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  • 301.
    Ma, Shuangjie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Njeru, Stellah
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    The impact of culture (individualism and collectivism) on identified multicultural group work challenges: A study at Linnaeus University2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to measure the kinds of challenges faced by multicultural studentgroups and the influence of culture (individualism and collectivism) on student'sperception of importance on each of the challenges discovered. A 19-item questionnairewas completed by students (N = 234) from different faculties including natural andsocial sciences at Linnaeus University, students were from 47 countries. Challenges inmulticultural groups were measured using a Likert scale (from 1 to 5) that assessedmember participation, communication, group processes and group member compositionand analysed by exploratory factor analysis. To examine the differences in perception ofimportance of the challenges discovered between individualists and collectivists basedon Hofstede's culture framework, t-tests and Mann-Whitney test were conducted. Theresults suggested three main kinds of challenges: culture related challenges, genericgroup work challenges and membership resemblance. Membership resemblance was theonly kind of challenge that significantly differed between individualists and collectivists.Further discussions explaining the results and implementation of this study werepresented.

  • 302.
    Machiha, Mutsa Marcia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology. Swedish Institute Study Scholarships.
    Brew, Gladys
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Predictors of Work Engagement Among University Teachers: The Role of Personality and Perceived Organisational Support.2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present study was conducted with the aim of investigating whether perceived organisational support or HEXACO personality traits: honesty-humility, emotionality, extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness and openness; was a better predictor of work engagement among university teachers. A sample size of 157 university teachers was conveniently drawn both online and in person. The HEXACO-PI, Survey of Perceived Organisational Support (SPOS) and the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES) were used to measure personality, perceived organisational support and work engagement respectively. Multiple Regression Analysis was used to examine the data. The study revealed that Extraversion, Conscientiousness and Perceived Organisational Support were significant predictors of work engagement. The similarities in beta values suggest that both personality traits and perceived organisational support were crucial to work engagement. Limitations, as well as suggestions for future research, are discussed.

  • 303.
    Magamba, Felix
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Ghodsieh, Alex
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Skiljer sig den inre och yttre motivationen hos studenter vid olika högskoleutbildningar?: En kvantitativ studie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate whether student’s intrinsic motivation (IM) and extrinsic motivation (EM) differs depending on which university program the individual has chosen. Previous studies have shown that there is a difference between the level of motivation among different college students. 46 Swedish university students from the Music Production Program and 39 Swedish students at the same university from the Civil Econom Program participated in the study. The results showed that the Civil Economic students had significant differences between motivational types. The majority of Civil economic students estimated higher values in EM compared to IM. The Civil Economic students even showed higher values in EM compared to students from the Music Production program. The values in IM and EM were equally distributed within students from the Music Production program and the Amotivation proved to be low among all students. The grade and the gender of the participants were covariates that were controlled in the study. The participants grade and gender showed to have correlations that were significant with the students’ level of IM and EM. Conclusions from the results are that students from the Music Production program are likely to have goals based on personal interest and external rewards while the majority of civil Economic students only seems to be motivated by external rewards.

  • 304.
    Magnusson, Vide
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Roller och ledarskap hos lärare: Tyska studenters upplevelser av lärare i Tyskland och Sverige2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Varje år kommer internationella studenter till Sverige och flest av dessa kommer från Tyskland. Kulturella skillnader kan skapa svårigheter för studenterna och att som lärare kunna ta an olika roller kan förbättra klassrumsmiljön och därigenom förbättra studenternas upplevelse. Syftet med den föreliggande studien var att utforska lärares roller och ledarskapsstilar utifrån tyska universitetsstudenters upplevelser. För att utforska lärarroller användes intervjuguide och semistrukturerade intervjuer för att samla data från åtta informanter där samtliga var tyska studenter. Detta gav möjligheten att utforska lärarroller i Sverige och i Tyskland. Kvalitativ innehållsanalys användes för att analysera datan. Resultatet visade på tre teman av roller: 1) ämnesorienterade 2) studentorienterade och 3) personlighetsorienterade. Resultaten visade även att vissa elever efterfrågade en lärare som både kunde agera föreläsare men även hjälpa studenterna ifall de hade problem sidan av skolan. Vidare att roller kopplade till interaktion mellan studenter och lärare och möjligheten för handledning gjorde att eleverna kände sig uppmärksammade och motiverade. Slutsatsen som kan dras är att lärare använder sig av många olika roller och lärarens personlighet och normer pekas ut som förklaring. Vilka roller läraren använder sig av kan översättas till att studenterna känner inspiration till att de väljer att inte lyssna.

  • 305.
    Malmkvist, My
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Witalisson, Kristin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Neuroticism i relation till motivation, självkänsla samt affektivitet.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Tidigare forskning har visat att det finns ett samband mellan personlighetsdraget neuroticism och yttre motivation, a-motivation, låg självkänsla samt negativ affekt. Syftet med studien var att öka förståelsen för neuroticism som personlighetsdrag utifrån individernas motivationstyp, självkänsla samt individernas affektiva tillstånd. Studien undersökte även reliabiliteten hos instrumentet Mini-IPIP som har undersökt personlighetsdrag inom Big-five-teorin. Syftet testades med hjälp av fyra självskattningstester. Dessa var Mini-IPIP, Situational Motivation Scale (SIMS), Positive Affect and Negative Affect Scale (PANAS) samt Rosenbergs Self-esteem Scale (SES). I studien deltog N=110 deltagare i åldrarna 19-53 år. I avsikt att bättre förstå neuroticism och dess relation till motivation, självkänsla samt affekt genomfördes statistiska analyser såsom korrelation och regressionsanalys. Resultatet visade, med hjälp av en korrelation, att det fanns ett samband mellan negativ affekt och neuroticism som personlighetsdrag. Regressionsanalysen bekräftade samband mellan neuroticism som personlighetsdrag och motivationstyperna a-motivation samt yttre motivation. Dock kunde inget samband mellan neuroticisms och självkänsla bekräftas.

  • 306.
    Mariannesdotter, Joline
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sandgren, Oskar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Välbefinnande och Kognitiv Prestation: En experimentell studie om positiv sinnesstämning främjar kreativitet och flexibelt tänkande2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to investigate, through an experiment, if positive mood promotes creativity and flexible thinking. Participants were a total of 93 college students. The main hypothesis was that subjects induced with positive mood would perform better than subjects induced with negative mood, at a test reflecting creativity. To further explore the implications of priming (subliminal manipulated moods), a neutral control group was included. The cognitive test used in the study was Duncker´s The Candle Problem, a test which aims to get the subjects to apply flexible and creative thinking. The priming methods applied in the study was music and video clips. To measure the participant’s subjective mood a self-report scale, Mood Adjective Check List (MACL), was included as a successful manipulation control. The result showed a clear relationship between positive and negative priming, implying that subjects induced with positive mood performed significantly better than subjects induced with negative mood. There was no significant relationship between the groups induced with neutral and negative mood.   

  • 307.
    Marthasdotter-Larsson, Margaretha
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Kvinnors hälsa - Sju kvinnors livsberättelser: En intervjustudie kring kvinnors förmåga till hälsa2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 308.
    Martin, Sonia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Human Perception: A comparative study in how others perceive me and how I perceive myself2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to see how you as a person perceive yourself in comparison to how others perceive you. For this particular study a comparison has been made between people living together and how they view themselves versus how their friends/spouses/partners/family members view them. The hypothesis was that there would be a difference between how the individual living with you perceives you and how you perceive yourself. Individuals tend to stretch the truth about themselves and they tend to see themselves in a more positive light than others might see them. The study was conducted by handing out questionnaires consisting of Big Five and Marlowe Crowne scale. There were totally 40 participants in the study, 24 women and 16 men. The results showed no correlation and no statistical significance in any of the analyses. This was due to few participants in the study.

  • 309.
    Mehari, Bitieal
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology. Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Transformational leadership and well-being: The mediating role of trust in leadership, meaningfulness and job satisfaction2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this research study is to explore the mechanisms involved in the relationship between transformational leadership style and employee well-being in the workplace. Previous evidence has shown that transformational leadership is linked with employee well-being. However, it is not clear whether transformational leadership have an indirect effect on employees work environment, and that this subsequently meditates that relationship. A theory driven model was tested by applying a parallel multiple mediation anlysis. This was conducted on a cross-sectional data sample of 82 employees working in a public psychiatric hospital in Sweden. The results indicated that transformational leadership and employee well-being is correlated, and that job satisfaction indirectly mediated this relationship. However, contrary to previous studies, the results did not indicated that transformational leadership had an indirect effect on employees’ wellbeing, though, its effect on trust in leadership and employees’ sense of meaning in work. Theoretical and practical contributions as well as limitations of the research study are discussed.

     

  • 310.
    Melin, Eva O.
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden;Region Kronoberg, Sweden.
    Svensson, Ralph
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Gustavsson, Sven-Åke
    Region Kronoberg, Sweden.
    Winberg, Agneta
    Region Kronoberg, Sweden.
    Denward-Olah, Ewa
    Region Kronoberg, Sweden.
    Landin-Olsson, Mona
    Lund University, Sweden;Lund University Hospital, Sweden.
    Thulesius, Hans
    Region Kronoberg, Sweden;Lund University, Sweden.
    Affect school and script analysis versus basic body awareness therapy in the treatment of psychological symptoms in patients with diabetes and high HbA1c concentrations: two study protocols for two randomized controlled trials2016In: Trials, ISSN 1745-6215, E-ISSN 1745-6215, Vol. 17, article id 221Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Depression is linked with alexithymia, anxiety, high HbA1c concentrations, disturbances of cortisol secretion, increased prevalence of diabetes complications and all-cause mortality. The psycho-educational method 'affect school with script analysis' and the mind-body therapy 'basic body awareness treatment' will be trialled in patients with diabetes, high HbA1c concentrations and psychological symptoms. The primary outcome measure is change in symptoms of depression. Secondary outcome measures are changes in HbA1c concentrations, midnight salivary cortisol concentration, symptoms of alexithymia, anxiety, self-image measures, use of antidepressants, incidence of diabetes complications and mortality. Methods: Two studies will be performed. Study I is an open-labeled parallel-group study with a two-arm randomized controlled trial design. Patients are randomized to either affect school with script analysis or to basic body awareness treatment. According to power calculations, 64 persons are required in each intervention arm at the last follow-up session. Patients with type 1 or type 2 diabetes were recruited from one hospital diabetes outpatient clinic in 2009. The trial will be completed in 2016. Study II is a multicentre open-labeled parallel-group three-arm randomized controlled trial. Patients will be randomized to affect school with script analysis, to basic body awareness treatment, or to treatment as usual. Power calculations show that 70 persons are required in each arm at the last follow-up session. Patients with type 2 diabetes will be recruited from primary care. This study will start in 2016 and finish in 2023. For both studies, the inclusion criteria are: HbA1c concentration >= 62.5 mmol/mol; depression, alexithymia, anxiety or a negative self-image; age 18-59 years; and diabetes duration >= 1 year. The exclusion criteria are pregnancy, severe comorbidities, cognitive deficiencies or inadequate Swedish. Depression, anxiety, alexithymia and self-image are assessed using self-report instruments. HbA1c concentration, midnight salivary cortisol concentration, blood pressure, serum lipid concentrations and anthropometrics are measured. Data are collected from computerized medical records and the Swedish national diabetes and causes of death registers. Discussion: Whether the "affect school with script analysis" will reduce psychological symptoms, increase emotional awareness and improve diabetes related factors will be tried, and compared to "basic body awareness treatment" and treatment as usual.

  • 311.
    Melin, Eva O.
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden;Region Kronoberg, Sweden.
    Svensson, Ralph
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Thulesius, Hans
    Region Kronoberg, Sweden;Lund University, Sweden.
    Psychoeducation against depression, anxiety, alexithymia and fibromyalgia: a pilot study in primary care for patients on sick leave2018In: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care, ISSN 0281-3432, E-ISSN 1502-7724, Vol. 36, no 2, p. 123-133Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: Feasibility testing of a psychoeducational method - The Affect School and Script Analyses (ASSA) - in a Swedish primary care setting. Exploring associations between psychological, and medically unexplained physical symptoms (MUPS). Design: Pilot study. Setting: Three Swedish primary care centers serving 20,000 people. Intervention: 8 weekly 2-hour sessions with a 5-7 participant group led by two instructors - followed by 10 individual hour-long sessions. Subjects: Thirty-six patients, 29 women (81%), on sick-leave due to depression, anxiety, or fibromyalgia. Outcome measures: Feasibility in terms of participation rates and expected improvements of psychological symptoms and MUPS, assessed by self-report instruments pre-, one-week post-, and 18 months post-intervention. Regression coefficients between psychological symptoms and MUPS. Results: The entire 26-hour psychoeducational intervention was completed by 30 patients (83%), and 33 patients (92%) completed the 16-hour Affect School. One-week post-intervention median test score changes were significantly favorable for 27 respondents, with p < .05 after correction for multiple testing for 9 of 11 measures (depression, anxiety, alexithymia, MUPS, general health, self-affirmation, self-love, self-blame, and self-hate); 18 months post intervention the results remained significantly favorable for 15 respondents for 7 of 11 measures (depression, alexithymia, MUPS, general health, self-affirmation, self-love, and self-hate). Conclusions: A psychoeducational method previously untested in primary care for mostly women patients on sick-leave due to depression, anxiety, or fibromyalgia had >80% participation rates, and dear improvements of self-assessed psychological symptoms and MUPS. The ASSA intervention thus showed adequate feasibility in a Swedish primary care setting.

  • 312.
    Melin, Eva O.
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden;Region Kronoberg, Sweden.
    Svensson, Ralph
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Thunander, Maria
    Lund University, Sweden;Region Kronoberg, Sweden.
    Hillman, Magnus
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Thulesius, Hans
    Region Kronoberg, Sweden;Lund University, Sweden.
    Landin-Olsson, Mona
    Lund University, Sweden;Skåne University Hospital, Sweden.
    Gender, alexithymia and physical inactivity associated with abdominal obesity in type1 diabetes mellitus: a cross sectional study at a secondary care hospital diabetes clinic2017In: BMC Obesity, E-ISSN 2052-9538, Vol. 4, article id 21Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Obesity is linked to cardiovascular diseases and increasingly common in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) since the introduction of intensified insulin therapy. Our main aim was to explore associations between obesity and depression, anxiety, alexithymia and self-image measures and to control for lifestyle variables in a sample of persons with T1DM. Secondary aims were to explore associations between abdominal and general obesity and cardiovascular complications in T1DM.

    Methods: Cross sectional study of 284 persons with T1DM (age 18–59 years, men 56%), consecutively recruited from one secondary care hospital diabetes clinic in Sweden. Assessments were performed with self-report instruments (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Toronto Alexithymia Scale-20 items and Structural Analysis of Social Behavior). Anthropometrics and blood samples were collected for this study and supplemented with data from the patients ’ medical records. Abdominal obesity was defined as waist circumference men/women (meters): ≥ 1.02/≥0.88, and general obesity as BMI ≥30 kg/m2 for both genders. Abdominal obesity was chosen in the analyses due to the high association with cardiovascular complications. Different explanatory logistic regression models were elaborated for the associations and calibrated and validated for goodness of fit with the data variables.

    Results: The prevalence of abdominal obesity was 49/284 (17%), men/women: 8%/29% (P < 0.001). Abdominal obesity was associated with women (AOR 4.9), physical inactivity (AOR 3.1), alexithymia (AOR 2.6) and age (per year) (AOR 1.04). One of the three alexithymia sub factors, “difficulty identifying feelings” (AOR 3.1), was associated with abdominal obesity. Gender analyses showed that abdominal obesity in men was associated with “difficulty identifying feelings ” (AOR 7.7), and in women with use of antidepressants (AOR 4.3) and physical inactivity (AOR 3.6). Cardiovascular complications were associated with abdominal obesity (AOR 5.2).

    Conclusions: Alexithymia, particularly the alexithymia subfactor “difficulty identifying feelings”, physical inactivity, and women, as well as cardiovascular complications were associated with abdominal obesity. As abdominal obesity is detrimental in diabetes due to its association with cardiovascular complications, our results suggest two risk factor treatment targets: increased emotional awareness and increased physical activity.

  • 313.
    Melin, Eva Olga
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden;Region Kronoberg, Sweden.
    Thulesius, Hans
    Region Kronoberg, Sweden;Lund University, Sweden.
    Hillman, Magnus
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Svensson, Ralph
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Landin-Olsson, Mona
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Thunander, Maria
    Lund University, Sweden;Region Kronoberg, Sweden.
    Lower HDL, a known marker of cardiovascular risk, was associated with depression in type 1 diabetes2019In: Atherosclerosis, ISSN 0021-9150, E-ISSN 1879-1484, Vol. 287, p. E228-E228Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 314.
    Melin, Eva Olga
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden;Region Kronoberg, Sweden.
    Thulesius, Hans
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Medicine and Optometry. Region Kronoberg, Sweden;Lund University, Sweden.
    Hillman, Magnus
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Svensson, Ralph
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Landin-Olsson, Mona
    Lund University, Sweden;Skåne University Hospital, Sweden.
    Thunander, Maria
    Lund University, Sweden;Region Kronoberg, Sweden;Central Hospital Växjö, Sweden.
    Lower HDL-cholesterol, a known marker of cardiovascular risk, was associated with depression in type 1 diabetes: a cross sectional study2019In: Lipids in Health and Disease, ISSN 1476-511X, E-ISSN 1476-511X, Vol. 18, p. 1-10, article id 65Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Depression, metabolic disturbances and inflammation have been linked to cardiovascular disease and mortality. Low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-cholesterol), a known marker of cardiovascular risk, have been observed in patients with major depression in psychiatric populations. Our main aim was to explore associations between depression, antidepressants, and metabolic and inflammatory variables in patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D). A secondary aim was to explore variables associated with HDL-cholesterol. Methods: Cross-sectional design. T1D patients (n = 292, men 55%, age 18-59 years, diabetes duration >= 1 year) were consecutively recruited from one specialist diabetes clinic. Depression was defined as 8 points for Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale-Depression sub scale. Blood samples, anthropometrics, blood pressure, and data regarding medication and life style were collected from electronic health records. Non-parametric tests, multiple logistic and linear regression analyses were performed. Results: The depression prevalence was 10 and 8% used antidepressants. Median (q(1), q(3)) HDL-cholesterol (mmol/l) was for the depressed 1.3 (1.2, 1.5) and for the non-depressed 1.6 (1.3, 1.8), p = 0.001. HDL-cholesterol levels (per mmol/l) were negatively associated with depression (Adjusted odds ratio (AOR) 0.2, p = 0.007), and the use of antidepressants was positively associated with depression (AOR 8.1, p < 0.001). No other metabolic or inflammatory variables, or life style factors, were associated with depression when adjusted for antidepressants. Abdominal obesity was associated with antidepressants in women (AOR 4.6, p = 0.029). Decreasing HDL-cholesterol levels were associated with increasing triglyceride levels (p < 0.001), increasing high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels (p = 0.021), younger age (p < 0.001), male sex (p < 0.001), and depression (p = 0.045). Conclusions: Lower HDL-cholesterol levels, known predictors of cardiovascular disease, were associated with depression in patients with T1D. The use of antidepressants was associated with abdominal obesity in women. Depression, low-grade inflammation measured as hs-CRP, higher triglycerides, male sex, and lower age were independently associated with lower HDL-cholesterol levels.

  • 315.
    Memedi, Mirnes
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Dahlgren, Susan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sambandet mellan användning av sociala medier, spel- och studietimmar och stress hos gymnasieelever i årskurs 32020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to make a quantitative data collection to investigate the relationship between social media usage, time spent gaming, time spent studying and stress of upper secondary school students in grade 3. Two survey methods which were used in the study were Social Media Addiction Scale (SMAS) and Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) and two questions concerning time spent gaming and time spent on homework. 

         The result showed no significant correlations to support the hypotheses except for women but as they were underrepresented the correlation was insignificant. According to the results as for the relationship between social media usage, time spent gaming, time spent studying and stress of upper secondary school students for men and women a medium strong positive correlation (r=.556) between social media usage and time spent on homework was found in the study which implies that the more social media usage for women, the more time spent studying. Future research should consider quantitative longitudinal studies for broader analyses. Qualitative studies with interviews would help achieving a deeper analysis in the field.

  • 316.
    Mesch, Mikaela
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Freij, Gabriella
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sociala koder på arbetsplatsen: En kvalitativ studie om sociala koder på arbetsplatsen och dess möjliga begränsningar och tillgångar för den mänskliga arbetskraften.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A qualitative study regarding the phenomenon social codes was made to create a deeper understanding and develop knowledge about how social codes possibly could have an effect on human labor. The results of the study showed that social codes existed on all the participants workplaces. This was interpreted to imply that social codes was affecting all individuals in a social context on work. The questions of issue was if social codes existed on the labor market, and if these codes could possibly affect the human capital. The aim of the study was to implement interviews with four participants. Further it continued with a phenomenological analysis to illustrate differences and similarities within the results of the interviews. The participants of the study was between 23-56 years old. The study was not made to be able to generalise the studies results to a whole population, but instead to find a more profound description of the phenomenon social codes. Keywords were formulated and then decomposed into five themes to describe social codes and their impact on the human capital. The themes of the study was interpretation of rules and social interaction, alienation and communion, varied impact, changeability and work culture. The results of the study was based on subjective experiences and thoughts, which were interpreted into the discussion about how these results were useful for other employees.

  • 317.
    Michaelsson, Hanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Elevers upplevelser av bedömning: En intervjustudie om gymnasielevers upplevda självkänsla i samband med lärares bedömning av deras skolprestationer.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den svenska skolan är idag resultatstyrd och det finns ett större krav jämfört med tidigare att nå mål och visa upp resultat. Uppföljning av mål- och kunskapsuppfyllelse i form av bedömning är därmed också något som fått en mycket central betydelse i skolan (Silferberg, 2013). Syftet med den här studien var att undersöka gymnasielevers upplevda självkänsla i samband med att deras skolprestationer blir bedömda av lärare. Detta undersöktes genom att intervjua 20 gymnasieelever som studerade vid Samhällsprogrammet och Ekonomiprogrammet på en skola i sydöstra Sverige. Eleverna var i åldrarna 16-19 år. Intervjuerna bearbetades enligt en analysmetod utformad av Lindseth och Norberg (2004), som sker i tre steg. Analysen visade sedan att gymnasieeleverna inte upplevde att deras globala självkänsla, enligt Rosenbergs (1989) definition, påverkades av lärares bedömning av deras skolprestationer. Bedömning upplevdes varken ha ett positivt eller negativt inflytande över hur värdefulla de upplever sig vara som människor. Av analysen framkom däremot en inverkan på elevers yttre kompetensbaserade aspekt av självkänslan, som Johnsson (2003) beskriver. Eleverna upplevde sig mer eller mindre värda i utbildnings- och yrkessammanhang beroende på hur höga betyg de får. Det konstateras att förhållandet mellan bedömning i skolan och elevers självkänsla bör undersökas vidare med bland annat statistiska metoder och med ett mer komplext perspektiv på självkänsla.

  • 318.
    Mikaelsson, Tove
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sociala Mediers betydelse för unga kvinnors självbild: En kvalitativ intervjustudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social media has become a third important external component of identity creation and constitutes a unique context for social comparison. Previous research has shown that the exposure of internet can affect young women’s self-image and identity creation. The aim of the study was to understand how young women experiencing that their use of social media affects their self-image. The study was conducted with a qualitative method and the data collection consisted of semi-structured interviews. The study participants consisted of nine women in the aged of 23-28 years old. The transcribed material was analyzed according to qualitative manifest content analysis with latent elements. The analysis resulted in three main categories 1) The use of Social Media 2) Self-reinforcing and 3) Self-derogatory. The result of the study showed that social media can have both negative and positive effects on young women’s self-image. The relevance of continuous monitoring and problematizing social media is discussed, both for the individual but also for the society.

  • 319. Mikusinski, Grzegorz
    et al.
    Blicharska, Malgorzata
    Antonson, Hans
    Henningsson, Marianne
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Göransson, Görgen
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science.
    Angelstam, Per
    Seiler, Andreas
    Integrating Ecological, Social and Cultural Dimensions in the Implementation of the Landscape Convention2013In: Landscape research, ISSN 0142-6397, E-ISSN 1469-9710, Vol. 38, no 3, p. 384-393Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Implementation of the European Landscape Convention requires new tools that link ecological, social and cultural dimensions in practical planning. Here, we propose connectivity as a conceptual tool to include different dimensions into landscape and spatial planning. We present a short review of the connectivity concept in relation to ecological, social and cultural dimensions and illustrate it by examples from a real landscape planning case.

  • 320.
    Miraka, Oriana
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Tritsaroli, Vasiliki
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Stress and Creativity: The mediating role of Anxiety and Depression2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In the field of psychology, stress and creativity are two phenomena that have been disputed by many researchers, claiming that their in between relationship is controversial. In the interim, many researches have focused on analyzing the relationship between mental illness (e.g., bipolar disorder) and creativity; only a few though have been able to draw on a systematic investigation apropos the link between creativity, anxiety, and depression.

    Objectives: The main objective of the present study was to identify the effect of stress on creativity and further investigate if anxiety and depression mediate their in between relationship.Method: A random sample of 233 students from Linnaeus University participated in the study. The questionnaires distributed consisted of 87 items; 10 items for stress, 7 items for anxiety, 20 items for depression, and 50 items for creativity. The survey was in both English and Swedish.

    Results: A parallel mediation analysis was used to examine the relationship between stress and creativity mediated by depression and anxiety. The data was assessed for outliers within each group; all tests were performed separately. The results obtained show that when the outliers are included in the analysis [a] stress is a significant predictor of creativity, [b] indirect only mediation occurs when depression mediates the stress-creativity relationship, [c] while anxiety is an insignificant mediator in the analysis. Additionally, the results indicated that when the outliers are excluded from the analysis [a] stress is not a significant predictor of creativity, [b] indirect only mediation occurs when depression mediates the stress-creativity relationship, [c] while anxiety is an insignificant mediator in the analysis.

    Conclusion: Further research should assess and explore the relationship between stress and creativity by taking into consideration mediators or moderators, which may explain the relationship between stress and creativity in more terms that are dignified.

  • 321.
    Mlinar, Marija
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Neving, Helena
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Stress hos gymnasieungdomar: Områden som stressar och salutogena faktorer som skyddar2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Research has shown that the stress-related illness among adolescents has increased, especially amongst young women. The aim of this study was partly to explore the occurrence of stress in students attending the second or third year of high-school, but also to examine which areas the adolescents find the most stressful. Furthermore the aim of the study was to investigate how the two salutogenic factors self-esteem and social support affect stress-levels. Gender differences were also investigated regarding the stress-levels, the different areas of stress and self-esteem. The study was questionnaire based and the sample contained 179 students from four different schools in a medium-sized town in the south of Sweden. Results showed that 68 % of the adolescents experience high levels of stress, the women in the study reported higher levels than men. These results are consistent with previous research. The areas that could predict stresslevels the highest were stress of future uncertainties and stress of school performance, the latter had the largest effect-size. Women reported significantly higher levels of stress in four of the six measured areas. Regarding the salutogenic factors only self-esteem could predict a reduction of stress at a significant level in adolescents. Previous research has shown social support as a significant salutogenic factor as well as self-esteem, but this was not the case in the present study.   

  • 322.
    Montén, Anna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Limegård, Cecilia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    En pilotstudie av hästen som relationsskapande komponent i behandling av psykisk ohälsa: Undersökning av deltagare i hästunderstödd behandling och jämförelse med en grupp fritidsryttare2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this pilot study was to explore clients undertaking equine assisted treatment for mental illness (n = 13) view of the horses attachment and working alliance facilitating abilities. Further, the study aimed to explore to which extent the respondents viewed themselves as being authoritative in relation to the horse. For comparison a group of recreational equestrians (n = 23) were used. The respondents in the client group were recruited from the association Organisationen för Hästunderstödda Insatser (OHI) and the recreational equestrians were recruited from two riding schools. The participants undertook a survey with questions regarding attachment facilitating qualities in their relationship with the horse, and which relationship facilitating characteristics they experienced in the horse. The results indicated that the respondents in both groups over all viewed the horses’ characteristics and their relationship with the horse as positive. The results indicated that the client group to a higher extent regarded the horse as having characteristics and relational qualities that could be viewed as alliance and attachment facilitating. The recreational equestrians reported an authoritative approach toward the horse to a larger degree than the client group. Although there were limitations regarding the size of the sample, and coherence in the results, the results indicated that there are grounds for future research of the subject and research question at hand, with the use of a larger population and a revised survey, as the pilot study did find significant differences between the groups.

  • 323.
    Mukka, Antonia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Assistant Nurses Work Engagement; The role of Emotional Labor, Empathy, and Psychosocial Conditions2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    From a positive psychology perspective, the aim of the present study was to explore work engagement and the role of individual factors (emotional labor and empathy), and psychosocial work conditions among assistant nurses employed in municipal elderly care. This is a highly relevant topic, since healthcare workers, particularly in elderly care, has been given a lot of attention because of sick-leave and dissatisfaction regarding their job situation. The three research questions were answered using a quantitative methodology with 131 participants from three municipalities in Southern Sweden. A set of Multiple Regression Analysis’ showed that the psychosocial work conditions explained 22% of the sample’s work engagement variance. The factors positive challenge and genuine acting (naturally felt emotions) were the strongest predictors of work engagement. Also, each sub-factor of work engagement (vigor, dedication, and absorption) was statistically tested, wherein the predictability of dedication was found negatively linked to surface acting (faking emotions) and positively to empathetic concern. These findings along with the theoretical framework shed light on assistant nurses engagement in their daily caring work that is governed by interpersonal interactions. Thereafter, a discussion of the findings and practical contributions are offered and ends up with this study’s strengths and weaknesses and suggestions for future research.

  • 324.
    Muntoiu, Roland
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sambandet mellan befolkningstäthet och depressionsdiagnoser i Sveriges tre största län: En epidemiologisk registerstudie2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Depression är ett tilltagande internationellt samhällsproblem, som ger upphov till stora kostnader. Parallellt med detta sker en kraftig befolkningstillväxt i Sverige. Tidigare forskning gällande urbanisering och psykisk ohälsa visar på en stor heterogenitet gällande riskfaktorer och fynd, som varierar från nation till nation. Denna studie syftar till att undersöka sambandet mellan depressionsdiagnoser och befolkningstäthet i Sveriges tre största län avseende befolkningsmängd – Skåne, Stockholm och Västra Götaland - mellan år 2011-2017. Frågeställningen undersöktes genom tillgängliga registerdata, där korrelationsanalyser genomfördes mellan frekvens av depressionsdiagnoser och befolkningstäthet på lokal och kommunal nivå, samt medelålder och medelinkomst på kommunal nivå. Ingen signifikant korrelation kunde påvisas mellan diagnosfrekvens och lokal befolkningstäthet år 2015. Mellan åren 2011-2017 förekom vissa signifikanta korrelationer mellan diagnosfrekvens och de övriga undersökta variablerna, men variationen i dessa fynd var så pass stor att inga definitiva slutsatser kan dras utifrån materialet.

  • 325.
    Möricke, Linnéa
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Liljekvist, Sandra
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Psykosocial arbetsmiljö: Upplevelser av den psykosociala arbetsmiljön beroende på anställningsform och kön 2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim with the present study was to study the psychosocial work environment depending on employment and sex with a newly developed questionnaire (EPA), which was based on the latest regulations regarding organizational and social work environment. The questionnaire consisted of seven modules; workload, work organization, margin of action, leadership, support, knowledge and development and recuperation. In this study 80 persons participated, 40 of them had regulated working hours and 38 had unregulated working hours, 35 were men and 45 were women.

    The results of the study showed that persons with unregulated working hours experienced the work environment slightly better, but the result was not statistic significant. Men experienced the work environment better then women, but the result was not statistic significant. There was a statistic significant difference though, in module leadership, showing that men had a better experience of leadership. Further, the result showed that there was no diffrences in the workenvironment depending on employment and sex.

  • 326.
    Nachtweij, Karin
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Fransson, Emma
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    What matters in the end?: En experimentell faktoriell uppföljningsstudie som undersöker effekten av olika behandlingskomponenters betydelse för internetbaserad kognitiv beteendeterapi för vuxna med depressiva besvär2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Depression is one of the most common psychiatric health problems worldwide which causes great suffering among the affected individuals and causes heavy national economic losses. Few studies have examined the treatment effects of various treatment components in Internet cognitive behavioral therapy (ICBT) as well as the long term effects for depression. The treatment method as such has indicated large effects both immediately after treatment and in limited follow ups, up to one year. In the present study long time effects in ICBT and the various 4 treatment components support type, who is in charge of the content in treatment and supervision has been examined with a mixed factorial design within a group of adults suffering from depression (N=197). Further, the impact of acquired knowledge about treatment content on symptom reduction examined two years post treatment. Previous research has indicated divergent results in the interaction between acquired knowledge and treatment outcome. The results indicated moderate to large effects of treatment two years post treatment independent of treatment component (d =.51- 1.63). Persistent treatment effects were found in the majority of the outcome measures, measured immediately after treatment to the follow up two years post treatment. One advantage was found for the participants who received therapist with supervision on the outcome of sleeping difficulties in comparison with those who received a therapist without supervision (ղᵖ²=.076). One further advantage was found for acquired knowledge among participants who was assigned content in treatment chosen by the therapist and at the same time received support on demand in comparison with participants who got to choose treatment content by themselves and was received scheduled support. Also participants who got to choose treatment content by themselves and received scheduled support had an advantage in comparison with those who got to choose treatment content by themselves and received support on demand (ղᵖ²=.045; ղ ᵖ²=.039). Acquired knowledge did not indicate any correlations with depressive symptoms. The findings of the study indicate that ICBT is an effective treatment method among adults suffering from depression even in long term follow ups, and that the importance of specific treatment components need further research.

  • 327.
    Napadow, Miriam
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sång och inlärning: En effektstudie av tre inlärningsformat2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte var att jämföra effektiviteten mellan tre inlärningsformat applicerat på sång: bildstöd, endast gehörsinlärning samt textstöd. I ett experiment fick deltagarna lära sig en sång, utföra en distraktionsuppgift och därefter återge sångtexten. Retrieval-based learning innebär att text tyst repeteras ur minnet snarare än att den läses upprepade gånger. Enligt dual-coding theory kan ord simultant bearbetas verbalt och visuellt och därmed förstärka inlärningen. Picture superiority effect innebär att ord är lättare att minnas då de representeras i form av bilder. Redundancy effect innebär en försämring av inlärningen då verbal information redundant presenteras både uppläst och i textform. Resultatet visade att bildstöd var signifikant mer effektivt för inlärningen än både textstöd och endast gehörsinlärning. Dock fanns ingen signifikant skillnad i jämförelsen mellan endast gehörsinlärning och textstöd. Vidare innebär detta att mer forskning måste göras för att utreda teoriernas tillämplighet på sång samt hur de relaterar till varandra.

  • 328.
    Nicklasson, Linda
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Guntell, Linda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Normpåverkan vid välgörenhetsdonationer: Ett kvantitativt fältexperiment2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 300 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine whether people´s intent to donate money is influenced by descriptive norms. Our hypotheses were as follows: 1) Both the social closeness norm (you behave as people close to you do) and the provincial norm (you behave as the local norms of the location where you are at prescribe) increase people´s self-reported intent to donate money to charity compared to the control group where the welfare organisation only try to activate your altruistic ideals and 2) Social closeness norms induce a stronger intent to donate money compared to provincial norms. A qualitative method has been used and the instrument was a self-report questionnaire. One hundred eighty people participated in the study and were thereby given one of the tree conditions (social closeness norm, provincial norm, or the standard condition). The use of provincial norms leads to a higher donation frequency than the standard condition and the social closeness condition. 

  • 329.
    Nilsson, Doris
    et al.
    Linköping University.
    Dahlstom, Örjan
    Linköping University.
    Priebe, Gisela
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Svedin, Carl Göran
    Linköping University.
    Polytraumatization in an adult national sample and its association with psychological distress and self-esteem2015In: Brain and Behavior, ISSN 2162-3279, E-ISSN 2162-3279, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 62-74Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The objective of this study was to examine the prevalence of self-reported experiences of potential childhood traumas and polytraumatization, and to find cut-off values for different kinds of potential traumatic events in a national representative sample of adults in Sweden. In addition, to analyse the association between polytraumatization and both psychological distress and global self-esteem. Method: A web-based survey - containing SCL-25 and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and Linkoping Difficult Life Events Scale - Adult - was sent out to a nationally reprative sample and 5062 people chose to participate in the study. Results: Results showed that almost everyone (97%) has experienced at least one potential traumatic event and that polytraumatization (the 10% of the participants with most reported traumas) was significantly (Z=12.57, P<0.001, r=0.18) associated with psychological distress and global self-esteem. Gender differences were significant (Z=8.44, P<0.001, r=0.12), in that men experience more noninterpersonal traumas but women report more symptoms. The effect sizes regarding the impact of potential trauma on self-esteem were largest for women with experience of polytraumatization in the age group 18-25 (r=0.48). There was almost linear increase in psychological distress and linear decrease in self-esteem with increasing number of traumatic events experienced. Conclusion: Experience of polytrauma can be considered an important factor to take into account in psychiatric settings as well.

  • 330.
    Nilsson, Magnus
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sandberg, Tobias
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Mutual Love and Attachment: A cross-sectional dyadic study exploring asymmetrical love2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The overarching question of the study was how common mutual love is, and to what extent attachment relates to relationship asymmetries. Four research questions and four hypotheses were posed and explored using a cross-sectional survey design with data analyzed using quantitative methods. Instruments were employed to measure passionate love, companionate love, partner value, emotional involvement and attachment. All four hypotheses found partial support. The main result show that a) asymmetries are relatively common on all scales b) mutual love means increased satisfaction, but mainly for women c) for most couples partners take turn at being the strong link, and this fluctuating dynamic leads to increased satisfaction c) attachment anxiety is related to asymmetries in romantic obsession rather than general passion d) avoidance in men relate to asymmetries in passionate love whereas avoidance in women relate to asymmetries in companionate love e) it seems common to have some form of positive illusions about whether one’s relationship is mutual or not. Finally, disagreeing about emotional involvement affects satisfaction more than actual asymmetries in love. The conclusion drawn is that honest communication is more important than mutual love.

  • 331.
    Nissen, Eva Rames
    et al.
    Aarhus Univ, Denmark.
    O'Connor, Maja
    Aarhus Univ, Denmark.
    Kaldo, Viktor
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden;Region Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hojris, Inger
    Aarhus Univ Hosp, Denmark.
    Borre, Michael
    Aarhus Univ Hosp, Denmark.
    Zachariae, Robert
    Aarhus Univ, Denmark;Aarhus Univ Hosp, Denmark.
    Mehlsen, Mimi
    Aarhus Univ, Denmark.
    Internet-delivered mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for anxiety and depression in cancer survivors: A randomized controlled trial2019In: Psycho-Oncology, ISSN 1057-9249, E-ISSN 1099-1611Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective Internet-delivered interventions may alleviate distress in cancer survivors with limited access to psychological face-to-face treatment. In collaboration with a group of cancer survivors, we developed and tested the efficacy of a therapist-assisted internet-delivered mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (iMBCT) program for anxiety and depression in cancer survivors. Methods A total of 1282 cancer survivors were screened for anxiety and depression during their routine oncology follow-up; eligible breast (n = 137) and prostate cancer (n = 13) survivors were randomized to iMBCT or care-as-usual (CAU) wait-list. Primary outcomes of anxiety and depression were assessed at baseline, 5 weeks, 10 weeks (post intervention), and 6 months. Results Significant effects were found for both anxiety (Cohen's d = 0.45; P = .017) and depressive symptoms (d = 0.42; P = .024) post intervention. The effects were maintained at follow-up for anxiety (d = 0.40; P = .029), but not for depressive symptoms (d = 0.28; P = .131). Conclusions Our preliminary findings suggest iMBCT to be a helpful intervention for cancer survivors suffering from symptoms of anxiety. Further studies on the efficacy for symptoms of depression are needed.

  • 332.
    Nordenberg, Carolina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Att leva med högkänslighet: I sociala relationer och i arbetslivet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I min studie har jag undersökt högkänsliga individers tillvaro. Syftet var att ta reda på vilka problem de här personerna har i sina sociala relationer och om de upplever problem på sin arbetsplats som är relaterat till deras högkänslighet. Åtta semistrukturerade intervjuer med högkänsliga individer har genomförts. Dessa individer kontaktades via en förening som arbetar med just högkänslighet. Resultatet i studien styrker tidigare studier som har visat att högkänsliga är empatiska, försiktiga och samvetsgranna. De observerar också mer i sin omgivning och funderar djupt innan de agerar. Resultatet visar också att deltagarna har svårt för att ge och ta kritik både på arbetsplatsen och i privatlivet, de kan lätt fastna i ett ältande och ta kritik väldigt personligt. Det framkom även att deltagarna upplevde det problematiskt med gränssättande. Utan gränssättning kan belastningen av alla intryck bli för stor för en högkänslig individ och individen kan drabbas av utmattning. 

  • 333.
    Nordensson, Jannike
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Självmedkänsla beroende på kön och familjesituationen att vara skilsmässobarn2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Självmedkänsla är ett relativt nytt område inom den positiva psykologin (Neff, Rude & Kirkpatrick, 2007) och mäts utifrån tre delkomponenter: self-kindness, common humanity och mindfulness. Familjesituation och kön har tidigare visats påverka graden av självmedkänsla (Neff, 2011). Föreliggande explorativa studie avsåg att utforska graden av självmedkänsla hos unga vuxna samt mellan skilsmässobarn och kärnfamiljsbarn i samma grupp. En enkät med ett självskattningsformulär (SCS-LV) över självmedkänsla samt frågor om ålder, om respondenten var kärnfamiljsbarn eller skilsmässobarn och hur gammal respondenten i så fall var när föräldrarna separerade, delades ut till 93 studenter vid ett sydsvenskt universitet. Sju svar från respondenter över 25 år samt en ofullständigt ifylld enkät utelämnades vilket gav N=85. Resultaten visade inga skillnader i självmedkänsla varken mellan kön eller beroende på familjesituationen att vara skilsmässobarn. Det fanns skillnader mellan kön inom självmedkänslans tre delskalor där männen hade högre over-identification (motsatsen till mindfulness) än kvinnorna. Inga studier liknande föreliggande har gjorts på unga, svenska vuxna. I motsvarande amerikanska studier hade unga kvinnor lägre grad av självmedkänsla (Neff & Mc Gehee, 2009) och högre over-identification (Neff, 2011).  

    Nyckelord: Självmedkänsla, skilsmässobarn

  • 334.
    Nordhall, Ola
    et al.
    Gävle University.
    Agerström, Jens
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Future-oriented people show stronger moral concerns2013In: Current Research in Social Psychology, ISSN 1088-7423, E-ISSN 1088-7423, Vol. 19, p. 52-63Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has shown that moral concerns weigh more heavily when people areexperimentally induced to think about the distant vs. near future. The current researchdemonstrates that this also applies to people whose thinking is intrinsically and generallyoriented toward the future rather than the present. More specifically, we show that people with afuture time perspective are more condemning of others who transgress ethical rules and that theyare more committed to follow ethical rules themselves. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.

  • 335.
    Nordström, Thomas
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Measures that matter: Facilitating literacy through targeted instruction and assistive technology2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The acquisition of reading skills is one of the most important academic outcomes, as reading enables the individual to acquire knowledge and to actively take part in society. Despite research and educational progress, not all students develop their reading skills to a level that meet academic or societal demands. Study I in the dissertation aimed to demonstrate the relative importance of students developing adequate reading skills in order to succeed academically, and,thus to motivate interventions in order to counteract the negative impact of reduced reading performance. The overall aim of this dissertation was to explore two subsequent approaches for improving students’ possibilities to achieve a functioning literacy. The first approach focused on teachers’ use of reading assessment data and teaching recommendations in order to target instruction in classroom education involving all students (study II). The second approach focusedon the use of assistive reading and writing technology (primarily with text-to-speech, TTS, and speech-to-text, STT functions) for students with severe difficulties with reading (study III and IV). Study I was conducted as a follow-up study of an earlier project, in which grade 2 screening data of word decoding (N=1784) were run through a series of multiple regression analyses, in order to predict grade 9 grade marks and subject choices. Study II was conducted as a teacher intervention project within a larger reading educational project, in which participating grade 1-3 teachers (N=8) used the program features to strengthen reading instruction in classroom teaching. The teachers were interviewed in focus group meetings and their statements were analyzed using qualitative method. Study III and IV consisted of a six week assistive technology intervention (M=21 sessions) aimed to students with severe difficulties in reading from grade 4, grade 8 and from high school (N=146 participants before pretests). The intervention had a randomized control trial design with additional experimental elements, including pretests, posttests and one year follow up measurements, in addition to students, parents and teachers perceptions. The intervention was evaluated using both quantitative and qualitative methods. Study I demonstrated that students’ early reading skills predicted long-termacademic performance, meaning that low reading performers received lower grades and academic opportunities than students with higher assessed readingl evels. Study II showed that teachers could use assessment data and recommendationsin order for increasing their awareness of student learning, which influenced how they organized teaching. The impact of using the program for targeting needs in individual students, were, however, rather limited, and required further implementation of the program. Study III and IV showed that assistive technology can be used for assimilating(i.e., to read) and communicating (i.e., to write) text for students with severe difficulties in reading, which affected students’ motivation to engage with text, and their schoolwork in general. However, the extent students’ managed to use the technology varied and pointed to the need of teacher support to be able use the technology efficiently, as well as for further use in classroom education. Approximately 70 % of the students continued to use the technology after theintervention. Additional findings demonstrated the relative advantage of assistive technology in terms of increased reading speed and that students who used assistive technology did not fall behind equally impaired control students onreading measures, as assessed immediately after the intervention and after one year. In summary, this dissertation demonstrated how adjusted teaching, based on assessment data and recommendations, can be used to target individual needs in students, and how the use of assistive technology can be beneficial for students with severe difficulties in reading.

  • 336.
    Nordström, Thomas
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Andersson, Ulrika B.
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Fälth, Linda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Gustafson, Stefan
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Teacher inquiry of using assessments and recommendations in teaching early reading2019In: Studies in Educational Evaluation, ISSN 0191-491X, E-ISSN 1879-2529, Vol. 63, p. 9-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research point to difficulties for teachers to interpret reading assessment data with regard to instructional decisions. This study explored Swedish primary teachers' use of assessments and recommendations, in order to be able to target individual needs. Eight teachers participated in a reading program and were interviewed in focus-group meetings. The analysis of teacher narratives stemming from assessment use resulted in three themes: Awareness of student learningChanges in the organization of teaching, but not regarding individualized content and Strengthened teacher role, but modest professional growth. The themes indicated that the teachers had become aware of their students’ learning, had employed teaching based on informed decisions, and showed initial professional growth.

    However, the assessment details and the recommendations allowed for more adjustments than was evident in the teachers’ narratives. The results point to the relative difficulty of targeting individual needs in the general classroom education, and to the challenges of changing teaching practices.

  • 337.
    Nordström, Thomas
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Jacobson, Christer
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Söderberg Juhlander, Pernilla
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Early word decoding ability as a longitudinal predictor of academic performance2016In: European Journal of Psychology of Education, ISSN 0256-2928, E-ISSN 1878-5174, Vol. 31, no 2, p. 175-191Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study, using a longitudinal design with a cohort of young readers, investigates if children's early word decoding ability in Second Grade can predict later academic performance. In an effort to estimate the unique effect of early word decoding (GradeTwo) with academic performance (Grade Nine) gender and non-verbal cognitive ability were accounted for in hierarchical regression models. Results show that even after controlling for these factors word decoding successfully predicted marks in subjects as well as attendance in advanced courses and language classes. The authors conclude that children's early ability to decode words could be an important factor for predicting performance in school and, thus, stress the importance for schools to investigate children's early word decoding ability.

  • 338.
    Nordström, Thomas
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Nilsson, Staffan
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Gustafson, Stefan
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Svensson, Idor
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Assistive technology applications for students with reading difficulties: special education teacher’s experiences and perceptions2019In: Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology, ISSN 1748-3107, E-ISSN 1748-3115, Vol. 14, no 8, p. 798-808Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Reading and writing applications (with text-to-speech, TTS and speech-to-text, STT functions), used as assistive technology (AT) for students with reading difficulties are increasingly used in education, however, research has not sufficiently enough evaluated its potential. The purpose of this study was to explore how assistive reading and writing applications were perceived to function with regard to students’ possibilities to assimilate (i.e., “read”) and communicate (i.e., “write”) text.

    Methods: Following a six-week app intervention, this follow-up survey contained 54 special education teachers’ perceptions of how the use of apps impacted student motivation, learning, and its usability in special education. A total of 59 students with reading difficulties from Grade 4, Grade 8 and from high school, were assessed. Analyses included quantitative and qualitative analyses of teachers’ responses and written material.

    Results: The results showed individual differences in how teachers perceived app usage for text-interaction purposes, including how app usage affected student motivation and autonomy for text-based learning. Eighty-two per cent of the younger and forty-seven per cent of older students continued to use the technology after the intervention, but in various degrees.

    Conclusions: Based on these findings, students with reading difficulties seem to be able to use AT in order to assimilate text (i.e., to read) and to communicate text (i.e., to write), and, thus, AT has the potential to promote participation in regular education. Future research should focus on how to customize assistive technology support in order to better utilize the potential.

  • 339.
    Nordström, Thomas
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Svensson, Idor
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Response to intervention (RTI) och assisterande teknik2017In: Dyslexi – aktuellt om läs- och skrivsvårigheter, ISSN 1401-2480, , p. 21-27p. 21-27Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 340.
    Nordström, Thomas
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Svensson, Idor
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Lindeblad, Emma
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Gustafson, Stefan
    Linköping University.
    Nilsson, Staffan
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Teachers' perceptions of reading apps for reading impaired students following a RCT study2016In: Presented at the 5th All european dyslexia conference, Modena, Italy, 21-24 september, 2016 / [ed] Karin Landerl, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Reading impaired students can read and write with the aid and support of tablets and apps. This study explores how teachers perceive the usefulness of tablets and apps for reading impaired students in Grade 4, 8 and in upper secondary education as well as perceptions of usefulness for pedagogical practice after leading a six-week assistive technology intervention.

    Method: After participating in the training, and after leading a six-week intensive intervention, the teachers were surveyed on their experience and the perceived usefulness of tablets and apps. The survey contained both closed and open questions and the responses were analyzed in terms of the social validity of the technology. Quantitative measures of teacher and student characteristics as well as reading measures were linked to teacher perceptions.

    Results and Conclusion: Results show that the teachers perceived the tablets and the apps as very useful for a majority of the students regarding motivation to read and write as well as facilitating the reading and writing ability. Several teachers also meant that the digital tools may be essential for their students to succeed in school and nearly all were positive of using tablets and apps as part of their pedagogical practice. Additional analyzes, involving the quantitative measures, are discussed at the presentation.

  • 341.
    Nordström, Thomas
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Söderberg, Pernilla
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Jacobson, Christer
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Word decoding as a predictor of academic success – a longitudinal study2013In: 4th All-European Dyslexia conference, Växjö, september 19-22, 2013, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the effects of children’s ability of word decoding in second grade on academic success in ninth grade. It is believed that children with a high level of word decoding in second grade have advantages throughout the educational system compared to children with a low level of word decoding. The aim of the study is to investigate the predictive power of early word decoding on later academic success in comparison with non-verbal cognitive ability. A Swedish cohort of 2165 children in second grade (8 year) was investigated with two tests of word decoding (the Word chains test and OS 400) and a non-verbal cognitive ability test (Raven’s matrices). Academic success was defined as marks in school subjects and educational choices, collected from the children’s’ school leaving certificates (16 year). As expected, preliminary results show that word decoding have a moderate correlation with marks in school subjects and is a much better predictor of success than non-verbal cognitive ability. Additional results will be discussed.

     

  • 342.
    Norup, A.
    et al.
    Copenhagen Univ Hosp, Denmark.
    Egeland, J.
    Vestfold Hosp Trust, Norway;Univ Oslo, Norway.
    Lovstad, M.
    Univ Oslo, Norway;Sunnaas Rehabil Hosp, Norway.
    Nybo, T.
    Univ Helsinki, Finland;Helsinki Univ Hosp, Finland.
    Persson, Bengt A.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Rivera, D.
    Cruces Univ Hosp, Spain.
    Schanke, A-K
    University of Oslo, Norway;Sunnaas Rehabilitation Hospital, Norway.
    Sigurdardottir, S.
    Sunnaas Rehabil Hosp, Norway;Univ Oslo, Norway.
    Arango-Lasprilla, J. C.
    Cruces Univ Hosp, Spain;Basque Fdn Sci, Spain.
    Education, training, and practice among nordic neuropsychologists: Results from a professional practices survey2017In: Clinical Neuropsychologist (Neuropsychology, Development and Cognition: Section D), ISSN 1385-4046, E-ISSN 1744-4144, Vol. 31, no Supplement 1, p. 20-41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To investigate sociodemographic characteristics, clinical and academic training, work setting and salary, clinical activities, and salary and job satisfaction among practicing neuropsychologists in four Nordic countries. Methods: 890 neuropsychologists from Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden participated in an internet-based survey between December 2013 and June 2015. Results: Three-fourths (76%) of the participants were women, with a mean age of 47years (range 24-79). In the total sample, 11% earned a PhD and 42% were approved as specialists in neuropsychology (equivalent to board certification in the U.S.). Approximately 72% worked full-time, and only 1% were unemployed. Of the participants, 66% worked in a hospital setting, and 93% had conducted neuropsychological assessments during the last year. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, learning disability, and intellectual disability were the most common conditions seen by neuropsychologists. A mean income of 53,277 Euros was found. Neuropsychologists expressed greater job satisfaction than income satisfaction. Significant differences were found between the Nordic countries. Finnish neuropsychologists were younger and worked more hours every week. Fewer Swedish neuropsychologists had obtained specialist approval and fewer worked full-time in neuropsychology positions. Danish and Norwegian neuropsychologists earned more money than their Nordic colleagues. Conclusion: This is the first professional practice survey of Nordic neuropsychologists to provide information about sociodemographic characteristics and work setting factors. Despite the well-established guidelines for academic and clinical education, there are relevant differences between the Nordic countries. The results of the study offer guidance for refining the development of organized and highly functioning neuropsychological specialty practices in Nordic countries.

  • 343.
    Ohannesian, Karin
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Högström, Lina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Vad händer sedan?: Upplevelser i det nya hemlandet utifrån ett salutogent perspektiv2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During recent years the influx of refugees has increased in Sweden where many individuals have applied for asylum in the country. Refugees that have received permanent residence permits in Sweden have begun demanding integration and establishment processes. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore through a salutogenic perspective refugees experiences of settling in a new country. Data was collected using semistructured interviews with five participants registered in a job preparatory organization. The material was analyzed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA). Five themes were identified: Manageability, Activity and Occupation, Comprehensibility, Incentive and Motivation for a life in Sweden and Social contact. The results were discussed in relation to Antonovsky’s Sense of Coherence (SOC), Locus of control and previous research. Proposals for interventions in the establishment process were to let refugees receive access to social contexts through occupation and Swedish language studies and to explore the value-systems among refugees in order to find their life incentives. The conclusion was that security and social community are necessary for refugees, and when those needs are accommodated a receptability for development is formed which increases health and well-being as a result.

  • 344.
    Olsson, Henrik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Visuella begränsningars påverkan på kognition: en studie om tankeprocesser hos personer med synnedsättning2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sambandet mellan synnedsättning och tankeprocesser har undersökts i denna studie. En kvantitativ undersökning utfördes på personer med och utan synnedsättning som inte kunde korrigeras med glasögon. Deltagarna fick svara på skalor som behandlade abstraktion i förhållande till identifikation av beteenden, samt hänsyn till framtida konsekvenser av handlingar. Hypotesen var att dem med nedsatt syn skulle ha ett mer abstrakt tänkande och vara mer benägna att ta hänsyn till framtida konsekvenser av sina handlingar. Teorin byggde på Construal Level Theory (CLT) i vilken det som är nära rumsligt eller spatialt konstrueras som mer konkret medan det som är avlägset, eller i detta fall inte uppfattas visuellt, processas som mer abstrakt. En parallell dras alltså mellan abstraktion och psykologiskt avstånd och det teoretiseras kring att dessa variabler varierar beroende på personers synskärpa.

           Undersökningen visade inte på någon signifikant skillnad i abstrakt tänkande eller hänsyn till framtida konsekvenser av handlingar mellan grupperna synskadade och icke synskadade. Inte heller fanns något samband mellan graden av synnedsättning hos deltagarna och resultaten i skalorna som efterfrågade abstraktion och hänsyn till framtida konsekvenser av handlingar.

  • 345.
    Olsson, Lisa
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Høysæter Sanne, Nina C.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Snap out of it!: Samband mellan Snapchat och unga vuxnas välmående: en kvantitativ studie.2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social media are a major part of the modern, global society. Like never before, people have the opportunity to communicate with each other across the globe. Young adults are the future and the majority of them have grown up in a technological society. Present research is currently insufficient regarding the effects of social media on the individual. One of the most common social media platforms in Sweden is Snapchat. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the significance of Snapchat on the well-being of senior-year students in high school, and to investigate underlying motivation and gender differences. Online and paper surveys resulted in 192 respondents. According to the results, no correlation was found between SnapPoints and well-being, nor between well-being and reported motivation. Results from a two-way-ANOVA show that high-users have a higher level of well-being than low-users, that men have higher levels of well-being than the women and that the low-using women have the lowest well-being. No significant interaction is found between gender, Snapchat-usage and well-being. Further research is needed to clarify how social media and Snapchat affect well-being.

  • 346.
    Olsson, Nandie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Wallin, Isabelle
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Prediktorer till motivation i arbetslivet: En kvantitativ studie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A quantitative survey was conducted with the purpose to investigate if selfdiscipline, occupational cognitive self-efficacy and occupational social selfefficacy can predict motivation at work. The participants age, gender and education level were also controlled. The participants were recruited through contacts at three different companies in southern Sweden. The number of participants were 40. The study had two hypothesis that was tested through a multiple regression, correlation analysis and a one-way anova. Hypothesis 1 was: Social and cognitive self-efficacy as well as self-discipline are predictors of motivation in the workplace. Hypothesis 2 was: There is a correlation between gender, age or level of education and motivation in the workplace. The regression analysis showed a significant result and self-discipline as a valid predictor to motivation at work. The other variables did not show a significant result. It leaded to a discussion due to that the result partly supports previous research and theories. After methodological considerations and conclusions, the result cannot be generalised to the population (company workers) in Sweden, it can only derive to the participants in the sample of this study.

  • 347.
    Olsson, Tina M.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Productivity loss, victim costs and the intangible costs of crime: Followup to a longitudinal study of criminal justice system involvement and costs of women with co-occurring substance abuse and mental disorders in Sweden2014In: Mental Health and Substance Use, ISSN 1752-3281, E-ISSN 1752-3273, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 102-109Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aimed to estimate the cumulative productivity losses and victim costs incurred between 1975 and 2005 as a result of crimes committed by a cohort of women with a co-occurring substance abuse and mental disorder placed in a compulsory treatment facility for substance abuse between 1997 and 2000. As such, this adds to a prior study estimating the direct criminal justice system costs incurred for crimes committed by the same group during the same period. Official register data were obtained for the period 1975-2005 on a consecutive sample of 227 women. Total productivity losses due to homicide and incarceration as well as victim costs totaled approximately 250,000 Swedish crowns (2010 values, non-discounted) per person. Productivity losses and victim costs as estimated in this study accounted for roughly 19-25% of the societal costs of crimes committed by this group.

  • 348.
    Olsson, Tina M.
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Fridell, Mats
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Women with co-occurring substance abuse and mental disorders in Sweden: a longitudinal study of criminal justice system involvement and costs2013In: Mental Health and Substance Use, ISSN 1752-3281, E-ISSN 1752-3273, Vol. 6, no 3, p. 219-236Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aimed to estimate the cumulative direct criminal justice system costs incurred by age and offending year between 1975 and 2004 by a cohort of women with a co-occurring substance abuse and mental disorder (COD) placed in a compulsory treatment facility for substance abuse between 1997 and 2000. Official register data were obtained for the period 1975–2004 on criminal charges, prosecutions, judgments and sentences by a consecutive sample of 227 women. The 2010 unit price data were applied to resource use and total costs were calculated and reported by age and offending year. A total of 211 women (92.9%) were charged for at least one crime during the period under review. The mean length of criminal career was 8.58 years. Theft and narcotics offenses were the crime categories with the highest number of crimes committed and charges made. The total criminal justice system costs per person averaged 834,897 Swedish crowns (SEK, 2010) over the entire sample. This study provides cost data on the real criminal careers of women with COD which can be used to estimate the potential benefit of targeted interventions at various stages in an individual's criminal career. The results indicate that early, targeted, effective intervention can have substantial benefits.

  • 349.
    Osman, Magda
    et al.
    Queen Mary University of London, UK.
    Heath, Amanda J.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Löfstedt, Ragnar
    King’s College London, UK.
    The problems of increasing transparency on uncertainty2018In: Public Understanding of Science, ISSN 0963-6625, E-ISSN 1361-6609, Vol. 27, no 2, p. 131-138Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Public regulators (such as European Food Safety Authority, European Medicines Agency, and European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control) are placing increasing demands on scientists to make uncertainties about their evidence transparent to the public. The stated goal is utilitarian, to inform and empower the public and ensure the accountability of policy and decision-making around the use of scientific evidence. However, it is questionable what constitutes uncertainty around the evidence on any given topic, and, while the goal is laudable, we argue the drive to increase transparency on uncertainty of the scientific process specifically does more harm than good, and may not serve the interests of those intended. While highlighting some of the practical implications of making uncertainties transparent using current guidelines, the aim is to discuss what could be done to make it worthwhile for both public and scientists.

  • 350.
    Palmcrantz, Maria
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Emotional Intelligence and Job Insecurity: Gender Differences Between Employees2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Emotional intelligence and job insecurity are important to study because they can have an impact both on an individual’s professional and personal life; however, research on emotional intelligence and job insecurity is contradictory. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether there were gender differences in emotional intelligence and job insecurity in employees in a Swedish sample. The aim was also to investigate if emotional intelligence moderated gender differences in job insecurity. The sample consisted of 109 employees, with 33 males (30.30%) and 76 females (69.70%), from four different organizations both from public and private sector. The research question was: “Are there differences in emotional intelligence and job insecurity between female and male employees?” Two questionnaires were used: The Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire-Short Form (TEIQue-SF) and The Job Insecurity Measure. Correlation analysis was performed between emotional intelligence and job insecurity and a medium, negative relationship was found. Gender differences in emotional intelligence and job insecurity were tested with independent samples t-tests. The results indicated no gender differences. Hierarchical regression analysis was performed to investigate if emotional intelligence moderated gender differences in job insecurity; however, the results were non-significant. The present study shows that emotional intelligence and job insecurity are negatively correlated, and since job insecurity is regarded as an environmental stressor and part of job stress, the relationship between emotional intelligence and job stress is also confirmed by this negative correlation.

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