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  • 451.
    Adenier, Guillaume
    et al.
    Tokyo University of Science, Japan.
    Khrennikov, Andrei
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Computer Science, Physics and Mathematics.
    Watabanabe, Noboru
    Tokyo University of Science, Japan.
    A Fair sampling test for Ekert protocol2011In: Quantum Bio-inforamtics IV: From Quantum Information to BioInformatics / [ed] Luigi Accardi, Wolfgang Freudenberg, Masanori Ohya, World Scientific, 2011, p. 403-412Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 452.
    Adenier, Guillaume
    et al.
    Oslo University.
    Ohya, Masanori
    Tokyo University of Science.
    Watanabe, Noboru
    Tokyo University of Science.
    Basieva, Irina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Computer Science, Physics and Mathematics.
    Khrennikov, Andrei
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Computer Science, Physics and Mathematics.
    Double Blinding-Attack on Entanglement-Based Quantum Key Distribution Protocols2012In: AIP Conference Proceedings, ISSN 0094-243X, E-ISSN 1551-7616, Vol. 1424, no 1, p. 9-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We propose a double blinding-attack on entangled-based quantum key distribution protocols. The principle of the attack is the same as in existing blinding attack except that instead of blinding the detectors on one side only, Eve is blinding the detectors of both Alice and Bob. In the BBM92 protocol, the attack allows Eve to get a full knowledge of the key and remain undetected even if Alice and Bob are using 100% efficient detectors. The attack can be easily extended to Ekert protocol, with an efficiency as high as 85.3%.

  • 453.
    Adenier, Guillaume
    et al.
    University of Oslo, Norway.
    Watanabe, Noboru
    Tokyo University of Science, Japan.
    Basieva, Irina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mathematics.
    Khrennikov, Andrei
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mathematics.
    Multiple-photon absorption attack on entanglement-based quantum key distribution protocols2013In: Quantum Bio-Informatics V: Proceedings of the Quantum Bio-Informatics 2011 : Tokyo University of Science, Japan, 7 – 12 March 2011 / [ed] Luigi Accardi, Wolfgang Freudenberg, Masanori Ohya, Singapore: World Scientific, 2013, vol. 30, p. 171-180Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We propose a multiple-photon absorption attack on Quantum Key Distribution protocols. In this attack, the eavesdropper (Eve) is in control of the source and sends pulses correlated in polarization (but not entangled) containing several photons at frequencies for which only multiple-photon absorptions are possible in Alice's and Bob's detectors. Whenever the number of photons from one pulse are dispatched in insufficient number to trigger a multiple-photon absorption in either channel, the pulse remains undetected. We show that this simple feature is enough to reproduce the type of statistics on the detected pulses that are considered as indicating a secure quantum key distribution in entangled-based protocols, even though the source is controlled by Eve, and we discuss possible countermeasures.

  • 454.
    Adeniji, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Alla säger I Love You: Om orden som gör känslor och känsliga formuleringar.2007In: Bang : feministisk kulturtidskrift, ISSN 1102-4593, Vol. 3, p. 91-93Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln handlar om hur orden "jag älskar dig" respektive "I love you" får betydelse både personligt, socialt och politiskt. Exempel hämtas från tv-serierna "Förhäxad" och "Sex and the City" och författaren resonerar kring hur orden skapar affektiva betydelser i kropp och genuspositioner. 

  • 455.
    Adeniji, Anna
    Södertörns högskola.
    Being and Becoming Mixed Race, Black, Swedish and a Nomadic Subject2013In: Afro-Nordic landscapes: Equality and Race in Northern Europe / [ed] Michael McEachrane, New York: Routledge, 2013Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 456.
    Adeniji, Anna
    Uppsala universitet, Kulturantropologiska avdelningen.
    Den kulturella kroppen: en jämförelse mellan kosmetisk kirurgi och kvinnlig omskärelse2000Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 457.
    Adeniji, Anna
    Södertörns högskola ; Linköpings universitet.
    Därför gifter sig feminister2009In: Arena, ISSN 1652-0556, no 5, p. 40-43Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Äktenskapet står starkt som juridiskt skydd i Sverige, samtidigt som man fokuserar på jämställdhet och allas lika värde. Kungahuset ordnar bröllop med jämlik aura. Har kritiken av äktenskapet glömts bort?

  • 458.
    Adeniji, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Tema Genus.
    Inte den typ som gifter sig?: Feministiska samtal om äktenskapsmotstånd2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Den här avhandlingen undersöker frågan om äktenskapsmotstånd i dagens svenska samhälle, media och kultur. Boken belyser olika sätt att uttrycka äktenskapsmotstånd och vad det betyder att formulera feministisk kritik av normerande familjevärderingar.

    Undersökningen baseras på etnografi och kritisk kulturanalys och granskar synen på äktenskap, relationer och familj som ett kulturellt imaginärt fält. Det empiriska materialet består av intervjuer med kvinnor som inte har velat gifta sig, liksom ett brett material från tv, webbsidor, dagstidningar, skvallerpress och bloggar.

    I avhandlingen genomförs och presenteras en feministisk metodologisk process, grundat i akademiskt kreativt och självreflexivt skrivande. Detta innebär att skrivprocessen, textformatet, liksom minnesarbete, olika intervjutekniker och andra kreativa analytiska praktiker är en del av det metodologiska ramverket.

    De teoretiska perspektiven som ligger till grund för denna studie består av flera feministiska strömningar: radikalfeminism, queerfeminism, liberealfeminism, anarkafeminism och ett socialt rättviseperspektiv. De belyser, på olika sätt, intersektioner mellan äktenskap, genus, sexualitet, nationalitet, klass och makt. En gemensam utgångspunkt är att identitetskategorier, möjligheter att agera liksom vår plats i världen är konstruerade av maktrelationer och normativa föreställningar om genus. Dessa perspektiv tillhandahåller analytiska verktyg för att diskutera och dekonstruera kulturella föreställningar om äktenskap och äktenskapsmotstånd.

  • 459.
    Adeniji, Anna
    Södertörns högskola, Genusvetenskap.
    "Jag har aldrig sett dig som svart": Anna Adeniji läser Sara Ahmed2010In: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, no 1/2, p. 83-87Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 460.
    Adeniji, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    När Brad och Angelina inte ville gifta sig: En berättelse om heterosexuell melankoli och politiska beslut i vardagen.2007In: Bang : feministisk kulturtidskrift, ISSN 1102-4593, Vol. 1, p. 39-41Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

     Artikeln handlar om skvallerpressens representation av celebriteterna Brad Pitt och Angelina Jolie, och hur deras icke-gifta status producerar moralpanik och genusproblem i den populärkulturella heteronormativiteten. Artikeln tar också upp "äktenskapsfrågan" i en svensk kontext och hur frågan om äktenskapsmotstånd glömts bort av feminismen.  

  • 461.
    Adeniji, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Ordningsstörande begär: biteori som kritik av antropologisk sexualitetsforskning.2001In: Lambda Nordica: Tidskrift om homosexualitet, ISSN 1100-2573, Vol. 5 1/2, no Både och/ och/ varken eller, p. 54-69Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 462.
    Adeniji, Anna
    Södertörns högskola, Genusvetenskap.
    [Recension av] Tove Ingebjørg Fjell: Å si til meningen med livet? En kulturvitenskapelig analyse av barnfrihet2010In: Tidsskrift for kjønnsforskning, ISSN 0809-6341, E-ISSN 1891-1781, no 1, p. 175-179Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 463.
    Adeniji, Anna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Royal Love: Gender, Power, and National Identity in the Swedish Crown Princess Wedding2014In: Love: A Question for Feminism in the Twenty-First Century / [ed] Anna G. Jónasdóttir and Ann Ferguson, New York and London: Routledge, 2014, p. 48-62Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 464.
    Adeniji, Anna
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    Sexualitet som kulturell konstruktion: en diskussion kring kön - genus - sexualitet1998Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 465.
    Adeniji, Anna
    Södertörns högskola, Genusvetenskap.
    The royal wedding as true love story.: Emotional politics intersecting culture, nationalism, modernity and heteronormality2010In: GEXcel work in progress report. Vol. 8: Proceedings from GEXcel theme 10 : Love in our time - a question for feminism : spring 2010 / [ed] Sofia Strid, Anna G. Jónasdóttir, Linköping: Institute of Thematic Gender Studies, Department of Gender Studies, Linköping University , 2010, p. 85-92Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 466.
    Adetayo-odepidan, Mojeed
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Electronic Health Record Systems: A study of privacy in the region Kronoberg of Sweden2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study gives a brief description of paper-based record and the adoption of ICT, which brought the introduction of Electronic Health Record System (EHRS) in Sweden, the challenges facing EHR in the health care sector around the world and what immigrants and newcomers who just arrived in Sweden knows about the privacy,  rights and the policies that protect their privacy and data system, these could cause them not having enough confidence in electronic health record system, they could also be worried about their information been exposed or disclosed by their healthcare providers, this call for the confidentiality, security and privacy of EHR System. The aim of this study is to explore immigrants and newcomers as users of electronic health record system by setting interview questions and focus group to help the researcher to understand their knowledge of what they know about the privacy of EHRS and what they know about the policies health care providers follow to protect patient’s privacy and data. It is very important for them to know their rights and the rights that protect their privacy and data from been shared or disclosed.

     

    The study also talked about the existing implications facing EHRs, comparison of both systems was shown in table 1 of this study. The necessity for a proper protection of patient data was discussed and recommendation was made towards having a great and a working electronic health record system. 

  • 467.
    Adetorp, Johan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Celt and Germans in Iron Age Europe: Imagined Communities and strategies among scholars2015In: Concurrences in postcolonial research - perspectives, methodologies, engagements, 20-23 aug, Kalmar, 2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 468.
    Adetorp, Johan
    Lunds Universitet.
    De guldglänsande ryttarna : C-brakteaternas ikonografi i ny belysning2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 469.
    Adetorp, Johan
    Lund University.
    Det keltiska talar genom brakteaterna2002In: Populär Arkeologi, ISSN 0281-014X, no 4, p. 30-33Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 470.
    Adetorp, Johan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Cultural Sciences.
    Förhistoriska bilder som religionsvetenskaplig källa: Några kriterier att beakta vid tolkningar av religionsikonografiskt material2011In: Chaos: skandinavisk tidsskrift for religionshistoriske studier, ISSN 0108-4453, E-ISSN 1901-9106, Vol. 56, no 2, p. 65-79Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A challenge when interpreting prehistoric art is that we often lack written source material, a contemporary text written by people who lived in the cultural context that is studied. It is therefore not uncommon to use texts that are younger than the material that we want to interpret. This could lead to misinterpretations and circular arguments. Images are cultural products formed by their contemporaries and influenced by older idea traditions. This article presents four criteria that might be worth taking into consideration when interpreting prehistoric religious iconography. The article discusses how one might proceed to study prehistoric religious art and what could be helpful to keep in mind when analyzing religions by means of pictures and material culture. 

  • 471.
    Adetorp, Johan
    Lund University.
    Guldbrakteaternas ikonografi: Bilder av en folkvandringstida föreställningsvärld2003In: Adoranten, ISSN 0349-8808, p. 30-38Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 472.
    Adetorp, Johan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Identitet och verksamhet: Hjulbärande gudinnor och attribut i mellaneuropeisk järnåldersikonografi2015In: Chaos: skandinavisk tidsskrift for religionshistoriske studier, ISSN 0108-4453, E-ISSN 1901-9106, Vol. 64, no 2, p. 53-76Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses the difference between identifying and classifying attributes and analyzes the problematic implications if we confuse the two. The empirical material consists of Gallic stone reliefs depicting goddesses with a wheel as attribute. Male deities depicted with wheels have mainly been identified as a Celtic Jupiter or a male sky god sometimes called Taranis. The Gallic goddesses show that the wheel attribute was not an identifying attribute exclusive to this god, but that it rather served as a marker for an activity shared by several deities, both male and female. The articles argument that we need to distinguish between identifying and classifying attributes in order to make a source critical and methodological correct iconographical interpretation, especially when we interpret iconographical representation without the aid of any written sources.

  • 473.
    Adetorp, Johan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Names of swords in Icelandic sagas2017In: EASR Annual Conference : Communicating Religion: University of Leuven 18-21 September 2017, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Named weapons of different origin and purpose occur in the Old Norse mythology, and some of them are better known than others: Thor's hammer Mjolnir and Odin's spear Gungnir, just to name a few. But named weapons are also present in the more mundane Icelandic sagas, and it suggests that the practice of giving individual names to objects was something that occurred among real people in the Viking society. The named swords, spears and axes, which we can read about in the Icelandic sagas, are not portrayed as especially supernatural. They are, however, sometimes talked about in a special way and considered to be extraordinary in one way or another.What kind of name did people give to weapons, and what might have been the purposes for doing so? It is possible that some weapons told a story through their names and that they because of that also brought fame and glory to their owners. It is also conceivable, considered how some of the swords and spears are described in the Icelandic sagas, that named weapons were seen as almost life-like. This paper discusses some thoughts regarding named weapons in the sagas, the purposes for giving names, and if this practise might tell us something about how people in the Viking age viewed these named, possibly presumed life-like, objects.

  • 474.
    Adetorp, Johan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Resension av Peter S. Wells. How the Ancient Europeans saw the World. Vision, Patterns, and the Shaping of the Mind in Prehistoric Times, 2012, ISBN 0-691-14338-2,  Princeton University Press2013In: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, Vol. 2, p. 151-152Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 475.
    Adetorp, Johan
    Lund University.
    Vad heter du min skarpe vän?: Vapennamn i myt och verklighet2003In: Populär Arkeologi, ISSN 0281-014X, no 3, p. 24-26Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 476.
    Adevåg Guagliano, Sofia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Nilsson, Johan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Patienters upplevelse av delaktighet i vård i livets slut: En systematisk litteraturstudie2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Palliative care is performed throughout the continuum of care, from home care to specialized care in an institution. Palliative care is buildt on a holistic approach that is secured through patient-centered care where the patient's participation is central.

    Objective: Highlighting adult patients' experiences of participation when they are cared for in late stage palliative care.

    Method: The study is a systematic literature review mainly based on the methodology described by Forsberg and Wengström (2013).

    Results: The theme opportunities and obstacles in the experience of their participation emerged, with four categories below: the management of their disease situation, overwhelming new living situations, be seen as an individual and not to be seen as an                                    individual. It was discovered that patients in the late stage palliative phase found opportunities to participate in their care by gathering knowledge about their disease and their future. This knowledge created understanding, giving them the tools to manage and participate in their care. An obstacle to patients’ participation appeared to be when the patients experienced neglect by health professionals.

    Conclusion: Adult patients' experiences of participation when they are cared for in late stage palliative care cannot be described as a single phenomenon, but needs to be described by an integrated approach of the patient. The unique patient forms a dynamic whole, and needs to be treated as the unique individual he/she is.

  • 477.
    Adie, Bailey Ashton
    et al.
    Southampton Solent Univ, UK.
    Amore, Alberto
    Univ Canterbury, New Zealand.
    Hall, C. Michael
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Univ Canterbury, New Zealand;Univ Oulu, Finland;Univ Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Urban tourism and urban socialist and communist heritage: beyond tragedy and farce?2017In: International Journal of Tourism Cities, ISSN 2056-5607, Vol. 3, no 3, p. 291-304Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - Existing literature on state socialist and communist heritage as a form of tourist consumption predominately focuses on destination contexts, such as the former Soviet countries and the few remaining state communist countries (i.e. China, North Korea and Cuba). As a result, the visitation to places linked to the history of socialism and communism in the so-called western pluralist democracies has often been overlooked and, at most, unacknowledged, especially as most research on "socialist" heritage focuses on sites connected to statist heritage rather than sites connected to socialist movements. The paper aims to discuss these issues. Design/methodology/approach - This paper aims to fill the gap in terms of research focusing on these types of sites, with evidence from a range of countries in Europe and the Americas. It does so by illustrating the presence and engagement with official and non-official communist/socialist heritage at varying levels of commodification. Findings - The paper concludes that not only is there a need to broaden the concept of socialist heritage but that its framing needs to continue to be understood from present day ideological discourses and struggles with respect to the marking of urban heritage tourist locations. Originality/value - This contribution advocates the broadening of the concept of socialist heritage by acknowledging the relevance of "hidden" urban sites related to key socialist thinkers, socialist opposition to fascism, and civil wars in which the socialist movement was involved, while also drawing parallels between the levels of socialist/heritage recognition and use as a commodity in relation to the historical narrative within the studied countries.

  • 478.
    Adie, Bailey Ashton
    et al.
    IMT Inst Adv Studies Lucca, Italy.
    Hall, C. Michael
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Univ Canterbury, New Zealand;Univ Oulu, Finland;Univ Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Who visits World Heritage?: A comparative analysis of three cultural sites2017In: Journal of Heritage Tourism, ISSN 1743-873X, E-ISSN 1747-6631, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 67-80Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Heritage tourism is a growing segment of the modern tourism industry, and several studies have been undertaken to identify the individuals who participate in this type of tourism. These have indicated that heritage tourists, generally, are middle class, middle age, and well educated. However, despite their iconic role, there has been relatively little attention paid to profile of visitors to World Heritage Sites. This study aims to better understand the demography of this specific tourism segment through the use of survey-based research at three geographically diverse World Heritage Sites: Independence Hall in the USA, Studenica Monastery in Serbia, and the Archaeological Site of Volubilis in Morocco. Through the use of descriptive statistics, several over-arching trends were noted among the three sites. World Heritage Site visitors were found to be very well educated, but they did not have any similarities in relation to age, income, or residence, which contrasts the "general" heritage tourist typology. However, there were several World Heritage specific trends. While this work is a snapshot of the three sites under study and thus is difficult to generalize, it provides the basis for more comprehensive demographic research on visitors to World Heritage Sites.

  • 479.
    Adie, Bailey Ashton
    et al.
    Southampton Solent Univ, UK.
    Hall, C. Michael
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Univ Canterbury, New Zealand;Univ Oulu, Finland;Univ Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Prayag, Girish
    Univ Canterbury, New Zealand.
    World Heritage as a placebo brand: a comparative analysis of three sites and marketing implications2018In: Journal of Sustainable Tourism, ISSN 0966-9582, E-ISSN 1747-7646, Vol. 26, no 3, p. 399-415Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The UNESCO World Heritage (WH) List is often regarded as a successful tourism brand that motivates site nominations. However, there is relatively little research dealing specifically with WH brand attraction effects, and what does exist shows conflicting results. There is a significant research gap in terms of awareness of the WH brand and its potential impact on visitation, which this study seeks to fill through a comparative analysis of three diverse case studies: Independence Hall, USA; Studenica Monastery, Serbia; and the Archaeological Site of Volubilis, Morocco. Survey data (n = 771) from these three sites were collected and analyzed resulting in three distinct clusters of visitors. One of the clusters does exhibit higher levels of awareness of the WH brand, but members of this group were not motivated by this knowledge when planning their site visit. It is concluded that the WH brand may function as a placebo, and that its importance may be tied more to political interests than economic advancement. Thus, dependency on the WH List for tourism development may potentially be detrimental for locations in the long term. The WH brand's placebo effect could result in long-term problems for both the site and those whose livelihoods depend on tourism.

  • 480. Adiels, L.
    et al.
    Antonelli, A.
    Backenstoss, G.
    Beltrami, I.
    Bergstrom, I.
    Bloch, P.
    Burgun, G.
    Carius, Staffan
    Uppsala University.
    Chaldaras, M.
    Charalambous, S.
    Dedoussis, S.
    Derre, J.
    Dousse, J. C.
    Dris, M.
    Faure, J. L.
    Fetscher, W.
    Fry, J. R.
    Filokyprou, G.
    Gabathuler, E.
    Gamet, R.
    Garreta, D.
    Geralis, J.
    Gerber, H. J.
    Guyot, C.
    Hatzifotiadou, D.
    Hayman, P.
    Hugi, M.
    Kern, J.
    Kerek, A.
    Kesseler, G.
    Kochowski, C.
    Kokkinias, P.
    Kostarakis, L.
    Kuzminski, J.
    Lefas, C.
    Lindblad, T.
    Mall, U.
    Marel, G.
    Mason, P.
    Milsztajn, A.
    Nakada, T.
    Nilsson, A.
    Papdopoulos, L.
    Pavlopoulos, P.
    Pauli, E.
    Rickenbach, R.
    Schaller, L.
    Schopper, A.
    Tauscher, L.
    Troster, D. A.
    Tzamouramis, J.
    Watson, E.
    Zevgolatakos, S.
    Study Of Cp Violation In A Tagged Neutral Kaon Beam1986In: The Quark Structure of Matter: proceedings / [ed] M. Jacob and K. Winter, 1986, p. 495-507Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 481. Adiels, L.
    et al.
    Backenstoss, G.
    Bergstrom, I.
    Carius, Staffan
    Charalambous, S.
    Cooper, M.
    Findeisen, C.
    Fransson, K.
    Hadjifotiadou, D.
    Kerek, A.
    Papastefanou, K.
    Pavlopoulos, P.
    Repond, J.
    Tauscher, L.
    Troster, D.
    Williams, C.
    Zioutas, K.
    Pennington, M. R.
    Investigations on baryonium and other rare pmacrp annihilation modes using high resolution pi0 spectrometers (PS 182)1985In: Antiproton 1984. Proceedings of the VII European Symposium on Antiproton Interactions, Institution of Electrical Engineers (IEE), 1985, p. 297-304Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the search for heavy, narrow exotic states such as baryonium or glueballs, carried out so far, various methods of high- and low-energy production, low-energy formation, and e+e- reactions were used. In particular, a search for baryonium states below threshold (mxlsimmppmacr) has shown some evidence [Richter et al., 1983, Brando et al., 1984] for a few states. However, the results of these measurements suffer from poor statistics. Among the possible methods which can be applied in the baryonium bound state research at LEAR, the authors consider the study of the reaction ppmacrrarrX+pi0 as the most promising. They have performed an experiment to study this reaction by means of an experimental set-up especially tailored for measuring monoenergetic pi0,s, allowing for both angular distribution measurements and high-resolution spectroscopy. They report on the preliminary results from our actual measurements of the inclusive pi0 and eta spectra following the antiproton annihilation at rest.

  • 482. Adiels, L.
    et al.
    Backenstoss, G.
    Bergstrom, I.
    Carius, Staffan
    Uppsala University.
    Charalambous, S.
    Cooper, M.
    Findeisen, C.
    Hatzifotiadou, D.
    Kerek, A.
    Kuzminski, J.
    Pavlopoulos, P.
    Repond, J.
    Tauscher, L.
    Troster, D. A.
    Williams, C.
    Zioutas, K.
    Pi0 And Eta Spectroscopy At Lear1986In: Tignes 1985, Proceedings, Physics With Antiprotons At Lear In The Acol Era, 1986, p. 359-359Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 483. Adiels, L.
    et al.
    Backenstoss, G.
    Bergström, I.
    Carius, Staffan
    Research Institute of Physics, Stockholm.
    Charalambous, S.
    Cooper, M. D.
    Findeisen, C.
    Hatzifotiadou, D.
    Kerek, A.
    Papastefanou, K.
    Pavlopoulos, P.
    Repond, J.
    Tauscher, L.
    Tröster, D.
    Williams, M. C. S.
    Zioutas, K.
    A π0 and η spectrometer of lead glass and BGO for momenta up to 1 GeV/c1986In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, ISSN 0168-9002, E-ISSN 1872-9576, Vol. 244, no 3, p. 380-390Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A spectrometer consisting of two sets of bismuth germanium oxide (BGO) crystals and a lead-glass array has been used to measure the π0 and η momentum spectra produced from proton-antiproton annihilations at rest. We describe the test of the BGO sets in electron beams of energies from 50 to 450 MeV. We discuss the method of construction and calibration of the lead-glass array, as well as procedures to extract the energy and position resolutions for detected photons. A momentum resolution (σ) for π0's and η's of 4% and 3%, respectively has been achieved at momenta below 1 GeV/c. © 1986.

  • 484. Adiels, L.
    et al.
    Backenstoss, G.
    Bergström, I.
    Carius, Staffan
    Research Institute of Physics, Stockholm.
    Charalambous, S.
    Cooper, M. D.
    Findeisen, Ch.
    Hatzifotiadou, D.
    Hugi, M.
    Kerek, A.
    Meyer, H. O.
    Pavlopoulos, P.
    Repond, J.
    Tauscher, L.
    Troester, D.
    Williams, M. C. S.
    Zioutas, K.
    Experimental study of the inclusive η-spectrum from p {Mathematical expression} annihilations at rest in liquid hydrogen1989In: Zeitschrift für Physik C Particles and Fields, ISSN 0170-9739, E-ISSN 1431-5858, Vol. 42, no 1, p. 49-58Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The inclusive η-momentum spectrum from {Mathematical expression} annihilations at rest in liquid hydrogen was measured at LEAR. Branching ratios were obtained for {Mathematical expression}, and ηη(8.1±3.1)×10 -5. An upper limit for {Mathematical expression} of 1.8×10 -4 at 95% CL was found. The ratio of the branching ratios is BR(ηρ{variant})/BR(ηω)=0.51 -0.06 +0.20. For the ratio of branching ratios into two pseudoscalar mesons, we have BR(ηπ 0)/BR(π 0π 0)=0.65±0.14, BR(ηη)/BR(π 0π 0), BR(ηη ′)/BR(π 0π 0) at 95% CL, and BR(ηη)/BR(ηπ 0). © 1989 Springer-Verlag.

  • 485. Adiels, L.
    et al.
    Backenstoss, G.
    Bergström, I.
    Carius, Staffan
    Research Institute of Physics, Stockholm.
    Charalambous, S.
    Cooper, M. D.
    Findeisen, Ch.
    Hatzifotiadou, D.
    Hugi, M.
    Kerek, A.
    Meyer, H. O.
    Pavlopoulos, P.
    Repond, J.
    Tauscher, L.
    Tröster, D.
    Williams, M. C. S.
    Zioutas, K.
    Experimental determination of the branching ratios {Mathematical expression}, and 2γ at rest1987In: Zeitschrift für Physik C Particles and Fields, ISSN 0170-9739, E-ISSN 1431-5858, Vol. 35, no 1, p. 15-19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The branching ratios of {Mathematical expression} annihilations into the neutral final states 2π 0, π 0γ, and 2γ are measured by stopping antiprotons in liquid hydrogen. They are {Mathematical expression}, {Mathematical expression}, and B γγ<1.7×10 -6 (95% c.l.).

  • 486. Adiels, L.
    et al.
    Backenstoss, G.
    Bergström, I.
    Carius, Staffan
    Research Institute of Physics, Stockholm.
    Charalambous, S.
    Cooper, M. D.
    Findeisen, Ch.
    Hatzifotiadou, D.
    Kerek, A.
    Pavlopoulos, P.
    Repond, J.
    Tauscher, L.
    Tröster, D.
    Williams, M. C. S.
    Zioutas, K.
    Search for narrow signals in the γ-spectrum from pp̄ annihilation at rest1986In: Physics Letters B, ISSN 0370-2693, E-ISSN 1873-2445, Vol. 182, no 3-4, p. 405-408Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The γ-spectrum originating from pp̄ annihilations at rest in liquid hydrogen was measured with two BGO spectrometers. A total of 24 × 10 6 γ's were accumulated. No narrow peaks indicating exotic states such as baryonium were observed. The upper limit for the branching ratio p p ̄ → γ + X with 1040 ≤ m x ≤ 1770 MeV/c 2 and with λ x ≤ 25 MeV/c 2 is less than 10 -3 with more than 99.96% confidence. © 1986.

  • 487.
    Adielsson, Tobias
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Björkander, Christoffer
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Att skapa förtroende: En studie om hur personaluthyrningsföretag arbetar med förtroende mellan rekryterare och företagskunder i Växjöregionen2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Relationships are really important for companies in order to becompetitive today and in these relationships is it important to feel trust to the other companies. There is therefore necessary to find out how companies work to create trust between themselves and their customers.Purpose: The purpose of this report is to examine and explain how staffing companies work to build trust in their relationships with B2B clients through examination of the conceptual model, creating a theoretical contribution.Research question: How do recruiters at staffing companies work to create trust between themselves and the customer?Methodology: The study adopted a quality research method with a deductive approach where the focus wasg on describing and analyzing. The data was collected primarily through semi-­‐structured interviews.Research findings: Through the study’s interviews and their results is it possible to see that staffing companies in Växjö is working with trust. The conclusion is that staffing companies is working a lot and similar with competencies and contractual. But it differs how they work with benevolence. It seems that the staffing companies does not work a lot with benevolence and it depends on the recruiter if they want to work withbenevolence and goodwill or not and how they will do it.

  • 488.
    Adinda, Safahati
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    Water Privatization: An optimal and efficient means for developing countries?2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     

    Abstract

    Privatization of goods and services can be a way to limit a firm's or a market's total costs. Water privatization in developing countries has many different reasons. The outstanding reasons are; the need to promote private investment in water sectors so that, national/private water rights and the millennium goals for water can be reached. Privatization is a process of changing a business ownership from a public to a private sector. By this process, the government loses power to the new private owner and the firm and/or market transfers to more business oriented. The private owner has one main goal in the business and that is to maximize the profit.

    Water is a good that we all need in order to survive, regardless our economic conditions, son or later we all have to find a way to satisfy this need. Because of this, water is very important for all human being and a part of the human rights.

    The crucial need of water for our existence and the private firm's goal are conflicting. This has created many commotions around the world and raised questions about how water privatization violates the human rights of UN conventions.  But some people are pro water privatization and some of their arguments are that, privatization limits the government's external borrowing and improve the water distribution system.          

     

    Key words: Water privatization, Developing countries, Public sector, Private sector

  • 489.
    Adler, Anna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Chemistry and Biomedical Sciences.
    Är det säkert att byta från originalläkemedlet för inflixmab, Remicade®, till CT-P13 och är CT-P13 ekvivalent med Remicade® med avseende på effekt, säkerhet, immunogenicitet och farmakokinetik?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Biologic drugs are effective against numerous diseases but they are very expensive. The European Medicines Agency approved sales of biosimilars in 2006. Biosimilars are copies of already approved biologic drugs, but they are not considered to be exact copies like generic drugs are. Only living organisms can produce substances with the complexity of biologic drugs. Differences in pH, enviroment, and the purification process during the production of biologic drugs can affect the structure of the final product. Differences in the production processes can affect properties like the glycosylation pattern of the molecules which in turn can influence the effect of the drug. This is the reason biosimilars are not considered as exact copies of the original drug. The patent for Remicade® a TNF inhibitor expired in 2015 which led to the introduction of the first biosimilar for monoclonal antibodies (CT-P13) on the European market. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy, safety profile, immunogenicity and pharmacokinetics equivalence between CT-P13 and the original drug for infliximab, Remicade®. And to investigate if it was safe to switch from Remicade to CT-P13.

     

    The articles for the study were collected from PubMed, a medical and bioscientific database, and five studies were chosen for further analysis. The articles were not limited to a specific indication for infliximab, so the studies included patients with rhematoid arthritis (RA), ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The short-term equivalence between Remicade® and CT-P13 was analysed in the studies but more studies including long-term equivalence are needed. Based on the primary endpoints in the studies it seems to be safe to switch from Remicade® to CT-P13 and short-term equivalence seems to exist between CT-P13 and Remicade® considering the efficacy, safety profile, immunogenicity and pharmacokinetics equivalence in patients with RA, AS and IBD.

  • 490.
    Adler, Anne-Kathrin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Google AdWords - Infringing or Liberalizing Trade?: A Comparative Analysis of Treatment of Google AdWords under U.S. and EU Trademark Law2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since Google as the world's largest and most popular search engine encourages Internet users to browse their search results, it is naturally functioning as an advertising vehicle and has turned into the most profitable Internet company in world's history. Google's success, however, has been subject to strong criticism as one of the main concerns is linked to Google AdWords, which reveal keyword-triggered advertisements as well as sponsored links besides unsponsored search results. Courts both in Europe and the United States under different trademark legislation felt forced to address the collision of pre-Internet trademark infringement doctrines with modern technology. 

    As Google AdWords have changed the way consumers observe Internet advertisements and search engines, the boundaries of trademark law have continuously been pushed forward. This development, thus, raises the question of whether Google AdWords by now are considered to function as trade liberalizer or trade infringer under two different trademark jurisdictions. 

    What is certain as of now is, that if the current circumstances are to change, courts cannot solely rely on old doctrines to adapt to new situations. Instead, new rules should not be subject to isolated court proceedings by individual instances regarded that jurisdictions of courts are limited by territorial boundaries and Google AdWords have evolved as an element of borderless online sphere. Taking these new challenges into account, this paper argues that addressing trademark issues originated by AdWords will demand an international consideration and coordinated efforts between the EU and the United States to bring forward an international solution. 

  • 491.
    Adler, Martin
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Saltin, Love
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Den lille Krigaren: - En studie om hur svenska SMF kan etablera sig på välutvecklade marknader2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna rapport har vi valt att undersöka hur svenska SMF har gått tillväga för att lyckas etablera sig på en mogen och välutvecklad marknad. Genom att analysera det resursbaserade synsättet samt vilken etableringsform företag har använt sig av vid expansion så har vi haft som syfte att beskriva vilka specifika resurser samt vilken etableringsform som har varit viktigast för företagen när de har tagit beslutet om en expansion. Vi har vidare analyserat de barriärer och konkurrens som gjort att företagen valt att genomföra expansionen på ett specifikt sätt. För att kunna uppfylla syftet med uppsatsen har vi använt oss av en kvalitativ flerfallstudie med företag från olika regioner i Sverige.

    Vår teoriteska referensram har bestått av Barneys (1991) resursbaserade synsätt, olika etableringsformer samt Michael Porters (1980) teori om etableringsbarriärer.

    I vår analys så kopplar vi ihop vår teoretiska syntes med vår insamlade empiri för att kunna urskilja vilken/vilka resurser som har varit avgörande för företagens val av etableringsstrategier vid en expansion till en mogen marknad. Vi har även analyserat hur barriärer och konkurrens påverkat vid val av etableringsstrategier.

    Vi har baserat på denna analys kunnat dra slutsatsen att de teknologiska, entreprenöriella samt storleksmässiga resurserna har varit de mest essentiella resurserna för de undersökningsföretag vi studerat. Detta stärks genom att de tre undersökningsföretagen alla besitter en teknik som är unik, och att ge baserat på denna teknik lyckats skapa och implementera en etableringsstrategi som har anpassats efter både resurser och marknad. Detta har även lett till att vi har dragit slutsatsen att det inte finns något specifikt etableringstillvägagångssätt, utan att detta måste anpassas efter förutsättningar och marknad. Vidare har vi även sett att alla företag nyttjat en differentieringsstrategi, där vi dragit slutsatsen att denna strategi gjort att de itne har haft någon större påverkan från konkurrenter.

  • 492. Adman, Per
    et al.
    Strömblad, Per
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Abandoning intolerance in a tolerant society: Explaining time related change in recognition of political rights among immigrants in Sweden2016In: Presented at SWEPSA 2016: Uppsala University, Campus Gotland, October 19–21, 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 493.
    Adman, Per
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Strömblad, Per
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Abandoning intolerance in a tolerant society: the influence of length of residence on the recognition of political rights among immigrants2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents and empirically evaluates the idea that individual level political tolerance is influenced by the overall tolerance in society. Hence, the expectation is that more politically tolerant attitudes would be developed as a consequence of exposure to a social environment in which people in general are more inclined to accept freedom of speech, also when the message (or the messenger as such) challenges one’s own values and beliefs. The theoretical base of the analyses is a learning model, according to which more broad-minded and permissive attitudes, from a democratic point of view, are adopted as a result of (1) an adjustment stimulated by mere observation of an overall high-level of political tolerance in society (‘passive learning’), and (2) an adjustment due to cognition and interaction within important spheres in society (‘active learning’). Using surveydata, we explore empirically how length of residence among immigrants in high-tolerance Sweden are related to attitudinal measures of political tolerance, and to what extent a time-related effect is mediated through participation in ‘learning institutions’ of education, working-life, civil society and political involvement. In concert with expectations, the empirical findings suggest that an observed positive effect of time in Sweden on political tolerance may be explained by a gradual adoption of the principle that political rights should be recognized. Such an adoption, however, seems to require participation in activities of learning institutions, as we find that passive learning alone is not sufficient.

  • 494.
    Adman, Per
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Strömblad, Per
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Can’t, won’t, or no one to ask?: Explaining why more recently arrived immigrants know less about Swedish politics2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Immigrants in Western countries in general participate less in politics, and show lower levels of political efficacy, than native-born citizens. Research is scarce when it comes to immigrants’ knowledge about politics and public affairs in their new home country, and about what happens with this knowledge over the years. This paper focuses on immigrants in Sweden, a country known for ambitious multicultural policies, but where immigrants also face disadvantages in areas such as labor and housing markets. Utilizing particularly suitable survey data we find that immigrants in general know less about Swedish politics than natives, but also that this difference disappears with time. Exploring the positive influence of length of residence on political knowledge, the paper shows that the positive effect of time in Sweden among immigrants remains after controlling for an extensive set of background factors. Moreover, the paper examines this political learning effect through the lens of an Ability– Motivation–Opportunity (AMO) model. The findings suggest that the development of an actual ability to learn about Swedish politics—via education in Sweden, and by improved Swedish language skills—is an especially important explanation for the increase in political knowledge.

  • 495.
    Adman, Per
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Strömblad, Per
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Political integration in practice: explaining a time-dependent increase in political knowledge among immigrants in Sweden2018In: Social Inclusion, ISSN 2183-2803, E-ISSN 2183-2803, Vol. 6, no 3, p. 248-259Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Scholarly findings suggest that immigrants in Western countries, in general, participate less in politics and show lower levels of political efficacy than native-born citizens. Research is scarce, however, when it comes to immigrants’ knowledge about politics and public affairs in their new home country, and what happens with this knowledge over the years. This article focuses on immigrants in Sweden, a country known for ambitious multicultural policies, but where immigrants also face disadvantages in areas such as labor and housing markets. Utilizing particularly suitable survey data we find that immigrants, in general, know less about Swedish politics than natives, but also that this difference disappears with time. Exploring the influence of time of residence on political knowledge, the article shows that the positive effect of time in Sweden among immigrants remains after controlling for an extensive set of background factors. Moreover, the article examines this political learning effect through the lens of an Ability–Motivation–Opportunity (AMO) model. The findings suggest that the development of an actual ability to learn about Swedish politics—via education in Sweden, and by improved Swedish language skills—is an especially important explanation for the increase in political knowledge.

  • 496.
    Adman, Per
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Strömblad, Per
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Political Trust as Modest Expectations: Exploring Immigrants' Falling Confidence in Swedish Political Institutions2015In: Nordic Journal of Migration Research, ISSN 1799-649X, E-ISSN 1799-649X, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 107-116Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Political trust among immigrants in Western Europe seems to be surprisingly high, especially among immigrants from non-democratic countries with institutions plagued by corruption. Over time, however, trust tends to diminish among these individuals. In this paper we argue that this may neither be explained by acculturation nor by experiences of discrimination. Analysing Swedish survey data we instead conclude, although tentatively, that falling expectations regarding the performance of host country institutions is a fruitful explanation. Such expectations presumably become more modest the longer one has been living in Sweden, causing a time-related drop in the overall confidence in Swedish political institutions.

  • 497.
    Adman, Per
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Strömblad, Per
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Political Trust as Modest Expectations: Exploring Immigrants’ Falling Confidence in Swedish Political Institutions2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent studies report high levels of political trust among immigrants in Western Europe. Notably, such confidence tend to be particularly pronounced among immigrants from countries without democratic institutions and poor records in terms of corruption level. Yet over time, members of these population categories tend to express decreasing levels of political trust. Following previous research, such a pattern may be explained by high initial—although with time retreating—expectations concerning the quality of institutions in Western Europe. Analyzing Swedish survey data—particularly appropriate in the light of competing hypotheses concerning acculturation and barriers to integration, including discrimination—this paper presents additional support for the importance of expectations when it comes to political trust. Our analyses suggest that the gradual development of more modest expectations regarding institutional performance in the new country is a trustworthy explanation of the falling levels of immigrants‘ political trust.

  • 498.
    Adman, Per
    et al.
    Uppsala university.
    Strömblad, Per
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Time for Tolerance: Exploring the Influence of Learning Institutions on the Recognition of Political Rights Among Immigrants2018In: Comparative Migration Studies, ISSN 2214-8590, E-ISSN 2214-594X, Vol. 6, article id 34Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper empirically evaluates the idea that individual level political tolerance is influenced by the overall tolerance in a given society. The expectation is that more tolerant attitudes would be developed as a consequence of exposure to a social environment in which people in general are more inclined to accept freedom of speech, also when a specific message challenges one’s own values and beliefs. A theoretical learning model is formulated, according to which more broad-minded and permissive attitudes, from a democratic point of view, are adopted as a result of (1) an adjustment stimulated by mere observation of an overall high-level of political tolerance in society (‘passive learning’), and (2) an adjustment due to cognition and interaction within important spheres in society (‘active learning’). Using survey data, we explore empirically how length of residence among immigrants in the high-tolerance country of Sweden is related to measures of political tolerance. Further, we examine to what extent a time-related effect is mediated through participation in a set of ‘learning institutions’—focusing on activities related to education, working-life, civil society and political involvement. In concert with expectations, the empirical findings suggest that a positive effect of time in Sweden on political tolerance may be explained by a gradual adoption of the principle that political rights should be recognized. Importantly, however, such an adoption seems to require participation in activities of learning institutions, as we find that passive learning in itself is not sufficient.

  • 499.
    Adnan, Sonia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Nhaily, Abir
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Wang, Hongyu
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    To Evaluate and Study the relationship between employees’ commitment and individual performance: A Quantitative Approach- Case Study of Kansai Paints2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Nowadays the companies want to make sure that they have strong resources that can face the rapid changes in the environment. One of the most important resources is human resources. The interest of the companies to have committed employees have been increased because there is a big difference between the performance of committed employees and the rest of the employees. Committed employees perform well in the organization and help the organization to grow and face the competitive environment. Based on this, this research aims to evaluate and study the relationship between organizational commitment and individual performance.To do this one of the Multinational corporation(MNC) is selected, this MNC is the Japanese company Kansai Paint who has one subsidiary in Pakistan. The theoretical model of this study was formulated based on one dependent variable which is the individual performance and three independent variables which are an affective commitment, continuance commitment and normative commitment.The data of the research was collected by questionnaires which sent to 100 employees on Kansai Paint in Pakistan, and SPSS testing was used to analyze the data. The finding of the study exposed that the affective commitment, continuance commitment and normative commitment have a positive impact on the individual performance. At the end of the research, the conclusion of the research was drawn and several of recommendations were developed.

  • 500.
    Adnerhill, Therese
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    One committee - two institutions?: The Committee of European Affairs in Sweden and Denmark2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In order to have some say and to scrutinise the government all member states of the EU today has established an institution within their national parliaments, the Committee of European Affairs. This institution, however, has very different rights and regulations depending on the country it is established in. This study uses two rather similar countries, Sweden and Denmark, and investigates what differences and similarities the two committees show.

    By constructing a comparative case study of four units of analysis, the governments and committees of European Affairs in Sweden and Denmark, the formal and informal power relationship between government and committee in each country were studied in order to determine similarities and differences and whether the committee had an impact on the governments’ EU policies. Further they were compared, assessing whether the Danish Committee of European Affairs was more powerful than its Swedish counterpart because of its legal basis in an EU document.

    The theoretical framework was built on empirical institutionalism and Lukes’ first and second dimension of power. The similarities and differences were accounted for and compared. In conclusion, the Danish Committee of European Affairs has more formal power than its Swedish counterpart but regarding informal power the Swedish Committee of European Affairs has a slight advantage. Both committees have an impact on the way their government handle negotiations with the EU.

    Keywords: formal power, informal power, the Committee of European Affairs, Sweden, Denmark

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