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  • 201.
    Heinat, Fredrik
    University of Gothenburg.
    Light verbs and argument interpretation2008Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 202.
    Heinat, Fredrik
    University of Gothenburg.
    Long object shift and agreement2008Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 203.
    Heinat, Fredrik
    Stockholm University.
    Long object shift and reflexives2010Ingår i: Nordic Journal of Linguistics, ISSN 0332-5865, E-ISSN 1502-4717, Vol. 33, nr 1, s. 67-80Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This short communication is concerned with long object shift of reflexives in Swedish. Only 3rd person reflexives can shift across their antecedent. For some reason this is possible even if the antecedent is 1st or 2nd person as well, but certain requirements on the antecedent are necessary. This paper shows that neither a purely syntactic nor a purely semantic analysis can account for all the facts. Instead the best analysis seems to be one that makes use of Bonet's (1995) post-syntactic morphological processes: feature delinking, feature erasure and feature insertion.

  • 204.
    Heinat, Fredrik
    University of Gothenburg.
    Probes, pronouns and binding in the Minimalist Program2008Bok (Refereegranskat)
  • 205.
    Heinat, Fredrik
    Stockholm University.
    Probing phrases, pronouns and binding2009Ingår i: Merging Features: Computation, Interpretation and Acquisition / [ed] José M. Brucart, A. Gavarro, and J. Solá, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009, s. 25-45Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 206.
    Heinat, Fredrik
    Lund University.
    Probing phrases, pronouns, and binding2006Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 207.
    Heinat, Fredrik
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för språk (SPR).
    Review of Jon Sprouse & Norbert Hornstein (eds.), Experimental Syntax and Island Effects.2014Ingår i: Nordic Journal of Linguistics, ISSN 0332-5865, E-ISSN 1502-4717, Vol. 37, nr 3, s. 463-470Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 208.
    Heinat, Fredrik
    Stockholm University.
    Swedish evaluative relative clauses2011Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 209.
    Heinat, Fredrik
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för språk (SPR).
    Tense and Finiteness in Swedish2015Ingår i: The Linguistic Association of Great Britain, Annual Meeting 2015: University College London, 2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 210.
    Heinat, Fredrik
    Stockholm University.
    Vilka faktorer påverkar grammatikalitet2010Ingår i: Grammatikfestival Göteborgs universitet, 2010Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Vilka konstruktioner som Äar mÄojliga eller inte mÄojliga i ett sprºak kan tyckas varaen enkel frºaga som har ett objektivt svar. I praktiken visar det sig att det inte allsÄar sºa lÄatt att kategorisera konstruktioner som grammatiska eller ogrammatiska.Till att bÄorja med sºa verkar en tvºadelad klassi¯cering av uttryck i grammatisk{ogrammatisk vara alldeles fÄor grov. Dessutom har infÄodda talare olika uppfattningom vad som ska klassi¯ceras som grammatiskt och ogrammatiskt. Det ¯nns ocksºaen hel del andra faktorer som pºaverkar en talares bedÄomning av grammatikalitet.Det kan rÄora sig om sºa enkla faktorer som enskilda ord eller lÄangden pºa en mening.I en studie av passiva konstruktioner i ¯nska ¯ck experimentets deltagare, ¯nskamodersmºalstalare, rangordna 50 meningar efter grammatikalitet. Metoden somanvÄandes kallas 'magnitude estimation' och insamlingen av data skedde med hjÄalpav ett webbaserat datainsamlingsprogram, webexp. I det hÄar fÄoredraget kommerjag att presentera dels metoden, som ursprungligen anvÄants inom psykofysik fÄoratt mÄata fÄorsÄokspersoners upplevelser av fysisk stimuli, sºasom ljusfÄorÄandringaroch smÄarta, och dels det webbaserade datainsamlingsprogrammet. Jag kommerocksºa att diskutera de faktorer som verkar pºaverka deltagarnas uppfattning omgrammatikalitet i experimentet.

  • 211.
    Heinat, Fredrik
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för språk (SPR).
    Klingvall, Eva
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Anaphoric Reference to Quantified Expressions in Swedish2019Ingår i: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, ISSN 0090-6905, E-ISSN 1573-6555, Vol. 48, nr 3, s. 551-568Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents the results from two studies on anaphoric reference to quantifying expressions (QEs) in Swedish, contributing to the current cross-linguistic discussion on this issue. For English it has been shown that the polarity of the QE (positive vs negative) determines the anaphoric set reference (to the referens set, REFSET, or to the complement set, COMPSET), while for Spanish it has been claimed that while REFSET interpretation is the default, the relative sizes of the two sets (REFSET and COMPSET) also matters. In Experiment 1, a semantic plausibility study. The results showed that for positive QEs, anaphoric reference can only be to the REFSET, while for negative QEs, it can only be to the COMPSET. Unlike in English and Spanish, REFSET continuations were categorically ruled out for negative QEs. To investigate whether the internal differences between QEs could be explained in terms of set size, we conducted Experiment 2, an estimation task. The results from this experiment showed that the size of the REFSET relative to the COMPSET was not a determining factor.

  • 212.
    Heinat, Fredrik
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för språk (SPR).
    Klingvall, Eva
    Lund University.
    Quantifiers and Discourse Referents in Swedish: An ERP Study2018Ingår i: Eleventh International Conference on the Mental Lexicon 2018: Edmonton, Alberta, Canada September 25-28, 2018 : Abstract Booklet / [ed] Victor Kuperman, 2018, s. 93-93Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this talk, we present the results from an Event Related Potentials (ERP) study on the processing of anaphoric reference to quantied expressions (QEs) in Swedish. QEs pick out proportions of possible members of some set for which a property holds. In (1a) and (1b), for example, some or few members of the set of students attended the lecture.

    (1)  a. Some students attended the lecture.    b. Few students attended the lecture.

    (2)  a. They found it very interesting.    b. They stayed at home instead.

    Some and few differ in polarity: some is positive (upward entailing) while few is negative (downward entailing) (Peters and Westerstahl, 2006) and this is of importance when referring back to the QE using anaphoric expressions. The sentence in (1a) is naturally followed by (2a), which is about the students attending the lecture (the reference set, refset). The sentence in (1b), in contrast, is naturally followed by (2b), which is about the students not attending the lecture (the complement set, compset) (e.g. Moxey and Sanford, 1987). While (1b) can in fact be followed either by (2a) or (2b), (1a), cannot be followed by (2b).

    Filik et al. (2011) is one of few studies of anaphoric reference to QEs in English using online measures (ERP). They report results for positive and negative QEs separately. Each type of QE shows refset and compset eects, as described above, on the disambiguating word. A larger N400 for compset vs. refset continuations for posivive QEs, and the opposite for negative QEs. However, they do not report any results for the contrast between positive and negative QEs in the compset condition. Since this is a very important condition and since it is known that QEs dier across languages (Nouwen, 2010; Tsai et al., 2014), we investigated this issue for Swedish.

    160 experimental items of four sentences each were manipulated along two dimensions: polarity (positive vs negative quantifier, några vs få in (3)), and set (refset vs compset targeting disambiguating adjective, duktiga vs dåliga in (3)). The quantiers included were: några (`some’), få (`few’), många (`many’), inte många (`not many’), alla (`all’), inga (`no’), nästan alla (`almost all’), inte alla’ (`not all’).

    (3) Några/Få studenter skrev bra på tentan    some/few students wrote well on the-exam

    igår och att deCW var såyesterday and that they were so

    duktiga/dåligaCW förbryllade professorn.good/bad confused the-professor

    Unlike Filik et al. (2011) we found that positive QEs showed a pronounced positivity over the central region (FCZ, CZ, CPZ, PZ) in the compset condition relative to negative QEs, in the P600 time span (500{800 ms) after the onset of the critical word (the disambiguating adjective,`bad’). A linear mixed eects model analysis (LmerTest) showed a highly signicant main eect of polarity in the central region and the P600 time span above. We interpret this to mean that for positive QEs, a new discourse referent needs to be introduced following compset reference, while for negative QEs this discourse referentis already available (Burkhardt, 2007).

    References

    Burkhardt, Petra. 2007. The p600 reflects cost of new information in discourse memory. Neuroreport 18:1851 - 1854.Filik, Ruth, Hartmut Leuthold, Linda M. Moxey, and Anthony J. Sanford. 2011. Anaphoric reference to quantied antecedents: An event-related brain potential study. Neuropsychologia 49:3786 - 3794.

    Moxey, Linda M., and Anthony J. Sanford. 1987. Quantiers and focus. Journal of semantics 5:189 - 206.Nouwen, Rick. 2010. What’s in a quantier? In The linguistics enterprise: from knowledge of language to knowledge in linguistics, ed. Martin Everaert, Tom Lentz, Hannah de Mulder, Øystein Nilsen, and Arjen Zondervan, 235 - 256. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

    Peters, Stanley, and Dag Westerståhl. 2006. Quantiers in language and logic. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Tsai, C.-Y. Edwin, Gregory Scontras, Kenneth Mai, and Maria Polinsky. 2014. Prohibiting inverse scope: An experimental study of Chinese vs. English. In Empirical Issues in Syntax and Semantics 10 , ed. Christopher Pi~non, 305 - 322. Paris: CSSP.

  • 213.
    Heinat, Fredrik
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för språk (SPR).
    Klingvall, Eva
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Quantifying expressions and the processing of anaphoric reference2019Ingår i: Book of Abstracts: XPRAG.it2019 / [ed] Elisabetta Tonini, Luca Bischetti, Francesca Ervas, Filippo Domaneschi, Valentina Bambini, University of Cagliari , 2019, s. 1-2Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 214.
    Heinat, Fredrik
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för språk (SPR).
    Klingvall, Eva
    Lund University.
    Reference to Quantified Expressions in Swedish: an ERP Study2018Ingår i: Architectures and Mechanisms for Language Processing 2018: Proceedings / [ed] Pia Knoeferle, Berlin: Humboldt-Universita ̈t zu Berlin , 2018, s. 167-167Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We present the results from an Event Related Potentials (ERP) study on the processing of anaphoric reference to quantified expressions (QEs) in Swedish. QEs pick out proportions of possible members of some set for which a property holds. In (1a) and (1b), for example, some or few members of the set of students attended the lecture.

    (1) a. Some students attended the lecture.    b. Few students attended the lecture.

    (2) a. They found it very interesting.    b. They stayed at home instead.

    Some and few differ in polarity: some is positive (upward entailing) while few is negative (downward entailing) (Peters and Westerståhl, 2006) and this is of importance when referring back to the QE using anaphoric expressions. The sentence in (1a) is naturally followed by (2a), which is about the students attending the lecture (the reference set, REFSET). The sentence in (1b), in contrast, is naturally followed by (2b), which is about the students not attending the lecture (the complement set, COMPSET) (e.g. Moxey and Sanford, 1987). While (1b) can in fact be followed either by (2a) or (2b), (1a), cannot be followed by (2b).

    Filik et al. (2011) is one of few studies of anaphoric reference to QEs in English using online measures (ERP). They report results for positive and negative QEs separately. Each type of QE shows REFSET and COMPSET effects, as described above, on the disambiguating word. A larger N400 for COMPSET vs. REFSET continuations for positive QEs, and the opposite for negative QEs. However, they do not report any results for the contrast between positive and negative QEs in the COMPSET condition. Since this is a very important condition and since it is known that QEs differ across languages (Nouwen, 2010; Tsai et al., 2014), we investigated this issue for Swedish.

    160 experimental items of four sentences each were manipulated along two dimensions: polarity (positive vs negative quantifier, några vs få in (3)), and set (REFSET vs COMPSET targeting disambiguating adjective, duktiga vs dåliga in (3)). The quantifiers included were: några (‘some’) ,få (‘few’), många (‘many’), inte många (‘not many’), alla (‘all’), inga (‘no’), nästan alla (‘almost all’), inte alla’ (‘not all’).

    (3) Några/Få studenter skrev bra på tentan igår och att deCW var så duktiga/dåligaCW förbryllade professorn.

    some/few students wrote well on the exam yesterday and that they were so good/bad confused the professor.

    There were four lists with 40 sentences from each condition. Each participant (29 in total, results reported below based on the first 13) only saw one sentence from each item, but saw all types of manipulation. In total, each participant read 400 sentences (160 test items, 240 fillers).

    Unlike Filik et al. (2011) we found that positive QEs showed a pronounced positivity over the central region (FCZ, CZ, CPZ, PZ) in the COMPSET condition relative to negative QEs, in the P600 time span (500–800 ms) after the onset of the critical word (the disambiguating adjective, ‘bad’). A linear mixed effects model analysis (LmerTest) showed a highly significant main effect of polarity in the central region and the P600 time span above. We interpret this to mean that for positive QEs, a new discourse referent needs to be introduced following COMPSET reference, while for negative QEs this discourse referent is already available (Burkhardt, 2007).

  • 215.
    Heinat, Fredrik
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Klingvall, Eva
    Lund University.
    Manninen, Satu
    Agreeing passives in Finnish2011Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 216.
    Heinat, Fredrik
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Klingvall, Eva
    Lund University.
    Manninen, Satu
    Lund University.
    How do things get done?: On non-canonical passives in Finnish2011Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 217.
    Heinat, Fredrik
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för språk (SPR).
    Klingvall, Eva
    Lund University.
    Tutunjian, Damon
    Lund University.
    Wiklund, Anna-Lena
    Lund University.
    An eye-tracking study of Swedish filler-gap dependencies: processing relative clause extraction.2015Ingår i: Architectures & Mechanisms for Language Processing 2015 University ofMalta, 2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 218.
    Heinat, Fredrik
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för språk (SPR).
    Klingvall, Eva
    Lund University.
    Tutunjian, Damon
    Lund University.
    Wiklund, Anna-Lena
    Lund University.
    Processing Long-Distance Dependencies in Swedish2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 219.
    Heinat, Fredrik
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för språk (SPR).
    Klingvall, Eva
    Lund University.
    Tutunjian, Damon
    Lund University.
    Wiklund, Anna-Lena
    Lund University.
    Processing relative clause extractions in Swedish2015Ingår i: Experimental Psycholinguistics Conference, Universidad de Madrid, 2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 220.
    Heinat, Fredrik
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för språk (SPR).
    Klingvall, Eva
    Lund University.
    Tutunjian, Damon
    Lund University.
    Wiklund, Anna-Lena
    Lund University.
    Processing Swedish relative clause extractions: An eyetracking study2015Ingår i: XII International Symposium of Psycholinguistics, 2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Noun phrases involving relative clauses are assumed to universally comprise syntactic “islands” for extraction, but Swedish exists as a possible exception. Using eyetracking while reading, we investigated whether extraction from Swedish restrictive relative clauses (RCE) ([such old wheelbarrows]1 saw I a man that always washed __1 with benzine...) elicit similar processing costs as extractions from non-restrictive relative clauses, which are known to comprise strong islands (StrongIs); or if they pattern closer to extractions from non-island constructions (NonIs). We also examined to what extent non-linguistic variables (working memory WM, verb-object frequency, and pragmatic-fit) contribute to such differences. Results from a mixed models analysis of the embedded verb (washed) and spillover region (with...) suggest that in early measures, both RCE and NonIs show facilitation relative to StrongIs, but in late measures, RCE patterns closer to StrongIs as WM and pragmatic-fit increase, suggesting that Swedish RCE acceptability is partly dependent on non-linguistic factors.

  • 221.
    Heinat, Fredrik
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för språk (SPR).
    Klingvall, Eva
    Lund University.
    Tutunjian, Damon
    Lund University.
    Wiklund, Anna-Lena
    Lund University.
    Superadditive effects in judgments of relative clause extractions2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Relative clause extractions generally yield so-called island effects (degraded judgments) across languages (Ross 1967), (1). However, Swedish and the other Mainland Scandinavian languages comprise famous exceptions to this pattern (e.g. Engdahl & Ejerhed 1982), cf. (2).

    (1) *Those kind of books I know a girl that writes.

    (2) Såna böcker känner jag en tjej som skriver.

    The origin of island effects is under debate. Sprouse et al. (2012) found superadditive effects in judgments of island violations in English – combined effects greater than the sum of the individual costs for extraction and complexity (island structure). Because no correlation was found between participants' memory span (measured via serial recall and n-back) and the superadditive effects, they concluded that island effects must be derived from violations of syntactic constraints rather than processing limitations. In contrast, Hofmeister et al. (2014) did find a correlation between working memory span (measured via reading span) and superadditivity in a rapid serial visual representation experiment. They also found superadditive effects in fully grammatical, but hard to process sentences, suggesting that processing factors do play a role in superadditivity and hence in island effects.

    In our talk, we report on the results from an acceptability judgment experiment that was designed to look for superadditive effects in judgments of relative clause extractions in Swedish, to help determine whether these structures – even though claimed to be acceptable – behave like other island violations with regard to superadditivity. If they do, then this would reduce some of the exceptionality of their status. In the experiment, we investigated the (super)additive effect of clause type (TC vs. RC) and extraction type (long vs. short) on acceptability ratings, and tested whether any such effects correlate with memory span, as measured via an n-back and a reading span task. Our expectation was that the latter test would provide a much better marker of WM than the former.

    Det var Anna som anmälde en kille som snattade såna chokladkakor i godisaffären. RC + ShortExt Det var Anna som anmälde att en kille snattade såna chokladkakor i godisaffären. TC + ShortExt Det var såna chokladkakor som Anna anmälde en kille som snattade i godisaffären. RC + LongExt Det var såna chokladkakor som Anna anmälde att en kille snattade i godisaffären. TC + LongExt

  • 222.
    Heinat, Fredrik
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för språk (SPR).
    Klingvall, Eva
    Lund University.
    Tutunjian, Damon
    Lund University.
    Wiklund, Anna-Lena
    Lund University.
    Superadditivity, working memory, and island effects2016Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 223.
    Heinat, Fredrik
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för språk (SPR).
    Klingvall, Eva
    Lund University.
    Tutunjian, Damon
    Lund University.
    Wiklund, Anna-Lena
    Lund University.
    The island status of Swedish relative clauses: Evidence from processing2015Ingår i: The Linguistic Association of Great Britain, Annual Meeting 2015: University College London, 2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 224.
    Heinat, Fredrik
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Manninen, Satu
    Lund University.
    Evidence for a Finnish Personal Passive2010Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 225.
    Heinat, Fredrik
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Manninen, Satu
    Lund University.
    Gradient Well-formedness of Finnish Passive Constructions2013Ingår i: Proceedings of the 24th Scandinavian Conference of Linguistics / [ed] Jani-Matti Tirkkonen & Esa Anttikoski, University of Eastern Finland Press , 2013, s. 59-70Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 226.
    Heinat, Fredrik
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för språk (SPR). Stockholm University.
    Manninen, Satu
    Lund University.
    How do things get done: on non-canonical passives in Finnish2013Ingår i: Non-canonical passives / [ed] A. Alexiadou and F. Schäfer, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2013, s. 213-234Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 227.
    Heinat, Fredrik
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Manninen, Satu
    Lund University.
    Using gradient acceptability judgments to investigate syntactic constructions,2010Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 228.
    Heinat, Fredrik
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för språk (SPR). Stockholm University.
    Wiklund, Anna-Lena
    Lund University.
    Restrictions on RC Extraction: Knowing men who sell flowers and escaping them2014Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 229.
    Heinat, Fredrik
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för språk (SPR).
    Wiklund, Anna-Lena
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Scandinavian Relative Clause Extraction: apparent restrictions2015Ingår i: Working Papers in Scandinavian Syntax, ISSN 1100-097X, Vol. 94, s. 36-50Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This brief article investigates the restrictions on Mainland Scandinavian relative clause extraction that have figured in the literature on island constraints. The conclusion is that none of these restrictions can be regarded as constraints on relative clause extraction per se and therefore that the peripheral status standardly assigned to Mainland Scandinavian relative clause extraction cannot be maintained.

  • 230.
    Heinonen, Susanne
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för svenska språket (SV).
    Det låter pretty najs: En undersökning av mellanstadieelevers attityder till engelska lånord2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här uppsatsen undersöker unga människors attityder till att använda enstaka ord ochfraser på engelska i svenska meningar. Forskning visar att engelskt inflytande är högre iyngre åldrar än hos äldre. Fenomenet att använda engelska ord i det svenska språket desenaste decennierna har ökat alltmer och det finns flera faktorer som pekar på attengelskan har fått ett allt större inflytande inom flera samhällsområden. Dessa språkligaförändringar speglas av samhällets kultur och attityd till engelskan. Förutom den litteratursom jag hänvisar till i den här uppsatsen har jag valt att genomföra en intervju- ochenkätundersökning med yngre individer för att ta reda på deras attityd till att växla mellansvenska och engelska när de talar.Resultatet av undersökningen visar att en majoritet av informanterna använder engelskai sitt vardagsspråk och att attityden till att använda ord och fraser på engelska i det svenskaspråket är mycket positiv samt att sociala faktorer som till exempel samhörighet spelar enstor roll. Dessutom visar resultatet att attityden till att använda engelska ord är något merpositiv hos flickor än hos pojkar. Resultatet visar även att informanterna i undersökningenanvänder engelska ord som screena, softa och King när de talar om fritidsaktiviteter samtatt de entusiastiskt uttrycker engelska adjektiv som cool, pretty, nice eller najs, ibland isin engelska form och ibland anpassat till svenskan.

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  • 231.
    Helgason, Jon
    Lund University.
    German Letters in the Eighteenth Century2012Ingår i: Women's Language: An Analysis of Style and Expression in Letters before 1800 / [ed] Eva Hættner Aurelius, Hedda Gunneng, Jon Helgason, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2012, s. 103-121Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 232.
    Hermansson, Glen
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för språk (SPR).
    The phenomenal ideology: Phenomenological investigations of EFL teacher methodologies, experiences, and the 2011 syllabus.2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (yrkesexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to outline, describe, and analyse, using interviews, phenomenology and Marxism, the manner in which EFL teachers in Sweden have experienced the methodological impacts and the ideological implications of the 2011 syllabus reforms. By means of phenomenological reduction, this study aims to accurately represent the life-world of the Swedish EFL professional. Doing so yields insight into the connections between ideology, syllabi, teaching methodologies, and the manner in which these are experienced.

    The study is based on a text analysis of the 2011 syllabus grounded in Marxist philosophy and four interviews with teachers active in southern Sweden. The design of the interviews was drawn from the phenomenological approach, meaning that the teachers were asked to describe and conceptualise freely. In this manner the phenomena will occur as they are, enabling the researcher to describe without intruding, and extrapolate without interrupting.

    The interviews revealed the syllabus to be a document with which EFL professionals have little quarrel. Its communicative approach was well-received by the teachers, but by no means overwhelmingly revolutionary. Its openness and interpretative aspects were positive and negative, as it created both freedoms and risks in terms of content and assessment. In ideological terms, the syllabus represented a skill-value relation, where skills and knowledge are subject to criteria of usefulness and marketability within the learners’ future work life.

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  • 233.
    Hermansson, Linda
    et al.
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för pedagogik.
    Heideman, Christina
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för pedagogik.
    Språkutveckling i förskolan.: En kvalitativ undersökning om det medvetna språkstimulerande arbetet i två förskolor.2008Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [sv]

    Vårt syfte med detta arbete är att jämföra hur den medvetna språkstimulerande verksamheten ser ut i två förskolor. Vi kommer att undersöka språkstimuleringen på en förskola med hög andel flerspråkiga barn och en förskola med låg andel flerspråkiga barn. Våra frågeställningar är: Hur arbetar pedagogerna med språkstimulering? Vilka likheter/olikheter framkommer i språkstimuleringen hos en förskola med hög andel flerspråkiga barn och en förskola med låg andel flerspråkiga barn. Vi har valt att genomföra en kvalitativ undersökning med både intervjuer av totalt fyra pedagoger men också kompletterande observationer av några för verksamheten naturliga vardagssituationer. Resultatet visar att respondenterna är medvetna om hur man arbetar för att främja språkutvecklingen. Det framkom flera likheter i pedagogernas arbetssätt på de två förskolorna. De använder ett varierat arbetssätt för att tillgodose alla barns enskilda behov. Verksamheterna tar tillvara på vardagliga samtalssituationer och anser dessa vara viktiga tillfällen som gynnar språkutvecklingen. Miljön anses vara betydelsefull men utformningen påverkas på en av förskolorna av små lokaler vilket ger ett sämre utgångsläge. Skillnader som framkom var indelning i smågrupper, språkpedagog, tydligt kroppsspråk och matramsor.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 234.
    Hiltunen, Nina
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för språk (SPR).
    The translation of cultural references and hyphenated premodifers in a travel guide about the Caribbean2018Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies how cultural references and hyphenated premodifiers in an English travel guide about the Caribbean are translated into Swedish. The aim is to investigate what strategies that are used when translating cultural references, and why; as well as to see which grammatical structures that appear when translating hyphenated premodifiers from English to Swedish. The qualitative analysis focuses on how cultural references and hyphenated premodifiers are translated, the strategies/categories used, and the corresponding result. The quantitative analysis aims at summarizing what strategies or grammatical categories that are most commonly used in overcoming these translation issues. The results show that most hyphenated premodifiers are translated with another grammatical structure, namely through premodifying adjectives, without the use of hyphens. Regarding cultural references, equivalence, transference, and generalization were common strategies to convey the same content and sense to the new target readers, whereas the domesticating method together with communicative translation proved to be the most helpful methods.

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  • 235.
    Holmkvist.Sassner, Maria
    et al.
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för pedagogik.
    Johansson, Malin
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för pedagogik.
    Åhsberg, Annika
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för pedagogik.
    Barns språkutveckling: En studie omkring samspel och kommunikation mellan barn och föräldrar.2007Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna uppsats undersöks hur samspel och kommunikation kan se ut mellan barn och deras föräldrar och vad föräldrar gör hemma för att stödja och stärka sitt barns språkutveckling. Dessutom vart föräldrar vänder sig för att hämta information om sitt barns språkutveckling och med sin eventuella oro. Här ges även en inblick i vad ett uteblivet samspel kan innebära för ett barns språkutveckling. Uppsatsen består av litteraturstudier om barns språkutveckling och om det viktiga samspelet mellan barnet och dess föräldrar. Piagets och Vygotskijs teorier om barns språkutveckling och då främst deras syn på vikten av samspel och kommunikation utgör en grund. Studien genomfördes genom en enkätundersökning till 122 föräldrar vid två förskolor i två mindre angränsande kommuner i södra Sverige. 68 enkäter återlämnades besvarade. Empirin jämförs därefter med utgångspunkt i teorier om barnsspråkutveckling, samspel och kommunikation. Resultatet visar på engagemang och intresse hos föräldrar som ingår i enkätundersökningen. Endast ett litet antal (8) av föräldrar uppger att de känner oro för sitt barns språkutveckling. Föräldrarna visar förtroende för förskolan då de uppger att det är dit de vänder sig i första hand med sin oro. I andra hand vänder de sig till BVC, endast ett fåtal vänder sig till vänner. Föräldrarna samtalar, sjunger och läser mycket för sina barn i hemmiljön vilket ligger i linje med Piagets och Vygotskijs teorier om att språket utvecklas i samspel med den sociala och materiella miljön.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 236.
    Hommerberg, Charlotte
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för språk och litteratur, SOL.
    Argumentation in wine writing.2010Ingår i: Proceedings of the First International Workshop on Linguistics Approaches to Food and Wine Description. / [ed] Goded Rambaud, Margarita & Poves Luelmo, Alfredo, Madrid: UNED University Press , 2010, s. 115-123Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 237.
    Hommerberg, Charlotte
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för språk (SPR).
    Bringing consumption reviews into relief by combining appraisal and argumentation analysis2015Ingår i: Text & Talk, ISSN 1860-7330, E-ISSN 1860-7349, Vol. 35, nr 2, s. 155-175Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent years have seen a rapid influx of reviews in the field of different aesthetic and consumption domains, which is indicative of the importance assigned by present-day society to what we choose to experience and consume. Given their prevalence, there is a need to find an adequate analytic framework which allows insightful understanding of the discursive construction of such reviews. This paper aims to propose such a framework by combining tools from the Appraisal model with ideas from argumentation theory. The combined methodology is demonstrated using one text from a corpus of wine reviews written by the extraordinarily influential wine critic Robert Parker. The analysis takes into consideration both meanings that are internal to the text and meanings that are text-external, so-called world knowledge. I argue that the technique of reconstruction adopted from argumentation theory helps to highlight and explain how the appraisal works in the text. The findings are generalizable to the extent that the methodology can be used for any type of review text, especially in the domain of present-day luxury consumption, which is not overtly argumentative but which can still be found to have an assessment-basis format that leads its readers towards a certain worldview that they are invited to co-construct and see as rational.

  • 238.
    Hommerberg, Charlotte
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för språk (SPR).
    Review of Flowerdew, J. 2013. Discourse in English Language Education.2014Ingår i: TESOL quarterly (Print), ISSN 0039-8322, E-ISSN 1545-7249, Vol. 48, nr 1, s. 214-216Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 239.
    Hommerberg, Charlotte
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för språk (SPR).
    Using the Appraisal model for analysis of wine reviews: benefits and challenges2013Ingår i: Appraisal Symposium 2013: Current Issues in Appraisal Analysis. Keynote abstracts. UNSW, February 20-21, 2013, 2013Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This presentation will report on a study of the discourse of wine reviewing, specifically the wine reviews of Robert Parker, a US wine writer whose views are purportedly so influential as to have substantially changed tastes and preferences across the global wine market. The study sought to provide an account of how Parker’s reviews worked representationally, evaluatively and argumentatively, with a view to understanding the terms under which readers are positioned vis-à-vis wine and its appreciation by this influential critic.

    The field of wine appreciation is highly specialised both in terms of the experiential “reality” of wine production and in terms of its “aesthetics” – the rarefied systems of taste and value by which individual wines are applauded or criticised. This presentation will report on the use of the system of Attitude, as proposed in the Appraisal literature, as a means of describing the specialised “aesthetics” of Parker’s wine appreciation and hence of providing insights into how these reviews work evaluatively.

    One significant outcome of the study to be reported is the finding that the attitudinal system of Appreciation, as outlined by White (2001) and by Martin and White (2005), could not accommodate all the meanings by which wine is positively or negative assessed in Parker’s reviews. Accordingly, additional subcategories were introduced into the Appreciation taxonomy. For example, the sub categories of “Intensity”, “Persistence” (and “Maturity”) were proposed as new sub types of Composition, alongside Balance and Complexity. This was to capture additional dimensions of meaning by which the taste of wine was evaluated with respect to the way it was made or with respect to the way in which the contributing flavours and aromas of wine held together or complemented each other. The paper will discuss the reasons for these new sub categories and what was involved theoretically and methodologically in their formulation.

    Another point of interest emerging from the study which will be addressed in the presentation is the apparent attitudinal ambiguity, vagueness or under-specification of many of the evaluative terms used in wine reviews. This is a highly specialised domain in which reviewers such as Parker are apparently authorized to use terms in a way unique to the field and to create their own attitudinal lexicon, as they grapple to articulate all the subtle nuances of taste, “feel” and aroma which they detect in the wine. This means that the precise meanings of some terms are often difficult to determine, especially for any readers who come across this type of writing for the first time.

    The presentation, then, will provide an account of how Parker disseminates a particular specialist and novel system of attitudinal valeur for the evaluative description of wine, and employs this in what is apparently a rhetorically very successful manner – i.e. one which sees him lauded as the US’s preeminent wine critic who influences the preferences of wine drinkers across the world. Thus both the attitudinal repertoire and the persuasive structures and techniques he employs to position readers vis-à-vis his assessments will be discussed. The presentation will be relevant to any who have a particular interest in winespeak, and of more general interest to those interested in how the language’s meaning making potential may be extended to accommodate novel domains of attitudinal assessment. It will also interest those concerned with the on-going formulation of the Appraisal framework and with the possibility that its taxonomies may need to be modified or extended in order to deal with meanings encountered in discourse domains not previously dealt with by Appraisal analysts.

  • 240.
    Hommerberg, Charlotte
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för språk (SPR).
    Gustafsson, Anna W.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Sandgren, Anna
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap (HV).
    Battle, Journey, Imprisonment and Burden: patterns of metaphor use in blogs about living with advanced cancer2020Ingår i: BMC Palliative Care, ISSN 1472-684X, E-ISSN 1472-684X, Vol. 19, s. 1-10, artikel-id 59Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The significance of metaphors for the experience of cancer has been the topic of extensive previous research, with “Battle” and “Journey” metaphors standing out as key. Adaptation to the patient’s use of metaphor is generally believed to be an important aspect of person-centered care, especially in palliative care. The aim of this study was to investigate the use of metaphors in blogs written in Swedish by people living with advanced cancer and explore possible patterns associated with individuals, age and gender.

    Methods: The study is based on a dataset totaling 2 602 479 words produced some time during the period 2007–2016 by 27 individuals diagnosed with advanced cancer. Both qualitative and quantitative procedures were used, and the findings are represented as raw frequencies as well as normalized frequencies per 10 000 words. Our general approach was exploratory and descriptive. The Mann-Whitney U test was used to analyze statistical significance.

    Results: Our results confirm the strong foothold of “Journey” and “Battle” metaphors. “Imprisonment” and “Burden” metaphors were also used by the majority of the individuals. The propensity to use metaphors when describing the cancer experience was found to differ extensively across the individuals. However, individuals were not found to opt for one conceptualization over the other but tended to draw on several different metaphor domains when conceptualizing their experience. Socio-demographic factors such as age or gender were not found to be strong predictors of metaphor choice in this limited study.

    Conclusions: Using a range of different metaphors allows individuals with advanced cancer to highlight different aspects of their experience. The presence of metaphors associated with “Journey”, “Battle”, “Imprisonment” and “Burden” across individuals could be explained by the fact that the bloggers are part of a culturally consistent cohort, despite variations in age, sex and cancer form. Awareness of metaphors commonly used by patients can enhance health professionals’ capacity to identify metaphorical patterns and develop a common language grounded in the patients’ own metaphor use, which is an important requisite for person-centered palliative care.

  • 241.
    Hommerberg, Charlotte
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för språk (SPR).
    Paradis, Carita
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Constructing credibility in wine discourse: Modes of knowing, temporality and epistemic control2014Ingår i: Subjectivity and Epistemicity: Corpus, discourse, and literary approaches to stance / [ed] Glynn, D. & Sjölin, M., Lund: Lund University , 2014, s. 211-238Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 242.
    Hult, Francis M.
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Källkvist, Marie
    Lund University.
    Entextualising Ideologies about English and Multilingualism in a University Language Policy2013Ingår i: The English Language in Teaching in European Higher Education, 19 April - 21 April 2013, Copenhagen: Programme and abstracts, 2013, s. 20-21Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Contemporary multilingualism in Sweden led to the creation of a language law in 2009 (SFS 2009:600), making Swedish the official language and passing on the responsibility for protecting the continued use of Swedish in all domains of society to public sector institutions. Given the growing need for English in today’s globalized tertiary-level education and scientific research, Swedish universities now need to develop their own procedures and policies that attend both to the language law and to the need to be globalized.

    This paper, then, which reports on part of a larger ethnographic/discourse analytic project, examines how ideologies about English and multilingualism are entextualized in a language policy that was developed by a committee at a major Swedish university. Using nexus analysis (Scollon & Scollon, 2004), we map the discourses in place reflected in the policy in order to lift forward how core language ideologies are intertwined with institutional language planning. Analysis brings to light intertextual connections to language ideologies reflected in the national language law, in particular (i) ‘clear language’ in all the university’s communication regardless of language used and (ii) Swedish as the main language to be used in all official documents that have legal force. Moreover, the need to be globalized and accessible to non- Swedish-speaking individuals is to be met by Swedish-English bilingualism, resemiotized (Scollon & Scollon 2004) in the policy as ‘parallel language use’, in most of the university’s communication. Further, Swedish is stipulated as the main medium of instruction in first-cycle undergraduate courses, with growing use of English at the second- and third-cycle levels, and in the university’s research activities. Finally, reflecting Sweden’s linguistic hierarchy (Hult 2012), multilingualism was backgrounded in the policy text but still framed as important asset to the university. 

  • 243.
    Hultin, Carolina
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för svenska språket (SV).
    Elever i vuxenvärlden: Genusperspektiv på hur par- och familjeförhållanden framställs på Youtube2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att utifrån ett genusperspektiv undersöka hur heterosexuella par med Youtube som plattform framställer par- och familjerelationer samt att studera hur deras kommunikation förhåller sig till rådande genusnormer för mäns och kvinnors samtalsstil. Metoden är induktiv och inleddes med transkription av sex videoklipp av två olika upphovsmakarpar, Jocke och Jonna samt Gustav och Johanna. Det transkriberade materialet analyserades kvalitativt med hjälp av diskursanalytiska verktyg och med utgångspunkt i genusteori. Kommunikationen hos de två studerade paren är på många sätt genusstereotypiskt, men det finns gränsöverskridande beteenden. Till exempel talar männen mycket om relationer och känslor, vilket generellt tillhör den kvinnliga samtalsnormen. Det är tydligt hos Jocke och Jonna att kvinnan är ansvarig för familjeplanering och mannen för trygghet, försörjning och tak över huvudet. Makten över det sexuella området ligger hos männen i paren och de använder båda sin kroppsstyrka som symbol för makt och manlighet. Studien har ett didaktiskt perspektiv och diskuterar hur elever i undervisningen kan tränas i att förstå och möta mediefenomen i vuxenvärlden.

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    Elever i vuxenvärlden
  • 244.
    Hyltenstam, Kenneth
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Bylund, Emanuel
    Stockholms universitet.
    Abrahamsson, Niclas
    Stockholms universitet.
    Park, Hyeon-Sook
    Dominant-language replacement: The case of international adoptees2009Ingår i: Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, ISSN 1366-7289, E-ISSN 1469-1841, Vol. 12, nr 2, s. 121-140Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article challenges a recent proposal for the theoretical interpretation of L1 and L2 interaction that results from the abrupt change of language environment in internationally adopted children. According to this proposal (Pallier, Dehaene, Poline, LeBihan, Argenti, Depoux and Mehler, 2003; Ventureyra, Pallier and Yoo, 2004), such children experience a total loss of their L1, while, as adults, they exhibit a nativelike ultimate attainment of their L2. These authors suggest that what they see as a total loss of L1 allows a resetting of the neural network that normally subserves L1 retention and hence permits a complete acquisition of the L2. Data from two of our own research projects, one on L1 remnants in Korean adoptees in Sweden (see Park, forthcoming), and the other on age of acquisition and ultimate L2 attainment of Swedish (see Abrahamsson and Hyltenstam, in press), which included data from Latin American adoptees in Sweden among other participants, suggest (i) that L1 remnants are indeed maintained, (ii) that L2 attainment is not enhanced by severe L1 attrition, and (iii) that there is an age dimension to both the degree of L1 attrition and the level of L2 ultimate attainment in international adoptees. We therefore contend that a maturational interpretation of language replacement data is preferable.

  • 245.
    Håkansson, Jessica
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för språk och litteratur, SOL.
    The Use of Personal Pronouns in Political Speeches: A comparative study of the pronominal choices of two American presidents2012Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 246.
    Hættner Aurelius, Eva
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Gunneng, Hedda
    Gotland University.
    Helgason, Jon
    Lund University.
    Introduction: Women's language – a separate culture?2012Ingår i: Women's Language: An Analysis of Style and Expression in Letters before 1800 / [ed] Eva Hættner Aurelius, Hedda Gunneng, Jon Helgason, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2012, s. 7-13Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 247.
    Imamovic, Dzenana
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för språk (SPR).
    The Use of Netspeak on Twitter versus Tumblr2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates whether two microblogging  platforms differ in the terms of use of Netspeak based on the total number of instances of Netspeak, focusing on three chosen Netspeak features. The focus lies on abbreviations, emoticons and orthographic features. The two microblogging platform sites are Twitter and Tumblr. Posts with a total of 1500 words from each  microblogging platform were selected on the same day in order to find and analyze the Netspeak features. The analysis of the Netspeak indicates that Twitter has a larger number of instances of Netspeak than Tumblr. However, when comparing the total number of instances of the specific features from Twitter and the total number of instances of the specific features from Tumblr, there is no major difference between the two microblogging platforms.

  • 248.
    Irvine, Aileen
    et al.
    Edinburgh University, UK.
    Malmström, Hans
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Mežek, Špela
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Pecorari, Diane
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för språk (SPR).
    Shaw, Philip
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    To what extent do L2 students in UK Higher Education acquire academic and subject-specific vocabulary incidentally?2013Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Across the UK hundreds of thousands of international students pursue a higher degree through the medium of L2 English, attending the same lectures and reading the same texts as their L1 counterparts.  Although most of these international students will have initially passed through some form of English language proficiency gate-keeping exercise (such as minimum required IELTS scores), little allowance may be made thereafter for possible gaps in necessary vocabulary knowledge. Thus, L2 students may be implicitly assumed either to have sufficient working knowledge of the required vocabulary, or to be able to “pick up” this vocabulary knowledge incidentally during the course of their studies.

    This paper explores whether the Academic Word List (AWL) and subject-specific vocabulary knowledge of L2 undergraduates taking a degree in Biology at a UK university is, in fact, comparable to that of their L1 counterparts.  Results from a vocabulary test administered in the third week of Semester 1 of the first year of studies indicated a relatively substantial gap between the levels of vocabulary knowledge of L1 and L2 students. This gap was particularly apparent in knowledge of lower-frequency AWL vocabulary. A post-test was administered 28 weeks later, towards the end of the students’ first year at university. This paper will report on the results of the post-test and discuss to what extent this previously perceived linguistic “gap” between L1 and L2 students may have increased or decreased. The paper will also outline a follow-up investigation into the ways in which L2 students deal with unknown vocabulary encountered during the course of their undergraduate degree studies.

  • 249.
    Jansson, Ida
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ).
    Wikström, Cornelia
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ).
    "Hon är väldigt manipulativ": En kvalitativ studie om hur gärningspersoner representeras i Aftonbladet vid mordfall med en kvinnlig och en manlig förövare2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine how female and male perpetrators are represented in the tabloid Aftonbladet. The study is based on two murder cases that resemble each other. The murders are commited by two perpetrators together, a woman and a man. The questions examined are: How are the perpetrators and victims of news journalism represented in murders commited together by a female and male offender? Which are the similarities and differences between how female and male offenders are represented?

    We executed a critical discourse analysis of 14 news articles from Aftonbladet, from the time period of the detention to the sentence of the crimes. The result shows that the perpetrators together are represented as well-planned, greedy and evil. The female offender are represented as manipulative, emotional and her actions are correlated to her role as a mother. Furthermore she is placed above the male offender, he becomes submissive. The man is also represented as deviant and has relationship problems with others. The victims are portrayed as helpless and innocent. They are also represented as thoughtful and generous towards their children. The victims’ fear is portrayed in relation to the perpetrators malice. 

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    "Hon är väldigt manipulativ"
  • 250.
    Johansson, Fredrik
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för språk (SPR).
    Traduire un article de recherche français en suédois: Les challenges du style elliptique du français2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to investigate the translation stategies chosen by the translator when translating present and past participles in contracted sentences in a French scientific article into Swedish. Previous research shows that the French language has a predilection for an elliptical sentences structure, whereas the Swedish language prefers complete clauses. This difference could eventually cause problems during the translation process when translating the French present and past participles in contracted sentences into Swedish. The source text has been translated into Swedish. The translation of the participles has then been categorized according to the strategy chosen by the translator and then analyzed according to the theoretical models by Eriksson (1997, 2015) and Ingo (2007). Our study shows that the majority of the present and past participles in contracted sentences in the source text has been translated into complete causes in the target text. The relative clause seems to be the most common choice by the translator. However, other strategies have sometimes been chosen, often as a consequence of an already complicated sentence structure in the target text or due to stylistic choices.

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    Fredrik Johansson mémoire
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