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  • 251.
    Enell, Sofia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Gruber, Sabine
    Linköping university.
    Andersson Vogel, Maria
    Stockholm university.
    Tvångspraktiker på institution: Teoretisk och historisk inramning2018In: Kontrollerade unga: Tvångspraktiker på institution / [ed] Enell, Sofia, Gruber, Sabine & Vogel, Maria Andersson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, p. 19-36Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 252.
    Enell, Sofia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Gruber, Sabine
    Linköping university.
    Vogel, Maria Andersson
    Stockholm university.
    Tvångspraktiker på institution: Summering och avslutande reflektioner2018In: Kontrollerade unga: Tvångspraktiker på institution / [ed] Enell, Sofia, Gruber, Sabine & Vogel, Maria Andersson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, p. 285-292Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 253.
    Enell, Sofia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Jönköping university.
    Vogel, Maria Andersson
    Stockholm university.
    Behovet av förändring vid de särskilda ungdomshemmen2018In: Manifest: För ett socialt arbete i tiden / [ed] Dahlstedt, Magnus & Lalander, Philip, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, p. 173-184Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 254.
    Enochsson, Lina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Olsson, Sarah
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Psykisk ohälsa bland äldre: En kvalitativ studie med inriktning mot samverkan kring äldres psykiska ohälsa.  2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to describe and analyze how the municipality's elderly care, primary care and volunteer organizations work and cooperate with each other and elderly caretaker regarding mental illness, with the purpose to pay attention to, manage and prevent mental illness for the elderly.

     

    In order to achieve the purpose of this study a qualitative research was used. The empirical material was collected through four qualitative interviews, which were held with two volunteer organizations and one doctor and one nurse from the primary care. Two vignette studies

     were held with elderly-care workers. One study conducted in a small municipality and the other in a bigger municipality, both in Kalmar county.  The study results were analyzed using the following theories: stigma and social exclusion, the power of diagnosis, social psychiatric field and cooperation. The results of this study show that the municipality and county council do work and cooperate to prevent and address mental illness among the elderly. However, there may be a better and more interaction with psychiatry in order to further and more effective manage the problems. Those who were interviewed feel that through continuity, motivation and collaboration they work to prevent and detect mental illness, but that competence is not always enough when it comes to how mental illness shall be managed when it emerges.

    Our conclusion is that by addressing the question of resources at national level and increase available resources to actors dealing with the mental health of elderly people, better cooperation can be created, leading to improved care for the elderly.

  • 255.
    Enokson, Uffe
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Balans mellan arbetsliv och privatliv2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 256.
    Enokson, Uffe
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Fingeravtryckare2016Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 257.
    Enokson, Uffe
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Social security in pockets of local order  2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden has been presented as one of the archetypes of a welfare state with a high level of universal ambitions (Esping-Andersen 1990). At the same time, the development points out a decentralization of issues concerning social security in order to rein flexible labour markets. In two studies, we are investigating how this development is motivated in policy documents presented by the state and what effects the decentralisation has on a local level. Firstly, the aim of the policy case is to develop an understanding why the municipalities take greater responsibility for the labour market policies. Results shows that this change has been motivated by the state by claiming that the municipals are more flexible toward local labour markets and needs among the unemployed. Secondly, the aim is to understand this policy solution and its impacts on a local level. In an interview case, we study social workers in three different municipals. We investigate their ways of treating young unemployed that does not accept the demands from the social services. The social worker and the young unemployed contribute to the construction of the pocket of local order (Hägerstrand 1985; Ellegård & Vilhelmson 2004). A social order with explicit power relations, expectations and rules. This relation is linked to resources and restrictions that influence the possibilities to achieve goals in certain projects in everyday life. Results shows, as the policy case was indicated, local variations between the municipals in handling social security to young unemployed.

  • 258.
    Enokson, Uffe
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Social trygghet och restriktioner i lokala ordningsfickor2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 259.
    Enokson, Uffe
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Tidens ekonomisering och accelerering2019Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 260.
    Enokson, Uffe
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Tidspolitik2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 261.
    Enokson, Uffe
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Tidspolitik2018In: Ord & Bild, ISSN 0030-4492, no 4, p. 74-83Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 262.
    Enokson, Uffe
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Time-rich and Time-poor: The allocation of time and income2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article focuses on the division of work and private life in a Swedish community. An interview study sheds some light on the diversity of time frames experienced by people living inside and outside labour market. It examines how this duality is paving the way for new patterns of inequality. The purpose is to explore the living conditions of two groups in society: the time-poor who are established in the labour force that experience great demands on their efficiency and educational level, and the time-rich who do not have a natural place in the labour market. People experience an unbalanced division of time and resources not only in work situations but also in everyday life in the home and in leisure time. The time-rich can find that they have small margins, partly due to a lack of social networks and social recognition, while the time-poor experience it due to multiple and unwieldy social roles inside and outside labour market. Society has tried to cope with these two different problems in completely different ways, although both problems are related to income, one through salaried work and the other through income support. The results not only exhibit the polarizing tendencies in terms of time and income. There are also similar differences concerning social participation. Time-rich people have a hard time finding alternative social networks outside the labour market. At the same time, many life-course changes that require both a lot of time and a lot of money occur in time-poor living conditions. A restriction analysis, inspired by the time-geographical approach, shows a diversity of time patterns and space/time restrictions between different life-modes in everyday life. When the individuals’ whole life situation is taken into consideration, the diversity of time patterns creates restrictions that oppose strategies for work/life balance in everyday life.

  • 263.
    Enokson, Uffe
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Time-Use Policy or Flexibility?: Working time policymaking in Sweden2019Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to create an understanding of Swedish national working time regulations in a document study of Swedish working time policy from 1911 onwards. What arguments for or against a general reduction in working time are presented in official reports, bills and department publications? On the one hand, a time-use problem is identified, depending on the distribution of work. Increased working hours for women, and especially working mothers, pose a risk of less leisure time, less time spent with family and friends, less time for domestic work and less time spent on activities in civil society. This, it was argued, is especially tough for families with small children. On the other hand, the inquiries warned of another problem: the lack of flexibility in working time arrangements. The lack of flexibility was a threat to fluctuations in the global economy. The flexibility concept required local working time adaptation and raised questions about when and where to work. It also questioned traditional working contracts of permanent employment. Results shows that working time policy goals have changed, from being anchored in a social discourse to being rooted in an economic one. This changes the position of working time as an important instrument in the socio-political discourse and makes the reduced working time agenda fade in the light of economic goals such as expansion, growth and flexible working time arrangements. The theoretical approach is based on a policy theory where four different levels of political policymaking are discovered.

  • 264.
    Enokson, Uffe
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Torsten Hägerstrand meets Pierre Bourdieu in the web of existance2016In: 2nd International Time-Geography Conference: September 21-23, 2016. Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden, 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 265.
    Enokson, Uffe
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Work, Authonomy, Flexibility and Work-life Balance2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 266.
    Enokson, Uffe
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Working time policy change and new social risks2013In: Changing social risks and social policy responces in the nordic welfare states / [ed] Ivan Harslöf, Rickard Ulmestig, Palgrave Macmillan, 2013, p. 75-91Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Problems of reconciling work and family life are highlighted as one of the new social risk factors that accompany the transition towards a post-industrial society (Bonoli 2007; see also Chapter 3 of this volume). Perrons has observed that work intensification, as well as job insecurity, creates tensions that may undermine family life (Perrons et al. 2005). According to Leisering and Leibfried (1999), dual-breadwinner families in particular are facing such problems. Even in Sweden, a Nordic welfare state characterized by a high proportion of dual-breadwinner families, a policy framework that would protect dual-breadwinner families from the time constraints imposed by a demanding working life has so far only been enacted to a limited extent (Furåker et al. 2007). This chapter shows that problems of work-family life balance are indeed present in the Nordic countries — and asks why the protection of employees, and in effect, families, through the regulation of working time, has ceased to be on the political agenda. The question is addressed by conducting a case study of working time regulations across different periods in Swedish modern history.

  • 267.
    Enokson, Uffe
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Work-life Balance and Working time policy in Sweden and in the European Union2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 268.
    Enokson, Uffe
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Ulmestig, Rickard
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Local Constraints in Social Welfare: Policy Change and Theoretical Discussion2016In: Time Geography: New Challenges and Opportunities, 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 269.
    Eriksson, Felicia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Fredriksson, Petra
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Om manualbaserade behandlingsprogram i Kriminalvården: En kvalitativ studie om programledares förhållningssätt och syn på behandlingsprogrammen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to gain an understanding of professionals view on manualbased treatment programs in pratice. In addition, we also want to highlight their approaches to the manualbased treatment programs in their work. The study is based on eight qualitative interviews with professionals working in the Swedish Probation Service. In this study we used three theoretical frameworks in order to analyze the result. The theories we used were profession, organization professionalism and occupational professionalism, and tacit knowledge as we supplemented with the concept naiva theory. The result showed that the manualbased treatment programs were designed in different ways. It became clear that the different manualbased treatment programs influenced the professioneals view on the advantages and disadvantages that they could identify in working with these programs. Furthermore, it also became clear that their use of different strategies also was influenced by the design of the programs. 

  • 270.
    Eriksson, Marie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Att skriva den moderna Bländasägnen2018In: Bländaprojektet / [ed] Anna-Karin Arvidsson, Växjö: Linnéuniversitetet Fakulteten för konst och humaniora , 2018, 1, p. 34-35Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 271.
    Eriksson, Marie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Blända(d)2018In: Bländaprojektet / [ed] Anna-Karin Arvidsson, Växjö: Linnéuniversitetet Fakulteten för konst och humaniora , 2018, 1, p. 131-132Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 272.
    Eriksson, Marie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Inget att rapportera2017In: Person och profession i samspel / [ed] Margareta Petersson, Joar Björk, Bodil Edvardsson och Christer Petersson, Växjö: Linnnaeus University Press , 2017, 1, p. 97-98Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 273.
    Eriksson, Marie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Legenden om Denenda2018In: Bländaprojektet / [ed] Anna-Karin Arvidsson, Växjö: Linnéuniversitetet Fakulteten för konst och humaniora , 2018, 1, p. 45-48Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 274.
    Eriksson, Marie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Materialiserad tystnad2017In: Person och profession i samspel / [ed] Margareta petersson, Joar Björk, Bodil Edvardsson och Christer Petersson, Växjö: Linnaeus University Press, 2017, 1, p. 120-121Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 275.
    Eriksson, Marie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Om liv i arkiv och att gräva efter källor på måfå2017In: Person och profession i samspel / [ed] Margareta Petersson, Joar Björk, Bodil Edvardsson och Christer Petersson, Växjö: Linnaues University Press , 2017, 1, p. 61-62Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 276.
    Eriksson, Marie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Våldet, pengarna och livet: En sammanhållen förståelse av kvinnors erfarenheter av mäns ekonomiska våld i nära relationer.2018In: Att handlägga försörjningsstöd vid våld i nära relationer / [ed] Ulmestig, Rickard & Eriksson, Marie, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, 1:1, p. 111-139Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 277.
    Eriksson, Marie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Ulmestig, Rickard
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    "It's Not All About Money": Toward a More Comprehensive Understanding of Financial Abuse in the Context of VAW2017In: Journal of Interpersonal Violence, ISSN 0886-2605, E-ISSN 1552-6518Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Men's violence against women (VAW) is multifaceted and complex. Besides physical, psychological, and sexual violence, women subjected to VAW often suffer from economic hardship and financial abuse. Financial abuse involves different tactics used to exercise power and gain control over partners. Experiences of financial abuse make it difficult for women to leave an abusive partner and become self-sufficient. From an intersectional perspective, applying the concept of the continuum of violence, the aim of this article is to develop a more comprehensive understanding of how women subjected to men's violence in intimate relationships experience the complexity of financial abuse in their lives, in the context of VAW. Based on 19 in-depth interviews with women surviving domestic violence, the study describes how intertwined women's experiences of financial abuse are with other forms of abuse, influencing each other, simultaneously experienced as a distinct form of abuse with severe and longstanding consequences. Women in the study describe how men's abuse affects them financially, causing poverty and affecting their ability to have a reasonable economic standard. Financial abuse also causes women ill health, and damages their self-esteem and ability to work, associate, and engage in social life. The interviewed women describe how experiences of financial abuse continue across time, from their past into their present situation and molding beliefs about the future. According to the interviews, financial abuse in private life sometimes continues into the public sphere, reproduced by social workers mimicking patterns of ex-partners' abuse. Bringing out a more comprehensive understanding of the dynamic continuum of financial abuse, our results deepen knowledge about the complexity of VAW in women's lives, and thereby are important in processes of making victims of violence survivors of violence.

  • 278.
    Eriksson, Marit
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Föräldrars olika förutsättningar?: Ett genusperspektiv på normer kring kvinnors ekonomiska val under yrkeslivet.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay has the purpose to explore what awareness women in their professional lives have over how the choices they make affect their pension. Together with the reasoning behind the choices who will later affect their economy in old age retirement. Through connections with staff at a kindergarden I found women who unconstrained choose to be apart of the study, consisting of women in working age in a relationship and they all had children. It was my intention to make a qualitative interview study where I interviewed women to get their thoughts and how they act in certain situations during their professional life. After I had conducted the interwiews I noticed that the results could be seen in relationship to norms and values in socitey. By using a norm theory the answers could be analysed and the norm that was constructed by the women was highlighted. As a complement to the norm theory i used a gender theory to explain why these women took those actions whom was highlighted in these interwiews. The act that was highlighted was that women take more parental leave than men which research proves affects womens economic in retirement negative and the norm that could be constructed was that men work full time. 

  • 279.
    Eriksson, Natalie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Stoltz, My
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    "Konflikter bidrar till en levande verksamhet": En kvalitativ studie om ledarskapets inverkan vid konflikthantering i privat och offentlig äldreomsorg2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is based on interviews with four managers in public elderly care and four managers in private elderly care. The aim of this paper is to examine how these managers are experiencing their leadership in relation to conflict management, and if the managers leadership differs depending on private or public elderly care. Leadership and conflict management are theories that have been used in order to analyze the empirical findings. Previous research that has been used in the study concerns “leadership/leadership styles”, “conflict management”, “to be active in the private/public elderly care”. Social workers often choose to work as a manager in private and public elderly care. The work as a manager is demanding with pressure from several/different parties and the manager faces new challenges. Conflicts are one challenge that mangers faces, and conflicts can be a sensitive topic. The study deals with the complexity that managers in the private and public elderly care faces, mainly based on the leadership role in conflict management. The results show that the interviewees leadership in this study, for the most part can be linked to the situational leadership style, which means that managers believe that leadership adapts to any situation that arises. They also experienced that the private elderly care has higher demands and that there is a bigger responsibility on the individual manger than it is in the public elderly care. There are many different support functions in the public elderly care that managers have the opportunity to take help from daily, that opportunity does not exist in private elderly care.

  • 280.
    Eriksson Rosenqvist, Petra
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Johansson, Annie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    "Man får inte vara en robot": Hur socionomer hanterar arbetets emotionella påfrestningar.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social work involves working intimately with clients who are or have previously found themselves in difficult life situations. The intimate work with clients is one of the reasons why the social work is considered emotionally demanding. The aim of the study is to highlight how social workers are influenced by clients emotions, as well as increase the understanding of how social workers can manage the emotional strain that an intimate work with clients can cause. Based on a qualitative research effort and qualitative interviews with seven social workers from “individual and family welfare” in the southeast of Sweden. When analysing the empirical data, three main themes emerged: the emotional work of social workers, management of emotions during the interaction with clients and strategies for managing emotional strain. Goffman´s theory of dramaturgy as well as Lazarus and Folkman´s theory of coping strategies are used to create an understanding of the research problem. Results of the study show that collegial support was deemed to be a common strategy as well as the most significant for managing emotional strain.

  • 281.
    Eriksson, Sanna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Paulsson, Emelie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Barnfattigdom i Sverige: En studie om hur socialsekreterare uppfattar barnfattigdom samt hur de kan arbeta förebyggande.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim with this study is to understand how social workers at the individual- and family sector think about child poverty and how they work with and reason about the preventive and facilitate work they do for financial vulnerable families. We have in our study used qualitative method through semi-structured interviews with social workers at the individual- and family sector to answer our purpose. The results showed that child poverty is a concept hard to define and not well established. The social workers have divided views on child poverty but still at the same time mean that it exists amongst the families they meet. There is also a big difference between municipalities and their reasoning on what a reasonable standard of living is for a financial vulnerable family and how they work with preventing child poverty. The social workers shows different ways on how to work with prevention but there is lack of understanding if their work really benefits the child.

  • 282.
    Eriksson, Ulrika
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Karlsson, Sofia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    ”Bara för att man bor på ett boende så kan man ju ändå vara ensam”: En kvalitativ studie om hur omsorgspersonal hanterar omsorgstagares ensamhet på ett särskilt boende.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The purpose of this study is to examine how care assistants deal with loneliness at an elder care facility. By expanding our knowledge about strategies being used we get a new perspective of how loneliness is handled in the real world.

    Method: As our method we chose a qualitative approach to collect empirical data. We carried out semi structured interviews with six people of whom all work at an elder care home. The interviewees were four nurse assistants, one coordinator and one nurse.

    Theory: To analyse the data, three theoretical approaches were used: Antonovsky’s SOC (Sense Of Coherence), Empowerment and Goffman’s Theory of Stigma and Shame.

    Results: Loneliness is a common issue at this facility, nevertheless the different kinds of staff stand alone in handling the feelings and the consequences that sprung from it. Social activities that opposes social loneliness were easier to approach and the staff perceived they had the resources to do so. The emotional loneliness was more challenging, especially if the care receiver had extensive problems or a mental illness. The staff past experiences were that the care receivers did not get the same extensive care as with social loneliness when it came to mental illness. Our study indicates that loneliness is an issue entirely in the hands of the care assistants and that is a risk factor for the elder individuals to not get the care they need, which makes them a vulnerable group for experiences negative effects and mental illness originating from untreated loneliness.     

  • 283.
    Erlandsson, Linda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Kvalitetsbegreppet i äldreomsorgen: En idé som speglar samhället2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to understand how the concept of quality as an idea was spread to and translated in municipal elderly care. A central question was: How does literature, policy documents and key people describe the function and meaning of the concept of quality? The method of analysis was a qualitative case study with a critical discourse. The theoretical framework of the study is mainly what is known as institutional theory and a line of thought describing how ideas are transferred and spread. The theoretical focus is on how original ideas are interpreted and why they gain a foothold in new contexts. With the help of empirical material in the form of literature, documents and interviews the study shows how the idea of quality was spread from industry to elderly care.

     

    An essential discovery is that the concept of quality has uncritically been implemented to the municipal care of the elderly, correlating to organizational changes, limited resources and the concept of quality becoming a part of the Social Services Act. The municipal care of the elderly tried to apply a quality control system not designed for a human service organization. In order to succeed it tried to make the idea concrete and intelligible by using various system and manuals. The results show that the process has created conservation rather than a change. There is a paradox between quality as a subjectively created value and quality as a quantitative instrument used to create efficiency. 

  • 284.
    Erlandsson, Marielle
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Karlsson, Hanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Växa upp med en hemlighet.: En kvalitativ studie om hur barn hanterar att leva med förälder/föräldrar som missbrukar alkohol.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this qualitative study is to investigate if children to parent/parents who abuse alcohol have found ways to strengthen themselves, and how they deal with their everyday life and their own feelings and health. To get answers to our study, we have read seven biographies which we have analyzed by using coping theory. Our study shows that the children in our empiricism are keeping their parents abuse as a secret. Our study shows that children have found strategies to cope and manage to live with parents with alcohol abuse, even though their childhood conditions have been difficult and they had few people around to support them.

  • 285.
    Erlandsson, Matilda
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Falk Meijerink, Linn
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    "Vi har lite olika syn på det här": En diskursanalys om sociala företag i lokal kontext 2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to identify discourses in the construction of the phenomenon social enterprises in the local context of Växjö, to illustrate the conditions of organized social work. The discourse analysis was done through interviews with different key persons of the local field, who earlier had participated in a medial debate about social enterprises. In accordance to the theoretical perspective of Foucaults approach on discourses, we analyzed the use of language to pursue power. We found that the way of speaking about social enterprises was positive in general when the focus was on the main purpose of their work. When the focus was put on how this purpose would be pursued and accomplished, it was discovered that there were different opinions about that, and two main discourses could be separated. One discourse had the focus on the entrepreneurial aspect of social entrepreneurship and the other had focus on the social aspect. Through the study it became clear that the understanding of the phenomenon is different from various point of views. And since it is unclear what the phenomenon really are, there is an ongoing struggle about the power to define it. We discovered that there is a connection between discourse and power when it comes to social enterprises in relation to welfare state organization.

  • 286.
    Erlingson, Tobias
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Förändring inom socialt arbete.: En studie av upplevelser av förändring bland handläggare inom ekonomiskt bistånd.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to create a bigger understanding for what it means when a profession change and how the workers perceive the changes themselves. All the empirical underpinning of work results and analysis parts has been obtained through interviews of social workers that are working with economical aid in various municipalities across Sweden. Creating a greater understanding of how they themselves have felt that their role and their work environment has changed compared from what it used to be earlier in their careers. This study was based on the two following questions:• Do social workers in social assistance experience that a change in their work has ocurred, if they have how would they describe the changes?• Does the interviewed experience an uncertainty in their field, and if they do what are the consequences of this this uncertainty?The study primarily shows that there has been a big change in economic assistance and that the people involved have both similar and completely unique experiences about what this change has meant for their work. According to the interviewed there exists a restlessness in their field, however the concern appears to affect different groups differently depending on how experienced the person in question is. Those with more experience seems to be most concerned about how their group is perceived, and what needs to be done in the future. While the more inexperienced group seems most concerned about the lack of resources and inadequate support.

  • 287.
    Esping, Sofie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    "Jag såg att du såg": En studie om lärares och skolkuratorers upplevelser och uppfattningar om självskadebeteende.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was trough qualitative interviews with teachers and counsellors in Swedish schools, to study their experiences and perceptions of non suicidal self-injury (NSSI) in adolescents. During the study three teachers and three counsellors who worked in four different schools were conducted. The theoretical approach that was used is Michael Polanyis theory tacit knowledge. The outcome of the study was that schools did not seem to talk about NSSI as a problem and the teachers knowledge about it had come from own experiences meeting adolescents whit NSSI. The interviewed teachers and counsellors felt it hard to define NSSI, they mainly referred it to someone who cut themselves. Although they described it to be so much more. The teachers felt it important to pay attention to NSSI and like the counsellors they did not feel that they had the possibility to work preventing towards NSSI as they might could. The main reason for this was the teachers lack of knowledge and the counsellors high work load. The analyse was based on three different categories: NSSI, prevention and is it teachers responsibility?

  • 288.
    Fadel, Diana
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Johansson, Sofie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    "Föräldrarna ska kunna hjälpa barnet": - En kvalitativ studie om de icke-förövande anhörigas behov av stöd för att stödja sitt sexuellt utnyttjade barn2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Through an internship at a nonprofit organization called ATSUB[1], specialized at giving support to non-offending parents to sexually abused children, one of the authors to this study found that there was a lack of care for the parents by governmental operations. While studying the previous research we found a great deficiency when it came to non-offending parents and far most about non-offending fathers. We found studies proving that the child’s non-offending parents are the best support for the child during their healing process. Research also shows that parents must be able to get good support and treatment during their crisis for the parents to be able to support the child, since they’re also in great despair over their child being sexually abused. We decided to do qualitative interviews with professionals who care for the non-offending parents within the county of Kalmar in Sweden. We found through the informants affidavit, studying the previous research and applying theoretical approaches that the support is good but misdirected. The results have shown that there are some miscommunications between government operations and specialized knowledge in treating parents and their situation doesn’t exist or its deficit. The professionals knew what kind of needs the non-offending parents have and they knew how important the parent is for the child’s wellbeing. The professionals also believed that it was important to give individual care to the parents, but there’s where the problem lies, they have such a great focus on the child’s treatment that the care for the parents who are supposed to be the most valuable support for the child, falls aside.

    [1] Anhöriga Till Sexuellt Utnyttjade Barn (Parents To Sexually Abused Children)

  • 289.
    Farquhar, Lisa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Handledning: En kvalitativ studie om socialarbetares upplevelser av handledningens betydelse inom barn- och familjesektorn i socialtjänsten2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to get a better understanding of social workers experiences of supervisions impact on social work with children and families. The two research questions where: Which are social workers needs of supervision? And does social workers perceive supervision as a tool for professional development and learning? The study´s empirical findings were a result of semi-structured interviews with five social workers in the social service department. The study´s theoretical framework was based on two different theories: new institutionalism, which is a specialization within organizational theory, and system theory perspective. The result found that social workers experiences supervision as an opportunity for support and reflection, which encourages them to develop professional skills in their daily work. Supervision had an effect on social workers self-confidence and wellbeing by adding expertise, which gave more structure, energy and stress relief in their work. The interviews also showed that supervision had a direct impact on the interaction and the team climate within a working group. However, certain terms and conditions must have been considered to call supervision successful. The supervisors responsibility to lead, see the groups needs and have an over all perspective was mentioned as one condition for good supervision. Another term was that the group cooperated and showed professionalism and respect towards one another. It was very important that supervision took place in a safe environment and that all group members felt trust towards their colleagues and supervisor. This way they where able to learn from each others experiences and show vulnerability and emotions which could contribute to reflection and professional development. Furthermore, social workers emphasise supervision as positive and a necessary tool in order to achieve an efficient and well functioning workplace.

  • 290.
    Feldmanis, Josefin
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Rådström, Katarzyna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Unga som hamnar mellan stolarna: Nya gymnasielagen - en osäker och villkorad vistelse i Sverige2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine how youths who have a residence permit under the law SFS 2018:756 are handled within the social services in different municipalities in order to contribute with the knowledge about how welfare organizations categorize and organize themselves around this group. The study is based on qualitative interviews with seven social workers divided in a total of six municipalities. Who either possessed knowledge of or meet our target group in their work. We have examined how they handle the needs of housing and financial aid for our target group. In our analysis of the interviews, we have applied a theoretical perspective by using the regulatory, the normative and the culture-cognitive elements of the new institutional theory and legitimacy as a concept as well as Tilly’s (2000) theory of durable inequality where key concepts are categorization and regulatory. Our understanding is that the categorization of our target group within the social services relates to stereotypical beliefs in which the youths do not receive support based on their individual needs, but are handled on the bases of their group affiliation. In the six municipalities we examined, two have been shown to stand out because they handle the youths in the same way as other unaccompanied young people. The results of our study show that there are different risks for the target group, primarily in the municipalities where they receive little support. The risks that arise are further on connected to what the conditions stipulates in the law SFS 2018:756 and partly the consequence of being unaccompanied without social support.

  • 291.
    Filipsson, Alexander
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Starby, Jonathan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Hemmasittare: En kvalitativ studie om socialarbetares arbete med barn som har problematisk skolfrånvaro2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine how social workers work with school absenteeism. More specifically the aim was to find out when social services got notified about the problem, how the work was structured and how cooperation between different partners worked. To discuss these topics we interviewed seven social workers on their experiences with children with school absenteeism. Five key themes were identified during the interviews. The children come from varying problematic backgrounds, the work was tailored for each individual, the need of identifying the problem in an early stage, the importance of building relations with the child and that cooperation between partners was essential. The work with school absenteeism was considered difficult by the social workers, thus supporting the results of previous research on the topic. In the analysis a conclusion was made that emphasized the need for preventive measures.

  • 292.
    Fioretos, Ingrid
    et al.
    Lund university.
    Gustafsson, Kristina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Norström, Eva
    Lund university.
    Kommunikation med stöd av tolk2014In: Kommunikation med barn och unga i vården / [ed] Maja Söderbäck, Stockholm: Liber, 2014, p. 201-213Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 293.
    Fioretos, Ingrid
    et al.
    Lund university.
    Gustafsson, Kristina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Norström, Eva
    Lund university.
    Tolkade möten: Tolkningens betydelse för rättssäkerhet och integration2014Book (Other academic)
  • 294.
    Fitz Jurjoni, Claudia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Petersson, Jennie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Maskrosbarn: Att växa upp med minst en förälder som missbrukar alkohol2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Our study aims to investigate whether resilient children share common factors that could explain them not following the expected course of development for said group. The study also sets out to explore which strategies resilient children implement in order to cope with their situation.

    The study is based on the following questions:

    How do resilient children describe their experiences from growing up with parents with substance abuse problems? What risk and protective factors do they mention in their biographies?

    We use the system theory and Goffman's dramaturgic perspective as analytical tools.  The system theory could help us see the family as a system, while Goffman's theory might help us understand how resilient children find different strategies, and why they implement these strategies, to hide their family problems.

    The results show that the most important factors with a positive effect on resilient children were: to have somebody else important in their lives, to have goals in life, to have a safe haven, to think independently and to develop a high level of independence early in life.

  • 295.
    Flintzberg, Wilma
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Norlin, Sandra
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Barn i skuggan av barnperspektivet: En studie om syskons inkludering vid insatser till familjer där barn har en funktionsnedsättning2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Science has shown that siblings to children with a disability are affected by the family situation. The siblings often let their own needs and requests come secondary to their family members. This study illustrates how different professionals, who keep in contact with families with a disabled child, works with its siblings. The purpose with this study was to see how professionals, working as administrators, counselors at the habilitation and kin supporters in the region of Kalmar, include siblings while working with the families. Representatives from the professionals have been interviewed with a semi structured interview manual.

    The result showed that professionals have various opinions how siblings are affected by the family situation. Mutually, none of the professionals meet the siblings to listen to their view, instead they listen to the parents for information. The children´s convention is therefore not lived up to by the organizations. Our result shows an absence of a child´s perspective in the professionals work with siblings to children with a disability.

  • 296.
    Forkby, Torbjörn
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Organisational Exceptions as Vehicles for Change: Collaborative strategies, trust, and counter strategies in local crime prevention partnerships in Sweden2018In: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Enhanced collaboration is among the most common strategies in Swedish crime prevention. This includes multi-agency, cross-professional work and also coordinated activities between public authorities and civil society, often in the framework of a partnership approach. The social services bear the main responsibility for setting up and facilitating this collaboration. In this article, two crime prevention programmes in Gothenburg are analysed together. Both targeted gangs and social disturbances, and both used independent coordinators, mainly social workers, as key holders of the intervention strategy. The projects were investigated using an ethnographic mixed-method approach, where 51 interviews with stakeholders in the partnerships provide the main data used for the analysis. The interaction between these free-standing coordinators (labelled organisational exceptions) and the involved stakeholders reveals an intricate interplay of strategies and counterstrategies used either to evoke change and facilitate joint work or to resist intrusive actions on the part of the coordinators. By understanding the different logics of strategic and operative work in relation to the use of systematic or unsystematic data, as well as the need for the coordinator to gain legitimacy, a fundamental paradox in partnership approaches is indicated; in the process of obtaining a legitimate platform for change, the coordinators risked losing the contributions this platform was about to make.

  • 297.
    Forkby, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Batsleer, Janet
    Manchester Metropolitan University, UK.
    In search of the beloved community: dancing to a different tune of youth participation2020In: Ethnography and Education, ISSN 1745-7823, E-ISSN 1745-7831, p. 1-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One element of the PARTISPACE study into spaces and styles of Youth Participation in eight European cities is presented in this article. Drawing on ethnographically informed studies of four sites in three cities, the paper analyses the ways in which young people construct and sustain alternatives to the policy-driven forms of participation, based on their yearning and aspiration for different relations than those found in ordinary life. We suggest four themes as characterising their search for community: Places where communities are born; Breaking out of the Ordinary; Differentiated Openness and Protected Zones of Experimentation.

    In conversation with the work of bell hooks on ‘homeplaces’ and Victor Turner on anti-hegemonic anti-structures, the analysis suggests that young people’s self-created spaces give insights into what ‘youth participation’ might be and that forms of protection of such alternative spaces are an inbuilt necessity and not necessarily to be seen as exclusionary or anti-democratic.

  • 298.
    Forkby, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Kuosmanen, Jari
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Örnlind, Henrik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Vägen ut ur gänget: Om manligheter, broderskap och svikna förhoppningar2019Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the early 2000s, the phenomenon of gangs and the criminality associated with them have caused concern and attracted attention in Sweden. Various groupings that formed in socially vulnerable housing areas grew and positioned themselves alongside, and frequently in competition with, some of the established motorcycle gangs. Since then, clashes and showdowns between gangs have been repeatedly reported in the media and a number of political initiatives have been taken to address the problem. Who are the people who are attracted to these gangs? What sort of background do they have and what are they hoping to achieve by becoming a gang member? In this project, the process of leaving a gang and the support needed in this process was investigated, and crucial elements for the support to be effective were identified. In total, 20 men with a gang-member background and 42 people in formal support roles were interviewed to answer the research questions.

    It is almost exclusively men who are members and hold central positions in gangs, which is sometimes obscured in conceptual discussions about gangs. In this study, questions linked to manliness were important and, therefore, the construction of manliness in a gang environment and the subsequent reconstruction of manliness following the exit-process and what happens with this construction after a man has left a gang and is faced with new expectations was investigated.

    The answers gained from the study were multifaceted, indicating that each person must be understood individually. At the same time, distinct patterns could be discerned. In general, all of the 20 men who were interviewed described a tough upbringing, not least with regard to their own family and experiences at school. The negative experiences of not having a secure home environment and falling behind peers at school led to a sense of uncertainty and a desire to seek revenge. They perceived that their future prospects in “ordinary” society were very small and that the gang would be able to offer an alternative and compensatory arena. The men hoped that gang life would give them a sense of belonging and togetherness, sometimes termed brotherhood, and that in this setting they would be able to prove their worth. However, gang life often did not work out the way they had hoped. Competition with other groups and multiple challenges within the group, such as the expectation of prioritising the gang over family life, caused too much mental and social strain.

    Leaving the gang implied a renegotiation of what it means to be a man. In the gang, strength, toughness and never backing down were characteristics that were acknowledged and rewarded. For some of the men, this was in strong contrast with, for example, the values associated with parenthood. Taking responsibility for and caring about others had a polarising effect on gang life and the arbitrator was frequently their own children and family.

    The study also included about 40 interviews with people who, in their work role, have an opportunity to support the exit-processes. These persons were employed by the Swedish Prison and Probation Service, the social services, the police or by a non-profit organization. The work put into creating trust and building a relationship was a crucial part of the support activities. Many of the men had adopted a stance of having little trust in public authorities early in their lives and to challenge this position, personal commitment, a positive attitude, and substantial knowledge about gangs and criminality were necessary. In addition, in many cases, multi-dimensional support was needed, such as accommodation in a new location, protected identity and new social contacts. Many of the men had experiences of substance abuse and traumatic stress-related incidents, and they also had a great need to repair relationships and regain normal contact with their children and families.

    While some support persons were able to reach the men and become an important part of the change process, it was also noted that there were some circumstances which instead of strengthening the opportunities of adopting a new identity and life, seemed to weaken them. Both among the men themselves and among the support persons, there was criticism that the support system intended to help them to leave the gangs did not work satisfactorily. The criticism related to, for example, a perceived ineffective prison release and reintegration process as well as a lack of collaboration between authorities. In addition, we conclude that there is a great need for long-term planning and specialist knowledge to coordinate and increase the quality of support nation-wide.

  • 299.
    Forsmark, Annie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Unnestam, Jessica
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Omsorgspersonalens tankar och arbetssätt kring sexualitet: En kvalitativ studie på grupp- och serviceboenden för personer med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to acquire a greater understanding and knowledge about how care staff at houses with special services for people with intellectual disabilities think and work (handle situations) regarding sexuality. To achieve our goal we carried out nine semi structured interviews using an interview guide. These interviews took place in two different communities in southern Sweden. The theoretical perspectives that were used to analyze the result were Sense of Coherence, Scope of action and Normalization. The result showed that the staff considered sexuality a part of their work and a natural subject to talk about. However they found some subjects harder to discuss, for example sexual abuse. The only time the subject was discussed was when the residents approached the staff themselves. The staff believed that treating the residents with respect and preserving their integrity was very important. Another consideration was that the residents should be able to decide as many things as possible in their life. The staff also wanted to explain sexuality as a meaningful part of life. There were differences in how much support the staff received from their employer. An essential support for the staff was their colleagues. Guidance meetings and other professionals, for example nurses were also supportive. There were differences in how much education the staff received regarding sexuality. They concluded that their actions were based on their own perspective. They did not feel the need to further educate themselves regarding sexuality but thought that it would be interesting and useful.

  • 300.
    Forssell, Alexandra
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Libert, Filippa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sekundär traumatisering - en oundvklig del av socialsekreterares arbetsvardag?: En kvalitativ studie av socialsekreterares upplevelser av att hantera och förebygga sekundär traumatisering.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to gain an increased understanding of how social worker’s in Sweden experience, manage and prevent secondary traumatization at work. It was a phenomenological and qualitative study were the results was collected through semi-structured interviews with social worker’s. The result has been interpreted from the coping theories by Lazarus and Folkman. The result shows that the majority of the social worker’s that we interviewed experience secondary traumatization and use different coping stratigies to handle said trauma. The main problemfocused coping strategies constitues coaching sessions and also simply being prepared. The more often used emotional strategies includes, among others, social support, self-care, reflection and avoidance. Social worker’s use different strategies during similar situations which is mainly based on their own personality, experiances and knowledge. A sense of purpose, competence building, and a balance between work- and private life are largely perceived to be the most important preventative factors, where both the organization and the individual need to take their respective responsibility.

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