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  • 251.
    Rosén, Ulla
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för humaniora. Historia.
    The Subject's Duties and the Citizen's Demands: On Changes in Elder Care in Swedish Agrarian Society, 1815-19392008Inngår i: Journal of Family History, ISSN 0363-1990, E-ISSN 1552-5473, Vol. 33, nr 1, s. 81-95Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The performance of elder care, both public efforts and family-based, in two socio-economically very different settings are examined. The author argues that there were connections between an area’s socio-economic structure and the way elder care was organized. Until 1920 elder care was governed by traditional patriarchal values found in both areas. Elderly people with some resources could more easily obtain public support than those who had nothing. Also a gender dimension was visible as men but not women were allowed reproductive support. Women had to work because of their class position, not because of their sex. The growing welfare state blurred the distinction between the private and the public sphere as old age security shifted from a family duty to a civil right. This shift, linked to democratization, occurred more slowly in the region of landless tenants and farm workers, which also were the more patriarchal dominated area.

  • 252.
    Råvik, Emilia
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Lärare ska kunna allt: En kvalitativ studie om lärares upprätthållande av sin yrkesroll inom skolverksamheten2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This essay aims to understand the teacher profession and how teachers' everyday lives look like in the school environment. The purpose is therefore to examine which challenges and strategies teachers have to face in their line of work. It also focuses on how their emotional expressions looks like and who they show these expressions to. The study´s based on a qualitative approach and the empirical material has been sampled through interviews with employees in the school system. The interviewed teachers are both male and female with a total of eight informants.

     

    The study´s based on two theoretical concepts. The first is Erving Goffman´s theory about the dramaturgy perspective and the notion of impression management. The second theory is based on Arlie Hochchild´s conceptualization of emotions. These two theoretical aspects help me understand how the teacher profession has changed and how they manage to control their emotional behaviour in their occupation.

     

    The results show that teachers managed to take on many types of roles to handle the challenges in their work environment. This study determines that the most common challenges in the profession is managing the time, the demands from different directions, reform changes and to maintain the professional face. The strategies to handle these challenges is the following four. The social support, how to manage the time pressure, how to handle emotions and their career ambitions.  

  • 253.
    Safipour, Jalal
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet .
    Higginbottom, Gina
    University of Alberta .
    Tessma, Mesfin
    Karolinska Institutet .
    Emami, Azita
    Karolinska Institutet .
    Migration status and self-reported health among high school students in Stockholm: A cross-sectional study2012Inngår i: Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies, ISSN 1745-0128, E-ISSN 1745-0136, Vol. 7, nr 2, s. 149-163Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to determine the self-reported health status of Swedish high school students with respect to gender and immigrant background. The sample was randomly selected from high school students aged 15–19, and 446 students participated in this study. The Nottingham Health Profile (NHP) was used for capturing health status. The results showed that the most common problem was related to energy level (23%) and the least to physical mobility (1%). The proportion for other domains ranged from 2% to 14%. Self-reported health problems were more common among immigrants than native Swedes. Female students reported more problems on all aspects of health than males. Female gender and first-generation immigrants were found to be important factors associated with feelings of ill health among the target population. Gender disparity was more important among the students with an immigrant background.

  • 254.
    Safipour, Jalal
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Schopflocher, Donald
    University of Alberta, Canada.
    Higginbottom, Gina
    University of Alberta, Canada.
    Emami, Azita
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    The mediating role of alienation in self reported health among Swedish Adolescents2011Inngår i: Vulnerable Groups & Inclusion, ISSN 2000-8023, E-ISSN 2000-8023, Vol. 2Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between a sense of alienation and self reported health. A sample consisting of a total of 446 high school students aged 15-19 (Mean age=16.95, SD=1.01, Female=59%), with a participation rate of 91%. The Jessor and Jessor alienation scale and the Nottingham Health Profile for self reported health were used to gather data. To analyze the relationship between sense of alienation and self reported health, a path model was created and tested using structural equation modeling. The results suggest that sense of alienation is importantly related to the domain of self-reported health. The alienation variable mediates between mental health (energy level, sleep and emotional reaction) and physical health (pain pain and physical mobility).

  • 255.
    Safipour, Jalal
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet .
    Schopflocher, Donald
    University of Alberta.
    Higginbottom, Gina
    University of Alberta.
    Emami, Gina
    Seattle University.
    Socioeconomic factors and mental health of Swedish adolescents–a cross-sectional study among Stockholm high-school students aged 15–19 years2013Inngår i: Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies, ISSN 1745-0128, E-ISSN 1745-0136, Vol. 8, nr 2, s. 120-134Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Adolescence is a period of rapid biological and behavioral changes that may increase the risk of mental health problems. This study investigates the path between self-reported mental health, feeling of alienation, and self-reported physical health by examining the role of demographic factors and socioeconomic variables. Participants were recruited from high schools in Stockholm, Sweden. In total, 445 students participated, aged 15–19 years (SD = 1.01, mean = 17.00); 263 (59.4%) were female and 180 were (40.6%) male. The Nottingham Health Profile and Jessor and Jessor alienation scale were used, and statistical analysis was performed by using regression and path analysis. The results revealed a significant correlation between feeling of alienation and mental health, and found alienation to be a mediating factor between mental health problems and physical health. Female students reported more problems than males. The relationship between neighborhood characteristics (geographical location and type of home) and mental health was also significant. An immigrant background was also found to be one of the important variables for self-reported mental health. The results indicated that having a Swedish mother and father was associated with lower mental health problems, whereas having a father and mother from the Middle East was associated with greater self-reported mental health problems.

  • 256.
    Safipour, Jalal
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Tessma, Mesfin
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Higginbottom, Gina
    University of Alberta, Canada.
    Emami, Azita
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden ; Seattle University, USA.
    Measuring social alienation in adolescence: Translation and validation of the Jessor and Jessor Social Alienation Scale2010Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 51, nr 6, s. 517-524Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of the study is to translate and examine the reliability and validity of the Jessor and Jessor Social Alienation Scale for use in a Swedish context. The study involved four phases of testing: (1) Translation and back-translation; (2) a pilot test to evaluate the translation; (3) reliability testing; and (4) a validity test. Main participants of this study were 446 students (Age = 15–19, SD = 1.01, Mean = 17). Results from the reliability test showed high internal consistency and stability. Face, content and construct validity were demonstrated using experts and confirmatory factor analysis. The results of testing the Swedish version of the alienation scale revealed an acceptable level of reliability and validity, and is appropriate for use in the Swedish context.

  • 257.
    Salzmann, Benjamin
    et al.
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Döhner, Hanneli
    Eurocarers, Belgium.
    Lancioni, Cristina
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Papa, Roberta
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Lamura, Giovanni
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA).
    Testing the INNOVAGE-Eurocarers web platform among German carers: Challenges and potentials2015Inngår i: Irish Ageing Studies Review, ISSN 1649-9972, Vol. 6, nr 1, s. 88-88Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The role of family carers is increasing importance all over Europe as they contribute progressively more on to the sustainability and efficiency of national health systems. In Germany, web-based support services for carers are still unconventional.

    Methods: Around 20 carers of older people were recruited adopting convenience and snowballing approaches. They received the following services: information resources; individual support via e-mail and private messages; group support via social network. Additionally, two sub-groups of 3 people each attended a series of weekly sessions of group support via video-conferencing. Periodical reminders to carers were sent for improving participationto the community.

    Results: The web platform was well accepted by users. Carers reported they benefitted a lot from the exchange with other carers which was made possible by interactive services offered. Some users felt empowered because they became able to reflect on their own situation, they could receive helpful advice from peers and the moderator, and they could recognise themselves experience to be shared with other people in need. Weekly video-conferencing group sessions were perceived as very helpful and provided a short break fromcaring.

    Conclusions: Web-based support services seem to havea great potential in the German context. However, difficulties in recruiting carers indicates a probable widespread scepticism towards web-based initiatives addressing carers. Low digital skills in older carers isanother main barrier which should be taken into account.

  • 258.
    Sandström, Annika
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Den oavsiktliga konsekvensen: En uppsats om integrationen av ensamkommande flyktingungdomar2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis in sociology was based on a qualitative research strategy. Its intention was to analyze how a specific county in the middle of Sweden work to make the integration process of the unaccompanied refugee youths, with a Swedish residence permit, as good as possible, the other intention was to find out the possible following of this work.

    Interviews were done and statistics were found, this later on became analyzed together with the theories. The basic theories were integration and class theory.

    The mainly finding in this study was that that the integration of the unaccompanied refugee children leads them into a lower society class of the Swedish community. This since these youth are more of less forced to follow some steps in the education, which for many of them will lead to that they are too old to apply to the national gymnasium in Sweden, and therefore they only get education though the introduction program, which is not leading to a graduation from the gymnasium. Because of this they are not getting the same chances to succeed with the same kind of education as youth on other programs in the Swedish gymnasium.

  • 259.
    Sarna, Zofia
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Från kuvad sociologi till akademisering: Polsk sociologi mellan 1947-19912019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Ambitionen med denna uppsats är att skapa en bättre förståelse för relationer mellan samhällsvetare och den sovjetiska regimen i Polen mellan 1947 och 1991. Mina studier visar att relationerna mellan samhällsvetare och regim, samt mellan olika grupper av sociologer, förändrades och utvecklades under den angivna tidsperioden. Olika politiska, ekonomiska och sociala händelser påverkade universitetens verksamhet och sociologers attityder såväl mot regimen som mot andra samhällsvetare.

    Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka processer som pågick i det sociologiska, vetenskapliga arbetet, i en situation då forskare och deras arbete var beroende av den sovjetiska maktstrukturen.

    I undersökningen har jag använt mig av fallstudiedesign med fokus på historiska metoder som litteraturforskning, biografier och studier om polsk sociologi. Jag har tolkat stoffet jag har fått fram utifrån olika teorier, som har hjälpt mig att förstå de olika processer och händelser som skedde i Polen efter andra världskriget.

  • 260.
    Sarstrand Marekovic, Anna-Maria
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Närvänen, Anna-Liisa
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Integrating newly arrived students in upper secondary school: School staffs' perceptions and experiences2018Inngår i: ECER 2018: Inclusion and Exclusion, Resources for Educational Research?, 2018Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    General description:

    Newly arrived immigrant children are entering European countries in unprecedented numbers, putting increasing demands on the educational systems. The challenges for the educational systems vary according to country and relate to the size and composition of the immigrant student population as well as to the countries’ respective history of migration (Levels & Dronkers 2008). In this paper we focus on the Swedish educational system and the recent changes in the curriculum for upper secondary school launched in 2011. The reform altered the preconditions for transition to upper secondary school by significantly tightening the qualification requirements for all students, including the newly arrived students. School reforms are consequential for the staff as well as the students. We are here exploring how such consequences are described by the school staff; teachers, school leaders and liaison teachers in relation to newly arrived students. 

     

    Several researchers argue for the need of research on the interpretations of educational reforms and how the reforms are transformed in local contexts. According to Hemmings, the outcome of educational reforms depends on the dynamics in schools related to school structures, cultures, local visions and moral aspects (2012). Other scholars have emphasized the significance of teachers for the implementation of reforms and that teachers’ professional experiences influence educational practices and interpretations of institutional goals (i.e. curricula) (Everitt 2012). We address these issues in our first research question. 

     

    There is a growing body of research on newly arrived children’s experiences of school introduction in Sweden. In line with international research, the Swedish research has explored the students’ experiences of schooling and highlighted the importance of supporting relationships in school for successful careers (Skowronski 2013, Marekovic 2016, Suarez-Orozco et al. 2010, Greenman 2013). Research on teachers’ perspectives, on the other hand, highlight the dilemmas involved in reconciling educational goals for these students with national immigration policy (Arnot et.al 2009, Svensson forthcoming) and how teachers’ influence students’ educational choices (Bonizzoni et al 2014). However, research on experiences of teaching newly arrived students also point to the enrichment that is associated with this work (Wigg 2008, Devine 2011). Although extant research is increasing there is a need for research on both the staffs’ meaning-making processes and concrete strategies in daily educational practices. These issues are addressed in our second research question. 

     

    The aim of the paper is to describe school staffs’ interpretations of the latest curricular reform for upper secondary school and the consequences for the teachers’ daily educational practices. Our preliminary research questions are: 1) How does school staff describe opportunities and constraints of the new reform in relation to newly arrived students’ educational trajectories? 2) How does the staff manage the new requirements put forward by the latest reform in their daily educational practices?  

     

    Theoretical framework 

    Our point of departure is the emerging theoretical framework that emphasizes the importance of understanding interpretative processes and social interaction in research on institutions (Hallett 2010). Institutional logics, background knowledge and meaning structures of school as institution and its objectives are subject to interpretation, re-interpretations and negotiations between school staff as well as students in daily educational practices (Fine & Hallet 2014). Teachers and students engage in meaning-making processes on what is important, how goals are interpreted and put into practice, which norms and values that are considered valid. This actualizes issues of the staffs’ perceptions of what educational trajectories may be achievable for the students and the significance of such perceptions in educational and counseling situations. Theoretical concepts that are also of relevance for the analysis are, for example ‘trajectory’ (Elder 1985), and ‘imagined futures’ (Mische 2009). 

     

    Methods 

    As the aim of the project is to explore school staffs’ interpretations of the latest educational reform concerning newly arrived students, semi structured interviews were chosen (c.f Lamont & Swidler 2012). The study was conducted in one of the largest cities in Sweden and three schools were approached to be included. All three schools are public upper secondary schools. The first school is an upper secondary school offering vocational programmes such as Restaurant management and food, Business and administration, Hotel and tourism, Childcare and recreation etc. The second and third schools are both offering theoretical programmes such as the natural science programme and social science programme. 

     

    In total 14 individual interviews with school staff were conducted between May 2012 and June 2014, i.e. 1-3 years after the reform came into force. 3 persons were working as liaison teachers, 5 as tutoring teachers in classes for newly arrived students, 5 were school leaders. Also a municipal coordinator for organizing school introduction for newly arrived students was included. In the interviews with the staff several themes were discussed, such as working life experiences, the main tasks in the school, co-operation with other teachers, consequences of the school reform and the new curriculum and how the students succeed with their studies. The interviews lasted between 1-2,5 hours. All interviews were digitally recorded and transcribed before analysis.

     

    We have chosen to present the analysis by concentrating on the common patterns rather than focusing on differences between the three schools. In other words, we have conducted an across-case analysis identifying commonali­ties across cases (cf. Ayres et al 2003). The analytical procedures embrace several steps commonly used in qualitative analysis in order to identify recurrent patterns and to successively elaborate and systematize the analysis to more specific and distinct categories. The procedures embrace reading and rereading the material at several occasions both individually and in co-operation between the researchers, discussing and sorting the material to different headings, and modifying categories successively. As our approach is inductive iterative, the starting point for our analysis was the empirical material, but theoretical ideas that were grounded in the material were also used to guide and systematize the analytical work. 

     

    Expected outcomes

    Our initial analyses of the interviews so far reveal three common patterns that will be developed further in the paper: 

    1. Interpretations of the students’ educational aspirations, opportunities and obstacles for achieving the goals. This pattern reveals how teachers assess students’ backgrounds, achievements and aspirations in light of obstacles such as language skills, educational requirements and time frames according to the curriculum. 
    2. Teacher strategies for managing students’ aspirations and obstacles for achievement. This pattern is about various strategies employed by the staff in order to deal with, for example the gap between aspirations and opportunities when it comes to students’ achievements, the pace of studies and imagined future careers. 

     

     

    References

    Arnot, M., Pinson, H., & Candappa, M. (2009). Compassion, caring and justice: teachers’ strategies to maintain moral integrity in the face of national hostility to the “non‐citizen”. Educational Review61(3), 249-264.

     

    Ayres, l., Kavanaugh, K., & Knalf, K. A. (2003). Within- case and across case ap­proaches to qualitative data analysis, Qual Health Res, 13, 871‒883. 

     

    Bonizzoni, P., Romito, M., & Cavallo, C. (2016). Teachers’ guidance, family participation and track choice: the educational disadvantage of immigrant students in Italy. British Journal of Sociology of Education37(5), 702-720.

     

    Devine, D. (2011). Immigration and schooling in the republic of Ireland: Making a difference?. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

     

    Elder Jr, G. H. (1985). Life course dynamics: trajectories and transitions 1968-1980. Ithaca, ny: Cornell University press.

     

    Everitt, JG. (2012). Teacher Careers and Inhabited Institutions: Sense-Making and Arsenals of Teaching Practice in Educational Institutions. Symbolic Interaction, 35, 203-220.

     

    Fine, G. A. & Hallett, T. (2014). Group Cultures and the Everyday Life of Organizations: Interaction Orders and Meso-Analysis, Organization Studies, 35,1773-1798.

     

    Greenman, E. (2013). Educational attitudes, school peer context, and the “immigrant paradox” in education. Social science research42(3), 698-714.

     

    Hallet, T. (2010). The Myth Incarnate: recoupling processes, turmoil and inhabited institutions in an urban elementary school. American Sociological Review. 75: 52-74.

     

    Hemmings, A. (2012). Four Rs for urban high school reform: Re-envisioning, reculturation, restructuring and remoralization.Improving Schools. 15: 198-210.

     

    Jepson Wigg, U. (2008). Bryta upp och börja om: berättelser om flyktingskap, skolgång och identitet.Diss. Linköping : Linköpings universitet, 2009

     

    Lamont, M., & Swidler, A. (2014). Methodological pluralism and the possibilities and limits of interviewing. Qualitative Sociology37(2), 153-171.

     

    Levels, M., & Dronkers, J. (2008). Educational performance of native and immigrant children from various countries of origin. Ethnic and Racial Studies31(8), 1404-1425.

    Marekovic, A-M. (2016). Mot alla odds, i Lund, A. & Lund, S. (red.) (2016). Skolframgång i det mångkulturella samhället. Studentlitteratur AB.

    Mische A. (2009): “Projects and Possibilities: Researching Futures in Action” Sociological Forum, 24: (3), 694-704.

    Skowronski, E. (2013). Skola med fördröjning: nyanlända elevers sociala spelrum i "en skola för alla".Diss. Lund : Lunds universitet, 2013

    Suárez-Orozco, C., Onaga, M., & Lardemelle, C. D. (2010). Promoting academic engagement among immigrant adolescents through school-family-community collaboration. Professional School Counseling, 14(1), 15-26

    Svensson, M. (forthcoming). Compensating for conflicting policy goals: Dilemmas of teachers’ work with asylum-seeking pupils in Sweden. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research.

  • 261.
    Sarstrand Marekovic, Anna-Maria
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Närvänen, Anna-Liisa
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    The meanings of age and time for newly arrived immigrant pupils’ educational trajectories2016Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Newly arrived immigrant youth are entering Sweden in unprecedented numbers, putting increasing demands on the educational system. There is a growing body of research on newly arrived children’s experiences of school introduction. However, research on the experiences of students who arrive in Sweden during the latter school years (15-18 years of age), i.e. who are expected to transition into upper-secondary education, remain limited, particularly in relation to age and imagined  futures. Our paper is a contribution to this emergent field of research.

     

    Preliminary analyses of interviews with ‘late arrived students’ and staff at three upper secondary high schools highlight the significance of age and time in this process. The results indicate a discrepancy between the students’ perceptions and expectations of this transition and that of the school staff. The staff, following the institutional logic and the curriculum, expects prescribed progression of knowledge. Consequentially they opt for a prolonged introductory period. The students, on the other hand, describe a sense of deceleration of the future, by being held back in introductory classes. As a result, they will be “off time” compared to peers. Also, the deceleration of the future is interpreted in terms of a delay in the imagined biography. 

     

  • 262. Scarpa, Simone
    La riforma delle politiche per gli anziani non autosufficienti in Italia e in Svezia: un caso di asimmetria apparente?2006Inngår i: Stato e Mercato, ISSN 0392-9701, nr 3, s. 473-508Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Last years' reforms affected in an extremely different way the Swedish and the Italian elderly care systems, even if these reforms had been apparently inspired by the same "watchwords". In the article the comparison of the effects of these reforms assumes a "broad" definition of care: the reciprocal interrelations between market, state and family are underlined together with their transformations caused by the introduction of the recent reforms. In the 90s the Italian and the Swedish welfare state experienced a further step towards the decentralization of responsibilities on elderly care: in both countries responsibilities for the provision of home care services have been transferred to the municipalities. In the same time, both countries experienced a trend towards the marketization and the informalization of elderly care with a growing importance of private and non profit providers and of family solidarities. However, even after the introduction of these reforms, a substantial confirmation of the differences between the "family ideologies" that historically distinguished the Swedish and Italian welfare states can still be found rather than an evidence of a convergence of their elderly care systems.

  • 263.
    Scarpa, Simone
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för hälsa, socialt arbete och beteendevetenskap, Institutionen för socialt arbete, SA.
    Le politiche per il lavoro in Italia e Finlandia: somiglianze formali, differenze reali2011Inngår i: Welfare e promozione delle capacità / [ed] Massimo Paci, Enrico Pugliese, Bologna (Italien): Societa Editrice Il Mulino, 2011, s. 143-166Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 264.
    Scarpa, Simone
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    New Geographically Differentiated Configurations of Social Risks: Labour Market Policy Developments in Sweden and Finland2013Inngår i: Changing Social Risks and Social Policy Responses in the Nordic Welfare States / [ed] Ivan Harsløf and Rickard Ulmestig, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013, s. 220-244Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 265.
    Scarpa, Simone
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för hälsa, socialt arbete och beteendevetenskap, Institutionen för socialt arbete, SA.
    Scalar Politics and Workfare Reforms: Linking Comparative Research on National and Local Welfare Systems2009Inngår i: Emerging Systems of Work and Welfare / [ed] Koistinen, Pertti; Mósesdóttir, Lilja; Serrano Pascual, Amparo, Brussels, Belgium: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2009, s. 195-217Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 266.
    Scarpa, Simone
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för hälsa, socialt arbete och beteendevetenskap, Institutionen för socialt arbete, SA.
    Statlig påverkan på den lokala arenan2011Inngår i: Hela staden: Socialt hållbarhet eller desintegration? / [ed] Tapio Salonen, Umeå: Boréa Bokförlag, 2011, s. 55-75Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 267.
    Scarpa, Simone
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    The Emergence of a Swedish Underclass? Welfare State Restructuring, Income Inequality and Residential Segregation in Malmö, 1991-20082013Inngår i: Economia & Lavoro, ISSN 0012-978X, Vol. XLVII, nr 2, s. 121-138Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent political and academic debates in Sweden have been dominated by a view of urban problems as endogenously generated by the spatial concentration of individuals with similar ethnic and socioeconomic characteristics within the same neighbourhoods. The impact of welfare state retrenchment on income inequality and residential segregation instead remained an under-investigated and somehow neglected issue in recent research. This paper aims at filling this gap by analyzing income inequality dynamics in Malmö in the period 1991-2008. This city offers an interesting case of analysis, given the high rates of social problems compared to other Swedish cities. The results reveal that the increase in income inequality in Malmö has been especially due to the reduced redistributive impact of the Swedish welfare state. Furthermore, the increase in residential segregation by income can be attributed to the parallel increase in city-wide income inequality rather than to an alleged increase in neighbourhood sorting.

  • 268.
    Scarpa, Simone
    Department of Sociology and Social Research, University of Milan-Bicocca, Milan, Italy.
    The scalar dimension of welfare state development: The case of Swedish and Finnish social assistance systems2009Inngår i: Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society, ISSN 1752-1378, E-ISSN 1752-1386, Vol. 2, nr 1, s. 67-84Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Following Neil Brenner's 3-fold periodization, the article analyses the historical development of the Swedish and the Finnish social assistance systems, from the early phase of Spatial-Keynesianism, through the phase of Endogenous Development Policies, to the present phase of Locational Policies. The Swedish and the Finnish cases have been often clustered in the same welfare regime typology but little investigation has been done on the ways in which the territorial organization of their welfare systems has differently affected their trajectories of development. The article explains how the interrelationship between national and local welfare policies has been firstly established and subsequently evolved in a different manner in the two countries.

  • 269.
    Schmidt, Andrea E.
    et al.
    European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research, Austria.
    Ilinca, Stefania
    European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research, Austria.
    Schulmann, Katharine
    European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research, Austria.
    Rodrigues, Ricardo
    European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research, Austria.
    Principi, Andrea
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap (HV). National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Sowa, Agnieszka
    Center for Social and Economic Research (CASE), Poland.
    Golinowska, Stanislawa
    Center for Social and Economic Research (CASE), Poland ; Jagiellonian University, Poland.
    Deeg, Dorly
    VU University Medical Center, The Netherlands.
    Galenkamp, Henrike
    VU University Medical Center, The Netherlands.
    Fit for caring: factors associated with informal care provision by older caregivers with and without multimorbidity2016Inngår i: European Journal of Ageing, ISSN 1613-9372, E-ISSN 1613-9380, Vol. 13, nr 2, s. 103-113Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Due to an increased prevalence of chronic diseases, older individuals may experience a deterioration of their health condition in older ages, limiting their capacity for social engagement and in turn their well-being in later life. Focusing on care provision to grandchildren and (older) relatives (‘informal care’) as forms of engagement, this paper aims to identify which individual characteristics may compensate for health deficits and enable individuals with multimorbidity to provide informal care. We use data from the SHARE survey (2004–2012) for individuals aged 60 years and above in 10 European countries. Logistic regression estimates for the impact of different sets of characteristics on the decision to provide care are presented separately for people with and without multimorbidity. Adapting Arber and Ginn’s resource theory, we expected that older caregivers’ resources (e.g., income or having a spouse) would facilitate informal care provision to a greater extent for people with multimorbidity compared to those without multimorbidity, but this result was not confirmed. While care provision rates are lower among individuals suffering from chronic conditions, the factors associated with caregiving for the most part do not differ significantly between the two groups. Results, however, hint at reciprocal intergenerational support patterns within families, as the very old with multimorbidity are more likely to provide care than those without multimorbidity. Also, traditional gender roles for women are likely to be weakened in the presence of health problems, as highlighted by a lack of gender differences in care provision among people with multimorbidity.

  • 270.
    Schmidt, Andrea
    et al.
    European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research, Austria.
    Ilinca, Stefania
    European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research, Austria.
    Schulmann, Katrine
    European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research, Austria.
    Rodrigues, Ricardo
    European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research, Austria.
    Principi, Andrea
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Sowa, Agnieszka
    Center for Social and Economic Research (CASE), Poland.
    Golinowska, Stella
    Center for Social and Economic Research (CASE), Poland.
    Galenkamp, Henrike
    VU University Medical Center, The Netherlands.
    Deeg, Dorly
    VU University Medical Center, The Netherlands.
    Comparing caregiving patterns of older people in poor and good health in Europe2015Inngår i: Irish Ageing Studies Review, ISSN 1649-9972, Vol. 6, nr 1, s. 50-50Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The question of how health selects into caregiving activities of older people has been largely neglected in previous studies. This aspect is, however, important from an ‘active ageing’ perspective in that social participation can have positive effects on health, thus possibly contributing to primary, secondary and tertiary disease prevention strategies in old-age. This paper aims to address this gap in the literature by analysing participation in two different types of informal caregiving: care to older adults (inside and outside the household) and grandparenting.

    Methods: Using longitudinal data from the Survey on Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (waves 1, 2 and 4) on people aged 65 years and older from 10 European countries, we analyse differences in factors that determine informal care provision by older people in good health compared to that provided by older people in poor health. We apply logistic regression methods and account for potential individual heterogeneity.

    Results: We find that participation in care is significantly correlated with individual characteristics of carers, differing by health status and type of care, while only small differences are found between health groups.

    Conclusions: Even though the determinants of informal care giving are not very different between the two considered groups, policies to promote social engagement should take into account older people‘s health, as those with chronic conditions have less capacity to provide care. Further, co-residential carers have been identified as a vulnerable group, due to their lower socio-economic status and risk of social exclusion.

  • 271.
    Simic, Arijana
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Det (eko)logiska valet: En sociologisk studie om relationen mellan handlingar och etiska principer2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study targets to design the understanding of the relationship between actions and ethical values. An example of this kind of obliquity is illustrated by how environmental issues gets positive response from a majority while a minority have an environmentalfriendly behaviour towards it. This is studied by examining how private persons percieve the link between their consciousness and their effort to make a change. The method that has been used was single interviews with six male collegestudents. The main questioin is how it is possible to understand values and behaviour among men during education. The main theory involves cognitive dissonance, where the importance of differences between moral and deeds are discussed. The theory also focus on the problems with social traps in the society. The result shows that differences occur in the environmental behavour of people. These are caused by neutrality or the absence of information. Meanwhile, people who state to have environmental issues as a main interest sees more problems facing the ecological sustainability since they are more aware. The result also displayed environmental actions as ethically correct and if not performed causes a bad self-image. Connecting the collegestudents’ attitudes, cognitive dissonance och social traps, three general types of characters have been found for the analysis. The conclusion is to start engaging the population to greener actions by bigger co-operations between organisations and the society by including self-interest. This makes the population gain trust and make rational choices before co-operating.

  • 272.
    Sjögren, Alexander
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Interaktion i flexibla organisationer: En studie kring interaktion mellan etablerade och nyetablerade personalgrupper2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The work aims to problemize and increase the understanding for the new labour market's flexible organising. By using Elias and Scotson's theory, the new organisational form of hiring doctors in healthcare will exemplify the developments taking place with many temporary jobs and how it affects the intrinsic structure of a work to be studied. The essay will focus on examining how the interaction affected between established nurses and new temporary doctors given the new form. How the interaction of the recently established group possesses a higher social-, economic- and cultural capital than the already established working group? The method is a qualitative study with three long and deep semi-structured interviews. The conclusion is that temporary doctors higher hierarchical position and social, economic and cultural capital, does not have anything to do with the temporary doctors potential to disrupt Elias and Scotson's theory. Groups temporal establishment still seems to be the biggest factor for informal power relations.

  • 273.
    Sjöstrand, Glenn
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Entreprenörskap: social och kulturell inbäddning2014Inngår i: Ekonomisk sociologi: En introduktion / [ed] Reza Azarian, Adel Daoud och Bengt Larsson, Stockholm: Liber, 2014, 1, s. 108-127Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 274.
    Sjöström, Jannie
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Eriksson, Clara
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Jämställdhet - en självklarthet! Eller?: En kvalitativ studie om hur förhandling och uppdelning av hushållsarbete sker mellan unga heterosexuella par2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    During the course of this study we have been inspired by Carin Holmbergs essay ’It’s Called Love’ (1993). Our purpose with this study has been to examine how gender works among young Swedish heterosexual couples without children. This was done by examining how couples distribute housework among themselves, with certain focus on how class interacts with gender. We asked three questions: 1). How is gender made in relation to expected characteristics of how women and men should be? 2). How is gender made with distribution of household work within the couples? 3). In what way does class play a role in distribution of domestic work?

    Qualitative method was used in order to answer our purpose and questions. We interviewed ten couples, five whom had a university degree and five whom had secondary education. Our theoretical framework consists of the perspective of symbolic interactionism, Yvonne Hirdman's theory of the gender system, asymmetric role-taking and class. The analysis of our empirical material showed that the individuals within the couples attribute themselves and each other with properties that are in line with the traditional gender distribution in society, regardless of which class the couples belong to.

    When it came to all housework activities women were initiators. The distribution of household work took place according to what the men thought was interesting, regardless of class. Class, on the other hand, plays a role in the distribution of domestic work that took place on the basis of what was natural or not. Couples with upper secondary education distribute household work based on what is natural for the sexes in relation to the traditional gender roles, while those with an academic degree carry out household work that is not tied to the traditional gender roles to a greater extent. We found that women's and men's genders contribute to the maintenance and reproduction of the woman as subordinate and the man as superior, which contributes to an uneven distribution of labour in the home where the woman still has the main responsibility for the care work.

  • 275.
    Staaf, Annika
    et al.
    Malmö University, Sweden.
    Elsrud, Torun
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Competent interpreters and enabling working conditions in court: crucial prerequisites for a fair trial2018Inngår i: Retfærd. Nordisk Juridisk Tidsskrift, ISSN 0105-1121, nr 3-4, s. 61-75Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The right to a fair trial is a well-knownright in a state governed by the rule of law. Thisarticle delves into the subject of problematic interpretationsand addresses the right to a competentinterpreter as part of the right to a fair trial. It derivesfrom a socio-legal research project in Swedennamed “Negotiations in court and equality beforethe law: an ethnographic approach to negotiations ofculture, gender and age during trials related to streetcrime.” Our conclusion is that entering a Swedishdistrict court today, as a non-Swedish speaker, thereis an obvious risk that you will not be able to narrateyour version of whatever brought you to courtin the first place, nor can you be sure that courtrepresentative narratives are mediated to you in asatisfactory version.

  • 276.
    Svensson, Linus
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Obeständiga arbetsdelningar: En studie om hur kontrollen över arbetsuppgifter förskjuts mellan professioner på sjukhusavdelningar2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The regional healthcare in Sweden is suffering from a acute shortage of nurses. In order to cope with the situation, the regional healthcare institutions has included other professions to perform the job assigments of the absent nurses. A public debate emerged whether or not nurses were replacable with other professions in regional healtcare instituitons. This theisis believes that more research of nurses field of work could contribute to the discussion. The theisis aims to contribute to the existing research of nurses field of work by studying the division of labour between nurses and physicians and between nurses and auxillary nurses in order to understand how the division of labour between these professions look like and why they are constituted as they are.

    By conducting seven semi-structured interviews with nurses and taking theoretical inspiration from Andrew Abbotts theory of ”jurisdictional claims” and the three realms where claims can be made, this theisis finds that the reality of the job assigments in the division of labour between the professions are, by using Abbotts own word of choice, ”fuzzy”. The nurses’ descriptions of the divions of labour tells that nurses are losing control of job assignments in a field that they are trained to exicute, care-related work, while gaining control over medicinal assignments that they are relationally under-trained to exicute. Nurses are also giving away control over fully controlled medicinal tasks that they are trained to do to auxillary nurses, while physicians are giving away control over assignments in the same fashion to nurses. This theisis concludes that the divisions of labour displays three variations of how control can be displaced: By organizational structures, by the controlling professions themselves and by the state-required assignments; forced upon nurses as the profession is regulated by The National Board of Health and Welfare.

  • 277.
    Swedberg, Richard
    et al.
    Cornell University, USA.
    Agevall, Ola
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    The Max Weber Dictionary: Key Words and Central Concepts2016 (oppl. 2)Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 278.
    Szin, Julia
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Studenternas utbildningsval: En kvalitativ studie om nedärvda och förvärvade resursers betydelse i utbildningsvalet2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This essey aims to investigate how inherited and acquired resources has influenced the choice of education. It is in this essays ambition to understand how the recources operates in a process from childhood to a certain education. The study was conducted using eight qualitative interviews with firstyearstudents in nursing and economics courses at Linnaeus University. By using Bourdieu's theories about habitus, capital and horizon of possibilities I wanted to understad how the students inherited and acquired recoures had operated in their choise of education. The main conclution is that the educational choice is strongly influenced by the individual's social belonging and must be understood as a result of the individual's history. The inherited and acquired resources have contributed to only certain choices and actions have been seen as possible and desirable in the students life. Students who share similar social backgrounds and resource assets are therefore likey to choose similar educational courses.

  • 279.
    Takács, Károly
    et al.
    University of Budapest, Hungary.
    Squazzoni, Flaminio
    University of Brescia, Italy.
    Bravo, Giangiacomo
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS). Collegio Carlo Alberto, Italy.
    Castellani, Marco
    University of Brescia, Italy.
    Employer Networks, Priming, and Discrimination in Hiring: An Experiment2014Inngår i: Analytical Sociology: Actions and Networks / [ed] Gianluca Manzo, John Wiley & Sons, 2014, s. 373-396Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    There is an ongoing debate on whether discrimination exists or not, and, if yes, in which forms. This chapter concentrates only on observed inequalities that are the direct consequences of hiring decisions. A variety of explanations have been provided to try to understand why discrimination tends to persist. A shift of focus toward psychological and structural mechanisms provides valuable insights for sociological investigations on labor market inequalities. The chapter focuses on two particular mechanisms. First, it analyzes whether priming individuals with a positive view on groups involved could decrease discriminatory bias. The second mechanism is more sociological and more in line with the idea of exploring social mechanisms which could increase or decrease discrimination. The chapter discusses certain findings that do not unequivocally support the statistical generalization of the hypothesized mechanisms, which is what one can expect generally in any empirical investigation of social mechanisms.

  • 280.
    Therborn, Göran
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS). University of Cambridge, UK.
    Moments of equality: Today's Latin America in a global historical context2015Inngår i: A Moment of Equality for Latin America?: Challenges for Redistribution / [ed] Barbara Fritz, Lena Lavinas, Routledge, 2015, s. 13-28Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 281.
    Trondman, Mats
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för hälsa, socialt arbete och beteendevetenskap, Institutionen för pedagogik, psykologi och idrottsvetenskap, PPI.
    Fallet Willy: När livet spelar in2012Inngår i: Sosiologi i dag, ISSN 0332-6330, E-ISSN 1893-4617, Vol. 42, nr 1Artikkel, omtale (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    I essäboken En fremmed på benken bjuder sociologen Willy Pedersen läsarna på självanalys. Vi tas med på en resa som flätar samman betydelsebärande nedslag i hans liv i och utanför akademin. De flesta av oss har en gång lärt att våra privata liv ska skrivas ut ur våra sociologiska gärningar. Uppgiften är att skriva andras liv in i deras begränsande eller, till och från, möjliggörande omständigheter. Sociologer drivs alltså ofta av begäret att blottlägga ”detta något” som formar och begränsar respondenter på ett sätt som de inte själva, men väl sociologer, förstår. Om denna avslöjande praktik inte upprättar alltför stort avstånd mellan sociolog och läsare kan den senare avtäcka sitt eget vara och känna igen sig själv på ett nytt sätt: ”aha!” ”Också jag”, som exempel, ”är nog en sådan där klassresenär”. Vår sociologiska doxa har alltså sin våta dröm. Sitt kvasikliniska syfte. Om det inte uppfylls är det varken doxa eller dröm som brister. Vi står bara inför individer eller sociala kategorier som till följd av hur deras omständigheter har präglat dem inte förmår uppleva igenkännandets ”aha-effekt”. Just därför tenderar teorier inom alla sociologiska traditioner rymma begrepp som avser att blottlägga vardagliga aktörers oförmåga att i överensstämmelse med en andra ordningens tolkning förstå sig själva. Listan på sådana begrepp kan göras lång. Några exempel: det omedvetna, falskt medvetande, anomi, latent funktion, ond tro, partiellt genomskådande, misskännandets princip, självkonfirmerat handlande, repetitiv performativitet.

  • 282.
    Voyer, Andrea
    Yale Univ, Ctr Cultural Sociol, New Haven, CT 06520 USA .
    Disciplined to diversity: learning the language of multiculturalism2011Inngår i: Ethnic and Racial Studies, ISSN 0141-9870, E-ISSN 1466-4356, Vol. 34, nr 11, s. 1874-1893Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study shows that contemporary multiculturalism is a cultural referent used in the construction of modern and socially-acceptable selves. By analysing the practices of diversity training, I consider one of the ways in which multiculturalism moves from abstract philosophical idea and fodder for policy formation to adoption as a cultural and moral framework that individuals use in establishing their identities, discerning meaning and engaging others. Demonstrating that people must acquire competence in the use of a particular multicultural vocabulary and rules of interaction, I challenge the perspective that both bigotry and acceptance are organic to individuals. Properly multicultural selves are not merely the natural extension of interior individual qualities. Instead, people produce modern identities vis-à-vis diversity through the use of language and the negotiation of its meaning.

  • 283.
    Voyer, Andrea
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap (UV).
    Notes on a cultural sociology of immigrant incorporation2013Inngår i: American Journal of Cultural Sociology, ISSN 2049-7113, Vol. 1, nr 1, s. 26-41Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    I lay out a scheme for understanding immigrant incorporation as social solidarity achieved through the application of widely shared meanings, categories of perception, moral distinctions and manners of speech pertaining to social membership. The inclusion of immigrants is accomplished through the symbolic construction of community boundaries that include newcomers, the reification of symbolic distinctions in identifiable practices, and the censure and exclusion of problematic elements of diversity. This cultural sociology of immigrant incorporation draws upon Alexander's work on the multicultural mode of incorporation in the civil sphere, Bakhtin's thinking regarding centripetal and centrifugal forces in language, and Foucault's conception of discipline. Empirical material from Sweden and the United States supports the theory.

  • 284.
    Voyer, Andrea
    Pace University.
    Strangers and Neighbors: Multiculturalism, Conflict and Community in America2013Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    The city of Lewiston, Maine, has struggled since its mills began closing in the 1950s. Historically recognized for its large French-speaking population descended from the Canadians who staffed the city's mills, in the new millennium Lewiston acquired a new identity as "Maine's Mogadishu." Beginning in 2001, substantial Somali immigrant settlement gave Lewiston the largest per capita Somali population in the United States and sparked controversies and collaborations that redefined the city. In Strangers and Neighbors, Andrea M. Voyer shares five years of observations in the city of Lewiston. She shows how long-time city residents and immigrant newcomers worked to develop an understanding of the inclusive and caring community in which they could all take part. Yet the sense of community developed in Lewiston was built on the appreciation of diversity in the abstract rather than by fostering close and caring relationships across the boundaries of class, race, culture, and religion. Through her sensitive depictions of the experiences of Somalis, Lewiston city leadership, anti-racism activists, and even racists, Voyer reveals both the promise of and the obstacles to achieving community in the face of diversity.

  • 285.
    Wennerlund, Linda
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Det regionala tillväxtprogrammet i Kronobergs län: En utvärdering för Regionförbundet Södra Småland2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 286.
    Werner, Ann
    Linköping University.
    Samla, lagra, kasta: Musiksamlande i digitalt format2009Inngår i: Kulturellt: Reflektioner i Erling Bjurströms anda / [ed] Johan Fornäs, Tobias Harding, Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2009, s. 252-260Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 287.
    Yakhlef, Sophia
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Policing Borders through Cooperation in the Baltic Sea Area2015Inngår i: Differences, Inequalities and Sociological Imagination. Abstract book. 12th Conference of the European Sociological Association., 2015, s. 1548-1549Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on the collaboration project Turnstone that is partly funded by the EU. The project is a joint collaboration among border organizations in Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, and Sweden, aiming at preventing trans-boundary criminality. The abolition of EU internal borders and the implementation of the Schengen regime have entailed intensified efforts of controlling European borders and border crossings. Borders previously guarded by passport controls must now be monitored through border officers relying on international cooperation. The present study focuses on how officers collaborate in their day-to-day management of border guarding, taking into consideration the different social and cultural backgrounds of the project participants. To these ends, this qualitative study is based on empirical material gathered from interviews with, and field observation sessions of officers working at the Baltic Sea border agencies. The preliminary findings suggest that, although collaboration is burdened with bureaucratic difficulties, there is a common understanding of purpose among the project participants. These border officers’ common declared objective is to fight criminality and create a safer Europe. However, the participants, possessing different organizational and cultural backgrounds, have to adapt to and adopt a common language (in officers’ terms EU-English), common schemes of categorizing (inside-outside distinctions), and develop a sense of trust and identity. Collaboration, it is claimed by the informants, is best achieved through getting involved in everyday practices, working side by side, and spending free time together, rather than through following bureaucratic rules and regulations.

  • 288.
    Yakhlef, Sophia
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Åkerström, Malin
    Lund University.
    Freedom of Movement: Passengers´ Experiences of Safety and Border control in the Baltic Sea Area2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Project Turnstone is a collaborative project funded in part by the European Commission. The project is an initiative by the Stockholm Police. The purpose of the project is to improve day-to-day cooperation between border officers in the Baltic Sea region, decrease trans-boundary criminality, and increase security for passengers in the Baltic Sea area without compromising freedom of movement. Within the framework of Project Turnstone, the purpose of this study is to map and analyse how travellers experience, interpret, and define freedom of movement in the northern part of the Baltic Sea region. This qualitative study is based on empirically gathered material, including field interviews and fieldwork observations at Stockholm’s Arlanda airport in Sweden, a Tallink Silja Line ferry between Stockholm and Riga in Latvia, and a Tallink Silja Line ferry between Stockholm and Tallinn in Estonia. The findings of this study suggest that many passengers are positive regarding the idea of freedom of movement in Europe but are scared of threats from outside of Europe. Several interviewees viewed Sweden and the northern parts of Europe as safe and mostly identified threats as coming from outside of Europe. Passengers generally identified political and collective threats, such as terrorism and cross-border criminality, but did not mention airplane or ferry accidents as possible risks. Freedom of movement is described as a potential risk for society and passengers, thereby placing risk in a larger societal context. Nevertheless, all but three of 200 interviewed passengers claimed that they felt safe during their travels, though many also added that they might feel safer if there were consistent passport controls regarding all travellers. The respondents in this study construct safety by distinguishing themselves from others outside of Europe. Passengers emphasized that freedom of movement is positive for personal gain because it is easier for EU citizens to travel in Europe, but at the same time it is regarded as facilitating the entry of potential threats into the EU.

  • 289.
    Yakhlef, Sophia
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Åkerström, Malin
    Lund University.
    Project Turnstone: Freedom of Movement and Passenger Experiences with Safety and Border Control in the Baltic Sea Area2015Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Project Turnstone is a collaborative project funded in part by the European Commission. The project is an initiative by the Stockholm Police. The purpose of the project is to improve day-to-day cooperation between border officers in the Baltic Sea region, decrease trans-boundary criminality, and increase security for passengers in the Baltic Sea area without compromising freedom of movement. Within the framework of Project Turnstone, the purpose of this study is to map and analyse how travellers experience, interpret, and define freedom of movement in the northern part of the Baltic Sea region. This qualitative study is based on empirically gathered material, including field interviews and fieldwork observations at Stockholm’s Arlanda airport in Sweden, a Tallink Silja Line ferry between Stockholm and Riga in Latvia, and a Tallink Silja Line ferry between Stockholm and Tallinn in Estonia. The findings of this study suggest that many passengers are positive regarding the idea of freedom of movement in Europe but are scared of threats from outside of Europe. Several interviewees viewed Sweden and the northern parts of Europe as safe and mostly identified threats as coming from outside of Europe. Passengers generally identified political and collective threats, such as terrorism and cross-border criminality, but did not mention airplane or ferry accidents as possible risks. Freedom of movement is described as a potential risk for society and passengers, thereby placing risk in a larger societal context. Nevertheless, all but three of the interviewed passengers claimed that they felt safe during their travels, though many also added that they might feel safer if there were consistent passport controls regarding all travellers. The respondents in this study construct safety by distinguishing themselves from others outside of Europe. Passengers emphasized that freedom of movement is positive for personal gain because it is easier for EU citizens to travel in Europe, but at the same time it is regarded as facilitating the entry of potential threats into the EU.

  • 290. Yakhlef, Sophia
    et al.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Åkerström, Malin
    Lund University.
    Project Turnstone: Successful Collaboration and Collaboration Obstacles in Police, Border, and Coast Guard Cooperation2015Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Project Turnstone is a collaborative project funded in part by the European Commission. The project is an initiative by the Stockholm Police. Collaborating partners in the project are the Swedish Coast Guard, Region Northeast; the Helsinki Police; the Gulf of Finland Coast Guard District; the Police and Border Guard Board in Estonia; the State Border Guard of the Republic of Latvia; and the State Border Guard Service at the Ministry of the Interior of the Republic of Lithuania. The aim of this project is to decrease trans-boundary criminality and improve day-to-day cooperation between border officers in the Baltic Sea region. This study analyses this collaborative project, especially the intelligence and operative joint activities conducted during the implementation of Project Turnstone. What is unique about the Turnstone model is the implementation of the operative action week, during which officers have the chance to exchange, share, and cooperate with immediate action in the same office using their own information channels. The purpose of the study is to map and analyse how the staff of the different organizations experience, understand, and define successful cooperation and the collaboration obstacles encountered during cooperation with neighbouring organizations. The study is qualitative and based on ethnographically gathered material, including field observations at the different border agencies and qualitative interviews. A total of 73 interviews were conducted with border officers, police officers, border guards, and coast guard officers from the participating organizations. The interviewed officers view Project Turnstone as a rare opportunity for close, personal cooperation through which officers can build strong police, border, and coast guard networks and increase and strengthen previous cooperative practices. This cooperation is possible due to colocation and interpersonal interactions in which officers can learn about each other’s organizational practices, establish trust, and achieve the same goals. On the other hand, language and communication difficulties, differences in national legislation, and fear that the opportunities for joint action weeks and close cooperation will diminish after the termination of Project Turnstone were raised as obstacles to collaboration. Nonetheless, interviewed officers shared a common sense of purpose and motivation and viewed close interpersonal cooperation as the best way of protecting the EU and Schengen area from criminality in the Baltic Sea area.

  • 291.
    Yakhlef, Sophia
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Åkerström, Malin
    Lund University.
    Protecting European Borders: Changing Border Police Cooperation in the Baltic Sea Area2015Inngår i: How the International Migration is Shaping the Contemporary Society. Proceedings of the 10th International Conference of the Albanian Institute of Sociology (AIS), 2015, s. 104-105Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2014-2015 a European collaborative project called Turnstone (partly funded by the European commission) was implemented to increase control of European borders in the Baltic Sea area and to diminish trans-boundary criminality such as the smuggling of stolen goods and human trafficking. The purpose of the project is also to increase cooperation between border, police and coast guard officers in Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, and Sweden. The officers argue that the abolition of internal borders and the implementation of the Schengen regime in the EU has led to increased efforts to control and monitor borderlands and border crossings. The border officers must rely on cooperation to perform their duties of border guarding and hence must change their methods of working. This is a qualitative study based on empirically gathered material such asfield interviews and fieldwork observations at the different border agencies. The purpose of this study is to analyze how the staff of the different organizations define successful collaboration and what collaboration obstacles they have identified during the implementation of the cooperation project. The findings suggests that the border officers re-negotiate spatial and cultural identities to make cooperation possible. The idea of common northern European historical identity is described as important for successful cooperation. At the same time, language and communication difficulties, differences in work practices and national legislation, differences in status and different areas of interest are seen as collaboration obstacles. However, the border officers are united in their views and efforts to protect EU territory and Schengen space from criminal activity.

  • 292.
    Yakhlef, Sophia
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Åkerström, Malin
    Lund University.
    Protecting European Borders: Changing Border Police Cooperation in the Baltic Sea Area2015Inngår i: Social Studies, ISSN 2309-3471, Vol. 3, nr 9, s. 5-24Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The recent influx of migrants and asylum seekers in Europe has drawn our attention towards the future of Schengen and European border politics. In 2014-2015 a European collaborative project called Turnstone (partly funded by the European commission) was implemented to increase control of European borders in the Baltic Sea area and to diminish trans-boundary criminality. The purpose of the project is also to increase cooperation between border, police and coast guard officers in Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, and Sweden. The officers argue that the abolition of internal borders and the implementation of the Schengen regime in the EU has led to increased efforts to control and monitor borderlands and border crossings. The border officers must rely on cooperation to perform their duties of border guarding and hence must change their methods of working. This is a qualitative study based on empirically gathered material such as field interviews and fieldwork observations at the different border agencies. The purpose of this study is to analyze how the staff of the different organizations defines successful collaboration and what collaboration obstacles they have identified during the implementation of the cooperation project. The findings suggest that the border officers re-negotiate spatial and cultural identities to make cooperation possible. The idea of common northern European historical identity is described as important for successful cooperation. At the same time, language and communication difficulties, differences in work practices and national legislation, differences in status and different areas of interest are seen as collaboration obstacles. However, the border officers are united in their views and efforts to protect EU territory and Schengen space from external threat and criminal activity.

  • 293.
    Yakhlef, Sophia
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Basic, Goran
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för pedagogik (PED).
    Åkerström, Malin
    Lund University.
    Risk, Safety and Freedom of Movement: In Airplane and Ferry Passenger Stories in the Northern Baltic Sea Region2016Inngår i: Journal of Criminal Justice and Security, ISSN 1580-0253, Vol. 18, nr 2, s. 175-193, artikkel-id UDC: 005.934:[627.21+656.71]Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose:The purpose of this study is to map and analyse how travellers at an airportand on ferries experience, interpret and define the risk, safety and freedom ofmovement in the northern part of the Baltic Sea region with regard to the borderagencies.Design/Methods/Approach:This qualitative study is based on empirically gathered material such asfield interviews and fieldwork observations on Stockholm’s Arlanda airport inSweden, and a Tallink Silja Line ferry running between Stockholm and Riga inLatvia. The study’s general starting point was an ethno-methodologically inspiredperspective on verbal descriptions along with an interactionist perspective whichconsiders interactions expressed through language and gestures. Apart from thisstarting point, this study focused on the construction of safety as particularlyrelevant components of the collected empirical material.Findings:The study findings suggest that many passengers at the airport and on theferries hold positive views about the idea of the freedom of movement in Europe,but are scared of threats coming from outside Europe. The travellers created andre-created the phenomenon of safety which is maintained in contrast to others, inthis case the threats from outside Europe.Originality/Value:The passengers in this study construct safety by distinguishing against theothers outside Europe but also through interaction with them. The passengersemphasise that the freedom of movement is personally beneficial because it iseasier for EU citizens to travel within Europe but, at the same time, it is regardedas facilitating the entry of potential threats into the European Union.

  • 294. Yakhlef, Sophia
    et al.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Åkerström, Malin
    Successful Collaboration and Collaboration Obstacles in Police, Border and Coast Guard Cooperation2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Project Turnstone is a collaborative project funded in part by the European Commission. The project is an initiative by the Stockholm Police. Collaborating partners in the project are the Swedish Coast Guard, Region Northeast; the Helsinki Police; the Gulf of Finland Coast Guard District; the Police and Border Guard Board in Estonia; the State Border Guard of the Republic of Latvia; and the State Border Guard Service at the Ministry of the Interior of the Republic of Lithuania. The aim of this project is to decrease trans-boundary criminality and improve day-to-day cooperation between border officers in the Baltic Sea region. This study analyses this collaborative project, especially the intelligence and operative joint activities conducted during the implementation of Project Turnstone. What is unique about the Turnstone model is the implementation of the operative action week, during which officers have the chance to exchange, share, and cooperate with immediate action in the same office using their own information channels. The purpose of the study is to map and analyse how the staff of the different organizations experience, understand, and define successful cooperation and the collaboration obstacles encountered during cooperation with neighbouring organizations. The study is qualitative and based on ethnographically gathered material, including field observations at the different border agencies and qualitative interviews. A total of 73 interviews were conducted with border officers, police officers, border guards, and coast guard officers from the participating organizations. The interviewed officers view Project Turnstone as a rare opportunity for close, personal cooperation through which officers can build strong police, border, and coast guard networks and increase and strengthen previous cooperative practices. This cooperation is possible due to colocation and interpersonal interactions in which officers can learn about each other’s organizational practices, establish trust, and achieve the same goals. On the other hand, language and communication difficulties, differences in national legislation, and fear that the opportunities for joint action weeks and close cooperation will diminish after the termination of Project Turnstone were raised as obstacles to collaboration. Nonetheless, interviewed officers shared a common sense of purpose and motivation and viewed close interpersonal cooperation as the best way of protecting the EU and Schengen area from criminality in the Baltic Sea area.

  • 295.
    Yeranossian, Tzovinar
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV. Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper, KV.
    Integration från ord till handling: En undersökning av integrationens betydelser inom sociologi, politik och praktiskt arbete2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study deals with the concept of ’integration’. Starting from the concept of reality as socially and linguistically constructed, it is an attempt to see how lingual constructions and perceptions affect the official structures of society and vice versa. The main purpose is to compare the different meanings integration has in a sociological context and in a political one. Further, the purpose is to see how the relationship between the sociological and political concepts affects the integrational work in the Swedish County Administrative Boards, and which consequences these effects might have. The study is carried out with ethnographic methods, i.e. participant observation and textual analysis, in a specific County Administrative Board, focusing mainly on its policy and strategy for integrational work. The results are that the main differences between the sociological and political definitions of integration lie in their extent of meanings. The sociological definitions contain many different meanings which sometimes contradict each other. The political ones however are more fixed and limited in their scope. The goal of the integrational politics is not always clear and this affects the practical work. Other problems are that the political as well as practical integrational definitions are limited to certain groups during certain conditions. The consequences of these problems can be that certain groups are left out of the integrational process, that some of the factors of integration are neglected and that immigrants, being the designated group in need of integration, are stigmatized.

  • 296.
    Zezovska, Viktoria
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Rizvanovic, Mirsada
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Reaktioner på en organisationsförändring: En kvalitativ studie om chefernas upplevelse av förändring2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Vi har kommit fram till att chefernas reaktioner inte beror på omorganisationen i sig utan hur förändringsprocessen har gått till. Deras reaktioner speglar ett motstånd mot sättet som förändringsprocessen har genomförts på. Det är personerna i organisationen och inte organisationsformen som är det viktiga för cheferna. Vi tycker att de faktorer som påverkar en lyckad förändringsprocess är medarbetarnas delaktighet, möjlighet till en bra dialog innan beslutet är taget, kommunikation samt känsla av sammanhang.

  • 297.
    Zubair, Nadja
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för hälsa, socialt arbete och beteendevetenskap, Institutionen för pedagogik, psykologi och idrottsvetenskap, PPI.
    Lupaca Jimenez, Victoria-Elisabet
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för hälsa, socialt arbete och beteendevetenskap, Institutionen för pedagogik, psykologi och idrottsvetenskap, PPI.
    Prevention work among youths in Fundación Senda De Libertad in Nicaragua2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to see how Fundación Senda De Libertad works in a preventive manner with youths who have social difficulties in Dario, Nicaragua. This study has utilised qualitative method, in order to gain adequate and sufficient information. The analysis of data has been gathered through an ethnographic perspective were observations and qualitative interviews have been used. This study shows how youths are affected with different social problems because of the number of risk factors that surround their environment. The organisation’s preventive works is done by going out and teach in schools, society and churches about self-esteem, sex and relationships, drug abuse and so forth. Conclusions show that many youths are unable to affect their own future and will therefore spend their time committing criminal actions, doing drugs and so forth. Fundación Senda De Libertad therefore works to support in order for them to become active participants in society. This will also help them make changes in the future of the general society.

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