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  • 251.
    Isaksson, Beatrice
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Nyman, Zanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Att dela eller icke dela: Facebooks påverkan på kollegors relationer2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    AUTHORS: Beatrice Isaksson and Zanna Nyman

    TITLE: To share or not to share – Facebook’s impact on co-worker relationships.

    SWEDISH TITLE: Att dela eller icke dela – Facebooks påverkan på ko­ll­e­gors relationer

    LEVEL: BA Thesis in Media and Communication Science

    LANGUAGE: Swedish

    NUMBER OF PAGES: 64

    PURPOSE: This study will aim to contribute to the improvement of knowledge in the field of media and communication science, related to how Facebook affects co-worker relationships in Swedish organisations.

    METHODOLOGY: This study will use surveys to measure the attitudes of employees who use Facebook in three different organisations and look at how this influences their working relationships.

    FINDINGS: The findings in this study support the idea that Facebook does have an effect on co-worker relationships. The research undertaken shows that Facebook causes increased levels of annoyance amongst employees. However, despite this; if used in a respectful manner, co-workers that have colleagues as Facebook friends can in fact strengthen their working relationship.

    RESEARCH IMPLICATIONS: The variables in this study are self-reported. This means they are subject to the normal limitations of cross-sectional survey research.

    PRACTICAL IMPLICATION: This study will help organisations to improve their understanding of the influence Facebook has on their employees. This research can be used as guidance on the proper use of Facebook, which should help to minimise the levels of annoyance amongst employees and strengthen their working relationships.

    ORIGINALITY/VALUE: No research on this issue has been undertaken in Sweden before and so this study aims to alert organisations and provide them with the appropriate knowledge of how communication over social media impacts the relationships between their employees.

    PROGRAM: The Program for Information and Communication studies.

    LOCATION: Linnaeus University, Växjö

    DATE OF SUBMISSION: 2016-06-10

    ASSESSOR: Eva Lundberg

    KEYWORDS: Co-worker relationship ∙ Social media ∙ Facebook ∙ Organisational research

  • 252.
    Isaksson, Max
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Skendialog eller verkligt deltagande: En studie av hur svenska kommuner använder sociala medier som mötesplats mellan kommun och medborgare2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Frågeställning: Vilken roll intar de sociala medierna i kommuners kommunikationsarbete?

    Bakgrund: De senaste åren har allt fler kommuner börjat använda sig av sociala medier. Detta ställer stora krav på kommunerna, att anpassa kommunikationen efter medborgarna och efter de nya medierna. Frågan är vilken funktion och roll de sociala medierna får i kommunernas kommunikationsarbete.

    Syfte: Att tillföra kunskaper om hur man kan förstå sociala medier  som mötesplats mellan kommuner och medborgare. Meningen med studien är att tillföra kunskaper såväl om syftena bakom närvaron som hur det fungerar i praktiken.

    Metod: Kvalititativa forskningsintervjuer med kommunikationsexperter på tre svenska kommuner och kvantitativ innehållsanalys av kommunernas Facebooksidor.

    Slutsats: Sociala medier används oftast för att föra ut information och i liten utsträckning för att interagera. Då interaktion uppstår är det sällan ömsesidigt, medborgarna vill inte prata om samma saker som kommunen. Resultatet tyder samtidigt på att närvaron på sociala medier kan stärka kommunens legitimitet. Vad som förhindrar utvecklingen mot en utökad dialog  är resurser, prioriteringar och synen på demokrati och medborgarinflytande.        

  • 253.
    Jakobsson, Magnus
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Eliasson, Dan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Rapportering eller kopiering: En kvantitativ studie av inkomna pressmeddelanden till P4 Kalmar2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim with this study is to investigate how Swedish public service local radio uses information subsides in the form of press releases. In terms of which entrants gain entrance to the news feed, in which forms and in which subjects. Also we wanted to study how the journalist uses the content in the press releases. To do this we cooperated with the public service radio channel Sveriges radio P4 Kalmar. For 28 days, four weeks, we collected all incoming press releases to the newsroom of P4 Kalmar. All in all we got 1046 press releases sorted in four weekly periods. Out of each one of those periods we randomly selected 75 press releases to get our sample of units. We did a quantitative analysis by finding keywords in the units and then searched in the news rooms own editorial database and their news web.

    The result show that P4 Kalmar uses 7,3 percent of the press realeases that they are subsidised with. The press releases that becomes news are rarely changed in terms of for example angle. 

  • 254.
    Jangbrand, Cassandra
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Politiker som pratar politik med andra politiker: En studie av svenska riksdagsledamöters användande av Twitter2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    FRÅGESTÄLLNINGHur använder svenska politiker Twitter? Och hur kan det förstås utifrån medialisering och personifiering?

    BAKGRUNDDet som skrivs på Twitter tenderar att få mycket uppmärksamhet, och inte bara från de som använder Twitter. Det ligger i dess natur att snabbt koppla samman människor, och skapa räckvidd bra mycket längre än läsarkretsen. Dock utgör twitteranvändare i Sverige en ganska liten skara. Endast två procent twittrar dagligen, och elva procent säger sig twittra någon gång ibland. Men desto fler politiker twittrar.

    SYFTEDet övergripande syftet med uppsatsen är att bidra med kunskap och förståelse kring vad politikers twitteranvändande har för betydelse i samhället. Likaså bidra med kunskap kring vad för arena Twitter är, hur riksdagsledamöter väljer att använda den och vilka riksdagsledamöter som befinner sig där.

    METODEmpirin utgörs av samtliga inlägg publicerade av riksdagsledamöter under en treveckorsperiod. Statistik plockades ut från ett totalurval och en innehållsanalys gjordes på ett slumpmässigt urval.

    SLUTSATSRiksdagsledamöter använder Twitter för att konversera, informera och kommentera. Framförallt är det politiker som pratar politik med andra politiker. Twitter bidrar till både medialisering och personifiering, och politikers användande av Twitter kan ses som en anpassning till medialiseringen. Twitter är också ett forum där den personliga rollen och den offentliga rollen smälter samman.

  • 255.
    Jansson, Ida
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Wikström, Cornelia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    "Hon är väldigt manipulativ": En kvalitativ studie om hur gärningspersoner representeras i Aftonbladet vid mordfall med en kvinnlig och en manlig förövare2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine how female and male perpetrators are represented in the tabloid Aftonbladet. The study is based on two murder cases that resemble each other. The murders are commited by two perpetrators together, a woman and a man. The questions examined are: How are the perpetrators and victims of news journalism represented in murders commited together by a female and male offender? Which are the similarities and differences between how female and male offenders are represented?

    We executed a critical discourse analysis of 14 news articles from Aftonbladet, from the time period of the detention to the sentence of the crimes. The result shows that the perpetrators together are represented as well-planned, greedy and evil. The female offender are represented as manipulative, emotional and her actions are correlated to her role as a mother. Furthermore she is placed above the male offender, he becomes submissive. The man is also represented as deviant and has relationship problems with others. The victims are portrayed as helpless and innocent. They are also represented as thoughtful and generous towards their children. The victims’ fear is portrayed in relation to the perpetrators malice. 

  • 256.
    Jarl, Fredrik
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Moberg Lundén, Emil
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Smartphones and news consumption in Kenya: How technical devices are used by students at the Technical University of Mombasa2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Our study has explored how university students at the Technical University of Mombasa, TUM, in Kenya consume news. The aim of the research has been to get a snapshot picture of what the consumption look like in a time and context when the development of Internet Communication Technology, ICT, has increased rapidly in a short period of time.

    Our empiric data has been collected through three different methods. First we approached the area of the Technical University of Mombasa with an ethnographic method. Then we went on with an in-depth interview with one of our key informants before handing out a survey to collect quantitative data to analyse.

    Through theoretical framework rooted in the theories of Digital divide and New media we interpreted our data to be able to answer our research questions.

    The results show that the use of the smartphone is widely spread in order to consume news among students of TUM. Money is still a big obstacle for the majority of the students in our population in how they can access news through technical devices. The gap between those who can afford and those who fight with financial issues is still large. Our study confirms that the gap in the digital divide is still big but we could read signs telling us that the gap maybe is about to shrink.

  • 257.
    Jedhammar, Rikard
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Snacket om pressen!: En undersökning av debatten kring det svenska presstödet2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    SAMMANFATTNING

    INTRODUKTION:

    Sedan 1960-talet har dagspressens uppgift och marknadssituation diskuterats. 1971 infördes ett presstöd som skulle rädda tidningar som inte ekonomiskt kunde klara att överleva av egna krafter. Presstödets vara eller icke vara har debatterats flitig sedan dess och åsikterna går isär om stödet snedvrider konkurrensen på dagspressmarknaden eller om stödet ger ett bidrag till den svenska demokratin och värnar om en mångfald av tidningar. Vad är det som skiljer debattörerna i synen på dagspressens marknadsförutsättningar? Vilka ideologiska övertygelser är det som håller debatten vid liv och vilka olika innebörder lägger debattörerna i begreppen mångfald och konkurrens?

    MÅL:

    Att undersöka debatten kring det svenska presstödet i de fyra dagstidningarna Svenska Dagbladet, Dagens Nyheter, Sydsvenskan och Göteborgs-Posten. Följande frågeställningar besvaras: Vilka olika pressideologiska värderingar eller synsätt har deltagarna i presstödsdebatten? Vilka marknadsförutsättningar tycker respektive sida i debatten ska gälla för dagstidningarna? Vad skiljer debattörerna åt i synen på mångfald och konkurrens i mediepolitiken?

    TEORI:

    Studien tar sin utgångspunkt i fyra normativa pressideologier: den auktoritära ideologin, den frihetliga ideologin, ideologin om socialt ansvar och den leninistiska pressideologin.

    METOD:

    Studien har två metoder. En kvalitativ metod för att skapa en djupare insikt i studiens frågeställningar genom analys av artiklarnas innehåll. En kvantitativ metod som beskriver material, innehåll och mönster i form av mängdberäkningar vilket ger ett större underlag för analys och slutsatser.

    RESULTAT:

    Den auktoritära pressideologin används som en skrämseltaktik av både stödförespråkare och stödmotståndare. Den leninistiska ideologin ger ett bidrag till den samlade bilden av hur världens olika länder kan organisera sin dagspress men den ger inget bidrag till debatten kring det svenska presstödet. Debattens deltagare befinner sig främst i den frihetliga ideologin och i ideologin om socialt ansvar.  Presstödsdebatten bedrivs på en elitnivå bland politiker, medieägare, fackliga tjänstemän, forskare och professorer samt journalister. Inga privatpersoner har intresse av presstödets vara eller icke vara.

    DISKUSSION:

    Studiens resultat visar två olika perspektiv på marknadsförutsättningar som respektive sida i debatten tycker ska gälla för dagspressen, ett marknadsekonomiskt perspektiv och ett demokratiskt ansvarsfullt perspektiv. De båda lägger var sin innebörd i begreppen mångfald och konkurrens. Dagspressen ska finansiera sig själv utifrån marknadens förutsättningar anser motståndarna i debatten men klarar inte marknaden detta så ska staten vara en hjälpande hand anser förespråkarna. Dagspressen är en del av Sveriges demokrati och presstödet är ett bidrag till denna.

  • 258.
    Jergard Andersson, Sara
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Persebo, Kristin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    "Sveriges mest hatade man": En kvantitativ studie om hur en misstänkt mördare framställs i Expressen och Falu Kuriren.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The meaning of this study is to see how a suspected murderer is presented in the Swedish newspapers Expressen and Falu Kuriren. We want to see how two Swedish newspapers, a local- and an evening paper, presented Anders Eklund, who killed the ten year old girl Engla Höglund in 2008, from the day after her disappearing and almost a month ahead.

    When we analysis the resolution to the study we could see that both papers presented Anders Eklund like a convicted murderer after he admitted the murder of Engla Höglund, even if the court had not sentenced him yet. Even when Anders Eklund was anonymous, you can through the various denominations witch were produced in the papers speculate on who the murderer is.

    Even that it is a case study, we can see with the previous research tends that a suspected murderer is produced in this way in Swedish newspapers. We could also see that the evening paper where more likely to present sensation and drama to the texts than the local paper did. 

  • 259.
    Jerner, Viktor
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Turfors, Daniel
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    År 2016 – Ett paradigmäventyr: En kvalitativ studie om förändringar i språk, framställning och värden inom svensk filmkritik2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The state of cultural journalism has been a subject of discussion within journalism research for a long period of time. The core of the discussion is that cultural journalism differs from journalism in many ways, which creates friction. Some researchers illustrate this friction as a battle between two separate paradigms – the journalistic paradigm and the aestethic paradigm – and their values. The aesthetic paradigm strives for values such as subjectivity, pedagogicality and expertise, while the journalistic paradigm focuses on effectivity, objectivity and ethics. The research concerning this has mostly been aimed at literature and music, but not film to the same extent.

    This study aimed to fill that gap by investigating the changes within swedish film criticism during the time between the late ‘90s and today. The platforms that we analysed are Moviezine, Barometern and Aftonbladet and the film reviews from them were analysed from the perspective of language, method of production and the values of the two paradigms. The study showed that these three platforms took their own paths; some of them have moved towards the aesthetic paradigm, while others have gone in the opposite direction. 2016 is the most divisive year of the analysed years. 

  • 260.
    Jevtic, Nikola
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Nato på agendan: En kvantitativ studie om Natodebatten i Aftonbladet, Dagens Nyheter, Svenska Dagbladet och Sydsvenskan.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine opinion texts and news articles concering the debate about whether or not Sweden should join Nato. The question about a Swedish Nato membership has been dead for quite a while, but a study from the SOM-institute in 2015 showed that for the first time in decades a majority of the swedees was in favour of joing Nato.

     

    This study uses a quantative method to examine several aspects of the debate and reporting in the following news papers: Aftonbladet, Dagens Nyheter, Sydsvenskan and Svenska Dagbladet. The research goes into bias, the general charateristics of the reporting and how Russia is portrayed.

    Russia has lately been viewed as an antagonist of Nato. Therefore, it was deemed probable that the portraying of Russia could have an impact on the way swedes percieve Nato.

     

    The results of the study shows that the majority of the text published in relation to the topic were opinion texts. There was a general pattern were the political colour of the newspaper had some effect on the published material, but not enough that it could be deemed as being biased biased.

     

    Russia were often portrayed in a negative tone and was also often portrayed as being a threat to other european countries.

     

  • 261.
    Johansson, Elin
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Långberg, Patrik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    These are their stories: En kvantitativ innehållsanalys om hur huvudkaraktärerna porträtteras i Law & Order: Special Victims Unit2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to investigate how the main characters of Law & Order: SpecialVictims Unit are portrayed by using a list of gender-coded attributes. By using aquantitative content analysis the authors of this study examined the behaviour of 14different characters over 19 seasons to find similarities and differences in how thefemale and male characters were portrayed. The findings showed that both thefemale and male characters had a higher amount of male coded attributes thanfemale coded attributes, and that the highest showing attributes varied very littlebetween both the individual characters and the gender groups as a whole. This kindof study has scarcely been done regardless of genre, and so it serves as a solidfoundation for future research.

  • 262.
    Johansson, Ellinor
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Teljing, Erika
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Kan vi se, så kan alla det: En studie om hur blinda förhåller sig till Internet i Sverige idag och vilken betydelse det har för deras självständighet och delaktighet.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this media scientific study is to contribute to a better understanding about how blind people’s empowerment and participation may affect their role in the digital society.

    Earlier international studies in this area have shown that blind people not only need more knowledge then the seeing population about the computer, but also about the technology behind their tools for using Internet. The results from these studies have also shown that Internet increases the blind people’s independents and that those who use Internet feel more involved in the society.

    A qualitative method was chosen to study the three most common categories from the earlier studies: knowledge of technology, empowerment and participation. Are there differences in the results compared to our study in Sweden 2014?

    Interviews with eight blind, experienced computer users have shown that knowledge of technology is essential for their use of Internet and that the Internet increases their empowerment and their participation. But good knowledge of technology is not a guarantee for a flawless use of Internet. The most common problem is not lack of knowledge, but the web sites are not customised for the blind person’s needs and tools. The theoretical framework of the study is based on the theories of the digital divided and Jürgen Habermas theory about the public sphere.

  • 263.
    Johansson, Frida
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Haraldsson, Louise
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Varför granskar ni mig?: En kvalitativ studie om användningen av Facebook i rekryteringprocessen.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on the motives that recruiters can or may have within companies, organizations and authorities of using Facebook as a complement in the investigation of potential work-candidates. The study also explores the consequences that could occur regarding the boundaries of private and public spheres when recruiters are researching Facebook-pages of potential work-candidates.

    The results were collected by qualitative interviews with eight different recruiters from a wide range of businesses in Kalmar.

    By applying a framework of already identified uses and gratifications, we discovered six different motives of why recuriters would use Facebook as a complement while recruiting work-candidates. The motives are; security, guidance and advice, convenience utility, surveillance, curiosity and economic motives. We also discovered that the following consequences of researching Facebook-pages of potential workcandidates are that candidates are restricted in the possibilities of acting private on their Facebook-pages and that candidates have zero control of their published materials since recruiters sets the limits of what can be thought of as private and as public.

  • 264.
    Johansson, Jennie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Nilsson El Kady, Anna-Sara
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Att skapa en hjälte: en diskursanalys av Aftonbladets artikelserie Svenska Hjältar2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine how everyday heroes are constructed in “Swedish Heroes”, which is a series of articles from Aftonbladet. This thesis also aimed to investigate the similarities and differences based on gender in the construction of everyday heroes. We used a critical discourse analysis influenced by van Dijk to match the aims of this thesis. In this study 13 articles from Aftonbladet were analyzed.

    The results of our analysis showed that in the articles, the heroes were constructed as unique which separated them from other people. The heroes were represented as role models, and received different rewards for their achievements. Although the heroes faced obstacles throughout their heroic efforts, the hero did not surrender. Our study showed that although the construction of male and female heroes had many similarities, there were also differences to be found. In the analyzed articles the male heroes were represented as confident. The female heroes were represented as caring, and motherhood played a significant role in the construction of female everyday heroes.

  • 265.
    Johansson, Katja
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Hon presenterar sig ofta som en diva: En kvalitativ studie om vilka roller kvinnor respektive män tilldelas i talkshowen Skavlan2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine how women and men are presented in the public service entertainment journalism, and more exact how they are presented in the Swedish-Norwegian television talk show Skavlan and what roles they are assigned to in Skavlan. The main question for this study was “What roles are assigned to women and men in Skavlan?” With roles, I mean roles that are connected to the aspect of power between women and men that can be found in gender-theory. To answer the main question and the purpose of the study I analyzed four interviews from the latest season of Skavlan where both men and women are being interviewed, using critical discourse analysis according to Fairclough. 

    The result of the study shows that women and men are assigned to different kind of roles in Skavlan and the roles are gender stereotyped. Men are assigned to roles such as authoritarian and knowing and women are assigned to roles such as responsible and high-performance. Men are also presented as superior to the woman and in the majority of the interviews men are using verbal suppression techniques against each other and against women. Sometimes it can also be perceived as if women are using verbal suppression techniques, even if it’s more obvious that men are using it.

  • 266.
    Johansson, My
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Hahto, Anna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    "Out of the Closets and into the Streets": En kvantitativ innehållsanalys om medierapporteringen under Pridefestivalen2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines how the media reports on the Pride Festival in Stockholm and what news topics and themes it prioritizes. The purpose of this paper is to examine whether the media coverage of Pride highlights political questions related to social and societal problems. One of the main focuses of the study is on how the media covers male and female homosexuality. The newspapers examined are the tabloids Aftonbladet and Expressen and the respected dailies Dagens Nyheter and Svenska Dagbladet. The study extends over three periods: 19-07-2010 to 07-08-2010, 25-07-2011 to 14-08-2011, and 24-07-2012 to 11-08-2012.

    Several key theories and themes frame the study. One of the theoretical bases of this study is agenda theory, which is based on the idea that issues get more media attention when the audience perceives them as important. Another key theory in the study is the theory of news values, which concerns how potential news items are evaluated editorially. The study also looks at the theme of sex and gender as a power aspect and how the representation of the sexes appears in today's media.

    Using quantitative content analysis, 291 articles have been studied. The results show that media coverage during the Pride festival includes articles that address both serious and non-serious issues. Furthermore, the results show that the coverage of male homosexuals is more frequent than of female homosexuals. However, the majority of the articles focused on the collective concept “LGBT” and not on gender related issues. 

  • 267.
    Johansson, Rebecca
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Muul, Mathilda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Size Hero: En attitydstudie om unga kvinnors inställning till tvärtomretuschering i magasin2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Traditional retouching, where you make the body of a female model in a magazine thinner, has been common for a long time and is well known. Several studies indicates that showing ultra-thin images of female bodies in media can lower the body satisfaction of “ordinary” women which in some cases can lead to dangerous eating disorders. But in 2010 Swedish female magazine VeckoRevyn introduced a new type of retouching: Making some catwalk models bodies bigger instead, which we decided to call opposite retouching. This kind of retouching is aiming to widen the ideal picture that is sent out of how the female body should look like, and therefore having the readers reach a higher body satisfaction and becoming more at peace with the own body. This according to the magazine’s editor in chief, Linda Öhrn Lernstrom.

    In this attitude study we are looking to widen the knowledge about opposite retouching as a phenomenon by doing qualitative interviews with a number of young women in age 15 – 25 about their outlook on this new retouching. We later present as extensively as we can all these different outlooks, as well as by using Festinger’s social comparison theory, the social responsibility theory presented by Peterson and finally Hall’s representation theory, analyse these outlooks at a deeper level.

    Opposite retouching showed to be a controversial phenomenon among our respondents: Some of the women meant that the magazine takes their social responsibility and that this initiative is admirable, while some thought that it just makes some women’s body dissatisfaction even worse since even the thin catwalk models bodies weren’t “good enough”. The women in this study belong to the same age group and live in the same culture, which accordning to Hall is crucial for how one perceives media content, and had still such great differences of opinion when it came to the subject of opposite retouching. This indicates that this new retouching needs further investigation, and this attitude study strives to be a contribution to the research field.

  • 268.
    Jonson, Madeleine
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    En ulv i fårakläder: Hur PR-event blir virala nyheter i svensk dagspress2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Problem: Tre särskilda PR-event fick spridning i svenska tidningsmedier under 2013 och 2014. Vad i den journalistiska processen gör att särskilda händelser blir uppmärksammade nyhetsfenomen? Hur blir särskilda event nyheter och hur ser nyhetsvärderingen ut ur ett sociokulturellt perspektiv?

    Teori: Jag använde nyhetsvärdering och sociokultur som teoretiska ingångar för att belysa problemet. Nyhetsvärdering beskriver hur journalister arbetar efter grundregler som kan få oss att förstå nyheters komplexitet. Galtung och Ruges nyhetsvärderingskriterier, medielogik, dagordningsteorin samt framing är teorier för att värdera nyheter. Sociokulturella teorier om myter och ideologier används för att tolka kulturella värden i eventen som nyheter.

    Metod: Kvantitativ metod användes för insamling och kartläggning av sociokulturella kriterier. En kvalitativ textanalys ställdes mot den kvantitativa undersökningen. Jag gjorde då en kulturanalytisk nyhetsvärdering med hjälp av Galtung och Ruges nyhetsvärderingskriterier: frekvens, tröskelvärde, tydlighet, relevans, konsonans, överraskande, kontinuitet, bra blandning, elitnationer, elitaktörer, personifiering och negativitet. De kriterier som artiklarna uppfyllde tolkades sociokulturellt utifrån kulturanalytiska perspektiv och journalistiska arbetsrutiner.

    Resultat: Diagram visar i hur stor utsträckning sociokulturella kriterier nämns i respektive nyhet. Kriterierna visade sig vara stereotypa karaktärer, sociala institutioner och platser samt ordval. Nyhetsvärderingen visade samband med sociokulturella teman som är typiska för en rådande kultur, i fallet den kultur som finns i den publik svenska tidningsmedier riktar sig till. Studien visar att det är möjligt att med sociokultur i samspel med nyhetsvärde kan förklaras varför vissa event blir virala nyheter i svensk massmedia.

    Diskussion: Tillslut argumenterar jag för att de tre eventen har särskilda kulturella kriterier gemensamt och som kan beskrivas som ett syntagm utifrån ett kulturellt paradigm. Syntagmet sätts i system utifrån vad massmedia och publik ingår i för föreställningsvärld och vad den innehåller för myter om vad som är viktigt. Den särskilda föreställningsvärlden liknas vid paradigmet som syntagmet skapas ifrån, vilket går att beskriva samtliga event med. 

  • 269.
    Jöhnsson, Ellen
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Svanberg, Ebba
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Makthavare på tv: vältaliga män och välklädda kvinnor: En kvalitativ publikstudie om hur partiledare, ur ett genusperspektiv, uppmärksammas i valdebatter2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims from a gender perspective to examine how the audience pay attention to people of power in news media. To examine this we viewed how televiewers pay attention to party leaders in televised political debates. The studys gender perspective can be divided into two main aspects, on one hand whether the party leaders gender have any impact on the televiewers attention and on the other hand whether the televiewers gender have any impact on how they divide their attention. The questions examined are “how do televiewers pay attention to male versus female party leaders in political televised debates?” and “what differences and similarities can be found in how male versus female televiewers pay attention to party leaders in political televised debates?”. To get a comprehensive understanding of the audiences attention we combined two different methods; eye tracking methodology and qualitative interview. Eye tracking generated objective knowledge of the televiewers visual fixations while the qualitative interview gave us a deeper understanding of their memorialization. Five men and five women participated in this study. 

    Our results show that our participants give more detailed attention to the female party leaders appearances, while to a greater extent remembering the male party leaders political statements. We found more similarities than differences in how male versus female televiewers pay attention to party leaders, both with and without regard of the party leaders gender. For example male politicians seem to be the norm for what makes a party leader, since many participants primarily tend to fixate on them while also remembering their statements. However, our male participants tend to make fewer but longer fixations while our female participants instead tend to make more but shorter fixations. To summarize the results, we can see that both the party leaders and the televiewers gender have an significance to the televiewers attention. 

  • 270.
    Jönsson Andersson, Louise
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Albinism: When Skin Becomes A Death Sentence.: Using Advocacy In NGO Communication2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis is about a small NGO that is working with the rights of persons with albinism in Tanzania. It deals with the NGOs advocacy work on a local and national level, and addresses the challenges that come with their work. 

    I have concluded that advocacy is a powerful tool for NGOs to use as a part of their strategic communication. NGOs in the Global South and especially Africa are given less attention, thus having less opportunities of reaching out with their message. I have also concluded that for an NGO to succeed in its advocacy work it needs to carefully identify its target audiences and adapt the messages thereafter. To build a relationship with the audiences is also an important part of the process, as a strong relationship increases the chances of involvement in the organization. ICTs can be very useful for NGOs that strive to reach out to the global community. 

  • 271.
    Jönsson, Josefi
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Zainea, Astrid
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    "Vi vet ju redan, men vi måste veta. Vad har du på dig?": En kvalitativ studie av genusföreställningar och stereotyper på Oscarsgalans röda matta2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine which impact social media has on gender equality. During The Oscars Red Carpet Live 2014 the hashtag #Askhermore arose in the social media sphere. The hashtag implies an existing difference in the questions asked towards women and men on the red carpet. To get a closer look into the climate on the red carpet this study focuses merely on the American Broadcasting Channel’s (ABC) broadcasts from the Oscars red carpet. To be able to follow up the movement and its’ potential effect, the study views two broadcastings done before the establishment of the hashtag and two done after.

    Focusing on the verbal communication (the language being used), as well as the visual communication (the camera movements and angles), our study shows that #Askhermore has had a great impact on ABC’s Oscars red carpet broadcasts. By looking at these two types of communication in our analysis, it is revealed that women, before the establishment of #Askhermore, were mainly asked about their looks and clothes - while men were asked about their accomplishments in acting. Something that was drastically changed during the two later years of reporting, where women instead were asked the same type of questions as the male actors attending the event. Which indicates a fair amount of stereotypes being reproduced by the reporters at this Hollywood event. 

  • 272.
    Jönsson, Linda
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Johansson, Sara
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    TV4 - kan kommersiellt och demokrati gå hand i hand?: - En studie om extern påverkan i en tv-kanal och hur kommersiella och demokratiska intressen förhåller sig till varandra 2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: As the media landscape has changed so has fierce competition in the market, giving an effect of stronger commercialization of the media. Societal problems in our society are caused by increased commercialization and market orientation. Media has gone from trusted social institutions to focus on their own economic interests, where owners are expected revenue. The content of the media is characterized more and more by entertainment, because it attracts a larger audience. On one side media is expected to contribute to democracy in society and on the other they are expected to contribute profits to their owners, which creates a conflict in today’s media society. Since TV4 is Sweden's largest commercial tv-channel it is interesting for us to study them and understand their view. 

    Purpose: Our purpose of this paper is to create an understanding how the TV4 group’s management looks at external influences when it comes to the design of the channel. The aim is also to see how they relate to commercial and democratic interests. 

    Methodology: The study was based from a hermeneutic viewpoint and a deductive research approach. We collected out empirical data through qualitative interviews with people that could contribute with valuable and relevant information for our study. 

    Conclusion: We concluded that there are several external factors that affect the design of the TV4 channel, such as advertisers, owners, audience and competitors. Factors affecting to varying degrees. Today's media companies relate to commercial and democratic interests in different ways depending on different expectations. 

  • 273.
    Jörgensen, Lina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Persson-Berg, Kajsa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    "I could trust the Migration Board with my eyes closed": En studie om immigranters relation till Migrationsverket ur ett interkulturellt kommunikationsperspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Abstrakt

    TITEL: ”I could trust the Migration Board with my eyes closed” – en studie om immigranters relation till Migrationsverket ur ett interkulturellt kommunikationsperspektiv

    PROBLEMFRÅGA: Hur uppfattar och beskriver immigranter Migrationsverket?

    • Hur uppfattar och beskriver immigranter Migrationsverkets bemötande under asylprocessen?
    • Hur uppfattar och beskriver immigranter Migrationsverkets tjänstepersoner i förhållande till myndigheten?
    • Hur spelar immigranternas tidigare erfarenheter av kontakt med myndigheter i hemlandet in på relationen till Migrationsverket?
    • På vilket sätt spelar maktrelationer in i hur immigranter uppfattar och beskriver Migrationsverket?

    SYFTE: Undersökningens övergripande syfte är att, ur ett medborgarperspektiv och ett interkulturellt kommunikationsteoretiskt ramverk, studera relationen myndighet-medborgare med speciell fokusering på relationen Migrationsverket-immigrant och därmed bidra med nytt empiriskt material till det interkulturella kommunikationsfältet.

    METOD: Empirin utgörs av sju kvalitativa respondentintervjuer, en informantintervju samt en observation på Migrationsverket.

    SLUTSATS: Det finns en stor frustration med det så kallade ”systemet” och en åtskillnad görs mellan Migrationsverket och tjänstepersonerna som arbetar där. Myndighetens byråkratiska arbetssätt upplevs som stelt, medan tjänstepersonerna görs till individer som blir inbjudna till in-group. Systemet hålls å sin sida utanför i en out-group. Immigranterna visar ett högt förtroende till Migrationsverket men känner hopplöshet inför den asymmetriska maktrelation. Vidare ser vi, trots frustrationen över myndighetens stelhet, att det uppskattas att den upprätthåller de byråkratiska kraven på jämlikhet.

  • 274.
    Karlsson, Alexander
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Marand, Nellie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Todo el País, Uruguay in transformation: ICT transforming rural Uruguay2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of our research was to study the role and impact that ‘information and communication technologies’ and the MEC centers might have on the Uruguayan society. We want to examine how MEC and ICT usage could affect daily lives of marginalized people in Uruguay. We want to explore how it might benefit individuals living in small communities by evaluating indicators of positive impact of how ICT usage could strengthen capitals and increase freedom. Furthermore, our aim is to understand how digital literacy and the access to ICT’s can be related to democracy, and try to understand if greater individual empowerment also could enhance democracy.

    Method: For a period of eight weeks, from March 3rd to 28th of April 2014, we were in Montevideo and vicinity to gather material that we later have analyzed qualitatively. The material is based on observations in the field, interviews with various stakeholders, manuals and national policy documents concerning MEC, as well answers we received from an online survey.

    Main conclusions:We have found that the MEC centers and ICT, combined with education, could be an important tool to facilitate the inclusion of marginalized groups in the Uruguayan society. Our findings indicate that the MEC centers in Uruguay could contribute to the decentralization of the country and have a positive impact on gender- and generation equality. The result suggests that the centers could have a positive impact on democracy in Uruguay by teaching participants how to use e-governmental services as well as encouraging them to participate in online governmental websites. Furthermore, we found that MEC lets the local communities be in charge of their own development, which indicate that the sustainability of the project is increased as well as the positive development outcome. Through the MEC centers we found that both the freedom and the social capital of the participants were positively affected.

  • 275.
    Karlsson, Amanda
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Rockler, Emelie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    "Det är fruktansvärt det som hänt. Jag bor alldeles här borta": En kvalitativ studie om mordet på Lisa Holm i Aftonbladet och Skaraborgs Allehanda2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to examine how two newspapers covered the murder of Lisa Holm. The questions examined were: How are Lisa Holm, the perpetrator and the local community represented and what are the differences and similarities between the local news paper, Skaraborgs Allehanda, and the tabloid, Aftonbladet? 

    We made a discourse analysis of 13 news articles from six different time periodes. The result shows that the victim is represented as an innocent, young girl who is described as good, happy and perfect. The local news paper represents her as a part of the local community and the tabloid is highlighting attributes that people can identify with. The perpetrator is represented as an evil and callous foreign in both newspapers, but Aftonbladet also represents him as a usual person. Skaraborgs Allehanda focus on his guilt of the murder. The local community is represented as a certain group with common emotions who is also the light in the darkness. They share the grief and help each other to process it. The tabloid focus on highlighting the geografic closeness between the people in the articles and the murder. In Aftonbladet, the local community is also described as a dangerous place. Our study shows that the distance between the newspaper and the crime scene affect the representations of the people involved.  

  • 276.
    Karlsson, Bror-Emil
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Reijs, Caroline
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Guldkvinnorna visar vägen mot framtiden?: En kvantitativ innehållsanalys av Aftonbladets och Expressens sportbilagor under OS i Pyeongchang 2018.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine how the two largest sports tabloids, Aftonbladet and Expressen, in Sweden represented the male and female Swedish athletes during the Olympic games in Pyeongchang 2018. Furthermore, the study examined how many male and female journalists covered the sport sections during the event and whether or not there were any differences between the tabloids. With agenda setting theory and hegemonic masculinity as our theoretical framework we conducted a quantitative content analysis on every news article revolving Swedish Olympic athletes during the Olympic period.

    The results showed no significant difference between male and female athletes regarding the amount of coverage in the tabloids. However, other findings were made and showed that female athletes more often got associated with their families and partners while male athletes were associated with their coaches. The study also showed that the majority of journalists reporting from the Olympic games were male.

  • 277.
    Karlsson, Emil
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Larsson Sposito, Miriam
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Hästtjejen och Konststudenten: En kritisk diskursanalys av styckmördare i två svenska lokaltidningar och Expressen. 2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study was conducted with the motive to analyze and demonstrate the differences and similarities of three Swedish newspapers’ coverage about two different murders. The main focus of the study was to compare and contrast the newspapers’ descriptions of one male and one female murderer. Through the study we also aimed to answer the question “Is it possible to apply the Chivalry Hypothesis in the newspapers descriptions of the murderers?” The Chivalry Hypothesis proclaims that women get treated in a more lenient way than men in the judicial system of America. A study from 2006 discovered that a specific newspaper in USA did in fact not treat criminal women in a more lenient way than criminal men. Our most important theoretical standpoints was that of discourse; as discourse analysis in the way Norman Fairclough preferred it was the method that was used. As we compared differences between the sexes gender studies was also a major theoretical part of the study. The result of our empirical analysis showed that a man and a woman which had committed similar murders during the same time period was partially treated and described different from each other in the articles. The result also showed partial support for the thesis about the Chivalry Hypothesis being translatable to Swedish news-press.

  • 278.
    Karlsson Johansson, Emelie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Erlandsson, Nathalie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Sociala medier-journalistens nya källor?: En kvantitativ undersökning av användandet av citat från sociala medier i svensk press2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Is social media becoming a new form of interview? 

    This is a quantitative study about the use of quotations from social media in Swedish newspapers. We chose the online editions of two of Sweden’s biggest newspapers for this, namely aftonbladet.se and dn.se.

    Although we noticed a big difference between the more serious dn.se and the more scandal-oriented aftonbladet.se both newspaper still frequently used quotations from social media.

    The thing that we found most troublesome about this phenomenon was the fact that we found that journalists very rarely contacted the person whose quotations they used. That meant that the interviewee had a very slim chance of correcting any misunderstandings.

    It also opened up the opportunity for certain people to use the media to spread their own agendas without getting questioned.

    We used the social institutionalizing theory and the social responsibility theory to verify our findings. We also used the concept of the Megaphone effect to help better understand this phenomenon.

    The study concludes that use of quotations from social media, without the element of an interview, is a danger to the credibility of the Swedish press.

  • 279.
    Karlsson, Linnea
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Svanström, Jasmine
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Julia och eliterna: En studie av hur näthatsdebatten utvecklades till en medial lavin2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    English title: Julia and the elite. A study of how the Internet hatred developed into a media avalanche.

    Introduction: During February 2013 Swedish media flooded with news of online hate directed towards women after an episode of Uppdrag Granskning on SVT (2013). Female media profiles were given the opportunity to tell the entire Swedish population about the hate and threats they had been exposed to online. In this thesis we want to investigate what topics end up on the media´s agenda, how a piece of news is developed and framed.

    Questions: How does a piece of news considered highly newsworthy develop from when it first appears in the media until it gradually disappears? How and why did Internet hatred end up on the media´s agenda? How does the media framed the Internet hatred?

    Theory: To be able to answer the questions formulated in this thesis, the following theories have been used: Agenda-Setting theory, framing theory, news valuation and media logic. 

    Method: Quantitative content analysis of news broadcasts and debate shows from TV, radio and newspapers. Additionally a qualitative content analysis by support of a rhetorical and semiotic analysis of two debate articles and one TV feature.

    Result: The online hate debate was to be divided into two main debates concerning how to handle online hate in terms of the law and men who hate women in the public sphere. The majority of those who participate in the online hate debate belong to some form of either media, political, legal or academic elite. More than halv of those who fight for the online hate-cause belong to the media elite. Julia, who participate in Uppdrag Granskning on SVT, is one of the most prominent citizens who campaign for the cause. 

    Conclusion: The most important conclusion in this thesis is that the Internet hatred predominantly centred on Julia and the different elite groups. The media elite was both the victim and the fiercest campaigner for the cause. Even though online hate was described as a general problem in society, it was primarily framed as a problem for the media elite. An event will be considered highly newsworthy and will end up on the media´s agenda if it is, among others, unexpected, sensational and somehow focused on an elite group. A news story is more likely to turn into a media avalanche if it raises interest and engages a large audience, as it leads to an increased demand for more articles in the news reporting. 

  • 280.
    Karlsson, Linus
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Ni säger korruption, men vi kallar det för misstag: En analys av Kommunals kommunikation på Facebook under avslöjandena i början av 20162016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In a dynamic world of constant changes, social and technological developments have made crisis communication and crisis management more valuable than ever to organisations. Previous research has suggested that organisations with a certain entrusting relationship to stakeholders might not share premises for crisis communication with corporate organisations. Furthermore, the field of crisis communication suffers from a lack of studies focusing on organisations´ communication on social media during crisis. Using text analysis, this study investigates the Swedish trade union Kommunal’s communication on Facebook during the crisis in January 2016. Results show that Kommunal did not utilize a crisis frame similar enough to the crisis frame used by stakeholders and media, and that Kommunal did not accept enough stakeholder and media attributions of crisis responsibility. The results produces questions for further research about the balancing act between being consistent and adjusting to the crisis situation when communicating during crisis, as well as about if organisations are affected not only by their own crisis history and prior relationship reputation, but by the crisis history and prior relationship reputation of similar organisations as well.

  • 281.
    Karlsson, Michael
    et al.
    Karlstad universietet.
    Holt, Kristoffer
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Is Anyone out There?: Assessing Swedish citizen-generated community journalism2014In: Journalism Practice, ISSN 1751-2786, E-ISSN 1751-2794, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 164-180Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, situated in Sweden, citizen community journalism in 290 municipalities is evaluated. The results reveal that there are very few cases of citizen journalism at a community level, and that the existing citizen journalists focus on business news, entertainment and sports. When sources are used, they are few and originate from social institutions such as business, media, authorities and politics rather than citizens. Furthermore, there are only a few occasions when local authorities are included at all, even less so scrutinised, in the news stories. All in all, the study indicates that Swedish citizen community journalism has trouble either providing information that maintains the community or being the watchdog of that community.

  • 282.
    Karlsson, Michael
    et al.
    Karlstad university.
    Holt, Kristoffer
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Journalism on the web2016In: Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Communication / [ed] Nussbaum, Jon F., Oxford University Press, 2016Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the early 21st century, almost everyone takes journalism on the web for granted. However, it was not many years ago that journalism moved online and a distinct form of journalism began to develop. Ranging from online doubles of the paper editions to publications exclusively produced for the web, the evolvement of web journalism has entailed both dramatic and not-so-dramatic changes in the way that journalistic products are produced, disseminated, and received. Online journalism has usually been demarcated from traditional journalism by four traits: interactivity, immediacy, hypertextuality, and multimodality. These characteristics are generally identified by scholars as points where journalism on the web brings added value in comparison to the old print newspapers. Interactivity involves various aspects of user activity and participation in the processes of consuming, contributing to, and disseminating news afforded by the web. Immediacy refers to the nature and consequences of the faster pace of publication in web news. Hypertextuality has to do with the possibilities of linking journalistic texts to other texts, which makes the text more transparent and open.Multimodality denotes the telling of news with the use of many different modes at the same time. When studying research about these aspects of web journalism, three general observations can be made. First, researchers have approached these characteristics unevenly in terms of scope and interest. The interactive aspects of web journalism are by far the most investigated. Second, the four characteristics have been studied through the lenses of different theoretical frameworks. Third, empirical research shows that change in journalism is slow and not always as radical as many predicted when journalism on the web was in its infancy.

  • 283.
    Kempe, Emelie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    How social is the politics?: A case study of how political parties used social media in the Swedish governmental election of 20142015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the past years the usage and growth of social media has increased, through the increase in popularity, growth and use, social media has become an all the more important arena. Politicians need to communicate with the public, where the public is, in order to be elected and right now a large amount of the public is on social media. This research studies how four of the largest political parties in Sweden, Socialdemokraterna, Moderaterna, Sverigedemokraterna and Miljöpartiet, together with an upcoming party Feministiskt initiativ, used social media in the governmental election in Sweden 2014. In order to study how these political parties used social media, the posts made on Facebook and Twitter were selected. The posts were selected from the two weeks leading up to the election. The posts on Twitter had a higher quantitity and were studied through a quantitative content analysis; while the posts on Facebook included richer text and were studied through a qualitative content analysis. The choice to include both a quantitative and a qualitative content analysis were made to give a richer result with a more including picture.

    The result showed that there is not one universal media logic used by the parties on the posts posted on Facebook and Twitter, however the elements used were the same, but in different extent. One of the parties, Miljöpartiet, had a consequent media logic of all of the selected post made by them on Facebook. On social media political parties become gatekeepers themselves, without relying on journalists to bring forth their ideals, election issues, and topics of importance. On social media the political parties decide what to publish and how to publish it. The political parties frame the topics to benefit themselves and argue for why their approach is the right choice and why the viewer of the post should vote for them.

  • 284.
    Kevin, Jonathan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Söderqvist, Ulrica
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Kommuner på Facebook: En kvantitativ innehållsanalys av interaktionen mellan kommuner och deras följare på Facebook.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The insufficient amout of research regarding social media use in municipalities was in part why this study was conducted. This study examined how Swedish municipalities interact with its followers through Facebook’s different post types to create engagement. Grunigs excellence theory stood as the base for the theoretical framework. The method used was a quantitative content analysis. Data was collected from 30 different municipalities’ Facebook pages. The study found that municipalities use Facebook to engage their citizens in some ways more than others and that municipalities, in some regards, do not use Facebook to its full potential. To reach the various ways of engagement, municipalities need to be aware of how to achieve that. Such as what format best suits the engagement that the municipalities wish to achieve. Posting a larger variation of formats should be implemented in order to take advantage of all the benefits that the different formats provide.

  • 285.
    Killander, Martina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Bernhardsson, Erik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Den verbala boxningsmatchen: En kvalitativ studie om gestaltningen av Hillary Clinton och Donald Trump i den första presidentkandidatsdebatten år 2016.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to examine the ways in which the presidential candidates Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump were portrayed in articles regarding the first presidential debate of 2016. We also wanted to examine the differences and similarities between the framing of the two candidates as well as which frames varied between the newspapers from Sweden and the USA and which they had in common. We made a qualitative framing analysis of 14 articles from 14 different newspapers half of which were from Sweden and half from the USA. The result shows that Hillary Clinton is most often portrayed as an experienced and professional politician whereas Donald Trump is portrayed as her opposite in both regards. The framing of Trump shows him as an outsider from the business world, who has a history of controversial behavior in which he is accused of both racism and sexism. Both candidates are portrayed as highly disliked by the American people. They are also portrayed as dishonest as a consequence of their respective scandals where they are being accused of having hidden something from the public – Clinton in her use of a private e-mail server during her time as secretary of state – Trump due to his unreleased tax returns. The American and the Swedish articles frame the candidates similarly, although the American newspapers are more prone to the usage of harsh language in describing the candidates and their actions in the debate. The Swedish newspapers tend to use less emotive words in re-telling the debate.

  • 286.
    Kjellström, Sandra
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Johnsson, Philip
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Journalisters val av källor: En kvalitativ studie av yrkesvardagen2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we have investigated how local journalists in Kalmar think when they choose their sources to interview. We have also studied several factors that can affect their choices of sources.

    We have interviewed eight news journalists from the two largest local news papers Barometern and Östran in Kalmar.

    The journalists were asked about the sources they often use as interview objects. They were supposed to tell about how they think when choosing sources and define which sources they commonly use. There are different factors that can affect the choices and we have narrowed them down to ethics, source critics, credibility, stress, hard production conditions, public and their own interest and if they consider themselves to be individualistic or controlled by the news desks. Furthermore the journalists were asked to characterize what changes they would make when choosing sources in a perfect world.

    All of the journalists had not reflected prominently on the subject of sources before our research. But most of them could perceive different views. Hence the study became essential for them as well as us.

    We found various perspectives very interesting. For instance the interviews showed that the journalists frequently use the same sources on account of the limitation of time and number of sources in Kalmar. There is a lack of using intimidating sources which opinions the journalists do not agree with. The personal network of sources is crucial to the reporter in finding important information and relevant interview objects. The reporters in our research are more individualistic than controlled by the news desks. However the news bosses may affect their choices of sources by telling them which sources are credible and worthy to fit in the news papers. Sometimes they even arrange interviews with sources. The journalists seek within themselves to find out what the readers may be interested in. But captivatingly they cannot know for sure what the public will appreciate to read.

  • 287.
    Knutsson, Frida
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Ryngmark, Hanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Allt löser sig, bara vi finns på Facebook.: En kvantitativ studie om hur svenska Facebookanvändare i åldrarna 16-25 interagerar med företag på den sociala nätverkssajten. 2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Because social media is personal and reaches users directly, it has become an important means of communication for companies trying to reach out to their audience (Nygren & Wadbring, 2013). Especially the possibility of interactivity has been discussed as social media's big advantage. But how much two-way communication is actually possible on social media? This is a quantitative study that focuses on how Swedish Facebook users in the ages of 16-25 interact with companies on the social network. The aim was to contribute with increased information and knowledge about how the users mentioned above interact with the companies as well as how the users perceive the companies communication and presence on Facebook. With the help of the Uses and gratifications theory and previous research focusing on the theory we created three theoretical themes that we used as an inspiration for our online survey. The survey was distributed on Facebook and the result was later on coded in SPSS. We analyzed the answers using our theoretical themes and theories within them.

    The result shows that it is the young Facebook users do not interact with companies on the social network. The users are not involved in a dialogue with them, what does motivate the users to interaction and sharing is a high involvement and that a person need to be one that already tend to share in order to be affected by others on Facebook. The results also show that the users however require that the potential for interaction should exist. At the same time the users think it is important that companies are available on the social network. They also think it is significant to be able to find information about companies on Facebook, whether or not they interact with them.

  • 288.
    Konya, Gullis
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Affärsmediernas påverkan på entreprenörskapet: Reception och framtidsdriv2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This studies purpose to increase understanding and to create greater awareness of the business media flow and it’s impact on the potential/active entrepreneur. This is made by creating a picture from a gender perspective of how female and male entrepreneurs relates to the news and media representation, with a focus on the entrepreneur’s drive force. In order to achieve the studies purpose, earlier research and theories are used to underline the thesis. The theories include feminist media research, mass communication theories and social psychological factors. To be able to respond to the issues and frame the problem area, the study researches through a Uses and Gratification Approach where the main focus is on the entrepreneurs reception. The study includes a quantitative analysis that consists of a survey with both closed and open questions. 

     

    The results show that the entrepreneurs are aware of the gender differences in the business media. Despite this, they feel like female entrepreneurship is reproduced from a more egalitarian perspective then the male entrepreneur. This might have an impact on male entrepreneurship as media is seen as a public opinion-maker. The results also show that the entrepreneurs are driven by both positive and negative media content. Furthermore the females in the age off 18-35 are the ones that is most affected by stereotypical elements in media contents. They are also the ones that is mostly driven by positive news. In a comparison with the male participants, the results show that there’s a lack of entrepreneurial examples and knowledge about entrepreneurship in women’s childhood. Therefore it becomes even more important for the potential female entrepreneur to see more role models in the media flow and in the society. 

  • 289.
    Krajinovic, Nermin
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Andersson, Henrik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    "Vattnet är slut!": En studie om hur kriskommunikationen fungerade mellan involverade aktörer under vattenläckan i Kalmar 17-18 december, 20102013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction:During a crisis in the society, the communication from the responsible authorities is of big importance. This study shows how the authorities worked with their crisis communication towards the general public during the waterleak in Kalmar in december, 2010.

    Purpose:The purpose of this study is to investigate how the responsible authorities in Kalmar worked with their crisis communication during the waterleak and also how the general public perceived the crisis communication.

    Methodology:The study is based on a combination of a qualitative and a quantitative methodology. We begin to work with qualitative interviews with the responsible authorities to get information about the actual event and their work with the crisis communication towards the general public through the mass media. Then we investigate how the general public in Kalmar perceived the crisis communication from the responsible authorities and compare these two results.

    Conclusion:The study shows that there were several problems, both internally and externally, with the crisis communication from the responsible authorities during the waterleak. Although some people were dissatisified with the responsible authorities crisis communication, the majority were pleased and very satisfied with the information they got from the responsible authorities during the waterleak.

  • 290.
    Kristoffersson, Simon
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Det nya hotsamhället: Hur hotsamhället, politics of fear och culture of fear påverkar den svenska mediediskursen om terrorism2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Abstrakt

    På morgonen 22 mars 2016 gjorde sig den jihadistiska terrorismen återigen påmind i Europa. Två snabbt på varandra följande dåd skakade om Bryssel – och Europa. 35 personer miste livet och dåden kom enligt medierapporteringen inte som en överraskning. Terrororganisationen Islamiska staten (IS), med det territoriella målet att återskapa det historiska Bagdadkalifatet, tog snabbt på sig dåden.

    Dessa dåd är bakgrunden till denna uppsats i vilken jag undersöker hur den

    svenska mediediskursen om terrorism konstrueras och hur diskursen korrelerar med hotsamhället, politics of fear och culture of fear. Denna formulering fungerar som uppsatsens primära frågeställning medan skillnaden mellan den amerikanska diskursen och den svenska är uppsatsens sekundära frågeställning. Uppsatsens syfte är att lämna ett bidrag till dels den svenska forskningen om terrorism, dels den svenska forskningen om hotsamhället, culture of fear och politics of fear – samt hur dessa fenomen konvergerar.

    Undersökningens metod är diskursanalys där Richard Jacksons (2005) diskursanalys av hur de amerikanska politikerna och ämbetsmännen konstruerade diskursen om ”the war on terrorism” fungerat som utgångspunkt. Empirin utgörs av 36 nyhetsartiklar från Aftonbladet (pappersupplaga), Dagens Nyheter (pappersupplaga) och Sveriges Television (webb). Empirin inhämtades från det datum respektive medium inledde sin rapportering, fram till dess att det uppstod en mättnad i materialet där mönster kunde urskiljas.

    Diskursen visar att terrorismen och dess hot har normaliserats och blivit en del av den europeiska vardagen. Denna konstruktion är tydligt influerad av en politics of fear- och culture of fear-retorik. Dåden beskrivs som väntade och terroristerna gestaltas inte lika barbariska som de görs i den amerikanska diskursen, även om terrordåden som handlingar beskrivs som avskyvärda. I större utsträckning än i den amerikanska diskursens tas sociala bakomliggande mekanismer upp. Diskursen visar tydligt att det finns en hotbild mot hela Europa och därmed mot Sverige. Definitionen av hotbilden mot Europa har demokratiska förtecken: demokratin, öppenheten och det fria livet är det som hotas. Den amerikanska diskursens definition av 11 septemberattackerna som en attack mot ”oskyldiga amerikaner” är liknande. Det råder en frånvaro av en motdiskurs, vilket beror på mediernas, politikernas och terrorexperternas symbiotiska förhållande. Den svenska diskursen beskriver attackerna som krigshandlingar på samma sätt som den amerikanska diskursen gör, men i den svenska diskursen är det inte lika självklart att svaret på attackerna är ett ”war on terrorism”. 

  • 291.
    Krüger, Sara
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Fidjeland, Thea
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Det är ju bara en bild: En semiotisk bildanalys om hur genus konstrueras i reklambilder.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Advertising images have a history of being criticized for its manipulative character and negative portrayals of men and women. Previous studies have shown that advertising images have a distorting effect on society. There have been lively debates in Sweden the past years about gender equality and how stereotypical portrayals of men and women inhibit the progress towards an equal society. The purpose of this study was to examine how gender is constructed in Swedish advertising images published in Swedish newspapers today. The theoretical framework used in this study consists of former studies of stereotypic portrayals and theories of semiotics, gender and representation. To study signs present in the images a qualitative method and a semiotic perspective was used. The result showed that the studied images contained a lot of stereotypic portrayals of men and women. It was surprising to see such heavy use of stereotypes considering the awareness present in Swedish debates regarding negative portrayals of gender.

  • 292.
    Kungberg, Mimmi
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Rydeberg, Amelia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Vem snackar i spelrummet?: En kvantitativ undersökning av Stefan Löfven och Donald Trumps mediala utrymme i Aftonbladet.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to show how much space Donald Trump and Stefan Löfven get in the digital edition of the Swedish tabloid Aftonbladet. To investigate this, a quantitative content study was used, counting the number of articles in which they appear between January 21st 2017 and July 21st 2017. In total 967 news articles were included in the study where articles appearing in the entertainment and sports section were excluded as well as editorials and columns.

     

    In the articles we counted the amount of words and how long the quotes of the two persons were. We also counted how many articles in which both Donald Trump and Stefan Löfven appear and how the quotes were distributed between them. To count the articles we created a coding scheme with rules for interpretation.

     

    The result of the study was that Donald Trump appeared more frequently in the tabloid than Stefan Löfven. This tells us that Aftonbladet priorities news about Donald Trump over news about Stefan Löfven which can be explained by globalisation, which is one of the theories used in this study, along with the theory of news values. However it was also clear that procentually Stefan Löfven was quoted more than Donald Trump. This can mean that even though globalisation brings nations across the world closer to each other, the physical distance still has a factor in what news sources appear in the news media. 

  • 293.
    Käll, Oskar
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Röriksson, Gustav
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Torkan 2018: Nationell kris eller klimatdebatt?: En kvantitativ innehållsanalys av lokal- och rikstäckande rapportering gällande torkan sommaren 2018.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay’s purpose is to investigate how the swedish media portrayed the swedish summer drought of 2018. With a quantitative content analysis focusing on two newspapers, one regional and one national, this essay answers how the drought of 2018 was portrayed from a local and national perspective, from a framing and environmental theoretical perspective. But also to what extent the newspapers connected the drought and global climate change and what voices that were emphasized in the texts concerning the drought of 2018.

     

    This study shows that the swedish drought 2018 was portrayed with “straight” news reporting in both regional and local newspapers. The articles did rarely contain any sort of conflict and the actors in the articles were dominated by authorities and businessmen. The head consequence of the drought in both of the newspapers was the environment. Although, it was rarely connected with climate changes. In 90 percent of the local press-articles the climate change was not mentioned. Those times when the drought was connected with climate change, in both newspapers, it was in debate articles, often written by a journalist.

  • 294.
    Lagesson, Amanda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Är tävlingen jämställd?: En kvalitativ innehållsanalys om hur män och kvinnor framställs i tv-programmet Superstars.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine how men and women are portrayed in sports in television and to get the answer to whether it is equal or not between the genders. The question examined is: Which stereotypical portrayals of men and women were noticed in the tv-show Superstars? Which stereotypical portrayals in the tv-show Superstars are masculine and feminine? By using a qualitative content analysis and two categories: words and expressions and behavior and context, the author studied one season to find differences. The findings showed that men and women portrayed their opposites. The men were portrayed as sensitive and the women were portrayed as tough in the category: words and expressions. The category: behavior and context showed that both men and women were portrayed as fearful. This result shows that it was equal between the genders.

  • 295.
    Lamont, Pierre
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Ternström, Pontus
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Stora problem delar man upp i mindre bitar: En kvalitativ diskursanalys om hur svenska och danska medier konstruerar samma gärningsman2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine how a Danish & Swedish newspaper reported in their news articles regarding the same perpetrator and to see if there were any differences. The perpetrator in this case was Danish, while the victim was Swedish. This was the main reason for us choosing a newspaper from each country. We examined what discourses were used for the perpetrator and analyzed both similarities and differences between the two newspapers in their descriptions. We did this by thoroughly examining each article, one at a time, dissected each sentence and analyzed it.

    The study answered the following question: How do Danish & Swedish news outlets construct the same perpetrator? This was answered by dividing it into two more detailed questions. How is the perpetrator manufactured in Danish/Swedish crime journalism? Which attributes are given to the perpetrator in both newspapers?

    We used a critical discourse analysis as our method for examining the 8 articles in total (4 from each newspaper) Our conclusion of the study shows that there are several similarities in the way the discourses are constructed around the perpetrator, often focusing on the morbid details. There are however equally big differences in the way that the specific discourses are described. Danish media focuses more on the direct quotes from the perpetrator, while the Swedish media empathises more on circumstances surrounding him. The two newspapers we chose are two of the major newspaper in respective country, Ekstrabladet & Aftonbladet.

  • 296.
    Landberg-Grape, Pascal
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Kempe, Emelie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Framingen av en budgetkris: Hur gestaltades USA:s budgetkris under oktober månad 2013 i svensk dagspress?2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The U.S. came close to hit their debt ceiling and had some severe trouble getting a federal budget in order in the fall 2013, which raised a global news echo around the world. The purpose of this study is to look at of how the Swedish newspapers framed this specific event; we wanted to find the dominated similarities and differences in the different articles as well as see if our domestic perspective appeared in the frames. In order to come to a conclusion we first read all the material published between the dates of the 2th to the 17th of October in our chosen newspapers, we then did a mapping schedule and sorted through the articles, two of our main sorting points were “the dominating framing” and “the dominating operator” in each and every article. Based on that result we used a qualitative content analysis approach in the shape of a framing analysis of a lesser number of articles. The result showed that this event can be framed in a variety of ways. Some of the dominating frames focused on economic consequences from a domesticated perspective, some focused on the positivity and  some framed it as a race against the clock. This concludes that the dominating frame in each article was often individual, while some of the less dominating frames in each article had similarities with each other, although the differences were more prominent. 

  • 297.
    Landqvist, Filip
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Alexandersson, Jon
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Metaforen - sportkrönikans byggsten: En kvalitativ studie av hur metaforer användes i Aftonbladets sportkrönikor under en tvåmånadersperiod under 20142015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to study how metaphors are used in sports chronicles . As a complement, we also chose to study whether there are gender differences in the use of metaphors. We also wanted to take a look at whether journalists tend to mythologize sports stars with the help of metaphors. We have been using a qualitative study in our work. We chose to examine four sports journalists who writes sports chronicles for the newspaper Aftonbladet. Two males and two females. 

    In our results, we concluded that metaphors are very common in sports chronicles. We used a metaphor analysis in our study of the chronicles. We also found that gender differences in the use of metaphors is not so big. When we examined the differences between women and men, we started mainly from British Hultén's theory that men are abstract and women concrete in their texts. 

  • 298.
    Landqvist, Isa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Inspiration, stress och strävan efter likes: En kvalitativ studie om vad personer upplever med att använda sig av Instagram och Snapchat.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There has been a change in society today towards a greater media usage. The use of social media is increasing and we are active in updating and sharing our everydaylife. ’What will happen’, ’what is happening’ and ’what has happended’ arepublished on social media. Which are the incentives for us to use social media? Which are the pros and cons in using social media? The objective with this dissertation is to exam what people experience by using Instagram and Snapchat. Which are the pros and cons with publishing posts and read what others are publishing? In this dissertation I have choosen to limit my scope to the media Instagram and Snapchat. The underlaying reasons for this is that Instagram is the most used social media in the everyday Swedish life and that Snapchat is a social media with 20% usage. I have used the ambition to find out what makes the use of Instagram and Snapchat interesting and what others experience with the use of these media.

  • 299.
    Landt, Erika
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Vilka får prata om Sverige?: En studie om vilka nyhetskällor som får komma till tals i PBS Newshour, FOX News och CNN:s inslag om Sverige.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines which news sources gets to talk about Sweden in American news features about events in Sweden and if they give a positive or negative image of Sweden. I opted to examine three of the main news channels in the USA: PBS, FOX and CNN.  I examined, more specifically, the sources gender, nationality and ethnicity, and which social position and status they had. Furthermore I also examined whether the sources were verbal or non-verbal and if they were visible or anonymous. Lastly I did an analysis of whether the sources gave a positive or negative image of Sweden in the news features. To execute the study I used the quantitative content analysis as my method.

     

    The results of the study show that the majority of the sources, used in American news features about events in Sweden, were Swedish professional males, who gave a negative image of Sweden. The majority of the sources were also visible and verbal. A small amount of the sources were anonymous, and PBS only used visible sources. The result did not differentiate much between the news channels, except when it came to if the sources were verbal or non-verbal. Every source used in PBS were verbal and the majority of the sources in FOX were verbal. In CNN’s news features, however, the majority of the news sources were non-verbal. 

  • 300.
    Landén, Petter
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Polsäter, Christian
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Same same but different: En kritisk diskursanalys av hur Aftonbladet konstruerar och reproducerar föreställningar om genus och genusordning genom sin bevakning av Lotta Schelin och Zlatan Ibrahimovic.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim with this thesis was to investigate how the Swedish newspaper Aftonbladet construct and reproduce imaginations of gender and gender order. An important premise for our work is the agenda theory, which states that media has great impact on what is on their audience mind. We chose to investigate how Aftonbladet wrote about two Swedish footballers, Lotta Schelin and Zlatan Ibrahimovic, during a European championship with each players national team. By using a method of critical discourse analysis based on Teun van Dijks idea and with gender glasses, we analysed eight articles and two chronicles regarding each player.

    Our results show that Aftonbladet construct and reproduce gender and gender order by its different ways of portraying Lotta Schelin and Zlatan Ibrahimovic. Articles regarding Lotta Schelin tend to be more audience oriented, focus more on her and her teammates emotions and more often focus on things outside her profession as a footballer. On a contrary, articles regarding Zlatan Ibrahimovic tend to upgrade masculinity, power and more often highlights his performances on the pitch. He is also portrayed as a person of much greater status than Lotta Schelin. 

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