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  • 451.
    Van den Berg, Gerard
    et al.
    University of Mannheim, Germany;VU University, Netherlands.
    Lundborg, Petter
    Lund University, Sweden;VU University, Netherlands.
    Nystedt, Paul
    Linköping University, Sweden;Lund University, Sweden.
    Rooth, Dan-Olof
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics. IZA;CReAM.
    Critical periods during childhood and adolescence: a study of adult height among immigrant siblings2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We identify the ages that constitute sensitive (or critical) periods in children’s development towards their adult health status. For this we use data on families migrating into Sweden from countries that are poorer, with less healthy conditions. Long-run health is proxied by adult height. The relation between siblings’ ages at migration and their heights after age 18 allows us to estimate the causal effect of conditions at certain ages on adult height. We effectively exploit that for siblings the migration occurs simultaneously in calendar time but at different developmental stages (ages). We find evidence that the period just before the puberty growth spurt constitutes a critical period. We also study adult cognitive score outcomes and we compare sensitive age periods for cognitive ability to those for height.

  • 452.
    Waldenström, Daniel
    et al.
    Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN) ; Paris School of Economics, France.
    Bastani, Spencer
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Hansson, Åsa
    Lund University.
    Kapitalbeskattningens förutsättningar2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I rapporten från SNS Konjunkturråd 2018 analyserar och diskuterar tre nationalekonomer kapitalbeskattningens förutsättningar i Sverige. Författarna finner brister i kapitalinkomsternas beskattning och föreslår en enhetligare beskattning. De förespråkar också en löpande fastighetsskatt för både småhus och bostadsrätter men lägre skatt på omsättning av fastigheter. Rapporten pekar också på att en skatteväxling från arbete till kapital kan ge samma intäkter och omfördelning men till högre ekonomisk effektivitet.

  • 453.
    Wallertz, Christoffer
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    The Governance Effects of Credit Rating Changes: A Study of the European Banking Market2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The results from this research provide numerous evidence that credit rating changes have consistent governance effects on the European banking market. In the event of a credit rating downgrade, banks on the European banking market decrease in size and set aside more capital as reserves for non performing loans. In the event of a credit rating upgrade, banks increase in size and re-allocate assets, providing evidence that these banks have a more optimistic view of their financial conditions. The findings in this thesis are in line with previous research on the U.S. banking market, however, banks on the European banking market seems to have, on average, a more conservative attitude towards risk-taking in the event of a credit rating change.

  • 454.
    Wang, Zhizheng
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Aspects of Moment Testing when p>n2018Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis concerns the problem of statistical hypothesis testing for mean vector as well as testing for non-normality in a high-dimensional setting which is called the Kolmogorov condition. Since we consider mainly the first and the second moment in testing for mean vector and we utilize the third and the fourth moment in testing for non-normality, this thesis concerns a more general moment testing problem. The research question is related to a data matrix with $p$ rows, which is the number of parameters and $n$ columns which is the sample size, where $p$ can exceed $n$, assuming that the ratio $\frac{p}{n}$ converges when both the number of parameters and the sample size increase. 

    The first paper reviews the Dempster's non-exact test for mean vector, with a focus on one-sample case. We investigated its size and power properties compared to Hotelling's $\mathit{T}^2$ test as well as Srivastava's test using Monte Carlo simulation. 

    The second paper concerns the problem of testing for multivariate non-normality in high-dimensional data. We proposed three test statistics which are based on marginal skewness and kurtosis. Simulation studies are carried out for examining the size and power properties of the three test statistics.

  • 455.
    Wennerholm, Anders
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Rask, Kristoffer
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Inkomstojämlikheter i Europa: En paneldatastudie som söker finna underliggande orsaker till utvecklingen i 16 europeiska länders inkomstojämlikhet under åren 2000-2010.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie tillämpar en paneldataanalys för att undersöka huruvida det finns ett

    samband mellan utvecklingen av inkomstojämlikhet och ett lands

    fackförbundsanslutning, arbetslöshet, storlek på offentlig sektor och sociala

    utbetalningar. Studien omfattar 16 europeiska länder och data har använts för åren

    2000 – 2010.

    Studiens syfte är att försöka ge en djupare insikt hur variabler som har anknytning till

    arbetsmarknad och finanspolitik påverkar inkomstojämlikhetens utveckling.

    De resultat som denna studie presenterar överensstämmer delvis med tidigare

    forskning inom arbetsmarknadens och finanspolitikens påverkan på

    inkomstojämlikhet.

    Resultatet visar att inkomstfördelningen bland studiens 16 länder påverkas främst av

    andelen fackförbundsanslutna och andel anställda i offentlig sektor och till viss del av

    arbetslöshet och sociala utbetalningar. Studien kan inte bevisa, med den

    underliggande data som använts i denna studie, att variablerna arbetslöshet samt

    sociala utbetalningar har en signifikant påverkan på inkomstojämlikhet.

  • 456.
    Wickström, David
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Dawn of the radicals: The connection between economic growth and political radicalism2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores how economic performance, measured as real GDP-growth per capita, affects the vote share of parties which relies on radical ideological platforms. Using a fixed effect model with panel data, based on real electoral outcomes of 18 western European democracies, the result reveals an ambiguous reality. The overall conclusion implies that low growth rates benefit the electoral success of radical-right parties and holds for robustness checks. No solid evidence of the relationship is found on the radical-left side.The result further reveals that the individuals decision to vote radical is relative more affected by the ongoing business cycle trend between the elections rather than sudden changes close to the election day. The relationship also appears to be stronger among nations of southern Europe.

  • 457.
    Wickström, David
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Sänkta sociala avgifter för unga: Har sänkningen medfört en positiv sysselsättningseffekt?2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sverige har likt många andra europeiska nationer brottats med hög ungdomsarbetslöshet under de senaste 20 åren. I ett försök att underlätta ungdomars inträde på arbetsmarknaden valde regeringen att i två steg sänka arbetsgivaravgiften för ungdomar. De båda sänkningarna innebar sedermera en dryg halvering av det samlade uttaget för arbetsgivaravgiften från 31 till 15 procent. Tidigare forskning påvisar försumbara sysselsättningseffekter. Detta till följd av att skattesänkningen på längre sikt övervältras till löntagaren i form av högre lön. I denna uppsats studeras huruvida sänkningarna av arbetsgivaravgiften i enighet med proposition 2006/07:84 Nedsättning av sociala avgifter för personer som fyllt 18 men inte 25 år, samt proposition 2008/09:7 kraftfullare nedsättning av sociala avgifter för unga, har medfört en positiv sysselsättningseffekt för ungdomar. Metoden som använts är Difference-in-Differences-skattningar av förändringen i sysselsättningsgrad för tidsperioderna ett år efter genomförandet av respektive reform. Mätningen har sedan utökats till att innefatta tiden för första reforen och 3.5 år framåt. Två olika behandlings- respektive kontrollgrupper har använts. Sysselsättningsgraden för ungdomar mellan 15-24 år matchas mot samma grupp i Finland. Även en inhemsk jämförelse har gjorts bestående av sysselsättningsgraden för gruppen 20-24 år mot 25-34 år. Data som ligger till grund för mätningarna är tvärsnittsdata hämtade från SCB och Eurostat. Ingen signifikant positiv sysselsättningseffekt har kunnat påvisas inom ramen för denna uppsats.

  • 458.
    Widerstedt, Barbro
    et al.
    Swedish Agency for Growth Policy Analysis.
    Månsson, Jonas
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Can business counselling help SMEs grow?: evidence from the Swedish business development grant programme2015In: Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, ISSN 1462-6004, E-ISSN 1758-7840, Vol. 22, no 4, p. 652-665Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose– The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the state funded business counselling on firm growth.

    Design/methodology/approach– A quasi-experimental difference-in-difference estimation of treatment effects, using a matched sample of comparable untreated firms.

    Findings– Firms that have been granted counselling vouchers have a higher growth in value added than comparable untreated firms. This effect is mainly due to increased use of labour and capital, rather than increased efficiency. Results are upwardly biased due to sample selection among treated firms.

    Research limitations/implications– An improved strategy for identifying potential comparison firms from the pool of all firms may be necessary for further impact evaluations on business development programmes.

    Social implications– Policy makers may have to reconsider the programme design, since the programme currently suffer from a large potential for crowding-out, and low additional value of business counselling.

    Originality/value– The paper uses a matching procedure in order to infer causal effects of business counselling and compares the effect of, respectively, contamination and selection on estimated impact on firm growth and survival. The data used are an original, rich micro-level data set on state investment support to businesses.

  • 459.
    Widerstedt, Barbro
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University.
    Månsson, Jonas
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Rosdahl, Jonatan
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    A warm welcome? Access to advisory services for men and women2018In: Economic Analysis and Policy, ISSN 0313-5926, Vol. 58, p. 100-110Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In politics, broadly stated ambitions such that a service should be available to all are fairly commonplace. However, evaluation access to service in a broader sense is often difficult and expensive. In this study we use a field experiment to investigate if the reception from the business development community differs contingent on the gender of the client. In the experiment, identical email requests were sent to actors in the enterprise promotion system. The result is that response frequency and time were independent of the gender of the sender. However, the male sender was more often given an explicit invitation to book a time slot. To delve further into the responses, we use sentiment analysis, a ‘big data’ method, to analyse the replies. The analysis reveal that replies to the female sender is more positive. Our conclusion is that even if there are some gender differences we would not consider it to be a systematic discrimination. However, the unconsciousness from public servants should be included in training to increase awareness of this issue.

  • 460.
    Wigren, Emma
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Är det möjligt att göra det omöjliga?: En effektutvärdering av Arbetsförmedlingens Förberedande och orienterande utbildningar2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen syftar till att utvärdera effekten av Förberedande och orienterande utbildning, vilket är en insats som ges till arbetssökande för att gynna framtida aktivitet inom arbetskraften. Insatsen är en av Arbetsförmedlingens största, och bedöms öka ytterligare framöver. En kombination av coarsened exact matchning samt propensity score matchning används för att försöka fastställa kausala effekter på individnivå med mikrodata från Arbetsförmedlingen och SCB. Deltagare som skrevs in hos Arbetsförmedlingen 2008 studeras och utfallen som tillämpas är inkomster och socialbidragstagande, vilka mäts 2010, 2011, 2012 respektive 2013. Resultaten visar att deltagare i insatsen generellt har sämre arbetsmarknadsutfall än jämförelsegruppen som består av öppet arbetslösa. Känslighetsanalysen visar att det kan finnas vissa problem med selektion, men dessa bedöms inte omkullkasta resultaten. Vidare fastställs att de skattade effekterna avtar med uppföljningstiden, vilket tyder på att det kan finnas inlåsningseffekter. En annan förklaring till att negativa effekter av deltagande kan uppstå är enligt den nationalekonomiska litteraturen att deltagande i insatsen signalerar något negativt till potentiella arbetsgivare, snarare än att insatsen bidrar med en produktivitetsökning för den arbetssökande individen.

  • 461.
    Wigren, Emma
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Nilsson, Linda
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    The impact of Human Capital on earnings - a study regarding urban Vietnam2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The stock of human capital plays an important role for a sustained economic development, both at the individual and the country level. In order to prosper as a middle income country Vietnam need to increase the nation ́s human capital stock and this thesis shows that human capital theory holds for investments in years of education, knowledge of a foreign language and experience. Human capital investments, such as educational attainment and knowledge of a foreign language, are estimated to have significant impact on earnings in year 2012. Subjective evidence through interviews and observations are used to understand the underlying interpretation of these results in order to see how the labor market actually works in Vietnam. 

  • 462.
    Willesson, Magnus
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    A Note on Regulatory arbitrage: Bank risk, Capital risk, Interest rate risk and ALM in European Banking2016In: Liquidity Risk, Efficiency and New Bank Business models / [ed] Santiago Carbó Valverde, Pedro Jesús Cuadros-Solas & Francisco Rodríguez Fernández, Palgrave Macmillan, 2016, p. 5-33Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The chapter considers asset and liability management (ALM) as a possible avenue for regulatory arbitrage under regulatory capital constraints. The chapter presents a theory of regulatory arbitrage as a regulatory response to capital requirements in banking depending on capitalization mechanisms and empirically analyses capital risk and bank risk in European banking in terms of ALM. The results suggest a possible loophole in today’s capital regulation via ALM and the need for regulatory arbitrage as a regulatory response.

  • 463.
    Willesson, Magnus
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Risk and Efficiency in European Banking: Does Corporate Governance Matter?2015In: Bank Risk, Governance and Regulation / [ed] Elena Beccalli & Federica Poli, Palgrave Macmillan, 2015, p. 163-181Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The challenges for banks due to the new detailed regulation of the 'management body' predict a reduced bank risk at low cost. In this chapter, we determine the relevance of this statement, empirically testing whether the corporate governance of banks influences banking risk and banking efficiency. The results reveal a relationship between efficient banks and risk. However, the corporate governance variables considered in this chapter reveal limited evidence on the effect on risk, although corporate governance attributes can explain banking efficiency. Consequently, we cannot find strong support that corporate governance reduces risk without a significant cost.

  • 464.
    Willesson, Magnus
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    What is and what is not regulatory arbitrage?: a literature review and syntheses2017In: Financial markets, SME financing and emerging economies / [ed] Giusy Chesini, Elisa Giaretta & Andrea Paltrinieri, Palgrave Macmillan, 2017, p. 71-94Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 465.
    Wrååk, Jonathan
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Individuals’ risk propensity and job search activity2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper uses the Dutch panel data from LISS, Longitudinal Internet Studies for the Social Science in trying to establish if a relationship between individuals’ risk propensity and job search activity is present. When looking at employed and unemployed job seekers jointly, a positive significant relationship is present. Looking at these groups separately shows that the relationship is driven by employed job seekers. No relationship for unemployed job seekers can be identified when being looked at separate. However, when taking into account possible biases from changes in risk propensity over time as well as the classification of actively searching individuals, no relationship is present at all. We hence are cautious towards the significant estimates received that potentially could suffer from biases. Further studies should be made with a bigger sample of individuals and a continuously updated measure of risk propensity to minimizing potential bias.

  • 466.
    Zeebari, Zangin
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Kibria, B. M. Golam
    Florida International University, USA.
    Shukur, Ghazi
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Seemingly unrelated regressions with covariance matrix of cross-equation ridge regression residuals2018In: Communications in Statistics - Theory and Methods, ISSN 0361-0926, E-ISSN 1532-415X, Vol. 47, no 20, p. 5029-5053Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Generalized least squares estimation of a system of seemingly unrelated regressions is usually a two-stage method: (1) estimation of cross-equation covariance matrix from ordinary least squares residuals for transforming data, and (2) application of least squares on transformed data. In presence of multicollinearity problem, conventionally ridge regression is applied at stage 2. We investigate the usage of ridge residuals at stage 1, and show analytically that the covariance matrix based on the least squares residuals does not always result in more efficient estimator. A simulation study and an application to a system of firms' gross investment support our finding.

  • 467.
    Zeebari, Zangin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Shukur, Ghazi
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics. Jönköping University, Sweden.
    On the least absolute deviations method for ridge estimation of SURE models2019In: Communications in Statistics - Theory and Methods, ISSN 0361-0926, E-ISSN 1532-415XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we examine the application of the Least Absolute Deviations (LAD) method for ridge-type parameter estimation of Seemingly Unrelated Regression Equations (SURE) models. The methodology is aimed to deal with the SURE models with non-Gaussian error terms and highly collinear predictors in each equation. Some biasing parameters used in the literature are taken and the efficiency of both Least Squares (LS) ridge estimation and the LAD ridge estimation of the SURE models, through the Mean Squared Error (MSE) of parameter estimators, is evaluated.

  • 468.
    Zhang, Jiaxin
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Factors affecting Chinese consumers buying luxury goods overseas2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since the improved people’s living standard, luxury buying has increasingly spread in popularity, especially in developing countries. Conspicuous consumption has resulted in this luxury buying among consumers. This mentality leads to consumers to achieve their own goal through luxury goods, such as reflecting their status, showing the uniqueness and so on. In order to buy their favorite luxury goods, consumers try different channels and overseas buying is the main channel for them. Under this situation, China as the second-biggest luxury market, the demand for overseas luxury among Chinese consumer has credit raised. It is therefore important for conducting consumer behavior research to analyze this phenomenon and identify corresponding factors that lead consumers buying luxury abroad. The purpose of the research is to understand the phenomenon of the consumers buying luxury goods overseas and to identify the corresponding factor for the luxury shop or the company which could conduct managerial implication to encourage consumers buying domestically. Since the improved people’s living standard, luxury buying has increasingly spread in popularity, especially in developing countries. Conspicuous consumption has resulted in this luxury buying among consumers. This mentality leads to consumers to achieve their own goal through luxury goods, such as reflecting their status, showing the uniqueness and so on. In order to buy their favorite luxury goods, consumers try different channels and overseas buying is the main channel for them. Under this situation, China as the second-biggest luxury market, the demand for overseas luxury among Chinese consumer has credit raised. It is therefore important for conducting consumer behavior research to analyze this phenomenon and identify corresponding factors that lead consumers buying luxury abroad. The purpose of the research is to understand the phenomenon of the consumers buying luxury goods overseas and to identify the corresponding factor for the luxury shop or the company which could conduct managerial implication to encourage consumers buying domestically.

  • 469.
    Åström, Erik
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Is there an economic value for elite sports?: The case of Swedish Hockey League2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The economic value of sport has long been an interesting subject to study. Proponents arguing there is big monetary return for a region hosting a professional sports team. However, majority of studies done on the subject point in the same direction where it seems economic return are negligible. Researchers even argue there is rather an alternative cost where money could be better spent on other social structure such as education and health care. The value of sport creates both direct and indirect effect. In this essay I will look at whether there could be any indirect spillover effects from hosting a hockey team in the highest league. Due to its simplicity, a difference-in-difference (DiD) method will be used on municipalities hosting a hockey team. This when looking at Gross Regional Product (GRP), unemployment rate and population growth to municipalities without a hockey team. The results of this study are ambiguous and hard to interpret when sign on coefficient differ between variables and municipalities. However, there seem to be a correlation between lower unemployment rate and population growth and an increase in GRP when a team is qualifying to SHL. It cannot be determined whether this depend on economic growth or success of their professional sports team. 

78910 451 - 469 of 469
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