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  • 201.
    Fromlet, Hubert
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Kinas nya ekonomiska politik: hur kan den integreras i en modern landanalys?2016In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 44, no 5, p. 12-22Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kina befinner sig för närvarande i en långtgående ekonomisk och social omdaningsprocess. Många strukturella förändringar är på väg – åtminstone om de politiska makthavarnas planer ungefärligen kan genomföras under de kommande åren. Den uppnådda och kvantitativa BNP-tillväxten har styrt många Kina-analyser. Framöver måste kineserna dock lägga mer fokus på bättre kvalitet i tillväxten. En sådan förändringsprocess kräver bl a förbättringar avseende teknologi, produktivitet och miljö – och detta i en omvärld, där marknadsekonomin tänks spela en ”avgörande roll” (Third Plenum 2013, kap I, 2, s 1). Av dessa nya trender följer att forskare, företag och finansmarknadsanalytiker i sin tur måste modernisera analysen av Kina på både makro- och mikronivå.

  • 202.
    Fromlet, Hubert
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    The Chinese Government Debt: What do we Know and What should be Done?2013In: Finance India. The Quarterly Journal of Indian Institute of Finance, ISSN 0970-3772, Vol. 27, no 3, p. 761-775Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 203.
    Fromlet, Hubert
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    The Chinese Government Debt: What Do We Know and What Should be Done?2013In: BOFIT Online, ISSN 1456-811X, no 4, p. 18-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A review of the economic press and literature reveals that there is little research and analysis on the important issue of the Chinese governmental debt and budget deficits. This is astonishing since the Chinese economy has by now climbed to the second position in global GDP ranking. Thus, China’s government debt matters increasingly to the rest of the world as well, both in a corporate and a macroeconomic perspective.Furthermore, not enough is known about the real size of the total Chinese government debt. Insufficient statistical transparency is an important reason for this shortcoming, but this should not serve as an excuse. Increasing efforts are needed to provide China and the rest of the world with better information on the real state of Chinese government debt. In this paper, an attempt is made to explain and discuss the real situation when it comes to the Chinese government debt. The current Greek/Southern European debt misery clearly shows that opaque statistics cannot be hidden away forever without sooner or later puzzling and/or frightening the financial markets. On the other hand, China cannot be analyzed completely with Western eyes. The sooner Chinese decision-makers decide on greater transparency in the government debt situation, and decisive steps towards more efficient fiscal policy are taken, the better the consequences for China itself and the global economy. The alternative - continuous opaqueness and a possible future fiscal explosion - could certainly do a lot of harm to China, but also to the global economy. There is no reason to underestimate this medium and long-term risk. The short-term perspective looks safer.There should be room for a greater exchange of views and co-operation between EU and China, too. The EU’s own bad experience from the past few years could be a realistic starting point.

  • 204.
    Fromlet, Hubert
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    The Chinese reform process in a European perspective2014In: Revue Bancaire et Financière, ISSN 1376-7720, Vol. 78, no 4, p. 311-323Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is every reason for Europe, the U.S. and many other countries, organizations, and corporations to optimize to optimize their co-operation with China in line with with its necessary and implemented reforms - and to consider all the conflicts of goals that are part of the far-reaching Chinese reform program. Major Chinese reform disappointments would be scary since the European and Anerican economies would not be prepared for such a reversal. This is a mostly forgotten risk.

  • 205.
    Fumarco, Luca
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Disability discrimination in the rental housing market: a field experiment on blind tenants2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Although discrimination against disabled people has been investigated in the labor market, the housing market has received less attention in this regard. This paper focuses on the latter market and investigates whether blind tenants assisted by guide dogs are discriminated against in the rental housing market. The data are collected through a field experiment in which written applications were sent in response to online advertisements posted by different types of advertisers. I find statistically significant evidence that one type of online advertiser, that is, the apartment owner (i.e., a person who advertises and rents out his/her own apartment(s) on his/her own), discriminates against blind tenants, because of the presence of the guide dog, not because of the disability. According to the legislation, this behavior qualifies as illegal discrimination.

  • 206.
    Fumarco, Luca
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Essays on discrimination in the marketplace2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is composed of four self-contained papers and focuses on discrimination in themarket place.

    Essay 1: “Disability Discrimination in the Rental Housing Market – A Field Experiment onBlind Tenants.” Although discrimination against disabled people has been investigated inthe labor market, the housing market has received less attention in this regard. This paperfocuses on the latter market and investigates whether blind tenants assisted by guide dogsare discriminated against in the rental housing market. The data are collected through afield experiment in which written applications were sent in response to onlineadvertisements posted by different types of advertisers. I find statistically significantevidence that one type of online advertiser, that is, the apartment owner (i.e., a person whoadvertises and rents out his/her own apartment(s) on his/her own), discriminates againstblind tenants, because of the presence of the guide dog, not because of the disability.According to the legislation, this behavior qualifies as illegal discrimination.

    Essay 2: “Does the design of correspondence studies influence the measurement of discrimination?”(co-authored with Carlsson and Rooth). Correspondence studies can identify the extent ofdiscrimination in hiring as typically defined by the law, which includes discriminationagainst ethnic minorities and females. However, as Heckman and Siegelman (1993) show,if employers act upon a group difference in the variance of unobserved variables, thismeasure of discrimination may not be very informative. This issue has essentially beenignored in the empirical literature until the recent methodological development byNeumark (2012). We apply Neumark’s method to a number of already publishedcorrespondence studies. We find the Heckman and Siegelman critique relevant forempirical work and give suggestions on how future correspondence studies may address thiscritique.

    Essay 3: “Does Labor Market Tightness Affect Ethnic Discrimination in Hiring?” (co-authoredwith Carlsson and Rooth). In this study, we investigate whether ethnic discriminationdepends on labor market tightness. While ranking models predict a negative relationship,the prediction of screening models is ambiguous about the direction of the relationship.Thus, the direction of the relationship is purely an empirical issue. We utilize three (butcombine into two) correspondence studies of the Swedish labor market and two distinctlydifferent measures of labor market tightness. These different measures produce very similarresults, showing that a one percent increase in labor market tightness increases ethnicdiscrimination in hiring by 0.5-0.7 percent, which is consistent with a screening model.This result stands in sharp contrast to the only previous study on this matter, Baert et al.(forthcoming), which finds evidence that supports a ranking model.

    Essay 4: “Relative Age Effect on Labor Market Outcomes for High Skilled Workers – Evidencefrom Soccer.” In sports and education contexts, children are divided into age groups that arearbitrary constructions based on admission dates. This age-group system is thought todetermine differences in maturity between pupils within the same group, that is, relative904627 Luca Furmaco_inl.indd 5 2015-02-24 16:58age (RA). In turn, these within-age-group maturity differences produce performance gaps,that is, relative age effects (RAEs), which might persist and affect labor market outcomes. Ianalyze the RAE on labor market outcomes using a unique dataset of a particular group ofhigh-skilled workers: soccer players in the Italian major soccer league. In line with previousstudies, evidence on the existence of an RAE in terms of representativeness is found,meaning that players born relatively early in an age group are over-represented, whileplayers born relatively late are under-represented, even accounting for specific populationtrends. Moreover, players born relatively late in an age group receive lower gross wages thanplayers born relatively early. This wage gap seems to increase with age and in the quantileof the wage distribution.

  • 207.
    Fumarco, Luca
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Relative age effect on labor market outcomes for high-skilled workers: evidence from soccer2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In sports and education contexts, children are divided into age groups that are arbitrary constructions based on admission dates. This age-group system is thought to determine differences in maturity between pupils within the same group, that is, relative age (RA). In turn, these within-age-group maturity differences produce performance gaps, that is, relative age effects (RAEs), which might persist and affect labor market outcomes. I analyze the RAE on labor market outcomes using a unique dataset of a particular group of highskilled workers: soccer players in the Italian major soccer league. In line with previous studies, evidence on the existence of an RAE in terms of representativeness is found, meaning that players born relatively early in an age group are over-represented, while players born relatively late are under-represented, even accounting for specific population trends. Moreover, players born relatively late in an age group receive lower gross wages than players born relatively early. This wage gap seems to increase with age and in the quantile of the wage distribution.

  • 208.
    Giebe, Thomas
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Lee, Miyu
    Humboldt University of Berlin, Germany.
    Competitors In Merger Control: Shall They Be Merely Heard Or Also Listened To?2015Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    There are legal grounds to hear competitors in merger control proceedings, and competitor involvement has gained significance. To what extent this is economically sensible is our question. The competition authority applies some welfare standard while the competitor cares about its own profit. In expectation, there is neither a pure conflict  nor a complete alignment of interest. We distinguish hard and soft information and ask whether hearing the competitor might convey valuable but non-verifiable information to the authority. We find that the authority will mostly have to ignore the competitor's cheap talk but, depending on the authority's own prior information, strictly following the competitor's selfish recommendation can improve the authority's decision. Under a consumer welfare standard, non-verifiable information should be ignored. Complementary to our analysis, we provide empirical data of competitor involvement in EU merger cases and give an overview of the legal discussion in the EU and US.

  • 209.
    Giraud, Thomas
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Economic impacts of hosting a major sporting event: Did the 1998 FIFA World Cup have positive impacts on employment?2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the effects on employment due to a mega-sport event and more precisely this study demonstrates that the 1998 Football World cup in France had a significant positive effect on employment in the host regions. Moreover, it shows the impact differences between the host regions where some have been more affected than other. This work is the first to analyze the effect on employment in the host regions using a Difference in Difference approach. The basic DID model is then improved to add new parameters in the regression. It is one of the rare studies to find a significant positive impact on the economy owing of the World cup or the Olympic Games.

  • 210.
    Golsteyn, Bart H. H.
    et al.
    Maastricht University, Netherlands ; IZA (Institute of Labor Economics), Germany ; Stockholm University.
    Stenberg, Anders
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics. Stockholm University ; IZA (Institute of Labor Economics), Germany.
    Earnings over the Life Course: General versus Vocational Education2017In: Journal of Human Capital, ISSN 1932-8575, E-ISSN 1932-8664, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 167-212Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two common hypotheses regarding the relative benefits of vocational versus general education are (1) that vocational skills enhance relative short-term earnings and (2) that general skills enhance relative long-term earnings. Empirical evidence for these hypotheses has remained limited. Based on Swedish registry data of individuals in short (2-year) upper secondary school programs, this study provides a first exploration of individuals' earnings across nearly complete careers. The descriptive earnings patterns indicate support for both hypotheses 1 and 2. The support holds when grade point average and family fixed effects are controlled for and also when enrollment in further education and fertility decisions are taken into account.

  • 211.
    Grimshaw, Damian
    et al.
    The University of Manchester, UK.
    Rubery, Jill
    The University of Manchester, UK.
    Anxo, Dominique
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Bacache-Beauvallet, Maya
    Télécom ParisTech, France.
    Neumann, László
    Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Hungary.
    Weinkopf, Claudia
    IAQ Duisburg, Germany.
    Outsourcing of public services in Europe and segmentation effects: The influence of labour market factors2015In: European journal of industrial relations, ISSN 0959-6801, E-ISSN 1461-7129, Vol. 21, no 4, p. 295-313Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the influence of labour market factors on public authorities’ decisions to outsource public services in five countries. The dominant focus in the outsourcing literature is on a narrow range of factors: public–private gaps in pay, union membership and collective bargaining coverage. We find such differences to be variable, and develop a more encompassing perspective. This includes consideration of labour market rules that establish wage floors and employment protection (especially for outsourced workers) and the possible differentiation of  legal status between public and private employees. Our case studies from local government in five countries highlight a set of country-specific interconnections between labour market factors and outsourcing. These lead to variations in both managers’ and unions’ approaches towards outsourcing and in outcomes for pay and working conditions. We call for a strengthening of the inclusiveness of industrial relations structures to combat problems of workforce fragmentation caused by outsourcing.

  • 212.
    Gripenberg, Sophie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Björkman, Jonatan
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    The role of poor rural families economic situation in the decision-making process concerning migration: A field study conducted in Kebumen Regency, Java, Indonesia2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main objective of this bachelor thesis is to analyse the dynamic and complex decision-making process that households with temporary overseas migrating family members do before migrating. The aim of this thesis is to understand why this phenomenon occurs in less developed areas, though the background of the thesis is trying to address the need of positive relationship between migration and development.

    Based on the theorectical benchmark of neoclassical microeconomic theory and new economics of labour migration theory certain factors were identified that could influence the decision to migrate. By using a mixed method with qualitative semi-structed face-to-face interviews combined with a survey of nine question relating to specific factors this study was able to create an understanding of the reality of migrant households, though a micro field study was conducted in Kebumen regency in Indonesia. The findings clearly shows that temporary overseas migration from less developed areas is a household decision that is influenced by local gender aspects and addressed by new well-functioning established markets for overseas work. Our findings also suggests that temporary migration is a way for the family to spread their risks, related to income and farming activites, and to achive further development, where other markets and institutions do not meet their needs. Policies regarding these gender aspects and the need of institutions that could improve the situation are recommended though remittances in that case might have a more long-term sustainable impact on the households. 

  • 213.
    Grundsten, Ronja
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Immigration and Income Inequality in Sweden2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Income inequality has been on the rise in many industrialised countries since around the 1980’s. In Sweden the increase of income inequality has been particularly large. This in spite of Sweden’s extensive redistribution system and public policy that prioritize equality among its population. This paper investigates a potential factor for the rise in inequality that is yet fairly unexplored, namely immigration. As inequality has increased in Sweden, so has also immigration. Sweden experienced large refugee inflows after the 1970’s, the largest flow consisting of circa 100 000 Yugoslavs during the Bosnian war. This study provides indications on what way immigration shapes the income distribution and lays the ground for prospective studies. Results show that the inflow of new migrants during the early 1990’s in Sweden raises income inequality and it is almost entirely due to increased dispersion in the lower tail of the income distribution. 

  • 214.
    Grönqvist, Erik
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Norén, Anna
    Uppsala University.
    Sjögren, Anna
    Uppsala University.
    Svaleryd, Helena
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics. Uppsala University.
    Sober mom, healthy baby?: effects of brief alcohol interventions in Swedish maternity care2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A large body of research documents the importance of early life conditions for the health and human capital formation of children. The detrimental effects of alcohol exposure in utero are well documented, and therefore identifying effective methods for preventing harmful maternal alcohol consumption is of great importance. We exploit the stepwise introduction of alcohol screening and brief interventions at Swedish antenatal clinics, to evaluate the causal effect of enhanced alcohol prevention on infant health using a difference-in-differences strategy. We find that the program improves infant health measured by prescription of pharmaceutical drugs and hospitalizations during the child’s first year of life. The results suggest that effects are likely driven by changes inmaternal behavior after the first trimester and seem to extend beyond the birth of the child.

  • 215.
    Guinet, Laurette
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Sexual orienation and labour market outcomes.: How does your sexual orientation affect your labour market outcomes?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Our thesis investigates labour market outcomes differentials between gay, lesbians and heterosexuals in France. Data comes from an online anonymous survey that we made and spread by ourselves and that identifies sexual orientation by directly asking the question to respondents. We also study perceived discrimination according to sexual orientation. What we add to the previous literature is a link between quantitative results on earnings and employment differentials, and perceived discrimination. We also interested ourselves in the extent to which people disclose their sexual orientation at work, and how this can affect the labour market outcomes of individuals. The main results of our survey are in line with previous literature: there is a 23.7% negative gap on male homosexual wage, and a 26.3% negative gap on female homosexual wage. Nevertheless, when looking at perceived discrimination, it occurs that respondents in the survey are aware and against such discrimination.  Moreover, we found that on average, disclosing sexual orientation at work should have a positive impact on the wage and affects the earnings differentials between homosexuals and heterosexuals, but deepens the earnings gap among heterosexual and homosexual females.

  • 216.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    De små kommunerna är flyktingkrisens förlorare2019In: Expressen, ISSN 1103-923X, no 2019-04-28Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Med rådande läge utgör flyktinginvandringen en kostnad för Sveriges kommuner flera år efter att flyktingarna invandrat. Staten bör därför ta ett ökat ansvar för de kostnader den bristande integrationen av flyktingar medför, skriver professor Mats Hammarstedt.

  • 217.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Diskriminering ingen anledning att skippa utbildning2017In: Expressen, ISSN 1103-923X, no 2017-08-14Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Det är sant att utrikes födda diskrimineras på arbetsmarknaden. Men det får inte skymma att utbildning är lönsam även för den gruppen, skriver Mats Hammarstedt, professor i nationalekonomi.

  • 218.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Dubbla identiteter inga problem2014In: Smålandsposten, ISSN 1104-0009Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    ”Samer, kurder och judar kan få leva i Sverige – men de är inte svenskar”, hävdade Sverigedemokraternas partisekreterare Björn Söder i Dagens Nyheter och följde i SVT:s Aktuellt upp med att vara tveksam till huruvida det går att vara hundra procent svensk och hundra procent kurd samtidigt.

  • 219.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    En replik utan svar för flyktingkrisens förlorare2019In: Expressen, ISSN 1103-923X, no 2019-05-14Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Att det finns exempel på mindre kommuner som lyckas bra med integrationen är inget nytt. Detta förtar dock inget av resonemanget i min artikel, skriver Mats Hammarstedt i en replik till Karl Wennberg och Therese Lindström.

  • 220.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Faktafel hjälper inga flyktingar2015In: Smålandsposten, ISSN 1104-0009, no 22 decArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 221.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    "Flyktingar utan utbildning en stor utmaning"2015In: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, no 18 decArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 222.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Flyktinginvandring räddar inte landsbygden2019In: Dagens Samhälle, ISSN 1652-6511, no 2019-06-20Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Att nyanlända bosätter sig i kommuner med dåligt arbetsmarknadsläge försvårar deras möjligheter på arbetsmarknaden både på kort och lång sikt. Situationen blir inte bättre av Arbetsförmedlingens nedskärningar, skriver professor Mats Hammarstedt.

  • 223.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Franzén borde läsa på om diskrimineringen2017In: Aftonbladet, ISSN 1103-9000, no 2017-06-20Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    REPLIK. Thomas Franzén konstaterar att människor med utländsk bakgrund diskrimineras på arbetsmarknaden. Det har han rätt i.

    Ett antal studier visar att utrikes födda personer (och personer födda i Sverige med utrikes födda föräldrar) får färre positiva svar från arbetsgivare än inrikes födda personer med motsvarande kvalifikationer när de söker efter arbete.

  • 224.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Hbtq-personer diskrimineras2017In: Barometern, ISSN 1103-906X, no 2017-09-02Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    "Diskriminering förekommer då personer som levde i en relation med en person av samma kön i genomsnitt var tvungna att söka 1,2 gånger så många jobb som heterosexuella personer för att ha samma möjligheter att bli kallade till anställningsintervju."

  • 225.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    "HBTQ-personer diskrimineras på arbetsmarknaden"2016Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    ”Det är ett angeläget arbete att bryta alla former av diskriminering mot hbtq-personer”, skriver Mats Hammarstedt.

  • 226.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Ingen integration utan förbättrat humankapital2018In: Dagens Industri, ISSN 0346-640X, no 2018-07-18Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Upptrappade integrationsinsatser och reformer på arbetsmarknaden räcker inte för att nyanlända ska komma in i samhället. Det krävs ett förbättrat humankapital och stora utbildningssatsningar är nödvändiga, skriver nationalekonomen Mats Hammarstedt.

  • 227.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Ingen oenighet om flyktinginvandringens kostnader2018In: Dagens Samhälle, ISSN 1652-6511, no 2018-06-06Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Kostnaderna förenade med flyktinginvandringen är ingen het potatis inom vetenskapen, vilket det framstår som i medierna. Tvärtom är det korrekt att påstå att det råder vetenskaplig konsensus om att flyktinginvandringen med rådande sysselsättningsgrad bland flyktingar är en kostnad för de offentliga finanserna, konstaterar Mats Hammarstedt, professor i nationalekonomi.

  • 228.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Integrationsfrågan är mer komplex än vad Fölster vill se2013Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 229.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Komplex bild av HBTQ-personers jobbsituation2015In: Smålandsposten, ISSN 1104-0009, Vol. 9 maj, p. 2-2Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Könsskillnader som finns på arbetsmarknaden gäller oberoende av sexuell läggning, skriver professorn i nationalekonomi Mats Hammarstedt vid Linnéuniversitetet.

  • 230.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics. Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Sweden.
    Livskvalitet bland äldre egenföretagare - resultat från en enkätundersökning2018In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 46, no 6, p. 5-13Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln presenterar resultat från en enkätundersökning om äldre egenföretagares upplevda livskvalitet och tillfredställelse med arbetet. Äldre egenföretagare har högre upplevd livskvalitet än löneanställda och de som lämnat arbetsmarknaden. Egenföretagare är mer nöjda med sina jobb än löneanställda. Resultaten förklaras sannolikt till del av selektion. Personer som väljer att vara aktiva på arbetsmarknaden skiljer sig från personer som väljer att inte vara det. Resultaten understryker betydelsen av att individen har möjligheter att påverka förutsättningarna i slutet av arbetslivet. Att stimulera entreprenörskap bland äldre kan vara ett sätt att öka arbetskraftsutbudet och minska påfrestningarna på pensionssystemet och samtidigt höja livskvaliteten hos äldre.

  • 231.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    ”Lågutbildade flyktingar är utmaningen”2016In: Dagens Nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, Vol. 11 janArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 232.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Långvariga ekonomiska effekter av flyktingkrisen2018In: Dagens Industri, ISSN 0346-640X, no 2018-01-03Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Den långa tid det tar för framför allt flyktingar från länder utanför Europa att komma in på arbetsmarknaden gör att flyktinginvandring under lång tid påverkar Sveriges offentliga finanser negativt, skriver professorn i nationalekonomi Mats Hammarstedt.

  • 233.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    ”Många kvinnor står helt utanför arbetsmarknaden”2016Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    ”De orsaker som ställer utrikes födda kvinnor utanför arbetskraften måste identifieras och mönster måste brytas”, skriver Mats Hammarstedt.

  • 234.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Professor: Felaktig kritik mot låglönejobb2016In: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Enbart låglönejobb är knappast lösningen på integra­tions­problemet. Däremot kan fler jobb med lägre ingångslöner kombinerat med utbildningsinsatser och andra insat­ser, vara en del av lösningen. Men detta bör diskuteras på korrekta grunder, skriver professor Mats Hammarstedt i en replik.

  • 235.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    "Ska det vara mer budgetarbete i julkalendern?"2017In: Dagens Nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, no 2017-12-22Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    REPLIK DN Debatt 21/12. Barn och ungdomars intresse för vetenskap överlever förmodligen att professorer framställs som virriga och excentriska i en julkalender. Möjligen kan man fundera över om inte forskares egna debattinlägg ibland ger mer tveksamma intryck av forskare än de som julkalendern förmedlar av professorer, skriver professor Mats Hammarstedt.

  • 236.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Snart lågkonjunktur, då blir integrationen svårare2019In: Dagens Samhälle, ISSN 1652-6511, no 2019-03-11Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Flyktingar som kom under flyktingkrisen 2015 kunde snabbare ta sig in på arbetsmarknaden än föregående års flyktingar. Framgången kan dock inte tillskrivas specifika satsningar, utan beror troligen på konjunkturen, skriver professor Mats Hammarstedt. 

  • 237.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    ”SVT visar en skev bild av integration på arbetsmarknaden”2017Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

     ”En ökning av antalet sysselsatta bland utrikes födda är ett dåligt mått på hur integrationen fungerar då den är framdriven av att den utrikes födda befolkningen har ökat i storlek”, skriver Hammarstedt.

  • 238.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Tveksamma argument om flyktingar2015In: Smålandsposten, Vol. 23 oktArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 239.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Tvärvetenskapligt bidrag till debatten om arbetskraftsinvandring: [recension av] Catharina Calleman och Petra Herzfeld Olsson (red): Arbetskraft från hela världen – hur blev det med 2008 års reform?2016In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 44, no 3, p. 70-72Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 240.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    "Uppdelning i skolan påverkar arbetsmarknaden"2016In: Dagens samhälle, ISSN 1652-6511Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    En fjärdedel av de utomeuropeiskt födda kvinnorna mellan 20 och 64 år med eftergymnasial utbildning står inte till arbetsmarknadens förfogande. Om vi ska lyckas öka den andelen måste vi börja redan i skolan, och säga nej till könsuppdelad undervisning.

  • 241.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    ”Uppdrag gransknings reportage borde inte förvåna någon”2019Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    ”Att flyktingar bosätter sig på mindre orter med dåliga möjligheter till sysselsättning bör, utifrån vad man vet från tidigare erfarenheter, undvikas. Det har varit känt länge”, skriver Mats Hammarstedt.

  • 242.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Utrikes födda på arbetsmarknaden - hur ser situationen ut och vad säger forskningen?2017In: Migration och socialförsäkringen: rapport från forskarseminariet i Umeå 18-19 januari 2017, Försäkringskassan , 2017, 1, , p. 10p. 47-57Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    En allt större andel av befolkningen i Sverige är född utomlands. År 2017 är omkring 17 procent eller 1,7 miljoner personer i Sverige födda i något annat land. Andelen utrikes födda personer i Sverige förväntas dessutom öka under de närmaste åren då antalet människor som söker sig till Sverige av flyktingskäl förväntas ligga på historiskt sett höga nivåer. Frågan om hur utrikes födda integreras på arbetsmarknaden står därmed högt på den politiska agendan och frågan om hur integrationen ska kunna förbättras har, inte minst under det senaste året, ofta varit i centrum för den politiska debatten.

  • 243.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    ”Vad jag efterlyste var just en nyanserad debatt av integrationen”2017Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    ”Håkan Gustafsson konstaterar att om man jämför åren 2005 och 2016 så har andelen sysselsatta bland utrikes födda ökat med fyra procentenheter. Nu var det inte det saken handlade om. Det inslag jag kommenterade jämförde 2008 med situationen idag. Därför är det relevant att använda 2008 som jämförelseår”, skriver Mats Hammarstedt.

  • 244.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    "Ökad invandring löser knappast problemen"2019In: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Professor Mats Hammarstedt svarar Arbetsförmedlingen om invandring, demografi och välfärden.

  • 245.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Ahmed, Ali
    Linköping University.
    Diskriminering genomsyrar inte hela samhället2018In: Dagens Samhälle, ISSN 1652-6511, no 2018-04-27Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    En debatt som tar sin utgångspunkt i att diskriminering genomsyrar i stort sett varje samhällsområde riskerar snarast att stå i vägen för en konstruktiv diskussion om diskrimineringens orsaker och verkningsfulla metoder att motverka den, skriver två professorer i nationalekonomi. 

  • 246.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Ahmed, Ali
    Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study, Uppsala.
    Aldén, Lina
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Sexual prejudice and labor market outcomes of gays and lesbians: Evidence from Sweden2015In: Feminist Economics, ISSN 1354-5701, E-ISSN 1466-4372, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 90-109Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents results from a study of sexual prejudice and differentials in labor market outcomes due to sexual orientation. It uses data from a nationwide Swedish survey on public attitudes toward homosexuals, conducted in 1999, and combines them with register data for 2007, which include information about sexual orientation, employment status, and yearly earnings for the total population in Sweden. It finds that prejudice against homosexuals negatively affects the relative employment and relative earnings of gay men. Lesbians are affected negatively by prejudice against homosexuals in terms of employment, but the relationship is less clear in regard to earnings. Discrimination against homosexuals, as well as social norms, occupational sorting and self-selection in, geographic mobility are presented as explanations for the results.

  • 247.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Aldén, Lina
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    "Gör det enklare för äldre människor att driva företag"2017In: Dagens Nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, no 2017-10-16Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Äldre egenföretagare upplever högre livskvalitet än såväl löneanställda som de som lämnat arbetsmarknaden. Att stimulera entreprenörskap bland äldre kan vara ett effektivt sätt för samhället att öka arbetskraftsutbudet och minska påfrestningarna på pensionssystemet, skriver Mats Hammarstedt och Lina Aldén vid Linnéuniversitetet.

  • 248.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Aldén, Lina
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Refugee immigration and public sector finances: evidence from Sweden2017In: Presented at the 29th European Association of Labour Economists (EALE) conference, St. Gallen, Switzerland, September 21-23, 2017, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present an analysis of refugee immigration and public sector finances. We present two measures of the public sector’s net costs related to refugee immigration. In the first, public revenues are related to all public costs associated with refugee immigration. The second relates public revenues to public costs associated with immigration, excluding costs that can be assumed to be fixed in the short run when refugee immigration increases. We are able to present an upper and a lower bound for the public net costs of refugee immigration. During a refugee’s first year of residency in Sweden, the public sector net costs for that refugee’s immigration are between 125,000 SEK and 190,000 SEK, depending on how public costs are allocated to the refugee population. After seven years, the cost is between 37,000 SEK and 95,000 SEK. Large differences are found between refugees with different educational attainment.

  • 249.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Aldén, Lina
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Self-employment and life satisfaction among the elderly: survey based evidence from Sweden2018In: Paper presented at the 58th ERSA Congress “Places for People: Innovative, Inclusive and liveable Regions”, Cork, Ireland, August, 28-31, 2018, The European Regional Science Association (ERSA) , 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper compares life satisfaction among the elderly (61 years of age or older) who are self-employed, wage-employed or out of the labour force in Sweden with the help of a unique survey. Sweden is interesting since the share of elderly, just as in other countries, has increased during the last decade. Encouraging the elderly to remain in the labour force is now high on the political agenda. We find that people who are self-employed report higher life satisfaction than people who are wage-employed or out of the labour force. General health is a strong determinant of life satisfaction but the differences among the groups remain when we control for health related variables. Further, the self-employed report higher job satisfaction than the wage-employed, and find their work less mentally stressful. Even though our results are driven by different types of selection, we conclude that they underline the need for a flexible working life. Stimulating self-employment among older people may be an effective way to improve their life satisfaction, to increase Sweden’s labour supply and to keep older people in the labour force.

  • 250.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Aldén, Lina
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Två nationalekonomer: Företagande inte rätt väg2017In: Dagens Industri, ISSN 0346-640XArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    DEBATT. Förhoppningen om att företagande ska öka sysselsättningen hos nyanlända är riskabel. De som startar företag i brist på andra alternativ kan faktiskt försämra sina möjligheter på lång sikt. Och utomeuropeiska företagare möter andra problem än svenskfödda, skriver Mats Hammarstedt och Lina Aldén.

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