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  • 301.
    Eliassi, Barzoo
    Lund University.
    Stateless diaspora in the Swedish civil society2012In: Nordic Migration Research Conference & 9th ETMU Days, University of Turku, 13th-15th August 2012, Turku: University of Turku, Finland , 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 302.
    Eliassi, Barzoo
    Lund University.
    Subordinated inclusion of Kurdish youth in Sweden2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 303.
    Eliassi, Barzoo
    Lund University.
    Sweden Democrat's Anti-Muslim Hysteria2011In: Open Democracy, ISSN 1476-5888, article id 28 novArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Ethnic discrimination and vilification of Muslims in Europe show that European democracy is declining while racism and repressive policies are taking root and becoming the natural order of mainstream politics in many European countries.

  • 304.
    Eliassi, Barzoo
    Lund University.
    The Second-Generation Kurdish Diaspora in Sweden2013In: Crisis, Critique and Change: Diasporic Translations: Reformulating Ethnic and Political Identities in Diaspora, Turin, Italy: University of Turin , 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 305.
    Eliassi, Barzoo
    Lund University.
    "We Kurds did not come to Sweden to become Swedish but continuing being Kurdish"2012In: 2nd Scientific World Kurdish Congress (WKC2012) in Hawler/Erbil, October 11-15, 2012, Hawler/Erbil, 2012, p. 16-Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Based on 50 interviews, this paper engages with identity formation among young people with Kurdish backgrounds regarding processes of inclusion and exclusion in Sweden and the Middle East. Hundreds of thousands of Kurds have fled Kurdistan and migrated to Western countries due to, among other reasons, violent conflicts, political persecution, mass murders, and repressive assimilation policy in Turkey, Iran, Iraq and Syria. Historical experiences and social inequities are important repertoires for the construction of belonging and identification among Kurdish youth in Sweden. Nevertheless, it is mainly through the intersection of a ‘minoritized’ Kurdish identity in the Middle-East and a ‘minoritized’ Kurdish identity in Sweden through which young people construct their identities. For Kurds, migration to Sweden involves once again occupying a minoritized position, not only as Kurds, but also as gendered and racialized categories such as immigrants, “wogs”, Muslims, Middle-Easterners and Orientals. Despite this minoritized position, Kurds face a significantly different political reality in Sweden where they can organize themselves around their national identity as Kurds and freely express their ‘Kurdishness’ without state-sanctioned harassment. This paper focuses also on those strategies that Kurdish youth use to defend and construct an exclusive Kurdish identity that result from everyday confrontations that occur between young Kurds and certain youth with Arabic, Persian and Turkish backgrounds in Sweden – with those who challenge, make inferior and deny the existence of the Kurdish national identity. While the youth praise the political freedom and democracy that prevails in Sweden and the political support that Sweden provides Kurds, they also question the structural inequality and ethnic relations of dominance and subordination that alienate youth and deny them access to full citizenship rights. This study is based on a forthcoming book entitled “Contesting Kurdish Identities in Sweden” that will be published by Palgrave.

  • 306.
    Eliassi, Barzoo
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Ülkemde Bir Yabancı: İsveç´teki Kürt Gençlerinin Aidiyet Politikaları2012Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [tr]

    Bu kitapta, Kürt geçmişine sahip gençlerin dahil etme ve dışlama süreçleri karşısında İsveç’te kimliklerini nasıl oluşturdukları incelenmekte; bu gençlerin etnik ayrımcılık ve ırkçılıkla baş etmek için başvurdukları yollara ışık tutulmaktadır. Ayrıca bu kitap, sosyal çalışma disiplini için bu sosyal süreçlerin önemine ve sosyal çalışmacıların dezavantajlı ve marjinalize edilmiş gruplarla çalışabilme ve onların ırkçı ve ayrımcı uygulamaların ötesinde bir sosyal adalet ile tam eşit vatandaşlık için verdikleri mücadeleyi destekleme yollarına ana hatlarıyla değinmektedir. Ampirik analiz İsveç’te yaşayan ve Kürt geçmişine sahip 28 erkek ve kadın gençle yapılan görüşmelere dayanmaktadır. Post-kolonyal teori, aidiyet ve kimlik inşası, bu çalışmanın kavramsal çerçevesinin nüvesini oluşturmaktadır. Bu çalışmaya katılan gençler, etnik ayrımcılık ve damgalanmayı tecrübe ettikleri farklı alanlardan bahsettiler. Bu tecrübeler; emek piyasası, kitlesel medya, konaklama ayrımcılığı, yasal sistem ve okul sistemi alanlarında yaşananları kapsamaktadır. Katılımcılar, İsveçli kimliğiyle ilgili dışlamacı söylemler aracılığıyla “normal” İsveçlilerin onların İsveç toplumuna katılımını etkilemedeki rollerine değindiler. Katılımcıların İsveç’teki yaşam durumu, etnik ayrımcılık hissi bir tarafa, Ortadoğulu geçmişine sahip diğer gençlerle kimlik oluşumu üzerindeki tartışmalar da İsveç’te kendi vatandaşlık haklarını tatbik edebilme yolları ve günlük yaşamda dışlamacı uygulamalarla nasıl başa çıkılacağı ile ilgili güçlü Kürt milliyetçi duyguları besleyen en önemli nedenlerdendir. Bu çalışma, kişiler arası tartışma ve münakaşalar, isimlerini İsveççe isimlerle değiştirme, kendi ve öteki arasındaki farklılıkları pekiştirme, şiddet, sessizlik ve ırkçılığa kasten aldırmamak gibi çeşitli yollarla katılımcıların etnik ayrımcılığa karşılık verdiklerini ve direndiklerini göstermektedir. Ayrıca, ataerkil “namus cinayeti” söyleminden dolayı günlük yaşamda maruz kaldıkları cinsiyetlendirilmiş* ırkçılığı tartışmakta ve ona açıkça karşı çıkmaktalar. Araştırmaya katılanların, kısmen, beyazlığın değerini yücelten ırkçı post-kolonyal söylemden dolayı İsveçlilik sınırları içinde eşit bir yer almaları reddedilmektedir. Paradoksal bir biçimde, katılımcılardan bazıları mümkün olduğunca beyazlığa yakın olan modern bir Kürt kimliği iddiasında bulunmak için aynı söylemi siyahi insanlara, Afrikalılara, yeni gelen Kürt göçmenlere (“ithalatlara”) “Çingeneler”e ve İslama karşı kullanmaktadırlar. Bu durum ırkçılığın çok boyutluluğunu gösteriyor. Irkçılığa ve etnik ayrımcılığa maruz kalanlar ayrımcı olabilmekte ve ırkçı söylemi yeniden üretebilmektedirler. Eşit olmayan güç ilişkilerine rağmen, hem hakim özneler hem de azınlıklaştırılmış öznelerin hepsi öznellikleri, aidiyeti ve özdeşleşmeyi inşa etmede post-kolonyal şartların damgasını taşımaktadır.

  • 307.
    Eliassi, Barzoo
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Andersson, Dan-Erik
    Stenberg, Leif
    Sport and Politics of Belonging among Middle Eastern Immigrants in Sweden2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 308.
    Elmeroth, Elisabeth
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Searching for coherence from Viet Nam to Sweden2011In: International Journal of Migration, Health and Social Care, ISSN 1747-9894, E-ISSN 2042-8650, Vol. 7, no 3, p. 120-130Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – This study seeks to capture the lived experiences of five refugees making the transition from Viet Nam to Sweden. It seeks to focus on the problems of integration in Swedish society.

    Design/methodology/approach The research took a narrative approach by asking questions about the ways in which refugees make sense of the multiple and sometimes dramatic changes that exile involves. The interpretation procedure was performed in three recurring phases: naïve reading, thematic structural analysis and comprehensive understanding.

    Findings – In the structural analyses, three sub-themes were abstracted: in the hands of authorities/forced to leave home; regarded as uneducated and untrained; and lack of balance. These sub-themes show a situation that could be interpreted by the concept of sense of coherence (SOC). The comprehensive understanding shows that the prerequisites for a stable SOC are unsatisfactory.

    Practical implications – The study reported here implies that there is a need for changes in integration policy. In an integrated society, individuals should be met with a policy that aims to empower and takes into consideration the lived experiences and different components that work together to create an SOC.

    Originality/value – The contribution from this research is the combination of qualitative data, the theory about SOC, and the description of the edifice of SOC. This combination helps to understand and explain the essence of the respondents' lived experiences.

  • 309.
    Elmeroth, Elisabeth
    et al.
    University of Kalmar.
    Häge, Johan
    Flyktens barn: - medkänsla, migration och mänskliga rättigheter2009Book (Other academic)
  • 310.
    Elmeroth, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Häge, Johan
    Flyktens barn: Medkänsla, migration och mänskliga rättigheter2016 (ed. 2)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    För dem som arbetar med flyktingar är det centralt att reflektera över och utveckla förståelse för de familjer, barn, ungdomar och vuxna som kommer till Sverige från svåra omständigheter. De behöver tas emot av kunniga medmänniskor med förmåga till inlevelse.Flyktens barn erbjuder kunskap om de våldshärdar som orsakat människornas flykt och introducerar strategier för professionellt bemötande av flyktingar. Denna andra upplaga av boken innehåller uppdaterad information och nya perspektiv på konflikter och våld i världen.Boken vänder sig till blivande och verksamma lärare, specialpedagoger, psykologer, socionomer och personal inom olika vårdyrken samt andra med intresse för migration och mänskliga rättigheter. Alla som möter flyktens barn har en möjlighet att genom kunskap och empati göra en insats för en bättre värld.

  • 311.
    Elmkvist, Magdalena
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Historical view of the Swedish international migration policy in the case of refugees2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 312.
    Elmkvist, Magdalena
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Integration and labour market access of asylum seekers in Sweden2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 313.
    Elmqvist, Magnus
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Mosali, Peter
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Elevhälsoteamens arbete i skolan: För att främja psykisk hälsa2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att belysa elevhälsoteamens arbete för att främja psykisk hälsa och hur de arbetar med elever som redan utvecklat psykisk ohälsa. Vi har valt att avgränsa arbetet till elevhälsoteam på grund- och gymnasieskola där vi gjort fem intervjuer varav fyra med enskilda personer och en fokusgruppsintervju med ett elevhälsoteam där tre respondenter ingick. Vi har använt oss av en kvalitativ ansats för att få fram information av de olika professionerna inom elevhälsoteamen. Resultatet i studien påvisar att respondenterna anser att faktorer som relation, trivsel och trygghet är viktigt eftersom skapandet av goda relationer till eleverna är en viktig faktor för att främja den psykiska hälsan. Att ha aktiviteter och övningar med eleverna för att de ska trivas och känna sig trygga är en viktig aspekt för att främja den psykiska hälsan. För elever som redan utvecklat psykisk ohälsa påvisar våra resultat att föräldrasamarbetet är viktigt eftersom det är en skyddsfaktor men även att samverkan med andra professioner, exempelvis socialtjänsten är viktigt i arbetet eftersom kunskapen de har kan vara till värdefull hjälp. 

  • 314.
    Elms, Jonathan
    et al.
    Lancaster University, UK.
    Dunphy, Claire
    Lancaster University, UK.
    de Kervenoae, Ronan
    Sabanci University, Turkey;Aston Business School, UK .
    Ozturkcan, Selcen
    Sabanci University, Turkey.
    “It’s in his eyes”: the negotiation and interpretation of masculinity using the Dolce et Gabbana’s 2005 print advertising campaign2007In: Paper presented at the 4th Workshop on Interpretive Consumer Research (EIASM), Marseilles, France, April 26-27, 2007, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of 'masculinity' has over more years received increased attention within consumer research discourse suggesting the potential of a 'crisis of masculinity', symptomatic of a growing feminisation, or 'queering' of visual imagery and consumption (e.g. Patterson & Elliott, 2002). Although this corpus of research has served to enrich the broader gender identity debate, it is, arguably, still relatively underdeveloped and therefore warrants further insight and elaboration. The aim of this paper is, therefore, to explore how masculinity is represented and interpreted by men using the Dolce et Gabbana men's 2005 print advertising campaign. The rationale for using this particular campaign is that it is one of the most homoerotic, provocative, and well publicised campaigns to cross over from the 'gay' media to more mainstream UK men's magazines. Masculinity, and what it means to be 'masculine', manifests itself within particular ideological, moral, cultural and hegemonic discourses. Masculinity is not a homogenous term which can be simply reduced, and ascribed, to those born as 'male' rather than 'female'. One may exhibit different degrees of masculinity or femininity, depending on social-cultural situation regardless of biological sex (Eagly 1987; Putreve, 2001). Fischer and Arnold (1994) suggest, for example, that masculine and feminine identities are 'orthogonal' rather than 'bi-polar' concepts, entangled and enmeshed together in a dialectical relationship. Therefore, it is more appropriate to consider multiple masculinities, which are plural, transient and ephemeral. As Askegaard (1991) maintains socio-cultural identity concerns' questions such as "who are we and who are the others?" and "how are we related to each other?". Advertising images, and imagery, attempt to answer some of these questions, through the continual negotiation of both individually and culturally accepted masculinities. Masculinity is not merely a 'visual' concept but advertisers have begun to represent 'visions of masculinity' to entice male consumers (e.g. Schroeder & Borgerson, 1998; Schroeder & Zwick, 2004). The portrayal of masculinity through the representation of male body has emerged from that of the muscle bound, rugged, 'cowboy', the stereotypical 'heterosexual masculinity' of the 1960s, to the 'New Man' of the 1980s: a more sensitive man who is in touch with his 'feminine' emotional side (Patterson & Elliott, 2002). The 'New Man' has been recently reinvented, taking the form of the 'metrosexual male' - the 'straight' man who dresses 'gay' - which is increasingly been used as a marketing ploy to target products, particularly clothes and cosmetics, at younger men (Simpson, 2002). This, in turn, has led to increased men's participation in the wider cultural arenas of consumption as well as encouraging visual consumption where 'men gaze at men' (e.g. Patterson & Elliott, 2002). A convenience sample of sixteen in-depth interviews was conducted with self-identified 'straight' men, between the ages of 18 and 24. Within the interview context, each respondent was asked to construct of collage of their masculine self ideals using images from men's magazines. Following the logic of 'photo-elicitation' and 'auto-driving' (Heisley & Levy, 1991), respondents were then given a copy of the Dolce et Gabanna print ads, which they were asked to describe in detail. Our findings would suggest that, for these men the visual images contained within the ads were largely rejected as representative of a singular, hegemonic, notion of 'masculinity'. The men voiced varying degree of distaste of the use and representation of the male models displaying interest and intrigue in each other in various state of undress with little, or no, reference to women within the ads. These models were not axiomatically considered as not being 'masculine' but were defended as "definitely not being 'gay'". A further concurrent theme was the continuous need for the men to demonstrate and reinforce their own masculinity by discursively 'proving' themselves as heterosexual men. Our tentative conclusions argue that masculinity manifests itself in not only what is included in the ads, and what is not, but also, more importantly, in the intangible spirit or character of the visual imagery. This masculine spirit is expressed visually via physical body image, but more insightful interpretation of masculinity is embodied within body language and gaze, as illustrated in Figure 1.

  • 315.
    Elofsson, Frida
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Bouvin, Julia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    "Det är lättare att lyfta på luren om det finns en specifik person att ringa till": En kvalitativ studie om handläggare och förskollärares syn på samverkan när barn far illa eller riskerar att fara illa2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine how social workers and pree-school teachers resonate about their experiences of cooperation with each other, in relation to maltreated children and the duty to report. Several studies show that there is a difference between how many children that is suspected of maltreatment and how many that are reported to social service. In Sweden, pre-school staff are obliged to notify the suspicion of child abuse according to 14: 1 SoL, but previous research indicates that the obligation to declare is not used to the extent that it should. One reason for the low notification rate is  the interaction between preschool and the social services shortcomings.Therefore, we believe it is relevant to examine how the cooperation really looks like between the organizations, when the child is being abused or at risk of suffering. The results of the study are based on qualitative semi-structured interviews with four preschool teachers and four administrators. The results show that the cooperation between the organizations needs to be strengthened in relation to maltreated children. However, there are no creative ideas on how this should be done, and there are doubts about whose responsibility it is to achieve an improved cooperation The results are explained and analyzed with neo-institutionell theory, Danemarks theoretical starting point and Lipsky theory of grassroots bureaucrats.

  • 316.
    Elstner, Manja
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Primadica, Lovina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Youth Employment and Income Generation: A field study in Ribáuè District, Mozambique2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The African country of Mozambique has been undertaking a remarkable development process within the past. However, this has not been translated into a significantly decreasing poverty–or unemployment rate. Especially amongst young, the unemployment rate is quite high. Due to a high annual population growth and large amount of jobseekers every year, the economy is not able to create a corresponding number of jobs. The focus of this study is therefore to achieve a broader understanding of employment possibilities young people have. To foster a vast image of this situation, sectors such as education, agriculture and politics will be examined. This thesis is based on a qualitative field study carried out in Ribáuè, a district located in Nampula province, in the northern part of Mozambique. During the fieldwork, an ethnographic approach with semi–structured interviews mainly on a local level has been used to gather information. The (dis)empowerment model by Friedmann along with Sen’scapability approach and Lewis’ dual-sector model were used to analyse the data and clarify the problems described above.The study shows that young people in Ribáuè district are aware that they cannot depend on the government and should rather start to generate income through entrepreneurship. As young people are less interested in agriculture, the most common business that they are doing is to buy and sell consumer goods. However, one of the main obstacles when it comes to starting-up a business is the financial means. Moreover, there seems to be a crucial mismatch between the demand of the labour market and the knowledge provided by the education sector. Taking this into consideration, this study also highlights the importance of governmental efforts to empower the young people in general, not only in entrepreneurship, but in order to prepare them in every aspect of their lives.

  • 317.
    Elstner, Manja
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Primadica, Lovina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Youth Employment and Income Generation: A field study in Ribáuè District, Mozambique2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    AbstractThe African country of Mozambique has been undertaking a remarkable development process within the past. However, this has not been translated into a significantly decreasing poverty– or unemployment rate. Especially amongst young, the unemployment rate is quite high. Due to a high annual population growth and large amount of jobseekers every year, the economy is not able to create a corresponding number of jobs. The focus of this study is therefore to achieve a broader understanding of employment possibilities young people have. To foster a vast image of this situation, sectors such as education, agriculture and politics will be examined.This thesis is based on a qualitative field study carried out in Ribáuè, a district located in Nampula province, in the northern part of Mozambique. During the fieldwork, an ethnographic approach with semi–structured interviews mainly on a local level has been used to gather information. The (dis)empowerment model by Friedmann along with Sen’s capability approach and Lewis’ dual-sector model were used to analyse the data and clarify the problems described above.The study shows that young people in Ribáuè district are aware that they cannot depend on the government and should rather start to generate income through entrepreneurship. As young people are less interested in agriculture, the most common business that they are doing is to buy and sell consumer goods. However, one of the main obstacles when it comes to starting-up a business is the financial means. Moreover, there seems to be a crucial mismatch between the demand of the labour market and the knowledge provided by the education sector. Taking this into consideration, this study also highlights the importance of governmental efforts to empower the young people in general, not only in entrepreneurship, but in order to prepare them in every aspect of their lives.Key words: Income Generation, Entrepreneurship, Youth Employment, Ribáuè, Mozambique

  • 318.
    Emilson, Anette
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Johansson, Eva
    Universitetet i Stavanger, Norway.
    Participation and gender in circle-time situations in pre-school2013In: International Journal of Early Years Education, ISSN 0966-9760, E-ISSN 1469-8463, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 56-69Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study sought to investigate participatory values in relation to gender, asexpressed in interactions between teachers and children in circle-time situations inSwedish and Norwegian preschools. This paper reports evidence from threeresearch questions: How is children’s participation conditioned in circle-timesituations? How are participatory values communicated to girls and boys? andWhat gender-related patterns emerge in teacherchild interactions in circletimesituations? The study is informed by Habermas’ concepts of strategic andcommunicative actions, as well as Davies’ idea of duality, the bi-polarity, betweenfemininity and masculinity. Data consist of video observations of teacher andchild interactions during circle time. The results show that children’s participationis conditional on children’s own willingness to participate, and on teachers’willingness to involve the children in a communicative action. Data reveal that thegirls are more likely to take the initiative than boys and appear more comfortable insuch an active position. It was also noted that there is a tendency for practitioners tointerpret and value male and female traits as oppositional behaviours.

  • 319.
    Emilsson, Olof
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Teaching a Child to Walk: perspectives on the contemporary situation in Kosovo2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to achieve a greater understanding of the contemporary situation in Kosovo. This understanding is to be made concrete by viewing the international community’s and the domestic actor’s view of the root causes to the contemporary situation. First, the historical background and the contemporary political-, economical- and societal situation of the province are presented. Secondly follows the International Community’s- and the domestic actors stated view that is analyzed using the theories of Political Culture, Relative Deprivation and Human Needs.

    The method that I have chosen is the qualitative together with Semi Structured Interviews that took place in Kosovo during spring 2007.

    I find in my analysis that the view of the International Community and the domestic actors differ. The international community judge the root causes to be foremost the economy, historical legacy and unresolved status and that these have an Interest need based feature. The Kosovo Albanian elite deems that the economy, dual administration, living in a post-communist society and the unresolved status are the most important root causes. The Kosovo Serbs judge them to be lack of political stability and security, and the unresolved status. These needs are Value- and Human Need based to a greater extent than the International Community’s stated ones.

    Keywords: Kosovo, International and Domestic Perspective, Relative Deprivation, Human Needs

  • 320.
    Emma, Persson
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Könskvotering inom politiken: eftersträvansvärt eller inte?2015Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today equal representation between the genders in parliament is something to be desired. One way to reach the goal of equal representation is by using quotas. The purpose of the study is to research the lack of equality in elected institutions by using a perspective on qoutas.  The study also seeks to find answers to if using quotas is a good method according to gender studies. A text analysis is being used to find reasonable solutions to the study´s presented complivations.  By analyzing different texts about quotas some of the more common arguments in the discussion about using quotas in parliaments were highlighted. Some of the more frequent arguments to implement quotas are that it would be more just but also that women and men may have different interests, experiences and therefore equal representation would be a question of resources. Another argument is that a parliament can only be seen as legitimate if it is equaled represented.  Opponents to political quotas often argue that it would be unfair to use quotas since the terms would be different for women and men.  Other frequently used arguments revolve around quotas being undemocratical. These arguments furthermore deem the competence of people to be of no importance and that no one wants to get the position through allocation by quotas. The study shows that according to gender studies, quotas are something to advocate. The reason is that today women have more barriers to representation in parliaments than men. When women and men are in different spheres the gender order can consist and therefore the structure of power will be the same. By using quotas to achieve equal representation the separation between the genders will also decrease and the structure can change. 

  • 321.
    Enberg, Jonas
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Cultural Sciences.
    Lamb, Anna Fiona
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Cultural Sciences.
    Forskningsbiblioteket som mötesplats: En ny sida av forskningsbibliotekets uppdrag?2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to investigate how the research library of Linnæus University is used by students as a meeting place. Building upon Putnam's theory of bonding and bridging social capital and Audunson's conception of high and low intensive meeting places, it aims to explore the research library's potential for creating social capital and thus strengthening both learning and democracy in a university context. Borrowing part of the survey design from a study conducted as part of the Norwegian PLACE project, this study collects responses from 134 students as to their use of the library as a meeting place. The results show that the Linnæus University library is used for a variety of meetings of both high and low intensity, why it should provide a good setting for the creation of social capital. There seems to be a connection between how often one visits the library, as well as to which department one belongs, and how one uses the library as a meeting place. The thesis concludes that the research library may aid the creation of social capital and that emphasizing this role would benefit both learning and democracy. 

  • 322.
    Engelmark, Maria
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Extreme Right-Wing Voting Behavior; A Case Study on Swedish Immigrant Voters2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Extreme right-wing political parties and movements are growing in number and size all over Europe and in their tail, an increased political focus on immigration and its pros and cons. Sweden is no exception to the European trend and the Swedish extreme right-wing political party, Sverigedemokraterna, became the third largest political party in the latest elections for the Swedish parliament in 2014.

    The objective of this study is to contribute to the current debate on rising right-wing party affiliation through an analysis of the reasons for extreme right-wing voting behavior of immigrants in Sweden. Through a case-study based on six in-depth interviews with immigrants voting for Sverigedemokraterna, the study looks into issues regarding social group identification as the issue of identification with or repudiation of the ‘outgroup’ appears, from previously conducted research, to be a key issue. An analysis of policy documents of Sverigedemokraterna, previously conducted research and finally an interview conducted by a Swedish anti-racist organization is also included in the case-study.

    The study shows that the reasons behind immigrant extreme right-wing voting behavior present substantial similarities with other highly represented groups of extreme right-wing voters in that voting is, in line with Realistic Conflict Theory, encouraged by a perceived socio-economic threat emanating from an identified ‘outgroup’.

    Further, the study validates the assumption of ‘in-’ and ‘outgroup’ identification as being a key issue in determining motives behind extreme right-wing voting. The key explanatory factor of the voting behavior of the studied group indeed shows to be the rejection of an identification with a homogenous group of ‘immigrants’.

    Finally, the study shows that the rejection of an identification with a homogenous group of ‘immigrants’, removes the theoretical base for assuming that immigrants should be expected to show favorable attitudes towards the group of immigrants in general.

  • 323.
    Ennals, Richard
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering.
    Björn Gustavsen: Democratic dialogue and development2017In: The Palgrave Handbook of Organizational Change Thinkers / [ed] David B. Szabla, William A. Pasmore, Mary A. Barnes, Asha N. Gipson, Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017, p. 555-573Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Björn Gustavsen, with an original professional background as a lawyer and judge in his native Norway, has had a formative role in organizational development processes in Norway, Sweden, Scandinavia, and the European Union over four decades. Following in the tradition of Norwegian working life research by Trist and Thorsrud, he has provided the conceptual framework and practical case studies which have driven major national and international programs. He has learned from different experience of organizational change in, for example, the USA and Japan, but he has identified a distinctive way forward for the European Union, where he has acted as a senior adviser. In contrast to conventional Taylorist top-down management and reliance on expert consultants, his approach has been bottom-up and concept driven, with a focus on empowering workers. With a commitment to long-term sustainable processes, he has emphasized the importance of capacity building and succession planning, highlighting development organizations. His approach to partnership and coalition building has enabled collaboration across sectors, in the cause of creating collaborative advantage. He has a distinctive fluent academic writing style, but spends most of his time engaged in the design and practice of development, and editing the work of younger colleagues. He has seen the role of academic journals and edited books in the development process, so has encouraged new publications, but without seeking to dominate. He took ideas of action research and case studies and applied them to national enterprise development programs, working with the labor market parties. This has resulted in a distinctive research and development culture. © Springer International Publishing AG 2017.

  • 324.
    Enokson, Uffe
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Work-life Balance and Working time policy in Sweden and in the European Union2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 325.
    Ericsson, Daniel
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Stockholm School of Economics, Sweden.
    Myter om metod2019 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    En rad olika idéer om vad forskning är och hur forskning bör bedrivas florerar på universitet och högskolor. En del av dessa idéer känns så självklara att de inte ens behöver diskuteras. På så sätt utgör de myter – inte för att de är falska, så som begreppet myt ibland används i vardagligt tal, utan för att de rymmer samma slags osynliga förklaringskraft och styrka som återfinns inom religionens och sagans världar. Idéerna skänker studenter, lärare och forskare mål och mening. Men vid närmare granskning ter de sig inte alls så självklara.

    I den här boken beskrivs åtta betydelsefulla myter som präglar akademiskt liv, och för varje myt formuleras ett alternativt sätt att se på akademiskt arbete. Författaren lyfter därmed fram den metodmångfald som råder inom lärosätenas väggar, och utmanar samtidigt många förgivettagna sanningar till förmån för en mer differentierad, lyhörd och reflekterande forskningspraktik.

  • 326.
    Ericsson, Stina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Byrman, GunillaLinnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Humanetten: Nummer 38, Våren 20172017Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 327.
    Eriksson, Catarina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Zetterlund, Angela
    Högskolan i Borås.
    Den svenska biblioteksgeografin2008In: Svensk biblioteksforskning, ISSN 0284-4354, E-ISSN 1653-5235, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 39-63Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    This article is a reflection on the Swedish library system, taking its departure point in the

    concept of “library geography”. The aim is to construct an updated and realistic description of

    the sector as a whole, including basic institutions, organisational elements, main actors and

    basic relations. The study uses a pragmatic and interpretative approach, based on a small

    sample of empirical evidence. The sources are varied and consist of web sites, library

    calendars, encyclopaedias, academic literature and reports from public agencies at different

    levels. The article presents a figure identifying different founding categories of how libraries

    are conceptualised in practice. It also introduces a new construction for mapping different

    institutions, organisational elements etc. in relation to their position in social areas or societal

    dimensions. The authors reflect on the incongruent structure of the field and confirm thereby

    the conclusions of other researchers. They also add new aspects to the picture such as digital

    initiatives and organisational life in the private sector of the Swedish library system. Some

    suggestions are given on how to map the library field in the future, based on categories such

    as user, documentary practices and roles and functions.

  • 328.
    Eriksson, Karin
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Social Work.
    Magnusson, Sofie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Social Work.
    ”Det är inte bara socialtjänstlagen som styr vårt jobb”: En kvalitativ studie av åtta socialsekreterares upplevelser av handlingsfriheten i det dagliga arbetet2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim of this study is to investigate how social workers who are dealing with financial assistance are experiencing discretion in their daily work. The aim of the study is also to examine how social workers who are dealing with financial assistance relates to the controlling and the supporting functions of their daily work and how this in turn affects the attitude to the client. In order to examine the aim of the study, qualitative method was used. Eight social workers have been interviewed and presented with two fictitious cases that they have been able to discuss. Theories regarding the street-level bureaucrat and its discretion have been used to interpret and understand the collected material. Kerstin Svenssons’ (2001) theory regarding the social worker’s position has also been used to analyse the study’s gathered material. The study shows that social workers consider themselves to have a relatively large discretion in their daily work. However, the majority of the social workers agree that despite the great discretion they can at times feel limited in their work. Findings of the study also show that social workers are either more controlling or more supportive in meeting with the client.

  • 329.
    Eriksson, Mia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Breivik and I: affective encounters with ‘failed’ masculinity in stories about right-wing terrorism2018In: Norma, ISSN 1890-2138, E-ISSN 1890-2146, Vol. 13, no 3-4, p. 265-278Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For feminist theory, the search for the material has often found its way via affect. As an immanent and seemingly pre-discursive and bodily experience, affects seem to offer a way out of the language and discourse trap. But should affect really be understood as solely a material matter? If every phenomenon is material-discursive, as Karen Barad suggests, cannot affect, as an immanent and lived bodily experience also be both material and discursive? In this article, I will approach these questions through a reading of a small selection of texts that tell the story of Anders Behring Breivik and the terrorist attack in Norway on 22 July 2011. In a troubling encounter with these stories, I found myself identifying with Breivik, an identification that led to an intense affective experience of anxiety and disgust, but also to an emotional self-reflexive elaboration on shame and guilt. This article presents an analysis of the prevalence of norms on white, adult masculinity in the stories about Breivik, as well as a theoretical elaboration on the relationship between affect and emotion, matter and language, and its relevance for the study of masculinity and violence.

  • 330.
    Eriksson, Moa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Pojkar tar ordet!: Talutrymme i klassrummet ur ett genusperspektiv.2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 331.
    Eriksson, Nathalie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Explaining occurrence of conflicts - clashes of cultures or abundance of resources?2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the explanatory power of two distinct theories, culture-conflict theory and resource abundance-conflict theory, on the occurrence of conflict. With statistical methods this thesis has aimed to investigate which of the two theories in question has the better explanatory power on interstate and intrastate conflicts active in the years 2012-2013. By engaging in the latest conflict data available and a number of country characteristics during the time period 2009-2010, an analytical framework was created. By operationalizing the theories in question into valid variables, a logistic regression analysis on the occurrence versus nonoccurrence of war was conducted. The results indicate that, in accordance with the culture-conflict theory, a higher degree of cultural characteristics (here linguistic diversity) do increase the probability of conflict occurrence. However, for the resource abundance-conflict theory the result showed no statistical significance, leading to the conclusion that the argument that countries with a high abundance of resources are more likely to experience conflict is not supported in this thesis.

  • 332.
    Eriksson, Sofi
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Cultural Sciences.
    Skolbiblioteksforums verksamhet: - en fallstudie sett ur perspektivet den lärande organisationen2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    10 years ago the School Library Forum´s core activity started; the development of model libraries. Since then, no comprehensive study of the School Library Forum has been made. How does the organization actually work and how do professionals perceive the changes of the organization? Against this background, the purpose of my essay is to examine the activity of the organization School Library Forum with a focus on organization and learning from the viewpoint of the learning organization. The following issues have been helpful to meet the purpose of the study:

     How do the business developer, the principals and the school librarians experience the collaboration on the school-libraries model-library activity?

     How does the collaboration contribute to learning within the organization according to the business developer, the principals and the school librarians?

     How do the business developer, the principals and the school librarians perceive the changes in the School Library Forum´s organization, seen from the perspective of the learning organization?

    By conducting five interviews with stakeholders in various positions within the organization, such as business developer, principals and school librarians, a deeper insight into how respondents perceive the business from the perspective of the learning organization is obtained. When the study is qualitative and the interview respondents are of a limited number there is no claim to generalize the perceptions to all workers involved in the organization. Results obtained in this study are that the organizational changes that have occurred are perceived as positive by principals and school librarians, while the business developer´s experience is more negative.

     

  • 333.
    Eriksson, Sofia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Cultural Sciences.
    Karlsson, Kristin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Cultural Sciences.
    Kunskap i ny kontext: en undersökning om bibliotekariers väg från studier till yrkesliv2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis explores how librarian graduates perceive the transfer from university to employment. The authors will examine how librarian graduates experience the relation between knowledge learned from university studies and the qualifications required from the employer. The basis of the thesis is the concept of transition process. In this thesis it is defined as the relation between the knowledge gained from education and the qualifications required by the employer as well as the problem to transfer knowledge between different contexts.The theoretical framework is build upon the concept of competence and its connection to re-contextualized knowledge. The empirical material of the thesis constitutes of five phone interviews with newly employed librarians. The interviews were performed in May, 2011.The results from the interviews have been categorized in a model of relations in which the analysis of the thesis is build upon. The respondents have all experienced insecurity in their own abilities as they have started their new employment as a librarian. However, they argue as well as the insecurity decreases with time. The results from the empirical study also indicate on discrepancy between education and work in a way that the employers do not know how to fully take advantage of the newly graduated librarian knowledge.

  • 334.
    Eriksson, Ulrika
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Education.
    Nilsson, Anna
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Education.
    Vad är matematik i förskolan: En studie om barns och lärares tankar om begreppet matematik2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med vårt examensarbete var att med hjälp av intervjuer få mer kunskap om barns och lärares tankar och uppfattningar kring matematik och jämföra om dessa stämmer överens med varandra. Vi ville också ta reda på hur lärarna upplever att de synliggör matematiken i förskolan. I vår bakgrund har vi ur ett historiskt och teoretiskt perspektiv, förklarat vilken roll matematiken har i förskolan och beskrivit olika faktorer som kan påverka barns matematiska förståelse. Sammanfattningsvis visar resultaten i vår undersökning att barn och lärare har liknade uppfattningar om att matematik mestadels handlar om räkning och siffror. Generellt tycker inte lärarna att de synliggör matematiken tillräckligt mycket i förskolan men ändå visar deras svar på att den synliggörs i vardagliga situationer då lärarna utan att reflektera över det lägger ord på sina handlingar. Resultatet visar även att det förekommer matematik i verksamheten men lärarna behöver utveckla sin kunskap om matematiska begrepp och bli mer medvetna om att det faktiskt är matematik de arbetar med. Vi har under arbetets gång fått djupare förståelse för hur betydelsefull lärarens roll är för barns begreppsförståelse Vi hoppas därför att vårt arbete kan inspirera och bli till hjälp för de lärare som vill arbeta mer medvetet med ämnet i förskolan. Avslutningsvis vill vi tacka alla, som har medverkat och varit till hjälp under arbetets gång.

  • 335.
    Erlandsson, Sandra
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Nilsson, Olivia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    "Du vet väl om att du är värdefull": en fallstudie om en nyanställd lärares introduktionsperiod2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna fallstudie har haft som syfte att, utifrån en nyanställd lärares upplevelse av sin livsvärld, skapa förståelse för hur introduktionsperioden främjar lärande och bidrar till dess yrkesmässiga utveckling. Vidare har studien ämnat beskriva hur rektor, mentor och kollega i sina roller, under denna period, upplever sig bidra med yrkesmässigt stöd. Genom kvalitativ ansats och intervju som metod insamlades studiens empiriska material. Studiens resultat analyserades sedermera utifrån aktuell forskning, Lave och Wengers teori om situerat lärande samt Wengers teori om praktikgemenskaper. Slutsatser som kunnat dras är att den undersökta introduktionsperioden inte är planerad eller genomförs med eftertanke, vilket finns reglerat i svensk skollag och som presenterad tidigare forskning förordar. Den undersökta introduktionsperioden har kunnat konstateras främja lärande och yrkesmässig utveckling genom det stöd som ges av framförallt mentor och kollega, vilket kan förklaras genom en stark praktikgemenskap.

  • 336.
    Erlingsson, Maria
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Civil society and peacebuilding in Colombia2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is a growing interest in how to build sustainable peace in the world, preventing countries from relapsing into violent conflict. Recognising that there are several important peacebuilding actors, this Master thesis takes its point of departure in local civil society actors as a peacebuilding force. For this interpretative qualitative study, Colombia is used as the case of investigation. This is as a result of a renewed interest in the country due to the peace negotiations that were initiated between the Colombian government and the largest guerrilla group in the country, Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), in October 2012. Interviews with diverse civil society actors in Colombia were used as primary data, and in addition literary reviews of primary and secondary information have been added to the material.

    There are diverging views of what peacebuilding means, and one of the research objectives of this thesis is to draw from previous research to build a general framework for what peacebuilding wants to achieve, i.e., identify the international peacebuilding objectives. The second research objective is to compare the seven activities and functions of civil society in peacebuilding, as described by Paffenholz and Spurk in the Comprehensive framework for the analysis of civil society in peacebuilding, to see how the work of civil society in Colombia compares to the international peacebuilding objectives.

    The research shows that all seven activities and functions of civil society in peacebuilding: protection, monitoring, advocacy and public communication, in-group socialisation, social cohesion, facilitation/mediation, and service delivery, are performed by the interviewed civil society actors. When the activities and functions are compared to the international peacebuilding objectives, the research demonstrates that the peacebuilding activities carried out by civil society adds to the efforts performed by other actors to achieve stability and security, restore political and judicial institutions, address socio-economic dimensions and transform relations. Acknowledging the particular regional dynamics of the Colombian internal armed conflict and recognising the need for local ownership for peacebuilding to be successful, the conclusion drawn is that peacebuilding in Colombia has to be attained at the local, regional as well as national level. The polarisation and distrust between civil society and the state hinders a joint effort to build peace in Colombia, which further complicates the prospects for attaining sustainable peace in the country. Based on the understanding gained from the conducted research, this thesis affirms that peacebuilding must be adapted to the local realities and requires active participation from both government and civil society.

  • 337.
    Erlingsson, Maria
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Intersecting Inequality: An Interpretative Minor Field Study of Inequality in Bolivia2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This Bachelor thesis is an interpretive study, where the material has mainly been gathered through ethnographic methods, with thematically opened interviews and observations providing the primary data. A field study was conducted in Bolivia during the months of November and December of 2009; in La Paz in the Western highlands, including some interviews in the fast growing suburb El Alto, as well as in Santa Cruz de la Sierra in the Eastern lowlands.

    Bolivia is one of the poorest and most unequal countries in Latin America and the world, and the purpose of the study is to re-contextualise and re-interpret how inequality is created and maintained in the Bolivian society by doing a case study on gender inequality. In addition, an intersectional analysis is used that takes into account the diversity of the Bolivian society in terms of ethnicity and class. The study aims at exploring the mechanisms that create and maintain inequality in a Bolivian context as well as looking at the prospects for potential change in the unequal relations between groups of people within the new context of indigenous president Evo Morales and a new inclusive constitution.

    Using an abductive method, the empirical material has been re-interpreted with the help of American sociologist Charles Tilly’s framework of durable inequality. He identifies two mechanisms that create inequality, exploitation and opportunity hoarding, and two mechanisms that reinforce inequality; emulation and adaptation. Together with the concept of intersectionality, recognising women’s different experiences depending on, for instance, ethnic background or social class, these two frameworks are framing the study. Jointly they generate a new analytical tool that can deepen the understanding inequality mechanisms: the Intersecting Inequality Framework.

    The content of the interviews when analysed show that inequalities in Bolivia have long historical roots, and that the processes of exploitation, opportunity hoarding, emulation and adaptation that Tilly describes all take place in creating and maintaining an unequal position for Bolivian women. The Intersecting Inequality Framework reveals that the inequality mechanisms in the three dimensions of gender, ethnicity and class sometimes work autonomously and other times intersectionally.

    Changing durable inequality is a slow process; nevertheless there are signs of changed relations between categorical bounded groups in the Bolivian society. Although, in the context of Morales the main political focus at the time lays not on attaining gender equality, but rather to continue the empowerment of the indigenous populations.

  • 338.
    Erskjäns, Lisa
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, Baltic Business School.
    Fredriksson, Malin
    University of Kalmar, Baltic Business School.
    Attraktionskraft: En studie om Kalmar Slotts utvecklingspotential2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Nuteks topplista över Sveriges 30 mest besökta besöksmål och sevärdheter sträcker sig från Ystad i söder till Åre i norr. Det är allt från nöjesparker och skidanläggningar till natursköna områden och kulturhistoriska byggnader. Deras gemensamma nämnare är att de lockar till sig ett stort antal människor. Besöksmål har olika attraktionskrafter som attraherar turister. Människor reser bland annat för att nå personlig utveckling, antingen genom rekreation, kunskapande eller genom att aktivera kroppen. Den viktigaste attraktionskraften hos topplistans attraktioner är att de ligger i en stor stad. Häften av topplistans attraktioner ligger i någon av Sveriges största städer. I stora städer finns många målgrupper, ett stort utbud och bra kommunikationer. Kalmar Slott ligger inte i en stor stad men i en region som under sommarmånaderna drar många besökare till omgivningen. Verksamhetsutveckling är en betydande faktor för att fortsätta dra många turister till attraktionen. Kalmar Slott är inne i en mognadsfas, därför har en grupp intressenter tagit fram en utvecklingsplan för slottet. När slottets verksamheter ska utvecklas är det viktigt att slottets varumärke tas i beaktning. Kalmar Slotts varumärke står för autenticitet och kvalitet och visar vad turister kan förvänta sig av besöket. Om Kalmar Slott erbjuder nya produkter med god kvalitet för fler målgrupper har Kalmar Slott en möjlighet att öka sin attraktionskraft.

  • 339.
    Ewald, Jonas
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Wohlgemuth, Lennart
    School of Global Studies, Gothenburg University.
    Challenges for the Opposition and Democratisation in Tanzania: A View from the Opposition2012In: Africa Development, ISSN 0850-3907, Vol. 37, no 2, p. 63-95Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the period after 1990, a massive return to liberalised forms of politics has taken place and has been largely centred around the dismantling of one party- regimes, the termination of a large number of military-led or dominated governments, the embrace of a multiparty political framework, the introduction of an independent media, the restoration of some basic freedoms to the people of the countries concerned and the convening of multi-party elections. This development was so widespread and overwhelming that it was seen by many observers as the beginning of Africa’s second liberation (Olukoshi 1998; Gyimah-Boadi 2004; Mkandawire 2006). Potential gains to the peoples from the liberalisation of their national political spaces were undermined since the 1980s by the conditions set by outside suppliers of necessary resources, combined with internal challenges in terms of weak institutions, civil society and media as well as lack of a tradition of multi- party democracy and general poverty. Matters appear to have been worsened by the fact that in many African countries the promise which the opposition once represented as the bearer of the hopes and aspirations of the people has substantially faded away. Several factors have contributed to weaken and, in some cases, discredit the opposition in much of Africa’s ongoing experience with multiparty politics. This is a serious development that begs for further investigation; as the development of a healthy and vigorous opposition is a major part of a democratic framework. In this study, we will see how the situation in Tanzania has evolved over the past 17 years of multi-party development; based on rather unique interviews with Professor Ibrahim Lipumba, leader of one of Tanzania’s major opposition parties.

  • 340.
    Fagerström, Lina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Hamrin, Ingela
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    "Kan flickor ha Spider-Man tröja?": En kvalitativ studie om bemötande av genus i förskolan. 2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta självständiga arbete har sin utgångspunkt i förskolans bemötande av flickor och pojkar ur ett genusperspektiv. Ändamålet med studien är att undersöka och synliggöra genusmedvetenhet i förskolepedagogers förhållningssätt. Ett grundläggande fokus i våra frågeställningar är att lyfta fram förskolepedagogers tankar och föreställningar kring normer och könsstereotyper samt hur dessa vävs in och tillämpas i deras profession. Den andra frågeställningen utgår från hur flickors och pojkars könsidentitet präglas och påverkas av könsföreställningar i förskolan utifrån förskolepedagogernas förhållningssätt. 

    Genom kvalitativa intervjuer med sex utbildade förskolepedagoger fick vi en översiktlig bild av hur detta ser i ut i olika förskolor i samma kommun. Resultatet redogör att förskolepedagogerna ser att barn är väl medvetna om genus- och könsrollerna som råder i samhället idag. Empirin visar även hur förskolepedagogerna förhåller sig till genus och hur de använder sig av sin genuskunskap i deras arbete i förskolans verksamhet. Deras genusarbete skildras i form av genusdiskussioner tillsammans med arbetslag och barn, återspeglingar om uppbyggnaden av den fysiska och sociala miljön samt reflektioner kring sig själva som påverkande faktorer i barnens livsvärld, självbild och utvecklande av könsidentiteter. 

  • 341.
    Fagerström, Madeleine
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Could democracy be a trigger for conflict?: The case of democratic violence in Liberia2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to prove the hypothesis that liberal democracy could trigger conflict when implemented to a post-conflict country. During the last decades there has been a debate regarding whether the implementation of liberal peacebuilding and liberal democracy is a mean for peace or a mean for conflict. Researchers arguing for the importance of democracy claims that it is the most peaceful regime and that democracies almost never engage in war. The critics of the liberal democracy argue that the norms and values that characterizes the liberal democracy is not suited for countries with other norms, that it is not a substantial mean for promoting human development and security and that the peacebuilding efforts of the West simply is a mean to control the world security. I have in this thesis presented the research debate and placed myself amongst the critics of the liberal democracy. The case of Liberia was used to try and prove the hypothesis.

    The method used is qualitative. I have used a qualitative text analysis as well as the method of process-tracing to process the information. The theories used are the democratic peace theory and the congruence theory. The research questions which I have based my study on are the following; Could the implementation of liberal democracy as a mean for peace, on the contrary bring conflict instead? Was it the liberal democracy that casued a continuation of the conflict in Liberia?

    The results found is that the transition towards liberal democracy does entail conflictual elements and that there is the possibility of an aggravation of the conflict unless certain factors such as the timing of election and the level of security are thought of. In the case of Liberia there are facts showing that the liberal democracy could have aggravated the conflict, there are however other factors playing a role in this as well and I have therefore not been able to draw the conclusion that my hypothesis is true. Nonetheless I have been able to draw the conclusion that the implementing of liberal democracy is a potential factor behind the continuation of violence in Liberia. The liberal democracy did not create peace as the democratic peace theory suggests. 

  • 342.
    Falk, Lina
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, Baltic Business School.
    Gullberg, Emma
    University of Kalmar, Baltic Business School.
    Evenemangs ogripbara effekter på värdsamhället: En studie av Ölands Skördefest2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Alla evenemang medför vissa planerade effekter. Många effekter som uppstår i värdsamhället är dock oplanerade och ibland även oönskade. Exempel på sådana effekter kan vara kulturella, sociala och fysiska eller miljömässiga förändringar. Evenemanget och dess omvärld påverkar varandra ömsesidigt. Det gäller för evenemangsarrangörer att vara medvetna om detta förhållande, att identifiera möjliga negativa effekter av evenemanget och kunna se dess möjligheter. De viktigaste aspekterna när det gäller evenemang och dess påverkan på värdsamhället är grundlig planering, utförlig utvärdering med helhetsperspektiv och starka samarbeten. Planeringen ger en bra grund för utförandet av evenemanget, reducerande av negativa effekter och för en grundlig utvärdering av samtliga effekter. Utvärderingen blir sedan en bra utgångspunkt inför kommande evenemang och nästkommande planeringsfaser. Samarbeten är grundläggande för att möjliggöra en utveckling av ett evenemang och för att göra det hållbart och konkurrenskraftigt. Därmed är planering, samarbeten och utvärdering de viktigaste aspekterna för evenemangsarrangörer att ta hänsyn till.

  • 343.
    Fan, Wanting
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Social and economic impact of coastal tourism in Kalmar, Sweden2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Coastal tourism is one of the most important way of leisure and entertainment in the world, which brings impact in varying degrees to the tourism destination. These effects relate to economic, social, and environmental aspects. With the concept of sustainability being widely used, sustainable tourism has received more attention. However, most studies focus on the tourism impact on the coastal environment, while the social and economic aspects were sparse explorations.

    Therefore, this research applies the qualitative method to explore the social and economic impact of tourism on the coastal city, Kalmar. Furthermore, the perspective of residents and business owners is the main way to reflect these effects. According to the results of the study, the development of the tourism industry will indeed bring some impact to the coastal city on economy and society. However, due to differences of cultural background and actual situation, these effects are not always the same. For example, for the economic impact of tourism business, the impact on the hotel is more noticeable than the impact on restaurants and bars.

  • 344.
    Farjam, Mike
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    On whom would I want to depend; humans or computers?2019In: Journal of Economic Psychology, ISSN 0167-4870, E-ISSN 1872-7719, Vol. 72, p. 219-228Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We study in a laboratory experiment whether humans prefer to depend on decisions of others (Human-Driven Uncertainty) or states generated by a computer (Computerized Uncertainty). The experimental design introduced in this paper is unique in that it introduces Human-Driven Uncertainty such that it does not derive from a strategic context. In our experiment, Human-Driven Uncertainty derives from decisions, which were taken in a morally neutral context and in ignorance of externalities that the decisions may have on others. Our results indicate that even without strategic interaction and moral elements humans prefer Computerized to Human-Driven Uncertainty. This holds even when the distribution of outcomes under both types of uncertainty is identical. From a methodological point of view, the findings shed a critical light on behavioral research in which it is common practice to control for strategic uncertainty by comparing interaction with an artificial agent with a known strategy to interaction with humans. Outside the laboratory, our results suggest that whenever dependence on humans is changed to dependence on computers and other kinds of “artificial” decision makers, preferences with regard to these dependencies may change too.

  • 345.
    Farjam, Mike
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Mill, Wladislaw
    University Jena, Germany.
    Panganiban, Marian
    Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods, Germany.
    Ignorance Is Bliss, But for Whom? The Persistent Effect of Good Will on Cooperation2016In: Games, ISSN 2073-4336, E-ISSN 2073-4336, Vol. 7, no 4, article id 33Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Who benefits from the ignorance of others? We address this question from the point of view of a policy maker who can induce some ignorance into a system of agents competing for resources. Evolutionary game theory shows that when unconditional cooperators or ignorant agents compete with defectors in two-strategy settings, unconditional cooperators get exploited and are rendered extinct. In contrast, conditional cooperators, by utilizing some kind of reciprocity, are able to survive and sustain cooperation when competing with defectors. We study how cooperation thrives in a three-strategy setting where there are unconditional cooperators, conditional cooperators and defectors. By means of simulation on various kinds of graphs, we show that conditional cooperators benefit from the existence of unconditional cooperators in the majority of cases. However, in worlds that make cooperation hard to evolve, defectors benef

  • 346.
    Farquhar, Lisa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Handledning: En kvalitativ studie om socialarbetares upplevelser av handledningens betydelse inom barn- och familjesektorn i socialtjänsten2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to get a better understanding of social workers experiences of supervisions impact on social work with children and families. The two research questions where: Which are social workers needs of supervision? And does social workers perceive supervision as a tool for professional development and learning? The study´s empirical findings were a result of semi-structured interviews with five social workers in the social service department. The study´s theoretical framework was based on two different theories: new institutionalism, which is a specialization within organizational theory, and system theory perspective. The result found that social workers experiences supervision as an opportunity for support and reflection, which encourages them to develop professional skills in their daily work. Supervision had an effect on social workers self-confidence and wellbeing by adding expertise, which gave more structure, energy and stress relief in their work. The interviews also showed that supervision had a direct impact on the interaction and the team climate within a working group. However, certain terms and conditions must have been considered to call supervision successful. The supervisors responsibility to lead, see the groups needs and have an over all perspective was mentioned as one condition for good supervision. Another term was that the group cooperated and showed professionalism and respect towards one another. It was very important that supervision took place in a safe environment and that all group members felt trust towards their colleagues and supervisor. This way they where able to learn from each others experiences and show vulnerability and emotions which could contribute to reflection and professional development. Furthermore, social workers emphasise supervision as positive and a necessary tool in order to achieve an efficient and well functioning workplace.

  • 347.
    Fasting, Oskar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Idrottsrörelsen - en kvinnlig domän?: En studie av kvinnliga idrottsutövares livsberättelser rörande jämställdheten inom det svenska föreningslivet.2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     

    The purpose with this paper is to investigate gender equality in Swedish sports. More precisely, it is about analyzing female athlete’s life stories focusing on equality within female sports associations. The aim is to highlight how female athlete’s experience and handle issues related to gender and sports. There are a number of vital questions looked into in this paper: Are the female athlete’s experiencing that the development is moving in right direction, that is to say that sports life are becoming more equal? Is there any other area that is particularly neglected regarding gender equality? Are there any significant differences between the sports covered in this paper in terms of gender equality? These questions are just some examples of fundamental issues in this context.

     

    In order to find answers to these questions, a qualitative method has been used focusing on life stories collected during interviews with twelve female, both elite and non-elite athlete’s from six different sports, which are ice hockey, soccer, handball, floor ball, volleyball and water polo. The results show that the majority feels that the development is going in the right direction, in other words they feel that their respective sports have become more equal. Nonetheless, the respondents however emphasizes that there is much that needs to be improved.

  • 348.
    Fellman, Fredrika
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Sääf, Maria
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    To Harvest Development from Education in Agribusiness: A minor field study of the significance of higher education in agrieconomy on the development in northern Ghana2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To learn more about how higher education can contribute to economic development through the development of the business perspective in the agricultural sector, this study has been conducted from the point of views of students, graduates and lecturers of the Agribusiness program at the University for Development Studies, UDS, in Tamale, northern Ghana. Although several quantitative studies on the Ghanaian universities’ role for development have been conducted, there is a research gap within this qualitative field. From a social-constructivist perspective, it is crucial to understand the social context, why a qualitative research with open ended interviews proved to be beneficial. The findings have been analysed by the Capability Approach through the perspectives of Relative Deprivation and Knowledge Based Views of Organisations. The result of the study clarifies the importance of paying attention to the capability of the students, the farmers and the region where the higher education is offered. It is also clear from the result that there is a gap between the expectations of the students and the lecturers on the outcome of the education and the actual output. Hence, the Relative Deprivation theory served applicable for the Agribusiness program at UDS. Furthermore, the research reveals the significance of that the institutional conditions, such as financial institutions, are developed to enable the region to benefit from the education programmes.  

  • 349.
    Ferlander, Heléne
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Elvin, Sara
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Man måste mötas på vägen, på något sätt.: Erfarenheter och upplevelser av interaktionen mellan professionella och föräldrar till barn med funktionsnedsättningar.2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 350.
    Ferling, Robin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Yearning of Yalambojoch: A field study about rural poverty in northwestern Guatemala and the importance of local influence over development2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 1996, Guatemala achieved peace after 36 years of civil war which took root in the political and social oppression of the country’s vast indigenous population. To counter the country’s widespread poverty, inequality and ongoing political and social frustrations the Guatemalan government adopted a liberal peace building agenda by ‘globalizing’ its economy and by decentralizing the political and economic process. Through this process, Guatemala has achieved a democracy which is accepted by western standards as well as the classification of a middle income country. However, the vast, and predominately rural, indigenous population has been left behind in this progress; it is estimated that 7 out 10 indigenous Guatemalans today are facing more or less severe livelihood conditions below the poverty line, why Guatemala remains one of the most unequal countries in the world. The government now hopes to overcome the shortcomings in the rural sector by stimulating local agricultural projects and ideas which are anchored in the many and various territorially strengths and challenges throughout Guatemala’s countryside; the intention is, in other words, to encourage a stronger local control over the development process.This study explores the conditions for, and the relevance of, local ownership of development in terms of livelihood improvements in Yalambojoch, one indigenous agriculture community in one of the poorest and most war torn regions in Guatemala. An abductive field work with a holistic livelihood-approach has been necessary in order to localize more or less obvious factors that are trapping the village in poverty, and to understand to what degree poverty is determined by the village’s level of autonomy, or ownership, over its development process. The results shows that the village's low livelihood level is determined by agricultural insufficiency, poor access to crucial services and political and socio economic isolation. The village's empowerment is restricted to protection of territory, which reproduces a context in which a more participant autonomy in a wider societal setting is thwarted, where external development projects are often reluctantly rejected due to local mistrust, frustration and discontentment with governmental as well as private agencies and where the livelihood situation consequently remains essentially static.

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