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  • 301.
    Hellgren, Sanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Bibliotekarien och boktipset: En normkritisk studie av bibliotekariers upplevelser av mötet med barn i biblioteksrummet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine how norms about gender are constructed in the meeting with the library user as experienced by the librarian, with a focus on recommendation of books as a social practice. Questions that the study asks are if the librarians experience that norm critical notions are expressed in the meeting with the user, if the book recommendation as a social practice can strengthen and/or challenge norms and if the library as a room, what it contains and how it is structured, can affect the book recommendation as a social practice where norms are constructed or questioned. The study conducts interviews with six librarians who work with children’s literature, and parts of the interviews were done while walking through the children’s section at the participants libraries to respond to the question about how the room affects the book recommendation as a social practice. The theoretical framework that has been used consists of Connell’s theory about masculinity and Hirdman’s theory about the gender system and its gender contract. The results of the study shows that norms about gender are constructed in the book recommendation meeting with the library user, as experienced by the librarian, and it exists a gender contract at the library that contributes to reproduce a distinction between boys and girls. In the analysis a masculine reading hierarchy-model with three stages are presented, to understand how masculinity norms and the gender system affect boys reading habits, but also how the library room can affect it.

  • 302.
    Henriksson, Mathilda
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Seitz, Jessica
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    "En islamist äger svärd, var så säker...": En netnografisk studie om hur föreställningar kan målas upp och spridas på en Flashbacktråd2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate how the perpetrator of the case in Trollhättan 2015 is presented on the Swedish Internet forum Flashback. This research investigate the argumentation pattern of the thread on Flashback and whether there is any change in the presentation before and after media revealed his identity. This is a netnographic influenced study. The survey focuses on a thread on Flashback and the 3000 first posts have been studied. Previous research shows that people from the Middle East are directly charged as guilty when major events occur, which also leads to the crime being classified as a terrorist act. If the perpetrator is not from the Middle East, the person is instead portrayed as mentally ill. Previous research also shows that the internet is a place where it is easy to express racist opinions. The study's theoretical framework is Erving Goffman's theory of stigma. The collected empirical data is quotes from the Flashback thread and it is presented in the results section. The study’s results show that the perceptions of the perpetrator and the subject change when information about the perpetrator is added. One of the conclusions is that different imaginations emerges in the thread depending on the stereotyped image of the perpetrator being discussed. The result shows that there is an argumentation pattern and that it is based on normative expectations. Throughout our entire results it shows that it is the immigrants who is a danger to the society.

  • 303.
    Herold, Sarah Sascha
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Women in congress and the substantive representation of women in Chile2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The topic of this research are the linkages between the descriptive and the substantive representation of women. The research questions seek to explore 1. in how far and on what basis women in parliament represent women and women's issues and how women in civil society perceive this 2. what obstacles to the work of women in congress are identified 3. to what extent women in Chilean congress work amongst each other and over organizational barriers with women's organizations and SERNAM and lastly 4. how the findings on the questions above relate and contribute to the broader debate on mediating factors between DRW and SRW and what conclusions on the potential impact of a quota on these factors they allow.

    For this purpose, this field study involved interviews conducted in April and May 2015 in Santiago de Chile and Valparaiso as well as one via Skype. The interviewees were seven current and recent female members of the Chilean congress as well as five representatives from reputable women's organizations. Furthermore, the extensive literature on the topic as well as reports on the issue of gender equality were reviewed. The method applied was qualitative and abductive. No theory-testing was involved, instead the approach was exploratory and theories and analytical frameworks were used as inspiration for interview questions in an abductive way.

    The results of this study shed light on six variables drawn from the research debate, the role of women's diversity, the impact of their attitudes towards the representation of women, tokenism, 'women's issues', feminist triangles and here also the relation of legislators to feminism, and finally the impact of numbers on all variables. Specifically feminist triangles reveal a wealth of interactions and potential for the promotion of enhancing SRW in ways contingent and non-contingent on DRW. 

  • 304.
    Hiekkamäki, Miranda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Conceptions of National Identity and Attitudes Toward Immigrants: A study about if national identity and attitudes towards immigrants correlates2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 305.
    High, Christopher
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Buckler, Alison
    Open University, UK.
    Teachers work: The tacit pedagogy of expert teachers in rural Malawi2017In: Presented at EADI-NORDIC 2017, 2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The status of school teachers in much ofrural Sub-Saharan Africa has a dual nature across many different countries. At the local level they are influential social actors, respectable people who are expected to provide a positive role model to their pupils and the wider local community. Within the national civil service, they are not often treated as very important - sometimes paid intermittently and frequently problematised as lacking in the capacit to deliver ambitious education-led national development strategies.

    In this paper we report on the results of a pilot study in rural Malawi, which sort to investigate the tacit knowledge and pedagogical skills of primary school teachers using participatory visual methods. Around a three week participatory video exercise with teachers from two schools, a combination of participatory action research, participant-observation, semi-structured and photo-elcited interviews and group reflection was analysed to understand how different data-gathering and analytical techniques could combine to surface and valorise the teachers' knowledge.

    Rather than a lack of skills and capacity, the data instead showed the range of skills and personal characteristics involved in the teachers' practice. Cognitive mapping on a subset of the data showed that the concept of active learning operationalised independently at two schools was (i) consisten, (ii) informed sophisticated practice, and (iii) was richer than that embedded in much external expert knowledge about teaching

  • 306.
    High, Christopher
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Buckler, Alison
    Open university, UK.
    When the best action happens behind the camera: Using participatory video to understand the implicit theories-in-practice of primary teachers in Malawi.2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper covers the use of participatory video in a methodological pilot which took as its subject the experience of primary teachers in two schools in rural Malawi. School teachers in much of Sub-Saharan Africa have a dichotomous status. At the local level they are often respectable people who are expected to provide a positive role model to their pupils and the wider local community. Within national civil service hierarchies, they are often frequently problematized as lacking in the capacity to deliver on ambitious education-led national development strategies. This tension presents interesting ethical and methodological challenges in surfacing and valorising their role as experts in a way that speaks to people from outside of their local communities.The project used PV to appreciate the implicit theories-in-practice of teachers; exploring the different kinds of data and analytical options that the PV process can generate to understand local practices and understandings. This included elements of participatory action research, participant-observation, semi-structured and photo-elicited interviews, and group reflection. The data provided different opportunities to experience and evidence the teachers’ roles as capable experts. For example, the cross-talk behind the camera was notably rich. Techniques such as cognitive mapping also showed promise in highlighting the consistency and sophistication of their understandings.The pilot thus suggests that PV can provide different ways surface implicit understandings. We conclude by discussion some of the implications for research practice, participatory ethics and the opportunities to use PV within mixed methods approaches that have direct impact on policy and practice.

  • 307.
    Hiltunen, Linda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Lagom perfekt: Erfarenheter av ohälsa bland unga tjejer och killar2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The pursuit of restrained perfection: Experiences of ill health among adolescent girls and boys

    Rates of self-reported mental health problems among young people in Sweden are alarmingly high. Despite several contributions to the literature, knowledge about the subjective health of adolescents is still scarce; specifically, little is known about their experiences of subjective ill health. The aim of this thesis is therefore to study how young people themselves understand the root causes of ill health – or the risk of suffering from ill health – and how they perceive their own ability to cope with these challenges. The thesis also aims to increase our understanding of the fact that girls persistently report higher levels of ill health than boys. Theoretically, the thesis is mainly inspired by symbolic interactionism, but it also relates to, and employs concepts from, the fields of social inequalities in health, research on gender and health, educational research on health, and the sociology of emotions. The thesis applies a mixed-methods approach, and so the conclusions are drawn from a combination of quantitative and qualitative data. The statistical analyses are based on a survey of 497 adolescents, and the qualitative studies build on essays written by the same adolescents, describing their experiences of ill health. I also conducted interviews as a complementary source. The empirical findings are presented in five chapters. The statistical analyses described in the first of these chapters show that the level of ill health in my sample corresponds well with previous studies, whereas the regression analyses reveal that variations in ill health depend on adolescents’ experiences of social relations and status. I also find that these measures interact systematically with gender. The qualitative analyses of the essays and interviews in the following chapters provide more detailed insights into the daily lives of adolescents. A significant finding in these chapters is that ill health is rooted in adolescents’ striving for perfection in several spheres in everyday life. Furthermore, the gender analysis shows that girls, to a greater extent than boys, adhere to norms of behaviour concerning social competition, social relations, and schoolwork. I argue that this “gender regime” helps explain why girls report higher levels of ill health than boys. The results described in the final empirical chapter show that most adolescents employ proactive and reactive strategies to cope with ill health. Still, the resources needed to formulate successful strategies are highly unequally distributed. Notably, adolescents who experience social exclusion appear to have very limited prospects of coping with their situation. 

  • 308.
    Hiltunen, Linda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Psykisk ohälsa i skolan2015In: När livet känns fel: Ungas upplevelser kring psykisk ohälsa / [ed] Tiina Ekman, Stockholm: Myndigheten för ungdoms- och civilsamhällesfrågor , 2015, , p. 263p. 218-239Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 309.
    Himmel, Thomas
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Fishy politics?: An inquiry into information availability and implementation in European Union fisheries policy making2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ”Fishy politics?” sets out on a research journey in fisheries data and literature. Through using a mixed methods approach utilizing quantitative data from the European Union quota system, the Total Allowable Catch, and qualitative data found within a set search frame, the thesis aims to inquire into how it is possible to understand wether EU policy makers are able to make informed decisions. As many variables are working together,  influencing decision making processes, the research process turns out to be unsuccessful in locating specific factors although identifying several possible influences. Further, as connected to informed decision making, the research sets out into looking for indicators of the ways that available knowledge may effect decisions. Convergence was found between quantitative and qualitative results. This supports the idea that more plentiful information in EU fisheries policy decision making will result in quotas that can be found to be more reasonable as to populations concerned. However, the findings also indicate the need for more ecological research to be carried out in order to further support and increase well informed decision making in fisheries, as well as to evaluate whether a quota system is a long term sustainable solution for EU fisheries.

  • 310.
    Holm, Rikke Heimdal
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Is an Authors Arguments on Reconciliation affected by his background?: Abductive Study on Patterns in Reconciliation Literatur2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The field of reconciliation literature has grown substantially since the 1990s, and the concept of reconciliation is now associated with many different definitions and actions in the peace building process. In the diverse field of literature on reconciliation authors highlight different aspects as most important which complicates the knowledge of what a successful reconciliation process really is. To have a better understanding of the field of reconciliation and what affects an author, to argue for their specific theory this study will, through the approach of abductive reasoning, research whether the background of an author affects what they research. To represent the field of reconciliation literature an expert sampling of five authors who are all highly referenced and influence the field will be used. To answer the research objective an analytical frame work together with a hermeneutic text analysis will be applied to each authors text to highlight their arguments. Finally the authors arguments and background will be analyzed to find patterns in the texts which could be compared with possible connections or patterns in the authors background. Based on this study the result shows that authors with a background, which is not only academic might have another approach to understanding the reconciliation process but their arguments show no clear patterns which can be connected to the authors background, however understanding why an author argues is important to understand what kind of people are affecting the actions of reconciliation. This study looked at five authors who all represent a very similar background and arguments which can show a tendency in reconciliation literature that the most distinguished authors all share the same background and therefore might not provide any new insight to the field.

  • 311.
    Holmberg, Tora
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Sjöstrand, Glenn
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Sociologförbundet har ordet: Sociologförbundets arbete med ämnes-/gymnasielärarutbildningen2017In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 54, no 1-2, p. 133-134Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 312.
    Holmström, Elin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Dimensions of power and gender based violence in post-disaster societies: A case study on Haiti after the 2010 earthquake2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Haiti experienced the greatest urban disaster of international history in 2010 when the county was hit by an earthquake which triggered one of the largest responses of humanitarian assistance and disaster relief efforts ever identified. The Haitian population was harshly affected by the earthquake, killing approximately 200 000 people, injuring 300 000 and displacing over 2,3 million. Reports from the post-disaster period also revealed that gender inequalities were growing deeper and that cases of sexual based violence against women and girls increased massively. The history of Haiti shows similar patterns of discrimination and gender based violence against women and children.

    Research upon gender based violence in the aftermath of disaster presents that disastrous events such as an earthquake, often is followed by an increase in gender based – and sexual gender based violence. Disasters could also provide a window of opportunity for change of  traditional roles and social norms in societies where they are deeply rooted. In order to seize this opportunity disaster management needs to acknowledge and adapt to gendered needs and capacities in all stages of disaster relief efforts in order to provide these opportunities for the subordinated gender.

    This research is studying the responsive policies of the Haitian government in the aftermath of the earthquake 2010, presented in the Action Plan for National Recovery and Development of Haiti. The aim is to investigate if any exercises of power could be observed to have affected the increase of gender based violence and sexual gender based violence for women and children in the post-earthquake responsive period.

    The study will be carried out as a text-analysing, desk study and by applying the theoretical framework of Steven Lukes three-dimensional power approach and the theory of radical feminism abductively.

    The findings of this research presents that power exercises by the government can be observed to have affected the increase of gender based – as well as sexual gender based violence in the period of study.

  • 313.
    Hort, Sven
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Elin Ennerberg, Destination Employment? Contradictions and ambiguities in Swedish labour market policy for newly arrived migrants. Lund dissertations in sociology, 115. Lund: Department of Sociology, 2017.2017In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 54, no 3, p. 253-256Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 314.
    Hort, Sven
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Familje- och jämställdhetspolitiken2013In: Vad staten vill: mål och ambitioner i svensk politik / [ed] Daniel Tarschys & Marja Lemne, Möklinta: Gidlunds förlag, 2013, 1, Vol. S. 133-194, p. 133-194Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 315.
    Hort, Sven
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    På cykeltur genom livet: en vänbok till Gunnar Wetterberg2013Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 316.
    Hort, Sven
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Social policy, welfare state, and civil society in Sweden. Vol. 1: History, policies, and institutions 1884-19882014 (ed. 3, rev.ed.)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This book History, Policies, and Institutions 1884–1988 is an updated and enlarged edition of Sven Hort’s well-known and wide-ranging dissertation Social Policy and Welfare State in Sweden, published under the author’s birth name Sven E. Olsson in 1990. This book contains the original four essays from 1990 and covers the formation and evolution of the Swedish welfare state. By now minor classics in welfare state literature, the essays have both inspired and started lively polemics among researchers of the field.

  • 317.
    Hort, Sven
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies. Soeoul National University, Korea ; Södertörn University.
    Social policy, welfare state, and civil society in Sweden. Vol. 2, The lost world of social democracy 1988-2015: The lost world of social democracy 1988-20152014 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The second volume, The Lost World of Social Democracy 1988–2015, aims at the civil society challenge to the welfare state since 1988. It opens with an overview of the three generations of comparative welfare state research, from Harold Wilensky to Gøsta Esping-Andersen, Theda Skocpol and onwards. The civilizing process and embeddedness of the welfare-industrial complex are then scrutinized as the simultaneous deconstruction and reconstruction of the once famous Swedish welfare state is elaborated with force and vigour. Finally, the cross-national Scandinavian differences are outlined. The five essays of volume II emphasize the historical relativity of social welfare institutions and argue against all developmental metaphysics.

  • 318.
    Hort, Sven
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Välfärdskommunen: mellan det friska samhället och den murkna staten2013In: På cykeltur genom livet: En vänbok till Gunnar Wetterberg / [ed] Sven Hort, Stockholm: Bokförlaget Atlantis, 2013, 1, p. 189-210Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 319.
    Hort, Sven
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Kings, Lisa
    Södertörn University.
    Kravchenko, Zhanna
    Södertörn University.
    Still awaiting the storm?: The Swedish welfare state after the latest crisis2016In: Challenges to European Welfare Systems. / [ed] Schubert, Klaus, de Villota, Paloma, Kuhlmann, Johanna, Springer, 2016, 1, Vol. s. 671-691, p. 671-691Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the challenges to the Swedish welfare state after the credit crunch of 2008 focusing on several major challenges: the government’s reaction to the fiscal and economic crisis and its outcomes, the (re)balance of welfare policies addressing risks and opportunities. While the situation is almost excellent from a purely fiscal point of view, the outstanding private debt, unemployment, especially among youth, pressures on the pension, health and education systems are prominent concerns. They have led to the revitalization of the social investment paradigm, strict budgetary policies, increased number of welfare-to-work programmes and focus on using tax reductions as a means of stimulating the labour market. In this context, the main demographic concerns and social integration have come to the fore to an unprecedented extent.

  • 320.
    Hort, Sven
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Olofsson, Gunnar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    A Portrait of the Sociologist as a Young Rebel: Göran Therborn 1941-19812016In: Class, Sex and Revolutions: A Critical Appraisal of Gören Therborn / [ed] Gunnar Olofsson & Sven Hort, Lund: Arkiv förlag , 2016, 1, p. 19-51Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents a short biographiclal account of Göran Therborns early years, hist studies, his early contribtions to sociology as well as to the New Left and the  Marxist discussions in the 1960's and the 1970's, with a focus on the Swedish context.

  • 321.
    Hultman, Henrik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Liv och arbete i pizzabranschen2013Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis unravels the pizza trade through a sociological inquiry into its history, its businesses, and its people. In Sweden, the typical pizza place is a small independent business, owned and operated by one or a few people with immigrant backgrounds. Hence, the trade is an immigrant small business niche. The analysis is concerned with how the trade ‘works’; how its structural properties are established, maintained and challenged.

    Two questions serve as point of departure: how is the trade populated, and what does everyday life in the pizzeria look like? These ‘simple questions’ serve to uncover the diachronic and synchronic life nexus of the restaurant keeper, and how this is embedded in and shaped by the trade as a ‘social world’.

    Thirty-four life stories form the basis of the analysis of life courses as they lead up to, and continue in, the trade. The resulting life-course pattern is visible as three types of insertion sequences, distributing people to the trade in different ways. They differ in the extent to which they are smooth or fraught with friction. Some insertion sequences make life as a restaurant keeper appear acceptable, if not desirable, while others make it into a forced and awkward choice for the individual. The analysis of the life stories accounts for how people are installed in the social world, which is the precondition for its existence. Equally important is the way in which the social world is maintained on a day-to-day basis, thus directing attention to the workings of the pizzeria and the synchronic life nexus of the restaurant keeper. The inquiry details the everyday challenges which the restaurant keeper in the pizza trade must deal with. Operating a pizzeria entails working in an industry with sharp competition and low status. At the same time, it means working independently, being part of a life mode that both presupposes and enables a life pattern within the bounds of what some people regard as a ‘normal’ or ‘good life’.

  • 322.
    Hunt, Rebecca
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Climate Change & Security: A study of how the political rhetoric affects the conceptualisation of climate change 2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Climate change is often described as a threat by IGOs and at international climate conferences. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change frequently presents climate change as a threat to the planet and emphasises its urgency. This responds to the rhetoric and grammar of security which constitutes the main part of the securitisation theory as presented by the Copenhagen School of Security Studies. This theory suggests that the grammar and rhetoric of security has contributed to a securitisation of climate change on the global level by presenting it as e.g. an acute threat. On national level however, such arguments are rarely used and as a result, climate change has not received the same priority as it has on the global level. Hence, this research sets out to investigate to what extent the grammar and rhetoric of security is used on the national level by analysing climate documents in two different countries: a developed (USA) and a developing country (India). A content analysis facilitated in coding the research documents into categories based on how climate change is presented and described. The content analysis found that on national level, the degree to which climate change is described with the rhetoric and grammar of security is used to a lesser extent than on the global level.

  • 323.
    Häggander, Linnea
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Japanska utbytesstudenter: en netnografisk studie om deras sociala liv på ett svenskt universitet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Globalization and social interaction between countries are two current topics in today’s research. A shown interest in exchange studies among students all over the world is one of the positive outcomes of globalization and the social interactions that comes with it. This essay examines how a group of Japanese exchange students studying at a university in Sweden experience their social meetings with the local Swedish students and fellow Japanese exchange students. A netnographic method was applied to interview the informants online, 12 synchronous interviews were thus carried out to better understand the experiences of the Japanese exchange students. To better understand the relations that occur between the informants and the Swedish students, and the relations that occur with fellow Japanese students, the theory of “the Established and the Outsiders” by Norbert Elias and John L. Scotson (2010) is applied. This theory examines the relationship that takes place between a group that is new and has a low sense of community, and a group that is established and has a high sense of community. This study shows that the Japanese exchange students have a positive attitude when it comes to getting to know Swedish students. The X-program and also the mix of local students and exchange students in classes contributes to create a social platform for the Japanese exchange students. This study also shows that the group of Japanese exchange students have a low sense of community within the group, the study examines different factors to discuss why that may be.

  • 324.
    Hägglöf, Emelie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Kvinnor som stödjer kvinnor: Kvinnojoursarbete mellan emotion och proffesion2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 325.
    Händel, Alexandra
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    WOMEN, PEACE AND SECURITY WITHIN THE UNITED NATIONS: A DISCOURSE ANALYSIS ON GENDER, PEACE AND SECURITY2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    After its implementation 16 years ago, the UN security resolution 1325 highlighted gender

    perspectives in peace processes and made women’s problems and interests more visible.

    Nevertheless, critics argues that the Resolution is based on essentialist assumptions, women are

    not empowered as actors and a clear prioritisation of women’s interests is still absent in peace

    processes. This research is interested in whether the UN leadership is responsible, or partly

    responsible for the failure to implement 1325. It explores the discourse used by one of the main

    spokespersons within the organisation, namely the Secretary General. The UN Secretary General

    submits reports concerning the implementation of 1325 to the Security Council every year, where

    gaps and challenges as well as measures that should be addressed are reported. By using

    discourse theory provided by Chantal Mouffe and Ernesto Laclau the discourse in the reports

    have been deconstructed into nodal points and chains of equivalences. The findings have been

    analysed with an abductive approach through the lens of feminist perspectives on security to

    understand how gender, peace and security are portrayed dichotomously.

    What can be concluded from this research is that there are traces of gender stereotyping

    in the reports, where notions of hierarchies within dichotomies are visible. Gender seem to be

    equal to women and girls and women and girls are interpellated into conflicting identities, as

    either subjects or objects. When women are portrayed as objects, as victims, which is

    dominating the reports, they are so within the dichotomy of security. When women are

    described as subjects, as active actors it is in relation to peace and peacebuilding. Yet, to be

    able to participate in peace processes together with men, women need more education and

    special training. However, the Secretary General cannot be blamed entirely for this, since he

    simply describes a gender stereotyped reality that is shaping the discourse on women, peace

    and security.

  • 326.
    Håkansson, Erik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Förändringen av en organisation: Lean i Växjö kommun2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Is it possible to conduct a joint organizational change despite different circumstances and different starting points, and still talk about the same organizational change? Can all the work that leads to more efficient operations fall into the same category? How can such concept gain legitimacy? The result shows that by talking about a concept, in this case, Lean, as something that leads to a better and more efficient organization, without for that matter have to set a defined content of the concept you still can present the process as one concept. Tough the concept will be practically blank. But there is still a rhetorical value in the concept of Lean. The organization institutionalizes the concept and obtains in this way legitimacy from its surroundings. Although, the actual work performed would probably been implemented even without using the term.

  • 327.
    Hörberg, Hampus
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Yrkesdestination okänd: En studie av sociologistudenters förhållningssätt gentemot sin utbildning och framtida arbetsmarknad.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this study is to examine the attitude of sociology students to an education with an undefined professional destination. The empirical data consists of interviews with seven sociology students and four teachers at the sociology program at Linnaeus University. A survey has also been conducted to investigate the social backgrounds of the sociology students. The data was analyzed in the light of Gunnar Olofsson´s theoretical concept of ”educational contract”, combined with the theoretical concepts acquired and inherited study resources. The results of this study showed that most of the students in the sociology program came from homes where higher education was not well represented, something contrary to what previous research have said about educational choices. According to previous research, these students do not normally choose an education without a clear connection to a certain occupation. A key result was that it was for all students, of course, to proceed to higher education, which I have interpreted as a consequence of the expansion and normalization of higher education. Another key result was what I choose to call for “full-time abstract”. This phenomenon means that the teachers expect the students to (need) put down 40 hours a week on their studies. However, it turned out that the students studied significantly fewer hours, but they still thought they were doing full-time studies. The explanation for this was that they also worked in addition to the studies. The fact that the majority of the students choose to work in parallel with their studies can also be interpreted as a weak labour-market contract, meaning that the students do not fully trust that their education will generate a relevant work. The students generally had a positive picture of the labor market for sociologists. In addition, they could all see the professional relevance of the education in different ways. This has been explained by the education contract. In essence, the education contract in general and the labour-market contract specifically lacks a specified occupational destination, which serves as a lubricant in that the students lack a clear job of comparing the content of the education. This is an important explanation why the educational contract is maintained for the students during their education.

  • 328.
    Hörberg, Hampus
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Saedén, Lina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Ett liv i idrottens tjänst - vad händer sen?: En studie om elitidrottares idrottsavslut och positionering efter idrottskarriären2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this study is to deepen the knowledge of elite athletes termination of their sport careers. The study also tries to understand the reasons behind where the former elite athletes position themselves in the labor market. The empirical data consists of interviews with 8 former elite atheltes, who all ended their careers within the last five years. The data was analyzed in light of Pierre Bourdieus theory, cultural capital and the related field concept. Based on Bourdieu's concept of capital, we understand elite athletes careers as a capital accumulation by something we call the elite sports capital.   The results of this study indicates that the termination of´a sports career is a complex process, where it proved important to have the decision to terminate into their own hands. We have also been able to show differences in capital compositions between those who experienced anxiety about life after their sporting careers and those who did not. In cases where the termination of career was associated with feeling anxious, we could show that the level of concern was dependent on informants' equity compositions, in which the resource-poor tended to experience more anxiety than them with strong resources.   Common to those who stayed in the clear sports related careers after own sporting careers, was their capital composition. Their assets are mainly in elite sports capital, which refers to the exact position in the sports field. For those who positioned themselves outside the sports field, made up of their resources above all a cultural capital along with elite sports capital.

  • 329.
    Hörnlund, Gabriella
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Den privata poliisen: En kvalitativ studie över hur poliser i yttre tjänst påverkas av sitt yrke privat2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to understand how police officers in Sweden are affected by their line of work in their personal life. The study is based on qualitative research where the empirical material has been gathered from interviews with Swedish police officers. A total of eight police officers have contributed to this study.

    The main theoretical concept used in this study is Göran Ahrnes notion of the “organizational centaur”. Alongside this concept, the essay also covers police culture and organizational concept.

    The results of this study reveal that several police officers find it hard to combine their line of work with their personal life. Not only does the occupation affect the police officers themselves, it also affects their family and acquaintances. Moreover, the results demonstrate how police officers relate to their profession in their spare time. Finally, the results of this study express how changes within the police organization has affected the work situation for many police officers in Sweden. 

  • 330.
    Idenfors Norrbacka, Carina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Välj mig!: En studie av framgångsrik och icke framgångsrik intrycksstyrning i det personliga brevet.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 331.
    Imsirovic, Amela
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    "Än vandrar jag från land till land": -en studie om bristande arbetsmarknadsintegration i en mellanstor stad i södra Sverige2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    English title: “I still wander from country to country”

    The essay is about newly arrived immigrants, academics from countries outside Europe and their integration at the Swedish labour market. The purpose of this essay is to increase knowledge about non-European academic’s abilities and needs, and at the same time bring better understanding about how this group can contribute to the labour market. The essay is based on qualitative semi-structured research and interviews with ten unemployed individuals living in a medium-size city in south Sweden. The theoretical starting points are: postcolonial theory, Antonovsky’s KASAM theory and Bourdieu’s theoretical concept named social capital. The essay´s main conclusions are: This group of immigrants is facing several obstacles that aggravates their integration into Swedish labour market such as discrimination, ethnic hierarchy, stereotypes, contacts with Swedes and language barriers. Lack of network, informational contacts and communication with natives Swedes are some of challenges for the integration into the Swedish society. One of the causes that prolongs establishment in the labour market for unemployed immigrant’s is the long process of the Swedish school system for new arrivals which takes long time and isn’t combined with internship. The employers often undervalue and outlook foreign-born people’s education and this is a reason why some academics starts to look for jobs which they are overqualified for. Informants experiences of discrimination in the Swedish labour market are often related to their ethnicity and foreign name which is, according to the informants, the main reason why they don’t meet a Swedish employer. Overall there is a big dissatisfaction with Arbetsförmedlingen that doesn’t have working structure to offer internship or job to the new arrival non-European academic’s in the early phase of the integration process.

  • 332.
    Ivarsson Hamberg, Hilda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    "Du ser inte ut som en hockeytjej!?": En kvalitativ intervjustudie om kvinnliga ishockeyspelare2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Historically, female sports have been something strange and different from men's sports, and it has mainly been physical team sports that were considered most inappropriate for women to participate in because of its masculinized effects. Ice hockey is such a team sport that is described as tough and hard with much close contact, and it is still very male dominated today. Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate which notions and norms linked to gender that surround female ice hockey players within the masculine coded sport of ice hockey, and also how they handle and are affected by these. Method: This has been studied through qualitative method and through six semi-structured interviews with female ice hockey players who play or have played at a high level in Sweden. Result: In my result I can distinguish two beliefs linked to gender that surround female ice hockey players, those are that everyone is lesbian and masculine. The notion of the female ice hockey player as a lesbian and masculine can be described as a stereotyping. This stereotyping further strengthens the image of female ice hockey players as aberrant in relation to the normative men's hockey, but also in relation to normative femininity. When it comes to body and ideals, all informants agree that the normative and ideal female body is a slim but trained body, but also that it differs from the strong and muscular ice hockey body.

  • 333.
    Jakobsson, Ellen
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Transitional Justice – An Analysis of Restorative and Retributive Mechanisms in Sub-Saharan Africa2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Transitional justice is an essential part of the peacebuilding process, as the need to obtain justice for victims of conflict has been recognised as imperative when constructing peace. Subsequent to the established role of justice, the debate on approaches to justice has emerged. A debate concerned with whether restorative or retributive justice is suitable for the context, as the two are frequently presented as exclusive alternatives in academic debates.

     

    Restorative justice favours inclusion and participation as instruments to repair harm caused by crimes, while retributive justice favours accountability through criminal punishment. This study, aspires to influence the discussion by analysing if the debate on restorative versus retributive justice is present in practice and if there is a trend of implementing restorative approaches to justice in this context. The objective of this study is relevant for transitional justice as there is a debate among scholars on the applicability of restorative justice in transitional societies. 

     

    The method of structured, focused comparison is applied to detect which mechanisms are implemented in four Sub-Saharan African post-conflict countries. The countries were selected based on their similarities, as it allows for a focused comparison. The theoretical framework adopted is the TARR-model. The elements of the model are applied as a basis for the structured, focused comparison. Further, the model is used to detect restorative and retributive mechanisms and to assess the restorative basis of transitional justice. The model was selected, as it is the only restorative value-based model available.

     

    The findings detected the approaches to not be exclusive alternatives in practice. Further, a trend of fully restorative approaches to justice was not found in the four cases. However, retributive mechanisms were found to be contributing to restorative outcomes. A trend of combining the two approaches was detected. It is, therefore suggested, future research is conducted on hybrid approaches to justice, local ownership and traditional mechanisms.

     

    Keywords: Restorative Justice, Retributive Justice, Sub-Saharan Africa, Transitional Justice.

  • 334.
    Jakobsson, Olivia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Kaur Logani, Talvin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    CAPABILITIES INSIDE FOUR WALLS: A qualitative field study on the capabilities and freedoms for women in a developing context challenging the approach of Amartya Sen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The ‘’capability approach’’, developed by the Indian economist Amartya Sen, has been widely used in the field of development and has contributed a perception of development that is different from the traditional understanding of it. Despite this, the theory has received a great amount of feminist critique and it has been concluded that the field lacks empirical data on how women in developing countries can be fully understood from the approach of Sen. This field study aims at filling this gap of empirical data as well as to examine how well Sen’s approach can contribute to the understanding of women in a developing context. Responses such as the one of Martha Nussbaum and other feminist critique of Sen is examined using a field study on poor women conducted in the state of Karnataka, India. The collection of data has been conducted through interviews with urban poor women as well as with women working with women empowerment at a local organization. Participant observation in the field has been complementary to the interviews. This study reveals that Sen’s capability approach is incomplete to some extent in order to understand the situation of women in a developing context. This lack of understanding is further completed with Nussbaum’s work. Finally, the modern feminist critique against both Sen and Nussbaum shows a lack of analysis in them both in terms of intersectionality and power.

  • 335.
    Jakobsson, Ramona
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    ”För att du vet vi är ensamma här i Sverige”: En kvalitativ studie av idrottsföreningsdeltagande och social integration bland ensamkommande unga vuxna2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The issue that this study addresses is how sport participation can function as a means for social integration. To address this problem, the purpose of the study is to understand the unaccompanied young adults’ experiences of sport association. The study was performed in a small town in southern Sweden. To gather data, semi-structured interviews with eight unaccompanied young adults were conducted. The interviews were transcribed and analyzed with Putnam's theory about social capital, theories about socialization process and relevant concepts about roles and interaction. The results of the study show that sport participation is important for their social network and their wellbeing. Through their social network they form social bonds to the other participants that are significant for their social affiliation. Through these bonds they get access to resources that are important for them and makes it possible for them to function in the Swedish society. The study also shows that the unaccompanied young adults undergo a socialization process, which is necessary, where they learn the Swedish language and get increased understanding about the Swedish society.

  • 336.
    Jammeh, Ebou
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    What could be a peacemaking strategy based on relative deprivation and provention perspective in Casamance?2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Casamance conflict for decades has been unable to produce a sustained peace settlement. This project utilised among others, the relative deprivation and basic human needs satisfaction theories respectively and concludes that the conflict is underpinned by relative deprivation, strongly felt and driven by the elite group. Both the current phase as well as in the past, the conflict has been driven and to an extent manipulated by these elite, motivated by self-empowerment. Masked under the struggle of a relatively deprived masses into collective violence, seeded in a classic social conflict of a type rooted in stereotyping, marginalisation and underdevelopment, primarily driven by basic human needs dissatisfaction expressed in terms of the levels of poverty.

     

    These stemmed in part from the colonial pass which set into motion the continuous suppression and segregation of the Casamance region. In particular, of the Diola ethnic identity thus, the conflict’s ethno nationalists dimension. This research presents a deprivation approach strategy to peace making, which among other factors includes addressing the socioeconomic and political causes of the conflict and also one that underscores the relevance of a credible third party involvement to resolving the dispute between a fractured MFDC and a reluctant Government of Senegal. 

  • 337.
    Jansson, Johan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Meeting the Conditions of Being a Diaspora: The Case of the Cuban Diaspora in the United States of America2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to observe and distinguish if the Cuban Diaspora in the U.S. still meets the conditions of being a diaspora. To examine this purpose, the thesis answer the tree following research questions: 1. How has the immigration of Cubans in the United States of Americas developed over the years? 2. What are the features of the present Cuban Diaspora in the United States of America? 3. Has the Cuban Diaspora changed its affiliation towards its homeland or host land? To answer these questions a theoretical framework has been made with three main points of what characteristics a diaspora has, which has been summarized from different researcher’s definition of the meaning of diaspora. The study is a case study, which will be formed by the method of a qualitative desk study, using the tool of process tracing. This for the ability to collect and process vast amounts of data, systematically go through the historical process of the Cuban diaspora in the U.S. that leads up to the present time and then analyze this with the theoretical framework. The conclusion of this essay shows a change within the Cuban Diaspora in the U.S. but is unable to point out clear that the diaspora does not meet the conditions of the chosen framework. The conclusion states that further research needs to be done within this area.

  • 338.
    Jansson, Johan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    The Water Wars: A Summer Game or Serious Business? A Qualitative Content Analysis of the Narratives Behind the Debate2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the decade of the 1990’s, people started to foresee a dark future wherein wars over the precious resource water would be a reality. This was to be called the water wars thesis and implied that countries would go to war to safeguard their own access to water. This sparked a debate over the legitimacy of the thesis. Although, even in 2018 the debate lives on and the water wars thesis still prevails as a quite influential thesis in media and on policymakers table. Therefore, an intriguing question arises as to why and how the thesis survives even when met with empirical data pointing to the other direction, cooperation. This research paper is examining this intriguing question by adopting a qualitative content analysis approach together with an analytical framework called narrative policy analysis. This framework seeks to explain complex policy issues such as the water wars thesis by examining the policy narratives behind them. Therefore, this will be used to examine documents and publication with the aim to observe policy narratives within the debate that may assist in explaining the prevalence of the water wars thesis. Thus, this research paper indicates that the prevalence of the water wars thesis may have roots in how the different positions portray the issue of water wars. Hence, this study has also indicated a divergence in what system beliefs the positions take. 

  • 339.
    Jensdotter, Stinne
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    På egen risk: om tillförlitlighet och osäkerhet i riskbedömningar2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Every day, forensic risk assessments are carried out. The aim of this thesis was to

    evaluate their scientific grounds. Initially, a short description of the contexts in which

    risk assesments are carried out, as well as a description of the historical development

    of risk assesment instruments are provided. A summary of evaluations of different

    types of risk assessments and their predictive validity is presented, followed by a

    critique on the validity of the Psychopathy Checklist Revised (PCL-R, Hare, 1991)

    and its use in risk assesments. The psychopathy construct is analysed in relation to Ian

    Hacking’s theories of human kinds and looping effects and potential risks and

    consequences of the application of PCL-R and the psychopathy construct are

    discussed.

  • 340.
    Jensdotter, Stinne
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    På egen risk: om tillförlitlighet och osäkerhet i riskbedömningar2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Every day, forensic risk assessments are carried out. The aim of this thesis was to evaluate their scientific grounds. Initially, a short description of the contexts in which risk assesments are carried out, as well as a description of the historical development of risk assesment instruments are provided. A summary of evaluations of different types of risk assessments and their predictive validity is presented, followed by a critique on the validity of the Psychopathy Checklist Revised (PCL-R, Hare, 1991) and its use in risk assesments. The psychopathy construct is analysed in relation to Ian Hacking’s theories of human kinds and looping effects and potential risks and consequences of the application of PCL-R and the psychopathy construct are discussed.

  • 341.
    Jitu, Jasika Alam
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Women Economic Empowerment and SMEs: A Case Study on Bangladesh2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Low income countries such as Bangladesh are among many of the developing countries in the world where people suffer from poverty which affect their living conditions, especially the empowerment, more specifically economic empowerment of rural and/or indigent women. Many actors such as non-government organizations (NGOs) aspire towards working on means which will improve the empowerment status of rural women in the economy of Bangladesh. It is hoped to thereby reduce poverty levels which in turn they hope will impact the society and its economy positively. One of the methods which many developing countries have chosen in order to increase economic empowerment of rural women is through encouraging their participation in the operation of small scale and medium sized enterprises (SMEs). 

    Bangladesh is thus trying to increase the power and control women have at different levels of society by exerting a significant role on the use of SMEs to generate empowerment among rural women and to transform the economic condition of these impoverished women and their families by providing them means of earning income and hence making them economically more stable.

    However, there are still many impediments which hinder the success of SMEs in empowering women in Bangladesh; such as entrenched gender inequalities, lack of knowledge and access to livelihood resources, unbalanced power structures, etc.. These impediments are even more prevalent among rural women and affect the impact that SMEs have on the lives of rural Bangladeshi women. If these issues can be resolved rural/indigent women of Bangladesh can be better empowered through the activities of women-owned enterprises to offer better standards of living for rural women.

    This study identified various ways that SMEs positively impact the lives of indigent women in Bangladesh and change their social and economic conditions, drawing on theories and concepts of empowerment, power, and alternative development. The connection between empowerment and livelihood resources have important implications for women economic empowerment. This connection was in turn used to discover the reasons behind why so many rural women suffer from lack of empowerment, power and social and political invisibility despite the push by NGOs and the government to make women a part of the paid workforce through women empowerment initiatives. 

  • 342.
    Joelson, Anton
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Elgtberg, Anders
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    One need not have been a lion to understand meat consumption: En surveyundersökning om svenskars miljövärderingar och konsumtionsbeteende av kött2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Indications show that the Swedish population is getting more aware of the environmental impact high meat consumption has. At the same time, the meat consumption in Sweden is breaking all previous records, and crossing the line for environmental sustainability by far. This resulted in us asking the question if this discrepancy between people’s environmental attitude and their meat consumption really existed. Where environmental attitudes are defined as the perception and attitude in line with the norm for a good environmental behavior. Regardless of the discrepancy, we want to make an understanding of why meat consumption looks the way it does. Using a combination of theories, we manage to construct a useful foundation to explain the actions of eating meat. From both rational and non-rational causes where a survey created to collect the information needed. Ratios of sex were created to match the even distributed population of Växjö, where the survey was handed out. The discrepancy between people’s environmental attitude and their meat consumption was found. People that consume more meat tend to be less positive to lower their intake of meat. But these persons are at the same time more aware of the consequences the impact that meat has on the environment. To future understand the consumption of meat we explain the behavior using one model constructed of Weber’s social theory of action.

  • 343.
    Johannisson, Emma
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Hed, Emma
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Män som är lite mjukare: En kvalitativ studie om manliga undersköterskors erfarenheter av att arbeta inom en kvinnodominerad bransch2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study intends to gain understanding of male assistant nurses’ experiences of working in a female-dominated industry. The empirical material is based on eight interviews with male assistant nurses working in elderly care. To understand the experiences that have been illustrated we have used Connells (2009) and Hirdmans (2003) gender theories and Alvesson & Billings (2011) theory about the labour markets segregation.

     

    The majority of the male assistant nurses described the career choice as a coincidence, although a number of underlying factors emerged. Such as the social factor and good job opportunities in elderly care. The characteristics that the male assistant nurses believed where required for the job where the ability to empathize and to be calm. They also highlighted the differences they experienced in terms of the characteristics between men and women. The male nurses claimed to possess physical strength and efficiency, while women possess the opposite characteristics. The experiences also illustrated the division of labour that appears in the elderly care, where men are expected to do tasks that are technically, mentally and physically demanding more frequently than female colleagues. The male assistant nurses’ experiences also portrayed prejudices and resistors from female patients when it comes to tasks that include personal hygiene. Some female patients do not want the help from men. The men also pointed out the advantages they experience when it comes to tasks such as cleaning and laundry, privileges they possess due to gender.

     

    The result shows that it appears gender stereotypes regarding the division of labour as portrayed by the male nurse’s experiences. Tasks are often distributed by gender, which leads to a gendered division in the elderly care. This means that the male nurse’s masculinity is maintained even if the elderly care is associated with women. When men enter elderly care a gendered division of labour emerges. There also emerges some sort of balance between acting and behaving masculine due to gender, whilst maintaining female characteristics that the job requires. 

  • 344.
    Johansson, Anton
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Idéburen och ideell välfärd: En studie kring non-profitaktörer i den svenska välfärden2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 345.
    Johansson, Cecilia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    The sanctioned students: -an empirical study of sanctions effects on Iranian students studying abroad.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative study has been investigating effects on Iranian students who are studying, or recently studied, abroad out from the fact that their home country Iran in current time is being targeted with extensive international sanctions. With these Iranian students as a target group in which their perception of these circumstances has been analyzed and later on concluded in order to see to what the possible effects for citizens outside of a sanctioned state as Iran. As mentioned the research has looked into the personal perceptions of the students and by that taken into consideration private matters and circumstances that in some cases has lead to larger effects than in others. Out of the analyze this research can show a great deal of economic issues and problems for when trying to receive funding in order to cover essential expenses for when being abroad such as; tuition fee, rent, food and clothes and in one case this lead to the termination of studies for one of the students in this group. The conclusion made by the students is that the sanctions are affecting them in an unfair manner, rather than what are the official aims of the sanctions.

  • 346.
    Johansson, Emmie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Arneng, Carolinn
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Övergången mellan skola och arbete: En studie om den förlängda övergången för personer som av eget val haft flera olika sysselsättningsstatus samt vad de upplever som ett attraktivt arbete.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Under de senaste åren har det blivit tydligt att de ungas övergång från skola till arbete, “school-to-work transition”, har förändrats. Det innebär att övergången idag är längre och mer komplex jämfört med tidigare. Samtidigt som en del har svårt att träda in på arbetsmarknaden finns det andra som har möjlighet att få anställningstrygghet men som själva väljer en längre övergång bestående av flera olika sysselsättningsstatus och arbeten. I denna studie har vi valt att fokusera på målgruppen som själva valt en längre övergång för att få en inblick i hur de upplever den förändrade övergången mellan skola och arbete. Syftet med studien är att beskriva hur övergången mellan skola och arbete skildras av personer som av eget val haft flera olika sysselsättningsstatus samt undersöka vad de upplever som ett attraktivt arbete. Vi har utifrån en kvalitativ metod intervjuat tio kvinnor 30–35 år för att ta del av deras berättelser. Studien har sökt svar på hur intervjupersonerna upplever sina erfarenheter och värderar sina val, vilka faktorer som har påverkat valen samt vad som är viktigt för att ett arbete ska upplevas som attraktivt. Det har resulterat i en fördjupning av valmöjligheter, upplevelser av övergången och attityder till arbete. Studiens resultat visar att målgruppens övergång till stor del har präglats av olika sysselsättningar, brytpunkter och val som påverkats av både inre och yttre faktorer. Respondenterna upplever att de själva har kunnat påverka sina val även om andra faktorer såsom; personer i omgivningen, utbildning- och arbetsmarknad, ekonomi, sjukdom, intressen och personliga egenskaper samt tidigare arbetslivs- och studieerfarenheter också har haft en påverkan.
 Respondenterna har till stor del haft positiva upplevelser av övergången men även tuffare perioder med osäkerhet och tvivel har präglat deras övergång.
 Trots att respondenterna upplevt intensiva perioder där de hoppat runt mellan flera olika sysselsättningsstatus kan de ändå blicka tillbaka och se en “röd tråd”. Viktiga faktorer för att trivas på en arbetsplats är kollegor, arbetsuppgifter och flexibilitet. Även bra chefer, ett gott ledarskap, god kommunikation och att visa uppskattning är av stor betydelse. Få av respondenterna upplever att de har nått sina yrkesmål trots att majoriteten av respondenterna idag arbetar med det yrke som de utbildat sig till.
 

  • 347.
    Johansson, Kajsa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    A broker of aid – to be breaking, broke or broken?2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper departs from experience and reflections from eight years working as a development practitioner within civil society support programmes on popular participation, governance, agriculture, land rights, accountability and at grass-root level in rural settings in Mozambique and Afghanistan. The reflections are based on in-depth experiences from the two countries mentioned above but also on shorter experiences from several other countries in Southern and East Africa and Latin America.

    Support to civil society is for many bilateral development agencies an important part of their portfolio with considerable amounts allocated. As an example, the 2014 civil society allocation of the Swedish development agency Sida, is 1, 7 billion at central level alone (the so called frame agreements), excluding programmes negotiated at country or embassy level. There are trends on what donor support within civil society both in terms of approaches as well as thematic directions. During my years working with Swedish NGOs such as Swedish Africa Groups, We Effect (formerly Swedish Cooperative Centre) and Swedish Committee for Afghanistan, several critical reflections both on the modality and content of aid have arose. Below I will briefly mention some of them that will be further developed in the paper.

    Firstly, at the same time as the international aid community states that its support is based on the ownership and agenda of the partner organisations and on the interest and rights of poor people, it seems to (still) decide the priorities. My observation from having worked with grass-root level associations in two of the poorest countries in the world (Afghanistan 175st and Mozambique 185th place in UNDP HDI list, where 186 is the last), is that poor people mobilise around material and rather short-term objectives, such as increased agriculture production, and less on long-term claims of for example political accountability. On the other hand, this short-term mobilisation has good opportunities to lay the solid foundation for a more long-term commitment. Donors, quite on the contrary, on beforehand decide their civil society programmes to focus on social and political accountability and political reform and advocacy, and that results at this level should be immediate and not as a result of a longer process. The two worlds seem to be far apart.

    The second problematic aspect concerns the actual ownership and the impact of the donor driven setting of the agenda where organisations develop their programmes based on funding opportunities. This creates a situation where civil society organisations risk becoming a deliverer of a result to donors, instead of defining their own programmes based on the interest of their constituencies. Civil society organisations following donor demands testify that the formal donor demands make them come further away from their constituencies. There are also numerous examples of organisations changing their whole agenda as funding opportunities change. One example is the excessive funding to aids organisations that was seen in the late 90’s early 00’s that is now on a clear decrease. Accountability becomes a practice that is performed to donors and that is demanded from government but that is rarely given priority within the organisations; between its leaders and its constituency. 

    Thirdly, as described above, donors presently tend to prefer to support strengthened citizens’ voice for enhanced social and political accountability. However, of the numerous programmes I have encountered targeting this, and studies carried out within them, the focus, together with the resources, tend to stay at the national level organisations or in the urban centres. Hence, it is problematic to claim that we are talking about citizens’ voice and accountability, in a broader sense, since the organisations included have limited constituencies and legitimacy speak on behalf of a larger share of the population. At the same time, the modern civil society organisations speak of themselves as the representative of the people – sometimes even representing them in the dialogue with the (assumedly elected) government.

    In the full paper I will develop these and other arguments around the role of different actors in the aid chain, based on experience from being in the broker in the middle; between the donor agencies and the target group. 

  • 348.
    Johansson, Kajsa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Reflections on contemporary class formation in Mozambique2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Reflections on contemporary class formation in Mozambique

    At the time of Mozambique’s independence, Frelimo, the former liberation movement that was turned into a political party, aimed to address the country’s “underdevelopment” through socialist policies and rapid modernisation. The peasantry was to be transformed into agriculture workers to form a working class with the industrial proletariat working in the state run industries. The socialist dream was interrupted by a destabilisation war raging until 1992. By the time of the peace accords the country was a market economy and has since become an economic growth success story. However, poverty levels have stagnated with over half of the population living in absolute poverty.

    This presentation explores how political consciousness is created and expressed in contemporary Mozambique, departing from two cases: First, the rise in large-scale agriculture investments currently taking place, generating struggles over land. Peasants increasingly organise to protest against not only the investors but also, more overall, the current development model. The second case is the expressions of urban discontent through food riots in Maputo 2008 and 2010. The riots were sparked by rise in the price of basic goods such as bread and water, but the rioters, alike the peasants, expressed a more profound critique against current neoliberal developments. Both the peasants’ movement and the food rioters refer to the fact that the still ruling Frelimo has turned against the values for which they all fought. The presentation will discuss how these two processes could be understood jointly in terms of possible conditions for formation of one class in and for itself. 

  • 349.
    Johansson, Kajsa
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Sambo, Michael
    IESE.
    As revoltas do pão: um exercício de cidadania?2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 350.
    Johansson, Lina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Norman, Stina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Laget före jaget: En kvalitativ studie om sammanhållning inom en arbetsplats2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Leadership is considered one of the most important factors when it comes to the experience of a well-functioning workplace and therefore there are many studies about leadership.

    Our study aims to examine how the experiance of a well-functioning workplace can be explained by the cohesion instead of just leadership. To study the cohesion it has been important to ensure the corporate culture that prevails. We have studied this by examine the company's standards and values, the invisible culture. The study is conducted at a company that is in the middle of a valuation process, which means that they do not have any formal values that they work for. Despite this, the employees have a common understanding of how the values of the company are ​​perceived. This is a result of a strong cohesion.

    The study is based on a qualitative approach where we conducted interviews with eight employees in a recruitment company in southern Sweden.

    We have also done simple observations when we spent a lot of time at the company's office. We have analyzed our material using three key concepts; corporate culture, autonomy and roles. These concepts also became our keywords. The results of the study shows that a good cohesion is the key to a functioning workplace. Our conclusion is that it is not only the leadership that is the foundation for a well-functioning workplace. Leadership is a contributing factor, but it is the leardership together with the employes that create a well-functioning workplace.

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