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  • 501.
    Eklöf, Motzi
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Recension: Johanna Bergqvist, Läkare och läkande - läkekonstens professionalisering i Sverige under medeltid och renässans, diss.,  Lund Studies in Historical Archeology, 2013, ISBN 978-91-89578-52-42013In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 110, no 37, p. 1617-Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 502.
    Eklöf, Motzi
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Stupsittande underkäksskakning och andra läkemedel: recension av: Gymnastik som medicin. Berättelsen om en svensk exportsuccé, författare Anders Ottosson, 185 s., Atlantis Förlag; 2013, ISBN 978-91-7353613-42013In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 110, no 48, p. 2185-2186Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 503.
    Eklöf, Motzi
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Vetenskap, läkekonst och läkarutbildning: ett historiskt perspektiv2013In: För framtidens hälsa - en ny läkarutbildning: Betänkande från läkarutbildningsutredningen, Stockholm: Fritzes, 2013, p. 263-288Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 504.
    Eklöf, Motzi
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Vikten av eftertanke i digitaliseringsvågen: [recension av] Den digitala patienten, 123 sidor. Författare: Jacob Birkler, Mads Ronald Dahl. Översättning från danskan: Kristina Olsson och Inger Bolinder-Palmér. Förlag: Liber; 2014. ISBN 978-91-47-10656-12014In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 111, no 39, p. 1670-1670Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 505.
    Ekstedt, Mirjam
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Karolinska Institutet.
    Darkeh, Mojgan Haji Seyed Ebrahim
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Xiu, Lijuan
    Forssén, Michaela
    Johansson, Elin
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Ek, Anna
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Svensson, Viktoria
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Ekbom, Kerstin
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Marcus, Claude
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Sleep differences in one-year-old children were related to obesity risks based on their parents' weight according to baseline longitudinal study data2017In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 106, no 2, p. 304-311Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: Parental obesity is the predominant risk factor for child obesity. We compared sleep in one-year-old children with different obesity risks, based on parental weight, and explored associations with weight, parental sleep and family factors.

    METHODS: Baseline data from 167 families participating in a longitudinal obesity prevention programme was used. Sleep patterns were compared between groups with high and low obesity risks, based on parental weight, and associations between child sleep and weight status, family obesity risk and parental sleep were explored. Sleep was assessed using child sleep diaries and standard parental questionnaires.

    RESULTS: Later bedtime, longer sleep onset latency and lower sleep efficiency were observed among children in the high-risk group. Child sleep onset latency was associated with the family obesity risk (β = 0.25, p = 0.001), child bedtime with both maternal (β = 0.33, p < 0.01) and paternal bedtime (β = 0.22, p < 0.05) and child sleep efficiency with maternal sleep quality (β = 0.20, p < 0.01). The child's bedtime was weakly associated with their body mass index (β = 0.17, p < 0.05).

    CONCLUSION: Sleep differed between one-year-old children with high or low obesity risks, based on their parents' body mass index, and was associated with the family obesity risk and parental sleep. The child's bedtime was weakly associated with their weight status.

  • 506.
    Ekstedt, Mirjam
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Lindblad, Marlene
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke university college, Sweden;KTH Royal instute of technology, Sweden, Sweden.
    Löfmark, Anna
    University of Gävle, Sweden.
    Nursing students' perception of the clinical learning environment and supervision in relation to two different supervision models: a comparative cross-sectional study2019In: BMC Nursing, ISSN 1472-6955, E-ISSN 1472-6955, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 1-12, article id 49Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Knowledge concerning nursing students' experiences of the clinical learning environment and how supervision is carried out is largely lacking. This study compares nursing students' perceptions of the clinical learning environment and supervision in two different supervision models: peer learning in student-dedicated units, with students working together in pairs and supervised by a "preceptor of the day" (model A), and traditional supervision, in which each student is assigned to a personal preceptor (model B). Methods: The study was performed within the nursing programme at a university college in Sweden during students' clinical placements (semesters 3 and 4) in medical and surgical departments at three different hospitals. Data was collected using the Clinical Learning Environment, Supervision and Nurse Teacher evaluation scale, CLES+T, an instrument tested for reliability and validity, and a second instrument developed for this study to obtain deeper information regarding how students experienced the organisation and content of the supervision. Independent t-tests were used for continuous variables, Mann-Whitney U-tests for ordinal variables, and the chi-square or Fischer's exact tests for categorical variables. Results: Overall, the students had positive experiences of the clinical learning environment and supervision in both supervision models. Students supervised in model A had more positive experiences of the cooperation and relationship between student, preceptor, and nurse teacher, and more often than students in model B felt that the ward had an explicit model for supervising students. Students in model A were more positive to having more than one preceptor and felt that this contributed to the assessment of their learning outcomes. Conclusions: A good learning environment for students in clinical placements is dependent on an explicit structure for receiving students, a pedagogical atmosphere where staff take an interest in supervision of students and are easy to approach, and engagement among and collaboration between preceptors and nurse teachers. This study also indicates that supervision based on peer learning in student-dedicated rooms with many preceptors can be more satisfying for students than a model where each student is assigned to a single preceptor.

  • 507.
    Ekstedt, Mirjam
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Rustoen, Tone
    Oslo Univ Hosp, Norway;Univ Oslo, Norway.
    Factors That Hinder and Facilitate Cancer Patients' Knowledge About Pain Management-A Qualitative Study2019In: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, ISSN 0885-3924, E-ISSN 1873-6513, Vol. 57, no 4, p. 753-760Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Context. Pain management education may improve pain control for some patients, whereas individual differences exist. Objectives. To evaluate possible critical components, facilitators, and hindrances for improved knowledge about pain management, in not hospitalized adult oncology patients with pain from bone metastasis participating in a pain management intervention. Methods. This substudy is a qualitative evaluation of the PRO-SELF Pain Control Program, tested in a randomized controlled trial. During six weeks, 87 participants in the intervention group received tailored coaching encounters by a trained oncology nurse. Three encounters for each patient were audio recorded. The encounter between patient's with the largest (n = 12) and lowest (n = 8) change in knowledge about pain management from before to after the intervention was transcribed verbatim and analyzed with qualitative content analysis. Results. The critical components of the intervention were repetition of information, struggling with resistance, use of peer experiences, and keeping track of variations. Facilitators of improvement were patients' trust and preparedness to try new procedures, the patient's self-awareness and body awareness, and taking active role in own care. Difficulties in processing complex information, culturally conditioned behaviors, fear, and lack of knowledge were the most important barriers to the success of the intervention. Conclusion. Education in pain management in cancer patients requires repeated information, allowing time for overcoming resistance related to dysfunctional beliefs and fear. To facilitate the patient's involvement in their pain management, tailored and person-centered education is needed. (C) 2019 American Academy of Hospice and Palliative Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  • 508.
    Ekstedt, Mirjam
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Schildmeijer, Kristina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Wennerberg, Carolina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Kalmar County Council, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Lina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics. Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Medicine and Optometry.
    Wannheden, Carolina
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Hellström, Amanda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Enhanced patient activation in cancer care transitions: protocol for a randomized controlled trial of a tailored eectronic health intervention for men with prostate cancer2019In: JMIR Research Protocols, ISSN 1929-0748, E-ISSN 1929-0748, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 1-13, article id e11625Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Prostate cancer has increased in incidence worldwide and is the leading cause of cancer death in 24 countries. The most common treatment is radical prostatectomy. However, surgery is associated with postoperative complications such as urinary incontinence and sexual dysfunction, causing decreased quality of life. If survivors are encouraged to be more active in self-care management, the symptom burden may decrease and quality of life may improve. An electronic health (eHealth) intervention based on motivational behavioral theory has been developed for this purpose.

    Objective: This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of standard care in combination with a tailored eHealth and mobile health self-management support system, electronic Patient Activation in Treatment at Home (ePATH), with standard care of adverse effects of prostate cancer treatment (urinary incontinence and sexual functioning) in men undergoing radical prostatectomy. The secondary aim was to test the effect on patient activation, motivation, overall well-being, and health literacy over time in and between groups.

    Methods: A pragmatic multicenter, block-randomized controlled trial with 2 study arms, standard care (control) and eHealth-assisted standard care (intervention), for patients undergoing radical prostatectomy. For 80% power, a sample of 242 men will need to be recruited.

    Results: Recruitment started in January 2018 and is expected to be completed by August 2019. Data collection will be completed in August 2020. The first cross-sectional results from this trial are anticipated to be published in January 2020.

    Conclusions: With the increasing number of prostate cancer survivors, attention should be paid to rehabilitation, psychosocial care, and support for endurance of self-care to reduce suffering from adverse treatment effects, poor quality of life, and depression because of postoperative complications. This project may increase knowledge of how patients can be supported to feel involved in their care and returning to as normal a life as possible. The anticipated effects of ePATH could improve health outcomes for individuals and facilitate follow-up for health care professionals.

  • 509.
    Ekstrand, Emma
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Hübel, Malin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Utsatt och i behov av hjälp: En litteraturstudie om vuxna patienters upplevelse av mötet på en akutmottagning2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Till en akutmottagning kommer människor som behöver akut hjälp av olika grader och former. Triagen är det första möte som patienten har med vårdpersonal och genom detta ordnas ett turordningssystem där de mest akut sjuka patienterna tas omhand om först, medan de patienter som kan vänta utan att det finns en risk för försämring av sin hälsa, får vänta på sin tur. 

    Syfte: Att belysa vuxna patienters upplevelse av mötet på en akutmottagning.

    Metod: En litteraturstudie med en kvalitativ ansats baserad på tio vetenskapliga orginalartiklar. Texten analyserades enligt Graneheim och Lundmans (2004) kvalitativa innehållsanalys.

    Resultat: I resultatet framkom det fem kategorier. Dessa var att komma till en akutmottagning, den långa väntan, att vårda vårdrelationen, hjälplös utan kontroll och behov av att bli sedd och få tydlig information.

    Slutsats: Patienter upplever att väntetiden, informationen och mötet i sig är viktigt för att inte tappa kontrollen över situationen. Med detta som underlag anser författarna att patienten bör vara delaktig i sin vårdprocess. Förhållningssättet vårdpersonalen har till patienten påverkar denne och därför är det viktigt hur de framstår genom sitt kroppsspråk, ansiktsuttryck och sin kommunikation.

  • 510.
    Ekstrand, Herman
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Svensson, Emil
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av hjärt- och lungräddning på vårdavdelningar inom sjukhus: En litteraturstudie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Hjärtstopp är ett vanligt förekommande tillstånd som drabbar flera tusen personer i Sverige varje år. Inom sjukhus är sjuksköterskor ofta först på plats och de har en viktig roll för patientens överlevnad. Tidigare forskning beskriver hur sjuksköterskor påverkas emotionellt efter att ha genomfört hjärt- och lungräddning. Syfte: Studiens syfte var att belysa sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av hjärt- och lungräddning på vårdavdelningar inom sjukhus. Metod: En icke-systematisk översikt med en integrerad analys av sex kvalitativa artiklar och fyra kvantitativa artiklar. Resultat: Analysen genererade fyra kategorier. Sjuksköterskornas erfarenheter av hjärt-och lungräddning var att de behöver finna trygghet i situationen, att de ställs inför etiska frågeställningar, familjens närvaro kunde vara problematiskt, kollegor kunde vara stödjande och icke-stödjande i sitt förhållningssätt och att kunskap och utbildning kan inverka positivt på sjuksköterskorna agerande. Slutsats: Resultatet belyser att sjuksköterskor upplever att de behöver erfarna kollegor för att finna en trygghet i situationen. Och ett behov för debriefing finns efter hjärt- och lungräddningssituationer. För att främja ett gott omhändertagande av patientens familj finns ett behov av stöd och kompetensutveckling inom det området.

  • 511.
    Ekstrand, Kristina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Kamsten, Magdalena
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Att träna gravida: Träningsinstruktörers erfarenheter och deras råd till gravida2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Background: Every healthy pregnant women are recommended to be physically active. Many pregnant women reduces their workouts during pregnancy. Midwives have a health-promoting and supportive role and sends some of the pregnant women with questions to personal trainers.

    Aim: The purpose of this study is to examine personal trainers experience of training pregnant women and what training advice they provide. Method: The study has been conducted by interviews with ten personal trainers. The personal trainers' experience and training advice were divided into two domains and then the material was analyzed with qualitative content analysis Results: The content of the domains has been divided into four categories; lack of knowledge, have knowledge, general training advice and personalized training advice. Some informants question both their own and colleagues' knowledge. When the informants feel that they have knowledge, they feel that they can give correct training advice to the pregnant women. In general should the pregnant woman dare to work out, but everything they do should feel okey. All training needs to be personalized based on the woman's training experience and how the woman feels in her pregnancy.

    Conclusion: Pregnant women wants more precise training advice, which is important for both personal trainers and midwives to keep in mind when consulting. With more precise training advice pregnant women could feel safer which hopefully leads to more people training.

  • 512.
    Ekström, Emma
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Begnert, Rebecca
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Att förlora sitt barn i suicid: En systematisk litteraturstudie2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 513.
    Ekström, Eva
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Tauriainen, Izabelle
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Vuxna patienters upplevelser av att vara drabbade av lungcancer.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Prognosen för lugncancer är dålig, mindre än 15 % av de diagnostiserade överlever efter 5 år. Lungcancer upptäcks ofta i ett sent skede vilket är en bidragande faktor till den låga överlevnadschansen. Upplevelserna bland patienterna kan skilja sig mycket. Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva vuxna patienters upplevelser av att drabbade av lungcancer. Metod: Studien är en systematisk litteraturstudie där databaserna Cinahl och PubMed användes för att identifiera artiklarna. Sökningarna identifierade totalt åtta artiklar som samtliga har kvalitetsgranskats. Tre av artiklarna var kvalitativa och fem var kvantitativa. Artiklarna analyserades och tio kategorier identifierades. Resultat: Bland de emotionella upplevelserna var väntan på utgång en stor orohetsfaktor. Oro för sina anhöriga ledde till att patienterna ofta undanhöll sin diagnos. En stor anledning till upplevd oro var att de kände en osäkerhet inför framtiden. Skuldkänslor uppkom på grund av patienterna kände att de själva orsakat sin diagnos. I och med att lungcancer kan förebyggas upplevde många patienter stigmatisering. Samhällets och vårdgivarnas syn på diagnosen inverkade stort på patienterna. Att få behålla sitt dagliga liv var av stor vikt för de drabbade. Kunskapen om sin sjukdom underlättade för en del patienter i deras sjukdomstillstånd. Många kände dock att informationen de gavs var för knappt och detta inverkade på deras välmående. Slutsats: Att leva med lungcancer påverkar patienten både fysiskt och psykiskt. Patienten oroar sig mycket för sina anhörigas upplevelser som kan ha en större inverkan på patienten än dennes egna upplevelser. Eftersom diagnosen är starkt kopplad till rökning känner sig många patienter stigmatiserade. Patienterna strävade efter att få bibehålla sitt vanliga liv så långt som möjligt.

  • 514.
    Ekström, Hanna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Hägg, Anna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Psykisk hälsa och ohälsa hos ungdomar2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: When decreased mental health occurs during adolescence, it often follows into adulthood and can negatively affect self-image. It appears from studies that decreased mental health is increasing among young people. It is of great importance to increase the knowledge and understanding why young people's decreased mental health is increasing. Aim: to map mental health / decreased mental health in young people visiting youth clinics. Method: A cross-sectional study with a consecutive selection of 500 young people who visited the youth clinic. A web-based questionnaire was used and consisted of four question areas; self-rated health, mental well-being, psychosomatic problems and self-esteem. Result: Health is generally good in young people's participation in the study and they state a good mental well-being. Young women tend to estimate their mental health slightly lower than young men. There are differences between young women and young men regarding psychosomatic problems for example with headaches, stomach pain and back pain. Conclusion: A majority of young people who visit the youth clinic estimate their health as good and state good mental well-being, but a smaller group indicates decreased mental health. The challenge is to identify those young people who have decreased mental health and to guide and help them find strategies. Strengthen the ability of the young individual to find a balance in life and strive for mental well-being.

  • 515.
    Ekström, Kajsa
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Spelmans, Sanna
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Ahlström, Gerd
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Nilsen, Per
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Alftberg, Åsa
    Malmö University, Sweden.
    Wallerstedt, Birgitta
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Behm, Lina
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Next of kin's perceptions of the meaning of participation in the care of older persons in nursing homes: a phenomenographic study2019In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 33, no 2, p. 400-408Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Being involved in the care of a loved one is a desire of many next of kin. However, according to several studies of the perceptions of nursing home staff, the involvement of next of kin is not an obvious part of care. To be able to involve next of kin in care at nursing homes, the perceptions of what participation means are an important piece of knowledge. The aim of this study was therefore to describe variations in next of kin's perceptions of the meaning of participation in the care of older persons living in nursing homes. Methods Eighteen next of kin of older persons living in ten nursing homes in Sweden were recruited for interviews. The study design was based on a phenomenographic approach, focusing on the qualitatively different ways in which a person perceives, experiences or conceptualises a phenomenon or certain aspect of reality. Results Five categories emerged from analysis of the interviews, representing the next of kin's perceptions of the meaning of participation in the care of older persons in nursing homes: be present; communicate; monitor; do practical tasks; and to represent. The next of kin expressed meanings that belonged to more than one category, and the categories were interdependent. Conclusions Our results indicate that there are several meanings of next of kin's perceptions of participation at nursing homes. Nursing home staff's knowledge of these perceptions is important to enable next of kin to participate according to their own preferences.

  • 516.
    Eliassi, Donja
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Avdic, Nejla
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Kvinnors erfarenheter av att leva med endometrios: Systematisk litteraturstudie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Ungefär var tionde kvinna i fertil ålder har endometrios runt om i världen. Sjukdomen påverkar kvinnan på många sätt, bland annat genom symtom såsom svår smärtproblematik, dyspareunia samt infertilitet. Trots att sjukdomen drabbar många kvinnor förekommer kunskapsbrist bland vårdpersonal vilket bidrar till en försenad diagnos samtidigt som många får leva vidare med långvariga symtom.Syftet: Syftet var att belysa kvinnors erfarenheter av att leva med endometriosMetod: En systematisk litteraturstudie har genomförts varav tio artiklar har analyserats.Resultat: Presenteras utifrån fyra huvudkategorier vilka är: Fysisk påverkan, Psykisk påverkan, Påverkan på det vardagliga livet samt Erfarenheter av sjukvården . Sjukdomen begränsade kvinnorna på många sätt i deras dagliga liv vilket resulterade i blandade känslor. Kvinnorna erfor bland annat ensamhet i sin sjukdom, förändrad självsyn och blandade känslor inför framtiden.Slutsats: Studiens huvudfynd visar på att sjukdomen begränsar kvinnorna från att leva ett normalt liv. Endometrios påverkar kvinnan fysiskt och psykiskt men begränsar även kvinnan i det vardagliga livet. Trots att många vänder sig till sjukvården erhålls inte det stöd som många är i behov av. Istället blir många hemskickade utan hjälp och tvingas leva vidare med symtomen. Det skapar ett lidande då många känner sig ensamma i sin sjukdom.

  • 517.
    Eliassi Sarzali, Galawesh
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Eminova, Aysel
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Anhörigas upplevelser av att vårda en familjemedlem med demenssjukdom i hemmet2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    SAMMANFATTNING

    Bakgrund: Personer med demenssjukdom vårdas vanligtvis av sina anhöriga i hemmet. Det långa vårdförloppet samt den ökande belastningen kan påverka anhörigas upplevelser och även livssituation. Studien vänder sig främst mot sjuksköterskor samt anhöriga som vårdar individer med demenssjukdom.

    Syfte: Att belysa anhörigas upplevelser av att vårda en familjemedlem med demenssjukdom i hemmet.

    Metod: En systematisk litteraturstudie där sökningar genomfördes i databaserna PubMed och Cinahl. Sammanlagt elva kvalitativa artiklar utgjorde grunden för resultatet. De analyserades med innehållsanalys.

    Resultat: Resultatet indelades i sex kategorier: Den nya rollen som vårdare; Personlig utveckling; Förändrad relation till personen med demenssjukdom; Känslomässiga reaktioner; Vikten av goda relationer; Brist på stöd. Resultatet visade att känslor och tankar skiljde sig åt bland de anhöriga. Förändringarna som följde med sjukdomens förlopp påverkade anhörigas självkänsla samt relation till personen med demenssjukdom. Att kunna dela med sig ansvaret och bördan med en medmänniska upplevdes som underlättande.

    Slutsats: Vårdpersonalen behöver hjälpa anhöriga bearbeta sina blandade upplevelser via olika former av samtal. Det bör även ges ökad kunskap till anhöriga för att de skall kunna hantera vardagliga situationer med sin familjemedlem med demenssjukdom.

     

     

     

  • 518.
    Eliasson, Agnes
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Persson, Emma
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    SJUKSKÖTERSKANS ERFARENHET AV ATT IDENTIFIERA SEPSIS: En kvalitativ intervjustudie2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Sepsis är en livshotande diagnos som idag drabbar många patienter i Sverige och runt om i världen. Forskning visar att det är av största vikt med en tidig identifiering av diagnosen för att patienten ska få adekvat behandling och därmed öka chansen för dennes överlevnad. Sjuksköterskan har en nyckelroll vad gäller tidig identifiering och initial behandling av sepsis.

    Syfte: Syftet var att belysa sjuksköterskans erfarenhet av att identifiera patienter med sepsis.

    Metod: En kvalitativ metod där sju sjuksköterskor med erfarenhet av att identifiera sepsis intervjuades med hjälp av en semistrukturerad intervjuguide. Intervjuerna spelades in, transkriberades och analyserades utifrån Graneheim och Lundmans kvalitativa innehållsanalys.

    Resultat: Tre huvudkategorier framkom: Rutiner och skattningsinstrument, Samarbete och kommunikation och Kunskap och kompetens. Informanterna upplevde det svårt att följa rutiner för NEWS-kontroller. För att identifiera misstänka sepsis- patienter krävdes att NEWS kompletterades med en helhetsbedömning av patientens tillstånd med hjälp av den kliniska blicken. Samarbete och kommunikation ansågs viktig både i arbetet med tidig identifiering av sepsis och i akuta situationer.  

    Slutsats: Sepsis upplevs som svårt att identifiera om det inte uppvisas tydliga symtom hos patienten, som feber och frossa. Utbildning och erfarenhet bidrar till ökad kunskap kring sepsis och hur tidig identifiering kan ske.

  • 519.
    Eliasson, Cornelia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Carlsson, Ida
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Skapandet av en vårdrelation till manipulativa patienter: En intervjustudie er sjuksköterskans perspektiv2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 520.
    Eliasson, Emma
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Operationssjuksköterskans profession: En fenomenografisk studie om grundutbildade sjuksköterskors uppfattningar om operationssjuksköterskans profession2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Today is a shortage of operating theater nurse in Sweden, which has resulted in

    several operational departments are unable to engage fully operational business.

    Experienced

    operating theater nurse

    will retire in the next few years while the interest to train as a

    operating theater nurse

    has been neglected. The lack of competent operating theater nurse

    may worsen if no measures implemented to change the situation, which can have serious

    consequences, such as the number of operations must be further reduced or canceled, which

    would contribute to the suffering of the patient and an increased workload on existing staff.

    Aim:

    The aim of the study was to describe nurses perceptions of operating theater nurse

    profession.

    Method: A qualitative study with phenomenographically was performed. A

    strategic choice was conducted, which resulted in nine individual interviews nurses at a

    hospital in southern Sweden.

    Results: The analysis resulted in four categories: An interesting

    profession, A demanding profession, A technical profession and An invisible profession. Each

    of the categories consisted of two categories.

    Conclusion: Nurses have inadequate knowledge

    and understanding of operating theater nurse profession. Increased clinical experience and

    information about the operating theater nurse profession could create an increased interest in

    or facilitate the election of a future operating theater nurse education.

  • 521.
    Eliasson, Emma
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Tounsi, Meriam
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    När det oväntade sker: En systematisk litteraturstudie om efterlevandes erfarenheter vid ett oväntat dödsfall2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Att ta hand om de efterlevande efter ett dödsfall är en svår och komplicerad uppgift för sjuksköterskan, speciellt om dödsfallet sker oväntat. Vid ett oväntat dödsfall blir sorgearbetet mycket svårare för de efterlevande jämfört med väntade dödsfall. Livet tar en drastisk vändning och ingen tid för emotionell förberedelse har funnits.

    Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva efterlevandes erfarenheter vid ett oväntat dödsfall av en närstående.

    Metod: Studien är en systematisk litteraturstudie med sammanställd forskning utifrån artiklar som involverar efterlevandes erfarenheter och upplevelser vid ett oväntat dödsfall. Forsberg och Wengström (2013) har använts som inspiration under analysprocessen.

    Resultat: Sju olika kategorier arbetades fram och kom till att bli: Lidandets olika former, Efterlevandes erfarenheter av information och omhändertagandet, Att bli lämnad i ovisshet, Att ta farväl, Att gå vidare och bearbeta sorgen, Att få tala ut och Ökad risk för psykisk och fysisk ohälsa. Tre övergripande teman framkom: Efterlevandes kris- och sorgeupplevelser, Erfarenheten av omhändertagandet samt Erfarenheten av livet efter dödsfallet. 

    Slutsats: Efterlevande reagerar olika på sorg och lidande. För att lindra det lidande som uppstår vid ett oväntat dödsfall krävs det att information ges till de efterlevande. Bearbetningen av sorgen tar tid för de efterlevande och den närståendes plats kan aldrig ersättas. Det är av stor vikt att de efterlevande får tala ut kring sina känslor och upplevelser kring dödsfallet för att minska risken för psykisk-och fysisk ohälsa.

  • 522.
    Elin, Gröön
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Eriksson, Anna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Hinnsvepning som metod för att initiera förlossningsstart: En journalgranskningsstudie2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Sweeping of the membranes is a non- pharmacological inductionmethod used in obstetrics with the desire to initiate a labor. The Swedish Association for Obstetrics and Gynecology [SFOG] recommends membrane sweeping in full-time pregnancy. However, these recommendations are built on inconsistent research in the area and it doesn’t reveal which maternal factors that may affect the outcome. Purpose: Describe the outcome of membrane sweeping in pregnancy week 41 + 3. Methods: Retrospective journal review with quantitative approach were conducted. The selection was performed on a specialist clinic for pregnant women who are linked to the current obstetric clinic. Totally 100 women’s birth records were included in the study. Results: Of the 100 women who went through membrane sweeping, 41 was induced with another induction method and 33 women became overburdened. Parity did not appear statistically significant with neither induction, time to active delivery phase or post-term pregnancy unlike Bishop Score who had a statically significant relationship with both induction, time to active delivery phase and post-term pregnancy. A statistically significant association could also be seen between BMI and post-term pregnancy, as well as BMI and time to active delivery phase. Bishop Score showed to be the only variable with statistically significant association to induction, time to active delivery phase and post-term pregnancy. Conclusion: Bishop Score and BMI should not be neglected when membrane sweeping is performed as it may affect the outcome. Further research is required to clarify the outcome of membrane sweeping and on which grounds it should be performed. 

  • 523.
    Elin, Östberg
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Emma, Ta
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Barns upplevelser av förälders depression: En systematisk litteraturstudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Risken att insjukna i depression vid något tillfälle i Sverige, ligger på cirka 23 procent för män och cirka 31 procent för kvinnor. Efter första episoden av depression, ligger risken för att återinsjukna på cirka 50 procent. När en förälder har drabbats av depression, kan det påverka övriga familjemedlemmar, då det oftast är någon av föräldrarna som har det största ansvaret inom familjen och för ekonomin.Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva barns upplevelser av att leva med en förälder som har depression.Metod: En systematisk litteraturstudie med induktiv ansats har använts. Både kvalitativa och kvantitativa artiklar inkluderades och kvalitativ innehållsanalys beskriven av Lundman & Hällgren Graneheim användes vid analysen.Resultat: Analysen resulterade i fyra kategorier: Behov av copingstrategier, Olika insikter, En förändrad tillvaro och Behov av hjälp. Barn som distanserade sig från sin förälder, upplevde det som ett sätt att skydda sig själva. En del barn hade dålig insikt om förälderns depression, de berättade att de inte märkte att något annorlunda eller fel. Barn anpassade sig efter situationen och utvärderade effekten av sin anpassning, de justerade sina handlingar efter det. Familjen samtalade sällan om förälderns depression och barnen fick inte någon information.Slutsats: Barn distanserade sig i både positiv och negativ bemärkelse. Vissa barn hade insikt i förälderns depression och anpassade sig utefter den, medan andra förnekade dess existens eller inte förstod sjukdomen. Barnen fick ett ökat ansvar i hemmet vilket resulterade i ett försämrat mående. En positiv aspekt var att vissa barn hävdade att de hade blivit starkare som person och fått mer empati för andra människor. Den allmänna sjukvården hade otillräcklig kunskap och resurser vid bemötande av barn som anhörig, vilket kan åtgärdas med mer utbildning och vidare forskning av problemområdet.

  • 524.
    Elisabeth, Cartaxo
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Sophia, Montero
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Kvinnlig könsstympning: Kvinnors upplevelser av könsstympning och mötet med västerländsk vård efter ingreppet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Kvinnlig könsstympning är ett ingrepp då kvinnans klitoris, inre blygdläppar och yttre blygdläppar skärs bort och sys ihop i ett icke-medicinskt syfte, det finns fyra olika typer. Är vanligast förekommande i 29 länder. Lagen förbjuder att utföra könsstympning med eller utan flickornas samtycke. Det blir allt vanligare att människor från andra länder med annorlunda seder och traditioner bosätter sig i Sverige, detta leder till att sjuksköterskor möter människor med annan härkomst.

    Syfte: Syftet var att studera hur kvinnor upplever könsstympning samt bemötandet inom västerländsk vård efter ingreppet.

    Metod: Den kvalitativa studien byggde på sex biografier där kvinnorna utsatts för könsstympning och sedan mött vården i västvärlden. Biografierna analyserades med kvalitativ innehållsanalys.

    Resultat: Tre kategorier genomlyser resultatet; Att lida i det tysta, Makt och kontroll och Mötet med vården.

    Slutsats: De krävs information och utbildning för förebyggandet av könsstympning och för att identifiera flickor i riskzon. Vårdpersonal måste vårda på ett varsamt sätt där kvinnan bejakas och hela upplevelsen förstås för att tillfredsställa kvinnors behov, för att kunna möta och ge god vård till de kvinnor som redan genomgått könsstympning.

  • 525.
    Ellen, Petersson
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Amanda, Lindgren
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    När livet vänds upp och ner: En kvalitativ studie om föräldrars upplevelser av att leva med ett cancersjukt barn, baserad på självbiografier2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Varje år insjuknar över 300 barn i cancer i Sverige. Trots att forskningen kommit långt dör fortfarande barn i cancer varje år. I samband med ett barns cancerdiagnos står också föräldrar och närstående vid sidan om som i sig genomgår ett stort trauma av ovisshet och maktlöshet inför hur framtiden kommer att utspela sig.

    Syfte: Syftet med studien var att belysa föräldrars upplevelser av att leva med ett cancersjukt barn.

    Metod: Studien är gjord som en litteraturstudie med induktiv ansats då författarna ville belysa och beskriva upplevelser. Studiens resultat utgår från självbiografier skrivna av föräldrar vars barn fått cancer, för att analysera dess innehåll har en manifest kvalitativ innehållsanalys använts.

    Resultat: Resultatet påvisade det lidande familjerna genomlidit relaterat till barnets cancerdiagnos. Vidare belyser författarna även de aspekter som trots sjukdomen inger en känsla av hopp och glädje. Av stor vikt ansågs det att familjen får tid tillsammans och har chansen att leva ett så normalt liv som möjligt.

    Slutsats(er): Föräldrar genomlider ett stort lidande när deras barn insjuknar i cancer men det finns faktorer som kan verka för att öka deras välbefinnande. En viktig del är att man får tid tillsammans som familj. Sjuksköterskan spelar en viktig roll i att öka föräldrarnas välbefinnande och inge trygghet och hopp.

  • 526.
    Ellingsen, Sidsel
    et al.
    Haraldsplass Deaconess University College / Univ Bergen.
    Roxberg, Åsa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Haraldsplass Deaconess University College.
    Kristoffersen, Kjell
    University of Agder.
    Rosland, Jan Henrik
    Haraldsplass Deaconess Hospital / Univ Bergen.
    Alvsvåg, Herdis
    Haraldsplass Deaconess University College.
    Being in transit and in transition: the experience of time at the place, when living with severe incurable disease - a phenomenological study2014In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 28, no 3, p. 458-468Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to describe the experience of time as it presents itself at the place being situated when living with severe incurable disease and receiving palliative care. The empirical data consist of 26 open-ended interviews with 23 patients receiving palliative care at home, at a palliative day care, in a palliative bed unit in hospital or in a nursing home in Norway. A common meaning of a shifting space for living emerged from the analysis and was revealed through three different aspects: (i) Transition from a predictable to an unpredictable time: To live with severe incurable disease marks a transition to a changed life involving an ongoing weakened and altered body with bothersome symptoms making experience of time different and unpredictable. (ii) Transition between a safe and unsafe time: When time is unpredictable, feeling safe is revealed as essential to how time is experienced at the place being situated. (iii) To be in transition from a homely to a homeless existence: In a time of increased bodily weakness, unpredictable ailments and displacements, the sense of belonging to the place is revealed as significant to the experience of time. Not knowing where to be in a time of change is like an existential cry of distress where the foothold in existence is lost. The findings are discussed and interpreted as an embodied experience originating from the passage of time continually affecting life sometimes so fundamentally that it marks a transition to a changed space of life that is reflected in the experience of time.

  • 527.
    Ellingsen, Sidsel
    et al.
    Haraldsplass University College, Norway.
    Roxberg, Åsa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Haraldsplass University College, Norway.
    Kristoffersen, Kjell
    Agder University, Norway.
    Rosland, Jan-Henrik
    Bergen University, Norway.
    Alvsvåg, Herdis
    Haraldsplass University College, Norway.
    Entering a world with no future: A phenomenological study describing the embodied experience of time when living with severe incurable disease2013In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 27, no 1, p. 165-174Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A phenomenological study describing the embodied experience of time when living with severe incurable disease This article presents findings from a phenomenological study exploring experience of time by patients living close to death. The empirical data consist of 26 open-ended interviews from 23 patients living with severe incurable disease receiving palliative care in Norway. Three aspects of experience of time were revealed as prominent: (i) Entering a world with no future; living close to death alters perception of and relationship to time. (ii) Listening to the rhythm of my body, not looking at the clock; embodied with severe illness, it is the body not the clock that structures and controls the activities of the day. (iii). Receiving time, taking time; being offered - not asked for - help is like receiving time that confirms humanity, in contrast to having to ask for help which is like taking others time and thereby revealing own helplessness. Experience of time close to death is discussed as an embodied experience of inner, contextual, relational dimensions in harmony and disharmony with the rhythm of nature, environment and others. Rhythms in harmony provide relief, while rhythms in disharmony confer weakness and limit time

  • 528.
    Ellingsen, Sidsel
    et al.
    Haraldsplass Deaconess University College, Norway;University of Bergen, Norway.
    Roxberg, Åsa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Haraldsplass Deaconess University College, Norway.
    Kristoffersen, Kjell
    Agder University, Norway.
    Rosland, Jan-Henrik
    Haraldsplass Deaconess Hospital, Norway;University of Bergen, Norway.
    Alvsvåg, Herdis
    Haraldsplass Deaconess University College, Norway.
    The Pendulum Time of Life: The experience of time, when living with severe incurable disease a phenomenological and philosophical study2015In: Medicine, Health care and Philosophy, ISSN 1386-7423, E-ISSN 1572-8633, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 203-215Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of the experience of time when living with severe incurable disease. A phenomenological and philosophical approach of description and deciphering were used. In our modern health care system there is an on-going focus on utilizing and recording the use of time, but less focus on the patient’s experience of time, which highlights the need to explore the patients’ experiences, particularly when life is vulnerable and time is limited. The empirical data consisted of 26 open-ended interviews with 23 participants receiving palliative care at home, in hospital or in a nursing home in Norway. The theoretical frameworks used are mainly based upon K. Martinsens philosophy of care, K. E. Løgstrup phenomenological philosophy, in addition to C. Saunders’ hospice philosophy, L. Feigenberg’s thanatology and U. Qvarnström’s research exploring patient’s reactions to impending death. Experience of time is described as being a movement that moves the individual towards death in the field of opposites,and deciphered to be a universal, but a typical and unique experience emerging through three integrated levels: Sense of time; where time is described as a movement that is proceeding at varying speeds. Relate to time; where the awareness of limited life changes the understanding of time to be more existential. Being in time; where limited time seems to clarify the basic living conditions and phenomena of life. The existence of life when the prospect of death is present is characterized by emotional swings that move within polarizing dimensions which is reflected in the experience of time illustrated as the moves of the pendulum in a grandfather clock. The diversity of the experience of time is oscillating between going fast or slow, being busy or calm, being unpredictable but predictable, safe or unsafe and between being good or bad, depending on the embodied situation of the individual.

  • 529.
    Elmersson, Terese
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Johansson, Vanja
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Massage som ett komplement vid cancerbehandling: En systematisk litteraturstudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund Allt fler drabbas av cancer, en sjukdom med många besvärande symptom. Fatigue, smärta, illamående, oro och ångest drabbar ofta patienten och farmakologisk behandling ger inte alltid fullgod symptomlindring. Massage är en behandling med få eller inga biverkningar som har god effekt på många symptom som cancerpatienter lider av. Som teoretisk referensram användes modeling och role-modeling. Syfte Att belysa patienters erfarenheter av massage som ett komplement vid cancerbehandling.Metod En systematisk litteraturstudie genomfördes för att besvara syftet och data analyserades med kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Sökningar genomfördes i databaserna Cinahl, PubMed, PsychInfo och AMED. Efter kvalitetsgranskning valdes elva artiklar ut för analys.Resultat Analysen gav tre kategorier; Att bli lindrad, Att finna välbehag och Att bli bekräftad och trygg. I resultatet framkom att massage gav god symptomlindring på många av de symptom som cancer orsakar. Massagen gav även patienterna ett välbehag i form av glädje och harmoni. Genom massagen kunde patienterna även känna värdighet och autonomi, något som stärkte relationen till vårdare och anhöriga.Slutsats Massage bidrar till symptomlindring, trygghet och närhet. På grund av organisatoriska orsaker ses det dock endast som ett andrahandsalternativ. Det finns ett behov av kompetensutveckling angående hur sjuksköterskan kan använda sig av massage som metod för att lindra symptom.

  • 530. Elmerstig, Eva
    et al.
    Wijma, Barbro
    Swahnberg, Katarina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Linköping Univ, Fac Hlth Sci, Dept Clin & Expt Med, Unit Gender & Med, S-58183 Linköping.
    Prioritizing the partner's enjoyment: a population-based study on young Swedish women with experience of pain during vaginal intercourse2013In: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology, ISSN 0167-482X, E-ISSN 1743-8942, Vol. 34, no 2, p. 82-89Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study examines the prevalence of women who continue to have vaginal intercourse (VIC) despite pain, avoid telling the partner, and feign enjoyment. It also considers the reasons for this behavior. A sample of 1566 female senior high school students (aged 18-22 years) completed a questionnaire concerning their experiences and attitudes toward their body and sexuality. Forty-seven percent (270/576) of those women who reported pain during VIC continued to have VIC despite the pain. The most common reasons were that they did not want to spoil sex for or hurt the partner by interrupting VIC. Feigning enjoyment and not telling the partner about their pain were reported by 22 and 33%, respectively. Continuing to have VIC despite pain was associated with feelings of being inferior to the partner during sex, dissatisfaction with their own sex lives and feigning enjoyment while having pain. Pain during VIC is reported by every third young Swedish woman, and almost half of those still continue to have VIC. The major reason given is noteworthy - prioritizing the partner's enjoyment before their own - and indicates that young women who continue to have VIC despite pain take a subordinate position in sexual interactions.

  • 531.
    Elmerstig, Eva
    et al.
    Malmö University.
    Wijma, Barbro
    Linköping University.
    Årestedt, Kristofer
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Linköping University.
    Swahnberg, Katarina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Linköping University.
    Being “good in bed”: body concerns, self-perceptions and gender expectations among Swedish heterosexual female and male senior high-school students2017In: Journal of sex & marital therapy, ISSN 0092-623X, E-ISSN 1521-0715, Vol. 43, no 4, p. 326-342Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigated gender differences regarding body perceptions, self-perceptions, values and expectations in sexual situations, and factors associated with expectations, among Swedish heterosexual female and male high-school students. A total of 2,765 students (aged 18 to 22) completed questionnaires. Women reported lower satisfaction with themselves and their body appearance (p < 0.001), and felt more inferior to their partner (p < 0.001). Men felt more superior to their partner, and felt higher expectations (p < 0.001). Male sex, difficulty saying no to sex, dissatisfaction with the body, feeling inferior or superior to partner, and considering partner's satisfaction as more important, were all associated with feeling expectations during sex.

  • 532.
    Elmqvist, Carina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Emergency care in the encounter between patients, next of kin and different professionals at the scene of an accident and at the emergency department2014In: International Emergency Nursing, ISSN 1755-599X, E-ISSN 1878-013X, Vol. 22, no 4, p. 273-273Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 533.
    Elmqvist, Carina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Inhabiting the interspaces within emergency care2016In: European Journal for Person Centered Healthcare, ISSN 2052-5648, E-ISSN 2052-5656, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 196-207Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To describe and develop an understanding of the patient’s first encounter with different professionals at the scene of an accident and at the emergency department (ED), with a special focus on describing the meaning of emergency care of patients in these care contexts.

    Design and Methods: The study, having a descriptive design, was carried out with a reflective lifeworld (RLR) approach founded on phenomenological philosophy

    Results: The general structure revealed that emergency care is characterized by a hand-over of responsibility, which is characterized by life-saving medical actions and constitutes a doing. Those life-saving actions need a conscious presence, which at the same time means an existential support for the patient that is constituted by a being. The responsibility then intertwines the doing and the being and all persons involved are brought together into a mutual space. When the patient’s condition allows for increased physical distance from the professionals, a gap or an interspace in the intertwining between doing and being arises as well as an interspace in the patient's understanding of the encounter. For the patient and next-of-kin, this interspace means an empty space with paradoxical feelings of being interesting and at the same time uninteresting - a paradox of care. For the professionals, this interspace provides a needed  breathing space, but also feelings of being split between the high demands of efficiency and the patient's need for existential support and a meaningful encounter - an ethical dilemma.

    Discussion: Knowledge of the temporal meaning ofthe encounter, to be here andnow,can give professionals an opportunityto fillthe interspacedespite increasingphysical distance as patient health improves. Furthermore, it will also give professionals an opportunity toreflect on howthe available timeis used.

  • 534.
    Elmqvist, Carina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. 641006.
    Upplevelser av akut omhändertagande2011In: AnIva Ventilen, ISSN 0348-6257, Vol. 46, no 4Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 535.
    Elmqvist, Carina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Väntan på skadeplats2016In: Prehospital akutsjukvård / [ed] Björn-Ove Suserud & Lars Lundberg, Stockholm: Liber, 2016, 2, , p. 560p. 138-148Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 536.
    Elmqvist, Carina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Almerud Österberg, SofiaLinnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Akut omhändertagande av trauma: på skadeplats och akutmottagning2014Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 537.
    Elmqvist, Carina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Almerud Österberg, SofiaLinnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Akut omhändertagande av trauma: på skadeplats och akutmottagning2019Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 538.
    Elmqvist, Carina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Almerud Österberg, Sofia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Introduktion2019In: Akut omhändertagande av trauma: på skadeplats och akutmottagning / [ed] Carina Elmqvist & Sofia Almerud Österberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019, 2, p. 17-22Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 539.
    Elmqvist, Carina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. 641006.
    Almerud Österberg, Sofia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Utvärdering av projekt Första InsatsPerson (FIP)2011Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 540.
    Elmqvist, Carina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Frank, Catharina
    Karolinska Univ.
    Patients' strategies to deal with their situation at an emergency department2015In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 29, no 1, p. 145-151Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    IntroductionThe care in the emergency department (ED) is often characterised by high standards of efficiency and rapid treatment and the encounter between patient and staff can be described as both short and fragmented. Research within this field has mostly been performed with quantitative measurements and patients are both satisfied and vulnerable in their care at an ED. There is a lack of qualitative studies about patient's strategies to deal with their situation. AimThe aim was to describe patient's strategies for dealing with their situation at an ED. MethodsSecondary analysis has been made of 13 qualitative interviews grounded in a lifeworld perspective. The interviews were analysed by qualitative content analysis. ResultsThe results showed that patients' strategies to deal with the situation at the ED are passive or active. The passive strategy is being patient and the active strategies varied in terms of having hidden tactics, using visible tactics and using families as support. ConclusionThese findings increase the importance of gaining knowledge about these strategies so that the staff at the ED can support the patients so they do not have to use them.

  • 541.
    Elmqvist, Carina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Johansson, Christina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Kliniskt träningscentrum: En miljö som främjar ett reflekterat lärande2019In: Reflektion i lärande och vård: en utmaning för sjuksköterskan / [ed] Mia Berglund & Margaretha Ekebergh, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019, 2, p. 151-170Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 542.
    Elmqvist, Carina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Johansson, Christina
    Länssjukhuset Kalmar, Sweden.
    Tiger Axelsson, Malin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Kliniskt träningscentrum: en miljö som främjar ett reflekterat lärande2015In: Reflektion i lärande och vård: en utmaning för sjuksköterskan / [ed] Mia Berglund, Margaretha Ekebergh, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2015, 1, p. 129-143Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 543.
    Elmqvist, Carina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Lindahl, Jeanette
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Akutsjukvård för barn 0-18 år2013In: Omvårdnad på avancerad nivå: kärnkompetenser inom sjuksköterskans specialistområden / [ed] Anna-Karin Edberg, Anna Ehrenberg, Febe Friberg, Lars Wallin, Helle Wijk & Joakim Öhlén, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2013, 1Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 544.
    Elmqvist, Carina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Lindahl, Jeanette
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Vårdmiljöns betydelse på akutmottagningen2013In: Omvårdnad på avancerad nivå: kärnkompetenser inom sjuksköterskans specialistområden / [ed] Anna-Karin Edberg, Anna Ehrenberg, Febe Friberg, Lars Wallin, Helle Wijk & Joakim Öhlén, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2013, 1Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 545.
    Elmqvist, Carina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Lindahl, Jeanette
    Region Kronoberg, Sweden.
    Bergman, Paula
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Ekeberg, Birgitta
    Region Jönköping, Sweden.
    Svensson, Idor
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Benefits of a slideshow with nature pictures and music in the emergency department waiting room: a pilot study2019In: European Journal for Person Centered Healthcare, ISSN 2052-5648, E-ISSN 2052-5656, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 344-350Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: It is well recognized that long waiting times at Emergency Departments (ED) influence patient satisfaction rates. Evidence suggests that changes in the design of healthcare environments can improve patient care when these changes include the provision of nature and music elements in different ways.

    Aim: To explore how patients, relatives and staff perceive a slideshow with nature pictures and music in the emergency department waiting room.

    Method: A descriptive survey design including a slideshow with nature pictures and music shown in the waiting room. Questionnaires were distributed to patients and relatives (n=94) as well as to the staff (n=76), analysed with descriptive statistics and content analysis.

    Results: A majority (67%) of the participants thought that the slideshow contributed to a positive environment in the waiting room. Content analysis of 254 comments demonstrated it to be experienced as relaxing and calming. There is, however, room for improvement regarding quality, length and variation of the slideshow.

    Conclusion: An organized wait time with different alternative activities including nature elements and music in the waiting environment may have positive impacts. The challenge lies in creating a supportive design, which supports the three separate groups and their needs for control in terms of freedom of choice and variation.

  • 546.
    Elmqvist, Carina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Montan, Carl
    Karolinska University Hospital.
    Sohl, Ann
    Region Kronoberg.
    Trauma2016In: Omvårdnad & kirurgi / [ed] Christine Kumlien & Jenny Rystedt, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2016, 1, p. 57-74Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 547.
    Elmqvist, Carina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Rask, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Berglund, Henrik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Stöd under och efter akut omhändertagande2014In: Akut omhändertagande av trauma: på skadeplats och akutmottagning / [ed] Carina Elmqvist & Sofia Almerud Österberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2014, 1, p. 179-198Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 548.
    Elmqvist, Carina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Rask, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Berglund, Henrik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Bratt, Anna S.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Stöd under och efter akut omhändertagande2019In: Akut omhändertagande av trauma: på skadeplats och akutmottagning / [ed] Carina Elmqvist & Sofia Almerud Österberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019, 2, p. 181-201Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 549.
    Elmqvist, Carina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Svensson, Anders
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Engdahl, Stefan
    Region Kronoberg, Sweden.
    Forsgärde, Elin-Sofie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Kurland, Lisa
    Örebro University, Sweden.
    Ledel, Therese
    SOS Alarm Växjö, Sweden.
    Lundberg, Uno
    Falck Emergency Sverige, Sweden.
    ”Vi vill ha en statlig nationell översikt över mobil vård”2019In: Dagens medicin, ISSN 1104-7488, no 2019-09-26Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Den mobila vården behöver definieras nationellt och bli en egen organisationsform och vårdnivå, skriver företrädare från Centrum för interprofessionell samverkan inom akut vård.

  • 550.
    Elmqvist, Emil
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Kristensson, Paulina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    "Det är inte så att man kommer ut och känner 'Jag kan palliativ vård!'": En intervjustudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Varje år beräknas 40 miljoner människor världen över vara i behov av palliativ vård. Med palliativ vård menas vård som är lindrande och stödjande i ett skede där sjukdomen inte längre går att bota. Det finns en direkt koppling mellan allmänsjuksköterskans kompetens och förutsättningarna för god palliativ vård.

    Syfte: Syftet med denna studie är att belysa allmänsjuksköterskors erfarenhet och upplevelse av grundutbildningens förberedande roll inför palliativ vård.

    Metod: Studien är en kvalitativ intervjustudie med induktiv ansats. Studien innefattade sju intrevjuer och analysen utfördes enligt Lundman och Hällgren Graneheims (2012) kvalitativa innehållsanalys.

    Resultat: I resultatet framkom tre huvudkategorier, Utbildning, Erfarenhet och förutsättningar samt Andra förutsättningar för god palliativ vård. Informanterna uttyckte en önskan om mer palliativ undervisning i grundutbildningen med bland annat mer praktisk övning. Dock menar informanterna att tillräckligt med erfarenhet krävs för att utföra den palliativa vården optimalt. Även vikten av kommunikation med kollegor och anhöriga togs upp samt en önskan om bättre teamarbete framkom.

    Slutsats: Slutsatsen är att allmänsjuksköterskorna i denna studie upplevde att grundutbildningen gav bristande grund att stå på men de menade även att det krävs erfarenhet för att genomföra en god palliativ vård. 

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