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  • 201.
    Ackesjö, Helena
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Parents' Emotional and Academic Attitudes Towards Children's Transition to Preschool Class: Dimensions of School Readiness and Continuity2017In: Families and Transition to School / [ed] Sue Dockett, Wilfried Griebel, Bob Perry, Springer Publishing Company, 2017, 1, p. 147-162Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 202.
    Ackesjö, Helena
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Preschool children’s border work and constructing of (new) identities in the transition to school.2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 203.
    Ackesjö, Helena
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Skolförberedda barn – barnförberedd skola?: Vårdnadshavares perspektiv på sina barnsövergång från förskola till förskoleklass.2018In: Cepra-striben - tidsskrift for Evaluering i Praksis, ISSN 1903-8143, no 23, p. 4-13Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna text diskuteras svenska vårdnadshavares förväntningar på sina barns kommande övergång från förskola till förskoleklass. Empirin består av 176 enkäter besvarade av vårdnadshavare vars barn var på väg att göra denna övergång. Resul-taten visar att många vårdnadshavare beskriver sina barn som ”redo för skolan” medan andra ger uttryck för att det snarare är skolan som måste vara redo för deras barn. Resultaten visar att övergångar mellan skolformer måste betraktas ur ett sociokulturellt perspektiv baserat på dialog mellan individ, hem och de olika institutionerna i skolsystemet. Först då kan ”school readiness”-begreppet utgöra en rättighetsdiskurs – dvs. barns rätt till anpassad fortsatt skolgång.

  • 204.
    Ackesjö, Helena
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Solidarity - with whom?: Perspectives on solidarity in the borderland between preschool and school.2012In: Spaces for Solidarity and Individualism in Educational Contexts. / [ed] Eva Johansson och Donna Berthelsen, Göteborg: Acta Universitatis Gothoburgensis, 2012, p. 83-98Chapter in book (Refereed)
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    Spaces for solidatity
  • 205.
    Ackesjö, Helena
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Supporting Children’s Transition from Preschool to the Leisure Time Center2016In: Journal of Education and Human Development, ISSN 2334-296X, E-ISSN 2334-2978, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 27-37Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The leisure time center is an important arena for families and children in school. However, there is a lack of knowledge about the leisure time center’s role in children’s transition from preschool to school. Research has shown that transitions are a critical event which often involves discontinuities. Therefore, this article investigates how children’s transition from preschool to the leisure time center in school is organized and conducted, and how the leisure time center can construct and provide a sense of continuity for children in this transition. The leisure time center can be understood as an arena at the intersection between other educational settings. By cooperation and sharing information with teachers in other school forms, the teachers in the leisure time center can provide important support for children in transition. By arranging priming events, teachers can help children to create security and meaning in the transition as well as before the actual entering into the setting.

  • 206.
    Ackesjö, Helena
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Teacher identity issues in the Swedish preschool class2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract NERA/NFPF

    Malmö 11-13 mars 2010

    ___________________________________________________________________________

     

     

    “Teacher identity issues in the Swedish preschool class”

    Helena Ackesjö

     

     

    Aims of the research

    The purpose with the preschool class in Sweden is to construct a bridge between preschool and primary school, where the two institutions together would create a blended pedagogy that would facilitate the six-year old children’s transition from preschool to compulsory school. Even though the preschool class is included in the curriculum for the primary school, the activities in preschool class should not be school activities but also not mere preschool activities. Little is known about these preschool class teachers. The research topic is; How do the teachers construct their professional identities at this crossroad?

     

    Theoretical framework

    The study is built on theories of identity construction, but also on theories that enhances the dilemma of the preschool class being placed at the borderland between preschool and school.

     

    Research design

    Fourteen preschool class teachers participated in dialogue seminars, conducted in three small groups. By dialogues, writing texts and presenting metaphoric pictures, the teachers reflected their experiences from their work. Analysis of the teacher’s identity constructions and their identities was made from this empirical material.

     

    Findings/conclusions

    The results highlight occasions where the preschool class teachers feel subordinated, excluded and marginalized from the community in school. The teachers feel that they do not have the same opportunity to be part of the school culture as other teachers, because of organizational and working conditions. This can also limit their opportunities for participation and influence in the community at school. The teachers also mark the boundaries between Us and Them, as an effect of their experiences of alienation and their spin-off from the social community at school. All these processes also affect the teachers' professional identity construction. Paradoxically, it seems as if the teachers in preschool class also use the exclusion as an instrument of power. The teachers mark in several cases that they distance themselves from both preschool and school, which results in that they can work freely and undisturbed in the preschool class.

     

    Relevance for Nordic Educational research

    This presentation examines the teachers in the preschool class in Sweden, a pedagogic practice which is placed at the crossroads between preschool and primary school. Little is known about the preschool class teachers, and research about this context can develop knowledge about this educational arena, about the teacher’s identities and about policy issues according to the preschool class.

     

     

     

  • 207.
    Ackesjö, Helena
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Teachers crossing borders: A longitudinal study of a new profession2015In: Abstract book. NERA 2015, Marketisation and differentiation in education.: 43rd Annual Congress of the Nordic Educational Research Association (NERA), Gothenburg, March 4-6, 2015, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research topic: The overall purpose of this longitudinal research project is to study professional trajectories in the first intake of students which graduated 2014 from the newly reformed teacher education with specialization towards work in the leisure-time center. The main objective for these students is both to work in the leisure time center’s traditional activities, and to work as a teacher in a school subject. This project aims to gain knowledge about which professional trajectories that are possible for this new category of teachers. When are their skills asked for? How do they construct their professional identities? Theoretical and Methodology framework: Border theories and theories of identity constructions are used as theoretical foundations in this research. Such theories provide tools for studying how social borders are established and maintained, and how professional identities are constructed by considering themselves in the light of others. In addition occupation theories are used. In attempting to describe and explain the teachers' movements within the profession, the term breakpoints is used to study how movements across borders in an education system affects the choices made. 40 newly graduated teachers are included in the project, and the methods used are recurring surveys and interviews when they enter the labor market and during their first five years of employment. Main findings: The first survey, answered by the students prior to their graduation, highlights how the students anticipate entering a hybrid profession, and by this facing new dilemmas. They are entering a new and dual professional role where a balance must be maintained between two assignments. To be able to do this balancing, to cross professional borders and to find enough time to combine the assignments, is considered to be the big challenge. In addition, they see a challenge in defining their new profession in the light of the old. The second survey focused on mapping which career trajectories the students took during their first year on the labor market, and is now undergoing analysis. Relevance for Nordic Educational Research: This study puts the spotlight on the Swedish teacher education which is quite unique in a Nordic perspective

  • 208.
    Ackesjö, Helena
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Transitions – Times of Reconstructions2013In: International Journal of Transitions in Childhood, ISSN 1833-2390, Vol. 6, p. 16-27Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article reports children’s perspectives of the transitions from preschool to compulsory school via the preschool class. The study indicates that children’s ways of defining themselves, and the ways in which they mark borders between different school forms, change over time. In this process, time and place are crucial. The study highlights how Swedish children make two school starts as they enter the preschool class and then school. Each of these events demands energy in reconstructing identities and understandings of the new school forms.

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  • 209.
    Ackesjö, Helena
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Transitions as a two-way window: separation and adjustment in transitions through the eyes of children starting school.2019In: Listening to children’s advice about starting school and school age care / [ed] Sue Dockett, Johanna Einarsdottir, Bob Perry, New York and Abingdon: Routledge, 2019, 1, p. 42-54Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When children make a transition to a new arena - a new school form or a new school house - they need not only adapt and adjust to the new context. The transition also involves a separation from the old. By this, a transition becomes a two-way window; a simultaneous process of adjustment and separation. This simultaneous process involves implications for practice. All teachers have a responsibility in enabling the transition process for the children, by helping them not only to adjust to the new but also to disengage from the old context. How can priming events in transition work in both directions? How can teachers be active in children’s disengagement and separation processes? These are questions this chapter address. The chapter has a practical focus and is building on children’s voices and narratives about the transition from preschool to school in Sweden. Special focus is put on children's separation processes since this is an area that seldom is in focus when discussing about or working with children’s transition.

  • 210.
    Ackesjö, Helena
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Uppdrag: Förskoleklass2018In: Grundskoletidningen, ISSN 1402-7135, no 7, p. 9-11Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Förskoleklassen blir obligatorisk och erkänns som en viktig skolform med ett eget innehåll vilket ökar möjligheten till en nationell likvärdighet för alla elever. Läroplanens skrivningar gör uppdraget tydligare och det blir också tydligt för lärarna vilka förmågor eleverna ska utveckla under året.

  • 211.
    Ackesjö, Helena
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Ur barnens perspektiv2015In: Förskoletidningen, ISSN 0348-0364, Vol. 40, no 2, p. 16-18Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 212.
    Ackesjö, Helena
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Övergångar mellan skolformer: Kontinuitet och progression från förskola till skola2016Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Barn gör tidigt i livet flera övergångar mellan skolformer och mellan sociala gemenskaper. Dessa övergångar handlar om att lämna något känt och möta något nytt och okänt, vilket ställer stora krav på barnen, men också på de lärare barnen möter i de olika verksamheterna. Helena Ackesjö ger här exempel på hur lärare i förskola, förskoleklass, fritidshem och skola kan arbeta för att åstadkomma kontinuitet i övergångarna och progression i den undervisning som erbjuds i de olika verksamheterna. Dessutom beskriver hon hur övergångar kan förberedas och organiseras.

  • 213.
    Ackesjö, Helena
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Berggren, Jonas
    Kalmar Municipality.
    Dahl, Marianne
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Ellborg, Katarina
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Per-Ola, Friman
    Kalmar Municipality.
    Kari, Koskenkorva
    Kalmar Municipality.
    Entreprenöriell fritidspedagogik: att bygga handlingskraft, mod, självtillit och motivation2017 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 214.
    Ackesjö, Helena
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Lago, Lina
    Linköping university, Sweden.
    Låt reformpennan vila!2019Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 215.
    Ackesjö, Helena
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Landefrö, Anna
    Föräldrakooperativet Filsan i Vickleby.
    På spaning efter en gräns: Några barns perspektiv på skillnader mellan förskoleklassens och fritidshemmets verksamheter i Sverige.2014In: Barn, ISSN 0800-1669, Vol. 32, no 3, p. 27-43Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Majoriteten av alla sexåringar deltar i både förskoleklass- och fritidshemsverksamhet, vilket innebär att de dagligen vandrar över gränsen mellan två historiskt och traditionellt skilda arenor. Föreliggande artikel strävar efter att vinna kunskap om några barns perspektiv på skillnader mellan verksamheterna och på vad som utmärker de olika institutionernas identiteter. Empirin består av intervjuer och observationer som har genererats genom en mindre fallstudie. I studien flätas teorier om gränser, övergångar och identiteter samman, och som analytiska begrepp har gränsmarkeringar, skillnader och gränsöverträdanden använts. Resultaten visar att barnen beskriver innehållsliga skillnader mellan verksamheterna; lek och fria val är centralt i fritidshemmet medan skollikt lärande och vuxenstyrning verkar centralt i förskoleklassen. Dock verkar barnen inte med säkerhet kunna avgöra var gränsen mellan de olika verksamheterna dras och när övergången mellan verksamheterna sker. I empirin framträder att lärarna använder delar av fritidshemstiden till att bemästra förskoleklassens åtaganden, vilket bidrar till att gränsen mellan verksamheterna blir svårtolkad för barnen. Även om studien är liten till sin karaktär indikerar den att tydliga institutionella identiteter verkar ha svårt att konstrueras och upprätthållas då lokaler, lärare och aktiviteter för förskoleklass och fritidshem verkar vara i stort sett desamma på båda sidor av gränsen.

  • 216.
    Ackesjö, Helena
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Lindqvist, Per
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education and Teacher's Practice.
    Nordänger, Ulla Karin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education and Teacher's Practice.
    “Betwixt and Between”: Leisure-time Teachers and the Construction of Professional Identities2019In: Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, ISSN 0031-3831, E-ISSN 1470-1170, Vol. 63, no 6, p. 884-898Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2014, a newly formed group of teachers graduated from Swedish universities. In addition to their qualification as leisure-time pedagogues, their degree includes teaching practical/aesthetical subjects in compulsory school. This group of teachers thus has to relate to dual professional identities and to maintain a balance between the socially oriented leisure-time centres and a goal- and results-driven school. In this article we describe their first two years after graduation, trying to get hold of their negotiation of professional identities and orientation in the professional landscape. Results shows that the graduates try to balance own ideals and hybrid professional intentions against traditional professional identities and labour market conditions and that position in a liminal phase might be crucial for the outcome.

  • 217.
    Ackesjö, Helena
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Lindqvist, Per
    Nordänger, Ulla Karin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education and Teacher's Practice.
    De första åren i yrket: Nyutexaminerade lärares upplevelser av en ny yrkesroll2020In: Fritidshemmets pedagogik i en ny tid / [ed] Björn Haglund, Jan Gustafsson Nyckel, Karin Lager, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2020, 1, p. 101-117Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 218.
    Ackesjö, Helena
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Nordänger, Ulla Karin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Lindqvist, Per
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    "Att jag kallar mig själv för lärare i fritidshem uppfattar jag skapar en viss provokation": Om de nya grundlärarna med inriktning mot arbete i fritidshem2016In: Educare - Vetenskapliga skrifter, ISSN 1653-1868, no 1, p. 86-109Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2014 the first cohort of (a newly designed group of teachers) ”primary teachers with a specialization in extended school education” graduated from Swedish universities. In addition to the traditional formal qualifications as leisure pedagogues their degree also includes the competency to teach practical/aesthetical subjects in compulsory school up to year six. The newly designed teachers thus have to relate to dual professional identities and try to maintain balance between their work in the traditional socially oriented recreation centers against their teaching in a goal- and results-driven school. In this article we study a group of 40 new teachers before and after graduation, trying to get hold of how they perceive and negotiate their professional identities and how they orient themselves in the professional landscape. The results show that the graduates try to balance their own ideals and professional intentions against traditional professional identities and labor market conditions.

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    fulltext
  • 219.
    Ackesjö, Helena
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Persson, Sven
    Malmö Högskola.
    Barns erfarenheter av sociala gemenskaper i övergångarna till och från förskoleklass2014In: Pedagogisk forskning i Sverige, ISSN 1401-6788, E-ISSN 2001-3345, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 5-30Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Tidigare forskning har visat att splittringar i barns relationer är en negativ faktor för barn i övergången från förskola till skola. Syftet med denna studie är att vinna kunskap om hur barn resonerar om övergångarna till och från förskoleklassen, och hur övergångarna inverkar på barnens kamratrelationer och tillhörighet i sociala gemenskaper. Studien är en etnografisk longitudinell studie, där samtal med barnen under 1,5 år i tre olika skolformer utgör det empiriska fundamentet. Resultaten visar att övergångar mellan skolformer innebär en relationell påfrestning för barn, där deras upplevelse av tillhörighet i sociala gemenskaper sätts på prov. I studien presenteras två aspekter av diskontinuitet mellan skolformer; den sociala och den fysiskt rumsliga. I linje med studiens resultat finns fog att vidare reflektera över hur barns tillhörighet i sociala gemenskaper villkoras av ständiga förändringar i gruppsammansättningar i samband med övergångarna, och hur det kan vara möjligt att förebygga ofrivilliga avbrott i barns relationer. I studien framstår förskoleklassen som en plats med begränsade möjligheter för sociala gemenskaper – ett år av övergångar till och övergångar från. Det kan därför vara relevant att vidare reflektera över förskoleklassens uppdrag att främja barns sociala gemenskaper.

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    fulltext
  • 220.
    Ackesjö, Helena
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Persson, Sven
    Från den omogna sexåringen till den skolpliktiga förskoleklasseleven.: En dokumentanalys av sexåringen i det svenska utbildningslandskapet från 1940-tal till idag.2020In: Barn, ISSN 0800-1669, Vol. 38, no 1, p. 71-87Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie analyserar hur framställningen av det sexåriga barnet har förändrats genom historien, beroende på hur samhället har hanterat frågor om skolplikt, sexåringens skolmognad och skolstart. Policydokument från 1940-talet fram till 2017 har analyserats med hjälp av begreppen subjektifiering och kvalificering. Policydiskurser formulerar mening och sanningar om barnet men ger också en indikation på vad som är problemen och hur dessa problem ska lösas. Policydiskurser innehåller också ekonomiska argument och formulerar den roll som utbildning spelar i att förbereda barn och unga för framtida utbildning och arbetsliv. Vi svarar på frågorna: vem är sexåringen i policydokumenten och vad ska sexåringen kvalificeras för genom utbildning? Resultaten visar att det sker en förskjutning från beskrivningar av den omogna sexåringen till den presterande och skolpliktiga eleven. I början av tidsperioden formuleras diskurser om det omogna och problematiska barnet som inte förväntats klara av att passera nålsögat för att bli insläppt i skolan. Runt millennieskiftet sker dock ett diskursivt brott då barnets förutsättningar hamnar i förgrunden. Problemet kom då istället att handla om hur skolan ska anpassas till det kompetenta barnets individuella förutsättningar. Perioden är dock kort, och en bit in på 2010- talet är det återigen den skolpliktiga, presterande och mätbara eleven som förväntas anpassa sig till statens krav. Denna förskjutning kan sättas i en global kontext som framhäver konkurrens, kunskapseffektivitet och ekonomiska incitament för skolarisering

  • 221.
    Ackesjö, Helena
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Persson, Sven
    Malmö university.
    Förskoleklassen bortom bron.: Innehåll, mål och mening i undervisningen.2017In: Barns övergångar: Förskola, förskoleklass, fritidshem, grundsärskola och grundskola. / [ed] Anne Lillvist och Jenny Wilder, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, 1, p. 79-98Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 222.
    Ackesjö, Helena
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Persson, Sven
    Skolförberedelse i förskoleklass.: Att vara lärare-i-relation i gränslandet.2010In: Pedagogisk forskning i Sverige, ISSN 1401-6788, E-ISSN 2001-3345, Vol. 15, no 2/3, p. 142-163Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    I föreliggande studie förstås förskoleklassen teoretiskt som ett gränsland mellan förskola och skola, ett gränsland som man kan anta existerar på grunderna av verksamheternas skilda traditioner och positioner i utbildningssystemet. I detta gränsland skapas och konstrueras en institutionell identitet genom pedagogisk praktik och lärarnas berättelser om denna praktik. Denna studie utgår från hur lärarna talar om sitt arbete i dialogseminarier. Lärarna talar om det skolförberedande arbetet i förskoleklassen utifrån två förhållningssätt, dels som en tillvaroorienterad pedagogik och dels som en framtidsorienterad. För att lösa den inbyggda konflikten mellan tillvaro- och framtidsorientering framställer lärarna sig som att vara lärare-i-relation. Att beskriva sig som lärare-i-relation tolkas som en gränsmarkering gentemot andra lärares förhållningssätt och de kunskapsfokuserade verksamheterna i förskola och grundskola.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 223.
    Ackesjö, Helena
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Persson, Sven
    Malmö University.
    The educational positioning of the preschool class at the border between social education and academic demands: An issue of continuity in Swedish early education?2016In: Abstract book. 26th EECERA Annual Conference, Happiness, Relationships, Emotion & Deep Level Learning, Dublin, 31st-3rd September, 2016, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim is to produce knowledge about the educational position of the preschool-class education. The preschool-class may be regarded as a borderland practice, a school form that cannot be characterised as either school or preschool. Studies and evaluations have shown that there is a lack of clarity regarding the mission of the preschool-class. The preschool-class teachers are active in the construction of their educational field and their teaching in the preschool-class. The concept of educational positioning is related to the framework of curriculum theory. Curriculum theories may be viewed as theories that focus three central questions: how educational goals are formulated, how the knowledge to be learned is chosen, and how methods are developed to teach this knowledge. The study examines the weekly reports that teachers send home to the parents each week. The study comprises 249 weekly letters from eight preschool-classes. The letters contains descriptions of how the teaching is organized. They also include the goals of their activities and which values the activities of the preschool-class are based on. The teachers could choose whetherthey wanted to participate in the studyor not. No names of children or schools are mentioned. The results illustrate how teachers in their weekly reports construct an educational position that is influenced both by the social pedagogical position with an existence-oriented education and the academic school readiness position by preparing children for further schooling. This causes a variation in the preschool-class education. The results raise questions about continuity and equivalence in early education.

  • 224.
    Ackesjö, Helena
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Persson, Sven
    Malmö University.
    The Educational Positioning of the Preschool-Class at the Border between Social Education and Academic Demands: An Issue of Continuity in Swedish Early Education?2016In: Journal of Education and Human Development, ISSN 2334-296X, E-ISSN 2334-2978, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 182-196Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study’s overarching aim is to produce knowledge about the educational position of the preschool-class in a changing educational landscape. This position is analyzed through teacher’s own descriptions in the weekly reports they send home to the parents each week. The results illustrate how teachers in their weekly reports construct an educational position for the pre-school class that is influenced both by the social pedagogical position with an existence-oriented education and the academic school readiness position by preparing children for further schooling. This causes a variation in the preschool-class education and raises questions about continuity and equivalence in early education.

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  • 225.
    Ackesjö, Helena
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Persson, Sven
    Malmö University, Sweden.
    The schoolarization of the preschool class – policy discourses and educational restructuring in Sweden2019In: Nordic Journal of Studies in Educational Policy, E-ISSN 2002-0317, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 127-136Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Our aim in this article is to examine policy discourses that promote positional changes for the preschool class in the Swedish educational system. The preschool class is currently going through a watershed period, which is characterized by uncertainty regarding its position in the education system. In this article, we explore changes in the Swedish education system by analysing policy documents from 1997 to 2017 with a specific focus on the positional shift of the preschool class. The departure point for our study is that policy relates to the concepts of subjectification, qualification and socialization. In addition, we examine how these goals in education are to be achieved and the educational restructuring required to do this. The findings show that policy discourses about the preschool class have shifted from pedagogical arguments about the benefits of pedagogical integration, consensus and the move of preschool pedagogy into school education, to more school- oriented, knowledge-economy arguments about increased goal achievement. Schoolarization describes a positional shift in the education system that contains two collaborative processes: an approach towards school content, goals and forms for teaching and a distancing to the content and goals formulated for Early Education and Care.

  • 226.
    Ackesjö, Helena
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Persson, Sven
    Malmö university, Sweden.
    Lago, Lina
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Förskoleklassen i en brytningstid. Konsekvenser av positionsförskjutningar i ett reformerat utbildningslandskap.2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    2016 tillkom ett nytt läroplanskapitel för förskoleklassen. 2018 blev förskoleklassen obligatorisk när skolstartsåldern sänktes och skolplikt för sexåringarna infördes. 2019 införs en åtgärdsgaranti för tidiga insatser, vilket bland annat innebär obligatorisk kartläggning av alla sexåringars kunskaper. Förändringarna i läroplanen indikerar att förskoleklassen befinner sig i en brytningstid - en tid av positionsförskjutning i det svenska utbildningslandskapet från en tydligt lek- och förskoleorienterad till en mer kunskapsorienterad och skolförberedande verksamhet.

    I projektet undersöker vi betydelsen av denna positionsförskjutning och vilka konsekvenser förändringarna får för lärares och skolledares förståelse av uppdraget samt för den pedagogiska praktiken och undervisningen. Teoretiskt belyser projektet konsekvenserna av positionsförskjutningen genom att analysera aspekter av och förändringar i undervisningen som policyhändelser. Mer specifikt ställer vi teoretiska frågor om hur policy blir pedagogisk praktik, samtidigt som den pedagogiska praktiken formerar nya innebörder av policy.

    Betydelsen av att söka kunskap om konsekvenser av förskoleklassens positionsförskjutning i det svenska utbildningsväsendet är både empirisk och teoretisk. Empiriskt behövs ny kunskap om en delvis marginaliserad skolforms verksamhet i ett utbildningspolitiskt gränsland under stark förändring. Teoretiskt behöver vi förstå hur policy och pedagogisk praktik påverkar varandra ömsesidigt som en del av en historisk utbildningspolitik process. Projektet baseras på policyetnografi vilket innebär en bred ansats med flera olika metoder; bland annat intervjuer, observationer och dokumentanalys.

  • 227.
    Ackesjö, Helena
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Persson, Sven
    Malmö University, Sweden.
    Lago, Lina
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Images of the child in the educational landscape.2019In: 29th EECERA ANNUAL CONFERENCE, Early Years: Making it Count, Thessaloniki, Greece 20th – 23rd August 2019: ABSTRACT BOOK, 2019, p. 240-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is a part of a research project, which aims to analyse consequences of educational policy change in Sweden. The overall policy change in Sweden is related to economy (Heckman 2000), to increase quality in education and to qualify children for further studies (Riddersporre & Persson, 2010). These changes are related to a global knowledge economy that enhances education for the youngest (Persson, 2010). Policies can be seen as narratives about progress and salvation, about ‘finding the better life’ and about ‘making’ the new citizen through schooling (Lindblad & Popkewitz, 2004). The descriptions of the child in the selected policy documents has therefore been analysed from the point of view of creating a new citizen as well as good education for children using Biesta’s (2009) concepts of subjectification and qualification. In this study, focus is to examine descriptions of the child, the school start, school readiness and mandatory school attendance through analysing national policy documents from 1940-2017. Even if document analysis includes limited ethical issues, the results may implicate consequences in educational practice. The most prominent and recurring description of the child is school ready child vs the immature child. Descriptions of power and control over children and the obedient and silenced child appears in almost all policy texts. The process of learnification in an individual performative school culture is an overarching and still standing theme. Societal ideas of children and how these are expressed in policy can be assumed to influence educational practice.

  • 228.
    Ackrell, Simon
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Landelius, Mathias
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Molnbaserade affärssystem: Viktiga aspekter vid övergång till molnet2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det saknades teori kring vilka aspekter som var viktiga för potentiella kunder att väga in i ett beslut om övergång till molnbaserade affärssystem. I undersökningen har vi samlat tidigare forskning kring molntjänster generellt och sedan jämfört den med empiri från respondenter med erfarenhet av molnbaserade affärssystem. På så sätt har vi försökt koppla tidigare forskning och undersökt huruvida den är applicerbar på vår studie. Vi kom fram till att det framförallt är aspekter rörande säkerhet, ekonomi och affärsstrategi som kunder bör vara medvetna om när de planerar en övergång till molnbaserade affärssystem. Rörande säkerhet fann vi att det är viktigt att tänka på hur den fysiska lagringen sker och säkerhetsrutiner kring vem som handhar data och hur den säkerhetskopieras samt vem som äger datan. Ekonomiskt kan beslutet om en övergång påverkas av molntjänsters olika prismodeller, hur kostnader skiljer sig mot lokalt installerade system samt potentiellt dolda kostnader. Slutligen kan det affärsstrategiskt finnas avgörande aspekter i hur system interagerar med varandra, hur anpassad en tjänst är till mobila enheter samt att molntjänster enkelt kan skalas upp i storlek vid behov.

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  • 229.
    Acuna, Lillian G.
    et al.
    Fundación Ciencia & Vida, Chile ; Universidad Andres Bello, Chile.
    Pablo Cardenas, Juan
    Fundación Ciencia & Vida, Chile ; Universidad Andres Bello, Chile.
    Covarrubias, Paulo C.
    Fundación Ciencia & Vida, Chile ; Universidad Andres Bello, Chile.
    Jose Haristoy, Juan
    Fundación Ciencia & Vida, Chile.
    Flores, Rodrigo
    Fundación Ciencia & Vida, Chile.
    Nuñez, Harold
    Fundación Ciencia & Vida, Chile.
    Riadi, Gonzalo
    Universidad de Talca, Chile.
    Shmaryahu, Amir
    Fundación Ciencia & Vida, Chile.
    Valdes, Jorge
    Center for Systems Biotechnology, Chile.
    Dopson, Mark
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science.
    Rawlings, Douglas E.
    University of Stellenbosch, South Africa.
    Banfield, Jillian F.
    University of California, USA.
    Holmes, David S.
    Fundación Ciencia & Vida, Chile ; Universidad Andres Bello, Chile.
    Quatrini, Raquel
    Fundación Ciencia & Vida, Chile ; Universidad Andres Bello, Chile.
    Architecture and Gene Repertoire of the Flexible Genome of the Extreme Acidophile Acidithiobacillus caldus2013In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 8, no 11, article id e78237Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Acidithiobacillus caldus is a sulfur oxidizing extreme acidophile and the only known mesothermophile within the Acidithiobacillales. As such, it is one of the preferred microbes for mineral bioprocessing at moderately high temperatures. In this study, we explore the genomic diversity of A. caldus strains using a combination of bioinformatic and experimental techniques, thus contributing first insights into the elucidation of the species pangenome. Principal Findings: Comparative sequence analysis of A. caldus ATCC 51756 and SM-1 indicate that, despite sharing a conserved and highly syntenic genomic core, both strains have unique gene complements encompassing nearly 20% of their respective genomes. The differential gene complement of each strain is distributed between the chromosomal compartment, one megaplasmid and a variable number of smaller plasmids, and is directly associated to a diverse pool of mobile genetic elements (MGE). These include integrative conjugative and mobilizable elements, genomic islands and insertion sequences. Some of the accessory functions associated to these MGEs have been linked previously to the flexible gene pool in microorganisms inhabiting completely different econiches. Yet, others had not been unambiguously mapped to the flexible gene pool prior to this report and clearly reflect strain-specific adaption to local environmental conditions. Significance: For many years, and because of DNA instability at low pH and recurrent failure to genetically transform acidophilic bacteria, gene transfer in acidic environments was considered negligible. Findings presented herein imply that a more or less conserved pool of actively excising MGEs occurs in the A. caldus population and point to a greater frequency of gene exchange in this econiche than previously recognized. Also, the data suggest that these elements endow the species with capacities to withstand the diverse abiotic and biotic stresses of natural environments, in particular those associated with its extreme econiche.

  • 230.
    Adam, David
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education and Teacher's Practice.
    Högstadiets fysiklektioner och ”en dator per elev”: Vilken potential ser lärare och hur upplever de den?2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Svenska grundskolan närmar sig en tid när alla elever har egna datorer. Vissa lärare har arbetat med detta i många år och andra bara några. Frågan som undersöks i denna uppsats är vilken potential fysiklärare ser i denna utveckling och hur de upplever potentialen. Sju naturvetenskapslärare från Sydsverige intervjuades på ett semistrukturerat sätt och data analyserades med en fenomenografisk ansats. Resultatet visar att den potential som lärare beskriver kan kategoriseras som skapande, innehåll och interaktion men att det finns störningar som påverkar alla kategorier. Analys av hur lärare upplever potentialen belyses med följande kategorier; noggrannhet, effektivitet, flexibilitet och illustrativ. Uppsatsen försöker att undersöka både de negativa och positiva aspekterna inom dessa kategorier. Vidare forskning som undersöker hur elever upplever dessa kategorier av potential skulle kunna bidra till en bättre helhetsbild.

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  • 231.
    Adam, Marcus
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Rukwid, Linda
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Viererbl, Franziska
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Market Entry Strategy for InternationalFirms in South East Asia: A Case Study of Vietnam2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With projected economy growth rates of 5.5 percent over 2013 to 2017 (OECD, 2013),countries in South East Asia (SEA) are predicted a robust and resilient economicperspective. Consequently, this is accompanied by increased interest from internationalfirms of all size aiming at market shares. However, market entry appears to be prone todifficulties as high failure and withdrawing rates of foreign companies demonstrate. Thisstudy, therefore, contributes to the understanding of how emerging country markets canbe entered strategically, by evaluating how internal and external conditions can affectmarket entry strategy and how previous internationalization theory can be applied.Vietnam, as an example for a SEA country, comes with high economic growth rates,which have created vast business and growth opportunities for companies of all size andindustries. The case is examined based on a medium sized subsidiary of a Germancompany group, located in neighboring China, currently aiming at market entry inVietnam. As academic literature determines markets as business networks and entryprocess consequently as establishing an adept position built on relationships, it isassumed that entry strategy into Vietnam first of all depends on detecting the expedientanchor points within the complex environment of Vietnam. As, from a resource basedperspective scholars, furthermore, assume competitive advantage to rest in a firm´sparticular set of resources and capabilities, a successful market entry is considered todepend on establishing relationships into this network based on the firms inherentresources. The research was conducted by investigating the company’s resources,capabilities and its entry motives for Vietnam, the impact of the external environment inVietnam as well as appropriate strategies for gaining legitimacy from it. Empirically,findings are based on a qualitative single case study of the case company supported byinterviews with key company personnel and various Vietnam experts. Thorough analysisshowed that the case company’s market entry strategy is heavily impacted by weaknessesin brand management, which appeared to be necessity on customer side for the sale ofhigh involvement products in Vietnam, as well weaknesses in its sales managementconcerning the non-transferability of its current sales staff. External influences, such ashigh impact of the government, complicated retaining of labor; As a result forweaknesses on side of the company and difficulties in the market, a direct entry modewas recommended to the case company.

  • 232.
    Adam, Priester
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Design.
    Consume/d: Konsumtionssamhället visualiserat2017Independent thesis Basic level (Higher Education Diploma (Fine Arts)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I det här projektet har jag som mål att bryta ner och visualisera ämnet konsumtionssamhälle med hjälp utav motion design. Mitt syfte är att skapa förståelse, diskussion och väcka tankar kring ett samhälle som ofta tas för givet. Genom research letar jag efter starka koncept att visualisera, jag bryter ner ämnet i tre kategorier (varför, effekter, lösningar). Resultatet är ett antal animationer som ska kunna ses individuellt eller som en helhet. Jag redovisar min process och återkopplar till projektet. 

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  • 233.
    Adam, Stenlund
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    John, Barnekow
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Energieffektivisering av Ronneby is-arena samt vädrets termodynamiska påverkan2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Today Sweden has 341 ice hockey arenas, around 140 outdoor ice hockey rinks, 60 ice fields for bandy and about 35 curling arenas. In addition, the numbers of indoor bandy arenas are increasing. The cooling systems installed today should be able to lower its energy consumption with 10-30%.In this thesis, Ronneby ice-arena has been researched. This artificial cooling facility was inaugurated 2011 and is one of the newest in Sweden. This is an outdoor ice field for bandy and therefor has no roof or walls to cover the field. Ronneby ice-arena has problems with uneven cooling distribution of the ice field. This results in cracks and uneven ice quality. These problems also result in higher energy consumption than necessary.To find a solution for the uneven cooling of the ice field flow measurements were carried out in the brine circuit. To get a better understanding of the cooling distribution, temperature measurements were carried out on the brine feeding lines. A calculation has been performed on what energy savings a speed control of the brine circulation pumps depending on the outdoor temperature could generate. Another calculation was made to see the possible savings with a windshield around the field. In this thesis the benefits of a heat recovery system on the cooling compressors refrigerant has been investigated. The heat recovery system could heat the locker rooms, the clubhouse, the showers and the hot water for the Zambonis.In order to perform the necessary calculation for this thesis, Fredriksbergs BK and Ronneby municipality provided operating data.The actions proposed to Ronneby ice-arena to solve the uneven cooling of the ice field is to change the location of the brine feeding line connection point. At the same time this work is carried out it’s suggested that the brine feed and return lines get insulated. When the uneven cooling problems have been solved, a speed control system should be installed to control the brine circulation pumps, in order to lower the electricity consumption. Ronneby ice-arena has the possibility to install a heat recovery system. Therefore it is suggested to install a heat exchanger on each cooling compressor refrigerant. This installation is to be used to heat the clubhouse, the showers and the hot water for the Zambonis. The system to cool the condensers with seawater and currently the heat pump are not optimal designed. The installed heat pump does not work when the seawater temperature is below 5°C, therefore the system should be redesigned.

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  • 234.
    Adam, Thellsson
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Dagvattenkvalitet i Växjö kommun2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 235.
    Adamopoulos, Stergios
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Forestry and Wood Technology.
    A laser drilling technique to improve impregnability of spruce and fir2016In: 3rd BASF Wolman Conference, 14 September 2016, Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden, 2016Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 236.
    Adamopoulos, Stergios
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Forestry and Wood Technology.
    Group of Forest Products2018In: Presented at Symposium "Perspectives in Renewables", 4-5 June 2018, BOKU Vienna, Austria, 2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 237.
    Adamopoulos, Stergios
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Forestry and Wood Technology.
    Morphology, properties and recyclability of modified fibres and papers with different chemicals at laboratory, pilot plant and industrial trials2015Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 238.
    Adamopoulos, Stergios
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Forestry and Wood Technology.
    Utilisation of renewable biomass and waste materials in furniture and construction composites2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 239.
    Adamopoulos, Stergios
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Forestry and Wood Technology.
    Wood variation and properties for industrial use2018In: Presented at FRAS workshop “Varierat skogsbruk  - hur påverkar olika skötselstrategier framtidens träprodukter?", 2018Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 240.
    Adamopoulos, Stergios
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Forestry and Wood Technology.
    Ahmed, Sheikh Ali
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Forestry and Wood Technology.
    Lankveld, Chiel
    Accsys Group, Netherlands.
    Acoustic properties of acetylated wood under different humid conditions and its relevance for musical instruments2018In: Proceedings of the 9th European Conference on Wood Modification 2018, Arnhem, The Netherlands / [ed] Jos Creemers, Thomas Houben, Bôke Tjeerdsma, Holger Militz and Brigitte Junge, The Netherlands: Practicum , 2018, p. 236-243Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In musical instrument making, less expensive wood species and materials with good characteristics and acoustical properties can provide potentials to find alternatives to the traditional exotic wood species used today. Modified wood could be such a choice if shows similar sound characteristics to wood coming from endangered and expensive tropical species with problematic commercial availability. In musical instruments, the overall functionality depends on the contribution of wood to different material performance indexes like sound radiation coefficient (R), characteristic impedance (z) and acoustic conversion efficiency (ACE). In this study, the performance indexes were measured for acetylated beech, maple and radiata pine and compared with these obtained for the reference wood materials maple, mahogany, alder and ash. A non-destructive free-free flexural vibration test method was used at constant temperature (20oC) but in different humid conditions- dry (35% RH), standard (65% RH) and wet (85% RH). Dimensional changes in the different humid conditions were also taken in account. Acetylated wood showed lower EMC with higher dimensional stability at each humidity level as compared with the reference wood materials. These properties are considered important factors for making quality musical instruments. Based on the acoustical properties, acetylated wood materials, especially radiata pine, showed good potential for use for musical instruments where specific characteristics of sound are required. However, the other types of acetylated wood can also be used for specific musical instruments.

  • 241.
    Adamopoulos, Stergios
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Forestry and Wood Technology.
    Birmpilis, D
    Technological Educational Institute of Thessaly.
    Use and properties of recovered paper raw materials for the production of corrugated board2015In: Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Environmental Science and Technology Rhodes, Greece, 3-5 September 2015, Global NEST , 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The difficulty of predicting the properties of paper products produced from heterogeneous sources puts several limitations, which therefore lead to severe economic losses and only a comprehensive characterization will enable their better utilization. The project “RF-CORRUG –Quality control of raw materials from recovered fibres for the production of corrugated board”under the NationalStrategic Reference Framework 2007–2013 ARCHIMEDES IIIdeals with this common technical problem of the corrugated board industry. Specifically, the mainobjective of the project is to supportthe competitiveness of the corrugated board companies (mainly SMEs)by creatinga software tool based on practical models that can predict packaging grade paper properties from fibre data (qualitative, quantitative, morphological) used in their production. This paper presents information on the physical and mechanical properties of recovered packaging papers used in corrugated packaging. A number of different category papers (liners, flutings) used for corrugated board production in Greece were examined. The required paper properties included grammage, porosity, bursting strength, SCT, tensile strength and tearing resistance, and were measured by internationally recognized testersand standards. The data will be used to develop predictive models based on advanced statistical methods for the properties and performance of packagingaccording to information of their recovered raw paper materials.

  • 242.
    Adamopoulos, Stergios
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Forestry and Wood Technology.
    Foti, Dafni
    Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece.
    Voulgaridis, Elias
    Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece.
    Passialis, Costas
    Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece.
    Manufacturing and properties of gypsum-based products with recovered wood and rubber materials2015In: BioResources, ISSN 1930-2126, E-ISSN 1930-2126, Vol. 10, no 3, p. 5573-5585Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The experimental production of gypsum-based products (cylindrical samples, solid bricks) using different fractions of wood chips and rubber particles was studied. Recovered rubber and wood materials were mixed with gypsum and water in various proportions to fabricate gypsum-wood and gypsum-rubber cylindrical samples and standard solid bricks with six holes using appropriate molds. It was shown that to manufacture gypsum-wood and gypsum-rubber products with good mechanical strength, coarse fractions of wood and rubber should be used, but the proportion of wood or rubber should not exceed 25%. No thermal conductivity differences were found between the wood-and rubber-type of gypsum products, and particle size and material proportion had no effect. Samples with fine wood and rubber particles present at a lower proportion (25%) exhibited similar sound absorption behavior. The solid bricks had slightly higher strength when loaded at the large surface of their lateral upper side than when loaded at the small surface. The bricks provided better thermal insulation than both the extruded and pressed house bricks but lower than that of insulating bricks. The emission of volatile organic compounds out of the bricks was at an acceptable level according to regulations for construction products.

  • 243.
    Adamopoulos, Stergios
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Forestry and Wood Technology.
    Karageorgos, Anthony
    Technological Educational Institute of Thessaly, Greece.
    Rapti, Elli
    Center for Research and Technology – Hellas (CERTH), Greece .
    Birbilis, Dimitris
    Technological Educational Institute of Thessaly, Greece.
    Predicting the Properties of Corrugated Base Papers Using Multiple Linear Regression and  Artificial Neural Networks2016In: Drewno, ISSN 1644-3985, Vol. 59, no 198, p. 61-72Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The difficulty in predicting the properties and behaviour of paper products produced using heterogeneous raw materials with high percentages of recovered fibres poses restrictions on their efficient and effective use as corrugated packaging materials. This work presents predictive models for the mechanical properties of corrugated base papers (liner and fluting-medium) from fibre and physical property data using multiple linear regression and artificial neural networks. The most significant results were obtained for the prediction of the tensile strength of liners in the cross direction from the origin (wood type, pulp method) of the fibres using linear regression, and the prediction of the compressive strength of fluting-medium in the longitudinal (machine) direction, according to the short-span test, using a neural network with one hidden layer with 6 neurons, with coefficients of determination at 95.14% and 99.28%, respectively

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  • 244.
    Adamopoulos, Stergios
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Forestry and Wood Technology.
    Karastergiou, Sotirios
    Technological Educational Institute of Thessaly, Greece.
    Foti, Dafni
    Aristotle University, Greece.
    Filippou, Vasileios
    Aristotle University, Greece.
    ΑΝΑΚΤΗΣΗ ΞΥΛΟΤΕΜΑΧΙΔΙΩΝ ΑΠΟ ΑΠΟΣΥΡΟΜΕΝΕΣ ΜΟΡΙΟΠΛΑΚΕΣ ΜΕ ΥΔΡΟ-ΜΗΧΑΝΙΚΕΣ ΜΕΘΟΔΟΥΣ: [ Chips recovered from waste particleboards by hydro-mechanical methods ]2017In: ΠΡΑȀΤǿȀΑ : 18ου Πανελλήνιου Δασολογικού Συνεδρίου : “Η Ελληνική Δασοπονία μπροστά σε σημαντικές προκλήσεις: αειφορική διαχείριση δασών, δασικοί χάρτες, περιβαλλοντικές τεχνολογίες – δικτύωση και προστασία φυσικού περιβάλλοντος”: & International Workshop : “Information Technology, Sustainable Development, Scientific Network & Nature Protection” : 8-11 Οκτωβρίου 2017, ΕΔΕΣΣΑ ΠΕȁȁΑΣ, Περιοχή Βαρόσι, Hellenic Forestry Society , 2017, p. 349-356Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It was studied the recovery of wood chips from waste particleboards by immersion in water at ambient temperature and by mechanical treatment (agitation and impact, waterblasting). Four different categories of waste particleboards were used, with and without coating, after their reduction in smaller pieces with dimensions of about 7 × 8 cm.  The investigated methods were: (I) immersion for 3 days-impregnation with vacuum and pressure-agitation and impact (II) immersion for 7 days-drying-rewetting for 12 hours-agitation and impact (III) immersion for 3 days-waterblasting. The maximum thickness swelling (about 90%) was achieved by immersing the particleboards in the water for 3 days, and therefore the vacuum and pressure impregnation step can be omitted in practice. Recovery of wood chips was significantly higher (51.54%) in the case of successive wetting and drying cycles compared to simple immersion in water (17.32%). Both these methods I and II, involving agitation and impact for recovering wood chips from waste particleboards, are easily applicable at the industry. Method III with waterblasting resulted in complete recovery of wood chips within a very short time, but its application requires more research

  • 245.
    Adamopoulos, Stergios
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Forestry and Wood Technology.
    Säll, Harald
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Forestry and Wood Technology.
    Sjöberg, Samuel
    Relationship between ultrasonic velocity and spiral grain in standing hybrid aspen trees2016In: Proceedings of the Hardwood Conference, Eco-efficient Resource Wood with Special Focus on Hardwoods, 8-9 September, 2016, Sopron, Sopron: University of West Hungary Press , 2016, p. 22-23Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 246.
    Adamou, Sofia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Ntoka, Lamprini
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    The impact of Digital Technologies on Academic Libraries: a study in Greece2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This study explores both library users’ and librarians’ experiences, benefits, and challenges depending on the implementation of digital technologies in academic libraries. The research has been taken place in two Greek academic libraries; In the Panteion University Library and in the Central Library of T.E.I. of Athens.Approach: Two research questions were developed for this research to be conducted and a sample size of 55 respondents (39 library users and 16 librarians) of the Panteion University Library and Central Library of T.E.I. of Athens, was evaluated.Findings: From the findings of the study, it was concluded that the general perception of both library users and librarians towards digital material and E-resources and services of the Panteion University Library and Central Library of T.E.I. of Athens, is satisfactory. Library users were satisfied with the convenience of digital material, the availability of E-resources provided by both academic libraries such as World Wide Web, WIFI, and online databases. They were not satisfied with library technology (i.e., computers) and library staff. Besides, results showed that services such as e-mail and Open Public Access Catalogue were used more often. Librarians were less satisfied with the digital library system, the limited personnel, and the financial funds for academic libraries in general.Implication: The results of this research have implications in the stakeholders of an academic library including the institutional management, the library administration, the librarians, the library users, the researchers, the community at large, and others.Value: This paper identifies critical issues related to the utilization of digital technologies and digital material; their benefits and challenges faced by librarians and library users as well as their effective operation from academic libraries in this information age.

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  • 247.
    Adams, Marc A.
    et al.
    Arizona State University, USA.
    Ding, Ding
    University of Sydney, Australia.
    Sallis, James F.
    University of California, USA.
    Bowles, Heather R.
    National Institutes of Health, USA.
    Ainsworth, Barbara E.
    Arizona State University, USA.
    Bergman, Patrick
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Bull, Fiona C.
    The University of Western Australia, Australia.
    Carr, Harriette
    Ministry of Health, New Zealand.
    Craig, Cora L.
    School of Public Health, Canada.
    De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse
    Ghent University, Belgium.
    Fernando Gomez, Luis
    Hagstromer, Maria
    Klasson-Heggebo, Lena
    Inoue, Shigeru
    Lefevre, Johan
    Macfarlane, Duncan J.
    Matsudo, Sandra
    Matsudo, Victor
    McLean, Grant
    Murase, Norio
    Sjostrom, Michael
    Tomten, Heidi
    Volbekiene, Vida
    Bauman, Adrian
    Patterns of neighborhood environment attributes related to physical activity across 11 countries: a latent class analysis2013In: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, ISSN 1479-5868, E-ISSN 1479-5868, Vol. 10, article id 34Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Neighborhood environment studies of physical activity (PA) have been mainly single-country focused. The International Prevalence Study (IPS) presented a rare opportunity to examine neighborhood features across countries. The purpose of this analysis was to: 1) detect international neighborhood typologies based on participants' response patterns to an environment survey and 2) to estimate associations between neighborhood environment patterns and PA. Methods: A Latent Class Analysis (LCA) was conducted on pooled IPS adults (N=11,541) aged 18 to 64 years old (mean=37.5 +/- 12.8 yrs; 55.6% women) from 11 countries including Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Colombia, Hong Kong, Japan, Lithuania, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, and the U. S. This subset used the Physical Activity Neighborhood Environment Survey (PANES) that briefly assessed 7 attributes within 10-15 minutes walk of participants' residences, including residential density, access to shops/services, recreational facilities, public transit facilities, presence of sidewalks and bike paths, and personal safety. LCA derived meaningful subgroups from participants' response patterns to PANES items, and participants were assigned to neighborhood types. The validated short-form International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) measured likelihood of meeting the 150 minutes/week PA guideline. To validate derived classes, meeting the guideline either by walking or total PA was regressed on neighborhood types using a weighted generalized linear regression model, adjusting for gender, age and country. Results: A 5-subgroup solution fitted the dataset and was interpretable. Neighborhood types were labeled, "Overall Activity Supportive (52% of sample)", "High Walkable and Unsafe with Few Recreation Facilities (16%)", "Safe with Active Transport Facilities (12%)", "Transit and Shops Dense with Few Amenities (15%)", and "Safe but Activity Unsupportive (5%)". Country representation differed by type (e. g., U. S. disproportionally represented "Safe but Activity Unsupportive"). Compared to the Safe but Activity Unsupportive, two types showed greater odds of meeting PA guideline for walking outcome (High Walkable and Unsafe with Few Recreation Facilities, OR=2.26 (95% CI 1.18-4.31); Overall Activity Supportive, OR=1.90 (95% CI 1.13-3.21). Significant but smaller odds ratios were also found for total PA. Conclusions: Meaningful neighborhood patterns generalized across countries and explained practical differences in PA. These observational results support WHO/UN recommendations for programs and policies targeted to improve features of the neighborhood environment for PA.

  • 248.
    Adams, Nathalie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Chyssler, Louise
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Tourism in Mexico: More than Tacos and Tequila?: A Case Study on CSR Strategies of Swedish and Mexican Tour Operators in Mexico 2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to explore whether tour operators work with CSR within their organizations in Mexico, and describe how they implement it as well as why they work with it. Furthermore, the paper will analyze similarities and differences between the Swedish and Mexican tour operator’s CSR strategies as well as the reasons for this. Lastly, recommendations will be made to the Mexican tour operators on how they can gain knowledge from Swedish tour operators on CSR strategies and the development of these.The theoretical framework contains descriptions of theories on strategy, competitive advantage, the CSR Pyramid, stakeholder theory as well as CSR in the context of developing countries, which are all relevant theories for the issue studied as well as for answering the research questions. The empirical findings that have been collected through interviews with two Swedish, and two Mexican tour operators address the respective tour operator’s work with CSR in Mexico.In the analysis the theoretical framework has been put in relation to the empirical evidence. The analysis consists of how and why CSR activities are implemented in the respective organization. It also addresses the difficulties tour operators from developed countries face when implementing CSR on destinations in developing countries.Lastly, our conclusions show that there are several ways of implementing CSR in developing countries, as well as different views on why taking social responsibility within the tourism industry is important. Moreover, the main reason for this divergence lies in different perspectives, which has also been shown to be a contributing factor to the challenges faced by Swedish tour operators in the context of a developing country.In the end of the thesis recommendations will be made to Mexican firms on how to develop, and implement CSR strategies more successfully as well as recommendations for further research within the field of CSR in developing countries.

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  • 249.
    Adamsdotter, Annelie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Drömvandrarens dotter2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts), 20 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ingen vet var hon kommer ifrån eller att hon snart ska spela huvudrollen i en uråldrig profetia; allra minst hon själv.

    17-åriga Amelia har aldrig passat in i Ljusets systraskap. Hon älskar spänning och äventyr, inte broderier och körsång. I flera år har hon sparat silvermynt från tjuvjaktsbyten för att börja om någon annanstans. Men så en natt träffar hon den mystiska Gabriel – vars sneda leende följer henne ända in i drömmen – och helt plötsligt förändras allt. Ingenting är längre säkert … ingenting förutom att världen som hon känner till den kommer att gå under.

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  • 250.
    Adamsson, Philip
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Petersson, Johannes
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Användarens roll vid prestationsmätning för miljö: En fallstudie på Växjö kommun2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: The user's role in Environmental Performance Measurement- A case study on Växjö municipality

    Background: Increased awareness of the environment in society, growing public pressure and more regulations have affected public organisation's efforts in the environmental field. The result of this effort is that environmental performance measurements have been implemented from the private sector so that public organisations can demonstrate improvements and make evaluations of their work on environmental issues. However, researchers argue that collecting information about performance is not enough, the information also needs to be used in the organisation. Therefore it became interesting to study how public sector managers use information from Environmental performance measurements and why the information is used.

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to describe and analyse how managers at Växjö municipality use information from Environmental Performance Measurements and explain why the information is used. In addition, the study aims at providing improvement proposals that support Växjö municipality's work on Environmental Performance Measurement.

    Methods: This study is a qualitative case study with Växjö municipality as the case. In collecting data, qualitative interviews have been conducted, but data is also collected through internal documents, such as Växjö municipality's Environmental Program

    Results and conclusions: The study's results shows that managers at Växjö municipality mainly use information from Environmental Performance Measurements for internal purposes, although some managers are more likely to use information than others. The study's results also shows that the work on environmental Performance Measurement can be further developed.

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