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  • 301.
    Eliassi Sarzali, Layla
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Bohlin, Johanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Mäns våld mot kvinnor i nära relationer: En kvalitativ studie om bakomliggande orsaker till våldsutövande samt erbjuden behandling för våldsutövarna2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to gain and increase knowledge about intimate partner violence, also known as domestic violence. The research questions we aim to answer are how professionals define violence, the causes behind why so many men use violence against their significant other and, furthermore, what kind of support and treatment those men can be offered. To answer these questions, we have made eight semi-structured qualitative interviews with respondents working with treatment for men who has used or still use violence against women in intimate partner relationships. The professionals represent different organizations connected to "Rikskriscentrum" and offer support and treatment for both men and women. The result of the study shows that all respondents define violence similary. Most of them use a quite wide definition showing that violence is so much more than just physical abuse. The support and treatment offered for intimate partner violence is described substantially similary too. Why many men use violence in their intimate partner relationships is the question who turned out to be most complex and hard to answer. We have discussed our main questions using theories about gender and the process of normalization in domestic violence. Our reasoning is also connected to a social context, often referred to as a socio-economic model. 

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  • 302.
    Eliasson, Emelie
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Health Sciences and Social Work.
    Eriksson, Anna
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Health Sciences and Social Work.
    Att bli utredd och bedömd: Adoptivföräldrars upplevelser av medgivandeutredningen2008Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Familjebildning är för många personer en central del av livet. Att bli adoptivföräldrar innebär en annorlunda process jämfört med det biologiska föräldraskapet. För att bli adoptivföräldrar måste man genomgå en utredning. Utredningen benämns som medgivandeutredning och innebär att socialsekreterare granskar om personer är lämpliga som föräldrar. Syftet med vårt examensarbete är att förstå hur adoptivföräldrar upplever en medgivandeutredning och hur de upplever att bli utredda av socialsekreterare. För att nå vårt syfte gjorde vi kvalitativa intervjuer med tio adoptivföräldrar som genomfört internationella adoptioner. Vår teoretiska utgångspunkt är Goffmans (2006) teori om roller och Skaus (2007) begrepp om maktförhållandet mellan klient och hjälpare. Under analysen identifierade vi olika roller. Personer ansöker om medgivande för att de vill ha rollen som förälder, men utredningen medför även andra roller, till exempel rollen som klient. Resultatet visar att adoptivföräldrarnas upplevelser av medgivandeutredningen är tvetydiga. Helhetsintrycket är positivt samtidigt som de upplever negativa aspekter. Platsen för mötet, beroendeförhållandet till socialsekreterarna samt oron som utredningen innebär är några av de aspekter som adoptivföräldrarna upplever som besvärande.

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  • 303.
    Eliasson, Josefin
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Nyqvist, Sofia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Missbrukshandläggares berättelser om hot och våld: En kvalitativ studie om upplevelser och hantering av hot och våld2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this qualitative study was to understand and analyze how Swedish social workers define and prevent threats and violence at the workplace. The social workers that we interviewed were to help people who abuse alcohol and drugs. The aim was also to understand which causes the social workers could see how that the threats and violence arose. The study was based on eight individual semi-structured interviews in three different municipalities, but not in a comparative purpose. The empirical data were analyzed with the help of Erving Goffman´s dramaturgical perspective and social constructivism. The main results of the study showed that social workers were not exposed to major violent situations. There was no clear definition of threats and violence, instead the definitions were individually experienced. The result also showed that the social workers had a preventative approach against threats and violence. The causes of unwanted situations were linked to authorities compelling elements and exercise of power.

  • 304.
    Eliasson, Julia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Social Work.
    Sjöberg, Elin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Social Work.
    Bitchblickar och giftpilar: En kvalitativ undersökning utifrån skolpersonals tolkningar av fenomenet mobbning bland flickor2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine how school personnel describe and interpret the phenomenon bullying among girls, and also what their interpretations are based upon. More specifically its aim was to find out what characterizes and causes girl-to-girl bullying, according to school welfare officers and teachers. We wanted to find out how school personnel look upon aggression among girls and social expectations on girls behavior. The analysis was based on two kinds of perspectives: one focusing on gender and one focusing on power in relationships. Research shows that girl-to-girl bullying is hard to observe and that this problem has been invisible in earlier studies. We thought that this phenomenon needs to be brought up and that is one of the reasons why we wanted to examine this subject. This study was based on qualitative interviews with school welfare officers and teachers. A main theme in our study is that our respondents describe girl-to-girl bullying as subtle and quiet. We also found that some of our respondents disagreed on this statement. Their opinions were mainly based on their own experience from working in a school environment. As a conclusion we found out that factors such as social maturity and gender roles can be used as explanations on the phenomenon girl-to-girl bullying. We found out that our tools, power and gender theories, could not fully explain why girls bully in a certain way and how school personnel interpret the phenomenon. More knowledge is needed to understand more about girl-to-girl bullying.

     

     

     

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  • 305.
    Elljung, Angelica
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Johnsson, Sofie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Barns rätt till föräldrar eller föräldrars rätt till barn?: En kvalitativ studie om riksdagspolitikers normer om föräldraskap och familj i debatten om assisterad befruktning för ensamstående kvinnor och surrogatmoderskap2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is based on how politicians’ standars were represented in the debate about assisted reproduction of single women and surrogacy in Sweden. And also which arguments the politicians performed on both issues. The study was based on the protocol 2011/12:91 from the parliamentary debate in Sweden. The aim of the study was to examine political standards is identified according to parenting and family in the assisted reproduction and surrogacy debate. The empirical material has been analyzed through social constructivism as a theory and standard critical perspective related to normality. Argument analysis was used as a method to identify pro et contra arguments on the issues. Two theses from the protocol 2011/12:91 was identified and analyzed. The first thesis was "Every child has a right to have both a mother and a father" and the second thesis was, "Every human should have an opportunity to have children". Pro arguments to the first thesis was that a child has a right to know its genetic origin and to be nursed by both its parents as far as possible. They meant that the traditional family constellation with a mother and a father is a good family to raise a child within. Contra arguments in this issue also meant that the child has a right to know its genetic origin, and therefore should get this right in Sweden to reduce the risk that mothers get infertility treatment abroad with a donor that is anonymous. Additional contra arguments in this thesis was that the most important thing for a child is to grow up in a family with love and care, regardless of family constellation. Pro arguments to the last thesis, "Every human should have an opportunity to have children" was that it is a biological instinct to reproduce and politicians should therefore not stand in the way by prohibiting single women to get assisted reproduction. Contra argument to this thesis was that parenting is an impossible question to fairness. They meant that if you do not have the physical ability to have children, society should not help you with this matter. They also meant that if we legislate surrogacy in Sweden it is a big risk that women become a commodity in the matter. And this risk outweigh parents’ desire to have children.

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  • 306.
    Elm Larsen, Jörgen
    et al.
    University of Copenhagen.
    Hornemann Möller, Iver
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    The increasing socioeconomic and spatial segregation and polarization of livingconditions in the Copenhagen metropolitan area2013Conference paper (Other academic)
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  • 307.
    Elmersjö, Magdalena
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Kompetensfrågan inom äldreomsorgen: Hur uppfattningar om kompetens formar omsorgsarbetet, omsorgsbehoven och omsorgsrelationen2014Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation examines how perceptions of competence affect the care of older persons, and the values ​​and vocational conceptions of care work and care recipients that are tied to the perceptions of what skills that are needed and why. Competence is defined by three parts with relevance for the content of care work: what knowledge the care workers should have, what tasks they should perform and how they should respond to care recipients. The aim of this dissertation is to analyse how the care managers' and care workers' perceptions of competence form the direction of the care work and how that direction relates to the care recipients’ perceptions of and expectations on the care work.

     

    The care work is characterised by what is analysed as an activation of the recipients - that the recipients themselves should perform as much of the care work as possible. The activation aims at managing the decay of the aging body and is motivated by a vocational conception of the care recipients as different from others, with designations as grateful and passive. This conception is analysed as generation character based on an idea among the care managers and care workers that the society in which the recipients grew up gave them certain cognitive prerequisites that have to be managed in the practical care work.

     

    The care recipients in the study have opposing conceptions and perceptions of care work compared with the care managers and care workers. The recipients’ central objective with the care work is to prevent what has been interpreted as the disrepair of the home. The care recipients’ position in the organisation raises the problem of loyalty towards the care workers and in some sense the care managers. Their loyalty reduces their ability to complain and to influence their situation to the better.

     

    Keywords: care of older persons, care needs, care work, care relationship, care receivers, care workers, care managers, competence, technologies, activation, generation character

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    Kompetensfrågan inom äldreomsorgen
  • 308. Elmersjö, Mathias
    et al.
    Elmersjö, Magdalena
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Social Work.
    Linde, Stig
    Nationella forskarskolan i socialt arbete - dess målgrupp och deltagare2011Report (Other academic)
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  • 309.
    Elofsson, Marina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Berntsson, Michaela
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Det delade ledarskapets påverkan på organisationen: En fallstudie om delat ledarskap2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of our study is to investigate what difference a shared leadership can make in an organization. We also wanted to know how social work professionals describe shared leadership and how its changes and consequences work out in an organization. To be able to answer the purpose of this study, we decided to do a case study. The interviews are conducted in an social work organization. We have conducted a focus group interview with three employees, an interview with each of the two area managers having a shared leadership, an interview with the social manager, an interview with the operations manager and one with a politician. In this study we used both an abductive and a qualitative approach by doing six interviews. The conclusion of our study is that the implement of a shared leadership have many advantages for the organization-from the employees at the bottom to the politician at the top. The results show that it is not an easy task to perform a shared leadership. It takes two willingly people and a lot of characteristics to do it. We have learned that this type of leadership is not for all managers. Some managers want to run the show on their own.

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  • 310.
    Elsrud, Torun
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Collect, shuffle and Select: Constructing coherent sentence stories and ethnic/racial differentiation from courtroom interaction2018In: Law at the Crossroads: Le Droit à la Croisée des Chemins, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 311.
    Elsrud, Torun
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Listening and learning: Intersectional challenges during courtroom observations2016In: At the Delta : Belonging, Place and Visions of Law and Social Change: Law and Society Association (LSA), New Orleans, US, 2-5 June, 2016, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 312.
    Elsrud, Torun
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Resisting social death with dignity. The strategy of re-escaping among young asylum-seekers in the Wake of Sweden's sharpened asylum laws2020In: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines experiences of 'social death', and the strategy of 're-escaping', following sharpened Swedish asylum laws and practice. The arguments stem from ethnographic research with people who arrived in Sweden as 'unaccompanied minors' between 2014 and 2016. The participants have experienced step-by-step rejection processes from both the Migration Agency and social services, resulting in homelessness, pennilessness and a dependency on civil society goodwill. Some research participants remain in Sweden while others have re-escaped searching for asylum elsewhere in Europe. It is argued that the treatment from the Swedish Migration Agency and the social services has contributed to situating these young asylum-seekers in a position of 'social death', a condition lacking hope and opportunities for agency where they are not treated as fully human or grievable. The aim is to analyse their experiences of social and legal ostracism in Sweden and the act of 're-escaping' to other countries as a strategy not only to gain asylum, but also belongingness, self-control and dignity. While such handling of oppression may boost dignity and self-control, it may also lead to prolonged insecurity where individuals risk becoming permanent refugees stuck in precariousness within European borders.

  • 313.
    Elsrud, Torun
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Shuffling the deck of statements: Constructing coherent sentence stories from courtroom complexities2018In: Global Challenges: Borders, Populism and the Postcolonial Condition - an international conference on critical theory, post coloniality, migration and populism., 2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 314.
    Elsrud, Torun
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Forsberg, Lena
    När dokumenten berättar: statistik och tankar kring placering av barn och unga i Kalmar län2006Report (Other academic)
  • 315.
    Elsrud, Torun
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Lalander, Philip
    Malmö University, Sweden.
    Immigrant mafia or local lads on the binge?: The construction of (un)trustworthiness in Swedish district courts2017In: Retfærd. Nordisk Juridisk Tidsskrift, ISSN 0105-1121, Vol. 157, no 3-4, p. 182-200Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we address the constructionof familiarity and distance in Swedish district courtcases, involving young men with both immigrantand Swedish backgrounds. Through ethnographicobservations of 40 trials related to street crimes, wehave found different qualities of social interaction that distinguish immigrant background and Swed-ish background cases from each other. These distinc-tions, disfavouring young men with immigrant back-ground, are built up through a series of practices and events that follow taken-for-granted behaviourand details in interaction, such as speech, laughter,choice of words to describe the accused and trust inSwedish witnesses. In conclusion, we argue for thenecessity of detailed, close-up studies of courtroom action and interaction to understand statistical find-ings of discrimination and disfavouring of certain groups of immigrants in court and elsewhere in thejudicial process.

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  • 316.
    Elsrud, Torun
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Lalander, Philip
    Malmö University.
    Staaf, Annika
    Malmö University.
    Internet racism, journalism and the principle of public access: Ethical challenges for qualitative research into ‘media attractive’ court cases2016In: Ethnic and Racial Studies, ISSN 0141-9870, E-ISSN 1466-4356, Vol. 39, no 11, p. 1943-1961Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses the risk of research exposing people with an immigrant background in criminal court cases to Internet-based racist persecution, due to mismanagement of general ethical guidelines. The principle of informed consent, ideally serving to protect people under study from harm may, in fact, cause them more harm due to the interest among certain Internet-based networks of spreading identifiable, degrading information. Arguments are based on ethically challenging experiences from two ethnographic research projects carried out in Swedish district court environments, focused on immigrant court cases. Ethical advice provided by ethical review boards and established research guidelines, were based on an unawareness of the potentially destructive rendezvous in media attractive immigrant court cases between ‘ethically informed’ research, crime journalism, freedom of information legislation and ‘Internet vigilantes’ on a quest to persecute court participants and their families in the global digital arena.

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  • 317.
    Elsrud, Torun
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism. Malmö University.
    Lalander, Philip
    Malmö University, Sweden.
    Staaf, Annika
    Malmö University, Sweden.
    Noise, voice and silencing during immigrant court-case performances in Swedish district courts2017In: Ethnicities, ISSN 1468-7968, E-ISSN 1741-2706, Vol. 17, no 5, p. 667-687Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article argues that court-ritual unawareness, linguistic shortcomings andstereotypical images about non-Swedish otherness impair the position and actingspace for immigrants in a Swedish district court context. Drawing on two ethnographicallyinformed research projects focused on courtroom interaction during morethan 20 trials dealing with ‘domestic violence’ and ‘street-related crime’, we claimthat immigrant voices are often silenced due to taken-for-granted practices in court.Through analyses of interviews, performances, interpreted hearings and references toa desirable Swedishness, it is argued that situations are created where immigrantparticipants may experience their possibility of being understood as limited and theirvoices as being unheard. Such conditions are emotionally draining and may result inparticipants choosing silence over stating their case. This is a problem, not only withinthe individual court case, but also for the overall legitimacy of the court system and forissues of institutional trust among citizens.

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  • 318.
    Emanuelsson, Rebecca
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Socialtjänstens arbete med ensamkommande flyktingbarn: En studie om socialtjänstens möjligheter att tillgodose de ensamkommande barnens behov2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There has been a high influx of unaccompanied refugee children who have come to Sweden, the number increased particularly in 2015 compared with previous years. It is the municipalities, and therefor the social services, responsibility to provide adequate care for this children. The purpose of the study is to gain an understanding of the social services work and opportunities to meet the needs of unaccompanied children in accordance with the child's best, in relation to the convention on the rights of the child. The study is based on a qualitative approach and the method is semi-structured interviews with three managers in the field and three social workers. According to the results, social services has faced a challenge in meeting the needs of unaccompanied children in both a lack of resources such as accommodations and lack of social workers. The results also show that there are some difficulties to consider the child's best in the work with the unaccompanied children, partly to the lack of resources wich inhibits the ability to meet the child's wishes and because of differences of opinion about what is best for the child. The organisation has faced a change in order to cope with the large influx of unaccompanied children and therefore organization theory is used in the analysis. Theoretical concepts that is used in the study is discretion and street level bureaucracy due the social workers is street level bureaucracies whose work with unaccompanied children is affected by their discretion given by the organization.

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  • 319.
    Emma, Alander
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Olsson, Annica
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Hur ledarskap inom den kommunala omsorgen kommer till uttryck: Utifrån ett medarbetarperspektiv2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It is said that leadership success can be measured by the well-being of employees therefore we believe it becomes relevant to research the employee’s preferences concerning which skills they believe; a good enough leadership should entail. However previous leadership research tends to focus on the opinions of the middle managers rather than the employees themselves. Therefor the following study will conduct semi-structured individual and thematic group-interviews to depict the ideas of both middle managers and employees within five different municipal care-organizations. Throughout the study an employee-perspective have been added to further investigate the most desired leadership skills vis-à-vis the actual leadership that occurs within municipal care operations to highlight differences and similarities.The following study can conclude that having a relationship between employees and middle managers is something that is important and something that everyone thinks is a prerequisite. The study can also draw conclusions surrounding the most preferred leadership skills. Employees need to feel involved and that the middle manager is understanding and insightful regarding the different roles and opinions of the employees. The studies theoretical theory, symbolic interactionism and Goffman's dramaturgy became helpful tools in order to analyze and understand how relationships are expressed and how communication can be interpreted. Furthermore, middle managers and employees agreed that it is difficult for middle managers to work with an employee-perspective in municipal care, since all performers have different perspectives and priorities, which means that they might have different opinions about which leadership qualities they consider to be most important. A leadership with an employee-perspective can be compromised by the fact that middle managers have many areas of responsibilities. Municipal care operations are an ever-growing workplace and a last home for many people which also can affect a middle managers ability to possess an employee-perspective.

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  • 320.
    Enell, Sofia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Anpassningsstrategier och tolkningsföreträde: Ungas erfarenheter av att utredas på institution2018In: Kontrollerade unga: Tvångspraktiker på institution / [ed] Enell, Sofia, Gruber, Sabine & Vogel, Maria Andersson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, p. 143-166Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 321.
    Enell, Sofia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Banor i samhällsvården: en tvåårig studie om unga som utretts på SiS-institution2014In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 48-69Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Unga kan placeras på Statens institutionsstyrelses (SiS)institutioner för att utredas tvärprofessionellt. Utredningarnaleder fram till förslag på fortsatt vård som socialtjänstentar ställning till och beslutar om. I artikeln analyserasen sekvens av utredda ungas banor i samhällsvården.

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  • 322.
    Enell, Sofia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    'I Got to Know Myself Better, My Failings and Faults': Young People's Understandings of being Assessed in Secure Accommodation2017In: Young - Nordic Journal of Youth Research, ISSN 1103-3088, E-ISSN 1741-3222, Vol. 25, no 2, p. 124-140Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores young people's understandings of assessments conducted in secure accommodation. The concepts of institutional identity' and text-mediated' actions have been used in the analysis. The main empirical material is repeated interviews with assessed young people during a two-year period. In the findings, the stories of three young people display understandings of appreciation, disappointment and self-development. The assessments seem to have made the youths aware of their failings and faults'. An analysis of the written assessments found institutional identities of inner problems and unstructured everyday lives'. In conclusion, the young people's understandings of the meanings and implications of the assessments are suggested to be connected to the caseworkers' text-mediated actions and their position in the assessment process. The young people's stories indicate the need to consider the institutional context of the assessments and to acknowledge young people's efforts in care.

  • 323.
    Enell, Sofia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Young people in limbo: perceptions of self-presentations when being assessed in secure accommodation2015In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 22-37Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, young people are assessed in institutions at the request of the social services, a situation that can be described as being in limbo, in a state of uncertainty. Using the concepts of self-presentation and institutional processes in total institutions, this research aims to analyse young people’s perceptions of being assessed in secure accommodation. The empirical material consists of repeated interviews with 16 adolescents assessed in secure accommodation. Three situations were identified in which the young people felt that their self-presentations were in some way in or out of their control: the placement situation; the assessment situation and the assessment-outcome situation. The youths perceived their self-presentations to be influenced by the setting (i.e., the institution). In addition, there were two parts to being in limbo: being on site in the institution and being distant from the social services. The young people’s experience of being assessed in an institution was characterized by feelings of a loss of control over self-presentation and of their perceptions of themselves.

  • 324.
    Enell, Sofia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Linnéuniversitetet.
    Denvall, Verner
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Att överskrida gränser för barnens bästa: Tidigt och förebyggande arbete i Växjö kommun2018Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Tidiga och förebyggande insatser för barn och föräldrar efterfrågas allt mer idag. Samverkan mellan verksamheter såsom socialtjänst, BVC, förskola och skola lyfts ofta fram som en nödvändighet för att förebygga ohälsa och socialproblematik. Men, kunskap om vilka faktorer som är betydelsefulla för att i samverkan förbättra barns livsvillkor är begränsad. I denna studie analyseras ett samverkansprojekt och vilka faktorer som framstår ha bidragit till eller försvårat det förebyggande arbetet. Det aktuella samverkansprojektet genomfördes i Braås, ett litet samhälle i Växjö kommun, mellan 2013–2015. Studien bygger på dokumentsanalys och intervjuer med de som ansvarade, genomförde eller deltog i projektet. I analysen har teorier om samverkan och begreppet gränsarbete använts. Gränsarbete handlar om hur professionella sätter upp gränser för vilket arbete som tillhör eller inte tillhör den egna professionsarenan.

    Studien visar att pedagoger i förskolan uppfattade att de fått ökad kompetens och ökad trygghet i att bemöta barn och föräldrar. Likaså har personal upplevt sig tryggare i att kontakta och göra anmälningar till socialtjänsten. Familjer har också av professionella i de olika verksamheterna blivit hänvisade till projektet och fått enskilt stöd. Studien visar också att projektet kunde få en avgörande betydelse för föräldrars livssituation både då som nu. De faktorer som identifierats bidra är att de ansvariga på förvaltningarna hade en gemensam samsyn och tog ett gemensamt ansvar. De projektanställdas förmåga att med barnens bästa för ögonen vara gränsöverskridare – att med stort engagemang skapa relationer och tillit och få tillgång till andras arenor – framstår varit centralt. Att arbetet gjordes i projektform kan också ses ha bidragit då det möjliggjort att existerande gränser kunnat utmanas. Utbildningssatsningar kan ha bidragit till ökad reflektion hos personal och större gemensam förståelse av barns behov.

    Till de försvårande och hindrande faktorerna hör bristande implementering i berördaverksamheter vilket väckte frågor och ett behov av att försvara gränser. Projektet påverkades också negativt av att personal i projektet och på chefsposter utanför projektet slutade. Personalomsättningens betydelse visar också att projektet var och förblev personberoende. Analysen av samverkansprojektet i Braås visar på vikten av att skapa en verksamhetdomän för tidiga och förebyggande insatser som vilar på flera stöttepelare – någon form av reglerande strukturer, gemensamt ansvar och uppdrag och samverkanskultur i såväl förvaltning som berörda verksamheter. För Växjös del framstår det som att arbetet främst vilat mot den normerande stöttepelaren – att skapa ett moraliskt tryck på verksamheter och personal att genom samverkan arbeta förebyggande. Skapandet av en verksamhetsdomän för tidiga och förebyggande insatser framstår därmed vara en fortsatt utmaning för Växjö kommun. För utvecklingen av en sådan domän finns flera lärdomar från Braåsprojektet – en samsyn från involverade förvaltningar som skapar ett gränsland för förebyggande arbete, att detta gränsland har autonomi i relation till andra verksamheter, lokal tillgänglighet och personal med förmåga att skapa relation och tillit. Fortsatt arbete bör inriktas på omgivande strukturer som skapar tillhörighet och långsiktighet i arbetet. Vår analys visar också påbehov av bättre villkor för samverkan och förebyggande arbete, något vi trorkan gynnas av följande:

    1. Ett lagstiftat gemensamt socialt uppdrag att förebygga ojämlika villkor för verksamheter som kommer i kontakt med barn. Ett sådant uppdrag bör innefatta att verksamheten ska (1) vara väl förtrogen med barnslevnadsförhållanden,(2) främja jämlikhet i levnadsvillkor och (3)samverka.

    2. Ökad kunskap om konsekvenserna för barn och föräldrar av förebyggande arbete. Det är särskilt angeläget att föräldrar och barn får dela med sig av erfarenheter och att studier inriktas på att undersöka vilken betydelse förebyggande arbete och tidiga insatser kan få fördem.

    3. Att samverkan och förebyggande arbete ges förutsättningar för att lyckas. Det inbegriper tydlig ledning i alla nivåer, från högsta till lägsta, gemensamma utbildningar för personal i olika verksamheter, lokalt utarbetade samverkansuppdrag, öppna och icke-diskriminerande strukturer bortom myndighetsutövning och uthållighet. Växjö kommun har med sin uthållighet och vilja att förebygga ohälsa och sociala problem för barn goda förutsättningar för att utveckla enverksamhetsdomän för tidiga och förebyggande arbete. Fortsatt arbete bör inriktas på att göra detta uppdrag till ett delat samhällsansvar för professionella i berörda verksamheter.

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    Att överskrida gränser för barnens bästa
  • 325.
    Enell, Sofia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Denvall, Verner
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Searching for the right track: managing care trajectories in child welfare2017In: Child & Family Social Work, ISSN 1356-7500, E-ISSN 1365-2206, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 398-408Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines caseworkers' efforts to plan and find appropriate interventions for troublesome young people. Strauss's concept oftrajectory is applied to analyse how Swedish caseworkers shape and manage the evolving care trajectories using assessments for young people in secure accommodation, i.e. institutional youth assessments. The empirical material consists of surveys to 82 caseworkers concerning 85 institutional youth assessments and interviews with 16 of these caseworkers. The findings reveal ongoing care trajectories that are out of control where the assessments are seen as an opportunity of change for the youths. Diagnoses, confirmations and plans for action are provided through the assessments and used by the caseworkers in negotiations for resources. Three orientations of contributions to the caseworkers' management of care trajectories were found, all reflecting the many uncertainties of child welfare work:child centredprofessional and discharge of liability. In conclusion, the caseworkers searched for the right measures to manage change and achieve youth compliance, but it was also a matter of managing professional and organizational contingencies and passing on responsibility.

  • 326.
    Enell, Sofia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Denvall, Verner
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Vägen från utredning till åtgärd: utredningsplaceringar vid särskilda utredningshem2013Report (Refereed)
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    Vägen från utredning
  • 327.
    Enell, Sofia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Gruber, SabineLinköping university.Andersson Vogel, MariaStockholm university.
    Kontrollerade unga: Tvångspraktiker på institution2018Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Låsta institutioner, tvångsvård, kriminalitet, missbruk, ungdomar på rymmen. Orden skapar bilder och väcker debatt – hur ska ungdomar som utsätter sig själva och andra för fara hanteras? I denna antologi går författarna bortom förenklade föreställningar om farliga ungdomar och hårdare tag till en mer sammansatt förståelse av tillvaron innanför institutionernas väggar. Det är en tillvaro som präglas av kontroll och säkerhetsarrangemang. Låsta dörrar och personal som bär synliga larmanordningar signalerar hur tvångspraktiker är möjliga och oavbrutet tillgängliga. Det blir samtidigt en tillvaro som producerar kontrollerade unga som anpassar sitt beteende, sina rörelser och hur de framställer sig själva för att återfå något av den kontroll de genom inlåsningen förlorat.

    Bokens olika bidrag öppnar för kontrasterande perspektiv på den låsta institutionsvården. I huvudsak står de svenska särskilda ungdomshemmen i fokus men de speglas även mot sina motsvarigheter i andra nordiska länder.

    Kontrollerade unga vänder sig till studenter och praktiskt verksamma inom socialt arbete och andra närliggande ämnen. Boken är också av intresse för politiker och beslutsfattare med koppling till den sociala ungdomsvården.

     

  • 328.
    Enell, Sofia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Gruber, Sabine
    Linköping university.
    Andersson Vogel, Maria
    Stockholm university.
    Tvångspraktiker på institution: Teoretisk och historisk inramning2018In: Kontrollerade unga: Tvångspraktiker på institution / [ed] Enell, Sofia, Gruber, Sabine & Vogel, Maria Andersson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, p. 19-36Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 329.
    Enell, Sofia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Gruber, Sabine
    Linköping university.
    Vogel, Maria Andersson
    Stockholm university.
    Tvångspraktiker på institution: Summering och avslutande reflektioner2018In: Kontrollerade unga: Tvångspraktiker på institution / [ed] Enell, Sofia, Gruber, Sabine & Vogel, Maria Andersson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, p. 285-292Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 330.
    Enell, Sofia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Jönköping university.
    Vogel, Maria Andersson
    Stockholm university.
    Behovet av förändring vid de särskilda ungdomshemmen2018In: Manifest: För ett socialt arbete i tiden / [ed] Dahlstedt, Magnus & Lalander, Philip, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, p. 173-184Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 331.
    Enell, Sofia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Wilińska, Monika
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Negotiating, opposing and transposing dangerousness: a relational perspective on young people’s experiences of secure care2020In: Young - Nordic Journal of Youth Research, ISSN 1103-3088, E-ISSN 1741-3222, p. 1-24Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses how young people, with experiences of secure care, relate to the contradictory images of children in child welfare: the child in danger and the dangerous child. The study is based in Sweden and consists of in-depth interviews with 16 youths conducted repeatedly (three times) over a period of two years. Using the perspective of relational sociology we demonstrate how abstract images of children are materialised through the institutional practices of broken, interrupted, forbidden and forced relations. Within this context, young people are found to relate differently to being placed in the institution by negotiating, opposing, and transposing. All practices display their unfolding agency and struggle to make sense of the experience. The restrictive practices seem to deny young people relations through which a sense of safety and care can be established. We conclude by putting into question the very foundations of secure care within child welfare services.

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    fulltext
  • 332. Englund, Nina
    et al.
    Rosell, Erik
    Johansson, Jesper
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Social Work.
    Kunskapsglädje: En handbok om kompetensutveckling i sociala företag2017Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här är en handbok för dig som vill arbeta med kompetensutveckling för personal i sociala företag. Den har tagits fram i samband med ett projekt som finansierats av Europeiska Socialfonden. Tillväxtverket har bidragit till bokens tryckning. Målet med projektet var att skapa en metod för kompetensutveckling av medarbetare inom sociala företag, men metoden fungerar också som inspiration för dig som vill utveckla din organisations sätt att arbeta med kompetensutveckling i vardagen. Tillsammans har forskare, pedagoger och sociala företag tagit fram metoden som fått namnet Kunskapsglädje.

  • 333.
    Enochsson, Lina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Olsson, Sarah
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Psykisk ohälsa bland äldre: En kvalitativ studie med inriktning mot samverkan kring äldres psykiska ohälsa.  2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to describe and analyze how the municipality's elderly care, primary care and volunteer organizations work and cooperate with each other and elderly caretaker regarding mental illness, with the purpose to pay attention to, manage and prevent mental illness for the elderly.

     

    In order to achieve the purpose of this study a qualitative research was used. The empirical material was collected through four qualitative interviews, which were held with two volunteer organizations and one doctor and one nurse from the primary care. Two vignette studies

     were held with elderly-care workers. One study conducted in a small municipality and the other in a bigger municipality, both in Kalmar county.  The study results were analyzed using the following theories: stigma and social exclusion, the power of diagnosis, social psychiatric field and cooperation. The results of this study show that the municipality and county council do work and cooperate to prevent and address mental illness among the elderly. However, there may be a better and more interaction with psychiatry in order to further and more effective manage the problems. Those who were interviewed feel that through continuity, motivation and collaboration they work to prevent and detect mental illness, but that competence is not always enough when it comes to how mental illness shall be managed when it emerges.

    Our conclusion is that by addressing the question of resources at national level and increase available resources to actors dealing with the mental health of elderly people, better cooperation can be created, leading to improved care for the elderly.

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    fulltext
  • 334.
    Enokson, Uffe
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Balans mellan arbetsliv och privatliv2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 335.
    Enokson, Uffe
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Health Sciences and Social Work.
    Livspusslet: Tid som välfärdsfaktor2009Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis sheds some light on the duality between time-rich and time-poor living conditions and examines in which way this duality/polarisation paves the way for new patterns of inequality. The purpose is to explore the living conditions of two groups in society: those who are established in the labour force and who experience great demands on their efficiency and educational level and those who are unwanted and who do not have a natural place in the labour market.

    Theoretically, time geography shows a diversity of time patterns and time space restrictions between different life forms in everyday life. The conclusion contradicts the understanding of time as a monolithic concept. The results show how working time standards are essential to understand the access to time and economic resources that time-rich and time-poor life forms have. This is something that not only poses questions about household strategies and individual needs, but also shifts the perspective to social positions and demands of society.

    In a process analysis of Swedish working time policies I investigate how structural policy change, from a social discourse closely related to Swedish welfare reforms, is moving towards an economic discourse motivated by financial arguments. By doing so, the political measures for solving working time related problems in today’s flexible working life appear to be contradictory. On the one hand we find time-poor people in the labour market mainly supported by tax reductions and private time saving solutions while on the other we find time-rich people mainly supported by activation programmes and/or welfare benefits. It is thus a working time regime and policy strategy that obviously disregards these two sides of the coin.

    The European Union is a relatively new actor and powerful force on the working time agenda. The European Commissions’ policy solution is Flexicurity. A policy analysis shows that flexicurity has a life course perspective where social arguments have a central position in terms of security in a flexible working life. In comparison, Sweden is moving in the opposite direction by leaving social arguments behind. Conclusions show that the economization of time creates vulnerabilities and tensions between time-rich and time-poor living conditions. In looking at time as a welfare factor, traditional ways of solving old problems are being challenged by a policy that can open up for new kinds of welfare solutions that value work and life time patterns both inside and outside the labour market.

  • 336.
    Enokson, Uffe
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Social security in pockets of local order  2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden has been presented as one of the archetypes of a welfare state with a high level of universal ambitions (Esping-Andersen 1990). At the same time, the development points out a decentralization of issues concerning social security in order to rein flexible labour markets. In two studies, we are investigating how this development is motivated in policy documents presented by the state and what effects the decentralisation has on a local level. Firstly, the aim of the policy case is to develop an understanding why the municipalities take greater responsibility for the labour market policies. Results shows that this change has been motivated by the state by claiming that the municipals are more flexible toward local labour markets and needs among the unemployed. Secondly, the aim is to understand this policy solution and its impacts on a local level. In an interview case, we study social workers in three different municipals. We investigate their ways of treating young unemployed that does not accept the demands from the social services. The social worker and the young unemployed contribute to the construction of the pocket of local order (Hägerstrand 1985; Ellegård & Vilhelmson 2004). A social order with explicit power relations, expectations and rules. This relation is linked to resources and restrictions that influence the possibilities to achieve goals in certain projects in everyday life. Results shows, as the policy case was indicated, local variations between the municipals in handling social security to young unemployed.

  • 337.
    Enokson, Uffe
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Social trygghet och restriktioner i lokala ordningsfickor2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 338.
    Enokson, Uffe
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Health Sciences and Social Work.
    Tid, pengar och sociala nätverk: En studie av arbetsvillkor och vardagsliv i Sävsjö2005Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on the division of time and economic resources in Swedish community. The purpose is to explore the living conditions of two groups in society: those who are established in the labour force that experience great demands on their efficiency and educational level and those who are unwanted and who do not have a natural place in the labour market. The study increases knowledge about those who live in time-rich and time-poor conditions and examines in which way these contrasts are the breeding ground for new patterns of inequality.

    An unbalanced division of time and resources for the households does not only exist in work situations but also in everyday life in the home and in leisure time. The time-rich can experience having small margins partly due to a lack of social networks and social recognition, while the time-poor experience it due to multiple and unwieldy social roles in and outside labour market. This then can create a risk for ill-health and marginalisation. Society has tried to cope with these two different problems in completely different ways lacking a uniform strategy, although both of the problems are related to income, the one through salaried work and the other through income support.

    The results do not only exhibit the polarizing tendencies in terms of time and finance. There are also similar differences concerning the social roles. Time-rich people have a hard time finding an alternative social network outside the labour market. Another result is that many life-cycle changes that require both a lot of time and a lot of money occur at the same time in a person’s life. These adjustments can impact negatively on health issues during that period of time. One important conclusion is that the reasons for ill-health are not solely related to the labour market. This study indicates that a difficult social situation in general can be the dominant cause of ill-health and being off sick. In other words: it is not certain that we can treat ill-health with work projects and rehabilitation without taking the individual’s whole life-situation into consideration. The imbalance between time and money in everyday life also implies a threat to gender equality. Social roles for women are spread throughout a wider field of responsibility while the work field is the dominant sphere for men. Although a variation of roles in everyday life can be rewarding, a certain limit or level can be desirable. Multiple social roles in ordinary work, domestic work as well as other obligations in their leisure time further increases the imbalance between time and money for women.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 339.
    Enokson, Uffe
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Health Sciences and Social Work.
    Tiden i senmodernt vardagsliv: En rollteoretisk analys av hushållens livsformer2006Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This licentiate thesis is based on the empirical results published in Tid, pengar och sociala nätverk (Enokson 2005a), a study that examine the division of time and economic resources in a Swedish community. The purpose was to explore the living conditions of two groups in society: those who are established in the labour force that experience great demands on their efficiency and educational level and those who are unwanted and who do not have a natural place in the labour market. The study increases knowledge about those who live in time-rich and time-poor conditions and examines in which way these contrasts are the breeding ground for new patterns of inequality.

    The results of this study do not only exhibit the polarizing tendencies in terms of time and finance. The purpose is to explore if multiple social roles is a resource or a burden to time-rich and time-poor forms of life. By using the role strain theory and the role expansion theory on the time-rich and time-poor living conditions, the analyze shows that the scientific value of each theory depends on what form of life is investigated. Time-poor are living with a relatively high pace of life, with active stress cooping in flexible living conditions. The lack of time also have consequences in their social relations in a sense that conflicts and restricted patterns of behaviour not only appears in the working conditions, but also in the household and in the leisure time. In order to compensate, arrangements to engage the whole family in their work are being made as well as the consuming of household services and technical means to ease up the time-poor conditions. These results confirm the role strain theory. At the same time, people living under time-rich conditions expresses frustration due to the lack of social roles and social recognition. In this case, improved living conditions does not demand a restriction of social roles, rather an expansion to enhance a higher quality of life. A change not so easy to accomplish when time-rich forms of life have a hard time finding alternative social networks outside the labour market. Long time active stress cooping in too many roles without time to recover indicates a risk for ill-health, as well as passive stress cooping in few social roles. Such a wide platform of interpretation in role theory issues pose a possible risk in the sense that theoretical options can suit beforehand given goals.

    Due to the fact that a variation of roles in everyday life can be rewarding, a certain limit or level can be desirable in finding the balance of everyday life. None of the theoretical models shows us just that. I therefore suggest a theoretical development towards a holistic role context model that emphasize a diverse image of life at work, at home and in the leisure time. In that way we would be able to deepen the knowledge of the polarizing tendencies in time-rich and time-poor living conditions and discuss a balanced time budget as a question of welfare and well being, beyond traditional measures as economic growth and consumption.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 340.
    Enokson, Uffe
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Social Work.
    Tidsekologi2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 341.
    Enokson, Uffe
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Tidspolitik2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 342.
    Enokson, Uffe
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Social Work.
    Tidspolitik i timglasets midja2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 343.
    Enokson, Uffe
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Social Work.
    Time-rich and time-poor living conditions: Balancing time and income in everyday life2010In: Proceedings of the Sustaining  Everyday Life Conference: April 22–24 2009, Campus Norrköping, Sweden / [ed] Kristina Karlsson & Kajsa Ellegård, Linköping University Electronic Press, 2010, Vol. 38, no 28, p. 171-182Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article focuses on the division of work and private life in a Swedish community. An interview study sheds some light on the diversity of time frames experienced by people living inside and outside the labour market. It examines in which way this duality is paving the way for new patterns of inequality. The purpose is to explore the living conditions of two groups in society: the time-poor who are established in the labour force that experience great demands on their efficiency and educational level and the time-rich who do not have a natural place in the labour market. People experience an unbalanced division of time and resources not only in work situations but also in everyday life in the home and in leisure time. The time-rich can experience having small margins partly due to a lack of social networks and social recognition, while the time-poor experience it due to multiple and unwieldy social roles in and outside labour market. Society has tried to cope with these two different problems in completely different ways, although both problems are related to income, one through salaried work and the other through income support. The results do not only exhibit the polarizing tendencies in terms of time and income. There are also similar differences concerning social participation. Time-rich people have a hard time finding alternative social networks outside the labour market. At the same time, many life course changes that require both a lot of time and a lot of money occur in time-poor living conditions. A restriction analyses, inspired by the time geographical approach, shows a diversity of time patterns and timespace restrictions between different life forms in everyday life. When the individuals’ whole life situation is taken into consideration, the diversity of time patterns creates restrictions that oppose strategies for work/life balance in everyday life.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 344.
    Enokson, Uffe
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Time-rich and Time-poor: The allocation of time and income2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article focuses on the division of work and private life in a Swedish community. An interview study sheds some light on the diversity of time frames experienced by people living inside and outside labour market. It examines how this duality is paving the way for new patterns of inequality. The purpose is to explore the living conditions of two groups in society: the time-poor who are established in the labour force that experience great demands on their efficiency and educational level, and the time-rich who do not have a natural place in the labour market. People experience an unbalanced division of time and resources not only in work situations but also in everyday life in the home and in leisure time. The time-rich can find that they have small margins, partly due to a lack of social networks and social recognition, while the time-poor experience it due to multiple and unwieldy social roles inside and outside labour market. Society has tried to cope with these two different problems in completely different ways, although both problems are related to income, one through salaried work and the other through income support. The results not only exhibit the polarizing tendencies in terms of time and income. There are also similar differences concerning social participation. Time-rich people have a hard time finding alternative social networks outside the labour market. At the same time, many life-course changes that require both a lot of time and a lot of money occur in time-poor living conditions. A restriction analysis, inspired by the time-geographical approach, shows a diversity of time patterns and space/time restrictions between different life-modes in everyday life. When the individuals’ whole life situation is taken into consideration, the diversity of time patterns creates restrictions that oppose strategies for work/life balance in everyday life.

  • 345.
    Enokson, Uffe
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Torsten Hägerstrand meets Pierre Bourdieu in the web of existance2016In: 2nd International Time-Geography Conference: September 21-23, 2016. Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden, 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 346.
    Enokson, Uffe
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Work, Authonomy, Flexibility and Work-life Balance2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 347.
    Enokson, Uffe
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Working time policy change and new social risks2013In: Changing social risks and social policy responces in the nordic welfare states / [ed] Ivan Harslöf, Rickard Ulmestig, Palgrave Macmillan, 2013, p. 75-91Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Problems of reconciling work and family life are highlighted as one of the new social risk factors that accompany the transition towards a post-industrial society (Bonoli 2007; see also Chapter 3 of this volume). Perrons has observed that work intensification, as well as job insecurity, creates tensions that may undermine family life (Perrons et al. 2005). According to Leisering and Leibfried (1999), dual-breadwinner families in particular are facing such problems. Even in Sweden, a Nordic welfare state characterized by a high proportion of dual-breadwinner families, a policy framework that would protect dual-breadwinner families from the time constraints imposed by a demanding working life has so far only been enacted to a limited extent (Furåker et al. 2007). This chapter shows that problems of work-family life balance are indeed present in the Nordic countries — and asks why the protection of employees, and in effect, families, through the regulation of working time, has ceased to be on the political agenda. The question is addressed by conducting a case study of working time regulations across different periods in Swedish modern history.

  • 348.
    Enokson, Uffe
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Ulmestig, Rickard
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Local Constraints in Social Welfare: Policy Change and Theoretical Discussion2016In: Time Geography: New Challenges and Opportunities, 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 349.
    Ericson, Sandra
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Persson, Johanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Uppfattningar om modersmålet och hur samarbetet främjar barns lärande: en kvalitativ studie om vilka uppfattningar som råder hos några lärare i förskoleklass och modersmålslärare inom en mångkulturell verksamhet2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    examensarbete
  • 350.
    Eriksson, Ann-Sofie Eriksson
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Health Sciences and Social Work.
    Ekelund, Mona
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Health Sciences and Social Work.
    Att åldras i ett individualistiskt samhälle: en intervjustudie av människor i tredje åldern2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     

    Society uses different resources such as voluntary initiatives, family dependents, public care, and private geriatric care, in order to ensure that the elderly can stay in their homes and still maintain a good life. We go towards a risk society with a bigger individual responsibility. The goal with our study is to describe the expectations put on the future of geriatric care that the elderly between 65-80 years have. The questions that we have been working with are: what do the elderly in third stage of life outside the care think about how care is going to be organized in the future? What trust do these elderly have towards today’s society? What factors influence the trust of these elderly towards the future? We have analyzed our empiric based on theories about trust and the elderly life perspectives. The factors that we chose to look at based on their life-circle is how the social network, accommodate, worthwhile activities, economy and education influence their trust. We have done that through interviewing seven pensioners between 65-80 years, some are newly pensioned, others have been granted pension sins a number years, and one has been receiving disability pension. We have been using a qualitative method with open interview questions. We have also been using a semi structured interview guide, which we divided in supervisor themes with different part questions. The result of our study has shown that certain factors in the respondents’ lives could have importance for their thoughts about the future. What clearly was proven in our study was that all informants had distrust in the society's ability to cope with its obligation, when it comes to care and care in the future. Most of the respondents believe that they in larger extent have to ensure to get the help that they need themselves in the future. Our result has also shown that the social networks are that factor in respondents’ lives that has had major importance for their welfare and the experienced health. Since every respondent pointed out the important of having a worthwhile life and the feeling of being healthy, the voluntary work can be according to our result a good way for elderly to feel needed.

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