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  • 201.
    Andréasson, Frida
    et al.
    Swedish Family Care Competence Centre (NKA).
    Hanson, Elizabeth
    Eurocarers, Belgium.
    Lancioni, Cristina
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Papa, Roberta
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Lamura, Giovanni
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    The INNOVAGE-Eurocarers platform and current ICT-based services for informal carers of older people in Sweden2015Ingår i: Irish Ageing Studies Review, ISSN 1649-9972, Vol. 6, nr 1, s. 88-88Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Different support services for family carers are available in Sweden through information and communication technologies (ICTs) since late 1990s, like ACTION, My Joice, IPPI, ‘The Gap’, and Carer Sweden’s online ‘Carer’s Book’. The INNOVAGE-Eurocarers platform aimed to complement the offer of web services to carers through the provision of a new tailored package.

    Methods: The Swedish pilot test enrolled around 50 carers through contacts with professionals working with carers in different municipalities. They could access the following web-based services: information resources; individual support via e-mail and private messages; group support via social network and forum. Periodical writing activities were asked to active users in the forum, alternating expressive writing (EW) and time management (TM) writing tasks. Periodical reminders were sent in order to increase user involvement.

    Results: Users were predominantly older, female carers, of which two thirds were over 65 years old. The web platform was perceived as a flexible tool, potentially accessible at any time, which gave users the possibility to exploit their experience as carers with others in similar situations. This peer exchange seemed to improve self empowerment, sense of solidarity and mutual learning. However, usage of the web platform was limited due to the low level of digital skills of some carers.

    Conclusions: Although results confirmed usefulness and appropriateness of implemented web services, it is fundamental to address the issue of usability and accessibility in order to ensure a wider accessibility. An option might be to offer initial digital skill training and continuous technical support for computer novices.

  • 202.
    Andréasson, Frida
    et al.
    Swedish Family Care Competence Centre (NKA).
    Hanson, Elizabeth
    Eurocarers, Belgium.
    Lancioni, Cristina
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Papa, Roberta
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Lamura, Giovanni
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    The INNOVAGE-Eurocarers platform and current ICT-based services for informal carers of older people in Sweden2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Different support services for family carersare available in Sweden through information andcommunication technologies (ICTs) since late 1990s, likeACTION, My Joice, IPPI, ‘The Gap’, and Carer Sweden’son-line ‘Carer’s Book’. The INNOVAGE-Eurocarersplatform aimed to complement the offer of web services tocarers through the provision of a new tailored package.

    Methods: The Swedish pilot test enrolled around 50carers through contacts with professionals working withcarers in different municipalities. They could access thefollowing web-based services: information resources;individual support via e-mail and private messages; groupsupport via social network and forum. Periodical writingactivities were asked to active users in the forum,alternating expressive writing (EW) and time management(TM) writing tasks. Periodical reminders were sent in orderto increase user involvement.

    Results: Users were predominantly older, female carers,of which two thirds were over 65 years old. The webplatform was perceived as a flexible tool, potentiallyaccessible at any time, which gave users the possibility toexploit their experience as carers with others in similarsituations. This peer exchange seemed to improve selfempowerment,sense of solidarity and mutual learning.However, usage of the web platform was limited due to thelow level of digital skills of some carers.

    Conclusions: Although results confirmed usefulness andappropriateness of implemented web services, it isfundamental to address the issue of usability andaccessibility in order to ensure a wider accessibility. Anoption might be to offer initial digital skill training andcontinuous technical support for computer novices.

  • 203.
    Andréasson, Frida
    et al.
    Swedish Family Care Competence Centre (NKA).
    Hanson, Elizabeth
    Swedish Family Care Competence Centre (NKA) ; Eurocarers, Belgium.
    Poli, Arianna
    Italian National Institute of Health and Science on Aging (INRCA) ; Linköping University.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    Italian National Institute of Health and Science on Aging (INRCA).
    Lancioni, Cristina
    Italian National Institute of Health and Science on Aging (INRCA).
    Papa, Roberta
    Italian National Institute of Health and Science on Aging (INRCA).
    Lamura, Giovanni
    Italian National Institute of Health and Science on Aging (INRCA).
    The use of on-line social network and services by family carers with high digital skills: The case of the Swedish sample2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    AIMS. The InformCare platform aimed to complement the offer of already available web services to carers through the provision of a new comprehensive package.

    METHODS. 36 family carers were enrolled in Sweden and used the platform during the intervention. They could access the following web-based services: information resources; individual support via e-mail and private messages; group support via social network and forum. Periodical writing activities were asked to active users in the forum, alternating expressive writing (EW) and time management (TM) writing tasks.

    FINDINGS. Users were predominantly older, female carers, who considered the web platform as a flexible tool, potentially accessible at anytime, which could empower users and improve their sense of solidarity and mutual learning.

    CONCLUSIONS. Although results confirmed usefulness and appropriateness of implemented web services, some carers experienced problems in accessing and navigation, which required continuous technical support by web developers.

  • 204.
    Ankarbranth, Fredrik
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Familjehemssekreterarnas resonemang kring biologiska barn i familjehem: En utvecklingsekologisk systemteoretisk studie2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The study aims to understand foster care secretary’s reasoning concerning biological children in foster cares. Previous research shows that biological children are a vulnerable group. But do their voices get heard? To find out how the foster care secretary reasoning about biological children of foster cares, I have interviewed four randomly municipalities in Sweden. The study is qualitative and based on a development ecological system theoretical perspective.

    The result shows that biological children’s right is focused and that the secretary’s ambition is to talk with the biological children before and under the foster care period. Before the family becomes a foster care they have to undergo extensive training to learn and feel ready for the new life situation.

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  • 205.
    Ankarvik, Max
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Att köra eller inte köra: En studie av miljömedvetna bilisters dissonansreducerande- och identitetsupprätthållande strategier2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Att köra eller inte köra is a qualitative study aiming to show how environmentally conscious people who utilizes cars deal with their dissonant behavior, but at the sametime maintain an identity as environmentally conscious. The study is based on the fact that a third of those who drive cars in the municipality of Växjö would like to decrease their use of cars while at the same time having the infrastructural conditions to utilize other means of transportation. The study investigates inner obstacles in the form of habits and lifestyle, but also the different strategies the motorists use to reduce their cognitive dissonance and maintain a green identity. The indicators show that the reason the majority of the motorists continue to utilize cars is part due to inner obstacles (it's adeeply rooted habit, but also a big part of their lifestyles), part due to that the individuals have defenses for their use of their cars, defenses designed to have a dissonance reducing effect. The indicators also show that the motorists value their family higher than the environment, and in this way they can legitimize many of their car uses. The study finds hints suggesting that the motorists associate good parenting with using cars and therefore risk another type of dissonance linked to parenthood if they should stop using cars. The majority of the motorists in the study have grown up in a rural environment suggesting that the car is a big part of a norm system linked to the motorists' cultural background, which in it self could be an explanation for why the individuals associate good parenting with the use of cars.

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    Att köra eller inte köra
  • 206.
    Ankarvik, Max
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Hur skapas en journalist?: En biografisk studie på nyexaminerade journalister2014Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    The study - Hur skapas en journalist? - examines why so many people choose to turn tothe journalist profession when the conditions for a secure position on the labor market ispoor. The study also highlights how recently graduated journalist perceives their temporary and insecure position on the labor market.

    The study was performed trough ten biographical interviews with recently graduated journalists. Via the interviews I examined what has formed the individuals to perceive journalism as a rational or pragmatic choice for a career. The study shows that journalists, who come from families with high cultural capital, have been shaped by a particular culture of education, which focuses on education as a step towards selfrealization. The individuals have therefore taken career decisions among what they find developing. In the study, I found that the journalists have undergone two different types of life courses. There are the journalists who followed a more linear life course to the profession, and the ones who have undergone a more “crooked” life course. The linear life course is characterized by the fact that the individuals relatively early after highschool started to study journalism. These individuals, who followed the linear life course, have had a more straight forward way to the occupation mainly because of their social network. They have, through their social network, had the journalistic profession placed on their horizon of action because they either have parents who are journalists or because they have worked with the profession at some point. Those individuals whohave followed a crooked life course have not seen journalism as an obvious career choice, but the profession has progressively placed itself on their horizon of action because of past experiences. They have traveled, moved, worked and studied a variety of classes, mainly classes whit focus on languages and creative writing, before they started to study journalism. These past experiences have formed the individuals to perceive journalism as a pragmatic or rational career choice.

    I also find indications that the journalists who have undergone a more crooked life course find their insecure and temporary situation on the labor market less problematicthan the ones who have followed a linear life course. I suggest that the journalists whohave undergone a crooked life course have developed a higher tolerance towards a precarious and temporary situation on the labor market, their previous flexible life course have given rise to a higher tolerance of uncertainty. In other words, their pastlives has partly formed them to want to become journalists, but also made them more suitable for a temporary labor market.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 207.
    Ankerhult, Wilma
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för didaktik och lärares praktik (DLP).
    Sociala lärandets möjligheter i fritidshemmet: En kvalitativ studie kring barns uppfattningar om vart det sociala lärandet sker2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 180 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett flertal barn spenderar sin eftermiddagstid i fritidshemmets verksamhet. Fritidshemmet har ett forstransuppdrag och en möjlighet att bidra till barns sociala utveckling genom att skapa möjligheter där de får möta andra barn. Fritidshemmet har i uppgift att skapa aktiviteter och miljöer där barnen får möjlighet att utveckla samarbetsförmåga, kommunikationsförmåga och sin sociala kompetens. Undersökningens syfte är att få inblick i vart barnen uppfattar att det sociala lärandet sker och hur det bidrar till att skapa och upprätthålla relationer. Studien syftar även på hur barnen upplever lärarnas roll i undervisningen av det sociala lärandet. För att få en djupare inblick i barnens perspektiv användes fokussamtal som metod. Fem fokussamtal med fyra till fem barn i varje grupp. Resultatet ger mig en uppfattning om att barnen ser det sociala lärandet i samspelet med andra och i aktiviteter där lärarna har utgått från barnens intresse. De flesta barn visar en medvetenhet om att fritidshemmet har skapat nya relationer och samtidigt stärkt befintliga. Lärarnas roll utifrån barnens perspektiv ses som tillrättavisande om vad som är rätt och fel. Men de kan även se att lärarna skapar möjligheter för deras sociala lärande i form av miljöer och aktiviteter.

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  • 208.
    Ankervik, Ola
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Erlandsson, Sofie
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Nätdroger - Utmaningar för myndigheter, enskilt och inom ramen för samverkan2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine how the new established phenomenon of “Internet drugs” causes challenges to organizations, both individually and in relation to collaboration. The study is based on qualitative semi-structured interviews with representatives from three organizations - one youth police unit, one medical addiction centre and four units working within social services. The theoretical approach that was used is theory about human service organizations, theory about collaboration and new institutional organizational theory. A conclusion is that the current drug classification is problematic and mainly challenging for the organizations that focus on prevention work and early interventions. Meanwhile, the phenomenon also concerns organizations who work with individuals with drug misuse and/or dependency problems that often holds some kind of treatment. In these cases it involves the use of the widespread Internet drug Spice, however, then it is associated to a side addiction, often with the aim of avoiding positive results on drug tests. Our conclusion shows that the parties concerned in current collaboration believe that the work against Internet drugs to some extent already accommodated within the existing framework for collaboration. Therefore the representatives do not have a need for collaboration specially aimed for the Internet drugs.

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  • 209.
    Annie, Onemark
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Jämställdhet eller illusion?: En kvalitativ studie om strukturella och kulturella fenomen i jämställdhetsexperternas verklighet. 2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is about experts in equality. These experts have extensive knowledge and the cultural and structural phenomena that effects individual’s way of looking at equality. European Gender Equality Index for the first decade of the twenty first century shows that equality is far from reaching its structural aim for equality.   

    The purpose of this study is to find out how cultural and structural phenomena effects equality in organisations, how the experts experience these phenomena and what role they play in the experts work for equality. The study is based on a qualitative approach and has given empirical material through seven interviews with experts. To best understand and present the empirical material I have chosen two theoretical perspectives to work with. Out of these theoretical perspectives four concepts: gender, norm, gender segregation and homochirality has been used to explain the findings.

    The result shows that historically inherited structural and cultural phenomena still control many parts of equality. The construction of equality is still portraited by men as the norm even though findings also show segregation within the female gender. Homosociality excludes women and gender is no longer only between men and women but between masculine and feminine. Findings also suggest that even the experts are questioned in their gender when implementing equality in organisations. This study has contributed with deeper insight into equality experts prerequisites to structural and cultural phenomena.

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  • 210.
    Anxo, Dominique
    et al.
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Ekonomihögskolan, EHV. Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Ekonomihögskolan, EHV. Nationalekonomi och Statistik.
    Erhel, ChristineSchippers, Joop
    Labour Market Transitions and Time Adjustment over the Life Course2008Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The standard life course is losing ground. More people - men and women -are active in the labour market than ever before, but work is not their only focus in life. In the rush hour of life, but also at the end of their career people work parttime, combine paid work with care or education or want more leisure. The transitional labour market approach in science and policy making looks at the way people make transitions between different

    domains of life or combine activities in these different domains. This results in questions like: can men cross the bridge to the field of care as easily as women? Which arrangements help women to return to the labour market after they have devoted some years to fulltime motherhood? Is parttime retirement to be preferred to fulltime retirement? And: who benefits from leave and other life course arrangements?

    The chapters of this book give the answers to these and several other questions related to labour market transitions between labour and care and transitions between the labour market and retirement. Scientists will be triggered by the theoretical notions and the firm empirical analyses. Policy makers may find inspiration for solutions to everyday policy problems that they will be facing during the next years as individual lifecourses will become more diverse.

  • 211.
    Anxo, Dominique
    et al.
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Ekonomihögskolan, EHV. Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Ekonomihögskolan, EHV. Nationalekonomi och Statistik.
    Letablier, Marie-Therese
    Peraudin, Corinne
    Fagan, Colette
    Smith, Marc
    La prise en compte de la vie familiale des salariés par les entreprises:Une comparaison européenne2008Ingår i: Recherches et Previsions, ISSN 1149-1590, nr 92Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    L’organisation des temps de travail des salariés au sein des entreprises peut constituer un véritable outil de gestion de la main-d’oeuvre. En effet, l’organisation temporelle du travail peut répondre aux besoins de flexibilité des entreprises (aménagement des temps de travail selon les besoins organisationnels de l’entreprise, selon les variations de l’activité), ou bien être utilisée comme moyen de fidéliser des salariés, de renforcer leur satisfaction et de stimuler leur implication dans le travail en prenant en compte leurs obligations personnelles. Qu’en est-il réellement ? Quelles sont les pratiques des entreprises en matière de conciliation ? De nombreuses études ont analysé les pratiques individuelles des salariés – notamment lorsqu’ils ont des responsabilités parentales ou familiales – en soulignant la diversité des dispositifs institutionnels en Europe, mais peu de recherches ont été consacrées aux pratiques des entreprises. Les recherches comparatives notamment se sont concentrées sur le rôle respectif de l’État, des familles et du marché dans l’offre de conciliation et ont quelque peu délaissé les entreprises dans l’analyse de l’articulation travail et vie familiale.

  • 212.
    Appelqvist, Emma
    et al.
    Högskolan i Kalmar, Humanvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Karlsson, Lisa
    Högskolan i Kalmar, Humanvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Anabola Androgena Steroider & Identiteter2008Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 15 poäng / 22,5 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [en]

    There is little knowledge about abuse of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) in Sweden. This

    paper aims to explore, from a discourse psychological angle, how persons with experience of

    anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) construct there identities.

    The theory and method used as a frame for the paper is discursive psychology, depending on the

    focus in the paper of human beings use of language in the construction of identities. For

    collection of data interviews were made. The six respondents al had experience of use of AAS.

    The interviews illustrated how users of AAS speak about AAS, and create there identity, in

    relation to AAS. In the interpretation of data we used two different tools, used by discursive

    psychologists, interpretative repertoires and subject positions. Though the interpretative

    repertoires we were able to separate the ways the respondents construct there statements. Subject

    positions made it possible for us to interpret where the respondents did place themselves in there

    speech. Other perspectives, derived from literature on the subject AAS, was brought into the

    analysis. Other perspectives provide us with assumptions and make it possible to separate themes

    and discourses from the data.

    Two discourses where separated from data, restrictive discourse and legal discourse. The

    discourses contain three teams, use/abuse, physical risks and social risks. In the speech,

    respondents, relate to these teams in order to construct there identities. The respondents construct

    the speech in order to make use of AAS reasonable to them selves. The respondents construct the

    speech in the direction towards a liberal discourse. They construct the use of AAS as reasonable

    to them selves. The respondents make mostly difference between use and abuse of AAS and

    don’t position them selves as abusers of AAS without reservations. A crucial component in the

    construction of an identity as a user is the reduction of risks. The respondents reduce the risks

    with AAS in different ways and make an identity as a user possible.

    Key Words: Discourse, Discursive Psychology, AAS, Anabolic Androgenic Steroids, Identity.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 213.
    Arjmand, Reza
    Lund university.
    Public Urban Space, Gender and Segregation: Women-only urban parks in Iran2017 (uppl. 1)Bok (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Public spaces are the renditions of the power symmetry within the social setting it resides in, and is both controlling and confining of power. In an ideologically-laden context, urban design encompasses values and meanings and is utilized as a means to construct the identity and perpetuate visible and invisible boundaries. Hence, gendered spatial dichotomy based on a biological division of sexes is often employed systematically to evade the transgression of women into the public spaces. The production of modern urban space in the Middle East is formed in the interplay between modernity, tradition and religion. Examining women in public spaces and patterns of interaction with gender -segregated and -mixed space, this book argues that gendered spaces are far from a static physical spatial division and produce a complex and dynamic dichotomy of men/public and women/private. Taking the example of Iran, normative and ideologically-laden gender segregated public spaces have been used as a tool for the Islamization of everyday life. The most recent government effort includes women-only parks, purportedly designed and administered through women's contributions, as well as to accommodate their needs and provide space for social interasction and activities. Combining research approaches from urban planning and social sciences, this book analyses both technical and social aspects of women-only parks. Addressing the relationships between ideology, urban planning and gender, the book interprets power relations and how they are used to define and plan public and semi-public urban spaces. Lack of communication across disciplinary boundaries as result of complexities of urban life has been one of the major hindrances in studying urban spaces in the Middle East. Addressing the concern, the cross-disciplinary approach employed in this volume is an amalgamation of methods informed by urban planning and social sciences, which includes an in-depth analysis of the morphological, perceptual, social, visual, functional, and temporal dimensions of the public space, the women-only parks in Iran. Based on critical ethnography, this volume uses a phenomenological approach to understating women in gendered spaces. Interaction of women in women-only parks in Iran, a gendered space which is growing in popularity across the Muslim world is discussed thoroughly and compared vis-à-vis gender-neutral public spaces. The book targets scholars and students within a wide range of academic disciplines including urban studies, urban planning, gender studies, political science, Middle Eastern studies, cultural studies, urban anthropology, urban sociology, Iranian studies and Islamic studies.

  • 214.
    Arjmand, Reza
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för didaktik och lärares praktik (DLP).
    Maryam, Ziari
    Shahid Beheshti University, Iran.
    Sexuality and concealment among Iranian young women2020Ingår i: Sexualities, ISSN 1363-4607, E-ISSN 1461-7382, Vol. 23, nr 3, s. 393-405Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Criminalization of sexual relations outside the institution of marriage in Iran fosters – among other means – concealment as one of the safest methods to undermine social and legal impediments. In a context where any alternative practices of sexualities are subject to persecution, sexual concealments are applied as tactics for survival. The female body in such a normative-laden society is conditioned by its “openness” which makes it a subject of honor for family and kin and core for the management of desire and regulating the intimate for the theocratic state. Based on life stories of young women who have had pre-marital sexual relations in Tehran, this article addresses sexual concealment as the main method used by those women. Findings of the study suggest a three-fold model of concealment practiced in various social settings. Body concealment which was encouraged by the families and authorities to reduce the visibility of the female body during adolescence, engenders other types of concealment. Lesbian-like practices were utilized by women in homosocial settings to undermine the heteronormative social structure. Concealment of sexual orientations, desires and practices was applied to “keep the order of things in place” and to undermine the repressive policies and practices based on the socio-religious normative.

  • 215.
    Arjmand, Reza
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för didaktik och lärares praktik (DLP).
    Mirsafa, Masoumeh
    United Nations Habitat, Tehran, Iran.
    Ephemeral space sanctification and trespassing gender boundaries in a Muslim city2018Ingår i: Storia urbana, ISSN 0391-2248, E-ISSN 1972-5523, Vol. 161, s. 71-93Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A distinct feature of Muslim cities is demarcated separation between zones of public economic and private domestic activities. Such spatial distinction has been the organic extension of a social structure with limited presence of women in public zones. However, separation of spaces in the Muslim city and the way it is utilized, shaped and reproduced by men and women is not a simple case of dividing public-­private geographies and assigning them to males and females, respectively, and has been subject to appropriations and adaptations. The Shiite traditional Muharram procession is one of the instances of such appropriation which produces a semi-­private or tertiary (social and spatial) realm, where gendered behaviours are more fluid, the loyalties of the kin stretch beyond the dominant normative, and both men and women move with greater ease. Such spatial fluidity exacerbated during the rituals of Muharram, where presence of women in public space is promoted and invigorated. Among other means, the ephemeral space sanctification is utilized to create a space where the social sanctions are temporarily lifted, and gender spatial boundaries are suspended. As an ethnographical piece of research using methods informed by urban planning and urban sociology and based on a cross-­disciplinary study of gendered spatial divisions (socially and architecturally), this article endeavours to investigate the notion of ephemeral space sanctification in a Muslim city among the Guilani population in Lahijan, in northern Iran.

  • 216.
    Arkegård, Mirja
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Lilliehorn, Sofia
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    En Bättre Människa: En normkritisk studie av föreställningar om kön och sexualitet i berättelsen om normbrytande ungdom2013Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    This study aims to make out, which notions and ideas about gender and sexuality that comes into expression in the description of the deviant youth. This study is a narrative analysis, based on a queer theoretical approach. The queer theory directs attention to the normative frameworks on gender and sexuality. Queer theory also illustrates the relationship between the normative and what is considered abnormal/deviant. The study's empirical basis is 8 legal texts, legal documents formed in a Swedish context, which include the welfare state´s judiciary and social services. The legal documents are concerning the social services care of deviant youth, based on the law that gives them  right to force care and treatment on anti-social youth. The study aims to examine the legal documents from a narrative analysis; in the way the story of the young is portrayed and what type of norms about gender and sexuality that emerges from that story.

    The study’s result, although based on a content of 8 legal texts, is a finding of a one-sided story about the antisocial youth, depending on the youth´s gender. These findings are portrayed in what the study entitles: The damaged girl and The dangerous boy. These categories are used to illustrate in what way the social welfare system and judiciary constructs the way boys and girls may differ from the norm standards about gender and sexuality. The standard-setting institutions tend to retain the description of the young, despite the youngster's counter-stories, in which the young states their awareness of their normative violations. In conclusion the social welfare system and the judiciary, has the authority to construct the story about the deviant youth; a story that is constructed to legitimize the social institutions intervention in the care of antisocial youth.

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    En Bättre Människa
  • 217.
    Arnesson, Kerstin
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Den multimetodologiska forskningsansatsen2016Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 218. Arnesson, Kerstin
    Följeforskning som utvärderingsmetod2011Konferensbidrag (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 219.
    Arnesson, Kerstin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Albinsson, Gunilla
    Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Integration of theory and practice in higher education2012Ingår i: International Journal of Educational Research, ISSN 0883-0355, E-ISSN 1873-538X, Vol. 53, s. 370-380Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The study demonstrates the suitability of the interactive research approach. When the academy interacted with practitioners common knowledge was created. A core result of the article is the development of a model for sustainable learning. In the centre is a learning process for the integration of theory and practice.

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    fulltext
  • 220.
    Arnesson, Kerstin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Albinsson, Gunilla
    Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Interaction patterns within a steering group: power and action outcome2014Ingår i: Economic and Industrial Democracy, ISSN 0143-831X, E-ISSN 1461-7099, Vol. 35, nr 2, s. 325-340Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to study interaction patterns within a steering group. Most large projects include a group of this kind whose task it is to steer towards set goals and provide the required resources. The origin of the research area lies in the observation that steering groups seem to have difficulties in living up to the expectations of project management and project participants, despite structured working methods such as regular meetings, distribution of responsibility and cooperation with different interested parties. By means of interviews and observations the article attempts to capture interaction patterns in a specific steering group. The study is anchored in theories of power with the purpose of supplying theoretical concepts and analytical tools. The most important conclusion is that the interaction patterns that emerged in the steering group rested on two foundations. The first one was that social relations in the steering group created power that was produced and manifested in different ways. The second one was that the exercise of power affected the action outcome, that is, the results of the actions and consequences for future actions. Another conclusion is that the exercising of the assignment presupposes four premises: the steering group member needs to have a positive approach to the project idea and the set goals, to have knowledge of the assignment, to have a position with the authority to make and carry out strategic decisions of the project, and be able to allocate time for active work and participation in meetings.

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  • 221.
    Arnesson, Kerstin
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Furenbäck, Ingela
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Samverkan gynnas promotivt av ett konfliktperspektiv2019Ingår i: Hälsopromotion i teori och praktik: olika arenor och målgrupper / [ed] Åsa Bringsén & Petra Nilsson Lindström, Stockholm: Liber, 2019, s. 145-163Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 222.
    Aronsson, Susanne
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Självkänslan hos människor med missbruksproblematik: en fallstudie om Västervik kommuns självkänsloprogram2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to describe the Västervik municipality's self-esteem program and, from sociology of emotions, analyze the therapists' experience of the impact the program has on the clients in strengthening the self-esteem of people living with an addiction but who strive to get rid of it. The work assumes a qualitative approach and a case study was applied. To achieve the purpose, the empirics were based on three semistructured interviews and the program's manual. The interviews were analyzed based on a thematic analysis. The program's manual was processed using a content analysis. The thematic analysis’ themes and document analysis were analyzed using Thomas J. Scheff's sociology of emotion. The result showed that strong self-esteem is important to people living with addiction. Another important aspect in the result is the program’s ability to visualize the clients' feelings of shame. My conclusion is that self-esteem is important for people who want to get rid of addiction and the self-esteem program is useful for the purpose. But it may be that both clients that are in and those who leave the program need more time, better support and other resources to process the shame that occurs. In order to find out how shame can be related to self-esteem and how it affects people living with addiction, further research in the field is required.

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    Självkänslan hos människor med missbruksproblematik
  • 223.
    Aronsson, Therese
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Kunders relation till banken: - en studie om kunders förtroende och kunskap om banken2009Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [sv]

    Abstract

    Författare: Therese Aronsson

    Nyckelord: banker, utveckling, modernitet, expertsystem, kundperspektiv

    Bakgrund: Bankernas utveckling har under de senaste åren varit stor. Detta har gjort att också kundernas förutsättningar förändrats. Inom denna moderna institution krävs idag att kunderna har en viss finansiell kunskap men också att de har förtroende för bankens nya tekniska system. Vilken kunskap har kunder om banker och vilka tjänster använder sig kunder av samt hur ser förtroendet ut till dessa tjänster?

    Syfte: Studien genomförs i syfte av att se hur kunders relation till banken ser ut genom vilka banktjänster de använder sig av samt vilken kunskap och förtroende de har till banken. I studien har också syftet varit att undersöka om det finns skillnader mellan kön, inkomst/år och ålder när det gäller relationen till banken.

    Metod: En kvantitativ metod har använts i denna uppsats med enkätundersökning som utgångspunkt.

    Resultat: Resultaten i undersökningen visar att svarspersonerna hade mindre bra kunskap om banker och deras verksamhet samt hur banker styrs utifrån de regleringar som finns. Däremot visar resultaten att många är intresserade av ekonomiska system och begrepp samt är insatta i sin egen ekonomi. Bankomat- samt kortbetalningar visade sig vara de mest använda banktjänsterna. Den största anledningen till att svarspersonerna inte använde sig av Internettjänster visade sig vara att de inte litar på tekniken. Resultatet visade också att det fanns skillnader mellan kön, inkomst/år och ålder.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 224.
    Arvidsson, Felicia
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Nilsson, Lisa
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Att bo och arbeta som handläggare i en liten kommun: En kvalitativ studie om den geografiska och sociala närheten till klienten2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 225.
    Arvidsson, Per
    et al.
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för pedagogik.
    Magnusson, Carl-Olof
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för pedagogik.
    Vad är hälsa i ämnet idrott och hälsa?: Hur verksamma lärare inom ämnet beskriver hälsa och hälsoundervisning?2007Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här är ett examensarbete som syftar till att se hur verksamma lärare inom ämnet idrott och hälsa ser på hälsa och hur de konkretiserar hälsoarbete i ämnet. Genom en beskrivande studie med intervjuer av lärare i idrott och hälsa vill vi få en bild av hur lärarna ser på begreppet hälsa och hur det konkretiserar hälsoundervisning i ämnet samt hur undervisningen överensstämmer med teori och styrdokument. Vår frågeställning blev följande:

    Hur ser verksamma grundskolelärare i ämnet idrott och hälsa på:

    • begreppet hälsa?

    • hälsa i ämnet idrott och hälsa?

    • hälsoundervisning?

    • hälsa i styrdokument och hur förhåller sig deras syn till styrdokument och teori?

    Vi har gjort 6 stycken semistrukturerade kvalitativa intervjuer, detta har skett med verksamma lärare som har en utbildning med 40 poäng idrott och hälsa eller liknande beroende på aktuell lärarutbildningsstruktur. Intervjuerna har skett på respondenternas skolor eller om så önskat annan plats, fri från yttre störningar.

    Vårt resultat pekar på att respondenterna har likstämmig uppfattning kring begreppet hälsa, en ståndpunkt som även samstämmer med teorins definition av hälsa. Det framkommer också att respondenterna har en relativt överensstämmande bild av vad som är hälsa inom ämnet idrott och hälsa. Vilket kan härledas till fysiologisk/medicinsk diskurs gällande vad undervisningen innefattar och en psykisk/social diskurs gällande hur undervisningen bedrivs. Hälsoundervisning inom ämnet anser respondenterna i första hand skall handla om att ge eleverna rörelseglädje. Respondenterna visar sedan upp en skild åsikt om vad hälsoundervisning är, dels inom ämnet och dels inom hela skolans verksamhet. Synen på styrdokumenten är likartad respondenterna emellan, de menar på att styrdokumenten är relativt fria och tolkningsbara i sin utformning.

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  • 226.
    Arvidsson, Ulf
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Ingvarsson, Emma
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Den nationella värdegrunden: en kritisk granskning av implementeringen av äldreomsorgens värdegrund i en kommun2013Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to investigate how a community motivates and ensures the implementation of its values and how this document affected personnel of meaning, vision and daily operations. The study was based on semi-structured interviews, in which nine respondents were interviewed in a city in southern Sweden. Interviews dealt with three different themes, all concerned organization or set of values. The analysis was based partly on how organizations and institutions build up and maintain their legitimacy. The analysis was also explained by the new institutional theory and its concepts isomorphism. In conclusion, the study shows that the concept of value system is very subjective and means different things depending on which profession you belong to. The study also showed that officials of the municipality indicate that the values discussed continuously in operation. This picture did not fit at all agree with the care assistants who considered values almost never discussed. The study also showed that the implementation was not as successful as desired, then no time for reflection was. The study showed that the reason that there was an opportunity to reflect due to the time and resources were too scarce. Throughout officials related concepts in the study more to an organizational plan, when care assistants instead relate everything to the actual meeting with the care recipient. Instead of using values as a benchmark they instead used of the "inner compass" that consists of subjective norms and values.

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  • 227.
    Asefaw, Elsa
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Bilkic, Sanela
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Barnets röst i barnavårdsutedningar: En kvalitativ studie av barnavårdsutredningar med fokus på barnets rätt till att få komma till tals2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate how a child's rights of speech are taken into account in child welfare investigations. A child's speech or words are not always taken seriously or as important as it should be in the child’s context. This problem has been a major topic of concern both at the national and the international level. Children want their speech of rights to be respected. It is their fundamental right that every human must guarantee to protect these rights to make a better world for future generations. Therefore in order to deeply examine the research topic, the authors used different theoretical approaches like power theory, communication theory and freedom of action. Furthermore the authors gathered more information using semi structure interviews with social workers who work with child welfare investigations. From the interview discussions, the researchers looked for recurrent themes and came with some findings that children are able to express their opinions in child welfare investigations. Children’s visibility and participation in child welfare investigations have improved since BBIC (the child’s needs at the center) has been involved in child welfare investigations. Children´s words or opinions were also ignored. More so, the actual level of how a child´s contribution directly influenced the decision making process was very unclear. The study further shows that social workers are using various communication methods and techniques to adress children's wishes and opinions to provide the best acceptable services. A well-established feedback session is made available in order to gather the children’s opinions and improve on the services.

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    fulltext
  • 228.
    Aspegren, Tobias
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Att kalla saker vid dess rätta namn: Exemplet mobbning eller kränkande särbehandling på arbetsplatsen2016Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Author: Tobias Aspegren

    Title: To call things by their right names – The example of bullying or victimization at work [Translated title]

    Supervisor: Ulf Drugge

    Assessor: Kerstin Arnesson

     

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is, by a discourse psychological approach, to investigate how our choice of concept of a bullying situation at work can correlate with managers’ way of handling the situation. The issues I have answered in order to fulfill my purpose was first how the managers defined the concepts in the studies title, and second how the mangers handled a situation of bullying at work.

     

    Method: I have used qualitative methods in my study in order to acquire my data. The method I used was semi-structured interviews. I analysed the results with a discourse psychological perspective by help of the theory’s concepts “interpretation repertoires” and “subjects positioning”. The participants of the study were four managers within the same organisation but in different manager positions, all with a work environment responsibility.

     

    Results: The results and analysis of my study shows that there is a lack of knowledge of the concept “victimization” by those who are obligated the responsibility of the work environment. This can result in a situation of victimization at work that does not follow the correct law-bound recommendations written in AFS 2015:4 – Organisatorisk och Social Arbetsmiljö.

     

    Conclusion: The conclusion of this study is that if the situation defines as either bullying or victimization, there will be follow-up meetings with the victim. But due to the lack of knowledge by the concept “victimization” there is an increased risk that the situation will not be handled in the way it should, in accordance with the AFS 2015:4, but will only be handled as temporary conflict.

     

    Keywords: Use of concepts, bullying, victimization, work environment

    Nyckelord: Begreppsanvändning, mobbning, kränkande särbehandling, arbetsmiljö

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  • 229.
    Asplund, Julia
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Magnusson, Petra
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Välkommen in! Eller?: En kvalitativ studie av förskolepersonals problematik att upprätthålla ett välfungerande arbetslag2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    In today’s kindergartens, there is a shortage of resources in terms of small working teams and lack of time. This problem has forced the working teams to hire new personnel and regroup themselves, compared to many other professions. This has created unstable working groups where the staff is replaced frequently. Therefore, it is of great importance that the new employees are integrated quickly to maintain a good spirit between co-workers. This sociological study intends to investigate new staff-member’s entry to these unstable work-teams, how to forge a well-functioning working-team and how it relates with the employee’s job satisfaction. The data in this research has been gathered through a qualitative research method, where interviews with kindergarten personnel were conducted concerning their own experiences. The result has uppermost been interpreted through Goffman’s dramaturgical perspective regarding how people act to get acceptance from co-workers and how they receive each other. Further the theory developed by Randall Collins concerning interaction rituals as well as the concept of socialization was used to understand the issue further. The result of the study indicates that high demands is placed on the staff, both on those who enter the work-teams as well as the existing personnel. It is of great importance that successful socialization is present in the working teams to be able to perform a good work together and enjoy the workplace. To be accepted in a work-team, application of social strategies is required. Mainly, its necessary to make an active adjustment concerning the workplace current norms and values. The social relations between co-workers is crucial for how the teams evolve which is due to the lack of structure in the kindergartens institutions.

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  • 230.
    Asplund, Kerstin
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och socialt arbete.
    Villkor i boende och boendestöd ur rättsligt perspektiv2007Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka vilka villkor och regler som förekommer vid boenden och i boendestöd för personer med psykiska funktionshinder och hur dessa förhåller sig till gällande rätt.

    Studien planerades ursprungligen att bestå av följande tre delar:

    1. Utredning av de rättsliga grunderna i framför allt SoL, LSS, Hyreslagen vad gäller villkor av typen kontrakt, avtal, ordningsregler, mm.

    2. Genomgång av förekomst och variation av villkor kring boende/boendestöd i ett antal svenska kommuner.

    3. Analys av förhållandet mellan lagstiftning och praxis och förslag till hur man kan förbättra området.

    Föreliggande delrapport utgör ett svar på del 1.

    Projektledaren för Boendeprojektetanser att trots att texten inte är färdig och att endast en av studiens tre frågor har besvarats, är det påbörjade arbetet unikt och av stor betydelse för boendeområdet.

    Texten är skriven med avsikten att alla frågor skulle besvaras och denna ursprungstext är bibehållen. Författarens egna kommentarer och idéer för vidare utredning finns således kvar. Det är den undertecknades förhoppning att någon annan med intresse för målgruppen personer med psykiska funktionshinder i allmänhet och juridiska aspekter av deras boende i synnerhet, ska kunna använda delrapporten som en vägledning för att fullfölja denna studie eller något liknande.

    Boendeprojektet är ett riktat projekt inom ramen för kansliet för Nationell psykiatrisamordning. Projektmedel beviljades av Socialstyrelsen år 2005 för ett uppdrag inom satsningen på psykiatri och socialt stöd och omsorg för personer med psykisk sjukdom och/eller psykiska funktionshinder. Projektet har letts av David Brunt, Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och socialt arbete, Växjö universitet.

    Rapporten är nr 15 (av 24st) i Boendeprojektet som är ett riktat projekt inom ramen för kansliet för Nationell psykiatrisamordning. Projektmedel beviljades av Socialstyrelsen år 2005 för ett uppdrag inom satsningen på psykiatri och socialt stöd och omsorg för personer med psykisk sjukdom och/eller psykiska funktionshinder. Projektet har letts av David Brunt, Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och socialt arbete, Växjö universitet.

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  • 231.
    Assarsson, Camilla
    et al.
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och socialt arbete.
    Hadarson, Maria
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och socialt arbete.
    Vi gör vad vi vill men det är inte mycket vi kan göra: Om hur organisatoriska faktorer påverkar mellanchefers möjlighet att arbeta med hållbar utveckling2008Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [en]

    The group of elderly people in Sweden will increase significantly in the future and science point out that the future elderly people will not accept today’s standards and offers of assistance in today’s public elderly care. Therefore public elderly care stands before a significant challenge in terms of development that has to be sustainable. New research also points out that middle managers can be a great strategic resource, and a founder of success, in the challenge of sustainable development. The aim of the report was to increase the knowledge about what middle managers in public elderly care think sustainable development has to embrace, when it comes to quality and personnel administration, in order to meet the needs of the future elderly people. The aim was also to deepen the knowledge of how formal and informal organizational factors facilitate or limit middle managers possibilities to work with development in general and sustainable development in specific in their units. Interviews, as a qualitative method, were used to gather empirical data and the result was analyzed with theories as Domain theory, New Public Management and Situational leadership. Our findings showed that middle managers have little possibilities to work with sustainable development in their units and that formal factors as budget had a great impact of the middle managers overall possibilities in their work. According to the result it seemed that development and long term planning in this particular organization were tasks mainly for the management and political domain. According to our findings it seemed as if the introduction of New Public Management increased the underlying initial problems of human service organizations. According to Domain theory these problems consists of disjunction, discordance and conflicts due to the differences between the three domains when it comes to principles, success measures, structure and work modes.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 232.
    Attar, Osama
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Relationen mellan vårdaren och vårdtagaren inom rättspsykiatrin2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med uppsatsen har varit att undersöka hur anställda inom rättspsykiatrin ser på relationen mellan sig själva och vårdtagarna, samt att studera de olika aspekter som berör relationen i vårdandet, bland annat maktrelationen och vänskapsrelationen. Uppsatsen baseras på en kvalitativ studiemetod med semistrukturerade intervjuer. Nio stycken anställda vårdare (undersköterskor och skötare) från en avdelning inom rättspsykiatrin i Växjö deltar i studien. Resultatet visar att relationen mellan vårdare och vårdtagare är en viktig aspekt inom vården, och att relationen är basen inom vården för att kunna erbjuda bra vård till patienten. Intervjupersonerna menar att: En bra relation mellan vårdare och vårdtagare kännetecknas av att vårdaren ska kunna skapa förtroende, tillit i relationen, samt stödja och tillfredsställa patientens behov med hjälp av relationen. Studien belyser svårigheterna inom relationen mellan vårdare och vårdtagare samt de risker som kan förekomma. Resultatet visar även att en viss synlig och osynlig makt utövas; den makten är svår att definiera, personalen är delvis omedvetna om att de själva utövar makt dagligen.

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  • 233.
    Augustsson, Johan
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Gunnarsson, Simon
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Kön i minoritet: En jämförelse mellan manliga socialsekreterare och kvinnliga poliser.2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Traditionally and historically certain jobs have been recognized as male or female professions leading to the assumption that the barrier crossing men and women working in these gender atypical jobs are being less masculine and less feminine. The aim of this study is to examine similarities and differences among male social workers and female police officers in the experience of being a gender minority in their workplace and how it effects the construction of their gender identity. Working with a qualitative approach and using semi-constructed interviews the study was conducted by interviewing a total of five social workers and four female police officers, in six different communities, about their personal experiences of being a gender minority in a gender atypical job. The result shows both differences and similarities between the genders and their occupation; on a personal level neither of the respondents seemed to have a problem working in a gender atypical job although admitting that working in a “female” and “male” profession  had effects on their personality but not on how they viewed themselves as men or women. On a group level the respondents experienced both differences and similarities; both genders talked about being stereotyped into taking on certain tasks but also about having advantages of being male or female in certain situations. Further on the female police officers talked about being pushed aside to give room for the male colleagues while the male social workers experienced the opposite; being more acknowledged. On a societal level respondents from both groups were talking about a shift in societies showcasing that the view on men and women and what is considered male and female have been or in a process of being disintegrated. The results were seen from a social constructionist viewing point and were interpreted and analyzed using following theories and theoretical concepts: Stereotype, gender, role theory, identity, gender identity and the theory about the mirrored self.

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    fulltext
  • 234.
    Aupeix Persson, Sophie
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Björnsson, Ellen
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Att vara lagom: En studie om nyblivna mödrars relation till den egna kroppen efter en graviditet2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study intends to gain understanding of how mothers in the two first years postpartum feel about and relate themselves to the ideal of thinness. The empirical material is based on new mothers’ perceptions and experiences. The data is collected through a qualitative method based on interviews.

     

    The study is interpreted by a social constructive perspective and the theoretical framework has been objectification theory and Connell’s theory of gender. Some of the theoretical concepts we have used to understand the mothers’ experiences are “norms”, “normative femininity” and “social stigma”. We also have used the thematic concept “the social body”, which is an understanding of the body as a carrier of social meaning

     

    The results of the study show that new mothers have a problematic relation to their own bodies. This problematic approach to the body arises from the constant presence of the ideal of thinness and comments from the surroundings, as the norms of interpersonal relationships are modified during pregnancy and the postpartum period. The bodies of the new mothers become objectified by the comments from the surroundings and their bodies are therefore under social control.

     

    The ideal of thinness has a big impact on the new mothers’ body perception. We have therefore identified four strategies that the mothers use to manage the ideal: 1. With the help of clothes the new mothers precede the social pressure that the ideal of thinness generates by concealing their bodies that they experience does not comply with the ideal; 2. The new mothers adapt their bodies to the ideal by physical exercise; 3. The new mothers adapt their bodies to the ideal by diet; 4. The new mothers use cognitive strategies to feel more at ease with their postpartum bodies, by thinking kind thoughts about themselves and their own bodies. 

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  • 235.
    Ax, Victoria
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Värnholm, Katarina
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Om hemlöshet: Socialsekreterare om ett socialt problem i två kommuner2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to illuminate how social workers in social services work with the social phenomenon, homelessness in two municipalities. The study is based on qualitative semi-structured interviews with interviewees from a department of social services. Our theories that we used was resistant inequality, structural discrimination, exclusion, empowerment and representation. After compilation of our empirical our conclusions are that homelessness is a complex phenomenon. Social workers handles homelessness based on client’s needs and the work is individualized. There are no specific plans or guidelines. Homelessness is integrated in the organisation. The responsibility lies mainly on the individual to find housing. One other conclusion is that the landlords and housing are the largest affiliates to the social services regarding homelessness. The social workers work to prevent evictions by grants rent arrears because the housing market is the biggest problem. It’s a growing problem in both municipalities.

     

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    fulltext
  • 236.
    Axelsson, Camilla
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA). camillahillevi.axelsson@hotmail.com.
    Karlsson, Josefin
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Hela min själ är fylld utav sår: En studie utifrån kvinnors egna upplevelser av att leva med självskadebeteende 2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study intends to illuminate women’s experiences of their own self-harm. Self-harm is mostly associated with women and research shows that women mostly are over-represented. This study describes women’s experiences about their self-harm but also how they perceive the elements around them during their illness. There is a focus on women’s abilities to manage emotions and how they are expressed. There is also a focus on how women perceive the support from important people in their individual social network. This study is completed by a qualitative approach based on six autobiographies there young women tells about their self-harm and mental health. The study has a hermeneutic approach which enables interpretation of our collected material. The result is presented based on two themes that focus on the women’s emotional management and their support from their social network. The empirical material is analyzed on the basis of theoretical concepts of systems theory and network theory but also Antonovsky’s (1987) theory; KASAM. The result of this study resulted that the women’s social network have significance for them during the time with self-harm whether their social network are functional or not. The study has also found that the women’s emotional management are affected by meaningsfullness, manageability and comprehensibility.

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    fulltext
  • 237.
    Axelsson, Frida
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Hag, Emmy
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    ”Knacka innan du öppnar”: En kvalitativ studie om integritet och handlingsutrymme i särskilt boende ur ett personalperspektiv2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to, based on qualitative interviews with managers and group interviews with care providers, understand their interpretation of integrity and also their scope for action to satisfy disable people’s integrity at sheltered housing for adults. The questions of this study are: How do the managers and the care providers interpret the concept of integrity? Which scope for action do they have to satisfy the integrity of disabled people? Method: Individual – and group interviews have been used as methods to gather empirical data. Theory: The theories of scope for action and integrity as a theoretical conception have been used to analyze the empirical material. Results: The informants of this study found it difficult to give a specific definition of integrity. The main aspects we could distinguish were that integrity was interpreted as a personal sphere and self-determination. The result of this study shows that the scope for action to satisfy the integrity of disabled people is affected by many factors. First of all the scope for action is affected by the Swedish law LSS and the assignment within the organization. The scope for action is also affected by individual adaption for each person. This study shows the importance of the relationship between the managers, care providers and the persons. At last the informants emphasize some dilemmas in their scope for action to satisfy the integrity.

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    fulltext
  • 238.
    Axelsson, Lillan
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för statsvetenskap (ST).
    Avebo Björkman, Liselotte
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för statsvetenskap (ST).
    Förtroende för offentliga organisationer: Varför har vissa offentliga organisationer högre förtroende hos medborgarna än andra?2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 180 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    C uppsats Förtroende
  • 239.
    Axelsson, Rickard
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för hälsa, socialt arbete och beteendevetenskap, Institutionen för socialt arbete, SA.
    Johansson, Alexandra
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för hälsa, socialt arbete och beteendevetenskap, Institutionen för socialt arbete, SA.
    Stress i omsorgens vardag: Personliga assistenters och boendestödjares upplevelser och hantering av stress, samt hur deras stress kan påverka brukarrelationen.2012Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (yrkesexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of our study was to examine personal assistants and group home assistants experiences of stress at work, how they cope with stress and how it affects the relationship with the care recipient. The study is made out of a qualitative frame and based on interviews with two personal assistants and four group home assistants. Our theoretical perspectives consist of Aaron Antonovsky’s SOC theory, Richard Lazarus theory about coping and also sociologist Johan Asplund’s theory about social interaction. The result indicates that the experiences of stress are individual and varied among the participants while the presence of stress at work is a shared apprehension. The Main reasons for the emergence of stress are related to workload, diffuse information, work-tasks and staff exchange. Coping-strategies that are used to reduce the experiences of stress are spread between both problem-focused coping and emotion-focused coping while the latter is more frequently applied. Social Support has a vital part in the staff’s management of stress. Colleagues, supervisors and other people in their close environment are presented as important resources.  Our final conclusion is that stress has an impact on the relationship with the recipient of care because of the close interaction they have with each other. The close interaction with the recipient of care may however itself be a powerful stress factor due to the fact that the work itself is characterized by close interaction and it would be an impossibility to not be affected by it.

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  • 240.
    Axetun, Karin
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för hälsa, socialt arbete och beteendevetenskap, Institutionen för socialt arbete, SA.
    Rydberg Nilsson, Anna
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för hälsa, socialt arbete och beteendevetenskap, Institutionen för socialt arbete, SA.
    Diakoni och välfärd.: En kvalitativ studie om relationen mellan diakoni och socialt arbete.2012Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study discloses the responsibility of social work for the Swedish welfare state respective deacons in the Swedish protestant church, which roll the Swedish protestant church have in the existent welfare and also if deacons experience any expectations and how these expectations in that case are expressed.The aim of this study was to investigate the relationbetween deacons working within the Swedish protestant church and social work, as it appears for professional deacons. The method of investigating the questions raised by the aim of this study has been qualitative analysis of answers derived from six deacons working in different workplaces. The data derived from these interviews was then analysed through the theory of Gösta Esping-Andersen about welfare states and also through background research and earlier science research about the social work within the Swedish protestant church and other social work. The result of the study show that the welfare state in Sweden has the comprehensive responsibility for the citizens. Deacons working within the Swedish protestant church does not have the same responsibility. Instead deacons usually provided the supplementary social work as regarding existential questions. Different conditions, for example laws and regulations is something that is different regarding the social work that deacons and other authorities in the society performs. Our study also shows that sometimes when the official welfare is insufficient the deacons partly can fill up for this. The deacons in our study experience that there are high expectations from the people in society regarding the social work that deacons performs. There are also expectations from other performers of social work in the welfare as well as from the church itself, although these look a little bit different and are not as clear and explicit. The problem with the expectations is that they are not always realistic which depends on relatively bad knowledge about the social work the deacons perform. When the social work that deacons perform is within the church characterized by Christian ethos a result can be that in meeting with other social work a tension arise which leads to challenges for the different performers of social work.

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    fulltext
  • 241.
    Axman, Olof
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Sörensen, Stellan
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Kulturellt kapital & Konsumtion: Betydelsen av ”hur” svenska studenter konsumerar 2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats gör ett inlägg i debatten om relationen mellan kulturell konsumtion, kulturella smakpreferenser och klass. Det aktuella fältet är väl beforskat, men det råder ingen konsensus kring relationen mellan dessa variabler. Att kulturell konsumtion är mönstrat av social ställning i samhället är en av de mest grundläggande insikterna i kultursociologi. Pierre Bourdieus Distinction: a social critique of the judgement of taste (1984) är ett centralt verk inom fältet. Med tiden har dock Bourdieus bild kommit att ifrågasättas av olika empiriska fynd. Ifrågasättandet kommer från bland annat Petersons (2005) myntande av den kulturella allätaren (the cultural omnivore). Vad som definierar den kulturella allätaren är en ökad bredd av kulturella preferenser och en vilja att blanda hierarkiska kulturella genregränser. Syftet var att fylla några av de luckor som beskrivits av annan forskning och söka hur det ser ut i en svensk studentkontext. Frågeställningarna uppsatsen sökte besvara var; hur ser relationen ut mellan kulturell konsumtion och klass bland svenska studenter; hur resonerar den kulturella allätaren kring sin breda smakpreferens; är särskiljning (distinction) bland kulturella allätare närvarande och hur ser den i så fall ut? Genom Exploratory sequential mixed-method genomfördes 10 intervjuer för att sedan utveckla en enkät som sökte generalisera några av de resultat som framkommit i intervjuerna. Resultatet pekar på att särskiljning främst tycks råda i hur man konsumerar kulturella produkter snarare än vad man konsumerar. Inga tydliga kopplingar mellan kulturellt kapital och konsumtionsmönster påvisades i enkäten. Intervjuerna påvisade dock en stark koppling mellan kulturellt kapital och hur något konsumeras, förstås och tas in.

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    Axman & Sörensen (2019) Kulturellt Kapital & Konsumtion
  • 242.
    Ay, Philip
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för byggteknik (BY).
    Attar, Ribhi
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för byggteknik (BY).
    Riktlinjer för social hållbarhet: vid gestaltning av socioekonomiskt utsatta områden2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie handlar om hur utformningen av den fysiska miljön påverkar den sociala hållbarheten i områden med socioekonomiska svårigheter. Fokus ligger på hur kommuner, fastighetsbolag och andra berörda aktörer arbetar med frågor rörande gestaltning, boende, fysisk miljö, trygghet och säkerhet, hälsa, inflytande och delaktighet.

    Syftet är att samla kunskap om ämnet samt belysa innebörden av det. Målet är att ta fram riktlinjer för social hållbarhet som stöd till upprättande av en social hållbarhetsplan eller utveckling av ett område.

    Forskning som berör ämnet samt intervjuer med kommun, fastighetsbolag och sakkunnig har varit centrala i framtagandet av riktlinjerna. Intervjuer och tidigare forskning korrelerar med varandra och visar att den fysiska miljön har en inverkan på människans välmående. Studien ställer viktig forskning i samband med en inkluderande samarbetsprocess och ger förklaring till att involvera inblandade aktörer och befintliga invånare i utvecklingen av områdets fysiska miljö. En blandning av bebyggelse och verksamheter är viktigt. Tillsammans med en öppen och attraktiv fysisk miljö kan detta på lång sikt bidra till ökad rörelse och trygghetskänsla. Kollektivtrafiken i samband med verksamheter och bra förbindelser kan underlätta för boende att knyta sociala kontakter.

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  • 243. Baig, Margaretha
    et al.
    Nilsson, Johanna
    Peterson, Kristina
    Brunt, David
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och socialt arbete.
    Kostnadsfritt eller avgiftsbelagt boendestöd för personer med psykiska funktionshinder2007Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande rapport omfattar tre delstudier:

    - En kartläggning via enkätstudie av hur många kommuner i landet som tar ut en avgift för boendestöd

    - En intervjustudie med ett antal kommuner ang. deras ställningsstagande kring avgifter för boendestöd

    - En studie om kostnader och intäkter gällande avgifter för boendestöd

    Resultatet visade att en klar majoritet av de undersökta kommunerna inte tar ut någon avgift för boendestöd i vare sig ordinärt boende eller bostäder med särskild service. I studien om intäkter och kostnader för hanteringen av avgiftssystemet finns det en tendens för både större kostnader och därmed negativa vinster i kommuner med ett mindre antal individer som betalar en avgift för sitt boendestöd.

    Intervjuerna med kommuner om deras ställningstagande visade att det finns ett antal argument för att ta ut avgifter och ett antal argument för motsatsen. Dessa argument redovisas och rapporten med en rekommendation att inte avgiftsbelägga boendestöd för personer med psykiska funktionshinder

    Rapporten är nr 22 (av 24st) i Boendeprojektet som är ett riktat projekt inom ramen för kansliet för Nationell psykiatrisamordning. Projektmedel beviljades av Socialstyrelsen år 2005 för ett uppdrag inom satsningen på psykiatri och socialt stöd och omsorg för personer med psykisk sjukdom och/eller psykiska funktionshinder. Projektet har letts av David Brunt, Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och socialt arbete, Växjö universitet.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 244.
    Bankel, Anna
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Jönsson, Ulrika
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Hela havet stormar: En rättsfallsstudie om tillämpningen av LVM och LPT vid samsjuklighet2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is about the application of the two coercive legislations, Care of Abusers (Special Provisions) Act (LVM) and  the Compulsory Psychiatric Care Act (LPT) when individuals suffer from comorbidity. The authority who files the application for coercive interventions differs between the legislations. In LVM the social welfare board files the application and in LPT the chief psychiatrist.  Earlier research has shown that the individuals of the comorbidity group do not get their needs met in either of the legislations. It has also occurred that concrete arguments which relate to statutory criteria are missing. Our aim was to gain knowledge about how the court argued for these criteria, especially in cases where comorbidity exist. Another aim was to see which legislation that gave legal impact. Finally, we wanted to examine the roles of the chief psychiatrist and the social welfare board in court negotiations. We decided to study twenty court cases from Administrative court, ten cases from LVM and ten from LPT where the same individual had been committed to coercive care according to both legislations, this to capture the comorbidity. We interpreted the documents using discourse analysis and selected two concepts, inspired by Foucault and Fairclough, that we thought could be fruitful for our analysis. The result shows that there is more often argumentation about if the legal criteria in LVM are fulfilled compared to LPT where the argumentation is less informative. This result may have been influenced by the secrecy of Law. We also found out that the legislation that was given legal impact depended on the authorities assess of which need that was most urgent. The last finding was that the chief psychiatrist`s opinion was never questioned by the court, but the statements made by the social welfare board was.

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    fulltext
  • 245. Barbabella, Francesco
    Family carers: Technology-based support services2015Bok (Refereegranskat)
  • 246.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    [ Review of ] Alison Pilnick, Jon Hindmarsh, Virginia Teas Gill (eds.): Communication in Healthcare Settings. Policy, Participation and New Technologies2013Ingår i: Czech Sociological Review, ISSN 1210-3861, Vol. 3, s. 485-487Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 247.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    Italian National Institute of Health and Science on Aging (INRCA), Italy.
    [ Review of ] Alison Pilnick, Jon Hindmarsh, Virginia Teas Gill (Eds.): Communication in Healthcare Settings. Policy, Participation and New Technologies2013Ingår i: Czech Sociological Review, ISSN 1210-3861, Vol. 49, nr 3, s. 485-487Artikel, recension (Refereegranskat)
  • 248.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    [ Review of ] Blanche Le Bihan, Claude Martin and Trudie Knijn (eds.): Work and Care Under Pressure. Care Arrangements Across Europe. Amsterdam 2013: Amsterdam University Press, 197 pp2014Ingår i: Czech Sociological Review, ISSN 1210-3861, Vol. 6, s. 999-1001Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 249.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    Italian National Institute of Health and Science on Aging (INRCA), Italy.
    [ Review of ] Blanche Le Bihan, Claude Martin, Trudie Knijn (eds.): Work and Care Under Pressure. Care Arrangements Across Europe2014Ingår i: Czech Sociological Review, ISSN 1210-3861, Vol. 50, nr 6, s. 999-1001Artikel, recension (Refereegranskat)
  • 250. Barbabella, Francesco
    et al.
    Balducci, Francesco
    Chiatti, Carlos
    Cherubini, Antonio
    Salvi, Fabio
    Ecological factors associated with Emergency Department use by older people in Italy.2020Ingår i: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, ISSN 1594-0667, E-ISSN 1720-8319Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Many studies investigated factors associated with overuse of Emergency Department (ED) by older people. However, there is little evidence of how a better access to long-term care services can affect ED visit rates. Therefore, we estimated the association between ED use and contextual (distance to closest ED), need (priority level at admission and care deprivation), predisposing (socio-economic conditions) and enabling factors (availability of health services) at the municipal level.

    METHODS: We investigated ED visit rates by comparing the older population (aged 75 and more) to those aged less than 75 years among 233 municipalities and 13 health districts in the Marche Region, Central Italy. Administrative data were enriched by spatial dimensions. The outcomes were analysed using t-tests and ANOVA, while OLS and multilevel regressions have been used to identify independent correlates of ED visit rates.

    RESULTS: Mean ED visit rate was 56.3% and 25.3% among older people and the rest of the population (< 75 years), respectively. The multivariate analysis for older people showed that the presence of an ED within the municipality and living alone were positively associated with ED use, whereas greater availability of nursing homes was negatively associated. For general population (< 75 years), distance to closest ED, economic deprivation and bigger hospitals were negatively associated with ED visits.

    CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows that interventions to reduce frequent ED use by older people should include the availability of long-term care facilities in the area. As population ageing is progressing, our results suggest that investing in alternative care options for older people with long-term care needs might have the beneficial impact of reducing the overall ED rates and improving quality and appropriateness of care.

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  • asciidoc
  • rtf