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  • 251.
    Blomstrand, Jaqueline
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Upp till kamp?: En uppsats om varvsarbetarnas fackliga arbete i Försvarvsverkens Civila Personals Förbund, avdelning 36 i Karlskrona 1939-19492017Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to study the labour union Försvarsverkens Civila Personals Förbund section 36 in Karlskrona between 1939- 1949, which consisted of men and women who were employees of the naval shipyard. The labour union is studied by investigating their economy, membership number and amount of written rapports to and from the section and which labour questions they worked for. Besides this, the essay seeks to study if there was any development in the working process, for example if there occurred any modernization in the shipyard and if this is visible in the questions driven by the union. Another purpose of this paper is to compare section 36 in Karlskrona with section 41 in Malmö, by comparing which questions they worked for and the working process in the shipyards. The theory used in this paper is the so called conflict- theory, which states that conflict is either moving society forward, or creating chaos in the natural order, by the struggle for material resources. Conflict theory is a multi- faceted theory and therefore one interpretation, made by Bo Stråth, is used for this paper. When it comes to the method used in this paper, the one that is used is a comparative method with both quantitative and qualitative elements. The other aspect of the method comes from the conflict theory, as described by Stråth.

    The result showed that section 36 had a relatively good development between 1939- 1949: their economy increased and their membership increased overall, even though most factors changed for better or worse between each year. Another result was that section 36 and section 41 were quite alike when it came to the two aspects that were investigated. In both sections the question of wages was the most important and in both shipyards the working process changed to some extent for the employees, which can be seen in the questions driven by both sections.

    Key words: Shipyard, labor, politics, Karlskrona, Malmö Nyckelord: Varvsindustri, fackförening, Karlskrona, Malmö 

  • 252.
    Boberg, Per
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Cultural Sciences.
    Finska immigranter i Katrineholm: Politiska hegemoniers och sociala relationers betydelse för immigranters politiska integration och aktörskap i ett svenskt lokalsamhälle 1944-19912011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present memorandum outlines the structure, theoretical starting points and disposition of a thesis about the activities of Finnish immigrants in a Swedish local community, more specifically their political integration. The intention is to study the municipality of Katrineholm in the years 1944 to 1991.

    Previous research about the actorship of immigrants in spheres such as politics, labour unions, immigrant associations, educational associations and mass-education, as well as churches and religion, is presented to give an overview of possible areas connected to political integration that can be studied. The overview of previous research also covers local immigrant politics.

    The intended theoretical starting points for the proposed thesis are political economy and hegemony. The latter is intended to be investigated through its expression in the social relations class, gender, ethnicity, nationality and generation. It is suggested in this memorandum that hegemonies and social relations within a local political economy can be operationalised fruitfully in a study of political integration. Hence, theoretical viewpoints and definitions connected to political integration are also elaborated on.

    Methodologically it is suggested that quantitative and qualitative analysis be undertaken to study the sources that the thesis is intended to be based on. Sources such as documents from the exemplified activity fields are to be used. Also, it is suggested that oral sources such as interview be used. Another possible method is a research circle, if preconditions in Katrineholm favour such an approach.

    The conclusion of this memorandum is that no previous studies have been undertaken using the approach presented and further that few studies of the local political integration of immigrants exist. Hence, the proposed thesis will make a significant contribution to the study of immigrant actorship, political integration and contributions to the formation of social relations and hegemonies in a local political economy.

  • 253.
    Boberg, Per
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Cultural Sciences.
    Immigration och integration i kommunpolitiken: En studie av immigranters representation avseende förtroendeuppdrag i Växjö Kommun 1971-19912010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present study discusses the political integration of immigrants in local government in the muncipality of Växjö from 1971 to 1991 in the form of representation. The main data source consists of lists of people holding local commissions of trust in the various boards and committés appointed by the municipality council, as well as in the council itself. These data are then compared to population statistics from Statistics Sweden. Main findings of the study are that immigrants are insufficiently represented in relation to their proportion of the population. It is suggested that this is a result of structural discrimination and possibly insufficient socialisation.

  • 254.
    Bogatic, Wirginia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Cultural Sciences.
    Exilens dilemma: att stanna eller att återvända: Beslut i Sverige av polska kvinnor som överlevde KZ-lägret Ravensbrück och räddades till Sverige 1945-19472010Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is about the intersection of great narratives and individual decisions. In the intersection, the dilemma of exile is discussed: to remain in exile or return to one’s homeland. The decision to remain or return was made by the surviving Polish female concentration camp prisoners that were brought back to Sweden in 1945 with the Red Cross rescue operation.

    The women’s decisions have been contextualized by being placed against the political, social and economic upheavals that took place primarily in Poland, but also partly in Sweden, as well as in the international environment with which the new Poland had to form a relationship following the Second World War.

    The thesis moves between three levels: the micro level, comprising the individuals, their choices and experiences; the macro level, including the surrounding social, economic and political structures; the meso level, which merges the individual, her network and the state. The theoretical framework is on the one hand based on Reinhart Koselleck’s concepts of “realm of experience” and “expectations” that structure the time horizon and refer to the universal, and on the other hand, the sociological concept of generations and Svante Lundberg's model of exile with the concepts of Circumstance, Frame and Meaning. Both Koselleck and Lundberg focus on the individual / group and structural context. Sources used have been material from the Swedish Government and the two Polish governments and their agencies. In addition, a number of Polish and Swedish newspapers published during the period 1945-1947 as well as material from the Polish Source Institute in Lund (PIZ) have been studied. Thirteen in-depth interviews with the surviving women (both in Poland and Sweden) have been carried out, resulting in so-called life stories, with the objective of providing an answer to the question of why some of them remained in Sweden after the war while others returned to Poland. In the women's life stories, some themes can be distinguished: the common realm of experience, being adherent to the same sociological generation with a manifest collective memory (which in part developed differently depending on their decisions to remain or return), a link between war and captivity and expectations for the future. Otherwise, the life stories highlight the women's construction of identity, which is affected by growing up in the between-war Poland, the time during World War II and the occupation. It also reveals that these experiences influenced their decision: remaining and returning.

  • 255.
    Bogatic, Wirginia
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Humanities.
    Stanna eller återvända: Flyktingskap, återvändande och kvarstannande bland polska kvinnliga överlevande från koncentrationslägret Ravensbrück 1945-19462006Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Avhandlingen handlar om beslutsprocessen i fråga om återvändande till sitt hemland eller kvarstannande i flyktingskap, hos de överlevande polska kvinnliga koncentrationslägerfångar som räddades till Sverige 1945 med räddningsaktionen De vita bussarna. Räddningsaktionens namn till trots, lämnade kvinnorna koncentrationslägret Ravensbrück ombord på ett tåg.

    Den bygger på tretton djupintervjuer med de överlevande kvinnorna med målsättning att få ett svar på frågan varför vissa av dem efter krigets slut stannade kvar i Sverige, medan andra återvände till Polen. Intervjuerna genomfördes både med dem som stannade kvar och dem som återvände. Analysen utgår ifrån Svante Lundbergs analytiska modell kring flyktingskap med begreppen Bakgrund, Ram och Mening samt från det teoretiska begreppet sociologisk generation vid analysen av kvinnornas beslutsprocess.

    Innehållet i begreppet Bakgrund kan förenklat beskrivas som det ”bagage” som flyktingarna har med sig från sitt hemland, som de känner väl och längtar efter. På samma sätt kan innehållet i begreppet Ram definieras som allt nytt och okänt flyktingarna möter vid ankomsten till det nya landet. I båda begreppen ingår även flyktingarnas position i den rådande klasstrukturen samt möjligheter och erbjudanden om hur deras liv kan gestaltas i framtiden.

    Det har konstaterats att upplevelsen av traumatiserande, våldsamma och känslosamma händelser (significant historical experiences) såsom krig eller ockupation leder ofta till att en sociologisk generation uppstår. Vid analysen av både de kvarstannande och återvändande kvinnornas, som står i centrum för den här avhandlingen, uppväxt- och levnadsförhållanden framgår det att de har genomlevt ett antal signifikanta historiska erfarenheter: andra världskriget, ockupationen, förlusten av nära och kära, Warszawaupproret, fängelser, misshandel och koncentrationsläger, vilka sammanlagt (markerar förändringar i deras liv och som) även resulterade i att kvinnorna blev en del av en sociologisk generation. Världen som de kände den upphörde att existera. Därefter följde migration, flyktingskap och frågan om återvändandet till Polen eller kvarstannandet i Sverige.

    I kapitlet ”Bakgrund” har visats att den dominerade historieskrivningen i Polen under mellankrigstiden, som var en del av det polska kollektiva minnet, var den idealiserade och romantiskt-patriotiska synen med vilken resultat av förfädernas handlingar betraktades.

    Under sin tidiga uppväxt formades kvinnorna av föräldrarnas och mor- och farföräldrars berättelser om tiden då Polen som självständig stat inte fanns, om motståndet mot delningsmakterna, när fäder blev inkallade till den ryska eller preussiska armén och fick slåss mot sina ”bröder”, och om tiden då polska legioner bildades och därefter den polska staten. Utanför familjen utsattes de för den andra republikens medvetet nationalistiska politik som syftade till att skapa en stark polsk identitet. De var även åskådare till det polska samhällets radikalisering och nationalismens uppgång, samtidigt som de matades med den dominerande, romantiserade bilden av den återuppståndna polska staten, vilken förmedlades till dem genom familjen, skolan och det omgivande samhället med målsättning att skapa en gemensam identitet. Den förändrings- och utvecklingsprocess de genomgick som enskilda individer, delade de med andra som befann sig i samma situation, och processen resulterade i en känsla av grupptillhörighet, gemensamma värderingar, tolkningar och ideal, vilka låg som bakgrund för deras reaktioner på senare traumatiska erfarenheter. Sex av tretton av de intervjuade kvinnorna fattade ett medvetet beslut om att delta i motståndskampen mot ockupanten, tre gav sitt passiva stöd till kämparna i Warszawaupproret och betalade senare för det med att bli fångar i koncentrationsläger.

    I kapitlet ”Ram” har det visats på ett samband mellan transporterna för återvändande som startade på hösten 1945 och de svenska myndigheters önskan om handelsavtal med Polen samt Warszawaregeringens starka vil-ja att bli erkänd som den enda legitima polska regeringen. Samtidigt har det framkommit att kvinnorna kände en osäkerhet i fråga om återvändan-de både pga. de förändringar som höll på att inträffa i Polen i fråga om gränser och politisk orientering, och kvinnornas möjligheter till en okänd och kanske trygg och lugn framtid i Sverige. På flyktingförläggningarna började kvinnorna fundera huruvida de kunde stanna och vad det skulle innebära i fråga om arbete och boende. De erbjöds främst anställningar som hembiträden, lantarbetare eller inom industrin - inte alltid de yrken som kvinnorna hade drömt om före kriget eller önskat arbeta inom. För flertalet av dem innebar det ”abandonment of expectations”, då yrken/utbildningar som de hade med sig från hemlandet inte var möjliga att utöva/få användning för i mottagarlandet. Kvinnorna upptäckte också skillnader mellan det svenska och polska samhället, men de blev även uppmärksammade på förändringar som skedde i det polska samhället medan de hade varit borta. Olika grupper försökte påverka dem till att antingen stanna (som en möjlig protest mot det sovjetiska inflytandet i Polen och bevis på den polska Londonregeringens inflytande) eller återvända (för att Landet behövde dem). Den svenska regeringen underrättades om den polska Warszawaregeringens missnöje med Storbritanniens beslut att inte sända tillbaka de polska trupperna till Polen. De uppmärksammades även på att Warszawaregeringen inte accepterade omröstningen som genomfördes bland polska soldater i fråga om huruvida de ville återvända till Polen eller stanna i exil. Men de svenska myndigheterna insåg också den potential som fanns inom gruppen som en möjlig arbetskraft för att fylla den stora efterfrågan på arbeterskor som fanns vid den tiden. Därmed beslutade de också att inte skicka någon mot sin vilja och därmed öppnade sig en möjlighet för kvinnorna att stanna. Istället fick kvinnorna presentera sina individuella skäl till varför de ville stanna kvar i Sverige i ett brev till Svenska Utlänninsgkommissionen (SUK), som utredde frågan och efteråt meddelade beslutet. Inför brevskrivningen kände många repatriandi osäkerhet om uppgifterna i breven skulle föras vidare till den polska legationen, som representerade Warszawaregeringen och i förlängningen leda till problem för familjen/släkten i Polen. Ett flertal trotsade rädslan och uttalade oro för att återvända pga. den nya regeringen och faran för förföljelser. När de fick tillstånd att stanna kvar förvandlades repatriandi på en formell, politiskt–strukturell nivå från flyktingar i exil till nya medborgare/arbetstagare i Sverige och myndigheterna förväntade sig inte längre att de skulle återvända.

    Svante Lundberg definierar begreppet Mening som flyktingarnas avsikt att återvända till sitt hemland som medvetna subjekt. Under tiden flyktingarna väntar på att återvända till sitt hemland strävar de efter att förvärva kunskaper som kan vara till nytta för dem och hemlandet. De lever i diaspora och ägnar sin tid åt att försöka påverka hemlandets makthavare och politik på avstånd genom att anordna demonstrationer, studiecirklar m.m. för att uppmärksamma mottagarlandet på förhållanden i hemlandet och få dem att agera.

    Undersökningsperioden för den här avhandlingen omfattar nio måna-der under vilka de polska överlevande kvinnliga fångar från koncentra-tionslägret Ravensbrück fick fatta beslut om huruvida de skulle återvända till hemlandet Polen eller stanna kvar i mottagarlandet Sverige. Fokus ligger på kvinnornas egna berättelser och förklaringar.

    Kvarstannarna framhäver delvis innehållet i begreppet Ram som en kontext i vilken beslutet fattades, nämligen möjligheten att få anställning och möjligheten att få ett bättre liv i Sverige. De pekar också på bristerna i det som kvalificeras som Bakgrund, nämligen att ingen familj fanns kvar i hemlandet eller familjens uppmuntran att stanna i exil, samt den nya Polens förändringar. Det nya landet verkade inte så skrämmande. Kvinnorna lärde sig svenska genom sitt arbete, hade få kontakter med myndigheter, bildade familj och/eller engagerade sig i kulturell/idrottslig verksamhet.

    Återvändarna inser att kvarstannande i exil erbjöd dem möjligheter till ett tryggt liv (Ram), men de uppger i första hand att anledningen till deras återvändande var deras längtan till Landet som behövde dem. Först senare konstaterar de att även familjens brev hade inflytande på deras beslut (Bakgrund). De följde utvecklingen i Polen och i Europa men trots den osäkerhet som fanns ville de återvända. Kvinnorna vittnar om att de inte visste hur situationen i Polen skulle utvecklas och det dröjde innan de förstod vad som hände samt antyder om vilka konsekvenserna var av deras beslut.

    I sina levnadsberättelser placerar kvinnorna, i synnerhet återvändarna, sig själva i ett större sammanhang, i den polska nationens strävande för en fri polsk stat. De uppvisar likheter som kan hänföras till innebörden i generationsbegreppet och ger uttryck för ett generationsmedvetande. Dessa är mer framträdande i gruppen återvändarna som fortsatte den romantiskt-patriotiska traditionen efter kriget i större utsträckning än gruppen kvarstannarna. Kvinnorna pekar på att de i barndomen uppfostrades i patriotisk anda, både inom familjen och i skolan samt samhället i övrigt. Den polska mellankrigsstatens projekt och konnotationer av en stark moralisk förpliktelse gentemot familj och faderslandet uppvisas i kvinnornas egna liv.

    Andra världskrigets utbrott utgör en markering (significant historical experiences) då deras världsbild förändrades. Kriget och ockupation fick tillsammans med uppfostran i den romantiskt-patriotiska traditionen kvinnorna, främst bland återvändarna, att ta steget att försvara sitt land aktivt. Under den tiden försvann skillnader såsom klass-, genus- och etniska skillnader då det fanns en högre, mer övergripande syfte: att befria Polen, att överleva. Även kvinnorna som inte blev tillfångatagna med anledning av engagemanget i motståndsrörelsen anspelar på den romantiskt-patriotiska traditionen och påtalar hur viktig patriotismen var i deras barndom. Båda grupperna använder uttryck som visar att de tillhör en aktiv generation som försökte påverka Landets öden, men misslyckades när de allierade accepterade Sovjetunionens krav utan att ta hänsyn till po-lackernas egna önskningar.

    Lundbergs analysmodell berör tids- och nationsöverskridande processer och är klart applicerbar på alla flyktingsgrupper då den berör generella drag i flyktingskapet därmed är hans analysverktyg användbara vid undersökningen av de polska kvinnliga överlevandes beslut ifråga om återvändande till hemlandet eller kvarstannande i flyktingskap i Sverige. Men det finns även skillnader. Den främsta skillnaden avser frågan kring begreppet Mening och exilens slutmål som utgörs av återvändande.

    När det gäller de polska kvinnliga överlevande från koncentrationsläg-ret Ravensbrück så blev de tvångsmigranter under sin tid i Sverige då de ”tvångsförflyttades” från koncentrationslägret till Sverige och fick en repatriandistatus i landet. Det ska dock nämnas att de svenska myndigheterna förhåller sig flytande till benämningen repatriandi, ofta användes begreppet flyktingar och repatriandi synonymt i myndighetsdokument.

    En av slutsatserna är att de kvinnor som valde att stanna kvar i Sverige efter att transporterna till hemlandet påbörjades, på en informell, subjektivnivå blev politiska flyktingar. En del av dem började betrakta sig själva som politiska flyktingar i exil i främmande land. De svenska myndigheterna förväntade sig inte längre att några av dem skulle återvända och på en formell, politiskt/strukturell nivå ansågs de först vara invandrare och där-efter medborgare i Sverige. För vissa kvinnor upphörde flyktingskap när de insåg att de aldrig någonsin skulle återvända till det gamla hemlandet och istället påbörjade de ett nytt liv i Sverige. För andra dröjde denna insikt.

    En distinktion görs mellan denna undersökning och Lundbergs kring innehållet i begreppet Mening. Beslutet om återvändande fattades av de polska kvinnliga överlevande tidigt, ty redan i november 1945 började de första bland dem att resa till Polen. De kvinnor som valde att återvända med första transporten uppfyllde exilens mening och det som till en början var svenska myndigheters krav, alltså att återvända. Därmed hade kvinnorna inte behov av att skapa en diasporakultur i värdlandet, det som Lundberg kategoriserar att det ingår i begreppet Mening för de latinamerikanska flyktingarna (bildande av egna föreningar, studiecirklar, demonstrationer, petitioner, engagemang för ”saken”). De vistades för kort tid i Sverige. Däremot i en fortsatt studie som skulle följa kvarstannarna över tid skulle diskussionen kring innehållet i begreppet Mening och den polska diasporan kunna utvecklas.

  • 256.
    Bonacchi, Chiara
    et al.
    University College London, UK.
    Petersson, Bodil
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Digital Co-production in Archaeology: An editorial2017In: Internet Archaeology, ISSN 1363-5387, E-ISSN 1363-5387, no 46Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This special issue focuses on digitally-enabled co-production in archaeology, by bringing together papers that were presented at the session Communication as Collaboration: Digital Methods, Experiences and Values, organised at the 21st Annual Meeting of the European Association of Archaeologists (University of Glasgow, 2015). The session was part of the Communicating Archaeology thematic cluster, which was partly inspired by the first published volume dedicated specifically to the topic of digital public engagement in archaeology (Bonacchi 2012). In that session and in this collection, we have been exploring communication as the collaborative construction of materials and interpretations rather than the dissemination of content at given stages of the archaeological research process (Bonacchi and Moshenska 2015). We have aimed at building an initial critical mass of literature reflecting on participatory engagement with archaeology, its values, limitations and applicability by different social actors in a range of places and spaces within geo-political, social and cultural situations. By hosting case studies that were spontaneously offered in response to an invited call for papers, the issue allows the examination of the presence, or absence, meanings and outcomes of digital co-production in archaeology at an international level.

  • 257.
    Bonell, Marie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Rent hus med RUT: Analys av argumentation kring skattereduktion för hushållsarbete2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Only when the servant or wife is abruptly removed from the household and the well-oiled wheels of domestic machinery grind to a halt does the superior realize just how important such services really are. This quote shows how important domestic services are, it also points out who executes it and that society and people, at least the superior, tend to take it for granted. The quote also gives a hint to the aim of this study which is to analyze the arguments behind the policy proposal presented in Promemorian Skattelättnader för hushållstjänster from 2006. The study focuses on the social problems behind the policy proposal and if there were problems left unproblematized. Another aim is to study if assumptions on gender and class can be seen in the policy proposal. Two methods have been used; primarily argumentation, but to some extent (theoretically) also Carol Lee Bacchi’s approach ”what’s the problem represented to be?”. Bacchi’s approach is useful because the presented solutions to a problem depend on the representation of problems and how they are formulated. The results show, among other things, that the interpretation of women’s role in household and society, which also contain a representation of problems, line up the solutions of the problems. They also show that gender equality, as well as gender and class, has been left unproblematized in the policy proposal.

  • 258.
    Borglin, John
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Django, historien om en hjälte: En diskursanalys av postkoloniala och genusteoretiska maktförhållanden i Quentin Tarantinos film Django Unchained.2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The following study aims to analyze expressions of postcolonial and gender theoretical conditions of power in Quentin Tarantino’s film Django Unchained. The method of analysis is the one of discourse analysis. The analysis is used as a means to distinguish the expressions of value which will aim to depict the gender theoretical- and postcolonial structures of power the film mediates.

     Furthermore, the results given by the analysis will be discussed in relation to creation of prosthetic memory. Considering the prosthetic memory’s impact on the viewers subjectivity, and outlook on both present and future values, the theory will adequately be discussed in relation to the representation this pop-cultural medium mediate.

    This study does not aim to analyze the historical authenticity of the film but rather to identify which postcolonial and gender theoretical values that are projected through the historical narrative. However, Django’s hero status will be discussed in relation with the mid-19th century American setting.

    As for the results of the analysis they were both in line with, and contradictive to, what the previous studies has shown. In correlation with the preceding studies the film did not seem to address the psychological issue of the different positions of power a slave could have. However, the position of Django was in fact a subject of problematization. The configuration of gender was less nuanced, which gave rise to a one-sided function and power stature for the depicted women of the film. In contrast to this, the power hieratical position for men were highly fluid and dependent on several factors.

  • 259.
    Borglin, John
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Minnet av Utøya i populärkulturen.: En analys av genus och ideologi i två samtida spelfilmer om Utøya-attentatet.2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The following study aims to discuss the impact of Erik Poppes’ and Paul Greengrass’ respective audio-visual texts depicting the July 22 massacre on Utøya, Norway. The study will discuss the impact of said texts on the creation of a cultural memory of the event, as well as the creation of identity which is derived from its remembrance.

     

    The cultural memory and formation of identity created by this mediating media have an impact on the reception of the depicted past as well as the ideas and views regarding contemporary times. This gives the study a deeper relation to the historical field, whilst also contextualizing the entire study in the grander field of memory studies. In addition, the method decodes the theoretical perspectives of gender-theory and ideological-theory.

     

    Considering the choice of theoretical fields, discourse analysis is implemented as the method of analysis. It is derived from Faucault’s idea of language and its notions of hierarchical carriers of meaning, though in this context with a broader scope as to include both linguistic and non-linguistic signs.

     

    The results of the analysis were fruitful. In terms of gender-theoretical portrayal, the films offered similarities as well as differences. Both of them portrayed a nuanced representation of gender-constructions, however in highly different ways, as their respective narratives were dissimilar. Furthermore, the ideological values portrayed were interlinked between the films, though more or less fixed towards different ideas. The discussion that followed connected this study to the wider field of cultural memory and identity creation in relations to mediating popular-historical media.

  • 260.
    Borglin, John
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    The Birth of Two Nations: En analys av ras och sexualitet i två filmatiseringar från 1915 och 20162019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The following study aims, through a narratological and discourse analysis, to discuss and make visable, how two films, both named The Birth of a Nation, directed by G.W. Griffith and Nate Parker respectively depict violence and sexuality in relation to race. The theoretical framework, consists of postcolonialism, race, violence, masculinity and sexuality. However, the different parts of the theoretical framework are intertwined as race, sexuality and violence are interlinked and dependent on each other. These theories were chosen in accordance to the feature films’ narratives as well as their relation to each other. The results of this study were mainly in line with previously conducted research regarding the films. However the analysis of Nate Parker’s production provided a more neuanced perspective regarding the depiction of the interlinked expressions of sexuality and racial hegemony mainly from whites. Both films use similar style figures regarding the depiciton of violence, hegemony and sexuality even though the style figures serve to portray, in Parker’s film – the whites, and in Griffith’s film – the blacks, as perpertrators. Finally, the study raises new questions for research. I claim that a larger study, containing the collected canon of feature films from 1915 until today would make for an enriched and more complete picture of how black slaves are depicted in feature films as well as how these films reflect their contemporary times.

  • 261.
    Brautaset, Camilla
    et al.
    University of Bergen, Norway.
    Gregersen, MalinLinnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences. Linnaeus University, The University Administration.Skeie, Karina HestadNLA University College, Norway.
    Møter med Kina: norsk diplomati, næringsliv og misjon 1880-19372018Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [no]

    Møter med Kina handler om møter mellom mennesker på tvers av geografiske, kulturelle og språklige grenser. Ukjent for de fleste, flyttet en rekke nordmenn til Kina mellom 1890 og 1937. Noen var misjonærer. Andre reiste for å drive handel eller arbeide i det kinesiske tollvesenet. For første gang samles historien til enkeltpersoner fra diplomati, næringsliv og misjon i en felles historie om norsk migrasjon til Kina. Boken formidler historisk analyse i fortellingens form. Her presenteres nye sider av kjente størrelser som general Munthe og misjonæren Marie Monsen. Ikke minst løftes nye og hittil ukjente historier fram. Ingeniør Skappel søkte å skape et globalt finansimperium gjennom en skandinavisk-kinesisk bank. Norges første Kina-misjonær Anna Jakobsen, trosset alt og alle for å gifte seg med Cheng Xiuqui. Gjennom fortellinger om mennesker som levde transnasjonale liv, hendelser som risopprøret i Changsha i 1910 og varer som medisintran, kaster boken nytt lys over hvordan enkeltindivid utnytter teknologiske nyvinninger og transnasjonale handlingsrom i håp om å nå nye mål. Noen lykkes. Andre ender i fallitt. Alle erfarer mer enn de kunne forestille seg. Slik gir boken ny kunnskap ikke bare om norsk migrasjon og norsk-kinesisk historie, men også om globalisering som historisk fenomen.

  • 262.
    Brautaset, Camilla
    et al.
    University of Bergen, Norway.
    Skeie, Karina Hestad
    NLA University College, Norway.
    Gregersen, Malin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences. Linnaeus University, The University Administration.
    Møter med Kina: En introduksjon2018In: Møter med Kina: Norsk diplomati, næringsliv og misjon 1890-1937 / [ed] Camilla Brautaset, Malin Gregersen, Karina Hestad Skeie, Bergen: Fagbokforlaget, 2018, p. 17-35Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 263.
    Bredgaard, Linus
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Samerna & Herr Erik: En postkolonial studie om kolonisationen av Sápmi genom en prästs ögon2018Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine the colonisation of Sápmi though the works of a local priest, by the name of Eric Grape. To do so, this study uses postcolonial theory when analysing the content of the works by Grape. Eric Grape was a priest active in the Lappmarks of northern Sweden in the early nineteenth century and who wrote articles for the Swedish Royal Academy of Sciences. The focus of the study is the othering of the Saami people and their culture, and the colonial production of knowledge that Grape produced about the Saami. Othering is a term by Edward Said and it is about the constructed difference between “we” the European culture and people regarded as the “other”. This term, the study argues, can also be applied when studying the colonial encounters between the Saami and Swedish colonial actors such as Grape. The main result of this study is that Grape portrays the Saami as different and more primitive than the Swedish settlers that occupy the northen part of Sweden, he describes the Saami as childish.

  • 264. Broström, Sven-Gunnar
    et al.
    Goldhahn, Joakim
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Cultural Sciences.
    Ihrestam, Kenneth
    Wikell, Roger
    Tusentals nya hällristningar i småländska Tjust2010In: Populär arkeologi, ISSN 0281-014X, no 4, p. 12-13Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 265.
    Brown, Alex
    et al.
    University of Reading.
    Bradley, Richard
    University of Reading.
    Goldhahn, Joakim
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Cultural Sciences.
    Nord, Jenny
    University of Lund.
    Skoglund, Peter
    Yendell, Virgil
    The environmental context of a prehistoric rock carving on the Bjäre Peninsula, southern Sweden2011In: Journal of Archaeological Science, ISSN 0305-4403, E-ISSN 1095-9238, Vol. 38, no 3, p. 746-752Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Palaeoecological analysis of peat deposits from a small bog at Lingården, southern Sweden, have been used to examine the nature and timing of vegetation changes and anthropogenic activity associated with a nearby rock carving located close to the edge of the wetland. This study is the first of its type to investigate the environmental context of rock carvings in southern Sweden. Debate has tended to focus on chronology and iconography, with little consideration of the environmental relationships of rock carvings and how vegetation may help construct a site within its surrounding landscape. The pollen evidence from Lingården demonstrates that the rock carving was located in an isolated semi-wooded setting during the late Bronze Age. This is in stark contrast to several other pollen studies from the Bjäre Peninsula that record widespread woodland clearance and agricultural activity from the late Neolithic–Bronze Age transition. The results of this study support hypotheses that suggest complex rock carvings, such as Lingården, were separated from settled areas. This sense of separation and isolation is reinforced by the vegetation surrounding the rock carving. This paper also discusses the relationship between charcoal in the pollen sequence and evidence that the decorated outcrop had been burnt.

  • 266.
    Brunow, Dagmar
    Hamburg University, Germany ; Halmstad University.
    Allegory, Performativity, and Intervention: The Function of Travelogues in a Contested Space. A comment on Charlotte Tornbjer2009In: Borders as Experience / [ed] KG Hammarlund, Halmstad: Halmstad University , 2009, p. 201-215Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 267.
    Brunow, Dagmar
    Hamburg University, Germany ; Halmstad University.
    Archival practice as counter memory: Preserving the cultural heritage of independent video workshops2011In: NECS (European Network for Cinema and Media Studies) – The London Conference, Sonic Futures: Soundscapes and the Languages of Screen Media, University of London, June 23-26, 2011, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 268.
    Brunow, Dagmar
    Hamburg University, Germany ; Halmstad University.
    "Es war ein mentaler Widerstand": Erinnerungen von Werner Krebs2002In: Getanzte Freiheit: Swingkultur zwischen NS-Diktatur und Gegenwart / [ed] Alenka Barber-Kersovan, Gordon Uhlmann, Hamburg: Dölling und Galitz , 2002, p. 119-122Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 269.
    Brunow, Dagmar
    Hamburg University, Germany ; Halmstad University.
    "Es war nicht mein Krieg": Erinnerungen von Hans Peter Viau2002In: Getanzte Freiheit: Swingkultur zwischen NS-Diktatur und Gegenwart / [ed] Alenka Barber-Kersovan, Gordon Uhlmann, Hamburg: Dölling und Galitz , 2002, p. 104-111Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 270.
    Brunow, Dagmar
    University of Hamburg, Germany ; Halmstad University.
    Film als Historiographie: "Handsworth Songs" als Dekonstruktion kolonialer Geschichtsschreibung2012In: "All We Ever Wanted...": Eine Kulturgeschichte europäischer Protestbewegungen der 1980er Jahre / [ed] Hanno Balz, Jan-Henrik Friedrichs, Berlin: Karl Dietz Verlag Berlin , 2012, 1, p. 107-119Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 271.
    Brunow, Dagmar
    Hamburg University, Germany ; Halmstad University.
    Film als kulturelles Gedächtnis der Arbeitsmigration: Fatih Akıns Wir haben vergessen zurückzukehren2011In: 50 Jahre türkische Arbeitsmigration in Deutschland / [ed] Şeyda Ozil, Michael Hofmann, Yasemin Dayıoğlu-Yücel, Göttingen: V&R Unipress, 2011, p. 183-204Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 272.
    Brunow, Dagmar
    Halmstad University ; Hamburg University, Germany.
    The cultural heritage of collective filmmaking in Germany: The archival practice of independent film and video workshops2011In: 21st International Screen Studies Conference, University of Glasgow, Scotland, 1-3 July 2011, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Collective filmmaking practice in Germany is still a blind spot in film historiography. This is all the more surprising since independent film and video workshops established a nationwide network of political media practice during the 1970s. Inspired by Brecht and Tretjakov, Negt/Kluge and Enzensberger, their aims were twofold: first, to empower political activists departing from Tretjakov’s idea of “operative” art and second, to establish film archives and distribution networks. Yet, currently the archives are facing severe problems concerning  preservation: as the video tapes slowly disintegrate, the memory of the various media practices of the last decades is fading away. As digitization is costly and time-consuming, many video productions will not survive. This has, as I will argue, consequences not only for (left-wing) historiography, but also for the visual iconography of cultural memory. My paper focusses on the archival practice of two workshops in Hamburg: the mpz (Medienpädagogikzentrum, 1973-) and bildwechsel, the feminist film archive (1979-).  International influences such as the independent workshop sector in the UK as well as questions of auteurism and canonisation will be discussed.

  • 273.
    Brunow, Dagmar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Unqueering lesbian heritage?: Curating digital content in audiovisual archives2019In: ALMS Conference Berlin 2019: Queering memory. Archive – Arts – Audiences. 27 – 29 June 2019, Haus der Kulturen der Welt, Magnus-Hirschfeld-Gesellschaft , 2019, p. 37-37Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Visibility has long been an important goal in European lesbian activism and an important means of political empowerment. Yet, visibility can also bring about an increased vulnerability for marginalized groups, especially in times of hate speech and an increasing political backlash. Moreover, we need to ask: whose visibility is recognized by whom, and on what grounds? In my paper I look at the ways both national and grassroot film archives recognize lesbian lives through collection and selection policies, through the use of metadata and via the curation of online access. Presenting case studies from the Swedish and British Film Institutes, from the Hamburg-based archive bildwechsel as well as the Lesbian Home Movie Project in Maine, this paper discusses the ambivalence of lesbian visibility after (amateur) film footage has left the safe space of the archive to be widely circulated online. The paper looks at legal and ethical challenges archivists are facing when dealing with nudity, lesbian affection and other representations which challenge hegemonic heteronormative scopic regimes. How can an ethically conducted archival practice be guaranteed? How can archives avoid making lesbian lives invisible again? This paper presents some of the results of my research project “The Cultural Heritage of the Moving Image” (Swedish Research Council 2016-2018).

  • 274.
    Bruér, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Cultural Sciences.
    Mellan klass och kön: En analys av det socialdemokratiska kvinnoförbundets aktionsprogram 1972 - 19932012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to analyse the conceptualisation of the social relations of class and gender within the Social Democratic Women’s Association during the period 1972 – 1993, on the basis of their programmes for action. The analysis of the concepts is based on an ideology critical study focusing on the manifest ideology.

    The study is based upon the theoretical concepts of class and gender,  The class analysis is based upon the broadened concepts of class by Erik Olin Wright and Ira Katznelson. The gender analysis is mainly based upon a Marxist understanding and a critical point of view of Marxism and feminism in the context of patriarchy and capitalism.

    The period of the study is where the social democracy is challenged, both by radical socialism and feminist ideology and the economic crisis during the 1980’s, as well as the possible threat of an organised women’s party in Sweden. It is also a period with major changes in the Swedish class structure, especially in the change when married women become a part of the female labour force rather than being housewives.

    The results indicate that the use of the concepts of class and gender is mainly sparsely used. The concepts are often paraphrased in varied terms of social equality. Class is clearly more used, and more often implied, than gender. Gender policies are formed from a latent ideology to a more practically oriented policy, without any real progress concerning power and equality, when Sweden at the same time forms policies for gender equality, from which the women’s association could benefit, even though they may not have been the actors of this change. The analysis also indicates that some of the ideological changes within the women’s association are a result of both outside influences from more radical groups as well as ideological crises within the social democracy. In this struggle between class and gender the Social Democratic Women's Association positions itself in between.

  • 275.
    Brydon, Diana
    et al.
    University of Manitoba, Canada.
    Forsgren, Peter
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Fur, Gunlög
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Culture bound and unbound: concurrent voices and claims in postcolonial places2014In: Culture Unbound. Journal of Current Cultural Research, ISSN 2000-1525, E-ISSN 2000-1525, Vol. 6, p. 1253-1257Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 276. Brück, Joanna
    et al.
    Nilsson Stutz, Liv
    Emory University, USA.
    Is Archaeology Still a Project for the Nation State? An editorial Comment2016In: Archaeological Dialogues, ISSN 1380-2038, E-ISSN 1478-2294, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 1-3Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The European Association of Archaeologists has long fostered critical analysis of the relationship between archaeology and politics, particularly the politics of national, regional and supra-regional identities. Although the role of nationalism in the birth of archaeology as a discipline is well recognized, the events of the past few years – from the referendum on Scottish independence in 2014, to the movement for secession in eastern Ukraine, and the rise of explicitly nationalist political movements across the continent – suggest that the (re)formulation of national identities is likely to continue to have major implications both for our interpretation of the past and for the practice of archaeology in the present. In light of this, the Archaeological dialogues editorial board organized a round table at the EAA meeting in Glasgow in September 2015 to explore the extent to which institutional, legislative and funding structures as well as political and cultural imperatives continue to bind our discipline into the construction of nationalist narratives, and this more or less in spite of long-standing critical debates within the discipline itself that for decades have problematized the relationship. Are we caught in a ‘can't-live-with-and-can't-live-without’ situation? While explicitly nationalist archaeologies have become almost obsolete in the European academies, we rarely contemplate the impact of nationalism on funding or the definition and protection of cultural heritage, for example. Several of the following papers suggest that without the nation state's involvement, the vicissitudes of global capitalism would result in a situation where it would be extremely difficult to adequately protect our ‘heritage’, however that is defined.

  • 277.
    Buchan, Bruce
    et al.
    Griffith University, Australia.
    Andersson Burnett, Linda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Knowing Savagery: Australia and the Anatomy of Race2019In: History of the Human Sciences, ISSN 0952-6951, E-ISSN 1461-720X, Vol. 32, no 4, p. 115-134Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When Australia was circumnavigated by Europeans in 1801–02, French and British natural historians were unsure how to describe the Indigenous peoples who inhabited the land they charted and catalogued. Ideas of race and of savagery were freely deployed by both British and French, but a discursive shift was underway. While the concept of savagery had long been understood to apply to categories of human populations deemed to be in want of more historically advanced ‘civilisation’, the application of this term in the late 18th and early 19th centuries was increasingly being correlated with the emerging terminology of racial characteristics. The terminology of race was still remarkably fluid, and did not always imply fixed physical or mental endowments or racial hierarchies. Nonetheless, by means of this concept, natural historians began to conceptualise humanity as subject not only to historical gradations, but also to the environmental and climatic variations thought to determine race. This in turn meant that the degree of savagery or civilisation of different peoples could be understood through new criteria that enabled physical classification, in particular by reference to skin colour, hair, facial characteristics, skull morphology, or physical stature: the archetypal criteria of race. While race did not replace the language of savagery, in the early years of the 19th century savagery was re-inscribed by race.

  • 278.
    Buchan, Bruce
    et al.
    Griffith University, Australia.
    Andersson Burnett, Linda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Knowing savagery: Humanity in the circuits of colonial knowledge2019In: History of the Human Sciences, ISSN 0952-6951, E-ISSN 1461-720X, Vol. 32, no 4, p. 3-7Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How was 'savagery' constituted as a field of colonial knowledge? As Europe's empires expanded, their reach was marked not only by the colonisation of new territories but by the colonisation of knowledge. Path-breaking scholarship since the 1990s has shown how European knowledge of colonised territories and peoples developed from diverse travel writings, missionary texts, and exploration narratives from the 16th century onwards (Abulafia, 2008; Armitage, 2000; De Campos Francozo, 2017; Pratt, 1992). Of prime importance in this work has been the investigation of the pre-positioning of colonised peoples within categories derived from European traditions of historical, religious, legal, and political thought as either 'savages' or 'barbarians' (Richardson, 2018; Sebastiani, 2013).

  • 279.
    Bygg, Joel
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    När kunskapen exkluderade: En kontextuell analys rörande den beslutsprocess som avkriminaliserade homosexuella handlingar mellan åren 1933-19442017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The following study examines the process behind the legalization of homosexual acts in Sweden between the years of 1933-1944. This is done through Michel Foucault’s thoughts about bio-power and episteme. The study also relies on the definition of heteronormativity found in Tiina Rosenbergs book Queerfeministisk agenda. I have made use of public Swedish government publications in the form of Statens offentliga utredningar (loosely translated to public investigations by the government) and motions, propositions and protocol from the Swedish parliament between the investigated period (1933-1944). The goal of the study was to identify the most influential episteme which in turn was analysed to see, if it in any way, influenced the discourse against homosexuals in a positive or negative way.

    Results from the study confirms that the contemporary episteme named after Emil Kraeplin which concludes that homosexual behaviour was seen in the light of being something socially constructed and could therefore be spread between individuals in the means of homosexual manipulations. This lead the episteme to influence the discourse against homosexuals to be viewed as a disease and a mental illness. By looking at homosexuality from the outlook of the Kraeplin episteme the Swedish law was formed in a way to protect the Swedish youth from being able to be manipulated into spreading the homosexual acts.

  • 280.
    Byström, Christoffer
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Urmakarens undergång: En kulturhistorisk undersökning om urmakeriets utveckling och motgångar under 1900-talet2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The following study examines watchmakers and the watchmaking school in Sweden, how these changed during the 20th century. This is done through Geert Hofstede´s theory about levels of analyzes, his different steps to reach culture history. The source material of the study is based on public investigations, scientific articles, newspaper articles, literature and interviews. The purpose of this study is to reach and understand what and why changes occur in the world of watchmaking, and if the watchmaker managed to survive these changes during the 20th century. Results from the study confirm that very little has changed in the watchmaking school, they still use the same methods as they did 300 years ago. The watchmakers in Sweden showed that they had the durability and flexibility to survive several changes, even if the world was in motion during most of the 20th century.

  • 281.
    Börjesson, Lisa
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Dell'Unto, Nicolo
    Lund University.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University.
    Larsson, Carolina
    Lund University.
    Löwenborg, Daniel
    Uppsala University.
    Petersson, Bodil
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Stenborg, Per
    University of Gothenburg.
    A Neo-Documentalist Lens for Exploring the Premises of Disciplinary Knowledge Making2016In: Proceedings from The Document Academy, ISSN 2473-215X, Vol. 3, no 15, p. 1-23, article id 5Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to demonstrate how documentation analysis with a neo-documentalist lens can help us explore variations (and stabilities) in conceptions and materialities of documents, as intertwined with disciplinary and sub-disciplinary practices of informing and knowing. Drawing on documentation theory, and with previous research on archaeological documentation as a background, by means of autoethnographic vignettes we explore contemporary conceptions of documentation in five areas in or related to archaeology (Intra-site 3D documentation, Development-led archaeology, Aggregating documentation for use outside the organization, Mediating documentation – or documentation mediation, and Documenting and displaying archaeology in a changing environment). Digitization, and how digitization has spurred renegotiations of what counts as documentation, functions as a common denominator discussed in all of the vignettes. The analysis highlights simultaneously ongoing renegotiations of documentation serving each area’s unique epistemic purposes, and pushing document materialities in different directions. This operationalization of documentation analysis creates an understanding for intra-disciplinary variations in documentation but is importantly also a practical tool to uncover documentation-related premises of disciplinary knowledge-making. This tool can be applied for example in processes of information policy development (regulating what purposes documentation should serve, and what it should be like), information systems design (e.g. for creation and communication of documentation), and infrastructure development (e.g. for preservation and accessibility of documentation).

  • 282.
    Böök, Martina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    De fina skillnaderna: Vem och vad signalerade status i klädedräkten, Öjaby och Virestad under 1780-talet.2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines patterns of consumption during the 1780s in Öjaby and Virestad parishes. I have examined the clothes and jewelry in estate inventories using the concept of status. Then I have used Pierre Bourdieu's theories to understand fashion mechanisms.

    I have identified five different groups, each distinguished by their formal wear. Men have similar clothes but in Virestad they have more items and more silver. Four people were divergent, they choose other materials and models. The women in the various parishes had differed significantly. In Öjaby women had more modern clothing and less jewelry in comparison, with Virestad. It is clearly visible that the people in the probate area in Virestad were spending more money compared to what they owned to be able to maintain a certain level of status. Status indications in clothes and jewelry were important in Virestad. Here is a more peasant-dominated culture which apparently made clothing more conservative. In both parishes people with a smaller percentage of balance spend more to maintain a certain standard. In Virestad women spent more than men on clothes in Öjaby it is the opposite.

    Dressing nicely seems important, after first set of clothing more expensive were purchased. Silver, number of clothes, expensive clothes, different material and color are factors that are available when the people created their wardrobe. Those with a high balance had several expensive items to show off their status with. Interesting is also that people continued to renew their wardrobe throughout their working life.

  • 283.
    Böök, Martina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Mer för prakten än för nyttans skull.: Statusmarkeringar i bouppteckningar från Virestad socken 1750-17592013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Most scientists believe that in the good times the peasant had the opportunity to follow fashion. Virestad parish does not follow fashion. My purpose is to try to understand something of the mechanism that made Virestad do so: that I will do by analyzing the results in relation to the concept of status. My main source is estate inventories. Here I examine the status markers and differences in what they invested in clothes and jewelry in relation to the estate's proceeds.

    The lower the balance, the more percentage they need to put on clothes. As for silver, it is not possible to draw these conclusions. Those who spent more than 100 daler also have a balance of 700 daler or more. Finer and more clothing also afford more jewelry. Men and women spends the same amount in clothing and jewelry.

    Several parameters measures the status in clothing.

    1. Materials is important.

    2. The amount of material is significant.

    3. Some clothes are of high value.

    4. The numbers of clothes have meaning.

    5. Color has meaning.

    6. Old clothes have a lower value.

    That Virestad parish would have stagnated in fashion because of bad times and lack of money is not true. I believe that most of the peasants had more than enough to afford to replace their clothes to the more modern. Here are other mechanisms that retain a more old-fashioned dress. Status is one. In the estate inventories you can clearly see the differents of status markers.

  • 284.
    Caesar, Camilla
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Gustin, IngridLunds universitet.Iregren, ElisabethLunds universitet.Petersson, BodilLunds universitet, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens historia.Rudebeck, ElisabethLunds universitet.Räf, ErikaLunds universitet.Ströbeck, LouiseLunds universitet.
    Han hon den det: att integrera genus och kön i arkeologi1999Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This book deals with the integration of gender and sex in archaeology. The various aspects and themes in the articles reveal the diversity and dynamics of contemporary gender-related research.

  • 285. Caesar, Camilla
    et al.
    Gustin, IngridIregren, ElisabethPetersson, BodilRudebeck, ElisabethRäf, ErikaStröbeck, LouiseLund University, Sweden.
    Han hon den det: Att integrera genus och kön i arkeologi1999Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • 286.
    Carlsson, Evelina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Plats önskas av flicka som vill vara obemärkt: En analys av lokala tidningsannonser i Växjö till och från ogifta, gravida kvinnor 1910-19382016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Marrige has historically been seen as the norm of coexistance between men and women. In all times, regardless of this norm, unmarried women have gotten pregnant. Societies have delt with the situation of unmarried, pregnant women in different ways in different time periods. In Sweden in the beginning of the 1900 hundreds unmarried, pregnant women often advertised in the papers for a place to stay during their pregnancy. Advertised in the papers, at the same time, did also people who provided places were the women could stay. The pupose of this essay is to investigate the advertisements to and from unmarred, pregnant women and to analyse what they can tell us about their situation in Sweden between 1910-1938. I have also, partly, looked upon advertisements were fostercare is needed for the children of the unmarried women. Through my invetsigation I also came across paragraphs in the papers concerning unmarried women, which also have been anlysed and is discussed in the essay. The result shows that unmarried women were referred to as unknown and unnoticed in the advertisements. Special names were also used when reffering to the illegitimate children of the women. Using special namnes to distinguish women and children are discussed in the analysis by the help of Foucaults theory about discourses. Previous research about advertisements to and from unmarried women have been carried through by a student called Lena Wängelin. She investiagated advertisements to and from unmarried, pregnant women during the 20th century in womens magazines and nationwide papers. Lena Wängelins results has in many ways been compared to my own results, together with what other scientists have written about unmarried women and illigetimate children in the past.

  • 287.
    Carlsson, Rasmus
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Ur askan i elden: En mikrohistorisk studie om den lagstridige drängen och samhällets påverkan på dennes liv2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay explores the life of Peter Andersson Holmstedt, a farm-labourer from Öland, Sweden, in the early 19th century and why he conclusively chose to end his life. This essay utilises material from archives to fully represent his life as to portray his various choices and deeds, as well as provide an insight into his mentality. In order to realise this, the essay continuously utilises theoretical groundwork such as microhistory, history of mentality, hermeneutics and structure-agent relationships. Through the insight into Holmstedt’s life, there are links to the religious, familial and judicial systems that intertwine and affect his life to a broad extent; thus revealing whether he is autonomous or not; whether he acts out of necessity or by iniquity. This essay portrays the mind of Holmstedt, and of others in similar situations to a certain extent while giving insight into teaching microhistory with source-material from archives. However, and more importantly, this essay highlights the marginalised individual and gives insight into the ordinary, yet cruel life of the working man of the 19th century.

  • 288.
    Carlsson, Rasmus
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Vinnare och Förlorare: En studie av gästande adelskretsar och deras politiska övertygelse på Kalmar slott, 1579-16002016Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to examine whether visiting noblemen at the castles of Borgholm and Kalmar with their vast network of acquaintances can determine a tendency towards a political stance in the civil war of Sweden in the late 16th century. This is done by examining the guests and the company of the bailiff, born as a commoner but later governor and nobleman, Christoffer Gyllengrip Andersson, who in the end of the century would perish in the same manner as many of the peerage who fell at the bloodbath of Linköping in the year 1600. The networks are analyzed with the help of accountings and census records from the above mentioned castles between the years 1579-1592 whereon by the year 1593 the following national as well as local events will be analyzed and presented until the year 1600. The essay shows that allegiance to one or the other side can be seen to certain degree in the presented era delving into Kalmar Castle generally, allthough the true nature of one’s political ideals become most visible in the later 1590s when the noblemen actually are forced to take sides, instead of the double-agent poppycock of which they were in the antecedent decade of 1580. The essay shows that the information given by the census-records can be anchored in history’s more famous line such as when Olof Andersson Oxehufvud (one of many) is assigned as governor in the year 1594 to prevent the eminent empowerment of his uncle Karl, Duke of Södermanland, Närke and Värmland.

  • 289.
    Carlsson, Tim
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    ”Brudar förgyller” OS : En innehållsanalys om hur kvinnliga friidrottare framställs under de olympiska spelen i Mexiko City 1968 och Barcelona 19922017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine four Swedish newspapers views on female athletes in the Olympic Games in Mexico City 1968 and Barcelona 1992, and examine what information the Swedish public received through their reporting about the Olympic Games in Mexico City and Barcelona. The study is based on printed editions of the Swedish newspapers Aftonbladet, Expressen, Kvällsposten and Idag.

     

    The study is a quantitative content analysis, containing a total number of 68 articles. In this paper the theoretical perspective is based on the framing theory, where the focus is how the female athletics were depicted in the Swedish press.

     

    The results show that the Swedish newspapers want to portray and communicate about the female athletics performance, which applies to both the Olympic Games in 1968 and 1992. However, there were news reports in both Olympics that focused more on reproducing the female participant's appearance rather than their athletic performance. The results also show that there are only slight differences in each newspapers framing of female athletics in the Olympic Games in Mexico City 1968. The most usual descriptions based on my results are that female athletics are beautiful, girls and small. The result of this paper shows that is possible to perceive a change of the most common descriptions in the Olympics Games in Barcelona 1992. In the Olympics 1992 framing as doped and civil state began to more usual in the news that was about female athletics. 

  • 290.
    Catalán-Morseby, Elizabeth
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Chilenska flyktingar i Sverige efter 1973: En studie om chilenska flyktingars upplevelser av militärkuppen i Chile och efterföljande flykt till och flyktingmottagning i Sverige2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay is to study Chilean refugees’ experiences of the 1973 military coup in Chile as well as the subsequent escape to, and reception of refugees in Sweden. In order to accomplish the purpose of the essay, six Chilean refugees who arrived in Sweden after 1973 have been interviewed and have generated answers which are compared to previous research in this field. Furthermore, written history tends to describe people in power as well as warfare in general. Therefore, by using oral history as a method in this study to investigate Chilean refugees’ experiences, a more nuanced and democratic version of what happened could appear. As a result, this study mostly concurs with previous research made in this field, thus arguing that political and social injustices triggered the Chilean refugees’ involvement in Allende’s popular unity in Chile. When Allende was overthrown by armed forces and a merciless persecution took place, the people interviewed in this study decided to escape to another country. The goal with the escape was to wait until the situation had calmed down and then, return to Chile. While in Sweden, they decided to continue the struggle towards a free and democratic Chile. However, as time passed during the long-term dictatorship, those dreams faded.

  • 291.
    Catalán-Morseby, Elizabeth
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Cultural Sciences.
    Ängöskolan: Förlägging för lettiska flyktingar i Kalmar åren 1944 till 19452011Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsens syfte är att undersöka Ängöskolans tid som baltiskt flyktingläger i Kalmar under den tidiga efterkrigstiden. I arbetet med uppsatsen har jag studerat listan över inskrivningsliggare som redogör för antalet registrerade flyktingar på Ängöförläggningen i Kalmar med avseende till ålder, kön, yrke/klass, civilstånd och generation. I målet att besvara hur Kalmars flyktingverksamhet organiserades och dess roll som arbetsinstitution har främst inkommande skrivelser samt intendentens skrivelser i form av brev studerats. Jag har även jämfört mina resultat med Kalmar hjälpkommittés verksamhet för judiska flyktingar och Skånes baltiska flyktingmottagning och arbetsmarknadspolitiska åtgärder under den tidiga efterkrigstiden.

  • 292.
    Cederlöf, Gunnel
    Uppsala universitet.
    Anna Lindberg: Experience and Identity. A Historical Account of Class, Caste and Gender among the Cashew Workers of Kerala2002In: Kvinnovetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 0348-8365, Vol. 23, no 4, p. 91-94Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 293.
    Cederlöf, Gunnel
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    Anticipating Independent India: The Idea of the Lutheran Christian Nation and Indian Nationalism2006In: Svensk Missionstidsskrift, ISSN 0346-217X, Vol. 94, no 4, p. 521-542Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 294.
    Cederlöf, Gunnel
    Uppsala university.
    Anticipating Independent India: The Idea of the Lutheran Christian Nation and Indian Nationalism2009In: India and the Indianness of Christianity: Essays on Understanding—Historical, Theological, and Bibliographical—In Honor of Robert Eric Frykenberg / [ed] Richard Fox Young, Grand Rapids, MI, and Cambridge: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 2009, p. 196-216Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 295.
    Cederlöf, Gunnel
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Battles over Law: The (Re-)formation of Legal Rights to Nature in the Nilgiri Hills, Early Nineteenth Century2018In: In Quest of the Historian's Craft: Essays in Honour of Prof. B.B. Chaudhuri / [ed] Arun Bandopadhyay, Sanjukta Das Gupta, New Delhi: Manohar Publishers & Distributors, 2018, p. 391-406Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 296.
    Cederlöf, Gunnel
    Uppsala universitet.
    Battles over Law: The (re-)formation of legal rights to nature in the Nilgiri Hills, early nineteenth century2009In: Proceedings of the Biodiversity and Livelihoods Conference 26th-28th March 2009 Coonoor, The Nilgiris / [ed] Rajyashree Dutt, Janet Seeley and Pratim Roy, Darwin initiativ , 2009Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 297.
    Cederlöf, Gunnel
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Becoming and being a subject: An introduction2017In: Subjects, Citizens and Law: Colonial and independent India / [ed] Gunnel Cederlöf, Sanjukta Das Gupta, London & New Delhi: Routledge, 2017, p. 1-17Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 298.
    Cederlöf, Gunnel
    Uppsala University.
    Bonds lost: subordination, conflict and mobilisation in rural south India c. 1900-19701997 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation examines the transformation of rural social relations in the highlands of south India during a period of rapid agricultural change. Long before the expansion of commercial crops in agriculture, the landowning community of farmers and the landless agricultural labourers had been closely related to each other. During the economic change, the need of these labourers increased on the farms. As the labourers were also leather workers, their skills were indispensable to reassure the farmers of the increasingly necessary irrigation.

    By a combination of a variety of government, mission and oral sources, the thesis shows that, between 1880s and 1930s, competition for labour scaled up in the region and agricultural labourers were increasingly tied by advance payments to work for a farmer. This is known as the pannai or farm system and included both duties and rights for the labourers. On account of this, economic expansion gained support and social control was upheld. However, even after preconditions had been made available to achieve a more profitable farming by replacing permanent by casual labourers a substantial, permanent labour force was still employed on the farms. In the late 1930s and 1940s, kinship-wise mobilisation among the Madhari labourers to convert to Christianity was met by strong and sometimes violent resistance. Every movement they made to break with Goundar authority was realised as a threat. Thus, during a decade, social rationality was given priority over economic rationality by the farmers. A severe six-year long drought contributed to end this situation. The farmers finally electrified irrigation and dismissed the major part of their permanent labour force. Thus, the labourers not only gained free mobility but simultaneously lost the rights and security that had been attached to their bonds.

  • 299.
    Cederlöf, Gunnel
    Uppsala universitet.
    Bufflarnas bete försvinner : Todafolket i Nilgribergen trängs bort från sin mark2002In: Tidskrift om Indien, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Afghanistan, Bhutan och Maldiverna, ISSN 0282-0463, Vol. 26, no 1, p. 28-30Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 300.
    Cederlöf, Gunnel
    Uppsala universitet.
    Conflicting Constructions of Community: Land Conflicts in 19th Century Nilgiris2010In: Environment, Livelihoods and Development in Modern South Asia: A Comparative Framework, New Delhi: Manohar Publications , 2010Chapter in book (Other academic)
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