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  • 251.
    Blomdahl, Anton
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Halloween och historia på High Chaparral: En undersökning inom historiebruk och historiekultur kring western och halloween2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to show how the use of history regarding the swedish theme park High Chaparral is altered and how they locally adapt the american modern day tradition of halloween in an american western-themed park. Halloween is a tradition with celtic roots but with heavy modern-day influences from mainly the USA. This causes a cultural collision concerning how this tradition has locally been adopted.

    The way this study has been conducted has been through ethnographical field studies in the theme park of during its halloween event from October 31st to November 2nd, 2019. The focus of these studies has been to study historical and cultural key symbols typical for, and representing, halloween.

    The main results of this study have shown that the way halloween has been locally adopted is influenced by the commercial use of history at High Chaparral. Furthermore, a local and swedish adaption of halloween has occurred in order to fit into the park’s historical theme as well as a swedish cultural context. In addition, it is evident that the way in which High Chaparral portrays halloween is a combination of an american tradition and an american historical setting. This alters the use of history conveyed to the visitors of the park according to how the park wants to portray halloween.

    This goes to show that history is highly present in non-academical terms and outside of scientific institutions. This way of portraying history in popular culture heavily alters the way history is perceived by the public.

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    High Chaparral
  • 252.
    Blomkvist, Alva
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Gendering Ethnicity: Colonialism and Structural Violence in the Swedish 1928 Reindeer Grazing Act2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines how the gendering of ethnicity in the Swedish Reindeer Grazing Act of 1928 (RBL 1928) was part of a colonial structure of violence. The research context in which this thesis places itself is in the intersection of previous scholarship on the colonial interest in controlling Indigenous marriage, and scholarship on Swedish colonial history in Sápmi. The theoretical framework for the thesis is made up by an understanding of violence, settler colonial extinction in fact, intersectionality, and control over women’s reproduction as intertwined phenomenon. 

    The study consists of an analysis of the law in question using a feminist policy analysis and the method ‘What’s the problem represented to be’; as well as a source critical reading of archival materials such as magazine clippings, protocols, legal decisions, letters, questionnaires, and transcribed interviews with Sámi interviewees. 

    RLB 1928 gendered ethnicity so that Sámi women who married non-Sámi men lost their reindeer herding rights, and with that their Sáminess. This is a form of epistemic violence, changing the way Sámi women can relate to their Sáminess. The effects the provision in RBL 1928 controlling marriage had on Sámi women were both economic and social. The economic violence that Sámi women were exposed to consisted of access to land as well as material property being taken from them. When women lost their juridical Sáminess, they risked being isolated from their communities and culture, making out a form of violence here framed as violence of exclusion. The gendering of ethnicity also affected the Sámi society as a whole, as it posed a threat of extinction in fact of the Sámi population.

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  • 253.
    Boberg, Per
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Cultural Sciences.
    Finska immigranter i Katrineholm: Politiska hegemoniers och sociala relationers betydelse för immigranters politiska integration och aktörskap i ett svenskt lokalsamhälle 1944-19912011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present memorandum outlines the structure, theoretical starting points and disposition of a thesis about the activities of Finnish immigrants in a Swedish local community, more specifically their political integration. The intention is to study the municipality of Katrineholm in the years 1944 to 1991.

    Previous research about the actorship of immigrants in spheres such as politics, labour unions, immigrant associations, educational associations and mass-education, as well as churches and religion, is presented to give an overview of possible areas connected to political integration that can be studied. The overview of previous research also covers local immigrant politics.

    The intended theoretical starting points for the proposed thesis are political economy and hegemony. The latter is intended to be investigated through its expression in the social relations class, gender, ethnicity, nationality and generation. It is suggested in this memorandum that hegemonies and social relations within a local political economy can be operationalised fruitfully in a study of political integration. Hence, theoretical viewpoints and definitions connected to political integration are also elaborated on.

    Methodologically it is suggested that quantitative and qualitative analysis be undertaken to study the sources that the thesis is intended to be based on. Sources such as documents from the exemplified activity fields are to be used. Also, it is suggested that oral sources such as interview be used. Another possible method is a research circle, if preconditions in Katrineholm favour such an approach.

    The conclusion of this memorandum is that no previous studies have been undertaken using the approach presented and further that few studies of the local political integration of immigrants exist. Hence, the proposed thesis will make a significant contribution to the study of immigrant actorship, political integration and contributions to the formation of social relations and hegemonies in a local political economy.

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    Per Boberg - Finska immigranter i Katrineholm
  • 254.
    Boberg, Per
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Cultural Sciences.
    Immigration och integration i kommunpolitiken: En studie av immigranters representation avseende förtroendeuppdrag i Växjö Kommun 1971-19912010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present study discusses the political integration of immigrants in local government in the muncipality of Växjö from 1971 to 1991 in the form of representation. The main data source consists of lists of people holding local commissions of trust in the various boards and committés appointed by the municipality council, as well as in the council itself. These data are then compared to population statistics from Statistics Sweden. Main findings of the study are that immigrants are insufficiently represented in relation to their proportion of the population. It is suggested that this is a result of structural discrimination and possibly insufficient socialisation.

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    Per Boberg - Immigration och integration i kommunpolitiken
  • 255.
    Bodenholm, Hampus
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Till Guds förtörnelse: Utom äktenskapet födda kvinnor i Stranda härad under 1800-talet och 1900-talets första hälft.2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the work is to investigate what the conditions were like for women born out of wedlock during the 19th century in Stranda judicial district in Småland. Since the Middle Ages, illegitimate children have had a special position in Swedish society, they have been regulated by both laws and by the religious power and this makes them an interesting group to investigate. Furthermore, my work intends to investigate women born out of wedlock, this as women throughout history have also experienced social and legal restrictions. Combining these two subordinate groups in society and examining how their lives turned out is not only a fairly unexplored area of ​​research but also an interesting one. In the work, a comparison between the 1830s and the 1860s will be carried out in order to examine whether the position of women born out of wedlock in society came to change. The conclusion is that there wasn’t a significant difference between the women born in the 1830s and the 1860s, most women got married and their husbands were neither socially untouchable nor from a similarly unfortunate upbringing as the women was. It’s also possible to see that the economic situation for the women wasn’t as bad as one might think but it’s important to clarify that only a handful of estate inventories were found in the archives. To summarize it’s possible to say that these women were not as badly affected by their title as illegitimate as previous dissertations have concluded and it’s even possible to think that illegitimate children in this part of Småland wasn’t as badly thought of as we like to think. 

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  • 256.
    Bogatic, Wirginia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Cultural Sciences.
    Exilens dilemma: att stanna eller att återvända: Beslut i Sverige av polska kvinnor som överlevde KZ-lägret Ravensbrück och räddades till Sverige 1945-19472010Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is about the intersection of great narratives and individual decisions. In the intersection, the dilemma of exile is discussed: to remain in exile or return to one’s homeland. The decision to remain or return was made by the surviving Polish female concentration camp prisoners that were brought back to Sweden in 1945 with the Red Cross rescue operation.

    The women’s decisions have been contextualized by being placed against the political, social and economic upheavals that took place primarily in Poland, but also partly in Sweden, as well as in the international environment with which the new Poland had to form a relationship following the Second World War.

    The thesis moves between three levels: the micro level, comprising the individuals, their choices and experiences; the macro level, including the surrounding social, economic and political structures; the meso level, which merges the individual, her network and the state. The theoretical framework is on the one hand based on Reinhart Koselleck’s concepts of “realm of experience” and “expectations” that structure the time horizon and refer to the universal, and on the other hand, the sociological concept of generations and Svante Lundberg's model of exile with the concepts of Circumstance, Frame and Meaning. Both Koselleck and Lundberg focus on the individual / group and structural context. Sources used have been material from the Swedish Government and the two Polish governments and their agencies. In addition, a number of Polish and Swedish newspapers published during the period 1945-1947 as well as material from the Polish Source Institute in Lund (PIZ) have been studied. Thirteen in-depth interviews with the surviving women (both in Poland and Sweden) have been carried out, resulting in so-called life stories, with the objective of providing an answer to the question of why some of them remained in Sweden after the war while others returned to Poland. In the women's life stories, some themes can be distinguished: the common realm of experience, being adherent to the same sociological generation with a manifest collective memory (which in part developed differently depending on their decisions to remain or return), a link between war and captivity and expectations for the future. Otherwise, the life stories highlight the women's construction of identity, which is affected by growing up in the between-war Poland, the time during World War II and the occupation. It also reveals that these experiences influenced their decision: remaining and returning.

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  • 257.
    Bogatic, Wirginia
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Humanities.
    Stanna eller återvända: Flyktingskap, återvändande och kvarstannande bland polska kvinnliga överlevande från koncentrationslägret Ravensbrück 1945-19462006Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Avhandlingen handlar om beslutsprocessen i fråga om återvändande till sitt hemland eller kvarstannande i flyktingskap, hos de överlevande polska kvinnliga koncentrationslägerfångar som räddades till Sverige 1945 med räddningsaktionen De vita bussarna. Räddningsaktionens namn till trots, lämnade kvinnorna koncentrationslägret Ravensbrück ombord på ett tåg.

    Den bygger på tretton djupintervjuer med de överlevande kvinnorna med målsättning att få ett svar på frågan varför vissa av dem efter krigets slut stannade kvar i Sverige, medan andra återvände till Polen. Intervjuerna genomfördes både med dem som stannade kvar och dem som återvände. Analysen utgår ifrån Svante Lundbergs analytiska modell kring flyktingskap med begreppen Bakgrund, Ram och Mening samt från det teoretiska begreppet sociologisk generation vid analysen av kvinnornas beslutsprocess.

    Innehållet i begreppet Bakgrund kan förenklat beskrivas som det ”bagage” som flyktingarna har med sig från sitt hemland, som de känner väl och längtar efter. På samma sätt kan innehållet i begreppet Ram definieras som allt nytt och okänt flyktingarna möter vid ankomsten till det nya landet. I båda begreppen ingår även flyktingarnas position i den rådande klasstrukturen samt möjligheter och erbjudanden om hur deras liv kan gestaltas i framtiden.

    Det har konstaterats att upplevelsen av traumatiserande, våldsamma och känslosamma händelser (significant historical experiences) såsom krig eller ockupation leder ofta till att en sociologisk generation uppstår. Vid analysen av både de kvarstannande och återvändande kvinnornas, som står i centrum för den här avhandlingen, uppväxt- och levnadsförhållanden framgår det att de har genomlevt ett antal signifikanta historiska erfarenheter: andra världskriget, ockupationen, förlusten av nära och kära, Warszawaupproret, fängelser, misshandel och koncentrationsläger, vilka sammanlagt (markerar förändringar i deras liv och som) även resulterade i att kvinnorna blev en del av en sociologisk generation. Världen som de kände den upphörde att existera. Därefter följde migration, flyktingskap och frågan om återvändandet till Polen eller kvarstannandet i Sverige.

    I kapitlet ”Bakgrund” har visats att den dominerade historieskrivningen i Polen under mellankrigstiden, som var en del av det polska kollektiva minnet, var den idealiserade och romantiskt-patriotiska synen med vilken resultat av förfädernas handlingar betraktades.

    Under sin tidiga uppväxt formades kvinnorna av föräldrarnas och mor- och farföräldrars berättelser om tiden då Polen som självständig stat inte fanns, om motståndet mot delningsmakterna, när fäder blev inkallade till den ryska eller preussiska armén och fick slåss mot sina ”bröder”, och om tiden då polska legioner bildades och därefter den polska staten. Utanför familjen utsattes de för den andra republikens medvetet nationalistiska politik som syftade till att skapa en stark polsk identitet. De var även åskådare till det polska samhällets radikalisering och nationalismens uppgång, samtidigt som de matades med den dominerande, romantiserade bilden av den återuppståndna polska staten, vilken förmedlades till dem genom familjen, skolan och det omgivande samhället med målsättning att skapa en gemensam identitet. Den förändrings- och utvecklingsprocess de genomgick som enskilda individer, delade de med andra som befann sig i samma situation, och processen resulterade i en känsla av grupptillhörighet, gemensamma värderingar, tolkningar och ideal, vilka låg som bakgrund för deras reaktioner på senare traumatiska erfarenheter. Sex av tretton av de intervjuade kvinnorna fattade ett medvetet beslut om att delta i motståndskampen mot ockupanten, tre gav sitt passiva stöd till kämparna i Warszawaupproret och betalade senare för det med att bli fångar i koncentrationsläger.

    I kapitlet ”Ram” har det visats på ett samband mellan transporterna för återvändande som startade på hösten 1945 och de svenska myndigheters önskan om handelsavtal med Polen samt Warszawaregeringens starka vil-ja att bli erkänd som den enda legitima polska regeringen. Samtidigt har det framkommit att kvinnorna kände en osäkerhet i fråga om återvändan-de både pga. de förändringar som höll på att inträffa i Polen i fråga om gränser och politisk orientering, och kvinnornas möjligheter till en okänd och kanske trygg och lugn framtid i Sverige. På flyktingförläggningarna började kvinnorna fundera huruvida de kunde stanna och vad det skulle innebära i fråga om arbete och boende. De erbjöds främst anställningar som hembiträden, lantarbetare eller inom industrin - inte alltid de yrken som kvinnorna hade drömt om före kriget eller önskat arbeta inom. För flertalet av dem innebar det ”abandonment of expectations”, då yrken/utbildningar som de hade med sig från hemlandet inte var möjliga att utöva/få användning för i mottagarlandet. Kvinnorna upptäckte också skillnader mellan det svenska och polska samhället, men de blev även uppmärksammade på förändringar som skedde i det polska samhället medan de hade varit borta. Olika grupper försökte påverka dem till att antingen stanna (som en möjlig protest mot det sovjetiska inflytandet i Polen och bevis på den polska Londonregeringens inflytande) eller återvända (för att Landet behövde dem). Den svenska regeringen underrättades om den polska Warszawaregeringens missnöje med Storbritanniens beslut att inte sända tillbaka de polska trupperna till Polen. De uppmärksammades även på att Warszawaregeringen inte accepterade omröstningen som genomfördes bland polska soldater i fråga om huruvida de ville återvända till Polen eller stanna i exil. Men de svenska myndigheterna insåg också den potential som fanns inom gruppen som en möjlig arbetskraft för att fylla den stora efterfrågan på arbeterskor som fanns vid den tiden. Därmed beslutade de också att inte skicka någon mot sin vilja och därmed öppnade sig en möjlighet för kvinnorna att stanna. Istället fick kvinnorna presentera sina individuella skäl till varför de ville stanna kvar i Sverige i ett brev till Svenska Utlänninsgkommissionen (SUK), som utredde frågan och efteråt meddelade beslutet. Inför brevskrivningen kände många repatriandi osäkerhet om uppgifterna i breven skulle föras vidare till den polska legationen, som representerade Warszawaregeringen och i förlängningen leda till problem för familjen/släkten i Polen. Ett flertal trotsade rädslan och uttalade oro för att återvända pga. den nya regeringen och faran för förföljelser. När de fick tillstånd att stanna kvar förvandlades repatriandi på en formell, politiskt–strukturell nivå från flyktingar i exil till nya medborgare/arbetstagare i Sverige och myndigheterna förväntade sig inte längre att de skulle återvända.

    Svante Lundberg definierar begreppet Mening som flyktingarnas avsikt att återvända till sitt hemland som medvetna subjekt. Under tiden flyktingarna väntar på att återvända till sitt hemland strävar de efter att förvärva kunskaper som kan vara till nytta för dem och hemlandet. De lever i diaspora och ägnar sin tid åt att försöka påverka hemlandets makthavare och politik på avstånd genom att anordna demonstrationer, studiecirklar m.m. för att uppmärksamma mottagarlandet på förhållanden i hemlandet och få dem att agera.

    Undersökningsperioden för den här avhandlingen omfattar nio måna-der under vilka de polska överlevande kvinnliga fångar från koncentra-tionslägret Ravensbrück fick fatta beslut om huruvida de skulle återvända till hemlandet Polen eller stanna kvar i mottagarlandet Sverige. Fokus ligger på kvinnornas egna berättelser och förklaringar.

    Kvarstannarna framhäver delvis innehållet i begreppet Ram som en kontext i vilken beslutet fattades, nämligen möjligheten att få anställning och möjligheten att få ett bättre liv i Sverige. De pekar också på bristerna i det som kvalificeras som Bakgrund, nämligen att ingen familj fanns kvar i hemlandet eller familjens uppmuntran att stanna i exil, samt den nya Polens förändringar. Det nya landet verkade inte så skrämmande. Kvinnorna lärde sig svenska genom sitt arbete, hade få kontakter med myndigheter, bildade familj och/eller engagerade sig i kulturell/idrottslig verksamhet.

    Återvändarna inser att kvarstannande i exil erbjöd dem möjligheter till ett tryggt liv (Ram), men de uppger i första hand att anledningen till deras återvändande var deras längtan till Landet som behövde dem. Först senare konstaterar de att även familjens brev hade inflytande på deras beslut (Bakgrund). De följde utvecklingen i Polen och i Europa men trots den osäkerhet som fanns ville de återvända. Kvinnorna vittnar om att de inte visste hur situationen i Polen skulle utvecklas och det dröjde innan de förstod vad som hände samt antyder om vilka konsekvenserna var av deras beslut.

    I sina levnadsberättelser placerar kvinnorna, i synnerhet återvändarna, sig själva i ett större sammanhang, i den polska nationens strävande för en fri polsk stat. De uppvisar likheter som kan hänföras till innebörden i generationsbegreppet och ger uttryck för ett generationsmedvetande. Dessa är mer framträdande i gruppen återvändarna som fortsatte den romantiskt-patriotiska traditionen efter kriget i större utsträckning än gruppen kvarstannarna. Kvinnorna pekar på att de i barndomen uppfostrades i patriotisk anda, både inom familjen och i skolan samt samhället i övrigt. Den polska mellankrigsstatens projekt och konnotationer av en stark moralisk förpliktelse gentemot familj och faderslandet uppvisas i kvinnornas egna liv.

    Andra världskrigets utbrott utgör en markering (significant historical experiences) då deras världsbild förändrades. Kriget och ockupation fick tillsammans med uppfostran i den romantiskt-patriotiska traditionen kvinnorna, främst bland återvändarna, att ta steget att försvara sitt land aktivt. Under den tiden försvann skillnader såsom klass-, genus- och etniska skillnader då det fanns en högre, mer övergripande syfte: att befria Polen, att överleva. Även kvinnorna som inte blev tillfångatagna med anledning av engagemanget i motståndsrörelsen anspelar på den romantiskt-patriotiska traditionen och påtalar hur viktig patriotismen var i deras barndom. Båda grupperna använder uttryck som visar att de tillhör en aktiv generation som försökte påverka Landets öden, men misslyckades när de allierade accepterade Sovjetunionens krav utan att ta hänsyn till po-lackernas egna önskningar.

    Lundbergs analysmodell berör tids- och nationsöverskridande processer och är klart applicerbar på alla flyktingsgrupper då den berör generella drag i flyktingskapet därmed är hans analysverktyg användbara vid undersökningen av de polska kvinnliga överlevandes beslut ifråga om återvändande till hemlandet eller kvarstannande i flyktingskap i Sverige. Men det finns även skillnader. Den främsta skillnaden avser frågan kring begreppet Mening och exilens slutmål som utgörs av återvändande.

    När det gäller de polska kvinnliga överlevande från koncentrationsläg-ret Ravensbrück så blev de tvångsmigranter under sin tid i Sverige då de ”tvångsförflyttades” från koncentrationslägret till Sverige och fick en repatriandistatus i landet. Det ska dock nämnas att de svenska myndigheterna förhåller sig flytande till benämningen repatriandi, ofta användes begreppet flyktingar och repatriandi synonymt i myndighetsdokument.

    En av slutsatserna är att de kvinnor som valde att stanna kvar i Sverige efter att transporterna till hemlandet påbörjades, på en informell, subjektivnivå blev politiska flyktingar. En del av dem började betrakta sig själva som politiska flyktingar i exil i främmande land. De svenska myndigheterna förväntade sig inte längre att några av dem skulle återvända och på en formell, politiskt/strukturell nivå ansågs de först vara invandrare och där-efter medborgare i Sverige. För vissa kvinnor upphörde flyktingskap när de insåg att de aldrig någonsin skulle återvända till det gamla hemlandet och istället påbörjade de ett nytt liv i Sverige. För andra dröjde denna insikt.

    En distinktion görs mellan denna undersökning och Lundbergs kring innehållet i begreppet Mening. Beslutet om återvändande fattades av de polska kvinnliga överlevande tidigt, ty redan i november 1945 började de första bland dem att resa till Polen. De kvinnor som valde att återvända med första transporten uppfyllde exilens mening och det som till en början var svenska myndigheters krav, alltså att återvända. Därmed hade kvinnorna inte behov av att skapa en diasporakultur i värdlandet, det som Lundberg kategoriserar att det ingår i begreppet Mening för de latinamerikanska flyktingarna (bildande av egna föreningar, studiecirklar, demonstrationer, petitioner, engagemang för ”saken”). De vistades för kort tid i Sverige. Däremot i en fortsatt studie som skulle följa kvarstannarna över tid skulle diskussionen kring innehållet i begreppet Mening och den polska diasporan kunna utvecklas.

  • 258.
    Bonell, Marie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Rent hus med RUT: Analys av argumentation kring skattereduktion för hushållsarbete2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Only when the servant or wife is abruptly removed from the household and the well-oiled wheels of domestic machinery grind to a halt does the superior realize just how important such services really are. This quote shows how important domestic services are, it also points out who executes it and that society and people, at least the superior, tend to take it for granted. The quote also gives a hint to the aim of this study which is to analyze the arguments behind the policy proposal presented in Promemorian Skattelättnader för hushållstjänster from 2006. The study focuses on the social problems behind the policy proposal and if there were problems left unproblematized. Another aim is to study if assumptions on gender and class can be seen in the policy proposal. Two methods have been used; primarily argumentation, but to some extent (theoretically) also Carol Lee Bacchi’s approach ”what’s the problem represented to be?”. Bacchi’s approach is useful because the presented solutions to a problem depend on the representation of problems and how they are formulated. The results show, among other things, that the interpretation of women’s role in household and society, which also contain a representation of problems, line up the solutions of the problems. They also show that gender equality, as well as gender and class, has been left unproblematized in the policy proposal.

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  • 259.
    Borglin, John
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Django, historien om en hjälte: En diskursanalys av postkoloniala och genusteoretiska maktförhållanden i Quentin Tarantinos film Django Unchained.2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The following study aims to analyze expressions of postcolonial and gender theoretical conditions of power in Quentin Tarantino’s film Django Unchained. The method of analysis is the one of discourse analysis. The analysis is used as a means to distinguish the expressions of value which will aim to depict the gender theoretical- and postcolonial structures of power the film mediates.

     Furthermore, the results given by the analysis will be discussed in relation to creation of prosthetic memory. Considering the prosthetic memory’s impact on the viewers subjectivity, and outlook on both present and future values, the theory will adequately be discussed in relation to the representation this pop-cultural medium mediate.

    This study does not aim to analyze the historical authenticity of the film but rather to identify which postcolonial and gender theoretical values that are projected through the historical narrative. However, Django’s hero status will be discussed in relation with the mid-19th century American setting.

    As for the results of the analysis they were both in line with, and contradictive to, what the previous studies has shown. In correlation with the preceding studies the film did not seem to address the psychological issue of the different positions of power a slave could have. However, the position of Django was in fact a subject of problematization. The configuration of gender was less nuanced, which gave rise to a one-sided function and power stature for the depicted women of the film. In contrast to this, the power hieratical position for men were highly fluid and dependent on several factors.

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    Django, historien om en hjälte
  • 260.
    Borglin, John
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Minnet av Utøya i populärkulturen.: En analys av genus och ideologi i två samtida spelfilmer om Utøya-attentatet.2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The following study aims to discuss the impact of Erik Poppes’ and Paul Greengrass’ respective audio-visual texts depicting the July 22 massacre on Utøya, Norway. The study will discuss the impact of said texts on the creation of a cultural memory of the event, as well as the creation of identity which is derived from its remembrance.

     

    The cultural memory and formation of identity created by this mediating media have an impact on the reception of the depicted past as well as the ideas and views regarding contemporary times. This gives the study a deeper relation to the historical field, whilst also contextualizing the entire study in the grander field of memory studies. In addition, the method decodes the theoretical perspectives of gender-theory and ideological-theory.

     

    Considering the choice of theoretical fields, discourse analysis is implemented as the method of analysis. It is derived from Faucault’s idea of language and its notions of hierarchical carriers of meaning, though in this context with a broader scope as to include both linguistic and non-linguistic signs.

     

    The results of the analysis were fruitful. In terms of gender-theoretical portrayal, the films offered similarities as well as differences. Both of them portrayed a nuanced representation of gender-constructions, however in highly different ways, as their respective narratives were dissimilar. Furthermore, the ideological values portrayed were interlinked between the films, though more or less fixed towards different ideas. The discussion that followed connected this study to the wider field of cultural memory and identity creation in relations to mediating popular-historical media.

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  • 261.
    Borglin, John
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    The Birth of Two Nations: En analys av ras och sexualitet i två filmatiseringar från 1915 och 20162019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The following study aims, through a narratological and discourse analysis, to discuss and make visable, how two films, both named The Birth of a Nation, directed by G.W. Griffith and Nate Parker respectively depict violence and sexuality in relation to race. The theoretical framework, consists of postcolonialism, race, violence, masculinity and sexuality. However, the different parts of the theoretical framework are intertwined as race, sexuality and violence are interlinked and dependent on each other. These theories were chosen in accordance to the feature films’ narratives as well as their relation to each other. The results of this study were mainly in line with previously conducted research regarding the films. However the analysis of Nate Parker’s production provided a more neuanced perspective regarding the depiction of the interlinked expressions of sexuality and racial hegemony mainly from whites. Both films use similar style figures regarding the depiciton of violence, hegemony and sexuality even though the style figures serve to portray, in Parker’s film – the whites, and in Griffith’s film – the blacks, as perpertrators. Finally, the study raises new questions for research. I claim that a larger study, containing the collected canon of feature films from 1915 until today would make for an enriched and more complete picture of how black slaves are depicted in feature films as well as how these films reflect their contemporary times.

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  • 262.
    Brandin, Jakob
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Ranstadverkets uranbrytning: Utifrån riksdagsbeslut 1959-19702020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The studies purpose is to acknowledge if there are some differences between the decision against Ranstadverkets uranium mining depending on event that occur and affect the project. 1959 - 1970 is the years that are examine. The Swedish uranium mining was a hot subject between the political parties. Nearly half a billion Swedish kronor was invested in the project. Nonprofit organizations like environment groups disliked the project and tried to stop it. Events like the when the mine where put in pause in 1969 and how that affected the mine. The study analyzes how the events affected the Swedish governments decisions against the mine and how the Swedish people responded on the decisions.  

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  • 263.
    Brautaset, Camilla
    et al.
    University of Bergen, Norway.
    Gregersen, MalinLinnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences. Linnaeus University, The University Administration.Skeie, Karina HestadNLA University College, Norway.
    Møter med Kina: norsk diplomati, næringsliv og misjon 1880-19372018Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [no]

    Møter med Kina handler om møter mellom mennesker på tvers av geografiske, kulturelle og språklige grenser. Ukjent for de fleste, flyttet en rekke nordmenn til Kina mellom 1890 og 1937. Noen var misjonærer. Andre reiste for å drive handel eller arbeide i det kinesiske tollvesenet. For første gang samles historien til enkeltpersoner fra diplomati, næringsliv og misjon i en felles historie om norsk migrasjon til Kina. Boken formidler historisk analyse i fortellingens form. Her presenteres nye sider av kjente størrelser som general Munthe og misjonæren Marie Monsen. Ikke minst løftes nye og hittil ukjente historier fram. Ingeniør Skappel søkte å skape et globalt finansimperium gjennom en skandinavisk-kinesisk bank. Norges første Kina-misjonær Anna Jakobsen, trosset alt og alle for å gifte seg med Cheng Xiuqui. Gjennom fortellinger om mennesker som levde transnasjonale liv, hendelser som risopprøret i Changsha i 1910 og varer som medisintran, kaster boken nytt lys over hvordan enkeltindivid utnytter teknologiske nyvinninger og transnasjonale handlingsrom i håp om å nå nye mål. Noen lykkes. Andre ender i fallitt. Alle erfarer mer enn de kunne forestille seg. Slik gir boken ny kunnskap ikke bare om norsk migrasjon og norsk-kinesisk historie, men også om globalisering som historisk fenomen.

  • 264.
    Brautaset, Camilla
    et al.
    University of Bergen, Norway.
    Skeie, Karina Hestad
    NLA University College, Norway.
    Gregersen, Malin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences. Linnaeus University, The University Administration.
    Møter med Kina: En introduksjon2018In: Møter med Kina: Norsk diplomati, næringsliv og misjon 1890-1937 / [ed] Camilla Brautaset, Malin Gregersen, Karina Hestad Skeie, Bergen: Fagbokforlaget, 2018, p. 17-35Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 265.
    Bredgaard, Linus
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Samer genom tre prästers övervakande ögon: En postkolonial studie av tre prästers porträttering av samer och deras kultur från 1740- till 1830-tal.2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay studies and compares three clergymen that were stationed in Sápmi during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries and their writings that deal with the Saami population of the northern parts of Sweden. How they portray the Saami people and their culture is analyzed though postcolonial concepts as Edward Said’s othering and other concepts by the likes of Loomba, Lincoln and Pratt. 

    The three priests portrayal of the Saami people and their culture are similar In that way that they all confirm some of the colonial stereotypes of the Saami during the time they were writing. But especially one of the priests stands out in his effort to give a nuanced portrayal of the Saami people.

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  • 266.
    Bredgaard, Linus
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Samerna & Herr Erik: En postkolonial studie om kolonisationen av Sápmi genom en prästs ögon2018Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine the colonisation of Sápmi though the works of a local priest, by the name of Eric Grape. To do so, this study uses postcolonial theory when analysing the content of the works by Grape. Eric Grape was a priest active in the Lappmarks of northern Sweden in the early nineteenth century and who wrote articles for the Swedish Royal Academy of Sciences. The focus of the study is the othering of the Saami people and their culture, and the colonial production of knowledge that Grape produced about the Saami. Othering is a term by Edward Said and it is about the constructed difference between “we” the European culture and people regarded as the “other”. This term, the study argues, can also be applied when studying the colonial encounters between the Saami and Swedish colonial actors such as Grape. The main result of this study is that Grape portrays the Saami as different and more primitive than the Swedish settlers that occupy the northen part of Sweden, he describes the Saami as childish.

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    Samerna & Herr Erik
  • 267.
    Bredmar, Ossian
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Har Sverige hamnat efter?: En analys av Sveriges ekonomiska tillväxt 1960–2008 i förhållande till andra europeiska länder.2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this research is to analyze Sweden’s economic growth between 1960 and 2008 to determine if Sweden did fall behind the leading European nations after the oil crisis 1973 and if so, investigate if the convergence theory and/or the market liberal theory can explain why Sweden were overtaken by other leading European nations. The research uses The World Bank’s statistics about nations historical GDP per capita and uses Statistics Sweden’s yearbooks about Sweden’s national expenses. The result supports the convergence theory since Sweden left the leading economic role 1960 and ranked sixth 2008 while Ireland who were eight in ranking 1960 passed Sweden and ranked fourth 2008. The result does not support the market liberal theory since the economic growth were affected beneficially by political- and economic regulations such as the devaluation of the currency, which helped Sweden’s economic growth to recover and in return helped it remain as a leading economic power. 

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    C-uppsats
  • 268.
    Brohlén, Hannah
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Från barnamörderska till omtyckt kejsarinna: En analys om Wu Zetian i media riktad till barn2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates and analyzes how Wu Zetian is portrayed in media directed at children. This thesis also plan to investigate how the portrayal of Wu Zetian in children´s media relates to academic literature.

    The main questions this thesis answered were the following: How is Wu Zetian portrayed in the source material? What qualities are attributed to Wu Zetian? Does the presentation of Wu Zetian in children´s media differ from the academic literature written by historians? If so, how? 

     

    The theories that this thesis was based on were the concepts that Bickford III and Rich presented in their study Examining the Representation of Slavery within Children´s Literature. These concepts were presentism, omission, chronological ethnocentrism, exceptionalism, heroification, and villainification. The second theory was gender theory. This theory was used as a theoretical interpretive framework for this thesis. The methods used were text analysis, close reading, and the theoretical concepts formulated by Bickford III and Rich.

     

    The study concluded that Wu Zetian was mainly described in a glorifying light. The main attributes of Wu Zetian are positive, such as intelligence and beauty. The negative qualities attributed to Wu Zetian are that she was brutal. In general, Wu Zetian is presented and described in a positive and heroic light in children´s media. The difference in the presentation of Wu Zetian in children´s media and academic literature is minimal. In general, the children´s media downplays the brutal aspects of Wu´s life, while the academic literature talks about this aspect somewhat more. The main difference is that, children´s media is more glorifying and heroizing than academic literature. 

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  • 269.
    Brunow, Dagmar
    Hamburg University, Germany ; Halmstad University.
    Allegory, Performativity, and Intervention: The Function of Travelogues in a Contested Space. A comment on Charlotte Tornbjer2009In: Borders as Experience / [ed] KG Hammarlund, Halmstad: Halmstad University , 2009, p. 201-215Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 270.
    Brunow, Dagmar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Archiving for the Future, but Forgetting the Past?: Digitizing European Film Heritage and its Pitfalls.2023Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 271.
    Brunow, Dagmar
    Hamburg University, Germany ; Halmstad University.
    "Es war ein mentaler Widerstand": Erinnerungen von Werner Krebs2002In: Getanzte Freiheit: Swingkultur zwischen NS-Diktatur und Gegenwart / [ed] Alenka Barber-Kersovan, Gordon Uhlmann, Hamburg: Dölling und Galitz , 2002, p. 119-122Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 272.
    Brunow, Dagmar
    Hamburg University, Germany ; Halmstad University.
    "Es war nicht mein Krieg": Erinnerungen von Hans Peter Viau2002In: Getanzte Freiheit: Swingkultur zwischen NS-Diktatur und Gegenwart / [ed] Alenka Barber-Kersovan, Gordon Uhlmann, Hamburg: Dölling und Galitz , 2002, p. 104-111Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 273.
    Brunow, Dagmar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Experimentellt kvinnokollektiv.2023Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Känner du till kvinnokollektivet Loheland? Jag hade ingen aning om detta anrika kvinnokollektiv, som grundades 1919 efter första världskriget i tyska delstaten Hessen. En sorts blandning mellan Bauhaus och Fogelstad – och som fortfarande existerar idag!  

  • 274.
    Brunow, Dagmar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Unqueering lesbian heritage?: Curating digital content in audiovisual archives2019In: ALMS Conference Berlin 2019: Queering memory. Archive – Arts – Audiences. 27 – 29 June 2019, Haus der Kulturen der Welt, Magnus-Hirschfeld-Gesellschaft , 2019, p. 37-37Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Visibility has long been an important goal in European lesbian activism and an important means of political empowerment. Yet, visibility can also bring about an increased vulnerability for marginalized groups, especially in times of hate speech and an increasing political backlash. Moreover, we need to ask: whose visibility is recognized by whom, and on what grounds? In my paper I look at the ways both national and grassroot film archives recognize lesbian lives through collection and selection policies, through the use of metadata and via the curation of online access. Presenting case studies from the Swedish and British Film Institutes, from the Hamburg-based archive bildwechsel as well as the Lesbian Home Movie Project in Maine, this paper discusses the ambivalence of lesbian visibility after (amateur) film footage has left the safe space of the archive to be widely circulated online. The paper looks at legal and ethical challenges archivists are facing when dealing with nudity, lesbian affection and other representations which challenge hegemonic heteronormative scopic regimes. How can an ethically conducted archival practice be guaranteed? How can archives avoid making lesbian lives invisible again? This paper presents some of the results of my research project “The Cultural Heritage of the Moving Image” (Swedish Research Council 2016-2018).

  • 275.
    Bruér, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Cultural Sciences.
    Mellan klass och kön: En analys av det socialdemokratiska kvinnoförbundets aktionsprogram 1972 - 19932012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to analyse the conceptualisation of the social relations of class and gender within the Social Democratic Women’s Association during the period 1972 – 1993, on the basis of their programmes for action. The analysis of the concepts is based on an ideology critical study focusing on the manifest ideology.

    The study is based upon the theoretical concepts of class and gender,  The class analysis is based upon the broadened concepts of class by Erik Olin Wright and Ira Katznelson. The gender analysis is mainly based upon a Marxist understanding and a critical point of view of Marxism and feminism in the context of patriarchy and capitalism.

    The period of the study is where the social democracy is challenged, both by radical socialism and feminist ideology and the economic crisis during the 1980’s, as well as the possible threat of an organised women’s party in Sweden. It is also a period with major changes in the Swedish class structure, especially in the change when married women become a part of the female labour force rather than being housewives.

    The results indicate that the use of the concepts of class and gender is mainly sparsely used. The concepts are often paraphrased in varied terms of social equality. Class is clearly more used, and more often implied, than gender. Gender policies are formed from a latent ideology to a more practically oriented policy, without any real progress concerning power and equality, when Sweden at the same time forms policies for gender equality, from which the women’s association could benefit, even though they may not have been the actors of this change. The analysis also indicates that some of the ideological changes within the women’s association are a result of both outside influences from more radical groups as well as ideological crises within the social democracy. In this struggle between class and gender the Social Democratic Women's Association positions itself in between.

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  • 276.
    Brydon, Diana
    et al.
    University of Manitoba, Canada.
    Forsgren, Peter
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Fur, Gunlög
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Culture bound and unbound: concurrent voices and claims in postcolonial places2014In: Culture Unbound. Journal of Current Cultural Research, ISSN 2000-1525, E-ISSN 2000-1525, Vol. 6, p. 1253-1257Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 277.
    Bubb, Alexander
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Klass, bomull och "Woodaries"2018In: Från Brittiska Indien till Huseby bruk: järnvägen som arena för modernitet och kolonialism under lycksökaren och järnvägsentreprenören Joseph Stephens tid i Indien 1860-69 / [ed] Margareta Petersson, Lund: Arkiv förlag & tidskrift, 2018, p. 83-112Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 278.
    Buchalle, Julia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Räddaren i nöden: En diskursanalys av föreningen för Drottning Josefinas räddningsanstalt för vanvårdade barn i Kronobergs Län2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Philanthropy and philanthropic associations and organizations were highly active in European countries in the 19th century, because of the widespread poverty that affected people of the lower class. Poverty, and solutions for it, was highly debated and resulted in different policies that affected the image of and conditions for the population in need. In this time of distress, people of the philanthropic organizations, made it possible for children to be relocated to other families, to be under better conditions during their growth. Because of the religious roots and agenda that philanthropic organizations possessed, it is interesting to investigate how this might have been an act of controlling, disciplining and monitoring the socially vulnerable. This thesis intended to study the underlying motives of the said institution by analyzing discourses of the children and parents through subject positions, discipline mechanisms and surveillance. The results demonstrated that there were acts of normalization and discipline of the poor by taking them out of their said to be morally corrupted homes and conditioning them in another with Christian morality and rituals. Children and their parents were monitored through the community and children were highly observed through follow-ups when committed in the association. There were also acts of othering by describing children and parents as the opposite of the desirable norms and therefore increasing the distance between the socially vulnerable and the upper class. Mothers were especially vulnerable when describing the parents as immoral, frivolous and prurient. 

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  • 279.
    Buchan, Bruce
    et al.
    Griffith University, Australia.
    Andersson Burnett, Linda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Knowing Savagery: Australia and the Anatomy of Race2019In: History of the Human Sciences, ISSN 0952-6951, E-ISSN 1461-720X, Vol. 32, no 4, p. 115-134Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When Australia was circumnavigated by Europeans in 1801–02, French and British natural historians were unsure how to describe the Indigenous peoples who inhabited the land they charted and catalogued. Ideas of race and of savagery were freely deployed by both British and French, but a discursive shift was underway. While the concept of savagery had long been understood to apply to categories of human populations deemed to be in want of more historically advanced ‘civilisation’, the application of this term in the late 18th and early 19th centuries was increasingly being correlated with the emerging terminology of racial characteristics. The terminology of race was still remarkably fluid, and did not always imply fixed physical or mental endowments or racial hierarchies. Nonetheless, by means of this concept, natural historians began to conceptualise humanity as subject not only to historical gradations, but also to the environmental and climatic variations thought to determine race. This in turn meant that the degree of savagery or civilisation of different peoples could be understood through new criteria that enabled physical classification, in particular by reference to skin colour, hair, facial characteristics, skull morphology, or physical stature: the archetypal criteria of race. While race did not replace the language of savagery, in the early years of the 19th century savagery was re-inscribed by race.

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  • 280.
    Buchan, Bruce
    et al.
    Griffith University, Australia.
    Andersson Burnett, Linda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Knowing savagery: Humanity in the circuits of colonial knowledge2019In: History of the Human Sciences, ISSN 0952-6951, E-ISSN 1461-720X, Vol. 32, no 4, p. 3-7Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How was 'savagery' constituted as a field of colonial knowledge? As Europe's empires expanded, their reach was marked not only by the colonisation of new territories but by the colonisation of knowledge. Path-breaking scholarship since the 1990s has shown how European knowledge of colonised territories and peoples developed from diverse travel writings, missionary texts, and exploration narratives from the 16th century onwards (Abulafia, 2008; Armitage, 2000; De Campos Francozo, 2017; Pratt, 1992). Of prime importance in this work has been the investigation of the pre-positioning of colonised peoples within categories derived from European traditions of historical, religious, legal, and political thought as either 'savages' or 'barbarians' (Richardson, 2018; Sebastiani, 2013).

  • 281.
    Bygg, Joel
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    När kunskapen exkluderade: En kontextuell analys rörande den beslutsprocess som avkriminaliserade homosexuella handlingar mellan åren 1933-19442017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The following study examines the process behind the legalization of homosexual acts in Sweden between the years of 1933-1944. This is done through Michel Foucault’s thoughts about bio-power and episteme. The study also relies on the definition of heteronormativity found in Tiina Rosenbergs book Queerfeministisk agenda. I have made use of public Swedish government publications in the form of Statens offentliga utredningar (loosely translated to public investigations by the government) and motions, propositions and protocol from the Swedish parliament between the investigated period (1933-1944). The goal of the study was to identify the most influential episteme which in turn was analysed to see, if it in any way, influenced the discourse against homosexuals in a positive or negative way.

    Results from the study confirms that the contemporary episteme named after Emil Kraeplin which concludes that homosexual behaviour was seen in the light of being something socially constructed and could therefore be spread between individuals in the means of homosexual manipulations. This lead the episteme to influence the discourse against homosexuals to be viewed as a disease and a mental illness. By looking at homosexuality from the outlook of the Kraeplin episteme the Swedish law was formed in a way to protect the Swedish youth from being able to be manipulated into spreading the homosexual acts.

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    När kunskapen exkluderade
  • 282.
    Byström, Christoffer
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Urmakarens undergång: En kulturhistorisk undersökning om urmakeriets utveckling och motgångar under 1900-talet2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The following study examines watchmakers and the watchmaking school in Sweden, how these changed during the 20th century. This is done through Geert Hofstede´s theory about levels of analyzes, his different steps to reach culture history. The source material of the study is based on public investigations, scientific articles, newspaper articles, literature and interviews. The purpose of this study is to reach and understand what and why changes occur in the world of watchmaking, and if the watchmaker managed to survive these changes during the 20th century. Results from the study confirm that very little has changed in the watchmaking school, they still use the same methods as they did 300 years ago. The watchmakers in Sweden showed that they had the durability and flexibility to survive several changes, even if the world was in motion during most of the 20th century.

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    Urmakarens undergång
  • 283.
    Bölöni, Andras
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    The third way in Hungary between 1945 and 19562023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis introduces the concept of the third way in politics, why focusing on how the idea was present in the political sphere in Hungary between 1945 and 1956. The time frame was chosen as in both years Hungarians saw a complete turmoil in their country, which could have been a chance to introduce a completely new system. The paper argues for the third way not having a real chance of becoming the main ideology in the country, due to domestic and foreign political reasons. Furthermore, in Hungary the third way was never a new ideology on its own, but rather a modification or mixture of various already existing elements. Despite all the hardships, however, the third way was present positively throughout the whole period and became a strong influencer of various political parties from the agrarians to the socialists. It also played a significant part in the 1956 revolution and what was planned to come after.

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  • 284.
    Böök, Böök
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Helena Catharina Utfall (von Utfall): 1689 — 1750-06-27, Vävlärare, pionjär, affärskvinna2021In: Svenskt kvinnobiografiskt lexikon, Göteborg: University of Gothenburg, 2021Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 285.
    Böök, Martina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Arv av kläder och smycken 1750-18502021In: Presenterad för Det nordiska arvsforskarnätverkets (DNA) konferens - 25-26 oktober 2021, 2021Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 286.
    Böök, Martina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    De fina skillnaderna: Vem och vad signalerade status i klädedräkten, Öjaby och Virestad under 1780-talet.2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines patterns of consumption during the 1780s in Öjaby and Virestad parishes. I have examined the clothes and jewelry in estate inventories using the concept of status. Then I have used Pierre Bourdieu's theories to understand fashion mechanisms.

    I have identified five different groups, each distinguished by their formal wear. Men have similar clothes but in Virestad they have more items and more silver. Four people were divergent, they choose other materials and models. The women in the various parishes had differed significantly. In Öjaby women had more modern clothing and less jewelry in comparison, with Virestad. It is clearly visible that the people in the probate area in Virestad were spending more money compared to what they owned to be able to maintain a certain level of status. Status indications in clothes and jewelry were important in Virestad. Here is a more peasant-dominated culture which apparently made clothing more conservative. In both parishes people with a smaller percentage of balance spend more to maintain a certain standard. In Virestad women spent more than men on clothes in Öjaby it is the opposite.

    Dressing nicely seems important, after first set of clothing more expensive were purchased. Silver, number of clothes, expensive clothes, different material and color are factors that are available when the people created their wardrobe. Those with a high balance had several expensive items to show off their status with. Interesting is also that people continued to renew their wardrobe throughout their working life.

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    De fina skillnaderna
  • 287.
    Böök, Martina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Klädd gemenskap2021Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 288. Böök, Martina
    Makt, motmakt och identitet i böndernas kläder ca 1750-18502016In: De Svenska Historiedagarna, 30 september – 2 oktober 2016: Karlskrona, Kunglig kuststad - Marin maktbas, 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 289.
    Böök, Martina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Mer för prakten än för nyttans skull.: Statusmarkeringar i bouppteckningar från Virestad socken 1750-17592013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Most scientists believe that in the good times the peasant had the opportunity to follow fashion. Virestad parish does not follow fashion. My purpose is to try to understand something of the mechanism that made Virestad do so: that I will do by analyzing the results in relation to the concept of status. My main source is estate inventories. Here I examine the status markers and differences in what they invested in clothes and jewelry in relation to the estate's proceeds.

    The lower the balance, the more percentage they need to put on clothes. As for silver, it is not possible to draw these conclusions. Those who spent more than 100 daler also have a balance of 700 daler or more. Finer and more clothing also afford more jewelry. Men and women spends the same amount in clothing and jewelry.

    Several parameters measures the status in clothing.

    1. Materials is important.

    2. The amount of material is significant.

    3. Some clothes are of high value.

    4. The numbers of clothes have meaning.

    5. Color has meaning.

    6. Old clothes have a lower value.

    That Virestad parish would have stagnated in fashion because of bad times and lack of money is not true. I believe that most of the peasants had more than enough to afford to replace their clothes to the more modern. Here are other mechanisms that retain a more old-fashioned dress. Status is one. In the estate inventories you can clearly see the differents of status markers.

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    Mer för prakten än för nyttans skull
  • 290.
    Böök, Martina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Mer för prakten än för nyttans skull: Statusmarkeringar i bouppteckningar från Virestads socken 1750–17592013Book (Other academic)
  • 291.
    Böök, Martina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Traditionella nyheter2022Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 292.
    Böök, Martina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Traditionella nyheter: Ett kulturarv2022Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 293.
    Böök, Martina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Traditionella nyheter: Hur ålderdomliga klädvanor kan skapas loklat utifrån globala moden, Virestad socken 1750-1850.2022Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 294.
    Böök, Martina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Traditionella nyheter: Kläder, ekonomi och politik i Virestad socken 1750-18502023Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    During the first half of the 20th century, ethnologists investigated rural parts of Sweden. They hoped to uncover traces of a truly ancient culture which they imagined had been preserved unchanged in so-called relic areas. This approach was rejected during the 1970s by a generation of researchers who proceeded from new cultural theoretical perspectives that assumed that culture was in constant change. As a result, the theories about relic areas were not further developed. This dissertation returns to the folk culture but with new perspectives on how to understand the old-fashioned clothing practice.

    This study investigates Virestad parish, part of a so-called relic area, from 1750 through 1850. By analyzing minutes from parish meetings, the parish letters to the king, articles of clothing, and estate inventories this dissertation presents new perspectives on connections between economic, social, and political development and cultural continuity and change. The most important source has been the estate inventories which provides a unique opportunity to follow the individuals’ clothing choices, from their choice of textiles to decisions regarding clothing economics.

    The investigation shows that the people of Virestad was not “behind the times”, they were clearly in phase with their contemporaries in politics and trade. Instead, the people actively chose to dress in an old-fashioned way. Most of them had not inherited the old-fashioned clothes that they wore but had them made. This study shows that modernity and tradition do not need to be each other's opposites but can develop in tandem, conditioning each other. Dressing in an old-fashioned manner served as a stabilizer that allowed for a more flexible economic, social, and political culture. Therefore, contrary to previous research, a central finding of the dissertation is that relic areas were innovative and modern, where older elements of tradition existed which gave the population security and stability.

  • 295.
    Böök, Martina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Ännu ett möte på sockenstämman2019In: Presenterad på Svenska historikermötet – Växjö 8-10 maj 2019, Tema: Rättigheter, Växjö, 2019Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I ett område där det finns ålderdomliga plagg bland bönderna beskrivs ofta området som konservativt, som om tiden stått stilla och bonden passivt bara gått kvar i sina gamla kläder. Orsaker som bland annat lågkonjunktur, konservatism eller brist på nyheter brukar anges. Frågan är dock om det skulle kunna vara tvärt om. Var de konservativa bönderna ibland snarare i framkant som entreprenörer och aktivt valde att klä sig ålderdomligt? Hur ålderdomligt var det, fanns det inslag av att de följde med i sin tid också? Detta undersöker jag i mitt pågående avhandlingsprojekt, som behandlar perioden 1750–1850.

    För att förstå de lokala förutsättningarna har flera olika källor använts, en av dem är sockenstämmoprotokoll. Undersökningsområdet är Virestad socken som ligger i Småland på gränsen till Skåne. Socknen låg långt från någon större stad. Följde de med sin tid eller var de konservativa? Samarbetade de med andra eller levde de mer isolerat? Med hjälp av sockenstämmoprotokollen träder det fram en bild av Virestad som på en mycket aktiv socken. Flera administrativa åtaganden behövde lösas. Socknen var stor och det fanns många människor att ha hand om. År 1847 hölls närmare 30 stycken sockenstämmomöten, medan man i många socknar inte höll fler än ett fåtal per år. Vad handlade alla dessa om? Nedslag kommer göras både i 1810-talets och 1840-talets Virestad.

  • 296.
    Carlsson, Rasmus
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Ur askan i elden: En mikrohistorisk studie om den lagstridige drängen och samhällets påverkan på dennes liv2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay explores the life of Peter Andersson Holmstedt, a farm-labourer from Öland, Sweden, in the early 19th century and why he conclusively chose to end his life. This essay utilises material from archives to fully represent his life as to portray his various choices and deeds, as well as provide an insight into his mentality. In order to realise this, the essay continuously utilises theoretical groundwork such as microhistory, history of mentality, hermeneutics and structure-agent relationships. Through the insight into Holmstedt’s life, there are links to the religious, familial and judicial systems that intertwine and affect his life to a broad extent; thus revealing whether he is autonomous or not; whether he acts out of necessity or by iniquity. This essay portrays the mind of Holmstedt, and of others in similar situations to a certain extent while giving insight into teaching microhistory with source-material from archives. However, and more importantly, this essay highlights the marginalised individual and gives insight into the ordinary, yet cruel life of the working man of the 19th century.

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    fulltext
  • 297.
    Carlsson, Rasmus
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Vinnare och Förlorare: En studie av gästande adelskretsar och deras politiska övertygelse på Kalmar slott, 1579-16002016Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to examine whether visiting noblemen at the castles of Borgholm and Kalmar with their vast network of acquaintances can determine a tendency towards a political stance in the civil war of Sweden in the late 16th century. This is done by examining the guests and the company of the bailiff, born as a commoner but later governor and nobleman, Christoffer Gyllengrip Andersson, who in the end of the century would perish in the same manner as many of the peerage who fell at the bloodbath of Linköping in the year 1600. The networks are analyzed with the help of accountings and census records from the above mentioned castles between the years 1579-1592 whereon by the year 1593 the following national as well as local events will be analyzed and presented until the year 1600. The essay shows that allegiance to one or the other side can be seen to certain degree in the presented era delving into Kalmar Castle generally, allthough the true nature of one’s political ideals become most visible in the later 1590s when the noblemen actually are forced to take sides, instead of the double-agent poppycock of which they were in the antecedent decade of 1580. The essay shows that the information given by the census-records can be anchored in history’s more famous line such as when Olof Andersson Oxehufvud (one of many) is assigned as governor in the year 1594 to prevent the eminent empowerment of his uncle Karl, Duke of Södermanland, Närke and Värmland.

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    Vinnare och Förlorare
  • 298.
    Carlsson, Tim
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    ”Brudar förgyller” OS : En innehållsanalys om hur kvinnliga friidrottare framställs under de olympiska spelen i Mexiko City 1968 och Barcelona 19922017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine four Swedish newspapers views on female athletes in the Olympic Games in Mexico City 1968 and Barcelona 1992, and examine what information the Swedish public received through their reporting about the Olympic Games in Mexico City and Barcelona. The study is based on printed editions of the Swedish newspapers Aftonbladet, Expressen, Kvällsposten and Idag.

     

    The study is a quantitative content analysis, containing a total number of 68 articles. In this paper the theoretical perspective is based on the framing theory, where the focus is how the female athletics were depicted in the Swedish press.

     

    The results show that the Swedish newspapers want to portray and communicate about the female athletics performance, which applies to both the Olympic Games in 1968 and 1992. However, there were news reports in both Olympics that focused more on reproducing the female participant's appearance rather than their athletic performance. The results also show that there are only slight differences in each newspapers framing of female athletics in the Olympic Games in Mexico City 1968. The most usual descriptions based on my results are that female athletics are beautiful, girls and small. The result of this paper shows that is possible to perceive a change of the most common descriptions in the Olympics Games in Barcelona 1992. In the Olympics 1992 framing as doped and civil state began to more usual in the news that was about female athletics. 

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    Brudar förgyller OS
  • 299.
    Carolsson, Maja
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Reinholdsson, Katarina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Död i fyra småländska socknar: En kvantitativ undersökning av socknarna Moheda, Slätthög, Vislanda och Skatelöv under perioderna 1889-1894, 1910-1915 och 1944-1949. 2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate and get an overview of infant and child mortality in four smaller parishes in Småland County, Moheda, Slätthög, Vislanda and Skatelöv.The study will compare three different periods, 1889-1894, 1910-1915, and 1944-1940. The evidence has been collected from death and burial registers and birth and baptism registers from the parishes.The study's main question is "What proportion of Moheda's, Slätthög's, Vislanda's, and Skatelöv's children up to and including the age of six died during the periods 1889-1894, 1910-1915, and 1944-1949?". The result the study has achieved in relation to the main question is that during the first period 322 children died and during the last period 26 children died, thus the child mortality rate decreased. 

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    Död i fyra småländska socknar
  • 300.
    Carter, Oliver
    et al.
    Birmingham City University, UK.
    Gustafsson, Tommy
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Larsson, Mariah
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Golden Ages?: Media, Space and Transnationality2022In: Porn Studies, ISSN 2326-8751, E-ISSN 2326-8743, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 4-9Article in journal (Refereed)
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