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  • 301.
    Kajtazi, Miranda
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Mathematics and Systems Engineering.
    How to improve information flow in telecom enterprises2009In: / [ed] Judith Molka-Danielsen, Molde University College, Molde, Norway, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract. In this paper, I develop a model for understanding the importance of combining information logistics and semantic information. I use this combination as a representation of an initial solution to the problem of information overflow. The focus is on how could be possible to improve information flow, which indeed is essential and it impacts operational efficiency and enterprise productivity. The model combines information logistics and semantic information as a mean to provide the right person, with semantic information, at the right time and for the right purpose. This combination is a foundation for just-in-time information, also considered as a problem-solving basis for telecom enterprises, which could facilitate their daily workload. The results are based on empirical data gathered from structured interviews of sixty participants, who revealed new stories of how these telecom enterprises are miss functioning due to information overflow. I discuss the implications of this model, considered as an initial solution to reach efficient information flow and to improve communication process that is of crucial importance in every enterprise. This research uses the empirical data to explore the problem of information overflow, mainly from a design perspective, which indeed leads this research to further develop an analytical understanding of the problem.

  • 302.
    Kajtazi, Miranda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Computer Science, Physics and Mathematics.
    Information Asymmetry in the Digital Economy2010In: Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Information Society (i-Society 2010) / [ed] Charles A. Shoniregun, London, UK: IEEE Press, 2010, p. 148-155Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Information asymmetry is a problem that prevents communication processes to be effective in the digital economy. In this paper, we propose a model for understanding information asymmetry. Our analyses are conducted using the newspaper industry, the healthcare sector, and the stock exchange market. These analyses are examined using theories of communication processes in which two or more actors are necessary to engage in activities of information exchange. The study of these three examples resulted in the identification of four information exchange patterns: influenced, intentional, hindered, and unawares. Furthermore, we discuss implications of the model for information exchange in practice. The paper concludes by challenging sustainability in the digital economy, which remains problematic and difficult to achieve.

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  • 303.
    Kajtazi, Miranda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Computer Science, Physics and Mathematics.
    Information Inadequacy: the Lack of Needed Information in Human, Social and Industrial Affairs2012In: ICT Critical Infrastructures and Society: 10th IFIP TC 9 International Conference on Human Choice and Computers, HCC10 2012, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, September 27-28, 2012. Proceedings / [ed] Magda David Hercheui, Diane Whitehouse, William McIver Jr. & Jackie Phahlamohlaka, Springer, 2012, p. 320-329Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the phenomenon of the lack of needed information, predominantly experienced through difficulties in human, social and industrial affairs. The key concern is, thus, to understand what really causes the lack of needed information. Answers to this concern have been provided from an array of studies mostly focused in the area of information management. However, the literature shows that there is no comprehensive a priori theory to guide an empirical investigation on this matter. Thus, the empirical investigation conducted here is based on grounded theory approach that investigates fifty cases, where the lack of needed information is clearly manifested. The empirical investigation suggests that the phenomenon of the lack of needed information seems to emerge because of diverse factors, ranging from political and cultural structures, through human individual capabilities, and ending with procedural and technological artefacts. The results present an initial outline for a possible future theory of information inadequacy.

  • 304.
    Kajtazi, Miranda
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Bulgurcu, Burcu
    Boston College, USA.
    Information Security Policy Compliance: An Empirical Study on Escalation of Commitment2013In: 19th Americas Conference on Information Systems (AMCIS 2013): Hyperconnected World : Anything Anywhere, Anytime, AIS Electronic Library (AISeL) , 2013, Vol. 3, p. 2011-2020Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to facilitate a new understanding on employees’ attitude towards compliance with the requirements of their information security policy (ISPs) through the lens of escalation. Escalation presents a situation in which employees must decide whether to persist in or withdraw from a non-performing task. Drawing on the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) and Agency Theory, our model delineates three mediating factors in explaining attitude: work impediment, information asymmetry, and safety of resources. We also propose information security awareness as an independent variable having an indirect effect on attitude through mediating factors. The proposed model is tested using the data collected from 376 employees working in the banking industry. The results of the PLS analyses show that while information asymmetry and safety of resources have significant impacts on attitude, work impediment does not. The results also show that ISA has significant impact on all three mediating factors.

  • 305.
    Kajtazi, Miranda
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Bulgurcu, Burcu
    Boston College.
    Cavusoglu, Hasan
    University of British Columbia.
    Benbasat, Izak
    University of British Columbia.
    Assessing Sunk Cost Effect on Employees’ Intentions to Violate Information Security Policies in Organizations2014In: Proceedings of the 47th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences / [ed] Sprague, RH, IEEE Press, 2014, p. 3169-3177Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It has been widely known that employees pose insider threats to the information and technology resources of an organization. In this paper, we develop a model to explain insiders' intentional violation of the requirements of an information security policy. We propose sunk cost as a mediating factor. We test our research model on data collected from three information-intensive organizations in banking and pharmaceutical industries (n=502). Our results show that sunk cost acts as a mediator between the proposed antecedents of sunk cost (i.e., completion effect and goal in congruency) and intentions to violate the ISP. We discuss the implications of our results for developing theory and for re-designing current security agendas that could help improve compliance behavior in the future.

  • 306.
    Kajtazi, Miranda
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Cavusoglu, Hasan
    University of British Columbia, Canada.
    Guilt Proneness as a Mechanism Towards Information Security Policy Compliance2013In: ACIS 2013: Information Systems:Transforming the Future: Proceedings of the 24th Australasian Conference on Information Systems, 4-6 December 2013, Melbourne, RMIT University , 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we develop a theoretical framework for understanding the role guilt proneness plays in the Information Security Policy (ISP) compliance. We define guilt proneness as an emotional personality trait indicative of a predisposition to experience a negative feeling about ISP violation. We develop a research model based on the theory of planned behaviour, guilt proneness theory and rational choice theory to explain employees’ intentions to comply with ISPs by incorporating the guilt proneness as a moderator between benefit of compliance and benefit of violation as perceived by employees and their attitude towards compliance. Identifying the roles of predispositions like guilt proneness in the ISP compliance will have interesting theoretical and practical implications in the area of information security.

  • 307.
    Kajtazi, Miranda
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Computer Science, Physics and Mathematics.
    Haftor, Darek
    Stockholm University.
    Exploring the Notion of Information: A Proposal for a Multifaced Understanding2011In: tripleC (cognition, communication, co-operation): Journal for a Global Sustainable Information Society / Unified Theory of Information Research Group, ISSN 1726-670X, E-ISSN 1726-670X, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 305-315Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Man’s notion of ‘information’ is essential as it guides human thinking, planning, and consequent actions. Situations such as the Haiti earthquake in 2010, the financial crisis in Greece in 2010, and the oil slick in the Gulf of Mexico in 2010 are just a few instances of constant growing empirical dilemmas in our global society where information plays a central role. The meaning of what information is has clear implications for how we deal with it in our practical lives, which in turn may give rise to situations that we would prefer to be without. In this sense, the notion of information has evidently presented the need to question what it really means and how it dominates the functioning of our global society. To address this fundamental issue of information, two questions are explored and presented in this paper: What notions of information are dominating the scholarly literature? And what are the differences between these notions? To answer these questions, we have conducted a comprehensive literature survey of more than two hundred scholarly publications. Detailed analyses of the content of these publications identified four kinds of forms of information notions. The results show that these four forms present diverse and opposing views of the notion of information, labelled as the ‘quartet model of information’. These ad-dress different foci, contexts, and challenges. In addition, we propose an alternative and novel understanding of the notion of information, associated with how information functions in our global society. This understanding offers a new perspective intended to address significant needs of the information society.

  • 308.
    Kalaiselvan, Kasthuri Brindha
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Yan, Hanyu
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Virtual Reality as a Communication Process: User Perceptions and Experiences2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis addresses the Virtual Reality (VR) as an efficient communication process, furtheremphasizes on the importance of Haptic Feedback in Virtual Reality applications. HapticFeedback plays a pivotal role in Virtual Reality simulations by enhancing users’ interactivityand immersion. Considering the human perceptions and experiences in line with technology isextremely significant for an effective Virtual Reality. The aim of this research is to study theperceptions and experiences of human participants about Virtual Reality applications,importance of Haptic Feedback, and to explore the advantages and limitations of suchapplications. The need to integrate Haptic Feedback in today’s Virtual Reality applications, andits advantages were emphasized. In order to acquire in-depth understanding of user’sperceptions and experiences about Virtual Reality as a communication process, a qualitativecase study was employed in this study with interpretive research approach and purposefulsampling. After interviewing the selective participants, the outcomes of the study would be toconsider Virtual Reality as an effective communication medium and to propose improvementplans for IKEA VR Experience with Haptic Feedback. Based on the outcomes of this study,organizations can strive towards providing richer Virtual Reality experience to their customersin the years to come.

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  • 309.
    Kamatsos, Paraskevas
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Smart Homes: Human interactions and IoT2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis studies the phenomenon of human-system interaction in smart homes as a practice of Internet of Things. The research was conducted through interviews, workshops and observations and followed an interpretive research paradigm of phenomenologically-situated paradigm of HCI and a qualitative research approach. The theories of Phenomenology and Postphenomenology were used to interpret the experiences, beliefs and views of the participants. The empirical findings were processed and a thematic analysis was followed in order to identify the main themes that emerged out of the interviews, workshops and observations. The discussion of the findings showed that the research questions were answered to the grade that the participants of the research design, use and interact with smart homes in a multiple and complex way.

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  • 310.
    Karki, Biswa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Computer Science, Physics and Mathematics.
    Impact of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) on Livelihood of Rural People: A Case Study of Nangi Village of Ramche VDC in Nepal2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) is considered as important tool to empower rural people with the ability to communicate instantaneously facilitating rural development process and information needs. In developing countries potential of ICT4D still not understood, what ICTs can do in rural people life and how ICTs are used by rural people, so it has become area of discussion.The study was conducted in rural Nangi village of Ramche VDC at Myagdi district of Nepal which is located at the height of 2300 m in western part of Himalayan region. Qualitative case study research design was adopted for the study. Research study manages structured interview with hundred fifty five users and non-users of ICTs. To provide supplementary information for data collected from individual interviews, four FGD (four focus group discussion) were conducted including both ICTs user and non-user of Nangi village of Ramche VDC. Semi-structured interview was conducted with two telecenter operator, two health workers and one NWNP project responsible person to know in depth of ICTs use and its effect on life of rural people. Majority of ICTs users were male having higher secondary education (Grade 11 & 12) while minorities were female in study area.Telecenter have failed to consider underrepresented groups in the provision of ICTs services in study area. Necessary conditions to access ICTs exist while sufficient conditions such as ICTs skill, and awareness still lacking. In Nangi village of Ramche VDC, technologies do not support socio-economic development totally but have some effect on various aspects of livelihoods. Socially, technologies help for better communication, and knowledge sharing. Economically, technologies help for better income generation, savings and technologies facilitate for better access to information, and ICTs literacy as human capital. Language problem (illiteracy), lack of ICTs skill, lack of time, lack of electricity supply, low bandwidth of internet with timely disconnection, terrible road and poor infrastructure were found significant obstacles for effective use of ICTs in telecenter.The study recommends NWNP project leader and telecenter operator should do regular information need assessment of poor, disadvantaged and underrepresented groups to redesign or restructure the program to bring them in provision of ICTs service instead of looking them as passive users of ICTs services. There should be collaboration between telecenter program and LDC (local development committee) to develop localized application for rural people. The developed localized ICTs application should meet needs of rural people to serve them efficiently and effectively.

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  • 311.
    Karlander, Frida
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Haukka, Tora
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Uppkopplad, tillgänglig, redo?: En kvalitativ studie om hur digitala verktyg kan påverka studenters upplevda stress.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Flertalet studier visar på att psykiska besvär hos befolkningen ökar, även hos studenter. Digitaliseringen förändrar och kommer fortsätta förändra hur individen arbetar men också hur den lever och i det rådande kommunikationssamhället är det viktigt att vara uppmärksam på de nya problemen som kan uppstå. Studien har undersökt de digitala verktygens roll kring de ökande psykiska besvären hos studenter samt hur studenterna anser att de påverkar dem. Undersökningen vill öka medvetenheten kring problematiken som framtiden har framför sig som de digitala verktygen bidrar med. Undersökningen berör endast studenter som studerar program på heltid vid Linnéuniversitetet i Växjö. Studiens resultat avser att vara till värde både för personer inom informatik- och IT-området samt de som arbetar eller studerar inom hälsoområdet. Studien har genomförts med en abduktiv ansats och har samlat in primärdata genom semistrukturerade intervjuer med ett målinriktat urval. Den insamlade intervjudata analyserades därefter med hjälp av en kvalitativ innehållsanalys och kopplades sedan samman med två modeller för att beskriva stress. Empirin visade att studenter anser sig stressade men att påverkan från de digitala verktygen beror på vilken grad av krav, kontroll och stöd de upplever. Studenter med höga krav, låg kontroll och bristande stöd upplever en högre känsla av stress av de digitala verktygen än studenter med rimliga krav, upplevd kontroll och tillgång till stöd.

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    Uppkopplad, tillgänglig, redo?
  • 312.
    Karlsson, Anton
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Computer Science, Physics and Mathematics.
    Processmodellering med fysiskt- och informations-flöde: Hur utförs detta i dagens programvaror?2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    Processmodellering med fysiskt- och informations-flöde
  • 313.
    Karlsson, Aurora
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Computer Science, Physics and Mathematics.
    Optimala antalet användare i en användbarhetsutvärdering: En undersökning om hur många användare som bör vara med i en användbarhetsutvärdering för att uppnå mättnad och ett gott resultat.2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this report was to highlight the issue of how many people are needed to reach a certain level of saturation in a usability evaluation of a specific flash application called My Garden. The aspects that formed the basis of this study were the breakpoint in the growth of unique findings in correlation with high percentages. The help of the formative evaluation and the analysis made it possible to find out what kind of problems (so called findings) the users experienced within the interface. The results of the analysis resulted in 95 unique findings in ten usability evaluations. The results showed consequently that for this kind of evaluation seven users where needed to reach 93 % of all unique findings and thereby achieve a kind of saturation in the unwinding of the findings of unique findings.

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  • 314.
    Karlsson, Benno
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Mathematics and Systems Engineering.
    Benjaminsson, Peter
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Mathematics and Systems Engineering.
    Johansson, Peter
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Mathematics and Systems Engineering.
    Nilsson, Stefan
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Mathematics and Systems Engineering.
    Kartläggning av problem som kan uppstå vid informationsöverföring mellan verksamhetsprocesser2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det viktiga, själva kärnan i att vara kundorienterad, är att först lyssna på kunden, vara lyhörd, vilja förstå och därefter hjälpa kunden att få sina behov tillfredställda på bästa sätt. Kraven som ställs på företagen idag är inte enbart relaterade till varans eller tjänstens kvalité, pris eller leveransförmåga. De ökade kraven innebär också att kunden vill få en bättre insyn i företagens processer, t ex göra riskanalyser för att se hur företagen säkerställer leveranserna till dem. Eller som en kund till vårt fallföretag uttrycker sig; ”Vi ser inte fallföretaget som en leverantör, utan som en del av våra processer.” För att utveckla och säkerhetsställa processerna efter kundens behov, måste man identifiera dem och skapa en bred förståelse för hur de ska se ut. Det vill säga, både interna och externa leverantörer ska ha insikt om kundens behov och krav. För att kunna möta dessa krav är det viktigt att det interna processarbetet är i fokus, att förbättringar både i och mellan processerna genomförs. Enligt Gummesson (1991), är det i gränssnitten, där processerna skär igenom de traditionella gränserna som riskerna finns. Vårt tillvägagångssätt och metodval var att intervjua personer som i sitt dagliga arbete aktivt arbetar som huvudprocessägare, delprocessägare och aktör. Syftet var att få ett perspektiv på riskfaktorer, kvalitetsarbete och processarbete. Respondenterna representerar olika processer i vårt fallföretag. Med beaktning av ovanstående har vi formulerat vårt problem som är; Hur utvecklar och säkerställer ett företag informationsöverföringen mellan sina verksamhetsprocesser, för att på bästa sätt tillgodose kundens behov? I vår slutsats redovisar vi ett förslag till lösning av vårt problem. Förslaget är en rekommendation som kan användas för att även fortsättningsvis, kunna uppfylla kundernas önskemål.

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  • 315.
    Karlsson, Göran
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Mathematics and Systems Engineering.
    Karlberg, Joon
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Mathematics and Systems Engineering.
    Business Intelligence: en diskussion om begreppet och fenomenet2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Our aim with this thesis was to closer study business intelligence to be able to present an overview of both the concept and the phenomenon. We have also developed a framework that show how business intelligence can be used effectively. We think that our framework can be of help to under-stand the areas which constitutes the core of business intelligence. We think that the framework we have developed is a good basis for the im-plementation of business intelligence in an organisation and that it also can be of help in the daily business intelligence work.

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  • 316.
    Karlsson, Jennie
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Mathematics and Systems Engineering.
    Göthberg, Louise
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Mathematics and Systems Engineering.
    Kommunikationsverktyget intranät2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    This report discusses how the intranet as a communication tool can be

    developed to become a daily work tool. An intranet can help the organization to get information out to the employees fast, and the employees can choose when they want to take part of the information. This report also discusses how the functions and the presented information can be developed to be even better. The proposals has been developed out from information gathered from a survey,

    the people who has answered the survey has been given their point of view of the intranet, and also proposals for improvements, which we have implemented in to our theory part. There is no company or organization that uses the exact same intranet solution. An intranet is something that is developed on the basis of the companies and the users specific goals and needs. It is important to let the users

    be a part of the creating of the intranet so they can feel that they are a part of the new technique and the common communication tool.

    The survey, which this report is based on, was performed at the company. The company intranet has been in use since April 2005.

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  • 317.
    Karlsson, Lars
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Mathematics and Systems Engineering.
    Informationsflöde i underrättelseprocessen2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report describes the information flow in activities, part process in the intelligence process and data transformation to information and knowledge at G2 Brigade staff level. Head purpose is to better understand the intelligence process, develop competence and support the G2 function in the development work. The study has been performed from a quality perspective with my self as officer in G2 and participating observer during tow ex-ercises with the P4 brigade staff. Literature that I have been using in my work is course re-lated doctrines, handbooks and military related literature. My conclusions from the study is: that the intelligence process has to be seen as a knowledge process, the intelligence process is not supported by the information system, part process in the intelligence process is fol-lowing recommendations from the Defends intelligence handbook, boundaries between ac-tivities and part process have to be more clear to make the work easier and get more output effect. A restructure of the file map structure has to be done to enable tracing of informa-tion.

  • 318.
    Karlsson, Maria
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Mathematics and Systems Engineering. Datavetenskap.
    Ygge, Fredrik
    Andersson, Arne
    Market-Based Approaches to Optimization2007In: Computational Intelligence, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 92-109Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present a general discussion of what constitutes a market-oriented approach to optimization. We demonstrate how a general framework can be used to conceptually improve two well-known approaches from the literature, and discuss computational properties of the different approaches. We also show how existing theory could be adjusted to be directly applicable to the theory of the two approaches, thus proving special theory unnecessary. We want to bring out the pedagogical aspects of market mechanisms, to take full advantage of its potential.

  • 319.
    Karlsson, Martin
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Ericsson, Anton
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Digitala supporttjänster: En kvalitativ fallstudie om digitalisering av IT-support2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study intended to investigate how customers and support users see customer support. How businesses and organizations should proceed in digitizing their IT support in such a way that customers experience the support offer as something useful and valuable. What can be seen as problematic in this study is the difference in knowledge of individuals in IT usage. What are the features that customers of a support offer expect to be able to share and use when contacting a support department? The data collected has been discussed and analyzed to answer the problem formulation and to get concrete conclusions that gave answers to the questions. This will highlight the problems and doubts that exist with users when they contact a support department. It has been found that there are similar factors that make users feel happy with a support offer. Knowledge is the factor that most clearly illustrates what users think is important in a customer support. In addition to the good knowledge of the employees in the support department, short response times are also an important factor in achieving customer satisfaction. The features users primarily consider important in a support department are telephone and self-service. Telephone as the main contact function with a self-service feature that complements this. In most cases, it is the customer who drives the companies forward in development. A company without customers will most likely not survive for a long time. It is therefore important for companies to listen to what customers have to say and adapt to this. All to achieve customer satisfaction and bring the company forward together with the customers.  

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    Digitala-supporttjänster
  • 320.
    Karlsson, Rebecca
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Maria, Kotanidou
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Arbetsmotivation efter införande av agila metoder: En kvalitativ studie om hur deltagare i ett Scrum-team motiveras för att utföra sitt arbete2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is the outcome of our study made at an IT-company in Växjö, Sweden. It was restricted to a team which has used a work method based on Scrum for about a year. Scrum is an agile work method that focuses on the deliver of regularly results and with short iterations. There is prior research available about agile development and motivation, but not about how participants in a Scrum team is motivated, which is the knowledge gap we want to contribute to filling.

    The aim of this study was to provide answers to how participants in a Scrum team is motivated to perform their work. In this study we are looking at this from three aspects to answer this question. These aspects are scrum as a work method, teamwork, motivation and goals.

    A qualitative method was used in this study to retrieve data. The data was retrieved by observations and interviews. The observations was made at several meetings that was related to the work method to gain an understanding regarding how the work method isused in the team. The interviews was made with seven informants to gain a deeper understanding regarding how the participants are motivated based on the three aspects that the survey is based on. Both the observations and the interviews was compared to our choosen theory in the discussion.

    The results of the data collection shows that the informants do believe that they do not use the Scrum approach 100%. The informants think that it is the short iterations and frequents results that is the most motivating factors. The informants also think that when someone in the team perform well it motivates other team members to perform better.The result also shows that the informants are motivated by two types of goals, personal goals and team goals.

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  • 321.
    Kartaloglou, Elissavet
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Fyntanoglou, Despina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Improving the Interaction and Communication through the LMS Open eClass in Blended Learning2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Learning Management Systems (LMSs), in a blended learning educational environment, support face to face education and enable enhanced communication and interaction among instructors and students as well as among students. However, Technology-Enhanced Learning (TEL), which improves the learning process, does not come without challenges. The aim of this research is double fold. Firstly, it aims to explore users’ –instructors and students- perceptions on how the LMS Open eClass, in TEI of Athens Greece, supports and facilitates their communication and interaction. Secondly, based on users’ needs and desires, the study aims to formulate suggestions for improving communication and interaction through the platform. The study adopts an interpretivist stance and is built upon an inductive qualitative approach. Firstly, users’ perceptions are solicited through semi-structured interviews and the collected data are analyzed through the thematic analysis method. Subsequently, the study adopts Soft Systems Methodology (SSM) to capture the complexity of the situation, derived from the different worldviews of instructors and students in their association with Open eClass and emerge suggestions for improvements. The results indicate that Open eClass is used to facilitate instructors convey material and information to students, while neither meaningful communication and interaction nor collaboration is performed adequately through the platform. However, the users have expressed a positive disposition towards utilizing these capabilities of the platform, as they recognize their fundamental importance to learning, especially during an economic crisis which constraints the physical presence of many students in classes. Therefore, the study proposes three, accommodating to all, systemically desirable and culturally feasible changes that could improve the situation, mainly based on pedagogy. Overall, this research contributes to existing knowledge about the usage of LMS regarding interaction and communication in a blended learning environment by providing a holistic view on users’ perceptions and identifying changes capable to bring about improvements.

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  • 322.
    Kasapoglu, Aylin
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Computer Science, Physics and Mathematics.
    Kizilca, Deniz
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Computer Science, Physics and Mathematics.
    Client-Consultancy Relationship in ERP Implementation from Consultancy Aspect:  A Case Study in Turkey2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Consultancy practices have significant influence on the ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) project success. In this sense, client-consultant relationship comes into prominence in terms of  project  achievement.  Therefore  client-consultant  relationship  needs  to  be  understood  in depth in order to strengthen the consultancy practices and eliminate problems between two parties.  Hence,  in  this  research  client-consultant  relationship  is  examined  from  ERP consultancy aspect during ERP implementation phase in Turkey. Some factors that influence this relationship is evaluated and existing client-consultant models are analyzed whether they are compatible with the client-consultant relationship within ERP concept. Cultures basis as an influential factor is examined in order to understand this impacts on this relationship. ERP consultancy profile and partially client profile are drawn in order to have deep insight of this relationship. 

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  • 323.
    Kauppinen, Oliver
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Gustafsson, Simon
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Förutsättningar för införande av informationssystem i svenska sjukvårdsorganisationer: En kvalitativ fallstudie i svenska regioner2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    nformation Systems (IS) and Information Technology (IT) is something that has grown bigger in health care, however in Sweden, this is something that is lagging behind. Large investments are made in IS and IT in the health care, about 75% of the implementations are considered to be unsuccessful. Often this is due to underestimating the complexity of the procedures and processes that are in the health care. Health care also handles sensitive information about patients that must be protected according to Swedish law.

    The purpose of this study is to investigate how an implementation of a new information system in health care organizations relate to how the theory says it should be implemented. We did this by compiling a theoretical framework of important areas that an organization in health care should keep in mind when implementing a new information system.

    The result of this qualitative case study was a theoretical framework containing six areas that a health care organization should keep in mind when implementing a new information system. The areas that were produced were: objectives, strategy and needs, requirements and procurements, user participation, education, security, and evaluation and monitoring. Based on the empirical study we conducted, we found that Swedish health care is related to these areas relatively well. The regions we examined had the areas in mind during new implementations, though not always theoretical correct as our areas are described. 

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  • 324.
    Kazeem, Ganiat Omolara
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Technology In Policing: An ethnographic study of the use of information and communication technology within Bedfordshire police force2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Policing in The United Kingdom is an intricate business, balancing the enforcement of statute and other laws while dealing with public safety and security. Policing engages a diverse and complicated set of organisational structures and processes relying heavily on the skill and expertise of officers on the ground. Their role in preventing and or intercepting crime before, during and after it occurs is integral to sustaining peace, security, law and order in communities. The police operational and logistics staff work day to day with information and communication technologies, ranging from conventional databases and information systems to ubiquitous and specialised tools.  Understanding the use of technology and its management in policing has formed the backbone of this research conducted through a qualitative approach.

    This study adopted an interpretive paradigmic analytical lens using ethnography situated in the workplace as a methodology. The qualitative study took the form of field immersion for nine months using interviewing, and shadowing/observation to suit the complexity of the socio-technical context. Analysis was conducted using thematic analytical methods. Understanding how the police force interact with and shape the way that information and communication technologies enable them to fight crime is, then, the subject of this thesis.

    The findings highlighted the complexities and  intricacies involved in the use of technology, identifying unique differentiations in the way technology is engaged and integrated into policing including comparative understanding relative to other sectors and industries.  On the whole the central features of this work highlight understanding of the role information and communication technologies; usefulness, usage in practice and operational activity, strategic business goals, knowledge management, business intelligence and intelligence led architecture, governance and performance models in policing the county of Bedfordshire, England. 

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    Technology in Policing
  • 325.
    Kerren, Andreas
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of computer science and media technology (CM).
    Klein, KarstenKonstanz University, Germany.Li, Yi-NaUniversity of Science and Technology of China.
    Proceedings of the 11th International Symposium on Visual Information Communication and Interaction (VINCI '18): Växjö, Sweden, August 13-15, 20182018Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Welcome to the 11th International Symposium on Visual Information Communication and Interaction (VINCI 2018) held in Växjö, Sweden from August 13th to 15th, 2018. The objective of this symposium series is to provide a forum for researchers, artists, designers and industrial practitioners to discuss the state of the art in visual communication theories, designs and applications. As in past years, the papers in these proceedings represent the most interesting and exciting recent research in the area of visual communication.

  • 326.
    Kettels, Janine
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Computer Science, Physics and Mathematics.
    Information Overload (IO): Pre-study of a tool to identify individual IO adaption and coping strategies.2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 327.
    Kjellberg, Martin
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Mathematics and Systems Engineering.
    Ärendehantering i DHL express2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this report is to analyse DHL Express need for information management in Växjö. Unified process and Unified modelling language have been used to capture the requirements and to make an analysis in order to map key functions for an information management system. From the result of the Unified process a prototype has been built to demonstrate practically the functions in an information management system.

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  • 328.
    Kjellén, Viktor
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Wester, Puck
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Vilken betydelse kan spelifiering ha för den inre motivationen?: En kvalitativ studie om den engagerade användarens drivkrafter, attityder och upplevelser.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A key factor for the use of a digital service is which motivation it provides the users with, where the intrinsic- and extrinsic motivations are triggered by different functions, elements and feeling. With this in mind, the different motivations of the service’s users should be researched and strived to be fulfilled. The purpose of this study has been to examine how Gamification can affect users engagement and motivation regarding a social game service. The theory of the study has been grounded in the theory model HMSAM (Hedonic-Motivation System Adaption Model), to understand how perceived ease of use, perceived usefulness, joy, control and curiosity can lead up to intrinsic motivation, with Gamification as a contributing factor to the motivation. With the support of these two main subjects, a model and thesis were formed on how this could work together. The method used in this study was semi structured interviews, where the focus area was the social game service ‘ATG Tillsammans’ - which provides a platform for people to bet on horse racing together, and the subjects were captains for teams on that platform. The results of the study showed that the service already provides highly perceived ease of use and usefulness, and control. The areas where the motivation could be increased are joy and curiosity - even though they are somewhat supported today, the results indicated that the support wasn’t enough. The data from the interviews resulted in three different interface proposals, where Gamification was significant in the design process. The created interfaces are assumed to increase the intrinsic motivation, by providing an infrastructure for direct and clear communication - which is expected to lead the users perceiving more joy and curiosity, and also an opportunity to compete between the teams - which is presumed to lead to increased curiosity for the service. The study showed that among the users largest motivation for using the service was the opportunity to bet together with others, where the interface proposals could lead to a stronger social feeling och help maintain the solidarity that many feel towards their own team. Further research and testing over time is needed, to be able to verify the alterations effect on the continued engagement and motivation.

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    Spelifiering-inre-motivation
  • 329.
    Knutsson Fröjd, Lisa
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    René, Marika
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Mobile documentation of vital signs: A Participatory Design project at a Swedish hospital2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    We have received a mission from a surgical ward at a hospital in northern Sweden; they want a solution that can be used on portable devices. On these devices the healthcare professionals should be able to document the measured vital signs and the results should automatically be documented in the patient record.

    In the context of a Participatory Design project we conducted design sessions which focused on the user interface of the solution but also deliberated possible functionalities that were not mentioned in the original mission description.

    The purpose of this study is to describe the situation surrounding the measurement of vital signs of patients. It is currently done manually on a paper form and then registered in the digital patient record. Our aim was to find a design and formulate the functional requirement of a tablet application together with the staff at a hospital in Sweden.

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  • 330.
    Koczkas, Andreas
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Aidemark, Jan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Mirijamdotter, Anita
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Integrating Viable Systems Model and Knowledge Creation Systems2014In: OLKC, Theme: Circuits of knowledge, 22-24 April 2014, Oslo / [ed] Jaabæk, M. and Gjengstø, H., Oslo, Norway: BI Norwegian Business School , 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the different logics of learning organization and a traditional command a control organization. A system that targets a learning process will also have to fit into the broader situation of that organization. The approach to this analysis is to compare the models for the different fields, in this case a VSM model of effective organizational maintain and control with the theory of “the knowledge creating company”. The outcome of this analysis outlines a number of perspectives where these two logics interacts and sometime collide. The conclusion is that a KM support tool/process not only have to fit into the learning and change process but also into the broader maintain and control systems of a company. 

  • 331.
    Koczkas, Andreas
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Arasteh, Sina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Sustainability of a web 2.0 application from the perspective of Actor Network Theory: The case of Libguide2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to focus on relational controversy about the causes behind the inconsistency in number of students who use a Web 2.0 application named "LibGuide" inside the Linnaeus University and the attempts of program coordinator to develop certain strategies to perform a better use of it in a particular department of Healthcare. The nature of the problem will be discussed, suggesting that how the these strategies maintained a high significant of use in that department. The research foregoes, as it uses a process of translation which are the moments of struggles by a program coordinator to impose itself by its role to the definition of the situation. The research suggests a network within which the series of processes and interrelation of the sociotechnical role of each member is drawn and allocated. 

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  • 332.
    Koczkas, Andreas
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Haftor, Darek
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Exploring the Fit Between Product Market Strategy and Business Model: A Set of Propositions2016In: The European Business & Management Conference 2016, Brighton, United Kingdom 7-10 July, 2016, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Central quests in strategy research are the contingent effects of strategy on a firm’s performance, where the underlying assumption is that there is no single optimal strategy for all organizations, rather strategy variables alters according to contingent factors. While previous research has examined extensively the fit between an organization’s environment and structure, recent studies explore the fit between a firm’s two key sources of economic value creation, the product and the business model, by asking how do firm’s business model theme and product market strategy interact to impact firm’s performance. We follow Amit and Zott’s path breaking notion of a business model (2001) and their search for fit between the business model theme and product market strategy (2008), which shows that novelty-centered business model have positive effect on performance when coupled with differentiation, cost-leadership and early entry product market strategies. The present research aims to further advance that initiative by formulating and justifying a set of new research propositions, where conventional product market strategies (differentiation vs. costs leadership, mass vs. niche market, early vs. late entry) are matched with the four business model themes (novelty, efficiency, lock-in, and complementarity). The contribution here is a theoretically based stipulation of a set of new conditions that conditions a firm’s performance

  • 333.
    Koczkas, Andreas
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Haftor, Darek
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Fit between product market strategy and business model theme in digital markets: A set of propositions2016In: 10th European Conference on Information Systems Management,  Évora, Portugal on 8-9 September 2016, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While previous research has examined extensively the fit between an organization’s environment and structure, it was unable to account for the unique sources of economic value creation that the emerged digital markets established. Recent development of the Business Model construct addresses the peculiarities of digital markets and has initiated expiration of the fit between a firm’s two key sources of economic value creation: its product and its business model, with the underlying question: how do firm’s business model themes and product market strategies interact to impact firm’s performance. Following Amit and Zott’s (2008) path breaking study, where the novelty-cantered business model was found to have positive effect on performance when coupled with differentiation, cost-leadership and early entry product market strategies, the present research aims to further advance that initiative. We formulate and justify a set of new research propositions where conventional product market strategies (differentiation vs. costs leadership, mass vs. niche market, early vs. late entry) are matched with the four business model themes (novelty, efficiency, lock-in, and complementarity). The propositions focus on the fit between product market strategies and business model themes with contingencies to digital business contexts, and thereby potentially accounting for the peculiarities of digitalization as manifested in their unique shape of network effects and marginal cost structures. 

  • 334.
    Kransell, Martin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    The Value of Data Regarding Traceable Attributes in a New Era of Agriculture: Bridging the Information Gap Between Consumers and Producers of Organic Meat2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – This study aims to explore, and suggest solutions to, the gap between the supply of information from organic meat producers and the demand of information from consumers regarding traceable characteristics (attributes) of meat in a limited geographical area in order to maximize the utilization and value of collected data.

    Design/methodology/approach – A mixed methods research design is applied to collect both quantitative data from consumers and qualitative data from suppliers to produce empirical results of the supply and demand of information. A theoretical framework of organic food purchase intent is used for the quantitative study as well as the correlation between consumers’ perceived importance of attributes and their willingness-to-pay for meat. The results of the empirical studies are compared to each other in an effort to expose a possible gap using a gap analysis.

    Findings – Meat is shifting from a price based commodity to a product based on characteristics. This study reveals that there is now a gap between the information made available by organic meat producers and the demand of information from consumers that needs to be recognized in order to maximize the value of collected data. Information regarding environmental impact of raising and transporting the animals is not extensively collected. A substantial amount of data about attributes of perceived importance, such as safety and handling, animal welfare and medication or other treatments is collected but not extensively shared with consumers.

    Research limitations/implications – The small sample size in a unique area and the scope of the survey data does not provide a result that can be truly generalized. It is therefore suggested that future studies produce results from a larger sample that incorporates the perceived accessibility of important information for consumers.

    Practical implications – This contributes to the emerging literature of organic food production by comparing both the supply and the demand of information regarding attributes of meat. This information is valuable to organic meat producers and marketers as well as developers of agricultural systems and databases that should shift their focus to consumer oriented traceability systems.

    Originality/value – This study goes beyond the substantial body of literature regarding attributes of organic food and consumers preferences by comparing these factors to the available supply of information by meat producers and by suggesting solutions to bridge the gap between them.

    Keywords – Organic meat, Organic agriculture, e-Agriculture, Traceability, Traceability systems, Consumer oriented, Consumer behavior, Willingness-to-pay, Supply and demand, Information gap, Gap analysis, Business development, United States of America, Sense-making theory, Mixed methods

    Paper type – Research paper, Bachelor’s thesis

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  • 335.
    Krutrök, Christopher
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Mathematics and Systems Engineering.
    Innovate or Evaporate: -En kvalitativ studie av idéhantering på IKEA AB2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis focus on how organizations can improve the ability of absorbing coworkers ideas in purpose of gaining long term competitive advantage through innovations. The study was conducted at IKEA AB where a campaign to collect coworkers ideas was a big success given the quantity of ideas collected. This fact allows a comparative analysis of idea management in the shape of campaigns and in comparison, idea management in the everyday line-organization.

    The analysis show that fundamental factors for innovative environments such as organizational climate, culture and leadership perceives auspiciously by the respondents. However, lack of infrastructure such as systems and processes hinders coworkers ambitions to contribute with ideas.

    An important issue in idea management is the treatment of incentives for innovation. Results of the study show that the “soft” incentives –feedback, encouragement and attention have a higher impact in coworkers willingness to the contribution of ideas than for instance monetary rewards.

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  • 336.
    Kukulska-Hulme, Agnes
    et al.
    Open University, UK.
    Sharples, Mike
    University of Nottingham, UK.
    Milrad, Marcelo
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Mathematics and Systems Engineering.
    Arnedillo-Sánchez, Inmaculada
    Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland.
    Vavoula, Giasemi
    University of Leicester, UK.
    Innovation in Mobile Learning: A European Perspective2009In: International Journal of Mobile and Blended Learning, ISSN 1941-8647, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 12-35Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the evolving landscape of mobile learning, European researchers have conducted significant mobilelearning projects, representing a distinct perspective on mobile learning research and development. Ourarticle aims to explore how these projects have arisen, showing the driving forces of European innovationin mobile learning. We propose context as a central construct in mobile learning and examine theories oflearning for the mobile world, based on physical, technological, conceptual, social and temporal mobility.We also examine the impacts of mobile learning research on educational practices and the implications forpolicy. Throughout, we identify lessons learnt from European experiences to date.

  • 337.
    Kurti, Erdelina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Transformation of business models from non-digital to digital: a dominant logic perspective2017In: Dilemmas 2015 Papers from the 18th annual International Conference Dilemmas for Human Services: Organizing, Designing and Managing, Växjö: Linnaeus University Press , 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Digital innovations are persuasively shifting the business landscape thus challenging traditional business models of incumbents. Information intensive sectors have been most affected and challenged to embrace the new realm. The central argument is that transformation of the business model from non-digital to digital involves a distinct set of activities and distinct assumptions about value creation and capture. Non-digital businesses operate and are guided by the conventional economic rules, whereas digital world of businesses function based on digital economics and economics of digital information (negligible marginal costs, transaction cost reduction, distinct cost structure mechanisms, different sources of revenues, etc). Thus a change of the business model involves a fundamental shift of existing core assumptions that profoundly challenges managers’ beliefs about value creation and capture. 

  • 338.
    Kurti, Erdelina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Haftor, Darek
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Barriers and Enablers of Digital Business model Transformation2015In: Proceedings of 9th European Conference on IS Management and Evaluation, ECIME 2015: The University of West England, UK, 21-22 September 2015 / [ed] Renata Paola Dameri, Roberto Garelli, Marina Resta, Academic Conferences Limited, 2015, p. 262-269Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents some current results from an ongoing research into how a non-digital business model may transform successfully into a digital business model.

    Amit and Zott’s break-through business model construct is assumed here as the core conceptual foundation for digitalization. Its main focus on economic value creation and appropriation attempts to unify several contemporary theoretical strands (Schumpeterian innovation, value chain logic, product-market strategies, resource-based view of firm, transaction cost economics and strategic networks). Building upon this conceptualization and by using a digital transformation of a bookselling company as a means of illustration, we bring to the forefront two central arguments to be considered for a successful transformation of business model from non-digital to digital. First, digital transformations shift the notion of firm centric value creation and as such cannot be comprehended without the network. Thus the digital transformation of business models implies multi-actor coordination, where no single executive authority may command the desired behavior, other than by means of negotiations. Secondly, the economic characteristics of digital information challenge conventional managerial wisdom such as the function of positive network effects being opposite to the conventional business logic, reduction of transaction costs and the negligible marginal costs, among others. A key assumption here is that managers’ wisdom is challenged by these characteristics of digital information economics as they act as filters that enable and hinder opportunities, adequate analysis, planning and decision-making.

    A review of previous studies on business model change indicates that digital transformation of business models is rather under-researched. Analysis show that whilst these studies provide solid grounds on the factors that hinder and enable business model change, they may not be sufficient to explain and account for digital transformation of business models. Majority of these studies provide very weak connections of the business model with the value network thus disregarding the very distinct feature of business model. We consider that future exploration of these central arguments that this study advocates, would potentially provide insights on how to embark into a successful transformation, and thereby avoid the tragic fate of Blockbuster.

  • 339.
    Kurti, Erdelina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Mirijamdotter, Anita
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Can Kuhn’s conception of paradigm shift explain the digital transformation of business models?2016In: Information Systems and Technology Innovations: the New Paradigm for a Smarter Economy, Department of Statistics and Applied Informatics Faculty of Economy, University of Tirana , 2016, p. 91-92Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we adopt Thomas Kuhn’s perspective of scientific progress, to discuss whether digitalization and specifically digital transformation of business models represents a shift to a new paradigm. We argue that digital operations and artefacts manifest some inherent characteristics, that significantly differ from traditional business models. Whereas the latter logics operates according to the conventional economic rules, the digital realm function according to the economics of digital information that involves some inherent unique features such as the importance of network effects, negligible marginal costs, different pricing mechanisms, reduction of transaction costs and different revenue models. These features make digital information products difficult to translate and address in economic terms. Thus, a new set of assumptions is required, because the production, distribution and consumption of digital information products encompasses a distinct inherent logic.

  • 340.
    Kurti, Erdelina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Computer Science, Physics and Mathematics.
    Mörtberg, Christina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Computer Science, Physics and Mathematics.
    Working with Tacit Knowledge: An Empirical Investigation in Glass Blowing Industry in Sweden2012In: Proceedings of Social Technologies '12: Development of Social Technologies in the Complex World, 2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 341.
    Kutserenko, Kristiina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Challenges Involved in the Implementation of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) in an Information System Development Organization - An Exploratory Study.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is a key regulation that deals with the protection of personal data in the European Union. It will be enforced on May 25, 2018. The GDPR brings in significant changes compared to the previous Data Protection Directive 95/46/EC (DIR95). Therefore, the organizations that fall within the scope of the GDPR are required to make their information systems compliant. Due to the complexity of modern software and the magnitude of changes required for the successful adoption of the GDPR, adopting such requirements could be a challenging task.

    Various works have already been conducted in the past addressing different articles and principles of the GDPR. However, relatively new Legal Technology sector has not been the focus of the GDPR related research. The purpose of the thesis is to investigate how a Legal Technology organization is affected by the challenges of implementing GDPR related requirements into its information system. In order to address the aim of the study, a literature review was conducted, followed by a case study in Assently AB, a small-sized organization belonging to the Legal Technology industry. In order to gather detailed information about the challenges of implementing the GDPR in their information system, semi-structured interviews were conducted with the practitioners at Assently.

    The result of this study is a collection of challenges. This collection of challenges relates to understanding the regulation in order to implement it into information system, creating new tools and processes, reviewing existing tools and processes, human resource availability for the support, management and development of information system and facing possible customer-related issues.

    The study contributes to the GDPR and Legal Technology related research. Moreover, it can be used by the industry practitioners to prepare for the similar implementations in the future. Furthermore, it will be useful for the emerging Legal Technology organizations who may need to design their information systems in compliance with the GDPR.

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  • 342.
    Källman, Alexander
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Computer Science, Physics and Mathematics.
    Waclawski, Adrian
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Computer Science, Physics and Mathematics.
    Viking Apprentice: Hur man skapar en mobil applikation som motiverar till bättre grundhälsa2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrunden till denna uppsats var att undersöka på vilket sätt kan man utveckla en mobil applikation som motiverar användaren till bättre grundhälsa. Genom ett samspel mellan användaren och en mobil applikation, så stödjs användaren i att uppnå en bättre grundhälsa genom fysisk träning med hjälp av en Smartphone.

    Vår frågeställning blev därför: Hur skapar man en mobil applikation som motiverar till bättre grundhälsa? För att besvara detta har vi använt oss av teorier kring motivation, fysiologi och gränssnittsdesign. Vi har även använt metoder för att designa och skapa applikationen. De metoder som vi använt är följande: Designramverket skapad av Alan Cooper. Denna metod visar på olika steg man ska ta för att få en bra vägledning och struktur i designprocessen. Vidare har vi använt oss av ITK - Identity Tool Kit skapad av Henriette Koblanck. Denna metod används för att ta fram en grafisk profil. Vi har även använt oss av Öppen Intervjumetod för att utforska vår design. Vår fallstudie belyser vårt sätt som man kan besvara problemet på.

    Resultatet har visat att alla delar är väsentliga för att designa en applikation som motiverar till bättre grundhälsa. Detta innebär ett samspel mellan gränssnittsdesign och väl utformade teorier vilka understödjer grundläggande motivation, samt avvägda övningar som ska leda till en smidig början på en individs träning. Är gränssnittet oklart leder detta till frustration hos användaren, detta resulterar i att motivationen minskar. Vilket medför att användaren kommer behöva belasta den kognitiva förmågan med att lösa problemet, istället för att fokusera på själva användandet. Ett tydligt gränssnitt leder till mer flyt och användaren får en bättre upplevelse.

    Teorier kring motivation har visat att det krävs definierade målsättningar. Genom att presentera tydliga mål för användaren och belöna när dessa etapper blir nådda, stimulerar det användarens motivation till fortsatt användning av systemet och vidare till en bättre grundhälsa. Det visuella temat för den mobila applikationen valdes med enlighet av att väcka en nöjsam upplevelse hos användaren. Genom att använda sig av stiliserad illustrativ grafik resulterar det i att användaren tar ett mer lättsam närmande och uppfattar användningen mer nöjsam, samt mindre avskräckande.

     

    Rapporten avrundas med förslag till fortsatt forskning inom området och utveckling av applikationen för att ytterligare stärka motivationen hos användaren.

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  • 343.
    Lahdo, Daniella
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Mathematics and Systems Engineering.
    Processkartläggning: En studie om materialflödet på fallföretaget XY2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    När man studerar förädlingskedjor finner man tre flöden som påverkar och är beroende av varandra; det fysiska-, informations-, och det finansiella flödet. Det fysiska flödet är det mest påtagliga och består främst av varor, informationsflödets uppgift är att administrera det fysiska flödet så att det blir effektivt och det finansiella flödet handlar om penningöver-föring. Ett första steg för att effektivisera flöden är att genomföra en processkartläggning.

    Syftet med uppsatsen är att kartlägga en kollektionsprocess på fallföretaget XY. Kartlägg-ningen ska resultera i identifiering av problem i processen samt förbättringsförslag. För att besvara syftet har fem frågor ställts i rapporten, två exempel är vad är ett bra materialflöde? och vad ska man tänka på inför förbättringsarbete med processer?

    Olika metoder har använts vid datainsamling, bland annat intervjuer, e-post och litteratur-studier. Rapporten har en kvalitativ/deduktiv ansats och då det är en undersökning på ett företag har fallstudieteknik använts. Fallföretaget är ett svenskt företag med fem anställda som designar och tillverkar kläder för unga kvinnor.

    Litteraturen säger att ett bra materialflöde är när man identifierar de aktiviteter i flödet som inte medför mervärde för processen och eliminera dessa. Ett bra materialflöde har ett väl fungerade informationsflöde med olika IT tekniska lösningar som stödjer det. Fallföretaget hade vid undersökningstiden ett materialflöde som fungerade tillfredställande och det beror till största del på att de har goda kontakter med leverantörer.

    Vid förbättringsarbete med processer börjar arbetet med att kartlägga processen. Denna kartläggning fungerar som underlag för förbättringsarbetet av processen. Det finns mäng-der av metoder för att studera processer. Value Stream Mapping är en metod för att kart-lägga och förbättra flöden i organisationer (Blücher & Öjmertz, 2004). Vid förbättringsar-bete är det viktigt att organisationen har funderat över hur man vill genomföra processför-bättring. Det finns i litteraturen två sätt att genomföra det, processförbättring och process re-design. I teorin finns ett antal mätmetoder för processer. BSC och SCOR är två exempel men man kan även välja att studera ledtider och omsättningshastighet. Fallföretaget har inte genomfört någon processkartläggning tidigare. Om företaget väljer att använda processkar-tan som har utförts i samband med denna rapport rekommenderas metoden processför-bättring för genomförande av förändringar.

    De kvalitetsbristkostnader i fallföretagets process som identifierats och som kan elimineras är ett antal kvalitetskontroller som upplevs som överflödig relaterat till processens storlek. Innan aktiviteter tas bort rekommenderas att man studerar hur ofta fel upptäcks vid kon-trollerna och om resultatet från en sådan undersökning visar att det inte sker frekventa av-vikelser bör dessa aktiviteter tas bort. Med sex kollektioner per år som innehåller 15-40 plagg var kan detta leda till en avsevärd besparing för fallföretaget.

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  • 344.
    Larsson, Dennis
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Computer Science, Physics and Mathematics.
    Det stora Internet och den lille företagaren: En studie om Internets möjligheter för småföretagen2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Internet har under de senaste åren blivit allt större och mer företag har tagit steget att skapa sig en Internet närvaro. Internet skapar nu ett tillfälle även för de mindre företagen att marknadsföra sig på samma nivå som de stora. Denna studie har undersökt de möjligheter som Internet idag erbjuder de mindre företagen. I sju veckors tid följdes en mindre företagare som försökte skapa en Internetnärvaro för sitt företag. Till sin hjälp har företagaren haft en steg metod som tagits fram specifikt för denna studie. Denna stege har använts för att ge företagaren olika mängder hjälp när företagaren fastnat. Vissa av stegen har även haft en simulerad prislapp. Genom att observera Företagarens försök att ta sitt företag ut på Internet har möjligheterna som Internet idag erbjuder mindre företag undersökts. Denna studie har visat att den studerade företagaren valde att utföra största delen av arbetet själv både vad gäller sökande och implementering av olika tjänster och program. Till viss del behövdes hjälp av vänner som användes när företagaren fastnat helt i processen för att skapa en närvaro på Internet.

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  • 345.
    Larsson, Katarina
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Mathematics and Systems Engineering.
    Online communities: En studie av Lunarstorms framgång2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Online communities are today widely discussed in media and a very popular subject. People all around the world are more and more willing to interact online and the number of online communities are rising with this. Today we have a community in Sweden that is called Lunarstorm, this has become a phenomen not seen anywhere else. Whit its 1,3 million users, it is the absolut biggest in Sweden today. I have in my essay found a number of factors in the litteratur that are essential for an online communities succes. I have also done an empirical study on Lunarstorm as a company and Lunarstorm as a webbsite. I have then in my analys part applyed my success factors on Lunarstorm, to be able to make conclusions about why Lunarstorm have become such a success. What I can see from my researches there is especially three things that makes Lunarstorm speciell, and that is networkeffects, to be the first one and the entire koncept of Lunarstorm.

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  • 346.
    Larsson, Simon Lars Johan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Danger prediction by modern technology: The role of wearable technology in improving workers’ situational awareness in hazardous industries2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The health and safety of workers is critically important to all companies, especially those operating in hazardous environments.  Companies typically rely on an array of personal protective equipment to help ensure the safety of their workers, however as technology evolves, a new generation of devices are helping revolutionize the industry.  Wearable technology is now becoming commonplace in both our personal and professional lives. 

     

    This study focused on understanding the use of, and attitude towards, various wearable technologies by workers in hazardous environments.  It also explored the change in perception within the workers as these technologies were leveraged and made recommendations for improvement in the future.

     

    A qualitive methodology was applied to understand the people, social, and cultural context.  Participants from industry were interviewed in an inductive and iterative manner, extracting data with an emphasis on the narrative.  Thematic analysis was then utilized to distill the data into Codes, Categories, and ultimately Concepts.

     

    While it became evident that workers had limited personal experience with wearable technology outside of the workplace, they all used it in some manner during their work.  The use of wearable technology was largely motivated by policies and procedures imposed by the companies.  Interestingly, the workers did have an expectation that the user of these devices had a positive impact on their overall safety.  Somewhat surprisingly, the outlook on the future of the technology was not very positive.  There are several opportunities for improvement both to design and implementation of safety related wearable technology, as well as a desire to better leverage artificial intelligence and augmented reality.

     

    Most companies utilize some level of wearable technology to assist in keeping their workers safe.  How workers utilize wearable technology to identify dangerous locations and situations varies greatly from organization to organization, but also between individual workers within any organization.  Although the use of wearable technology within the workplace has been demonstrated to improve safety, the primary motivator for its use is the fact that organization mandate their staff to compliance through policies and standard operating processes. Despite the fact that personal safety should be of utmost importance to any worker, they appear to be so unmotivated to actually utilize the technology available to them that it must be made mandatory through policy.  Within this environment, it becomes very difficult for workers to consider how wearable technology capabilities can be improved in regard to safety-related situational awareness.

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  • 347.
    Lavin, Nina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Mjukvaruuteckling i multikulturellt team: En kvalitativ studie om kulturers påverkan på mjukvaruutvecklingsprojekt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studier visar på att mjukvaruutvecklingsprojekt är känsliga och svåra att få i mål. Det blir dessutom allt vanligare med multikulturella arbetsgrupper inom mjukvaruutveckling och det för med sig ytterligare problem så som konflikter och missförstånd. Den här studien har undersökt hur mjukvaruutvecklingsprojekt påverkas av kulturella faktorer i en multikulturell arbetsgrupp. Det har dessutom undersökts vad som kan göras för att anpassa arbetet så att dessa konflikter kan minimeras. Undersökningen är avgränsad till ett specifikt företag och en specifik multikulturell arbetsgrupp som arbetar med mjukvaruutveckling. Resultatet visar på att mjukvaruutvecklingsprojekten påverkas av individers kommunikations- och tolkningsförmågor, något som går att härleda till det faktum att individerna har olika bakgrunder. Det i sin tur skapar problem som dubbelt utfört arbete eller missade uppgifter som resulterar i omfattande omarbetningar, att projekt tvingas startas om eller att de avslutas i förtid. Arbetet skulle kunna anpassas genom att införa effektivare projektstöd som fungerar som en gemensam plattform där utrymme för egna tolkningar minimeras och konflikter hanteras effektivare. 

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    Mjukvaruutveckling i multikulturellt team
  • 348.
    Lehn, Dan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Improving pre-surgery information with a digital information system: A qualitative case study2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In today’s society, much information is utilized and distributed through information and communication technology. However, even though IT or ICT has been introduced in the healthcare sector, paper documents are still in use. Studies show that this may create an inefficient healthcare, something pre-surgical medical personnel at a medical clinic in the southern part of Sweden, are well aware of.Their problem is that an increasing number of surgical procedures are cancelled as patients fail to comply with pre-surgery information; the information provided to patients before having surgery. Pre-surgical medical personnel believe that the root to this problem comes from the way patients are given access to the information itself. Currently, this is limited to paper document, a solution that worked in the past. However, a more diverse clientele has resulted in a greater need for information access and paper documents simply cannot support this in an effective manner.Pre-surgical medical personnel believe this could be improved if the information was also made accessible through an information system. And so, the focus of the master thesis was to explore the pre-surgical medical personnel’s perception on the requirements, usage and impact of a new IS that could, subsequently, generate improvements in the accessibility and understandability of pre-surgery information.The problematic situation was approached with an interpretative qualitative case study were data was collected through three different methods so that triangulation could take place. The master thesis then utilized a modified version of the Delone and McLean’s information system success model and a content analysis to approach, analyse and discuss the collected data.The findings of this analysis revealed that pre-surgical medical personnel perceived an information system where the technology used to support it, was less significant than the information system’s ability to provide patients with equal access to pre-surgery information. The analysis also revealed that the information system must be capable of presenting information as both text and narrated video, as well as in a language chosen by the patient. Lastly, the perceived effect of the information systems implementation and usage was a substantial reduction in the number of surgeries that were cancelled.

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  • 349.
    Lestander, Andreas
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Mathematics and Systems Engineering.
    Elektroniska enkäter: Aspekter på teknik och kursutvärdering2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Resultatet av mina studier visar tänkbara anledningar till att ny teknik inom vissa tillämpningsområden inte fått det gehör som vid första anblick skulle kunna förväntas.

    Genom att intervjua undervisande personal vid Växjö universitet och jämföra dessa resultat med tidigare gjorda studier inom området, undersöker jag för- och nackdelar med Internetbaserade utvärderingssystem och vad som ligger till grund för lärares val av

    metod vid utvärderingar.

    Studien pekar på en rad fördelar med Internetbaserade enkätsystem i jämförelse med traditionella pappersenkäter, som trots sin resurskrävande arbetsprocess fortfarande är vanligare än betydligt effektivare webbenkäter.

    Rapportens huvudsakliga syfte är att finna orsaker till att pappersbaserade enkäter fortfarande används i en högre utsträckning än Internetbaserade utvärderingssystem vid Växjö universitet

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  • 350.
    Li, Haorui
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Mathematics and Systems Engineering.
    Efficiency of hospitals: Evaluation of Cambio COSMIC system2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this modern world, healthcare has becoming a popular word in human life. People pay their attention on their health protection and treatment, but at the same time, they need to bear the high expenditure for their healthcare processing.

    It is a serious problem that the government income can not afford the large expense in healthcare industry. Especially in some developing countries, healthcare problem has become the problem for the nation development.

    We would like to choose this basic way to solve this problem directly, to provide the channel to improve the efficiency of healthcare system, Cambio COSMIC.

    The aim to analysis COSMIC for my case study is to find out the conclusion that how does the architect design the system from the stakeholders requirement to achieve the success of improving the efficiency of healthcare system. And how to measure the success for the system achieving to improve the efficiency of healthcare system is still required to indicate.

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