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  • 401.
    Zachau, Christoffer
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Säfström, Erik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Electronic Chart Display Information System: En kvalitativ studie om användarnas upplevelser av ruttplanering i ECDIS2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I det här examensarbetet undersöks den upplevda arbetsbelastningen vid ruttplanering i ECDIS. Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur svenska däcksbefäl inom handelssjöfarten upplever arbetsbelastningen vid ruttplanering med ECDIS. Studien syftar vidare till att undersöka vilka moment under ruttplanering i ECDIS däcksbefäl uppfattar som mest belastande. Studien är avgränsad till svenska sjöbefäl med erfarenhet av ruttplanering ombord. Resultaten visar att informanterna upplever problem med hårdvaran som levereras med installationen av ECDIS, ibland så stora problem att de ombord byter ut den medföljande hårdvaran mot annan hårdvara. De upplever även att det inte finns optimal arbetsyta vid arbete i ECDIS samt att det saknas avsatt tid till ruttplanering.

  • 402.
    Zackrisson, Åsa
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Sjölin, Jens
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Rökgaskondensering: Ett möjligt alternativ för Nybro Energi AB?2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this investigation was to clarify whether a flue gas condenser was a good investment for Nybro Energi AB. Saxlund Bioenergy AB was contacted for the compilation of quotation. Using parameters from Nybro Energi AB and the quote from Saxlund Bioenergy AB, calculations were made to determine whether an investment was suitable. The results of the study showed that the investment of the kind dealt with in this work was earned after less than seven years of operation, and the output that was possible to recover amounted to 2,8 MW, provided that the boiler output consisted of at least 15 MW. The conclusions were that the investment was not paid after seven years because of the costs consisted of possible reconstructions were not considered in the survey, this does not mean that an investment was unprofitable since these costs were estimated as small relative to the total savings after the economic life of 15 years, has expired.

  • 403.
    Ährenstråle, Manuel
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Engström, Magnus
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Den nya F-gasförordningens påverkan på kylbranschen2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As of 1 January 2015, the new F -Gas Regulation, the EU / 57/ 2014, will apply. This means that leak detection intervals will change and that old refrigerants will be phased out and replaced by new ones. The purpose of this paper was to find out how the refrigeration sector was affected by the new F-Gas Regulation. To find out, three representatives from the refrigeration sector were interviewed to share their views on the situation. Topics covered were: How will the refrigeration sector manage a possible increased workload, do the entrepreneurs have the knowledge needed for the future, will there be cost increases and what will the future refrigerants be? To summarize, the refrigeration sector believes that they are, after some supplementary courses, well prepared and that there will be no significant increase in workload and that possible cost increases will mainly be on the user.

  • 404.
    Åhlander, Patrick
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Alberth, Sara
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Vilken utbildning behöver personal ombord på fartyg drivna av naturgas: En undersökning om behov och uppbyggnad av utbildning för personal som hanterar flytande naturgas som drivmedel2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    More and more ship-owners are looking at environmentally friendlier alternatives because of harsher environmental requirements which are to be implemented in the year 2015. There is no external education for personnel that handles liquefied natural gas as a ship fuel to date. The lack of recommendations of what is to be included in an education contributes to varying competence amongst personnel. The purpose of this study is to examine the need for an education for personnel that handle gas as ship fuel in Sweden and to explain how an education ought to be imposed. The study was implemented with a qualitative approach through semi-structured interviews. The study indicates a minor need for education in LNG as ship fuel today. Although the need for education is going to increase in the coming years as the LNG-driven fleet is growing. The education shall be designed accordingly to the IGF-codes recommendations to ensure the safety of the crew and the vessel.

  • 405.
    Åkerblom, Hampus
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Tennesmed, Roberth
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Lambdareglering: Installation av lambdareglering på pelletsbrännare2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is a vast amount of forest in Sweden and parts of that is used as an energy source to heat up homes. Many homes are heated with pellet burners and some of these are old and inefficient. The purpose of this report is to rebuild a 2009 Ariterm PX21 pellet burner by installing a lambda controller.Currently, the burner has no built-in technique that controls the combustion. The purpose of the lambda controller is to control the pellet feeder to the burner with a lambda transmitter and by that control the combustion. The report aims to answer if that installation will improve the combustion and how long it will take until the investment is profitable.A lambda transmitter has been installed on the funnel and two Arduinos has been programmed and installed together with a relay connected to the feeder’s electrical supply. Exhaust measurements have been performed both before and after the installations. There was an improvement on NO, NOx, and CO2 after the installation. There was also an improvement of the efficiency and fuel consumption. Therefore, the installation of a lambda controller can be considered to improve the combustion. With the expenses made and the savings on pellet consumption, the installation will be profitable within one season.

  • 406.
    Åkesson, Christopher
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Starborg, Rasmus
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Eskortbogsering: ökad säkerhet eller bara bekymmer?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper deals with escort towing and the pilots’ attitudes towards the usage of this. The method used is qualitative and the approach is hypothetico-deductive.  Results from the interviews conducted with pilots in Gothenburg harbor gave an impression that, in general, the pilots favored the use of escort towing although their opinions sometimes differed on what type of ships should be included and excluded by escort regulations. To further the study, a comparison has been made to an earlier American report on the Puget Sound area by using it as a basis for the Port of Gothenburg and the West Coast. The conclusion is that the pilots' attitudes towards escort towing will surely be the same given that the shipping industry is growing as well as transportation worldwide is increasing. With this in mind, it can be assumed that the requirements of safety will increase. In this case, it is believed that more ports may take after Gothenburg in terms of requirements and rules regarding escort towing.

  • 407.
    Årestedt, Kristofer
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Kalmar County Council, Sweden.
    Allert, Camilla
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Djukanovic, Ingrid
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Israelsson, Johan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy. Kalmar County Council, Sweden.
    Schildmeijer, Kristina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Agerström, Jens
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Herlitz, Johan
    University of Borås, Sweden.
    Årestedt, Liselott
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Bremer, Anders
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Kalmar County Council, Sweden.
    Health-related quality of life among in-hospital cardiac arrest survivors in working age2018In: Resuscitation, ISSN 0300-9572, E-ISSN 1873-1570, Vol. 130, no s1, article id e18Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 408.
    Åsenius, Olof
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    BNWAS - Sju år senare: En studie i hur implementeringen av BNWAS har påverkat sjöfarten2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    BNWAS was implemented in SOLAS, chapter V in 2009. Since that year, different types of ships have had different time schedules to install the system onboard. Navigational watch keepers have expressed both positive and negative attitudes towards the system and the operation of it. The purpose was to shed light upon how the implementetion of BNWAS has developed practically at the end users. The purpose of the study has been fulfilled through both qualitative and quantitative methods. Accident investigation reports both before and after the implementation were examined togheter with examinations and reviews of earlier studies regarding questions about implementation. This work was done to reach the goal of the study with a reliable result. These results implied that the implementation had encountered the same problems as earlier implementations (in the same area) had. They also showed that groundings of ships occured in the same way both before and after the implementation. The conclusions was that the implementation of BNWAS could have been developed more smoothly if the problems from earlier implementations had been accounted for. The groundings have however been reduced significantly since the implementation, whether it is due to the implementation or something else is still to be found out with a more comprehensive study.

  • 409.
    Österman, Cecilia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Beyond the ethic case: a value proposition of proactive human factors management2013In: AMET Maritime Journal, ISSN 2347-274X, no 1, p. 14-41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is based on the work presented in Österman, C. (2012), ‘Developing a value proposition of maritime ergonomics’, PhD thesis, Department of Shipping and Marinetechnology, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.

    There is a large body of knowledge available on the role of human factors for successful (andunsuccessful) systems. Domain specific handbooks, guidelines and standards can be found alsofor the maritime industry. Yet, the deteriorating figure of maritime casualties and the highincidence of occupational accidents suggest this knowledge is not utilised to its full potential.

    The purpose of this paper is to present a value proposition of maritime human factors,positioning the potential core values that can be delivered to stakeholders within and outside themaritime transport system.

    The paper adopts an exploratory research approach, investigating thelink between human factors and operational performance from several different angles. Methods for data collection include literature studies, individual and focus group interviews, and a casestudy involving a shipping company.

    The synthesis of the results is presented in terms of a value proposition that describes the valuefor the employee in terms of improved health and well-being, learning, skill discretion andindependence in life. Values for the company include increased operational performance and flexibility, advantages in recruiting and retaining personnel. Values for the sector includecompetitive strength, attractiveness of work and increased learning across the industry. Values for the society include reduced costs for health care and social security, reduced environmentalimpact, and a sustainable working life.These results are a first step to make visible the effects of human factors management on overallsystems performance in the maritime domain.

  • 410.
    Österman, Cecilia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy. Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Granskning av ritningar ur ett arbetsmiljöperspektiv: En handbok för att undersöka arbetsmiljön på fartyg vid ny- och ombyggnad2013 (ed. 1)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna handbok är ett resultat av ett forskningsprojekt som syftar till att förenkla granskningen av fartygsritningar ur ett arbetsmiljöperspektiv. Forskningsprojektet genomfördes på Chalmers tekniska högskolas institution för produkt- och produktionsutveckling, avdelningDesign & Human Factors, och finansierades av Stiftelsen Sveriges Sjömanshus. Projektledare vid Chalmers har varit Anna-Lisa Osvalder.

    För att minska risken för olyckor och ohälsa och är det viktigt att ta hänsyn till arbetsmiljön redan när man planerar att bygga ett nytt fartyg eller bygga om delar av ett fartyg. Det är i planeringsskedet som det är lättast att påverka hur arbetsmiljön kommer att bli. När fartyget väl är byggt kan det vara både svårt och dyrt att göra ändringar. Metoden för granskning som denna handbok beskriver har till stordel utvecklats med hjälp av sjömän och deltagare vid SEKO Sjöfolks skyddsombudsutbildningar.

  • 411.
    Österman, Cecilia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Berlin, Cecilia
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Bligård, Lars-Ola
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Involving users in a ship bridge re-design process using scenarios and mock-up models2016In: International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, ISSN 0169-8141, E-ISSN 1872-8219, Vol. 53, p. 236-244Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The context for this study is the maritime domain and the design of shipboard workspaces. Due to the globalized nature of shipping, the traditional approach to a participative ergonomics process can be a logistical challenge since stakeholders like designers, manufacturers and operators are often scattered both geographically and organizationally.

    The participative design study presented in this paper addresses this challenge by exploring the ability of three types of simple three-dimensional (3D) models to act as mediating objects for representative users in order to elicit design feedback in a use scenario workshop format. The study found that all three types of 3D models, when coupled with a scenario description, elicited several types of useful design feedback that served not only as direct input to changing proposed design parameters, but also as an unprompted long-term learning opportunity for the design team to gain insight into the lives and challenges of their users, who both work and live on board.

    Relevance to industry: The paper presents a procedure for a participatory design process in the maritime domain where the involved stakeholders are geographically and organizationally dispersed. Mock-up models coupled with use scenario descriptions elicited useful design feedback and an unprompted long-term learning opportunity for the design team.

  • 412.
    Österman, Cecilia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Glimne, Susanne
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Multi-method approach for evaluating visual conditions incontrol room environments2019In: Proceedings of the 50th Nordic Ergonomics and Human Factors Society Conference / [ed] Broberg, O. & Seim, R., Kongens Lyngby: DTU Management, Technical University of Denmark , 2019, p. 184-192Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With increased automation and implementation of information and communicationtechnology in occupational settings, more people are working in control room environments across various sectors. The work often involves continuous visual assessments of several screens. Poor visual conditions can cause eye-related problems and musculoskeletal disorders.The purpose of this paper is to describe and discuss the rationale for, and the procedures of, a methodological approach for evaluating visual conditions in control room environments. The paper draws from experiences gained at four field studies in Sweden, where 13 different control rooms have been assessed and involving 30 control room operators. The multi-methodapproach produces a comprehensive and contextualized understanding of the visual requirements, as well as of the operators’ perceived work load, visual experience and eyerelatedhealth. The experiences support the relevance of providing an optimized visual environment when designing control room work for a safe, sustainable and inclusive working life.

  • 413.
    Österman, Cecilia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Hult, Carl
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Administrative burdens and over-exertion in Swedish short sea shipping2016In: Maritime Policy & Management, ISSN 0308-8839, E-ISSN 1464-5254, Vol. 43, no 5, p. 569-579Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite significant changes in work tasks performed on board, towards more sedentary monitoring and administrative work, the incidence of occupational injuries and disorders remains high among seafarers. In order to improve safety standards, industry stakeholders increasingly require written documentation of numerous routines, procedures and tasks performed on board. These increased demands have however added to the administrative burden. Some say, to the extent that administrative work has become a safety risk in itself. This paper presents the result of a survey investigating how Swedish seafarers perceive their own level of fatigue, stress and over-exertion related to work. The material consists of 1309 respondents originating from a random selection procedure, of which 651 reported to be employed in short sea shipping. Multiple regression analysis (OLS regression), allowing adjusted effects, were applied in several steps of the analysis. The highest levels of exertion were reported by employees in the catering department, positions not generally associated with high administrative burden. Perceived high levels of administrative work do increase the level of exertion, but cannot explain the observed pattern. Future ship and trade-specific studies on physical and mental well-being and complementary studies on the catering department’s working conditions and work environment are necessary.

  • 414.
    Österman, Cecilia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Hult, Carl
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Praetorius, Gesa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Occupational safety and health for service crew on passenger ships2020In: Safety Science, ISSN 0925-7535, E-ISSN 1879-1042, Vol. 121, p. 403-413Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The service crew is a vital part of the customer experience on board passenger ships, but also has important duties in the safety organization in case of emergencies. Yet, they are not always recognized as seafarers and have received less attention in research that addresses occupational safety and health in the maritime domain.

    This study explores the occupational safety and health for the service crew working on Swedish passenger ships.The purpose is to analyze causes of work-related ill-health, investigate and identify important aspects of the physical, organizational and social working conditions. The study has adopted a mixed methods approach, including survey questionnaires, register data on reported long-term sick leave, and field visits on board.

    Key findings show that service crew on passenger ships report the highest levels of perceived exertion. They also have the highest rates of long-term sick leave lasting 60 days or more. Most diagnoses are related to musculoskeletal and psychological disorders. Important factors in the shipboard work environment include high physical load and strenuous working postures, poor workplace design, long working hours, limited time for recovery, and the perceived mental and emotional load that comes with unclear boundaries between work and recreation and the social interaction with customers and colleagues. The most prominent health promotive factors to reduce the perceived exertion are appropriate manning, time to rest, working with managers that attend to problems and experiencing good working relations with other departments on board.

  • 415.
    Österman, Cecilia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Hult, Carl
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Praetorius, Gesa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Lindblad, Mats
    Sjukt kul jobb.: Servicepersonalens arbetsmiljö, sjukskrivningar och arbetstillfredsställelse på passagerarfartyg2018Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Stundtals tufft men ändå givande. Så skulle arbetssituationen kunna sammanfattas för de som jobbar inom intendenturen med service och försäljning till gäster på passagerarfartyg. Många arbetsmoment innebär hög fysisk och mental arbetsbelastning med liten möjlighet att själv kunna påverka sina arbetsförhållanden. Men trots att servicepersonalen är överrepresenterade bland de långa sjukskrivningarna är det en motiverad arbetsgrupp med hög arbetstillfredsställelse. I den här rapporten sammanställer vi några av de viktigaste resultaten från forskningsprojektet Intendenturpersonalens arbetsmiljö som genomfördes vid Sjöfartshögskolan, Linnéuniversitetet under åren 2015–2017. Både projektet och den här rapporten har finansierats av Stiftelsen Sveriges Sjömanshus.

  • 416.
    Österman, Cecilia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy. IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute Ltd.
    Langer, Sarka
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute Ltd..
    Moldanová, Jana
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute Ltd..
    Personal exposure of seafarers to air pollutants and perceived indoor air quality on a passenger ferry2016In: Proceedings of Indoor Air 2016, International Society of Indoor Air Quality and Climate - ISIAQ , 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine crew members’ personal exposure and perceived air quality on board a Swedish passenger ferry before and after a change of fuel type. Personal exposure was measured in the breathing zone of 20 crew members and quantified in terms of concentrations of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and total volatile organic compounds (TVOC) with focus on benzene. Measured concentrations are compared with international indoor air quality guidelines and occupational exposure limit values. The perceived indoor air quality was assessed through a self-reporting questionnaire. The results show that the measured personal exposure was largely below Swedish occupational exposure limit values and international guideline values. Elevated levels were found especially in the engine crew samples. The subjective assessment of the air quality showed the air to be perceived as just acceptable with a slight odour, and a sense of the air being dry and stuffy.

  • 417.
    Österman, Cecilia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Osvalder, Anna-Lisa
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Human elements in maritime logistics2015In: Maritime Logistics: A Guide to Contemporary Shipping and Port Management / [ed] Dong-Wook Song & Photis M Panayides, London: Kogan page, 2015, 2, p. 91-106Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 418.
    Österman, Cecilia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Osvalder, Anna-Lisa
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Hemphälä, Hillevi
    Lund University.
    Frohm, Jörgen
    Trafikverket.
    Glimne, Susanne
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Hägg, Göran M.
    ErgoMusic.
    Janzon, Olle
    SSAB Europe.
    Pettersson, Per Johan
    MeridentOptergo AB.
    Stavervik, Mathias
    SHL Group AB.
    Ahlin, Jane
    Swedish Ergonomics and Human Factors Society (EHSS).
    Conceptual and Practical Strategy Work to Promote Ergonomics/Human Factors in Sweden2019In: Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018) / [ed] Bagnara S., Tartaglia R., Albolino S., Alexander T., Fujita Y., Cham: Springer, 2019, Vol. 4, p. 320-329Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes the results of the conceptual and practical strategy work performed by the Swedish Ergonomics and Human Factors Society (EHSS) today. The rationale of EHSS is to strengthen the quality of ergonomics/human factors knowledge and practice in Sweden and form a multidisciplinary platform across disciplines and professions for collaboration and for knowledge sharing. EHSS gathers about 350 members, representing different occupations in industry, academia and the public sector. Together,EHSS members hold knowledge and experience in physical, cognitive andorganizational ergonomics and its application in working life and society. The overall aim of this paper is to inspire related societies and stakeholders to initiate discussions about strategies and future projects that allow for collaborationa nd knowledge sharing. Proposedly follow the EHSS model where we have formed a multidisciplinary platform for collaboration across disciplinesand professions. The activities initiated and supported by EHSS are one steptowards broadening the knowledge and application of HFE in Sweden, and to comprise new arenas of specialization. By participating in the key areas in society such as teaching, standardization, product development and occupationalsafety and health, the work of EHSS is one piece of the puzzle to improvehuman activities in the future. The vision is that together, we can improve safety, efficiency and well-being for all.

  • 419.
    Österman, Cecilia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Praetorius, Gesa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Hult, Carl
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Work environment challenges and participatory workplace interventions on passenger ships2017In: Proceedings of the 49th Nordic Ergonomics Society (NES) Conference Joy at Work / [ed] Anna-Lisa Osvalder, Mikael Blomé and Hajnalka Bodnar, Lund University , 2017, p. 452-459Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is part of a larger research project investigating working conditions for employees in the service department on board passenger ships. A mixed methods approach was adopted, and this paper focuses on the findings related to the physical work environment. The main findings show the physical factors to be largely related to high physical load and time pressure. The design of workplaces and equipment is a cornerstone for a sustainable work environment. Participatory design practices open the opportunity to foster employee engagement in workplace design, contributing towards increased employee health and well-being.

  • 420.
    Österman, Cecilia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Rose, Linda
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Assessing financial impact of maritime ergonomics on company level: a case study2015In: Maritime Policy & Management, ISSN 0308-8839, E-ISSN 1464-5254, Vol. 42, no 6, p. 555-570Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present paper reports a case study examining a conceptual framework for assessing financial impact of occupational maritime ergonomics in a Swedish shipping company. Specifically, the aim was to study the availability and applicability of suggested determinants for operational performance; routines for estimating the effects of ergonomics; and the customer’s (sea transport buyer’s) demands for ergonomics management on the case company.

    The results show that the determinants and sub-categories for operational performance in terms of productivity, efficiency and quality are present and applicable, albeit not measured to any large extent. No routines or specific methods for measuring or estimating cost and effects of ergonomics investments, accidents and operational disturbances were found. Further, the results show that the sea transport buyers increasingly express interest for and place demands related to maritime ergonomics, for instance through compliance of specific standards and guiding principles linked to maritime ergonomics. It is concluded that in order to support and enable managers’ ability to make well informed decisions and prioritizations, between investments, ergonomic or other, increased knowledge is needed of the financial effects of ergonomics on company core value processes. There is also a need to develop and implement usable tools to simplify these measuring procedures.

  • 421.
    Österman, Cecilia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Schmidt, Lisa
    IVL Svenska Miljöinstitutet.
    Sanne, Johan M
    IVL Svenska Miljöinstitutet.
    Antonsson, Ann-Beth
    IVL Svenska Miljöinstitutet.
    Preventing workplace violence and threats among professional cleaners: how not to be in the ‘wrong place at the wrong time’2017In: Proceedings of the 49th Annual Nordic Ergonomics Society Conference, "Joy at work": Joy at Work / [ed] Anna-Lisa Osvalder, Mikael Blomé and Hajnalka Bodnar, Lund: Lund Universitet , 2017, p. 460-467Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Professional cleaners work in a complex work environment, subjected to various physical and mental loads. This paper focuses on work related violence and threats and practical suggestions for its prevention and mitigation. By organizing and designing cleaning work in time and space it is possible to reduce the risk of cleaners being in the 'wrong place at the wrong time’. Cleaners need to have sufficient knowledge of how their work can be carried out as safely as possible; how to act when threatening or precarious situations occur, and feel confident in managerial support if they need to interrupt work in a threatening situation.

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