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  • 251.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    et al.
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Chiatti, Carlos
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy ; Lund University.
    Di Rosa, Mirko
    Marche Polytechnic University, Italy ; National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    La bussola di NNA: lo stato dell'arte basato sui dati2015Ingår i: L'assistenza agli anziani non autosufficienti in Italia: 5° Rapporto, Un futuro da ricostruire / [ed] N.N.A., Rimini: Maggioli Editore, 2015, s. 15-33Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 252.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    et al.
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Chiatti, Carlos
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy ; Marche Polytechnic University, Italy ; Lund University.
    Di Rosa, Mirko
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA).
    Gori, Cristiano
    Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Italy ; Istituto per la ricerca sociale, Italy ; London School of Economics, UK.
    La bussola di N.N.A.: lo stato dell'arte basato sui dati2013Ingår i: L'assistenza agli anziani non autosufficienti in Italia: 4° Rapporto, Tra crisi e ripartenza / [ed] N.N.A., Rimini: Maggioli Editore, 2013, s. 11-28Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 253.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    et al.
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Chiatti, Carlos
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy ; Marche Polytechnic University, Italy ; Lund University.
    Di Rosa, Mirko
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Pelliccia, Laura
    Alcuni profili dell’assistenza nelle regioni2013Ingår i: L'assistenza agli anziani non autosufficienti in Italia: 4° Rapporto, Tra crisi e ripartenza / [ed] N.N.A., Rimini: Maggioli Editore, 2013, s. 29-43Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 254.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    et al.
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Chiatti, Carlos
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Lamura, Giovanni
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Increasing inclusion and participation of the young-old and the old-old2013Ingår i: The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging, ISSN 1279-7707, E-ISSN 1760-4788, Vol. 17, nr Supplement, June/July, s. S132-S132Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: While healthy ageing represents a pre-condition for older people to enjoy a longer and disability-free life span, quality of life in older age is dependent also upon society’s ability to grant individuals social protection, as well as to promote their active participation in the community until the very end of life. These issues constitute a challenge for current and future research on ageing.

    Method: A 2-year consultation process with over 70 international experts was conducted within the FUTURAGE work-stream focussedon social and economic resources in ageing research. This process allowed a comprehensive discussion on most relevant social participation and protection issues involving scientists, users’ organisations, policy makers and other stakeholders, which led to a set of specific research priorities.

    Results: The main challenges identified for future ageing research concerning social participation are: ageism; migration; life-long learning; digital divide; spirituality; volunteering; mobility and accessibility; discrimination in the labour market; consumption and access to products and services; and work-life balance. As for social protection, the following core issues have been spotted: sustainability; support to informal carers (also through ICT-based services); efficiency; access to care; cost-effectiveness and quality of interventions; initiatives to improve intergenerational solidarity.

    Conclusion: Societal challenges related to social participation and sustainability of social protection systems clearly urge new actions in research, practices and policy on ageing. In particular, the identification of over-arching issues, barriers and enablers contributes to strengthen scientific research in the field, as well as to support policy makers in improving social life and quality of life of older people.

  • 255.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    et al.
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Chiatti, Carlos
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Principi, Andrea
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Lamura, Giovanni
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Volontariato in età matura: opportunità, barriere e best practices per il coinvolgimento degli anziani2011Ingår i: Quaderni Europei sul Nuovo Welfare, ISSN 1972-4543, Vol. 16Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [it]

    L’articolo propone una rassegna sulle opportunità e i maggiori ostacoli in merito alla partecipazione delle persone anziane alle attività di volontariato. A livello internazionale, il dibattito sul volontariato in età matura si è sviluppato principalmente negli Stati Uniti, mentre l’Europa appare ancora indietro nella ricerca: oltre che auspicare un aumento delle indagini sull’argomento a livello nazionale, sarebbe utile promuovere ricerche comparative e trasversali, presenti ancora in numero esiguo. Tra le evidenze attualmente disponibili, risulta che gli anziani più propensi a svolgere attività di volontariato sono quelli “più giovani”, in buona salute, con un livello di istruzione ed una posizione socio-economica elevati, impegnati principalmente in organizzazioni religiose che operano nel settore dei servizi alla persona. Le principali barriere sono invece rappresentate da pratiche discriminatorie legate all’età. A livello internazionale si rivela controverso il rapporto tra l’impegno degli anziani nel volontariato e in altre importanti attività quali il lavoro e la cura informale. Ad ogni modo, emerge con forza l’esigenza di implementare politiche di reclutamento dei volontari senior, dal momento che le poche esistenti sono spesso poco incisive: in questo senso, un supporto importante può essere fornito dalle esperienze realizzate nel contesto statunitense, le quali hanno prodotto negli ultimi anni delle best practices.

  • 256.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    et al.
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Di Rosa, Mirko
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Chiatti, Carlos
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Melchiorre, Maria Gabriella
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Lamura, Giovanni
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Opportunities and challenges of migrant work in the Italian long-term care system2013Ingår i: The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging, ISSN 1279-7707, E-ISSN 1760-4788, Vol. 17, nr Supplement, Juny/july, s. S133-S133Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Italy is one of the most aged countries in the world, with a longstanding tradition of family care of the dependent elderly. Inrecent times, however, Italy has been witnessing in-depth social and cultural changes, which have been negatively impacting on informal care provision. In addition, the public long-term care (LTC) system highly relies on cash-for-care schemes for supporting older people, whereas “formal” care services are characterised by weak coverage and intensity. This situation has led to a remarkable increase in theprivate employment of migrant care workers (MCWs), whose number increased by four times in the last two decades.

    Method: An overview of MCWs phenomenon in Italy is provided through the analysis of empirical data retrieved by available official sources at national level, as well as by results from own surveys conducted in recent years on large samples of MCWs.

    Results: The following opportunities and challenges concerning MCWs’ employment in the LTC sector were identified: improve MCW’s capacity to deliver quality care; reduce therisk of elder abuse and neglect and of meeting MCWs’ own care needs; increase their social integration in destination countries and reduce “care drain” in sending countries; and how to improve stakeholders’ involvement for a better exchange of good practices and more effective policy measures.

    Conclusion: In these years, privately employed MCWs have contributed to change the traditional Italian “family care model” into a new “migrant-in-the-family care model”. However, the issue concerning the sustainability of this model within the Italian LTC system in the future is still open.

  • 257.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    et al.
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Di Rosa, Mirko
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy ; Marche Polytechnic University, Italy.
    Lamura, Giovanni
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Come opera l’assistenza domiciliare negli altri paesi europei?2013Ingår i: Welfare Oggi, ISSN 2240-3590, nr 4, s. 30-34Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 258.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    et al.
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Di Rosa, Mirko
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Melchiorre, Maria Gabriella
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Lamura, Giovanni
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    The employment of migrant workers in Italy’s elder care: Opportunities and challenges2016Ingår i: Ageing in Contexts of Migration / [ed] Ute Karl, Sandra Torres, London: Routledge, 2016, s. 159-171Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 259.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    et al.
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Lancioni, Cristina
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Andréasson, Frida
    Swedish Family Care Competence Centre (NKA).
    Papa, Roberta
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Poli, Arianna
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Salzmann, Benjamin
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Efthymiou, Areti
    Eurocarers, Belgium.
    Lamura, Giovanni
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    How web-based services can support family carers of older people: New ways to promote social inclusion and quality of life2015Ingår i: Irish Ageing Studies Review, ISSN 1649-9972, Vol. 6, nr 1, s. 87-87Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Family carers can be negatively influenced by their situation, in terms of stress, social isolation, economic constraints and other difficulties. Web-based services addressing carers’ needs represent an efficient support. The goal of the INNOVAGE work package 3(WP3) study was to develop and test a new multilingual web platform for supporting family carers of older people, to be implemented in 27 European countries.

    Methods: A review of good practices and a consultation with stakeholders were conducted for identifying most appropriate types of services to be developed and tested. The prototype of web platform included information resources and interactive services for both peer and professional support. A convenient, overall sample of around 130 family carers was enrolled in three countries (Italy, Germany and Sweden) and could access services for 12-17 weeks. Data were collected through questionnaires and focus groups concerning impact onquality of life, social support, self-perception of carer’s role, as well as usability, usefulness and appropriateness of services.

    Results: Active users were generally satisfied with support (information, advice, counselling) provided by moderators (social workers or psychologists) and peers. Usability and appropriateness were confirmed, although some refinements were suggested and users with low digital skills often needed technical support. A portion of the sample remained inactive even if stimulation strategies were adopted.

    Conclusions: The pilot study confirmed the INNOVAGE Eurocarers web platform is a useful tool for family carers. Some challenges still exist for implementation in relation to digital skills required and users’ preferences on services at country level.

  • 260.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    et al.
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Melchiorre, Maria Gabriella
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Quattrini, Sabrina
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Papa, Roberta
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Lattanzio, Fabrizia
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Lamura, Giovanni
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Caring For People With Multiple Chronic Conditions In Italy: Policy And Practices2015Ingår i: Irish Ageing Studies Review, ISSN 1649-9972, Vol. 6, nr 1, s. 71-71Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: An estimated 50 million people in the European Union live with multiple chronic diseases. In Italy, around 26.6% of the population aged 16 to 64 years, reported to have at least one long-standing illness or health problem in 2011. Moreover, around 46% of the population over 50 is suffering from multimorbidity. Some programmes addressing adult or older people with multimorbidity have been introduced.

    Methods: Data for the ICARE4EU study were collected in the first half of 2014. Eligible programmes focussed on providing care for adult people with two or more medically diagnosed chronic or long lasting diseases (at least onesomatic), involved formalised cooperation between two or more services (at least one medical) and evaluation was available. For each programme an on-line questionnaire was completed and included four main subjects: Patientcentredness, Management, Use of E-health technologies, and Financing systems.

    Results: In Italy, four programmes met the inclusion criteria. They address both daily patient care and policy/managerial levels. Integration of care services, improved collaboration between care providers, changes in resource utilisation and involvement of informal carers have been observed. In two programmes, older patients are addressed as specific subgroup and in two cases animprovement in the use of E-health tools has emerged.

    Conclusions: In Italy, new policies and integrated care programmes addressing multimorbidity have been recently introduced in some areas, with good preliminary results.

  • 261.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    et al.
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Schmidt, Andrea
    European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research, Austria.
    Chiatti, Carlos
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Lamura, Giovanni
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Impact of ICT-based interventions on family caregivers: A cross-analysis of 54 good practices in Europe2013Ingår i: The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging, ISSN 1279-7707, E-ISSN 1760-4788, Vol. 17, nr Supplement, June/July, s. S447-S447Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Information and communication technologies (ICTs) have gained an increasing relevance for delivering innovative care and support services for dependent older people and their family caregivers. Although ICT-based interventions can vary remarkably in terms of functions, target users, operational aspects and technologies used, little knowledge is available concerning their implementationand impact in Europe, a gap that the CARICT project (http://is.jrc.es/pages/EAP/eInclusion/carers.html) has tried to fill.

    Method: 54 ICT-based interventions addressing needs of older peopleor their family caregivers have been identified in 12 European countries through internet search, literature review and expert interviews. Reports have been delivered for each case studied, and cross-analysed to better understand their potential impact at micro, meso and macro level.

    Results: Little evidence was found for positive outcomes at micro-level, including improvements in users’ health relatedquality of life and social inclusion. At meso-level, implementation of 1st/2nd generation telecare contributes to reduce hospitalization and institutionalization rates of older users, as well asto cost savings for local care providers. At macro-level, only one intervention shows concrete effects on a larger scale through a targeted program evaluation, while most ICT-based interventions do not useany tool to assess their impact, and can thus demonstrate only technology acceptance or users’ satisfaction.

    Conclusion: The lack of relevant evidence at all levels, as well as difficulties in comparing and generalising results, strongly urge practitioners to improve impact assessment methodologies and researchers to develop a better general framework of ICT potentials at a conceptual, theoretical and methodological level in this area.

  • 262.
    Barse Persson, Gunilla
    et al.
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och socialt arbete.
    Olsson, Inger
    Ullman, Peter
    Hjälpmedel - en del av stöd i boendet för personer med psykiska funktionshinder: Uppföljning av studiebesök hos HumanTeknik2007Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    I och med psykiatrireformen 1995 fick Hjälpmedelsinstitutet en ny målgrupp inom sitt ansvarsområde. Personer med psykisk sjukdom blev sedda ur ett nytt perspektiv – funktionshinderperspektivet – och Hjälpmedelsinstitutet började arbeta för målgruppen.

    På initiativ av Hjälpmedelsinstitutet, i samverkan med Riksförbundet Social och Mental Hälsa och Schizofreniförbundet, startades ett försöksprojekt med hjälpmedel för personer med psykiska funktionshinder. Under åren 2001-2004 genomfördes pionjärprojektet ”HumanTeknik – ett projekt inom området psykiska funktionshinder och hjälpmedel” i Karlstads kommun. Syftet var att se hur olika typer av hjälpmedel och arbetsmetoder kunde underlätta vardagen för personer med psykiska funktionshinder. Projektet blev framgångsrikt och kunde visa på mycket goda resultat.

    En del i projekt HumanTeknik var att iordningställa en visningslägenhet där hjälpmedlen kunde förevisas. Intresset för lägenheten och för att få information om hur hjälpmedel kan vara ett stöd i vardagen har varit stort. Ett hundratal studiebesök från hela landet har genomförts. Det har varit personal från kommuner, landsting, brukare med personal och/eller närstående, personligt ombud och många fler som varit på besök.

    Den här rapporten har gjorts på uppdrag av Växjö Universitet, Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och socialt arbete - Boendeprojektet. Rapporten redovisar en uppföljning av studiebesök hos HumanTeknik under åren 2001-2006.

    Uppföljningen har syftat till att undersöka om de verksamheter som gjort studiebesök i HumanTekniks visningslägenhet börjat använda hjälpmedel i den egna verksamheten efter studiebesöket, vilka hjälpmedel som används, erfarenheter av detta samt hur tillgängligheten till hjälpmedel är.

    Flertalet av de besökande hade inte använt tekniska hjälpmedel innan besöket. Uppföljningen visar att flera av de verksamheter som varit på studiebesök har ökat sin användning av den här typen hjälpmedel efter besöket. Svaren visar också på att studiebesöket i vissa fall fungerat som en väckarklocka, att man fått ny kunskap om kognitiv problematik och blivit medveten om behovet av hjälpmedel.

    Tillgängligheten till hjälpmedel varierar stort i landet. Information om vart man vänder sig för att få tillgång till hjälpmedel i varje kommun och landsting behöver tydliggöras för den enskilde. Användning och utveckling av hjälpmedel vid psykiska funktionshinder har bara börjat och det finns mycket kvar att göra.

    Rapporten är nr 16 (av 24st) i Boendeprojektet som är ett riktat projekt inom ramen för kansliet för Nationell psykiatrisamordning. Projektmedel beviljades av Socialstyrelsen år 2005 för ett uppdrag inom satsningen på psykiatri och socialt stöd och omsorg för personer med psykisk sjukdom och/eller psykiska funktionshinder. Projektet har letts av David Brunt, Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och socialt arbete, Växjö universitet.

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  • 263.
    Bartunek, Julia
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Socialsekreterares tolkningar av begreppet uppehållsrätt2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte var att undersöka hur socialsekreterare tolkar begreppet uppehållsrätt när EU-medborgare ansöker om försörjningsstöd. Intersektionellt perspektiv användes för att belysa maktförhållanden mellan socialsekreterare som representatner för svenska myndigheter och klienter med utländsk härkomst. I studien användes domar från svenska förvaltningsrätter som analyserades med kvalitativ diskursanalys. Resultat kategoriserades in i kategorier som rörde socialsekreteres tolkningar av uppehållsrätten, omständigheter avgörande för bedömning av uppehållsrätten och socialsekreterares tolkningar av EU-medborgares rätt till försörjningsstöd. Data om EU-medborgares medborgarskap och kön samlades in för att undersöka deras eventuella påverkan på utfall av ansökan om försörjningsstöd. Analys av resultat visade signifikant inkonsekvens i såväl socialsekreterares tolkningar av uppehållsrätten som i tillämpning av relevanta lagar. EU-medborgares rättigheter till försörjningsstöd nekades på grund av att EU-medborgare bedömdes vara "ekonomiskt icke aktiva personer" eller inte ansågs ha "en verklig möjlighet till att få anställning". Varken EU-medborgares medborgarskap eller kön kunde kopplas till utfall av deras ansökan om försörjningsstöd.

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  • 264.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    A case of what?: Methodological lessons from a reanalysis of conflicts within Swedish Juvenile Care2013Ingår i: Journal of Comparative Social Work, ISSN 0809-9936, E-ISSN 0809-9936, Vol. 8, nr 2, s. 222-250Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    “Collaboration” is generally portrayed as being beneficial to authorities, even if previous collaborative research shows that conflicts are common between authorities who are supposed to cooperate. What takes place when different actors in the collaboration meet in practice? And what is the best way to analyse this? In qualitative studies, it is often problematic to go from an exhaustive analysis of individual empirical instances to an overall picture of the context or phenomenon in which all instances taken together can be viewed as a case. Years of close engagement with the data may interfere with the analyst’s capacities and opportunities to contextualize a study more broadly and theoretically, and detailed knowledge about a range of situations in the field may make novel contextualizations difficult. This article discusses how to overcome such obstacles, using examples from a study about a “collaboration” project in Swedish youth care.

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  • 265.
    Basic, Goran
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för pedagogik och lärande (PEL).
    Book Review: Contract Workers, Risk, and the War in Iraq: Sierra Leonean Labor Migrants at U.S. Military Bases. By Kevin J. A. Thomas. Montreal: McGill- Queen’s University Press, 2017. Pp. viii­­­­­+243. $110.00 (cloth); $34.95 (paper)2019Ingår i: American Journal of Sociology, ISSN 0002-9602, E-ISSN 1537-5390, Vol. 125, nr 1, s. 314-316Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Publikationen är tillgänglig i fulltext från 2020-06-27 08:00
  • 266.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Coherent Triads and Collaboration Identities in Swedish Youth Care2015Ingår i: International Conference on Innovation and Research in Arts and Humanities, Institute of Mobin Cultural Ambassadors, Istanbul, Turkey (20150827), 2015, s. 1-18Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous collaboration research shows that problems and conflicts sometimes arise as a part of collaboration. Researchers have highlighted the importance of narratives, but have not focused on narratives about successful cooperation. This article tries to fill this gap by analyzing stories of successful cooperation, even if it unfolds during shorter interaction sequences. The aim is to analyze how and when the actors within youth care portray successful cooperation, and which discursive patterns are involved in the construction of this phenomenon. The empirical basis for this study is formed by 147 recorded interviews with institution-placed youths, their parents, and different occupational categories within the social services and the Swedish National Board of Institutional Care. The personal interactive aspect of cooperation among actors in youth care is important to the success of a collaboration. This aspect also appears to have significance for producing and reproducing joint collaboration identities. However, joint collaboration identities and the coherence triad can limit the sphere of cooperation to the youth care entities: the juvenile (or his/her parents) is left out.

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  • 267.
    Basic, Goran
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för pedagogik och lärande (PEL).
    Coherent triads and successful inter-professional collaboration: narratives of professional actors in the Swedish child welfare system2019Ingår i: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588, Vol. 9, nr 3, s. 235-249Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to analyze how and when the professional actors within the Swedish child welfare system portray successful cooperation and determine which discursive patterns are involved in the construction of this phenomenon. The empirical basis for this study is formed by 147 recorded interviews with institution-placed youths, their parents, and different occupational categories within the social services and the Swedish National Board of Institutional Care. Analytical findings with the following themes are presented: (1) coherent vision triad, (2) coherent rhetorically accepted triad, and (3) coherent exclusive triad. The personal interactive aspect of cooperation among professional actors in the care of children is important for successful collaboration. This aspect also appears to be significant for producing and reproducing joint collaboration identities. However, joint collaboration identities and the coherence triad can limit the sphere of cooperation to the entities involved in the care of youths and the juvenile or his/her parents are left out.

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  • 268.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Coherent Triads in Swedish Youth Care2015Ingår i: Contemporary Youth Contemporary Risk. Book of abstracts, Journal of Youth Studies Conference, Copenhagen, 30 March - 1 April, 2015, 2015, s. 155-155Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous collaboration research shows that problems and conflicts sometimes arise as a part of collaboration. Researchers have highlighted the importance of narratives, but have not focused on narratives about successful cooperation. This article tries to fill this gap by analyzing stories of successful cooperation, even if it unfolds during shorter interaction sequences. The aim is to analyze how and when the actors within youth care portray successful cooperation, and which discursive patterns are involved in the construction of this phenomenon. The empirical basis for this study is formed by 147 recorded interviews with institution-placed youths, their parents, and different occupational categories within the social services and the Swedish National Board of Institutional Care. The personal interactive aspect of cooperation among actors in youth care is important to the success of a collaboration. This aspect also appears to have significance for producing and reproducing joint collaboration identities. However, joint collaboration identities and the coherence triad can limit the sphere of cooperation to the youth care entities: the juvenile (or his/her parents) is left out.

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  • 269.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Coherent Triads: Observed Successful Collaboration in Youth Care2015Ingår i: Creativity in Social Sciences. Proceedings of CIL 2015: Second Edition of International Conference of Humanities and Social Sciences - Creativity, Imaginary, Language. Ed. Claudiu Marian Bunăiaşu, Elena Rodica Opran, Dan Valeriu Voinea., 2015, s. 91-105Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Earlier research on collaboration shows that cooperation comprises problems and conflicts. The purpose of this study is to describe successful collaboration even if it unfolds during shorter interaction frequencies. In the article, interactive patterns involved in the construction of these phenomena will be analyzed. Forming the empirical basis for this study are 119 field observations of organized meetings and informal meetings before and after organized meetings, during visits to youth care institutions in Sweden, social services offices, and the Swedish National Board of Institutional Care. In this study, markers are used to define successful cooperation in the empirical material, so that actors who belong to at least three different categories will be identified. The professional actors can also shape a coherent triad with young people or parents in cases where past conflicts arise. When some professionals create a distance from other professional partners, conflicts can be erased so as to generate new conditions for coherence of the triad. Construction and reconstruction of collaboration success is an ongoing, interactive process. Presentation of the proper interaction moral is created and re-created during interactions and appears in the myriad everyday interactions.

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  • 270.
    Basic, Goran
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för pedagogik (PED). Lund University.
    Concentration Camp Rituals: An Extreme Case of Insecurity: Rituali u koncentracionim logorima: ekstremni slučaj nesigurnosti2014Ingår i: Journal of Criminal Justice Issues, ISSN 1512-5505, Vol. 14, nr 5-6, s. 21-33Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Reason(s) for writing and research problem(s): This article analyzes the experiences retold by former concentration camp detainees who were placed in concentration camps like civilians at the beginning of the Bosnian war in the 1990s. Aims of the paper (scientific and/or social): The article aims to describe the recounted social interaction rituals after time spent in a concentration camp as well as identifying how these interactions are symbolically dramatized. Methodology/Design: The empirical material for this study was collected through qualitative interviews held with nine former camp detainees and four close relatives. Research/paper limitations: The analyzed empirical examples revealed how the camp detainees’ victim identity is created, recreated, and retained in contrast to ‘the others’ – the camp guards. The camp detainees’ portrayal of their victim identity presents their humiliated self through dissociation from the camp guards. Results/Findings: The detainees’ new (altered) moral career is presented as a result of the imprisonment at the camp and the repetitive humiliation and power rituals. The importance of the camp guards was emphasized in these rituals, in which the detainees’ new selves, characterized by moral dissolution and fatigue, emerged. General conclusion: In their stories of crime and abuse in the concentration camps, the detainees reject the guards’ actions and the designation of ‘concentration camp detainee’. The retold stories of violation and power rituals in the camps show that there was little space for individuality. Nevertheless, resistance and status rituals along with adapting to the conditions in the camps seem to have generated some room for increased individualization. To have possessed some control and been able to resist seems to have granted the detainees a sense of honor and self-esteem, not least after the war. Their narratives today represent a form of continued resistance. Research/paper validity: The interviewees’ rejections of the guards’ actions and their forced “camp detainee” status could be interpreted as an expression of de-ritualization, leading away from their own earlier experiences. The subsequently illustrated myriad of everyday interactions, which can be distinguished analytically in the interviewees’ stories, expose rituals of humiliation, power, resistance, and status. Through these, we see the interviewees’ loss of identity, others’ recognition of one’s identity, emotional involvement, and different symbols of resistance.

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    fulltext
  • 271.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Concentration Camp Rituals: Narrative of Former Bosnian Detainees2013Ingår i: Crisis, Critique and Change. Abstract book. 11th European Sociological Association Conference, Turin, Italy, August 28-31, 2013, 2013, s. 404-404Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses the experiences retold by former concentration camp detainees who were placed in concentration camps at the beginning of the Bosnian war in the 1990s. The article aims to describe the recounted social interaction rituals after having spent time in a concentration camp as well as identifying how these interactions are symbolically dramatized. In their stories of crime and abuse in the concentration camps the detainees reject the guards actions and the category: ”concentration camp detainee”. The retold stories of violation- and power rituals in the camps show that there was little space for individuality. Never the less, resistance- and status rituals along with adapting to the conditions in the camps seem to have generated some room for increased individualization. To have possessed somewhat control and been able to resist seems to have granted a sense of honor and self-esteem for the detainees, not least after the war.

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  • 272.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Concentration Camp Rituals: Narratives of Former Bosnian Detainees2017Ingår i: Humanity & Society, ISSN 0160-5976, Vol. 41, nr 1, s. 73-94Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In the German camps during the Second World War, the aim was to kill from a distance, and the camps were highly efficient in their operations. Previous studies have thus analyzed the industrialized killing and the victims' survival strategies. Researchers have emphasized the importance of narratives but they have not focused on narratives about camp rituals, or analyzed post-war interviews as a continued resistance and defense of one’s self. This article tries to fill this gap by analyzing stories told by former detainees in concentration camps in the Bosnian war during the 1990s. The article aims to describe a set of recounted interaction rituals as well as to identify how these rituals are dramatized in interviews. The retold stories of humiliation and power in the camps indicate that there was little space for individuality and preservation of self. Nevertheless, the detainees seem to have been able to generate some room for resistance, and this seems to have granted them a sense of honor and self-esteem, not least after the war. Their narratives today represent a form of continued resistance.

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    fulltext
  • 273.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Concentration camp rituals: Narratives of former Bosnian detainees2014Ingår i: Ett inkluderande samhälle? En inkluderande sociologi? Sociologidagarna 2014, Göteborg, March 13-15, 2014, 2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
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  • 274.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Conditions for Reconciliation: Narratives of Survivors from the War in Bosnia and Herzegovina2015Ingår i: Journal of Criminal Justice and Security, ISSN 1580-0253, Vol. 17, nr 2, s. 107-126Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The aim of this article was to analyze the retold experiences of 27 survivors from the 1990s war in Bosnia and Herzegovina. I have examined verbal markers of reconciliation and implacability and analyzed the described terms for reconciliation that are being actualized in the narratives. Design: The material for the study was gathered through qualitative interviews with 27 individuals who survived the war in north-western Bosnia and Herzegovina. This study joins those narrative traditions within sociology where oral presentations are seen as both discursive- and experience-based. In addition, I perceive the concept of reconciliation as an especially relevant component in those specific stories that I analyzed. Findings: Stories on implacability, reconciliation, and conditions for reconciliation are not shaped only in relation to the war as a whole but also in relation to an individual’s wartime actions and those of others. In these stories, implacability is the predominant feature, but reconciliation is said to be possible if certain conditions are met. Examples of these conditions are justice for war victims, perpetrator recognition of crimes, and emotional commitment from the perpetrator (by showing remorse and shame, for example). Value: Previous research on post-war society emphasized structural violence with subsequent reconciliation processes. Researchers have focused on the importance of narratives, but they have neither analyzed conditions for reconciliation in post-war interviews. This article tries to fill this gap by analyzing the stories told by survivors of the Bosnian war during the 1990s.

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  • 275.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Constructing “Ideal Victim” Stories of Bosnian War Survivors2015Ingår i: Social Inclusion, ISSN 2183-2803, E-ISSN 2183-2803, Vol. 3, nr 4, s. 25-37Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research on victimhood during and after the Bosnian war has emphasized the importance of narratives but has not focused on narratives about victimhood or analyzed post-war interviews as a competition for victimhood. This article tries to fill this gap using stories told by survivors of the Bosnian war during the 1990s. In this analysis of the retold experiences of 27 survivors of the war in northwestern Bosnia, the aim is to describe the informants’ portrayal of “victimhood” as a social phenomenon as well as analyzing the discursive patterns that contribute to constructing the category “victim”. When, after the war, different categories claim a “victim” status, it sparks a competition for victimhood. All informants are eager to present themselves as victims while at the same time the other categories’ victim status are downplayed. In this reproduction of competition for the victim role, all demarcations that were played out so successfully during the war live on.

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  • 276.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Construction of morally correct actions: In the stories of violence during the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina2015Ingår i: DO THE RIGHT THING! Anthropology and morality. SANT-konferens 2015, Lund, Sweden, April 17-19, 2015, 2015, s. 27-28Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is based on different types of empirical material, especially recorded interviews, carried out with 27 survivors of the war in northwestern Bosnia and Herzegovina, and field observations. The focus lies on analyzing interviewees’ and field notes description of war-time violence and also analyzing discursive patterns that contribute in constructing the phenomenon “war violence”. This study shows that narratives on the phenomenon “war violence” depict a decay of pre-war social order. The use of violence during the war is described as organized and ritualized, which implies that the use of violence became a norm in society, rather than the exception. The narratives on the phenomenon “war violence” produce and reproduce the image of human suffering and slaughter. Those subjected to violence are portrayed in a de-humanized fashion and branded as suitable to be exposed to it. In these stories, morally correct actions are constructed as a contrast to the narratives on war violence. In these descriptions, the perpetrator is depicted as a dangerous, evil, and ideal enemy. He is portrayed as a real and powerful yet alien criminal who is said to pose a clear threat to the social order existing before the war.

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  • 277.
    Basic, Goran
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för pedagogik (PED).
    Definicije počinitelja ratnog nasilja i žrtve. Analitički model za analizu rituala ratnog nasilja u koncentracionim logorima tokom rata u Bosni i Hercegovini: Definitions of the perpetrator of war violence and the victim. Analytical model for analysis concerning rituals of war violence in concentration camp during the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina2017Ingår i: ”Ambassadors of Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina” : The Second International Scientific Conference of Victimology in Bosnia and Herzegovina: "Ambasadori mira u Bosni i Hercegovini“ : Druga međunarodna naučna viktimološka konferencija u Bosni i Hercegovini, Sarajevo: University of Sarajevo , 2017, s. 16-21Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [bs]

    Ovaj članak prezentira teoretski i metodološki model za analizu prepričanih iskustava bivših logoraša koji su kao civili odvedeni u koncentracione logore početkom rata u Bosni i Hercegovini 1990-tih godina. Cilj je analizirati prepričane rituale ratnog nasilja u koncentracionim logorima kao i identifikovati kako se počinioci ratnog nasilja i žrtve simbolično definiraju u pričama. Priče o nasilju u logoru definiraju počinitelja nasilja kao nekoga ko je opasan, zao, idealan neprijatelja, kao pravi, ali udaljeni zločinac. Kada intervjuisani u studiji naglašavaju istrebljivanje i sistematiziranje ratnog nasilja u logorima tokom rata, oni produciraju i reproduciraju sliku ratnog nasilja koje je organizovano i koje se sprovodi svakodnevno. Čini se da je cilj ovog verbalnog naglašavanja, da opisana djela ratnog nasilja u logorima, poslije rata dobiju status organiziranog i ritualiziranog ratnog nasilja. Definiranjem počinitelja ratnog nasilja, intervjuisani u studiji implicitno ističu komplementarnu suprotnost počinitelja - žrtvu nasilja. Žrtva je predstavljena kao prijeratni poznanik, prijatelji i komšija od izvršitelja nasilja. Žrtva nasilja je definisana kao umorna, posustala u agoniji, kao inferiorna, de-humanizirana, žigovana i kao bespomoćna ostavljena na milost i nemilost počiniteljima ratnog nasilja.

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    abstract
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  • 278.
    Basic, Goran
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för pedagogik och lärande (PEL). Lund University, Sweden.
    Definicije počinitelja ratnog nasilja i žrtve: Sociološka analiza nasilja u koncentracijskim logorima za vrijeme rata u Bosni i Hercegovini: (Definitions of the perpetrator of war violence and the victim: Sociological analysis of violence in concentration camp during the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina)2018Ingår i: Proceedings of the Faculty of Law in Tuzla, ISSN 2303-8632, Vol. 4, nr 2, s. 44-73, artikel-id UDK: 316.624:343.819.5(497.6)Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyzes the experiences retold by former concentration camp detainees who were placed in  concentration camps like civilians at the beginning of the Bosnian war in the 1990s. The article aims to analyze the narratives of war violence in concentration camp as well as identifying how the perpetrators of war violence and victims are symbolically defined in stories. In these descriptions, the perpetrator is defined as a dangerous, evil, and ideal enemy. He is portrayed as a real and powerful yet alien criminal. When informants emphasize extermination and the systematization of war violence in the camps during the war, they produce and reproduce the image of violence that is organized and conducted on a daily basis. The aim of this verbalb emphasis seems to be that the described acts of violence in the camps, after the war obtain the status of an organized war violence - genocide. By defining the perpetrators of war violence, the interviewed in the study implicitly point out the complementary opposition of the perpetrator - a victim of violence. The victim is presented as pre-war acquaintance, friends and neighbors of the perpetrators of violence. Victim of violence is defined as tired, dying in agony, inferior, de-humanized, stamped and helplessly left to the mercy of the perpetrators of war violence. Leading people to only one primary (deadly) collective identity exists at every place where the “ethnic identity” of people is considered more important than their personal, individual, civic, professional human identity. The merging of ethnonational identities into a completely homogeneous, massive, unique collective identity, which is substantially or (totally) different from some others - perfectly matches reproduction and the creation of new forms of violence.

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  • 279.
    Basic, Goran
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för pedagogik (PED).
    Definitioner av våld i överlevandes berättelser efter kriget i Bosnien2015Ingår i: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 52, nr 4, s. 341-361Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Tidigare forskning som berör våldet under kriget i Bosnien och Hercegovina presenterar en ensidig bild av fenomenet ”krigsvåld.” Forskare har uppmärksammat betydelsen av efterkrigsberättelser, men de har inte uppmärksammat berättelser om krigsvåld, eller analyserat berättelserna om krigsvåld som en produkt av mellanmänsklig interaktion. Denna artikel försöker fylla denna kunskapslucka genom att analysera berättelser av överlevande efter kriget i nordvästra Bosnien under 1990-talet. Syftet är att analysera hur överlevare beskriver våldet under kriget samt vilka diskursiva mönster som medverkar i konstruktionen av kategorin ”krigsvåld.” Konstruktionen av begreppet ”krigsvåld” synliggörs i det empiriska materialet när intervjupersonerna berättar om (1) en ny social ordning i samhället, (2) människolidande, (3) sexuellt våld och (4) människoslakt. Alla intervjuade definierar krigsvåldet som moraliskt förkastligt. Våldsutövningen under kriget framställs som organiserad och ritualiserad och detta skapar en bild av att våldsutövningen blev en norm i samhället, snarare än ett undantag. Berättelser om våldsamma situationer, våldsverkare och våldsdrabbade existerar inte enbart som en tankekonstruktion. Berättelserna lever sitt eget liv efter kriget och har därmed verkliga konsekvenser för individer och samhället. 

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    fulltext
  • 280.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Definitions of Violence: Narratives of Survivors from the War in Bosnia and Herzegovina2018Ingår i: Journal of Interpersonal Violence, ISSN 0886-2605, E-ISSN 1552-6518, Vol. 33, nr 13, s. 2073-2097Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research on violence during the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina has resulted in a one-sided presentation of the phenomenon of “war violence.” Researchers have emphasized the importance of narratives in general but have not analyzed stories on war violence that were the product of interpersonal interaction and meaning-making activity. The aim of this article is to fill this knowledge gap by analyzing survivor narratives of the 1990s war in northwestern Bosnia. The focus is on analyzing interviewees’ descriptions of wartime violence and the discursive patterns that contribute to constructing the phenomenon of “war violence.” My analysis reveals an intimate relationship between how an interviewee interprets the biographical consequences of war violence and the individual’s own war experiences. All interviewees described war violence as something that is morally reprehensible. These narratives, from both perpetrators of violence and those subjected to violence, recount violent situations that not only exist as mental constructions but also live on even after the war; thus, they have real consequences for the individuals and their society.

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  • 281.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Definitions of War Violence and Genocide: Narratives of Survivors from the War in Bosnia and Herzegovina2015Ingår i: After Communism. East and West Under Scrutiny. Book of Abstracts of the Fifth International Conference, Craiova, Romania, April 24-25 / [ed] Anca Parmena Olimid; Cătălina Maria Georgescu, Craiova, Romania, 2015, s. 72-73Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is analyzing the narratives of survivors of thewar in northwestern Bosnia in the 1990s. The focus lies on analyzing interviewees’ description of war-time violence and also analyzingdiscursive patterns that contribute in constructing the phenomenon“war violence”. Analysis shows that the interpersonal interactions thatcaused the violence continue even after the violent situation is over.Recollections from perpetrators and those subjected to violence of thewar do not exist only as verbal constructions in Bosnia of today.Stories about violent situations live their own lives after the war andcontinue being important to individuals and social life. The crimescommitted in northwestern Bosnia are qualified as genocide accordingto indictments against former Serbian leaders Radovan Karadžić andRatko Mladić. All interviewees in this study experienced and survivedthe war in northwestern Bosnia. These individuals have a present,ongoing relation with these communities: Some live therepermanently, and some spend their summers in northwestern Bosnia.Institutions in the administrative entity Republika Srpska (to whichnorthwestern Bosnia now belong administratively) deny genocide,and this approach to war-time events becomes a central theme infuture, post-war analysis of the phenomena “war violence”, and“reconciliation”. Therefore, it is very important to analyze the politicalelite’s denial of the systematic acts of violence during the war thathave been conveyed by the Hague Tribunal, the Court of Bosnia andHerzegovina onWar Crime, and Bosnian media. The narratives in myempirical material seem to be influenced by (or coherent with) therhetoric mediated in these fora. When informants emphasizeextermination and the systematization of violence during the war, theyproduce and reproduce the image of a mutual struggle on a collectivelevel. The aim of this struggle seems to be that the described acts ofviolence be recognized as genocide.

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    fulltext
  • 282.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Definitions of War Violence and Reconciliation in Narratives of Survivors from the War in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Definicije ratnog nasilja i pomirenje u pričama preživjelih poslije rata u Bosni i Hercegovini2015Ingår i: Ambassadors of Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina. First International Scientific and Professional Conference of Victimology in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Hercegovina, March 3-4, 2015 / [ed] Adžajlić, Azra, International Peace Research Association – IPRA, Bihać University, Sakarya University och Institute of Knowledge Management Skopje , 2015, s. 17-28Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research on violence during the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina have emphasized the importance of narratives without focusing on narratives mentioning war violence, but they have not analyzed stories on war violence that were the product of interpersonal interaction and meaning-making activity. The aim of this study is to fill this knowledge gap by analyzing the narratives of survivors of the war in northwestern Bosnia in the 1990s. The focus lies on analyzing interviewees’ description of war-time violence and also analyzing discursive patterns that contribute in constructing the phenomenon “war violence”. Analysis shows that the interpersonal interactions that caused the violence continue even after the violent situation is over. Recollections from perpetrators and those subjected to violence of the war do not exist only as verbal constructions in Bosnia of today. Stories about violent situations live their own lives after the war and continue being important to individuals and social life. Individuals who were expelled from northwestern Bosnia during the war in the 1990s are, in a legal sense, in a recognized violence-afflicted victim category. Several perpetrators were sentenced by the Hague Tribunal and the Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina on War Crime. The crimes committed in northwestern Bosnia are qualified as genocide according to indictments against former Serbian leaders Radovan Karadžić and Ratko Mladić. All interviewees in this study experienced and survived the war in northwestern Bosnia. These individuals have a present, ongoing relation with these communities: Some live there permanently, and some spend their summers in northwestern Bosnia. Institutions in the administrative entity Republika Srpska (to which northwestern Bosnia now belong administratively) deny genocide, and this approach to war-time events becomes a central theme in future, post-war analysis of the phenomena “war violence”, and “reconciliation”. Therefore, it is very important to analyze the political elite’s denial of the systematic acts of violence during the war that have been conveyed by the Hague Tribunal, the Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina on War Crime, and Bosnian media. The narratives in my empirical material seem to be influenced by (or coherent with) the rhetoric mediated in these fora. When informants emphasize extermination and the systematization of violence during the war, they produce and reproduce the image of a mutual struggle on a collective level. The aim of this struggle seems to be that the described acts of violence be recognized as genocide.

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    Paper in fulltext
  • 283.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Definitions of War Violence and Reconciliation in Narratives of Survivors from the War in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Definicije ratnog nasilja i pomirenje u pričama preživjelih poslije rata u Bosni i Hercegovini2015Ingår i: Ambassadors of Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Abstract book, First International Scientific and Professional Conference of Victimology in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Hercegovina, March 3-4, 2015. / [ed] Repovac, Hidajet; Sofradžija, Halima; Dimitrovski, Robert and Kenar, Nesrin, 2015, s. 9-9Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research on violence during the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina have emphasized the importance of narratives without focusing on narratives mentioning war violence, but they have not analyzed stories on war violence that were the product of interpersonal interaction and meaning-making activity. The aim of this study is to fill this knowledge gap by analyzing the narratives of survivors of the war in northwestern Bosnia in the 1990s. The focus lies on analyzing interviewees’ description of war-time violence and also analyzing discursive patterns that contribute in constructing the phenomenon “war violence”. Analysis shows that the interpersonal interactions that caused the violence continue even after the violent situation is over. Recollections from perpetrators and those subjected to violence of the war do not exist only as verbal constructions in Bosnia of today. Stories about violent situations live their own lives after the war and continue being important to individuals and social life. Individuals who were expelled from northwestern Bosnia during the war in the 1990s are, in a legal sense, in a recognized violence-afflicted victim category. Several perpetrators were sentenced by the Hague Tribunal and the Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina on War Crime. The crimes committed in northwestern Bosnia are qualified as genocide according to indictments against former Serbian leaders Radovan Karadžić and Ratko Mladić. All interviewees in this study experienced and survived the war in northwestern Bosnia. These individuals have a present, ongoing relation with these communities: Some live there permanently, and some spend their summers in northwestern Bosnia. Institutions in the administrative entity Republika Srpska (to which northwestern Bosnia now belong administratively) deny genocide, and this approach to war-time events becomes a central theme in future, post-war analysis of the phenomena “war violence”, and “reconciliation”. Therefore, it is very important to analyze the political elite’s denial of the systematic acts of violence during the war that have been conveyed by the Hague Tribunal, the Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina on War Crime, and Bosnian media. The narratives in my empirical material seem to be influenced by (or coherent with) the rhetoric mediated in these fora. When informants emphasize extermination and the systematization of violence during the war, they produce and reproduce the image of a mutual struggle on a collective level. The aim of this struggle seems to be that the described acts of violence be recognized as genocide. 

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    Abstract
  • 284.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Detecting Triads in a Swedish Juvenile Care Project2011Ingår i: Social Relations in Turbulent Times. Abstract book. 10th Conference of the European Sociological Association, Geneva, Switzerland, September 7-10, 2011, 2011, s. 441-441Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In a study of a project concerning Swedish juvenile care professionals, youngsters and parents were studied by ethnographic field observations as well as interviewed. During the course of the investigation various and shifting triads forming conflicts as well as alliances were observed. In this paper the triads described in interviews will be compared to field observations of triads formed during various meetings connected to the juvenile care project. I will analyze similarities and differences in retold triads during interviews and interactional “in situ” formed triads according to (1) different alliance formations, (2) different roles in changing constellations, (3) the temporal development of the alliances in the triad and (4) the alliance’s including and excluding function in the triads.

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    fulltext
  • 285.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Different Categories of Victims and Competition for Victimhood in the Stories after the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina2014Ingår i: Victims' protection: International law, national legislations and practice. Book of abstracts. Fifth Annual Conference of the Victimology Society of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia, November 27-28, 2014, 2014, s. 15-15Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    My goal with this article is to analyse the retold experiences of 27 survivors of the 1990s war in north-western Bosnia. I focus on describing the informants' portrayal of “victimhood” as a social phenomenon as well as analysing those discursive patterns which contributed in constructing the category “victim” and ”perpetrator”. When, after the war, different actors claim this “victim” status, it sparks a competition for victimhood. All informants are eager to present themselves as victims while at the same time the other categories' victim status is downplayed. Different categories appear and they are: ”the remainders” those who lived in north-western Bosnia before, during and after the war; “the fugitives” those who driven into north-western Bosnia during the war; “the returnees” those who returned after the war and “the diaspora” those who were driven out from north-western Bosnia and remained in their new country. The competition between these categories seems to take place on a symbolic level. All interviewees want to portray themselves as ”ideal victims” but they are all about to lose that status. The returnees and the diaspora are losing status by receiving recognition from the surrounding community and because they have a higher economic status, the remainders are losing status since they are constantly being haunted by war events and the refugees are losing status by being presented as strangers and thus fitting the role of ideal perpetrators. In this reproduction of competition for the victim role, all demarcations that were played out so successfully during the war live on.

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  • 286.
    Basic, Goran
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för pedagogik (PED). Lund University.
    Društvo i anomija. Sociološka analiza obavještajnog i operativnog policijskog rada i rada granične službe u oblasti Baltičkog mora (Society and anomie. Sociological analysis of intelligence and operational police and border guard work in the Baltic Sea area)2017Ingår i: ZBORNIK RADOVA ANOMIJA DRUŠTVA I POSLJEDICE / [ed] Macanović Nebojša, Petrović, Jagoda and Jovanić Goran, Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina: CENTAR MODERNIH ZNANJA , 2017, s. 31-40, artikel-id DOI: 10.7251/DDADP1702031BKonferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [bs]

    Raširenost vladajućih normi u društvu u kontekstu rata, okupacije, anarhije i preuzimanja vlasti od strane kriminalnih snaga uništava stare, ali postavlja nove norme, koje takođe mogu biti odbačene. Anomija se može opisati kao nukleus društva, kao vrsta „pulsirajuće moralne destrukcije” koju niko ne kontroliše, ali koja paradoksalno proizvodi socijalni red. Anomija se ne rađa iz ništavila, iz praznine; ona je produkt interaktivne dinamike koja nastaje kada se pojedinci udruže, djelujući kao pogonsko gorivo koje potiče pojedince da se sretnu. Émile Durkheim se fokusira na to kako međuljudska interakcija stvara promjene u društvu, pri čemu često pokazuje različite patološke karakteristike koje dovode do frustracije i konflikta. Individualna potraga za sopstvenim oslobađanjem od zajednice dovodi do gubitka osjećaja pripadnosti, a time i otuđenja. Kada se stare društvene mreže pokidaju, postaje nemoguće održati stare norme i vrijednosti. Pojedinac više nije ograničen moralnim načelima i autoritetom. Umjesto toga, može da razvije obrazac po kojem konstantno prevazilazi sve granice jer se kolaps prijašnje socijalne kontrole poklapa sa razvojem sistema koji zahtijeva konstantan porast individualnih potreba. Produkt takve interakcije je stanje društva u kojem postoji nesigurnost po pitanju vrijednosti, ciljeva i normi. Durkheim ovakvo stanje naziva „anomijom”. Durkheim analizira devijacije normi (kao i individualni i društveni odgovor/reakciju na devijacije normi, kao što je kazna) kao sastavni dio problema solidarnosti i socijalne kohezije. Moralni red u društvu prema Durkheimu ima fundamentalnu vrijednost zato što su pojedinci integrisani u zajednicu koja ih kontroliše. Durkheim vidi integraciju kao način da se pojedinac veže za zajednicu kroz zajednički stav, solidarnost i rituale. On vidi kontrolu kao silu koja opčinjava i veže pojedinca za norme kroz pravni sistem, zakone i sankcije. Durkheim definiše odstupanje od norme kao čin koji vrijeđa jaku i jasnu kolektivnu svijest. Zbog toga su djela antisocijalna ako krše norme i vrijednosti koje su inače važan segment društvenog jedinstva. Rad obavještajnih i operativnih policijskih i graničnih snaga u oblasti Baltičkog mora (Švedskoj, Finskoj, Estoniji, Litvaniji i Letoniji) karakterističan je po ritualima konstantnog stvaranja normi od samog početka dana: od jutarnje kafe i prve razmjene informacija sa obavještajnom službom do operativnih radnji kao što su nadzor ili kontrola pojedinaca ili automobila. Ove interakcije se odlikuju jakom željom da se očuva postojeći društveni red. Što se tiče prijetnje postojećim normama postoje i normativni rituali. Na primjer, u ovakvim interakcijama, konstruišu se „Rusi koji odbacuju norme”, oni nisu fizički prisutni u određenoj situaciji, ali su važni u tim vezama kao neki nevidljivi sveti objekti. Stvaranje kategorije „Rus koji odbacuje norme” u kojoj su Rusija/Rusi iskorišteni za dramatizaciju „drugih” je vidljivo u empirijskom materijalu kada akteri u studiji opisuju (1) Ruse kriminalce, (2) ruske špijune i (3) ruskuvojnu okupaciju.

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  • 287.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Ekstremni slučaj krize: Definicije ratnog nasilja u pričama preživjelih poslije rata u Bosni i Hercegovini: Extreme Case of Crisis: Definitions of War Violence in Narratives of Survivors from the War in Bosnia and Herzegovina2015Ingår i: Crisis Management Days. 8th International Scientific Conference. University of Applied Sciences Velika Gorica, Velika Gorica, Croatia (20150514-20150515), University of Applied Sciences Velika Gorica, Velika Gorica, Croatia , 2015, s. 104-104Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [hr]

    Polazna točka ovog članka je rat koji je održan u sjeverozapadnoj Bosni i Hercegovini te posebno interpersonalna interpretacija nasilja i biografski utjecaj ratnog nasilja. Srpski vojnici i policajci ciljano su vršili nasilje nad civilnoim stanovništvom u sjeverozapadnoj Bosni. U svojoj namjeri da se Bošnjaci i Hrvati istjeraju s tog područja, srpski vojnici i policajci koristili su masovne egzekucije, tjeranje na bijeg, sustavno silovanje i koncentracione logore. Cilj ovog članka je popuniti ovu prazninu znanja kroz analizu priča preživjelih u ratu u sjeverozapadnoj Bosni tijekom 1990-ih. Svrha je analizirati kako preživjeli opisuju ratna nasilja te diskurzivne obrasce koji se pojavljuju u konstrukciji kategorije “ratnog nasilja.” Moja pitanja su kako slijedi: Kako ispitanici opisuju ratna nasilja? Koje kategorije nasilja su istaknute u pričama? Kako preživjeli opisuju seksualno nasilje i oblike seksualnog zlostavljanja tijekom rata? U ovoj studiji, želim dotaći fenomen “ratnog nasilja” kroz analizu priča ispitanika, odnosno njihove opise te odnose među njima. Ova analiza će pokazati da je interpretacija biografskih posljedica ratnog nasilja blisko povezana s osobnim ratnim iskustvima ispitanika. U nastavku ću pokušati istaći kako stvaranje koncepta “ratnog nasilja” postaje vidljivo kad sugovornici u empirijskom materijalu govore o (1) novom društvenom poretku, (2) ljudskoj patnji, (3) seksualnom nasilju i (4) ubijanju ljudi.

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  • 288.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Engagerad fixare eller ytterligare en person som ”bara pratar”?: Mödrars röster om samordnare i ungdomsvården2009Rapport (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att utifrån mitt empiriska material kartlägga och beskriva hur föräldrar till barn intagna på särskilda ungdomshemmen tolkar, definierar och upplever ett behandlingsprojekt, som involverade olika myndigheter, benämnt Motverka Våld och Gäng. Dessutom uppmärksammas hur de anställda samordnarna uppfattades och kategoriserades av föräldrarna. ”Föräldrar” blir i undersökningen i stort liktydigt med mödrar, eftersom alla föräldrar som intervjuats i denna studie är kvinnor dvs. mammor. Under ett möte som ägnades ett analysavsnitt, är emellertid en styvpappa närvarande.De mammor som berättar om samordnarna målar upp olika bilder av uppskattade samordnare. Det kan handla om samordnare som har makt att exempelvis ”kolla upp socialen” men även om samordnare utan makt som ändå uppskattas. Samordnare som beskrivs på ett positivt sätt ses även som aktörer som är engagerade och tog en aktiv roll. Denne ringer ofta till mammorna, kämpar för deras barn och är framgångsrik i att engagera frånvarande pappor. Den positiva samordnaren ses som en ”trygghet” som trots sina begränsningar får ett erkännande i sin roll. De anses framtidsinriktade till skillnad från socialtjänsten, de ”bryr sig” och detta visar de genom sin omsorg för detaljer och i själva interaktionen. De mammor vars berättelser om samordnaren innehar en kritisk ton är ofta även kritiska till de andra inblandade aktörerna. Kritiken i sig fokuserar inte bara på samordnaren utan även på en viss kontext där samordnaren ingår. I de fall samordnaren kritiseras explicit ger beskrivningen dels bilden av samordnaren som frånvarande från vårdkedjan, dels bilden av allianser som skapats som motpol till samordnaren. I några fall ligger mammornas ouppfyllda förväntningar till grund för kritiska berättelser om samordnarna. Det kan handla om bristande service från samordnarens sida eller som i en mammas fall upplevelsen att samordnaren ”bara pratar”, ”sitter med”, ”men sen blir det inte mer”. Det kan också handla om att känna sig utestängd som förälder. Ett möte kan betraktas som ett forum där problem diskuteras, beslut fattas och frågor behandlas. Detta sätt att beskåda ett möte har jag delvis kringgått. Genom analys av fältanteckningar har jag istället fokuserat på de sociala fenomen som aktualiserats under mötet. Kön, etnicitet och maktförhållande mellan de inblandade aktörerna framställs som särskild viktiga av de olika mötesaktörerna.

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  • 289.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Ethnic monitoring and social control: Descriptions from juveniles in juvenile care institutions2014Ingår i: Ett inkluderande samhälle? En inkluderande sociologi? Sociologidagarna 2014, Göteborg, March 13-15, 2014, 2014, s. 6-6Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has emphasized the institutional racism in total institutions. Researchers have highlighted the importance of narratives but have not focused on narratives about ethnic monitoring and social control. This article tries to fill this gap by analysing stories related to descriptions of ethnic monitoring and social control as told by juveniles of non-Swedish ethnicity in Swedish juvenile care institutions. A juvenile’s ethnicity was highlighted by drawing attention to the staff’s monitoring and social control. Interviews elucidated the victimhood that non-Swedish juveniles portrayed in relation to the staff and/or Swedish juveniles. When juveniles of non-Swedish ethnicity described ethnic monitoring and social control, they generally distanced themselves from staff behaviour and portrayed a victim identity. In constructing their identity, juveniles sometimes used their ethnic background rhetorically when describing everyday situations in the institution. The juveniles portrayed a humiliated self through dissociation from the staff and through the descriptions that they were treated differently than Swedish juveniles.

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  • 290.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Ethnic monitoring and social control: Descriptions from juveniles in juvenile care institutions2015Ingår i: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588, Vol. 5, nr 1, s. 20-34Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has emphasized the institutional racism in total institutions. Researchers have highlighted the importance of narratives but have not focused on narratives about ethnic monitoring and social control. This article tries to fill this gap by analysing stories related to descriptions of ethnic monitoring and social control as told by juveniles of non-Swedish ethnicity in Swedish juvenile care institutions. A juvenile’s ethnicity was highlighted by drawing attention to the staff’s monitoring and social control. Interviews elucidated the victimhood that non-Swedish juveniles portrayed in relation to the staff and/or Swedish juveniles. When juveniles of non-Swedish ethnicity described ethnic monitoring and social control, they generally distanced themselves from staff behaviour and portrayed a victim identity. In constructing their identity, juveniles sometimes used their ethnic background rhetorically when describing everyday situations in the institution. The juveniles portrayed a humiliated self through dissociation from the staff and through the descriptions that they were treated differently than Swedish juveniles.

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  • 291.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Ethnic monitoring and social control in juvenile care institutions2014Ingår i: Exploring Blind Spots. 27th Conference of the Nordic Sociological Association, Lund, Sweden, August 14-16, 2014, 2014, s. 25-25Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In an evaluation of a juvenile-care project sponsored by the Swedish National Board of Institutional Care, ethnicity was identified as an important dimension in treatment, staff practices, and relationships among juveniles. This article aims to analyze descriptions of ethnic monitoring and social control in Swedish juvenile institutions. A juvenile’s ethnicity was highlighted by drawing attention to the staff’s monitoring and social control. Interviews elucidated the victimhood that non-Swedish juveniles portrayed in relation to the staff and/or Swedish juveniles. When juveniles of non-Swedish ethnicity described ethnic monitoring and social control, they generally distanced themselves from staff behavior and portrayed a victim identity. In constructing their identity, juveniles sometimes used their ethnic background rhetorically when describing everyday situations in the institution. The juveniles portrayed a humiliated self through dissociation from the staff and through the descriptions that they were treated differently than Swedish juveniles.

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  • 292.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Etnicitet i ungdomsvården – förslag till fortsatt värdegrundsarbete2009Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta utkast utgör en redovisning av ett uppdrag som jag fick av Forsknings- och utvecklingsenheten vid Statens institutionsstyrelse (SiS). Uppdraget bestod i att, under en tvåmånadersperiod (april och maj 2009), granska och urskilja etnicitetsmarkörer i det empiriska material som samlats in under intervjuer och möten med aktörerna i ett samarbetsprojekt i ungdomsvården (MVG-projektet). Tanken var att studien skulle ge några förslag på strategier i det fortsatta värdegrundsarbetet inom SiS. I detta utkast analyseras muntliga etnicitetsgestaltningar hos olika aktörer i ungdomsvården. Undersökningen uppmärksammar etniciteten när den uttrycks verbalt och icke-verbalt, hur den uttrycks samt i vilka situationer kategoriseringar synliggörs implicit eller explicit. Studiens syfte är: att analysera när och hur etnicitet aktualiseras genom kategoriseringar i ungdomsvården, att uppmärksamma hur dessa kategoriseringar markeras samt påvisa hur berättarens egna etniska identitet formas och upprätthålls genom olika markeringar. Rapporten bygger på 109 intervjuer som genomförts med olika aktörer i ungdomsvården samt de fältanteckningar jag fört i anslutning till de olika mötena, spontana samtal före och efter intervjuerna, och i anslutning till besöken på de olika institutionerna, arbetsplatserna, mm.

  • 293.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Etnicitet i ungdomsvården: Yrkesverksammas och ungdomarnas muntliga framställningar2010Rapport (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna studie analyseras muntliga etnicitetsgestaltningar hos olika aktörer i ungdomsvården. Undersökningen uppmärksammar etniciteten när den uttrycks verbalt och icke-verbalt, hur den uttrycks samt i vilka situationer kategoriseringar synliggörs implicit eller explicit.Studiens syfte är: att analysera när och hur etnicitet aktualiseras genom kategoriseringar i ungdomsvården, att uppmärksamma hur dessa kategoriseringar markeras samt påvisa hur berättarens egna etniska identitet formas och upprätthålls genom olika markeringar.Rapporten bygger på 109 intervjuer som genomförts med olika aktörer i ungdomsvården samt de fältanteckningar jag fört i anslutning till de olika mötena, spontana samtal före och efter intervjuerna, och i anslutning till besöken på de olika institutionerna, arbetsplatserna, mm. Etnicitet används explicit såväl som implicit, såväl av ungdomarna själva som av de professionella, och i inbördes relationer inom respektive kollektiv samt mellan kollektiven. Vanligast används etniciteten som en förklaring och som ett verktyg i samspelet, d v s det används för att uppnå olika saker eller att betona eller framhäva en önskad bild. De professionella använder etniciteten när de förklarar ungdomars agerande, de jämför sig även med kollegor i termer av vem som visar störst etnisk hänsyn eller vem som kan mest om etnicitet. Etniciteten bildar här en arena för självpresentation: man framställer sig som ”kulturellt kompetent” i relation till andra. Ungdomarna använder också etnicitet när de skall berätta om: placeringar, den sociala kontrollen på institutionen, diskriminering, kärleksrelationer, mm. Institutionslivet blir på så sätt etniskt laddat men denna definition delas inte alltid av andra aktörer. Det bemötande som ungdomar tolkar som etnisk diskriminering kan personalen anse vara självförvållat, t ex på grund av påstådd misskötsamhet. Etnicitet är en omstridd markör i detta sammanhang och därmed ett potentiellt vapen i samspelet. Detta tydliggörs särskilt genom etniskt färgade svordomar och tilltal vilka ungdomarna upplever som ett instrument för nedvärdering. Ibland framställs etnicitet som en resurs, en tillgång för aktörer i ungdomsvården för att begripliggöra och genomföra olika situationer och projekt. Det som görs begripligt och genomförs (eller sägs ha genomförts) blir inte sällan problematiskt ur aktörernas synvinkel. Att detta sker behöver inte ses som något problematiskt i sig, snarare tydliggör det hur aktörer använder etnicitet för att synliggöra problem.

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  • 294.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Etnifierad övervakning och social kontroll på ungdomsvårdsinstitutioner2013Ingår i: Den sorterande ordningsmakten: Studier av etnicitet och polisiär kontroll / [ed] Peterson, Abby; Åkerström, Malin, Malmö: Bokbox Förlag , 2013, s. 177-200Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    I detta kapitel analyserar jag redovisande förklaringar av aktörernas agerande och observerade sekvenser där övervakning och social kontroll på institutionen återges och synliggörs av ungdomar med en annan etnisk bakgrund än den svenska.En utgångspunkt i analysen är Thomas Hylland Eriksens (1993/2000) syn på etnicitet som en pågående relationsprocess mellan aktörer. När etnifierad övervakning och social kontroll på institutionen synliggörs: (1) tar ungdomarna avstånd från personalens agerande, (2)gestaltar ungdomarna sin offeridentitet. Etnifierad övervakning på institutionen är övervakning där ungdomar i observerade eller återberättade situationer aktualiserar sin eller andras etniska bakgrund. Den kan indelas i explicit och implicit etnifierad övervakning. Den explicita etnifierade övervakningen synliggörs i de fall då institutionspersonalen finns fysisk närvarande i de beskrivna eller observerade situationerna. Den implicita etnifierade övervakningen förekommer konstant även om institutionspersonalen inte finns närvarande, eller inte sägs finnas närvarande eftersom ungdomarna, som till stor del har en annan etnisk bakgrund än den svenska är placerade på en institution och konstant övervakade.Etnifierad social kontroll på institutionen är social kontroll där ungdomar aktualiserar sin eller de andras etniska bakgrund. Mer specifikt handlar det om återgivningar och synliggörande av situationer där ungdomarna reglerats till att handla i enlighet medinstitutionspersonalens (institutionens) regler, normer och värderingar och där deras etniska bakgrund eller de andras etniska bakgrund synliggörs. Analysen visar att när ungdomar synliggör etnifierad övervakning och social kontroll uppmärksammar de ofta personalens handlingar som de uppfattar som moraliskt förkastliga.Dessa två fenomen: etnifierad övervakning och social kontroll går ofta inte att isolera i den dagliga interaktionen. Vanligtvis framträder dessa två sociala fenomen tillsammans fast det finns exempel där den explicita etnifierade övervakningen utövas utan den sociala ontrollen.Förutom detta är det inte bara ungdomar som övervakas och kontrolleras av personalen. Det finns nämligen tydliga exempel där ungdomarna övervakar och kontrollerar personalen. Ett exempel finns i fallet när en pojke sägs ha anmält att institutionspersonalen betecknat honomsom ”blatte”. Kontrollen som han förmedlar i förhållande till personalen grundar sig på det han uppfattar som moraliskt riktigt - moralen där personalen inte bör placera honom i en för honom nedvärderande kategori. När etnifierad övervakning och social kontroll på institutionen synliggörs av ungdomarna tar de i regel avstånd från personalens agerande och gestaltar sin offeridentitet. Under identitetsskapandet tycks dessa ungdomar använda sin etniska bakgrund retoriskt när de förklarar situationer i vardagen på institutionen. Dessa ungdomar presenterar sitt förödmjukade själv genom avståndstaganden från institutionspersonalen och i kontrast till beskrivningar av hur svenska ungdomarna blir behandlade. Ungdomarnas förödmjukade själv tar tydligt gestalt i situationsförklaringar och denna identitet förstärks än mer när de uppmärksammar att personalen och de svenska ungdomarna kan kalla dem ”jävla svartskalle”, ”din blattefitta” eller ”jävla kanakas”.

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  • 295.
    Basic, Goran
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för pedagogik och lärande (PEL).
    Expectations and variations in social pedagogical work: an analysis of narratives concerning work with unaccompanied young refugees with experiences of war in institutional care in Sweden [标题:社会教学工作的期望和变化:对与无人陪伴的年轻难民的工作经历的叙事分析]2020Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, the stories told by the adolescents and the personnel in institutional care in Sweden are about everyday interactions that occur while the adolescents stay at the institution and how the personnel work with that category of clients. The analysis pays attention to details about war and post-war interactions and how a community’s moralisations can affect social pedagogical work with inclusion and integration into the community. From a Swedish perspective, it is easy to imagine that the war’s consequences are taking place ‘over there’, in a different country or another part of the world, at another time in place. It therefore becomes especially important to allow people with war experiences who are in Sweden to share and relate how the experiences are significant here and now. By allowing this sharing, knowledge is also created about how preconceptions, inequalities and discrimination can be faced and discouraged. This study shows how overlapping or parallel identifications of adolescents and personnel operate through a number of interactions where the individual claims or is assigned identity categories in various ways. Categories such as victim of war, student, homosexual, empathetic personnel, competent personnel and incompetent personnel are actualised in relation to the adolescents’ war experiences and institution placement. The interactive dynamic in the situation helps to create and re-create these categories. The study’s analysis observes individuals in a vulnerable and strenuous situation with the aim of highlighting their opinions, stories and terms. Adolescents with war experiences are at risk of being affected by stigmatisation and singled out in the community and for discrimination and unequal relationships because of their background and how it is treated in Sweden. Personnel who have been interviewed in the study note that the social climate impairs their work with inclusion and integration of that client category.

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  • 296.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Extreme Case of Crisis: Definitions of War Violence in Narratives of Survivors from the War in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Ekstremni slučaj krize: Definicije ratnog nasilja u pričama preživjelih iz rata u Bosni i Hercegovini2015Ingår i: Crisis Management Days. 8th International Scientific Conference. University of Applied Sciences Velika Gorica, Velika Gorica, Croatia (20150514-20150515) / [ed] Nađ, Ivan, Veleučilište Velika Gorica , 2015, s. 499-510Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The starting point of this article is the war that took place in northwestern Bosnia and Herzegovina and more specifi cally interpersonal interpretations of violence and the biographical impact of war-time violence. Serbian soldiers and police targeted their use of violent force directly against the civilian populations in northwestern Bosnia. In their quest to expel Bosniacs and Croats from this area, Serbian soldiers and police used mass executions, forced flight, systematic rape, and concentration camps. The aim of this article is to analyze how the survivors describe war-time violence and which discursive patterns emerge in the construction of the category “war violence.” My questions are as follows: How do the interviewees describe wartime violence? Which categories of violence are highlighted in the stories? How do war survivors describe sexual violence and other sexual abuse during the war? In this study, I seek to touch on the phenomenon “war violence” by analyzing the narratives of the informants, namely their descriptions in relation to themselves and others. This analysis will show that the interpretation of the biographical consequences of war violence is intimately related to the subject’s own war experiences. In the following, I try to highlight how the creation of the concept “war violence” is made visible when the interviewees, in the empirical material, talk about (1) a new social order in society, (2) human suffering, (3) sexual violence, and (4) slaughter of humans.

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  • 297.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Extreme Case of Crisis: Definitions of War Violence in Narratives of Survivors from the War in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Ekstremni slučaj krize: Definicije ratnog nasilja u pričama preživjelih poslije rata u Bosni i Hercegovini2015Ingår i: Crisis Management Days. 8th International Scientific Conference, University of Applied Sciences Velika Gorica, Velika Gorica, Croatia (20150514-20150515), University of Applied Sciences Velika Gorica, Velika Gorica, Croatia , 2015, s. 104-105Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The starting point of this paper is the war that took place in northwestern Bosnia and Herzegovina and more specifi cally interpersonal interpretations of violence and the biographical impact of wartime violence. Serbian soldiers and police targeted their use of violent force directly against the civilian populations in northwestern Bosnia. In their quest to expel Bosniacs and Croats from this area, Serbian soldiers and police used mass executions, forced fl ight, systematic rape, and concentration camps. The aim of this paper is to fi ll this knowledge gap through analyzing the stories told by survivors of the war in northwestern Bosnia during the 1990s. The purpose is to analyze how the survivors describe wartime violence and which discursive patterns emerge in the construction of the category “war violence”. My questions are as follows: How do the interviewees describe war-time violence? Which categories of violence are highlighted in the stories? How do war survivors describe sexual violence and other sexual abuse during the war? In this study, I seek to touch on the phenomenon of “war violence” by analyzing the narratives of the informants, namely their descriptions in relation to themselves and others. This analysis will show that the interpretation of the biographical consequences of war violence is intimately related to the subject’s own war experiences. Further, I will try to highlight how the creation of the concept “war violence” is made visible when the interviewees, in the empirical material, talk about (1) a new social order in society, (2) human suff ering, (3) sexual violence, and (4) slaughter of humans.

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  • 298.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Extreme case of insecurity: Violence narratives of survivors from the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina2015Ingår i: Researching security: Approaches, concepts and policies, Vol 4. International Scientific Conference, Ohrid, June 2-3, 2015. / [ed] Cane T. Mojanoski, Skopje: University St. Kliment Ohridski, Bitola, Faculty of Security , 2015, s. 216-233Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The Bosnian war can be seen as a particularly illustrative case of war sociology, based on the ethnic mix of the population prior to the war. War antagonists often knew each other from before the war. Serbian soldiers and policemen carried out mass executions, forced flight, and systematic rape and set up concentration camps in their effort to drive away Bosniacs and Croats from northwestern Bosnia and Herzegovina. The warfare was directly targeted against civilians. The material for the study was gathered through qualitative interviews with 27 individuals who survived the war in north-western Bosnia and Herzegovina. This study joins those narrative traditions within sociology where oral presentations are seen as both discursive- and experience-based. An interactionally inspired perspective on human interaction, through symbols and an ethno-methodological perspective on human stories is a general starting point. In addition, I perceive the concept of war violence as an especially relevant component in those specific stories that I analyzed. Previous research on violence during the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina presents a one-sided picture of the phenomenon ”war violence”. Researchers have emphasized the importance of narratives but they have not focused on narratives about war violence, nore have they analyzed the stories of war violence being a product of interpersonal interaction and meaning-making activity. This article tries to fill this knowledge gap by analyzing the narratives of survivors of the war in northwestern Bosnia in the 1990s. The aim is to analyze how the interviewees describe violence during the war, and also to analyze those discursive patterns that contribute in constructing the category ”war violence”. The analysis shows that the individual's interpretation of the biographical consequences of war violence are intimately related to the subjects own war experiences. All interviewees describing war violence as morally reprehensible. Narratives retelling violent situations, perpetrators of violence and subjected to violence does not only exist as a mental construction, stories live their lives after the war, and thus have real consequences for individuals and society.

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  • 299.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Folkmord och försoning2015Övrigt (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    De mellanmänskliga interaktioner som våldet fött fortgår efter det att själva våldssituationen avslutats. Återgivningar av våldsverkare och våldsdrabbade från kriget existerar inte enbart som verbala konstruktioner i dagens Bosnien. Berättelser om våldsamma situationer lever sitt eget liv efter kriget och fortsätter att ha betydelse för individer och samhällsliv. Individer som fördrevs från nordvästra Bosnien under kriget på 1990-talet är i juridisk mening en erkänd våldsdrabbad offerkategori. De har alla utsatts för brott mot de mänskliga rättigheterna och de flesta för våldsbrott av olika slag. Flera förövare har blivit dömda av Haagtribunalen och Bosnien och Hercegovinas tribunal för krigsbrott. De brott som begåtts i nordvästra Bosnien är kvalificerade som folkmord enligt åtal mot de före detta serbiska ledarna Radovan Karadžić och Ratko Mladić.

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  • 300.
    Basic, Goran
    Lund University.
    Forgiveness, Reconciliation and Implacability in Narratives of Survivors after the War in Bosnia and Herzegovina2013Ingår i: Crisis, Critique and Change. Abstract book. 11th European Sociological Association Conference, Turin, Italy, August 28-31, 2013, 2013, s. 1146-1147Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article I analyze verbally portrayed experiences of 27 survivors from the 90’s war in Bosnia and Herzegovina. One aim of the article is to analyze markers for reconciliation and implacability, the second is to describe the terms for reconciliation which are actualized in those stories. The interactive dynamics, which occurred during the war, make the post-war reconciliation wartime associated. Narratives about reconciliation, implacability and terms for reconciliation, are not only formed in relation to the war as a whole but also in relation to one’s own and others’ persons wartime actions. The narratives about reconciliation become an arena in which we and them are played against each other in different ways – not least by rejecting the others acts during the war. In the interviewees stories implacability is predominant but reconciliation is presented as a possibility if certain conditions are met. These conditions are, for instance, justice for war victims,perpetrators’ recognition of crime and perpetrators’ emotional commitment (for example the display of remorse and shame).

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