomeuropeiska kvinnliga företagare med muslimsk bakgrund i kronobergs län2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose with this study is to find and analyse the reasons to why non- European women with Muslim background start their own business in Sweden. The purpose is also to investigate which resources the women have and mobilize to start and run their own businesses. To gather data, interviews have been conducted with eight female entrepreneurs originally from Iran, Afghanistan, Irak, Syria, Lebanon and Somalia who have owned their own business in Kronoberg County in Sweden. The Interviews with two advisors who give advice to people that wants to start a business in Sweden have also been conducted. The interviews were transcribed in full, thereafter they have been analysed in relation to the theoretical concepts of pull-and push factors, habitus, cultural, social and economic capital. This has led up to the following themes; women's background before immigration to Sweden, their experience of education and job before starting their own business in Sweden and their experience as Non-European women with Muslim background as entrepreneurs in the Swedish labour market. The result from interviews with the business leaders shows that these women have started the business for two main reasons. First, are personal reasons, including having independence, developing personal development by starting a business, having prestige by starting Own enterprise. The second reason is about the structural problems in society, including unemployment, livelihood, and lack of relevant jobs that match their educational background, which have been caused in some cases by discrimination in the labor market. In order to finance their businesses, the women have used different strategies, including using their ethnic ethnicity network for borrowing money from family members, use their own money that they have saved before stating a company, or borrow money from the Swedish banks and ALMI.

  • 177.
    Ghorbani, Amineh
    et al.
    Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands.
    Bravo, Giangiacomo
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Managing the Commons: A Simple Model of the Emergence of Institutions Through Collective Action2016Inngår i: International Journal of the Commons, ISSN 1875-0281, E-ISSN 1875-0281, Vol. 10, nr 1, s. 200-219Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we present an abstract replication of institutional emergence patterns observed in common pool resource (CPR) problems. We used the ADICO grammar of institutions as the basic structure to model both users' strategies and institutions. Through an evolutionary process, users modify their behaviours and eventually establish a management institution for their CPR system, leading to significant benefits both for them and for the commons as a whole. We showed that, even with a high level of abstraction, by taking an evolutionary perspective and using the ADICO structure, we are able to observe common institutional patterns. We confirmed that, even within this simplified environment, institutions significantly contributed to the sustainable management of common-pool resource systems.

  • 178.
    Greco, Cosetta
    et al.
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Lucchetti, Maria
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    La promozione della salute alla sfida del web2010Inngår i: Prospettive Sociali e Sanitarie, ISSN 0393-9510, Vol. 14, s. 11-14Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 179.
    Gunnarsson, Elin
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Delaktighet och inflytande: En studie inom den öppna fritidsverksamheten om tjejers utveckling till framtida medborgare2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Young people cannot, due to their age, possess a full citizenship. But through their education, they are future citizens under development and have rights such as participation and influence in matters that affect their lives. Historically, women have been excluded from citizenship. Young girls today are thus in a complex situation where their sex and age can affect their citizenship. The aim is therefore to provide further understanding of how experiences of participation and influence are interpreted by girls between the ages of 13 – 17 within youth recreation centers in Växjö municipality, as part of the development of a future citizenship. It also intends to examine what influences the girl’s interpretations of participation and influence.

    The theoretical outset starts with Marshall and Bottomore’s theory of citizenship but mainly focuses on Listers four building blocks for children and young people's citizenship as well as gender and power. The study is based on twelve semi-structured interviews with girls who visits different youth recreation centers. The outcome shows that the girls have experience of participation and influence because they feel included. They view age and lack of knowledge as possible risks of not getting the opportunity for participation and influence. Personal qualities such as responsibility alongside with the social environment’s acceptance creates the conditions and opportunities to participation and influence. One conclusion is that; affiliation, inclusion, interaction with the social environment, individual characteristics and social relationships to friends and youth recreation leaders can influence the girl’s interpretations of participation and influence. The main conclusion is that opportunities to exercise participation and influence is seen as a process of becoming a future citizen.    

  • 180.
    Gustafsson, Ida
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Don't you forget about me: En studie kring teorin om det ideala offret och dess påverkan i fall av barnkidnappning2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The paper considers Nils Christie’s theory of the ideal victim with its output in different cases of child abduction. Two parts illuminate the similarities and differencies between family and stereotypical abductions and between different cases based on Christie’s theory. The purpose of the paper is to investigate if the theory appears to explain why one kind seems to receive more attention than the other, even though it is basically the same crime. The thesis also examines which of Christie’s criteria that seems to be of most importance to give the victim attention.

     

    The study categorizes the different criteria under three different titles: ideal victim, ideal perpetrator and ideal circumstances, illustrated by a model which defines the concept with the denomination, a true ideal victim. The investigation is carried out through an internet search of the number of hits at the Google search engine, as well as through close up studies of a few cases. The possibilities for abducted children and their families to claim a valid status as a victim is highlighted as of very great, if not of the most, significance for generating attention. The differences between the two types according to Christie’s theory is shown, as is the difference in hits between the two which indicates that ideal victims of abduction get more attention.

  • 181.
    Gustafsson, Philip
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Rättvis, tillrättavisande och sympatisk: En studie om manliga lärarstudenters relation till sitt framtida yrke2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The gender balance in Swedish preschool and elementary schoolteachers is highly uneven. Male preschool and elementary schoolteachers consist of only 4% and 25% respectively. The study’s motivation is found here. The aim is to get knowledge of the way male students at university who are studying to become preschool or elementary schoolteachers use and take benefit of existing male discourses and if they make opposition on these discourses.

    By the use of qualitative interviews, the material in this study is based on subjective views and experiences of male students doing gender in the context of a female-dominated space of study and anticipated future career.

    Within a broader social constructive approach, the empirical material is analyzed by the use of Connell’s theory on gender and hegemonic masculinity. Other theoretical concept that have been used in this study to display and analyze the way the students are doing gender are such as “male discourses” and “masculinity”.

    The result of this study suggest that male students are not giving up their use of male discourses, instead they are constructing a new role in relation to their future profession and existing discourses. They construct their profession roles in relation with their use of existing male discourses as well as opposition towards them, as well as the use of female discourses.

    The result of this study suggest that male students are in some cases using existing male discourses in relation to their profession, but that they are also using active resistance towards these discourses with the use of female discourses.

    These results go mostly in line with results presented by earlier studies in the field. The students are negotiating with the hegemonic masculinity in the way they are constructing their professional role as teachers and role models.

  • 182.
    Harsløf, Ivan
    et al.
    Faculty of Social Sciences and Akershus University College, Oslo.
    Scarpa, Simone
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Andersem, Synøve Nygaard
    Statistics Norway.
    Changing Population Profiles and Social Risk Structures in the Nordic Countries2013Inngår i: Changing Social Risks and Social Policy Responses in the Nordic Welfare State / [ed] Ivan Harsløf and Rickard Ulmestig, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013, s. 25-49Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 183.
    Hemström, Kerstin
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för byggd miljö och energiteknik (BET).
    Gustavsson, Leif
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för byggd miljö och energiteknik (BET).
    Mahapatra, Krushna
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för byggd miljö och energiteknik (BET).
    The sociotechnical regime and Swedish contractor perceptions of structural frames2017Inngår i: Construction Management and Economics, ISSN 0144-6193, E-ISSN 1466-433X, Vol. 35, nr 4, s. 184-195Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    To deepen the understanding of the sociotechnical regime that directs the selection of structural frames in multifamily buildings in Sweden, we study the perceptions of contractor representatives. Contract managers (CMs) employed at contractor firms were interviewed regarding their role, the selection of the structural frame and how they perceived different options. The results show that CMs largely influence the selection of the structural frame in multifamily buildings, which are guided by the established concrete-based sociotechnical regime. The regime is maintained through cognitive rules regarding structural frame options and the alignment of skills of construction professionals. Because of their influence and their investments in the skills of construction workers, CMs make important contributions to maintain the regime and the concrete path dependency. Furthermore, the regime varies in strength in different locations. Some locations carry a strong norm to cast concrete frames on site. This makes it more difficult to deviate from the established practice. In other locations, wood-promoting initiatives have changed the cognitive rules associated with the regime. Nonetheless, the sociotechnical regime makes the selection of concrete structural frames beneficial. This prevents wood-framed multifamily buildings from entering common usage, even though such buildings can contribute to mitigating climate change.

  • 184.
    Holgersson, Martin
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    Stafsudd, Anna
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Shareholder value orientation: grand unified business theory or window-dressing?2015Inngår i: Presented at the 27th SASE Annual Conference, London, UK, July 2-4, 2015, 2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has shown that sociopolitical context is important for adoption of shareholder value-oriented practices in terms of owner and manager preferences (Fiss & Zajac, 2004). This turn of research and its focus on owners has further been elaborated on by for example Chizema & Shinosawa (2012) and Zattoni & Minichilli (2009) as well as by Saunders & Tuschke (2007) and Shipilov et al. (2010) when it comes to the importance of firm networks. The purpose of this paper is to continue to explore why firms adopt shareholder value practices and especially so in traditional stakeholder governance system. Drawing on institutional theory, we develop a model of firm adoption of shareholder value practices which emphasizes the two sociopolitical features of different ownership types and board networks.

    The model is tested on all Swedish listed companies 1995 to 2010 in five-year intervals. Furthermore, we specifically choose to study the two separate practices of using a dual-share system or not and executive incentive plans, as they are both closely connected to an agency-theory perspective and shareholder value orientation, but are very different in how upsetting one may assume them to be to the incumbent corporate governance system.

    Our findings show that a shareholder value orientation seems to have taken root in Swedish companies, but that different aspects of the concept are affected by different actors, making the traditional Swedish blockholders and board networks vital although in separate ways. When it comes to the practice of equity incentive-based executive compensation, this is closely related to firm relations in terms of both board interlocks and board centrality. Thus, social networks seem to drive this practice. When it comes to using a one-share-one-vote system (rather than as traditional in Sweden A- and B-shares), social networks seem to have no importance at all. Instead, what is closely related to the adoption of such a non-traditional system is whether there are strong blockholders or not and of which type this owner is, as family and sphere blockholding is negatively related to one-share-one-vote, whereas institutional and foreign blockholding is positively related to it. Thus, non-system-threatening practices are readily diffused through social networks, as tends to be the case with symbolic action, but system-threatening practices are met with resistance from incumbent powerful actors.

    We suggest that rather than hypothesis-testing of different variables, the contribution of our paper lies in its teasing out of different patterns for different shareholder value orientation practices, as it may help explain the different results in previous studies in similar European contexts. For where Fiss & Zajac (2004) emphasize their findings on the importance of owners (and the non-importance of networks), Sanders & Tuschke (2007) as well as Zattoni & Minichilli (2009) in contrast emphasize the non-importance of owners and in the first case the importance of networks, which are unfortunately not included in the latter one. The explanation for these diverging results may then be found in the dependent variable, as who is invested (or not) in the practice may determine its adoption.

  • 185.
    Hort, Sven
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Familje- och jämställdhetspolitiken2013Inngår i: Vad staten vill: mål och ambitioner i svensk politik / [ed] Daniel Tarschys & Marja Lemne, Möklinta: Gidlunds förlag, 2013, 1, Vol. S. 133-194, s. 133-194Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 186.
    Hort, Sven
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Social policy, welfare state, and civil society in Sweden. Vol. 1: History, policies, and institutions 1884-19882014 (oppl. 3, rev.ed.)Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This book History, Policies, and Institutions 1884–1988 is an updated and enlarged edition of Sven Hort’s well-known and wide-ranging dissertation Social Policy and Welfare State in Sweden, published under the author’s birth name Sven E. Olsson in 1990. This book contains the original four essays from 1990 and covers the formation and evolution of the Swedish welfare state. By now minor classics in welfare state literature, the essays have both inspired and started lively polemics among researchers of the field.

  • 187.
    Hort, Sven
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS). Soeoul National University, Korea ; Södertörn University.
    Social policy, welfare state, and civil society in Sweden. Vol. 2, The lost world of social democracy 1988-2015: The lost world of social democracy 1988-20152014 (oppl. 1)Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The second volume, The Lost World of Social Democracy 1988–2015, aims at the civil society challenge to the welfare state since 1988. It opens with an overview of the three generations of comparative welfare state research, from Harold Wilensky to Gøsta Esping-Andersen, Theda Skocpol and onwards. The civilizing process and embeddedness of the welfare-industrial complex are then scrutinized as the simultaneous deconstruction and reconstruction of the once famous Swedish welfare state is elaborated with force and vigour. Finally, the cross-national Scandinavian differences are outlined. The five essays of volume II emphasize the historical relativity of social welfare institutions and argue against all developmental metaphysics.

  • 188.
    Hort, Sven
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Välfärdskommunen: mellan det friska samhället och den murkna staten2013Inngår i: På cykeltur genom livet: En vänbok till Gunnar Wetterberg / [ed] Sven Hort, Stockholm: Bokförlaget Atlantis, 2013, 1, s. 189-210Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 189.
    Hort, Sven
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Kings, Lisa
    Södertörn University.
    Kravchenko, Zhanna
    Södertörn University.
    Still awaiting the storm?: The Swedish welfare state after the latest crisis2016Inngår i: Challenges to European Welfare Systems. / [ed] Schubert, Klaus, de Villota, Paloma, Kuhlmann, Johanna, Springer, 2016, 1, Vol. s. 671-691, s. 671-691Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the challenges to the Swedish welfare state after the credit crunch of 2008 focusing on several major challenges: the government’s reaction to the fiscal and economic crisis and its outcomes, the (re)balance of welfare policies addressing risks and opportunities. While the situation is almost excellent from a purely fiscal point of view, the outstanding private debt, unemployment, especially among youth, pressures on the pension, health and education systems are prominent concerns. They have led to the revitalization of the social investment paradigm, strict budgetary policies, increased number of welfare-to-work programmes and focus on using tax reductions as a means of stimulating the labour market. In this context, the main demographic concerns and social integration have come to the fore to an unprecedented extent.

  • 190.
    Hort, Sven
    et al.
    Södertörn Universtity.
    Therborn, Göran
    University of Cambridge, UK.
    Citizenship and Welfare: Politics and Social Policies2012Inngår i: The Wiley-Blackwell companion to political sociology / [ed] Edwin Amenta, Kate Nash and Alan Scott, Chichester: John Wiley & Sons, 2012, 1, Vol. s. 360-371, s. 360-371Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The welfare of the people is an ancient political norm, much older than citizenship and civic rights. Modern social rights did not, as a rule, develop as citizens' rights, but as rights of classes and of other social categories. Despite the widespread politics of anti-welfare, social welfare has grown in various political contexts and forms. In the last quarter of the twentieth century, social policy became the focus of a vast body of international, comparative research in sociology and political science. The overall trajectory of this still-expanding scholarly enterprise may be outlined in the shape of three generations of investigation, each with a characteristic empirical focus and geopolitical orientation, and set in a specific socio-historical context.

  • 191.
    Hult, Carl
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Sjöfartshögskolan (SJÖ).
    Österman, Cecilia
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Sjöfartshögskolan (SJÖ).
    Swedish Seafarers’ Occupational Commitment in Light of Gender and Family Situation2015Inngår i: Safety of Marine Transport: Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation / [ed] Adam Weintrit and Tomasz Neumann, 2015, s. 41-47Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study focuses on the pattern of Swedish seafarers’ occupational commitment relative to gender and family situation. Statistical analyses are employed, using a survey material of Swedish seafarers randomly collected from a national register in 2010. It was hypothesized that the effect from having children at home should be negative on commitment to seafaring occupation. However, the effect was found to be strongly positive and statistically significant for women and close to significant for men. Another important family effect was, as expected, the positive effect of having a relative working, or having worked, at sea. This effect was, however, only significant for male seafarers in the age group below the early 40’s. When controlling for possible mediating effects due to gender distribution in the onboard departments, it became clear that working in the catering department comes with a strong negative effect on commitment to the seafaring occupation, but only so for women. This effect did not, however, alter much of the already observed gender patterns. In the concluding discussion, the findings are discussed in more details and recommendations put forward.

  • 192.
    Hörnlund, Gabriella
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Den privata poliisen: En kvalitativ studie över hur poliser i yttre tjänst påverkas av sitt yrke privat2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to understand how police officers in Sweden are affected by their line of work in their personal life. The study is based on qualitative research where the empirical material has been gathered from interviews with Swedish police officers. A total of eight police officers have contributed to this study.

    The main theoretical concept used in this study is Göran Ahrnes notion of the “organizational centaur”. Alongside this concept, the essay also covers police culture and organizational concept.

    The results of this study reveal that several police officers find it hard to combine their line of work with their personal life. Not only does the occupation affect the police officers themselves, it also affects their family and acquaintances. Moreover, the results demonstrate how police officers relate to their profession in their spare time. Finally, the results of this study express how changes within the police organization has affected the work situation for many police officers in Sweden. 

  • 193.
    Imsirovic, Amela
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    "Än vandrar jag från land till land": -en studie om bristande arbetsmarknadsintegration i en mellanstor stad i södra Sverige2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    English title: “I still wander from country to country”

    The essay is about newly arrived immigrants, academics from countries outside Europe and their integration at the Swedish labour market. The purpose of this essay is to increase knowledge about non-European academic’s abilities and needs, and at the same time bring better understanding about how this group can contribute to the labour market. The essay is based on qualitative semi-structured research and interviews with ten unemployed individuals living in a medium-size city in south Sweden. The theoretical starting points are: postcolonial theory, Antonovsky’s KASAM theory and Bourdieu’s theoretical concept named social capital. The essay´s main conclusions are: This group of immigrants is facing several obstacles that aggravates their integration into Swedish labour market such as discrimination, ethnic hierarchy, stereotypes, contacts with Swedes and language barriers. Lack of network, informational contacts and communication with natives Swedes are some of challenges for the integration into the Swedish society. One of the causes that prolongs establishment in the labour market for unemployed immigrant’s is the long process of the Swedish school system for new arrivals which takes long time and isn’t combined with internship. The employers often undervalue and outlook foreign-born people’s education and this is a reason why some academics starts to look for jobs which they are overqualified for. Informants experiences of discrimination in the Swedish labour market are often related to their ethnicity and foreign name which is, according to the informants, the main reason why they don’t meet a Swedish employer. Overall there is a big dissatisfaction with Arbetsförmedlingen that doesn’t have working structure to offer internship or job to the new arrival non-European academic’s in the early phase of the integration process.

  • 194.
    Johansson, Malin
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Elmbro, Viktoria
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Chefen och hennes personal: En studie om hur kvinnliga chefer inom äldreomsorgen befäster sin klassposition i det sociala rummet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This sociological study discusses the topics perceptions, organizations and social relations and has its base in the context of female managers within elderly care. The study is written in the field of human resources and the purpose is to contribute to the understanding of how social and organizational relations shape female managers’ perceptions of their situation.

            When collecting data, a qualitative method containing semi-structured interviews was used and documents were gathered. The result was analyzed with Skegg’s theory about social class which includes concepts like respectability and disidentification. Skegg’s takes inspiration from Bourdieu and the capital theory, whereon we also find concepts like social- and cultural capital, valid for this study.

            The study shows that the structure of the organization together with the social relations within it, affect managers to distance themselves from the employees with whom they used to be in the same social class. There are several examples that originate and make the distance clear, mainly the fact that there are large difficulties with communication between the managers and their employees, but also the fact that the managers agree on that you shouldn’t be friends privately with your employees.

            The distance which is negotiated between the manager and her staff serves to bolster and protect the respect and respectability that comes with her relocation in social space. 

  • 195.
    Johansson, Michaela
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Spelar det någon roll?: En kvalitativ studie av hur mellanchefer upplever en rollförändring2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to show how mid-level managers experience a role change while in a bigger organizational change.

    Semi-structured interviews were undertaken with ten mid-level managers in a wholesale company with approximately 650 employees. The study is about roles and role change and how a middle manager experience a change in roles. It aims to give a new contribution to management- and organization studies and to contribute with action-advices to practitioner in work life.

    The theoretical starting points are Helen Rose Fuchs Ebaughs (1988) theory about role exit. The result from the interviews was analyzed with this theory and the main conclusions are:

    A forced change of roles for a mid-level manager can show the same steps in role exiting as the examples in Ebaughs (1988) study. Throughout the change, the manager’s experiences doubt, seeking alternatives, the turning point and creating an Ex-role. The time it took, the managers to go through all these steps varied. The company’s actions created a bigger doubt than necessary. The fact that the company waited for up to two months to declare the new roles for the middle managers created most doubt. A clearer purpose, more information about the coming roles and more information about why the change was necessary could have shortened the time it took for the managers to get through all the role-exiting steps and some role-uncertainty could have been avoided.

  • 196.
    Johnsson, Anna
    et al.
    Sunnadal Elementary School Karlskrona, Sweden.
    Blivik, Gerd
    Central Children and Pupils Health Karlskrona, Sweden.
    Basic, Goran
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för pedagogik och lärande (PEL).
    Newly arrived parents and collaboration in Swedish school – an interactionally and ethnomethodologically inspired analysis of proposed collaborative alliances and triads2019Inngår i: Presented at: National special education conference in Sweden, 20191113-20191114, Örebro, Sweden, 2019Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to analyse 1) newly arrived parents’ accounts of collaboration in Swedish school and 2) depicted triads and alliance constellations presented during interviews with recently arrived parents regarding the collaboration in Swedish schools. The study’s analysis is based on secondary empirical material (empirical sequences from previously published qualitative analyses). Its analytical discoveries are presented as three themes: (1) collaboration identity through distancing, (2) invitation to collaboration alliance, and (3) home- and school-focused collaboration. Analysis shows that the parents dramatise the need for collaboration between teachers and parents and construct and reconstruct collaborative alliances and triads in their narratives. Members who appear in these interactions are parents, children, and teachers. In the parents’ narratives about the collaboration, a picture emerges of an invitation to teachers to form an alliance partnership. The alliance partnership seems to strengthen stability in the triad with the objective of creating a successful collaboration in the children’s best interests and to draw attention to the importance of parents’ participation in collaboration in the school context. Successful collaboration in the school context seems to be a basic prerequisite for the successful involvement and integration of parents from different ethnic backgrounds into general society. Special pedagogy and educational sciences are two of the perspectives within social sciences that emphasise the importance of including newly arrived parents and their children in the community. Both parents and children receive affirmation of their identities through participation in the community, with successful interaction between individuals in the school context being a prerequisite for the successful involvement and integration of newly arrived parents and their children.

  • 197.
    Jonnergård, Karin
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    Larsson Olaison, Ulf
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    Stafsudd, Anna
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    From Radical Left to Shareholder Value: a Longitudinal Comparison of Employee- and Owner-Elected Representatives’ Perceptions2016Inngår i: Presented at the 28th SASE Annual Meeting, Berkeley, USA, June 24-26, 2016, 2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 198.
    Jonsson, Cecilia
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Suzanne Sandberg: Den internationella hemmafrun2018Inngår i: Personhistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0031-5699, Vol. 114, nr 2, s. 121-139Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna artikel undersöks hur det gick till när hemmafrun Suzanne Sandberg grundade en av Sveriges första u-landsföreningar i slutet av 1950-talet. Med utgångspunkt i Sandbergs biografi – som tar oss bakom epitetet hemmafru – satt i relation till den historiska kontext när Sverige internationaliserades, studeras hur Sandberg förvandlade sitt sociala, ekonomiska och kulturella kapital till nödvändiga tillgångar för föreningens grundande och etablering. Artikeln belyser också hur den då rådande genusordningen och den inledda professionaliseringen av u-landsbistånd utmanade föreningens grundande, och synliggör Sandbergs strategier för att kringgå hinder och motstånd. 

  • 199.
    Jonsson, Emelie
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    "Jag tycker nog att jag bor på Araby, det är nog alla andra som tycker att jag inte gör det.": - En kvalitativ studie om hur distinktioner påverkar tryggheten2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis suggests an explanation for how it is possible for individuals living in an unsafe neighborhood to expressa highlevel of security. Araby is the district in Växjö municipality withthe highest level of insecurity. Within the district, there is acategory of individuals in security-measurements showing a high degree of security. Inhabitants living in house in Araby also seem to show a higher level of security than inhabitants in the same accommodation in other neighborhoods in the municipality.The study's purpose is to understand how individuals belonging to an unsafe neighborhood can experience a high degree of security.Qualitative data were collected from an observation in Araby and from interviews with individuals living in house in the district.

    Previous research has shown that security in the surrounding area depends on several factors, such as disorders, the degree of social control and personal opinions. Thestudy shows how a distinction to places and people in the district can explain the degree of security. When security is related to something more insecure, the level of security seems toincrease. The conclusion is therefor that individuals in an unsafe neighborhood can expressa high degree of security because security is seen in relation to something that describes asmore insecure.

  • 200.
    Jonsson, Ulrika
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Pettersson, Gunilla
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    För dig själv eller andra?: En studie om det är egoistiskt att vara med i en ideell förening.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Voluntary work - why? There are many people who work as volunteers within different organizations and we have chosen to study an organization that aims to help women and girls around the world. The members give their time and dedication in order to give other people a better life. The purpose of the study is to examine the factors that motivate people to join the organization. When we heard about the organization the first time we wondered if the volunteers were there to help others, or to have something to do for themselves. We chose to conduct a survey of the selected organization and have grouped the results according to different factors. One grouping is how long they have been members. Another is if there is a difference between two groups, where one is more comitted to voluntary work in their own neighborhood compared to those who are not. We have used altrusim, egoism and motivation as key concepts för understanding and analyzing our results. We have come to the conclusion that there are differences between different groups of why they are in this organization. One of the main reasons for all groups is that they truly want to help women and girls around the world. The social aspects of being in a group, to be on activities was not as high on the list as we first anticipated.

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