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  • 201.
    Andreae, Christina
    et al.
    Linköping University, Sweden;Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Årestedt, Kristofer
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap (HV). Region Kalmar County, Sweden.
    Evangelista, Lorraine
    Univ Calif Irvine, USA.
    Strömberg, Anna
    Linköping University, Sweden;Univ Calif Irvine, USA.
    The relationship between physical activity and appetite in patients with heart failure: A prospective observational study2019Ingår i: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 1474-5151, E-ISSN 1873-1953, Vol. 18, nr 5, s. 410-417Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Physical activity and appetite are important components for maintaining health. Yet, the association between physical activity and appetite in heart failure (HF) populations is not completely understood. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between physical activity, functional capacity, and appetite in patients with HF. Methods: This was a prospective observational study. In total, 186 patients diagnosed with HF, New York Heart Association (NYHA) class II-IV (mean age 70.7, 30% female), were included. Physical activity was measured using a multi-sensor actigraph for seven days and with a self-reported numeric rating scale. Physical capacity was measured by the six-minute walk test. Appetite was measured using the Council on Nutrition Appetite Questionnaire. Data were collected at inclusion and after 18 months. A series of linear regression analyses, adjusted for age, NYHA class, and B-type natriuretic peptide were conducted. Results: At baseline, higher levels of physical activity and functional capacity were significantly associated with a higher level of appetite in the unadjusted models. In the adjusted models, number of steps (p = 0.019) and the six-minute walk test (p = 0.007) remained significant. At the 18-month follow-up, all physical activity variables and functional capacity were significantly associated with appetite in the unadjusted regression models. In the adjusted models, number of steps (p = 0.001) and metabolic equivalent daily averages (p = 0.040) remained significant. Conclusion: A higher level of physical activity measured by number of steps/day was associated with better self-reported appetite, both at baseline and the 18-month follow-up. Further research is needed to establish causality and explore the intertwined relationship between activity and appetite in patients with HF.

  • 202.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Between Performance and Beauty: Towards a sociological understanding of trajectories to drug use in a gym and bodybuilding context.2013Ingår i: Scandinavian Sport Studies Forum, ISSN 2000-088X, E-ISSN 2000-088X, Vol. 4, s. 69-90Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Emanating from an ethnographic study of Swedish bodybuilders, this article aims to present a sociological understanding of various circumstances influencing the decision to begin taking performance-enhancing drugs. Theoretically, the research builds upon a constructionist approach, in which actors’ identity claims, the way they describe themselves and their group affiliation, are understood both as individual stories of identity construction and as discursive statements. The result shows that the willingness to perform, to focus on the body’s function, is a paradigmatic narrative being expressed throughout. As such, this performance oriented lifestyle can be related to traditional values saluted within organised sports and also understood as a fairly stable part of a hegemonic masculine construction. However, the results also show how the performance logic is entwined with a strong zest for bodily aesthetics. In the article, this cultural ambiguity is used as an analytical window through which one can see how different understandings of gender, health and doping continuously are socially negotiated in relation to contemporary fitness culture and public health organisations in Swedish society. By analysing doping trajectories in this way the article suggests that drug using practises could be understood as an activity performed along a continuum of cultural and societal (over-)conformity, rather than actions representing societal abnormality.

  • 203.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Doping Trajectories: Becoming and Unbecoming a Fitness Doper2019Ingår i: INDR 8th International Conference, WADA's 20th Anniversary: 22-23 August, Aarhus, Denmark / [ed] Ask Vest Christiansen & John Gleaves, 2019Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 204.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Fitness dopning: Kroppsideal, dopningskultur och genus2019Ingår i: Samtal om samhällsideal, machokultur och dopning, 2019Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 205.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för hälsa, socialt arbete och beteendevetenskap, Institutionen för pedagogik, psykologi och idrottsvetenskap, PPI.
    Fotbollens arbetarklass2010Ingår i: Svensk Idrottsforskning: Organ för Centrum för Idrottsforskning, ISSN 1103-4629, nr 4, s. 11-16Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kulturhistoriskt har fotboll dominerats av män och maskulinitet.

    Den manliga normen inom fotbollen tvingar spelare i damallsvenskan

    att anpassa sig och vänja sig vid begränsade resurser. De

    känner sig oönskade, går i opposition och utvecklar strategier för att

    distansera sig från den manliga dominansen.

  • 206.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Gym- och Fitnessdopning.: Kropp, genus och en föränderlig dopningsdemografi2019Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 207.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för hälsa, socialt arbete och beteendevetenskap, Institutionen för pedagogik, psykologi och idrottsvetenskap, PPI.
    I viljan att prestera2011Ingår i: Svensk Idrottsforskning: Organ för Centrum för Idrottsforskning, ISSN 1103-4629, Vol. 20, nr 3, s. 8-12Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 208.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Muskler, maskulinitet och motionsdoping2018Ingår i: Idrottsforum.org/Nordic sport science forum, ISSN 1652-7224, nr October 25Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 209.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Negotiating Manhood: Doping and the mainstreaming of online marginal masculinities2017Ingår i: Presented at: International Network for Doping Research (INDR), Aarhus, August 24-25, 2017. / [ed] Ask Vest Christiansson and John Gleaves, 2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 210.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Reconceptualising the gender of fitness doping: Performing and negotiating masculinity through drug-use practices2015Ingår i: Evaluating the Unintended Effects of Anti-Doping, 27-28 August, 2015 / [ed] Ask Vest Christiansen, John Gleaves, 2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 211.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Reconceptualising the Gender of Fitness Doping: Performing and Negotiating Masculinity through Drug-Use Practices2015Ingår i: Social Sciences, ISSN 2076-0760, E-ISSN 2076-0760, Vol. 4, s. 546-562Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses self-portrayals and gender constructions among Swedish male bodybuilders who are engaged in fitness doping. The empirical material comes from a larger ethnographic investigation into gym culture. The results show that there is a strong propensity to conform with particular gender fantasies that rests heavily on a binary understanding of gendered, doped bodies. However, this storyline does not apprehend the entire self-presentation of the analysed drug users. Negotiations and inclusive subversions of traditional gender norms are also expressed. For example, the narratives show how the use of performance-enhancing substances makes it possible for (heterosexual) men to approach, touch and express feelings of desire towards other men and their bodies. As such, this practice can be viewed as a contestation of hegemonic gender values, in which masculinity and fitness doping are detached from a quite heterosexist understanding, and turned into a symbolic world of homoerotic pleasure.

  • 212.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Smärta, pump och förkroppsligade läroprocesser på gymmet2014Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 213.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Steroider på nätet: Att använda sociala medier för att diskutera och legitimera dopning2016Ingår i: Presented at: DrogFOKUS 2016, nationell konferens om alkohol, narkotika, dopning och tobak, 13-20 Oktober, 2016, 2016Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sociala medier och olika internetforum har blivit en del av en ny självhjälpskultur där människor anonymt kan legitimera och diskutera sina erfarenheter av att använda prestationshöjande substanser(PED). Användarna är medvetna om att de riskerar sin egen hälsa men töjer på gränserna för att nå uppsatta mål.

  • 214.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    The Global Gym2015Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 215.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    (Un)Becoming a fitness doper: Negotiating the meaning of illicit drug use in a gym and fitness context2019Ingår i: International Network of Doping Research, 2019 Conference, WADA’s 20th Anniversary, 22.-23. August 2019, Aarhus University, Denmark: Book of Abstracts, Aarhus university, Denmark , 2019, s. 8-8Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 216.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Danielsson, Tom
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Elitmotionärens vardag - familjeliv, tidspussel och extremidrott2016Ingår i: Idrottsforskning, E-ISSN 2002-3944, nr 18 majArtikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att kombinera vardagen som elitmotionär med ett fungerande familjeliv är ingen enkel ekvation. Uppoffringar, glädje, dåligt samvete och glada hejarop är en del av vardagen. Men på vems villkor och bekostnad formas egentligen elitmotionärens livsstil?

  • 217.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Henning, April Dawn
    University of Stirling, UK.
    Glocal fitness doping: Policy, practice and prevention in the United States and Sweden2019Ingår i: Performance Enhancement & Health, E-ISSN 2211-2669, Vol. 6, nr 3-4, s. 103-110Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Situated within a framework of a globalized gym and fitness culture, this paper aims to investigate and compare how fitness doping can be understood in relation to, and how it is affected by, different national and local contexts. Representing different forms of welfare state regimes, the comparative analysis focuses on policy, practice, and prevention in the United States and Sweden. The findings indicate, among other things, how national level policy and implementation reflect local priorities, understandings, and values. Sweden’s choices form a pattern reflecting the priority of protecting the collective good over individual pursuits. Conversely, that the U.S. does not police outside formally governed competitions in sports or in criminal contexts. Further, U.S. bodybuilders do not feel targeted for their appearance in the same ways, illustrating the priority of individual choice. Further, the paper discusses how each country implements anti-doping in ways consistent with global policies, but are also informed by various local understandings and values. This interplay between the supranational structures and locally diverse implementation is not only complex, but can seem contradictory as each locality partly remains within a global system of anti-doping in sport, and partly operates outside this context. We suggest glocal fitness doping needs to be understood as a process through which global ideals, organisations, and more contribute to influencing local and national prevention policies and cultures, and vice versa.

  • 218.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg.
    Bodybuilding and Fitness Doping in Transition: Historical Transformations and Contemporary Challenges2019Ingår i: Social Sciences, E-ISSN 2076-0760, Vol. 8, nr 3, s. 1-14Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article describes and analyses the historical development of gym and fitness culture in general and doping use in this context in particular. Theoretically, the paper utilises the concept of subculture and explores how a subcultural response can be used analytically in relation to processes of cultural normalisation as well as marginalisation. The focus is on historical and symbolic negotiations that have occurred over time, between perceived expressions of extreme body cultures and sociocultural transformations in society—with a perspective on fitness doping in public discourse. Several distinct phases in the history of fitness doping are identified. First, there is an introductory phase in the mid-1950s, in which there is an optimism connected to modernity and thoughts about scientifically-engineered bodies. Secondly, in the 1960s and 70s, a distinct bodybuilding subculture is developed, cultivating previously unseen muscular male bodies. Thirdly, there is a critical phase in the 1980s and 90s, where drugs gradually become morally objectionable. The fourth phase, the fitness revolution, can be seen as a transformational phase in gym culture. The massive bodybuilding body is replaced with the well-defined and moderately muscular fitness body, but at the same time there are strong commercialised values which contribute to the development of a new doping market. Finally, it is possible to speculate on the development of a fifth phase, in which fitness doping is increasingly being filtered into mainstream gym and fitness culture, influencing the fitness doping demography.

  • 219.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Extreme Sports, Extreme Bodies: Gender, Identities & Bodies in Motion2019Bok (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This book investigates extreme sports, defined as sports in which athletes challenge and transgress societal perceptions of what is humanly possible to achieve, in terms of physical training and bodily development/performance. Situated within a growing body of literature analysing the impact of new training trends on an individual’s body, identity, lifestyle and perception of his/her social surroundings, Extreme Sports, Extreme Bodies focuses on the gendered and embodied experiences of bodybuilding, Ironman triathlon, and mixed martial arts.Through their ethnographic analysis, Andreasson and Johansson present a unique and updated account of the increasing phenomenon of extreme sports and extreme bodies in contemporary Western society, grounded in the sociology of sport, body studies and embodiment literature.

  • 220.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg.
    Female Fitness in the Blogosphere: Gender, Health, and the Body2013Ingår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 3, nr July-September, s. 1-10Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyzes self-portrayals and gender constructions among female personal trainers within an Internet-mediated framework of fitness culture. The empirical material comes from a close examination of three strategically selected blogs. The result shows that some of the blogs clearly build upon what Connell calls emphasized femininity, as a means of legitimizing and constructing appropriate female fitness. In addition, there are also tendencies of sexualization in text and imagery present. As such, these self-representations are framed within a cultural history of body fitness dominated by stereotypical ways of perceiving masculinity and femininity. However, this does not capture the entire presentation of the self among the analyzed fitness bloggers. The blogs also point in the direction of ongoing negotiations and subversions of traditional gender norms. Among other things, they show how irony and humor are used as a means of questioning normative gender constructions while empowering female fitness and bodyliness.

  • 221.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Fitness doping and gym culture2019Rapport (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    From having been a subcultural, masculinecoded phenomenon in the 1970s, gym culture today has broadened, developing into a global, inclusive, multi-million dollar industry in which different forms of exercise are gathered under the general term of fitness. Despite this cultural transformation and the powerful idealisation of healthy lifestyles that characterises the fitness concept today, research shows, paradoxically, that these health arenas can be linked with doping. This report provides an overview of the state of research on fitness doping and how the routes to doping have been studied. One of its conclusions is that knowledge is limited, particularly regarding doping by women. The expansion and popularisation of fitness culture has led to unclear boundaries between doping in subcultural and often masculine-coded environments and doping as a more widespread and culturally accepted phenomenon in gym and fitness culture. The demographic ‘profile’ of people who dope has been expanded and the report ends with the question of how developments in prevention can tackle these changes.

  • 222.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Fitness Doping: Trajectories, Gender, Bodies and Health2020Bok (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This book compiles several years of multi-faceted qualitative research on fitness doping to provide a fresh insight into how the growing phenomenon intersects with issues of gender, body and health in contemporary society.

     

    Drawing on biographical interviews, as well as online and offline ethnography, Andreasson and Johansson analyse how, in the context of the global development of gym and fitness culture, particular doping trajectories are formulated, and users come into contact with doping. They also explore users’ internalisation of particular values, practices and communications and analyse how this influences understandings of the self, health, gender and the body, as well as tying this into wider beliefs regarding individual freedom and the law.

     

    This insight into doping goes beyond elite and organised sports, and will be of interest to students and scholars across the sociology of sport, leisure studies, and gender and body politics.

  • 223.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Fitnessdopning och gymkultur2019Rapport (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Från att under 1970-talet ha varit en subkulturell och maskulint kodad företeelse, har gymkulturen i dag breddats och utvecklats till en global och inkluderande mångmiljardindustri, där olika träningsformer samsas under paraplybegreppet fitness. Trots denna kulturella omvandling och den starka idealiseringen av hälsosamma livsstilar som utmärker det samtida fitnesskonceptet, visar forskning att dessa hälsoarenor paradoxalt kan sammankopplas med dopning. I den här rapporten redogörs för forskningsläget kring fitnessdopning och hur vägarna till dopning har undersökts. Resultaten visar bland annat att kunskapsläget är begränsat, inte minst vad gäller kvinnors bruk av dopning. Fitnesskulturens expansion och popularisering har bidragit till oklara gränser mellan dopning i subkulturella och ofta maskulint kodade miljöer och dopning som ett mer utbrett och kulturellt accepterat fenomen inom gym- och fitnesskulturen. Den demografiska ”profilen” för vem som dopar sig har vidgats och rapporten landar i frågan om hur preventionsutveckling ska kunna möta dessa förändringar.

  • 224.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    Fitnessrevolutionen: Kropp, hälsa och gymkulturens globalisering2015Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 225.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg.
    From exercise to "exertainment": Body techniques and body philosophies within a differentiated fitness culture2015Ingår i: Scandinavian Sport Studies Forum, ISSN 2000-088X, E-ISSN 2000-088X, Vol. 6, s. 27-45Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on two highly influential body techniques used in contemporary gym and fitness culture, namely bodybuilding and group fitness activities. The paper presents detailed self-portraits of two highly esteemed and well-known individuals representing each of these spheres of exercise. Both body techniques have their roots in physical culture. However, whereas bodybuilding goes back to the historical roots of European physical culture developed during the 19th century, Les Mills group fitness activities are a more recent phenomenon, with roots in aerobics and in the fitness culture developed during the 1960s. The case stories are read as both portraits of individuals and histories of two different forms of body techniques and philosophies of the body, and the analysis suggests that the narratives are to be understood in relation to historical changes in how society is organised and what this implies in terms of national and global demands for specific bodies.

  • 226.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg.
    Gender, Fitness Doping and the Genetic Max: The Ambivalent Construction of Muscular Masculinities in an Online Community2016Ingår i: Social Sciences, ISSN 2076-0760, E-ISSN 2076-0760, Vol. 5, nr 1, s. 1-13, artikel-id 11Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is based on written accounts posted on an online forum called Flashback.The purpose of the study was to explore how participants in this community negotiated themeanings of fitness doping and how such negotiations could be understood in terms of masculinity.The findings indicate that the Internet community studied in this article can be read as an example ofa transformational process in which ordinary rules are questioned and partly put out of play. In theworld of the bodybuilder, the marginal masculinity is, in certain senses, dominant. On the one hand,achieving a muscular and well-trained body is regarded as a core aspect of manhood within thecommunity. Marginal masculinity is thus momentarily transformed into dominant and hegemonicmasculinity. On the other hand, however, the findings also indicate that a drug-using, muscularmasculinity is constructed in negotiation with other central masculine ideals, such as the employableman and the responsible father. Found within the community is a complex and dynamic interplaybetween intersecting discourses of manhood.

  • 227.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Glocalised fitness: the franchising of a physical movement, fitness professionalism and gender2018Ingår i: Leisure/ Loisir, ISSN 1492-7713, E-ISSN 2151-2221, Vol. 42, nr 3, s. 301-321Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this study is on the development of a globalised and localised gym and fitness culture. The article takes its point of departure from three distinct levels. These are (1) organisational aspects of the culture, (2) fitness professionals’ individual trajectories, and (3) national variations and gender regimes. The findings indicate that fitness professionalism is emerging as an uncertain profession. On the one hand there are international accreditation systems that aim to ensure the status of these professionals. On the other hand, there are simultaneous tendencies towards devaluation of the status of fitness professionals, on a global level. Partly, this can be related to the standardisation of training programmes, as well as the connectedness between the service industry and feminised gender regimes. In conclusion, the globalisation of fitness is a highly gendered process, involving national body ideals and cultural variations in how fitness professionals are valued and perceived locally.

  • 228.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Gymkulturen balanserar på könsgränserna2014Ingår i: Svensk Idrottsforskning: Organ för Centrum för Idrottsforskning, ISSN 1103-4629, Vol. 4, s. 29-33Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Synen på relationen mellan kroppar och könsidentiteter varierar över tid inom gymkulturen. I dag finns en längtan efter tydliga skillnader mellan könen. Men spännvidden är stor mellan de som vill utmana och överskrida gränser, och de som försöker upprätthålla strikta normativa ideal.

  • 229.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Negotiating female fitness doping: Gender, identity and transgressions2019Ingår i: Sport in Society: Cultures, Media, Politics, Commerce, ISSN 1743-0437, E-ISSN 1743-0445, s. 1-17Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    On the basis of qualitatively gathered interview material and data from various postings on a pro-doping online community called Flashback, the aim of this article is to describe and analyse how female users of performance and image enhancing drugs (PIED) understand and negotiate their use in relation to gender and the body. Positioned within post-structural feminism, the results show that there is an increasing amount of knowledge that not only targets but is also developed by and for women concerning PIED use. Traditionally scholars have connected female PIED use more or less exclusively to female bodybuilders, but as new body and femininity ideals develop the demographics of female fitness doping are widening. Although PIED use in the context of gym and fitness culture remains primarily a masculine domain, the results point towards a development in which women are increasingly becoming more integrated into a fitness community of PIED users.

  • 230.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Negotiating violence: mixed martial arts as a spectacle and sport2019Ingår i: Sport in Society: Cultures, Media, Politics, Commerce, ISSN 1743-0437, E-ISSN 1743-0445, Vol. 22, nr 7, s. 1183-1197Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing on qualitative interviews with Mixed martial arts (MMA) athletes and stakeholders, this study aims to investigate the relationship between, on the one hand, MMA as a spectacle and imaginary world, and on the other, the fighters’ experiences of violence, pain and ‘the real’. Analytically, we are influenced by the literature on the spectacle and on hyperreality. The results show that athletes’ negotiations concerning the sport largely connect to a particular way of approaching violence – culturally and in terms of physical experience. On the one hand, there is a desire to portray MMA as a civilized and regulated sport. The athletes develop different strategies by which to handle or renegotiate the physical force and violence in the cage. On the other hand, however, the fighters’ bodily control and management of their fear sometimes breaks down. When the spectacle of the octagon becomes ‘real’, the legitimacy of the sport is questioned.

  • 231.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg.
    Online Doping2015Ingår i: Paper presented at the Journal of youth studies conference, March 30-April 1, 2015, Copenhagen, 2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, but also internationally, official regimes and public health organizations conduct fairly comprehensive anti-doping measures. As a consequence, numerous ‘new’ ways to learn about and access these types of drugs have emerged. Social media and different Internet forums, for example, have become part of a new self-help culture in which mainly young people anonymously can approach these substances, discuss their experiences of using them, and minimize the possibility of encounters with the police. What we see today is the development of new doping trajectories. This presentation is based on a ethnographical inspired research project that focuses on how the use of performance- and image-enhancing drugs (PED) is perceived and negotiated socially in the context of an Internet-mediated and online community called Flashback. The results of the study are in accordance with similar studies on Internet bodybuilding communities. That is, even though the community members to a certain degree are aware of the risks and health costs of this kind of physical regime, the gains of using PED clearly dominate the discussions. Adding to this research, the results also indicate that in the imaginary world of online bodybuilding a number of ideas about the ‘genetic max’, as well as the ultimate possibility of exceeding one’s limits, and creating something special and extra-ordinary, circulate. These stories confirm in many ways the legitimate mission of searching for the ultimate bodybuilding adventure, using different means and methods to transcend the limits of the self/body.

  • 232.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg.
    Online doping: The new self-help culture of ethnopharmacology2016Ingår i: Sport in Society: Cultures, Media, Politics, Commerce, ISSN 1743-0437, E-ISSN 1743-0445, Vol. 19, nr 7, s. 957-972Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, but also internationally, official regimes and public health organizations conduct fairly comprehensive antidoping measures. As a consequence, numerous ‘new’ ways to learn about and access these types of drugs have emerged. Social media and different internet forums, for example, have become part of a new self-help culture in which people can anonymously approach these substances, discuss their experiences of using them and minimize the possibility of encounters with the police. This article focuses on how the use of performance- and image-enhancing drugs (PED) is perceived and negotiated socially in the context of an internet-mediated and online community calledFlashback. The results are in accordance with similar studies on internet bodybuilding communities. That is, even though the participants to a certain degree are aware of the risks and health costs of this kind of physical regime, the gains of using PED clearly dominate the discussions. Adding to this research, this article found that in the imaginary world of online bodybuilding a number of ideas about the ‘genetic max’, as well as the ultimate possibility of exceeding one’s limits, and creating something special and extraordinary, circulate. These stories confirm in many ways the legitimate mission of searching for the ultimate bodybuilding adventure, using different means and methods to transcend the limits of the self/body.

  • 233.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    The Fitness Revolution: Historical Transformations in the Global Gym and Fitness Culture.2014Ingår i: Sport Science Review, ISSN 2066-8732, Vol. XXIII, nr 3-4, s. 91-112Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Today, fitness gyms and private health clubs are a huge global business. Fitness has turned into a folk movement, but not one comparable to the old 20th-century movements, often connected to national sentiments, but instead a highly individualized preoccupation. In this article the historical development of modern gym and fitness culture is described and an analytically developed approach to the understanding of the emergence of this multi-billion-dollar phenomenon is developed. The analysis suggest that the techniques, tools, and physical exercises used today in gyms all over the world are the results of a physical culture developed and refined during the 20th century. The body ideals, exercises, techniques, and the pedagogy of fitness have become an increasingly international enterprise. A tentative analysis of the globalization of gym and fitness culture is developed and presented. Three important and decisive phases in the globalization of gym and fitness culture are identified and analyzed.

  • 234.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg.
    The Global Gym: Gender, Health and Pedagogies2014Bok (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Both by participating in the everyday life of fitness professionals, gym-goers and bodybuilders, and by analyzing fitness blogs and other sources, The Global Gym explores fitness centres as sites of learning. The authors examine the kind of learning processes that take place within the gym and the wider fitness industry, and investigate how knowledge is acquired, negotiated and embodied by different agents operating within this context. Beyond this, the book also addresses the construction of gender within fitness culture. Many images of the body beautiful and perfect body ideals are manufactured and sold on a global commercial market. Jesper Andreasson and Thomas Johansson illustrate various extant modes of learning by asking how physical, psychological and cultural knowledge about health and the body is incorporated into people's (gender) identity in a local, national and global gym and fitness context.

  • 235.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    The Global Gym: Gender, Health and Pedagogies2013Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 236.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    Göteborgs universitet.
    The Health Guru: Masculinity and Fitness Coaching in the Blogosphere2013Ingår i: Journal of Men's Studies, ISSN 1060-8265, E-ISSN 1933-0251, Vol. 21, nr 3, s. 277-290Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Through a close study of blogs, where male fitness experts share their expertise, this article analyses how masculinity are framed within the Internet-mediated context of the fitness culture. This is done against the background of Connell's theory of masculinity, and recent critiques of the concept of hegemony. Through an in-depth analysis of three blogs, we get a complex and contradictory image of the different forms of masculinity portrayed in these blogs and in fitness culture at large. The texts and imagery on the blogs clearly exceeds the criteria/limits of traits and norms traditionally considered male or female. In doing so, the may contribute to an increased acceptance for, for example, gay identities and other submissive masculinities.

  • 237.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg.
    The new fitness geography: the globalisation of Japanese gym and fitness culture2017Ingår i: Leisure Studies, ISSN 0261-4367, E-ISSN 1466-4496, Vol. 36, nr 3, s. 383-394Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Using a minor case study of the local fitness culture scene in Tokyo, Japan, this exploratory and qualitative article aims to discuss and analyse the consequences of globalisation of fitness culture. The article focuses particularly on how fitness culture is negotiated in Japanese society – at a national, local and subjective level, and in relation to attempts to uniformly rationalise and standardise gym and fitness culture. The results indicate that the fitness geography is changing, and through the establishment of a globalised fitness culture, Japanese youth are following in the footsteps of many other countries. However, this does not mean that we are witnessing a homogenisation process, or a completely McDonaldised version of fitness culture in Japan. Instead, this cultural phenomenon is shaped and formed in particular ways, pointing towards certain strong national sentiments concerning body ideals, views on gender and exercise and relaxation. For example, the cuteness ideal has a strong influence on the way young women talk about and perceive body ideals and corporeal performances in Japan.

  • 238.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Triathlon Bodies in Motion: Reconceptualizing Feelings of Pain, Nausea and Disgust in the Ironman Triathlon2019Ingår i: Body & Society, ISSN 1357-034X, E-ISSN 1460-3632, Vol. 25, nr 2, s. 119-146Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on the physical expressions and intensity of embodiment that occur in the Ironman Triathlon. More specifically, the study investigates the transformational bodily experiences taking place during Ironman competitions. Using an ethnographic approach, a total of 29 Ironman triathletes participated in the study (15 men and 14 women). Theoretically, the article focuses on how triathletes’ bodies ‘move’ between different forms of embodiment. The results show that, in the process of disciplining the body, the athletes reconceptualized feelings of pain, nausea and even disgust, making these emotionally expressive aspects of the corpus into a part of the experience and bending them towards the pleasure of reaching potential divinity. Situated in a long tradition of philosophical and sociological explorations of the transgressing and transcending body, the study interprets and understands the performing body as a site for change and utopian possibilities. Thus the study adds to existing debates on contemporary individuals’ exploration of the existential and corporeal dimensions of modernity.

  • 239.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    (Un)Becoming a Fitness Doper.: Negotiating the meaning of illicit drug use in a gym and fitness context2019Ingår i: Narrowing paths - transgressive routes: Youth in changing times: new forms of inequality, risk and resistance, Aarhus University, Denmark , 2019, s. 23-23Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 240.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    (Un)Becoming a Fitness Doper: Negotiating the Meaning of Illicit drug use in a Gym and Fitness Context2020Ingår i: Journal of Sport and Social Issues, ISSN 0193-7235, E-ISSN 1552-7638, Vol. 44, nr 1, s. 93-109Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The widespread availability of doping and its growing prevalence among fitness groups has contributed greatly to the realization of an emergent public health issue. Emanating from an ethnographic study in Sweden, the purpose of this study was to describe and analyze the processes involved in becoming and "unbecoming" a fitness doping user. The study employs a cultural and sociological perspective as its theoretical framework and discusses how the participating users gradually develop their knowledge about the drugs and how the process of becoming a user is negotiated in relation to ideas and ideals concerning health, gender, and individual freedom and Swedish law. Regarding exit processes, (re)entering into what is perceived to be an ordinary "normal" life was seldom a straightforward process. To understand the complex and sometimes complicated transition processes involved in becoming respectively unbecoming a fitness doper, the results highlight the limitations of using stage models for understanding exit process as heuristic tools. Furthermore, the article argue for the necessity to investigate the negotiations of fitness doping, taking place in the intersection between subcultural affiliations/spaces, doping legislation, and mainstream perceptions of living a "Normal" life. It is argued that processes of (un)becoming a fitness doper are anything but linear and thus need to be understood in relation to sociocultural belonging and ongoing negotiation of the individual's sense of self.

  • 241.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg.
    Danielsson, Tom
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Becoming an Ironman triathlete: Extreme exercise, gender equality and the family puzzle2018Ingår i: Sport in Society: Cultures, Media, Politics, Commerce, ISSN 1743-0437, E-ISSN 1743-0445, Vol. 21, nr 9, s. 1351-1363Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Departing from a qualitative research approach, this article focuses on Swedish amateur Ironman triathletes and their family life. The purpose of the paper is to investigate how an elite amateur lifestyle is upheld and balanced with the demands of a sustainable family and social life. The results indicate that the process of becoming and staying an Ironman creates tensions in intimate relationships, making it hard to bring the family life puzzle together. Although the participants interviewed often talk about family life in terms of sharing things fairly equally, in terms of gender equity and involved parenthood, this seemingly is not always an easy ideal to fulfil in practice. On a broader cultural level, these findings can thus be contextualized in relation to discourses associated with the gendering of families and functions, and, of course, the gender of sport and performance.

  • 242.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg.
    Mattsson, Christer
    From subcultures to common culture: Bodybuilders, skinheads and the normalization of the marginal2016Ingår i: Nordic Youth Research Symposium (NYRIS), Youth Moves. Voices, Spaces, Subjectivities. Trollhättan, Sweden, 15-17 june, 2016 / [ed] Emma Sorbring, 2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Using bodybuilding and skinheads/neo-Nazis as two rather diverse examples of subcultures, this study is a theoretical exploration of our understanding of the concept of subculture and common culture. The aim is to explore how the concept of subculture can be used in relation to processes of normalization and marginalisation. The focus is on the historical, symbolic and biographical relation between the subculture and the subcultural response, and socio-political transformations in society and culture. We are interested in understanding the processes in which for example bodybuilding has moved back and forth between a subcultural position and more common fitness culture, over time. As a parallel to this, we are also interested in how subcultures centred on skinheads, neo-Nazis and right-wing extremists influence and are connected to more general political transformations and opinions in contemporary society, blurring the distinction between subculture and common culture. The results indicate a complex relation between subcultures and the mainstreaming of certain values, opinions and practices. Deviance is sometimes, over time, renegotiated within common culture, turned into normality , and whereas extreme parts and contents of subcultures may be toned down in this process, core points and values may be extracted and generalized. Bodybuilding is for example transformed into fitness, but the core values of hard bodies, muscle training, health and asceticism are highly present in fitness culture, as well as in more common and dominant socio-cultural patterns. In a similar vein, the core values and sentiments in skinhead and right-wing subcultures xenophobia and nationalism are today becoming a part of the political culture in many European countries.

  • 243.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Sverkersson, Ellen
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    A new doping demography?: Female PIED users in the context of online communication2019Ingår i: International Network of Doping Research, 2019 Conference, WADA’s 20th Anniversary, 22.-23. August 2019, Aarhus University, Denmark: Book of Abstracts, Aarhus University , 2019, s. 8-8Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Internationally, WADA, NADOs, and different public health organizations conduct fairly comprehensive antidoping measures. As a consequence, numerous ‘new’ ways to learn about and access these types of drugs have emerged. Different internet communities, for example, have become part of a new self-help culture in which mostly men, can anonymously approach these substances. But times are changing and women are increasingly engaging in drug using practices. Using a netnographic approach, the aim of this study is to describe and analyse how female users of performance and image enhancing drugs (PIED) approach, understand and negotiate their use, and relate it to existing preventative measures. The study will focus on an online community called Flashback, and adopts a constructionist approach, investigating how particular subject positions (identities) and drug use strategies are created within a specific ‘community of practice’. The results show that there is an increasing amount of knowledge that not only targets but is also developed by and for women concerning PIED use. Female users are gradually becoming more integrated into the online doping community. A changing doping demography and the online offer of PEIDs will be a great challenge in the development of future supranational, and online, prevention strategies and anti-doping campaigns.

  • 244.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Sverkersson, Ellen
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Female Fitness Doping: A new doping demography2019Ingår i: Narrowing paths - transgressive routes. Youth in changing times : new forms of inequality, risk and resistance: Nordic Youth Research Symposium (NYRIS) in Aarhus 14 - 16 August 2019, Aarhus University , 2019, s. 22-23Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Internationally, WADA and different public health organizations conduct fairly comprehensive antidoping measures. As a consequence, numerous ‘new’ ways to learn about and access these types of drugs have emerged. Different internet communities, for example, have become part of a new self-help culture in which mostly men, can anonymously approach these substances, and discuss their experiences of using them. But times are changing and women are increasingly engaging in drug using practices. Using a netnographic approach, the aim of this study is to describe and analyse how female users of performance and image enhancing drugs (PIED) approach, understand and negotiate their use, and relate it to existing preventative measures. The study will focus on an online community called Flashback, and adopts a constructionist approach, investigating how particular subject positions (identities) and drug use strategies are created within a specific ‘community of practice’. The results show that there is an increasing amount of knowledge that not only targets but is also developed by and for women concerning PIED use. Female users are gradually becoming more integrated into the online doping community. A changing doping demography and the online offer of PEIDs will be a great challenge in the development of future supranational, and online, prevention strategies. 

  • 245.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Sverkersson, Ellen
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Fitness doping and the female body: Negotiating gender and contesting the limits of the body through drug use practices2019Ingår i: Narrowing paths-transgressive routes: Youth in changing times: new forms of inequality, risk and resistance, 2019Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 246.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Sverkersson, Ellen
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Pumping up the ego: Biographical studies on young people's doping trajectories2019Ingår i: IPEDs and Polydrug Use, 2019Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 247.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Tugetam, Åsa
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Bergman, Patrick
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Keeping Death at Bay through Health Negotiation: Older Adults' Understanding of Health and Life within Gym and Fitness Culture2016Ingår i: Activities, Adaptation & Aging, ISSN 0192-4788, E-ISSN 1544-4368, Vol. 40, nr 3, s. 200-218Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses older adults’ trajectories leading to membership in a gym, and the ways in which they negotiate their self-understanding, aging, and health in this context. Emanating from an ethnographic study, the arguments are based on a constructionist approach. The results show that older adults’ decision to start going to a gym should be understood in relation to an individualized health care system in Swedish society and as a means of negotiating deteriorating health, retirement, lost body capacity, and the meaning of becoming old. The physical activities carried out and the social relationships developed in these contexts are used to construct an empowered self-understanding prepared to challenge the “stiffness” of the dying body.

  • 248.
    Andreasson, Kajsa
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för hälsa, socialt arbete och beteendevetenskap, Institutionen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, HV.
    Ivarsson, Jonna
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för hälsa, socialt arbete och beteendevetenskap, Institutionen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, HV.
    Karlsson, Marie
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för hälsa, socialt arbete och beteendevetenskap, Institutionen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, HV.
    Att överleva hjärtstopp: erfarenheter av livet efteråt2012Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund. I Sverige drabbas cirka 10 000 individer varje år av hjärtstopp. Tillståndet är en livshotande komplikation till akut kranskärlsjukdom, som kräver snabb behandling för överlevnad. En avgörande åtgärd för överlevnad är i första hand hjärt-lungräddning (HLR) och därefter andra medicinska och kirurgiska behandlingar. Problemformulering. Livet förändras på olika vis efter att ha överlevt hjärtstopp och det är betydelsefullt med en fungerande vardag. Den oväntade situationen kan leda till positiva och negativa erfarenheter. Mer kunskap inom området kan skapa ökad förståelse för dessa erfarenheter hos sjuksköterskan samt ett bättre bemötande och omhändertagande. Syfte. Syftet var att belysa individers erfarenheter av livet efter hjärtstopp. Metod. Systematisk litteraturstudie baserad på 13 vetenskapliga artiklar. Sökningarna gjordes i databaserna; Cinahl, PubMed och PsycINFO. Kvalitetsgranskningen skedde utifrån Bahtsevanis, Stoltz och Willmans instrument. Kvalitativa innehållsanalysen grundades på Hällgren Graneheim och Lundmans beskrivning. Resultat. Efter hjärtstopp erfors både positiva och negativa förändringar i livet. Förändringarna visades i; livskvalitets-, emotionella-, kognitiva-, fysiska och sociala- samt framtidsaspekter. Slutsats. Sjuksköterskans medvetenhet om aspekternas påverkan på individens situation efter hjärtstopp och bra bemötande kan leda till att individen känner sig sedd, förstådd och finner resurser för bearbetning av situationen. En uppmärksamhet inom hälso- och sjukvården om erfarenheternas påverkan kan öka kunskapen och bättre vård kan skapas.

  • 249.
    Andréasson, Frida
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap (HV). Region Kalmar County, Sweden.
    Aidemark, Jan
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Magnusson, Lennart
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap (HV). Region Kalmar County, Sweden.
    Strömberg, Anna
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Hanson, Elizabeth
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap (HV). Region Kalmar County, Sweden.
    Lifeworld in co-designing with informal carers2019Ingår i: Journal of Enabling Technologies, ISSN 2398-6263, Vol. 13, nr 1, s. 29-39Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to reflect on carers’ experiences of being involved in the development of a web-based support programme for carers of people with heart failure (CPwHF), and discuss the challenges related to their involvement in the development process. The focus was on the different phases in the project as well as the methodological challenges and opportunities that occurred in the user group sessions conducted.

    Design/methodology/approach – This research adopt an explorative design studying a co-design process to develop an information and communication technology based support programme for and with CPwHF. Habermas’ concepts of lifeworld and system are used as a theoretical framework to analyse the co-design process employed in the study.

    Findings – Reflecting on the co-design approach adopted, the findings highlight the methodological challenges that arise with carer involvement and the possible tensions that occur between researchers’ ambitions to include users in the design process, and the goal of developing a product or service, in the different phases of the design process.

    Originality/value – Findings highlight that there is a tension between the system and lifeworld in the co-design process which are not totally compatible. The paper highlights that there is a need to develop flexible and reflexive human-centred design methodologies, able to meet carers’ needs and ideas, and at the same time balance this with proposed research outcomes.

  • 250.
    Andréasson, Frida
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap (HV).
    Andreasson, Jesper
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Hanson, Elizabeth
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap (HV).
    Developing a carer identity and negotiating everyday life through social networking sites2017Ingår i: Innovation in aging, E-ISSN 2399-5300, Vol. 1, nr Suppl_1, s. 465-466Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Research highlights that a key overarching reason why family carers do not utilize support services is that many people who perform the duties of caregiving do not necessarily self-identify as a carer. Understanding the development of carer identities may thus be understood as crucial for the utilization of different health services directed towards carers. Based on the EU funded Innovage project, this project aims to describe and analyse how older carers supporting and caring for an older person understand and socially negotiate their life situation and identity as carers on a Swedish online social forum. Theoretically the project departs from a constructionist approach and methodologically it has been inspired by a specifically designed method for studying the cultures and communities that emerge from online computer-mediated or Internet-based communications, called netnography. The results indicate that in the process through which a carer role is acquired, a significant change in self-perception occurs. The presence or absence of recognition for the older carers’ capacity, is understood as filtered through the needs of the cared for person, making the carer identity into an invisible self. At the same time, the opportunity for online communication may help to create a virtual space of social recognition through which negative and positive experiences attached to caring can be discussed. The significance of online communication is here understood as the possibility to be recognized, and feel empowered by other carers.

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