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  • 251.
    Mayr, Philipp
    et al.
    GESIS – Leibniz-Institute for the Social Sciences, Germany.
    Tudhope, DouglasUniversity of South Wales, UK.Busch, JosephTaxonomy Strategies, USA.Golub, KoraljkaLinnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.Hlava, MarjorieAccess Innovations, USA.Zeng, MarciaKent State University, USA.
    Proceedings of the 18th European Networked Knowledge Organization Systems (NKOS 2018) Workshop, Porto, Portugal, September 13, 20182018Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
  • 252.
    Mayr, Philipp
    et al.
    GESIS - Leibniz-Institute for the Social Sciences, Germany.
    Tudhope, DouglasUniversity of South Wales, UK.Golub, KoraljkaLinnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.Wartena, ChristianHochschule Hannover, Germany.De Luca, Ernesto WilliamGeorg Eckert Institute, Germany.
    Proceedings of the 15th European Networked Knowledge Organization Systems Workshop (NKOS 2016): co-located with the 20th International Conference on Theory and Practice of Digital Libraries 2016 (TPDL 2016) : Hannover, Germany, September 9, 20162016Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
  • 253.
    Müller, Jimmy
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Rusk, Frida
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Konsten att välja det rätta: En diskursanalys av debatterna om urvalsarbete på biblioteken 2016–20182018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to examine the debates and discourses in Swedish media about the collection development and handling of controversial content in public libraries 2016–2018. The debates broke out after a couple of libraries chose to refuse purchase proposals regarding books and newspapers considered as controversial. Some libraries and librarians were in turn accused of censorship and making decisions based on political views when refusing these proposals. Questions posed in this study are: What discourses can be found in the debates about controversial content and collection development in public libraries? What views of the public libraries are expressed in the debates? What views of collection development in public libraries are expressed in the debates? What concepts, arguments and expressions appears in the debates, and what significance and meaning do they get in the discourses? Which subject positions appears in the debate? The theoretical and methodological framework is based on Ernesto Laclau’s and Chantal Mouffe’s discourse theory. The empirical material consists of 22 articles derived from Swedish newspapers, news outlets and library journals. The analyze reveals three discourses: a freedom of information discourse, a profession discourse and a collection normative discourse. The freedom of information discourse represents a view that public libraries should be neutral and objective in their work with collection development and serve the users with whatever they ask for and not base their decisions on political views or other values. In the profession discourse they argue for the importance of librarian’s professional considerations and following policies, guidelines and laws when working with collection development. In the collection normative discourse, they question the imposed neutrality on libraries and argue for greater freedom of action when dealing with controversial content that might undermine human rights and the idea that all humans are equal.

  • 254.
    Nalumaga, Ruth
    et al.
    Makerere University.
    Seldén, Lars
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Information experiences of female legislators: examining constituency activities and representation in the ugandan parliament2014In: Information experience: approaches to theory and practice / [ed] Christine Bruce, Kate Davis, Hilary Hughes, Helen Partridge and Ian Stoodley, Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2014, 1, p. 221-238Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of “information experience” is rather new in information research. Conceptually, it draws from user-centered approaches to information studies. When applied to research on legislators, it could take the form of a social approach, espoused by Chatman, where context is inalienable from human action. In analyzing legislators’ constituency information practices, context constituted political, social, and economic circumstances, and these provided mitigating factors in information activities. Gender manifested in the sexual division of labor, the unequal expectations of female MPs and interactions in the home. This had implications for information acquisition. Large constituency and gender concerns had an impact on women’s information activities and experience of representation.

  • 255. Nielsen, Gyda Skat
    et al.
    Irvall, Birgitta
    Smjernice za knjižnične službe i usluge za osobe s disleksijom2004Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 256.
    Nilsson, Josefin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences. Linnéuniversitetet.
    HBTQ-ungdomars erfarenheter av bibliotek2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to answer the questions ”What opinions do LGBT-youth have about libraries?” and ”What are LGBT-youths thoughts on the treatment they get at libraries?”. The theories that are used are the queer theory and norm criticism. The method that is used is interviews with LGBT-youth. The study shows that there is very little LGBT-themed media in libraries, especially media about less wellknown identities. It also shows that the treatment LGBT-youth gets at libraries generally is neutral. The concept of a seperate place in the library to keep the LGBT-themed media is debated between the people that were interviewed. Some think it is a good idea, this way the media would be easier to be found. Some think it is a bad idea because that puts younger LGBT-kids in a spotlight that they may not be ready for. Something that can help with this, and is also discussed, is a LGBTqualification libraries can get from RSFL, even if this also has both good and bad qualities.

  • 257.
    Nilsson, Margot
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Antikonsumtion i biblioteksmiljö: En användarundersökning om att låna mer än böcker på folkbibliotek2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis covers the topic about public libraries and their role in anti-consumption according to library users. According to previous research there is a lack of knowledge about how users motivate their library use. A knowledge that is important due to the fact that the libraries views on its patrons can influence the relationship between library and users.

    The purpose of this essay is to study which role the public libraries have in anti-consumption in a user perspective by answering these questions:

    - What motivates users to borrow stuff from the library?

    - What are the users’ views on borrowing different stuff?

    - What do users want to borrow from the libraries?

    This study has been done by sharing an online survey in social media and by using a snowball sampling to collect participants. A definition made by Lee et al. (2011) was used to explain anti-consumption, who divided it into three parts: rejection, restriction and recycling. These definitions were then used to help analyzing the results from the survey.

    Conclusions were made that the library has a restraining role according to the survey’s participants, which means that users avoid ownership of things by borrowing them from the library. The motivation for library use amongst the participants was foremost by economic reasons, the amount of need for accessibility for different things and to discover new things in a safe environment. In majority the participants were pleased by the things that the public libraries are already lending out.

  • 258.
    Nordlund, Nommi
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Olsson, Emma
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Politiska föreställningar om bibliotek: En studie av idèer om biblioteksinstitutionen i riksdagsmotioner2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this bachelor thesis is to examine what Swedish parliamentarians thinks about the library as an institution. To achieve this aim we use discourse analysis. By analyzing parliament motions from four decades we found nine discourses that represents a wide variety of thoughts and opinions of what the library is, what it should contain and what it should provide. The discourses that we identified are: the culture discourse, the multi-cultural discourse, the reading discourse, the technical discourse, the information discourse, the democratic discourse, the book discourse, the quality discourse and the learning discourse. These discourses can furthermore be divided in three branches that expresses continuous thoughts about the library. Those are that the library is for everyone, that the library is a carrier of something and that the library is an intermediary of something. The opinions differ between the left wing and the right wing as well as between the individual parties. The changes that can be seen over time is mostly due to the societal and technology development.

  • 259.
    Nordström, Therese
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Webbplatsfunktionerna hos fem av Sveriges största folkbibliotek: Med utgångspunkt i external cognition theory2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The subject for the bachelor thesis is functions on public library websites in Sweden. The purpose is therefore to compare the functions of five Swedish public library websites with the goal of finding similarities, differences and possible patterns. The reason behind this is a lack of studies on public library websites internationally, as well as studies on library websites at a national level. The examined websites belong to Stockholm stadsbibliotek, Göteborg stadsbibliotek, Malmö stadsbibliotek, Uppsala stadsbibliotek and Umeå stadsbibliotek. The method used was a comparative content analysis. An observation schedule based on Mierzecka and Suminas’ model was also created for the material collection process and organization. Rogers and Scaifes’ external cognition theory was used as teorethical perspective. The findings show that there are similarities between the examined websites, which could be explained by their shared library type. There were also differences, that could be attributed to the fact that they have different levels of independence from the respective municipality's website. Lastly, there were patterns between the websites as well, that could be explained by their shared goal of meeting the users’ needs. But this is a limited study conducted on a small sample within a limited time frame. More research is therefore needed on this subject.

  • 260.
    Nowé Hedvall, Karen
    et al.
    University of Borås, Sweden.
    Gärdén, Cecilia
    University of Borås, Sweden.
    Ahlryd, Sara
    University of Borås, Sweden.
    Michnik, Katarina
    University of Borås, Sweden.
    Carlén, Urban
    University West, Sweden.
    Byström, Katriina
    Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences, Norway.
    Social media in serious leisure: themes of horse rider safety2017In: Information research, ISSN 1368-1613, E-ISSN 1368-1613, Vol. 22, no 4, p. 1-19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction. The aim of this study is to gain insight into how issues of safety are discussed and understood by horse riders on social media. Safety issues are omnipresent in the leisure activity of horse riding. Social media affords usergenerated content, which provide arenas for information interactions and informal discussions that complement more official arenas.

    Method. An extensive number of postings and comments were derived from selected social networking sites, blogs and web forums engaged in by Swedish horse riders.

    Analysis. An iterative, qualitative content analysis was conducted on the basis of analytical questions and emerging themes on rider safety. The analysis generated five themes that together portray rider safety as an issue in need of greater attention.

    Results. Safety issues are downplayed in social media dealing with horse riding. The findings show that safety for humans is given lower priority than the safety of horses. There is a tendency to disregard safety and to project personal experiences of fear onto the horse, and there is no agreement on what constitutes safety.

    Conclusion. The results highlight a renewed need for explicit attention to be paid to safety issues especially in riding schools, since safety remains elusive and negotiable in discussions in social media, and thus becomes a risk in itself. Participants try to emulate embodied knowledge (intentionally and unintentionally) through stories and series of pictures and film sequences. The lack of support for a corporeal information modality in social media generates uncertainty, which may distort the meanings and intentions latent in the conversations.

  • 261.
    Okutan, Denize
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Språkcaféer vid folkbibliotek: Språkcaféer som stöttepelare i folkbibliotekets arbete som mötesplats2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis aims to examine how library staff experience the impact language cafes has on user integration and personal development, as well to study how language cafes can enable meetings between different individuals. Three different issues were to be answered which were a) how language cafes work on libraries, viewed as a social meeting place, b) how do language work with perceived user integration and c) with perceived personal development? Seven different semi structured interviews were conducted and thus six libraries were studied as two of the interviews were conducted on the same library. The library staff all worked in Skåne län and with language cafes. To analyse the results a theory about low-intensive and high-intensive meeting places was used in combination with four different themes: integration, personal development, disagreement and social contact. The theory that was used were created by Ragnar Audunson and is about how a meeting can be with someone who shares their interests or values, thus making it a high-intensive meeting, or someone who doesn’t share the same interests or values, thus making it a low-intensive meeting. The results of this thesis showed that a language cafe does result in both giving a place and reason for people to meet. There were signs of people developing as people, mainly getting more confidence and in the end seeking internship and thus not needing the language cafe anymore. Another conclusion is that the language cafes can be viewed as a high-intensive meeting place, but also a low-intensive, depending on how people look at and interpret it.

  • 262.
    Olander, Klara
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Kultur som en del av en helhet: En textanalytisk studie av den politiska diskussionen kring kulturkvarteret i Örebro2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the political discussion between local politicians, on the city of Örebro’s plans to build a new cultural centre, Kulturkvarteret. This investigation explores the politicians’ conceptions of the values and functions of culture – looking at how they express goals of cultural policy and which concepts of culture are used. The study also investigates if decisions on culture are seen, by the politicians, as pertaining to other political areas in addition to cultural policy.

    The method used is a text analysis approach where a model by Johannisson (2006) provides an analytical framework. Johannisson’s example summarises three different discourses used by agents of the cultural policy reconstruction process in Gothenburg during the 1990s: the quality discourse, the welfare discourse and the alliance discourse.

    This study shows that the welfare discourse and the alliance discourse are the most prominent in the political discussion in Örebro. The politicians primarily employ the anthropological concept of culture, whilst using the goals of cultural policy that fall both under the welfare discourse and under the alliance discourse.

    The conclusion of this thesis is that the local politicians appear to ascribe culture both an economic and a social value and that culture policy is seen as an aspect of other political areas in addition to cultural policy.

  • 263.
    Olsson, Michael
    et al.
    University of Technology, Australia.
    Hansson, Joacim
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Embodiment, Information Practices and Documentation: a study of Mid-Life Martial Artists2019In: CoLIS 10, Conceptions of Library and Information Science, 10th international conference: Book of Abstracts / [ed] Tanja Merčun, Polona Vilar, Ljubljana: Ljubljana University Press, Faculty of Arts , 2019, p. 52-52Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the concepts of embodied documentation and embodied information practices in the context of a study of martial artists in mid-life and beyond (aged 50+). The focus of this paper will be the practices through which they develop, maintain and share the embodied knowledge needed to pursue their martial arts. Combining auto-ethnography with qualitative interviews and ethnographic fieldwork, the study explores how participants meet the challenges of engaging in highly skilled embodied martial arts practices and how/whether these practices change as the practitioner enters mid-life. It will consider the possibility that, in a martial arts context, the most authoritative ‘document’ may be the bodies of the martial arts practitioners themselves in the moment of practice.

    The study is in part auto-ethnographic, as both authors are themselves practicing martial artists (Olsson: Haidong Gumdo, Hansson: Yang Tai Chi). In addition, the study used semi-structured qualitative interviews with other mid-life martial artists and ethnographic fieldwork at martial arts clubs and training sessions, in some of which the researchers were active participants. Participants practiced a range of martial arts including Haidong Gumdo, taekwondo, fencing, karate, and various forms of tai chi, with several participants practicing two or more arts simultaneously.

    The study’s findings show that the participants’ information practices are strongly social in nature, with participants working with a community of peers (training partners and coaches) to develop, maintain and share their martial expertise. Participants in the study consistently described their information practices as an on-going journey: particular goals may be achieved (a new technique, a higher dan) but these are always described as being waystations rather than endpoints. This takes on another layer for mid-life martial artists: participants talked about the need to re-learn and adapt already familiar techniques in order to adapt to their changing physical capabilities.

    All participants were in agreement that the best – and many argued only effective – way of learning in martial arts was through working with other martial artists who had already mastered the technique and gaining feedback from them as one put it into practice.

    For all participants, the body was the ultimate arbiter of truth. All participants constantly referred to their embodied practice when assessing their level of competence:

    You can feel when you’re doing it right – it just flows. It always feels awkward and wrong at first. (D’Artagnan)

  • 264.
    Olsson, Michael
    et al.
    University of Technology Sydney, Australia.
    Hansson, Joacim
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Embodiment, information practices and documentation: a study of mid-life martial artists2019In: Information research, ISSN 1368-1613, E-ISSN 1368-1613, Vol. 24, no 4, article id colis1928Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction. This study explores the concepts of embodied documentation and embodied information practices in the context of a study of martial artists in mid-life and beyond. The focus of this paper will be the practices through which they develop, maintain and share the embodied knowledge needed to pursue their martial arts.

    Method and analysis. Data collection included semi-structured interviewing, ethnographic fieldwork with participant observation and reflective writing. Analysis was undertaken using an inductive, thematic approach.

    Results. Participants’ information practices are social, multi-sensory and embodied in nature. The findings reveal the importance of nonconscious information practices aligned with the Zen Buddhist concept of mushin (無心の心). The study’s findings demonstrate that martial arts embodied information practices are unquestionably codified, embedded in long standing traditions of ‘correct’ practice.

    Conclusions. Participants’ embodied practice related explicitly to the codified martial arts form manifested through movements, technique and postures. That what is learnt is not random or situational in an ontological sense. Instead, codification challenges the established notion of tacit knowledge as it carries in it structured rules which relate to a documentary status of the embodied practice.

  • 265.
    Papakonstantinou, Maria
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    e-Prescriptions: Privacy concerns and security risks in Greece’s e-Health care system2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present thesis presents an informed by ethnography research that seeks to explore the privacy concerns and security risks that individuals perceive with regards to the electronic system of handling digital prescriptions. The research takes place in Athens, Greece and the participants are professionals who use daily the e-prescription platform and citizens whose data is being gathered and accessed. The paradiagm within which the research is unfolded is the interpretive one and a methodology of flexible design is followed. Thematic analysis of concepts produced by the data gathered is followed in order to offer an understanding of the concerns that the participants perceive. The methods that were used were interviews with professionals, focus groups with groups of citizens, individual interviews with citizens, observations and thinking aloud in pharmacies. The aim of the thesis is to illuminate those concerns with the aspiration that it be used as a basis for further research on the important issue of privacy of sensitive, medical data and suggest ways that could help ameliorate the identified concerns.

  • 266.
    Pehrsson, Kristian
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Erlandsson, Hanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Schh!: En analys av den offentliga debatten kring tystnad på bibliotek.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Hush! – An analyses of the public debate regarding silence in libraries.

    This essay is based on the perception of a change in the library soundscape. Our purpose is to identify the prevailing discourses in the public debate regarding silence in libraries. To achieve this, we posed three questions. What part does silence play in the public debate about silence in the libraries? What are the discourses that can be identified in this debate?  What is the debater’s opinion of the ambition of the library to become a third space? To answer these questions, we analysed seventeen articles from the Swedish news, by applying a discourse analytic model - based on a model created for this context by Åse Hedemark. The articles were written between 2006 and 2018 and we chose this timeframe due to the fact that the technological development of cellular phones etc, thrived in this period.The results show that there is a discord between the libraries and the participants in the public debate and that a number of discourses have been identified. We have identified the main issue of the debate as the transcendence of the library from a silent temple full of books, to an open space for informal encounters and conversations.

  • 267.
    Pekkala, Caroline
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Suneson, Mari
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Folkbibliotekens arbete med digital delaktighet: En intervjustudie med bibliotekspersonal2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Due to the everyday life becoming more digitalized digital inclusion has become an important part of being included in the democratic society. Therefore it’s also a part of the public libraries’ democratic mission. The aim of this study is to examine the opinions that Swedish public library staff have about digital inclusion and how they carry out the task of making users digitally included. The research questions examine what the library staff thought about their role regarding the work to promote digital inclusion, how they promote it, what challenges they face, and how they interpret the concepts of the digital divide and digital inclusion. The theoretical framework is based on Ruiu and Ragnedda’s theory about the two levels of the digital divide, Usherwood’s theory about the social role of public libraries, and Warshauer’s model of ICT access. By interviewing library staff we found that they consider their role in promoting digital inclusion to consist of a democratic role and an educational role. They consider the digital divide to be consistent of two levels: a physical and a psychological. They deem that a person needs to have both access to digital instruments and know how to use them to be digitally included. The library therefore offers both access to digital instruments and teaches the users how to utilize them. The challenges that they face includes not being able to meet the user’s needs, being unable to reach all users, the staff’s competence and attitude, and a lack of economic resources.

  • 268.
    Perselli, Ann-Katrin
    Linköping University.
    Teknologistudenter och informationshantering: En studie om informationskompetens vid Linköpings Tekniska högskola influerad av grounded theory2002Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose with this study is to investigate and understand how technology students handle information especially when they are working with their Master's thesis. A further purpose is to examine how technology students use library resources of the Linköping University. The research method used is grounded theory, where description of the method is an integral part of the study. Twelve qualitative interviews were made with newly qualified graduates from the engineering programs of Linköping Institute of Technology. The respondents were divided into two groups, A and B, with six in each group. All of them had completed or almost completed their education and their final thesis. The six engineers in group A had not chosen any course in information seeking, whereas in group B all six engineers had chosen the optional course, TGTU 60, offered in information seeking. The results indicate that the technology students adopt their way of seeking information from their teachers and supervisors and from the study culture. The students' adoption of information management is the social process that constitutes the core category of the research. The results also show that the engineering program is traditional and that the students seldom visit the library. A high rate of study, set course literature and traditional teaching are factors that scarcely stimulate the students to use the library. But after the course in information seeking, the respondents in group B had improved their information literacy and used the library more often.

  • 269.
    Persson, Cecilia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Den normbrytande biblioteksvärlden: Kvinnliga bibliotekarier som avancerat vid Lunds stadsbibliotek2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis in Library and information science, explores who four women succeeded in advancing at Lund’s city library year 1929-1960. Through library records and newspaper articles, women's external factors are exposed and explained what institutions are crucial for these women to advance in their profession. The internal factors are highlighted through newspaper articles written by and about these women to show perceptions about a female library manager. Together, these two perspectives will respond to why these women managed to advance in the library profession. The thesis shows that perceptions of female gender and the role of leadership are crucial for women to succeed in achieving a leading position in the library profession. This means that influential institutions such as family, university, workplace, and society must see female gender as a natural part of the leadership position. But this is not enough, according to this thesis women must apprehend themselves as suitable managers. This means that when female gender clearly matches the executive role, the number of women in leading positions will increase.

  • 270.
    Persson, Erica
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Spela roll: En textanalys om rollspel och literacy2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In modern society the mere reading of a text is not enough, instead human strive for literacy, a deeper understanding of the text and a capacity to think individually. This ability is studied through reading habits and is said to be developed through working with literature. Since not all youths enjoy reading as a fun hobby, this essay will focus on an alternative which could function as a method to develop literacy. This essay will examine the literacy potential of role-playing games.

         Role-playing games have been around for many years and there are several different methods of using them for education. The question is if role-plays that are not specifically educational could be useful too. Through a text analysis based on scientifically published texts studying different kinds of role-play and games this essay is meant to look into the scientific view of role-playing and what potential they hold to develop literacy.

         The empirical material will be analysed through two different theories. The first one is Erving Goffman’s theatrical metaphor, which allows one to scrutinize human’s need to play various roles. This will be used principally to analyse the scientists’ roles when they write about role-play. The second one is Judith Langer’s theories about envisioning literature and the four stances in the process of building an envisionment.

         Through this analysis it can be seen that scientists do work with this kind of role-play. There are various ways in which role-play can be used to develop literacy, but the subject is still in need of more research to establish the potential for literacy from role-playing games other than videogames. 

  • 271.
    Persson, Lovis
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    En plats för oss av oss: En studie i design av universitetsbibliotek i användarnas anda2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to explore the importance of library design to students, whether the interior design of a library has any effect on their experience when using its services, and what the students themselves believe is most important for the library to do to stay afloat in a society that is constantly evolving and becoming more digital. The study will also bring up UX (User Experience) as a method for library design. The theories used in this study are the third place theory, as well as a comparison to the ideals of the Learning Commons model. In order to find out how the students view the library and the impact of its design, five interviews with five different students at Linneaus University in Växjö were conducted. The results show that the library generally inspires the students to feel motivated and at ease in a place that is comfortable and safe. It also shows that the design and the general atmosphere of the library does play a specific role in the students’ overall experience of the library as it impacts many of the choices they make while they’re there, such as where to sit or which places to avoid. The majority of the students are mostly happy with the library as it is except for minor inconveniences, and merely wishes for the library to continue in the same way in the future while adapting to any new changes that may come in its way.

  • 272.
    Persson Möllerström, Yvonne
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Persson, Emma
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Mycket mer än ett bibliotek: Integrationsfrämjande arbete på tre stadsbibliotek2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is about how the public library can have a role in the integration of immigrants in the Swedish society. The constant stream of refugees to Sweden in the last few years is what inspired this essay. We examine how different functions and activities of libraries can affect the integration of immigrants, and what role the public library can have in the integration process. Our questions are: How do library employees see the role of the library when it comes to the integration of immigrants? How do city libraries work with integration of immigrants? How do city libraries reach out to immigrants as a target group? We have structured our material gathered through interviews according to these questions. We then used the theory created by Marianne Andersson and Dorte Skot-Hansen called the four functions of the library, both to interpret and to analyze the material in relation to our second question. We have also used parts of Albert Diaz integration theory to analyze the material for all three questions and to show that the public library can actually play a communicative, personal and social role in the integration process. We have found connections between the public library´s four functions according to Andersson and Skot-Hansen, and Diaz´s communicative, personal and social integration, and in this way managed to relate activities and functions of the public library to the integration of immigrants in the Swedish society.

  • 273. Pesce, Valeria
    et al.
    Keizer, Johannes
    Protonotarios, Vassilis
    Stellato, Armando
    Celli, Fabrizio
    L’Abate, Giovanni
    Matteis, Luca
    Bromley, Jane
    Golub, Koraljka
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Deployment of linked agricultural data integration layer2014Report (Other academic)
  • 274.
    Pesce, Valeria
    et al.
    Global Forum on Agricultural Research (GFAR), Italy.
    L'Abate, Giovanni
    Consiglio per la Ricerca e la sperimentazione in Agricoltura Centro di ricerca per l’agrobiologia e la pedologia (CRA-ABP), Italy.
    Matteis, Luca
    agINFRA project.
    Golub, Koraljka
    agINFRA project.
    The agINFRA Linked Data layer2014In: Research Data Alliance 4th Plenary Meeting, 2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 275.
    Petersson, Linda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Lärares och forskares uppfattningar om vad som utgör och legitimerar ett forskningsbibliotek: Exemplet Fakulteten för Hälsa och samhälle2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis in Library and Information science (LIS) aims to examine faculty perceptions of what constitutes and legitimizes an academic library. Academic libraries have experienced immense changes in the last several decades, mainly due to techno­logical advances such as electronic resources, but also the increase in students, teachers and researchers. Many libraries are trying to to provide new services and expertise to remain indispensable to users, which contributes to a fragmented image of academic libraries.

    This study addressed the following research questions:

    • What are teachers’ and researchers’ expectations of an academic library?
    • How do teachers and researchers think about access and resources?
    • What are teachers’ and researchers’ perceptions of future academic libraries?

    The study was conducted using a qualitative approach where eight faculty members with experience of being both a teacher and a researcher were interviewed at the Faculty of Health and Society at Malmö University. The data was analyzed using an analytical framework of legitimacy and documentality deriving from Professor Joacim Hansson (2015), but adapted to fit the study. The analytical framework mainly contributed in clarifying which library resources and services can be considered either essential or mostly facilitating. The findings show that faculty perceives the academic library as crucial for their work, especially for giving access to printed or electronic literature, guiding users in how to find and value relevant information, assisting in publishing matters and in education. However, faculty also considers resources and supportive services intrinsically non-essential to teaching and research as relatively important, and truly values the personal contact with the librarians. The results indicate that academic libraries will persist in the foreseeable future, though an informed strategy is necessary.

  • 276.
    Petersson, Sofie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Folkbibliotekets identitet på Facebook: En innehållsanalys av Malmös stadsbibliotek, Göteborgs stadsbibliotek och Stockholms stadsbiblioteks Facebook-flöden2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study examines which identities the City Libraries in Malmö, Gothenburg and Stockholm reflects through their Facebook feeds. The research questions are: Which identities are the most and least prominent? In what way are the identities expressed through the libraries' Facebook feeds? Previous research has examined librarians’ views on Facebook and ways they use it, but studies on which identities public libraries reflect on social media seems to be unexplored.

    The method used was qualitative content analysis. It was performed on 282 Facebook posts, 58 of which could not be encoded as any form of identity. The time frame for the empirical data was two months and the theoretical framework is based on seven librarian identities by Anders Ørom and Trine Schreiber.

    The result showed that the “Cultural Intermediary Identity” is the most prominent identity in the libraries' Facebook feeds and accounts for 48,66 percent of all posts that shows features of any identity. Focus is often on authors, books and events.

    The analysis also showed traits of “Social Work Identity” (23,21%) “Experience Intermediary Identity” (15,18%) and “Subject Specialist Identity” (12,50%). The “Information Broker Identity” (0,45%) was only reflected in one post. The “Information Organizer” and the “Documentalist” did not appear in any of the Facebook posts.

     Furthermore the result shows that, in addition to great interest in culture, there is also an ambition to satisfy followers' needs, especially addressing children and teenagers. There is also an interest to communicate experiences to Facebook followers and attracting visitors by promoting activities such as writers-workshops, debates and role-playing. The libraries also promote events and books within the world of specialist literature.

  • 277.
    Pettersson, Johanna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Olsson, Frida
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Bibliotekariers arbete med integration och mångfald: Den praktiska verksamheten gentemot dokument om lagar och riktlinjer2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The library is a place to meet other individuals and exchange information. This study is connected to the exchange of information between individuals and groups from varying cultures and backgrounds in an intercultural setting – the library. The library have a set of laws and guidelines they should follow which lead to the question of whether they do or not?  Furthermore, in unison with the question raised above, this study was conducted to research the connections, differences and diversities within and between discourses connected to the library. In order to possess a greater knowledge regarding laws and guidelines a library manifest and the Swedish library law was examined. Additionally, two discourses were constructed after thorough and meticulous reading, one of theory, containing laws and guidelines while the other discourse was of practical work derived from the statements of librarians through interviews. The analysis was split into two parts and done with critical discourse analysis, derived from Fairclough, and rational choice-theory as tools. During the first analysis three different themes were identified and brought forward to be used as the basis. The results from the first analysis formed two other prominent themes used in the second analysis. After the analysis was conducted and the material thoroughly inspected and interpreted the study arrived at its final conclusions. The result showed, among other things, a great lack of implementation between the two discourses and specifically so in the implementation of guidelines from the theoretical discourse in the practical discourse.

  • 278.
    Pettersson, Louise
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Andersson, Emma
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    E-böcker på bibliotek: En studie av e-boksdebatten med folkbiblioteken i fokus2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 279.
    Pärsdotter, My
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Hej bokbussen!: Bokbussens roller i Västerås2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this bachelor's thesis is to examine the roles of the mobile library in Västerås municipality in Sweden. The purpose is to gain understanding about the mobile library and its place in the local public library operation. The theoretical framework is the model for analysis of the local public library profile, produced by Marianne Andersson and Dorte Skot-Hansen. Qualitative interviews are put in comparison with the four overlapping categories included in said model: the role as a cultural centre, knowledge centre, information centre and social centre. The results show that each of the four roles was recognized to some degree, though the roles as cultural centre and social centre were somewhat prominent. The respondents mainly highlighted the lack of information technology and the limited physical space as the major holdbacks for development opportunities in all categories. The findings are discussed along with their relations to national and local policy documents. 

  • 280.
    Qvant, Ström, Saga
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Nylander, Pamela
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Kampen om folkbibliotekets identitet: Användarens syn på folkbiblioteken som mötesplats2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper seeks to understand public library users opinions and perceptions of the public library as meeting places and how that meeting place is connected to the democratic mission. To do this we have used the concepts of otherness, high- and lowintensive meeting places and the public sphere. Through these concepts we haveexamined and analysed articles published in newspapers both in print and online tounderstand the users discourse of how public libraries as a meeting places function incorrelation to democracy. We have noticed a lack of research regarding userexperiences and perceptions, and that the opinions of librarians are often seen assuperior.The questions we asked are “How do library users discuss the public library in mediasuch as newspapers both in print and online?”, “What are library users perceptionsabout the public library as a meeting place?” and “In which ways do these perceptionsabout the public library correlate to the public libraries democratic mission?”. Ourfindings show a dissension in users opinions regarding the role and function of thelibrary as a place. We have also found differing opinions about the libraries purpose insociety. Should it be purely educational or should it be a meeting place?

  • 281.
    Ramthan, Hekmat Ali
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences. hekmat__ali@hotmail.com.
    Information Literacy of Older Newly Arrived People2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this bachelor thesis is to explore the information literacy of newly arrived people and to obtain knowledge about how they are looking for important information. The research questions are as follows: How do newly arrived people access information in the new society? What strategies do they use to overcome the difficulties/obstacles?How do newly arrived people learn about being information literate? Previous research has examined the importance of information literacy of newly arrived people and discussed how they are looking for important information. In this work, in order to gain an empirical insight, semi-structured interviews were conducted with seven women from Syria. The timeframe for the collection of this empirical data was more than two months. The results conveyed that the ‘newly arrived people’ are looking for important information by friends, relatives and social network. Said individuals have a tendancy to spend copious amounts of time to gain reliable and relevant information. Likewise, newly arrived people are in need of more support which would require further facilitation when entering into the labour market and integrating into society. The analysis also provided traits of newly arrived people needing more support and help learning about information literacy. What can be concluded, is that the newly arrived people did not have enough knowledge about library instructions when offering services. Among other issues, the results showed a great interest in culture, as well as an ambition to learn language and more about society, especially the new arrivals whom are looking for jobs despite the fact that they have been in the country for a short period.

  • 282.
    Reinhold, Linn
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Fri information åt alla?: En textanalys av hur fängelse- och häktesbibliotek framställs i bibliotekssektorns branschtidskrifter2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Does the freedom of information apply to delinquents? According to Swedish law, prisoners and detainees should have access to library services comparable to public libraries. However, this is not the case since there is specific literature not allowed in prison. Interestingly, The Swedish Library Act (2013:801) states that the library’s task is to promote the development of a democratic society by openness to various perspectives, i.e. no censorship or other obstructive measures. This Bachelor’s thesis aims to analyse how Swedish prison libraries are portrayed in journals from the library and information sector by identifying different discourses in articles. 

    The library and information profession have long been characterised by traditions of fairness, open inquiry, service and humanism. These traditions also form social justice theory in library and information science. By identifying discourses related to fairness, open inquiry, service and humanism in articles written in journals from the library and information sector, this Bachelor’s thesis illuminates attitudes toward prison libraries’ media collections and rehabilitative purposes. It is shown that Swedish prison libraries’ media collections are portrayed as restricted and censored, which according to discourses related to fairness, open inquiry, service and humanism, have a negative impact on rehabilitative measures as well as maintaining the freedom of information.

  • 283.
    Rieloff, Mattias
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, The University Library.
    Maricic, Ibolya
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.
    Gunnarsson, Ingemar
    Linnaeus University, The University Library.
    Forskarstuderandes behov: Språkstöd/språkgranskning, publiceringsstrategier,informationssökning och referenshantering2015Report (Other academic)
  • 284.
    Sandhu, Alice
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Man vill ju inte bli tagen på sängen: Svenska folkbibliotekariers upplevelser av påverkan på urvalet, samt strategier för hanteringen av den2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis examines public librarian’s views on collection development and selection censorship in the public libraries today and how they work to raise awareness so that it does not constrain the selection. The subject belongs to collection management in the public library field. The study aims to investigate the librarian’s perception of different pressures on Swedish public libraries collections today and where they come from.

    The three questions posed in this study are: what pressures and controversies can public librarian’s experience in their work with selection? Where and in what way does pressure on Swedish public libraries selection arise from, according to Jacobsen and Thorsviks model: from above, below or sideways? How does the public librarians rise awareness in the selection process to cope with subjective and outward pressure? The method is based on four interviews with operating public librarians, and their thoughts and experiences on the subject. The theory used in this thesis is a model by Dag I. Jacobsens and Jan Thorsvik, called Features for the three institutional pillars. It is used to trace where pressure originates from within an organization. Here it is applied to public libraries and the impact on the selection, studied from three perspectives; above, below and sideways. The results show that the selection is guided by democratic laws about diversity, laws against offensive content as well as libraries mission to purchase on demand. The librarians seldom or never experience any oppression, aggression or organized that challenge the libraries selection or censorship. The main pressures are of individual origin, they are library users that challenge both the librarian’s expertise and the selection principles. In the selection process librarians discuss that they are subjective beings and that they hence can affect the selection with their own involvement through subconscious values. Being aware of this process makes it less problematic. The librarians rarely have anything substantial to go by in the selection process, like a formal strategic media plan, it tends to be either inadequate to use, outdated or not practically useful. The informants for this study experience mediaplanning takes time and effort, at the same time they have less resources and time to do so. Which makes it problematic to examine and have quality selections, for example it could lead to oppression on the professional role of the librarian.

  • 285.
    Seldén, Lars
    University of Borås.
    Images of Researcher: Librarian Interaction1999In: Svensk biblioteksforskning, ISSN 0284-4354, E-ISSN 1653-5235, no 2, p. 27-43Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 286.
    Seldén, Lars
    Högskolan i Borås.
    On grounded theory – with some malice2004In: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379, Vol. 61, no 1, p. 114-129Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – To review critically the applicability of Grounded Theory.

    Design/methodology/approach – Two perspectives are used: that of the author’s personalexperience and that of the internal pros and cons of Grounded Theory.

    Findings – Grounded Theory is called into question regarding problems with pre-understanding,with everyday knowledge, with disconnection of context, and with coding procedure.

    Practical implications – It is important to think twice before using Grounded Theory in spite of its promising features at the outset.

    Originality/value – Empirically and theoretically founded critique of Grounded Theory

  • 287.
    Seldén, Lars
    Högskolan i Borås.
    The Bologna process and the ups and downs of professionalisation in Swedish public libraries2007In: Information research, ISSN 1368-1613, E-ISSN 1368-1613, Vol. 12, no 4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To look for answers in educational history, using Sweden as an example, to challenges for library and information science departments from the European higher education reform known as the Bologna process.

    Data: Four Swedish library registers from the 20th century containing data on 1790 librarians.

    Method: Historical method and descriptive statistics.

    Findings: Periods of vocational training (how to do it) have varied with periods of foregrounding academic and theoretic studies (how to think about it). Periods when priority was given to vocational training have decreased the professional status of librarians to a degree of deprofessionalisation.

    Implications: Employability in Bologna terminology is a threat to professional status at the Bachelor level. The effect may be significant on public libraries.

  • 288.
    Seldén, Lars
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Cultural Sciences.
    Utbildning för folkbibliotekarier i Sverige: politiska beslut och deras följder2012In: Styra eller stödja?: svensk folkbibliotekspolitik under hundra år / [ed] Anders Frenander, Jenny Lindberg, Borås: Valfrid , 2012, p. 189-215Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 289.
    Seldén, Lars
    Högskolan i Borås.
    Utbildningsvanor och rekryteringspraktik i en kvinnoprofession enligt biblioteksmatriklar 1932-19662007In: Svensk biblioteksforskning, ISSN 0284-4354, E-ISSN 1653-5235, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 1-38Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall purpose is to examine librarians’ educational practices and libraries’ recruitmentpolicies during the first two thirds of the 20th century in Sweden. The study is a part of alarger project that is investigating the constitution of the knowledge domain of the librarian.The records used are four published registers containing detailed data of 1790 librarians.Variables include sex, age, formal merits and recruitments. Other variables such as fathers’and spouses’ occupations are considered for use at a later stage of the project. Time-linedesigns are used in order to present tables and diagrams in most cases. The records have beenused in this way for the first time.Findings: by the end of the 1950’s and the beginning of the 1960’s a woman’s profession hadbecome sharply delineated; characteristic qualifications include a Bachelor level degree and alibrary school diploma. Between 1926 and 1965 80% of the graduates of the library schoolwere women. However, there was a male stronghold of librarians with Ph.D.’s.

  • 290.
    Sjöberg, Emma
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Sjödin, Isabelle
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Yrkesverksamma konstnärers informationssökningsbeteende och informationsbehov: En användarstudie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis examines how professional artists seek information and what information needs they have within their creative work. Previous research have mostly been focused on art students and there is a small amount of research that have focused on professional artists. The purpose of this study is therefore to examine how the artists seek information and what information needs they have. This is done by using qualitative interviews with five professional artists. The results are analyzed with two of Tom Wilson’s models of information seeking and information seeking behavior. The study also reviews a themed based theory on artists main information needs by Susie Cobbledick. This study found that Cobbledick's five themes regarding the information needs, fits well with the artists information needs overall, but some themes are perceived more prominent than others. The artists information seeking behavior and information needs vary depending on the situation in which we have found that the artists primarily seek information by turning to their colleagues, early teachers and by searching information on the internet. When we analyzed how artists seek inspiration, we found that the artists find their information through information encountering rather than information seeking.

  • 291.
    Sjösten Lilja, Åsa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Högläsningsvanor - hur och varför?: Hur ser högläsningspraktikerna ut för föräldrar och barnbibliotekarier2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this bachelor thesis is to examine the practitioner around reading aloud among parents and children’s librarians. The questions I have been working with is how does the parents habits around reading aloud looks like and why they do it, and how does children´s librarians work with reading aloud and why. The method I have been working with are interviews, both with parents how have children in the age of one to five years old and children´s librarians how works with children in the same age. In my analysis did I use a socio-cultural perspective and also a model made of Dominikovic which describes the interaction between an adult and a child in a reading aloud situation. The result of my survey showed that the parents I was interviewed was reading aloud to their children almost every day, in my opinion are the parents not aware of all the advantages the reading aloud will give their children, they see it more like a tradition they want to give their children. The children´s librarians have a more stated purpose with their activities around reading aloud and that is mainly language development.

  • 292.
    Sjövall, Malin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Användarundervisning på gymnasiet: En studie av tre skolbibliotekariers arbete2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim with this paper was to look at how school libraries work with Carol C.

    Kuhlthau's model of user education at secondary level. After the interviews were

    completed and the results were compiled, it became visible that the students who had a

    good user training during their education have benefited from this throughout their

    lives. This because they learned in a good way how to seek for information, as well as

    evaluate and choose good sources.

    During the interviews it became visible that there only were a few teachers that the

    librarians have collaborated with at an early stage about the students' school

    assignments. This is also evidenced by a recently published study that shows that the

    interest to cooperate is from both the teachers and the libraries, but that the forms and

    implementation of that is where it is lacking. School libraries expressed that they feel

    that they are working in reverse, based on the fact that according to the curriculum, their

    skills are used, but this is not anchored by the respective principal and teacher.

    The conclusion found in the paper is that cooperation between the librarians and the

    teachers has to be initiated already at the level of education within the respective

    education. This to create the best conditions that will benefit the students in the end.

    With well educated students we get a more well-educated society.

  • 293. Soergel, Dagobert
    et al.
    Golub, Koraljka
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Formal analysis of similarity measures with emphasis on consistency and performance measures in indexing and retrieval: Under revision for publication to Journal of the Association for Information Science and TechnologyManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 294.
    Somerville, Mary M.
    et al.
    University of Colorado, USA.
    Chatzipanagiotou, Niki
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Informed Systems: Enabling Collaborative Evidence Based Organizational Learning2015In: Evidence Based Library and Information Practice, ISSN 1715-720X, E-ISSN 1715-720X, Vol. 10, no 4, p. 24-39Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective – In response to unrelenting disruptions in academic publishing and higher education ecosystems, the Informed Systems approach supports evidence based professional activities to make decisions and take actions. This conceptual paper presents two core models, Informed Systems Leadership Model and Collaborative Evidence-Based Information Process Model, whereby co-workers learn to make informed decisions by identifying the decisions to be made and the information required for those decisions. This is accomplished through collaborative design and iterative evaluation of workplace systems, relationships, and practices. Over time, increasingly effective and efficient structures and processes for using information to learn further organizational renewal and advance nimble responsiveness amidst dynamically changing circumstances.

    Methods – The integrated Informed Systems approach to fostering persistent workplace inquiry has its genesis in three theories that together activate and enable robust information usage and organizational learning. The information- and learning-intensive theories of Peter Checkland in England, which advance systems design, stimulate participants’ appreciation during the design process of the potential for using information to learn. Within a co-designed environment, intentional social practices continue workplace learning, described by Christine Bruce in Australia as informed learning enacted through information experiences. In addition, in Japan, Ikujiro Nonaka’s theories foster information exchange processes and knowledge creation activities within and across organizational units. In combination, these theories promote the kind of learning made possible through evolving and transferable capacity to use information to learn through design and usage of collaborative communication systems with associated professional practices. Informed Systems therein draws from three antecedent theories to create an original theoretical approach.

    Results – Over time and with practice, as co-workers design and enact information-focused and evidence based learning experiences, they learn the way to decision-making and action-taking. Increasingly more complex experiences of information exchange, sense making, and knowledge creation, well supported by workplace communication systems and professional practices, further dialogue and reflection and thereby enrich analysis and interpretation of complexities and interdependencies.

    Conclusions - Research projects and evaluation studies conducted since 2003 demonstrate the transformative potential of the holistic Informed Systems approach to creating robust workplace learning environments. Leaders are responsible for design of workplace environments supportive of well contextualized, information-rich conversations. Co-workers revisit both the nature of organizational information and the purpose of organizational work. As colleagues better understand the complexities of the organization and its situation, they learn to diagnose problems and identify consequences, guided by Informed Systems models. Systemic activity and process models activate collaborative evidence based information processes within enabling conditions for thought leadership and workplace learning that recognize learning is social. Enabling communication systems and professional practices therefore intentionally catalyze and support collegial inquiry to co-create information experiences and organizational knowledge through evidence based practice to enliven capacity, inform decisions, produce improvements, and sustain relationships. The Informed Systems approach is thereby a contribution to professional practice and workplace renewal through evidence based decision-making and action-taking in contemporary organizations.

  • 295.
    Somerville, Mary M.
    et al.
    University of Colorado Denver, USA.
    Cooper, Liz
    University of New Mexico, USA.
    Torhell, Catta
    Linnaeus University, The University Library.
    Hashert, Cindy
    University of Colorado Denver, USA.
    At home in the world: International library staff exchange program highlights2015In: IFLA Journal, ISSN 0340-0352, E-ISSN 1745-2651, Vol. 41, no 4, p. 326-335Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since 2011, the academic libraries at Linnaeus University, Sweden and University of Colorado Denver, USA have collaboratively created a programmatic approach for staff exchanges and associated projects. This initiative occurred within the larger framework of university internationalization goals and cultural competency requirements. In addition, both libraries were experiencing significant workplace changes, including newly designed facilities, programs, and services, which required that staff members learn to see their organizations and understand their roles in new ways. As the exchange program evolved, formal comparison studies complemented informal exchange observations about similarities and differences between the two library organizations. Resulting insights altered traditional worldviews and professional assumptions of both host and exchange participants. In addition, cultural competencies were further exercised through collaborative projects that benefit the increasingly diverse faculty and student constituencies at both home institutions. Concluding reflections suggest considerations for organizations considering international exchanges for staff members “at home in the world.”

  • 296.
    Stridh, Isabell
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Svedlund, Evelina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Boktips 2.0: En kvalitativ studie om elevers delaktighet i skapandet av boktipsvideor på en biblioteksblogg2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to, through a qualitative method, investigate students’ participation in a specific library blog to find out what motivate them to create and share digital book recommendations through videos. It also intended to describe the students’ own views of their participation.We conducted interviews with eight students in the ages 12 and 13, who all had similar experiences regarding the blog creation but diverse attitudes concerning the blog production and intentions to participate.The results showed that the strongest motivating forces behind the students' participation in the blog creation was that they enjoyed the making of the videos and also because they wanted to inspire others to read more and create resembling blogs.

  • 297.
    Ström Nordbeck, Adam
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Menberg Svensson, Hannes
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Vem kan man lita på?: Hur ungdomar bedömer trovärdigheten av information på Facebook2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social media today constitute a big part of everyday life for adolescents, but we believe that there is an inadequate knowledge of how young people in everyday contexts go about evaluating and reflecting upon the information mediated through Facebook. This study aims to examine how adolescents in their everyday life judge the credibility of information mediated through Facebook. In order to attain the aim the study also seeks to answer how adolescents reflect upon information on Facebook, what is their own role in the production of content and also to identify their cognitive resources and the practical doings which they apply in order to judge the credibility of the information. The theoretical framework on which the study is based are Patrick Wilson's theory of Cognitive authority and the theory of Uses and Gratifications. The data was accumulated by conducting two focus group interviews with a total of eight respondents, each focus group comprising four respondents. The study found that the content the respondents are exposed to is dependent on their own actions and that it is also a result of a wider range of age groups being more active on Facebook. Many of the respondents do not put much trust in the information and most of them are also passive in the production of it. The study also identified the following methods the respondents use when they evaluate the credibility of the information: to examine the sources, determine if there is any underlying political interest, reputation, how it is expressed, their attitude towards the information, compare sources, common sense and experience.

  • 298.
    Sundling, Frida
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Ottilia, Sundahl
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    En bild säger mer än tusen ord: Bibliotekariers arbete med Instagram som marknadsföringsverktyg2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Due to technological innovations, the society has new needs and expectations of the public libraries and what they offer. The web can now be seen as a competitor to the library services or as an opportunity for them to market the organization, for example through social media. The aim of this bachelor thesis was to examine how public librarians used Instagram in marketing purposes. The research questions we wanted to answer were:

    • What motives were there to use Instagram for marketing purposes for public libraries?

    • What interaction is created through marketing over Instagram?

    • How do librarians think of the use of Instagram in the future?

    The theoretical basis for the thesis is Gummessons model of the Relationshipsmarketingtheory (RM). RM focuses on the weight of relationships between organizations and their customers. For collecting data a qualitative method was used. Six librarians from three different libraries were elected for interviews.

    The result showed that public librarians generally had a positive attitude towards library marketing through Instagram. They wanted to show what the library could offer, establish their place in society and reach out to new users, and Instagram was a natural part of the marketing. The study showed that the interaction with library users was low, but the interaction with other libraries and their staff was higher. In the future, librarians had a positive attitude towards developing their Instagram use. Instagram would then become equated with traditional marketing, but requested more clear using guidelines. The librarians also wanted more staff to be involved in the marketing.

  • 299.
    Svantesson, Louise
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Det är en liten isolerad utevärld som de kan kliva in i för en timme: Fängelsebibliotekariens roll2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis analyses the role and identities of the prison librarian in three Swedish prisons in order to see how the librarians themselves understand their role and their different conditions. After interviewing and recording the three librarians I analyzed the material with the identities created by the researchers Anders Ørom and Trine Schreiber. Ørom mentions three identities which focus on the content both from the librarians´ perspective but also from the users´ perspective. A fourth one discusses the more practical work, for example cataloguing and classification. Two other ones stress the technological aspects of the librarians´ work tasks. Finally an identity is described by Schreiber which focuses on the experience the library is able to create which in some way competes with other media. It also stresses the information technology aspect of intermediation. The study shows that the more content-focused identities are mostly used by the respondents. Time and restrictions are two existent conditions which affect the possibilities to use the identities. Technology is discussed as an important part of preparing the inmates to a life after release, but is not a major focus for the respondents at the moment. The most important role according to the respondents seems to be the needs of the inmates.

  • 300.
    Svensson, Emelie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Magnusson, Evelina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Böcker, bibliotek och beigt: En diskursanalytisk studie om hur bibliotekarien beskrivs i skönlitteraturen2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis explores how librarians are portrayed in fiction literature. The aim is to see how the librarian and their work tasks are described. Our material consists of 12 fiction novels from the years 2000 to 2012 (with an exception of a book from 1998). We have used discourse analysis in order to examine the picture of the librarian.

    We have used three major questions: How is the librarian portrayed in our selected fiction literature from year 2000 until today (the beginning of 2013)? How are the librarians profession portrayed in our selected fiction literature? Does our selection of the fiction literature give a positive or negative image of the librarianand how can that affect the view of the profession?

    Our analysis resulted in the discourses the librarian and literature and the librarian and the library. Our study concludes the stereotype image of the librarian as an elderly, angry woman with her hair in a bun is slowly changing in our material. The librarian is still described as a person who lends out and retrieves books, but there are also descriptions of tasks like helping the users with Internet and relative research. The characters use both negative and positive words when they describe their profession. The librarian is strongly connected to the physical library.

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