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  • 251.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Komplex bild av HBTQ-personers jobbsituation2015In: Smålandsposten, ISSN 1104-0009, Vol. 9 maj, p. 2-2Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Könsskillnader som finns på arbetsmarknaden gäller oberoende av sexuell läggning, skriver professorn i nationalekonomi Mats Hammarstedt vid Linnéuniversitetet.

  • 252.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics. Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Sweden.
    Livskvalitet bland äldre egenföretagare - resultat från en enkätundersökning2018In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 46, no 6, p. 5-13Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln presenterar resultat från en enkätundersökning om äldre egenföretagares upplevda livskvalitet och tillfredställelse med arbetet. Äldre egenföretagare har högre upplevd livskvalitet än löneanställda och de som lämnat arbetsmarknaden. Egenföretagare är mer nöjda med sina jobb än löneanställda. Resultaten förklaras sannolikt till del av selektion. Personer som väljer att vara aktiva på arbetsmarknaden skiljer sig från personer som väljer att inte vara det. Resultaten understryker betydelsen av att individen har möjligheter att påverka förutsättningarna i slutet av arbetslivet. Att stimulera entreprenörskap bland äldre kan vara ett sätt att öka arbetskraftsutbudet och minska påfrestningarna på pensionssystemet och samtidigt höja livskvaliteten hos äldre.

  • 253.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    ”Lågutbildade flyktingar är utmaningen”2016In: Dagens Nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, Vol. 11 janArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 254.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Långvariga ekonomiska effekter av flyktingkrisen2018In: Dagens Industri, ISSN 0346-640X, no 2018-01-03Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Den långa tid det tar för framför allt flyktingar från länder utanför Europa att komma in på arbetsmarknaden gör att flyktinginvandring under lång tid påverkar Sveriges offentliga finanser negativt, skriver professorn i nationalekonomi Mats Hammarstedt.

  • 255.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    ”Många kvinnor står helt utanför arbetsmarknaden”2016Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    ”De orsaker som ställer utrikes födda kvinnor utanför arbetskraften måste identifieras och mönster måste brytas”, skriver Mats Hammarstedt.

  • 256.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Professor: Felaktig kritik mot låglönejobb2016In: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Enbart låglönejobb är knappast lösningen på integra­tions­problemet. Däremot kan fler jobb med lägre ingångslöner kombinerat med utbildningsinsatser och andra insat­ser, vara en del av lösningen. Men detta bör diskuteras på korrekta grunder, skriver professor Mats Hammarstedt i en replik.

  • 257.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    "Ska det vara mer budgetarbete i julkalendern?"2017In: Dagens Nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, no 2017-12-22Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    REPLIK DN Debatt 21/12. Barn och ungdomars intresse för vetenskap överlever förmodligen att professorer framställs som virriga och excentriska i en julkalender. Möjligen kan man fundera över om inte forskares egna debattinlägg ibland ger mer tveksamma intryck av forskare än de som julkalendern förmedlar av professorer, skriver professor Mats Hammarstedt.

  • 258.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Snart lågkonjunktur, då blir integrationen svårare2019In: Dagens Samhälle, ISSN 1652-6511, no 2019-03-11Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Flyktingar som kom under flyktingkrisen 2015 kunde snabbare ta sig in på arbetsmarknaden än föregående års flyktingar. Framgången kan dock inte tillskrivas specifika satsningar, utan beror troligen på konjunkturen, skriver professor Mats Hammarstedt. 

  • 259.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    ”Största utmaningen kring integration är framför oss”2020In: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, no 2020-01-26Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    En snabbare etableringstakt bör inte skymma att de största utmaningarna med att integrera utrikes födda på arbetsmarknaden sannolikt ligger i framtiden. Det skriver professor Mats Hammarstedt.

  • 260.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    ”SVT visar en skev bild av integration på arbetsmarknaden”2017Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

     ”En ökning av antalet sysselsatta bland utrikes födda är ett dåligt mått på hur integrationen fungerar då den är framdriven av att den utrikes födda befolkningen har ökat i storlek”, skriver Hammarstedt.

  • 261.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Tveksamma argument om flyktingar2015In: Smålandsposten, Vol. 23 oktArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 262.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Tvärvetenskapligt bidrag till debatten om arbetskraftsinvandring: [recension av] Catharina Calleman och Petra Herzfeld Olsson (red): Arbetskraft från hela världen – hur blev det med 2008 års reform?2016In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 44, no 3, p. 70-72Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 263.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    "Uppdelning i skolan påverkar arbetsmarknaden"2016In: Dagens samhälle, ISSN 1652-6511Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    En fjärdedel av de utomeuropeiskt födda kvinnorna mellan 20 och 64 år med eftergymnasial utbildning står inte till arbetsmarknadens förfogande. Om vi ska lyckas öka den andelen måste vi börja redan i skolan, och säga nej till könsuppdelad undervisning.

  • 264.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    ”Uppdrag gransknings reportage borde inte förvåna någon”2019Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    ”Att flyktingar bosätter sig på mindre orter med dåliga möjligheter till sysselsättning bör, utifrån vad man vet från tidigare erfarenheter, undvikas. Det har varit känt länge”, skriver Mats Hammarstedt.

  • 265.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Utrikes födda på arbetsmarknaden - hur ser situationen ut och vad säger forskningen?2017In: Migration och socialförsäkringen: rapport från forskarseminariet i Umeå 18-19 januari 2017, Försäkringskassan , 2017, 1, , p. 10p. 47-57Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    En allt större andel av befolkningen i Sverige är född utomlands. År 2017 är omkring 17 procent eller 1,7 miljoner personer i Sverige födda i något annat land. Andelen utrikes födda personer i Sverige förväntas dessutom öka under de närmaste åren då antalet människor som söker sig till Sverige av flyktingskäl förväntas ligga på historiskt sett höga nivåer. Frågan om hur utrikes födda integreras på arbetsmarknaden står därmed högt på den politiska agendan och frågan om hur integrationen ska kunna förbättras har, inte minst under det senaste året, ofta varit i centrum för den politiska debatten.

  • 266.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Utrikes föddas etablering på arbetsmarknaden: en viktig fråga för välfärdens finansiering2019In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 26, no 3-4, p. 241-256Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Immigrants’ labour market integration – an important issue for public sector financesIn 2019, around 1.9 million individuals, or about 20 per cent of Sweden’s total population, were born abroad. Against this background the labour market integration of the foreign-born population is of great importance. Immigrants who adapt rapidly to the Swedish labour market will contribute to public sector finances while immigrants who adapt poorly will constitute a burden to the Swedish public sector finances. In this article we shed new light on the issue of immigrants’ labour market integration by presenting new figures obtained from data bases at Statistics Sweden. It emerges that the employment rate is around 9 percentage points higher among native-born males than among foreign-born males (in the 15–74 age group) while it is around 7 percentage points higher among native-born females than among foreign-born females. Some groups are found to have difficulties in entering the Swedish labour market. The employment rate among males and females originating from Asian or African countries is around 15 percentage points lower than the employment rate among male and female natives. Individuals with refugee background have certain difficulties with integration on the labour market. A large share of the individuals from these groups have relatively low educational attainment. This suggests that different measures, such as measures to increase the refugees’ human capital, measures to reduce the employers’ costs of hiring as well as measures to counteract labour market discrimination are needed in order to improve the labour market position of the immigrant population in Sweden.

  • 267.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    ”Vad jag efterlyste var just en nyanserad debatt av integrationen”2017Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    ”Håkan Gustafsson konstaterar att om man jämför åren 2005 och 2016 så har andelen sysselsatta bland utrikes födda ökat med fyra procentenheter. Nu var det inte det saken handlade om. Det inslag jag kommenterade jämförde 2008 med situationen idag. Därför är det relevant att använda 2008 som jämförelseår”, skriver Mats Hammarstedt.

  • 268.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    "Ökad invandring löser knappast problemen"2019In: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Professor Mats Hammarstedt svarar Arbetsförmedlingen om invandring, demografi och välfärden.

  • 269.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Ahmed, Ali
    Linköping University.
    Diskriminering genomsyrar inte hela samhället2018In: Dagens Samhälle, ISSN 1652-6511, no 2018-04-27Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    En debatt som tar sin utgångspunkt i att diskriminering genomsyrar i stort sett varje samhällsområde riskerar snarast att stå i vägen för en konstruktiv diskussion om diskrimineringens orsaker och verkningsfulla metoder att motverka den, skriver två professorer i nationalekonomi. 

  • 270.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Ahmed, Ali
    Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study, Uppsala.
    Aldén, Lina
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Sexual prejudice and labor market outcomes of gays and lesbians: Evidence from Sweden2015In: Feminist Economics, ISSN 1354-5701, E-ISSN 1466-4372, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 90-109Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents results from a study of sexual prejudice and differentials in labor market outcomes due to sexual orientation. It uses data from a nationwide Swedish survey on public attitudes toward homosexuals, conducted in 1999, and combines them with register data for 2007, which include information about sexual orientation, employment status, and yearly earnings for the total population in Sweden. It finds that prejudice against homosexuals negatively affects the relative employment and relative earnings of gay men. Lesbians are affected negatively by prejudice against homosexuals in terms of employment, but the relationship is less clear in regard to earnings. Discrimination against homosexuals, as well as social norms, occupational sorting and self-selection in, geographic mobility are presented as explanations for the results.

  • 271.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Aldén, Lina
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    "Gör det enklare för äldre människor att driva företag"2017In: Dagens Nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, no 2017-10-16Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Äldre egenföretagare upplever högre livskvalitet än såväl löneanställda som de som lämnat arbetsmarknaden. Att stimulera entreprenörskap bland äldre kan vara ett effektivt sätt för samhället att öka arbetskraftsutbudet och minska påfrestningarna på pensionssystemet, skriver Mats Hammarstedt och Lina Aldén vid Linnéuniversitetet.

  • 272.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Aldén, Lina
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Refugee immigration and public sector finances: evidence from Sweden2017In: Presented at the 29th European Association of Labour Economists (EALE) conference, St. Gallen, Switzerland, September 21-23, 2017, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present an analysis of refugee immigration and public sector finances. We present two measures of the public sector’s net costs related to refugee immigration. In the first, public revenues are related to all public costs associated with refugee immigration. The second relates public revenues to public costs associated with immigration, excluding costs that can be assumed to be fixed in the short run when refugee immigration increases. We are able to present an upper and a lower bound for the public net costs of refugee immigration. During a refugee’s first year of residency in Sweden, the public sector net costs for that refugee’s immigration are between 125,000 SEK and 190,000 SEK, depending on how public costs are allocated to the refugee population. After seven years, the cost is between 37,000 SEK and 95,000 SEK. Large differences are found between refugees with different educational attainment.

  • 273.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Aldén, Lina
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Self-employment and life satisfaction among the elderly: survey based evidence from Sweden2018In: Paper presented at the 58th ERSA Congress “Places for People: Innovative, Inclusive and liveable Regions”, Cork, Ireland, August, 28-31, 2018, The European Regional Science Association (ERSA) , 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper compares life satisfaction among the elderly (61 years of age or older) who are self-employed, wage-employed or out of the labour force in Sweden with the help of a unique survey. Sweden is interesting since the share of elderly, just as in other countries, has increased during the last decade. Encouraging the elderly to remain in the labour force is now high on the political agenda. We find that people who are self-employed report higher life satisfaction than people who are wage-employed or out of the labour force. General health is a strong determinant of life satisfaction but the differences among the groups remain when we control for health related variables. Further, the self-employed report higher job satisfaction than the wage-employed, and find their work less mentally stressful. Even though our results are driven by different types of selection, we conclude that they underline the need for a flexible working life. Stimulating self-employment among older people may be an effective way to improve their life satisfaction, to increase Sweden’s labour supply and to keep older people in the labour force.

  • 274.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Aldén, Lina
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Två nationalekonomer: Företagande inte rätt väg2017In: Dagens Industri, ISSN 0346-640XArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    DEBATT. Förhoppningen om att företagande ska öka sysselsättningen hos nyanlända är riskabel. De som startar företag i brist på andra alternativ kan faktiskt försämra sina möjligheter på lång sikt. Och utomeuropeiska företagare möter andra problem än svenskfödda, skriver Mats Hammarstedt och Lina Aldén.

  • 275.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Miao, Chizheng
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Bättre villkor för företagen kan underlätta integration2018In: Dagens Nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, no 2018-10-09Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    DN DEBATT 9/10. Framgångsrika företagare födda utomlands spelar en viktig roll i integrationen av utrikes födda på arbetsmarknaden. Vår undersökning visar att företag som drivs av personer födda utanför Europa, och som anställer personal, i väsentligt högre grad anställer nyanlända personer från länder utanför ­Europa, skriver forskarna Mats Hammarstedt och Chizheng Miao.

  • 276.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Miao, Chizheng
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Företagande bland utrikes födda - ett bidrag till integrationen?2019In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 47, no 1, p. 37-43Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Utrikes födda företagare spelar en viktig roll för integration av andra utrikes födda på arbetsmarknaden. Vi visar att företag som ägs av utrikes födda personer i hög grad anställer andra utrikes födda personer. Framför allt anställer företagare födda i länder utanför Europa i högre grad än andra företagare nyanlända personer från länder utanför Europa. Resultaten innebär inte nödvändigtvis att satsningar på ett ökat företagande bland utrikes födda är effektiva för att öka sysselsättningen. Politiken bör utformas så att villkoren för företagande i allmänhet förbättras. Då förbättras möjligheterna för utrikesfödda företagare som har förutsättningar att driva företag att expandera sina verksamheter.

  • 277.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Miao, Chizheng
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    ”Kvinnliga invandrar­företagare viktiga för integrationen”2019In: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, no 2019-01-04Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Kvinnor med utomeuropeisk bakgrund som har framgång i sitt företagande anställer i hög grad andra kvinnor med utomeuropeisk bakgrund, skriver nationalekonomerna Mats Hammarstedt och Chizheng Miao med anledning av en ny studie.

  • 278.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Miao, Chizheng
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Self-employed immigrants and their employees: evidence from Swedish employer-employee data2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We present a study of immigrant self-employment in Sweden using the recent matched employer-employee data from 2014. We find large variations in self-employment rates among immigrant groups as well as between immigrants with different points for their time immigration to Sweden. High self-employment rates are found for male immigrants from the Middle East. Immigrants are less likely than natives to have employees in their firms but after controlling for firm characteristics we find that self-employed immigrants are more likely than self-employed natives to have employees. Especially non-European immigrants are more likely than natives to employ other immigrants, and even non-European and recently arrived immigrants, in their firms. Immigrants are more likely than natives to hire their spouses as employees. We conclude that self-employed immigrants play a role in the labour market integration of other immigrants. We also conclude that that the family plays a central role for self-employment activities among immigrants and that more knowledge regarding the explanations behind the results is needed.

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  • 279.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics. Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN).
    Miao, Chizheng
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Self-employed immigrants and their employees: evidence from Swedish employer-employee data2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We present a study of immigrant self-employment in Sweden using the recent matched employer-employee data from 2014. We find large variations in self-employment rates among immigrant groups as well as between immigrants with different points for their time immigration to Sweden. High self-employment rates are found for male immigrants from the Middle East. Immigrants are less likely than natives to have employees in their firms but after controlling for firm characteristics we find that self-employed immigrants are more likely than self-employed natives to have employees. Especially non-European immigrants are more likely than natives to employ other immigrants, and even non-European and recently arrived immigrants, in their firms. Immigrants are more likely than natives to hire their spouses as employees. We conclude that self-employed immigrants play a role in the labour market integration of other immigrants. We also conclude that that the family plays a central role for self-employment activities among immigrants and that more knowledge regarding the explanations behind the results is needed.

  • 280.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Miao, Chizheng
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Self-employed immigrants and their employees: evidence from Swedish employer-employee data2020In: Review of Economics of the Household, ISSN 1569-5239, E-ISSN 1573-7152, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 35-68Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present a study of the employees of self-employed immigrants with unincorporated firms in Sweden using matched employer-employee data from 2014. Non-European immigrants are more likely than natives to have employees in their firms. Furthermore, immigrants, especially non-European immigrants, are more likely than natives to employ immigrants in their firms, and non-European immigrants are most likely to employ recently arrived non-European immigrants with low education in their firms. Males are more likely than females to have employees in their firms, but self-employed females are more likely than self-employed males to have female employees. This is the case for all immigrant groups as well as for natives. We conclude that self-employed immigrants play a role in the labour market integration process since they create employment opportunities for immigrant groups that have difficulty entering the labour market.

  • 281.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Skedinger, Per
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics. Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN).
    Arbetsmarknadens parter bör experimentera med minimilöner2017Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Aktuell forskning visar små och osäkra effekter av hur sänkta lägstalöner påverkar sysselsättningen. För att öka kunskaperna om minimilönernas effekter borde arbetsmarknadens parter genomföra regelrätta experiment inom det nya etableringsuppdraget, skriver nationalekonomerna Mats Hammarstedt och Per Skedinger.

  • 282.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Skedinger, Per
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics. Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Sweden.
    Ekonomer: Gör experiment med minimilöner2016In: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Det finns inte så mycket forskning om minimilöner och effek­ten på integration och sysselsättning. Ett sätt att förbättra ­kunskapen är regelrätta experiment, skriver nationalekonomerna Mats Hammarstedt och Per Skedinger.

  • 283.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Skedinger, Per
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics. Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN).
    Minimilöner och integration av flyktingar på arbetsmarknaden: så kan experiment förbättra kunskapsläget2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna artikel inleds med en översiktlig beskrivning av flyktingars situation på arbetsmarknaden i Sverige. Sedan kartläggs kunskapsläget beträffande effekter av förändrade minimilöner på sysselsättningen.

    Både teori och empiri pekar på att effekterna på sysselsättningen inte nödvändigtvis är symmetriska, utan att effekterna av sänkningar är mindre eller mer osäkra än effekterna av höjningar. Den osäkerhet som finns kring sysselsättningseffekterna av sänkningar av minimilönen måste därför anses vara större än den som rör effekterna av höjningar.

    Avslutningsvis presenterar vi ett konkret förslag på hur kunskaperna om minimilönernas effekter på sysselsättningen kan förbättras med hjälp av regelrätta experiment.

  • 284.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Skedinger, Per
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics. Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Sweden.
    Minimilöner och integration av flyktingar på arbetsmarknaden: så kan experiment förbättra kunskapsläget2017In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 45, no 7, p. 30-40Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna artikel inleds med en översiktlig beskrivning av flyktingars situation på arbetsmarknaden i Sverige. Sedan kartläggs kunskapsläget beträffande effekter av förändrade minimilöner på sysselsättningen. Både teori och empiri pekar på att effekterna på sysselsättningen inte nödvändigtvis är symmetriska, utan att effekterna av sänkningar är mindre än effekterna av höjningar. Den osäkerhet som finns kring sysselsättningseffekterna av sänkningar av minimilönen måste därför anses vara större än den som rör effekterna av höjningar. Avslutningsvis presenterar vi ett konkret förslag på hur kunskaperna om minimilönernas effekter på sysselsättningen kan förbättras med hjälp av regelrätta experiment.

  • 285.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Viscovi, Dino
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Digitalisering och integration: en studie av digital teknikanvändning bland äldre utrikes födda2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning: rapporten kartlägger äldres (65-85 år) digitala vardag, och analyserar särskilt om skillnader föreligger mellan utrikes födda och inrikes födda. Analysen visar att skillnaderna grupperna emellan beträffande såväl tillgång till, som användande av, digital teknik är små. De utrikes födda har tillgång till apparater (persondatorer, smarttelefoner, surfplattor, osv.) i samma uträckning som inrikes födda. De använder dem lika ofta som inrikes födda i kontakter med offentlig service. Det visar sig därtill att utrikes födda anslår mer tid till internetanvändning än infödda. Å andra sidan har de en något snävare användningsrepertoar. Rapportens huvudsakliga slutsats är att de utrikes födda i allt väsentligt är digitalt inkluderade i samma omfattning som de inrikes födda. Data har samlats in genom en postenkät (n=3 000) där 1 000 respondenter utgörs av infödda och 2 000 av utrikes födda (invandrade till Sverige före 1990). Bruttosvarsfrekvensen är 64,1 procent.

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  • 286.
    Hansen, Bjorn Gunnar
    et al.
    TINE SA, POB 58, Norway.
    Li, Yushu
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics. Univ Bergen, Norway.
    An Analysis of Past World Market Prices of Feed and Milk and Predictions for the Future2017In: Agribusiness, ISSN 0742-4477, E-ISSN 1520-6297, Vol. 33, no 2, p. 175-193Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Understanding of price behavior is a critical element to make decisions in uncertain conditions that significantly influence the return of dairy market participants. Increased variability in both the world milk price and the world feed price during the last 7-8 years has increased the need for research on price dynamics and price forecasting. The aims of this paper are to explore the dynamics embedded in and between the world milk and feed prices, and to produce reliable forecasts for both prices. We collected the world milk price and the world feed price series from 2002 to 2015 from the International Farm Comparison Network (IFCN). The analysis revealed that the two price series contain business cycles of approximately 32 months. Further, the two series are co- integrated, with the feed price as the leading variable. A combination of three different forecasting models can provide reasonably good forecasts of both prices. (C) 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  • 287.
    Hansson, Fredrik
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Does Canada Achieve Their Inflation Target at the Expense of Real Economic Stability?: An Empirical Comparison of Sweden and Canada2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The essay investigates if one monetary policy goal could be sufficient to stabilize both inflation and real economic fluctuations. The results indicate that one policy goal could be sufficient, nonetheless when empirically comparing Sweden and Canada’s monetary policy and the market outcome in these markets.

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    Does Canada achieve their inflation target at the expense of real economic stability?
  • 288.
    Hederos Eriksson, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Stenberg, Anders
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics. Stockholm University, Sweden;IZA, Germany.
    Gender identity and relative income within households: evidence from Sweden2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Bertrand et al. (2015) show that among married couples in the US, the distribution of the share of the household income earned by the wife exhibits a sharp drop just to the right of .50. They argue that this drop is consistent with a social norm prescribing that a man should earn more than his wife. We repeat this analysis for Sweden, ranked as one of the world’s most gender equal countries. Analyzing Swedish population register data, we do not find support for the norm that a man should earn more than his wife.

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  • 289.
    Heidrich, Stefanie
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Intergenerational mobility in Sweden: a regional perspective2017In: Journal of Population Economics, ISSN 0933-1433, E-ISSN 1432-1475, Vol. 30, no 4, p. 1241-1280Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    I employ high quality register data to present new facts about income mobility in Sweden. The focus of the paper is on regional differences in mobility, using a novel approach based on a multilevel model. This method is well suited when regions differ greatly in population size, as is the case in Sweden. The maximum likelihood estimates are substantially more precise than those obtained by running separate OLS regressions. I find that few regions are statistically significantly different from the Swedish average when measuring mobility in relative terms, while a greater number of regional differences emerge when focusing on absolute outcomes. Compared to growing up in the least favorable region, children from the most favorable region with parents located at the 25th percentile in the income distribution reach higher income ranks corresponding to approximately one monthly salary for an average Swedish worker per year.

  • 290.
    Henningsson, Karolina
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Effekter av sänkt mervärdesskatt på restaurang- och cateringtjänster2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Mervärdesskatten på restaurang- och cateringtjänster sänktes från 25 procent till 12 procent den 1 januari 2012. Sänkningen var en del i den sittande regeringens övergripande mål om en högre varaktig sysselsättning.

    De flesta utvärderingar på sänkt mervärdesskatt har fokuserat på effekter i konsumentpriser. De utvärderingar som genomförts pekar alla på att övervältringen i konsumentpris har varit relativt låg, varför mervärdesskattesänkningar sällan verkar komma konsumenten till godo.

    En sänkt mervärdesskat, som inte resulterar i ett fullt prisgenomslag på konsumentpriser, skapar ett ekonomiskt utrymme för de företag som blir träffade av reformen. Det utrymme som skapas har företagen full dispositionsrätt över, varför en utvärdering på endast konsumentpris är allt för begränsad och riskerar att inte fullständigt fånga reformens effekter. Denna utvärdering utökas till att omfatta effekter på sysselsättning, omsättning, produktionskostnader och investeringar.

    Då den här typen av reform är svårutvärderad i sin natur, på grund av bristen på kontrafaktiska utfall, tar studien fasta på att det finns gränsregioner i Sverige som är utsatta för internationell konkurrens, vilket gör det möjligt att förhålla sig till effekter utöver ett före- efterperspektiv. Utvärderingen använder gränsregionen Helsingborg- Helsingör där restauranger i Helsingör utgör en kontrollgrupp till restauranger i Helsingborg. 

    Rapportens övergripande slutsats är att mervärdeskattesänkningen på restaurang- och cateringtjänster är en lyckad reform i sin ambition att påverka sysselsättningen positivt. De sysselsättningsökningar som observeras kommer dock vare sig från en ökad konsumtion eller från en arbetskraftförflyttning från hemmet till marknaden till följd av lägre konsumentpriser, utan från att det enskilda företaget identifierat ett behov av att anställa personal, som den sänkta mervärdesskatten har gett dem ekonomiskt utrymme att fylla.

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    Effekter av sänkt mervärdesskatt på restaurang- och cateringtjänster
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  • 291.
    Heyman, Fredrik
    et al.
    IFN, Sweden.
    Skedinger, Per
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics. IFN, Sweden.
    Employment Protection Reform, Enforcement in Collective Agreements and Worker Flows2016In: Industrial Relations, ISSN 0019-8676, E-ISSN 1468-232X, Vol. 55, no 4, p. 662-704Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We analyze a reform of notice periods for employer-initiated separations in Sweden, which reduced the notice periods for newly hired older workers substantially but implied minor or no changes in the advance notices for younger workers. The reform was initiated at different times depending on collective agreement. These circumstances provide ample opportunity for the identification of its effects. Our findings indicate heterogeneous effects on hirings and separations across collective agreements.

  • 292.
    Holgersson, Thomas
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics. Jönköping University.
    A note on a commonly used ridge regression Monte Carlo design2015In: Communications in Statistics - Theory and Methods, ISSN 0361-0926, E-ISSN 1532-415X, Vol. 44, no 10, p. 2176-2179Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ridge estimators are usually examined through Monte Carlo simulations since their properties are difficult to obtain analytically. In this paper we argue that a simulation design commonly used in the literature will give biased results of Monte Carlo simulations in favour of ridge regression over ordinary least square (OLS) estimators. Specifically, it is argued that the properties of ridge estimators that are functions of pdistinct regressor eigenvalues should not be evaluated through Monte Carlo designs using only two distinct eigenvalues.

  • 293.
    Holgersson, Thomas
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Festschrift in honor of Professor Ghazi Shukur on the occasion of his 60th birthday2015Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 294.
    Holgersson, Thomas
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    How to formulate relevant and assessable learning outcomes in statistics2016In: Creative Education, ISSN 2151-4755, E-ISSN 2151-4771, Vol. 7, no 4, p. 669-675Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Course syllabuses, outlines or similar academic documents specifying the content of a course will often be a helpful tool both for teachers and students to grasp the content and purpose of a course. In many cases, however, the compilation of such documents is a painstaking process for the educator designing it, and is a task that many teachers will shun. In this paper we propose a fairly simple pedagogical model for designing specific learning outcomes that the students are expected to attain after completion of a course.

  • 295.
    Holgersson, Thomas
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Karlsson, Peter S.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Stephan, Andreas
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    A risk perspective of estimating portfolio weights of the Global Minimum Variance portfolio2016In: Presented at Statistischen Woche 2016, Augsburg, Germany, September 13-16, 2016, 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The problem of how to maximize the return on a given portfolio of assets within the theory of Markowitz has been given considerable attention in the literature and improvements of standard methods continues to progress. Recent developments, often based on Stein estimators or other regularized estimators, usually focus on settings when the numbers of assets (say p) is close to the number of observations (n) since this is the scenario met in most real applications. Before any specific method is applied investors would want to know the basic properties and the relative performance of them. The performance of any estimation method, however, depends on which quality criterea of judgement is being used. Proposed methods may be optimal with respect to precision of the parameters involved in the portfolio procedure, on the proximity between estimated vs true global minimum variance portfolio (GMVP) weights, on the out-of-sample performance etc. Moreover, regularized estimators are often associated with very complicated or even unknown sampling distributions, which in turn complicate statistical inference drastically. The extent to which a method allows for statistical inference therefore also becomes an important matter when judging the properties of a data driven GMVP estimator. In this paper we give an in-depth discussion of risk critereas and their impact on GMVP optimization. A Monte Carlo simulation investigating the properties of some common estimators, including a new one proposed by the authors, with respect to several quality critereas is included to compare and contrast recent proposals. An empirical study is also included using Stockholm stock exchange data. 

  • 296.
    Holgersson, Thomas
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Karlsson, Peter S.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Stephan, Andreas
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    A risk perspective of estimating portfolio weights of the global minimum-variance portfolio2020In: AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis, ISSN 1863-8171, E-ISSN 1863-818X, Vol. 104, p. 59-80Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The problem of how to determine portfolio weights so that the variance of portfolio returns is minimized has been given considerable attention in the literature, and several methods have been proposed. Some properties of these estimators, however, remain unknown, and many of their relative strengths and weaknesses are therefore difficult to assess for users. This paper contributes to the field by comparing and contrasting the risk functions used to derive efficient portfolio weight estimators. It is argued that risk functions commonly used to derive and evaluate estimators may be inadequate and that alternative quality criteria should be considered instead. The theoretical discussions are supported by a Monte Carlo simulation and two empirical applications where particular focus is set on cases where the number of assets (p) is close to the number of observations (n).

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  • 297.
    Holgersson, Thomas
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics. Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Kekezi, Orsa
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Towards a multivariate innovation index2018In: Economics of Innovation and New Technology, ISSN 1043-8599, E-ISSN 1476-8364, no 3, p. 254-272Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper argues that traditional measures of innovation as a univariate phenomenon may not be dynamic enough to adequately describe the complex nature of innovation. Consequently, the purpose is to develop a multidimensional index of innovation that is able to reflect innovation enablers and outputs. The index may then be used (i) to assess and quantify temporal changes of innovation, (ii) to describe regional differences and similarities of innovation, and (iii) serve as exogenous variables to analyze the importance of innovation for other economic phenomena. Our index is defined in a four-dimensional space of orthogonal axes. An empirical case study is used for demonstration of the index, where 44 variables are collected for all municipalities in Sweden. The index spanning the four-dimensional innovation comprises size, accessibility, firm performance, and agglomeration. The proposed index offers a new way of defining and analyzing innovation and should have a wide range of important applications in a world where innovation is receiving a great deal of recognition.

  • 298.
    Holgersson, Thomas
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics. Jönköping University.
    Månsson, Kristofer
    University of Gothenburg.
    Shukur, Ghazi
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics. Jönköping University.
    Testing for Panel Unit Roots under General Cross-Sectional Dependence2016In: Communications in statistics. Simulation and computation, ISSN 0361-0918, E-ISSN 1532-4141, Vol. 45, no 5, p. 1785-1801Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we generalize four tests of multivariate linear hypothesis to panel data unit root testing. The test statistics are invariant to certain linear transformations of data and therefore simulated critical values may conveniently be used. It is demonstrated that all four tests remains well behaved in cases of where there are heterogeneous alternatives and cross-correlations between marginal variables. A Monte Carlo simulation is included to compare and contrast the tests with two well-established ones.

  • 299.
    Holgersson, Thomas
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics. Jönköping University.
    Nordström, Louise
    Jönköping University.
    Öner, Özge
    Jönköping University.
    Dummy Variables vs. Category-wise Models2014In: Journal of Applied Statistics, ISSN 0266-4763, E-ISSN 1360-0532, Vol. 41, no 2, p. 233-241Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Empirical research frequently involves regression analysis with binary categorical variables, which are traditionally handled through dummy explanatory variables. This paper argues that separate category-wise models may provide a more logical and comprehensive tool for analysing data with binary categories. Exploring different aspects of both methods, we contrast the two with a Monte Carlo simulation and an empirical example to provide a practical insight.

  • 300.
    Holgersson, Thomas
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics. Jönköping Int Business Sch.
    Norman, T.
    Jönköping Int Business Sch.
    Tavassoli, S.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    In the quest for economic significance: assessing variable importance through mean value decomposition2014In: Applied Economics Letters, ISSN 1350-4851, E-ISSN 1466-4291, Vol. 21, no 8, p. 545-549Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Economic significance is frequently assessed through statistical hypothesis testing, which however, does not always correspond to the implicit economical questions being addressed. In this article we propose using mean value decomposition to assess economic significance. Unlike most previously suggested methods the proposed one is intuitive and simple to conduct. The technique is demonstrated and contrasted with hypothesis tests by an empirical example involving the income of Mexican children, which shows that the two inference approaches provide different and supplementary pieces of information.

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